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Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health

S K Ramaswamy, G A Mosher
Quality management practices have been identified by previous literature as a factor that could potentially reduce the level of safety incidents and hazards in agricultural work environments. The present study used multivariate analysis to examine the effect of independent variables such as quality and safety awareness, work experience, safety and quality management experience, and the perceived importance of safety and quality on the role of quality management practices as a mitigating factor for safety hazards and incidents in agriculture...
April 2016: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
H A Jinnah, Z Stoneman
Children and youth account for a disproportionately high number of all-terrain vehicle (ATV) related injuries and deaths. This study explored whether and how youth personality factors such as sensation seeking (including thrill seeking and behavioral intensity) and youth safety consciousness predict risky A TV riding behaviors. Survey information was collected from farm families in Georgia having youth who were active on farms. Data were analyzed from 104 youth between the ages 10 through 14 years who were active users ofATVs...
April 2016: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
A J Mann, W E Field, R Tormoehlen, B F French
Research was conducted to develop and validate a pool of exam items that can be used to test the readiness of youth, ages 14-15 years, to be certified under the current federally mandated Agricultural Hazardous Occupations Orders (AgHOs). The AgHOs require training prior to employment in agricultural workplaces that the Secretary of Labor has determined are especially hazardous for youth within the prescribed age range. Under the current provisions of the AgHOs certification process, non-exempt youth seeking employment in agriculture are required to pass a written exam concentrating on safe work practices as partial satisfaction to receive certification of eligibility for employment to perform certain tasks...
April 2016: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
J S Dvorak, M L Stone, K P Self
This study tested an ultrasonic sensor's ability to detect several objects commonly encountered in outdoor agricultural or construction environments: a water jug, a sheet of oriented strand board (OSB), a metalfence post, a human model, a wooden fence post, a Dracaena plant, a juniper plant, and a dog model. Tests were performed with each target object at distances from 0.01 to 3 m. Five tests were performed with each object at each location, and the sensor's ability to detect the object during each test was categorized as "undetected," "intermittent," "incorrect distance," or "good...
April 2016: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
Y H Cheng, W E Field
Entanglements in energized equipment, including augers found in agricultural workplaces, have historically been a significant cause of traumatic injury. Incidents involving augers located inside agricultural confined spaces (primarily grain storage structures and forage silos), although relatively rare events, are a widely recognized problem due to the relative severity of the resulting injuries and the complexities of victim extrication. However, this problem is neither well documented nor elucidated in the research literature, other than anecdotal observations relating to medical treatment of auger-related injuries and citations for non-compliance with federal and state workplace safety regulations...
April 2016: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
A R Swanton, T L Young, C Peek-Asa
Although agriculture is recognized as a hazardous industry, it is unclear how fatal agricultural injuries differ by production type. The purpose of this study was to characterize fatal occupational injuries in agriculture, comparing crop and animal production, and determine which risk factors are specifically associated with each production type. A cross-sectional study was conducted among crop and animal pro ducers using data from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries in the Midwest region from 2005 to 2012...
January 2016: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
M L Pate, R G Lawver, T J Sorensen
This research study sought to gather evidence of school-based agriculture teachers' hazard perceptions, safety practices, training experiences, and awareness of student injuries related to supervised agricultural experience (SAE) programs. Teachers agreed that students should follow safety guidelines developed by the National Children's Center for Rural and Agricultural Safety and Health during SAE work. Approximately 66% (f = 153) of teachers reported having general training in first aid, CPR, and AED. Twenty participants (8...
January 2016: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
S G Ehlers, W E Field
As the size, complexity, and speed of agricultural tractors and self-propelled machinery have increased, so have the visibility-related issues, placing significant importance on the visual skills, alertness, and reactive abilities of the operator. Rearward movement of large agricultural equipment has been identified in the literature as causing both fatalities and injuries to bystanders who were not visible to the operator and damage to both the machine and stationary objects. The addition of monitoring assistance, while not a new concept, has advanced significantly, offering agricultural machinery operators greater options for increasing their awareness of the area surrounding the machine...
January 2016: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
S F Issa, Y H Chng, W E Field
Since 1977, the Purdue University Agricultural Safety and Health Program has managed a database with on going efforts to identify, document, and analyze information on injuries and fatalities in all forms of agricultural confined spaces, with special attention given to incidents involving grain, forage, and manure storage structures and agricultural transport vehicles. The database contains over 1650 cases from 1964 to the present and two cases before 1964. The average number of cases in the last ten years remains at a high of 63 cases per year...
January 2016: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
S F Issa, W E Field, K E Hamm, Y H Cheng, M J Roberts, S M Riedel
This article summarizes data gathered on 246 documented cases of children and youth under the age of 21 involved in grain storage and handling incidents in agricultural workplaces from 1964 to 2013 in the U.S. that have been entered into the Purdue Agricultural Confined Space Incident Database. The database is the result of ongoing efforts to collect and file information on documented injuries, fatalities, and entrapments in all forms of agricultural confined spaces. While the frequency of injuries and fatalities involving children and youth in agriculture has decreased in recent years, incidents related to agricultural confined spaces, especially grain storage and handling facilities, have remained largely unchanged during the same period...
January 2016: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
S R Windon, S D Jepsen, S D Scheer
Quality of life is a broad concept that presents a challenge to measure as a scientific category. Quality of life encompasses a broad range of variables based on an individual's expression of life satisfaction, perceptions, values, feelings of subjective well-being, and happiness. This study identified and examined factors that influenced the quality of life of Ohio farmers with disabilities who were enrolled in the Ohio AgrAbility Program (OAP) (n = 55) and participated in this study (60% response rate). A 34-item questionnaire was created...
January 2016: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
S Gorucu, D J Murphy, C Kassab
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting comprise the most hazardous industry in the U.S., and production agriculture accounts for the majority of fatalities in the industry. Using Penn State's farm and agricultural injury database, data were coded according to ASABE's Farm and Agricultural Injury Classification (FAIC) code and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics' Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS) for source and event or exposure types. Occupational and non-occupational incidents were compared based on age groups, religious sect, source of injury, and the injury event or exposure...
October 2015: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
D B Reed, D T Claunch
Senior farmers suffer the highest fatality risk of any age group in agriculture. The purpose of this exploratory study was to develop a "voice" for senior farmers by examining aging farmers' and their families' perspectives of farm work, associated injury risks, and methods to decrease those risks. Focus groups and personal interviews were used to collect data from 81 participants across seven U.S. states. The findings reflect the collective and verified voice of the study group. The Health Belief Model was applied and revealed differences between farmers and their family members; however, the need and desire to continue self-directed work was ubiquitous...
October 2015: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
S R Dukeshire, L L Sanderson, R Garbes, X Wang
Based on a survey and face-to-face interview with 24 students who lived most of their lives on farms, this study extends the findings of previously reported research by examining similarities and differences between males' and females' beliefs, attitudes, and adoption of farm health and safety practices. The survey and interview asked participants to recall their experiences growing up on a farm and in particular how they learned to farm safely. Data were analyzed qualitatively, focusing on two potentially gendered farm chores: tractor operation and livestock handling...
October 2015: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
A R Proto, G Zimbalatti
In Italy, one of the main agricultural crops is represented by the cultivation of olive trees. Olive cultivation characterizes the Italian agricultural landscape and national agricultural economics. Italy is the world's second largest producer of olive oil. Because olive cultivation requires the largest labor force in southern Italy, the aim of this research was to assess the risk of biomechanical overload of the workers' upper limbs. The objective, therefore, was to determine the level of risk that workers are exposed to in each phase of the production process...
October 2015: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
S Tonelli, K Culp, K J Donham
Farmers experience musculoskeletal symptoms such as pain and disability at a higher rate than other professions, yet little is known about the associated environmental and health factors. The objective of this research is to describe health screening data, musculoskeletal symptoms, and farm safety environmental scores to determine the relationships among these variables for Midwest famers. The sample (n = 438) included farmers from 38 counties that surround ten AgriSafe clinic sites in Iowa who were principal farm operators and/or spouses, farmed at least 20 hours per week on average, and had agricultural production of at least $1,000 in sales a year...
October 2015: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
D D Ferguson, T C Smith, K J Donham, S J Hoff
Our prior studies have been in agreement with other researchers in detecting airborne methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) inside and downwind of a swine housing facility. MRSA emitted in the exhaust air of swine facilities creates a potential risk of transmission of these organisms to people in the general area of these facilities as well as to other animals. This study investigated a possible means of reducing those risks. We investigated the efficiency of biofilters to remove MRSA from the exhaust air of a swine building...
October 2015: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
Y K Kong, S J Lee, K S Lee, G R Kim, D M Kim
Researchers have been using various ergonomic tools to study occupational musculoskeletal diseases in industrial contexts. However, in agricultural work, where the work environment is poorer and the socio-psychological stress is high due to the high labor intensities of the industry, current research efforts have been scarce, and the number of available tools is small. In our preliminary studies, which focused on a limited number of body parts and other working elements, we developed separate evaluation tools for the upper and lower extremities...
October 2015: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
Melvin L Myers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
M E Barnes, C R Hewitt, T M Parker
This study examined occupational noise within two rearing facilities at a production fish hatchery and evaluated two simple noise reduction techniques. Ambient noise levels in the hatchery tank room ranged from 50 dB in the absence of flowing water to over 73 dB when water was flowing to all 35 tanks under typical hatchery operating procedures. Covering the open standpipes did not significantly reduce noise levels. However, placing partial tank covers over the top of the tanks above the water inlet significantly reduced noise levels, both with and without the use of standpipe covers...
July 2015: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
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