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Cell Stress & Chaperones

Bin Yin, Shu Tang, Jiarui Sun, Xiaohui Zhang, Jiao Xu, Liangjiao Di, Zhihong Li, Yurong Hu, Endong Bao
Heat stress is exacerbated by global warming and affects human and animal health, leading to heart damage caused by imbalances in reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the antioxidant system, acid-base chemistry, electrolytes and respiratory alkalosis. Vitamin C scavenges excess ROS, and sodium bicarbonate maintains acid-base and electrolyte balance, and alleviates respiratory alkalosis. Herein, we explored the ability of vitamin C alone and in combination with equimolar sodium bicarbonate (Vitamin C-Na) to stimulate endogenous antioxidants and heat shock proteins (HSPs) to relieve heat stress in H9C2 cells...
February 13, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Yidan Zhang, Zhi Zhou, Lingui Wang, Bo Huang
Coral bleaching occurs worldwide with increasing frequencies and intensities, which is caused by the stress response of stony coral to environmental change, especially increased sea surface temperature. In the present study, transcriptome, expression, and activity analyses were employed to illustrate the underlying molecular mechanisms of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) in the stress response of coral to environmental changes. The domain analyses of assembled transcripts revealed 30 HSP70 gene contigs in stony coral Pocillopora damicornis...
February 12, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Jia Liu, Min Wang
Mutations in amyloid precursor protein (APP) and presenilin1 result in overproduction and accumulation of β-amyloid (Aβ) peptide, which has been shown to play an important role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Carvedilol, a nonselective β-adrenergic receptor blocker used for treatment for heart failure and hypertension, has displayed its neuroprotective capacity due to its antioxidant property. In this study, we investigated whether Carvedilol has a neuronal protective effect against endogenous Aβ neurotoxicity in mouse Neuro2a (N2a) cells transfected with Swedish amyloid precursor protein (Swe-APP) mutant and Presenilin exon9 deletion mutant (N2a/Swe...
February 12, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Bita Mosaddegh, Zeinab Takalloo, Reza H Sajedi, S Shirin Shahangian, Leila Hassani, Behnam Rasti
Encysted embryos of Artemia are among the most stress-resistant eukaryotes partly due to the massive amount of a cysteine-rich protein termed artemin. High number of cysteine residues in artemin and their intramolecular spatial positions motivated us to investigate the role of the cysteine residues in the chaperone-like activity of artemin. According to the result of Ellman's assay, there are nine free thiols (seven buried and two exposed) and one disulfide bond per monomer of artemin. Subsequent theoretical analysis of the predicted 3D structure of artemin confirmed the data obtained by the spectroscopic study...
February 10, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Richard Voellmy, Olivier Zürcher, Manon Zürcher, Pierre A de Viragh, Alexis K Hall, Stephen M Roberts
The use of highly inducible HSP promoters for exerting spatial and/or temporal control over the expression of therapeutic transgenes has long been discussed. Localized and time-limited induction of the heat shock response may potentially also be of medical interest. However, such applications would require targeted delivery of heat doses capable of activating HSP promoters in tissues or organs of interest. Accessible areas, including the skin and tissues immediately underneath it, may be most readily targeted...
February 7, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Constanze Lamprecht, Mathias Gehrmann, Josef Madl, Winfried Römer, Gabriele Multhoff, Andreas Ebner
Hsp70-1A-the major stress-inducible member of the HSP70 chaperone family-is being implicated in cancer diseases with the development of resistances to standard therapies. In normal cells, the protein is purely cytosolic, but in a growing number of tumor cells, a significant fraction can be identified on to the cell surface. The anchoring mechanism is still under debate, as Hsp70-1A lacks conventional signaling sequences for translocation from the cytosol to exoplasmic leaflet of the plasma membrane and common membrane binding domains...
February 5, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Cristina Bonorino, Lea Sistonen, John Eriksson, Valérie Mezger, Gabriella Santoro, Lawrence E Hightower
About 150 international scientists gathered in Turku, Finland, in August of 2017 for the eighth in a series of international congresses about the roles of stress proteins in biology and medicine. The scientific theme and title of the 2017 Congress was "Stress Management Mechanisms and Pathways." The meeting covered a broad range of topics, reflecting the wide scope of the Cell Stress Society International (CSSI) and highlighting the numerous recent breakthroughs in stress response biology and medicine. The keynote lecturers included Marja Jäättelä, Richard Morimoto, Anne Bertolotti, and Peter Walter...
February 2, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Len Neckers, Brian Blagg, Timothy Haystead, Jane B Trepel, Luke Whitesell, Didier Picard
The molecular chaperone Hsp90 is one component of a highly complex and interactive cellular proteostasis network (PN) that participates in protein folding, directs misfolded and damaged proteins for destruction, and participates in regulating cellular transcriptional responses to environmental stress, thus promoting cell and organismal survival. Over the last 20 years, it has become clear that various disease states, including cancer, neurodegeneration, metabolic disorders, and infection by diverse microbes, impact the PN...
February 1, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Mingcheng Cai, Hongbing He, Xianbo Jia, Shiyi Chen, Jie Wang, Yu Shi, Buwei Liu, Wudian Xiao, Songjia Lai
Bovine milk is rich in exosomes, which contain abundant miRNAs and play important roles in the regulation of neonatal growth and development of adaptive immunity. Here, we analyzed miRNA expression profiles of bovine milk exosomes from three healthy and three mastitic cows, and then six miRNA libraries were constructed. Interestingly, we detected no scRNAs and few snRNAs in milk exosomes; this result indicated a potential preference for RNA packaging in milk exosomes. A total of 492 known and 980 novel exosomal miRNAs were detected, and the 10 most expressed miRNAs in the six samples accounted for 80-90% of total miRNA-associated reads...
January 30, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Daniel R Ciocca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Yan Li, Xiaoguang Xu, Rui Qu, Guoqiang Zhang, Muhammad Shahid Riaz Rajoka, Dongyan Shao, Chunmei Jiang, Junling Shi
Small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) are heat shock proteins sized 12-43 kDa that can protect proteins from denaturation, particularly under high temperature; sHSPs thus increase the heat tolerance capability of an organisms enabling survival in adverse climates. sHSP20 is overexpressed in Oenococcus oeni in response to low temperatures. However, we found that overexpression of sHSP20 in Escherichia coli BL21 increased the microbial survival ratio at 50 °C by almost 2 h. Adding sHSP20 to the glutamate dehydrogenase solution significantly increased the stability of the enzyme at high temperature (especially at 60-70 °C), low pH values (especially below 6...
January 22, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Yan Zhang, Xiuge Wang, Qiang Jiang, Haisheng Hao, Zhihua Ju, Chunhong Yang, Yan Sun, Changfa Wang, Jifeng Zhong, Jinming Huang, Huabin Zhu
Interleukin-6 receptor-alpha (IL6R) interacts with IL6 and forms a ligand-receptor complex, which can stimulate various cellular responses, such as cell proliferation, cell differentiation, and activation of inflammatory processes. Both genetic mutation and epigenetic modification regulate gene transcription. We identified a novel splice variant of bovine IL6R, designated as IL6R-TV, which is characterized by the skipping of exon 2 of the NCBI-referenced IL6R gene (IL6R-reference). The expression levels of IL6R-TV and IL6R-reference transcripts were lower in normal mammary gland tissues...
January 20, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
T M Badri, K L Chen, M A Alsiddig, Lian Li, Yafei Cai, G L Wang
The heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a copious and ubiquitous molecular chaperone which plays an essential role in many cellular biological processes. The objective of this study was to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Hsp90AA1 gene and to determine their association with heat stress traits in Chinese Holstein cattle breed. Direct sequencing was used to identify new SNPs. Luciferase reporter assay methods were used to assess g.- 87G > C and g.4172A > G loci in the promoter activity and 3'-UTR, respectively...
January 20, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Susana Gómez Escalante, Joseph A Brightmore, Peter W Piper, Stefan H Millson
A dedicated UNC45, Cro1, She4 (UCS) domain-containing protein assists in the Hsp90-mediated folding of the myosin head. Only weak sequence conservation exists between the single UCS protein of simple eukaryotes (She4 in budding yeast) and the two UCS proteins of higher organisms (the general cell and striated muscle UNC45s; UNC45-GC and UNC45-SM, respectively). In vertebrates, UNC45-GC facilitates cytoskeletal functions, whereas the 55% identical UNC45-SM assists assembly of the contractile apparatus of cardiac and skeletal muscles...
December 29, 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Jianfeng Ding, Jia Li, Dongmin Yang, Feng Yang, Hongtao Nie, Zhongming Huo, Xiwu Yan
The Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum inhabits the intertidal zone and must therefore tolerate broad fluctuations in water temperature and salinity. Heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) is an evolutionarily conserved, multi-functional protein that plays a significant role in protecting organisms from harmful stress conditions. We cloned the R. philippinarum HSP60 (RpHSP60) gene and analyzed its transcriptional responses to thermal and low-salinity stresses. The complete sequence of RpHSP60 cDNA was 1777 nucleotides, containing a 1728-bp open reading frame encoding a polypeptide of 576-amino acids, with a calculated molecular mass of 61...
December 22, 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Arunkumar Venkatesan, Kannan Palaniyandi, Sujatha Narayanan
Mycobacterium smegmatis, a rapidly growing non-pathogenic mycobacterium, is currently used as a model organism to study mycobacterial genetics. Acetamidase of M. smegmatis is the highly inducible enzyme of Mycobacteria, which utilizes several amide compounds as sole carbon and nitrogen sources. The acetamidase operon has a complex regulatory mechanism, which involves three regulatory proteins, four promoters, and three operator elements. In our previous study, we showed that over-expression of AmiA leads to a negative regulation of acetamidase by blocking the P2 promoter...
December 22, 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Urszula Natkańska, Adrianna Skoneczna, Marek Skoneczny
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hsp31p protein belongs to the ubiquitous DJ-1/ThiJ/PfpI family. The most prominent member of this family is human DJ-1; defects of this protein are associated with Parkinson's disease pathogenesis. Numerous recent findings reported by our group and others have revealed the importance of Hsp31p for survival in the post-diauxic phase of cell growth and under diverse environmental stresses. Hsp31p was shown to possess glutathione-independent glyoxalase III activity and to function as a protein chaperone, suggesting that it has multiple cellular roles...
December 20, 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Xuhua Xie, Xiaopei Xu, Changyu Sun, Zujiang Yu
Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) caused by excessive alcohol consumption is associated with oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and hepatocellular apoptosis. Cilostazol, a licensed clinical drug used to treat intermittent claudication, has been reported to act as a protective agent in a spectrum of diseases. However, little information regarding its role in ethanol-induced hepatocellular toxicity has been reported. In the current study, we investigated the protective effects and mechanisms of cilostazol on ethanol-induced hepatocytic injury...
December 20, 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Qining Yang, Weiguo Ding, Yang Cao, Yongwei Zhou, Shuo Ni, Tiejun Shi, Weicong Fu
Low levels of inflammation-induced expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) play a crucial role in articular cartilage matrix destruction in osteoarthritis (OA) patients. Interferon regulatory factor-8 (IRF-8), an important member in the IRF family, plays a key role in regulating the inflammation-related signaling pathway. The aim of this study is to investigate the physiological roles of IRF-8 in the pathological progression of OA. We found that IRF-8 was expressed in human primary chondrocytes. Interestingly, the expression of IRF-8 was upregulated in OA chondrocytes...
December 15, 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Hui-Yong Lian, Kang-Wei Lin, Chuanjun Yang, Peng Cai
In this study, we studied the effect of 2.0 GHz radio frequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) and 50 Hz extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) exposure on prion generation and propagation using two budding yeast strains, NT64C and SB34, as model organisms. Under exposure to RF-EMF or ELF-EMF, the de novo generation and propagation of yeast prions [URE3] were elevated in both strains. The elevation increased over time, and the effects of ELF-EMF occurred in a dose-dependent manner. The transcription and expression levels of the molecular chaperones Hsp104, Hsp70-Ssa1/2, and Hsp40-Ydj1 were not statistically significantly changed after exposure...
December 6, 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
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