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Cell Stress & Chaperones

Runjie Wei, Jian Cao, Shukun Yao
Matrine is a natural alkaloid isolated from the root and stem of the legume plant Sophora. Its anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects on several types of cancer have been well-documented. However, the role of matrine in regulating mitochondrial homeostasis, particularly mitophagy in liver cancer apoptosis, remains uncertain. The aim of our study was to explore whether matrine promotes liver cancer cell apoptosis by modifying mitophagy. HepG2 cells were used in the study and treated with different doses of matrine...
September 12, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Keyong Tian, Yongli Song, Ke Zhou, Bo Yue, Yang Qiu, Fei Sun, Renfeng Wang, Dingjun Zha, Jianhua Qiu
Heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) is a highly conserved chaperone molecule that plays important roles in mediating some physiological and pathological functions. However, researchers have not yet determined whether HSP60 is expressed in the mammalian cochlea. This study constitutes the first investigation of the expression of HSP60 in the postnatal rat cochlea. We also examined the expression of HSP60 in rats with drug-induced hearing loss. Auditory thresholds were assessed by monitoring the auditory brainstem response (ABR) prior to and after drug injection...
September 8, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Lei Yang, Gaopeng Guan, Lanjie Lei, Qizhuang Lv, Shengyuan Liu, Xiuwen Zhan, Zhenzhen Jiang, Xiang Gu
Palmitic acid (PA) is the most common saturated long-chain fatty acid in food that causes cell apoptosis. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms of PA toxicity. In this study, we explore the effects of PA on proliferation and apoptosis in human osteoblast-like Saos-2 cells and uncover the signaling pathways involved in the process. Our study showed that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and autophagy are involved in PA-induced Saos-2 cell apoptosis. We found that PA inhibited the viability of Saos-2 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner...
September 7, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Kai Hang, Chenyi Ye, Erman Chen, Wei Zhang, Deting Xue, Zhijun Pan
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are a family of proteins produced by cells in response to exposure to stressful conditions. In addition to their role as chaperones, they also play an important role in the cardiovascular, immune, and other systems. Normal bone tissue is maintained by bone metabolism, particularly by the balance between osteoblasts and osteoclasts, which are physiologically regulated by multiple hormones and cytokines. In recent years, studies have reported the vital role of HSPs in bone metabolism...
September 5, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Shikha Rani, Ankush Sharma, Manisha Goel
Molecular chaperones are a diverse group of proteins that ensure proteome integrity by helping the proteins fold correctly and maintain their native state, thus preventing their misfolding and subsequent aggregation. The chaperone machinery of archaeal organisms has been thought to closely resemble that found in humans, at least in terms of constituent players. Very few studies have been ventured into system-level analysis of chaperones and their functioning in archaeal cells. In this study, we attempted such an analysis of chaperone-assisted protein folding in archaeal organisms through network approach using Picrophilus torridus as model system...
September 3, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Na Zhai, Haihong Jia, Manli Ma, Yuzhen Chao, Xingqi Guo, Han Li
Various environmental stresses, such as heat shock, heavy metals, ultraviolet (UV) radiation and different pesticides, induce a cellular oxidative stress response. The cellular oxidative stress response is usually regulated by heat shock proteins (Hsps) acting as molecular chaperones. Stress-induced phosphoprotein 1 (STIP1), one of the most widely studied co-chaperones, functions as an adaptor that directs Hsp90 to Hsp70-client protein complexes. However, the biological functions of STIP1 remain poorly understood in honeybee (Apis cerana cerana)...
August 20, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Guoxing Quan, Jun Duan, William Fick, George Kyei-Poku, Jean-Noël Candau
Diapause is an important strategy for certain insect species to survive unfavorable environmental conditions, including low temperatures experienced when they overwinter in cold climate. Many studies have indicated that the increased expression of heat shock proteins during diapause improves the thermal tolerance of insects. However, the relationship between small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) and diapause is not clear or well-researched. In this study, we investigated the transcript levels of 14 sHSP genes in the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana, a major pest of spruce and fir in Canada, during pre-diapause, diapause, and post-diapause under normal rearing conditions and in response to a heat shock treatment...
August 17, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Neven Makram Aziz, Merhan Mamdouh Ragy, Sabreen Mahmoud Ahmed
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of somatostatin (SST) analogue, Octreotide, on some features of liver injury induced by immobilization stress (IS) in adult male albino rats. Eighteen adult male albino rats were randomly divided into three equal groups: control, IS, and Octreotide-treated stressed groups. Octreotide (40 μg/kg body weight, subcutaneously) was administrated twice daily for 8 days during the exposure to IS. Octreotide was found to reduce the IS significantly and induce elevations in the plasma level of corticosterone, liver transaminases, and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) as compared with IS group...
August 14, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Yu Hu, Ming-Chen Cai, Ling Wang, Ting-Huan Zhang, Zhong-Gang Luo, Gong-Wei Zhang, Fu-Yuan Zuo
Globally, heat stress seriously threatens productivity of cattle. The objective of this study was to identify novel miRNAs that regulated heat stress in feedlot cattle. Experiment was conducted under heat stress and normal conditions. With profiling miRNAs of each feedlot cattle, our results showed the level of miR-1246 was significantly increased in these heat-stressed cattle (P < 0.05). Furthermore, by using bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assays combined with qPCR and western blot, we found miR-1246 negatively regulated poly (C) binding protein 2 (PCBP2) and cAMP response element binding protein-like 2 (CREBL2) mRNA and protein levels through binding to the 3'-UTR region (P < 0...
August 13, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Akira Kitamura, Nodoka Iwasaki, Masataka Kinjo
Transactive response DNA/RNA-binding protein 43-kDa (TDP-43) C-terminal fragments, such as a 25-kDa fragment (TDP-25), have been identified as a ubiquitinated and phosphorylated components of inclusion bodies (IBs) in motor neurons from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients. Cells contain proteins that function as molecular chaperones and prevent aggregate formation of misfolded and aggregation-prone proteins. Recently, we reported that heat shock protein (HSP)70, an abundant molecular chaperone, binds to TDP-25 in an ATP-dependent manner; however, whether HSP70 can prevent the formation of TDP-25-related IBs remains unknown...
August 11, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Natalia Chebotareva, Irina Bobkova, Lidia Lysenko, Natalia Neprinzeva, Anatoly Vinogradov, Sergey Moiseev
We evaluated the heat shock system 70 (HSP70) in patients with chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN). Seventy-six patients with CGN patients were included in our study. Ten patients with mild proteinuria (median 0.48 [0.16-0.78] g/24 h) and ten healthy subjects served as positive and negative controls, respectively. Urinary levels of HSP70, interleukin-10, and serum levels of anti-HSP70 were measured by ELISA. The immunohistochemical peroxidase method was used to study the expression of HSP70 and Foxp3+ in kidney biopsies...
July 30, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Cheng-Wei Wu, Shannon N Tessier, Kenneth B Storey
Freeze tolerance is an adaptive response utilized by the wood frog Rana sylvatica to endure the sub-zero temperatures of winter. Survival of whole body freezing requires wood frogs to trigger cryoprotective mechanisms to deal with potential injuries associated with conversion of 65-70% of total body water into ice, including multiple consequences of ice formation such as cessation of blood flow and cell dehydration caused by water loss into ice masses. To understand how wood frogs defend against these stressors, we measured the expression of proteins known to be involved in the antioxidant defense and protein chaperone stress responses in brain and heart of wood frogs comparing freezing, anoxia, and dehydration stress...
June 27, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Jia-Yao Guan, Ting-Ting Liao, Chun-Lian Yu, Hong-Yan Luo, Wei-Rong Yang, Xian-Zhong Wang
Lactate produced by Sertoli cells plays an important role in spermatogenesis, and heat stress induces lactate production in immature boar Sertoli cells. Extracellular signaling regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) participates in heat stress response. However, the effect of ERK1/2 on heat stress-induced lactate production is unclear. In the present study, Sertoli cells were isolated from immature boar testis and cultured at 32 °C. Heat stress was induced in a 43 °C incubator for 30 min. Proteins and RNAs were detected by western blotting and RT-PCR, respectively...
June 26, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Ana Rita Lopes, Filipa Faleiro, Inês C Rosa, Marta S Pimentel, Katja Trubenbach, Tiago Repolho, Mário Diniz, Rui Rosa
Atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) is increasing at an unprecedented rate and subsequently leading to ocean acidification. Concomitantly, ocean warming is intensifying, leading to serious and predictable biological impairments over marine biota. Reef-building corals have proven to be very vulnerable to climate change, but little is known about the resilience of non-reef-building species. In this study, we investigated the effects of ocean warming and acidification on the antioxidant enzyme activity (CAT-catalase, and GST-glutathione S-transferase), lipid peroxidation (using malondialdehyde, MDA-levels as a biomarker) and heat shock response (HSP70/HSC70 content) of the octocoral Veretillum cynomorium...
September 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Priyanshu Bhargava, Anjani Kumari, Jayarani F Putri, Yoshiyuki Ishida, Keiji Terao, Sunil C Kaul, Durai Sundar, Renu Wadhwa
Honeybee propolis and its bioactive component, caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), are known for a variety of therapeutic potentials. By recruiting a cell-based reporter assay for screening of hypoxia-modulating natural drugs, we identified CAPE as a pro-hypoxia factor. In silico studies were used to probe the capacity of CAPE to interact with potential hypoxia-responsive proteins. CAPE could not dock into hypoxia inducing factor (HIF-1), the master regulator of hypoxia response pathway. On the other hand, it was predicted to bind to factor inhibiting HIF (FIH-1)...
September 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Hao Zhao, Yongchun Luo, Lihua Chen, Zhenhai Zhang, Chunsen Shen, Yunjun Li, Ruxiang Xu
Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) potentiates existing brain damage and increases mortality and morbidity via poorly understood mechanisms. The aim of our study is to investigate the role of Sirtuin 3 (Sirt3) in the development and progression of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury with a focus on mitochondrial fission and the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Our data indicated that Sirt3 was downregulated in response to cerebral IRI. However, the overexpression of Sirt3 reduced the brain infarction area and repressed IRI-mediated neuron apoptosis...
September 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Jesús Alejandro Zamora-Briseño, Sandi Julissa Reyes-Hernández, Luis Carlos Rodríguez Zapata
Plant response to water stress involves the activation of mechanisms expected to help them cope with water scarcity. Among these mechanisms, proteome-wide adjustment is well known. This includes actions to save energy, protect cellular and molecular components, and maintain vital functions of the cell. Intrinsically disordered proteins, which are proteins without a rigid three-dimensional structure, are seen as emerging multifunctional cellular components of proteomes. They are highly abundant in eukaryotic proteomes, and numerous functions for these proteins have been proposed...
September 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Yuhang Sun, Jin Liu, Gengping Ye, Fang Gan, Mohammed Hamid, Shengfa Liao, Kehe Huang
Dairy cows exposed to heat stress (HS) show decreased performance and immunity, but increased heat shock protein expressions and apoptosis. Zymosan, an extract from yeast cell walls, has been shown to modulate immune responses and defense against oxidative stress. However, few literatures are available about the effects of zymosan on immune responses and other parameters of the dairy cows under HS. Here, both primary peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) and dairy cow models were established to assess the effects of zymosan on performance, immunity, heat shock protein, and apoptosis-related gene expressions of dairy cows under HS...
September 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Tambudzai Kudze, Carlos Mendez-Dorantes, Chernoh Sallieu Jalloh, Amie J McClellan
Numerous putative heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90)-interacting proteins, which could represent novel folding clients or co-chaperones, have been identified in recent years. Two separate high-throughput screens in yeast uncovered genetic effects between Hsp90 and components of the ER membrane complex (EMC), which is required for tolerance to unfolded protein response stress in yeast. Herein, we provide the first experimental evidence supporting that there is a genuine interaction of Hsp90 with the EMC. We demonstrate genetic interactions between EMC2 and the known Hsp90 co-chaperone encoded by STI1, as well as Hsp90 point mutant allele-specific differences in inherent growth and Hsp90 inhibitor tolerance in the absence and presence of EMC2...
September 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
C Andolino, C Hess, T Prince, H Williams, M Chernin
A pull-down experiment (co-immunoprecipitation) was performed on a T24 human bladder cancer cell lysate treated with the Hsp inhibitor VER155008 using an Hsp70 antibody attached to Dynabeads. Keratin 9, a cytoskeleton intermediate filament protein, was identified by LC MS/MS analysis. This novel finding was confirmed by Western blotting, RT-PCR, and immunocytochemistry. Other members of the keratin family of proteins have been shown to be involved in cancer progression, most recently identified to be associated with cell invasion and metastasis...
September 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
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