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International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533167/performance-of-the-antiretroviral-treatment-program-in-ethiopia-2005-2015-strengths-and-weaknesses-toward-ending-aids
#1
Yibeltal Assefa, Charles F Gilks, Lutgarde Lynen, Owain Williams, Peter S Hill, Taye Tolera, Alankar Malvia, Wim Van Damme
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is one of the countries which has scaled up antiretroviral treatment (ART) over the past decade. This study reviews the performance of the ART program in Ethiopia during the past decade, and identifies successes and weaknesses toward ending AIDS in the country. METHODS: A review and synthesis of data was conducted using multiple data sources: reports from all health facilities in Ethiopia to the Federal Ministry of Health, HIV/AIDS estimates and projections, and retrospective cohort and cross-sectional studies conducted between 2005/6 and 2014/15...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533166/risk-factors-for-30-day-mortality-in-patients-with-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-bloodstream-infections
#2
Pedro Ayau, Ana C Bardossy, Guillermo Sanchez, Ricardo Ortiz, Daniela Moreno, Pamela Hartman, Khulood Rizvi, Tyler C Prentiss, Mary B Perri, Meredith Mahan, Vanthida Huang, Katherine Reyes, Marcus J Zervos
OBJECTIVES: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) blood stream infections (BSI) are a major health care problem accounting for a large percentage of nosocomial infections. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with 30-day mortality in patients with MRSA BSI. METHODS: This was a retrospective study performed in Southeast Michigan. Over a 9- year period, total of 1,168 patients were identified with MRSA BSI. Patient demographics and clinical data were retrieved and evaluated using electronic medical health records...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532981/comparing-laboratory-surveillance-with-the-notifiable-diseases-surveillance-system-in-south-africa
#3
F G Benson, A Musekiwa, L Blumberg, L C Rispel
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare laboratory surveillance with the notifiable diseases surveillance system (NDSS) in South Africa. METHODS: Data on three tracer notifiable diseases - measles, meningococcal meningitis, and typhoid - were compared to assess data quality, stability, representativeness, sensitivity and positive predictive value (PPV), using the Wilcoxon and Chi-square tests, at the 5% significance level. RESULTS: For all three diseases, fewer cases were notified than confirmed in the laboratory...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528937/evaluation-of-the-notifiable-diseases-surveillance-system-in-south-africa
#4
EDITORIAL
B V Girdler-Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527817/lymphatic-filariasis-elimination-efforts-in-rufiji-south-eastern-tanzania-decline-in-circulating-filarial-antigen-prevalence-in-young-school-children-after-twelve-rounds-of-mass-drug-administration-and-utilization-of-long-lasting-insecticide-treated-nets
#5
Clarer Jones, Billy Ngasalla, Yahya A Derua, Donath Tarimo, Mwelecele N Malecela
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a parasitic infection transmitted by mosquito vectors and in sub Saharan Africa it is caused by nematode Wuchereria bancrofti. The disease has been targeted for global elimination by using annual mass drug administration (MDA) strategy. On the other hand, vector control is known to play important complementary role to the MDAs in reducing LF transmission. We report the findings of the effect of MDA and ITNs intervention implemented in endemic area of south-eastern Tanzania METHODS: A cross-sectional study for W...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526566/first-report-of-oxa-181-and-ndm-1-from-a-clinical-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolate-from-nigeria
#6
LETTER
Uwaezuoke Nkolika Stella, Nicolas Kieffer, Kenneth Iregbu C, Patrice Nordmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526565/efficacy-of-indefinite-chronic-oral-antimicrobial-suppression-for-prosthetic-joint-infection-in-the-elderly-a-comparative-study
#7
V Prendki, P Sergent, A Barrelet, E Oziol, E Beretti, M Berlioz-Thibal, F Bouchand, F Dauchy, E Forestier, G Gavazzi, C Ronde-Oustau, J Stirnemann, A Dinh
OBJECTIVES: During prosthetic joint infection (PJI), surgical management is sometimes impossible, indefinite chronic oral antimicrobial suppression (ICOAS) may sometimes be the only option. We evaluated the outcome of elderly patients who benefited from ICOAS for a strictly palliative goal METHODS: We performed a national retrospective cohort study in France of patients aged >75years old with PJI, and managed with ICOAS planned for life long from 2009 to 2014, and compared the population with an event versus the population free of event...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526564/direct-detection-of-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-by-polymerase-chain-reaction-followed-by-electrospray-ionization-mass-spectrometry-from-human-blood
#8
Heimo Lagler, Nicole Harrison, Manuel Kussmann, Markus Obermüller, Heinz Burgmann, Athanasios Makristathis, Michael Ramharter
Bacterial pathogens not detectable in commercial blood culture assays constitute an important challenge for infectious disease physicians, in particular if clinical symptoms of the illness are unspecific. In this report Anaplasma phagocytophilum was detected directly from a peripheral blood sample of a febrile patient reporting a tick bite by a commercial system based on polymerase chain reaction followed by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Therefore, the diagnosis of human granulocytic anaplasmosis infection was established by this diagnostic methodology for the first time...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522316/mycobacteriological-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes-in-extrapulmonary-mycobacterium-abscessus-complex-infection
#9
Suk Hyeon Jeong, Su-Young Kim, Hee Jae Huh, Chang-Seok Ki, Nam Yong Lee, Cheol-In Kang, Doo Ryeon Chung, Kyong Ran Peck, Sung Jae Shin, Won-Jung Koh
OBJECTIVES: Differentiation between Mycobacterium abscessus and M. massiliense and determination of the presence of inducible resistance to macrolide antibiotics are important factors in the management of patients with M. abscessus complex (MABC) infection. Unlike pulmonary MABC infection, little information on extrapulmonary MABC infection is available. METHODS: We performed molecular identification of clinical isolates and assessed the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of 20 consecutive patients with extrapulmonary MABC infections...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495364/moxifloxacin-is-an-effective-and-safe-candidate-agent-for-tuberculosis-treatment-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Ping Xu, Hui Chen, Junchi Xu, Minjuan Wu, Xiaoyan Zhu, Fengping Wang, Sufang Chen, Junhua Xu
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the introduction of moxifloxacin into the recommended regimen for tuberculosis (TB) treatment. METHODS: A meta-analysis was performed of nine eligible studies regarding the effect of moxifloxacin plus the recommended regimen compared to the recommended regimen alone for the treatment of TB. RESULTS: In the efficacy analysis, the overall odds ratio (OR) for sputum culture conversion was 1.895 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487240/analysis-of-tlr2-tlr4-and-tlr9-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-children-with-bacterial-meningitis-and-their-healthy-family-members
#11
Ewelina Gowin, Bogna Świątek-Kościelna, Ewelina Kałużna, Jerzy Nowak, Michał Michalak, Jacek Wysocki, Danuta Januszkiewicz-Lewandowska
BACKGROUND: The aim was to analyse TLR2 rs5743708, TLR2 rs4696480, TLR4 rs4986790, TLR9 rs5743836, and TLR9 rs352140 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in children with pneumococcal and meningococcal meningitis and their family members. METHODS: The study group consisted of 39 children with bacterial meningitis (25 with meningococcal meningitis and 14 with pneumococcal meningitis) and 49 family members. Laboratory test results and the course of the diseases were analyzed...
May 6, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487239/staphylococcus-aureus-soft-tissue-infection-may-increase-the-risk-of-subsequent-staphylococcal-soft-tissue-infections
#12
Cindy Bouvet, Shpresa Gjoni, Besa Zenelaj, Benjamin A Lipsky, Elif Hakko, Ilker Uçkay
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus is the most common cause of soft tissue infections. It is unknown, however, if a patient who has had such an infection is at greater risk for future soft tissue infections with S. aureus. METHODS: We conducted an epidemiological survey of adult patients hospitalized in the only public hospital in Geneva for treatment (usually combined surgical and medical) of a soft tissue infection caused by S. aureus. By reviewing nursing and medical records from the emergency department and hospital wards, we assessed whether or not they developed any other soft tissue infections (excluding a recurrence) after or before the index one...
May 6, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483725/opportunities-for-system-level-improvement-across-antibiotic-use-in-the-surgical-pathway
#13
E Charani, R Ahmad, C Tarrant, G Birgand, A Leather, M Mendelson, S R Moonesinghe, N Sevdalis, S Singh, A Holmes
Optimizing antibiotic prescribing across the surgical pathway (before, during, and after surgery) is a key aspect of tackling important drivers of antimicrobial resistance and simultaneously decreasing the burden of infection at the global level. In the UK alone, 10 million patients undergo surgery every year, which is equivalent to 60% of the annual hospital admissions having a surgical intervention. The overwhelming majority of surgical procedures require effectively limited delivery of antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent infections...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483724/seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-b-virus-and-hepatitis-c-virus-co-infection-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-visiting-antiretroviral-therapy-centres-in-nepal-a-first-nationally-representative-study
#14
G Ionita, A Malviya, R Rajbhandari, W William Schluter, G Sharma, S Kakchapati, S Rijal, S Dixit
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and hepatitis B virus (HBV) co-infections among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Nepal. METHODS: A sample of 677 PLHIV representing key affected populations (KAP) in Nepal, who were undergoing antiretroviral (ART) therapy in ART clinics around the country, were voluntarily enrolled in the study. Rapid kit-based testing followed by ELISA for validation was performed, focusing on HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibodies against HCV (anti-HCV)...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483723/changing-patterns-in-leptospirosis-a-three-decade-study-in-brazil
#15
Elizabeth De Francesco Daher, Gabriela Studart Galdino de Carvalho, Douglas de Sousa Soares, Matheus Henrique Mendes, Sérgio Luiz Arruda Parente Filho, Hermano Alexandre Lima Rocha, Geraldo Bezerra da Silva Junior
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to investigate changes in the clinical pattern of leptospirosis over time, analyzing its clinical and laboratory presentations in a metropolitan city of Brazil. METHOD: This was a retrospective study including all patients with leptospirosis admitted to tertiary care hospitals in Fortaleza in the northeast of Brazil, between 1985 and 2015. Patients were divided into three groups according to the year of hospital admission: group I for the years 1985-1995, group II for 1996-2005, and group III for 2006-2015...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483722/combined-interventions-for-mitigation-of-an-influenza-a-h1n1-2009-outbreak-in-a-physical-training-camp-in-beijing-china
#16
Chen-Yi Chu, U Chandimal de Silva, Jin-Peng Guo, Yong Wang, Liang Wen, Vernon J Lee, Shen-Long Li, Liu-Yu Huang
OBJECTIVES: Many studies have suggested the effectiveness of single control measures in the containment and mitigation of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009. The effects of combined interventions by multiple control measures in reducing the impact of an influenza A (H1N1) 2009 outbreak in a closed physical training camp in Beijing, China were evaluated. METHODS: Oseltamivir was prescribed for the treatment of confirmed cases and possible cases and as prophylaxis for all other participants in this training camp...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478305/magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-pure-neural-leprosy
#17
Anna Beltrame, Gianfranco Barabino, Carmelo Cicciò, Geraldo Badona Monteiro, Alberto Cavalchini, Giovanni Carbognin, Zeno Bisoffi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473203/time-to-re-evaluate-the-effect-of-the-adolescent-booster-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine
#18
EDITORIAL
Ellie Carmody
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457752/evaluation-of-the-variability-and-safety-of-serum-trough-concentrations-of-vancomycin-in-patients-admitted-to-the-intensive-care-unit
#19
Xiaodan Qian, Guantao Du, Chunmei Weng, Haijun Zhou, Xianju Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To examine the variability and safety of serum trough concentrations of vancomycin in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) and to analyze the factors influencing the trough concentration. METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively from ICU patients receiving vancomycin treatment at a fixed dose of 2g/day due to unobtainable weight data, at Changzhou No. 2 People's Hospital, between 2012 and 2015. Vancomycin trough concentrations were compared between groups stratified by sex, age, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457751/utility-of-urine-lipoarabinomannan-lam-in-diagnosing-tuberculosis-and-predicting-mortality-with-and-without-hiv-prospective-tb-cohort-from-the-thailand-big-city-tb-research-network
#20
Gompol Suwanpimolkul, Kamon Kawkitinarong, Weerawat Manosuthi, Jiratchaya Sophonphan, Sivaporn Gatechompol, Pirapon June Ohata, Sasiwimol Ubolyam, Thatri Iampornsin, Pairaj Katerattanakul, Anchalee Avihingsanon, Kiat Ruxrungtham
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the applicability and accuracy of the urine lipoarabinomannan (LAM) test in tuberculosis (TB)/HIV co-infected patients and HIV-negative patients with disseminated TB. METHODS: Frozen urine samples obtained at baseline from patients in the TB research cohort with proven culture-positive TB were selected for blinded urine LAM testing. One hundred and nine patients were categorized into four groups: (1) HIV-positive patients with TB; (2) HIV-negative patients with disseminated TB; (3) HIV-negative immunocompromised patients with TB; and (4) patients with diseases other than TB...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
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