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Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910254/identification-and-analysis-of-factors-contributing-to-the-reduction-in-seclusion-and-restraint-for-a-population-with-intellectual-disability
#1
Caroline Larue, Marie-Hélène Goulet, Marie-Josée Prevost, Alexandre Dumais, Jacques Bellavance
BACKGROUND: A cohort of 11 patients with an intellectual disability and a psychiatric diagnosis present severe behavioural disorders in psychiatric hospital of Quebec in 2009. Control-measure use for this clientele has now been reduced. How do management personnel, families and care teams explain the changes? What clinical interventions did management and care providers implement that contributed to the reduction? METHOD: A retrospective case study was conducted...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905667/the-relationship-between-intelligence-quotient-and-aspects-of-everyday-functioning-and-participation-for-people-who-have-mild-and-borderline-intellectual-disabilities
#2
Patrik Arvidsson, Mats Granlund
BACKGROUND: This study explored the relationship between intelligence quotient (IQ) and aspects of everyday functioning/participation in individuals (age 16-40) who have a mild/borderline intellectual disability (IQ 55-85). METHOD: Correlations were examined between IQ and (i) self-rated (n = 72) ability, participation as performance (how often an activity is performed), important participation restriction (not/seldom performing an activity perceived as important) and general well-being and (ii) proxy-rated (n = 41) ability and participation as performance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896918/finding-the-right-assessment-measures-for-young-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-who-display-harmful-sexual-behaviour
#3
A Malovic, G Murphy, S Coulton
BACKGROUND: Previous studies and national reports have all noted that a significant proportion of the young people who display harmful sexual behaviours have intellectual disabilities. However, research on the topic has been scarce. This study presents a systematic review of the literature relating to clinical instruments specifically developed or adapted for adolescents with intellectual disabilities who display harmful sexual behaviours. METHOD: An electronic search of databases was completed for published articles in English from the earliest possible date to the end of 2013...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891814/friendships-and-intimate-relationships-among-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-thematic-synthesis
#4
REVIEW
Casey Fulford, Virginie Cobigo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this thematic synthesis was to review qualitative studies on perspectives of persons with intellectual disabilities regarding friendships and intimate relationships. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted, including studies published between 2004 and 2014, involving participants 14 years of age or older, who had intellectual disabilities, and participated in focus groups or interviews. RESULTS: Eighteen studies were included...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891762/judicial-reliance-on-parental-iq-in-appellate-level-child-welfare-cases-involving-parents-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#5
Ella Callow, Munazza Tahir, Maurice Feldman
BACKGROUND: Parents with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) are over-represented in child welfare cases. Although IQ per se is an invalid indicator of parenting abilities, this study examined the prevalence of judicial consideration of parental IQ test evidence in US appellate cases. METHODS: The present authors conducted Boolean searches of Westlaw Corporation's case database since 1999. The present authors used a six-question checklist to survey the 42 most recent American appellate cases involving termination of parental rights (TPR) decisions that included evidence of parental intellectual and developmental disabilities based on IQ...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891723/the-structured-assessment-of-violence-risk-in-adults-with-intellectual-disability-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
J Hounsome, R Whittington, A Brown, B Greenhill, J McGuire
BACKGROUND: While structured professional judgement approaches to assessing and managing the risk of violence have been extensively examined in mental health/forensic settings, the application of the findings to people with an intellectual disability is less extensively researched and reviewed. This review aimed to assess whether risk assessment tools have adequate predictive validity for violence in adults with an intellectual disability. METHODS: Standard systematic review methodology was used to identify and synthesize appropriate studies...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878951/alleviating-parenting-stress-in-parents-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-video-feedback-intervention-to-promote-positive-parenting
#7
Marja W Hodes, Marieke Meppelder, Marleen de Moor, Sabina Kef, Carlo Schuengel
BACKGROUND: Adapted parenting support may alleviate the high levels of parenting stress experienced by many parents with intellectual disabilities. METHODS: Parents with mild intellectual disabilities or borderline intellectual functioning were randomized to experimental (n = 43) and control (n = 42) conditions. Parents in both groups received care-as-usual. The experimental group also received an adapted version of video-feedback intervention for positive parenting and learning difficulties (VIPP-LD)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878941/the-social-emotional-well-being-of-children-of-mothers-with-intellectual-impairment-a-population-based-analysis
#8
Gabrielle Hindmarsh, Gwynnyth Llewellyn, Eric Emerson
BACKGROUND: Children of parents with intellectual impairment are thought to be at risk for poor social-emotional well-being. This study investigated the relationship between maternal intellectual impairment and poor child social-emotional well-being. METHOD: Secondary analysis of data from waves 2-4 of the Millennium Cohort Study (UK). Social-emotional well-being was measured by maternal report at Waves 2-4, with teacher and child self-report at Wave 4. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878938/the-impact-of-affiliate-stigma-on-the-psychological-well-being-of-mothers-of-children-with-specific-learning-disabilities-in-india-the-mediating-role-of-subjective-burden
#9
Gazal Banga, Subharati Ghosh
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the impact of affiliate stigma on the wellbeing of caregivers to children with specific learning disability (SLD) in India is limited. To fill in this gap in knowledge a cross-sectional quantitative study was undertaken to assess the impact of affiliate stigma on the psychological well-being of mothers with children with SLD in India, and test the mediating role of subjective burden, using an adapted version of Pearlin's stress and adaptation model. METHODS: Sample included 100 mothers of children with SLD...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878930/good-enough-support-exploring-the-attitudes-knowledge-and-experiences-of-practitioners-in-social-services-and-child-welfare-working-with-mothers-with-intellectual-disability
#10
Iva Strnadová, Jana Bernoldová, Zdeňka Adamčíková, Jan Klusáček
BACKGROUND: This study examined the attitudes, knowledge and experiences of practitioners in social services and child welfare working with mothers with intellectual disability. METHOD: The authors used a national survey, which was completed by 329 participants. Descriptive statistics and frequency tables were generated, and the associations between variables and differences between various subgroups of the sample were made. The open questions were analysed using the processes involved in content analysis...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878923/prevalence-trends-and-custody-among-children-of-parents-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-norway
#11
Jan Tøssebro, Turid Midjo, Veronika Paulsen, Berit Berg
BACKGROUND: This study addresses children of parents with intellectual disability in Norway. The aim was to examine: (i) the impact of definitions of intellectual disability on prevalence, (ii) whether numbers were increasing, (iii) the prevalence of motherhood and fatherhood and (iv) rates of lost custody. METHODS: Analyses of national registers (n = 30 834) and mapping in four municipalities (n = 85). RESULTS: 0.19% of all children had parents with recorded intellectual disability, increasing to 0...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878920/-framed-terminating-the-parenting-rights-of-parents-with-intellectual-disability-in-iceland
#12
Hanna Björg Sigurjónsdóttir, James Gordon Rice
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the role of measured intellectual function in framing parents as 'unfit' in child custody deprivation cases. METHOD: Grounded theory was used to analyse a national sample of custody deprivation cases in Iceland 2002-2014. RESULTS: The terminology used to evaluate and describe the intellectual and developmental status of parents in child deprivation custody cases served as a device to define and shape the 'unfit parent'...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878912/maternal-sensitivity-in-mothers-with-mild-intellectual-disabilities-is-related-to-experiences-of-maltreatment-and-predictive-of-child-attachment-a-matched-comparison-study
#13
Lene Lindberg, Mari Fransson, Tommie Forslund, Lydia Springer, Pehr Granqvist
BACKGROUND: Scientific knowledge on the quality of caregiving/maternal sensitivity among mothers with mild intellectual disabilities (ID) is limited and subject to many methodological shortcomings, but seems to suggest that these mothers are less sensitive than mothers without intellectual disabilities. METHODS: In this matched-comparison study (N = 48), the present authors observed maternal sensitivity for 20 min in four different laboratory play situations...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878910/mothering-with-an-intellectual-disability-a-phenomenological-exploration-of-making-infant-feeding-decisions
#14
Amanda Guay, Marjorie Aunos, Delphine Collin-Vézina
BACKGROUND: Mothers with intellectual disability are less likely than mothers without intellectual disability to breastfeed their infants, but there is little literature that addresses infant-feeding decisions among this population. This study explores experiences of mothers with intellectual disability in making and carrying out infant-feeding decisions. METHODS: Using a phenomenological approach, in-depth interviews were conducted with four mothers with intellectual disability...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878908/parents-with-intellectual-disabilities-experiencing-challenging-child-routines-a-pilot-study-using-embedded-self-determination-practices
#15
Christen Knowles, Allison Blakely, Sarah Hansen, Wendy Machalicek
BACKGROUND: Practices to facilitate self-determination have not received appropriate attention in research concerning parents with intellectual disabilities (ID). Likewise, parenting interventions for adults with intellectual disabilities have seldom observed both parent and child behavioural outcomes. METHODS: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a parenting intervention embedded with self-determination facilitation practices for two dyads of a parent with intellectual disabilities and their young child...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878903/striking-the-right-balance-police-experience-perceptions-and-use-of-independent-support-persons-during-interviews-involving-people-with-intellectual-disability
#16
Marie Henshaw, Benjamin Spivak, Stuart D M Thomas
BACKGROUND: Several jurisdictions mandate the presence of an independent support person during police interviews with vulnerable people. The current study investigated police officers' experiences and perceptions of these volunteers during interviews with people with intellectual disability(ies) (ID). METHODS: The sample comprised 229 police officers who attended a mandatory firearms training course in Melbourne, Australia, in 2010. RESULTS: Participants commonly reported utilizing independent support persons and displayed a fair understanding of their role...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778469/developing-an-easy-read-version-of-the-adult-social-care-outcomes-toolkit-ascot
#17
Agnes Turnpenny, James Caiels, Beckie Whelton, Lisa Richardson, Julie Beadle-Brown, Tanya Crowther, Julien Forder, Joanna Apps, Stacey Rand
BACKGROUND: This study reports the experiences of developing and pre-testing an Easy Read version of the Adult Social Care Outcomes Toolkit (ASCOT) for self-report by people with intellectual disabilities. METHODS: The study has combined survey development and pre-testing methods with approaches to create accessible information for people with intellectual disabilities. A working group assisted researchers in identifying appropriate question formats, pictures and wording...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778465/improving-the-health-and-well-being-of-adults-with-conditions-of-a-genetic-origin-views-from-professionals-syndrome-support-groups-and-parents
#18
Marcus Redley, Merel Pannebakker, Anthony Holland
BACKGROUND: Advances in medical genetics herald the possibility that health and social care services could be more responsive to the needs arising from a person's genotype. This development may be particularly important for those men and women whose learning disability (known internationally as intellectual disability) is linked to a neurodevelopmental condition of genetic origin. METHOD: This possibility is tested through interviews with samples of (i) professional 'opinion former' with nationally recognised clinical and/or academic interests in learning disabilities and genetics; (ii) representatives of syndrome organisations prompting the interests of families where someone has a neurodevelopmental condition, and parent-members of these same organisations...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778426/improving-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-supported-accommodation-for-people-with-intellectual-disability-what-makes-a-difference
#19
Christine Bigby, Julie Beadle-Brown
BACKGROUND: The quality of life (QOL) of people with intellectual disability living in supported accommodation services is variable, influenced by many possible factors. Various frameworks have attempted to identify these factors without assigning value, direction of influence or relative impact on outcomes. METHODS: A realist review of the literature aimed to expose different propositions about variables influencing QOL outcomes and review the strength of supporting evidence for these, to identify their relative influence...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704678/the-accuracy-of-anthropometric-equations-to-assess-body-fat-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#20
Mateus Rossato, Rodolfo André Dellagrana, Rafael Martins da Costa, Ewertton de Souza Bezerra, João Otacílio Libardoni Dos Santos, Cassiano Ricardo Rech
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to verify the accuracy of anthropometric equations to estimate the body density (BD) of adults with Down syndrome (DS), and propose new regression equations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one males (30.5 ± 9.4 years) and 17 females (27.3 ± 7.7 years) with DS participated in this study. The reference method for BD was air displacement plethysmography (ADP). Also, the BD was estimated by anthropometric equations. The body fat percentage (BF %) was estimated by the Siri equation...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
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