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International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315754/hepatitis-b-and-htlv-1-co-infection-in-the-northern-territory-australia
#1
Ian Marr, Jane Davies, Rob W Baird
OBJECTIVE: To establish the relationship of Hepatitis B and HTLV-1 serological markers in the Northern Territory, Australia. METHODS: A retrospective serological study of patients, presenting to public healthcare facilities, in the Northern Territory between 2008 and 2015, was performed to determine presence and relationships of serological markers of Hepatitis B virus (HBV), and Human T-cell Leukemic virus 1 (HTLV-1). RESULTS: There were 740 individual cases of serological positive HTLV-1 identified over 8 years in the Northern Territory...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315398/hepatic-expressions-of-cannabinoid-receptors-cb1-and-cb2-correlate-with-the-fibrogenesis-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#2
Erhei Dai, Lianshan Zhang, Lihong Ye, Shiqing Wan, Lulu Feng, Qi Qi, Fang Yao, Zhen Li
AIM: The endocannabinoid system is involved in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis. However, most of the findings come from experiment researches on animal model or clinical trial on chronic hepatitis C. The roles of cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) in hepatofibrosis on patients with chronic hepatitis B(CHB) have not been studied universally. This study aimed to explore the relationship between liver fibrosis and expressions of CB1 and CB2 on patients with CHB...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288925/sepsis-related-mortality-in-497-cases-with-blood-culture-positive-sepsis-in-an-emergency-department
#3
Juha Rannikko, Jaana Syrjänen, Tapio Seiskari, Janne Aittoniemi, Reetta Huttunen
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have sought to establish how often the deaths after sepsis are related to the sepsis and how often underlying diseases have a major role in case fatality. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, data were collected on 497 cases with blood culture-positive sepsis in an emergency department (ED). RESULTS: Sepsis was categorized as severe in 31% of cases and 7% had septic shock. The quick Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment score was positive on 136 out of 473 cases (29%)...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288924/global-expansion-of-chikungunya-virus-mapping-the-64-year-history
#4
REVIEW
Braira Wahid, Amjad Ali, Shazia Rafique, Muhammad Idrees
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-transmitted alphavirus that is emerging as a global threat because of its highly debilitating nature and unprecedented magnitude. The disease originated from Africa and then hit the entire globe causing large number of epidemics that infected millions of people in Asia, Indian subcontinent, Europe, Americas, and Pacific Islands. According to phylogenetic analysis, four different genotypes of CHIKV are: Asian, West African, East/Central/South African (ECSA), and Indian Ocean lineage (IOL)...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284914/dengue-virus-serologic-prevalence-and-seroconversion-rates-in-children-and-adults-in-medellin-colombia-implications-for-vaccine-introduction
#5
Mabel Carabali, Jacqueline Kyungah Lim, Diana Carolina Velez, Andrea Trujillo, Jorge Egurrola, Kang Sung Lee, Jay S Kaufman, Luiz Jacinto DaSilva, Ivan Dario Velez, Jorge E Osorio
BACKGROUND: Dengue is an important public health problem worldwide. Recently a vaccine has been licensed in some countries of Latin America and Asia. Recommendations for dengue vaccine introduction include endemicity and high serologic prevalence of dengue in the territories considering its introduction. METHODS: We conducted a community-based survey to estimate dengue seroprevalence and age-specific seroconversion rates in a community in Medellin, Colombia, using dengue serologic test (IgG Indirect ELISA)...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286212/lingual-tuberculosis-in-an-hiv-aids-patient
#6
José Y Rodríguez, Gerson J Rodríguez, Carlos A Álvarez-Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279736/il-7%C3%AE-5-protein-is-expressed-in-human-tissues-and-induces-expression-of-the-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-1-olr1-in-cd14-monocytes
#7
Lalit Rane, Sayma Rahman, Isabelle Magalhaes, Aditya Ambati, Jan Andersson, Alimuddin Zumla, Susanna Brighenti, Markus J Maeurer
OBJECTIVES: The 6 exon spanning ́canonical' Interleukin-7 (IL-7c) is a non-redundant cytokine in human T-cell homeostasis that undergoes extensive alternative pre-mRNA splicing. The IL-7 gene variant lacking, exon 5 (IL-7δ5), exhibits agonistic effects as compared to IL-7c. We studied in this report for the first time the protein expression of IL-7δ5 variant in tissues and its role in monocyte activation. METHODS: We visualized the expression of IL-7δ5 protein by immunohistochemistry in both healthy and malignant (human) tissues and investigated the impact of IL-7δ5 stimulation on CD14+ monocytes using gene expression analysis and flow cytometry...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268096/impact-of-long-lasting-insecticidal-nets-on-prevalence-of-subclinical-malaria-among-children-in-the-presence-of-pyrethroid-resistance-in-anopheles-culicifacies-in-central-india
#8
Mehul Kumar Chourasia, Raghavendra Kamaraju, Immo Kleinschmidt, Rajendra M Bhatt, Dipak Kumar Swain, Tessa Bellamy Knox, Neena Valecha
BACKGROUND: Subclinical (asymptomatic) cases of malaria could be a major barrier to the success of malaria elimination programs. This study has evaluated the impact of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) on the prevalence of subclinical malaria in the presence of pyrethroid resistance in the main malaria vector Anopheles culicifacies on malaria transmission among a cohort of children in villages of the Keshkal sub-district in Chhattisgarh state. METHODS: A cohort of 6582 children ages less than 14 years was enrolled from 80 study clusters...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268125/mycobacterium-branderi-infection-case-report-and-literature-review-of-an-unusual-and-difficult-to-treat-non-tuberculous-mycobacterium
#9
Shannon L Turvey, Gregory J Tyrrell, Cristina Hernandez, Dima Kabbani, Karen Doucette, Carlos Cervera
A 67-year-old man with significant smoking history presented with fever, unintentional weight loss, night sweats, productive cough, and progressive dyspnea. Multiple respiratory specimens grew Mycobacterium branderi. Computed tomography scanning of the chest revealed a cavitary right upper lung lesion. Bronchoscopy and thoracoscopic biopsy were negative for malignancy but showed necrotizing granulomatous inflammation, which was culture negative. Due to clinical and radiologic progression despite therapy with clarithromycin, ethambutol and moxifloxacin, the lesion was surgically resected and the patient's symptoms resolved...
March 4, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267595/economic-burden-of-herpes-zoster-culebrilla-in-latin-america
#10
Emmanouil Rampakakis, Clare Pollock, Claudia Vujacich, Joao Toniolo Neto, Alejandro Ortiz Covarrubias, Homero Monsanto, Kelly D Johnson
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ) is characterized by debilitating pain and blistering dermatomal rash. The most common complication of HZ is postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), a persistent pain that can substantially affects patients' quality of life. HZ has significant impact on patients' lives with considerable implications for healthcare systems and society. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the healthcare resource utilization (HCRU) and medical costs associated with HZ in Latin America...
March 3, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259724/current-status-of-crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-in-who-eastern-mediterranean-region-issues-challenges-and-future-directions
#11
REVIEW
Seif S Al-Abri, Idris Al Abaidani, Mehdi Fazlalipour, Ehsan Mostafavi, Hakan Leblebicioglu, Natalia Pshenichnaya, Ziad A Memishemish, Roger Hewson, Jorgen Eskild Petersen, Peter Mala, Tran Minh Nhu Nguyen, Mamunur Rahman Malik, Pierre Formenty, Rosanna Lucy Jeffries
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is the most wide-spread, tick-borne viral disease affecting humans. The disease is endemic in many regions such as Africa, Asia, Eastern and Southern Europe, and Central Asia. Recently, the incidence of CCHF has increased rapidly in the countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region of the World Health Organization (WHO), with sporadic human cases and outbreaks of CCHF being reported from a number of countries in the region. Despite the rapidly growing incidence of the disease, there is currently no accurate data on the burden of the disease in the region due to different surveillance systems for CCHF in the countries...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257816/evaluation-of-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-based-combination-therapy-against-stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-in-vitro-effects-and-clinical-efficacy-in-cancer-patients
#12
Hideki Araoka, Masaru Baba, Chikako Okada, Masahiro Abe, Muneyoshi Kimura, Akiko Yoneyama
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro effects and clinical efficacies of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (SXT) combined with other antimicrobial agents against Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. METHODS: In vitro analysis was conducted on 89S. maltophilia strains isolated from blood and the respiratory tract between June 2012 and October 2014. Levofloxacin (LVX), ticarcillin-clavulanic acid (TIM), and minocycline (MIN) were selected for an examination of their effects when individually combined with SXT by the checkerboard method...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249811/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-case-series-from-russia-kazakhstan-and-turkey
#13
Natalia Yurievna Pshenichnaya, Hakan Leblebicioglu, Ilkay Bozkurt, Irina Viktorovna Sannikova, Gulzhan Narkenovna Abuova, Andrey Sergeevich Zhuravlev, Sener Barut, Mutabar Bekovna Shermetova, Tom E Fletcher
BACKGROUND: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is acute viral infection and a major emerging infectious diseases threat, affecting a large geographical area. There is no proven antiviral therapy and it has a case fatality rate of 4-30%. The natural history of disease and outcomes of CCHF in pregnant women is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the characteristics of CCHF in pregnancy, and report a case series of 8 CCHF cases in pregnant women from Russia, Kazakhstan and Turkey...
February 26, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249810/dynamic-changes-of-laboratory-parameters-and-peripheral-blood-lymphocyte-subsets-in-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-patients
#14
Jingwen Liu, Li Wang, Zhaolei Feng, Daying Geng, Ye Sun, Guangying Yuan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to dynamically investigate laboratory parameters and peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome(SFTS)patients at different stages, to evaluate the significance of these changes in the infection process and its influence on prognosis. METHODS: Case-control study was used in the research. Sixty-nine confirmed thrombocytopenia syndrome virus(SFTSV)infected patients were enrolled. They were divided into two groups, recovery group and poor prognosis group, according to the clinical prognosis of the diseases...
February 26, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238888/decrease-in-regulatory-t-cell-function-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-receiving-pegylated-interferon-plus-ribavirin
#15
Kuo-Chih Tseng, Yun-Che Ho, Chi-Wei Tseng, Ling-Huei Tseng, Yu-Hsi Hsieh, Ting-Tsung Chang, Shu-Fen Wu
OBJECTIVES: Regulatory T-cells (Tregs) play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) infection. Pegylated interferon is the standard therapy for CHC patients in Asian countries. This study aimed to evaluate the frequency and function of Tregs in CHC patients receiving combination therapy. METHODS: CHC patients (n=30) who had elevated alanine aminotransferase and underwent combination therapy were included. Clinical data and Treg function were checked at baseline, 12 weeks after treatment, at the end of treatment, and at the end of 24 weeks of follow-up...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232006/world-tb-day-2017-advances-challenges-and-opportunities-in-the-end-tb-era
#16
EDITORIAL
Eskild Petersen, Markus Maeurer, Ben Marais, Giovanni Battista Migliori, Peter Mwaba, Francine Ntoumi, Cris Vilaplana, Kami Kim, Marco Schito, Alimuddin Zumla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223177/pneumocystis-pneumonia-in-patients-with-inflammatory-or-autoimmune-diseases-usefulness-of-lymphocyte-subtyping
#17
Yi Li, Marc Ghannoum, Chuntao Deng, Yanxia Gao, Huadong Zhu, Xuezhong Yu, Valery Lavergne
OBJECTIVES: No consensus currently exists on the indications for Pneumocystis jirovecii prophylaxis in patients with inflammatory or autoimmune diseases. The main objective was to identify biomarkers associated with P. jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) in this population. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out at Beijing Union Medical College Hospital (2003-2014). All patients with an inflammatory or autoimmune disease presenting with acute onset of fever and respiratory symptoms were included...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223176/prodromal-fever-indicates-a-high-risk-of-liver-failure-in-acute-hepatitis-b
#18
Wen-Jun Du, Li Liu, Chao Sun, Jin-Hong Yu, Di Xiao, Qiang Li
OBJECTIVES: The role of prodromal fever in the clinical course of acute hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is still largely unclear. This study was conducted to investigate the factors associated with prodromal fever and its role in the development of acute liver failure (ALF) in patients with acute hepatitis B (AHB). METHODS: Inpatients with AHB diagnosed between January 2006 and December 2010 were evaluated and followed. Clinical manifestations, results of laboratory tests, and outcomes were compared between patients with and without prodromal fever...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223174/increasing-mumps-incidence-rates-among-children-and-adolescents-in-the-republic-of-korea-age-period-cohort-analysis
#19
Young-June Choe, Young Hwa Lee, Sung-Il Cho
BACKGROUND: To characterize the temporal dynamics of mumps epidemiology according to the different vaccine strains used, sex-specific trends were decomposed in an age-period-cohort (APC) analysis for mumps cases reported in South Korea. METHODS: National surveillance data were used to describe the epidemiology of mumps cases from 2001 to 2015. An APC model was used to break down the reported mumps cases into the effects of age, period, and birth cohort. RESULTS: From 2001 to 2015, the incidence started to increase from fewer than 10 cases to more than 100 cases per 100 000...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223175/high-fatality-rates-and-associated-factors-in-two-hospital-outbreaks-of-mers-in-daejeon-the-republic-of-korea
#20
Hae-Sung Nam, Jung Wan Park, Moran Ki, Mi-Yeon Yeon, Jin Kim, Seung Woo Kim
OBJECTIVES: To explore the epidemiological and clinical factors predictive of the case fatality rate (CFR) of Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection in an outbreak in Daejeon, the Republic of Korea. METHODS: We reviewed the outbreak investigation reports and medical records of 1 index case and 25 additional MERS cases in hospitals A (14 cases) and B (11 cases), and conducted an in-depth interview with the index case. RESULTS: The CFR in hospital B was higher than that in hospital A (63...
February 18, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
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