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Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468484/seek-and-you-shall-find%C3%A2-multiple-truths
#1
Martin G Tolsgaard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455445/adaptive-reinventing-implicit-bias-and-the-co-construction-of-social-change
#2
Javeed Sukhera, Alexandra Milne, Pim W Teunissen, Lorelei Lingard, Chris Watling
Emerging research on implicit bias recognition and management within health professions describes individually focused educational interventions without considering workplace influences. Workplace learning theories highlight how individual agency and workplace structures dynamically interact to produce change within individuals and learning environments. Promoting awareness of individual biases shaped by clinical learning environments may therefore represent a unique type of workplace learning. We sought to explore how individuals and the workplace learning environment interact once awareness of implicit biases are triggered within learners...
February 17, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453732/the-influence-of-postgraduate-qualifications-on-educational-identity-formation-of-healthcare-professionals
#3
Ahsan Sethi, Susie Schofield, Sean McAleer, Rola Ajjawi
Demand for postgraduate qualifications in medical education can be judged by the increase in providers worldwide over the last two decades. However, research into the impact of such courses on identity formation of healthcare professionals is limited. This study investigates the influence of such programmes on graduates' educational identities, practices and career progression. Informed by constructivist grounded theory (CGT), semi-structured interviews were conducted with 27 graduates (2008-2012) from one postgraduate programme, who were at different stages in their careers worldwide...
February 16, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445976/an-equivalence-study-of-interview-platform-does-videoconference-technology-impact-medical-school-acceptance-rates-of-different-groups
#4
Marlene P Ballejos, Scott Oglesbee, Jennifer Hettema, Robert Sapien
Web-based interviewing may be an effective element of a medical school's larger approach to promotion of holistic review, as recommended by the Association of American Medical Colleges, by facilitating the feasibility of including rural and community physicians in the interview process. Only 10% of medical schools offer videoconference interviews to applicants and little is known about the impact of this interview modality on the admissions process. This study investigated the impact of overall acceptance rates using videoconference interviews and face-to-face interviews in the medical school selection process using an equivalence trial design...
February 14, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442206/thrown-into-the-world-of-independent-practice-from-unexpected-uncertainty-to-new-identities
#5
Brett Schrewe
One of the most exciting yet stressful times in a physician's life is transitioning from supervised training into independent practice. The majority of literature devoted to this topic has focused upon a perceived gap between clinical and non-clinical skills and interventions taken to address it. Building upon recent streams of scholarship in identity formation and adaptation to new contexts, this work uses a Heideggerian perspective to frame an autoethnographical exploration of the author's transition into independent paediatric practice...
February 13, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435698/correction-to-testing-for-medical-school-selection-what-are-prospective-doctors-experiences-and-perceptions-of-the-gamsat-and-what-are-the-consequences-of-testing
#6
K Kumar, C Roberts, E Bartle, D S Eley
The wrong acknowledgement and funding information were provided in the original publication.
February 12, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388088/how-basic-psychological-needs-and-motivation-affect-vitality-and-lifelong-learning-adaptability-of-pharmacists-a-structural-equation-model
#7
Sharon L N M Tjin A Tsoi, Anthonius de Boer, Gerda Croiset, Andries S Koster, Stéphanie van der Burgt, Rashmi A Kusurkar
Insufficient professional development may lead to poor performance of healthcare professionals. Therefore, continuing education (CE) and continuing professional development (CPD) are needed to secure safe and good quality healthcare. The aim of the study was to investigate the hypothesized associations and their directions between pharmacists' basic psychological needs in CE, their academic motivation, well-being, learning outcomes. Self-determination theory was used as a theoretical framework for this study...
January 31, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388087/testing-for-medical-school-selection-what-are-prospective-doctors-experiences-and-perceptions-of-the-gamsat-and-what-are-the-consequences-of-testing
#8
K Kumar, C Roberts, E Bartle, D S Eley
Written tests for selection into medicine have demonstrated reliability and there is accumulating evidence regarding their validity, but we know little about the broader impacts or consequences of medical school selection tests from the perspectives of key stakeholders. In this first Australian study of its kind, we use consequential validity as a theoretical lens to examine how medical school students and applicants view and experience the Graduate Medical Schools Admission Test (GAMSAT), and the consequences of testing...
January 31, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368073/-aspirations-of-people-who-come-from-state-education-are-different-how-language-reflects-social-exclusion-in-medical-education
#9
Jennifer Cleland, Tania Fahey Palma
Despite repeated calls for change, the problem of widening access (WA) to medicine persists globally. One factor which may be operating to maintain social exclusion is the language used in representing WA applicants and students by the gatekeepers and representatives of medical schools, Admissions Deans. We therefore examined the institutional discourse of UK Medical Admissions Deans in order to determine how values regarding WA are communicated and presented in this context. We conducted a linguistic analysis of qualitative interviews with Admissions Deans and/or Staff from 24 of 32 UK medical schools...
January 24, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340892/a-summer-prematriculation-program-to-help-students-succeed-in-medical-school
#10
Stephen D Schneid, April Apperson, Nora Laiken, Jess Mandel, Carolyn J Kelly, Katharina Brandl
Medical schools with a diverse student body face the challenge of ensuring that all students succeed academically. Many medical schools have implemented prematriculation programs to prepare students from diverse backgrounds; however, evidence on their impact is largely lacking. In this study, we analyzed participants' demographics as well as the impact of the prematriculation program on Year 1 performance. Predictive validity of the program was assessed and compared to other traditional predictors, including grade point average (GPA) and Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores and subscores...
January 16, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288323/impact-of-holistic-review-on-student-interview-pool-diversity
#11
Christina J Grabowski
Diversity in the physician workforce lags behind the rapidly changing US population. Since the gateway to becoming a physician is medical school, diversity must be addressed in the admissions process. The Association of American Medical Colleges has implemented a Holistic Review Initiative aimed at assisting medical schools with broadening admission criteria to include relevant, mission-driven attributes and experiences in addition to academic preparation to identify applicants poised to meet the needs of a diverse patient population...
December 29, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243052/motivation-and-emotion-predict-medical-students-attention-to-computer-based-feedback
#12
Laura M Naismith, Susanne P Lajoie
Students cannot learn from feedback unless they pay attention to it. This study investigated relationships between the personal factors of achievement goal orientations, achievement emotions, and attention to feedback in BioWorld, a computer environment for learning clinical reasoning. Novice medical students (N = 28) completed questionnaires to measure their achievement goal orientations and then thought aloud while solving three endocrinology patient cases and reviewing corresponding expert solutions. Questionnaires administered after each case measured participants' experiences of five feedback emotions: pride, relief, joy, shame, and anger...
December 14, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222630/-there-s-so-much-to-it-the-ways-physiotherapy-students-and-recent-graduates-experience-practice
#13
S Barradell, T Peseta, S Barrie
Health science courses aim to prepare students for the demands of their chosen profession by learning ways appropriate to that profession and the contexts they will work and live in. Expectations of what students should learn become re-contextualised and translated into entry-level curriculum, with students operating as a connection between what is intended and enacted in curriculum, and required in the real world. Drawing on phenomenology, this paper explores how students understand practice-the collective, purposeful knowing, doing and being of a community-in entry-level physiotherapy programs...
December 8, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189963/multiple-true-false-items-a-comparison-of-scoring-algorithms
#14
Felicitas-Maria Lahner, Andrea Carolin Lörwald, Daniel Bauer, Zineb Miriam Nouns, René Krebs, Sissel Guttormsen, Martin R Fischer, Sören Huwendiek
Multiple true-false (MTF) items are a widely used supplement to the commonly used single-best answer (Type A) multiple choice format. However, an optimal scoring algorithm for MTF items has not yet been established, as existing studies yielded conflicting results. Therefore, this study analyzes two questions: What is the optimal scoring algorithm for MTF items regarding reliability, difficulty index and item discrimination? How do the psychometric characteristics of different scoring algorithms compare to those of Type A questions used in the same exams? We used data from 37 medical exams conducted in 2015 (998 MTF and 2163 Type A items overall)...
November 30, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411258/good-news-bad-news
#15
EDITORIAL
Geoff Norman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456856/exploring-trainer-and-trainee-emotional-talk-in-narratives-about-workplace-based-feedback-processes
#16
A A Dennis, M J Foy, L V Monrouxe, C E Rees
Emotion characterises learners' feedback experiences. While the failure-to-fail literature suggests that emotion may be important, little is known about the role of emotion for educators. Secondary analyses were therefore conducted on data exploring 110 trainers' and trainees' feedback experiences. Group and individual narrative interviews were conducted across three UK sites. We analysed 333 narratives for emotional talk using textual analysis: Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count. Furthermore, thematic framework analysis was conducted on the trainer narratives to explore aspects of feedback processes that are emotional...
March 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090406/generalization-and-the-qualitative-quantitative-debate
#17
EDITORIAL
Geoff Norman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063308/correction-to-casper-an-online-pre-interview-screen-for-personal-professional-characteristics-prediction-of-national-licensure-scores
#18
Kelly L Dore, Harold I Reiter, Sharyn Kreuger, Geoffrey R Norman
In re-examining the paper "CASPer, an online pre-interview screen for personal/professional characteristics: prediction of national licensure scores" published in AHSE (22(2), 327-336), we recognized two errors of interpretation.
December 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289919/patients-with-chronic-conditions-simulate-to-educate
#19
Thomas Lefèvre, Rémi Gagnayre, Maxime Gignon
Simulation in healthcare in an way to train professionals but it is not yet use commonly to train patient or their caregivers. Recently, it has been suggested to extend simulations to patients with chronic conditions. Simulations could help patients and caregivers to acquire psychosocial and self-management skills. This approach proved to be effective for the training of healthcare professionals, but its transferability to patients needs to be evaluated. Already, several questions arise. However, by considering simulations as pretexts for debriefing, they enable patients and professionals to assess a concrete situation, implying voluntary and reflexive learning processes...
December 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224317/comparison-study-of-judged-clinical-skills-competence-from-standard-setting-ratings-generated-under-different-administration-conditions
#20
William L Roberts, John Boulet, Jeanne Sandella
When the safety of the public is at stake, it is particularly relevant for licensing and credentialing exam agencies to use defensible standard setting methods to categorize candidates into competence categories (e.g., pass/fail). The aim of this study was to gather evidence to support change to the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing-USA Level 2-Performance Evaluation standard setting design and administrative process. Twenty-two video recordings of candidates assessed for clinical competence were randomly selected from the 2014-2015 Humanistic domain test score distribution ranging from the highest to lowest quintile of performance...
December 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
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