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Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349843/pregnancy-after-bariatric-surgery-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-of-39-pregnancies-and-a-literature-review
#1
Maria Manuel Costa, Sandra Belo, Pedro Souteiro, João S Neves, Daniela Magalhães, Rita B Silva, Sofia C Oliveira, Paula Freitas, Ana Varela, Joana Queirós, Davide Carvalho
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the impact of bariatric surgery (BS) on maternal and fetal outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive, observational study of 39 pregnant women who underwent BS in our institution between 2010 and 2014 was carried out. A sample of women who became pregnant after BS was evaluated, based on data concerning pregnancy, childbirth, and newborns. RESULTS: Of the 1182 patients who underwent BS at our institution during the study period, 1016 (85...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345098/influence-of-maternal-obesity-on-fetal-growth-at-different-periods-of-pregnancies-with-normal-glucose-tolerance
#2
Kei Tanaka, Miho Matsushima, Tomoko Izawa, Seishi Furukawa, Yoichi Kobayashi, Mitsutoshi Iwashita
AIM: We aimed to examine the influence of maternal obesity on fetal growth in utero at different periods of pregnancies with normal glucose tolerance. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study on 356 pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance was conducted. The women were categorized by pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) as obese (OB; BMI ≥ 25.0 kg/m2 ) or non-obese (n-OB). Z-scores of the fetal abdominal circumference (AC) and the rate of fetal macrosomia (AC ≥ 90th percentile) at 19, 30, and 36 gestational weeks (GW) were compared between the two groups...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345041/serum-amyloid-a-procalcitonin-highly-sensitive-c-reactive-protein-and-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-levels-and-acute-inflammatory-response-in-patients-with-hemolysis-elevated-liver-enzymes-low-platelet-count-hellp-and-eclampsia
#3
Kazım Uckan, Hanım Guler Sahin
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between serum amyloid A (SAA), procalcitonin (ProC), highly sensitive C reactive protein (hsCRP) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha activity in patients with pre-eclampsia, eclampsia and hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelet count (HELLP), and the pathogenesis and severity of the disease. METHOD: Ninety patients at ≥ 32 gestational weeks, according to the last date of menstruation and ultra-sonographic measurements, diagnosed with pre-eclampsia (30 patients), eclampsia (30 patients) or HELLP syndrome (30 patients) were included in the study...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345032/mirna-320a-inhibits-trophoblast-cell-invasion-by-targeting-estrogen-related-receptor-gamma
#4
Tian Gao, Mou Deng, Qian Wang
AIM: MicroRNAs (miRs) play an essential role in the modulation of trophoblast function. We explored miR-320a expression in the human placenta. In addition, we report the promising effect and target functional loop of miR-320a in trophoblasts. METHODS: MiR-320a expression was investigated in both pre-eclamptic and healthy placenta tissues by quantitative real time-polymerase chain reaction to determine how miR-320a affected invasion, proliferation and migration in trophoblasts...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323462/letter-to-repair-of-damaged-ligaments-with-tissue-fixation-system-minisling-is-sufficient-to-cure-major-prolapse-in-all-three-compartments-5-year-data
#5
LETTER
Ahmet A Sivaslioglu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323444/impact-of-new-diagnostic-criteria-for-gestational-diabetes
#6
Holly Sexton, Clare Heal, Jennifer Banks, Kathleen Braniff
AIM: In January 2015, the diagnostic and therapeutic criteria for gestational diabetes changed, with the goal of increasing the sensitivity of diagnosis and improving overall glycemic control, and thus reducing adverse pregnancy outcomes. Our primary aim was to evaluate the effect of the new guidelines on the incidence of diagnosis of gestational diabetes and the incidence of therapeutic interventions. Our secondary aim was to look at the incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective clinical audit was conducted at a regional hospital to compare the incidence of gestational diabetes, and the specific maternal and neonatal outcomes before and after the change in guidelines was implemented...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316054/influence-of-body-mass-index-on-induction-of-labor-a-historical-cohort-study
#7
Ulf Dammer, Roswitha Bogner, Christel Weiss, Florian Faschingbauer, Jutta Pretscher, Matthias W Beckmann, Marc Sütterlin, Sven Kehl
AIM: We aimed to determine the influence of body mass index (BMI) on induction of labor. METHODS: In this historical multicenter cohort study, 2122 labor inductions were analyzed. Women were divided into four groups according to their body mass index (BMI): BMI < 30 (normal group [NG]), 30 ≤ BMI < 35 (group 1 [G1]), 35 ≤ BMI < 40 (group 2 [G2]), and BMI ≥ 40 (group 3 [G3]). The primary outcome measure was the induction-to-delivery interval...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316087/study-on-the-correlation-between-adipocyte-fatty-acid-binding-protein-glucolipid-metabolism-and-pre-eclampsia
#8
Yan-Ping Lin, Cai-Lin Xu, Kui-Sheng Lin, Hai-Bin Gu, Lei Chen, Ying Wang, Bao-Chuan Weng, Hai-Qing Huang, Ya-Ping Li, Yu-Liang Zou, Zi-Shun Li
AIM: We aimed to explore the relation between the level of adipocyte fatty-acid binding protein (A-FABP) in the gestational period and related indices of glucolipid metabolism, and the possible mechanisms of occurrence and development of pre-eclampsia. METHODS: Seventy-six pre-eclampsia patients were enrolled and divided into the mild pre-eclampsia (n = 42) and severe pre-eclampsia (n = 34) groups. Forty-eight healthy pregnant women were selected as a control group...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316073/involvement-of-immune-cells-in-the-pathogenesis-of-endometriosis
#9
Gentaro Izumi, Kaori Koga, Masashi Takamura, Tomoko Makabe, Erina Satake, Arisa Takeuchi, Ayumi Taguchi, Yoko Urata, Tomoyuki Fujii, Yutaka Osuga
Endometriosis is characterized by the implantation and growth of endometriotic tissues outside the uterus. It is widely accepted the theory that endometriosis is caused by the implantation of endometrial tissue from retrograde menstruation; however, retrograde menstruation occurs in almost all women and other factors are required for the establishment of endometriosis, such as cell survival, cell invasion, angiogenesis, and cell growth. Immune factors in the local environment may, therefore, contribute to the formation and progression of endometriosis...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316070/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-severe-lacerations-during-forceps-delivery-in-a-single-teaching-hospital-where-simulation-training-is-held-annually
#10
Yasuko Sano, Chihiro Hirai, Shintaro Makino, Xianglan Li, Jun Takeda, Atsuo Itakura, Satoru Takeda
AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the incidence of severe lacerations during forceps delivery and the risk factors associated with such delivery in a hospital where simulation training is held annually. METHODS: The medical records of 857 women who underwent forceps delivery at term with singleton cephalic presentation from 2010 to 2015 were reviewed. The relationship between clinical characteristics and birth canal trauma was analyzed. Birth canal trauma included third and fourth degree perineal lacerations...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316041/bilateral-tubo-ovarian-abscesses-presenting-with-huge-pelvic-mass-after-repeated-intrauterine-inseminations-in-a-woman-with-severe-endometriosis
#11
Patsama Vichinsartvichai
A 32-year-old woman consulted for an evaluation of pelvic pain following intrauterine insemination (IUI). Vaginal and abdominal sonography, septic workup were performed and laparoscopic surgery was scheduled after failure to respond to a course of antibiotics. During laparoscopic surgery, bilateral tubo-ovarian abscesses arising on the endometriotic cysts of both ovaries were identified with a vast amount of brownish peritoneal fluid under the adhesion of the greater omentum. Bilateral ovarian cystectomy, right salpingectomy and lysis adhesion were performed...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316020/vitrification-and-in-vitro-culture-had-no-adverse-effect-on-the-follicular-development-and-gene-expression-of-stimulated-human-ovarian-tissue
#12
Mahdi Ramezani, Mojdeh Salehnia, Mina Jafarabadi
AIM: The study assesses the effect of the vitrification procedure on the integrity, morphology, follicular development and gene expression of stimulated human ovarian tissue after warming and two weeks of in vitro culture. METHODS: Ovarian specimens were divided into non-vitrified and vitrified groups and were cultured for two weeks. Morphological analysis and immunohistochemistry were performed. The 17-β estradiol and anti-Müllerian hormone levels in collected media were assessed...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316014/effects-of-daytime-versus-night-time-cesarean-deliveries-on-stage-ii-lactogenesis
#13
Gülşah İlhan, Fatma V Atmaca, Ayşenur Çümen, Ali G Zebitay, Emre S Güngör, Ayşe F G Karasu
AIM: The circadian timing system has a rhythm and one of the roles of this system is the mediation of hormonal and metabolic adaptations to lactation. This study was conducted to determine whether the time to stage II lactogenesis differed in women who underwent cesarean section (CS) in the daytime (DT) or night-time (NT). METHODS: This study was conducted at Süleymaniye Research and Education Hospital between June and December 2016. Two hundred and eighty-eight mothers who had a cesarean delivery and their healthy singleton neonates were included...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316011/roles-of-venovenous-anastomosis-and-umbilical-cord-insertion-abnormalities-in-birthweight-discordance-in-monochorionic-diamniotic-twin-pregnancies-without-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome
#14
Hiroko Konno, Takeshi Murakoshi, Akiko Yamashita, Mitsuru Matsushita
AIM: We evaluated risk factors for birthweight discordance in monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancies without twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). METHODS: We investigated all MCDA twin placentas injected with colored dye at our institution between 2007 and 2015. We excluded pairs of twins with TTTS, fetal demise, or severe fetal malformation. All pairs of twins were assigned to the discordant group (birthweight discordance ≥ 25%) or the concordant group (birthweight discordance < 25%)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315998/effectiveness-and-quality-of-life-10%C3%A2-years-after-transobturator-suburethral-tape-surgery-for-stress-urinary-incontinence
#15
Paula Celada, Patricia Cañete, Ester Ortiz Murillo, Juan J Tarín, Antonio Cano
AIM: We aimed to measure the effectiveness and quality of life (QoL) 10 years after transobturator suburethral tape surgery. METHODS: We carried out a prospective observational study of 42 women assessed 10 years after surgical intervention with the transobturator technique. The main outcome measures were subjective and objective cure or improvement, complications, and changes in QoL. RESULTS: The median abdominal leak point pressure had been 92 (82-113) mL H2 O prior to surgery...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315997/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-associations-between-maternal-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-polymorphisms-and-preterm-delivery
#16
Qiwen Fang, Yixuan Jiang, Zhenqiu Liu, Zhijie Zhang, Tiejun Zhang
AIM: To date, reported associations between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphisms and preterm delivery are conflicting. The present meta-analysis summarized the existing evidence and evaluated these associations. METHODS: Eligible studies were retrieved from Medline (PubMed), EMBASE, the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database and the Cochrane Library. We calculated pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CIs) within five genetic models using either random-effects or fixed-effects models dependent on study heterogeneity...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315994/prediction-of-histological-chorioamnionitis-and-neonatal-and-infantile-outcomes-using-procalcitonin-in-the-umbilical-cord-blood-and-amniotic-fluid-at-birth
#17
Takashi Horinouchi, Toshiyuki Yoshizato, Yutaka Kozuma, Takaaki Shinagawa, Megumi Muto, Tsuyoshi Yamasaki, Daizo Hori, Kimio Ushijima
AIM: We aimed to clarify the usefulness of procalcitonin (PCT) in the evaluation of histological chorioamnionitis (CAM) and in the prediction of neonatal and infantile outcomes as a reference of interleukin-6 (IL-6). METHODS: Subjects were 36 singleton pregnant women delivered at 22-37 weeks' gestation due to threatened premature delivery and/or preterm premature rupture of membranes. Cases were classified into the CAM and non-CAM groups, according to Blanc's criteria...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314471/maternal-anemia-during-pregnancy-and-slightly-higher-risk-of-asthma-in-male-offspring
#18
Maijakaisa Harju, Juha Pekkanen, Seppo Heinonen, Leea Keski-Nisula
AIM: We aimed to determine whether maternal hemoglobin levels or anemia during pregnancy are associated with the development of asthma among offspring. METHODS: Data were retrieved from the birth register database of Kuopio University Hospital between 1989 and 2007 (n = 38 381). Hemoglobin levels were measured during three trimesters of pregnancy and anemia was defined according to the World Health Organization criteria. The prevalence of asthma was determined from the register of reimbursement for medication for asthma at the Finnish Social Security Institution...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297967/levothyroxine-supplementation-improves-serum-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-levels-in-infertile-patients-with-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis
#19
Masako Kuroda, Keiji Kuroda, Tomoya Segawa, Jaeduk Y Noh, Ai Yoshihara, Koichi Ito, Hisao Osada, Satoru Takeda, Shokichi Teramoto
AIM: Thyroid dysfunction and autoimmunity are associated with an adverse effect on fertility. An aberrant high thyroid stimulating hormone level is associated with diminished ovarian reserve in women of reproductive age; however, the utility of levothyroxine (LT4) replacement for infertile patients with subclinical hypothyroidism is still under discussion. The aim of this study was to investigate whether LT4 supplementation for infertile patients with subclinical hypothyroidism improves impaired ovarian function...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297962/postmenopausal-labial-agglutination-mimics-urinary-incontinence-and-hidden-vaginal-lesion
#20
Buo-Jia Lu, Hung-Yen Chin, Chia-Ying Chu, Jimmy T J Wang
Labial agglutination has rarely been reported in postmenopausal women and its treatment has been based on experience with prepubertal girls. We describe an 83-year-old woman who presented with labial agglutination and severe urinary incontinence. She had been treated intermittently with a topical estrogen cream for 3 years, but her symptoms persisted. Surgery was performed and her urinary incontinence was instantly resolved. Incidental vaginal low-grade squamous intraepithelial neoplasia was noted. Later, the lesion progressed and was confirmed to be condyloma acuminata...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
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