journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205369/parental-psychopathology-and-expectations-for-the-futures-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Paul Andrew Thomas, Jake S King, Jenna L Mendelson, Rosemery O Nelson-Gray
BACKGROUND: The influence of parental psychopathology and parental expectations on child well-being is well documented among typically developing populations. However, to date little research has examined the relationship among these factors in families of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study examines an observed relationship between parental psychopathology and expectations in families with children with ASD in the light of research in other populations. METHOD: Twenty-four parents of children diagnosed with ASD were assessed for symptoms of psychopathology...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205297/underemployment-among-mothers-of-children-with-intellectual-disabilities
#2
Yueh-Ching Chou, Teppo Kröger, Cheng-Yun Pu
BACKGROUND: Mothers with lifelong care responsibilities might involuntarily be non-employed or work part-time, both of which are defined as "underemployment." This study aimed to investigate who these underemployed mothers are and what are the factors associated with such employment hardship when having a child with intellectual disability (ID). METHOD: An interview survey was conducted in 2011 in two local authorities of Taiwan on 876 working-age mothers with a child with intellectual disability; 514 of them were working part-time/non-employed and chosen as participants of this study...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205296/effects-of-mindfulness-based-intervention-to-improve-task-performance-for-children-with-intellectual-disabilities
#3
Jeongil Kim, Miyoung Kwon
BACKGROUND: Task performance is a critical factor for learning in individuals with intellectual disabilities. This study aimed to examine mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) to improve task performance for children with intellectual disability (ID). METHODS: Three elementary school children with ID participated in the study. A multiple baseline design across subjects was used. The intervention was consisted of "understanding the necessary concept of mindfulness, practice of awareness and attention, and practice focusing on mindful behaviours...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205295/validity-of-proxy-reported-height-and-weight-to-derive-body-mass-index-in-adults-participating-in-special-olympics
#4
Kristin Dobranowski, Meghann Lloyd, Pierre Côté, Robert Balogh
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are common in adults with intellectual disabilities, which complicates their health. To meet their health needs, individuals with intellectual disability frequently rely on proxies to answer questions on their behalf. In the general population, the use of proxy-reported height and weight to compute body mass index (BMI) has been validated, but not among adults with intellectual disability. The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of proxy-reported height, weight and derived BMI among adults with intellectual disability...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120547/the-experiences-of-high-intensity-therapists-delivering-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-to-people-with-intellectual-disabilities
#5
Hayley Marwood, Deborah Chinn, Kenneth Gannon, Katrina Scior
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disabilities (ID) should be able to access the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) programme, currently a main provider of mainstream mental health services in England. IAPT offer cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) to individuals experiencing mental health problems, although its effectiveness for people with ID, when delivered within IAPT, is unclear. METHOD: Ten high-intensity therapists took part in semi-structured interviews, analysed using thematic analysis, regarding their experiences of delivering CBT to people with ID in IAPT...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116851/photovoice-in-research-involving-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-guided-photovoice-approach-as-an-alternative
#6
Tessa Overmars-Marx, Fleur Thomése, Xavier Moonen
BACKGROUND: In studies involving people with intellectual disabilities, photovoice is increasingly used to include the voice of participants. Analysing existing literature, the present authors found that photovoice was used in various forms with different outcomes. These studies describe both obstructing and facilitating factors. The present authors designed a more standardized approach of photovoice and developed an alternative strategy: "guided photovoice." METHOD: The "guided photovoice" approach was tested on fourteen participants with intellectual disabilities...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116840/health-knowledge-and-the-impact-of-social-exclusion-on-young-people-with-intellectual-disabilities
#7
Jaycee Pownall, Sarah Wilson, Andrew Jahoda
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairments are often assumed to underlie individuals' difficulties with understanding health issues. However, it was predicted that socially excluded individuals would have greater difficulty gaining understanding of sensitive topics related to sexuality than other public health messages, such as alcohol use. METHOD: The health knowledge of 31 typically developing young people, 29 young people with mild intellectual disabilities (ID) and 23 participants with physical disabilities but no cognitive impairments was compared...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116787/effects-of-detraining-on-anthropometry-aerobic-capacity-and-functional-ability-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#8
P H Boer
BACKGROUND: Structured exercise has shown to improve parameters of functional fitness in adults with Down syndrome (DS). However, few, if any, continue to exercise after exercise intervention studies. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of detraining on anthropometry, aerobic capacity and functional ability of adults with DS. METHODS: In a previous study, forty-two participants either performed 12 weeks of interval training, continuous aerobic training or no training (CON)...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070932/the-experience-of-adult-children-of-mothers-with-intellectual-disability-a-qualitative-retrospective-study-from-poland
#9
Agnieszka Wołowicz-Ruszkowska, David McConnell
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the experience of growing up with a mother with intellectual disability. The aim of this study was to explore this experience from the perspective of adult children. METHOD: In-depth interviews with 23 adult children brought up by mothers with moderate-to-severe intellectual disability. The interview data were analysed using grounded theory methods. RESULTS: The childhood experiences of the interviewees and the role their mothers played in their upbringing varied, depending in part on the involvement of extended family...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070922/an-open-label-randomized-control-trial-of-hopping-and-jumping-training-versus-sensorimotor-rehabilitation-programme-on-postural-capacities-in-individuals-with-intellectual-disabilities
#10
Rihab Borji, Sonia Sahli, Rym Baccouch, Rabeb Laatar, Hiba Kachouri, Haithem Rebai
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of a hopping and jumping training programme (HJP) versus a sensorimotor rehabilitation programme (SRP) on postural performances in children with intellectual disability. METHODS: Three groups of children with intellectual disability participated in the study: the HJP group, the SRP group and a control group. Postural capacities were tested with the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and the Tinetti tests. The HJP and the SRP groups participated in the training programmes for eight weeks...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004473/a-qualitative-exploration-of-participants-experiences-of-taking-part-in-a-walking-programme-perceived-benefits-barriers-choices-and-use-of-intervention-resources
#11
Fiona Mitchell, Kirsten Stalker, Lynsay Matthews, Nanette Mutrie, Chris Melling, Alex McConnachie, Heather Murray, Craig A Melville
BACKGROUND: Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) experience significant inequalities and tend to be more sedentary and less physically active than the wider population. Walking programmes are an effective way to increase physical activity (PA) but have not been used in studies involving adults with intellectual disabilities. METHOD: Nineteen adults with intellectual disabilities participated in semistructured interviews or focus groups exploring their experiences of taking part in a walking programme (Walk Well)...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004472/postural-care-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-and-severely-impaired-motor-function-a-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
Janet Robertson, Susannah Baines, Eric Emerson, Chris Hatton
BACKGROUND: Poor postural care can have severe and life-threatening complications. This scoping review aims to map and summarize existing evidence regarding postural care for people with intellectual disabilities and severely impaired motor function. METHOD: Studies were identified via electronic database searches (MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Web of Science) covering January 1990 to March 2016, and email requests to researcher networks. Results were collated via descriptive numerical summary of studies and thematic analysis...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000421/job-satisfaction-quality-of-work-life-and-work-motivation-in-employees-with-intellectual-disability-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Andreas Kocman, Germain Weber
BACKGROUND: Current research on employment options for people with Intellectual Disability emphasizes the importance of employee needs and satisfaction. The study aims at systematically reviewing the literature on job satisfaction and related constructs. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted. Studies were included if (i) they are specific to effects of work, (ii) assessed variables are related to job satisfaction, QoWL, attitudes towards work or work motivation and if (iii) studies reported intellectual disability-specific results...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000357/conceptualizing-and-treating-social-anxiety-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-focus-group-study-with-multidisciplinary-professionals
#14
Debbie Spain, Freya Rumball, Lucy O'Neill, Jacqueline Sin, Jonathan Prunty, Francesca Happé
BACKGROUND: Individuals who have autism spectrum disorders (ASD) commonly experience social anxiety (SA). Disentangling SA symptoms from core ASD characteristics is complex, partly due to diagnostic overshadowing and co-occurring alexithymia. Causal and maintaining mechanisms for SA in ASD are underexplored, but it is feasible that there is an ASD specificity to the clinical presentation, with implications for the development of targeted treatments. METHODS: Five focus groups were conducted with multidisciplinary professionals to investigate their perspectives about, and approaches to, working with individuals with ASD and SA...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000354/evaluation-of-a-social-network-intervention-for-people-with-mild-to-borderline-intellectual-disabilities
#15
A E van Asselt-Goverts, P J C M Embregts, A H C Hendriks
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effectiveness of interventions aimed at enhancing the social networks of people with intellectual disabilities. This study explores the results of such an intervention. How did the clients with mild to borderline intellectual disabilities and their support workers evaluate the intervention? What did they learn from it? Were there any changes in network characteristics, satisfaction and wishes in relation to networks, participation, loneliness, self-determination or self-esteem? METHOD: The evaluation of the intervention was explored from several perspectives (i...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000335/child-protection-services-and-parents-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#16
Traci LaLiberte, Kristine Piescher, Nicole Mickelson, Mi Hwa Lee
BACKGROUND: Information about parents with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in the child protection system (CPS) continues to evolve. This study examined characteristics, experiences and representation of parents with IDD across three CPS decision points, as compared to parents with other disabilities and parents without disabilities in the United States. METHODS: The sample consisted of 303,039 individuals: 2,081 were individuals identified as parents in a CPS investigation; 1,101 had children in out-of-home care (OHC); and 308 experienced termination of parental rights (TPR)...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000333/leveraging-social-capital-of-individuals-with-intellectual-disabilities-through-participation-on-facebook
#17
Carmit-Noa Shpigelman
BACKGROUND: Participation in social networking sites has considerable potential to leverage the individual's social capital, including persons with intellectual disabilities, whose real-world social networks are fairly limited. METHOD: This study aimed to understand how individuals with intellectual disabilities use Facebook to access social capital benefits, if at all. Qualitative interviews and observations were conducted with 20 adult Facebook users with intellectual disabilities...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990765/an-independent-investigation-of-the-utility-of-the-learning-disability-screening-questionnaire-ldsq-within-a-community-learning-disability-team
#18
Steven Stirk, Bryony Field, Jessica Black
BACKGROUND: The Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire (LDSQ) has been shown to have high sensitivity and specificity to identify those who are likely to meet intellectual disability diagnostic criteria (McKenzie, et al. ). However, there is no independent research to date to support these findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An archival research design was used, utilizing data from diagnostic tools including the LDSQ, Wechsler Adult Intelligence assessments and Adaptive Behavior Assessment System Second Edition (ABAS-II) scores...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990764/predicting-institutional-aggression-in-offenders-with-intellectual-disabilities-using-the-violence-risk-appraisal-guide
#19
Claudia Pouls, Inge Jeandarme
BACKGROUND: One of the most extensively tested risk assessment instruments in offenders with an intellectual disability (OIDs) is the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide (VRAG). The purpose of this prospective study was to test the ability of this instrument to predict institutional aggression in OIDs. METHOD: VRAG scores were collected for 52 OIDs, and staff registered aggressive incidents during a period of 6 months. Predictive accuracy was analysed using several performance indicators...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990746/parents-opinions-about-an-intervention-to-manage-repetitive-behaviours-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-qualitative-study
#20
Anna R Hodgson, Victoria Grahame, Deborah Garland, Fiona Gaultier, Jan Lecouturier, Ann Le Couteur
BACKGROUND: Early intervention for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) tends to focus on enhancing social communication skills. We report data collected via focus group discussions as part of a feasibility and acceptability pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) about a new parent group intervention to manage restricted and repetitive behaviours (RRB) in young children with ASD. METHODS: The focus groups were led by two independent facilitators and followed a semi-structured topic guide with the aim of considering three key topics: experiences of participating in a RCT, opinions about the intervention and the impact of the intervention on the participants, their children and the family...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
journal
journal
32620
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"