journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811229/necrotizing-fasciitis-following-venomous-snakebites-in-a-tertiary-hospital-of-southwest-taiwan
#1
Yao-Hung Tsai, Wei-Hsiu Hsu, Kuo-Chin Huang, Pei-An Yu, Chi-Lung Chen, Liang Tseng Kuo
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing fasciitis following venomous snakebites is uncommon. The purpose of this study was to describe the initial clinical features of necrotizing fasciitis after snakebites, and to identify the risk factors for patients with cellulitis who later developed necrotizing fasciitis. METHODS: Sixteen patients with surgically-confirmed necrotizing fasciitis and 25 patients diagnosed with cellulitis following snakebites were retrospectively reviewed over a 6-year period...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807740/outcomes-of-hiv-positive-patients-with-cryptococcal-meningitis-in-the-americas
#2
B Crabtree Ramírez, Y Caro Vega, B E Shepherd, C Le, M Turner, C Frola, B Grinsztejn, C Cortes, D Padgett, T R Sterling, C C McGowan, A Person
BACKGROUND: Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is associated with substantial mortality in HIV-infected patients. Optimal timing of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in persons with CM represents a clinical challenge, and the burden of CM in Latin America has not been well described. Studies suggest that early ART initiation is associated with higher mortality, but data from the Americas are scarce. METHODS: HIV-infected adults in care between 1985-2014 at participating sites in the Latin America (the Caribbean, Central and South America network (CCASAnet)) and the Vanderbilt Comprehensive Care Clinic (VCCC) and who had CM were included...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804007/antibiotic-therapy-duration-for-prosthetic-joint-infections-treated-by-debridement-and-implant-retention-dair-similar-long-term-remission-for-6-weeks-as-compared-to-12-weeks
#3
Hélène Chaussade, Ilker Uçkay, Albert Vuagnat, Jérôme Druon, Guillaume Gras, Philippe Rosset, Benjamin A Lipsky, Louis Bernard
BACKGROUND: The required duration of antibiotic treatment for prosthetic joint infections (PJI) with debridement and retention of the implant (DAIR procedure) is unknown. METHODS: Multicenter retrospective study emphasizing the duration of antibiotic therapy in patients treated with by DAIR. RESULTS: We included 87 hip or knee PJI episodes in 87 patients from three university hospitals in France and Switzerland. All debridements were performed within 3 weeks of symptom onset...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804006/vitamin-d-deficiency-is-a-risk-factor-for-infections-in-patients-affected-by-hcv-related-liver-cirrhosis
#4
Antonio Riccardo Buonomo, Emanuela Zappulo, Riccardo Scotto, Biagio Pinchera, Giuseppe Perruolo, Pietro Formisano, Guglielmo Borgia, Ivan Gentile
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its impact on infections in HCV-related liver cirrhosis. METHODS: We enrolled 291 patients affected by HCV-related liver cirrhosis. Serum vitamin D levels were dosed at enrolment. The presence of infection was assessed at baseline and during follow-up based on physical examination and laboratory analyses. RESULTS: Vitamin D deficiency (<20ng/mL) was diagnosed in 68.3% of patients, and a total of 102 infections were detected...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804005/performance-assessment-of-the-saps-ii-and-sofa-scoring-systems-in-hanta-virus-hemorrhagic-fever-with-renal-syndrome
#5
Zhenjun Yu, Ni Zhou, Ali Li, Jie Chen, Huazhong Chen, Zebao He, Fei Yan, Haihong Zhao, Jiansheng Zhu
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome (HFRS), caused by the hantavirus, is a natural infectious disease characterized by fever, hemorrhage and renal damage. China is the most severely endemic area for HFRS in the world. In recent years, critical scoring systems based on quantitative classification have become an important clinical tool for predicting and evaluating the prognosis of critical illness, and provide guidelines for clinical practice. METHODS: The sample comprised 384 patients with HFRS treated in the Taizhou Hospital from January 2006 to February 2017...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797591/can-internet-search-queries-be-used-for-dengue-fever-surveillance-in-china
#6
Pi Guo, Li Wang, Yanhong Zhang, Ganfeng Luo, Yanting Zhang, Changyu Deng, Qin Zhang, Qingying Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789974/beta-lactam-combination-therapy-for-treatment-of-staphylococcus-aureus-and-enterococcus-species-bacteremias-a-summary-and-appraisal-of-the-evidence
#7
REVIEW
Rachel Bartash, Priya Nori
Staphylococcal and Enterococcal bacteremias are prevalent in hospitalized, or recently instrumented patients, and associated with significant morbidity and mortality. They are often difficult to treat due to the pathogenicity of the organisms, poor response to antibiotics, and increasing development of multidrug resistance. Therefore, there has been increasing interest in combination therapy for treatment of these infections. This review aims to summarize and assess the evidence supporting combination beta-lactam therapy for both Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus species blood stream infections...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782605/drug-adherence-and-efficacy-of-smear-microscopy-in-the-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-after-2-months-of-medication-in-north-western-tanzania
#8
Benson R Kidenya, Stephen E Mshana, Lisa Gerwing-Adima, Jeremiah Kidola, Christa Kasang
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed at assessing the Tuberculosis (TB) medication adherence level and the efficacy of smear microscopy in the diagnosing pulmonary TB at month 2. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted at the four sites located in the Northern-western Tanzania. New smear positive, pulmonary TB patients were followed up and their adherence to TB medication assessed after 2 months of the treatment. In addition, the acid fast bacilli (AFB) smear microscopy was performed after 2 and 5 months of the treatment...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782604/first-serological-evidence-of-crimean-congo-haemorrhagic-fever-in-febrile-patients-in-mozambique
#9
Argentina Felisbela Muianga, Robert Watson, Anitha Varghese, Inocencio Salvador Chongo, Sadia Ali, Vanessa Monteiro, Flora Inalda, Imelda Chelene, Virgilio António, Roger Hewson, Eduardo Samo Gudo
OBJECTIVE: Despite its geographical spread, the epidemiology of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in Sub-Saharan Africa is incompletely understood and its occurrence in Mozambique is unknown. This study was conducted with the aim of investigating the occurrence of CCHF virus (CCHFV) among febrile patients attending an outpatient appointment clinic at three separate primary health care centres in Mozambique. METHODS: Serum samples were collected from a total of 300 febrile patients aged >5 years who were recruited between March 2015 and March 2016 at three health centres in Mozambique...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780185/rapidly-growing-mycobacterium-infections-after-cosmetic-surgery-in-medical-tourists-the-bronx-experience-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
Lucas R Cusumano, Vivy Tran, Aileen Tlamsa, Philip Chung, Robert Grossberg, Gregory Weston, Uzma N Sarwar
BACKGROUND: Medical tourism is increasingly popular for elective cosmetic surgical procedures. However, medical tourism has been accompanied by reports of post-surgical infections due to rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM). The authors' experience working with patients with RGM infections who have returned to the USA after traveling abroad for cosmetic surgical procedures is described here. METHODS: Patients who developed RGM infections after undergoing cosmetic surgeries abroad and who presented at the Montefiore Medical Center (Bronx, New York, USA) between August 2015 and June 2016 were identified...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780184/emergence-of-a-colistin-resistant-escherichia-coli-clinical-isolate-harboring-mcr-1-in-japan
#11
Tatsuya Tada, Kohei Uechi, Isamu Nakasone, Kayo Shimada, Masashi Nakamatsu, Teruo Kirikae, Jiro Fujita
The mcr-1 is a gene encoding a phosphoethanolamine transferase, which confers resistance to colistin by transferring phosphoethanolamine to lipid A. We describe here the emergence of a colistin-resistant Escherichia coli clinical isolate harboring plasmid-mediated mcr-1 in Japan. The isolate belonged to ST5702 and is suspected to come from livestock and transmitted to human. This is the first report of a clinical isolate harboring mcr-1 in Japan.
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765076/utility-and-potential-of-rapid-epidemic-intelligence-from-internet-based-sources
#12
REVIEW
S J Yan, A A Chughtai, C R Macintyre
OBJECTIVES: Rapid epidemic detection is an important objective of surveillance to enable timely intervention, but traditional validated surveillance data may not be available in the required timeframe for acute epidemic control. Increasing volumes of data on the Internet have prompted interest in methods that could use unstructured sources to enhance traditional disease surveillance and gain rapid epidemic intelligence. The aim of this review was to summarize Internet-based methods that use freely accessible, unstructured data for epidemic surveillance and explore their timeliness and accuracy outcomes...
July 29, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756023/febrile-rhabdomyolysis-of-unknown-origin-in-refugees-coming-from-west-africa-through-the-mediterranean
#13
Silvia Odolini, Federico Gobbi, Lorenzo Zammarchi, Simona Migliore, Paola Mencarini, Marco Vecchia, Nicoletta di Lauria, Simona Schivazappa, Tony Sabatini, Leonardo Chianura, Elisa Vanino, Daniela Piacentini, Paola Zanotti, Anna Bussi, Alessandro Bartoloni, Zeno Bisoffi, Francesco Castelli
OBJECTIVES: Cases of undiagnosed severe febrile rhabdomyolysis in refugees coming from West Africa, mainly from Nigeria, has been observed since May 2014. The aim of this study was to describe this phenomenon. METHODS: This was a multicentre retrospective observational study of cases of febrile rhabdomyolysis reported from May 2014 to December 2016 in 12 Italian centres. RESULTS: A total of 48 cases were observed, mainly in young males. The mean time interval between the day of departure from Libya and symptom onset was 26...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751008/molecular-epidemiology-of-bordetella-pertussis-in-cambodia-determined-by-direct-genotyping-of-clinical-specimens
#14
Takumi Moriuchi, Ork Vichit, Yong Vutthikol, Md Shafiqul Hossain, Chham Samnang, Kohei Toda, Varja Grabovac, Yukihiro Hiramatsu, Nao Otsuka, Keigo Shibayama, Kazunari Kamachi
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the genotypes of circulating Bordetella pertussis, the causative agent of pertussis, in Cambodia by direct molecular typing of clinical specimens. METHODS: DNA extracts from nasopharyngeal swabs obtained from 82 pertussis patients in 2008-2016 were analyzed by multilocus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA). B. pertussis virulence-associated allelic genes (ptxA, prn, and fim3) and the pertussis toxin promoter ptxP were also investigated by DNA sequence-based typing...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743533/should-non-bacteraemic-patients-with-a-colonized-catheter-receive-antimicrobial-therapy
#15
V De Egea, M Guembe, A Rodríguez-Borlado, M J Pérez-Granda, C Sánchez-Carrillo, E Bouza
OBJECTIVES: The impact of antimicrobial therapy on the outcomes of patients with colonized catheters and no bacteraemia has not been assessed. This study assessed whether targeted antibiotic therapy is related to a poor outcome in patients with positive cultures of blood drawn through a non-tunnelled central venous catheter (CVC) and without concomitant bacteraemia. METHODS: This was a retrospective study involving adult patients with positive blood cultures drawn through a CVC and negative peripheral vein blood cultures...
July 22, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739424/respiratory-viruses-in-transplant-recipients-more-than-just-a-cold-clinical-syndromes-and-infection-prevention-principles
#16
REVIEW
Salma Abbas, Jillian E Raybould, Sangeeta Sastry, Oveimar de la Cruz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to provide updated information on the clinical spectrum, treatment options, and infection prevention strategies for respiratory viral infections (RVIs) in both solid organ (SOT) and hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients. METHODS: The MEDLINE and PubMed databases were searched for literature regarding the aforementioned aspects of RVIs, with focus on respiratory syncytial virus, adenovirus, influenza virus, parainfluenza virus, human metapneumovirus, and rhinovirus...
July 22, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739423/sociodemographic-and-economic-characteristics-of-susceptibility-to-rubella-among-women-preparing-for-pregnancy-in-rural-china
#17
Fangchao Liu, Shikun Zhang, Jue Liu, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Min Liu
OBJECTIVE: Infection with rubella virus during pregnancy can result in congenital defects and adverse pregnancy outcomes. The risk of rubella infection is greatly determined by level of rubella antibodies in serum. We conducted a survey on seronegativity rates of rubella antibodies in 0.78 million women who were planning to have a baby in rural China in order to evaluate the herd susceptibility in different age groups and Per Capita GDP regions. METHODS: In order to evaluate the herd susceptibility to rubella, we launched a nationwide population-based study of Chinese rural women who were planning to have a baby aged 21-49 years...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739422/silent-emergence-of-mayaro-and-oropouche-viruses-in-humans-in-central-brazil
#18
LETTER
Vivaldo Gomes da Costa, Valéria Christina de Rezende Féres, Marielena Vogel Saivish, João Bosco de Lima Gimaque, Marcos Lázaro Moreli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739421/whole-genome-sequencing-of-mycobacterium-bovis-to-obtain-molecular-fingerprints-in-human-and-cattle-isolates-from-baja-california-mexico
#19
Sarai Estrella Sandoval-Azuara, Ricardo Perea-Jacobo, Raquel Muñiz-Salazar, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, Alejandro Perera-Ortiz, Gilberto López-Valencia, Doris M Bravo, Alejandro Sanchez-Flores, Daniela Miranda-Guzmán, Carlos Alberto Flores-López, Roberto Zenteno-Cuevas, Rafael Laniado-Laborín, Fabiola Lafarga de la Cruz, Tod P Stuber
OBJECTIVES: To determine genetic diversity by comparing the whole genome sequences of M. bovis cattle and human isolates from Baja California. METHODS: We used a whole genome sequencing strategy to obtain the molecular fingerprints of 172 isolates of Mycobacterium bovis from Baja California, Mexico, of which 155 were isolated from cattle, and 17 were isolated from humans. We characterized spoligotypes in silico and evaluated single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) differences between the isolates...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736259/molecular-epidemiology-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-clostridium-difficile-isolated-from-the-chinese-people-s-liberation-army-general-hospital-in-china
#20
Rui Wang, Hui Xia Chen, Lin Jian Song, Yue Yun Shen, Yan Ping Luo
Clostridium difficile is a gram-positive, spore-forming obligate anaerobe responsible for antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Its virulence is associated with the production of endotoxins A and B and endospores, which can cause symptoms, such as diarrhea, toxic megacolon and pseudomembranous colitis. Given the increasing elderly population and the well-recognized problem of over-prescribing of broad spectrum antibiotics, it is critical to understand molecular epidemiology and antimicrobial susceptibility in China...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
journal
journal
32585
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"