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Techniques in Coloproctology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819868/one-level-step-section-histological-analysis-is-insufficient-to-confirm-complete-pathological-response-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-for-rectal-cancer
#1
M A Pereira, A R Dias, S F Faraj, C S R Nahas, A R Imperiale, C F S Marques, G C Cotti, B C Camargo, S C Nahas, E S de Mello, U Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (nCRT) for rectal cancer may lead to cure. As we currently lack reliable methods to clinically confirm the absence of disease, some patients undergo radical resection and have pathological complete response (pCR) still undergo surgery. Furthermore, it is uncertain if conventional one-level histopathological analysis is accurate enough to determine complete response. Confirming pCR is essential to determine the prognosis and to consider the patient's inclusion in trials of adjuvant therapy...
August 17, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819783/factors-associated-with-hospital-readmission-following-diverting-ileostomy-creation
#2
W Li, L Stocchi, D Cherla, G Liu, A Agostinelli, C P Delaney, S R Steele, E Gorgun
BACKGROUND: The creation of a diverting loop ileostomy is associated with the risk of readmission due to stoma-related complications. We hypothesized that the assessment of our institution-specific readmissions following ileostomy creation would help identifying at-risk groups which should be the focus of future preventative strategies. METHODS: Patients who underwent loop ileostomy formation from 2009 to 2013 were reviewed. We evaluated readmissions within 30 days after discharge following loop ileostomy construction...
August 17, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795245/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-treatment-of-anal-fissure
#3
REVIEW
R L Nelson, D Manuel, C Gumienny, B Spencer, K Patel, K Schmitt, D Castillo, A Bravo, A Yeboah-Sampong
BACKGROUND: Anal fissure has a very large number of treatment options. The choice is difficult. In an effort to assist in that, choice presented here is a systematic review and meta-analysis of all published treatments for anal fissure that have been studied in randomized controlled trials. METHODS: Randomized trials were sought in the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, Medline, EMBASE and the trials registry sites clinicaltrials.gov and who/int/ictrp/search/en...
August 9, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795243/there-is-no-difference-in-outcome-between-laparoscopic-and-open-surgery-for-rectal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-short-and-long-term-oncologic-outcomes
#4
REVIEW
M Pędziwiatr, P Małczak, M Mizera, J Witowski, G Torbicz, P Major, M Pisarska, M Wysocki, A Budzyński
BACKGROUND: Until recently there has been little data available about long-term outcomes of laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery. But new randomized controlled trials regarding laparoscopic colorectal surgery have been published. The aim of this study was to compare the short- and long-term oncologic outcomes of laparoscopy and open surgery for rectal cancer through a systematic review of the literature and a meta-analysis of relevant RCTs. METHODS: A systematic review of Medline, Embase and the Cochrane library from January 1966 to October 2016 with a subsequent meta-analysis was performed...
August 9, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776107/imaging-the-pelvic-floor
#5
EDITORIAL
G A Santoro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755256/rectal-sparing-approach-after-preoperative-radio-and-or-chemotherapy-resarch-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer-a-multicentre-observational-study
#6
A Barina, A De Paoli, P Delrio, M Guerrieri, A Muratore, F Bianco, D Vespa, C Asteria, E Morpurgo, A Restivo, C Coco, U Pace, C Belluco, C Aschele, S Lonardi, V Valentini, G Mantello, I Maretto, P Del Bianco, A Perin, S Pucciarelli
BACKGROUND: Rectum-sparing approaches appear to be appropriate in rectal cancer patients with a major (mCR) or complete clinical response (cCR) after neoadjuvant therapy. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness of rectum-sparing approaches at 2 years after the completion of neoadjuvant treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with rectal adenocarcinoma eligible to receive neoadjuvant therapy will be prospectively enrolled. Patients will be restaged 7-8 weeks after the completion of neoadjuvant therapy and those with mCR (defined as absence of mass, small mucosal irregularity no more than 2 cm in diameter at endoscopy and no metastatic nodes at MRI) or cCR will be enrolled in the trial...
July 28, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755255/magnetic-resonance-defecography-versus-videodefecography-in-the-study-of-obstructed-defecation-syndrome-is-videodefecography-still-the-test-of-choice-after-50-years
#7
G P Martín-Martín, J García-Armengol, J V Roig-Vila, A Espí-Macías, V Martínez-Sanjuán, M Mínguez-Pérez, M Á Lorenzo-Liñán, C Mulas-Fernández, F X González-Argenté
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance (MR) defecography and compare it with videodefecography in the evaluation of obstructed defecation syndrome. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort test accuracy study conducted at one major tertiary referral center on patients with a diagnosis of obstructed defecation syndrome who were referred to the colorectal surgery clinic in a consecutive series from 2009 to 2012...
July 28, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755254/looking-for-the-good-bad-and-the-ugly-rectal-cancers-of-the-twenty-first-century%C3%A2-or-how-to-avoid-tears-when-peeling-onions
#8
R Glynne-Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752340/importance-of-the-moskowitz-artery-in-the-laparoscopic-medial-approach-to-splenic-flexure-mobilization-a-cadaveric-study
#9
A Garcia-Granero, L Sánchez-Guillén, O Carreño, J Sancho Muriel, E Alvarez Sarrado, D Fletcher Sanfeliu, B Flor Lorente, M Frasson, F Martinez Soriano, E Garcia-Granero
BACKGROUND: The medial approach in laparoscopic splenic flexure mobilization is based on the entrance to the lesser sac just above the ventral edge of the pancreas (VEOP). The artery of Moskowitz runs through the base of the mesocolon, just above the VEOP. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of the artery of Moskowitz, its route and its distance from the VEOP. METHODS: We performed a cadaveric study on 27 human cadavers. The vascular arcades of the splenic flexure were dissected, the number of vascular arches, and the origin and localization of its terminal anastomosis were recorded...
July 27, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752339/the-116th-annual-scientific-meeting-of-the-american-society-of-colon-and-rectal-surgeons
#10
W C Cirocco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707106/robotic-transanal-surgery-rtas-with-utilization-of-a-next-generation-single-port-system-a-cadaveric-feasibility-study
#11
J Marks, S Ng, T Mak
PURPOSE: Transanal surgery remains both an innovative approach to rectal pathology and a demonstrated technical challenge. Improved technology using a single-port system robotic platform (SPS) offers a promising option for this surgery. METHODS: SPS robotic system was utilized to perform submucosal, full-thickness and cylindrical excision on four cadavers. Operative performance and surgeon fatigue were measured. RESULTS: On all types of resections, the SPS system performed well...
July 14, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707105/mobile-applications-for-colorectal-surgery-journals-do-we-really-need-them
#12
LETTER
S H Emile
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674950/confocal-laser-endomicroscopy-in-ulcerative-colitis-beyond-endoscopic-assessment-of-disease-activity
#13
F Maione, M C Giglio, G Luglio, A Rispo, M D'Armiento, B Manzo, G Cassese, P Schettino, N Gennarelli, S Siciliano, F P D'Armiento, G D De Palma
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) in the assessment of disease activity in ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: Consecutive patients with UC referred to our inflammatory bowel disease unit for colonoscopy were enrolled. Patients without UC were used as controls. UC activity was evaluated by white light endoscopy and classified according to the Mayo Ulcerative Colitis Endoscopic Score of Severity. Endoscopic biopsies were also taken for histological assessment of disease activity and then assessed with CLE...
July 3, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674949/dynamic-translabial-ultrasound-versus-echodefecography-combined-with-the-endovaginal-approach-to-assess-pelvic-floor-dysfunctions-how-effective-are-these-techniques
#14
S M Murad-Regadas, S A Karbage, L S Bezerra, F S P Regadas, A da Silva Vilarinho, L B Borges, F S P Regadas Filho, L B Veras
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of dynamic translabial ultrasound (TLUS) in the assessment of pelvic floor dysfunction and compare the results with echodefecography (EDF) combined with the endovaginal approach. METHODS: Consecutive female patients with pelvic floor dysfunction were eligible. Each patient was assessed with EDF combined with the endovaginal approach and TLUS. The diagnostic accuracy of the TLUS was evaluated using the results of EDF as the standard for comparison...
July 3, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674948/transitional-health-care-for-patients-with-hirschsprung-disease-and-anorectal-malformations
#15
M J Witvliet, N Petersen, E Ekkerman, C Sleeboom, E van Heurn, A F W van der Steeg
BACKGROUND: Hirschsprung disease (HD) and anorectal malformations (ARM) are congenital disorders with potentially lifelong consequences. Although follow-up is performed in most pediatric patients, transfer to adult health care is often problematic. This study assesses transitional care with the help of questionnaires in consultation with adult patients. METHODS: This study was conducted in an outpatient clinic of a pediatric surgical center in the Netherlands. All patients born and treated for ARM or HD before 1992 were invited to visit our clinic...
July 3, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674947/rectal-axis-and-enterocele-on-proctogram-may-predict-laparoscopic-ventral-mesh-rectopexy-outcomes-for-rectal-intussusception
#16
F Ris, K J Gorissen, J Ragg, M P Gosselink, N C Buchs, R Hompes, C Cunningham, O Jones, A Slater, I Lindsey
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) has become a well-established treatment for symptomatic high-grade internal rectal prolapse. The aim of this study was to identify proctographic criteria predictive of a successful outcome. METHODS: One hundred and twenty consecutive patients were evaluated from a prospectively maintained pelvic floor database. Pre- and post-operative functional results were assessed with the Wexner constipation score (WCS) and Fecal Incontinence Severity Index (FISI)...
July 3, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647824/preservation-of-vaginal-elasticity-is-essential-for-avoiding-mesh-complications-after-prolapse-surgery
#17
LETTER
P Petros, P Richardson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647823/high-risk-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#18
F Zingone, P Iovino, A Santonicola, S Gallotta, C Ciacci
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI) and the risk of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in women with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) (including each subtype: constipation, diarrhea, and mixed) compared to women in the general population. METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2015, consecutive adult female patients diagnosed with IBS at the outpatient clinic of the University of Salerno and healthy women with regular bowel habits were enrolled in the study...
June 24, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639073/prognostic-factors-affecting-outcomes-in-fistulating-perianal-crohn-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
G C Braithwaite, M J Lee, D Hind, S R Brown
BACKGROUND: One in three patients with Crohn's disease will develop a perianal fistulae, and one third of these will achieve long-term healing or closure. A barrier to conducting well-designed clinical trials for these patients is a lack of understanding of prognostic factors. This systematic review sets out to identify factors associated with prognosis of perianal Crohn's fistulae. METHODS: This review was registered on the PROSPERO database (CRD42016050316) and conducted in line with PRISMA guidelines along a predefined protocol...
June 20, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631136/the-good-the-bad-and-the-ugly-rectal-cancers-in-the-twenty-first-century
#20
G P São Julião, A Habr-Gama, B B Vailati, R O Perez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
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