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Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264773/erratum-assessment-of-seminal-biomarker-of-lipid-peroxidation-among-male-partners-of-infertile-couples-at-the-university-of-ilorin-teaching-hospital-nigeria
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.4103/npmj.npmj_51_18].
July 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264772/delleman-syndrome-a-case-report-from-west-africa-features-and-the-challenges-of-management
#2
Mary Ugalahi, Bolutife Olusanya, Oluyemi Fasina, Mukaila Seidu, Ademola Adekanmi
Delleman syndrome is a rare congenital disorder. We report an 8-month old female with a history of a fleshy mass covering the left eye since birth. Examination revealed poor vision in the left eye, an upper lid coloboma and an epibulbar dermoid with a large area of alopecia and scalp hypoplasia involving the left frontoparietal region. Transfontanelle ultrasound scan did not reveal any intracranial cyst. Cranial computerised tomography subsequently revealed characteristic cerebral malformations of Delleman syndrome...
July 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264771/paediatric-brain-tumours-managed-in-enugu-southeast-nigeria-review-of-one-centre-experience
#3
Chika Anele Ndubuisi, Samuel C Ohaegbulam, Gabriel O Ejembi
Background: Nothing has been published about paediatric brain tumours (PBTs) in Southeast Nigeria. This pioneer study analyses the tumour characteristics and management outcome of PBTs in Enugu, Southeast Nigeria. Methodology: Retrospective longitudinal study utilising information from medical, radiology and histopathology records of all paediatric tumour cases managed at Memfys Hospital for Neurosurgery, Enugu, a major referral centre, from 2006 to 2017. Results: The total number of cases was 54...
July 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264770/how-does-the-public-perceive-healthcare-workers-in-lagos-a-comparison-of-health-workers-in-public-and-private-health-facilities
#4
Olumuyiwa Omotola Odusanya, Modupe Rebekah Akinyinka, Esther Oluwakemi Oluwole, Babatunde Adeniran Odugbemi, Omowunmi Qubrat Bakare, Adeyinka Adeniran
Background: The perception of healthcare workers (HCWs) by community members is dependent on the quality of services rendered by HCWs and contributes to utilisation. The objective of the study was to assess the perception of health workers in both public and private facilities by residents of Lagos State. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted using mixed-methods approach. Respondents (n = 2000) were selected using a multistaged sampling technique from four local government areas...
July 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264769/use-of-transrectal-ultrasound-in-the-management-of-urologic-diseases-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-north-western-nigeria
#5
Abubakar Sadiq Muhammad, Abdullahi Abdulwahab-Ahmed, Ngwobia Peter Agwu, Garba Yunusa, Khalid Abdullahi, Ismaila Arzika Mungadi
Background: Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy of the prostate is considered as a standard of care for diagnosis of prostate cancer. The objective of this study was to document our experience in the use of TRUS in the management of urologic diseases in Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients who had TRUS at UDUTH from December 2009 to November 2017. Relevant data were extracted from the procedure register, and case folders of the patients...
July 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264768/visual-impairment-and-ocular-morbidities-among-schoolchildren-in-southwest-nigeria
#6
Adegboyega Sunday Alabi, Olufisayo Temitayo Aribaba, Adewumi Olabimpe Alabi, Olubanke Ilo, Adeola O Onakoya, Folasade B Akinsola
Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of visual impairment and ocular morbidities among primary and secondary schoolchildren aged 5 years to <l6 years in Ifo, Ifo Local Government Area in Ogun State, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: The study was a population-based descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among schoolchildren aged 5 years to <16 years old attending primary and secondary schools in Ifo, Ifo Local Government Area of Ogun State...
July 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264767/visual-status-of-special-needs-children-in-special-education-schools-in-calabar-cross-river-state-nigeria
#7
Ernest Ikechukwu Ezeh, Affiong Andem Ibanga, Roseline Ekanem Duke
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine visual status of children with special needs attending special schools in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study of all children with special needs attending special education schools in Calabar Municipal Local Government Area, Cross River State, was performed. Data were obtained using interviewer-administered questionnaires on the caregivers and ocular examination of the children which included visual acuity, refraction, ocular alignment and motility tests and funduscopy...
July 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264766/nutritional-status-in-cerebral-palsy-a-cross-sectional-comparative-survey-of-children-in-kano-nigeria
#8
Adamu Sa'idu Adamu, Umar Abba Sabo, Garba Dayyabu Gwarzo, Raymond O Belonwu
Background: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a common neurodevelopmental motor disorder resulting from early childhood brain insult. Nutrition in children is very important for growth and development. This is more so in those with chronic illnesses such as CP. This study was conducted with the aim of assessing the anthropometry and anthropometric indices of CP children. Materials and Methods: This comparative, cross-sectional study recruited 150 children with CP matched for age and sex, with 150 children without CP (as controls)...
July 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264765/lung-function-abnormalities-among-garri-processing-workers-in-ogbomoso-nigeria
#9
Taofeek Oloyede, Adeseye Abiodun Akintunde, Jamiu A Adeniran, Moses O Tanimowo, Emmanuel Ademola Fawibe, Alakija Kazeem Salami
Background: Local production of garri (cassava crisps) is associated with air pollution and consequently lung function abnormalities among garri processing workers. This study was aimed at describing lung function abnormalities among Nigerians engaged in cassava crisps (garri) processing. Methods: A total of 351 workers and 351 controls were recruited at garri factories in Ogbomoso, Nigeria by multistage random sampling technique. Lung functional abnormalities were defined according to standardised European Respiratory Society/American Thoracic Society guidelines...
July 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264764/barriers-to-acceptance-of-post-partum-family-planning-among-women-in-montserrado-county-liberia
#10
Virginia K Kaydor, Ikeola A Adeoye, Tubosun A Olowolafe, Adeyemi O Adekunle
Background: Maternal mortality in Liberia is one of the highest in Sub-Saharan Africa. Post-partum family planning (PPFP) can reduce the risk of maternal mortality by preventing unwanted and closely spaced pregnancies. Yet, the uptake of PPFP is low in Liberia. Objective: We investigated the barriers to acceptance of PPFP use among women in Montserrado County, Liberia. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional facility-based survey was conducted using a multistage sampling technique to select 378 women within 12 months' post-partum period...
July 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264763/comparative-tetanus-antibody-response-of-nigerian-children-to-diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus-and-pentavalent-vaccines
#11
Helen Omini Uket, Emmanuel Eyo Ekanem, Henry Chima Okpara, Udeme Ekpenyong Ekrikpo
Background: In Nigeria and many parts of the world, the pentavalent vaccine is replacing the diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus (DPT) vaccine in tetanus prevention. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the anti-tetanus immunoglobulin G (IgG) response of children who received DPT with those who received the pentavalent vaccine. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional survey of anti-tetanus IgG levels in children aged 6 months to 5 years who received DPT and in children who received the pentavalent vaccine...
July 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264762/serum-zinc-levels-amongst-under-five-children-with-acute-diarrhoea-and-bacterial-pathogens
#12
Oyetundun Fausat Afolabi, Aishat Oluwatoyin Saka, Ayodele Ojuawo, Sikiru Abayomi Biliaminu
Background and Aim: Acute diarrhoea contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality in under-five children globally with conflicting reports regarding the therapeutic benefit of zinc across the different causative pathogens. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of bacterial aetiology of children with acute diarrhoea and compare their serum zinc levels. Methods: One hundred children aged 2-59 months with acute diarrhoea and 100 apparently healthy matched controls were recruited in Ilorin, North Central Nigeria...
July 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30027926/non-ossifying-fibroma-of-the-right-clavicle
#13
Samuel Uwale Eyesan, Amechi Uchenna Katchy, Olukayode Oluseyi Idowu, Stephen Adesope Adesina, Babajide Oladayo Ayandele, U Ano-Edward
Non-ossifying fibromas (NOFs) or fibroxanthomas are benign intracortical, multilocular and well-circumscribed lesions, which most commonly affect children and adolescents with an estimated prevalence of 30%-40% of all normal children. They are most commonly located in the distal femoral and distal tibial metaphysis although they can also be found in the fibula and upper extremity. Clinically, NOFs are asymptomatic and are detected only incidentally on radiographs where they appear as solitary, eccentric and lytic lesion in the metaphysis of a long bone and often polycyclic in shape...
April 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30027925/prevalence-and-impact-of-abnormal-routine-pre-operative-test-results-among-elective-surgical-patients-with-or-without-co-morbidity-an-observational-comparative-study
#14
Narayanan Rajaram, Habib Md Reazaul Karim, Avinash Prakash, Sarasa Kumar Sahoo, Mridul Dhar, Anilkumar Narayan
Background: At present, selective and clinical assessment-based pre-operative investigations are advocated, but it is yet far from routine practice. Aim: This study aims to assess the prevalence and impact of abnormal routine pre-operative test results among co-morbid and non-co-morbid elective surgical patients. Methods: Data for this prospective study were collected by reviewing the medical charts of the patients attending pre-anaesthetic clinic from December 2016 to April 2017...
April 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30027924/managing-the-sequelae-of-urology-medical-tourism-a-single-center-experience
#15
Muhammed Ahmed, Abdullahi Sudi, Ahmad Bello, Ahmad Tijjani Lawal, Mudi Awaisu, Hussaini Yusuf Maitama
Background: Medical tourism is a fast-growing business worldwide with almost every country involved as either a provider and/or consumer. The degree of participation may vary depending on the status of health-care system in that country. This study aims to present our experience in the management of patients who sought urologic care abroad or returned from medical tourism with urologic complications. Methods: The method of study was based on the documentation of interaction with patients, patients' relations and their agents in a questionnaire between January 2010 and December 2015...
April 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30027923/effect-of-age-and-sex-on-ocular-dimensions-in-emmetropic-children-in-south-west-nigeria
#16
Ayodeji Anike Olatunji, Olubunmi Temitope Bodunde
Background: Ocular dimensions are important in the refractive status of the eye. Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of age and gender on ocular axial dimensions of emmetropic Nigerian Children. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study of 468 children from selected pre-nursery, nursery and primary schools with normal visual acuity were recruited into the study. Lens thickness (LT), anterior chamber depth (ACD) and vitreous chamber depth (VCD) were measured using a B-mode CLEA Vue 550 PHILLIP ultrasound Machine 2013 model, with a 4-12 MHz linear transducer...
April 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30027922/pattern-of-childhood-visual-impairment-and-blindness-among-students-in-schools-for-the-visually-impaired-in-lagos-state-an-update
#17
Abimbola Olayinka Olowoyeye, Kareem Olatunbosun Musa, Olufisayo Temitayo Aribaba, Adeola Olukorede Onakoya, Folasade Bolanle Akinsola
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of childhood visual impairment and blindness (VI and BL) among students attending schools for the visually impaired in Lagos State, with a view to providing information on avoidable causes as well as emerging trends that would be useful to policy-makers for the planning and implementation of strategies for the control of avoidable childhood BL in Lagos State. Subjects and Methods: The study was conducted among students enrolled in two schools for the visually impaired in Lagos State who developed VI/BL before the age of 16 years...
April 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30027921/comparison-of-the-incidence-of-flare-up-and-time-efficiency-in-single-visit-root-canal-treatment-employing-either-rotary-or-manual-step-back-canal-preparatory-technique
#18
John Oluwatosin Makanjuola, Donna C Umesi, Olabisi H Oderinu
Aim: This study aims to compare the incidence of flare-up and operating time in root canal treatments where rotary or manual step-back canal preparatory technique was employed. Materials and Methods: A randomised study was conducted in a Nigerian Teaching Hospital. One hundred and twenty teeth belonging to 95 patients were randomised into two (Rotary and Manual) groups. Root canal treatment was performed using either rotary or manual step-back canal preparatory technique...
April 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30027920/assessment-of-seminal-biomarker-of-lipid-peroxidation-among-male-partners-of-infertile-couples-at-the-university-of-ilorin-teaching-hospital-nigeria
#19
Olatunbosun Waliu Oladosu, Sikiru Abayomi Biliaminu, Ishola Musbau Abdulazeez, Victor Ugochukwu Nwadike, Jameelu-Deen Omokunmi Yusuff, Adekunle Bashiru Okesina
Background: Seminal fluid analysis (SFA) is the most important investigation of infertile males. It is however limited in revealing the aetiologies of the various spermatozoa abnormalities observed on microscopy. Increasing prevalence of male infertility and the challenges of diagnosis require biochemical investigations, such as assay of seminal malondialdehyde (MDA), a marker of sperm peroxidation and to support SFA in investigation of infertile males. Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the seminal level of biomarker of lipid peroxidation by measuring seminal MDA levels among infertile males in Ilorin...
April 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30027919/tracking-stillbirths-by-referral-pattern-and-causes-in-a-rural-tertiary-hospital-in-southern-nigeria
#20
Ikechukwu Innocent Mbachu, Kingsley Ihedioha Achigbu, Kelechi Kenneth Odinaka, George Uchenna Eleje, Ihechimere Kelechi Osuagwu, Vincent Ofuka Osim
Background: The burden of stillbirth is disproportionately more in rural areas of developing countries where unskilled birth attendants contribute a large quota in the management of pregnant women. Tracking stillbirth should include the pattern of referral from the primary institutions that take care of these women. Aims and Objectives: This study evaluated the causes and determinants of stillbirth by the referral pattern in a rural area in southern Nigeria. Subjects and Methods: This was a retrospective case-controlled study of stillbirth at the Madonna University Teaching Hospital, Elele, from 2010 to 2014...
April 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
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