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Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872805/endocrine-cells-distribution-in-human-proximal-small-intestine-an-immunohistochemical-and-morphometrical-study
#1
Rosa Vaccaro, Carola Severi, Giuditta Serra, Marilia Carabotti, Arianna Casini, Piero Chirletti, Paolo Onori
Atrophy of the pancreatic remnant after pancreaticoduodenectomy might be consequent to dereg- ulation of pancreatic endocrine stimuli after duodenal removal. Relative technical surgical solu- tion could be the anastomosis of the 1st jejunal loop to the stomach and the 2nd to the pancreatic stump. Data on the distribution of endocrine cells within the proximal intestine might represent the lacking tile of the problem. Our aims were to investigate the distribution pattern of seroto- nin, cholecystokinin and secretin cells in the duodenum, the 1st and 2nd jejunal loops of humans...
2016: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872804/ocular-anatomy-in-medieval-arabic-medicine-a-review
#2
Konstantinos Laios, Marilita M Moschos, Androutsos George
In medieval Arabic medicine Ophthalmology had a central role. Ocular anatomy was described in many ophthalmological treatises of the physicians of the time. These physicians followed the doctrines of Galen according ocular anatomy, nevertheless their contribution to the history of ocular anatomy was the presentation of ocular anatomical sketches in their manuscripts for the fist time in medical history.
2016: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872803/direct-origin-of-the-right-colic-artery-from-the-abdominal-aorta
#3
Alexandre Ponti, Philippe Gailloud
An isolated right colic artery originating directly from the abdominal aorta was incidentally observed during diagnostic spinal angiography. Variations in origin of the right colic artery are reviewed, and their embryology and potential clinical implications discussed.
2016: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872802/ectopic-third-molar-tooth-on-the-infratemporal-surface-of-maxilla
#4
Suniti R Mishri, Rahul Singh, Jigyasa Passey, Shailendra Singh, Sushobhana
Ectopic eruption of a tooth within the dentate region of the jaws is often noticed in clinical practice and is well documented in the literature but the ectopic eruption into the non dentate region is rare. Diverse anatomical locations such as nasal cavity, nasal septum, mandibular condyle, coronoid process, the palate and the maxillary sinus can infrequently be non dentate sites of ectopic eruptions of teeth. While conducting an anthropometric study on 100 skulls incidental and interesting case of ectopic maxillary third molar tooth was found...
2016: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872801/persistent-median-artery-of-the-forearm-and-palm-a-cadaver-study-into-its-origin-course-fate-and-clinical-significance
#5
Madhumita Patnaik, Shipra Paul
The median artery is the axis artery of forearm till the 811 week of gestation and thereafter nor- mally regresses, only its proximal part remaining patent as the companion artery of the medi- an nerve in adults. A large, well developed persistent median artery extended to the palm and contributed to its vascular supply in 6 out of 100 upper limbs dissected. Dissection was used to demonstrate the persistent median arteries from their origin to termination. The persistent median artery originated from the ulnar artery in the cubital fossa...
2016: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872800/morphological-study-of-the-effects-of-aqueous-leaf-extract-of-xylopia-aethiopica-on-the-pancreas-in-diabetic-rats
#6
David A Ofusori, Omobola A Komolafe, Olarinde S Adewole, Babatunde E Arayombo, Denise Margolis, Thajasvarie Naicker
To investigate the histological and immunohistochemical effects of aqueous leaf extract of Xylo- pia aethiopica on the pancreas in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, 30 adult Wistar rats were divided into three groups (n=10). Group A was the control (administered with equivalent vol- ume of citrate buffer), group B animals were made diabetic by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin dissolved in citrate buffer (65 mg/kg), group C animals were made diabetic as above and treated with 200mg/kg body weight of aqueous leave extract of Xylopia aethiop- ica for 25 days...
2016: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872799/an-osteologic-study-of-human-ethmoidal-foramina-with-special-reference-to-their-classification-and-symmetry
#7
Marì Regoli, Eren Ogut, Eugenio Bertelli
The present investigation was designed to study the anatomy of the ethmoidal foramina in adult human dry skulls. In addition to investigate the number of ethmoidal foramina that can be found on the orbital wall, we also addressed their classification and symmetry. The analy- sis of 1089 orbits demonstrated that the average number of ethmoidal foramina/orbit was 2.07 (range 0 to 4). As for their classification, we devised the relative depth index (RDI) to differenti- ate the anterior from the posterior ethmoidal foramina...
2016: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872798/study-on-incidence-of-sacralisation-of-fifth-lumbar-vertebra-in-south-indian-population
#8
Asha Krishnamurthy, Mallikarjun Adibatti
The lumbosacral region is of interest because of increased incidence of low back pain resulting from stress and strain. The lumbosacral spine supports and transmits weight of the body to the inferior extremity and thus plays an important role in posture. In lumbosacral transitional vertebra either the fifth lumbar vertebra may show assimilation to sacrum (sacralisation) or the first lumbar vertebra may show transition to lumbar configuration (lumbarisation). Due to the association between lumbosacral vertebral anomalies with low back pain, early disc degenera- tion in young individuals and other spinal pathology, the present study was conducted in the Department of Anatomy, ESIC Medical College & PGIMSR, Chennai, India...
2016: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872797/serum-relaxin-levels-in-subjects-with-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Roy Garvin, Alasdair Burns
Multiple Sclerosis is an inflammatory, auto-immune, neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system. The disease has a prevalence of approx 1:700 with at least 2.5 million cases worldwide. It is the leading, non-trauma cause of physical disability among young and mid- dle-aged adults. Recently developed therapies do reduce disease activity but only modestly, with all of the available agents producing significant side effects that reduce compliance, and/ or serious risk for adverse events. Relaxin has been long-recognized to play a critical role in pregnancy...
2016: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872796/stature-estimation-and-formulation-of-based-on-ulna-length-in-kurdish-racial-subgroup
#10
Kimia Ghanbaril, Ali Reza Nazari, Ali Ghanbari, Shima Chehrei
Measuring stature is useful for forensic and anthropometrical sciences. The present study was con- ducted to calculate the stature from ulna length among Kurdish racial subgroup living in Iran. In this study, 50 females aged 19-24 were recruited. The ulna length of subjects was taken indepen- dently on left and right sides using a digital sliding caliper. The height was measured between vertex and floor. The height (Y) was also estimated by linear regression formulas from the length of right (X1) or left side ulna (X2)...
2016: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872795/osteoimmunology-represents-a-link-between-skeletal-and-immune-system
#11
Vanessa Nicolin, Doriano De Lacc, Roberto Valentini
There is a complex interplay between the cells of the immune system and bone. These inter- actions are not only mediated by the release of cytokines and chemokines but also by direct cell-cell contact. Studies of intracellular signaling mechanisms in osteoclasts have revealed that numerous immunomodulatory molecules are involved in the regulation of bone metabolism. Recently, it was proposed that immunoreceptors found in the immune cells are also an essen- tial signal for osteoclasts activation, along with receptor activator of NF-icB (RANK) ligand (RANKL)...
2016: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872794/radiological-anatomy-of-the-breast
#12
Diego De Benedetto, Dalmar Abdulcadir, Elisabetta Giannotti, Jacopo Nor, Ermanno Vanz, Leonardo Capaccio
Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer site in women (28.8% of all cancer sites), the seconc most common in the world with an estimated 1.67 million new cases diagnosed in 2012 (25% of all cancers) and an estimated lifetime risk of 1/9 women. It is the fifth cause of tumor death overall (7.5%) and the first in women. Diagnostic senology has the purpose of the early diagno sis of breast cancer. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the role of all imaging techniques in studying the norma morphological anatomy of the breast...
2016: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872793/tumor-angiogenesis-from-bench-to-bedside
#13
(no author information available yet)
Starting with the hypothesis of Judah Folkman that tumor growth is angiogenesis dependent, this area of research has a solid scientific foundation. More than 30 years ago, Folkman found a revolutionary new way to think about cancer. He postulated that in order to survive and grow, tumors require blood vessels and that by cutting off the blood supply a cancer could be starved into remission. Several clinical studies have shown a positive correlation between the number of vessels in the tumor, metastasis formation and prognosis...
2016: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872792/obituary-prof-laurentiu-mircea-popescu-bucharest-1944-2015
#14
Maria Simonetta Faussone-Pellegrini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872791/obituary-prof-giuseppe-carlo-balboni-ferrara-1-12-1923-firenze-8-9-2014
#15
Giovanni E Orlandini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872790/ruggero-bortolami-1926-2014-in-memoriam
#16
Ermanno Manni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086443/knee-joint-morphogenesis-of-the-quail-coturnix-japonica-embryo
#17
Bahador Shojaei, Mahdokht Talebhemat, Shadi Hashemnia, Saeedeh Shojaeepour
Knee joint development and its morphogenetic events have been studied in human, chicken and other animal models and differences have been found in the pattern of the knee joint morphogenesis among the studied species. According to the small number of studies which have focused on the chronology of knee morphogenesis, a "morphogenetic timely pattern" is hard to suggest. Quail is an animal model for which there is no information about knee joint morphogenesis. This study was planned to define the time table of the knee joint structures formation in this bird...
2015: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086442/hepatic-surface-grooves-in-an-afro-caribbean-population-a-cadaver-study
#18
Michael T Gardner, Shamir O Cawich, Ramanand Shetty, Neil W Pearce, Vijay Naraynsingh
INTRODUCTION: There have been no previous reports on hepatic surface grooves in an Afro-Caribbean population. This information is important to optimize radiology and hepatobiliary surgical services in the region. METHODS: Two investigators independently observed 69 cadaveric dissections performed over five years at the University of the West Indies. Variations in surface anatomy were described. RESULTS: In this Caribbean population the majority of patients had conventional hepatic surface anatomy (88%)...
2015: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086441/sarcoglycans-and-gaba-a-receptors-in-rat-central-nervous-system-an-immunohistochemical-study
#19
Giuseppina Cutroneo, Placido Bramanti, Giuseppe Anastasi, Daniele Bruschetta, Angelo Favaloro, Giovanna Vermiglio, Fabio Trimarchl, Debora Di Mauro, Giuseppina Rizzo
Sarcoglycan subcomplex is a transmembrane glycoprotein system which connects extracellular matrix to cytoskeleton. Although this complex has been found in several non-muscular tissues, no data exist about a sarcoglycan subcomplex in brain. Only the presence of ε-sarcoglycan in brain has been described in detail because its mutation determines Myoclonus Dystonia Syndrome. Also ζ-, β- and δ-sarcoglycans have been found in brain but only at mRNA level and their distribution in brain is still unknown. Here, we have searched for the expression of all sarcoglycans in specific brain regions of rat as hippocampus, cerebral and cerebellar cortex...
2015: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086440/single-right-coronary-artery-with-hypoplastic-left-coronary-artery-represented-by-only-descending-septal-branch-from-the-right-sinus-of-valsalva
#20
Alexey V Pryakhin, Anastasiia A Kosova, Ainory P Gesase
A case is presented with combined anomalies of coronary arteries: single dominant right coronary artery, ectopic origin of hypoplastic left coronary artery from the right sinus of Valsalva, anomalous interseptal course of the latter artery, absence of typical left descending and circumflex arteries from the left coronary artery and presence of myocardial bridging.
2015: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
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