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Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140645/likelihood-of-entanglement-when-materials-are-dropped-vertically-onto-a-rotating-pto-knuckle
#1
Charles V Schwab, Isaac J Rempe
Power take-off (PTO) is a common method of transferring power from a tractor to a towed piece of machinery. The PTO is also a well-documented cause of severe and often permanent disabling injuries to farm operators. The physical conditions that cause entanglements are not well established. Several studies have explored the parameters of PTO entanglements as materials have been drawn across a rotating PTO knuckle to test for entanglement probability. The objective of this study was to determine probability of entanglement when materials are dropped vertically onto a PTO knuckle spinning at 540 rpm...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140644/evaluation-of-low-cost-hydrogen-sulfide-monitors-for-use-in-livestock-production
#2
Jessica M Beswick-Honn, Thomas M Peters, T Renée Anthony
Direct-reading gas monitors warn workers of the risk of potentially fatal hydrogen sulfide (H2S) exposures that may arise during manure handling. Low-cost, low-maintenance H2S monitors are available from many manufacturers, but differences in their features and performance make selection challenging for farmers. Moreover, little information is available on the practical maintenance and performance of these devices in agricultural environments. The objective of this study was to provide information to agricultural workers to aid in the selection, maintenance, and use of low-cost H2S monitors...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140643/assessment-of-interventions-to-improve-air-quality-in-a-livestock-building
#3
T Renée Anthony, Anthony Y Yang, Thomas M Peters
This study examined the effectiveness of engineering controls to reduce contaminant concentrations in a swine farrowing room during winter in the U.S. Midwest. Over two winters, changes in air quality were evaluated following installation of a 1700 m3 h-1 (1000 cfm) recirculating ventilation system to provide 5.4 air exchanges per hour. This system incorporated one of two readily available dust control systems, one based on filtration and the other on cyclonic treatment. A second treatment evaluated reductions in carbon dioxide (CO2) associated with replacement of standard, unvented gas-fired heaters with new vented heaters, installed between the two winter test periods...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140642/raising-awareness-of-farm-equipment-on-public-roadways-in-tennessee
#4
Sandy Mehlhorn, Barbara Darroch, Staci Williams Jackson
A program was developed to educate young drivers about laws and guidelines governing farm equipment on public roadways in Tennessee. The goal of the program was to make young drivers aware of their responsibilities and the responsibilities of farm equipment drivers when sharing public roadways. A presentation was developed outlining the topics and was accompanied by identical pre- and post-surveys. The material was presented to drivers' education classes and agriculture science classes at several high schools in west and middle Tennessee...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140641/agricultural-worker-injury-comparative-risk-assessment-methodology-assessing-corn-and-biofuel-switchgrass-production-systems
#5
Charles V Schwab, Gretchen A Mosher, Saxon J Ryan
Keeping workers safe is a continuing challenge in agricultural production. Risk assessment methodologies have been used widely in other industries to better understand systems and enhance decision making, yet their use in production agriculture has been limited. This article describes the considerations and the approach taken to measure the difference in worker injury risks between two agricultural production systems. A model was developed specifically for the comparison of worker injury risk between corn and biofuel switchgrass production systems...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140640/using-workers-compensation-claims-data-to-characterize-occupational-injuries-in-the-commercial-grain-elevator-industry
#6
Sai K Ramaswamy, Gretchen A Mosher
Workplace injuries in the grain handling industry are common, yet little research has characterized worker injuries in grain elevators across all hazard types. Learning from past injuries is essential for preventing future occurrences, but the lack of injury information for the grain handling industry hinders this effort. The present study addresses this knowledge gap by using data from over 7000 workers' compensation claims reported from 2008 to 2016 by commercial grain handling facilities in the U.S. to characterize injury costs and severity...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140639/determining-the-effectiveness-of-mirrors-and-camera-systems-in-monitoring-the-rearward-visibility-of-self-propelled-agricultural-machinery
#7
Shawn G Ehlers, William E Field
This study concerned the ability of operators of tractors and other self-propelled agricultural machinery to visually recognize objects and/or hazards within close proximity to the rear of those machines and/or any implements in tow, especially when backing up. It was hypothesized that the data collected would identify the factors affecting rearward visibility and help determine the effectiveness of two backup-assisting devices (i.e., mirrors and camera systems) in enhancing the operator's ability to observe objects or hazards...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140638/apparent-coefficient-of-friction-of-wheat-on-denim
#8
Charles V Schwab
Calculation of the extraction force for a grain entrapment victim requires a coefficient of friction between the grain and the surface of the victim. Because denim is a common fabric for the work clothes that cover entrapment victims, the coefficient of friction between grain and denim becomes necessary. The purpose of this research was to calculate the apparent coefficient of friction of wheat on denim fabric using a proven procedure. The expectation is to improve the current understanding of conditions that influence extraction forces for victims buried in wheat...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140637/hazard-identification-and-risk-assessment-for-improving-farm-safety-on-canadian-farms
#9
Hassan S Chattha, Kenneth W Corscadden, Qamar U Zaman
Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries worldwide. The number of serious accidents on farms, despite sophisticated technology, development of effective prevention methods, and high-quality training and improved skill levels of farmers, is still very high. The purpose of this study was to develop and apply a generic farm safety protocol to hazards that have been identified in previously published literature and demonstrate the potential benefits of such a protocol with a view to raising awareness of farm safety...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140636/trends-and-patterns-in-unintentional-injury-fatalities-in-australian-agriculture
#10
Tony Lower, Margaret Rolfe, Noeline Monaghan
Agriculture is recognized internationally as a hazardous industry. This article describes the trends and patterns of unintentional farm fatalities in Australia. Data from the National Coronial Information System were analyzed to assess all unintentional farm fatalities for the 2001-2015 period. A secondary comparison with earlier coronial system data from 1989-1992 was also completed to ascertain historical changes. There was no statistically significant change in the rate of work-related fatalities per 100,000 workers in the 2001-2015 period...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140635/emergency-department-visits-for-hand-and-finger-injuries-associated-with-the-use-of-log-splitters
#11
Bart Hammig, Ches Jones
The purpose of this study was to examine patients treated in an emergency department (ED) for injuries related to the use of log splitters. Data were obtained from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System for the years 2011-2014. National estimates of ED visits for injuries associated with the use of log splitters were obtained, and descriptive epidemiological characteristics are presented. An estimated 37,000 ED visits for injuries related to the use of log splitters occurred during the study period...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140634/combustibility-determination-for-cotton-gin-dust-and-almond-huller-dust
#12
Sidney E Hughs, Phillip J Wakelyn
It has been documented that some dusts generated while processing agricultural products, such as grain and sugar, can constitute combustible dust hazards. After a catastrophic dust explosion in a sugar refinery in 2008, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) initiated action to develop a mandatory standard to comprehensively address the fire and explosion hazards of combustible dusts. Cotton fiber and related materials from cotton ginning, in loose form, can support smoldering combustion if ignited by an outside source...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140633/the-impact-of-work-demand-and-gender-on-occupational-and-psychosocial-stress-in-hispanic-farmworkers
#13
Megan TePoel, Diane Rohlman, Meagan Shaw
Hispanic farmworkers experience hazardous work conditions, language barriers, poverty, and limited healthcare access that increase their risk for health problems. We sought to characterize occupational and lifestyle stressors in farmworker couples and to examine the impact of seasonal work demand and gender on health outcomes. We administered surveys to 31 couples (N = 62) in May (low work demand) and September (high work demand) of 2012. Measures included acculturation, perceived stress, depressive symptoms, quality of life, decision latitude, support (supervisor, co-worker), and work-family conflict...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140632/grain-entrapment-pressure-on-the-torso-can-you-breathe-while-buried-in-grain
#14
Kevin G Moore, Carol L Jones
The pressure applied to the chest and back of a simulated grain entrapment victim was measured. Pressure sensors were attached to the chest and back of a manikin that was buried in grain in the vertical position. Measurements were made in four grain types at four grain depths ranging from the top of the manikin's shoulders to 0.61 m (24 in.) over the head. The pressure ranged from 1.6 to 4.0 kPa (0.23 to 0.57 psi). Based on available physiological information, this amount of pressure is unlikely to limit the respiration of an otherwise healthy adult male victim...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140621/australian-leadership-saving-lives-with-crush-prevention-devices
#15
Melvin L Myers
The burden of injury and death due to quad bike [all-terrain vehicle, or ATV] use cannot be allowed to continue unchecked, and ongoing delay in action may permit to further avoidable tragedies." -Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (2016, p. 13).
January 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140620/how-agricultural-media-cover-safety-compared-with-periodicals-in-two-other-hazardous-industries
#16
Amanda Marolf, Scott Heiberger, James Evans, Lura Joseph
This analysis featured a uniquely broad look at challenges and potentials for engaging agricultural and other industrial media more effectively in covering safety. It involved a content analysis of selected industry periodicals serving agriculture, mining, and transportation, which are three of the nation's most hazardous industries, in terms of human safety. Use of the social amplification of risk framework (SARF) provided insight on safety coverage. In particular, it tested previous research indicating that media coverage tends to amplify (increase) more than attenuate (decrease) a sense of risk...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140619/-i-would-go-if-my-arm-were-hanging-off-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-seeking-behaviors-of-small-farm-owners-in-central-new-york-state
#17
David J Droullard, Pamela J Tinc, Julie A Sorensen
Compared to their rural non-farming peers, farmers are less likely to access preventive healthcare services; however, the reasons for this disparity are poorly understood. We conducted semi-structured interviews with a total of 30 farm household members in central New York. Interview topics included farming identity, perceptions of one's health, past experiences with acute and preventive healthcare, and attitudes toward seeking healthcare services. Grounded Theory analysis of the interview transcripts revealed that (1) utilizing healthcare services is felt to be in conflict with the farming identity, (2) the need to conserve time and money for farm applications poses a barrier to healthcare utilization, (3) farmers decide to seek healthcare when they believe it is necessary to ensure survival of the farm, and (4) the decision to seek healthcare is most strongly driven by the presence of intolerable symptoms, prompting from others, and the perception that treatment will yield clear benefits...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140618/utah-regional-differences-in-respirator-use-and-fit-testing-among-pesticide-applicators
#18
Michael L Pate, F Richard Beard, Kelsey Hall
The purpose of this study was to determine regional differences within Utah in response to piloting a mobile respirator training and fit assessment program for pesticide applicators. The objectives were to describe worker perceptions of respirator use and training experiences. Pilot trainings were offered in two southern counties and two northern counties of Utah. A total of 141 individuals completed the post-training questionnaire regarding use and fit testing experience with respirators as well as perceptions of the benefits to protecting respiratory health...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140617/methods-of-collecting-and-analyzing-rearward-visibility-data-for-agricultural-machinery-hazard-and-or-object-detectability
#19
Shawn G Ehlers, William E Field, Daniel R Ess
Recent interest in rearward visibility for private, construction, and commercial vehicles and documentation of rearward runovers involving bystanders outside the field of vision of the vehicle operator led to an investigation into the need for enhanced methods of rearward visibility for large, off-highway, agricultural equipment. A review of the literature found limited relevant research and minimal data on incidents involving rearward runovers of bystanders and co-workers. This article reviews the findings regarding the methods identified and tested to collect and analyze rearward visibility data, from the operator's perspective, for large self-propelled agricultural equipment, including the four-wheel drive tractors, combines, agricultural sprayers, and skid-steer loaders that are increasingly found on agricultural production sites...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140616/comparisons-of-agricultural-seating-for-paraplegia
#20
Carla Sue Wilhite, William E Field, Mark Jaramillo, Kevin Sullivan
People with spinal cord injury/paraplegia are operating agricultural machinery despite the lack of research evidence to support seating interventions. These operators represent a vulnerable population in the agricultural workforce, and information to support their health in the workplace is urgently warranted. This research compared a group of subjects with paraplegia on different intervention cushion conditions during a simulated tractor driving task. Numerical data acquired from a pressure-mapping instrument were explored for statistical relationships within a small cohort of people with paraplegia participating in a feasibility study that was previously reported for clinical results...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
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