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International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088590/human-papillomavirus-hpv-68-and-58-are-the-most-prevalent-genotypes-in-women-from-quilombos-communities-in-the-state-of-maranh%C3%A3-o-brazil
#1
José Eduardo Batista, Vera Aparecida Saddi, Keila Patrícia Almeida de Carvalho, Andréa Alves Ribeiro, Kelly Deyse Segati, Megmar Aparecida Dos S Carneiro, Silvio G Monteiro, Maria do Desterro S B Nascimento, Silvia Helena Rabelo-Santos
OBJECTIVES: to determine the frequency of human papillomavirus (HPV) types and behavioral characteristics related to cytological abnormalities in women descendants of slaves, who live in isolated communities known as Quilombos in the state of Maranhão, Brazil. METHODS: Cervicovaginal specimens of 353 women were analyzed by conventional cytology and genotyping. HPV detection and genotyping was performed using a Linear Array HPV genotyping test kit. Behavioral factors and their association with cytological abnormalities were analyzed as well as the association between cytological abnormalities and HPV infection...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088589/analysis-of-laboratory-testing-results-for-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-in-an-sti-clinic-in-india-need-for-extragenital-screening
#2
Nazneen Arif, Deepak Juyal, Sujeesh Sebastian, Neena Khanna, Benu Dhawan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088588/dengue-infection-in-pregnancy-and-its-impact-on-the-placenta
#3
Christiane Fernandes Ribeiro, Vânia Glória Silami Lopes, Patrícia Brasil, Andrea Rodrigues Cordovil Pires, Roger Rohloff, Rita Maria Ribeiro Nogueira
A histopathological and immunohistochemical study was conducted in placental tissues and retained products of conception from 24 patients with confirmed dengue infection during pregnancy. The immunohistochemical assay was positive for dengue virus in 19 placental and three ovular remnants analyzed. The light microscopic findings were signs of hypoxia, choriodeciduitis, deciduitis and intervillositis and the viral antigens were found in cytoplasmic of the trophoblast, villous stroma and decidua.Our results suggest that immunohistochemistry could be used as a laboratory confirmation method for dengue in pregnant women, especially in endemic areas when embedded material is the only material available...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088587/late-onset-neonatal-sepsis-in-arab-states-in-the-gulf-region-two-year-prospective-study
#4
Majeda S Hammoud, Abdullah Al-Taiar, Sameer Y Al-Abdi, Hussain Bozaid, Anwar Khan, Laila M AlMuhairi, Moghis Ur Rehman
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the incidence of Late-Onset Sepsis (LOS) in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in Arab states in the gulf region and describe the main causative organisms and their antibiotic resistance. METHODS: Observational prospective cohort study was conducted over two-year period in five NICUs in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates. LOS was defined as the growth of a single potentially pathogenic organism from blood or cerebrospinal fluid in infants >3days of age with clinical and laboratory findings consistent with infection...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088586/a-case-control-study-of-risk-sources-for-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-in-hubei-province-china
#5
Xuesen Xing, Xuhua Guan, Li Liu, Junqiang Xu, Guoming Li, Jianbo Zhan, Gongping Liu, Xiaoqing Jiang, Xingfu Shen, Yongzhong Jiang, Yang Wu, Hao Zhang, Jing Huang, Fan Ding, Sha Sha, Man Liu, Faxian Zhan
BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS), an emerging infectious disease caused by a novel bunyavirus, was discovered in rural areas of Central China in 2009. METHODS: A case-control study based on hospital data was applied to detect the potential risk sources for SFTS in SFTS-endemic counties in Hubei Province. Cases were defined as hospitalized SFTSV confirmed patients. Controls were randomly selected from non-SFTSV patients in the same hospital ward within 2 weeks of inclusion of the cases, and they were matched by age (+/- 5 years) and gender according to 1:2 matching condition...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088585/nocardiosis-in-south-of-france-during-the-last-ten-years
#6
Delphine Haussaire, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Karamoko Djiguiba, Valerie Moal, Tristan Legris, Rajsingh Purgus, Jeremy Bismuth, Xavier Elharrar, Martine Reynaud-Gaubert, Henri Vacher-Coponat
BACKGROUND: Nocardiosis is a rare disease with polymorphic presentations. Epidemiology and clinical presentation could change with the increasing number of immunocompromised patients. METHODS: Medical records and microbiologic data for patients affected by nocardiosis and treated in the university hospital of Marseille between 2004 and 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: We analyzed 34 patients infected by Nocardia spp during this period...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082172/barriers-and-enablers-of-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-aids-program-in-china-a-systematic-review-and-policy-implications
#7
REVIEW
Zhuoxin Peng, Shengnan Wang, Biao Xu, Weibing Wang
OBJECTIVES: To identify the barriers and enablers of the Prevention of Mother To Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV Program in China. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of existing literature regarding barriers and the enablers for the implementation of PMTCT in China. The checklist from Supporting the Use of Research Evidence (SURE) guidelines was used to synthesize the barriers and enablers (supporting strategies) and analyze their relationship. We also extracted HIV testing rate, vertical transmission rate, anti-retroviral treatment (ART) acceptance rate among HIV-infected women and their infants from the included studies to assess the effectiveness of the enablers...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069471/an-unexpected-fatal-cchf-case-and-management-of-exposed-health-care-workers
#8
Goksel Guven, Leyla Talan, Neriman Defne Altintaş, Kemal Osman Memikoglu, Fugen Yoruk, Alpay Azap
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a tick borne viral disease which can also be transmitted by direct contact with blood or tissue specimens of infected animals or humans. We present a fatal case of CCHF, who was diagnosed after death, and describe the post-exposure management plan for the health care workers (HCWs) involved in her care. In total of 52 HCWs were involved in the patient's care and they were stratified into risk groups. Overall, 20 HCWs were grouped in high and intermediate risk groups, including the HCW with needle stick injury...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069470/minimal-inhibitory-concentration-distributions-for-mycobacterium-avium-complex-towards-evidence-based-susceptibility-breakpoints
#9
Thomas Schön, Erja Chryssanthou
OBJECTIVE: Patients with clinical infections caused by the Mycobacterium avium-complex (MAC) are treated for at least one year following sputum conversion with a regimen suffering from suboptimal cure rates. The correlation between clinical outcome and drug susceptibility testing breakpoints other than for the macrolides is regarded to be poor. A systematic evaluation of clinical breakpoints against MAC has not been performed so far and thus our aim was to initiate this process by establishing minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) distributions...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062229/new-tuberculosis-drug-leads-from-naturally-occurring-compounds
#10
REVIEW
Diana Quan, Gayathri Nagalingam, Richard Payne, James A Triccas
Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a significant cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. An estimated 2 billion individuals are infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and annually there are approximately 10 million new cases of clinical TB and 1.5 million deaths. Currently available drugs and vaccines have had no significant impact on TB control. In addition, the emergence of drug resistant TB is considered a public health crisis, with some strains now resistant to all available drugs. Unfortunately, the growing burden of antibiotic resistance is coupled with decreased effort in the development of new antibiotics...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062228/tackling-tb-in-low-incidence-countries-improving-diagnosis-and-management-in-vulnerable-populations
#11
REVIEW
C C Heuvelings, S G de Vries, M P Grobusch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040554/proteinuria-during-dengue-fever-in-children
#12
Anne-Claire Andries, Veasna Duong, Julien Cappelle, Sivuth Ong, Alexandra Kerleguer, Sowath Ly, Arnaud Tarantola, Paul F Horwood, Anavaj Sakuntabhai, Philippe Dussart, Philippe Buchy
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate proteinuria occurring during dengue disease in children and assess if measurement of this parameter can help physicians in the clinical management of patients. METHODS: Proteinuria was assessed by dipstick and quantified by urine protein:creatinine ratio (UPCR) in samples from patients hospitalized with a confirmed dengue infection and in healthy controls. RESULTS: The dipstick tested positive in 42...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040553/efficacy-and-safety-of-ledipasvir-sofosbuvir-with-and-without-ribavirin-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-1-infection-a-meta-analysis
#13
Tingting Tao, Xuehua Jiang, Yuehong Chen, Yiran Song
BACKGROUND: The addition of ribavirin (RBV) to the combination treatment of Ledipasvir (LDV) and Sofosbuvir (SOF) remains controversial in the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We performed a meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of the LDV-SOF with and without RBV in treating HCV genotype 1 patients. METHOD: The electronical databases of PubMed Medline, EMBASE database, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial (CENTRAL) and ClinicalTrials...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034745/corrigendum-to-editorial-to-hiv-and-aging-international-journal-of-infectious-diseases-volume-53-december-2016-pages-59-60
#14
Kris Ann Oursler, John David Sorkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027994/variations-in-il-1r1-gene-influence-risk-for-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-of-children-in-a-han-chinese-population
#15
Jie Fan, Yiling Cai, Xin Huang, Yan Wang, Lihong Mu, Li Zhou
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Host genetic factors play an important role in the pathogenesis of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. However, the role of Interleukin1Receptor, Type I (IL-1R1) gene in HBV infection and breakthrough infection in children remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between SNPs in IL-1 family and HBV infection and breakthrough infection in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 627 Chinese children (274 HBV infected children and 353 controls) ages 6 months to 12 years were recruited from October 2013 to May 2015...
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027993/tuberculosis-and-hypertension-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Anneline Borchsenius Seegert, Frauke Rudolf, Christian Wejse, Dinesh Neupane
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis remains a major health problem in low- and middle-income countries, and in many of those countries, the burden of non-communicable diseases such as hypertension is rising. The knowledge about how these diseases influence on each other is not well understood. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the evidence for an association between hypertension and tuberculosis. RESULTS: There were 3 retrospective cohort studies, 3 case-control studies, 8 cross-sectional studies, 12 case series and 20 case reports exploring the association between hypertension and tuberculosis...
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027992/short-course-antimicrobial-treatment-for-acute-cholangitis-with-gram-negative-bacillary-bacteremia
#17
Shunsuke Uno, Ryota Hase, Masayoshi Kobayashi, Toshiyasu Shiratori, So Nakaji, Nobuto Hirata, Naoto Hosokawa
OBJECTIVES: The optimal antimicrobial treatment duration for patients with acute cholangitis with bacteremia remains unknown. The updated Tokyo guidelines of 2013 recommend a minimum duration of 2 weeks only when bacteremia with Gram-positive cocci is present. Since May 2013, a shorter antimicrobial treatment duration of under 2 weeks has been implemented at the authors' institution for acute cholangitis with Gram-negative bacillary bacteremia. The aim of the present study was to validate this modified practice...
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027991/successful-treatment-of-severe-clostridium-difficile-infection-by-administration-of-crushed-fidaxomicin-via-a-nasogastric-tube-in-a-critically-ill-patient
#18
Sven Arends, Jerome Defosse, Cori Diaz, Frank Wappler, Samir G Sakka
OBJECTIVE: To report the successful use of crushed fidaxomicin via a nasogastric tube for treatment of a severe Clostridium difficile infection in a critically ill patient. DATA SOURCES: Clinical observation of a patient, images of abdominal computed tomography, antimicrobial therapy and course of infection parameters. DATA EXTRACTION: Relevant information contained in the medical observation of the patient and selection of image and laboratory parameters performed in the patient...
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027990/dual-sexual-and-drug-related-predictors-of-hepatitis-c-incidence-among-sex-workers-in-a-canadian-setting-gaps-and-opportunities-for-scale-up-of-hcv-prevention-treatment-and-care
#19
Shira M Goldenberg, Julio Montaner, Melissa Braschel, Eugenia Socias, Silvia Guillemi, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) represents a significant cause of morbidity and mortality globally. While sex workers (SWs) may face elevated HCV risks through both drug/sexual pathways, incidence data among SWs are severely lacking. We characterized HCV incidence and predictors of HCV seroconversion among women SWs in Vancouver, BC. METHODS: Questionnaire and serological data were drawn from a community-based cohort of women SWs (2010-2014). Kaplan-Meier METHODS: and Cox regression were used to model HCV incidence and predictors of time to HCV seroconversion...
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007660/second-line-drug-susceptibility-testing-to-inform-the-treatment-of-rifampin-resistant-tuberculosis-a-quantitative-perspective
#20
REVIEW
Emily A Kendall, Ted Cohen, Carole D Mitnick, David W Dowdy
Treatment failure and resistance amplification are common among patients with rifampin-resistant tuberculosis (TB). Drug susceptibility testing (DST) for second-line drugs is recommended for these patients, but logistical difficulties have impeded widespread implementation of second-line DST in many settings. To provide a quantitative perspective on the decision to scale up second-line DST, we synthesize literature on the prevalence of second-line drug resistance, the expected clinical and epidemiologic benefits of using second-line DST to ensure that patients with rifampin-resistant TB receive effective regimens, and the costs of implementing (or not implementing) second-line DST for all individuals diagnosed with rifampin-resistant TB...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
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