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International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID

Qing Hong, Jieping Feng, Haijuan Liu, Xiaomin Li, Lirong Gong, Zhen Yang, Weiming Yang, Xiongfa Liang, Rujiang Zheng, Zhicai Cui, Weiliang Wang, Daixiong Chen
Sparganosis is an important parasitic disease in Guangzhou and is mainly acquired by consumption of frog meat or contact with fresh frogs infected by larval stages (spargana) of the tapeworm species Spirometra mansoni (S. mansoni). In this study we assessed the prevalence of intestinal S. mansoni infections (with adult parasites) in dogs and cats on one hand and of extraintestinal S. mansoni infections (with spargana) in frogs on the other. In Addition, a questinnaire survey among residents in Guangzhou City was carried out in order to evaluate the awareness of autochthonous people about the medical and epidemiological relevance of Spirometra and sparganosis...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Lindsay Steele, Emma Orefuwa, Petra Dickmann
BACKGROUND: Early detection of infectious disease outbreaks can reduce the ultimate size of the outbreak with lower overall morbidity and mortality due to the disease. Numerous approaches exist with the aim of detecting outbreaks earlier, and methods have been developed to measure progress on timeliness. Understanding why these surveillance approaches work and don't work will elucidate key drivers of early detection, and can guide interventions to achieve earlier detection. Without clarity about necessary conditions for earlier detection and their influencing factors, attempts to improve surveillance will be ad-hoc and unsystematic...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Hai-Jing Yu, Hua Deng, Jian Ma, Shu-Jun Huang, Jian-Min Yang, Yan-Fen Huang, Xiao-Ping Mu, Liang Zhang, Qi Wang
BACKGROUND: Granulomatous mastitis (GM) is a chronic inflammatory breast lesion and its etiology remains incompletely defined. Although mounting evidence suggests the involvement of Corynebacterium in GM, there has been no systematic study of GM bacteriology using -omics technology. METHODS: The bacterial diversity and relative abundances in breast abscesses from 19 women with GM were investigated using 16S rDNA metagenomic sequencing and Sanger sequencing. A quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay was also developed to identify C...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Pallavi Basu, Anwen Williams, Matthew T O'Brien, Mattheus Brouns, Paul Edwards
A 44-year-old alcoholic, and therefore immunocompromised hospital cleaner presented with general malaise, weight loss, and erythematous skin nodules. CT scanning revealed a neck mass invading the thyroid gland, pulmonary infiltrates, liver lesions and deposits on the anterior abdominal wall, consistent with disseminated malignancy. However, tissue diagnosis showed a necro-inflammatory process with no evidence of malignancy. Microscopy and culture of samples failed to detect any infectious pathogen but after an extended incubation period, Finegoldia magna was isolated...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Mutimbwa Anaene, Kenneth Soyemi, Rachel Caskey
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence of Chlamydia Trachomatis (CT) and Neisserria Gonorrhea (GC) and the rates and factors associated with their over-treatment (OT) and under-treatment (UT). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients aged 13-to-24 years who were screened for GC/CT in the ED of a public hospital and were screened for GC/CT. Descriptive statistics were obtained for all variables and a multivariate log binomial regression was performed to ascertain the factors associated with OT and UT...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
A-Mei Zhang, Cheng-Lin Zhang, Yuzhu Song, Ping Zhao, Yue Feng, Binghui Wang, Zheng Li, Li Liu, Xueshan Xia
OBJECTIVES: About 2% of the world population infected with Hepatitis C virus (HCV), which was one of the main reasons for hepatic cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Recently, NPC1L1 was identified to be an important factor for HCV entry into host cells. Whether genetic variations of the NPC1L1 gene were associated with HCV-infection was unknown. METHODS: In this study, we analyzed five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the NPC1L1 gene in 261 HCV-infected individuals and 265 general controls from Yunnan Province, China...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Edward J Wing
With the wider availability of antiretrovirals, the world's HIV population is aging. More than 10% of the 34.5 million HIV+ individuals worldwide are over the age of 50 and the average age continues to increase. In the US more than 50% of the 1.3 million people with HIV are over 50 and by the year 2030 it is estimated that 70% will be over the age of 50. Although the life expectancy of HIV+ people has increased dramatically, it still lags behind HIV- individuals. There is controversy about whether HIV itself accelerates the aging process...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
David U Olveda, Marianette Inobaya, Donald P McManus, Remigio M Olveda, Marilyn L Vinluan, Shu-Kay Ng, Donald A Harn, Yuesheng Li, Jerric R Guevarra, Alfred K Lam, Allen G P Ross
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the impact of annual versus biennial praziquantel treatment regimens on the prevalence, intensity of infection, and liver fibrosis dynamics of Asiatic schistosomiasis (caused by Schistosoma japonicum) among individuals residing in 18 endemic barangays in Northern Samar, Philippines. METHODS: Five hundred and sixty-five subjects who reported symptoms of gastrointestinal illness and/or were believed to have clinical morbidity based on physical examination were selected for cohort follow-up...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Yu Akaishi, Tetsuya Matsumoto, Yoshimi Harada, Yoji Hirayama
As the characteristics and accuracy of rapid influenza detection tests (RIDTs) vary, the development of a high-performance RIDT has been eagerly anticipated. In this study, we evaluated the new RIDT "GOLD SIGN FLU(®)" and the usual RIDT "Quick Navi-Flu(®)" in terms of detecting the influenza viruses A and B antigens in Japanese adults with influenza-like symptoms from December 2013 to March 2014. Among the 123 patients in whom nasopharyngeal swab specimens were collected, 59 tested positive (influenza A, 38; influenza B, 21) by viral isolation as the gold standard method...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Gladys Carrion, Jose L Huaman, Maria Silva, Julia S Ampuero, Irmia Paz, Victor R Ocaña, V Alberto Laguna-Torres, Robert D Hontz
OBJECTIVES: To determine the molecular epidemiology of seven CVA16 strains previously reported by our team. METHODS: Full-length VP1 and VP4 sequences were obtained and phylogenetic analyses were performed. RESULTS: Six strains were classified as genotype C. Moreover, we found one divergent strain not clustered in any of the three currently reported genotypes. CONCLUSION: This is the first report of CVA16 in Peru and provides valuable baseline data about its potential distribution in South America, as well as evidence of a potential divergent genotype that has never before been reported...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Allen G P Ross, Remigio M Olveda, Donald P McManus, Donald A Harn, Delia Chy, Yuesheng Li, Veronica Tallo, Shu-Kay Ng
BACKGROUND: A cross-sectional survey was performed in 2012 among 18 rural barangays in Northern Samar, the Philippines in order to determine the prevalence of single and multiple species helminth infections and the underlying risk factors of acquiring one or more parasites. METHODS: A total of 6976 participants who completed a medical questionnaire and provided a stool sample for examination were included in the final analysis. RESULTS: The overall prevalence rates of Schistosoma japonicum, Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and hookworm were found to be moderate to high at 28...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Gerardo Alvarez-Uria, Sumanth Gandra, Ramanan Laxminarayan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between the income status of a country and the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the three most common bacteria causing infections in hospitals and in the community: third-generation cephalosporin (3GC)-resistant Escherichia coli, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and 3GC-resistant Klebsiella species. METHODS: Using 2013-2014 country-specific data from the ResistanceMap repository and the World Bank, the association between the prevalence of AMR in invasive samples and the gross national income (GNI) per capita was investigated through linear regression with robust standard errors...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Sebastian G B Amyes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Mimi N Phan, Elizabeth S Guy, Ruby N Nickson, Christina C Kao
OBJECTIVES: Patients with tuberculosis (TB) often present with weight loss. Lack of weight gain with TB treatment has been associated with treatment failure. The purpose of this study was to examine patterns of weight gain in patients with TB and determine the disease characteristics that predict weight gain. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of adults with TB treated in a county health system in the USA. Demographic, clinical, radiographic, and microbiological data were recorded in addition to monthly weights during treatment...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Ling-Bo Liang, Xia Zhu, Li-Bo Yan, Ling-Yao Du, Cong Liu, Juan Liao, Hong Tang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the role of baseline hepatitis B virus (HBV) forming covalently closed circular DNA (HBV cccDNA) in liver inflammation in patients infected with HBV with serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels under two times the upper limit of normal (2×ULN). METHODS: After liver biopsy and serum virological and biochemical marker screening, patients diagnosed with chronic HBV infection with serum ALT levels under 2×ULN and histological liver inflammation of less than grade G2 were prospectively recruited into this study...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Yolanda Peña-López, Montserrat Pujol, Magda Campins, Alicia González-Antelo, Jose Ángel Rodrigo, Joan Balcells, Jordi Rello
OBJECTIVE: To reduce ventilator-associated infections (VARI) and improve outcomes for children. METHODS: This prospective interventional cohort study was conducted in a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) over three periods: pre-intervention, early post-intervention, and late post-intervention. These children were on mechanical ventilation (MV) for ≥48h. RESULTS: Overall, 312 children (11.9% of whom underwent tracheostomy) and 6187 ventilator-days were assessed...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Sandra E Reznik, Eliot L Gardner, Charles R Ashby
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Jordi Rello, Eleonora Bunsow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Flavio Codeço Coelho, Betina Durovni, Valeria Saraceni, Cristina Lemos, Claudia Torres Codeco, Sabrina Camargo, Luiz Max de Carvalho, Leonardo Bastos, Denise Arduini, Daniel A M Villela, Margaret Armstrong
OBJECTIVES: The recent emergence of Zika in Brazil and its association with an increased rate of congenital malformations has raised concerns over its impact on the birth rate in the country. Using data on the incidence of Zika in 2015-2016 and dengue in 2013 and 2015-2016 for the city of Rio de Janeiro (population 6.4 million), a massive increase of Zika in women compared to men was documented. METHODS: The age-adjusted incidence was compared between men and women...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Ahmad Al Atrouni, Monzer Hamze, Tamima Jisr, Carole Lemarié, Matthieu Eveillard, Marie-Laure Joly-Guillou, Marie Kempf
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the molecular epidemiology of Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from different hospitals in Lebanon. METHODS: A total of 119 non-duplicate Acinetobacter strains were identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and partial rpoB gene sequencing. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed by disc diffusion method and all identified carbapenem-resistant isolates were investigated by PCR assays for the presence of the carbapenemase-encoding genes...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
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