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Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30411831/effects-of-grab-bars-and-backrests-on-independent-wheelchair-transfer-performance-and-technique
#1
Alicia M Koontz, Sarah Bass, Hailee Kulich, Rory A Cooper
OBJECTIVE: For individuals who rely on wheeled mobility devices for primary mobility, the ability to transfer independently greatly enhances participation in activities within and outside of the home. Nonlevel transfers are challenging and inevitable as not all surfaces in all settings can be made level with an individual's seat to floor height. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of two transfer aids, grab bars, and backrests, on the performance and quality of nonlevel transfers...
November 9, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30403321/relationship-between-subjective-visual-vertical-and-balance-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Brooke N Klatt, Patrick J Sparto, Lauren Terhorst, Stanley Winser, Rock Heyman, Susan L Whitney
BACKGROUND: Subjective visual vertical (SVV) deviations have been correlated to abnormal cerebellar function in individuals diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS). It has been shown that individuals with MS have increased incidence of SVV abnormalities, yet this is not routinely tested in this population during physical therapy evaluation. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine if there is a relationship between SVV and balance performance in people with MS who have cerebellar involvement...
November 7, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30403320/facilitators-and-barriers-to-using-neurological-outcome-measures-in-developed-and-developing-countries
#3
Marika Demers, Andréanne K Blanchette, Aditi A Mullick, Akash Shah, Kathleen Woo, John Solomon, Mindy F Levin
OBJECTIVE: To identify and compare factors influencing the use of standardized outcome measures by neurological physical therapists working in representative developed (Canada) and developing (India) countries. METHODS: A self-administered web-based questionnaire on facilitators and barriers to using neurological outcome measures was sent by email to neurological physical therapists in Canada and India. Frequencies of responses to each question were computed. Differences between countries were assessed using two-proportion z test...
November 7, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30378221/comparing-high-and-low-levels-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-lung-aeration-in-patients-with-pleural-drainage-a-feasibility-study-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Elinaldo da Conceição Dos Santos, Achiles Eduardo Pontes Campos, Odielson Ferreira do Carmo, Adriana Claudia Lunardi
OBJECTIVE: We explored the feasibility of use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) with 15- and 4-cmH2 O for a randomized controlled trial with patients with pleural drainage. METHODS: Ten patients with traumatic pleural effusion drained within 24 hr, with controlled pain received randomly CPAP with 0-, 4-, and 15-cmH2 O. Computed tomography was used to assess the lung aeration. Patients reported the level of tolerability. Air leak was also observed as a parameter of safety...
October 30, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30378219/the-practice-of-support-personnel-supervised-by-physiotherapists-in-norwegian-reablement-services
#5
Marianne Eliassen, Nils Henriksen, Siri Moe
OBJECTIVES: Reablement is a relatively new service targeting people with or at risk of functional decline. The approach is team based, and physiotherapists (PTs), occupational therapists, and nurses have the responsibility to guide and supervise the support personnel, referred to as home trainers (HTs). The aim of this study was to explore how the HTs follow up instructions and supervision by PTs in reablement. METHODS: This qualitative study included video recordings of practice and individual interviews in seven Norwegian reablement teams...
October 30, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358013/the-impact-of-malnutrition-on-efficacy-of-resistance-training-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#6
Tomohiko Kamo, Hideaki Ishii, Keisuke Suzuki, Yuusuke Nishida
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have focused on the effect of resistance training under conditions of malnutrition in older adults requiring long-term care. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of nutritional status in older adults on resistance training-induced changes in physical performance. METHODS: A total of 91 community-dwelling older adults participated in 24 weeks of resistance training. Participants used the 60% of one repetition maximum for three sets of 10 repetitions for resistance training...
October 24, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30284353/thai-version-of-the-functional-rating-index-for-patients-with-back-and-neck-pain-part-ii-responsiveness-and-head-to-head-comparisons
#7
Wunpen Chansirinukor
OBJECTIVES: To examine responsiveness and estimate minimal clinically important difference (MCID) of the Thai version of Functional Rating Index (Thai FRI) and examine head-to-head comparisons of the Thai FRI and other questionnaires. METHODS: This study related to validation of a questionnaire and head-to-head comparisons. Patients with low back pain (LBP) completed the Thai FRI, Roland-Morris (RM), modified Oswestry, and multilevel RM disability questionnaires...
October 3, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280457/knowledge-about-risk-factors-for-falls-and-practice-about-fall-prevention-in-older-adults-among-physiotherapists-in-nigeria
#8
Michael E Kalu, Athina Vlachantoni, Kathleen E Norman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Falling is a major health concern that has contributed significantly to older people's injury and loss of life worldwide, warranting the development of fall-prevention strategies, the success of which has been attributed to the levels of knowledge and practice about fall prevention among physiotherapists and other health professionals. The objective of this study was to determine the self-reported levels of knowledge on risk factors of fall and practices about fall prevention in older adults among physiotherapists in Nigeria...
October 2, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30251299/positive-expiratory-pressure-breathing-speeds-recovery-of-postexercise-dyspnea-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#9
Chulee Ubolsakka-Jones, Khajonsak Pongpanit, Watchara Boonsawat, David A Jones
OBJECTIVES: Faster recovery of postexertional dyspnea might enable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients to undertake more physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether breathing with a positive expiratory load to reduce dynamic hyperinflation (DH) would hasten recovery. METHODS: Thirteen male COPD patients (59 ± 7 years; Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease Stages II and III) took part in a randomized cross-over trial in which they exercised by self-paced spot marching...
September 24, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230143/physical-therapy-practice-in-intensive-care-units-in-jordanian-hospitals-a-national-survey
#10
Saad Al-Nassan, Faris Alshammari, Shaden Al-Bostanji, Zaid Modhi Mansour, Mohannad Hawamdeh
OBJECTIVE: A national survey was conducted to determine the current status of physical therapy practice in the intensive care units (ICUs) of Jordanian hospitals. METHODS: An online survey was sent via email to physical therapists working at Jordanian hospitals. Questions of the survey addressed the physical therapy demographics, staffing, education, training, and barriers of practice. The responses were compared among four different hospital sectors in the country...
September 19, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230136/combined-physical-and-somatosensory-training-after-stroke-development-and-description-of-a-novel-intervention-to-improve-upper-limb-function
#11
Urvashy Gopaul, Paulette van Vliet, Robin Callister, Michael Nilsson, Leeanne Carey
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: After stroke, reach-to-grasp goal-directed movements are disrupted as a result of both residual motor and somatosensory impairments. This report describes the rationale and development of a new upper limb stroke rehabilitation intervention known as COMPoSE: "COMbined Physical and somatoSEnsory training," designed to improve somatosensory and motor deficits in the upper limb after stroke. A standardized training matrix has been developed to facilitate intervention delivery...
September 19, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30226651/a-subgroup-analysis-to-compare-patients-with-acute-low-back-pain-classified-as-per-treatment-based-classification
#12
G Shankar Ganesh, Pradeep Kumar Sahu, Sakti Prasad Das, Chittaranjan Mishra, Sapna Dhiman
OBJECTIVES: The evidence for the effectiveness of interventions targeting acute low back pain (LBP) is suboptimal. It is difficult to identify those patients who are more likely to develop chronic pain and disability after an acute episode of LBP. These shortcomings may be attributed to considering LBP as one homogenous condition. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, we examined and analysed a prospective cohort of 267 patients with first-onset LBP and classified them into one of the groups based on treatment-based classification: direction-specified exercises (Group 2), manipulation (Group 3), stabilization exercises (Group 4), traction (Group 5), and a physician care group (Group 1)...
September 18, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30225966/evidence-based-physiotherapy-clinical-practice-in-the-public-health-care-service-in-ecuador
#13
Verónica Cobo-Sevilla, Italo de Oliveira-Ferreira, Lenin Moposita-Baño, Valeria Paredes-Sánchez, Joshua Ramos-Guevara
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine if evidence-based physiotherapy (EBP) was being applied in the public physiotherapy and physical rehabilitation departments in Ecuador, Zone 3. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was developed applying the "Evidence-Based Practice: Beliefs, Attitudes, Knowledge, and Behaviors of Physical Therapists" questionnaire, designed by Jette et al. and validated in Spanish by Guerra et al. to 67 physiotherapists working in the public service in the provinces of Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, Pastaza, and Tungurahua...
September 17, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209851/does-muscle-energy-technique-have-an-immediate-benefit-for-women-with-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain
#14
Dragana Ceprnja, Amitabh Gupta
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) is a common and debilitating condition. Muscle energy techniques (METs) are used in the management of PPGP. This study aimed to determine the immediate effectiveness of a MET in the management of pain in women with PPGP within a single session of physiotherapy. METHODS: This study was a randomized, crossover, sham-controlled trial. Women (N = 80), M (SD), 30 (5) years of age and 29 (5) weeks of gestation with PPGP were included in the study...
September 12, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209845/the-cone-evasion-walk-test-reliability-and-validity-in-acute-stroke
#15
Hanna Sjöholm, Staffan Hägg, Lars Nyberg, Bo Rolander, Ann-Sofi Kammerlind
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the reliability and validity of the Cone Evasion Walk test (CEW), a new test assessing the ability to evade obstacles, in people with acute stroke. METHODS: To estimate the reliability of the CEW, video recordings of 20 people with acute stroke performing the test were assessed by 10 physiotherapists on two occasions, resulting in a total of 400 ratings. Patients performed the CEW (n = 221), functional ambulation classification (FAC; n = 204), Timed Up and Go (TUG; n = 173), TUG cognitive (TUG-cog; n = 139), Serial 7s attention task from the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-S7; n = 127), and the Star Cancellation Test (SCT; n = 151)...
September 12, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198603/associations-between-gait-speed-and-well-known-fall-risk-factors-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#16
Ingebjørg Lavrantsdatter Kyrdalen, Pernille Thingstad, Leiv Sandvik, Heidi Ormstad
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Exercise interventions are effective at preventing falls in community-dwelling older adults, especially before disability is present. Gait speed below 1.0 m/s is a strong predictor for falls in the elderly. However, evidence is sparse for gait speed alone being sufficient to identify individuals at a high risk of falling. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of fall risk factors among community-dwelling older adults in their late 70s and to investigate the associations between these risk factors and low gait speed in this population...
September 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192036/gait-pattern-changes-after-six-minute-walk-test-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Shahid Escudero-Uribe, Anja Hochsprung, Guillermo Izquierdo-Ayuso
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of induced fatigue on spatiotemporal gait parameters in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) by using 6-min walk test (6MWT). METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a control group (25 healthy persons) was performed. Fifty-six PwMS (37 female) were divided into three groups according to their level of disability, as measured by the expanded disability status scale (EDSS): mild (n = 23, EDSS = 1.0-3.5), moderate (n = 19, EDSS = 4...
September 7, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30259613/the-end-of-active-video-games-and-the-consequences-for-rehabilitation
#18
EDITORIAL
Bruno Bonnechère, Lubos Omelina, Katarina Kostkova, Serge Van Sint Jan, Bart Jansen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168228/effectiveness-of-a-community-based-exercise-training-programme-to-increase-physical-activity-level-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ana Beatriz Varas, Silvia Córdoba, Irene Rodríguez-Andonaegui, Ma Rocío Rueda, Susana García-Juez, Jordi Vilaró
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The exercise training included in pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programmes improves exercise capacity and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Nevertheless, the duration of these effects is limited, and the implementation of PR is still insufficient. Moreover, the physical activity level of COPD patients is low, and it is not modified with the classic PR programmes. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a community-based PR programme designed to increase physical activity in COPD patients...
October 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30126016/a-systematic-review-on-workplace-interventions-to-manage-chronic-musculoskeletal-conditions
#20
REVIEW
Glykeria Skamagki, Andrew King, Michael Duncan, Charlotte Wåhlin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A review to investigate whether there are effective workplace interventions that manage chronic musculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: The literature search included published articles between 2008 and 2017. The databases used in this search were MEDLINE, Scopus, CINAHL, AMED, PsycINFO, Academic Search Complete, Cochrane, and PEDro. A limited search on websites for relevant grey literature was also conducted. RESULTS: The review included 12 studies that investigated effectiveness of a specific strength exercise programme or interventions provided by health professionals at the workplace when compared with controls or interventions not at the workplace...
October 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
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