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Journal of Occupational Health Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781629/finding-peace-of-mind-when-there-still-is-so-much-left-undone-a-diary-study-on-how-job-stress-competence-need-satisfaction-and-proactive-work-behavior-contribute-to-work-related-rumination-during-the-weekend
#1
Oliver Weigelt, Christine J Syrek, Antje Schmitt, Tina Urbach
Unfinished work tasks have been identified as a significant job-related stressor in recent occupational stress research. Extending this research, we examine how and when not finishing one's tasks by the end of the work week affects work-related rumination at the weekend. Drawing on control theory, we examined competence need satisfaction as a mediating mechanism that links unfinished tasks at the end of the work week to work-related rumination at the weekend. Furthermore, we scrutinized whether proactive work behavior within the work week may neutralize the detrimental effects of unfinished tasks on competence need satisfaction and rumination...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756789/emotional-demands-and-alcohol-use-in-corrections-a-moderated-mediation-model
#2
Brittnie R Shepherd, Charlotte Fritz, Leslie B Hammer, Frankie Guros, David Meier
This study examined predictors of alcohol use (i.e., drinking quantity and frequency) in a sample of correctional officers (COs). More specifically, based on the idea of drinking to cope, we predicted an indirect effect of emotional demands at work on COs' drinking through employee burnout (i.e., exhaustion and disengagement). We further proposed that this indirect effect would be moderated by recovery experiences outside of work (i.e., psychological detachment and mastery). Participants were 1,039 COs from 14 state correctional facilities...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756788/identifying-job-characteristics-related-to-employed-women-s-breastfeeding-behaviors
#3
Christiane Spitzmueller, Jing Zhang, Candice L Thomas, Zhuxi Wang, Gwenith G Fisher, Russell A Matthews, Lane Strathearn
For employed mothers of infants, reconciliation of work demands and breastfeeding constitutes a significant challenge. The discontinuation of breastfeeding has the potential to result in negative outcomes for the mother (e.g., higher likelihood of obesity), her employer (e.g., increased absenteeism), and her infant (e.g., increased risk of infection). Given previous research findings identifying return to work as a major risk factor for breastfeeding cessation, we investigate what types of job characteristics relate to women's intentions to breastfeed shortly after giving birth and women's actual breastfeeding initiation and duration...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756787/work-stressors-and-partner-social-undermining-comparing-negative-affect-and-psychological-detachment-as-mechanisms
#4
Laurenz L Meier, Eunae Cho
With the mounting evidence that employees' work experiences spill over into the family domain and cross over to family members, it is important to understand the underlying mechanism through which work experiences affect the family domain and what factors may alleviate the adverse impact of work stress. Expanding previous research that mainly focused on the affect-based mechanism (negative affect), the present research investigated a resource-based mechanism (psychological detachment from work) in the relationship linking two work stressors (high workload and workplace incivility) with social undermining toward the partner at home...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723001/mindfulness-on-the-go-effects-of-a-mindfulness-meditation-app-on-work-stress-and-well-being
#5
Sophie Bostock, Alexandra D Crosswell, Aric A Prather, Andrew Steptoe
We investigated whether a mindfulness meditation program delivered via a smartphone application could improve psychological well-being, reduce job strain, and reduce ambulatory blood pressure during the workday. Participants were 238 healthy employees from two large United Kingdom companies that were randomized to a mindfulness meditation practice app or a wait-list control condition. The app offered 45 prerecorded 10- to 20-min guided audio meditations. Participants were asked to complete one meditation per day...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697992/a-systematic-review-of-the-safety-climate-intervention-literature-past-trends-and-future-directions
#6
Jin Lee, Yueng-Hsiang Huang, Janelle H Cheung, Zhuo Chen, William S Shaw
Safety climate represents the meaningfulness of safety and how safety is valued in an organization. The contributions of safety climate to organizational safety have been well documented. There is a dearth of empirical research, however, on specific safety climate interventions and their effectiveness. The present study aims at examining the trend of safety climate interventions and offering compiled information for designing and implementing evidence-based safety climate interventions. Our literature search yielded 384 titles that were inspected by three examiners...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683714/workplace-incivility-and-employee-sleep-the-role-of-rumination-and-recovery-experiences
#7
Caitlin A Demsky, Charlotte Fritz, Leslie B Hammer, Anne E Black
This study examines the role of negative work rumination and recovery experiences in explaining the association between workplace incivility and employee insomnia symptoms. Drawing on the perseverative cognition model of stress and the effort-recovery model, we hypothesize a moderated mediation model in which workplace incivility is associated with insomnia symptoms via negative work rumination. This indirect effect is proposed to be conditional on employees' reported level of recovery experiences (i.e., psychological detachment from work and relaxation during nonwork time)...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683713/overloaded-and-stressed-a-case-study-of-women-working-in-the-health-care-sector
#8
Maggie Stevenson, Linda Duxbury
Although role overload has been shown to be prevalent and consequential, there has been little attempt to develop the associated theory. The fact that the consequences of role overload can be positive or negative implies that the relationship between role overload and perceived stress depends partly on the environment within which role overload is experienced (i.e., the perceived situation) and how the situation is evaluated (i.e., appraised). Guided by cognitive appraisal theory, this study applies qualitative methodology to identify the situation properties that contribute to variable stress reactions to role overload...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683712/get-even-and-feel-good-moderating-effects-of-justice-sensitivity-and-counterproductive-work-behavior-on-the-relationship-between-illegitimate-tasks-and-self-esteem
#9
Julia Schulte-Braucks, Anja Baethge, Christian Dormann, Tim Vahle-Hinz
We proposed that effects of illegitimate tasks, which comprise unreasonable and unnecessary tasks, on self-esteem and counterproductive work behavior (CWB) are enhanced among employees who are highly sensitive to injustice. CWB was further proposed to be a moderating coping strategy, which restores justice and buffers the detrimental effects of illegitimate tasks on self-esteem. In this study, 241 employees participated in a diary study over five workdays and a follow-up questionnaire one week later. Daily effects were determined in multilevel analyses: Unreasonable tasks decreased self-esteem and increased CWB the same day, especially among employees high in trait justice sensitivity...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504778/organizational-justice-and-health-studying-mental-preoccupation-with-work-and-social-support-as-mediators-for-lagged-and-reversed-relationships
#10
Constanze Eib, Claudia Bernhard-Oettel, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Constanze Leineweber
Organizational justice perceptions are considered a predictor of health and well-being. To date, empirical evidence about whether organizational justice perceptions predict health or health predicts organizational justice perceptions is mixed. Furthermore, the processes underlying these relationships are largely unknown. In this article, we study whether bidirectional relationships can be explained by 2 different mediation mechanisms. First, based on the allostatic load model, we suggest that the relationships between organizational justice perceptions and different health indicators are mediated through mental preoccupation with work...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323503/effective-coping-with-supervisor-conflict-depends-on-control-implications-for-work-strains
#11
Erin M Eatough, Chu-Hsiang Chang
This study examined the interactive effects of interpersonal conflict at work, coping strategy, and perceived control specific to the conflict on employee work strain using multisource and time-lagged data across two samples. In Sample 1, multisource data was collected from 438 employees as well as data from participant-identified secondary sources (e.g., significant others, best friends). In Sample 2, time-lagged data from 100 full-time employees was collected in a constructive replication. Overall, findings suggested that the success of coping efforts as indicated by lower strains hinges on the combination of the severity of the stressor, perceived control over the stressor, and coping strategy used (problem-focused vs...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300098/effectiveness-and-application-of-an-online-leadership-intervention-to-promote-mental-health-and-reduce-depression-related-stigma-in-organizations
#12
Clare Shann, Angela Martin, Andrea Chester, Scott Ruddock
Addressing the stigma of mental illness and its effect in the workplace is a contemporary issue in occupational health. The role of leaders is a vital but relatively unexplored dimension of this phenomenon. This study examined the effectiveness and application of an online intervention to reduce depression-related stigma in organizational leaders. A randomized controlled, "in the field" study was conducted with 196 leaders. Participants completed an online survey and were randomly assigned to either the experimental or wait-list control group...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358567/the-cost-of-work-related-stress-to-society-a-systematic-review
#13
Juliet Hassard, Kevin R H Teoh, Gintare Visockaite, Philip Dewe, Tom Cox
A systematic review of the available evidence examining the cost of work-related stress (WRS) would yield important insights into the magnitude of this social phenomenon. The objective of this review was to collate, extract, and synthesize economic evaluations of the cost of WRS to society. A research protocol was developed. Included cost-of-illness (COI) studies estimated the cost of WRS at a societal level, and were published in English, French or German. Searches were carried out in ingentaconnect, EBSCO, JSTOR, Science Direct, Web of Knowledge, Google, and Google scholar...
January 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977228/preventing-empathic-distress-and-social-stressors-at-work-through-nonviolent-communication-training-a-field-study-with-health-professionals
#14
Renata Wacker, Isabel Dziobek
One major source of mental health problems in health professionals are personally demanding encounters at work. Thus, a crucial prevention focus is the development of emotional and social skills necessary to effectively manage interactions with clients, colleagues, and supervisors. The aim of our pre-post intervention field study was to evaluate an employee training in nonviolent communication (NVC) within a public health organization. A training group participated in a 3-day NVC training and completed questionnaires before and 3 months after training...
January 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936830/promoting-personal-resources-and-reducing-exhaustion-through-positive-work-reflection-among-caregivers
#15
Elisa Clauss, Annekatrin Hoppe, Deirdre O'Shea, M Gloria González Morales, Anna Steidle, Alexandra Michel
The aim of this study was to test the effects of a daily positive work reflection intervention on fostering personal resources (i.e., hope and optimism) and decreasing exhaustion (i.e., emotional exhaustion and fatigue) among caregivers for the elderly and caregivers who provide services at patients' homes. Using an intervention/waitlist control group design, 46 caregivers in an intervention group were compared with 44 caregivers in a control group at 3 points of measurement: pre-intervention, post-intervention, and at a 2-week follow-up...
January 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936829/bullying-at-work-cognitive-appraisal-of-negative-acts-coping-wellbeing-and-performance
#16
Rebecca Hewett, Andreas Liefooghe, Gintare Visockaite, Siriyupa Roongrerngsuke
The negative outcomes of experiencing workplace bullying are well documented, but a strong theoretical explanation for this has been relatively neglected. We draw on cognitive appraisal theory to suggest that individuals' appraisals of and responses to negative acts at work will moderate the impact of said acts on wellbeing and performance outcomes. In a large study (N = 3,217) in Southeast Asia, we examine moderators in the form of (a) the extent to which individuals identify themselves as being bullied and (b) the coping strategies that individuals use to deal with negative acts...
January 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786506/service-workers-chain-reactions-to-daily-customer-mistreatment-behavioral-linkages-mechanisms-and-boundary-conditions
#17
Nai-Wen Chi, Jixia Yang, Chia-Ying Lin
Drawing on the stressor-emotion model, we examine how customer mistreatment can evoke service workers' passive forms of deviant behaviors (i.e., work withdrawal behavior [WWB]) and negative impacts on their home life (i.e., work-family conflict [WFC]), and whether individuals' core self-evaluations and customer service training can buffer the negative effects of customer mistreatment. Using the experience sampling method, we collect daily data from 77 customer service employees for 10 consecutive working days, yielding 546 valid daily responses...
January 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786505/bending-without-breaking-a-two-study-examination-of-employee-resilience-in-the-face-of-job-insecurity
#18
Mindy K Shoss, Lixin Jiang, Tahira M Probst
Job insecurity is a ubiquitous threat that has been linked to a number of undesirable emotional, cognitive, and behavioral outcomes. Against this backdrop, popular and academic accounts have hailed the ability to bounce back from threats (i.e., resilience) as a crucial competency. We leverage the cognitive-relational model of stress to examine the extent to which resilience (operationalized as both dispositional tendencies and coping strategies) mitigates several negative consequences of job insecurity. We tested the moderating role of resilience in 2 studies...
January 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786504/organizational-nostalgia-lowers-turnover-intentions-by-increasing-work-meaning-the-moderating-role-of-burnout
#19
Joost M Leunissen, Constantine Sedikides, Tim Wildschut, Taya R Cohen
We report 3 studies addressing the relevance of organizational nostalgia for the meaning that employees ascribe to their work (work meaning). We hypothesized, and found, that organizational nostalgia enhances work meaning and thereby reduces turnover intentions. In Study 1, an employee survey, spontaneously experienced organizational nostalgia was associated with higher work meaning. In Study 2, an organizational-nostalgia induction increased work meaning, which subsequently predicted lowered turnover intentions...
January 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27656767/consequences-of-work-group-manpower-and-expertise-understaffing-a-multilevel-approach
#20
Cristina K Hudson, Winny Shen
Complaints of chronic understaffing in organizations have become common among workers as employers face increasing pressures to do more with less. Unfortunately, despite its prevalence, there is currently limited research in the literature regarding the nature of workplace understaffing and its consequences. Taking a multilevel approach, this study introduces a new multidimensional conceptualization of subjective work group understaffing, comprising of manpower and expertise understaffing, and examines both its performance and well-being consequences for individual workers (Study 1) and work groups (Study 2)...
January 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
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