journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492213/psychiatry-outside-the-framework-of-empiricism
#1
Celestine Okorome Mume
Science is interested in whatever that is empirical and objective. Any claim that cannot be objectively demonstrated has no place in science, because the subject does not deviate from the role, which it has set out to play in the life of mankind. Psychiatry, as a scientific discipline, plays along these basic principles. In the etiology, symptomatology, and management of psychiatric disorders, the biopsychosocial model recognizes the role of biological, psychological, and social factors. This essay views psychiatry from the biopsychosocial perspective and asserts that certain elements, which may not be readily and empirically verifiable, are important in the practice of psychiatry...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492212/isolated-sternal-cleft-in-a-patient-with-atrial-septal-defect-a-rare-sole-association
#2
Olugbenga O Olusoji, Saheed B Sanni, Omotayo O Omodara, Oluwaseye F Akerele
Sternal cleft (SC) is a rare form of chest wall deformity with an incidence of <0.15%. It occurs because of failure of fusion of the sternal bars about the 7-9th week of intrauterine life. It could occur in isolation or as a part of a syndromic complex. This condition exposes the vital mediastinal structures to a huge risk of injury, aside from cosmetic issues. Treatment in the neonatal period is most favourable, though other modalities are available in the later stages of life, but it can be challenging...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492211/raised-adenosine-deaminase-in-the-cerebrospinal-fluid-a-tool-for-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculous-meningitis-in-developing-countries
#3
Purti A Saini, Preeti R Chakrabarti, Dosi Shilpi, Gambhir Shankhini, Gupta Priyanka, Tignath Gargi
CONTEXT: The rapid diagnosis followed by the early treatment of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is important in preventing fatal outcomes. The mainstay of diagnosis lies in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis, radiological investigations, and clinical findings. AIM: The present study was conducted to determine the efficacy, sensitivity, and specificity of raised adenosine deaminase (ADA) level in CSF to differentiate TBM from non-TBM cases as a rapid, cost-effective, and noninvasive test...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492210/predictors-of-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-two-tertiary-health-institutions-in-ghana-and-nigeria
#4
Grace K Ababio, Samuel Bosomprah, Adesola Olumide, Nicholas Aperkor, Chris Aimakhu, Audrey Oteng-Yeboah, Joan Agama, William F Chaplin, Kola S Okuyemi, Albert G B Amoah, Gbenga Ogedegbe
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic diseases such as Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) usually have a relatively poor quality of life (QoL), because the cost of care (living expenses and health) or diet restrictions are heavily felt by these patients, and this is of a public health concern. However, limited data on DM QoL exist in Ghana and Nigeria. This makes it imperative for data to be collated in that regard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We adopted the Strengthening The reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE) consensus checklist to survey the patients with DM seen at the diabetic clinic at the Department of Medicine of the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital and University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492209/some-characteristics-of-gliomas-managed-at-a-neurosurgery-centre-in-nigeria
#5
Chika A Ndubuisi, Samuel C Ohaegbulam, Mark O Chikani, Wilfred C Mezue, Tobechi Mbadugha, Mark Okhueleigbe
BACKGROUND: Gliomas are important primary brain tumours with varying prognosis. AIM: To study the histology characteristics of brain gliomas managed in a Neurosurgical centre in Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively recorded data of patients managed for intracranial gliomas at our Hospital for Neurosurgery, between year 2006 and 2015. Only the patients with conclusive histology diagnosis following surgery were analysed...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492208/self-reported-dental-pain-and-dental-caries-among-8-12-year-old-school-children-an-exploratory-survey-in-lagos-nigeria
#6
Abiola A Adeniyi, Olumuyiwa O Odusanya
BACKGROUND: Dental pain is considered an important public health problem because it affects the daily life of children. This study was designed to assess the prevalence, associated factors, and impact of dental pain among 8-12-year-old school children in Lagos, Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey to determine self-reported dental pain among 8-12-year-old school children using an interviewer-administered questionnaire was conducted. This was followed by a clinical examination to determine the child's oral hygiene status and dental caries status...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492207/research-experience-of-resident-doctors-who-attended-research-methodology-courses-of-the-national-postgraduate-medical-college-of-nigeria
#7
Emmanuel A Jeje, Olumide A Elebute, Bolaji O Mofikoya, Michael A Ogunjimi, Taiwo O Alabi, Oyenike O Ekekezie
INTRODUCTION: For over three decades, the National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria (NPMCN) has been vested with the responsibility of overseeing postgraduate medical training. The main objective of this study was to assess the residents' perception of research as well as challenges faced in pursing seamless research during their training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional descriptive survey in 2013. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to the participants of the annual research methodology workshop in all the 15 faculties of the NPMCN...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492206/community-screening-for-pre-hypertension-traditional-risk-factors-and-markers-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-ondo-state-south-western-nigeria
#8
Akinwumi A Akinbodewa, Ademola O Adejumo, Olusesan V Koledoye, Janet O Kolawole, Damilola Akinfaderin, Abiola O Lamidi, Gloria O Gbakinro, Christianah Ogunduyile, Walter B Osungbemiro
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become an epidemic with many recognised risk factors. However, the role of pre-hypertension in CKD is yet to be fully studied in our environment. OBJECTIVES: We set out to determine the magnitude of pre-hypertension and traditional CKD risk factors. We also determined their relationships to proteinuria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted in two urban local government areas (Akure South and Ondo West) in Ondo State, Southwest Nigeria in March 2014...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492205/the-identification-and-grading-of-the-psychosocial-impact-of-tinea-capitis-in-primary-school-children-in-a-semi-urban-area-of-rivers-state-nigeria
#9
Agnes E Fienemika, Chukwuma U Okeafor
INTRODUCTION: Tinea capitis is a fungal skin disease, which is not life-threatening but could affect the psychosocial life of those suffering from it. Thus, this study sought to identify and grade the psychosocial impact related to Tinea capitis in primary school children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving primary school children in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State. These children had been clinically diagnosed with Tinea capitis...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492204/impact-assessment-study-after-27-years-of-community-directed-treatment-with-ivermectin-in-galadimawa-kaduna-state-nigeria
#10
Olufemi E Babalola, Amos Bassi
PURPOSE: To assess the impact on blindness after 27 years of community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI) in the Galadimawa community of Kauru Local Government in Kaduna state, Nigeria. The population of Galadimawa constituted about 12% of the total population examined during the ivermectin randomised control trial (RCT) in 1989. The RCT population of 8000 individuals was scattered over 36 villages in Kaduna state. Thus, longitudinal data are available on blindness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After 27 years of dosing with ivermectin, the people in the community of Galadimawa were re-examined for the prevalence and causes of blindness...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492203/assessment-of-tobacco-control-efforts-in-three-sub-saharan-african-countries
#11
Akindele O Adebiyi, Akinbode Oluwafemi
BACKGROUND: Tobacco industry's undermining of tobacco control goes on unabated in sub-Saharan African countries, especially in Kenya, Nigeria, and Uganda. The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) contains provisions aimed at curbing these activities. However, the level to which FCTC is implemented and the strength of each country's tobacco control law will determine its usefulness in this regard. We determined the implementation status and strength of tobacco control laws in Kenya, Nigeria, and Uganda...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492202/spirometric-evaluation-of-ventilatory-function-in-adult-male-cigarette-smokers-in-sokoto-metropolis
#12
Muhammad D Isah, Muhammad A Makusidi, Aminu Abbas, Juliana U Okpapi, Chibueze H Njoku, Abdullahi A Abba
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is a widespread social habit in Nigeria with extensive deleterious multisystemic effect. Ventilatory dysfunction is one of the cigarette smoking-related illnesses that affect the respiratory system. Spirometry is an investigative method that can be used for the early detection of ventilatory dysfunction even before the onset of the symptoms. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A questionnaire adapted from the European Community Respiratory Health Survey was administered to collect demographic, clinical, and cigarette smoking data...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000646/renal-cell-carcinoma-in-a-horseshoe-kidney-report-of-a-rare-disease
#13
Kehinde Habeeb Tijani, Rufus Wale Ojewola, Dubem E Orakwe, Abisola E Oliyide
A horseshoe kidney (HSK) is the most common congenital renal fusion anomaly. HSKs are more likely than normal kidneys to have associated problems of stones, ureteropelvic junction obstruction, stasis and infection. However, they do not have an increased incidence of renal cell carcinoma when compared to normal kidneys. Due to its rarity, accurate diagnosis may be difficult. Of similar significance is the fact that problems may arise during surgery on these kidneys due to altered anatomy and aberrant blood supply...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000645/assessment-of-satisfaction-levels-of-patients-during-dental-outreach-programs-in-rural-part-of-udaipur-india
#14
Nagesh Bhat, Arshdeep Singh, Kailash Asawa, Mridula Tak, Harkiran Kahlon, Ramandeep Singh Gambhir, Arpit A Viradiya
BACKGROUND: The community-based dental outreach programs play a very crucial role in declining discovery-delivery disconnect by introducing awareness through health education and dental adumbrating services to the community members. However, the success of any oral health programme depends largely on how it meets the needs and expectations of the target community. Therefore, the present study was designed for the assessment of patient satisfaction at various rural outreach dental camps conducted over a period of 2 months...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000644/comparative-analysis-of-cleaning-ability-of-three-nickel-titanium-rotary-systems-protaper-universal-k3-and-mtwo-an-in-vitro-scanning-electron-microscopic-study
#15
Ambar W Raut, Vijay Mantri, Aparna Palekar, Rupal Gadodia, Shubham Kala, Radha A Raut
BACKGROUND: Endodontic instruments including the nickel-titanium (NiTi) instruments produce debris and smear layer during instrumentation. The study was carried out to evaluate and compare the cleaning effectiveness of root canal preparation using three different rotary NiTi instrumentation systems - ProTaper Universal, K3 and Mtwo by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM). METHODS: Thirty-six freshly extracted permanent mandibular molars were randomly divided into four groups: ProTaper Universal, K3, Mtwo system and control group...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000643/pattern-of-presentation-and-outcome-of-routine-dental-interventions-in-patients-with-halitosis
#16
Olufemi Elijah Oyetola, Foluso John Owotade, Olawumi Adedoyin Fatusi, Saheed Olatunji
AIMS: The aims of this study were to describe the pattern of presentation of halitosis and to evaluate the success rate following routine dental intervention irrespective of the type of halitosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among sixty consecutive patients who presented in our Oral Diagnosis and Oral Medicine Clinic, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, on account of halitosis from May 2015 to April 2016...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000642/evaluation-of-seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-among-patients-attending-a-hospital-of-semi-urban-north-india-using-rapid-immunoassay-test
#17
Razia Khatoon, Noor Jahan
BACKGROUND: Viral hepatitis is a serious public health problem with hepatitis B virus (HBV) being one of its principle causes affecting billions of people globally. The laboratory diagnosis of HBV infection is made by detection of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in serum. OBJECTIVE: The present study was done to evaluate the seroprevalence of hepatitis B infection among patients attending a hospital at a semi-urban North India using rapid immunoassay test kit...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000641/difference-in-occurrence-of-muscle-related-adverse-effects-of-statins-among-male-and-female-geriatric-patients-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#18
Harmanjit Singh, Avinash Chakrawarti, P Guruprasad, Harjit Singh, Yogendra Kumar Gupta
BACKGROUND: Statins are the most widely used agents for the treatment of dyslipidaemias in geriatric patients. Muscle-related adverse effects (MRAE) are one of the most common toxicities of statins. Female gender has been mentioned as the risk factor for the development of MRAE of statins; however, there are inconclusive data regarding the difference in the occurrence of MRAE among male and female geriatric users. OBJECTIVES: The main objective was to find the difference in the occurrence of MRAE of statins among male and female geriatric statin users...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000640/prevalence-and-pattern-of-amblyopia-among-primary-school-pupils-in-kosofe-town-lagos-state-nigeria
#19
Segun Joseph Ikuomenisan, Kareem Olatunbosun Musa, Olufisayo Tade Aribaba, Adeola Olukorede Onakoya
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of amblyopia in primary school pupils in Kosofe town of Lagos State with a view to providing baseline data that may facilitate the establishment of routine school eye screening programs in primary schools in Lagos State. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted among pupils from public and private primary schools in Kosofe town. The pupils underwent visual acuity assessment with the HOTV charts, detailed ocular examinations and cycloplegic refractions...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000639/relationship-between-gross-placental-characteristics-and-perinatal-outcome-of-low-risk-singleton-deliveries
#20
Kikelomo Temilola Adesina, Olumuyiwa O Ogunlaja, Abiodun P Aboyeji, Halimat J Akande, Abiodun S Adeniran, Adebunmi Olarinoye, Adegboyega A Fawole
BACKGROUND: Gross examination of the placenta may provide useful insight into the aetiology of newborn and maternal complications. A review of literature revealed only a few epidemiological studies that determined the relationships between placental abnormalities, gestational age and occurrence of adverse outcome in babies of healthy pregnant women in our region. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, between 1 st February and August 2013...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
journal
journal
32616
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"