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International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30010054/differing-pattern-of-influenza-vaccination-uptake-in-nurses-between-clinical-and-long-term-care-facilities-setting-2014-2018
#1
Ngai Sze Wong, Sing Lee, Shui Shan Lee
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the influenza vaccination pattern between clinical and long term care facilities (LTCF) nurses. METHODS: Between 2014 and 2018 an annual online survey was administered on nurses after onset of Winter influenza season in Hong Kong. Factors associated with vaccination were examined separately for clinical and LTCF nurses in univariate analyses and multilevel logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Of 4675 responses collected in the 5-year period, 18% came from nurses of LTCF...
July 13, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003953/epidemiology-and-clinical-outcomes-of-hepatitis-delta-d-virus-infection-in-queensland-australia
#2
Sarah Coghill, John McNamara, Marion Woods, Krispin Hajkowicz
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the epidemiology, clinical characteristics and outcomes of those with hepatitis delta virus (HDV) infection in Queensland, Australia. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of individuals tested for HDV between 1997 and 2016 in the public healthcare system in Queensland. RESULTS: 179 individuals recorded positive HDV serology between 1997 and 2016, with a total of 4407 individuals undergoing testing (seroprevalence 4...
July 9, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003952/a-meta-analysis-of-effectiveness-of-interventions-to-improve-adherence-in-pregnant-women-receiving-antiretroviral-therapy-in-sub-saharan-africa
#3
REVIEW
Olumuyiwa Omonaiye, Pat Nicholson, Snezana Kusljic, Elizabeth Manias
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence during pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: For this meta-analysis, the following databases were searched: MEDLINE Complete, Embase, Global Health, CINAHL Complete, and Google Scholar. Randomized and nonrandomized studies were considered for inclusion if they involved an intervention with the intent of improving medication adherence among pregnant women taking ART in sub-Saharan Africa...
July 9, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29990540/epidemiology-and-arima-model-of-positive-rate-of-influenza-viruses-among-children-in-wuhan-china-a-nine-year-retrospective-study
#4
Zhirui He, Hongbing Tao
OBJECTIVE: Influenza is a common childhood disease and protecting children by predicting the positive rate of influenza virus is important as vaccines are not routinely administered in China. Our study aims to describe the epidemiology of influenza viruses among children in Wuhan, China during the past nine influenza seasons (2007-2015) and to predict the positive rate of different types of influenza virus in the future. METHODS: During the last nine influenza seasons (2007-2015), a total of 10,232 nasopharyngeal swabs collected from pediatric outpatients (age<15years) with influenza-like illness (ILI) infections in two sentinel children's hospitals, were examined for influenza A and B by real-time one step RT-PCR...
July 7, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29981944/ebola-vaccine-development-systematic-review-of-pre-clinical-and-clinical-studies-and-meta-analysis-of-determinants-of-antibody-response-variability-after-vaccination
#5
Lise Gross, Edouard Lhomme, Chloé Pasin, Laura Richert, Rodolphe Thiebaut
OBJECTIVES: For Ebola vaccine development, antibody response is a major endpoint although its determinants are not well known. We aimed to review Ebola vaccine studies and to assess factors associated with antibody response variability in humans. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Scopus for preventive Ebola vaccine studies in humans or non-human primates (NHP), published up to February 2018. For each vaccination group with Ebola Zaire antibody titre measurements after vaccination, data about antibody response and its potential determinants were extracted...
July 5, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29997031/meningococcal-carriage-in-high-risk-settings-a-systematic-review
#6
Meagan E Peterson, Rebecca Mile, You Li, Harish Nair, Moe H Kyaw
BACKGROUND: Historically, semi-closed populations have had high rates of meningococcal carriage and have experienced recurrent outbreaks. As such, these high-risk groups are recommended for targeted vaccination in many countries. METHODS: A systematic review of eight databases and Google Scholar forward citations was conducted to characterize serogroup-specific meningococcal carriage in university students, military personnel, and Hajj pilgrims from 2007 to 2016...
July 2, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969728/virulence-associated-genes-and-molecular-characteristics-of-non-o1-non-o139-vibrio-cholerae-isolated-from-hepatitis-b-cirrhosis-patients-in-china
#7
Fei Jianga, RuRu Bi, LiHua Deng, HaiQuan Kang, Bing Gu, Ping Ma
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to report virulence-associated genes and molecular characteristics of non-O1/non-O139 Vibrio cholerae isolated from hepatitis B cirrhosis patients in China. METHODS: Patient clinical data including course of disease, laboratory tests, antibiotic treatment and outcomes were collected. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed and virulence-associated genes were detected by PCR. Genetic relatedness among non-O1/non-O139V. cholerae strains was investigated by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST)...
June 30, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29966711/chronic-otitis-media-caused-by-mycobacterium-abscessus-spp-massiliense-treated-by-tigecycline-in-a-10-year-old-child
#8
Shota Myojin, Kahoru Fukuoka, Asako Kanemaru, Shintaro Baba, Yuki Okamoto, Hiromichi Suzuki, Keisuke Kamada, Atsushi Yoshida, Ken Kikuchi, Yuho Horikoshi
Mycobacterium abscessus is one of the most pathogenic and chemotherapy resistant rapid-growing mycobacteria. This mycobacterium should be always considered as a possible cause of chronic otitis media in children, and treatment might be challenging because of its resistance to multiple antibiotics. There are no reports that describe the therapeutic use of tigecycline treating the chronic otitis media caused by M. abscessus. A 10 year-old-boy was referred to our hospital with a 7-year history of recurrent otitis media despite of treatment by antibiotics and ventilation tubes...
June 29, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29964166/giant-mycotic-right-coronary-aneurism-a-rare-complication-of-staphylococcus-aureus-native-valve-endocarditis
#9
Alizée Maarek, Tristan Ferry, Carine Mouly-Bertin, Fadi Farhat, Julien Saison, Christian Chidiac, Florent Valour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29960098/high-rate-of-clostridium-difficile-among-young-adults-presenting-with-diarrhea-to-two-hospitals-in-kenya
#10
Micah O Oyaro, Kimberly Plants-Paris, Dayna Bishoff, Paul Malonza, Christopher S Gontier, Herbert L DuPont, Charles Darkoh
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the leading cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea worldwide. As a result, the U. S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has designated C. difficile as an urgent threat. Despite the global public health risk posed by CDI, little is known about its epidemiology on the African continent. Here, we describe the common occurrence of CDI from a cross-section of consecutively seen, randomly enrolled patients presenting with diarrhea at two major hospitals in Kenya...
June 27, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959094/neonatal-meningitis-and-recurrent-bacteremia-with-group-b-streptococcus-transmitted-by-own-mother-s-milk-a-case-report-and-review-of-previous-cases
#11
Nahoko Katayama Ueda, Kiwamu Nakamura, Hayato Go, Hiroki Takehara, Nozomi Kashiwabara, Kazuaki Arai, Hiromu Takemura, Yoshiyuki Namai, Keiji Kanemitsu
Here, we report a case of neonatal meningitis and recurrent bacteremia caused by Group B Streptococcus (GBS) transmitted via the mother's milk. A 3-day-old neonate suffered early-onset meningitis due to GBS, from which he recovered after antibiotic treatment for 4 weeks. GBS was not detected in the vaginal and stool cultures of the neonate's mother before delivery. However, 4days after treatment of GBS meningitis, the neonate developed GBS bacteremia. As the mother repeatedly showed signs of mastitis after the delivery, bacterial culture tests were performed on her breast milk, in addition to vaginal and stool culture tests...
June 26, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944930/recurrence-of-tuberculosis-among-patients-following-treatment-completion-in-eight-provinces-of-vietnam-a-nested-case-control-study
#12
Jessica Rutledge Bruce Musselman Bestrashniy, Viet Nhung Nguyen, Thi Loi Nguyen, Thi Lieu Pham, Thu Anh Nguyen, Duc Cuong Pham, Le Phuong Hoa Nghiem, Thi Ngoc Anh Le, Binh Hoa Nguyen, Kim Cuong Nguyen, Huy Dung Nguyen, Tran Ngoc Buu, Thi Nhung Le, Viet Hung Nguyen, Ngoc Sy Dinh, Warwick John Britton, Guy Barrington Marks, Greg James Fox
BACKGROUND: Patients completing treatment for tuberculosis (TB) in high-prevalence settings face a risk of developing recurrent disease. This has important consequences for public health, given its association with drug resistance and a poor prognosis. Previous research has implicated individual factors such as smoking, alcohol use, HIV, poor treatment adherence, and drug resistant disease as risk factors for recurrence. However, little is known about how these factors co-act to produce recurrent disease...
June 23, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944929/paracoccidioidomycosis-diagnosed-in-bone-marrow-biopsy-indicative-of-fungemia-and-unfavorable-prognois
#13
Júlia Thalita Queiróz Rocha, Lígia Niero-Melo, Cristiano Claudino Oliveira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29940347/18th-international-congress-on-infectious-diseases-xviii-congreso-sadi-2018-it-takes-two-to-tango
#14
EDITORIAL
Jon Cohen, Gustavo Lopardo, Waldo H Belloso, Britta Lassmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29936320/the-exhausted-cd4-cxcr5-t-cells-involve-the-pathogenesis-of-human-tuberculosis-disease
#15
Munyemana Jean Bosco, Ming Wei, Hongyan Hou, Jing Yu, Qun Lin, Ying Luo, Ziyong Sun, Feng Wang
OBJECTIVES: The CD4+ CXCR5+ T cells have been previously established. However, their decreased frequency during tuberculosis (TB) disease is partially understood. The aim of this study was to explore the depletion of CD4+ CXCR5+ T cells in human TB. METHODS: The frequency and function of CD4+ CXCR5+ T cells were evaluated in active TB (ATB) patients and healthy control (HC) individuals. The function of CD4+ CXCR5+ T cells was determined after blockade of inhibitory receptors...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29936319/part-1-antimicrobial-resistance-in-the-context-of-the-syrian-conflict-a-summary-and-appraisal-of-existing-evidence
#16
REVIEW
Aula Abbara, Timothy M Rawson, Nabil Karah, Wael El-Amin, James Hatcher, Bachir Tajaldin, Osman Dar, Omar Dewachi, Ghassan Abu Sitta, Bernt Eric Uhlin, Annie Sparrow
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in populations experiencing war has yet to be addressed despite the abundance of contemporary conflicts and the protracted nature of twenty-first century wars, in combination with growing global concern over conflict-associated bacterial pathogens. We use the example of the Syrian conflict to explore the feasibility of using existing global policies on AMR in conditions of extreme conflict. Available literature on AMR and prescribing behaviour in Syria before and since the onset of the conflict in March 2011 was identified...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29936318/insight-into-multidrug-resistant-beijing-genotype-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-isolates-in-myanmar
#17
Lai Lai San, Khin Saw Aye, Nan Aye Thida Oo, Mu Mu Shwe, Yukari Fukushima, Stephen V Gordon, Yasuhiko Suzuki, Chie Nakajima
OBJECTIVES: Myanmar is a WHO high tuberculosis (TB) burden country with a high multidrug-resistant (MDR)-TB burden. Significantly a high prevalence of the Beijing genotype of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) among MDR-MTB has been reported previously. To explore whether an association exists between the prevalence of the Beijing MTB genotype and MDR-TB in Myanmar, we performed detailed genetic characterization of TB clinical isolates. METHODS: A total of 265 MDR-MTB clinical isolates collected in 2010 and 2012 were subjected to spoligotyping, mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit-variable number tandem repeat (MIRU-VNTR) analysis, SNP typing and drug resistance-associated gene sequencing including rpoC to detect potential compensatory evolution...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29935284/paediatric-antimicrobial-use-at-a-south-african-hospital
#18
L R Koopmans, H Finlayson, A Whitelaw, E H Decloedt, A Dramowski
BACKGROUND: Data on antimicrobial use among hospitalised children in Africa is very limited owing to the absence of electronic prescription tracking. METHODS: We evaluated antimicrobial consumption rates, antimicrobial spectrum used and indications for therapy on a paediatric ward and the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) at Tygerberg Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. Antimicrobial prescription and patient demographic data was prospectively collected from 10 May 2015 to 11 November 2015...
June 20, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913286/the-superficial-structure-of-neurofibroma-was-cleared-in-fonsecaea-monophora-infected-skin-area
#19
Jing-Yao Liang, Jian-Qin Wang, Xin Tian, Jian-Bo Ruan, Xi-Bao Zhang, San-Quan Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913285/epidemiology-and-clinical-outcomes-of-viral-central-nervous-system-infections
#20
Fatma Ben Abid, Mohammed Abukhattab, Hafedh Ghazouani, Obada Khalil, Ahmed Gohar, Hussam Al Soub, Muna Al Maslamani, Abdullatif Al Khal, Eman Al Masalamani, Said Al Dhahry, Samar Hashim, Faraj Howadi, Adeel A Butt
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system (CNS) viral infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality. No data are available regarding their epidemiology in Qatar. DESIGN: We retrospectively evaluated all cerebrospinal fluid findings from January 2011-March 2015 at Hamad Medical Corporation. Those with abnormal CSF finding were included in our study. We excluded those with missing medical records, no clinical evidence of viral CNS infection or proven bacterial, fungal or tuberculosis CNS infection...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
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