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Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799696/identifying-conceptualizations-and-theories-of-change-embedded-in-interventions-to-facilitate-community-participation-for-people-with-intellectual-disability-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Christine Bigby, Sian Anderson, Nadine Cameron
BACKGROUND: Little progress has been made towards community participation of people with intellectual disability despite it being a policy aim since the 1980s. We aimed to identify the features of programmes designed to support community participation. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted of peer-reviewed literature between 2000 and 2015, about interventions to support community participation for adults with intellectual disability. RESULTS: A small body of evidence relates to the design and effectiveness of interventions to enhance community participation...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758356/end-of-life-and-people-with-intellectual-disability
#2
EDITORIAL
Roger J Stancliffe, Michele Y Wiese, Sue Read
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 31, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758309/lifestyle-factors-and-alzheimer-s-disease-in-people-with-down-syndrome
#3
Athena V Kenshole, Deanna Gallichan, Sabine Pahl, John Clibbens
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle has previously been associated with the onset of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in the typically developing population, but research investigating this association in Down syndrome (DS) is limited. METHOD: Adults with DS and AD (n = 27) were compared to adults with DS without AD (n = 30) on physical activity, diet, weight, where participants currently lived, where participants had lived for the majority of their lives, educational attainment, occupational attainment and cognitive activity...
July 30, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737287/internet-and-cell-phone-usage-patterns-among-young-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#4
Cristina Jenaro, Noelia Flores, Maribel Cruz, Ma Carmen Pérez, Vanessa Vega, Víctor A Torres
BACKGROUND: The risks and opportunities associated with the use of technologies are of growing research interest. Patterns of technology usage illuminate these opportunities and risks. However, no studies have assessed the usage patterns (frequency, duration, and intensity) and related factors in young people with intellectual disabilities. METHODS: Questionnaires on Internet and cell phone usage patterns, the Internet Over-Use Scale and the Cell-Phone Over-Use Scale, as well as the Beck Depression Inventory were filled out in one-on-one interviews of 216 youth with intellectual disabilities...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730746/management-and-prevalence-of-long-term-conditions-in-primary-health-care-for-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-compared-with-the-general-population-a-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Sally-Ann Cooper, Laura Hughes-McCormack, Nicola Greenlaw, Alex McConnachie, Linda Allan, Marion Baltzer, Laura McArthur, Angela Henderson, Craig Melville, Paula McSkimming, Jill Morrison
BACKGROUND: In the UK, general practitioners/family physicians receive pay for performance on management of long-term conditions, according to best-practice indicators. METHOD: Management of long-term conditions was compared between 721 adults with intellectual disabilities and the general population (n = 764,672). Prevalence of long-term conditions was determined, and associated factors were investigated via logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Adults with intellectual disabilities received significantly poorer management of all long-term conditions on 38/57 (66...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718998/disconnected-lives-women-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-conflict-with-the-law
#6
Kathryn Ann Levine, Jocelyn Proulx, Karen Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Women with intellectual/developmental disabilities in conflict with the law experience childhood trauma, substance abuse and intimate partner violence but continue to have difficulty accessing appropriate therapeutic services, both within correctional settings and upon discharge. The aim of this study is to explore women's service needs and to critically assess whether the available services are meeting their identified needs. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 women with intellectual/developmental disabilities who were in the Special Needs Unit of a women's correctional centre from December 2014 to March 2015...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707351/relation-between-working-memory-and-self-regulation-capacities-and-the-level-of-social-skills-acquisition-in-people-with-moderate-intellectual-disability
#7
Bojan Dučić, Milica Gligorović, Svetlana Kaljača
BACKGROUND: Social competence deficit is one of the main characteristics of intellectual disability. The aim of this paper is to determine the influence of working memory (WM) and self-regulation (SR) on social skills in persons with moderate intellectual disability (MID). METHOD: The sample included 41 participants with MID, aged 14-21. Memorizing animals and maze tasks were used for WM assessment. SR skills were assessed by the Behavioral Multitask Batteries. Social skills were rated by the Socialization subscale from the Adaptive Behavior Assessment System II, which consists of two parts...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699697/the-experiences-of-staff-who-support-people-with-intellectual-disability-on-issues-about-death-dying-and-bereavement-a-metasynthesis
#8
Ailsa J Lord, Stephen Field, Ian C Smith
BACKGROUND: Historically, people with intellectual disabilities have tended to be excluded from knowing about death, dying and bereavement. Staff in intellectual disability services can play a valuable role in improving understanding of these issues in those they support. This qualitative metasynthesis aimed to understand the experiences of staff supporting adults with intellectual disabilities with issues of death, dying and bereavement. METHOD: Thirteen papers were identified following a systematic review of six databases...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691743/effectiveness-of-speech-therapy-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#9
Hayo Terband, Marjolein C Coppens-Hofman, Maaike Reffeltrath, Ben A M Maassen
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect of speech therapy in a heterogeneous group of adults with intellectual disability. METHOD: Thirty-six adults with mild and moderate intellectual disabilities (IQs 40-70; age 18-40 years) with reported poor speech intelligibility received tailored training in articulation and listening skills delivered in two 3-month periods. Pre- to post-changes in speech intelligibility and receptive vocabulary were assessed using standardized tasks...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681421/communicating-about-death-and-dying-developing-training-for-staff-working-in-services-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities
#10
Irene Tuffrey-Wijne, Tracey Rose, Robert Grant, Astrid Wijne
BACKGROUND: Many people with intellectual disabilities are affected by death, yet conversations about death are often avoided by staff working with them. This study aimed to assess staff training needs and to develop, trial and evaluate a training course on communicating about death and dying. METHOD: (i) Semi-structured interviews with 20 staff in residential/supported living services to establish training needs; (ii) three-one-day courses were attended by 114 staff and evaluated through questionnaires...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670846/unpacking-the-complexity-of-planning-with-persons-with-cognitive-disability-and-complex-support-needs
#11
Susan Collings, Angela Dew, Leanne Dowse
BACKGROUND: Planners will engage with people with cognitive disability and complex support needs in the Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme, but the specific skills needed to build sustainable plans with this group are not yet known. METHOD: A qualitative study was conducted to explore the barriers and facilitators to planning with people with cognitive disability and complex support needs. Focus groups were held with 99 planning practitioners across metropolitan and regional locations in New South Wales, Australia...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670757/an-exploration-of-clinical-psychology-s-response-to-parental-bereavement-in-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#12
Lynn Irwin, Grace O'Malley, Shazia Neelofur, Suzanne Guerin
BACKGROUND: The dearth of literature regarding how or when to intervene when an adult with intellectual disability is bereaved may impede clinical practice; this study therefore aimed to explore the current clinical psychology response, so as to enhance understanding of the role of the profession in supporting grief within this population. METHOD: A collective case study design was used. Data for six persons with intellectual disability, including interviews with parentally bereaved persons and involved staff members, were integrated into individual case stories for cross-case synthesis...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665022/-what-s-going-to-happen-when-we-re-gone-family-caregiving-capacity-for-older-people-with-an-intellectual-disability-in-ireland
#13
Damien Brennan, Rebecca Murphy, Philip McCallion, Mary McCarron
BACKGROUND: Changing family sociodemographic factors, increased life expectancy for people with an intellectual disability, deinstitutionalization and policy prioritization of the family as the principal care provider, presents new challenges to care sustainability. METHOD: A qualitative study design was employed, entailing focus groups and semistructured interviews, with purposive sampling via the parent study population of the Intellectual Disability Supplement to The Irish Longitudinal Database on Ageing...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643371/peer-reviewed-articles-on-inclusive-research-do-co-researchers-with-intellectual-disabilities-have-a-voice
#14
Iva Strnadová, Jan Walmsley
BACKGROUND: Inclusive research is increasingly common in intellectual disabilities research, but ways in which voice of co-researchers with intellectual disabilities is presented remain underexplored in the literature. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The authors conducted a literature review and analysis of peer-reviewed journal articles reporting on inclusive research. The aim was to explore the ways the voices of co-researchers with intellectual disabilities are represented in published peer-reviewed journal articles...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631874/an-integrative-review-of-multicomponent-weight-management-interventions-for-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#15
Alison J Doherty, Stephanie P Jones, Umesh Chauhan, Josephine M E Gibson
BACKGROUND: Obesity is more prevalent in people with intellectual disabilities and increases the risk of developing serious medical conditions. UK guidance recommends multicomponent weight management interventions (MCIs), tailored for different population groups. METHODS: An integrative review utilizing systematic review methodology was conducted to identify the types of MCIs delivered to adults with intellectual disabilities. FINDINGS: Five studies were identified...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585359/-they-just-said-inappropriate-contact-what-do-service-users-hear-when-staff-talk-about-sex-and-relationships
#16
Nici Grace, Beth Greenhill, Paul Withers
BACKGROUND: Research into how people with intellectual disabilities (ID) pursue intimate relationships in care settings presents some contradictory findings; despite increasingly liberal staff views, service users experience significant restrictions. This study attempts to explore this gap within a secure hospital, examining service user's representations of staff discourses about sexuality and intimate relationships. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews with eight service users with intellectual disability were analysed using critical discourse analysis...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585240/agency-social-and-healthcare-supports-for-adults-with-intellectual-disability-at-the-end-of-life-in-out-of-home-non-institutional-community-residences-in-western-nations-a-literature-review
#17
Teresa T Moro, Teresa A Savage, Sarah Gehlert
BACKGROUND: The nature and quality of end-of-life care received by adults with intellectual disabilities in out-of-home, non-institutional community agency residences in Western nations is not well understood. METHOD: A range of databases and search engines were used to locate conceptual, clinical and research articles from relevant peer-reviewed journals. RESULTS: The present authors present a literature review of the agency, social and healthcare supports that impact end-of-life care for adults with intellectual disabilities...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585231/the-employers-perspective-on-barriers-and-facilitators-to-employment-of-people-with-intellectual-disability-a-differential-mixed-method-approach
#18
Andreas Kocman, Linda Fischer, Germain Weber
BACKGROUND: Obtaining employment is among the most important ambitions of people with intellectual disability. Progress towards comprehensive inclusive employment is hampered by numerous barriers. Limited research is available on these barriers and strategies to overcome them. METHOD: A mixed method approach in a sample of 30 HR-managers was used to assess (i) differences in perceived barriers for employment of people with specific disabilities and mental disorders; (ii) barriers specific to employing people with intellectual disability; (iii) strategies to overcome these barriers...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544672/providing-end-of-life-care-in-disability-community-living-services-an-organizational-capacity-building-model-using-a-public-health-approach
#19
Andrea Grindrod, Bruce Rumbold
BACKGROUND: There is broad consensus within the disability field that the end-of-life care offered to people with intellectual disabilities should be of a quality consistent with that advocated by contemporary palliative care. In practice, however, various barriers are encountered when applying palliative care strategies to the end-of-life care of people with intellectual disabilities, particularly those in disability community living services. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach was used...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544583/improving-the-occupational-skills-of-students-with-intellectual-disability-by-applying-video-prompting-combined-with-dance-pads
#20
Mei-Lan Lin, Ming-Shan Chiang, Ching-Hsiang Shih, Meng-Fang Li
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) are prone to inattention, are slow in learning and reaction, and have deficits in memory skills. Providing proper vocational education and training for individuals with intellectual disability is able to enhance their occupational skills. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study applied video prompting to provide instructional prompts to help participants accurately perform an assigned occupational activity. A control system installed with developed software was used to turn a standard dance pad into a sensor to detect the participants' standing position and to automatically trigger video prompting...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
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