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Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906569/prevalence-and-socio-demographic-predictors-of-food-insecurity-among-regional-and-remote-western-australian-children
#1
Stephanie Godrich, Johnny Lo, Christina Davies, Jill Darby, Amanda Devine
OBJECTIVE: Inequities can negatively impact the health outcomes of children. The aims of this study were to: i) ascertain the prevalence of food insecurity (FI) among regional and remote Western Australian (WA) children; and ii) determine which socio-demographic factors predicted child FI. METHODS: Caregiver-child dyads (n=219) completed cross-sectional surveys. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses were conducted using IBM SPSS version 23. RESULTS: Overall, 20...
September 14, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898562/skipping-breakfast-among-australian-children-and-adolescents-findings-from-the-2011-12-national-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey
#2
Kylie J Smith, Monique C Breslin, Sarah A McNaughton, Seana L Gall, Leigh Blizzard, Alison J Venn
OBJECTIVE: Skipping breakfast has been linked with poor diet quality, higher BMI and adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 1,592 2-17-year-olds completed two 24-hour recalls, collected via face-to-face and telephone interview, in the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Breakfast was an eating occasion of ≥210kJ named as 'breakfast' by the participant...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898512/knowledge-attitudes-and-opinions-towards-measles-and-the-mmr-vaccine-across-two-nsw-cohorts
#3
Daniel Brieger, Matthew Edwards, Poonam Mudgil, John Whitehall
OBJECTIVE: Although the number of national measles cases has greatly decreased since 1980s, there has been resurgence in disease incidence in recent years. While parental knowledge and attitudes toward both disease and vaccinations are known to influence vaccine uptake, the contribution of these factors toward vaccination rates in NSW populations has not been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge and opinions on measles and MMR vaccine in NSW Central and North Coast regions...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898509/what-do-we-know-about-the-diets-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-peoples-in-australia-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
Sarah Whalan, Sara Farnbach, Lena Volk, Josephine Gwynn, Mark Lock, Kathy Trieu, Julie Brimblecombe, Jacqui Webster
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of published research on the dietary intake of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. METHODS: Peer-reviewed literature from 1990 to October 2016 was searched to identify studies that measured the dietary intake of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations. Study quality was assessed using a purposely devised quality appraisal tool. Meta-analysis was not possible due to the heterogeneity in dietary intake assessment methods...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898503/using-appreciative-inquiry-methodology-to-develop-a-weight-management-program-for-obese-children-in-new-zealand
#5
Tasileta Teevale, Joseph K Kaholokula
OBJECTIVES: Paediatric obesity predicts adult obesity, and alarming new data in New Zealand reveals that obesity among the young continues to rise. In this study, we used a novel solution-focused paradigm, or appreciative inquiry perspective, to explore the factors that influence not just obese but non-obese states (that is, healthy weight as well as obesity), in Pacific adolescents (aged 13-17) living in socioeconomically deprived neighbourhoods. METHODS: Sixty-eight parents and adolescents from 30 families were recruited and interviewed, resulting in 15 obese and 15 healthy weight adolescents participating in the study...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898499/pacific-islands-families-pif-study-housing-and-psychological-distress-among-pacific-mothers
#6
Janis Paterson, Leon Iusitini, El-Shadan Tautolo, Steve Taylor, Jane Clougherty
OBJECTIVE: In a sample of Pacific mothers living in New Zealand, we examined: 1) maternal reports about seven specific major housing problems (too small, difficult to get to from the street, in poor condition, damp, cold, presence of pests, too expensive); and 2) associations between these housing problems and maternal psychological distress, adjusting for some maternal sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: The Pacific Islands Families longitudinal study follows a cohort of Pacific children born in Auckland, New Zealand, in 2000 and their parents...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898496/cumulative-incidence-of-admission-to-permanent-residential-aged-care-for-australian-women-a-competing-risk-analysis
#7
Peta Forder, Julie Byles, Kha Vo, Cassie Curryer, Deborah Loxton
OBJECTIVE: To provide a direct estimate of the risk of admission to permanent residential aged care among older women while accounting for death, according to housing type and other variables. METHODS: A competing risk analysis from 8,867 Australian women born 1921-26, using linked data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH), Residential Aged Care (RAC), and the Australian National Death Index. RESULTS: After accounting for deaths, around 35% of women will be admitted to RAC between ages 73 and 90...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898492/immunisation-for-refugees-in-australia-a-policy-review-and-analysis-across-all-states-and-territories
#8
Abela Mahimbo, Holly Seale, Anita E Heywood
OBJECTIVE: Although people of refugee background are likely to be under-immunised before and after resettlement, no study to date has evaluated refugee specific immunisation policies in Australia. We developed a framework to analyse immunisation policies across Australia to highlight the strengths and gaps so as to inform development of more effective refugee specific immunisation policies. METHODS: We sourced publicly available immunisation policy documents from state and territory government websites...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898490/inclusion-of-equity-in-economic-analyses-of-public-health-policies-systematic-review-and-future-directions
#9
Anita Lal, Marjory Moodie, Anna Peeters, Rob Carter
OBJECTIVES: To assess current approaches to inclusion of equity in economic analysis of public health interventions and to recommend best approaches and future directions. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies that have used socioeconomic position (SEP) in cost-effectiveness analyses. Studies were identified using MedLine, EconLit and HEED and were evaluated based on their SEP specific inputs and methods of quantification of the health and financial inequalities...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898489/let-s-change-the-conversation
#10
Caroline R Deen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898477/removing-the-australian-tax-exemption-on-healthy-food-adds-food-stress-to-families-vulnerable-to-poor-nutrition
#11
Timothy J Landrigan, Deborah A Kerr, Satvinder S Dhaliwal, Victoria Savage, Christina M Pollard
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of changing the Australian Goods and Services Tax (GST) on household food stress, which occurs when >25% of disposable income needs to be spent on food. METHODS: Weekly healthy meal plan costs for average-income (AI), low-income (LI) and welfare-dependent (WDI) families were calculated using the 2013 Western Australian (WA) Food Access and Costs Survey. Four GST scenarios were compared: 1) status quo; 2) increasing GST to 15%; 3) expanding base to include exempt foods at 10% GST; and 4) expanding base to include exempt foods and increasing the tax to 15%...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898471/response-to-let-s-change-the-conversation
#12
David P Thomas, Kathryn S Panaretto, Maureen Davey, Louise Lyons, Ron Borland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749605/housing-tenure-as-a-focus-for-reducing-inequalities-in-the-home-safety-environment-evidence-from-growing-up-in-new-zealand
#13
Sarah Berry, Polly Atatoa Carr, Bridget Kool, Jatender Mohal, Susan Morton, Cameron Grant
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether specific demographic characteristics are associated with the presence or absence of household safety strategies. METHODS: This study was conducted within Growing Up in New Zealand, a contemporary longitudinal study of New Zealand (NZ) children. Multivariable analyses were used to examine the maternal (self-prioritised ethnicity, education, age, self-reported health) and household (area-level deprivation, tenure, crowding, residential mobility, dwelling type) determinants of household safety strategies being present in the homes of young children...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749604/a-simulation-of-dementia-epidemiology-and-resource-use-in-australia
#14
Lachlan B Standfield, Tracy Comans, Paul Scuffham
OBJECTIVES: The number of people in the developed world who have dementia is predicted to rise markedly. This study presents a validated predictive model to assist decision-makers to determine this population's future resource requirements and target scarce health and welfare resources appropriately. METHODS: A novel individual patient discrete event simulation was developed to estimate the future prevalence of dementia and related health and welfare resource use in Australia...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749591/free-smoking-cessation-mobile-apps-available-in-australia-a-quality-review-and-content-analysis
#15
Louise Thornton, Catherine Quinn, Louise Birrell, Ashleigh Guillaumier, Brad Shaw, Erin Forbes, Mark Deady, Frances Kay-Lambkin
OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to identify free, high-quality, smoking cessation mobile applications (apps) that adhere to Australian smoking cessation treatment guidelines. METHODS: A systematic search of smoking cessation apps was conducted using Google. The technical quality of relevant apps was rated using the Mobile Application Rating Scale. The content of apps identified as high quality was assessed for adherence to smoking cessation treatment guidelines. RESULTS: 112 relevant apps were identified...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749590/the-marulu-strategy-2008-2012-overcoming-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-fasd-in-the-fitzroy-valley
#16
James P Fitzpatrick, June Oscar, Maureen Carter, Elizabeth J Elliott, Jane Latimer, Edie Wright, John Boulton
OBJECTIVE: Aboriginal leaders concerned about high rates of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in the Fitzroy Valley, remote north-western Australia, introduced restrictions on access to take-away full-strength alcohol. Following this, Aboriginal leaders engaged strategic partners in a broader strategy to address FASD in the region. The aim of this study was to develop and implement a community-led, researcher-supported, FASD strategy. METHODS: A review of literature focusing on community-led FASD strategies identified key components that informed the Marulu FASD strategy...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749587/regional-survey-supports-national-initiative-for-water-only-schools-in-new-zealand
#17
Osman David Mansoor, Rukhsana Ali, Ruth Richards
OBJECTIVE: To support a national initiative to remove sugary drinks from schools and limit drinks to water or unflavoured milk ('water-only'). METHODS: We emailed all 201 schools with primary school aged children in the Greater Wellington region with a survey on (1) current status of, (2) support needs for, and (3) barriers to or lessons learned from, a 'water-only' school policy. RESULTS: Only 78 (39%) of schools responded. Most supported 'water-only': 22 (28%) had implemented a policy; 10 (13%) in process of doing so; 22 (28%) were considering it; and 12 (15%) were 'water-only', but did not have a policy...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749578/a-descriptive-study-of-intentional-self-poisoning-from-new-zealand-national-registry-data
#18
Eeva-Katri Kumpula, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Pauline Norris, Paul Quigley
OBJECTIVE: Understanding which population groups intentionally poison themselves by overdose and which substances are used are key to developing prevention efforts for such injuries. This paper uses Ministry of Health (MOH) data to explore the demographic characteristics of those who intentionally self-poison and the substances used, identifies limitations of existing data collections and makes recommendations for the future. METHODS: MOH mortality data from 2000 to 2012, and public hospital presentation data from 2000-2014 of cases of intentional self-poisoning (ISP), and poisoning of undetermined intent (UDP), were examined...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749572/new-zealand-adolescents-discouragement-of-smoking-among-their-peers
#19
Louise Marsh, Ella Iosua, Rob McGee, Joanna White
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the extent to which young people are acting as 'agents of change' in discouraging smoking among their peers. METHODS: This study used data from a survey of 2,919 New Zealand secondary school students who participated in the 2014 national Youth In-depth Survey. Relevant questions were used to assess the extent to which students engaged in behaviours to discourage or promote smoking among their peers. RESULTS: About half of all students reported some form of behaviour discouraging others from smoking, while only one in ten reported encouraging smoking...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749569/is-zika-virus-a-potential-threat-to-the-australian-blood-supply
#20
Peter Watson-Brown, Elvina Viennet, Veronica C Hoad, Robert L P Flower, Helen M Faddy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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