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Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032415/from-aggregation-to-interpretation-how-assessors-judge-complex-data-in-a-competency-based-portfolio
#1
Andrea Oudkerk Pool, Marjan J B Govaerts, Debbie A D C Jaarsma, Erik W Driessen
While portfolios are increasingly used to assess competence, the validity of such portfolio-based assessments has hitherto remained unconfirmed. The purpose of the present research is therefore to further our understanding of how assessors form judgments when interpreting the complex data included in a competency-based portfolio. Eighteen assessors appraised one of three competency-based mock portfolios while thinking aloud, before taking part in semi-structured interviews. A thematic analysis of the think-aloud protocols and interviews revealed that assessors reached judgments through a 3-phase cyclical cognitive process of acquiring, organizing, and integrating evidence...
October 14, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027040/actor-network-theory-and-the-osce-formulating-a-new-research-agenda-for-a-post-psychometric-era
#2
Margaret Bearman, Rola Ajjawi
The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is a ubiquitous part of medical education, although there is some debate about its value, particularly around possible impact on learning. Literature and research regarding the OSCE is most often situated within the psychometric or competency discourses of assessment. This paper describes an alternative approach: Actor-network-theory (ANT), a sociomaterial approach to understanding practice and learning. ANT provides a means to productively examine tensions and limitations of the OSCE, in part through extending research to include social relationships and physical objects...
October 12, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022188/swimming-in-a-tsunami-of-change
#3
Saad Y Salim, Jonathan White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022186/response-distortion-on-personality-tests-in-applicants-comparing-high-stakes-to-low-stakes-medical-settings
#4
Jeromy Anglim, Stefan Bozic, Jonathon Little, Filip Lievens
The current study examined the degree to which applicants applying for medical internships distort their responses to personality tests and assessed whether this response distortion led to reduced predictive validity. The applicant sample (n = 530) completed the NEO Personality Inventory whilst applying for one of 60 positions as first-year post-graduate medical interns. Predictive validity was assessed using university grades, averaged over the entire medical degree. Applicant responses for the Big Five (i...
October 11, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956195/qualitative-analysis-of-mmi-raters-scorings-of-medical-school-candidates-a-matter-of-taste
#5
Mette K Christensen, Eva Lykkegaard, Ole Lund, Lotte D O'Neill
Recent years have seen leading medical educationalists repeatedly call for a paradigm shift in the way we view, value and use subjectivity in assessment. The argument is that subjective expert raters generally bring desired quality, not just noise, to performance evaluations. While several reviews document the psychometric qualities of the Multiple Mini-Interview (MMI), we currently lack qualitative studies examining what we can learn from MMI raters' subjectivity. The present qualitative study therefore investigates rater subjectivity or taste in MMI selection interview...
September 27, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918571/the-effect-of-communication-skills-training-on-patient-pharmacist-communication-in-pharmacy-education-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Hye Kyung Jin, Jae Hee Choi, Ji Eun Kang, Sandy Jeong Rhie
Communication skills in pharmacy education and practice are increasingly regarded as a crucial component. However, thus far, estimating of the overall communication skills training (CST) effects in a variety of outcomes is lacking. The aim of this study was to synthesize the effects of CST in pharmacy education by performing a meta-analysis of CST studies. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, ERIC, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Communication and Mass Media Complete (CMMC), key journals, and bibliographic databases...
September 16, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900801/time-for-action-key-considerations-for-implementing-social-accountability-in-the-education-of-health-professionals
#7
William Ventres, Charles Boelen, Cynthia Haq
Within health professional education around the world, there exists a growing awareness of the professional duty to be socially responsible, being attentive to the needs of all members of communities, regions, and nations, especially those who disproportionately suffer from the adverse influence of social determinants. However, much work still remains to progress beyond such good intentions. Moving from contemplation to action means embracing social accountability as a key guiding principle for change. Social accountability means that health institutions attend to improving the performance of individual practitioners and health systems by directing educational and practice interventions to promote the health of all the public and assessing the systemic effects of these interventions...
September 12, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762088/effects-of-test-item-disclosure-on-medical-licensing-examination
#8
Eunbae B Yang, Myung Ae Lee, Yoon Soo Park
In 2012, the National Health Personnel Licensing Examination Board of Korea decided to publicly disclose all test items and answers to satisfy the test takers' right to know and enhance the transparency of tests administered by the government. This study investigated the effects of item disclosure on the medical licensing examination (MLE), examining test taker performance, psychometric characteristics, and factors affecting pass rates. This paper analyzed examinee performance data (n = 20,455) from 41 medical schools who took the MLE before (2009-2011) and after (2012-2014) the item disclosure policy (5548 total items)...
July 31, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752439/psychometrics-in-action-science-as-practice
#9
Jacob Pearce
Practitioners in health sciences education and assessment regularly use a range of psychometric techniques to analyse data, evaluate models, and make crucial progression decisions regarding student learning. However, a recent editorial entitled "Is Psychometrics Science" highlighted some core epistemological and practical problems in psychometrics, and brought its legitimacy into question. This paper attempts to address these issues by applying some key ideas from history and philosophy of science (HPS) discourse...
July 27, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744826/erratum-to-working-memory-reasoning-and-expertise-in-medicine-insights-into-their-relationship-using-functional-neuroimaging
#10
Pam Hruska, Olav Krigolson, Sylvain Coderre, Kevin McLaughlin, Filomeno Cortese, Christopher Doig, Tanya Beran, Bruce Wright, Kent G Hecker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744825/erratum-to-hemispheric-activation-differences-in-novice-and-expert-clinicians-during-clinical-decision-making
#11
Pam Hruska, Kent G Hecker, Sylvain Coderre, Kevin McLaughlin, Filomeno Cortese, Christopher Doig, Tanya Beran, Bruce Wright, Olav Krigolson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681312/why
#12
EDITORIAL
Geoff Norman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817088/the-elephant-in-the-room-talking-race-in-medical-education
#13
Malika Sharma, Ayelet Kuper
The deaths of black men and women while in police custody, rising anti-immigrant sentiment and rhetoric in high-income countries, and the continued health disparities experienced by Indigenous communities globally have brought race and racism to the forefront of public discourse in recent years. In a context where academic health science centres are increasingly called to be "socially accountable," ignoring the larger social context of race and racism is something that medical education institutions can little afford to do...
August 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469243/what-physicians-reason-about-during-admission-case-review
#14
Salina Juma, Mark Goldszmidt
Research suggests that physicians perform multiple reasoning tasks beyond diagnosis during patient review. However, these remain largely theoretical. The purpose of this study was to explore reasoning tasks in clinical practice during patient admission review. The authors used a constant comparative approach-an iterative and inductive process of coding and recoding-to analyze transcripts from 38 audio-recorded case reviews between junior trainees and their senior residents or attendings. Using a previous list of reasoning tasks, analysis focused on what tasks were performed, when they occurred, and how they related to the other tasks...
August 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436353/how-visual-search-relates-to-visual-diagnostic-performance-a-narrative-systematic-review-of-eye-tracking-research-in-radiology
#15
REVIEW
A van der Gijp, C J Ravesloot, H Jarodzka, M F van der Schaaf, I C van der Schaaf, J P J van Schaik, Th J Ten Cate
Eye tracking research has been conducted for decades to gain understanding of visual diagnosis such as in radiology. For educational purposes, it is important to identify visual search patterns that are related to high perceptual performance and to identify effective teaching strategies. This review of eye-tracking literature in the radiology domain aims to identify visual search patterns associated with high perceptual performance. Databases PubMed, EMBASE, ERIC, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Science were searched using 'visual perception' OR 'eye tracking' AND 'radiology' and synonyms...
August 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318712/integrating-the-teaching-role-into-one-s-identity-a-qualitative-study-of-beginning-undergraduate-medical-teachers
#16
T van Lankveld, J Schoonenboom, R A Kusurkar, M Volman, J Beishuizen, G Croiset
Beginning medical teachers often see themselves as doctors or researchers rather than as teachers. Using both figured worlds theory and dialogical self theory, this study explores how beginning teachers in the field of undergraduate medical education integrate the teacher role into their identity. A qualitative study was performed, involving 18 beginning medical teachers at a Dutch medical school. The teachers were interviewed twice and kept a logbook over a period of 7 months. The study shows that the integration of the teacher role into the teachers' identity was hampered by the idea that teaching is perceived by others as a low status occupation...
August 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707179/the-grades-that-clinical-teachers-give-students-modifies-the-grades-they-receive
#17
Michael Paget, Gurbir Brar, Pamela Veale, Kevin Busche, Sylvain Coderre, Wayne Woloschuk, Kevin McLaughlin
Prior studies have shown a correlation between the grades students receive and how they rate their teacher in the classroom. In this study, the authors probe this association on clinical rotations and explore potential mechanisms. All In-Training Evaluation Reports (ITERs) for students on mandatory clerkship rotations from April 1, 2013 to January 31, 2015 were matched with the corresponding student's rating of their teacher (SRT). The date and time that ITERs and SRTs were submitted was used to divide SRTs into those submitted before versus after the corresponding ITER was submitted...
July 13, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702788/how-do-physicians-become-medical-experts-a-test-of-three-competing-theories-distinct-domains-independent-influence-and-encapsulation-models
#18
Claudio Violato, Hong Gao, Mary Claire O'Brien, David Grier, E Shen
The distinction between basic sciences and clinical knowledge which has led to a theoretical debate on how medical expertise is developed has implications for medical school and lifelong medical education. This longitudinal, population based observational study was conducted to test the fit of three theories-knowledge encapsulation, independent influence, distinct domains-of the development of medical expertise employing structural equation modelling. Data were collected from 548 physicians (292 men-53.3%; 256 women-46...
July 12, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698965/what-impact-do-students-have-on-clinical-educators-and-the-way-they-practise
#19
REVIEW
Lisa Waters, Kristin Lo, Stephen Maloney
The clinical education setting plays an important part in teaching students about the real world of clinical practice. Traditionally the educational relationship between student and clinical educator has been considered one-way, with students being the ones that benefit. This review focuses on the areas of clinician practice and behaviour that students are reported to influence through clinical placements and as such, determine the overall impact students can have on supervising clinicians. Electronic searches were conducted across MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsychINFO and CINAHL in July 2016...
July 11, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667549/exploring-the-influence-of-context-on-feedback-at-medical-school-a-video-ethnography-study
#20
L M Urquhart, J S Ker, C E Rees
Feedback in medical education is complicated by the multiple contexts within which learning occurs. However, feedback research in medical education has typically focused on information provided by tutors to students with limited exploration of the influence of context. This research seeks to address this gap by exploring the influence of multiple contexts upon feedback processes. Employing video-ethnography methodology we explored feedback in two common contexts for medical student learning: the simulated clinical environment and the medical workplace...
June 30, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
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