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Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070932/the-experience-of-adult-children-of-mothers-with-intellectual-disability-a-qualitative-retrospective-study-from-poland
#1
Agnieszka Wołowicz-Ruszkowska, David McConnell
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the experience of growing up with a mother with intellectual disability. The aim of this study was to explore this experience from the perspective of adult children. METHOD: In-depth interviews with 23 adult children brought up by mothers with moderate-to-severe intellectual disability. The interview data were analysed using grounded theory methods. RESULTS: The childhood experiences of the interviewees and the role their mothers played in their upbringing varied, depending in part on the involvement of extended family...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070922/an-open-label-randomized-control-trial-of-hopping-and-jumping-training-versus-sensorimotor-rehabilitation-programme-on-postural-capacities-in-individuals-with-intellectual-disabilities
#2
Rihab Borji, Sonia Sahli, Rym Baccouch, Rabeb Laatar, Hiba Kachouri, Haithem Rebai
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of a hopping and jumping training programme (HJP) versus a sensorimotor rehabilitation programme (SRP) on postural performances in children with intellectual disability. METHODS: Three groups of children with intellectual disability participated in the study: the HJP group, the SRP group and a control group. Postural capacities were tested with the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and the Tinetti tests. The HJP and the SRP groups participated in the training programmes for eight weeks...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004473/a-qualitative-exploration-of-participants-experiences-of-taking-part-in-a-walking-programme-perceived-benefits-barriers-choices-and-use-of-intervention-resources
#3
Fiona Mitchell, Kirsten Stalker, Lynsay Matthews, Nanette Mutrie, Chris Melling, Alex McConnachie, Heather Murray, Craig A Melville
BACKGROUND: Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) experience significant inequalities and tend to be more sedentary and less physically active than the wider population. Walking programmes are an effective way to increase physical activity (PA) but have not been used in studies involving adults with intellectual disabilities. METHOD: Nineteen adults with intellectual disabilities participated in semistructured interviews or focus groups exploring their experiences of taking part in a walking programme (Walk Well)...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004472/postural-care-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-and-severely-impaired-motor-function-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Janet Robertson, Susannah Baines, Eric Emerson, Chris Hatton
BACKGROUND: Poor postural care can have severe and life-threatening complications. This scoping review aims to map and summarize existing evidence regarding postural care for people with intellectual disabilities and severely impaired motor function. METHOD: Studies were identified via electronic database searches (MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Web of Science) covering January 1990 to March 2016, and email requests to researcher networks. Results were collated via descriptive numerical summary of studies and thematic analysis...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000421/job-satisfaction-quality-of-work-life-and-work-motivation-in-employees-with-intellectual-disability-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Andreas Kocman, Germain Weber
BACKGROUND: Current research on employment options for people with Intellectual Disability emphasizes the importance of employee needs and satisfaction. The study aims at systematically reviewing the literature on job satisfaction and related constructs. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted. Studies were included if (i) they are specific to effects of work, (ii) assessed variables are related to job satisfaction, QoWL, attitudes towards work or work motivation and if (iii) studies reported intellectual disability-specific results...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000357/conceptualizing-and-treating-social-anxiety-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-focus-group-study-with-multidisciplinary-professionals
#6
Debbie Spain, Freya Rumball, Lucy O'Neill, Jacqueline Sin, Jonathan Prunty, Francesca Happé
BACKGROUND: Individuals who have autism spectrum disorders (ASD) commonly experience social anxiety (SA). Disentangling SA symptoms from core ASD characteristics is complex, partly due to diagnostic overshadowing and co-occurring alexithymia. Causal and maintaining mechanisms for SA in ASD are underexplored, but it is feasible that there is an ASD specificity to the clinical presentation, with implications for the development of targeted treatments. METHODS: Five focus groups were conducted with multidisciplinary professionals to investigate their perspectives about, and approaches to, working with individuals with ASD and SA...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000354/evaluation-of-a-social-network-intervention-for-people-with-mild-to-borderline-intellectual-disabilities
#7
A E van Asselt-Goverts, P J C M Embregts, A H C Hendriks
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effectiveness of interventions aimed at enhancing the social networks of people with intellectual disabilities. This study explores the results of such an intervention. How did the clients with mild to borderline intellectual disabilities and their support workers evaluate the intervention? What did they learn from it? Were there any changes in network characteristics, satisfaction and wishes in relation to networks, participation, loneliness, self-determination or self-esteem? METHOD: The evaluation of the intervention was explored from several perspectives (i...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000335/child-protection-services-and-parents-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#8
Traci LaLiberte, Kristine Piescher, Nicole Mickelson, Mi Hwa Lee
BACKGROUND: Information about parents with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in the child protection system (CPS) continues to evolve. This study examined characteristics, experiences and representation of parents with IDD across three CPS decision points, as compared to parents with other disabilities and parents without disabilities in the United States. METHODS: The sample consisted of 303,039 individuals: 2,081 were individuals identified as parents in a CPS investigation; 1,101 had children in out-of-home care (OHC); and 308 experienced termination of parental rights (TPR)...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000333/leveraging-social-capital-of-individuals-with-intellectual-disabilities-through-participation-on-facebook
#9
Carmit-Noa Shpigelman
BACKGROUND: Participation in social networking sites has considerable potential to leverage the individual's social capital, including persons with intellectual disabilities, whose real-world social networks are fairly limited. METHOD: This study aimed to understand how individuals with intellectual disabilities use Facebook to access social capital benefits, if at all. Qualitative interviews and observations were conducted with 20 adult Facebook users with intellectual disabilities...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990765/an-independent-investigation-of-the-utility-of-the-learning-disability-screening-questionnaire-ldsq-within-a-community-learning-disability-team
#10
Steven Stirk, Bryony Field, Jessica Black
BACKGROUND: The Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire (LDSQ) has been shown to have high sensitivity and specificity to identify those who are likely to meet intellectual disability diagnostic criteria (McKenzie, et al. ). However, there is no independent research to date to support these findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An archival research design was used, utilizing data from diagnostic tools including the LDSQ, Wechsler Adult Intelligence assessments and Adaptive Behavior Assessment System Second Edition (ABAS-II) scores...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990764/predicting-institutional-aggression-in-offenders-with-intellectual-disabilities-using-the-violence-risk-appraisal-guide
#11
Claudia Pouls, Inge Jeandarme
BACKGROUND: One of the most extensively tested risk assessment instruments in offenders with an intellectual disability (OIDs) is the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide (VRAG). The purpose of this prospective study was to test the ability of this instrument to predict institutional aggression in OIDs. METHOD: VRAG scores were collected for 52 OIDs, and staff registered aggressive incidents during a period of 6 months. Predictive accuracy was analysed using several performance indicators...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990746/parents-opinions-about-an-intervention-to-manage-repetitive-behaviours-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-qualitative-study
#12
Anna R Hodgson, Victoria Grahame, Deborah Garland, Fiona Gaultier, Jan Lecouturier, Ann Le Couteur
BACKGROUND: Early intervention for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) tends to focus on enhancing social communication skills. We report data collected via focus group discussions as part of a feasibility and acceptability pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) about a new parent group intervention to manage restricted and repetitive behaviours (RRB) in young children with ASD. METHODS: The focus groups were led by two independent facilitators and followed a semi-structured topic guide with the aim of considering three key topics: experiences of participating in a RCT, opinions about the intervention and the impact of the intervention on the participants, their children and the family...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990731/-shutting-the-world-out-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-exploring-the-paternal-experience-of-parenting-a-young-adult-with-a-developmental-disability
#13
Lisa A Thackeray, Virginia Eatough
BACKGROUND: An in-depth exploration of the experience of midlife fathers of developmentally disabled young adults (aged 19-32 years) was motivated by a dearth of research in this area (McKnight, PsyPAG Quarterly, 94, 2015, 10). METHOD: Five fathers participated in semi-structured interviews which were subjected to interpretative phenomenological analysis (Smith, Flowers and Larkin, 2009, Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis: Theory, Method, and Research. London: Sage)...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990716/quantitative-measurement-of-communication-ability-in-children-with-angelman-syndrome
#14
Joseph C Grieco, Ruth H Bahr, Mike R Schoenberg, Laura Conover, Lauren N Mackie, Edwin J Weeber
BACKGROUND: Angelman syndrome is a rare disorder in which most individuals do not develop speech. Testing of communication ability using traditional neuropsychological measures reveals a performance level at or near the floor of the instrument resulting in an inability to detect change when experimental therapeutics are applied. METHODS: Nine individuals, with molecularly confirmed AS, ranging in age from 34 to 126 months, and a single healthy control child (age 16 months) were audio and video-recorded while interacting with a licensed speech-language pathologist in an attempt to elicit vocalization and non-verbal communication...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925356/development-and-testing-of-a-screener-for-intelligence-and-learning-disabilities-scil
#15
Henk Nijman, Hendrien Kaal, Lesley van Scheppingen, Xavier Moonen
BACKGROUND: Many clients in contact with social services and (mental) health care have mild to borderline intellectual disabilities (MBID). Yet, administering a full intelligence test may not be feasible. METHOD: In 318 adults and 305 juveniles, the scores on 14 questions that comprise the screener for intelligence and learning disabilities (SCIL) were analysed in relation to the IQs of the participants. RESULTS: The SCIL score had good predictive validity for detecting MBID in adults (AUC = 0...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910254/identification-and-analysis-of-factors-contributing-to-the-reduction-in-seclusion-and-restraint-for-a-population-with-intellectual-disability
#16
Caroline Larue, Marie-Hélène Goulet, Marie-Josée Prevost, Alexandre Dumais, Jacques Bellavance
BACKGROUND: A cohort of 11 patients with an intellectual disability and a psychiatric diagnosis present severe behavioural disorders in psychiatric hospital of Quebec in 2009. Control-measure use for this clientele has now been reduced. How do management personnel, families and care teams explain the changes? What clinical interventions did management and care providers implement that contributed to the reduction? METHOD: A retrospective case study was conducted...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905667/the-relationship-between-intelligence-quotient-and-aspects-of-everyday-functioning-and-participation-for-people-who-have-mild-and-borderline-intellectual-disabilities
#17
Patrik Arvidsson, Mats Granlund
BACKGROUND: This study explored the relationship between intelligence quotient (IQ) and aspects of everyday functioning/participation in individuals (age 16-40) who have a mild/borderline intellectual disability (IQ 55-85). METHOD: Correlations were examined between IQ and (i) self-rated (n = 72) ability, participation as performance (how often an activity is performed), important participation restriction (not/seldom performing an activity perceived as important) and general well-being and (ii) proxy-rated (n = 41) ability and participation as performance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896918/finding-the-right-assessment-measures-for-young-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-who-display-harmful-sexual-behaviour
#18
A Malovic, G Murphy, S Coulton
BACKGROUND: Previous studies and national reports have all noted that a significant proportion of the young people who display harmful sexual behaviours have intellectual disabilities. However, research on the topic has been scarce. This study presents a systematic review of the literature relating to clinical instruments specifically developed or adapted for adolescents with intellectual disabilities who display harmful sexual behaviours. METHOD: An electronic search of databases was completed for published articles in English from the earliest possible date to the end of 2013...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891814/friendships-and-intimate-relationships-among-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-thematic-synthesis
#19
REVIEW
Casey Fulford, Virginie Cobigo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this thematic synthesis was to review qualitative studies on perspectives of persons with intellectual disabilities regarding friendships and intimate relationships. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted, including studies published between 2004 and 2014, involving participants 14 years of age or older, who had intellectual disabilities, and participated in focus groups or interviews. RESULTS: Eighteen studies were included...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891762/judicial-reliance-on-parental-iq-in-appellate-level-child-welfare-cases-involving-parents-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#20
Ella Callow, Munazza Tahir, Maurice Feldman
BACKGROUND: Parents with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) are over-represented in child welfare cases. Although IQ per se is an invalid indicator of parenting abilities, this study examined the prevalence of judicial consideration of parental IQ test evidence in US appellate cases. METHODS: The present authors conducted Boolean searches of Westlaw Corporation's case database since 1999. The present authors used a six-question checklist to survey the 42 most recent American appellate cases involving termination of parental rights (TPR) decisions that included evidence of parental intellectual and developmental disabilities based on IQ...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
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