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Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860155/towards-evidence-based-practice-of-technology-based-gait-rehabilitation-after-stroke
#1
EDITORIAL
Jan Mehrholz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27196674/a-non-surgical-intervention-for-triangular-fibrocartilage-complex-tears
#2
Susan J Barlow
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The current literature contains no reports of treatment options other than surgery following failed conservative management of a triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) tear. The purpose of this study is to describe the use of a novel brace as a non-surgical intervention for TFCC tears. METHODS: This paper is a case study of a subject with a magnetic resonance imaging-confirmed TFCC tear. As an alternative to surgery, he consented to wear a novel brace for 12 weeks after conservative management of his injury had failed...
December 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26892073/the-effectiveness-of-incorporating-a-play-based-intervention-to-improve-functional-mobility-for-a-child-with-relapsed-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia-a-case-report
#3
Paula Vercher, You-Jou Hung, Mansoo Ko
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is one of the most common forms of cancer seen in children, accounting for one-fourth of all childhood cancers. These children typically present with decreased functional mobility, weakened lower extremity muscle strength and reduced exercise endurance and interests because of disease progressions and chemotherapy treatments. The purpose of this case report was to examine the effectiveness of incorporating a play-based physical therapy (PT) intervention programme to improve functional mobility for an inpatient with relapsed ALL undergoing chemotherapy...
December 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26274362/physiotherapy-for-patients-on-awake-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Massimiliano Polastri, Antonino Loforte, Andrea Dell'Amore, Stefano Nava
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is used as temporary life support in subjects with potentially reversible respiratory/cardiac failure. The principal purpose of this review was to assess the characteristics and potential advantages of physiotherapeutic interventions in subjects on awake ECMO support. METHODS: Seven databases were interrogated: we searched titles, abstracts and keywords using the Medical Subject Headings terms 'extracorporeal membrane oxygenation' and 'rehabilitation' linked with the Boolean operator 'AND'...
December 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26267851/effect-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-on-plantar-flexor-muscle-spasticity-and-walking-speed-in-stroke-patients
#5
Darshan Laddha, G Shankar Ganesh, Monalisa Pattnaik, Patitapaban Mohanty, Chittaranjan Mishra
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Spasticity is a major disabling symptom in patients post stroke. Although studies have demonstrated that transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) can reduce spasticity, the duration of single session TENS is a subject of debate. The purpose of this study was to determine the sustainability of the effects of TENS applied over common peroneal nerve in the reduction of ankle plantar-flexor spasticity and improving gait speed in patients post stroke. METHODS: Thirty patients (11 women and 19 men) (mean age of 46...
December 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26267762/considering-the-role-of-physical-therapists-within-the-treatment-and-rehabilitation-of-individuals-with-eating-disorders-an-international-survey-of-expert-clinicians
#6
Andy Soundy, Brendon Stubbs, Michel Probst, Amanda Lundvik Gyllensten, Liv Helvik Skjaerven, Daniel Catalan-Matamoros, Davy Vancampfort
PURPOSE: Recent research has demonstrated that physical therapy may benefit the physical and mental health of people with eating disorders (EDs). Because this is a new and developing field, this study aimed to investigate the experience, practices and knowledge of international physical therapy experts to inform clinical practice, education and research. METHODS: An international cross-sectional survey design was undertaken with experienced physical therapists within the field of EDs...
December 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26259911/increased-activation-amplitude-levels-of-gluteus-medius-in-women-during-isometric-and-dynamic-conditions-following-a-4-week-protocol-of-low-load-eccentric-exercises
#7
Alexandre Carvalho Barbosa, Rafaela Aparecida Nunes Carvalho, Douglas Novaes Bonifácio, Fábio Luiz Mendonça Martins, Michelle Cristina Sales Almeida Barbosa
BACKGROUND: The dysfunction of gluteus medius (GMed) has been implicated in other musculoskeletal disorders including low back pain and lower limb injuries. The purpose of this study was to use a protocol involving low-load eccentric exercises to observe the effects on the three subdivisions of GMed activation through surface electromyography (sEMG) and digital dynamometry. METHODS: Eleven female subjects having femoral instability participated in a 4-week protocol (three sessions per week/non-consecutive days)...
December 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26110230/treadmill-training-or-progressive-strength-training-to-improve-walking-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-parallel-group-trial
#8
Siri Merete Braendvik, Teija Koret, Jorunn L Helbostad, Håvard Lorås, Geir Bråthen, Harald Olav Hovdal, Inger Lise Aamot
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The most effective treatment approach to improve walking in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) is not known. The aim of this trial was to assess the efficacy of treadmill training and progressive strength training on walking in people with MS. METHODS: A single blinded randomized parallel group trial was carried out. Eligible participants were adults with MS with Expanded Disability Status Scale score ≤6. A total of 29 participants were randomized and 28 received the allocated exercise intervention, treadmill (n = 13) or strength training (n = 15)...
December 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26015292/incidence-time-course-and-predictors-of-impairments-relating-to-caring-for-the-profoundly-affected-arm-after-stroke-a-systematic-review
#9
Rhoda Allison, Laura Shenton, Kathryn Bamforth, Cherry Kilbride, David Richards
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A significant number of stroke survivors will not recover the use of their affected arm. A proportion will experience pain, stiffness and difficulty with basic care activities. The purpose of the review was to identify predictors of difficulty caring for the profoundly affected arm and establish the incidence and time-course of the related impairments of pain, spasticity and contracture. METHOD: Data sources: Databases (PubMED, MEDLINE, AMED, EMBASE, CINAHL and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register) were searched from inception to December 2013...
December 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527712/why-in-the-world
#10
EDITORIAL
Emma K Stokes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26307936/global-health-competencies-for-physiotherapist-education-in-the-united-states
#11
Celia M Pechak, Jill D Black
INTRODUCTION: Increasingly global health education is being incorporated into health professions' curricula. Various disciplines have defined global health competencies (GHC) for their areas of professional practice. However, physiotherapist educators have not delineated GHC for physiotherapist education. This study's purpose was to develop GHC for United States (US)-based physiotherapist education. METHODS: We developed an online survey using 30 GHC from a nursing study and 4 GHC that we developed...
September 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25962490/importance-attributed-to-cardiovascular-and-pulmonary-competencies-by-public-sector-physical-therapists-in-kuwait-a-population-based-exploratory-study
#12
Nowall Al-Sayegh, Nadia Al-Shuwai, Saud M Al-Obaidi, Elizabeth Dean
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Indications for cardiovascular and pulmonary (CVP) physical therapy competencies are changing with the epidemic of non-communicable diseases in Kuwait, particularly lifestyle-related conditions. The degree to which the country's physical therapists (PTs) perceive the importance of CVP competencies (assessment/evaluation and clinical and laboratory investigation interpretation) in professional practice is relevant. Our study objectives were to (1) explore the importance attributed to specific CVP competencies by PTs to professional practice in Kuwait and (2) establish whether these are related to practitioner traits, for example, age, sex, practice setting and specialty...
September 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25962352/the-effect-of-altering-knee-position-and-squat-depth-on-vmo%C3%A2-%C3%A2-vl-emg-ratio-during-squat-exercises
#13
Shapour Jaberzadeh, Daniel Yeo, Maryam Zoghi
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain syndrome is an extremely common condition, believed to be caused by altered activation of vastus medialis obliquus (VMO), leading to maltracking of the patella. AIM: This study aimed to investigate the effect of altering knee movement and squat depth on the ratio of VMO and vastus lateralis (VMO : VL) during squat exercises. METHOD: Eighteen (7 male and 11 female) healthy, asymptomatic participants performed semi-squat exercises with three squat depths (20°, 50° and 80° of knee flexion) while following three knee movement paths (neutral, varus or valgus)...
September 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25892105/physiotherapeutic-rehabilitation-following-lumbar-total-disc-replacement-a-retrospective-study
#14
Adeline Green, Philippa Gilbert, Matthew Scott-Young, Allan Abbott
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study sought to answer the following questions: What are the outcomes of physiotherapy post lumbar total disc replacement (LTDR) compared with patient self-mediated rehabilitation? Is a difference in outcomes related to the number of physiotherapy sessions? METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study of 600 patients post TDR. Patient outcomes for self-mediated rehabilitation (Group 1), 1-3 sessions of clinic-based physiotherapy (Group 2) and ≥4 sessions of clinic-based physiotherapy (Group 3) were analysed...
September 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25891889/effect-of-water-immersion-on-dual-task-performance-implications-for-aquatic-therapy
#15
Sydney Y Schaefer, Talin J Louder, Shayla Foster, Eadric Bressel
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Much is known about cardiovascular and biomechanical responses to exercise during water immersion, yet an understanding of the higher-order neural responses to water immersion is unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare cognitive and motor performance between land and water environments using a dual-task paradigm, which served as an indirect measure of cortical processing. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental crossover research design is used...
September 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25781577/physiotherapy-research-priorities-in-switzerland-views-of-the-various-stakeholders
#16
Irina Nast, Amir Tal, Stefan Schmid, Veronika Schoeb, Barbara Rau, Marco Barbero, Jan Kool
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Research priorities, defined by multiple stakeholders, can proximally facilitate the coordination of research projects and national and international cooperation and distally further improve the quality of physiotherapy practice. The aim of this study was therefore to establish physiotherapy research priorities in Switzerland considering multiple stakeholders' opinions. METHODS: A mixed methods design was chosen. For a qualitative identification of physiotherapy research topics, 18 focus group discussions and 23 semi-structured interviews/written commentaries were conducted...
September 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530980/a-single-session-of-mirror-based-tactile-and-motor-training-improves-tactile-dysfunction-in-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy-a-replicated-randomized-controlled-case-series
#17
Megan L Auld, Leanne M Johnston, Remo N Russo, G Lorimer Moseley
INTRODUCTION: This replicated randomized controlled crossover case series investigated the effect of mirror-based tactile and motor training on tactile registration and perception in children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP). METHODS: Six children with UCP (6-18 years; median 10 years, five male, three-left hemiplegia, four-manual ability classification system (MACS) I, one MACS II and one MACS III) participated. They attended two 90-minute sessions - one of mirror-based training and one of standard practice, bimanual therapy - in alternated order...
August 17, 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27518210/factor-analysis-of-the-community-balance-and-mobility-scale-in-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#18
Judit Takacs, Natasha M Krowchuk, Charles H Goldsmith, Michael A Hunt
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The clinical assessment of balance is an important first step in characterizing the risk of falls. The Community Balance and Mobility Scale (CB&M) is a test of balance and mobility that was designed to assess performance on advanced tasks necessary for independence in the community. However, other factors that can affect balancing ability may also be present during performance of the real-world tasks on the CB&M. It is important for clinicians to understand fully what other modifiable factors the CB&M may encompass...
August 12, 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160804/peer-review-professionally-important-and-an-opportunity-to-contribute
#19
EDITORIAL
Quinette Louw, Karen Grimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25781859/improvements-in-functional-exercise-capacity-after-a-residential-behavioural-change-diet-and-fitness-program-for-obese-adults
#20
Sadye Paez Errickson, Ronette L Kolotkin, Megan Simmons Skidmore, Gerald Endress, Truls Østbye, Ross Crosby, Howard Eisenson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Obese adults are at an increased risk for mobility-related problems. National guidelines recommend calorie restrictions and exercise for obese adults as a means to improve functional fitness capacity and to increase mobility. Yet, lifestyle weight loss interventions often fail to measure fitness changes. The aim of this study was to assess whether a 1-month, intensive behavioural change, diet and fitness intervention for overweight and obese adults would result in statistically significant and clinically meaningful changes in functional exercise...
June 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
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