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Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148611/biomechanical-investigation-of-the-modified-tardieu-scale-in-assessing-knee-extensor-spasticity-poststroke
#1
Samaneh Gholami, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Soofia Naghdi, Azadeh Tabatabaei, Davood Jannat, Maryam Senobari, Mahdi Dadgoo
OBJECTIVE: The modified Tardieu Scale (MTS) is a clinical tool for the measurement of muscle spasticity. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between the MTS and the slope of the work-velocity curve as a biomechanical measure in assessing knee extensor muscle spasticity in patients with stroke. METHODS: Thirty patients with stroke (22 female, 8 male; mean age 55.4 ± 12.0 years) participated in this study. The knee extensor spasticity was assessed with the MTS...
November 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115735/the-effectiveness-of-stabilising-exercises-in-pelvic-girdle-pain-during-pregnancy-and-after-delivery-a-systematic-review
#2
S Almousa, E Lamprianidou, G Kitsoulis
BACKGROUND: Pelvic girdle pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder which affects women during pregnancy and the postpartum period. In previous years, physiotherapists have focused on managing pelvic girdle pain through stabilizing exercises. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to systematically review studies investigating the effectiveness of the stabilizing exercises for pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy and the postpartum period. METHODS: The following electronic databases were utilized to search for eligible studies: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and Cochrane Library...
November 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971551/exercise-induced-effects-on-muscle-function-and-range-of-motion-in-patients-with-hip-osteoarthritis
#3
Theresa Bieler, Volkert Siersma, S Peter Magnusson, Michael Kjaer, Nina Beyer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with hip osteoarthritis have impairments in muscle function (muscle strength and power) and hip range of motion (ROM), and it is commonly believed that effective clinical management of osteoarthritis should address these impairments to reduce pain and disability. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the short- and long-term effects of 4 months of physiotherapist-supervised strength training, physiotherapist-supervised Nordic Walking (NW), or unsupervised home-based exercise (HBE) on muscle function and hip ROM in patients diagnosed with hip osteoarthritis...
October 3, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027760/successful-publishing-the-use-of-reporting-guidelines
#4
EDITORIAL
K Grimmer, S Milanese, J Dizon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027759/greek-physiotherapists-perspectives-on-rehabilitation-following-total-knee-replacement-a-descriptive-survey
#5
Maria Moutzouri, Nigel Gleeson, Evdokia Billis, Elias Tsepis, John Gliatis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In Greece, as in many countries, there is a scarcity of evidence in the type of physiotherapy services offered for the rehabilitation of total knee replacement (TKR). Despite the number of TKRs annually performed in Greece (over 10,000), there are no available clinical guidelines as to the content of best physiotherapy practice. The aim of this nationwide survey undertaken by physiotherapists treating TKR patients post-operatively was to record standard practice and services available in Greece...
October 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722167/assisted-autogenic-drainage-in-infants-and-young-children-hospitalized-with-uncomplicated-pneumonia-a-pilot-study
#6
Lieselotte Corten, Jennifer Jelsma, Anri Human, Sameer Rahim, Brenda M Morrow
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pneumonia is the most important respiratory problem in low-to-middle income countries. Airway clearance therapy continues to be used in children with pneumonia and secretion retention; however, there is lack of evidence to support or reject this treatment. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) on the efficacy and safety of assisted autogenic drainage (AAD) compared to standard nursing care in children hospitalized with uncomplicated pneumonia...
July 19, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686338/early-versus-late-applied-constraint-induced-movement-therapy-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-trial-with-a-12-month-follow-up
#7
Roland Stock, Gyrd Thrane, Audny Anke, Ragna Gjone, Torunn Askim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A direct comparison between the effects of constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) applied early after stroke and that of CIMT applied in the chronic phase has not been conducted. This study aimed to compare the long-term effects of CIMT applied 6 months after stroke with the results of CIMT applied within 28 days post-stroke. METHODS: This study was a single-blinded, multicentre, randomized controlled trial with a crossover design. Forty-seven patients received CIMT either early (within 28 days) or 6 months after stroke...
July 7, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671315/relationship-between-oxygen-cost-of-walking-and-level-of-walking-disability-after-stroke-an-experimental-study
#8
Janaine C Polese, Louise Ada, Luci F Teixeira-Salmela
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Since physical inactivity is the major risk factor for recurrent stroke, it is important to understand how level of disability impacts oxygen uptake by people after stroke. This study investigated the nature of the relationship between level of disability and oxygen cost in people with chronic stroke. METHODS: Level of walking disability was measured as comfortable walking speed using the 10-m Walk Test reported in m/s with 55 ambulatory people 2 years after stroke...
July 3, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26949232/what-are-the-main-physical-functioning-factors-associated-with-falls-among-older-people-with-different-perceived-fall-risk
#9
Mirian N Moreira, Tereza L Bilton, Rosangela C Dias, Eduardo Ferriolli, Monica R Perracini
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fall risk perceptions may influence the judgement over physical and functional competencies to avoid falls. However, few studies have explored the physical functioning characteristics associated with falls among older people with low perceived fall risk. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of falls and physical functioning factors associated with falling among community-dwelling older adults with low and high perceived fall risk. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional population based study with 773 community-dwelling elders...
July 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26914525/physiotherapy-for-patients-with-sciatica-awaiting-lumbar-micro-discectomy-surgery-a-nested-qualitative-study-of-patients-views-and-experiences
#10
Jonathan Boote, Ruth Newsome, Michael Reddington, Ashley Cole, Munyaradzi Dimairo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sciatica is a common clinical condition that can be extremely painful, disabling and life-changing. Whether conservative or surgical treatment for sciatica secondary to an intervertebral disc prolapse is most effective is still much debated. An important component of conservative treatment is physiotherapy, which aims to promote physical and psychological health for the patient, whilst resorption of the disc takes place. This paper reports a qualitative study of patients' views and experiences of a bespoke physiotherapy intervention for the treatment of sciatica...
July 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394092/reproducibility-of-inspiratory-muscle-endurance-testing-using-powerbreathe-for-copd-patients
#11
Renata P Basso-Vanelli, Valéria A P Di Lorenzo, Mariane Ramalho, Ivana G Labadessa, Eloisa M G Regueiro, Mauricio Jamami, Dirceu Costa
BACKGROUND: Assessing the strength and endurance of respiratory muscles is fundamental for characterizing respiratory muscle dysfunction. Although a variety of tests are used to evaluate respiratory muscle endurance, not all of them are applicable in clinical practice. Assessments can be made using a practical device called PowerBreathe®, but its reproducibility has not been tested in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. AIM: To verify the reproducibility of the inspiratory muscle endurance test using a manometer and PowerBreathe® in COPD patients...
April 10, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276178/spasticity-what-is-the-goal-assessment-rehabilitation-and-future-perspectives
#12
EDITORIAL
Stephen Ashford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26892003/embedding-evidence-based-practice-education-into-a-post-graduate-physiotherapy-program-eight-years-of-pre-post-course-evaluations
#13
L Perraton, Z Machotka, K Grimmer, C Gibbs, C Mahar, K Kennedy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Little has been published about the effectiveness of training postgraduate physiotherapy coursework students in research methods and evidence-based practice (EBP) theory. Graduate qualities in most universities include lifelong learning. Inclusion of EBP in post-graduate coursework students' training is one way for students to develop the knowledge and skills needed to implement current best evidence in their clinical practice after graduation, thereby facilitating lifelong learning...
April 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26881807/conceptualization-and-development-of-the-leg-activity-measure-lega-for-patient-and-carer-reported-assessment-of-activity-in-the-paretic-leg
#14
Stephen Ashford, Diana Jackson, Patrick Mahaffey, Roxana Vanderstay, Lynne Turner-Stokes
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of the paper is to develop a patient-reported outcome measure of active and passive function in the paretic lower limb with associated spasticity. METHODS: Potential items for inclusion were identified through (1) systematic review and analysis of existing measures and (2) analysis of the primary goals for treatment in a spasticity service. Ethical approval for re-evaluation of routinely collected data was received. Item reduction was achieved through consultation with a purposively selected group of experienced physiotherapists and occupational therapists (n = 16) in a two-round Delphi process...
April 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26847527/physical-therapy-treatment-of-impaired-chest-mobility-in-patients-with-airway-sensory-hyperreactivity
#15
Ewa-Lena Johansson, Ewa Ternestén-Hasseus, Monika Fagevik Olsén, Eva Millqvist
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In sensory hyperreactivity (SHR), patients have symptoms from the airways and the chest induced by environmental irritants like scenting products and cigarette smoke. They are characterized by increased cough reaction to inhaled capsaicin compared with healthy controls. Lung function tests are normal, and asthma medications have no or little effect. In a recent published article, patients with SHR were found to have impaired chest mobility and increased pain sensitivity...
April 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26313888/a-qualitative-study-into-egyptian-patients-satisfaction-with-physiotherapy-management-of-low-back-pain
#16
Nancy Ali, Stephen May
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is strong evidence suggesting that patient satisfaction may improve therapy outcomes independent of the treatment given. Thus the aim of this study is to explore Egyptian patients' expectations and satisfaction with physical therapy management of low back pain. METHODS: A qualitative study design involving two focus groups and 10 semi-structured interviews; all discussions were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using a Framework analysis approach...
April 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26284942/impact-of-type-2-diabetes-time-since-diagnosis-on-elderly-women-gait-and-functional-status
#17
Daniela Maria da Cruz Anjos, Bruno de Souza Moreira, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Alexandra Miranda Assumpção Picorelli, Danielle Aparecida Gomes Pereira, Renata Noce Kirkwood, Rosângela Corrêa Dias, Leani Souza Máximo Pereira
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The gait, mobility and lower-limb strength alterations of diabetic elderly women without symptoms of diabetic neuropathy in different periods of the chronic disease can contribute to an early functional diagnosis, allowing prevention of adverse outcomes like falls and disability. This could also contribute to the development of interventions, cures and physiotherapy practice for this population. The aim of this study was to verify the impact of type-2 diabetes mellitus time since diagnosis on gait and functional status of elderly women...
April 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26270324/psychological-predictors-of-outcomes-with-lumbar-spinal-fusion-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
Mark Wilhelm, Michael Reiman, Adam Goode, William Richardson, Christopher Brown, Daniel Vaughn, Chad Cook
PURPOSE: To review the predictive/risk psychological factors at baseline that are associated with a favourable (or non-favourable) outcome following lumbar spinal fusion (LSF). METHODS: A computer-assisted literature search of PubMed, CINAHL complete and EMBASE for studies published between January 1, 1990 and October 1, 2014 with controlled vocabulary and key words related to LSF, degenerative lumbar spine diagnoses and appropriate terms for predictive variables...
April 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112465/development-of-a-parent-reported-questionnaire-evaluating-upper-limb-activity-limitation-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
N Preston, M Horton, M Levesley, M Mon-Williams, R J O'Connor
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Upper limb activity measures for children with cerebral palsy have a number of limitations, for example, lack of validity and poor responsiveness. To overcome these limitations, we developed the Children's Arm Rehabilitation Measure (ChARM), a parent-reported questionnaire validated for children with cerebral palsy aged 5-16 years. This paper describes both the development of the ChARM items and response categories and its psychometric testing and further refinement using the Rasch measurement model...
January 23, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092139/content-of-conventional-therapy-for-the-severely-affected-arm-during-subacute-rehabilitation-after-stroke-an-analysis-of-physiotherapy-and-occupational-therapy-practice
#20
Lex D de Jong, Frederike van Wijck, Roy E Stewart, Alexander C H Geurts, Pieter U Dijkstra
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physiotherapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) are key professions providing treatment for the arm after stroke; however, knowledge about the content of these treatments is scant. Detailed data are needed to replicate interventions, evaluate their effective components, and evaluate PT and OT practice. This paper describes PT and OT treatment for the severely affected arm in terms of duration, content according to components and categories of the International Classification of Human Functioning, Disability and Health, and to analyze differences between professions...
January 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
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