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International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID

Yulong Cao, Zhizhong Gong, Jiao Shan, Yan Gao
BACKGROUND: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are the main cause of infectious complications in Indwelling urinary catheters (IDCs). However, the best cleaning methods for preventing CAUTIs have not been evaluated clearly by previous studies. METHODS: We searched electronic database, from their inception to December 2017. Randomized clinical trials and quasi-experimental with different methods of urethral cleaning versus disinfection to prevent CAUTIs were considered...
September 20, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
L Veletzky, Z A Österreicher, K A Mayer, A Ba-Ssalamah, M Ramharter, S Winkler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Keenan J Piper, Haidn Foster, Daniel Susanto, Cynthia L Maree, Sean D Thornton, Charles S Cobbs
We present a case of a 69-year old female who presented with a chronic nasal skin rash, a new onset focal seizure, and a cerebral ring-enhancing lesion after a year of improper nasal irrigation. Despite aggressive and novel anti-amoebic treatment, she succumbed to a fatal Balamuthia mandrillaris brain infection.
September 20, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Alimuddin Zumla, Eskild Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Jorge Enrique Machado-Alba, Andres Gaviria-Mendoza, Manuel E Machado-Duque
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the effectiveness of of two piperacillin-tazobactam molecules in terms of all-cause mortality, mortality by infection and hospital stay. METHODS: Cohort study involving patients treated with piperacillin-tazobactam at a clinic in Colombia, the patients were divided into those who received the innovator piperacillin-tazobactam from July to December, 2014 and those who received the generic piperacillin-tazobactam from January to June, 2015...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Seyeon Park, Kyu Min Lee, Insu Kim, Jeongha Mok
The use of bedaquiline to treat multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) may raise safety concerns. Currently, however, no clinical information is available on the use of bedaquiline to treat MDR-TB patients with ESRD. We report the use of bedaquiline to treat two patients with MDR-TB and ESRD. Our case report highlights the safety and tolerability of bedaquiline as well as the treatment outcome. The use of bedaquiline in patients with ESRD is also discussed.
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Tisungane Mvalo, Brian Eley, Colleen Bamford, Christopher Stanley, Maganizo Chagomerana, Marc Hendricks, Ann Van Eyssen, Alan Davidson
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the epidemiology of bloodstream infection (BSI) in oncology patients at Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital (RCWMCH), Cape Town with focus on the commonest causes, complications and antimicrobial susceptibilities in BSI. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted at the haematology-oncology unit of RCWMCH. All positive blood cultures from RCWMCH oncology patients taken in 2012 to 2014 were retrieved to identify BSI cases...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Evangelia Valilis, Alison Ramsey, Saad Sidiq, Herbert L DuPont
Non-O157 strains of STEC are more common causes of acute diarrhea than the better-known O157 strains and have the potential for large outbreaks. This systematic review of the literature identified 129 serogroups as well as 262 different O and H antigen combinations of Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) in cases of epidemic and sporadic disease worldwide. Removing results from a single large outbreak of STEC O104:H4 in Germany and France in 2011, the reported frequency of dysenteric illness in patients was 119 of 464 (26%) for epidemic disease and 646 of 2,588 (25%) for sporadic cases...
September 14, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Theerapong Krajaejun, Tassanee Lohnoo, Paisan Jittorntam, Atthapol Srimongkol, Yothin Kumsang, Wanta Yingyong, Thidarat Rujarawat, Onrapak Reamtong, Suthee Mangmee
OBJECTIVE: Pythiosis is a life-threatening infectious disease caused by the oomycete Pythium insidiosum. The disease has been increasingly reported worldwide. Most patients with pythiosis undergo surgical removal of an infected organ. Early diagnosis contributes to better prognosis of pythiosis patients. Here, we assessed the matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) for identification and biotyping of P. insidiosum. METHODS: A comprehensive set of mass spectra of P...
September 12, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Zhigang Hu, Xue Yang, Shaoxia Zhuang, Jie Liu
We diagnosed vaccinia virus infection in five male workers directly exposed to rabbit-skin powder contaminated by vaccinia virus via skin contact and inhalation. Four of the workers had been vaccinated against smallpox. Their clinical symptoms were severe, especially in the lungs; however, all symptoms were ameliorated after treatment.
September 12, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Sana Fenniras, Hela Sarray, Sofiene Kammoun, Aymen Zoubli, Yassmine Kammoun, Sondos Kraiem, Sofiene Jerbi
Isolated cardiac location is uncommon presentation of echinococcosis (0.5-2%) and involvement of the interventricular septum is even rarer. It may lead to various complications because of rupture and embolization. We report the case of a 26 - year- old man who was diagnosed to have a large inter-ventricular hydatid cyst complicated by both cerebral and coronary embolism. Presentation, management and follow-up of the patient is discussed. This case is of particular interest because of the rarity of septal localization of a hydatid cyst, and the conflict between the severity of the complications that occurred and the absence of correlated symptoms...
September 12, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Keke Liu, Jimin Sun, Xiaobo Liu, Ruiyun Li, Yiguan Wang, Liang Lu, Haixia Wu, Yuan Gao, Lei Xu, Qiyong Liu
OBJECTIVE: To identify the high risk spatiotemporal clusters of dengue cases and explore the associated risk factors. METHODS: Monthly indigenous dengue cases in 2005-2017 were aggregated at county level. Spatiotemporal cluster analysis was used to explore dengue distribution features using SaTScan9.4.4 and Arcgis10.3.0. In addition, the influential factors and potential high risk areas of dengue outbreaks were analyzed using Ecological niche models in Maxent 3...
September 12, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Samreen Sarfaraz, Sundus Iftikhar, Yousuf Memon, Naila Zahir, Fivzia Farooq Hereker, Naseem Salahuddin
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between histopathological and microbiological findings in patients clinically suspected to have tuberculous lymphadenitis. A secondary objective was to assess the diagnostic utility of GeneXpert in lymph node specimens. DESIGN: Single Centre Prospective Cohort study SETTING: The Indus Hospital infectious disease clinic METHODS: 341 adult patients with chronically enlarged, accessible lymph nodes were enrolled after verbal consent between February 2013 and April 2016...
September 8, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Jürgen Benjamin Hagemann, Stephanie Haverkamp, Beate Grüner, Florian Kuchenbauer, Andreas Essig
Campylobacter concisus is a rarely encountered agent of human infections. Here, we report the first isolation of C. concisus from a pulmonary abscess in an immunocompromised patient who underwent allogenic stem cell transplantation. This unusual case substantiates the pathogenic potential of the bacterium and outlines species-immanent difficulties in reliable diagnosis. Molecular methods were a cornerstone for definite identification of the anaerobically culture grown organism from surgically excised tissue...
September 7, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Jaime Andrés Cardona-Ospina, Lucia Elena Alvarado-Arnez, Juan Pablo Escalera-Antezana, Antonio C Bandeira, Didier Musso, Alfonso J Rodríguez-Morales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Olga E Ivanova, Tatyana P Eremeeva, Nadezhda S Morozova, Armen K Shakaryan, Ekaterina A Korotkova, Liubov I Kozlovskaya, Olga Y Baykova, Alexandr Y Krasota, Anatoly P Gmyl
OBJECTIVES: Different polio vaccination schemes were used in Russia: OPV in 1998-2007 and IPV - OPV in 2008-2014. Characteristics of vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP) cases in Russia during this period are presented. METHODS: VAPP cases were identified through Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) Surveillance System, classified by National Expert Classification Committee. Criteria of "recipient VAPP" (rVAPP) case were poliomyelitis symptoms 6-30days after OPV administration, isolation of vaccine virus, and residual paralysis 60days after the disease onset...
September 7, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Sanne M H Zweijpfenning, Lydia Schipper, Vincent A M Duurkens, Joop B Harbers, Jakko van Ingen, Wouter Hoefsloot
A 75-year old woman, with a history of use of immunosuppressive treatment for rheumatoid arthritis and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, was referred to our reference center for treatment of tenosynovitis caused by Mycobacterium malmoense, which had disseminated due to immunosuppressive therapy. This rare diagnosis was made after years of treatment for supposed rheumatoid arthritis. The patient presented with relapsing tenosynovitis with wounds on her right middle finger and wounds on her left lower leg, despite three months of adequate therapy (rifampicin-ethambutol-clarithromycin)...
September 7, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Linda Petrone, Vincent Bondet, Valentina Vanini, Gilda Cuzzi, Fabrizio Palmieri, Ivana Palucci, Giovanni Delogu, Fabiola Ciccosanti, Gian Maria Fimia, Thomas Blauenfeldt, Morten Ruhwald, Darragh Duffy, Delia Goletti
OBJECTIVES: Biomarkers for tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and clinical management are needed to defeat TB. In chronic hepatitis, patients not responding to interferon/ribavirin treatment had high levels of an antagonist form of IP-10. Recently, antagonist IP-10 has been showed to be involved also in TB pathogenesis. Here, we investigated IP-10 agonist/antagonist forms as potential inflammatory biomarkers to support TB diagnosis and monitoring. METHODS: Total IP-10 and its agonist/antagonist forms were measured by SIMOA digital ELISA in urine obtained from patients with active TB at baseline and after treatment...
September 7, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Raphael Godefroy, Pascal Chaud, Laetitia Ninove, Dina Julia, Anne Decoppet, Paul Casha, Sami Hraiech, Philippe Brouqui, Nadim Cassir
OBJECTIVES: To analyse a measles outbreak in a Roma community. METHODS: We describe a community-wide outbreak of genotype D8 measles that took place in southeastern France, between May and July 2017, along with the control measures adopted. RESULTS: We identified a total of eighteen cases, between six months and 24 years old. All cases were unvaccinated or incompletely vaccinated and belonged to a sedentary French Roma community. Most of them (67%) were hospitalised, with three cases (17%) of severe measles including one death of a 16-year-old girl who had previously received oral corticosteroids...
September 7, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Marcello Otake Sato, Armand Rafalimanantsoa, Charles Ramarokoto, Alain Marcel Rahetilahy, Pascaline Ravoniarimbinina, Satoru Kawai, Toshifumi Minamoto, Megumi Sato, Masashi Kirinoki, Voahangy Rasolofo, Mathilde De Calan, Yuichi Chigusa
OBJECTIVES: Schistosomiasis is an important disease in Madagascar with several studies on the disease focusing on the parasite occurrence in humans. However, the range of the pathogen in the environment and its impact on human infection is difficult to predict. To improve schistosomiasis eco-epidemiology studies, an environmental DNA (eDNA) detection system for Schistosoma mansoni was developed. DESIGN: Primers and probes were designed and tested in experimental biotopes...
September 7, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
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