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Cell Stress & Chaperones

Vladimir S Shavva, Alexandra M Bogomolova, Artemy A Nikitin, Ella B Dizhe, Galina N Oleinikova, Ivan A Lapikov, Dmitry A Tanyanskiy, Andrej P Perevozchikov, Sergey V Orlov
Reactive oxygen species damage various cell components including DNA, proteins, and lipids, and these impairments could be a reason for severe human diseases including atherosclerosis. Forkhead box O1 (FOXO1), an important metabolic transcription factor, upregulates antioxidant and proapoptotic genes during oxidative stress. Apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) forms high density lipoprotein (HDL) particles that are responsible for cholesterol transfer from peripheral tissues to liver for removal in bile in vertebrates...
November 28, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Susana Gomez-Escalante, Peter W Piper, Stefan H Millson
Folding of the myosin head often requires the joint actions of Hsp90 and a dedicated UNC45, Cro1, She4 (UCS) domain-containing cochaperone protein. Relatively weak sequence conservation exists between the single UCS protein of simple eukaryotes (She4 in budding yeast) and the two UCS proteins of higher organisms (the general cell and smooth muscle UNC45s; UNC45-GC and UNC45-SM respectively). In vertebrates, UNC45-GC facilitates cytoskeletal function whereas the 55% identical UNC45-SM assists in the assembly of the contractile apparatus of cardiac and skeletal muscles...
November 25, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Marcelo Sartori Grunwald, Rodrigo Ligabue-Braun, Cristiane Santos Souza, Luana Heimfarth, Hugo Verli, Daniel Pens Gelain, José Cláudio Fonseca Moreira
Extracellular heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) is recognized by receptors on the plasma membrane, such as Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), TLR2, CD14, and CD40. This leads to activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, enhancement of the phagocytic activity of innate immune cells, and stimulation of antigen-specific responses. However, the specific characteristics of HSP70 binding are still unknown, and all HSP70 receptors have not yet been described. Putative models for HSP70 complexation to the receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGEs), considering both ADP- and ATP-bound states of HSP70, were obtained through molecular docking and interaction energy calculations...
November 17, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Ana Claudia Silva Braga, Bruno Moreira Carneiro, Mariana Nogueira Batista, Mônica Mayumi Akinaga, Paula Rahal
Hepatitis C (HCV) is a viral disease affecting millions of people worldwide, and persistent HCV infection can lead to progressive liver disease with the development of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. During treatment for hepatitis C, the occurrence of viral resistance is common. To reduce the occurrence of resistance, new viral treatments should target both viral and cellular factors. Many interactions occur between viral and host proteins during the HCV replication cycle and might be used for the development of new therapies against hepatitis C...
November 17, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Krishnamoorthy Srikanth, Anam Kwon, Eunjin Lee, Hoyoung Chung
This study aimed to investigate the genes and pathways that respond to heat stress in Holstein bull calves exposed to severe ranges of temperature and humidity. A total of ten animals from 4 to 6 months of age were subjected to heat stress at 37 °C and 90 % humidity for 12 h. Skin and rectal temperatures were measured before and after heat stress; while no correlation was found between them before heat stress, a moderate correlation was detected after heat stress, confirming rectal temperature to be a better barometer for monitoring heat stress...
November 16, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Feifei Xu, You Wang, Tianqi Tao, Dandan Song, Xiuhua Liu
Recent work reveals that actin acetylation modification has been linked to different normal and disease processes and the effects associated with metabolic and environmental stressors. Herein, we highlight the effects of calreticulin on actin acetylation and cell injury induced by microwave radiation in human microvascular endothelial cell (HMEC). HMEC injury was induced by high-power microwave of different power density (10, 30, 60, 100 mW/cm(2), for 6 min) with or without exogenous recombinant calreticulin...
November 4, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Dig B Mahat, John T Lis
Heat shock response (HSR) maintains and restores protein homeostasis when cells are exposed to proteotoxic heat stress. Heat shock (HS) triggers a rapid and robust change in genome-wide transcription, protein synthesis, and chaperone activity; and therefore, the HSR has been widely used as a model system in these studies. The conventional method of performing instantaneous HS in the laboratory uses heated fresh media to induce HSR when added to cells. However, addition of fresh media to cells may evoke additional cellular responses and signaling pathways...
November 3, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Bai-Liu Ya, Hong-Fang Li, Hai-Ying Wang, Fei Wu, Qing Xin, Hong-Ju Cheng, Wen-Juan Li, Na Lin, Zai-Hua Ba, Ru-Juan Zhang, Qian Liu, Ya-Nan Li, Bo Bai, Feng Ge
Recent studies have shown 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural (5-HMF) has favorable biological effects, and its neuroprotection in a variety of neurological diseases has been noted. Our previous study showed that treatment of 5-HMF led to protection against permanent global cerebral ischemia. However, the underlying mechanisms in cerebral ischemic injury are not fully understood. This study was conducted to investigate the neuroprotective effect of 5-HMF and elucidate the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/antioxidant response element (ARE) signaling pathway mechanism in the striatum after transient global cerebral ischemia...
November 3, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Zou Lin, Zhang Guichun, Liu Lifeng, Chen Chen, Cao Xuecheng, Cai Jinfang
Oxidative stress represents a major cause of cellular damage and death in the process of osteoporosis. Antimycin A (AMA) has been shown to stimulate mitochondrial superoxide anions and reactive oxygen species (ROS). α-Lipoic acid (α-LA) is a naturally occurring essential coenzyme in mitochondrial multienzyme complexes and acts as a key player in mitochondrial energy production. However, whether α-LA affects the cytotoxicity of AMA in osteoblastic cells is unknown. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of α-LA against AMA-induced cytotoxicity using the MC3T3-E1 osteoblast-like cell line...
October 30, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Hisayo Jin, Mari Komita, Haruhiko Koseki, Tomohiko Aoe
Most human neurodegenerative diseases are sporadic and appear later in life. Aging and neurodegeneration are closely associated, and recent investigations reveal that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in the progression of these features. Immunoglobulin heavy chain-binding protein (BiP) is an ER chaperone that is central to ER functions. We produced knock-in mice expressing a mutant BiP that lacked the retrieval sequence to elucidate the effect of a functional defect in an ER chaperone in multicellular organisms...
October 28, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Yurinskaya M M, Kochetkova O Yu, Shabarchina L I, Antonova O Yu, Suslikov A V, Evgen'ev M B, Vinokurov M G
Human heat shock protein Hsp70 was experimentally inserted into polyelectrolyte microcapsules. Encapsulated recombinant Hsp70 was studied in terms of its effects on neutrophil apoptosis, the production of reactive oxygen species, and the secretion of tumor necrosis factor alpha by promonocytic THP-1 cells. It was found that encapsulated Hsp70 effectively inhibits neutrophil apoptosis, unlike free exogenous protein used in solution. In THP-1 cells, encapsulated and free Hsp70 reduced LPS-induced tumor necrosis factor alpha production with a similar efficiency...
October 26, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Anna A Boyko, Tatyana L Azhikina, Maria A Streltsova, Alexander M Sapozhnikov, Elena I Kovalenko
Cell-type specific variations are typical for the expression of different members of the HSP70 family. In circulating immune cells, HSP70 proteins interact with units of signaling pathways involved in the immune responses and may promote cell survival in sites of inflammation. In this work, we compared basal HSP70 expression and stress-induced HSP70 response in polymorphonuclear and mononuclear human leukocytes. The intracellular content of inducible and constitutive forms of HSP70 was analyzed in relation to the transcriptional activity of HSPA genes...
October 25, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Emily C Lumley, Acadia R Osborn, Jessica E Scott, Amanda G Scholl, Vicki Mercado, Young T McMahan, Zachary G Coffman, Jay L Brewster
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) has the ability to signal organelle dysfunction via a complex signaling network known as the unfolded protein response (UPR). In this work, hamster fibroblast cells exhibiting moderate levels of ER stress were compared to those exhibiting severe ER stress. Inhibition of N-linked glycosylation was accomplished via a temperature-sensitive mutation in the Dad1 subunit of the oligosaccharyltransferase (OST) complex or by direct inhibition with tunicamycin (Tm). Temperature shift (TS) treatment generated weak activation of ER stress signaling when compared to doses of Tm that are typically used in ER stress studies (500-1000 nM)...
October 20, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Peter Bloemers, Wilbert Boelens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Deyanira Pérez-Morales, Karla Daniela Rodríguez Hernández, Ignacio Martínez, Lourdes Teresa Agredano-Moreno, Luis Felipe Jiménez-García, Bertha Espinoza
Trypanosoma cruzi is the etiological agent of Chagas disease. The life cycle of this protozoan parasite is digenetic because it alternates its different developmental forms through two hosts, a vector insect and a vertebrate host. As a result, the parasites are exposed to sudden and drastic environmental changes causing cellular stress. The stress response to some types of stress has been studied in T. cruzi, mainly at the molecular level; however, data about ultrastructure and physiological state of the cells in stress conditions are scarce or null...
October 6, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Jonathan Asling, Jodi Morrison, Anthony J Mutsaers
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are molecular chaperones subdivided into several families based on their molecular weight. Due to their cytoprotective roles, these proteins may help protect cancer cells against chemotherapy-induced cell death. Investigation into the biologic activity of HSPs in a variety of cancers including primary bone tumors, such as osteosarcoma (OSA), is of great interest. Both human and canine OSA tumor samples have aberrant production of HSP70. This study assessed the response of canine OSA cells to inhibition of HSP70 and GRP78 by the ATP-mimetic VER-155008 and whether this treatment strategy could sensitize cells to doxorubicin chemotherapy...
November 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Mouna Maatouk, Dorra Elgueder, Nadia Mustapha, Hind Chaaban, Imen Mokdad Bzéouich, Irina Loannou, Soumaya Kilani, Mohamed Ghoul, Kamel Ghedira, Leila Chekir-Ghedira
Naringenin is one of the most popular flavonoids derived from citrus. It has been reported to be an effective anti-inflammatory compound. Citrus fruit may be used raw, cooked, stewed, or boiled. The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of thermal processes on naringenin in its immunomodulatory and cellular antioxidant activities. The effects of flavonoids on B and T cell proliferation were assessed on splenocytes stimulated or not with mitogens. However, their effects on cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) and natural killer (NK) activities were assessed in splenocytes co-incubated with target cells...
November 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Guilin Li, Haihong Jia, Hongfang Wang, Yan Yan, Xingqi Guo, Qinghua Sun, Baohua Xu
RNA-binding motif proteins (RBMs) belong to RNA-binding proteins that display extraordinary posttranscriptional gene regulation roles in various cellular processes, including development, growth, and stress responses. Nevertheless, only a few examples of the roles of RBMs are known in insects, particularly in Apis cerana cerana. In the present study, we characterized the novel RNA-binding motif protein 11 from Apis cerana cerana, which was named AccRBM11 and whose promoter sequence included abundant potential transcription factor binding sites that are connected to responses to adverse stress and early development...
November 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Guojian Jiang, Nathan M Rowarth, Sheethal Panchakshari, Thomas H MacRae
Upon diapause termination and exposure to favorable environmental conditions, cysts of the crustacean Artemia franciscana reinitiate development, a process dependent on the resumption of metabolic activity and the maintenance of protein homeostasis. The objective of the work described herein was to characterize molecular chaperones during post-diapause growth of A. franciscana. An Hsp40 complementary DNA (cDNA) termed ArHsp40 was cloned and shown to encode a protein with an amino-terminal J-domain containing a conserved histidine, proline, and aspartic acid (HPD) motif...
November 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Dae Seong Kim, Young Jong Ko, Myoung Woo Lee, Hyun Jin Park, Yoo Jin Park, Dong-Ik Kim, Ki Woong Sung, Hong Hoe Koo, Keon Hee Yoo
Culture of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) under ambient conditions does not replicate the low oxygen environment of normal physiological or pathological states and can result in cellular impairment during culture. To overcome these limitations, we explored the effect of hypoxia (1 % O2) on the biological characteristics of MSCs over the course of different culture periods. The following biological characteristics were examined in human bone marrow-derived MSCs cultured under hypoxia for 8 weeks: proliferation rate, morphology, cell size, senescence, immunophenotypic characteristics, and the expression levels of stemness-associated factors and cytokine and chemokine genes...
November 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
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