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Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901036/preterm-birth-rates-in-japan-from-1979-to-2014-analysis-of-national-vital-statistics
#1
Soyoko Sakata, Shoko Konishi, Chris Fook Sheng Ng, Chiho Watanabe
AIM: Secular trends of preterm birth in Japan between 1979 and 2014 were examined to determine whether changes could be explained by a shift in the distribution of maternal age at delivery and parity and/or by changes in age-specific preterm birth rates. METHODS: Live birth data for 1979 to 2014 were obtained from the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. Analyses were limited to singleton children born in Japan (n = 43 632 786). Preterm birth was defined using two cut-offs at < 37 or < 34 weeks of gestation...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892298/impact-of-hysteroscopic-surgery-for-isthmocele-associated-with-cesarean-scar-syndrome
#2
Shunichiro Tsuji, Fuminori Kimura, Akiyoshi Yamanaka, Tetsuro Hanada, Kimiko Hirata, Akie Takebayashi, Akiko Takashima, Ayumi Seko-Nitta, Takashi Murakami
AIM: Cesarean scar syndrome (CSS) is characterized by increased risk of postmenstrual abnormal uterine bleeding, dysmenorrhea, and infertility, due to a post-cesarean scar defect known as an isthmocele. This study aimed to assess the impact of hysteroscopic surgery on isthmocele associated with CSS. METHODS: Eighteen patients with CSS were enrolled. Surgical methods included resection of the inferior edge and superficial cauterization of the isthmocele via hysteroscopic surgery...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892255/does-cardiovascular-risk-vary-according-to-the-criteria-for-a-diagnosis-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#3
Sedef Ramoglu, Tevfik Yoldemir, Kemal Atasayan, Dilek Gogas Yavuz
AIM: The risk of cardiovascular disease is higher in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) compared to healthy individuals. Chronic inflammation, insulin resistance, hyperandrogenemia, hyperlipidemia and increased oxidative stress are known to have a role in the formation of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. The aim of our study was to evaluate if cardiovascular risk varied according to different PCOS criteria, using carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), which is an important marker of major cardiovascular events in the later stages of life...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892226/letter-to-silent-uterine-rupture-occluded-by-intestinal-adhesions-following-laparoscopic-myomectomy-a-case-report-do-some-remain-permanently-silent
#4
LETTER
Shigeki Matsubara, Tatsuo Morita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892225/expectant-management-of-pregnancies-complicated-by-fetal-growth-restriction-without-any-evidence-of-placental-dysfunction-at-term-comparison-with-routine-labor-induction
#5
Nobuhiro Hidaka, Yuka Sato, Saki Kido, Yasuyuki Fujita, Kiyoko Kato
AIM: To assess the feasibility and practicality of expectant management for pregnancies with fetal growth restriction (FGR) at term without evidence of placental dysfunction. METHODS: We reviewed the records of pregnancies with an estimated fetal weight ≤ 1.5 SD below the mean at 37 weeks of gestation. We excluded elective cesarean deliveries and pregnancies that, at 37 weeks, were complicated by oligohydramnios, decreased fetal cerebroplacental ratio, or pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892223/dehydroepiandrosterone-as-a-potential-agent-to-slow-down-ovarian-aging
#6
Li-Te Lin, Jiin-Tsuey Cheng, Peng-Hui Wang, Chia-Jung Li, Kuan-Hao Tsui
AIM: Ovarian aging, which leads to diminished ovarian reserve and decreased oocyte quality, is highly associated with poor reproductive outcomes. It has been suggested that dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) might be able to temporarily slow down the aging process. This study attempted to investigate the clinical benefits of DHEA in older patients and the anti-senescence effect of DHEA on cumulus cells (CC) and human ovarian granulosa cells (HO23 cell line). METHODS: This prospective study enrolled 88 patients who underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF), including 30 younger patients (aged ≤ 37 years) and 58 older patients (aged > 37 years)...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892220/annual-report-of-the-committee-on-gynecologic-oncology-japan-society-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology-patient-annual-report-for-2014-and-treatment-annual-report-for-2009
#7
Toshiaki Saito, Fumiaki Takahashi, Hidetaka Katabuchi
The Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology collects and analyzes annual data on gynecologic cancers from member institutions. We present the Patient Annual Report for 2014 and the Treatment Annual Report for 2009. Data on 7436 patients with cervical cancer, 9673 with endometrial cancer, 5924 with ovarian cancer, and 1909 with ovarian borderline tumor for whom treatment was initiated in 2014 were summarized in the Patient Annual Report. Stage I accounted for 55.6%, stage II for 22.9%, stage III for 10.2%, and stage IV for 11...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892217/squamous-cell-carcinoma-antigen-as-a-novel-candidate-marker-for-amniotic-fluid-embolism
#8
Natsuki Koike, Hidekazu Oi, Katsuhiko Naruse, Naohiro Kanayama, Hiroshi Kobayashi
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the clinical usefulness of serum squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) antigen for the diagnosis of amniotic fluid embolism (AFE). METHODS: Sera and information of 20 patients with AFE (autopsy-proven AFE, four cases; clinical AFE, 16 cases) were obtained from the Japan Amniotic Fluid Embolism Registration Center at Hamamatsu University School of Medicine. As controls, we included 74 gestational-age-matched healthy women who gave birth to healthy newborns during the period from December 2012 to January 2014...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892214/parental-decisions-following-prenatal-diagnosis-of-sex-chromosome-aneuploidy-in-hong-kong
#9
Po Lam So, Kwun Yue Yvonne Cheng, Kwan Yiu Cheuk, Wan Kam Chiu, Shui Lam Mak, Sau Lan Mok, Tsz Kin Lo, Wai Kuen Yung, Fai Man Lo, Hon Yin Brian Chung, Sik Yau Anita Kan, Chin Peng Lee, Hoi Yin Mary Tang
AIM: According to the published work, pregnancy termination rates due to prenatal diagnosis of fetal sex chromosome aneuploidies (SCA) vary widely. Some potentially modifiable and non-modifiable factors have been reported to be associated with parental decision. This study aimed to evaluate the rate of pregnancy termination for fetal SCA and the factors influencing parents' decisions in Hong Kong. METHODS: This was a 21-year retrospective cohort study of parents' decisions following prenatal diagnosis of SCA...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892212/incidental-appendectomy-during-mini-incision-post-partum-sterilization-chokchai-technique-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#10
Manwat Choksuwattanasakul
AIM: We aimed to determine the success rate of incidental appendectomy during post-partum sterilization (PPS) using the Chokchai technique and to compare the postoperative morbidity between patients who underwent this procedure with those who underwent simple PPS. METHODS: Appendectomy during PPS was performed in 141 patients from 1 May 2012 to 30 April 2014. The control group consisted of 182 simple PPS patients. Primary outcomes were the success rate of the procedure and secondary outcomes were postoperative morbidity and complications...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892210/myoma-and-myomectomy-poor-evidence-concern-in-pregnancy
#11
REVIEW
Giusi Natalia Milazzo, Angelica Catalano, Valentina Badia, Maddalena Mallozzi, Donatella Caserta
AIM: Summarize the results of the many, but often underpowered, studies on pregnancy complicated by myoma or myomectomy. METHODS: Survey of the electronic PubMed database for the last two decades was conducted. We selected reviews, meta-analyses, case series, case reports, clinical studies only with statistical analysis, and guidelines from scientific societies. RESULTS: Delaying childbearing leads to an increased incidence of pregnancy complicated by fibroids or previous myomectomy...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884883/diagnostic-imaging-using-positron-emission-tomography-for-gynecological-malignancy
#12
Hideaki Tsuyoshi, Yoshio Yoshida
Imaging has played a pivotal role in the management of gynecological malignancy. Positron emission tomography (PET), particularly (18) F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18) F-FDG) PET to reflect cellular glycolytic metabolism, is being increasingly used and has proven superior to conventional imaging including ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging. Studies of and evidence for the utility of (18) F-FDG PET/CT for the detection of local or metastatic disease, treatment planning, response assessment, restaging of recurrent disease, and prognostic assessment are growing...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833951/attitudes-toward-pessary-use-among-thai-women-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#13
Treewijit Mungpooklang, Suvit Bunyavejchevin
AIM: This study was conducted to investigate attitudes toward pessary use in Thai women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: Ninety Thai women with symptomatic POP without any history of previous prolapse treatment were recruited. Participants completed a questionnaire about attitudes toward pessary use in Thai language. Patient characteristics and decision-making factors were identified. RESULTS: Forty eight women (53.3%) decided to use a pessary...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833906/final-report-of-the-committee-on-gynecologic-oncology-the-japan-society-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology-on-a-fact-finding-questionnaire-on-the-status-of-treatment-of-hereditary-breast-and-ovarian-cancer-syndrome-in-japan
#14
Toyomi Satoh, Kiyoshi Takamatsu, Nobuhiro Takeshima, Hiroshi Kobayashi, Daisuke Aoki, Nao Suzuki
Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (HBOC) is a hereditary tumor that can be definitively diagnosed by detection of germline mutation of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene. The HBOC Public Awareness and Management Sub-committee of the Tumor Committee, Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology carried out a fact-finding survey on the status of treatment of HBOC in Japan. The directors of medical specialty teaching facilities were notified of the questionnaire by post, with the request for one respondent per facility...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833893/nomenclature-of-primary-amenorrhea-a-proposal-document-of-the-japan-society-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology-committee-for-the-redefinition-of-primary-amenorrhea
#15
Makio Shozu, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Reiko Horikawa, Hideya Sakakibara, Shun-Ichiro Izumi, Takashi Ohba, Yasushi Hirota, Tsutomu Ogata, Yutaka Osuga, Koji Kugu
AIM: The aim of this study was to provide medical terms to describe the condition of a girl who should be evaluated for primary amenorrhea in order to facilitate intervention at an appropriate time. METHODS: We performed a literature and clinical guidelines search for recent practices with regard to menarche and discussed relevant cases that had been experienced by committee members. Additionally, we theoretically reviewed medical terms defined in the Glossary Book of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Japan (Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 3rd edition)...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833891/relationship-between-user-satisfaction-with-the-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system-and-bleeding-patterns
#16
Nelsilene M Carvalho, Victoria Chou, Waleska Modesto, Deborah Margatho, Elaine A L Garcia, Luis Bahamondes
AIM: Satisfaction with a contraceptive method constitutes an important factor in its acceptance and long-term use. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between user satisfaction with the 20-μg/day levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) and the bleeding patterns reported at two different time-points during follow-up. METHODS: A total of 251 LNG-IUS users aged 18-45 years were invited to answer a questionnaire on their return to the clinic for a routine follow-up visit and again 1 year later...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833798/expressions-of-programmed-death-pd-1-and-pd-1-ligand-pd-l1-in-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-and-cervical-squamous-cell-carcinomas-are-of-prognostic-value-and-associated-with-human-papillomavirus-status
#17
Wen Yang, Yan-Ping Lu, Yi-Zhou Yang, Jia-Rui Kang, Yi-Duo Jin, Hong-Wei Wang
AIM: The programmed death 1/programmed death 1 ligand (PD-1/PD-L1) pathway can decrease the immune clearance effects of antigen-presenting cells and T lymphocytes to promote immune evasion of cervical cancer cells. However, the effects of this pathway on cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) progression and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) metastasis are not clear. We herein investigated whether human papillomavirus infection could affect PD-1 and PD-L1 expression in CIN, and whether their expression is associated with CIN progression and SCC metastasis...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817219/lycium-barbarum-polysaccharide-attenuates-chemotherapy-induced-ovarian-injury-by-reducing-oxidative-stress
#18
Dong-Mei Yang, Jing-Qin Zhang, Yi-Fei Fei
AIM: We aimed to examine the effects of Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) on ovarian damage induced by cyclophosphamide (CTX) and to investigate the underlying mechanism. METHODS: A total of 240 female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups: the control group, the CTX-induced ovarian injury (OI) group, and three LBP groups. Different concentrations of LBP solution were administered to the LBP groups by gastric infusion for 15 days, and the OI group and LBP groups were then subjected to CTX treatment for another 15 days...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817212/fingolimod-against-endotoxin-induced-fetal-brain-injury-in-a-rat-model
#19
And Yavuz, Mekin Sezik, Ozlem Ozmen, Halil Asci
AIM: Fingolimod is a sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor modulator used for multiple sclerosis treatment and acts on cellular processes such as apoptosis, endothelial permeability, and inflammation. We hypothesized that fingolimod has a positive effect on alleviating preterm fetal brain injury. METHODS: Sixteen pregnant rats were divided into four groups of four rats each. On gestational day 17, i.p. endotoxin was injected to induce fetal brain injury, followed by i...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817205/amniotic-fluid-embolism-mortality-rate
#20
Michael D Benson
AIM: The objective of this study was to determine the mortality rate of amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) using population-based studies and case series. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using the two key words: 'amniotic fluid embolism (AFE)' AND 'mortality rate'. Thirteen population-based studies were evaluated, as well as 36 case series including at least two patients. RESULTS: The mortality rate from population-based studies varied from 11% to 44%...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
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