journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928098/influence-of-identification-of-contacts-in-adherence-of-index-tuberculosis-cases-to-treatment-in-a-high-incidence-country
#1
Simoni Pimenta de Oliveira, Maria Dalva de Barros Carvalho, Sandra Marisa Pelloso, Katiany Rizzieri Caleffi-Ferracioli, Vera Lúcia Dias Siqueira, Regiane Bertin de Lima Scodro, Rosilene Fressatti Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Health professionals must interview tuberculosis (TB) index cases to identify and examine their contacts because human interaction favours disease transmission. Revealing their contacts implies the disclosure of their health condition to close friends and family. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the identification of contacts of TB index cases in the outcome of TB treatment. METHODS: This observational, cross-sectional, epidemiological study was conducted using data provided by SINAN-Net on subjects diagnosed with TB between 2008 and 2012 in Paraná, Brazil...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893674/seroepidemiology-of-leptospirosis-among-febrile-patients-in-a-rapidly-growing-suburban-slum-and-a-flood-vulnerable-rural-district-in-mozambique-2012-2014-implication-for-the-management-of-fever
#2
Policarpo Ribeiro, Nilesh Bhatt, Sádia Ali, Vanessa Monteiro, Edmilson da Silva, Ilana Teruszkin Balassiano, Carolina Aquino, Nilsa de de Deus, Onelia Guiliche, Argentina Felisbela Muianga, Pascoal Jorge Alho, Virginia Lara Evaristo, Ivan Manhiça, Marco Medeiros, Eduardo Samo Gudo
OBJECTIVE: Leptospirosis, is one of most widespread zoonosis in the world and is caused by spirochetes of the genus Leptospira. In Mozambique, the disease is heavily ignored and its epidemiology is unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate occurrence of leptospirosis in febrile patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among febrile patients between June 2012 and September 2015. A total of 373 paired samples were drawn from febrile patients, of whom 208 were from Caia District Hospital (rural setting) in Sofala province and 165 were from Polana Caniço General Hospital (suburban setting) in Maputo city...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893673/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo-as-salvage-treatment-for-pulmonary-echinococcus-granulosus-infection-with-acute-cyst-rupture
#3
Sören L Becker, Sebastian Fähndrich, Franziska C Trudzinski, Barbara Gärtner, Frank Langer, Torben K Becker, Robert Bals, Philipp M Lepper, Christian Lensch
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been successfully used for the treatment of patients with respiratory failure due to severe infections. Though rare, parasites can also cause severe pulmonary disease. Tapeworms of the genus Echinococcus give rise to the development of cystic structures in the liver, lungs and other organs. Acute cyst rupture leads to potentially life-threatening infection, and affected patients may deteriorate rapidly. We describe the case of a young woman from Bulgaria who was admitted to hospital with severe dyspnoea, progressive chest pain and haemoptysis...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893672/a-situational-analysis-of-current-antimicrobial-governance-regulation-and-utilisation-in-south-africa
#4
Natalie Schellack, Deon Benjamin, Adrian Brink, Adriano Duse, Kim Faure, Debra Goff, Marc Mendelson, Johanna Meyer, Jacqui Miot, Olga Perovic, Troy Pople, Fatima Suleman, Moritza van Vuuren, Sabiha Essack
The Global Action Plan (GAP) on AMR calls for optimising the use of antimicrobial medicines in human and animal health, in tandem with strengthening of the knowledge and evidence base through surveillance and research. However, there is a paucity of consumption data in African countries such as South Africa. Determining antimicrobial consumption data in low resource settings remains a challenge. This paper describes alternative mechanisms of assessing antimicrobial consumption data such as Intercontinental Marketing Services (IMS), and contract data arising from tenders (an open Request for Proposal, RFP) as opposed to the international norms of daily defined doses per 100 patient days, or per 1000 of the population...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890179/maternal-colonization-or-infection-with-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Andre N H Bulabula, Angela Dramowski, Shaheen Mehtar
OBJECTIVES: To summarize published studies on the prevalence of and risk factors for maternal bacterial colonization and/or infection with extended-spectrum-beta-lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) in pregnant and/or post-partum women in Africa. DESIGN OR METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar. Bibliographies of included eligible studies were manually searched to identify additional relevant articles. No language restriction was applied, for the timeframe, we searched from the electronic databases' inception to July 15th, 2017...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888662/candida-auris-an-emerging-multidrug-resistant-pathogen
#6
David Sears, Brian S Schwartz
Candida aurisis an emerging multidrug-resistant pathogen that can be difficult to identify using traditional biochemical methods. C. auris is capable of causing invasive fungal infections, particularly among hospitalized patients with significant medical comorbidities. Echinocandins are the empiric drugs of choice for C. auris, although not all isolates are susceptible and resistance may develop on therapy. Nosocomial C. auris outbreaks have been reported in a number of countries and aggressive infection control measures are paramount to stopping transmission...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882668/performance-evaluation-of-the-cobas-taqman-mtb-assay-in-respiratory-specimens-according-to-clinical-application
#7
Jong Eun Park, Hee Jae Huh, Won-Jung Koh, Dong Joon Song, Chang-Seok Ki, Nam Yong Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of the Cobas TaqMan MTB assay (Cobas assay) with respect to its clinical application. DESIGN: We retrospectively analyzed 1,154 results from 1,034 patients from whom mycobacterial cultures and the Cobas assay were performed simultaneously. Based on patient medical records, two categories with different clinical applications were classified: (1) diagnosis of patients with a high probability of pulmonary tuberculosis according to clinical and radiological features (n=128) and (2) exclusion of tuberculosis in clinically indeterminate patients (n=1026)...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882667/clinical-evaluation-of-early-acquisition-of-staphylococcus-aureus-carriage-by-newborns
#8
Ayala Maayan-Metzger, Tsipora Strauss, Carmit Rubin, Hanaa Jaber, Mordechai Dolitky, Aylana Reiss-Mandel, Eyal Leshem, Galia Rahav, Gili Regev-Yochay
BACKGROUND: Little is known about neonatal Staphylococcus aureus carriage. Sites and clinical outcomes of S. aureus colonization during the first month of life were evaluated in this study. METHODS: A cohort of 279 infants born at term to 277 mothers was included. Maternal S. aureus colonization status was examined before labor. Newborns were screened for nasal, auricular, umbilical, and rectal colonization, one to three times within 100h after birth, and infants of carrier mothers were re-screened at 1 month...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882666/clinical-features-for-89-deaths-of-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-in-guangxi-china-2014
#9
Wei Lin, Ying Su, Min Jiang, Jing Liu, Yan-Yan Zhang, Guang-Min Nong
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to summarize the risk factors of severe Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) and explore the clinical characteristics of pulmonary edema (PE) and non-PE in the deceased patients with HFMD. METHODS: We identified 89 HFMD deaths which were separated into the PE group or non-PE group. Next, patients were divided based on their initial admission to hospitals as stage 1, 2, 3, or 4; at this point, their clinical manifestations were compared...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882665/human-gastric-hyperinfection-by-anisakis-simplex-a-severe-and-unusual-presentation-and-a-brief-review
#10
Teresa Baptista-Fernandes, Manuel Rodrigues, Isabel Castro, Paulo Paixão, Pedro Pinto-Marques, Lidia Roque, Silvana Belo, Pedro Manuel Ferreira, Kamal Mansinho, Cristina Toscano
Anisakiasis is an emerging marine food-borne zoonosis resulting from the accidental ingestion of Anisakis larvae, through the consumption of raw or undercooked infected seafood products. The first case of human gastric hyperinfection by Anisakis simplex with an unusual and severe presentation, occurring in a Portuguese woman, is described in this article. Over 140 anisakid larvae were removed by gastroscopy. Massive infection is uncommon in areas where the consumption of raw fish is not part of the traditional diet, as is the case in Portugal...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882664/spatial-distribution-of-west-nile-virus-in-humans-and-mosquitoes-in-israel-2000-2014
#11
Yaniv Lustig, Zalman Kaufman, Ella Mendelson, Laor Orshan, Emilia Anis, Yael Glazer, Daniel Cohen, Tamy Shohat, Ravit Bassal
OBJECTIVES: Israel has a long history of West Nile virus (WNV) morbidity, and the rate of detection of WNV in mosquitoes has been high since 2000. The aim of this study was to integrate several WNV datasets in order to gain an insight into the geographical distribution of WNV in Israel. METHODS: Three choropleth maps were generated showing WNV human morbidity, WNV prevalence in mosquitoes, and the results of a nationwide serological survey, based on the division of Israel into 15 sub-districts...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864395/bronchoscopic-techniques-in-the-management-of-patients-with-tuberculosis
#12
REVIEW
Michele Mondoni, Alice Repossi, Paolo Carlucci, Stefano Centanni, Giovanni Sotgiu
Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Early diagnosis and treatment are key to prevent Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission. Bronchoscopy can play a primary role in pulmonary TB diagnosis, particularly for suspected patients with scarce sputum or sputum smear negativity, and with endobronchial disease. Bronchoscopic needle aspiration techniques are accurate and safe means adopted to investigate hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes in cases of suspected TB lymphadenopathy...
August 29, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847760/hepatitis-e-virus-infection-as-a-promoting-factor-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-cameroon-preliminary-observations
#13
Marie Amougou Atsama, Paul Jean Adrien Atangana, Dominique Noah Noah, Paul Fewou Moundipa, Pascal Pineau, Richard Njouom
OBJECTIVES: To determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in patients with chronic hepatitis and/or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to assess its potential consequences for disease progression. METHODS: We conducted a prospective case-control study on patients with HCC hepatitis B or C related and non-HCC patients including patients with CLD and patients without clinical evidence of liver disease. Anti-HEV IgG and IgM were tested by ELISA using commercially available kits...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842307/febrile-rhabdomyolysis-of-unknown-origin-in-refugees-coming-from-west-africa-through-the-mediterranean-to-calabria-italy
#14
LETTER
Alfredo Vallone, Roberto Marino, Sandro Vento
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838849/one-health-education-for-future-physicians-in-the-pan-epidemic-age-of-humans
#15
Daniel R Lucey, Sabrina Sholts, Halsie Donaldson, Joseph White, Stephen R Mitchell
We propose the term "pan-epidemic Anthropocene" to refer to multifocal infectious disease epidemics related to human-caused (anthropogenic) forces such as urbanization, globalization, industrialization and the growing populations of humans and animals. The integrated framework of One Health (human, animal, and environmental health) helps both to understand why epidemics occur when and where they do, and also how to respond, mitigate, and sometimes prevent them. We suggest a collaborative mechanism for increasing One Health in medical education to create a synergy of strengths between the growing number of contributing One Health organizations in the US and internationally...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823846/itraq-based-investigation-of-plasma-proteins-in-hiv-infected-and-hiv-hbv-coinfected-patients-c9-and-klk-are-related-to-hiv-hbv-coinfection
#16
Tao Sun, Li Liu, Ao Wu, Yujiao Zhang, Xiaofang Jia, Lin Yin, Hongzhou Lu, Lijun Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) share similar routes of transmission, and rapid progression of hepatic and immunodeficiency diseases has been observed in coinfected individuals. Our main objective was to investigate the molecular mechanism of HIV/HBV coinfections. METHODS: We selected HIV infected and HIV/HBV coinfected patients with and without Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART). Low abundance proteins enriched using a multiple affinity removal system (MARS) were labeled with isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) kits and analyzed using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811229/necrotizing-fasciitis-following-venomous-snakebites-in-a-tertiary-hospital-of-southwest-taiwan
#17
Yao-Hung Tsai, Wei-Hsiu Hsu, Kuo-Chin Huang, Pei-An Yu, Chi-Lung Chen, Liang Tseng Kuo
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing fasciitis following venomous snakebites is uncommon. The purpose of this study was to describe the initial clinical features of necrotizing fasciitis after snakebites, and to identify the risk factors for patients with cellulitis who later developed necrotizing fasciitis. METHODS: Sixteen patients with surgically confirmed necrotizing fasciitis and 25 patients diagnosed with cellulitis following snakebites were retrospectively reviewed over a 6-year period...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807740/outcomes-of-hiv-positive-patients-with-cryptococcal-meningitis-in-the-americas
#18
B Crabtree Ramírez, Y Caro Vega, B E Shepherd, C Le, M Turner, C Frola, B Grinsztejn, C Cortes, D Padgett, T R Sterling, C C McGowan, A Person
BACKGROUND: Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is associated with substantial mortality in HIV-infected patients. Optimal timing of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in persons with CM represents a clinical challenge, and the burden of CM in Latin America has not been well described. Studies suggest that early ART initiation is associated with higher mortality, but data from the Americas are scarce. METHODS: HIV-infected adults in care between 1985-2014 at participating sites in the Latin America (the Caribbean, Central and South America network (CCASAnet)) and the Vanderbilt Comprehensive Care Clinic (VCCC) and who had CM were included...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804007/antibiotic-therapy-duration-for-prosthetic-joint-infections-treated-by-debridement-and-implant-retention-dair-similar-long-term-remission-for-6-weeks-as-compared-to-12-weeks
#19
Hélène Chaussade, Ilker Uçkay, Albert Vuagnat, Jérôme Druon, Guillaume Gras, Philippe Rosset, Benjamin A Lipsky, Louis Bernard
BACKGROUND: The required duration of antibiotic treatment for prosthetic joint infections (PJI) with debridement and retention of the implant (DAIR procedure) is unknown. METHODS: Multicenter retrospective study emphasizing the duration of antibiotic therapy in patients treated with by DAIR. RESULTS: We included 87 hip or knee PJI episodes in 87 patients from three university hospitals in France and Switzerland. All debridements were performed within 3 weeks of symptom onset...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804006/vitamin-d-deficiency-is-a-risk-factor-for-infections-in-patients-affected-by-hcv-related-liver-cirrhosis
#20
Antonio Riccardo Buonomo, Emanuela Zappulo, Riccardo Scotto, Biagio Pinchera, Giuseppe Perruolo, Pietro Formisano, Guglielmo Borgia, Ivan Gentile
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its impact on infections in HCV-related liver cirrhosis. METHODS: We enrolled 291 patients affected by HCV-related liver cirrhosis. Serum vitamin D levels were dosed at enrolment. The presence of infection was assessed at baseline and during follow-up based on physical examination and laboratory analyses. RESULTS: Vitamin D deficiency (<20ng/mL) was diagnosed in 68.3% of patients, and a total of 102 infections were detected...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
journal
journal
32585
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"