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Journal of Occupational Health Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872333/examining-wellness-programs-over-time-predicting-participation-and-workplace-outcomes
#1
Catherine J Ott-Holland, William J Shepherd, Ann Marie Ryan
The return on investment of employer wellness programs has been heavily debated in recent years, yet existing research has failed to adequately assess the psychological factors that motivate program participation and how participation relates to organizationally relevant employee attitudes and behaviors. Using data over a 3-year period, we found beliefs about the value of employee wellness programs and perceived organizational support (POS) for wellness to be linked to wellness program participation through the mediation of intention to participate in the wellness program...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857597/a-sorrow-halved-a-daily-diary-study-on-talking-about-experienced-workplace-incivility-and-next-morning-negative-affect
#2
Stephanie Tremmel, Sabine Sonnentag
Incivility by coworkers and customers can have detrimental consequences for employees' affective well-being at work. However, little is known about whether incivility also impairs employees' affect at home and how long these negative effects may last. In this diary study, we examine whether incivility by coworkers and customers is related to next-morning negative affect via negative affect at the end of the workday and at bedtime, and investigate different modes of social sharing (i.e., conversations about experienced mistreatment) as day-level moderators of this relationship...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857596/should-psychosocial-safety-climate-theory-be-extended-to-include-climate-strength
#3
Ali Afsharian, Amy Zadow, Maureen F Dollard, Christian Dormann, Tahereh Ziaian
Psychosocial safety climate (PSC; climate for psychological health) is an organizational antecedent to work conditions articulated in the job demands-resources model. We responded to calls for broader consideration of organizational climate in terms of both climate level and strength. We tested PSC level and strength as main and interactive predictors of work conditions, psychological health, and engagement. Using multilevel analysis and cross-sectional data, the effects of unit-level PSC constructs were investigated in 21 hospital work units (n = 249 employees) in Australia...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836801/need-satisfaction-at-work-job-strain-and-performance-a-diary-study
#4
Sara De Gieter, Joeri Hofmans, Arnold B Bakker
We performed a daily diary study to examine the mediating role of autonomy need satisfaction and competence need satisfaction in the relationships between job characteristics (i.e., job resources, challenge and hindrance demands) and strain and performance. For 10 consecutive working days, 194 employees reported on their daily job resources, challenge and hindrance demands, task performance, strain level, and satisfaction of the needs for competence and autonomy. Multilevel path modeling demonstrated that the within-person relationships between job resources, challenge and hindrance demands, and strain are mediated by autonomy need satisfaction, but not by competence need satisfaction...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749162/a-workplace-incivility-roadmap-identifying-theoretical-speedbumps-and-alternative-routes-for-future-research
#5
Kathi N Miner, Ismael Diaz, R Linden Wooderson, Jennifer N McDonald, Amber L Smittick, Laura C Lomeli
Andersson and Pearson's (1999) seminal article on workplace incivility has paved the way for nearly two decades of research focusing on rude and discourteous behavior at work. We now have a better understanding of the dynamics associated with uncivil workplace interactions including the characteristics of those who instigate and are targeted with workplace incivility, the negative consequences of incivility, the mechanisms that link incivility and negative outcomes, and the boundary conditions that affect these relationships...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749161/self-employment-personal-values-and-varieties-of-happiness-unhappiness
#6
Peter Warr
This study compares personal values and forms of happiness between self-employed workers and those employed in an organization. Values are examined through Schwartz's (1999) established model, and happiness is measured in terms of personal flourishing and both job-specific and general hedonic well-being. In two nationally representative samples, self-employed workers are found to value self-direction and stimulation in their lives to a significantly greater degree than do organizational employees, but not to differ in other types of value...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749160/the-unfolding-impact-of-leader-identity-entrepreneurship-on-burnout-work-engagement-and-turnover-intentions
#7
Niklas K Steffens, Jie Yang, Jolanda Jetten, S Alexander Haslam, Jukka Lipponen
The present research expands upon previous theory and empirical work concerning the leadership-health link by examining the lagged effects of leader identity entrepreneurship (i.e., leaders' creation of a sense of "we" and "us" among team members) on team members' burnout, work engagementi and turnover intentions. We report results from a 2-wave field study with employees from a large solar panel producing organization in China conducted over a 10-month period. Findings indicate that perceived leader identity entrepreneurship predicted greater subsequent work engagement among team members, as well as lower subsequent burnout and turnover intentions...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732007/born-and-bred-to-burn-out-a-life-course-view-and-reflections-on-job-burnout
#8
Jari J Hakanen, Arnold B Bakker
Burnout is a response to prolonged stressors at work, and is defined as a chronic syndrome including exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy. The 40 years of research on burnout have yielded thousands of studies on its measurement, antecedents, correlates, and consequences. However, most of these studies have used a cross-sectional design, and only very few have addressed burnout from a life-course perspective. In the first part of this article, we reflect on the ideas that inspired our multidisciplinary "A 35-Year Follow-Up Study on Burnout Among Finnish Employees," and the challenges that we encountered when conducting and publishing the study...
July 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639798/working-safely-at-some-times-and-unsafely-at-others-a-typology-and-within-person-process-model-of-safety-related-work-behaviors
#9
Jeremy M Beus, William D Taylor
Why do individuals choose to work safely in some instances and unsafely in others? Though this inherently within-person question is straightforward, the preponderance of between-person theory and research in the workplace safety literature is not equipped to answer it. Additionally, the limited way in which safety-related behaviors tend to be conceptualized further restricts understanding of why individuals vary in their safety-related actions. We use a goal-focused approach to conceptually address this question of behavioral variability and contribute to workplace safety research in 2 key ways...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604019/occupational-stress-and-mental-health-symptoms-examining-the-moderating-effect-of-work-recovery-strategies-in-firefighters
#10
Gargi Sawhney, Kristen S Jennings, Thomas W Britt, Michael T Sliter
The goal of this research was to examine the moderating effect of work recovery strategies on the relationship between occupational stress experienced by firefighters and mental health symptoms. Work recovery strategies were identified through semistructured interviews with 20 firefighters and a literature search on recovery strategies. A total of 7 work recovery strategies emerged using the 2 methods: work-related talks, stress-related talks, time with coworkers/supervisor, exercise, recreational activities, relaxation, and mastery experiences...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643606/mindfulness-interventions-in-the-workplace-a-critique-of-the-current-state-of-the-literature
#11
Stephanie D Jamieson, Michelle R Tuckey
There is growing research interest regarding the significance of mindfulness in the workplace. Within this body of knowledge, research investigating the effects of mindfulness interventions on employee health and well-being has strong practical implications for organizations. A sound understanding of the current state of the workplace mindfulness intervention literature will help inform the suitability of these interventions within the workplace domain, and how to improve the conduct and communication of intervention-oriented research...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182765/cultivating-teacher-mindfulness-effects-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-work-home-and-sleep-outcomes
#12
Tori L Crain, Kimberly A Schonert-Reichl, Robert W Roeser
The effects of randomization to a workplace mindfulness training (WMT) or a waitlist control condition on teachers' well-being (moods and satisfaction at work and home), quantity of sleep, quality of sleep, and sleepiness during the day were examined in 2 randomized, waitlist controlled trials (RCTs). The combined sample of the 2 RCTs, conducted in Canada and the United States, included 113 elementary and secondary school teachers (89% female). Measures were collected at baseline, postprogram, and 3-month follow-up; teachers were randomly assigned to condition after baseline assessment...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101343/when-does-incivility-lead-to-counterproductive-work-behavior-roles-of-job-involvement-task-interdependence-and-gender
#13
Jennifer L Welbourne, Ana M Sariol
This research investigated the conditions under which exposure to incivility at work was associated with engaging in counterproductive work behavior (CWB). Drawing from stressor-strain and coping frameworks, we predicted that experienced incivility would be associated with engaging in production deviance and withdrawal behavior, and that these relationships would be strongest for employees who had high levels of job involvement and worked under task interdependent conditions. Gender differences in these effects were also investigated...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101342/all-in-the-family-work-family-enrichment-and-crossover-among-farm-couples
#14
Justin M Sprung, Steve M Jex
This study expands upon the contextualization of the work-family interface by examining positive work-family experiences within the farming industry. Both individual and crossover effects were examined among a sample of 217 married farm couples. Results demonstrated multiple significant relationships between self-reported attitudes, work-family enrichment, and health outcomes. In addition, crossover effects reveal the importance of individual attitudes (husband work engagement and wife farm satisfaction) for spousal work-family enrichment and health outcomes...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101341/an-examination-of-two-positive-organizational-interventions-for-whom-do-these-interventions-work
#15
Carolyn J Winslow, Seth A Kaplan, Jill C Bradley-Geist, Alex P Lindsey, Afra S Ahmad, Amber K Hargrove
Owing to the importance of employee psychological well-being for a variety of work- and non-work-related outcomes, practitioners and scholars have begun to broaden the scope of workplace well-being interventions by incorporating principles from positive psychology. Among such positive interventions, gratitude exercises have arguably emerged as the "gold standard" practice, with much research pointing to their effectiveness. However, existing workplace interventions lack a true (i.e., no intervention) control group, and effects have been observed for some-but not all-outcomes tested...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101340/zeigarnik-s-sleepless-nights-how-unfinished-tasks-at-the-end-of-the-week-impair-employee-sleep-on-the-weekend-through-rumination
#16
Christine J Syrek, Oliver Weigelt, Corinna Peifer, Conny H Antoni
It is almost common sense that work stress leads to sleep impairment, but the question of how work-related stressors impair employee sleep remains open. This study focuses on the role of rumination as the underlying mechanism for sleep impairment. Specifically, the authors contribute to recent research differentiating affective rumination from problem-solving pondering and examine the impact of both forms of rumination on the stressor-sleep relationship. Following theories of rumination and the Zeigarnik effect, they focus on unfinished tasks as a key onset for rumination...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101339/to-tell-or-not-to-tell-examining-the-role-of-discrimination-in-the-pregnancy-disclosure-process-at-work
#17
Kristen P Jones
Despite the rapid entrance of women into the workforce over the past several decades, many workplace experiences unique to women remain poorly understood. One critical, yet understudied, area is the intersection of work and pregnancy. Because pregnancy remains concealable for a substantial amount of time, expectant employees must navigate decisions regarding to whom, when, and how to disclose their pregnant identities at work. In light of evidence that has suggested pregnancy is often stigmatized within the workplace, I employed a retrospective longitudinal design to explore the extent to which women's expectations about discrimination-anticipated discrimination-shape their pregnancy disclosure behaviors, and the extent to which these different behavioral strategies are associated with higher or lower experienced discrimination...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101338/family-supportive-supervisor-behaviors-and-organizational-culture-effects-on-work-engagement-and-performance
#18
Yasin Rofcanin, Mireia Las Heras, Arnold B Bakker
Informed by social information processing (SIP) theory, in this study, we assessed the associations among family supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSBs) as perceived by subordinates, subordinate work engagement, and supervisor-rated work performance. Moreover, we explored the role of family supportive organizational culture as a contextual variable influencing our proposed associations. Our findings using matched supervisor-subordinate data collected from a financial credit company in Mexico (654 subordinates; 134 supervisors) showed that FSSBs influenced work performance through subordinate work engagement...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27054503/internet-based-instructor-led-mindfulness-for-work-related-rumination-fatigue-and-sleep-assessing-facets-of-mindfulness-as-mechanisms-of-change-a-randomized-waitlist-control-trial
#19
Dawn Querstret, Mark Cropley, Chris Fife-Schaw
This study aimed to extend our theoretical understanding of how mindfulness-based interventions exert their positive influence on measures of occupational health. Employing a randomized waitlist control study design, we sought to (a) assess an Internet-based instructor-led mindfulness intervention for its effect on key factors associated with "recovery from work," specifically, work-related rumination, fatigue, and sleep quality; (b) assess different facets of mindfulness (acting with awareness, describing, nonjudging, and nonreacting) as mechanisms of change; and (c) assess whether the effect of the intervention was maintained over time by following up our participants after 3 and 6 months...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26652267/the-impact-of-employee-assistance-services-on-workplace-outcomes-results-of-a-prospective-quasi-experimental-study
#20
Melissa K Richmond, Fred C Pampel, Randi C Wood, Ana P Nunes
Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs) are widely used to help employees experiencing personal or work-related difficulties that impact work productivity. However, rigorous research on the effectiveness of programs to improve work-related outcomes is lacking. The current study represents a major advance in EAP research by using a prospective, quasi-experimental design with a large and diverse employee base. Using propensity scores calculated from demographic, social, work-related, and psychological variables collected on baseline surveys, we matched 156 employees receiving EAP to 188 non-EAP employees...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
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