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International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908696/erratum-to-molecular-approach-to-detect-albendazole-resistance-in-trichuris-trichiura-among-orang-asli-in-malaysia-international-journal-of-infectious-diseases-volume-45-supplement-1-april-2016-page-369
#1
Mehru Nisha, Verasingam Kumarasamy, Stephen Ambu, Fabian Davamani, Mak Joon Wah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894986/application-of-molecular-genotyping-to-determine-prevalence-of-hpv-strains-in-pap-smears-of-kazakhstan-women
#2
Luiza Niyazmetova, Gulzhanat Aimagambetova, Nazigul Stambekova, Zaurech Abugalieva, Korlukain Seksembayeva, Syed Ali, Azliyati Azizan
OBJECTIVES: Human papillomavirus is the main causative agents for cervical cancer. However, few data are available about HPV prevalence in Kazakhstan. The aims of this study were to genotype HPV DNA in Pap smear samples of women to determine prevalence of carcinogenic HPV types in Astana, Kazakhstan and to analyze the association between HPV positivity and the cytology results of patient samples. METHODS: Pap smear materials were obtained from 140 patients aged 18-59, who visited the outpatient gynecological clinic...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894985/factors-influencing-treatment-default-among-tuberculosis-patients-in-a-high-burden-province-of-south-africa
#3
G Kigozi, C Heunis, P Chikobvu, S Botha, D van Rensburg
OBJECTIVE: To determine and describe the factors influencing treatment default of tuberculosis (TB) patients in the Free State Province of South Africa. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective record review of pulmonary TB cases-older than 15 years, with a recorded pre-treatment smear result-captured in the electronic TB register (ETR.net) between 2003 and 2012. The demographic and clinical characteristics of defaulters were described. Multiple logistic regression technique were used to determine the factors associated with treatment default...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894984/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-methicillin-resistant-and-sensitive-staphylococcus-aureus-incidence-in-respect-to-specimen-source-patient-location-and-temperature-variation
#4
T Delorme, A Garcia, P Nasr
OBJECTIVE: Seasonal variations in temperature exert strong selective pressure on microorganism population dynamics and should be taken into account in epidemiological studies. The objective of current study was to characterize the seasonal variation of Staphylococcal infections in respect to patient location, specimen source, month of year, and temperature variation. METHOD: A retrospective longitudinal time series analysis of methicillin-resistant and sensitive S...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894983/a-case-of-clinical-and-microbiological-failure-of-azithromycin-therapy-in-salmonella-enterica-serotype-typhi-despite-low-azithromycin-mic
#5
Abi Manesh, Veeraraghavan Balaji, Devanga Ragupathi Naveen Kumar, Priscilla Rupali
Typhoid fever remains a serious problem in many developing countries. Due to resistance to multiple first line drugs, azithromycin has evolved as an important drug in the treatment of Typhoid. While therapy with azithromycin is highly effective, no clinically validated mean inhibitory concentration (MIC) break points or disc diffusion cutoff guidelines are available so far. We describe an Indian adult with clinical and microbiological failure to azithromycin despite low azithromycin MIC.
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894982/multiple-opportunistic-infections-in-a-woman-with-gata2-mutation
#6
Andrea Vila, Juan I Dapás, Cynthia V Rivero, Florencia Bocanegra, Roberto F Furnari, Amy P Hsu, Steven M Holland
GATA2 deficiency is a genetic disorder caused by inherited or sporadic haploinsufficient mutations in the GATA2 gene. Patients have abnormalities in hematopoiesis, lymphangiogenesis and immunity; encompassing a broad range of clinical syndromes, mainly characterized by monocytopenia, B and NK cell cytopenia, severe or recurrent infections, and a high risk of developing myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML).We report a case of an Argentinean woman, who presented with multiple opportunistic infections as her first manifestation of GATA2 deficiency...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894981/hiv-prevalence-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-istanbul
#7
Fatma Sargin, Safak Goktas
OBJECTIVES: A re-emergence of the HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men (MSM) represents a serious health issue. This study aimed to assess the HIV prevalence among MSM in a large metropole of a very low prevalence population. DESIGN AND METHODS: A public campaign for raising awareness on HIV infection and for providing access to anonymous testing was conducted in places frequented by MSM and through a mobile phone application. No identity information was requested from individuals calling the call-center, and anonymous and free HIV testing was offered proactively...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888000/enhanced-laboratory-capacity-development-a-boost-for-effective-tb-control-in-resource-limited-settings
#8
Abraham Sunday Alabi, Afsatou Ndama Traoré, Marguerite Massinga Loembe, Ulysse Ateba-Ngoa, Matthias Frank, Ayola Akim Adegnika, Bertrand Lell, Jocelyn Mahoumbou, Carsten Köhler, Peter Gottfried Kremsner, Martin Peter Grobusch
Both routine and research tuberculosis laboratory capacity urgently need to be expanded in large parts of sub-Saharan Africa. In 2009, the "Centre de Recherches Médicales de Lambaréné" (CERMEL), took a strategic decision to expand its activities by building tuberculosis (TB) laboratory capacity to address research questions and to improve routine diagnostic and treatment capacity. Over those past seven years, we have developed a standard a standard laboratory contributing significantly to TB diagnosis, treatment and control in Gabon; and providing training for TB research staff in Central Africa...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872018/preventive-therapy-for-latent-tuberculosis-infection-the-promise-and-the-challenges
#9
REVIEW
G J Fox, C C Dobler, B J Marais, J T Denholm
Around one third of the world's population may harbour latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI), an asymptomatic immunological state that confers a heightened risk of subsequently developing tuberculosis (TB). Effectively treating LTBI will be essential if the End TB Strategy is to be realised This review evaluates the evidence the effectiveness preventive antibiotic therapy to treat LTBI due to both drug susceptible and drug resistant bacteria. We summarise current national and international preventive therapy guidelines, as well as ongoing randomised trials evaluating regimen to prevent drug resistant TB...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872017/secondarily-documented-invasive-candidiasis-is-unpredictable-using-traditional-risk-factors-in-non-transplant-non-neutropenic-adult-icu-patients
#10
Sébastien Bailly, Olivier Leroy, Hervé Dupont, Jean-François Timsit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872016/tuberculosis-eradication-versus-control
#11
Marco Schito, Debra Hanna, Alimuddin Zumla
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 10.4 million people succumbed to tuberculosis (TB) in 2015 and is now the number one cause of death world-wide from a preventable infectious disease. Bold vision is needed from global leaders and plans have been proposed to end the TB epidemic. However enthusiasm must be matched by tangible and achievable goals based on the science and available funding. In order to reach the target and goals set by the WHO's End-TB Strategy, the challenges for TB eradication need to be addressed...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866961/paradoxical-results-of-two-automated-real-time-pcr-assays-in-the-diagnosis-of-pleural-tuberculosis
#12
Soraya E Morales-López, Jayr A Yepes, Irina Anzola, Hernán Aponte, Claudia R Llerena-Polo
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of worldwide mortality. We report the case of a non-HIV-infected woman with clinical suspicion of pleural tuberculosis and contradictory results between Xpert(®) MTB/RIF and Abbott RealTime MTB assays from pleural fluid specimen. Liquid and solid cultures for tuberculosis were performed with negative results. The patient received treatment, and clinical improvement was observed. Both techniques detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, but they have different targets and limits of detection...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865830/community-onset-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-sequence-type-131-at-two-korean-community-hospitals-the-spread-of-multidrug-resistant-e-coli-to-the-community-via-healthcare-facilities
#13
Young Ah Kim, Jin Ju Kim, Heejung Kim, Kyungwon Lee
BACKGROUND: The recent molecular epidemiology of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli infection in two Korean community hospitals was evaluated in this prospective observational study. METHODS: We collected non-duplicated E. coli isolates from consecutive, sequentially encountered patients with community-onset episodes between March and April 2016 in two community hospitals in Gyeonggi-do province, Korea. We studied the prevalence, clinical characteristics and molecular epidemiology of E...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865829/trend-and-geographic-analysis-of-the-prevalence-of-dengue-in-taiwan-2010-2015
#14
Jason C Hsu, Chin-Lin Hsieh, Christine Y Lu
BACKGROUND: Dengue is the most rapidly spreading disease caused by a mosquito-borne virus in the world. The incidence of dengue globally has increased 30-fold in the last 50 years. Understanding the prevalence of dengue and its longitudinal trends can improve prevention and control strategies. This study assessed the trends in prevalence of dengue in Taiwan by population characteristics and geographical region. METHODS: Dengue and population data for the years 2010-2015 were obtained from the public statistics databases of the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control and Department of Statistics, Taiwan Ministry of Interior...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838446/behcet-s-disease-with-pulmonary-artery-aneurysm-and-talaromyces-marneffei
#15
Ye Qiu, Jianquan Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838445/imaging-in-extrapulmonary-tuberculosis
#16
Sanjay Gambhir, Mudalsha Ravina, Kasturi Rangan, Manish Dixit, Sukanta Barai, Jamshed Bomanji
Today TB remains a major global public health problem with 1.5 million deaths annually. One in five cases of TB present as extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) posing major diagnostic and management challenges. Mycobacterium tuberculosis adapts to a quiescent physiological state and is notable for its complex interaction with the host, producing poorly understood disease states ranging from latent infection to active clinical disease. New tools in the diagnostic armamentarium are urgently required for the rapid diagnosis of TB, monitoring of TB treatments, and acquisition of newer insights into pathogenesis...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836794/the-risk-factors-costs-and-survival-analysis-of-invasive-vre-infections-at-a-medical-center-in-eastern-taiwan
#17
Hui-Li Jiang, Zi Zhou, Lih-Shinn Wang, Ya Fang, Yi-Hwei Li, Cheng-I Chu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze 48 cases the risk factors of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) infections, the antibiotic costs after infection, and the survival conditions. DESIGN: 1:3 matched case-control study a medical center in the eastern Taiwan area. The case group, patients with VRE bacterial strains detected at the sterile sites, and the control group were randomly selected from invasive vancomycin-sensitive Enterococcus (VSE) infected patients at the nearest time point by taking the occurrence time of each VRE infection case as the reference time...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836795/ultrasound%C3%A2-for%C3%A2-patients%C3%A2-in-a-high-hiv-tb-prevalence-setting-a%C3%A2-needs-assessment-and-review-of-focused-applications-for-sub-saharan-africa
#18
REVIEW
Tom Heller, Eric A Mtemang'ombe, Michaëla A M Huson, Charlotte C Heuvelings, Sabine Bélard, Saskia Janssen, Sam Phiri, Martin P Grobusch
Ultrasound is increasingly used in point-of-care applications and has great potential to support the diagnosis of infectious diseases, especially in resource-limited settings. We performed a cross-sectional study including 100 Malawian patients with a clinical indication for ultrasound and reviewed the literature on point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) in Sub-Saharan Africa to establish its applicability, most frequent indications, findings, and implications for treatment, and therefore relevance in POCUS curricula, with a main focus on infectious diseases...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836793/european-policies-in-the-management-of-tuberculosis-among-migrants
#19
Lia D'Ambrosio, Rosella Centis, Masoud Dara, Ivan Solovic, Giorgia Sulis, Alimuddin Zumla, Giovanni Battista Migliori
Globally 10.4 million new TB incident cases were estimated to have occurred in 2015, of which 3% were reported in the European Region of the World Health Organization. Importantly, about 25% of the global multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) cases are reported in the European Region, representing one of the greatest challenges of TB control particularly in Former Soviet Union Countries. Over a quarter of TB cases in the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) are reported among foreign-born individuals...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836792/high-throughput-and-computational-approaches-for-diagnostic-and-prognostic-host-tuberculosis-biomarkers
#20
REVIEW
January Weiner, Stefan H E Kaufmann
High throughput techniques strive to guide new biomarkers helpful for tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis, treatment and prevention, but their analysis and interpretation pose considerable challenges. In this review, we report on recent developments in high throughput detection of host biomarkers in TB.
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
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