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Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762088/effects-of-test-item-disclosure-on-medical-licensing-examination
#1
Eunbae B Yang, Myung Ae Lee, Yoon Soo Park
In 2012, the National Health Personnel Licensing Examination Board of Korea decided to publicly disclose all test items and answers to satisfy the test takers' right to know and enhance the transparency of tests administered by the government. This study investigated the effects of item disclosure on the medical licensing examination (MLE), examining test taker performance, psychometric characteristics, and factors affecting pass rates. This paper analyzed examinee performance data (n = 20,455) from 41 medical schools who took the MLE before (2009-2011) and after (2012-2014) the item disclosure policy (5548 total items)...
July 31, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752439/psychometrics-in-action-science-as-practice
#2
Jacob Pearce
Practitioners in health sciences education and assessment regularly use a range of psychometric techniques to analyse data, evaluate models, and make crucial progression decisions regarding student learning. However, a recent editorial entitled "Is Psychometrics Science" highlighted some core epistemological and practical problems in psychometrics, and brought its legitimacy into question. This paper attempts to address these issues by applying some key ideas from history and philosophy of science (HPS) discourse...
July 27, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744826/erratum-to-working-memory-reasoning-and-expertise-in-medicine-insights-into-their-relationship-using-functional-neuroimaging
#3
Pam Hruska, Olav Krigolson, Sylvain Coderre, Kevin McLaughlin, Filomeno Cortese, Christopher Doig, Tanya Beran, Bruce Wright, Kent G Hecker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744825/erratum-to-hemispheric-activation-differences-in-novice-and-expert-clinicians-during-clinical-decision-making
#4
Pam Hruska, Kent G Hecker, Sylvain Coderre, Kevin McLaughlin, Filomeno Cortese, Christopher Doig, Tanya Beran, Bruce Wright, Olav Krigolson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707179/the-grades-that-clinical-teachers-give-students-modifies-the-grades-they-receive
#5
Michael Paget, Gurbir Brar, Pamela Veale, Kevin Busche, Sylvain Coderre, Wayne Woloschuk, Kevin McLaughlin
Prior studies have shown a correlation between the grades students receive and how they rate their teacher in the classroom. In this study, the authors probe this association on clinical rotations and explore potential mechanisms. All In-Training Evaluation Reports (ITERs) for students on mandatory clerkship rotations from April 1, 2013 to January 31, 2015 were matched with the corresponding student's rating of their teacher (SRT). The date and time that ITERs and SRTs were submitted was used to divide SRTs into those submitted before versus after the corresponding ITER was submitted...
July 13, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702788/how-do-physicians-become-medical-experts-a-test-of-three-competing-theories-distinct-domains-independent-influence-and-encapsulation-models
#6
Claudio Violato, Hong Gao, Mary Claire O'Brien, David Grier, E Shen
The distinction between basic sciences and clinical knowledge which has led to a theoretical debate on how medical expertise is developed has implications for medical school and lifelong medical education. This longitudinal, population based observational study was conducted to test the fit of three theories-knowledge encapsulation, independent influence, distinct domains-of the development of medical expertise employing structural equation modelling. Data were collected from 548 physicians (292 men-53.3%; 256 women-46...
July 12, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698965/what-impact-do-students-have-on-clinical-educators-and-the-way-they-practise
#7
REVIEW
Lisa Waters, Kristin Lo, Stephen Maloney
The clinical education setting plays an important part in teaching students about the real world of clinical practice. Traditionally the educational relationship between student and clinical educator has been considered one-way, with students being the ones that benefit. This review focuses on the areas of clinician practice and behaviour that students are reported to influence through clinical placements and as such, determine the overall impact students can have on supervising clinicians. Electronic searches were conducted across MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsychINFO and CINAHL in July 2016...
July 11, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667549/exploring-the-influence-of-context-on-feedback-at-medical-school-a-video-ethnography-study
#8
L M Urquhart, J S Ker, C E Rees
Feedback in medical education is complicated by the multiple contexts within which learning occurs. However, feedback research in medical education has typically focused on information provided by tutors to students with limited exploration of the influence of context. This research seeks to address this gap by exploring the influence of multiple contexts upon feedback processes. Employing video-ethnography methodology we explored feedback in two common contexts for medical student learning: the simulated clinical environment and the medical workplace...
June 30, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601913/the-effects-of-a-non-cognitive-versus-cognitive-admission-procedure-within-cohorts-in-one-medical-school
#9
Marieke de Visser, Cornelia Fluit, Janke Cohen-Schotanus, Roland Laan
In medical school selection, non-cognitive performance in particular correlates with performance in clinical practice. It is arguable, therefore, that selection should focus on non-cognitive aspects despite the predictive value of prior cognitive performance for early medical school performance. The aim of this study at Radboud University Medical Center, the Netherlands, is to determine the effects of admitting students through an autonomous non-cognitive procedure on early medical school performance. We compared their performance to the performance of students selected through an autonomous cognitive selection procedure, enrolling in the Bachelor's curriculum simultaneously...
June 10, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600711/what-s-in-a-name-tensions-between-formal-and-informal-communities-of-practice-among-regional-subspecialty-cancer-surgeons
#10
Simon C Kitto, Rachel E Grant, Jennifer Peller, Carol-Anne Moulton, Steven Gallinger
In 2007 the Cancer Care Ontario Hepatobiliary-Pancreatic (HPB) Community of Practice was formed during the wake of provincial regionalization of HPB services in Ontario, Canada. Despite being conceptualized within the literature as an educational intervention, communities of practice (CoP) are increasingly being adopted in healthcare as quality improvement initiatives. A qualitative case study approach using in-depth interviews and document analysis was employed to gain insight into the perceptions and attitudes of the HPB surgeons in the CoP...
June 9, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681312/why
#11
EDITORIAL
Geoff Norman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817088/the-elephant-in-the-room-talking-race-in-medical-education
#12
Malika Sharma, Ayelet Kuper
The deaths of black men and women while in police custody, rising anti-immigrant sentiment and rhetoric in high-income countries, and the continued health disparities experienced by Indigenous communities globally have brought race and racism to the forefront of public discourse in recent years. In a context where academic health science centres are increasingly called to be "socially accountable," ignoring the larger social context of race and racism is something that medical education institutions can little afford to do...
August 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469243/what-physicians-reason-about-during-admission-case-review
#13
Salina Juma, Mark Goldszmidt
Research suggests that physicians perform multiple reasoning tasks beyond diagnosis during patient review. However, these remain largely theoretical. The purpose of this study was to explore reasoning tasks in clinical practice during patient admission review. The authors used a constant comparative approach-an iterative and inductive process of coding and recoding-to analyze transcripts from 38 audio-recorded case reviews between junior trainees and their senior residents or attendings. Using a previous list of reasoning tasks, analysis focused on what tasks were performed, when they occurred, and how they related to the other tasks...
August 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436353/how-visual-search-relates-to-visual-diagnostic-performance-a-narrative-systematic-review-of-eye-tracking-research-in-radiology
#14
REVIEW
A van der Gijp, C J Ravesloot, H Jarodzka, M F van der Schaaf, I C van der Schaaf, J P J van Schaik, Th J Ten Cate
Eye tracking research has been conducted for decades to gain understanding of visual diagnosis such as in radiology. For educational purposes, it is important to identify visual search patterns that are related to high perceptual performance and to identify effective teaching strategies. This review of eye-tracking literature in the radiology domain aims to identify visual search patterns associated with high perceptual performance. Databases PubMed, EMBASE, ERIC, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Science were searched using 'visual perception' OR 'eye tracking' AND 'radiology' and synonyms...
August 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318712/integrating-the-teaching-role-into-one-s-identity-a-qualitative-study-of-beginning-undergraduate-medical-teachers
#15
T van Lankveld, J Schoonenboom, R A Kusurkar, M Volman, J Beishuizen, G Croiset
Beginning medical teachers often see themselves as doctors or researchers rather than as teachers. Using both figured worlds theory and dialogical self theory, this study explores how beginning teachers in the field of undergraduate medical education integrate the teacher role into their identity. A qualitative study was performed, involving 18 beginning medical teachers at a Dutch medical school. The teachers were interviewed twice and kept a logbook over a period of 7 months. The study shows that the integration of the teacher role into the teachers' identity was hampered by the idea that teaching is perceived by others as a low status occupation...
August 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516242/defining-and-understanding-the-relationship-between-professional-identity-and-interprofessional-responsibility-implications-for-educating-health-and-social-care-students
#16
Viktoria C T Joynes
This paper is concerned with exploring the relationship between perceptions of professional identities, interprofessional education (IPE) and collaborative practice. It seeks to introduce the concept of interprofessional responsibility as both a shift in the way in which to conceptualise the professional identity of Health and Social Care (H&SC) staff and as a new set of practices that help to inform the way in which students are prepared for collaborative working. The presented research, undertaken as part of a Ph...
May 17, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501933/the-influence-of-mcat-and-gpa-preadmission-academic-metrics-on-interview-scores
#17
Steven E Gay, Sally A Santen, Rajesh S Mangrulkar, Thomas H Sisson, Paula T Ross, Nikki L Bibler Zaidi
Medical school admissions interviews are used to assess applicants' nonacademic characteristics as advocated by the Association of American Medical Colleges' Advancing Holistic Review Initiative. The objective of this study is to determine whether academic metrics continue to significantly influence interviewers' scores in holistic processes by blinding interviewers to applicants' undergraduate grade point averages (uGPA) and Medical College Admission Test (MCAT). This study examines academic and demographic predictors of interview scores for two applicant cohorts at the University of Michigan Medical School...
May 13, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341923/a-research-agenda-for-establishing-the-validity-of-non-academic-assessments-of-medical-school-applicants
#18
Clarence Dennis Kreiter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341922/have-admissions-committees-considered-all-the-evidence
#19
EDITORIAL
Kent Hecker, Geoff Norman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341921/selection-methods-in-healthcare-professions-where-are-we-now-and-where-next
#20
EDITORIAL
Fiona Patterson, Jennifer Cleland, Fran Cousans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
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