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Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230143/physical-therapy-practice-in-intensive-care-units-in-jordanian-hospitals-a-national-survey
#1
Saad Al-Nassan, Faris Alshammari, Shaden Al-Bostanji, Zaid Modhi Mansour, Mohannad Hawamdeh
OBJECTIVE: A national survey was conducted to determine the current status of physical therapy practice in the intensive care units (ICUs) of Jordanian hospitals. METHODS: An online survey was sent via email to physical therapists working at Jordanian hospitals. Questions of the survey addressed the physical therapy demographics, staffing, education, training, and barriers of practice. The responses were compared among four different hospital sectors in the country...
September 19, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230136/combined-physical-and-somatosensory-training-after-stroke-development-and-description-of-a-novel-intervention-to-improve-upper-limb-function
#2
Urvashy Gopaul, Paulette van Vliet, Robin Callister, Michael Nilsson, Leeanne Carey
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: After stroke, reach-to-grasp goal-directed movements are disrupted as a result of both residual motor and somatosensory impairments. This report describes the rationale and development of a new upper limb stroke rehabilitation intervention known as COMPoSE: "COMbined Physical and somatoSEnsory training," designed to improve somatosensory and motor deficits in the upper limb after stroke. A standardized training matrix has been developed to facilitate intervention delivery...
September 19, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30226651/a-subgroup-analysis-to-compare-patients-with-acute-low-back-pain-classified-as-per-treatment-based-classification
#3
G Shankar Ganesh, Pradeep Kumar Sahu, Sakti Prasad Das, Chittaranjan Mishra, Sapna Dhiman
OBJECTIVES: The evidence for the effectiveness of interventions targeting acute low back pain (LBP) is suboptimal. It is difficult to identify those patients who are more likely to develop chronic pain and disability after an acute episode of LBP. These shortcomings may be attributed to considering LBP as one homogenous condition. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, we examined and analysed a prospective cohort of 267 patients with first-onset LBP and classified them into one of the groups based on treatment-based classification: direction-specified exercises (Group 2), manipulation (Group 3), stabilization exercises (Group 4), traction (Group 5), and a physician care group (Group 1)...
September 18, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30225966/evidence-based-physiotherapy-clinical-practice-in-the-public-health-care-service-in-ecuador
#4
Verónica Cobo-Sevilla, Italo de Oliveira-Ferreira, Lenin Moposita-Baño, Valeria Paredes-Sánchez, Joshua Ramos-Guevara
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine if evidence-based physiotherapy (EBP) was being applied in the public physiotherapy and physical rehabilitation departments in Ecuador, Zone 3. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was developed applying the "Evidence-Based Practice: Beliefs, Attitudes, Knowledge, and Behaviors of Physical Therapists" questionnaire, designed by Jette et al. and validated in Spanish by Guerra et al. to 67 physiotherapists working in the public service in the provinces of Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, Pastaza, and Tungurahua...
September 17, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209851/does-muscle-energy-technique-have-an-immediate-benefit-for-women-with-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain
#5
Dragana Ceprnja, Amitabh Gupta
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) is a common and debilitating condition. Muscle energy techniques (METs) are used in the management of PPGP. This study aimed to determine the immediate effectiveness of a MET in the management of pain in women with PPGP within a single session of physiotherapy. METHODS: This study was a randomized, crossover, sham-controlled trial. Women (N = 80), M (SD), 30 (5) years of age and 29 (5) weeks of gestation with PPGP were included in the study...
September 12, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209845/the-cone-evasion-walk-test-reliability-and-validity-in-acute-stroke
#6
Hanna Sjöholm, Staffan Hägg, Lars Nyberg, Bo Rolander, Ann-Sofi Kammerlind
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the reliability and validity of the Cone Evasion Walk test (CEW), a new test assessing the ability to evade obstacles, in people with acute stroke. METHODS: To estimate the reliability of the CEW, video recordings of 20 people with acute stroke performing the test were assessed by 10 physiotherapists on two occasions, resulting in a total of 400 ratings. Patients performed the CEW (n = 221), functional ambulation classification (FAC; n = 204), Timed Up and Go (TUG; n = 173), TUG cognitive (TUG-cog; n = 139), Serial 7s attention task from the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-S7; n = 127), and the Star Cancellation Test (SCT; n = 151)...
September 12, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198603/associations-between-gait-speed-and-well-known-fall-risk-factors-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#7
Ingebjørg Lavrantsdatter Kyrdalen, Pernille Thingstad, Leiv Sandvik, Heidi Ormstad
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Exercise interventions are effective at preventing falls in community-dwelling older adults, especially before disability is present. Gait speed below 1.0 m/s is a strong predictor for falls in the elderly. However, evidence is sparse for gait speed alone being sufficient to identify individuals at a high risk of falling. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of fall risk factors among community-dwelling older adults in their late 70s and to investigate the associations between these risk factors and low gait speed in this population...
September 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192036/gait-pattern-changes-after-six-minute-walk-test-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Shahid Escudero-Uribe, Anja Hochsprung, Guillermo Izquierdo-Ayuso
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of induced fatigue on spatiotemporal gait parameters in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) by using 6-min walk test (6MWT). METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a control group (25 healthy persons) was performed. Fifty-six PwMS (37 female) were divided into three groups according to their level of disability, as measured by the expanded disability status scale (EDSS): mild (n = 23, EDSS = 1.0-3.5), moderate (n = 19, EDSS = 4...
September 7, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168228/effectiveness-of-a-community-based-exercise-training-programme-to-increase-physical-activity-level-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Ana Beatriz Varas, Silvia Córdoba, Irene Rodríguez-Andonaegui, Ma Rocío Rueda, Susana García-Juez, Jordi Vilaró
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The exercise training included in pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programmes improves exercise capacity and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Nevertheless, the duration of these effects is limited, and the implementation of PR is still insufficient. Moreover, the physical activity level of COPD patients is low, and it is not modified with the classic PR programmes. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a community-based PR programme designed to increase physical activity in COPD patients...
August 31, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30126016/a-systematic-review-on-workplace-interventions-to-manage-chronic-musculoskeletal-conditions
#10
REVIEW
Glykeria Skamagki, Andrew King, Michael Duncan, Charlotte Wåhlin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A review to investigate whether there are effective workplace interventions that manage chronic musculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: The literature search included published articles between 2008 and 2017. The databases used in this search were MEDLINE, Scopus, CINAHL, AMED, PsycINFO, Academic Search Complete, Cochrane, and PEDro. A limited search on websites for relevant grey literature was also conducted. RESULTS: The review included 12 studies that investigated effectiveness of a specific strength exercise programme or interventions provided by health professionals at the workplace when compared with controls or interventions not at the workplace...
August 20, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109905/inactive-individuals-with-chronic-neck-pain-have-changes-in-range-of-motion-and-functional-performance-of-the-shoulder
#11
Rafaela Maria da Silva, Mariana Alves Bezerra, Aldair Darlan Santos-de-Araújo, Cid André Fidelis de Paula Gomes, Cesário da Silva Souza, Priscila Helena Vanin Alves de Souza Matias, Almir Vieira Dibai-Filho
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the range of movement and functional performance of the shoulder with pain measures in inactive individuals with and without neck pain. In addition, comparisons were made between the groups. METHODS: The sample comprised two groups of inactive adults, aged 18-45 years: chronic neck pain (n = 30) and healthy subjects (n = 30). All participants had no clinical dysfunction in the shoulder joint. Aspects related to neck pain were evaluated with the Numerical Rating Scale, Neck Disability Index, and the Catastrophic Thoughts about Pain Scale...
August 15, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095858/low-frequency-high-intensity-versus-medium-frequency-low-intensity-combined-therapy-in-the-management-of-active-myofascial-trigger-points-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Mary Kamal Nassif Takla
BACKGROUND: Electrotherapeutic modalities have proven to be one of the best therapeutic options for myofascial pain syndrome, targeting the myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). Combined therapy (CT) is described with paucity in literature as the application of ultrasound (US) and electrical stimulating current concurrently and at the same site. AIM: The aim was to compare between low-frequency, high-intensity burst transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation CT (burst-TENS-CT) and medium-frequency, low-intensity amplitude modulated frequency CT (AMF-CT) on upper trapezius active MTrPs (A-MTrPs)...
August 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30088327/measuring-pressure-pain-threshold-in-the-cervical-region-of-dizzy-patients-the-reliability-of-a-pressure-algometer
#13
Mari Kalland Knapstad, Stein Helge Glad Nordahl, Ingvill Fjell Naterstad, Tove Ask, Jan Sture Skouen, Frederik Kragerud Goplen
OBJECTIVES: A tool for measuring neck pain in patients with dizziness is needed to further investigate the relationship between the two symptoms. The objective of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of a hand-held pressure algometer in measuring pressure pain threshold (PPT) in different cervical regions of dizzy patients. METHODS: PPT was measured at two bilateral standardized sites of the neck by a trained physiotherapist in 50 patients with dizziness...
August 7, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058203/postoperative-rehabilitation-of-simultaneous-rupture-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-patellar-ligament-a-case-report
#14
Joaquín Pérez, Gabriel Adrián Novoa, Andrés Pierobon, Santiago Soliño, Melina Calvo Delfino, Malka Eugenia Sajfar, Candela Carmody, Tomas Vuoto, Javier Hernán Dorado, Sandra Salzberg
INTRODUCTION: The simultaneous rupture of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and patellar ligament (PL) is an infrequent condition. Each isolated injury has surgical techniques and rehabilitation protocols that differ widely among each other. Nonetheless, there is no established physical rehabilitation approach when both injuries are associated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this report is to describe the rehabilitation and the outcomes obtained in the postoperative period of simultaneous rupture of ACL and PL and the follow-up period...
July 29, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30039598/a-group-based-individualized-physiotherapy-intervention-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-qualitative-study
#15
Andreas Falck Lahelle, Gunn Kristin Øberg, Britt Normann
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Group-based interventions for people with multiple sclerosis (MS) have gained increased attention in the field of physiotherapy research. However, no studies have investigated whether or how the prevailing principle of individualization is embedded in such interventions. The purpose of this study was to investigate how professional actions and interactions affect individualized exercise adaptations in a group intervention for people with MS. METHODS: This study had a qualitative design and investigated and analysed the actions and interactions of six different physiotherapists (PTs) with expertise in neurology and 40 patients (27 female and 13 male, mean age 52...
July 23, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30035350/preliminary-reliability-and-validity-of-the-shoulder-functional-reach-score
#16
Sean P Riley, Vincent Tafuto, Mark Cote, Jean-Michel Brismée, Alexis Wright, Chad Cook
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine (a) if the newly developed shoulder functional reach score (SFRS) is reliable; (b) if the SFRS demonstrates construct validity by being able to differentiate between patients' symptomatic and asymptomatic shoulders; (c) if the SFRS is able to detect changes over time; and (d) if the potential changes in the SFRS demonstrated criterion validity at three different time intervals by being associated the Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) and Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI)...
July 23, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003628/the-effect-of-psychomotor-physical-therapy-on-health-related-quality-of-life-pain-coping-self-esteem-and-social-support
#17
Astrid Bergland, Cecilie Fromholt Olsen, Kirsten Ekerholt
BACKGROUND: Norwegian psychomotor physiotherapy (NPMP) is commonly applied for patients with long-lasting pain and psychological symptoms. The approach is based on a bio-psychosocial model of health and might have benefits to physical, psychological, and physical domains of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). No previous randomized controlled clinical trials have been performed to examine the effectiveness of NPMP as individual treatment. The aim was therefore to assess the effect of a 6-month intervention of NPMP on HRQOL and on pain, coping, social support, and self-esteem...
July 12, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29984436/the-effect-of-a-dysfunctional-upper-limb-on-community-dwelling-stroke-survivors-and-their-carers-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#18
Rebecca Smith, Caroline Burgess, Isaac Sorinola
OBJECTIVES: The poststroke upper limb continues to pose a myriad of physical and psychological challenges for patients and caregivers. To optimize existing services, this study firstly aimed to explore the experiences of both stroke survivors and caregivers and secondly identify their ongoing needs. METHODS: A qualitative approach was utilized for this study. Six participants (three stroke survivors and three caregivers) were purposively sampled from community stroke groups...
July 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29972281/effects-of-isometric-eccentric-or-heavy-slow-resistance-exercises-on-pain-and-function-in-individuals-with-patellar-tendinopathy-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Hui Yin Lim, Shi Hui Wong
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate current evidence and provide a review on the effects of isometric, eccentric, or heavy slow resistance (HSR) exercises on pain and function in individuals with patellar tendinopathy (PT). METHODS: Academic journals from CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, Scopus, SPORTDiscus™, and The Cochrane Library were searched from inception to August 2017. Screening of reference lists was also performed. Human interventional studies investigating outcomes of pain and function in PT using either isometric, eccentric, or HSR training exercises were included...
July 4, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963759/cirrhosis-affects-maximal-oxygen-consumption-functional-capacity-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-hepatitis-c
#20
Rodrigo Casales da Silva Vieira, Mario Reis Álvares-da-Silva, Álvaro Reischak de Oliveira, Julia da Silveira Gross, Renata Lopes Kruger, Adriane Dal Bosco, Norma Anair Possa Marroni, Luiz Alberto Forgiarini, Alexandre Simões Dias
OBJECTIVE: The aim is assess, compare, and correlate maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max. ), functional capacity and quality of life in cirrhotic patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and in healthy individuals. METHODS: This case-control study included 36 participants (18 patients with HCV cirrhosis and 18 healthy individuals) matched for sex and age. VO2max was assessed using ergospirometry with an incremental load test on a cycloergometer. Functional capacity was measured by a 6-min walk test (6WT), and quality of life was assessed using the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36)...
July 2, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
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