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Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220334/future-directions-in-personality-occupational-and-medical-selection-myths-misunderstandings-measurement-and-suggestions
#1
Eamonn Ferguson, Filip Lievens
This paper has two objectives: (1) presenting recent advances in personality theory whereby personality traits are conceptualized within a framework that focuses on the dynamic interactions of behaviour, biology, context, and states, and (2) discussing the implications of these developments for measurement and medical selection. We start by presenting evidence that traits are no longer regarded as stable deterministic predictors of behaviour. Instead, traits are found to change across generations, the life span, and in response to environmental contingencies...
February 20, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220333/developing-skilled-doctor-patient-communication-in-the-workplace-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-trainees-and-clinical-supervisors
#2
Esther Giroldi, Wemke Veldhuijzen, Kristel Geelen, Jean Muris, Frits Bareman, Herman Bueving, Trudy van der Weijden, Cees van der Vleuten
To inform the development of recommendations to facilitate learning of skilled doctor-patient communication in the workplace, this qualitative study explores experiences of trainees and supervisors regarding how trainees learn communication and how supervisors support trainees' learning in the workplace. We conducted a qualitative study in a general practice training setting, triangulating various sources of data to obtain a rich understanding of trainees and supervisors' experiences: three focus group discussions, five discussions during training sessions and five individual interviews...
February 20, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188452/participation-and-selection-effects-of-a-voluntary-selection-process
#3
Nienke R Schripsema, Anke M van Trigt, Susanna M Lucieer, Anouk Wouters, Gerda Croiset, Axel P N Themmen, Jan C C Borleffs, Janke Cohen-Schotanus
Many different medical school selection processes are used worldwide. In this paper, we examine the effect of (1) participation, and (2) selection in a voluntary selection process on study performance. We included data from two cohorts of medical students admitted to Erasmus MC, Rotterdam and VUmc, Amsterdam, The Netherlands and compared them to previously published data from Groningen medical school, The Netherlands. All included students were admitted based on either (1) a top pre-university grade point average, or (2) a voluntary selection process, or (3) weighted lottery...
February 10, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181019/evaluating-the-complementary-roles-of-an-sjt-and-academic-assessment-for-entry-into-clinical-practice
#4
Fran Cousans, Fiona Patterson, Helena Edwards, Kim Walker, John C McLachlan, David Good
Although there is extensive evidence confirming the predictive validity of situational judgement tests (SJTs) in medical education, there remains a shortage of evidence for their predictive validity for performance of postgraduate trainees in their first role in clinical practice. Moreover, to date few researchers have empirically examined the complementary roles of academic and non-academic selection methods in predicting in-role performance. This is an important area of enquiry as despite it being common practice to use both types of methods within a selection system, there is currently no evidence that this approach translates into increased predictive validity of the selection system as a whole, over that achieved by the use of a single selection method...
February 8, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160102/on-the-validity-of-repeated-assessments-in-the-umat-a-high-stakes-admissions-test
#5
David Andrich, Irene Styles, Annette Mercer, Ian B Puddey
The possibility that the validity of assessment is compromised by repeated sittings of highly competitive and high profile selection tests has been documented and is of concern to stake-holders. An illustrative example is the Undergraduate Medicine and Health Sciences Admission Test (UMAT) used by some medical and dental courses in Australia and New Zealand. The proficiencies of all applicants who sat the UMAT from one to four sittings between 2006 and 2012 were estimated on the same metric using the probabilistic Rasch model...
February 4, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160101/enhancing-technical-skill-learning-through-interleaved-mixed-model-observational-practice
#6
Arthur Welsher, Lawrence E M Grierson
A broad foundation of behavioural (Hayes et al. in Exp Brain Res 204(2): 199-206, 2010) and neurophysiological (Kohler et al. in Science 297(5582): 846-848, 2002) evidence has revealed that the acquisition of psychomotor skills, including those germane to clinical practice (Domuracki et al. in Med Educ 49(2): 186-192, 2015), can be facilitated through observational practice. Interestingly, research also reveals that learning via observation is greatest when the learner has the opportunity to view both error-free expert demonstrations and flawed novice demonstrations (Rohbanfard and Proteau in Exp Brain Res 215: 183-197, 2011)...
February 3, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155004/stakeholder-perspectives-on-workplace-based-performance-assessment-towards-a-better-understanding-of-assessor-behaviour
#7
Laury P J W M de Jonge, Angelique A Timmerman, Marjan J B Govaerts, Jean W M Muris, Arno M M Muijtjens, Anneke W M Kramer, Cees P M van der Vleuten
Workplace-Based Assessment (WBA) plays a pivotal role in present-day competency-based medical curricula. Validity in WBA mainly depends on how stakeholders (e.g. clinical supervisors and learners) use the assessments-rather than on the intrinsic qualities of instruments and methods. Current research on assessment in clinical contexts seems to imply that variable behaviours during performance assessment of both assessors and learners may well reflect their respective beliefs and perspectives towards WBA. We therefore performed a Q methodological study to explore perspectives underlying stakeholders' behaviours in WBA in a postgraduate medical training program...
February 2, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144797/the-effect-of-self-explanation-of-pathophysiological-mechanisms-of-diseases-on-medical-students-diagnostic-performance
#8
José Maria Peixoto, Sílvia Mamede, Rosa Malena Delbone de Faria, Alexandre Sampaio Moura, Silvana Maria Elói Santos, Henk G Schmidt
Self-explanation while diagnosing clinical cases fosters medical students' diagnostic performance. In previous studies on self-explanation, students were free to self-explain any aspect of the case, and mostly clinical knowledge was used. Elaboration on knowledge of pathophysiological mechanisms of diseases has been largely unexplored in studies of strategies for teaching clinical reasoning. The purpose of this two-phase experiment was to investigate the effect of self-explanation of pathophysiology during practice with clinical cases on students' diagnostic performance...
January 31, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120259/a-practical-approach-to-programmatic-assessment-design
#9
A A Timmerman, J Dijkstra
Assessment of complex tasks integrating several competencies calls for a programmatic design approach. As single instruments do not provide the information required to reach a robust judgment of integral performance, 73 guidelines for programmatic assessment design were developed. When simultaneously applying these interrelated guidelines, it is challenging to keep a clear overview of all assessment activities. The goal of this study was to provide practical support for applying a programmatic approach to assessment design, not bound to any specific educational paradigm...
January 24, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116565/pulling-together-and-pulling-apart-influences-of-convergence-and-divergence-on-distributed-healthcare-teams
#10
L Lingard, C Sue-Chue-Lam, G R Tait, J Bates, J Shadd, V Schulz
Effective healthcare requires both competent individuals and competent teams. With this recognition, health professions education is grappling with how to factor team competence into training and assessment strategies. These efforts are impeded, however, by the absence of a sophisticated understanding of the the relationship between competent individuals and competent teams . Using data from a constructivist grounded theory study of team-based healthcare for patients with advanced heart failure, this paper explores the relationship between individual team members' perceived goals, understandings, values and routines and the collective competence of the team...
January 23, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091976/effectiveness-of-various-innovative-learning-methods-in-health-science-classrooms-a-meta-analysis
#11
Sema A Kalaian, Rafa M Kasim
This study reports the results of a meta-analysis of the available literature on the effectiveness of various forms of innovative small-group learning methods on student achievement in undergraduate college health science classrooms. The results of the analysis revealed that most of the primary studies supported the effectiveness of the small-group learning methods in improving students' academic achievement with an overall weighted average effect-size of 0.59 in standard deviation units favoring small-group learning methods...
January 13, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083814/use-of-fictional-medical-television-in-health-sciences-education-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Beth L Hoffman, Robert Hoffman, Charles B Wessel, Ariel Shensa, Michelle S Woods, Brian A Primack
While medical television programs are popular among health profession trainees, it is not clear to what extent these programs affect their knowledge, perceptions, and/or behaviors. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review of research evaluating associations between program exposure and outcomes. We conducted systematic literature searches in Pubmed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO. Selected studies were required to be scholarly research, involve exposure to fictionalized medical television programming by health professional students, and assess associations between exposure and outcomes...
January 12, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062926/selecting-for-creativity-and-innovation-potential-implications-for-practice-in-healthcare-education
#13
Fiona Patterson, Lara Dawn Zibarras
The ability to innovate is an important requirement in many organisations. Despite this pressing need, few selection systems in healthcare focus on identifying the potential for creativity and innovation and so this area has been vastly under-researched. As a first step towards understanding how we might select for creativity and innovation, this paper explores the use of a trait-based measure of creativity and innovation potential, and evaluates its efficacy for use in selection for healthcare education. This study uses a sample of 188 postgraduate physicians applying for education and training in UK General Practice...
January 6, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062925/impact-of-vocational-interests-previous-academic-experience-gender-and-age-on-situational-judgement-test-performance
#14
Nienke R Schripsema, Anke M van Trigt, Jan C C Borleffs, Janke Cohen-Schotanus
Situational Judgement Tests (SJTs) are increasingly implemented in medical school admissions. In this paper, we investigate the effects of vocational interests, previous academic experience, gender and age on SJT performance. The SJT was part of the selection process for the Bachelor's degree programme in Medicine at University of Groningen, the Netherlands. All applicants for the academic year 2015-2016 were included and had to choose between learning communities Global Health (n = 126), Sustainable Care (n = 149), Intramural Care (n = 225), or Molecular Medicine (n = 116)...
January 6, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054158/a-multi-site-study-on-medical-school-selection-performance-motivation-and-engagement
#15
A Wouters, G Croiset, N R Schripsema, J Cohen-Schotanus, G W G Spaai, R L Hulsman, R A Kusurkar
Medical schools seek ways to improve their admissions strategies, since the available methods prove to be suboptimal for selecting the best and most motivated students. In this multi-site cross-sectional questionnaire study, we examined the value of (different) selection procedures compared to a weighted lottery procedure, which includes direct admission based on top pre-university grade point averages (≥8 out of 10; top-pu-GPA). We also considered whether students had participated in selection, prior to being admitted through weighted lottery...
January 4, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050655/use-and-ornament-expanding-validity-evidence-in-admissions
#16
Kulamakan Kulasegaram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050654/misalignments-of-purpose-and-power-in-an-early-canadian-interprofessional-education-initiative
#17
Sarah Whyte, Elise Paradis, Carrie Cartmill, Ayelet Kuper, Heather Boon, Corinne Hart, Saleem Razack, Mandy Pipher, Cynthia R Whitehead
Interprofessional education (IPE) has been widely incorporated into health professional curricula and accreditation standards despite an arguably thin base of evidence regarding its clinical effects, theoretical underpinnings, and social implications. To better understand how and why IPE first took root, but failed to grow, this study examines one of the earliest documented IPE initiatives, which took place at the University of British Columbia between 1960 and 1975. We examined a subset of 110 texts (academic literature, grey literature, and unpublished records) from a larger study that uses Critical Discourse Analysis to trace the emergence of IPE in Canada...
January 3, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050653/successfully-sustaining-sex-and-gender-issues-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-case-study
#18
Francisca van der Meulen, Cornelia Fluit, Mieke Albers, Roland Laan, Antoine Lagro-Janssen
Although several projects have addressed the importance of gender health issues in medical education, the sustainability of change efforts in medical education has rarely been addressed. Understanding the possible facilitators or barriers to sustainability may help to develop future interventions that are effective in maintaining gender health issues as a topic in medical curricula. The aim of this study is to provide a longitudinal evaluation of changes regarding gender health issues that occurred in the past decade and the factors that influenced this process...
January 3, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039589/faith-based-medical-education
#19
Cynthia R Whitehead, Ayelet Kuper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039588/using-video-reflexive-ethnography-to-capture-the-complexity-of-leadership-enactment-in-the-healthcare-workplace
#20
Lisi Gordon, Charlotte Rees, Jean Ker, Jennifer Cleland
Current theoretical thinking asserts that leadership should be distributed across many levels of healthcare organisations to improve the patient experience and staff morale. However, much healthcare leadership education focusses on the training and competence of individuals and little attention is paid to the interprofessional workplace and how its inherent complexities might contribute to the emergence of leadership. Underpinned by complexity theory, this research aimed to explore how interprofessional healthcare teams enact leadership at a micro-level through influential acts of organising...
December 30, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
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