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Spinal Cord

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631749/causes-of-death-after-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-a-70-year-british-study
#1
G Savic, M J DeVivo, H L Frankel, M A Jamous, B M Soni, S Charlifue
DESIGN: Retrospective and prospective observational. OBJECTIVE: Analyse causes of death after traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI) in persons surviving the first year post injury, and establish any trend over time. SETTING: Two spinal centres in Great Britain. METHODS: The sample consisted of 5483 patients with tSCI admitted to Stoke Mandeville and Southport spinal centres who were injured between 1943 and 2010, survived first year post injury, had residual neurological deficit on discharge and were British residents...
June 20, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631748/ccl-2-as-a-possible-early-marker-for-remission-after-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#2
R A Heller, T F Raven, T Swing, K Kunzmann, V Daniel, P Haubruck, M Akbar, P A Grützner, G Schmidmaier, B Biglari, A Moghaddam
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the correlation between CCL-2, CCL-3, CCL-4 and CXCL-5 serum levels and remission after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) in a human protocol compared with animal studies. SETTING: Germany, Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz). METHODS: We examined the serum levels of CCL-2, CCL-3, CCL-4 and CXCL-5 over a 12-week period; in particular, at admission and 4, 9 and 12 h, 1 and 3 days and 1, 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after trauma...
June 20, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631747/optimization-of-the-mean-arterial-pressure-and-timing-of-surgical-decompression-in-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-a-retrospective-study
#3
A Dakson, D Brandman, G Thibault-Halman, S D Christie
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective comparative study. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the extent to which early surgical decompression and maintenance of MAP ⩾85 mm Hg for 5 days postinjury affected neurological recovery utilizing internal controls for comparison of outcomes in patients with traumatic spinal cord injury. SETTING: Acute trauma center, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. METHODS: We identified 94 cases of traumatic SCI...
June 20, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631746/prevalence-of-androgen-deficiency-in-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-patients-suffering-from-erectile-dysfunction
#4
M Behnaz, Z Majd, M Radfar, H Ajami, M Qorbani, A Kokab
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of biochemical androgen deficiency in Iranian spinal cord injured men suffering from erectile dysfunction (ED) and to determine factors related to this problem. SETTING: An andrology clinic of a teaching hospital in Tehran. METHODS: Men, 18 years of age and older, with chronic (>2 years) spinal cord injury (SCI) suffering from ED were recruited...
June 20, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631745/achieving-assessor-accuracy-on-the-international-standards-for-neurological-classification-of-spinal-cord-injury
#5
A J Armstrong, J M Clark, D T Ho, C J Payne, S Nolan, L M Goodes, L A Harvey, R Marshall, M P Galea, S A Dunlop
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective audit of assessor accuracy using the International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI) in three multicentre randomised controlled trials (SCIPA: Spinal Cord Injury and Physical Activity) spanning 2010-2014 with standards revised in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To investigate assessor accuracy of neurological classification after spinal cord injury. SETTING: Australia and New Zealand...
June 20, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631744/traumatic-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-a-prospective-clinical-study-of-laryngeal-penetration-and-aspiration
#6
T Ihalainen, I Rinta-Kiikka, T M Luoto, E A Koskinen, A-M Korpijaakko-Huuhka, A Ronkainen
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: Dysphagia is a relatively common secondary complication in patients with traumatic cervical spinal cord injuries (TCSCI). The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of aspiration and penetration in patients with acute TCSCI. SETTING: Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland. METHODS: A total of 46 patients with TCSCI were evaluated with a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS)...
June 20, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607524/development-of-a-modified-model-of-spinal-cord-ischemia-injury-by-selective-ligation-of-lumbar-arteries-in-rabbits
#7
W Xiao, J Wen, Y-C Huang, B-S Yu
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to develop a modified model of spinal cord ischemia in rabbits. SETTINGS: Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Spine Surgery, Shenzhen, China. METHODS: In total, 20 New Zealand rabbits were divided into the following four groups according to the level of ligation of bilateral lumbar arteries: (1) group A, sham group, no ligation, n=5; (2) group B, ligation of bilateral lumbar arteries at three levels (L2-L4, n=5); (3) group C, ligation of bilateral lumbar arteries at four levels (L2-L5, n=5); and (4) group D, ligation of bilateral lumbar arteries at five levels (L1-L5, n=5)...
June 13, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607523/understanding-cortical-topographical-changes-in-liminally-contractable-muscles-in-sci-importance-of-all-mechanisms-of-neural-dysfunction
#8
K A Potter-Baker, Y-L Lin, E B Plow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607522/agreement-between-fragility-fracture-risk-assessment-algorithms-as-applied-to-adults-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#9
T Cervinka, C L Lynch, L Giangregorio, J D Adachi, A Papaioannou, L Thabane, B C Craven
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to determine and report agreement in fracture risk stratification of adults with spinal cord injury (SCI) using (1) Canadian Association of Radiologists and Osteoporosis Canada (CAROC) and Canadian Fracture Risk Assessment (FRAX) tools with and without areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and (2) SCI-specific fracture thresholds. SETTING: Tertiary rehabilitation center, Ontario, Canada...
June 13, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585558/correlates-of-self-reported-physical-function-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injuries-and-disorders-does-self-efficacy-matter
#10
J N Hill, B Etingen, S Miskevics, S L LaVela
STUDY DESIGN: Data were collected via a cross-sectional mailed survey with Veterans with spinal cord injury and disorders (SCI/D). OBJECTIVES: To examine self-efficacy in Veterans with SCI/D reporting high versus low perceptions of physical function. SETTING: Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Spinal Cord Injury System of Care-nation-wide, 24 Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Centers. METHODS: The survey provided patient-reported data on demographic and injury characteristics, basic mobility and fine motor function, and perceived self-efficacy...
June 6, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585557/pharmacodynamics-and-effectiveness-of-topical-nitroglycerin-at-lowering-blood-pressure-during-autonomic-dysreflexia
#11
R Solinsky, A E Bunnell, T A Linsenmeyer, J N Svircev, A Engle, S P Burns
STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of prospectively collected observational data assessing the safety of an autonomic dysreflexia (AD) management protocol. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the time to onset of action, time to full clinical effect (sustained systolic blood pressure (SBP) <160 mm Hg) and effectiveness of nitroglycerin ointment at lowering blood pressure for patients with spinal cord injuries experiencing AD. SETTING: US Veterans Affairs inpatient spinal cord injury (SCI) unit...
June 6, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555667/the-reliability-of-measuring-wound-undermining-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury
#12
F W A van Asbeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555666/the-use-of-the-neurologic-exam-to-predict-awareness-and-control-of-lower-urinary-tract-function-post-sci
#13
M S Alexander, C Conley, Y Chen, A McLain
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether T11-L2 sensation is significantly associated with perception of bladder filling and whether S3-S5 sensation is significantly associated with potential for voluntary voiding after spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Alabama, United States. METHODS: A total of 79 men and women with SCI, and 40 able-bodied (AB) subjects, ages 19-60, seen in an outpatient academic medical center clinic, underwent International Standards for Neurological Classification of SCI (ISNCSCI) assessment along with urodynamic testing to assess lower urinary tract (LUT) function...
May 30, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555665/international-spinal-cord-injury-core-data-set-version-2-0-including-standardization-of-reporting
#14
F Biering-Sørensen, M J DeVivo, S Charlifue, Y Chen, P W New, V Noonan, M W M Post, L Vogel
STUDY DESIGN: The study design includes expert opinion, feedback, revisions and final consensus. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to present the new knowledge obtained since the International Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Core Data Set (Version 1.0) published in 2006, and describe the adjustments made in Version 2.0, including standardization of data reporting. SETTING: International. METHODS: Comments received from the SCI community were discussed in a working group (WG); suggestions from the WG were reviewed and revisions were made...
May 30, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555664/the-association-between-injustice-perception-and-psychological-outcomes-in-an-inpatient-spinal-cord-injury-sample-the-mediating-effects-of-anger
#15
Z Trost, W Scott, M T Buelow, L Nowlin, B Turan, A Boals, K R Monden
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study design involving completion of self-report measures. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between perceived injustice, post-traumatic stress symptoms and depression in a sample of individuals receiving inpatient rehabilitation care following hospitalization for acute spinal cord injury (SCI), as well as the mediating role of anger variables. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation program in a large urban city in the Southwestern United States...
May 30, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555663/comparison-of-three-methods-of-penile-vibratory-stimulation-for-semen-retrieval-in-men-with-spinal-cord-injury
#16
W Chong, E Ibrahim, T C Aballa, C M Lynne, N L Brackett
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, three-way crossover design. OBJECTIVE: Penile vibratory stimulation (PVS) is recommended as the first line of treatment for semen retrieval in anejaculatory men with spinal cord injury (SCI). This study compared ejaculatory success rates and patient preference for three methods of PVS within the same group of men with SCI. SETTING: Major medical university. METHODS: Fifteen men with SCI each received three methods of PVS...
May 30, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555662/event-centrality-as-a-unique-predictor-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-perceived-disability-following-spinal-cord-injury
#17
A Boals, Z Trost, D Berntsen, L Nowlin, T Wheelis, K R Monden
STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study involving completion of self-report measures. OBJECTIVES: Individuals who acquire a spinal cord injury (SCI) face numerous physical and psychological challenges, with the former receiving considerable less attention during the rehabilitation process. In this article, we examined event centrality as a unique predictor of psychological outcomes in a sample of individuals receiving rehabilitation for SCI. Event centrality refers to the extent to which individuals construe a stressful experience as a core part of their identity...
May 30, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555661/risk-factors-for-severe-dysphagia-in-acute-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#18
T Hayashi, Y Fujiwara, H Sakai, T Maeda, T Ueta, K Shiba
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, consecutive case series. OBJECTIVES: The relationship between dysphagia and acute cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) has been recently reported; however, the cause and mechanism of dysphagia are still not well understood. No definitive factors have yet been established according to multivariate analysis. The objective is to elucidate the incidence and risk factors of dysphagia in patients with acute CSCI. SETTING: Spinal Injuries Center, Fukuoka, Japan...
May 30, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534498/estimating-the-basal-metabolic-rate-from-fat-free-mass-in-individuals-with-motor-complete-spinal-cord-injury
#19
S M Chun, H-R Kim, H I Shin
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to validate the existing basal metabolic rate (BMR) predictive equations that include fat free mass (FFM) as an independent variable and, based on the FFM assessment, to develop a new SCI population-specific equation. SETTING: Outpatient clinic in a general hospital. METHODS: Our study group was formed of 50 individuals with chronic motor complete SCI: 27 patients with tetraplegia and 23 with paraplegia...
May 23, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534497/a-comparative-study-of-two-protocols-for-treadmill-walking-exercise-testing-in-ambulating-subjects-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#20
E Lundgaard, M F Wouda, V Strøm
STUDY DESIGN: This is a comparative study of two exercise testing protocols. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) and achieved criteria for maximal exercise testing between the Sunnaas Protocol-a newly designed treadmill exercise test protocol-and the Modified Bruce Protocol in persons with incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: This study was conducted in Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital, Norway...
May 23, 2017: Spinal Cord
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