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Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research

Juan Gui, Wangming Xu, Jing Yang, Ling Feng, Jing Jia
AIM: Recent studies have revealed positive effects of endometrial injury on clinical pregnancy rates, but with inconsistent results. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the efficacy of endometrial injury (biopsy and/or hysteroscopy) as a potential treatment measure for implantation failure in the in vitro fertilization population. METHODS: We searched in PubMed for studies comparing the efficacy of endometrial injury versus no intervention in women with at least one implantation failure...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Kristin D Gerson, Anna M Modest, Jonathan L Hecht, Brett C Young
AIM: Fetal membranes are composed of the amnion and chorion, which fuse during the early second trimester. Persistent separation confers increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes. This study characterizes sonographic and placental findings associated with persistent amnion-chorion (AC) membrane separation. METHODS: This is a case series of 23 patients carrying singleton pregnancies with persistent AC membrane separation after 16 weeks' gestation diagnosed by ultrasound from 2010 to 2016 at our institution...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Hirokazu Usui, Asuka Sato, Makio Shozu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Natalya Danilyants, Paul MacKoul, Rupen Baxi, Louise Q van der Does, Leah R Haworth
AIM: By evaluating operative outcomes relative to cost, we compared the value of minimally invasive hysterectomy approaches, including a technique discussed less often in the literature, laparoscopic retroperitoneal hysterectomy (LRH), which incorporates retroperitoneal dissection and ligation of the uterine arteries at their vascular origin. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all women (N = 2689) aged greater than or equal to 18 years who underwent hysterectomy for benign conditions from 2011 to 2013 at a high-volume hospital in Maryland, USA...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Xiao-Fei Nie, Yan-Qiong Ouyang, Sharon R Redding
AIM: To evaluate the output of scientific publications in obstetrics and gynecology journals from Mainland China and six other countries, to compare the difference of research situation between Mainland China and the developed countries in order to measure the trend of number of publication in the field of Obstetrics and Gynecology. METHODS: Information on article amounts, impact factors (IF), citation and publication in high-impact obstetrics and gynecology journals by seven top-ranking countries between January 1, 2007 and August 31, 2017, was extracted from Web of Science databases...
November 4, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Jun Shi, Jing Ye, Xu Zhuang, Xiaoyue Cheng, Ruojin Fu, Aimin Zhao
AIM: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in gynecologic malignant patients after surgery. We aimed to validate the Caprini risk assessment model (RAM) and elevated tumor-specific D-dimer as predictive marker of postoperative VTE for patients undergoing surgery of gynecologic malignancies. METHODS: Inpatients were divided into five groups (low: score = 0-1; moderate: score = 2; high: score = 3-4; higher: score = 5-7; sup-high: score > 7) and treated according to their risk level after the surgery during the hospitalization according to the Caprini RAM...
November 4, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Paolo Conca, Giovanni Cafaro, Silvia Savastano, Antonio Coppola, Ernesto Cimino, Giovanni Tarantino
We describe the case of a childbearing-age woman presenting with spontaneous recurrent functional ovarian cysts and, more interestingly, chronic and asymptomatic elevation of cholestatic parameters. The patient showed no history of chronic viral infections, immunological and metabolic disorders, alcohol abuse and environmental toxins exposition. Hepatic ultrasonography and cholangio-pancreatography-magnetic-resonance excluded any morphological and structural abnormalities, while liver biopsy evidenced only minimal and not specific features of inflammation...
November 4, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Dimitrios Papoutsis, Angeliki Antonakou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Péter Török, Tünde Herman, Judit Lőrincz, Szabolcs Molnár, Rudolf Lampé, Róbert Póka
AIM: To minimize the experienced pain during office hysteroscopy, a number of technical approaches and maneuvers are used. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of suprapubic pressure (SuPuP) applied during hysteroscopy. The impact of this maneuver on experienced pain (assessed by visual analog scale [VAS]) and duration of passage through the cervical canal was measured and compared to a reference group with no SuPuP. METHODS: Hysteroscopy was performed in study subjects as part of their infertility work-up...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Masato Kinugasa, Mayu Miyake, Hanako Tamai, Maki Tamura
AIM: To evaluate the safety, effect on breastfeeding and efficacy of a combination of pethidine and levallorphan (Pethilorfan) for pain relief during labor. METHODS: We compared maternal or neonatal morbidities, suckling difficulties in newborns and breastfeeding rates between 177 women who received 50-200 mg (as pethidine) of Pethilorfan during labor (Pethilorfan group) and 354 women who delivered their infants without analgesic drugs immediately before or after each woman in the Pethilorfan group (control group) from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2016...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Ying Dong, Ting Zhang, Xining Li, Feng Yu, Yue Guo
AIM: To identify the differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in breast cancer and analyze the potential roles. METHODS: RNA-sequencing data (ID: GSE52194) of breast cancer and normal breast samples were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus. Clean reads were aligned against the human genome hg19 using TopHat2 and assembled into transcripts using cufflinks. Protein-coding potential of transcripts with length 200 bp or more were assessed using Coding Potential Calculator, followed by alignment against human lncRNAs using Blastn...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Fatma Beyazit, Başak Büyük, Hakan Turkon, Sait Elmas, Metehan Uzun
AIM: Ovarian torsion is a rare but an important reason of acute lower abdominal pain in women and associated with serious morbidity and mortality, if not treated promptly. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an antitumor necrosis factor-α antibody on ovarian torsion in a rat model of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. METHODS: Forty female Wistar Albino rats were used in the present study. The rats were randomly divided into four groups: group I (sham), group II (I/R), group III (I/R + isotonic saline) and group IV (I/R + adalimumab)...
October 24, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Guang-Tai Li, Xiao-Fan Li, You Lu, Guang-Rui Li, Hong-Mei Xu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Xin Yang, Caiji Zhang, Guozhen Chen, Chengming Sun, Jinming Li
The aim of this study is to improve our understanding of the mechanisms involved in maternal-fetal immune tolerance. We searched the related literatures and overviewed the major antibodies associated with pregnancy and described in details their possible roles in mediating maternal-fetal interactions. Antibodies classified into different types based on their functional or structural characteristics were summarized, including immunoglobulin G, blocking antibody, nonprecipitating asymmetric antibody, antiphospholipid antibody, antitrophoblast antibody and antipaternal antibody...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Hikari Yoshizawa, Satoshi Kawai, Yutaka Hirota, Takahiro Ueda, Makoto Kuroda, Takuma Fujii
Although lymphangioleiomyomatosis is often observed with tuberous sclerosis, uterine lymphangioleiomyomatosis is rare. Our patient was 36 years old (gravida 0, para 0). She had a history of tuberous sclerosis, and many myometrial cystic lesions were identified during assisted reproductive therapy. Although we administered a gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog, myometrial cystic lesions increased in size. Therefore, simple hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and pelvic lymph node biopsy were performed...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Hadise Aslfalah, Mehri Jamilian, Fatemeh Rafiei, Ali Khosrowbeygi
AIM: Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) is a short chain fatty acid which has a key role in energy production. ALA is also known as a universal antioxidant. The aim of the present study was to explore the effects of ALA supplementation in women with gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial study was designed. Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (n = 60) during 24-28 weeks of gestation were selected and divided randomly into drug (n = 30) and placebo (n = 30) groups...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Lauren J Ewington, Shreeya Tewary, Jan J Brosens
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), defined as multiple consecutive miscarriages, is a devastating disorder for which there are no good treatment options. Two opposing paradigms have emerged to explain RPL. The prevailing clinical viewpoint is that RPL is caused by a spectrum of subclinical disorders, ranging from thrombophilia to anatomical, endocrine and immunological disorders, that somehow converge on a 'fragile' early pregnancy state, leading to miscarriage. A new paradigm, based on emerging concepts around early implantation events, challenges the conventional thinking around RPL...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Bee S Chew, Razmin Ghazali, Hanita Othman, Nor A M Ismail, Aimi S Othman, Nur M S T Laim, Yin P Wong, Geok C Tan
AIM: The aim of our study was to determine the endocan-1 expression in placenta of hypertensive women, and its association with maternal and fetal outcomes. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study consisted of 21 pregnant women with hypertension and 23 without hypertension. The gestational age ranged from 28 to 39 weeks (hypertensive) and 32 to 40 weeks (normotensive). The paraffin embedded formalin fixed placenta tissue blocks were retrieved from the pathology archives...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Julien Chevreau, Antonin Mercuzot, Osama Abou Arab, Arthur Foulon, Albine Mancaux, Fabrice Sergent, Jean Gondry
AIM: Labor management is often considered to be stressful. Increases in cesarean section (CSD) and assisted vaginal (AVD) deliveries rates have been ascribed to inexperience. To address this issue, we observed the obstetric management activity of four obstetrics and gynecology registrars throughout their 2-year registrarship program. METHODS: We performed a prospective, observational study of urgent and semi-/nonurgent CSD and AVD in a tertiary maternity unit. The registrars' obstetric management was compared with that of a referral group...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Haruna Kawaguchi, Keisuke Ishii, Haruka Muto, Ryo Yamamoto, Shusaku Hayashi, Nobuaki Mitsuda
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the incidence of unexpected critical complications (UCC) in monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancies according to ultrasonographic scan interval. METHODS: This retrospective single-center cohort study, conducted between January 2005 and April 2015, investigated the incidence of UCC in patients with MCDA twin pregnancies undergoing weekly ultrasound (Group A) and those undergoing biweekly ultrasound (Group B). We also examined the incidence of predictable critical complications according to ultrasound interval...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
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