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Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000646/renal-cell-carcinoma-in-a-horseshoe-kidney-report-of-a-rare-disease
#1
Kehinde Habeeb Tijani, Rufus Wale Ojewola, Dubem E Orakwe, Abisola E Oliyide
A horseshoe kidney (HSK) is the most common congenital renal fusion anomaly. HSKs are more likely than normal kidneys to have associated problems of stones, ureteropelvic junction obstruction, stasis and infection. However, they do not have an increased incidence of renal cell carcinoma when compared to normal kidneys. Due to its rarity, accurate diagnosis may be difficult. Of similar significance is the fact that problems may arise during surgery on these kidneys due to altered anatomy and aberrant blood supply...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000645/assessment-of-satisfaction-levels-of-patients-during-dental-outreach-programs-in-rural-part-of-udaipur-india
#2
Nagesh Bhat, Arshdeep Singh, Kailash Asawa, Mridula Tak, Harkiran Kahlon, Ramandeep Singh Gambhir, Arpit A Viradiya
BACKGROUND: The community-based dental outreach programs play a very crucial role in declining discovery-delivery disconnect by introducing awareness through health education and dental adumbrating services to the community members. However, the success of any oral health programme depends largely on how it meets the needs and expectations of the target community. Therefore, the present study was designed for the assessment of patient satisfaction at various rural outreach dental camps conducted over a period of 2 months...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000644/comparative-analysis-of-cleaning-ability-of-three-nickel-titanium-rotary-systems-protaper-universal-k3-and-mtwo-an-in-vitro-scanning-electron-microscopic-study
#3
Ambar W Raut, Vijay Mantri, Aparna Palekar, Rupal Gadodia, Shubham Kala, Radha A Raut
BACKGROUND: Endodontic instruments including the nickel-titanium (NiTi) instruments produce debris and smear layer during instrumentation. The study was carried out to evaluate and compare the cleaning effectiveness of root canal preparation using three different rotary NiTi instrumentation systems - ProTaper Universal, K3 and Mtwo by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM). METHODS: Thirty-six freshly extracted permanent mandibular molars were randomly divided into four groups: ProTaper Universal, K3, Mtwo system and control group...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000643/pattern-of-presentation-and-outcome-of-routine-dental-interventions-in-patients-with-halitosis
#4
Olufemi Elijah Oyetola, Foluso John Owotade, Olawumi Adedoyin Fatusi, Saheed Olatunji
AIMS: The aims of this study were to describe the pattern of presentation of halitosis and to evaluate the success rate following routine dental intervention irrespective of the type of halitosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among sixty consecutive patients who presented in our Oral Diagnosis and Oral Medicine Clinic, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, on account of halitosis from May 2015 to April 2016...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000642/evaluation-of-seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-among-patients-attending-a-hospital-of-semi-urban-north-india-using-rapid-immunoassay-test
#5
Razia Khatoon, Noor Jahan
BACKGROUND: Viral hepatitis is a serious public health problem with hepatitis B virus (HBV) being one of its principle causes affecting billions of people globally. The laboratory diagnosis of HBV infection is made by detection of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in serum. OBJECTIVE: The present study was done to evaluate the seroprevalence of hepatitis B infection among patients attending a hospital at a semi-urban North India using rapid immunoassay test kit...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000641/difference-in-occurrence-of-muscle-related-adverse-effects-of-statins-among-male-and-female-geriatric-patients-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#6
Harmanjit Singh, Avinash Chakrawarti, P Guruprasad, Harjit Singh, Yogendra Kumar Gupta
BACKGROUND: Statins are the most widely used agents for the treatment of dyslipidaemias in geriatric patients. Muscle-related adverse effects (MRAE) are one of the most common toxicities of statins. Female gender has been mentioned as the risk factor for the development of MRAE of statins; however, there are inconclusive data regarding the difference in the occurrence of MRAE among male and female geriatric users. OBJECTIVES: The main objective was to find the difference in the occurrence of MRAE of statins among male and female geriatric statin users...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000640/prevalence-and-pattern-of-amblyopia-among-primary-school-pupils-in-kosofe-town-lagos-state-nigeria
#7
Segun Joseph Ikuomenisan, Kareem Olatunbosun Musa, Olufisayo Tade Aribaba, Adeola Olukorede Onakoya
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of amblyopia in primary school pupils in Kosofe town of Lagos State with a view to providing baseline data that may facilitate the establishment of routine school eye screening programs in primary schools in Lagos State. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted among pupils from public and private primary schools in Kosofe town. The pupils underwent visual acuity assessment with the HOTV charts, detailed ocular examinations and cycloplegic refractions...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000639/relationship-between-gross-placental-characteristics-and-perinatal-outcome-of-low-risk-singleton-deliveries
#8
Kikelomo Temilola Adesina, Olumuyiwa O Ogunlaja, Abiodun P Aboyeji, Halimat J Akande, Abiodun S Adeniran, Adebunmi Olarinoye, Adegboyega A Fawole
BACKGROUND: Gross examination of the placenta may provide useful insight into the aetiology of newborn and maternal complications. A review of literature revealed only a few epidemiological studies that determined the relationships between placental abnormalities, gestational age and occurrence of adverse outcome in babies of healthy pregnant women in our region. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, between 1 st February and August 2013...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000638/pattern-and-predictive-factors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-hypertension-diabetes-and-concomitant-hypertension-with-diabetes-in-ilorin-nigeria
#9
Oladimeji Akeem Bolarinwa, Hafsat Abolore Ameen, Emmanuel Olatunde Sanya, Philip Manma Kolo, Kabir Adekunle Durowade, Mohammed-Mubashir Babatunde Uthman, James Ayodele Ogunmodede, Sikiru Ayobami Biliaminu, Loius Okeibunor Odeigah, Tanimola Makanjuola Akande
BACKGROUND: Hypertension and diabetes are the two most important modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) among Nigerian population. Because of the lifelong nature of the two diseases and the attendant long treatment regimen required, assessing the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important outcome of these diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the pattern and predictive factors of HRQoL among patients with hypertension, diabetes and concomitant hypertension and diabetes using the 36-item short-form version 2...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000637/cohort-event-monitoring-of-patients-treated-for-uncomplicated-malaria-with-artemisinin-based-combination-therapies-in-selected-hospitals-and-community-pharmacies-in-nigeria
#10
P U Bassi, A I Osakwe, C Suku, M Kalat, C Elagbaje, A Isah, S Ayinbuomwan, R D Wammanda, I I Bob-Okon, J Ambe, Y Mava, A O Adesina, C G Ugochukwu, E E Nyong, O O Ogunleye, F Onuoha, I Jalo, V O Adegoke, S T Balogun, G Ntadom, F N Ejiekpe, R Tahir, K Dabit, A A Amodu, S Nwaosu, A T Habib
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study was designed with the broad objective of determining the safety profile of artemisinin-based combination therapies amongst Nigerian population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cohort event monitoring (CEM) programme involving monitoring adverse events (AEs) in malaria patients treated with either artemether-lumefantrine (AL) or artesunate-amodiaquine (AA) in healthcare facilities in Nigeria. The study involved continuous enrolment of patients with malaria and treated with either AL or AA at the various sites until a total cohort of 600 patients were enrolled at each site...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000636/a-review-of-the-health-problems-of-the-internally-displaced-persons-in-africa
#11
REVIEW
Eme T Owoaje, Obioma C Uchendu, Tumininu O Ajayi, Eniola O Cadmus
Globally, over 40 million people were displaced as a result of wars and violence due to religious and ethnic conflicts in 2015 while 19.2 million were displaced by natural disasters such as famine and floods. In Africa, 12 million people were displaced by armed conflict and violence and there were hundreds of thousands of people displaced by natural disasters. Despite these large numbers of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Sub-Saharan African countries and the potentially negative impact of displacement on the health of these populations, there is limited information on the health problems of IDPs in the region...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000635/the-health-of-internally-displaced-persons
#12
EDITORIAL
Olumuyiwa Omotola Odusanya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623728/oral-health-knowledge-awareness-and-associated-practices-of-pre-school-children-s-mothers-in-greater-noida-india
#13
Priyanka Sehrawat, K K Shivlingesh, Bhuvandeep Gupta, Richa Anand, Abhinav Sharma, Monica Chaudhry
AIM: To assess the oral health knowledge, awareness and associated exercised practices of pre-school children's mothers in Greater Noida, India. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sampling frame for this study was chosen via convenient sampling. It comprised 598 mothers of children aged between 2 and 5 years, attending the paediatrics division of a government and four private hospitals in Greater Noida. A pre-tested questionnaire was distributed to the participants which comprised questions on the participant's sociodemographic characteristics and 23 statements regarding their knowledge, attitude and practices towards their child's oral health...
July 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623727/neonatal-septicaemia-bacterial-isolates-and-antibiogram-sensitivity-in-maiduguri-north-eastern-nigeria
#14
Simon Pius, Mustapha Bello, Gadzama Balla Galadima, Halima A Ibrahim, Samuel Timothy Yerima, Jose Pwavimbo Ambe
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim and objective of the study was to determine the incidence, bacterial isolates and the antibiogram sensitivity of the isolates in neonates with septicaemia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The neonates with clinical diagnosis of neonatal septicaemia (NNS) were consecutively enrolled into our special care baby unit. The patients were investigated including blood cultures, cerebrospinal fluid cultures and urine among others. Data were analysed with Statistical Package for Social Sciences software version 16...
July 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623726/evaluation-of-administration-of-discharge-against-medical-advice-ethico-legal-considerations
#15
Ayodeji Akinwumi Akinbodewa, Oludamilola Adebola Adejumo, Oluseyi Ademola Adejumo, Funmilola Yinka Adebayo, Gladys Oghenevo Akinbodewa, Emmanuel Oladimeji Alli, Mercy Aanuoluwapo Benson
BACKGROUND: Discharge against medical advice (DAMA) portends serious ethico-legal consequences for healthcare givers. Several studies have described its prevalence and pattern but hardly any to evaluate adherence to standards by medical staff while administering DAMA in developing countries. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to evaluate adherence of medical staff to standard protocols during the administration of DAMA in a public secondary hospital in Ondo State...
July 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623725/spectrum-and-prevalence-of-thyroid-diseases-seen-at-a-tertiary-health-facility-in-sagamu-south-west-nigeria
#16
Babatunde Abayomi Salami, Olatunde Odusan, Henry Okuchukwu Ebili, Patrick Akintunde Akintola
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of goitrous swelling has reduced in Nigeria since the introduction of salt iodisation programme. Thyroid disorders are the second most common endocrine disorder after diabetes mellitus worldwide. They present to general outpatient, medical and surgical clinics accompanied by great anxiety and poor health-related quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to determine and describe the spectrum of thyroid disorders seen at Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital over a 10-year period...
July 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623724/presbyopia-and-near-spectacle-correction-coverage-among-public-school-teachers-in-ifo-township-south-west-nigeria
#17
Oluwatobi Olalekan Idowu, Olufisayo T Aribaba, Adeola Olukorede Onakoya, Adekunle Rotimi-Samuel, Kareem Olatunbosun Musa, Folasade Bolanle Akinsola
BACKGROUND: Presbyopia is an age-related loss of lens accommodation resulting in difficulty in performing near task with attendant effect on the quality of life. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of presbyopia and presbyopic spectacle correction coverage among public school teachers in Ifo township, with a view to providing a baseline information that could be useful for advocacy and planning appropriate intervention. STUDY DESIGN: The study was a descriptive, cross-sectional study...
July 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623723/associations-between-ocular-biometry-and-anthropometric-measurements-in-a-nigerian-population
#18
Sarat Abolore Badmus, Ayotunde Idowu Ajaiyeoba, Bernice Oluwakemi Adegbehingbe, Oluwatoyin Helen Onakpoya, Adenike Odunmorayo Adeoye
PURPOSE: The study aimed at determining the associations between ocular biometry and anthropometric measurements in a Nigerian adult population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Participants were healthy members of staff and students of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife. The height and weight were measured, and the body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Ocular axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), keratometric readings (K) and corneal radius of curvature were measured with the IOL Master...
July 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623722/an-assessment-of-sexual-maturation-among-school-girls-in-abakaliki-metropolis-ebonyi-state-south-east-nigeria
#19
Onyinye Uchenna Anyanwu, Roland Chidi Ibekwe, Ada Rosemary C Nwokocha, Chidozie Bede Ibe
BACKGROUND: Sexual maturation is an important milestone which starts between 8 and 14 years in girls. However, varying ages of onset of sexual maturation have been reported in different environments, with more recent studies showing earlier ages of onset in girls. There is therefore need to describe the sexual maturation of girls in each environment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 6-18-year-old school girls in Abakaliki. One thousand one hundred and fifty-five girls were selected through multi-staged sampling...
July 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623721/efficacy-of-intravenous-tramadol-in-the-control-of-shivering-following-spinal-anaesthesia-for-caesarean-section
#20
Fidelis Anayo Onyekwulu, Edith Ebere Agu, Adaobi Obianuju Amucheazi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of intravenous tramadol in control of shivering in obstetric patients under spinal anaesthesia and to determine the minimal dose of tramadol that is effective. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, randomised, double-blind, cross-sectional study of 144 pregnant women at term who had an indication for caesarean section. The patients were randomly allocated into three groups at the occurrence of shivering...
July 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
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