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Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966281/how-politics-makes-us-sick-neoliberal-epidemics
#1
Karen Willis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960250/the-impact-of-the-canterbury-earthquakes-on-successful-school-leaving-for-adolescents
#2
Ben Beaglehole, Caroline Bell, Christopher Frampton, Stephanie Moor
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of the Canterbury earthquakes on the important adolescent transition period of school leaving. METHOD: Local and national data on school leaving age, attainment of National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA) standards, and school rolls (total registered students for schools) were examined to clarify long-term trends and delineate these from any impacts of the Canterbury earthquakes.  Results: Despite concerns about negative impacts, there was no evidence for increased school disengagement or poorer academic performance by students as a consequence of the earthquakes...
December 13, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960249/who-is-at-risk-of-chronic-disease-associations-between-risk-profiles-of-physical-activity-sitting-and-cardio-metabolic-disease-in-australian-adults
#3
Lina Engelen, Joanne Gale, Josephine Y Chau, Louise L Hardy, Martin Mackey, Nathan Johnson, Debra Shirley, Adrian Bauman
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of physical activity (PA) and sitting time (sit) with cardio-metabolic diseases. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey 2011-2012 (n=9,435) were used to classify adults into low and high risk groups based on their physical activity and sitting behaviour profiles. Logistic regression models examined associations between low and high risk classifications (high PA-low sit; high PA-high sit; low PA-low sit; low PA-high sit;) and socio-demographic factors, and associations between low and high risk classifications and the prevalence of cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome...
December 13, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960248/the-price-of-healthy-and-unhealthy-foods-in-australian-primary-school-canteens
#4
Rebecca Wyse, John Wiggers, Tessa Delaney, Jia Ying Ooi, Josephine Marshall, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Luke Wolfenden
OBJECTIVE: To describe the price of Australian school canteen foods according to their nutritional value. METHODS: Primary school canteen menus were collected as part of a policy compliance randomised trial. For each menu item, dietitians classified its nutritional value; 'green' ('good sources of nutrients'), 'amber' ('some nutritional value'), 'red' ('lack adequate nutritional value') and assigned a food category (e.g. 'Drinks', 'Snacks'). Pricing information was extracted...
December 13, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960247/to-close-the-gap-we-need-to-identify-the-best-and-worst-buys-in-indigenous-health
#5
Blake Angell, Sandra Eades, Stephen Jan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960246/challenges-in-managing-a-school-based-measles-outbreak-in-melbourne-australia-2014
#6
Katherine B Gibney, Aicha Brahmi, Miriam O'Hara, Rosemary Morey, Lucinda Franklin
OBJECTIVE: To identify barriers to control of a Victorian primary school-based measles outbreak. METHODS: Confirmed measles cases notified in Victoria in 2014 were reviewed. Surveillance data, correspondence, and investigation notes for the school-based outbreak were assessed regarding timeliness of diagnosis and notification, and adequacy of school-based immunisation records. RESULTS: Twenty-three (31%) of the 75 measles cases notified in 2014 were school-aged (5-18 years); three had documentation of measles vaccination, 17 were unvaccinated, and three had unknown vaccination history...
December 13, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960231/how-efficient-are-new-zealand-s-district-health-boards-at-producing-life-expectancy-gains-for-m%C3%A4-ori-and-europeans
#7
Peter Sandiford, David Juan José Vivas Consuelo, Paul Rouse
OBJECTIVE: Use data envelopment analysis (DEA) to measure the efficiency of New Zealand's District Health Boards (DHBs) at achieving gains in Māori and European life expectancy (LE). METHODS: Using life tables for 2006 and 2013, a two-output DEA model established the production possibility frontier for Māori and European LE gain. Confidence limits were generated from a 10,000 replicate Monte Carlo simulation. RESULTS: Results support the use of LE change as an indicator of DHB efficiency...
December 13, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960230/the-national-strongyloides-working-group-in-australia-10-workshops-on-commendations-and-recommendations
#8
Kirstin E Ross, Richard S Bradbury, Tara A Garrard, Francis J O'Donahoo, Jennifer M Shield, Wendy Page, Adrian Miller, Gemma Robertson, Jenni A Judd, Rick Speare
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960228/serve-sizes-and-frequency-of-food-consumption-in-australian-children-aged-14-and-24-months
#9
Chelsea Mauch, Anthea Magarey, Rebecca Byrne, Lynne Daniels
OBJECTIVE: To describe the dietary intake of a sample of Australian children. METHODS: Three days (1×24 hour recall, 2×24 hour records) of dietary intake data were collected from 409 and 363 mother-child dyads (resident in Brisbane and South Australia) at 14 (T2) and 24 (T3) months of age respectively as part of the NOURISH and SAIDI studies. Data presented include foods consumed by ≥10% of children, number of consumers and median serve size. RESULTS: Thirteen of 25 vegetables consumed by more than 10% of children at T2 were consumed by a lower proportion at T3 (9:1-5% less consumers; 4: 10-16% less)...
December 13, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960227/what-do-health-consumers-want-to-know-about-childhood-vaccination-an-evaluation-of-data-from-an-australian-medicines-call-centre
#10
Marnix Mus, Sanne Kreijkamp-Kaspers, Treasure McGuire, Laura Deckx, Mieke van Driel
OBJECTIVES: Immunisation is crucial to population health. This study aimed to identify the information needs and concerns of health consumers regarding childhood vaccination. METHODS: We analysed 1,342 calls concerning childhood vaccination to an Australian pharmacist-operated medicines call centre (MCC). Data were available from September 2002 until June 2010. We identified key themes and compared these for callers from high and low immunisation coverage areas...
December 13, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960226/correlates-of-physical-activity-among-australian-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-adolescents
#11
Rona Macniven, Shane Hearn, Anne Grunseit, Justin Richards, Don Nutbeam, Adrian Bauman
OBJECTIVE: Physical inactivity is an important modifiable cause of the excess burden of disease among Indigenous Australians. We describe physical activity patterns and influencing factors, comparing Indigenous and non-Indigenous adolescents. METHODS: Indigenous (n=359) and non-Indigenous (n=637) adolescents aged 13-17 years from disadvantaged New South Wales regions completed a health and lifestyle survey. Socio-demographic, social, psychosocial and health correlates of out of school physical activity (high vs...
December 13, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960225/gender-differences-in-the-dialysis-treatment-of-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-australians
#12
Charlotte McKercher, Matthew D Jose, Blair Grace, Philip A Clayton, Maggie Walter
OBJECTIVE: Access to dialysis treatment and the types of treatments employed in Australia differs by Indigenous status. We examined whether dialysis treatment utilisation in Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians also differs by gender. METHODS: Using registry data we evaluated 21,832 incident patients (aged ≥18 years) commencing dialysis, 2001-2013. Incidence rates were calculated and multivariate regression modelling used to examine differences in dialysis treatment (modality, location and vascular access creation) by race and gender...
December 13, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960224/tuberculosis-and-gender-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#13
Paul H Mason, Kathryn Snow, Rowena Asugeni, Peter D Massey, Kerri Viney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960223/the-impact-of-geographic-unit-of-analysis-on-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-cancer-survival-and-distant-summary-stage-a-population-based-study
#14
Hanna E Tervonen, Stephen Morrell, Sanchia Aranda, David Roder, Hui You, Theo Niyonsenga, Richard Walton, Deborah Baker, David Currow
OBJECTIVE: When using area-level disadvantage measures, size of geographic unit can have major effects on recorded socioeconomic cancer disparities. This study examined the extent of changes in recorded socioeconomic inequalities in cancer survival and distant stage when the measure of socioeconomic disadvantage was based on smaller Census Collection Districts (CDs) instead of Statistical Local Areas (SLAs). METHODS: Population-based New South Wales Cancer Registry data were used to identify cases diagnosed with primary invasive cancer in 2000-2008 (n=264,236)...
December 13, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868375/understanding-the-origins-of-record-linkage-errors-and-how-they-affect-research-outcomes
#15
James H Boyd, Anna M Ferrante, Katie Irvine, Michael Smith, Elizabeth Moore, Adrian Brown, Sean M Randall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868368/a-quantitative-analysis-of-the-quality-and-content-of-the-health-advice-in-popular-australian-magazines
#16
Amanda Wilson, David Smith, Roseanne Peel, Jane Robertson, Kypros Kypri
OBJECTIVE: To examine how health advice is provided in popular magazines and the quality of that advice. METHODS: A prospective quantitative analysis of the quality of health advice provided in Australian magazines between July and December 2011 was conducted. A rating instrument was adapted from the Media Doctor Australia rating tool used to assess quality of health news reporting. Criteria included: recommends seeing a doctor; advice based on reliable evidence; advice clear and easily applied; benefits presented meaningfully; potential harms mentioned; evidence of disease mongering; availability and cost of treatments; obvious advertising; vested interest, and anecdotal evidence...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868363/the-long-term-productivity-impacts-of-all-cause-premature-mortality-in-australia
#17
Hannah E Carter, Deborah Schofield, Rupendra Shrestha
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the long-term productivity impacts of all-cause premature mortality in Australia by age, sex and cause of death. METHODS: Using a human capital approach, a model was developed to estimate both the working years and present value of lifetime income (PVLI) lost due to premature deaths that occurred in 2003. Outcomes were modelled on individual level data to the year 2030. A discount rate of 3% was applied and results are presented in 2015 Australian dollars...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868352/hospital-admissions-in-the-hunter-region-from-trees-and-other-falling-objects-2008-2012
#18
Raoul A Walsh, Lara Ryan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact on hospital admissions produced by trees and other falling objects, to examine these accidents' circumstances, and to investigate the degree of support provided by the data for tree-related accident prevention. METHODS: Admissions to emergency departments in the Hunter Region for the period 2008-2012 allocated the International Classification of Disease 10 code W20 (struck by falling object) were analysed. RESULTS: Of 620 admissions, 125 files were incorrectly coded leaving an eligible sample of 495 W20 admissions...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868348/theory-that-explains-an-aboriginal-perspective-of-learning-to-understand-and-manage-diabetes
#19
Emma Webster, Craig Johnson, Bernie Kemp, Valerie Smith, Monica Johnson, Billie Townsend
OBJECTIVE: To use grounded theory and participatory research methodology to explain how Aboriginal people learn to understand and manage type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Aboriginal people with diabetes were invited to participate in one of five focus groups (n=25, male=12, female=13). Focus groups and education sessions were conducted by Aboriginal members of the research team. Focus groups were audio recorded and transcribed, with coding and first level analysis undertaken by all members of the research team...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868342/food-and-beverage-price-discounts-to-improve-health-in-remote-aboriginal-communities-mixed-method-evaluation-of-a-natural-experiment
#20
Megan Ferguson, Kerin O'Dea, Stacey Holden, Eddie Miles, Julie Brimblecombe
OBJECTIVE: Retrospectively evaluate food price discounts in remote Aboriginal community stores. METHODS: Four price discount strategies of 10% were designed in 2010, aiming to influence grocery, fruit, vegetables and diet soft-drink sales. This natural experiment across a group of stores was evaluated using an explanatory, sequential mixed method design through analysis of store point-of-sale, document, observation and interview data. The outcome was measured by change in: 1) percentage of grocery sales to total food and beverage; 2) fruit and vegetable sales; and 3) diet soft-drink sales...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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