journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676349/partial-corpus-callosal-agenesis-with-ventriculomegaly-and-sulcal-anomaly-in-a-10-year-old-child
#1
Austine Abebe Osawe, Saleh M Kabir, Anas Ismail
Agenesis of the corpus callosum is a heterogeneous, congenital neurodevelopmental condition that can be observed either in isolation or in combination with other brain abnormalities. Patients often present early with characteristic neurologic and physical manifestations. This case discusses a 10-year-old boy who presented to a tertiary health facility in Northern Nigeria with 6-month history of seizure disorder, cognitive impairment and urinary incontinence and had classical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings consistent with partial corpus callosum agenesis in combination with other brain abnormalities...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676348/branchiootorenal-syndrome-a-case-report
#2
Saheed Babatunde Nasir, Saadatu Jafar Ladan, Alfred Nicholas Bemu, Joshua Jibrin
Branchiootorenal syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterised by branchial arch anomaly, hearing loss, renal anomalies and other otologic manifestations. We report a case of apparent de novo mutation that presented with hearing loss, branchial sinus and other manifestations of the disease. It is extremely rare in the West African region, and we suggest a high index of suspicion in a patient presenting with branchial sinus and/or hearing loss.
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676347/dual-energy-computed-tomography-a-reliable-and-established-tool-for-in-vivo-differentiation-of-uric-acid-from-nonuric-acid-renal-stones
#3
Mohd Ilyas, Ghanshyam Dev, Anchal Gupta, Tameem Ahmad Bhat, Shwait Sharma
Background: Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) utilises the technique of simultaneous image acquisition of a body part at two different energy levels of the X-ray tubes. We used the DECT in this project to study its accuracy in non-invasive in vivo differentiation of uric acid (UA) calculi from non-UA calculi using the 3rd generation dual-source computed tomography (CT) scanner. Materials and Methods: The DECT ratios of the various stones were noted and compared with the postextraction analysis of stones for composition...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676346/formal-saline-versus-honey-as-escharotic-in-the-conservative-management-of-major-omphaloceles
#4
Christopher O Bode, Adesoji O Ademuyiwa, Olumide A Elebute
Background: The use of honey as an escharotic agent in the conservative management of omphalocele major has not been widely explored in spite of its proven benefits in chronic wound management. We explored the use of local honey as an escharotic agent by comparing its use with 2.5% formal saline in the conservative management of major omphaloceles at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. Methods: From January 2006 to December 2009, 43 consecutive newborns with intact omphalocele major were alternately assigned into either Honey (H) or formal saline (FS) group...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676345/bilateral-subcapsular-orchiectomy-versus-bilateral-total-orchiectomy-comparison-of-the-quality-of-life-post-orchiectomy
#5
Dubem Ejikeme Orakwe, Kehinde Habeeb Tijani, Emmauel Ajibola Jeje, Moses Adebisi Ogunjimi, Wale Ojewola Rufus, Taiwo Opeyemi Alabi
Objective: Bilateral subcapsular orchiectomy (BSO) is said to be more aesthetic and psychologically satisfying when compared to bilateral total orchiectomy (BTO). This study compared the quality of life (QoL) of men with advanced prostate cancer who had BTO to those who had BSO, with an emphasis on their perception of self or identity as a man. Subjects and Methods: Sixty-one patients with advanced prostate cancer opting for bilateral orchiectomy were recruited...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676344/histopathological-pattern-of-thyroid-diseases-in-zaria-a-10-year-review
#6
Nasiru Raheem, Saad A Ahmed, Modupeola Oa Samaila
Context: Majority of the previous studies on thyroid diseases in Northern Nigeria focussed mainly on neoplastic lesions. The non-neoplastic lesions are more common and constitute more public health burdens. Aim: To determine the histopathological pattern of thyroid diseases in our region and compare our findings with similar studies in Nigeria and elsewhere. Settings and Design: This is a retrospective study carried out at the Department of Pathology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, from January 2005 to December 2014 using specified criteria...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676343/histopathological-report-of-colorectal-carcinoma-resections-a-5-year-audit-in-lagos
#7
Kabir Bolarinwa Badmos, Olorunda Rotimi, Abdulrazzaq Oluwagbemiga Lawal, Adedapo O Osinowo, Mohammed Y Habeebu, Fatimah Biade Abdulkareem
Background: Complete and accurate pathology reporting of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) resection specimen is critical to clinical management of individual patients. The study aims to audit colorectal cancer histopathology reporting in Lagos between 2011 and 2015 before the adoption of the Society for Gastroenterology and Hepatology in Nigeria pro forma in 2016. Materials and Methods: All resected CRC cases were identified from the Histopathology record of our Department and that of a private Laboratory in Lagos over a 5-year from 2011 to 2015...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676342/audit-of-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-programme-interventions-in-hiv-exposed-children-at-national-hospital-abuja-nigeria
#8
Mariya Mukhtar-Yola, Adekunle Tolulope Otuneye, Amsa Baba Mairami, Yewande Wey, Vincent Nwatah, Lamidi Isah Audu
Background: Ninety percentage of children acquire human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the form of Mother-to-child Transmission (MTCT). In the absence of interventions, transmission rates range from 15% to 45%. This can be reduced to below 5% with effective interventions. The last published national guideline (NG) on prevention of MTCT (PMTCT) was in 2010. Clinical audits are essential in improving the quality of care delivered to patients. Objectives: The study objectives were to determine the rate of MTCT of HIV in exposed infants at a follow-up clinic between 2011 and 2014 and to determine the level of adherence to 2010 NG on the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing, feeding options, antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis and the use of co-trimoxazole (CTZ)...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676341/the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-trichomonas-vaginalis-infection-amongst-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-pregnant-women-attending-the-antenatal-clinics-of-a-university-teaching-hospital-in-lagos-south-western-nigeria
#9
Olaolopin Ijasan, Kehinde Sharafadeen Okunade, Ayodeji Ayotunde Oluwole
Background: Trichomonas vaginalis infection is the most prevalent non-viral sexually transmitted infection worldwide. Interactions between this infection and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) may cause adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm labour, premature rupture of membranes, chorioamnionitis, low birth weight and post-abortal sepsis. Aims: This study was aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of T. vaginalis infection amongst HIV-positive pregnant women attending antenatal care at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Lagos, Nigeria...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676340/progesterone-receptor-expression-and-ki-67-labelling-index-of-meningiomas-in-the-lagos-university-teaching-hospital
#10
Nzechukwu Zimudo Ikeri, Charles Chidozie Anunobi, Olufemi B Bankole
Background: Meningioma in Nigeria has been poorly studied. Its location within the intracranial cavity is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Even when completely excised, it has a tendency to recur and this is associated with repeat operations and shortened survival. The World Health Organization (WHO) grade, progesterone receptor (PR) expression and Ki-67 index are predictive for recurrence and are, therefore, useful for individualised management. The aim of this study was therefore to determine the PR expression and Ki-67 index of meningiomas received in our institution...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676339/prevalence-of-vitamin-a-deficiency-among-under-five-children-in-south-western-nigeria
#11
Olufunmilola O Abolurin, Adebanjo J Adegbola, Oyeku A Oyelami, Samuel A Adegoke, Oluseye O Bolaji
Background and Aim: Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) constitutes a major nutritional concern in developing countries. It contributes significantly to the morbidity and mortality of under-five children and can result in impaired resistance to infection as well as increased risk of death. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of VAD among Southwestern Nigerian children. Methods: Apparently healthy children aged between 6 months and 5 years were recruited for the study...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676338/psychoactive-substance-use-and-psychiatric-morbidity-among-pregnant-women-attending-an-ante-natal-clinic-in-benin-city-nigeria
#12
Oluyemisi O Adebowale, Bawo O James
Objective: This study sought to determine the prevalence, patterns and feasibility of screening for psychoactive substance use among pregnant women in an antenatal clinic in Nigeria. It also aimed to determine the relationship between psychoactive substance use risk severity and psychiatric morbidity. Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken among 395 pregnant women previously booked for ante-natal care. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Test (ASSIST) and the 20-item self-reporting questionnaire-20 were interviewer administered...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676337/familial-aggregation-of-mood-disorders-among-relatives-of-schizophrenia-probands-admitted-in-a-hospital-in-south-eastern-nigeria-a-family-comparative-study
#13
Justus Uchenna Onu, Jude Uzoma Ohaeri
Introduction: The debate on the current nosological status of schizophrenia and mood disorders as distinct entities is very active among scholars. There is a paucity of genetic epidemiological data to contribute an African perspective to this debate. Aim: This study aimed to assess the morbid risk of mood disorders in the relatives of schizophrenia probands, in comparison with the families of a sample of healthy controls. Subjects and Methods: This study elicited the information on the morbid risk of mood disorders among 5259 relatives of schizophrenia probands (n = 138) and 6734 relatives of healthy controls (n = 138) through direct interview of patients, available relatives of patients and the comparison group...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355167/preoperative-bowel-preparation-complicated-by-lethal-hypermagnesaemia-and-acute-nephropathy
#14
Olumuyiwa A Bamgbade
Hypermagnesaemia is an uncommon but serious disorder. An elderly woman presented with severe cardiovascular collapse, neurologic depression and acute nephropathy, following bowel preparation. Urgent laboratory tests revealed serum magnesium level of 7.5 mmol/L (normal = 0.75-1.05 mmol/L). Prompt resuscitation and treatment of the hypermagnesaemia included intravenous calcium chloride as a physiological antagonist, fluid infusion and frusemide to aid renal excretion of magnesium. There are few case reports of patients who survived hypermagnesaemia levels >7 mmol/L...
October 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355166/giant-cell-tumour-of-the-clavicle-a-rare-presentation-of-a-locally-aggressive-tumour
#15
Adewole Tayo Akinsulire, Olakunle Olaleke Badmus, Suleiman Olayiwola Giwa
We report a case of a 28-year-old female who presents with painless, progressively increasing left upper chest swelling of 6 months duration. Examination revealed a 20 by 10 cm firm mass arising from the clavicle. She was investigated and a diagnosis established based on the histological report. The tumour was excised with a wide margin and reconstruction done with an autogenous fibula graft. Full functional ability was restored in limb with the radiological union. After 5 years of regular follow-up, there was no evidence of recurrence and shoulder function remained excellent...
October 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355165/comparison-of-efficacy-of-cell-block-versus-conventional-smear-study-in-exudative-fluids
#16
Sandeep S Matreja, Kamal Malukani, Shirish S Nandedkar, Amit V Varma, Anjali Saxena, Arpita Ajmera
INTRODUCTION: Cytological examination of serous effusions helps in staging, prognostication and management of patients with malignancy. The method has disadvantage of lower sensitivity in differentiating reactive atypical mesothelial cells from malignant cells. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the cytological features of pleural and peritoneal exudative fluids by conventional smear (CS) method and cell block (CB) method and also to assess the utility of a combined approach for cytodiagnosis of these effusions...
October 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355164/serum-level-of-prostate-specific-antigen-in-diabetic-patients-in-basrah-iraq
#17
Jasim N Al-Asadi, Lamia M Al-Naama, Muhannad M Abdul-Kareem, Fawzi C Mashkoor
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) on the serum level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in men in Basrah, Iraq. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A case-control study was done including 70 confirmed type 2 diabetic patients and 70 non-diabetic persons. Data about age and family history of diabetes were collected. For diabetic patients, data related to disease history were also enquired about. Weight and height were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
October 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355163/the-role-of-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-prostate-cancer-sextant-versus-extended-protocol
#18
Abisola E Oliyide, Kehinde H Tijani, Emmanuel A Jeje, Charles C Anunnobi, Adekunle A Adeyomoye, Rufus W Ojewola, Moses A Ogunjimi, Taiwo O Alabi
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the prostate cancer detection rates of sextant and extended transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) protocols. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of 96 patients investigated for prostate cancer. An extended 10-aspiration TRUS-guided FNAB using a 22G Echotip Chiba needle was performed. Inclusion criteria included the presence of one or more of the following: Abnormal digital rectal examination (DRE) findings, persistently elevated prostate specific antigen, and abnormal prostatic imaging...
October 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355162/effects-of-low-dose-intravenous-dexamethasone-combined-with-caudal-analgesia-on-post-herniotomy-pain
#19
Omotayo Felicia Salami, Simbo Daisy Amanor-Boadu, Olayinka Ranti Eyelade, Simeon Olugbade Olateju
BACKGROUND: Caudal analgesia for postoperative pain relief in paediatric day-case surgery has been found to be of short duration, hence the need for addition of adjuncts to prolong the analgesia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare the analgesic effects of caudal block with or without low-dose intravenous dexamethasone in children undergoing day-case herniotomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective randomised controlled study conducted in male patients, aged between 1 and 7 years scheduled for herniotomy...
October 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355161/pre-and-post-ductal-oxygen-saturation-among-apparently-healthy-low-birth-weight-neonates
#20
Leo A Odudu, Beatrice N Ezenwa, Christopher I Esezobor, Ekanem N Ekure, Mathias T C Egri Okwaji, Chinyere V Ezeaka, Fidelis O Njokanma, Jejelola Ladele
INTRODUCTION: Reference values of oxygen saturation (SpO2) to guide care of low birth weight neonates have been obtained mainly from Caucasians. Data from African newborns are lacking. To determine the pre- and post-ductal SpO2values of low birth weight neonates within the first 72 h of life, compare SpO2values of moderate-late preterm and term low birth weight neonates and determine how mode of delivery affected SpO2in the first 24 h of life. METHODOLOGY: An observational descriptive study was carried out on apparently healthy low birth weight newborns weighing 1500 to ≤2499 g...
October 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
journal
journal
32616
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"