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Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028874/second-trimester-weight-gain-7-kg-increases-the-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-after-normal-first-trimester-screening
#1
Dittakarn Boriboonhirunsarn
AIMS: The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between second trimester weight gain and the risk of gestational diabetes (GDM) after normal first trimester screening. METHODS: A total of 195 women at risk for GDM who had normal first trimester screening results were enrolled. The study group consisted of 65 women who had second trimester weight gain > 7 kg, while another 130 women with weight gain ≤ 7 kg served as the comparison group, matched 1:2 by pre-pregnancy body mass index...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026897/pregnancy-outcome-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-using-a-structured-model-of-care-wings-project-wings-10
#2
Ram Uma, Balaji Bhavadharini, Harish Ranjani, Manni Mohanraj Mahalakshmi, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Arivudainambi Kayal, Belma Malanda, Anne Belton, Viswanathan Mohan
AIM: To evaluate the impact of a structured model of care (MOC) prepared for resource-constrained settings, on the pregnancy outcomes of Asian Indian women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: Pregnant women were screened under the Women in India with GDM Strategy (WINGS) MOC for GDM using the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups criteria. Women with GDM went through a structured MOC that included medical nutrition therapy (MNT), regular physical activity (PA); and insulin when indicated...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026890/influence-of-the-interval-between-antenatal-corticosteroid-therapy-and-delivery-on-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#3
Ichiro Yasuhi, Mai Myoga, Sachie Suga, So Sugimi, Yasushi Umezaki, Masashi Fukuda, Hiroshi Yamashita, Nobuko Kusuda
AIM: In spite of the recommendation for rescue antenatal corticosteroids (ACS), the optimal time interval between primary and rescue courses has not been clearly demonstrated. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of the interval between a single ACS course and delivery on the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). METHODS: In this retrospective study, we included singleton pregnant women who received a single course of ACS and delivered beyond 48 h after ACS administration between 24 and 33 weeks' gestation...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026887/combined-spinal-epidural-anesthesia-with-hypobaric-ropivacaine-in-sitting-position-significantly-increases-the-incidence-of-hypotension-in-parturients-undergoing-cesarean-section
#4
Zhendong Xu, Fuyi Shen, Yueqi Zhang, Yiyi Tao, Xiubing Chen, Zhiqiang Liu
AIM: Maternal position during induction of combined spinal-epidural anesthesia (CSEA) may affect hemodynamics and block characteristics. This study aimed to assess whether the sitting position is more likely to induce hypotension and higher block level than the lateral position in CSEA with hypobaric ropivacaine. METHODS: Ninety American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I and II parturients undergoing elective cesarean section were randomized into three groups: the sitting, left-lateral, and right-lateral position groups...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026087/oral-contraceptive-therapy-reduces-serum-relaxin-2-in-elite-female-athletes
#5
Sayaka Nose-Ogura, Osamu Yoshino, Kaori Yamada-Nomoto, Mariko Nakamura, Miyuki Harada, Michiko Dohi, Toru Okuwaki, Yutaka Osuga, Takashi Kawahara, Shigeru Saito
AIM: Recent investigations have demonstrated that athletes with high relaxin-2 levels have a high risk of anterior cruciate ligament injuries, while athletes taking oral contraceptives (OC) have low relaxin-2 levels. It has not yet been clarified whether taking OC reduces relaxin-2 levels. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in relaxin-2 levels in athletes taking OC. METHODS: Levels of relaxin-2, estradiol, progesterone, luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone were measured in serum samples (n = 183) from 106 elite female athletes...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026078/screening-for-cervical-carcinoma-in-hiv-infected-women-analysis-of-main-risk-factors-for-cervical-cytologic-abnormalities
#6
Matilde Sansone, Gabriele Saccone, Annalisa Migliucci, Rosa Saviano, Angela Capone, Giuseppe Maria Maruotti, Dario Bruzzese, Pasquale Martinelli
AIM: The aim of this study was to identify potential predictive factors for cervical disease in women with HIV and to evaluate adherence during follow-up to cervical cancer screening. METHODS: In order to identify the independent role of factors associated with the presence of a cervical abnormality, all of the variables showing in univariate analyses a potential association with the outcome variable (presence of cervical abnormalities) were entered into a multivariate logistic regression model, along with age at first visit to our center, and age at diagnosis...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995729/is-serum-level-of-nestin-useful-in-detecting-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#7
Veysel Sal, Ilker Kahramanoglu, Tugan Bese, Fuat Demirkiran, Nigar Sofiyeva, Zeynep Soyman, Sinem Durmus, Remisa Gelisgen, Macit Arvas, Hafize Uzun
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of nestin as a discriminative marker between benign and malignant ovarian tumors. METHODS: During the 1 year from January 2015 through December 2015, a nonconsecutive series of 80 patients (40 malignant, 40 benign) who underwent surgery for an adnexal mass were enrolled in the study. Intraoperative frozen section evaluation was performed if there was a suspicion in diagnosis. Statistical analyses were performed using spss ver...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995667/liver-dysfunction-in-women-with-pregnancy-induced-antithrombin-deficiency
#8
Mamoru Morikawa, Kosuke Kawabata, Emi Kato-Hirayama, Yasunari Oda, Hiroto Ueda, Soromon Kataoka, Takashi Yamada, Kazuhiko Okuyama, Kazuo Sengoku, Hisanori Minakami
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether women with pregnancy-induced antithrombin deficiency (PIATD) had higher risk of liver dysfunction in the absence of thrombocytopenia. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective observational study at five centers in all 129 women with incidentally found PIATD among 5249 maternities and 129 control women without PIATD matched for number of fetuses and gestational week at delivery. PIATD was diagnosed in women with antenatal antithrombin (AT) activities of ≤75% followed by a further decrease to ≤65% peripartum...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987350/influence-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-on-first-and-second-trimester-serum-screening-markers
#9
Zehra Vural Yılmaz, Gülenay Gençosmanoğlu Türkmen, Elif Yılmaz, Korkut Dağlar, Ayşe Kırbaş, Cem Sanhal, Aykan Yücel, Dilek Uygur
AIM: Behçet's disease (BD) is a rare and multisystemic vasculitis disease. In this study, we investigated whether BD had any effect on the biochemical components of first and second trimester aneuploidy screening tests. METHODS: A case-control retrospective study was conducted with 32 pregnant women with BD and 60 healthy pregnant women as controls. All pregnant womens' first trimester maternal serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A, free β-human chorionic gonadotropin and second trimester serum alpha-fetoprotein, unconjugated estriol and total human chorionic gonadotropin levels were examined from medical records...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987349/differentials-in-variables-associated-with-past-history-of-artificial-abortion-and-current-contraception-by-age-results-of-a-randomized-national-survey-in-japan
#10
Takao Kojo, Ryusuke Ae, Satoshi Tsuboi, Yosikazu Nakamura, Kunio Kitamura
AIM: This study analyzes differentials in the variables associated with the experience of artificial abortion (abortion) and use of contraception by age among women in Japan. METHODS: The 2010 National Lifestyle and Attitudes Towards Sexual Behavior Survey was distributed to 2693 men and women aged 16-49 selected from the Japanese population using a two-stage random sampling procedure. From the 1540 respondents, we selected 700 women who reported having had sexual intercourse at least once...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987348/conservative-management-of-post-partum-hemorrhage-secondary-to-placenta-previa-accreta-with-hypogastric-artery-ligation-and-endo-uterine-hemostatic-suture
#11
Melekoglu Rauf, Celik Ebru, Eraslan Sevil, Buyukkurt Selim
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate maternal and neonatal outcomes of conservative management of post-partum hemorrhage due to placenta previa-accreta using hypogastric artery ligation and endo-uterine hemostatic suture to lower uterine segment. METHODS: The records of 38 patients who were managed conservatively with hypogastric artery ligation and endo-uterine hemostatic suture to control post-partum hemorrhage secondary to placenta previa-accreta between April 2014 and January 2016, were reviewed retrospectively...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987347/integrated-analysis-reveals-candidate-mrna-and-their-potential-roles-in-uterine-leiomyomas
#12
Liping Xia, Yan Liu, Yan Fu, Shengyi Dongye, Dewei Wang
AIM: Uterine leiomyomas (UL) are the most common pelvic tumors, and the etiology and pathophysiology are not well understood. We aimed to elucidate the genes responsible for UL development. METHODS: Integrated analyses of four datasets of mRNA profiling for UL were performed. Functional annotation of differentially expressed genes (DEG) was used to systematically characterize the global expression profiles. The UL-specific protein-protein interaction network was constructed...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987346/diagnosis-and-potential-management-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-using-the-international-association-of-diabetes-and-pregnancy-study-groups-criteria
#13
Mayumi Fukatsu, Yasushi Takai, Shigetaka Matsunaga, Sumiko Era, Yoshihisa Ono, Masahiro Saito, Kazunori Baba, Hiroyuki Seki
AIM: Appropriate screening and plasma glucose control is important during pregnancy, but an international consensus has not been reached regarding the recommended method of screening and diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We investigated glucose intolerance in pregnant women diagnosed with GDM, applying stricter screening criteria. METHODS: The study involved 452 women with singleton pregnancies, who underwent a 2 h 75 g oral glucose tolerance test between January 2006 and December 2010...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987345/retrospective-study-of-tadalafil-for-fetal-growth-restriction-impact-on-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes
#14
Michiko Kubo, Takashi Umekawa, Yuka Maekawa, Hiroaki Tanaka, Masafumi Nii, Nao Murabayashi, Kazuhiro Osato, Yuki Kamimoto, Tomoaki Ikeda
AIM: The aim of this retrospective study was to assess tadalafil treatment in pregnant women with fetal growth restriction (FGR) in terms of maternal and perinatal outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 11 Japanese singleton pregnant women with FGR who received tadalafil along with conventional management for FGR at Mie University Hospital from July 2015 to February 2016 (tadalafil group). These women were matched for maternal age, parity, gestational age, and estimated fetal weight at enrollment with 14 singleton pregnant women who received only the conventional management for FGR in 2014 (conventional management group)...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987343/mature-cystic-teratoma-coexisting-with-clear-cell-carcinoma-in-the-ovary
#15
Koki Shimura, Mariko Matsumoto, Takuya Sugahara, Takuro Yamamoto, Nozomi Ogiso, Yoji Urata, Tomoharu Okubo
Mature cystic teratoma (MCT) is the most common benign ovarian tumor; clear-cell carcinoma (CCC) is a relatively common malignant ovarian tumor in Japan, but there are few reports on the coexistence of MCT and CCC. Here we report a case of simultaneous MCT and CCC in the ovary and review the relevant literature. The patient was a 49-year-old woman. A 5-cm MCT was found in the left ovary on initial gynecological examination, and she was referred to hospital for treatment because it was expanding. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a multilocular cystic tumor 16 × 10 × 9...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987342/comparison-between-two-management-protocols-for-postpartum-hemorrhage-during-cesarean-section-in-placenta-previa-balloon-protocol-versus-non-balloon-protocol
#16
Mohammad Ahmed Maher, Ahmed Abdelaziz
AIM: This study was conducted to compare two management protocols for post-partum hemorrhage (PPH) during cesarean section (CS) in placenta previa (PP), Bakri balloon protocol versus non-balloon protocol. Secondary analysis among balloon treated cases was also performed to identify predictors of success, failure or complications, if any. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in two hospitals in Saudi Arabia, including cases that developed PPH during CS for PP...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987341/fdg-pet-positive-ovarian-thecoma-with-glut5-expression-five-cases
#17
Yukiko Bono, Yasunari Mizumoto, Mitsuhiro Nakamura, Jyunpei Iwadare, Takeshi Obata, Hiroshi Fujiwara
Positron emission tomography (PET) with fluorodeoxyglucose F18 ((18) F-FDG) is useful for detecting malignancies, but benign lesions occasionally have false-positive (18) F-FDG uptake. Here, we report the cases of five postmenopausal women with solid ovarian tumors suspected to be ovarian cancer on magnetic resonance imaging and (18) F-FDG uptake. Mean age of the five patients was 57 years (range, 53-65 years). Average early standardized uptake value (SUV) of (18) F-FDG was 5.76 (range, 2.2-12.0) and delayed SUV was 6...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987340/ethnic-analogies-and-differences-in-fetal-heart-rate-variability-signal-a-retrospective-study
#18
Salvatore Tagliaferri, Francesca Giovanna Esposito, Rosa Fagioli, Marco Di Cresce, Lucia Sacchi, Maria Gabriella Signorini, Marta Campanile, Pasquale Martinelli, Giovanni Magenes
AIM: We aimed to analyze computerized cardiotocographic (cCTG) parameters (including fetal heart rate baseline, short-term variability, Delta, long-term irregularity [LTI], interval index [II], low frequency [LF], movement frequency [MF], high frequency [HF], and approximate entropy [ApEn]) in physiological term pregnancies in order to correlate them with ethnic differences. The clinical meaning of numerical parameters may explain physiological or paraphysiological phenomena that occur in fetuses of different ethnic origins...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987339/evaluation-of-ovarian-reserve-using-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-and-antral-follicle-count-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-preliminary-study
#19
Savas Karakus, Ali Sahin, Yunus Durmaz, Huseyin Aydin, Caglar Yildiz, Ozlem Akkar, Mansur Dogan, Ahmet Cengiz, Meral Cetin, Ali Cetin
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine ovarian reserve status using anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) level and antral follicle count (AFC) in patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS). METHODS: Twenty-four women with SS diagnosed according to the classification criteria proposed by the American-European Consensus Group and 25 healthy women as controls were enrolled in this study. Ovarian reserve was assessed on clinical findings, AFC, and serum AMH and reproductive hormone levels...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987338/effect-of-interleukin-1%C3%AE-and-lipoxin-a4-in-human-endometriotic-stromal-cells-proteomic-analysis
#20
Rong-Feng Wu, Hui-Ming Yang, Wei-Dong Zhou, Li-Rong Zhang, Jian-Bing Bai, Dian-Chao Lin, Tai-Wei Ng, Song-Juan Dai, Qiong-Hua Chen, Qing-Xi Chen
AIM: Lipoxin A4 (LXA4 ) can function as an endogenous 'breaking signal' in inflammation and plays an important role in the progression of endometriosis. The proteome responses to interleukin-1β (IL-1β) or LXA4 in human endometriotic stromal cells (ESC) are not well understood. METHODS: In this study, primary ESC were cultured from ovarian endometriosis tissue. Three groups were established: the control group; the IL-1β stimulation group; and the IL-1β and LXA4 incubation group...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
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