journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915432/social-learning-in-a-longitudinal-integrated-clinical-placement
#1
Chris Roberts, Michele Daly, Fabian Held, David Lyle
Recent research has demonstrated that longitudinal integrated placements (LICs) are an alternative mode of clinical education to traditional placements. Extended student engagement in community settings provide the advantages of educational continuity as well as increased service provision in underserved areas. Developing and maintaining LICs require a differing approach to student learning than that for traditional placements. There has been little theoretically informed empirical research that has offered explanations of which are the important factors that promote student learning in LICs and the relationships between those factors...
December 3, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888427/taiwanese-medical-students-narratives-of-intercultural-professionalism-dilemmas-exploring-tensions-between-western-medicine-and-taiwanese-culture
#2
Ming-Jung Ho, Katherine Gosselin, Madawa Chandratilake, Lynn V Monrouxe, Charlotte E Rees
In an era of globalization, cultural competence is necessary for the provision of quality healthcare. Although this topic has been well explored in non-Western cultures within Western contexts, the authors explore how Taiwanese medical students trained in Western medicine address intercultural professionalism dilemmas related to tensions between Western medicine and Taiwanese culture. A narrative interview method was employed with 64 Taiwanese medical students to collect narratives of professionalism dilemmas...
November 26, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873137/casper-an-online-pre-interview-screen-for-personal-professional-characteristics-prediction-of-national-licensure-scores
#3
Kelly L Dore, Harold I Reiter, Sharyn Kreuger, Geoffrey R Norman
Typically, only a minority of applicants to health professional training are invited to interview. However, pre-interview measures of cognitive skills predict for national licensure scores (Gauer et al. in Med Educ Online 21 2016) and subsequently licensure scores predict for performance in practice (Tamblyn et al. in JAMA 288(23): 3019-3026, 2002; Tamblyn et al. in JAMA 298(9):993-1001, 2007). Assessment of personal and professional characteristics, with the same psychometric rigour of measures of cognitive abilities, are needed upstream in the selection to health profession training programs...
November 21, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853908/implementing-medical-teaching-policy-in-university-hospitals
#4
Rik Engbers, Cornelia R M G Fluit, Sanneke Bolhuis, Marieke de Visser, Roland F J M Laan
Within the unique and complex settings of university hospitals, it is difficult to implement policy initiatives aimed at developing careers in and improving the quality of academic medical teaching because of the competing domains of medical research and patient care. Factors that influence faculty in making use of teaching policy incentives have remained underexplored. Knowledge of these factors is needed to develop theory on the successful implementation of medical teaching policy in university hospitals...
November 16, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848171/the-influence-of-first-impressions-on-subsequent-ratings-within-an-osce-station
#5
Timothy J Wood, James Chan, Susan Humphrey-Murto, Debra Pugh, Claire Touchie
Competency-based assessment is placing increasing emphasis on the direct observation of learners. For this process to produce valid results, it is important that raters provide quality judgments that are accurate. Unfortunately, the quality of these judgments is variable and the roles of factors that influence the accuracy of those judgments are not clearly understood. One such factor is first impressions: that is, judgments about people we do not know, made quickly and based on very little information. This study explores the influence of first impressions in an OSCE...
November 15, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844179/-it-s-making-contacts-notions-of-social-capital-and-implications-for-widening-access-to-medical-education
#6
S Nicholson, J A Cleland
In the UK widening access (WA) activities and policies aim to increase the representation from lower socio-economic groups into Higher Education. Whilst linked to a political rhetoric of inclusive education such initiatives have however failed to significantly increase the number of such students entering medicine. This is compounded by a discourse that portrays WA applicants and students as lacking the essential skills or attributes to be successful in medical education. Much of the research in this area to date has been weak and it is critical to better understand how WA applicants and students negotiate medical admissions and education to inform change...
November 14, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832396/erratum-to-a-neural-marker-of-medical-visual-expertise-implications-for-training
#7
Liam Rourke, Leanna C Cruikshank, Larissa Shapke, Anthony Singhal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817088/the-elephant-in-the-room-talking-race-in-medical-education
#8
Malika Sharma, Ayelet Kuper
The deaths of black men and women while in police custody, rising anti-immigrant sentiment and rhetoric in high-income countries, and the continued health disparities experienced by Indigenous communities globally have brought race and racism to the forefront of public discourse in recent years. In a context where academic health science centres are increasingly called to be "socially accountable," ignoring the larger social context of race and racism is something that medical education institutions can little afford to do...
November 5, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817087/the-construct-validity-of-hpat-ireland-for-the-selection-of-medical-students-unresolved-issues-and-future-research-implications
#9
Maureen E Kelly, Siun O'Flynn
Aptitude tests are widely used in selection. However, despite certain advantages their use remains controversial. This paper aims to critically appraise five sources of evidence for the construct validity of the Health Professions Admission Test (HPAT)-Ireland, an aptitude test used for selecting undergraduate medical students. The objectives are to identify gaps in the evidence, draw comparisons with other aptitude tests and outline future research directions. Our appraisal of the literature found that stakeholder feedback indicates that there is reasonable evidence for test content validity for two of the three sections of HPAT-Ireland...
November 5, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815761/widening-perspectives-reframing-the-way-we-research-selection
#10
Kelly L Dore, Chris Roberts, Sarah Wright
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812820/who-do-you-think-you-are-medical-student-socioeconomic-status-and-intention-to-work-in-underserved-areas
#11
Barbara Griffin, Erik Porfeli, Wendy Hu
A frequently cited rationale for increasing the participation of students from low socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds is that it will create a workforce who will choose to work in low SES and medically underserviced communities. Two theoretical arguments, one that supports and one that contradicts this assumption, are proposed to explain the practice location intentions of medical students which we examine in a longitudinal analysis. SES background and future intentions of 351 applicants to an undergraduate medical degree were assessed at Time 1, with intentions re-assessed one year later for 96% of those who were enrolled as medical students...
November 3, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812819/the-relationship-between-extracurricular-activities-assessed-during-selection-and-during-medical-school-and-performance
#12
Louise C Urlings-Strop, Axel P N Themmen, Karen M Stegers-Jager
Several medical schools include candidates' extracurricular activities in their selection procedure, with promising results regarding their predictive value for achievement during the clinical years of medical school. This study aims to reveal whether the better achievement in clinical training of students selected on the basis of their extracurricular activities could be explained by persistent participation in extracurricular activities during medical school (msECAs). Lottery-admitted and selected student admission groups were compared on their participation in three types of msECAs: (1) research master, (2) important board positions or (3) additional degree programme...
November 3, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804091/selecting-for-a-sustainable-workforce-to-meet-the-future-healthcare-needs-of-rural-communities-in-australia
#13
M Hay, A M Mercer, I Lichtwark, S Tran, W C Hodgson, H T Aretz, E G Armstrong, D Gorman
An undersupply of generalists doctors in rural communities globally led to widening participation (WP) initiatives to increase the proportion of rural origin medical students. In 2002 the Australian Government mandated that 25% of commencing Australian medical students be of rural origin. Meeting this target has largely been achieved through reduced standards of entry for rural relative to urban applicants. This initiative is based on the assumption that rural origin students will succeed during training, and return to practice in rural locations...
November 1, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787677/measuring-physician-cognitive-load-validity-evidence-for-a-physiologic-and-a-psychometric-tool
#14
Adam Szulewski, Andreas Gegenfurtner, Daniel W Howes, Marco L A Sivilotti, Jeroen J G van Merriƫnboer
In general, researchers attempt to quantify cognitive load using physiologic and psychometric measures. Although the construct measured by both of these metrics is thought to represent overall cognitive load, there is a paucity of studies that compares these techniques to one another. The authors compared data obtained from one physiologic tool (pupillometry) to one psychometric tool (Paas scale) to explore whether they actually measured the construct of cognitive load as purported. Thirty-two participants with a range of resuscitation medicine experience and expertise completed resuscitation-medicine based multiple-choice-questions as well as arithmetic questions...
October 27, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785628/self-entrustment-how-trainees-self-regulated-learning-supports-participation-in-the-workplace
#15
Margaretha H Sagasser, Anneke W M Kramer, Cornelia R M G Fluit, Chris van Weel, Cees P M van der Vleuten
Clinical workplaces offer postgraduate trainees a wealth of opportunities to learn from experience. To promote deliberate and meaningful learning self-regulated learning skills are foundational. We explored trainees' learning activities related to patient encounters to better understand what aspects of self-regulated learning contribute to trainees' development, and to explore supervisor's role herein. We conducted a qualitative non-participant observational study in seven general practices. During two days we observed trainee's patient encounters, daily debriefing sessions and educational meetings between trainee and supervisor and interviewed them separately afterwards...
October 26, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770297/early-predictors-of-need-for-remediation-in-the-australian-general-practice-training-program-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Parker Magin, Rebecca Stewart, Allison Turnock, Amanda Tapley, Elizabeth Holliday, Nick Cooling
Underperforming trainees requiring remediation may threaten patient safety and are challenging for vocational training programs. Decisions to institute remediation are high-stakes-remediation being resource-intensive and emotionally demanding on trainees. Detection of underperformance requiring remediation is particularly problematic in general (family) practice. We sought to establish early-training assessment instruments predictive of general practice (GP) trainees' subsequently requiring formal remediation...
October 21, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757558/scoring-method-of-a-situational-judgment-test-influence-on-internal-consistency-reliability-adverse-impact-and-correlation-with-personality
#17
W E De Leng, K M Stegers-Jager, A Husbands, J S Dowell, M Ph Born, A P N Themmen
Situational Judgment Tests (SJTs) are increasingly used for medical school selection. Scoring an SJT is more complicated than scoring a knowledge test, because there are no objectively correct answers. The scoring method of an SJT may influence the construct and concurrent validity and the adverse impact with respect to non-traditional students. Previous research has compared only a small number of scoring methods and has not studied the effect of scoring method on internal consistency reliability. This study compared 28 different scoring methods for a rating SJT on internal consistency reliability, adverse impact and correlation with personality...
October 18, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752842/the-effect-of-multimedia-replacing-text-in-resident-clinical-decision-making-assessment
#18
Todd P Chang, Sheree M Schrager, Alyssa J Rake, Michael W Chan, Phung K Pham, Grant Christman
Multimedia in assessing clinical decision-making skills (CDMS) has been poorly studied, particularly in comparison to traditional text-based assessments. The literature suggests multimedia is more difficult for trainees. We hypothesize that pediatric residents score lower in diagnostic skill when clinical vignettes use multimedia rather than text for patient findings. A standardized method was developed to write text-based questions from 60 high-resolution, quality multimedia; a series of expert panels selected 40 questions with both a multimedia and text-based counterpart, and two online tests were developed...
October 17, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734175/a-deeper-look-at-implicit-weight-bias-in-medical-students
#19
Timothy K Baker, Gregory S Smith, Negar Nicole Jacobs, Ramona Houmanfar, Robbyn Tolles, Deborah Kuhls, Melissa Piasecki
The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP, Barnes-Holmes et al. in Psychol Rec 60:527-542, 2010) was utilized as a relatively new tool to measure implicit weight bias in first- and third-year medical students. To date, only two studies (Miller et al. in Acad Med 88:978-982, 2013; Phelan et al. in Med Educ 49:983-992, 2015) have investigated implicit weight bias with medical students and both have found pro-thin/anti-fat implicit attitudes, on average, using the Implicit Association Test (IAT, Greenwald and Banaji in Psychol Rev 102:4-27, 1995) as the assessment tool...
October 12, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704290/do-personality-traits-assessed-on-medical-school-admission-predict-exit-performance-a-uk-wide-longitudinal-cohort-study
#20
R K MacKenzie, J Dowell, D Ayansina, J A Cleland
Traditional methods of assessing personality traits in medical school selection have been heavily criticised. To address this at the point of selection, "non-cognitive" tests were included in the UK Clinical Aptitude Test, the most widely-used aptitude test in UK medical education (UKCAT: http://www.ukcat.ac.uk/ ). We examined the predictive validity of these non-cognitive traits with performance during and on exit from medical school. We sampled all students graduating in 2013 from the 30 UKCAT consortium medical schools...
October 4, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
journal
journal
32591
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"