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Manual Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852530/clinical-prediction-rules-for-prognosis-and-treatment-prescription-in-neck-pain-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Joan Kelly, Carrie Ritchie, Michele Sterling
Clinical prediction rules (CPRs) developed to identify sub-groups of people with neck pain for different prognoses (i.e. prognostic) or response to treatments (i.e. prescriptive) have been recommended as a research priority to improve health outcomes for these conditions. A systematic review was undertaken to identify prognostic and prescriptive CPRs relevant to the conservative management of adults with neck pain and to appraise stage of development, quality and readiness for clinical application. Six databases were systematically searched from inception until 4th July 2016...
October 31, 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852531/osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal-of-comparative-effectiveness-and-health-economics-research
#2
REVIEW
Amie Steel, Tobias Sundberg, Rebecca Reid, Lesley Ward, Felicity L Bishop, Matthew Leach, Holger Cramer, Jon Wardle, Jon Adams
In recent years, evidence has emerged regarding the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatments (OMT). Despite growing evidence in this field, there is need for appropriate research designs that effectively reflect the person-centred system of care promoted in osteopathy and provide data which can inform policy decisions within the healthcare system. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify, appraise and synthesise the evidence from comparative effectiveness and economic evaluation research involving OMT...
October 29, 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852532/are-physiotherapists-adhering-to-quality-indicators-for-the-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis-an-observational-study
#3
David Spitaels, Rosella Hermens, Dieter Van Assche, Sabine Verschueren, Frank Luyten, Patrik Vankrunkelsven
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common musculoskeletal condition that often leads to pain, stiffness and disability. Physiotherapy plays an important role in the management of knee OA, however we hypothesize discordance between physiotherapists' practice and existing guideline recommendations. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to measure physiotherapists' guideline adherence for knee OA. Additionally, determinants for guideline adherence at the professional and organizational level were explored, to find clues for improvement...
October 26, 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847243/mechanical-deformation-of-posterior-thoracolumbar-fascia-after-myofascial-release-in-healthy-men-a-study-of-dynamic-ultrasound-imaging
#4
Ka-Kit Wong, Huei-Ming Chai, Yu-Jen Chen, Chung-Li Wang, Yio-Wha Shau, Shwu-Fen Wang
BACKGROUND: Myofascial release (MR) on the posterior thoracolumbar fascia (PLF) is one of the manual techniques aim to restore the normal length and tension of restricted fasciae and muscles. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to quantify the immediate effects of MR on fascial properties of the PLF in healthy men. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHOD: Participants (N = 10, aged 22.8 ± 2.0 years) performed a press-down to maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) in the prone position...
October 25, 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744222/agreement-between-a-physiotherapist-and-an-orthopaedic-surgeon-regarding-management-and-prescription-of-corticosteroid-injection-for-patients-with-shoulder-pain
#5
Darryn Marks, Tracy Comans, Michael Thomas, Shu Kay Ng, Shaun O'Leary, Philip G Conaghan, Paul A Scuffham, Leanne Bisset
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapists increasingly manage shoulder referrals in place of orthopaedic doctors. Better understanding the agreement between these professionals will help inform the safety, quality and potential costs of these care models. OBJECTIVE: To establish the level of agreement between a physiotherapist and an orthopaedic surgeon regarding diagnosis, management and corticosteroid injection, in a representative sample of orthopaedic shoulder referrals...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744136/do-subjects-with-acute-subacute-temporomandibular-disorder-have-associated-cervical-impairments-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Harry von Piekartz, Ani Pudelko, Mira Danzeisen, Toby Hall, Nikolaus Ballenberger
BACKGROUND: There is preliminary evidence of cervical musculoskeletal impairment in some temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain states. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether people with TMD, classified as either mild or moderate/severe TMD, have more cervical signs of dysfunction than healthy subjects. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHOD: Based on the Conti Amnestic Questionnaire and examination of the temporomandibular joint (Axis I classification of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD), of 144 people examined 59 were classified to a mild TMD group, 40 to a moderate/severe TMD group and 45 to an asymptomatic control group without TMD...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744135/classification-characteristics-of-a-chronic-low-back-pain-population-using-a-combined-mckenzie-and-patho-anatomical-assessment
#7
Carol Ann Flavell, Susan Gordon, Laurence Marshman
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapists use musculo-skeletal classification systems for patient assessment. Since its early development, the McKenzie lumbar spine assessment (MK) has been incorporated into examination algorithms and combined with a series of patho-anatomical diagnostic tests. No previous studies have used a MK and a combined examination (MK-C) to provide a detailed profile of patients, report and compare the classification characteristics of a chronic low back pain (CLBP) population...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716547/how-do-they-feel-patients-perspectives-on-draping-and-dignity-in-a-physiotherapy-outpatient-setting-a-pilot-study
#8
Gillian M Johnson, Rebekah Little, Anke Staufenberg, Angus McDonald, Karen G M Taylor
BACKGROUND: Research to date has focused on dignity within the hospital rather than outpatient settings which is likely to raise different issues from the patients' perspective. PURPOSE: To investigate patients' views relating to draping and dignity and their choice of dressing options in the physiotherapy outpatient setting. METHOD: A custom-designed questionnaire was developed including feedback from a focus group of 10 individuals attending a physiotherapy outpatient clinic...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697691/reliability-of-physical-examination-tests-for-the-diagnosis-of-knee-disorders-evidence-from-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Simon Décary, Philippe Ouellet, Pascal-André Vendittoli, François Desmeules
Clinicians often rely on physical examination tests to guide them in the diagnostic process of knee disorders. However, reliability of these tests is often overlooked and may influence the consistency of results and overall diagnostic validity. Therefore, the objective of this study was to systematically review evidence on the reliability of physical examination tests for the diagnosis of knee disorders. A structured literature search was conducted in databases up to January 2016. Included studies needed to report reliability measures of at least one physical test for any knee disorder...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693966/scapular-dyskinesis-patterns-functional-disability-and-associated-factors-in-people-with-shoulder-disorders
#10
Tsun-Shun Huang, Chien-Ying Huang, Hsiang-Ling Ou, Jiu-Jenq Lin
BACKGROUND: Patterns of scapular dyskinesis have unique scapular kinematics and associated muscular activation. The characteristics of unique dyskinesis patterns may be associated with functional disability. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the shoulder function level and primary dysfunction items were different in unique dyskinesis pattern. The factors associated with shoulder dysfunction in different dyskinesis patterns were identified. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669130/comparison-of-two-angles-of-approach-for-trigger-point-dry-needling-of-the-lumbar-multifidus-in-human-donors-cadavers
#11
Mary C Hannah, Janet Cope, Alec Palermo, Walker Smith, Valerie Wacker
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive comparison study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of two needle angle approaches for dry needling of the lumbar multifidus. BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a leading cause of disability around the world; the lumbar multifidus plays a vital role in low back health. Manual therapy such as dry needling can improve pain mediation and motor control activation of the lumbar multifidus. Clinicians practicing dry needling at the lumbar multifidus typically use an inferomedial approach considered non-controversial...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27653381/erratum-to-the-tidier-checklist-will-benefit-the-physiotherapy-profession-manual-therapy-24c-2016-v-vi
#12
Tie Yamato, Chris Maher, Bruno Saragiotto, Anne Moseley, Tammy Hoffmann, Mark Elkins, Gwendolen Jull, Ann Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598553/manual-therapy-in-joint-and-nerve-structures-combined-with-exercises-in-the-treatment-of-recurrent-ankle-sprains-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Marta Vergara-Vila, Sandra Val-Otero, Cristina Rivera-Prieto, Daniel Pecos-Martin, Tomás Gallego-Izquierdo, Alejandro Ferragut-Garcías, Natalia Romero-Franco
BACKGROUND: Recurrent ankle sprains often involve residual symptoms for which subjects often perform proprioceptive or/and strengthening exercises. However, the effectiveness of mobilization to influence important nerve structures due to its anatomical distribution like tibial and peroneal nerves is unclear. OBJETIVES: To analyze the effects of proprioceptive/strengthening exercises versus the same exercises and manual therapy including mobilizations to influence joint and nerve structures in the management of recurrent ankle sprains...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525356/alterations-of-scapular-kinematics-and-associated-muscle-activation-specific-to-symptomatic-dyskinesis-type-after-conscious-control
#14
Hsiang-Ling Ou, Tsun-Shun Huang, Yu-Ting Chen, Wen-Yin Chen, Yu-Li Chang, Tung-Wu Lu, Ting-Han Chen, Jiu-Jenq Lin
BACKGROUND: Scapular orientation and movements can affect the function of the shoulder. However, evidence is limited on whether symptomatic subjects can actively maintain the scapula in a neutral position through conscious control. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether symptomatic subjects with scapular dyskinesis can achieve optimal scapular movements and associated muscle activities through conscious control. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507590/subjective-and-clinical-assessment-criteria-suggestive-for-five-clinical-patterns-discernible-in-nonspecific-neck-pain-patients-a-delphi-survey-of-clinical-experts
#15
Vincent Dewitte, Wim Peersman, Lieven Danneels, Katie Bouche, Arne Roets, Barbara Cagnie
BACKGROUND: Nonspecific neck pain patients form a heterogeneous group with different musculoskeletal impairments. Classifying nonspecific neck pain patients into subgroups based on clinical characteristics might lead to more comprehensive diagnoses and can guide effective management. OBJECTIVE: To establish consensus among a group of experts regarding the clinical criteria suggestive of a clinical dominance of 'articular', 'myofascial', 'neural', 'central' and 'sensorimotor control' dysfunction patterns distinguishable in patients with nonspecific neck pain...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497646/the-neuromotor-effects-of-transverse-friction-massage
#16
Haris Begovic, Guang-Quan Zhou, Snježana Schuster, Yong-Ping Zheng
BACKGROUND: Transverse friction massage (TFM), as an often used technique by therapists, is known for its effect in reducing the pain and loosing the scar tissues. Nevertheless, its effects on neuromotor driving mechanism including the electromechanical delay (EMD), force transmission and excitation-contraction (EC) coupling which could be used as markers of stiffness changes, has not been computed using ultrafast ultrasound (US) when combined with external sensors. AIM: Hence, the aim of this study was to find out produced neuromotor changes associated to stiffness when TFM was applied over Quadriceps femoris (QF) tendon in healthy subjcets...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497188/effects-of-dry-needling-to-the-symptomatic-versus-control-shoulder-in-patients-with-unilateral-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#17
Shane Koppenhaver, Robin Embry, John Ciccarello, Justin Waltrip, Rachel Pike, Michael Walker, Cesar Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Theodore Croy, Timothy Flynn
BACKGROUND: Initial reports suggest that treating myofascial trigger points in the infraspinatus with dry needling may be effective in treating patients with shoulder pain. However, to date, high quality clinical trials and thorough knowledge of the physiologic mechanisms involved is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of dry needling to the infraspinatus muscle on muscle function, nociceptive sensitivity, and shoulder range of motion (ROM) in the symptomatic and asymptomatic shoulders of individuals with unilateral subacromial pain syndrome...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491326/complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#18
Maria GalveVilla, Bjarne Rittig-Rasmussen, Lene Moeller Schear Mikkelsen, Anne Groendahl Poulsen
INTRODUCTION: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a chronic pain condition that can occur after a minor trauma or surgery. It is a multifactorial condition with a complex cause and even more complex pathophysiology. There are disturbances and changes in the sympathetic, somatosensory and motor nervous system, resulting in severe pain and disability. Patients with CRPS can have their quality of life and functional ability greatly affected and they need appropriate and interdisciplinary interventions...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475532/is-thoracic-spine-posture-associated-with-shoulder-pain-range-of-motion-and-function-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Eva Barrett, Mary O'Keeffe, Kieran O'Sullivan, Jeremy Lewis, Karen McCreesh
INTRODUCTION: Excessive thoracic kyphosis is considered a predisposing factor for shoulder pain, though there is uncertainty about the nature of the relationship between shoulder pain and thoracic spine posture. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the relationship between thoracic kyphosis and shoulder pain, shoulder range of motion (ROM) and function. METHODS: Two reviewers independently searched eight electronic databases and identified relevant studies by applying eligibility criteria...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428378/the-outcome-of-hip-exercise-in-patellofemoral-pain-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Catherine Thomson, Oliver Krouwel, Raija Kuisma, Clair Hebron
: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is one of the most common lower extremity conditions seen in clinical practice. Current evidence shows that there are hip strength deficits, delayed onset and shorter activation of gluteus medius in people with PFP. The aim of this review was to systematically review the literature to investigate the outcome of hip exercise in people with PFP. METHOD: AMED, CINAHL, Cochrane, EMBASE, PEDro, Pubmed, Science direct and SPORTDiscus databases were searched from inception to November 2014 for RCTs, non-randomised studies and case studies...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
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