journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Molecules and Cells

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145720/phospholipase-d-and-its-essential-role-in-cancer
#1
Ju Hwan Cho, Joong-Soo Han
The role of Phospholipase D (PLD) in cancer development and management has been a major area of interest for researchers. The purpose of this mini-review is to explore PLD and its distinct role during chemotherapy including anti-apoptotic function. PLD is an enzyme that belongs to the phospholipase super family and is found in a broad range of organisms such as viruses, yeast, bacteria, animals, and plants. The function and activity of PLD are widely dependent on and regulated by neurotransmitters, hormones, small monomeric GTPases, and lipids...
November 16, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145719/maintained-mpf-level-after-oocyte-vitrification-improves-embryonic-development-after-ivf-but-not-after-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer
#2
Ji I Baek, Dong-Won Seol, Ah-Reum Lee, Woo Sik Lee, Sook-Young Yoon, Dong Ryul Lee
Levels of maturation-promoting factor (MPF) in oocytes decline after vitrification, and this decline has been suggested as one of the main causes of low developmental competence resulting from cryoinjury. Here, we evaluated MPF activity in vitrified mouse eggs following treatment with caffeine, a known stimulator of MPF activity, and/or the proteasome inhibitor MG132. Collected MII oocytes were vitrified and divided into four groups: untreated, 10 mM caffeine (CA), 10 μM MG132 (MG), and 10 mM caffeine +10 μM MG132 (CA+MG)...
November 16, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145718/lipopolysaccharide-lps-induced-autophagy-is-responsible-for-enhanced-osteoclastogenesis
#3
Ok-Joo Sul, Hyun-Jung Park, Ho-Jung Son, Hye-Seon Choi
We hypothesized that inflammation affects number and activity of osteoclasts (OCs) via enhancing autophagy. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced autophagy, osteoclastogenesis, and cytoplasmic reactive oxygen species (ROS) in bone marrowderived macrophages that were pre-stimulated with receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand. An autophagy inhibitor, 3-methyladenine (3-MA) decreased LPS-induced OC formation and bone resorption, indicating that autophagy is responsible for increasing number and activity of OCs upon LPS stimulus...
November 16, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145717/ctrp9-regulates-growth-differentiation-and-apoptosis-in-human-keratinocytes-through-tgf%C3%AE-1-p38-dependent-pathway
#4
Tae Woo Jung, Hyung Sub Park, Geum Hee Choi, Daehwan Kim, Taeseung Lee
Impairment of wound healing is a common problem in individuals with diabetes. Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived cytokine, has many beneficial effects on metabolic disorders such as diabetes, obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. C1q/TNF-Related Protein 9 (CTRP9), the closest paralog of adiponectin, has been reported to have beneficial effects on wound healing. In the current study, we demonstrate that CTRP9 regulates growth, differentiation, and apoptosis of HaCaT human keratinocytes. We found that CTRP9 augmented expression of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1) by transcription factor activator protein 1 (AP-1) binding activity and phosphorylation of p38 in a dosedependent manner...
November 16, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127951/sox12-is-a-cancer-stem-like-cell-marker-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#5
Song Zou, Chen Wang, Jiansheng Liu, Qun Wang, Dongdong Zhang, Shengnan Zhu, Shengyuan Xu, Mafei Kang, Shaozhong He
Recent studies on molecular carcinogenesis suggest that the chemo-resistance of some cancers is largely due to presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs), which affect the chemotherapy outcome for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, currently no consensus on a CSC phenotype in HCC has been obtained. Here, we examined Sox12 as a novel CSC marker in HCC. Sox12+ versus Sox12- cells were purified from HCC cell lines. The Sox12+ cells were compared with Sox12- HCC cells for tumor sphere formation, chemo-resistance, tumor formation after serial adoptive transplantations in nude mice, and the frequency of developing distal metastasis...
November 10, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113429/endophilin-a2-a-potential-link-to-adiposity-and-beyond
#6
Assim A Alfadda, Reem M Sallam, Rukhsana Gul, Injae Hwang, Sojeong Ka
Adipose tissue plays a central role in regulating dynamic crosstalk between tissues and organs. A detailed description of molecules that are differentially expressed upon changes in adipose tissue mass is expected to increase our understanding of the molecular mechanisms that underlie obesity and related metabolic co-morbidities. Our previous studies suggest a possible link between endophilins (SH3Grb2 proteins) and changes in body weight. To explore this further, we sought to assess the distribution of endophilin A2 (EA2) in human adipose tissue and experimental animals...
November 6, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113428/visualization-of-multicolored-in-vivo-organelle-markers-for-co-localization-studies-in-oryza-sativa
#7
Sarmina Dangol, Raksha Singh, Yafei Chen, Nam-Soo Jwa
Eukaryotic cells consist of a complex network of thousands of proteins present in different organelles where organellespecific cellular processes occur. Identification of the subcellular localization of a protein is important for understanding its potential biochemical functions. In the post-genomic era, localization of unknown proteins is achieved using multiple tools including a fluorescent-tagged protein approach. Several fluorescent-tagged protein organelle markers have been introduced into dicot plants, but its use is still limited in monocot plants...
November 6, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081084/mitochondrial-uncoupling-attenuates-age-dependent-neurodegeneration-in-c-elegans
#8
Injeong Cho, Hyun-Ok Song, Jeong Hoon Cho
The uncoupling protein 4 (ucp-4) gene is involved in agedependent neurodegeneration in C. elegans. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the mechanism underlying the association between mitochondrial uncoupling and neurodegeneration by examining the effects of uncoupling agents and ucp-4 overexpression in C. elegans. Treatment with either DNP or CCCP improved neuronal defects in wild type during aging.Uncoupling agents also restored neuronal phenotypes of ucp-4 mutants to those exhibited by wild type, while ucp-4 overexpression attenuated the severity of age-dependent neurodegeneration...
October 27, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081082/epoxyeicosatrienoic-acid-inhibits-the-apoptosis-of-cerebral-microvascular-smooth-muscle-cells-by-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-via-targeting-the-jnk-c-jun-and-mtor-signaling-pathways
#9
Youyang Qu, Yu Liu, Yanmei Zhu, Li Chen, Wei Sun, Yulan Zhu
As a component of the neurovascular unit, cerebral smooth muscle cells (CSMCs) are an important mediator in the development of cerebral vascular diseases such as stroke. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are the products of arachidonic acid catalyzed by cytochrome P450 epoxygenase. EETs are shown to exert neuroprotective effects. In this article, the role of EET in the growth and apoptosis of CSMCs and the underlying mechanisms under oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) conditions were addressed. The viability of CMSCs was decreased significantly in the OGD group, while different subtypes of EETs, especially 14,15-EET, could increase the viability of CSMCs under OGD conditions...
October 27, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081083/ionotropic-receptor-76b-is-required-for-gustatory-aversion-to-excessive-na-in-drosophila
#10
Min Jung Lee, Ha Yeon Sung, HyunJi Jo, Hyung-Wook Kim, Min Sung Choi, Jae Young Kwon, KyeongJin Kang
Avoiding ingestion of excessively salty food is essential for cation homeostasis that underlies various physiological processes in organisms. The molecular and cellular basis of the aversive salt taste, however, remains elusive. Through a behavioral reverse genetic screening, we discover that feeding suppression by Na(+)-rich food requires Ionotropic Receptor 76b (Ir76b) in Drosophila labellar gustatory receptor neurons (GRNs). Concentrated sodium solutions with various anions caused feeding suppression dependent on Ir76b...
October 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047264/the-inactivation-of-erk1-2-p38-and-nf-kb-is-involved-in-the-down-regulation-of-osteoclastogenesis-and-function-by-a2b-adenosine-receptor-stimulation
#11
Bo Hyun Kim, Ju Hee Oh, Na Kyung Lee
A2B adenosine receptor (A2BAR) is known to be the regulator of bone homeostasis, but its regulatory mechanisms in osteoclast formation are less well-defined. Here, we demonstrate the effect of A2BAR stimulation on osteoclast differentiation and activity by RANKL. A2BAR was expressed in bone marrow-derived monocyte/macrophage (BMM) and RANKL increased A2BAR expression during osteoclastogenesis. A2BAR stimulation with its specific agonist BAY 60-6583 was sufficient to inhibit the activation of ERK1/2, p38 MAP kinases and NF-κB by RANKL as well as it abrogated cell-cell fusion in the late stage of osteoclast differentiation...
October 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047263/cross-talk-between-phosphate-starvation-and-other-environmental-stress-signaling-pathways-in-plants
#12
REVIEW
Dongwon Baek, Hyun Jin Chun, Dae-Jin Yun, Min Chul Kim
The maintenance of inorganic phosphate (Pi) homeostasis is essential for plant growth and yield. Plants have evolved strategies to cope with Pi starvation at the transcriptional, post-transcriptional, and post-translational levels, which maximizes its availability. Many transcription factors, miRNAs, and transporters participate in the Pi starvation signaling pathway where their activities are modulated by sugar and phytohormone signaling. Environmental stresses significantly affect the uptake and utilization of nutrients by plants, but their effects on the Pi starvation response remain unclear...
October 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047262/current-understanding-of-rank-signaling-in-osteoclast-differentiation-and-maturation
#13
REVIEW
Jin Hee Park, Na Kyung Lee, Soo Young Lee
Osteoclasts are bone-resorbing cells that are derived from hematopoietic precursor cells and require macrophage-colony stimulating factor and receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) for their survival, proliferation, differentiation, and activation. The binding of RANKL to its receptor RANK triggers osteoclast precursors to differentiate into osteoclasts. This process depends on RANKL-RANK signaling, which is temporally regulated by various adaptor proteins and kinases. Here we summarize the current understanding of the mechanisms that regulate RANK signaling during osteoclastogenesis...
October 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047261/deciphering-the-genes-for-taste-receptors-for-fructose-in-drosophila
#14
Shun Uchizono, Taichi Q Itoh, Haein Kim, Naoki Hamada, Jae Young Kwon, Teiichi Tanimura
Taste sensitivity to sugars plays an essential role in the initiation of feeding behavior. In Drosophila melanogaster, recent studies have identified several gustatory receptor (Gr) genes required for sensing sweet compounds. However, it is as yet undetermined how these GRs function as taste receptors tuned to a wide range of sugars. Among sugars, fructose has been suggested to be detected by a distinct receptor from other sugars. While GR43A has been reported to sense fructose in the brain, it is not expressed in labellar gustatory receptor neurons that show taste response to fructose...
October 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047260/gsk-j4-mediated-transcriptomic-alterations-in-differentiating-embryoid-bodies
#15
Chanchal Mandal, Sun Hwa Kim, Sung Chul Kang, Jin Choul Chai, Young Seek Lee, Kyoung Hwa Jung, Young Gyu Chai
Histone-modifying enzymes are key players in the field of cellular differentiation. Here, we used GSK-J4 to profile important target genes that are responsible for neural differentiation. Embryoid bodies were treated with retinoic acid (10 μM) to induce neural differentiation in the presence or absence of GSK-J4. To profile GSKJ4-target genes, we performed RNA sequencing for both normal and demethylase-inhibited cells. A total of 47 and 58 genes were up- and down-regulated, respectively, after GSK-J4 exposure at a log2-fold-change cut-off value of 1...
October 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047259/the-candidate-tumor-suppressor-gene-slc8a2-inhibits-invasion-angiogenesis-and-growth-of-glioblastoma
#16
Mingqi Qu, Ju Yu, Hongyuan Liu, Ying Ren, Chunxiao Ma, Xingyao Bu, Qing Lan
Glioblastoma is the most frequent and most aggressive brain tumor in adults. Solute carrier family 8 member 2 (SLC8A2) is only expressed in normal brain, but not present in other human normal tissues or in gliomas. Therefore, we hypothesized that SLC8A2 might be a glioma tumor suppressor gene and detected the role of SLC8A2 in glioblastoma and explored the underlying molecular mechanism. The glioblastoma U87MG cells stably transfected with the lentivirus plasmid containg SLC8A2 (U87MG-SLC8A2) and negative control (U87MG-NC) were constructed...
October 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047258/identification-and-expression-analyses-of-equine-endogenous-retroviruses-in-horses
#17
Jeong-An Gim, Heui-Soo Kim
Endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) have been integrated into vertebrate genomes and have momentously affected host organisms. Horses (Equus caballus) have been domesticated and selected for elite racing ability over centuries. ERVs played an important role in the evolutionary diversification of the horse genome. In the present study, we identified six equine ERV families (EqERVs-E1, I1, M2, P1, S1, and Y4), their full-length viral open reading frames (ORFs), and elucidated their phylogenetic relationships. The divergence time of EqERV families assuming an evolutionary rate of 0...
October 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047257/rice-7-hydroxymethyl-chlorophyll-a-reductase-is-involved-in-the-promotion-of-chlorophyll-degradation-and-modulates-cell-death-signaling
#18
Weilan Piao, Su-Hyun Han, Yasuhito Sakuraba, Nam-Chon Paek
The loss of green coloration via chlorophyll (Chl) degradation typically occurs during leaf senescence. To date, many Chl catabolic enzymes have been identified and shown to interact with light harvesting complex II to form a Chl degradation complex in senescing chloroplasts; this complex might metabolically channel phototoxic Chl catabolic intermediates to prevent oxidative damage to cells. The Chl catabolic enzyme 7-hydroxymethyl Chl a reductase (HCAR) converts 7-hydroxymethyl Chl a (7-HMC a) to Chl a. The rice (Oryza sativa) genome contains a single HCAR homolog (OsHCAR), but its exact role remains unknown...
October 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047256/analysis-of-genes-with-alternatively-spliced-transcripts-in-the-leaf-root-panicle-and-seed-of-rice-using-a-long-oligomer-microarray-and-rna-seq
#19
Songhwa Chae, Joung Sug Kim, Kyong Mi Jun, Sang-Bok Lee, Myung Soon Kim, Baek Hie Nahm, Yeon-Ki Kim
Pre-mRNA splicing further increases protein diversity acquired through evolution. The underlying driving forces for this phenomenon are unknown, especially in terms of gene expression. A rice alternatively spliced transcript detection microarray (ASDM) and RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) were applied to differentiate the transcriptome of 4 representative organs of Oryza sativa L. cv. Ilmi: leaves, roots, 1-cm-stage panicles and young seeds at 21 days after pollination. Comparison of data obtained by microarray and RNA-Seq showed a bell-shaped distribution and a co-lineation for highly expressed genes...
October 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927264/comparative-interactomes-of-vrk1-and-vrk3-with-their-distinct-roles-in-the-cell-cycle-of-liver-cancer
#20
Namgyu Lee, Dae-Kyum Kim, Seung Hyun Han, Hye Guk Ryu, Sung Jin Park, Kyong-Tai Kim, Kwan Yong Choi
Vaccinia-related kinase 1 (VRK1) and VRK3 are members of the VRK family of serine/threonine kinases and are principally localized in the nucleus. Despite the crucial roles of VRK1/VRK3 in physiology and disease, the molecular and functional interactions of VRK1/VRK3 are poorly understood. Here, we identified over 200 unreported VRK1/VRK3-interacting candidate proteins by affinity purification and LC-MS/MS. The networks of VRK1 and VRK3 interactomes were found to be associated with important biological processes such as the cell cycle, DNA repair, chromatin assembly, and RNA processing...
September 30, 2017: Molecules and Cells
journal
journal
32586
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"