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Medicine, Conflict, and Survival

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317390/failing-to-protect-humanitarian-workers-lessons-from-britain-and-voluntary-aid-detachments-in-the-second-world-war
#1
Amol A Verma
This paper draws on official records of international and British organizations, newspaper reports, and volunteer memoirs to study the failure to protect humanitarian workers in the Second World War. The Second World War saw a significant expansion in the use of air warfare and flying missiles and these technological advances posed a grave threat to civilians and humanitarian workers. In this context, the International Committee of the Red Cross advocated unsuccessfully to restrict air warfare and create safe hospital zones...
March 19, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286976/addressing-global-environmental-challenges-from-a-peace-ecology-perspective
#2
Robin Stott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266226/why-have-the-majority-of-recent-polio-cases-occurred-in-countries-affected-by-islamist-militancy-a-historical-comparative-analysis-of-the-political-determinants-of-polio-in-nigeria-somalia-pakistan-afghanistan-and-syria
#3
Jonathan Kennedy
This article aims to understand why the last few areas where polio remains are affected by armed conflicts involving militant organizations that use Islam to legitimize their activities. The first section critically analyses the argument that Muslims' animosity towards polio vaccination programmes is a consequence of their irrational, backward, anti-Western theology. This argument is depoliticizing, ahistorical and orientalist. Moreover, it does not explain why Islamist militant groups' attitudes to polio vaccination campaigns vary between countries...
March 7, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114788/objectors-resisters-opposition-to-conscription-and-war-in-scotland-1914-18
#4
Elizabeth A Willis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092985/plague-and-war-political-breakdown-and-the-spread-of-hiv
#5
Nathan A Paxton
This exploratory data analysis finds a negative relationship between some types of war and HIV prevalence (i.e. as the former increases in intensity, the latter decreases). The study uses a longer time-frame and broader range of countries than similar studies, with explicit differentiation between sub-Saharan African and other developing countries. The study uses a variety of methods for analyzing time-series-cross-section data. These methods serve as both a robustness check for the results as well as a real-world demonstration of common suggestions for TSCS data...
January 16, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092976/the-recruitment-of-children-by-the-uk-armed-forces-a-critique-from-health-professionals
#6
Michael Pountney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056560/obstetrics-gynecology-in-low-resource-settings-a-practical-guide
#7
Henry Muggah, Robert Muggah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049354/the-life-course-model-as-a-framework-for-post-conflict-health-analysis-reflections-on-the-gulf-war-critical-period
#8
Charles W Cange
In the Kuwait context, from January 1991 to December 1991, there were a series of chemical and psychological Gulf War-era exposures that left persistent, long-term damage. Extreme stress from a critical event speeds up the usual disease latency period, and may be part of a synergistic effect that leads to higher disease rates over a shorter period of time. I am interested in the impact of armed conflict on health outcomes over the life course in Kuwait, and particularly the pathways through which armed conflict causes changes in health on a population level...
January 3, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737567/treatment-of-persistent-pain-from-torture-review-and-commentary
#9
Amanda C de C Williams, Kirstine Amris
Torture and the conditions under which it is inflicted often leave persistent painful disorders. Because there may be no lasting signs, persistent pain is often misconceived as a somatic representation of psychological distress, also common after torture. This serious failure to understand the nature of persistent pain means that pain is largely overlooked and untreated in torture survivors. We carried out a systematic review on treatments for pain from torture, but found few studies and little use of current understanding and evidence...
October 13, 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734749/peace-justice-and-disabled-women-s-advocacy-tamil-women-with-disabilities-in-rural-post-conflict-sri-lanka
#10
Niro Kandasamy, Karen Soldatic, Dinesha Samararatne
This article draws on grounded qualitative research with rural Tamil women who acquired a disability during the civil war in Sri Lanka and conceptualizes an intersectionality-peace framework. Three main themes were developed from the interviews: narratives of conflict, survival outcomes of social assistance and mobilization of cross-ethnic relationships. With the support of a local women's disability advocacy organization, Tamil women with disabilities were enabled to overcome social stigma and claim a positive identity as women with disabilities...
October 13, 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326818/the-responsibility-to-protect-a-defence
#11
Marion Birch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326817/killing-on-command-the-defence-of-superior-orders-in-modern-combat
#12
Richard Ehui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326816/saving-lives-and-staying-alive-humanitarian-security-in-the-age-of-risk-management
#13
James Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326815/the-trump-presidency-what-future-for-global-health-and-armed-conflict
#14
Simon Rushton, Maria Kett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326814/ebola-how-a-people-s-science-helped-end-an-epidemic
#15
Vappu Taipale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934545/victor-s-justice-atrocities-in-postwar-nigeria
#16
Arua Oko Omaka
The Nigerian Government's declaration of 'no victor, no vanquished' after the capitulation of Biafra on 12 January 1970, was applauded as the right step towards reconciliation and transition from war to peace. Despite this declaration and assurance of amnesty, the Nigerian Government and its soldiers still engaged in acts that amounted to retributive justice. They starved and killed innocent Biafran civilians, looted their property and raped their women. Surprisingly, these postwar atrocities committed against former Biafrans have been largely ignored in the historiography of the Nigeria-Biafra War...
July 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866409/child-migration-from-social-determinants-of-health-to-the-development-agenda-and-beyond
#17
Alexios-Fotios A Mentis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825277/the-for-profit-sector-in-humanitarian-response-integrating-ethical-considerations-in-public-policy-decision-making
#18
Carmen Huckel Schneider, Joel Negin
The engagement of the for-profit private sector in health, social and humanitarian services has become a topic of keen interest. It is particularly contentious in those instances where for-profit organizations have become recipients of public funds, and where they become key decision-makers in terms of how, and to whom, services are provided. We put forward a framework for identifying and organizing the ethical questions to be considered when contracting government services to the for-profit sector, specifically in those areas that have traditionally remained in the public or not-for-profit spheres...
July 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820962/disease-diplomacy-international-norms-and-global-health-security
#19
Stephen L Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804308/reflections-on-a-part-of-the-private-sector-response-to-the-west-african-ebola-outbreak-2014-2015
#20
Irene Lai, Amy Simpson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
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