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Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436126/aerobic-exercise-prior-to-task-specific-training-to-improve-poststroke-motor-function-a-case-series
#1
S R Valkenborghs, M M Visser, M Nilsson, R Callister, P van Vliet
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise can improve upper limb motor function in both healthy and stroke populations. Research in animals after stroke has shown that aerobic exercise combined with forelimb motor training improved forelimb motor function more than aerobic exercise or motor training alone. There is a lack of knowledge about this combined intervention in humans after stroke. PURPOSE: These 2 case reports describe the exploratory implementation of a combined aerobic exercise and task-specific training intervention to improve upper limb motor function in one person in subacute stroke recovery and one person in chronic stroke recovery...
February 13, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436087/training-using-a-new-multidirectional-reach-tool-improves-balance-in-individuals-with-stroke
#2
Numpung Khumsapsiri, Akkradate Siriphorn, Kanokporn Pooranawatthanakul, Tanyarut Oungphalachai
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies suggested that limits of stability (LOS) training with visual feedback using commercial equipment could be used to improve balance ability in individuals with stroke. However, this system is expensive. In this study, we created a new tool from inexpensive elements based on LOS training using visual feedback. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of training using a new multidirectional reach tool on balance in individuals with stroke...
February 13, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436078/multisensory-exercise-programme-improves-cognition-and-functionality-in-institutionalized-older-adults-a-randomized-control-trial
#3
Natália Boneti Moreira, Gabriele Gonçalves, Talihina da Silva, Francisco Ernesto Halila Zanardini, Paulo Cesar Barauce Bento
AIM: The aim of this study was to verify the effects of a multisensory exercise programme on the cognition and functionality of institutionalized older adults. METHODS: Forty-five volunteers were randomly allocated to 2 groups, the multisensory exercise programme (n = 24) and the control group that received no treatment (n = 21). The programme consisted of 3 50-min sessions of progressive exercises per week for 16 weeks that challenged their strength, balance, coordination, multisensory stimulation, and flexibility in different tasks...
February 13, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417699/effectiveness-of-faradic-and-russian-currents-on-plantar-flexor-muscle-spasticity-ankle-motor-recovery-and-functional-gait-in-stroke-patients
#4
G Shankar Ganesh, Ranjita Kumari, Monalisa Pattnaik, Patitapaban Mohanty, Chittaranjan Mishra, Parminder Kaur, Anandhi Dakshinamoorthy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Spasticity is a major disabling symptom in patients post stroke. Though studies have demonstrated that electrical stimulation (ES) can reduce spasticity and improve passive ankle range of motion (ROM), not many studies have evaluated the effectiveness of ES on active ankle ROM. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Faradic and Russian currents in the reduction of ankle plantar-flexor spasticity and improving motor recovery in patients post stroke...
February 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405502/the-impact-of-staffing-model-in-a-6-day-rehabilitation-physiotherapy-service
#5
E L Caruana, S S Kuys, J Clarke, S G Brauer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The impact of staffing model providing weekend physiotherapy rehabilitation has not been evaluated. This study aims to determine the impact of staffing a weekend rehabilitation service with physiotherapists currently working in rehabilitation compared to acute hospital physiotherapists, on length of stay (LOS), functional independence and gait and balance, and to determine the impact on neurological, orthopaedic, and reconditioning diagnostic groups. METHODS: A prospective cohort study with historical control was completed in a private, metropolitan Australian rehabilitation unit...
February 5, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282812/frequency-and-circumstances-of-falls-for-people-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-a-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Gita M Ramdharry, Louise Reilly-O'Donnell, Robert Grant, Mary M Reilly
OBJECTIVE: People with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease may be at risk of falls due to distal muscle weakness and sensory impairment. We aimed to understand the frequency of falls in a cohort, where they occurred, injury and to what people attributed the possible cause. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey design was used. It was sent by post to ascertain the frequency of falls and near falls, plus the circumstances of the last three falls events they could recall...
December 28, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266633/the-effect-of-myofascial-release-and-microwave-diathermy-combined-with-acupuncture-versus-acupuncture-therapy-in-tension-type-headache-patients-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
George Georgoudis, Bledjana Felah, Pantelis Nikolaidis, Dimitrios Damigos
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nonpharmacological therapies for tension-type headache (TTH) and cervicogenic cephalalgia are often a treatment choice, despite the weak to moderate evidence. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of an acupuncture/stretching protocol versus acupuncture/stretching plus physiotherapy techniques, in patients with TTH cephalalgia. METHODS: A single-blind, prospective, multicentre, randomized controlled trial was designed considering the pragmatic situation of administering such protocols and treating the 44 headache patients participating in this study...
December 20, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29292562/systematic-reviews-for-informing-clinical-practice
#8
EDITORIAL
Bernhard Elsner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686338/early-versus-late-applied-constraint-induced-movement-therapy-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-trial-with-a-12-month-follow-up
#9
Roland Stock, Gyrd Thrane, Audny Anke, Ragna Gjone, Torunn Askim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A direct comparison between the effects of constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) applied early after stroke and that of CIMT applied in the chronic phase has not been conducted. This study aimed to compare the long-term effects of CIMT applied 6 months after stroke with the results of CIMT applied within 28 days post-stroke. METHODS: This study was a single-blinded, multicentre, randomized controlled trial with a crossover design. Forty-seven patients received CIMT either early (within 28 days) or 6 months after stroke...
January 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671315/relationship-between-oxygen-cost-of-walking-and-level-of-walking-disability-after-stroke-an-experimental-study
#10
Janaine C Polese, Louise Ada, Luci F Teixeira-Salmela
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Since physical inactivity is the major risk factor for recurrent stroke, it is important to understand how level of disability impacts oxygen uptake by people after stroke. This study investigated the nature of the relationship between level of disability and oxygen cost in people with chronic stroke. METHODS: Level of walking disability was measured as comfortable walking speed using the 10-m Walk Test reported in m/s with 55 ambulatory people 2 years after stroke...
January 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148611/biomechanical-investigation-of-the-modified-tardieu-scale-in-assessing-knee-extensor-spasticity-poststroke
#11
Samaneh Gholami, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Soofia Naghdi, Azadeh Tabatabaei, Davood Jannat, Maryam Senobari, Mahdi Dadgoo
OBJECTIVE: The modified Tardieu Scale (MTS) is a clinical tool for the measurement of muscle spasticity. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between the MTS and the slope of the work-velocity curve as a biomechanical measure in assessing knee extensor muscle spasticity in patients with stroke. METHODS: Thirty patients with stroke (22 female, 8 male; mean age 55.4 ± 12.0 years) participated in this study. The knee extensor spasticity was assessed with the MTS...
November 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115735/the-effectiveness-of-stabilising-exercises-in-pelvic-girdle-pain-during-pregnancy-and-after-delivery-a-systematic-review
#12
S Almousa, E Lamprianidou, G Kitsoulis
BACKGROUND: Pelvic girdle pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder which affects women during pregnancy and the postpartum period. In previous years, physiotherapists have focused on managing pelvic girdle pain through stabilizing exercises. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to systematically review studies investigating the effectiveness of the stabilizing exercises for pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy and the postpartum period. METHODS: The following electronic databases were utilized to search for eligible studies: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and Cochrane Library...
November 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971551/exercise-induced-effects-on-muscle-function-and-range-of-motion-in-patients-with-hip-osteoarthritis
#13
Theresa Bieler, Volkert Siersma, S Peter Magnusson, Michael Kjaer, Nina Beyer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with hip osteoarthritis have impairments in muscle function (muscle strength and power) and hip range of motion (ROM), and it is commonly believed that effective clinical management of osteoarthritis should address these impairments to reduce pain and disability. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the short- and long-term effects of 4 months of physiotherapist-supervised strength training, physiotherapist-supervised Nordic Walking (NW), or unsupervised home-based exercise (HBE) on muscle function and hip ROM in patients diagnosed with hip osteoarthritis...
October 3, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027760/successful-publishing-the-use-of-reporting-guidelines
#14
EDITORIAL
K Grimmer, S Milanese, J Dizon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027759/greek-physiotherapists-perspectives-on-rehabilitation-following-total-knee-replacement-a-descriptive-survey
#15
Maria Moutzouri, Nigel Gleeson, Evdokia Billis, Elias Tsepis, John Gliatis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In Greece, as in many countries, there is a scarcity of evidence in the type of physiotherapy services offered for the rehabilitation of total knee replacement (TKR). Despite the number of TKRs annually performed in Greece (over 10,000), there are no available clinical guidelines as to the content of best physiotherapy practice. The aim of this nationwide survey undertaken by physiotherapists treating TKR patients post-operatively was to record standard practice and services available in Greece...
October 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722167/assisted-autogenic-drainage-in-infants-and-young-children-hospitalized-with-uncomplicated-pneumonia-a-pilot-study
#16
Lieselotte Corten, Jennifer Jelsma, Anri Human, Sameer Rahim, Brenda M Morrow
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pneumonia is the most important respiratory problem in low-to-middle income countries. Airway clearance therapy continues to be used in children with pneumonia and secretion retention; however, there is lack of evidence to support or reject this treatment. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) on the efficacy and safety of assisted autogenic drainage (AAD) compared to standard nursing care in children hospitalized with uncomplicated pneumonia...
July 19, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26949232/what-are-the-main-physical-functioning-factors-associated-with-falls-among-older-people-with-different-perceived-fall-risk
#17
Mirian N Moreira, Tereza L Bilton, Rosangela C Dias, Eduardo Ferriolli, Monica R Perracini
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fall risk perceptions may influence the judgement over physical and functional competencies to avoid falls. However, few studies have explored the physical functioning characteristics associated with falls among older people with low perceived fall risk. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of falls and physical functioning factors associated with falling among community-dwelling older adults with low and high perceived fall risk. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional population based study with 773 community-dwelling elders...
July 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26914525/physiotherapy-for-patients-with-sciatica-awaiting-lumbar-micro-discectomy-surgery-a-nested-qualitative-study-of-patients-views-and-experiences
#18
Jonathan Boote, Ruth Newsome, Michael Reddington, Ashley Cole, Munyaradzi Dimairo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sciatica is a common clinical condition that can be extremely painful, disabling and life-changing. Whether conservative or surgical treatment for sciatica secondary to an intervertebral disc prolapse is most effective is still much debated. An important component of conservative treatment is physiotherapy, which aims to promote physical and psychological health for the patient, whilst resorption of the disc takes place. This paper reports a qualitative study of patients' views and experiences of a bespoke physiotherapy intervention for the treatment of sciatica...
July 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394092/reproducibility-of-inspiratory-muscle-endurance-testing-using-powerbreathe-for-copd-patients
#19
Renata P Basso-Vanelli, Valéria A P Di Lorenzo, Mariane Ramalho, Ivana G Labadessa, Eloisa M G Regueiro, Mauricio Jamami, Dirceu Costa
BACKGROUND: Assessing the strength and endurance of respiratory muscles is fundamental for characterizing respiratory muscle dysfunction. Although a variety of tests are used to evaluate respiratory muscle endurance, not all of them are applicable in clinical practice. Assessments can be made using a practical device called PowerBreathe®, but its reproducibility has not been tested in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. AIM: To verify the reproducibility of the inspiratory muscle endurance test using a manometer and PowerBreathe® in COPD patients...
April 10, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276178/spasticity-what-is-the-goal-assessment-rehabilitation-and-future-perspectives
#20
EDITORIAL
Stephen Ashford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
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