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Journal of Occupational Health Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639798/working-safely-at-some-times-and-unsafely-at-others-a-typology-and-within-person-process-model-of-safety-related-work-behaviors
#1
Jeremy M Beus, William D Taylor
Why do individuals choose to work safely in some instances and unsafely in others? Though this inherently within-person question is straightforward, the preponderance of between-person theory and research in the workplace safety literature is not equipped to answer it. Additionally, the limited way in which safety-related behaviors tend to be conceptualized further restricts understanding of why individuals vary in their safety-related actions. We use a goal-focused approach to conceptually address this question of behavioral variability and contribute to workplace safety research in 2 key ways...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604019/occupational-stress-and-mental-health-symptoms-examining-the-moderating-effect-of-work-recovery-strategies-in-firefighters
#2
Gargi Sawhney, Kristen S Jennings, Thomas W Britt, Michael T Sliter
The goal of this research was to examine the moderating effect of work recovery strategies on the relationship between occupational stress experienced by firefighters and mental health symptoms. Work recovery strategies were identified through semistructured interviews with 20 firefighters and a literature search on recovery strategies. A total of 7 work recovery strategies emerged using the 2 methods: work-related talks, stress-related talks, time with coworkers/supervisor, exercise, recreational activities, relaxation, and mastery experiences...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643606/mindfulness-interventions-in-the-workplace-a-critique-of-the-current-state-of-the-literature
#3
Stephanie D Jamieson, Michelle R Tuckey
There is growing research interest regarding the significance of mindfulness in the workplace. Within this body of knowledge, research investigating the effects of mindfulness interventions on employee health and well-being has strong practical implications for organizations. A sound understanding of the current state of the workplace mindfulness intervention literature will help inform the suitability of these interventions within the workplace domain, and how to improve the conduct and communication of intervention-oriented research...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182765/cultivating-teacher-mindfulness-effects-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-work-home-and-sleep-outcomes
#4
Tori L Crain, Kimberly A Schonert-Reichl, Robert W Roeser
The effects of randomization to a workplace mindfulness training (WMT) or a waitlist control condition on teachers' well-being (moods and satisfaction at work and home), quantity of sleep, quality of sleep, and sleepiness during the day were examined in 2 randomized, waitlist controlled trials (RCTs). The combined sample of the 2 RCTs, conducted in Canada and the United States, included 113 elementary and secondary school teachers (89% female). Measures were collected at baseline, postprogram, and 3-month follow-up; teachers were randomly assigned to condition after baseline assessment...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101343/when-does-incivility-lead-to-counterproductive-work-behavior-roles-of-job-involvement-task-interdependence-and-gender
#5
Jennifer L Welbourne, Ana M Sariol
This research investigated the conditions under which exposure to incivility at work was associated with engaging in counterproductive work behavior (CWB). Drawing from stressor-strain and coping frameworks, we predicted that experienced incivility would be associated with engaging in production deviance and withdrawal behavior, and that these relationships would be strongest for employees who had high levels of job involvement and worked under task interdependent conditions. Gender differences in these effects were also investigated...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101342/all-in-the-family-work-family-enrichment-and-crossover-among-farm-couples
#6
Justin M Sprung, Steve M Jex
This study expands upon the contextualization of the work-family interface by examining positive work-family experiences within the farming industry. Both individual and crossover effects were examined among a sample of 217 married farm couples. Results demonstrated multiple significant relationships between self-reported attitudes, work-family enrichment, and health outcomes. In addition, crossover effects reveal the importance of individual attitudes (husband work engagement and wife farm satisfaction) for spousal work-family enrichment and health outcomes...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101341/an-examination-of-two-positive-organizational-interventions-for-whom-do-these-interventions-work
#7
Carolyn J Winslow, Seth A Kaplan, Jill C Bradley-Geist, Alex P Lindsey, Afra S Ahmad, Amber K Hargrove
Owing to the importance of employee psychological well-being for a variety of work- and non-work-related outcomes, practitioners and scholars have begun to broaden the scope of workplace well-being interventions by incorporating principles from positive psychology. Among such positive interventions, gratitude exercises have arguably emerged as the "gold standard" practice, with much research pointing to their effectiveness. However, existing workplace interventions lack a true (i.e., no intervention) control group, and effects have been observed for some-but not all-outcomes tested...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101340/zeigarnik-s-sleepless-nights-how-unfinished-tasks-at-the-end-of-the-week-impair-employee-sleep-on-the-weekend-through-rumination
#8
Christine J Syrek, Oliver Weigelt, Corinna Peifer, Conny H Antoni
It is almost common sense that work stress leads to sleep impairment, but the question of how work-related stressors impair employee sleep remains open. This study focuses on the role of rumination as the underlying mechanism for sleep impairment. Specifically, the authors contribute to recent research differentiating affective rumination from problem-solving pondering and examine the impact of both forms of rumination on the stressor-sleep relationship. Following theories of rumination and the Zeigarnik effect, they focus on unfinished tasks as a key onset for rumination...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101339/to-tell-or-not-to-tell-examining-the-role-of-discrimination-in-the-pregnancy-disclosure-process-at-work
#9
Kristen P Jones
Despite the rapid entrance of women into the workforce over the past several decades, many workplace experiences unique to women remain poorly understood. One critical, yet understudied, area is the intersection of work and pregnancy. Because pregnancy remains concealable for a substantial amount of time, expectant employees must navigate decisions regarding to whom, when, and how to disclose their pregnant identities at work. In light of evidence that has suggested pregnancy is often stigmatized within the workplace, I employed a retrospective longitudinal design to explore the extent to which women's expectations about discrimination-anticipated discrimination-shape their pregnancy disclosure behaviors, and the extent to which these different behavioral strategies are associated with higher or lower experienced discrimination...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101338/family-supportive-supervisor-behaviors-and-organizational-culture-effects-on-work-engagement-and-performance
#10
Yasin Rofcanin, Mireia Las Heras, Arnold B Bakker
Informed by social information processing (SIP) theory, in this study, we assessed the associations among family supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSBs) as perceived by subordinates, subordinate work engagement, and supervisor-rated work performance. Moreover, we explored the role of family supportive organizational culture as a contextual variable influencing our proposed associations. Our findings using matched supervisor-subordinate data collected from a financial credit company in Mexico (654 subordinates; 134 supervisors) showed that FSSBs influenced work performance through subordinate work engagement...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27054503/internet-based-instructor-led-mindfulness-for-work-related-rumination-fatigue-and-sleep-assessing-facets-of-mindfulness-as-mechanisms-of-change-a-randomized-waitlist-control-trial
#11
Dawn Querstret, Mark Cropley, Chris Fife-Schaw
This study aimed to extend our theoretical understanding of how mindfulness-based interventions exert their positive influence on measures of occupational health. Employing a randomized waitlist control study design, we sought to (a) assess an Internet-based instructor-led mindfulness intervention for its effect on key factors associated with "recovery from work," specifically, work-related rumination, fatigue, and sleep quality; (b) assess different facets of mindfulness (acting with awareness, describing, nonjudging, and nonreacting) as mechanisms of change; and (c) assess whether the effect of the intervention was maintained over time by following up our participants after 3 and 6 months...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26652267/the-impact-of-employee-assistance-services-on-workplace-outcomes-results-of-a-prospective-quasi-experimental-study
#12
Melissa K Richmond, Fred C Pampel, Randi C Wood, Ana P Nunes
Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs) are widely used to help employees experiencing personal or work-related difficulties that impact work productivity. However, rigorous research on the effectiveness of programs to improve work-related outcomes is lacking. The current study represents a major advance in EAP research by using a prospective, quasi-experimental design with a large and diverse employee base. Using propensity scores calculated from demographic, social, work-related, and psychological variables collected on baseline surveys, we matched 156 employees receiving EAP to 188 non-EAP employees...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358574/the-decade-long-effect-of-work-insecurity-on-husbands-and-wives-midlife-health-mediated-by-anxiety-a-dyadic-analysis
#13
Kandauda K A S Wickrama, Catherine Walker O'Neal, Frederick O Lorenz
Although the detrimental physical health effects of work insecurity have been noted in previous research, less is known about the mediating processes, such as anxiety symptoms, that link work insecurity to physical health. Even less research has explored these effects at specific life stages and how these effects may impact significant others, even though the impact of this stress may vary across the life course and the mutual influences between married partners may cause dyadic effects stemming from partners' work insecurity...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358573/investigating-the-longitudinal-effects-of-surface-acting-on-managers-functioning-through-psychological-needs
#14
Tiphaine Huyghebaert, Nicolas Gillet, Claude Fernet, Fadi-Joseph Lahiani, Séverine Chevalier, Evelyne Fouquereau
This study is based on the premise that managers are expected to regulate their emotions in the form of surface acting. More specifically, drawing on self-determination theory, we explored the role of psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness in explaining the influence of surface acting on supervisors' job satisfaction and work engagement over time. Data were collected at 2 time points, over a 3-month period, from a sample of 435 French managers working in the health care industry. Results revealed that surface acting negatively predicted managers' job satisfaction and work engagement over time, through the satisfaction of their psychological needs...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358572/advances-in-recovery-research-what-have-we-learned-what-should-be-done-next
#15
Sabine Sonnentag, Laura Venz, Anne Casper
Job-stress recovery during nonwork time is an important factor for employee well-being. This article reviews the recovery literature, starting with a brief historical overview. It provides a definition of recovery that differentiates between recovery as a process and recovery as an outcome. Empirical studies have shown that recovery activities (e.g., physical exercise) and recovery experiences (e.g., psychological detachment from work) are negatively associated with strain symptoms (e.g., exhaustion) and positively associated with positive well-being indicators (e...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358571/psychosocial-working-conditions-among-high-skilled-workers-a-latent-transition-analysis
#16
Aleksandra Bujacz, Claudia Bernhard-Oettel, Thomas Rigotti, Linda Magnusson Hanson, Petra Lindfors
Theories of psychosocial working conditions assume an interaction of different work environment characteristics. Most studies detail various aspects of such interactions, while fewer investigate the comprehensive patterns of interrelated variables. This exploratory study distinguishes patterns of psychosocial working conditions, describes their characteristics, and investigates their change over 6 years. The working conditions of 1,744 high-skilled workers in Sweden, of a representative sample of the working population, were empirically classified into 4 distinct patterns: (a) the Supporting pattern with a very low workload, very low time pressure, medium learning opportunities, high creativity requirements, and very high autonomy; (b) the Constraining pattern with a very low workload, very low time pressure, low learning opportunities, medium creativity requirements, and very low autonomy; (c) the Demanding pattern with a high workload, high time pressure, medium learning opportunities, high creativity requirements, and very low autonomy; and (d) the Challenging pattern with a high workload, high time pressure, very high learning opportunities, very high creativity requirements, and very high autonomy...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358570/enhancing-daily-well-being-at-work-through-lunchtime-park-walks-and-relaxation-exercises-recovery-experiences-as-mediators
#17
Marjaana Sianoja, Christine J Syrek, Jessica de Bloom, Kalevi Korpela, Ulla Kinnunen
Only few studies so far have examined recovery from work during workday breaks. In this intervention study, based on the effort-recovery model and the conservation of resources theory, we examined how to enhance recovery during lunch breaks. More specifically, we examined the within-person effects of lunchtime park walks and relaxation exercises on employees' levels of concentration, strain, and fatigue experienced at the end of a working day. We moreover tested whether detachment from work and enjoyment experienced during lunch breaks transmitted the effects of these activities to well-being outcomes...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358569/daily-job-demands-and-employee-work-engagement-the-role-of-daily-transformational-leadership-behavior
#18
Kimberley Breevaart, Arnold B Bakker
Using job demands-resources (JD-R) theory, the present study integrates the challenge stressor-hindrance stressor framework and leadership theory to investigate the relationship between daily transformational leadership behavior and employee work engagement. We hypothesized that daily transformational leadership behavior (a) sustains employee work engagement on days characterized by high challenge job demands, and (b) protects work engagement on days characterized by high hindrance job demands. Teachers filled out a short online questionnaire at the end of each workday during a 2-week period (N = 271 × 5...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358568/cognitive-functioning-aging-and-work-a-review-and-recommendations-for-research-and-practice
#19
Gwenith G Fisher, Dorey S Chaffee, Lois E Tetrick, Deana B Davalos, Guy G Potter
There is a larger proportion and number of older adults in the labor force than ever before. Furthermore, older adults in the workforce are working until later ages. Although a great deal of research has examined physical health and well-being of working older adults, less research has focused on cognitive functioning. The purpose of this article is to provide a broad contemporary and multidisciplinary review of the intersection between cognitive functioning, aging, and work as a follow-up to a paper previously written by Fisher et al...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358567/the-cost-of-work-related-stress-to-society-a-systematic-review
#20
Juliet Hassard, Kevin R H Teoh, Gintare Visockaite, Philip Dewe, Tom Cox
A systematic review of the available evidence examining the cost of work-related stress (WRS) would yield important insights into the magnitude of this social phenomenon. The objective of this review was to collate, extract, and synthesize economic evaluations of the cost of WRS to society. A research protocol was developed. Included cost-of-illness (COI) studies estimated the cost of WRS at a societal level, and were published in English, French or German. Searches were carried out in ingentaconnect, EBSCO, JSTOR, Science Direct, Web of Knowledge, Google, and Google scholar...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
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