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Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749670/influence-of-water-depth-on-energy-expenditure-during-aquatic-walking-in-people-post-stroke
#1
Hyosok Lim, Daniel Azurdia, Brenda Jeng, Taeyou Jung
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the metabolic cost during aquatic walking at various depths in people post stroke. The secondary purpose was to examine the differences in metabolic cost between aquatic walking and land walking among individuals post stroke. DESIGN: A cross-sectional research design is used. METHODS: Twelve participants post stroke (aged 55.5 ± 13.3 years) completed 6 min of walking in 4 different conditions: chest-depth, waist-depth, and thigh-depth water, and land...
May 11, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749667/the-brighton-musculoskeletal-patient-reported-outcome-measure-bmprom-an-assessment-of-validity-reliability-and-responsiveness
#2
Elizabeth Bryant, Shemane Murtagh, Laura Finucane, Carol McCrum, Christopher Mercer, Toby Smith, Guy Canby, David A Rowe, Ann P Moore
BACKGROUND: In response for the need of a freely available, stand-alone, validated outcome measure for use within musculoskeletal (MSK) physiotherapy practice, sensitive enough to measure clinical effectiveness, we developed an MSK patient reported outcome measure. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the validity and reliability of the newly developed Brighton musculoskeletal Patient-Reported Outcome Measure (BmPROM) within physiotherapy outpatient settings. METHODS: Two hundred twenty-four patients attending physiotherapy outpatient departments in South East England with an MSK condition participated in this study...
May 11, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698582/power-of-lower-extremities-is-most-important-determinant-of-agility-among-physically-inactive-or-active-adult-people
#3
Sirpa Manderoos, Mariitta Vaara, Sirkka-Liisa Karppi, Sirkka Aunola, Pauli Puukka, Jukka Surakka, Esko Mälkiä
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine the relationships between agility, running speed, jumping height and length, body mass index, self-report pain in back and in lower extremities, personal factors as self-report health and fitness, and leisure time physical activity in physically inactive or active adult people. METHODS: Altogether, 233 healthy subjects, 149 women (43.0 ± 7.3 years) and 84 men (44.0 ± 7.7 years), participated into study...
April 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608038/physical-therapy-needs-for-patients-with-physical-function-injuries-post-earthquake-disasters-a-systematic-review-of-chinese-and-western-literature
#4
Hao Li, John Nyland, Katrina Kuban, Justin Givens
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Over the last 500 years, the most earthquakes with 10,000 or more fatalities and the most overall fatalities have occurred in China. Physical therapists must develop a better understanding of the patient and injury types that they are likely to treat post-earthquake disasters. This systematic review of Chinese and Western literature identified the primary patients treated by physical therapists post-earthquake disasters for injuries that negatively impacted physical function, activity, and participation...
April 2, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542251/water-exercise-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-effects-on-heart-rate-variability-and-body-composition-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Elie Fiogbé, Rafaela Ferreira, Márcio Antônio Gonçalves Sindorf, Silvia Aparecida Tavares, Keiti Passoni de Souza, Marcelo de Castro Cesar, Charles Ricardo Lopes, Marlene Aparecida Moreno
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It is important to assess the effectiveness and efficiency of water-based training programs in order to prescribe it as an alternative in cardiac rehabilitation for patients who have coronary artery disease (CAD). In these patients, autonomic dysfunction is an important physiological change strongly associated with adverse outcomes, morbidity, and mortality. Given that the beneficial effects of physical training in CAD patients have been traditionally evidenced with programs involving land-based aerobic exercises, this study aims to evaluate the effects of water aerobic exercise training (WAET) on the autonomic modulation of heart rate (HR) and body composition, in the rehabilitation of CAD patients...
March 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536618/cervical-flexor-muscle-training-reduces-pain-anxiety-and-depression-levels-in-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-by-a-clinically-important-amount-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Goris Nazari, Pavlos Bobos, Evdokia Billis, Joy C MacDermid
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neck pain is the fourth leading cause of disability in the United States and exerts an important socio-economic burden around the world. The aims of this study were to determine the effectiveness of deep and superficial flexor muscle training in addition to home-based exercises in reducing chronic neck pain and anxiety/depression levels. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study. Patients between 18 and 65 years old with chronic neck pain were eligible to participate if they had disability levels at least 5 out of 50 on the Neck Disability Index...
March 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536595/directional-preference-and-functional-outcomes-among-subjects-classified-at-high-psychosocial-risk-using-start
#7
Mark W Werneke, Susan Edmond, Michelle Young, David Grigsby, Brian McClenahan, Troy McGill
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physiotherapy has an important role in managing patients with non-specific low back pain who experience elevated psychosocial distress or risk for chronic disability. In terms of evidence-based physiotherapy practice, cognitive-behavioural approaches for patients at high psychosocial risk are the recommended management to improve patient treatment outcomes. Evidence also suggests that directional preference (DP) is an important treatment effect modifier for prescribing specific exercises for patients to improve outcomes...
March 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528538/the-timing-and-extent-of-acute-physiotherapy-involvement-following-lung-transplantation-an-observational-study
#8
Benjamin James Tarrant, Anne Holland, Caitlin Le Maitre, Rebecca Robinson, Monique Corbett, Janet Bondarenko, Brenda Button, Bruce Thompson, Greg Snell
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physiotherapy "standard care" for the acute post lung transplant recipient has not yet been documented. We aimed to analyse how soon patients commence exercise and how much time is dedicated to this during physiotherapy sessions acutely post lung transplantation. METHODS: Prospective observational study of bilateral sequential and single lung transplant recipients for any indication, ≥18 years. Participants were observed during 6 physiotherapy sessions: 3 initial and 3 prior to acute inpatient discharge...
March 12, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520953/class-iv-laser-therapy-for-trapeziometacarpal-joint-osteoarthritis-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#9
Ivan Medina-Porqueres, Raquel Cantero-Tellez
OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic and prevalent joint disorder with great impact on quality of life and high economic burden. Although a number of conservative therapies have proven to be effective for the management of hand OA, only modest treatment effects were reported for most individual interventions. The aim of the proposed study is to assess the effect of Class IV laser therapy (LT) on pain and pinch strength in patients with thumb carpometacarpal (TCMC) OA. METHODS: A randomized, controlled, single-centre, double-blind, clinical trial, with 1:1 allocation ratio, will be carried out involving patients presenting TCMC-OA Grades 1-2 (aged >18 years)...
April 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520935/living-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-jordanian-perspective
#10
Alham Al-Sharman, Hanan Khalil, Mohammad Nazzal, Nihaya Al-Sheyab, Alia Alghwiri, Khalid El-Salem, Mais AlDughmi
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms are very heterogeneous and may lead to reduced physical, cognitive, and psychosocial functioning that can consequently impair aspects of individual's life. Many studies have examined the living experiences of individuals with MS and its impact on their daily lives. In developing countries and particularly in Jordan, there has been little attempt to conduct studies exploring the experiences of people living with MS. Such knowledge will provide a background to hidden aspects of human concepts, such as culture, perception, and attitudes about chronic diseases...
April 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436126/aerobic-exercise-prior-to-task-specific-training-to-improve-poststroke-motor-function-a-case-series
#11
S R Valkenborghs, M M Visser, M Nilsson, R Callister, P van Vliet
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise can improve upper limb motor function in both healthy and stroke populations. Research in animals after stroke has shown that aerobic exercise combined with forelimb motor training improved forelimb motor function more than aerobic exercise or motor training alone. There is a lack of knowledge about this combined intervention in humans after stroke. PURPOSE: These 2 case reports describe the exploratory implementation of a combined aerobic exercise and task-specific training intervention to improve upper limb motor function in one person in subacute stroke recovery and one person in chronic stroke recovery...
April 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436087/training-using-a-new-multidirectional-reach-tool-improves-balance-in-individuals-with-stroke
#12
Numpung Khumsapsiri, Akkradate Siriphorn, Kanokporn Pooranawatthanakul, Tanyarut Oungphalachai
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies suggested that limits of stability (LOS) training with visual feedback using commercial equipment could be used to improve balance ability in individuals with stroke. However, this system is expensive. In this study, we created a new tool from inexpensive elements based on LOS training using visual feedback. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of training using a new multidirectional reach tool on balance in individuals with stroke...
April 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436078/multisensory-exercise-programme-improves-cognition-and-functionality-in-institutionalized-older-adults-a-randomized-control-trial
#13
Natália Boneti Moreira, Gabriele Gonçalves, Talihina da Silva, Francisco Ernesto Halila Zanardini, Paulo Cesar Barauce Bento
AIM: The aim of this study was to verify the effects of a multisensory exercise programme on the cognition and functionality of institutionalized older adults. METHODS: Forty-five volunteers were randomly allocated to 2 groups, the multisensory exercise programme (n = 24) and the control group that received no treatment (n = 21). The programme consisted of 3 50-min sessions of progressive exercises per week for 16 weeks that challenged their strength, balance, coordination, multisensory stimulation, and flexibility in different tasks...
April 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417699/effectiveness-of-faradic-and-russian-currents-on-plantar-flexor-muscle-spasticity-ankle-motor-recovery-and-functional-gait-in-stroke-patients
#14
G Shankar Ganesh, Ranjita Kumari, Monalisa Pattnaik, Patitapaban Mohanty, Chittaranjan Mishra, Parminder Kaur, Anandhi Dakshinamoorthy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Spasticity is a major disabling symptom in patients post stroke. Though studies have demonstrated that electrical stimulation (ES) can reduce spasticity and improve passive ankle range of motion (ROM), not many studies have evaluated the effectiveness of ES on active ankle ROM. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Faradic and Russian currents in the reduction of ankle plantar-flexor spasticity and improving motor recovery in patients post stroke...
April 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405502/the-impact-of-staffing-model-in-a-6-day-rehabilitation-physiotherapy-service
#15
E L Caruana, S S Kuys, J Clarke, S G Brauer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The impact of staffing model providing weekend physiotherapy rehabilitation has not been evaluated. This study aims to determine the impact of staffing a weekend rehabilitation service with physiotherapists currently working in rehabilitation compared to acute hospital physiotherapists, on length of stay (LOS), functional independence and gait and balance, and to determine the impact on neurological, orthopaedic, and reconditioning diagnostic groups. METHODS: A prospective cohort study with historical control was completed in a private, metropolitan Australian rehabilitation unit...
April 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29292562/systematic-reviews-for-informing-clinical-practice
#16
EDITORIAL
Bernhard Elsner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148611/biomechanical-investigation-of-the-modified-tardieu-scale-in-assessing-knee-extensor-spasticity-poststroke
#17
Samaneh Gholami, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Soofia Naghdi, Azadeh Tabatabaei, Davood Jannat, Maryam Senobari, Mahdi Dadgoo
OBJECTIVE: The modified Tardieu Scale (MTS) is a clinical tool for the measurement of muscle spasticity. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between the MTS and the slope of the work-velocity curve as a biomechanical measure in assessing knee extensor muscle spasticity in patients with stroke. METHODS: Thirty patients with stroke (22 female, 8 male; mean age 55.4 ± 12.0 years) participated in this study. The knee extensor spasticity was assessed with the MTS...
January 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115735/the-effectiveness-of-stabilising-exercises-in-pelvic-girdle-pain-during-pregnancy-and-after-delivery-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
S Almousa, E Lamprianidou, G Kitsoulis
BACKGROUND: Pelvic girdle pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder which affects women during pregnancy and the postpartum period. In previous years, physiotherapists have focused on managing pelvic girdle pain through stabilizing exercises. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to systematically review studies investigating the effectiveness of the stabilizing exercises for pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy and the postpartum period. METHODS: The following electronic databases were utilized to search for eligible studies: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and Cochrane Library...
January 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971551/exercise-induced-effects-on-muscle-function-and-range-of-motion-in-patients-with-hip-osteoarthritis
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Theresa Bieler, Volkert Siersma, S Peter Magnusson, Michael Kjaer, Nina Beyer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with hip osteoarthritis have impairments in muscle function (muscle strength and power) and hip range of motion (ROM), and it is commonly believed that effective clinical management of osteoarthritis should address these impairments to reduce pain and disability. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the short- and long-term effects of 4 months of physiotherapist-supervised strength training, physiotherapist-supervised Nordic Walking (NW), or unsupervised home-based exercise (HBE) on muscle function and hip ROM in patients diagnosed with hip osteoarthritis...
January 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722167/assisted-autogenic-drainage-in-infants-and-young-children-hospitalized-with-uncomplicated-pneumonia-a-pilot-study
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lieselotte Corten, Jennifer Jelsma, Anri Human, Sameer Rahim, Brenda M Morrow
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pneumonia is the most important respiratory problem in low-to-middle income countries. Airway clearance therapy continues to be used in children with pneumonia and secretion retention; however, there is lack of evidence to support or reject this treatment. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) on the efficacy and safety of assisted autogenic drainage (AAD) compared to standard nursing care in children hospitalized with uncomplicated pneumonia...
January 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
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