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Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022266/to-guide-or-to-follow-teaching-visual-problem-solving-at-the-workplace
#1
Thomas Jaarsma, Henny P A Boshuizen, Halszka Jarodzka, Jeroen J G van Merriënboer
Visual problem solving is essential to highly visual and knowledge-intensive professional domains such as clinical pathology, which trainees learn by participating in relevant tasks at the workplace (apprenticeship). Proper guidance of the visual problem solving of apprentices by the master is necessary. Interaction and adaptation to the expertise level of the learner are identified as key ingredients of this guidance. This study focuses on the effect of increased participation of the learner in the task on the interaction and adaptation of the guidance by masters...
July 18, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980956/comparatively-salient-examining-the-influence-of-preceding-performances-on-assessors-focus-and-interpretations-in-written-assessment-comments
#2
Andrea Gingerich, Edward Schokking, Peter Yeates
Recent literature places more emphasis on assessment comments rather than relying solely on scores. Both are variable, however, emanating from assessment judgements. One established source of variability is "contrast effects": scores are shifted away from the depicted level of competence in a preceding encounter. The shift could arise from an effect on the range-frequency of assessors' internal scales or the salience of performance aspects within assessment judgments. As these suggest different potential interventions, we investigated assessors' cognition by using the insight provided by "clusters of consensus" to determine whether any change in the salience of performance aspects was induced by contrast effects...
July 6, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29968006/the-jefferson-scale-of-empathy-a-nationwide-study-of-measurement-properties-underlying-components-latent-variable-structure-and-national-norms-in-medical-students
#3
Mohammadreza Hojat, Jennifer DeSantis, Stephen C Shannon, Luke H Mortensen, Mark R Speicher, Lynn Bragan, Marianna LaNoue, Leonard H Calabrese
The Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE) is a broadly used instrument developed to measure empathy in the context of health professions education and patient care. Evidence in support of psychometrics of the JSE has been reported in health professions students and practitioners with the exception of osteopathic medical students. This study was designed to examine measurement properties, underlying components, and latent variable structure of the JSE in a nationwide sample of first-year matriculants at U.S. colleges of osteopathic medicine, and to develop a national norm table for the assessment of JSE scores...
July 2, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922872/training-transfer-a-systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-inner-setting-factors
#4
REVIEW
Carrie B Jackson, Laurel A Brabson, Lauren B Quetsch, Amy D Herschell
Consistent with Baldwin and Ford's model (Pers Psychol 41(1):63-105, 1988), training transfer is defined as the generalization of learning from a training to everyday practice in the workplace. The purpose of this review was to examine the influence of work-environment factors, one component of the model hypothesized to influence training transfer within behavioral health. An electronic literature search guided by the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research's inner setting domain was conducted was conducted on Medline OVID, Medline EMBASE, and PsycINFO databases...
June 19, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948414/optimizing-self-regulation-of-performance-is-mental-effort-a-cue
#5
Sarah Blissett, Matthew Sibbald, Ellen Kok, Jeroen van Merrienboer
Accurate self-regulation of performance is important for trainees. Trainees rely on cues to make monitoring judgments to self-regulate their performance. Ideally, cues and monitoring judgements accurately reflect performance, as measured by cue diagnosticity (the ability of a cue to predict performance) and monitoring accuracy (the ability of a monitoring judgement to predict performance). However, this process is far from perfect, emphasizing the need for more accurate cues and monitoring judgements. Perhaps the mental effort of a task could be a cue used to inform certainty judgements...
June 9, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850966/problem-solving-skills-versus-knowledge-acquisition-the-historical-dispute-that-split-problem-based-learning-into-two-camps
#6
Virginie F C Servant-Miklos
This paper sheds light on an intellectual dispute on the purpose of problem-based learning that took place in the 1970s between two major figures in the history of PBL: Howard S Barrows from McMaster University and Henk Schmidt from Maastricht University. Using historical evidence from archive materials, oral history accounts and contemporary publications, the paper shows that at the core of the dispute was their divergent understanding of cognitive psychology. On the one hand, Barrows espoused hypothetico-deduction, and on the other, Henk Schmidt was a proponent of constructivism...
May 30, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845359/self-efficacy-for-self-regulation-and-fear-of-failure-as-mediators-between-self-esteem-and-academic-procrastination-among-undergraduates-in-health-professions
#7
Yanting Zhang, Siqin Dong, Wenjie Fang, Xiaohui Chai, Jiaojiao Mei, Xiuzhen Fan
Academic procrastination has been a widespread problem behavior among undergraduates. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of academic procrastination among undergraduates in health professions, and explore the mediation effects of self-efficacy for self-regulation and fear of failure in the relationship between self-esteem and academic procrastination. A cross-sectional design was used to study 1184 undergraduates in health professions from China. Participants completed measures of academic procrastination, self-esteem, self-efficacy for self-regulation and fear of failure...
May 29, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804269/the-pedagogical-value-of-testing-how-far-does-it-extend
#8
Kevin W Eva, Colleen Brady, Marion Pearson, Katherine Seto
Information is generally more memorable after it is studied and tested than when it is only studied. One must be cautious to use this phenomenon strategically, however, due to uncertainty about whether testing improves memorability for only tested material, facilitates learning of related non-tested content, or inhibits memory of non-tested material. 52 second-year Pharmacy students were asked to study therapeutic aspects of gastroesophageal reflux disease and peptic ulcer disease. One group was given 30 min to study...
May 26, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797172/enhancing-the-human-dimensions-of-children-s-neuromuscular-care-piloting-a-methodology-for-fostering-team-reflexivity
#9
Patricia Thille, Barbara E Gibson, Thomas Abrams, Laura C McAdam, Bhavnita Mistry, Jenny Setchell
For those with chronic, progressive conditions, high quality clinical care requires attention to the human dimensions of illness-emotional, social, and moral aspects-which co-exist with biophysical dimensions of disease. Reflexivity brings historical, institutional, and socio-cultural influences on clinical activities to the fore, enabling consideration of new possibilities. Continuing education methodologies that encourage reflexivity may improve clinical practice and trainee learning, but are rare. We piloted a dialogical methodology with a children's rehabilitation team to foster reflexivity (patient population: young people with Duchenne's or Becker's muscular dystrophy)...
May 24, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777463/considerations-that-will-determine-if-competency-based-assessment-is-a-sustainable-innovation
#10
W Dale Dauphinee, John R Boulet, John J Norcini
Educational assessment for the health professions has seen a major attempt to introduce competency based frameworks. As high level policy developments, the changes were intended to improve outcomes by supporting learning and skills development. However, we argue that previous experiences with major innovations in assessment offer an important road map for developing and refining assessment innovations, including careful piloting and analyses of their measurement qualities and impacts. Based on the literature, numerous assessment workshops, personal interactions with potential users, and our 40 years of experience in implementing assessment change, we lament the lack of a coordinated approach to clarify and improve measurement qualities and functionality of competency based assessment (CBA)...
May 18, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777464/the-key-features-approach-to-assess-clinical-decisions-validity-evidence-to-date
#11
REVIEW
G Bordage, G Page
The key-features (KFs) approach to assessment was initially proposed during the First Cambridge Conference on Medical Education in 1984 as a more efficient and effective means of assessing clinical decision-making skills. Over three decades later, we conducted a comprehensive, systematic review of the validity evidence gathered since then. The evidence was compiled according to the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing's five sources of validity evidence, namely, Content, Response process, Internal structure, Relations to other variables, and Consequences, to which we added two other types related to Cost-feasibility and Acceptability...
May 17, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767400/volumetric-image-interpretation-in-radiology-scroll-behavior-and-cognitive-processes
#12
Larissa den Boer, Marieke F van der Schaaf, Koen L Vincken, Chris P Mol, Bobby G Stuijfzand, Anouk van der Gijp
The interpretation of medical images is a primary task for radiologists. Besides two-dimensional (2D) images, current imaging technologies allow for volumetric display of medical images. Whereas current radiology practice increasingly uses volumetric images, the majority of studies on medical image interpretation is conducted on 2D images. The current study aimed to gain deeper insight into the volumetric image interpretation process by examining this process in twenty radiology trainees who all completed four volumetric image cases...
May 16, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761255/considering-axiological-integrity-a-methodological-analysis-of-qualitative-evidence-syntheses-and-its-implications-for-health-professions-education
#13
REVIEW
Martina Kelly, Rachel H Ellaway, Helen Reid, Heather Ganshorn, Sarah Yardley, Deirdre Bennett, Tim Dornan
Qualitative evidence synthesis (QES) is a suite of methodologies that combine qualitative techniques with the synthesis of qualitative knowledge. They are particularly suited to medical education as these approaches pool findings from original qualitative studies, whilst paying attention to context and theoretical development. Although increasingly sophisticated use is being made of qualitative primary research methodologies in health professions education (HPE) the use of secondary qualitative reviews in HPE remains underdeveloped...
May 14, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730708/stressing-the-journey-using-life-stories-to-study-medical-student-wellbeing
#14
Tania M Jenkins, Jenny Kim, Chelsea Hu, John C Hickernell, Sarah Watanaskul, John D Yoon
While previous studies have considered medical student burnout and resilience at discrete points in students' training, few studies examine how stressors and resilience-building factors can emerge before, and during, medical school. Our study focuses on students' life stories to comprehensively identify factors contributing to student wellbeing. We performed a secondary analysis of life-story interviews with graduating fourth year medical students. These interviews were originally conducted in 2012 as part of the Project on the Good Physician, and then re-analyzed, focusing on student wellbeing...
May 5, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691699/subjective-awareness-of-ultrasound-expertise-development-individual-experience-as-a-determinant-of-overconfidence
#15
Jordan Richard Schoenherr, Jason Waechter, Scott J Millington
Medical decision-making requires years of experience in order to develop an adequate level of competence to successfully engage in safe practice. While diagnostic and technical skills are essential, an awareness of the extent and limits of our own knowledge and skills is critical. The present study examines clinicians' subjective awareness in a diagnostic cardiac ultrasound task. Clinicians answered diagnostic and treatment related questions for a range of pathologies. Following these questions, clinicians indicated their level of confidence in their response...
April 24, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019184/may-a-month-of-myths
#16
EDITORIAL
Geoff Norman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616435/getting-granted
#17
EDITORIAL
Geoff Norman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222630/-there-s-so-much-to-it-the-ways-physiotherapy-students-and-recent-graduates-experience-practice
#18
S Barradell, T Peseta, S Barrie
Health science courses aim to prepare students for the demands of their chosen profession by learning ways appropriate to that profession and the contexts they will work and live in. Expectations of what students should learn become re-contextualised and translated into entry-level curriculum, with students operating as a connection between what is intended and enacted in curriculum, and required in the real world. Drawing on phenomenology, this paper explores how students understand practice-the collective, purposeful knowing, doing and being of a community-in entry-level physiotherapy programs...
May 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128900/student-learning-outcomes-perceptions-and-beliefs-in-the-context-of-strengthening-research-integration-into-the-first-year-of-medical-school
#19
Mayke W C Vereijken, Roeland M van der Rijst, Jan H van Driel, Friedo W Dekker
Research integrated into undergraduate education is important in order for medical students to understand and value research for later clinical practice. Therefore, attempts are being made to strengthen the integration of research into teaching from the first year onwards. First-year students may interpret attempts made to strengthen research integration differently than intended by teachers. This might be explained by student beliefs about learning and research as well as student perceptions of the learning environment...
May 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127541/the-bargaining-of-professionalism-in-emergency-care-practice-nhs-paramedics-and-higher-education
#20
Assaf Givati, Chris Markham, Ken Street
Over the past 2 decades, as part of reforms to the National Health Service and with it organizational changes to ambulance work in the UK, paramedic education has undergone a process of academisation and a shift from in-house, apprenticeship weeks-long occupational training, to university-based undergraduate programs. While the professional regulation and standardization of Allied Health Professionals' education in high-income countries has captured scholarly attention, the study of paramedic practice is still in its infancy and there is a need to explore its evolvement in relation to the fluid societal-political circumstances affecting its provision and demand...
May 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
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