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Spinal Cord

Anastasia V Keller, Kathlene M Rees, Erik J Seibt, B Danni Wood, Abigail D Wade, Johnny Morehouse, Alice Shum-Siu, David S K Magnuson
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental Study. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the specific hindlimb electromyographic (EMG) patterns in response to muscle stretch and to measure the applied forces during stretching in the rat model of moderate SCI. SETTING: Kentucky Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Louisville, KY, USA. METHODS: Female Sprague Dawley rats (n = 4) were instrumented for telemetry-based EMG recording (right rectus femoris and biceps femoris) and received a moderate T10 spinal cord injury (SCI)...
February 19, 2018: Spinal Cord
Gordana Savic, Hans L Frankel, Mohamed Ali Jamous, Bakulesh M Soni, Susan Charlifue
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational. AIM: The aim of this study was to analyse changes in bladder and bowel management methods in persons with long-standing spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Two spinal centres in UK. METHOD: Data were collected through interviews and examinations between 1990 and 2010 in a sample of persons injured more than 20 years prior to 1990. RESULTS: For the 85 participants who completed the 2010 follow-up, the mean age was 67...
February 16, 2018: Spinal Cord
Maria Auxiliadora Marquez, Rita De Santis, Viviana Ammendola, Martina Antonacci, Valter Santilli, Anna Berardi, Donatella Valente, Giovanni Galeoto
STUDY DESIGN: Psychometrics study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop an Italian version of the Spinal Cord Injury-Falls Concern Scale (SCI-FCS) and examine its reliability and validity. SETTING: Multicenter study in spinal units in Northern and Southern Italy. The scale also was administered to non-hospitalized outpatient clinic patients. METHODS: The original scale was translated from English to Italian using the "Translation and Cultural Adaptation of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measures" guidelines...
February 15, 2018: Spinal Cord
Michael J DeVivo, Gordana Savic, Hans L Frankel, Mohamed Ali Jamous, Bakulesh M Soni, Susan Charlifue, James W Middleton, John Walsh
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational. OBJECTIVES: To compare results of several different methods for calculating life expectancy in the same sample of people with spinal cord injury (SCI), and critically assess their advantages and disadvantages. SETTING: Two spinal centres in Great Britain. METHODS: Survival status of persons with traumatic SCI injured between 1943 and 2010 with follow-up to 2015 was determined...
February 12, 2018: Spinal Cord
Yanbo Wang, Haixia Xie, Xudong Zhao
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalences of three psychological morbidities (posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression) and two positive psychological outcomes (resilience and posttraumatic growth) in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). To examine the relationships between the five aforementioned variables and to determine the predictors of the three psychological morbidities. SETTING: Shanghai Sunshine Rehabilitation Center, Mainland China...
February 9, 2018: Spinal Cord
Maziah Mat Rosly, Mark Halaki, Nazirah Hasnan, Hadi Mat Rosly, Glen M Davis, Ruby Husain
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: An epidemiological study describing leisure time physical activities (LTPA) and the associations of barriers, sociodemographic and injury characteristics to moderate-vigorous aerobic exercise participation among individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) in a developing Southeast Asian country. SETTING: SCI community in Malaysia. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 70 participants with SCI...
February 6, 2018: Spinal Cord
Amiram Catz, Luigi Tesio, Yoav Benjamini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: Spinal Cord
John Steeves, Armin Curt, Munish Mehra, Rüdiger Rupp, Andrew Blight, Doris Maier, Linda Jones, Daniel Lammertse, Rainer Abel, Steven Kirshblum, Norbert Weidner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: Spinal Cord
Martin Kreutzträger, Heiko Voss, Anke Scheel-Sailer, Thomas Liebscher
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To describe outcomes, risk factors for complications, and relapse rates associated with the multimodal treatment approach for deep pressure ulcers (PUs) grade IV for the ischium, trochanter major, and sacral regions of patients with traumatic and non-traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: The settings comprised two spinal cord units within a maximum care hospital. The treatment of all patients followed the modified interdisciplinary "Basler treatment concept"...
January 31, 2018: Spinal Cord
Ross A Atkinson, Nicky A Cullum
STUDY DESIGN: Narrative review. OBJECTIVES: Pressure ulcers are a common complication in people with reduced sensation and limited mobility, occurring frequently in those who have sustained spinal cord injury. This narrative review summarises the evidence relating to interventions for the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers, in particular from Cochrane systematic reviews. It also aims to highlight the degree to which people with spinal cord injury have been included as participants in randomised controlled trials included in Cochrane reviews of such interventions...
January 25, 2018: Spinal Cord
Patricia B Mills, Alok P Vakil, Cassidy Phillips, Lawrence Kei, Brian K Kwon
STUDY DESIGN: Psychometric study. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of the Penn Spasm Frequency Scale (PSFS) in people with chronic traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Community setting. METHODS: Participants with chronic traumatic SCI were administered the PSFS, a self-reported spasticity measure in which the individual documents the frequency (Part 1) and severity (Part 2) of their muscle spasms...
January 25, 2018: Spinal Cord
Jeanette Melin, Lars-Olof Persson, Charles Taft, Margareta Kreuter
STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative method, semi-structured interviews. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to explore the meaning of patient participation from the perspective of staff members working with spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation, and what they saw as requisites for and constraints to patient participation. SETTING: Swedish spinal injury unit. METHODS: Interviews with 13 staff members at a spinal unit were conducted individually and analyzed by means of content analysis...
January 24, 2018: Spinal Cord
J Mehrholz, L A Harvey, S Thomas, B Elsner
The original article can be found online at .
January 24, 2018: Spinal Cord
Y Kentar, R Zastrow, H Bradley, M Brunner, W Pepke, T Bruckner, P Raiss, A Hug, H Almansour, M Akbar
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, patterns, and predictors of musculoskeletal pain in the upper extremity joints among wheelchair-dependent individuals with post-traumatic paraplegia. Secondarily, to document most common reported causes of upper extremity pain. SETTING: Centre for Orthopaedics, Trauma Surgery and Spinal Cord Injury, Germany. METHODS: The study was done by means of a structured questionnaire, which was mailed to the individuals who had been treated between 1990 and 2007 for newly sustained or pre-existing, accident-related paraplegia (n = 670)...
January 24, 2018: Spinal Cord
Brittany N Hand, James S Krause, Kit N Simpson
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective quasi-experimental design. OBJECTIVES: To compare the incidence of adverse drug events (ADEs) between persons with and without spinal cord injury (SCI), while controlling for all potential and available risk factors. SETTING: A commercially available claims dataset consisting of ~170 million patient cases in the United States between 2012 and 2013. METHODS: Participants (aged 18-64 years) included 2779 persons with polypharmacy and traumatic or non-traumatic SCI and 2779 propensity score-matched persons with polypharmacy without SCI...
January 23, 2018: Spinal Cord
Ines Bersch, Sabrina Koch-Borner, Jan Fridén
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective data analysis OBJECTIVES: To define the distribution of the motor points and excitability of the key wrist and finger actuators in order to detect upper (UMN) and lower motor neuron (LMN) lesions potentially influencing the development of a tenodesis grasp. SETTING: A rehabilitation centre for spinal cord injuries, Nottwil, Switzerland. METHODS: Forearm muscles of 32 patients with tetraplegia (AIS A-D) were tested bilaterally with electrical stimulation (ES) to differentiate whether UMN or LMN was present...
January 22, 2018: Spinal Cord
K van den Borne, I Brands, D Spijkerman, J J E Adriaansen, K Postma, H J G van den Berg-Emons
STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter  cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of parenthood in long-term wheelchair-dependent persons who sustained a spinal cord injury (SCI) during their reproductive years. Secondary aims were to (1) explore patient-specific and disease-related factors associated with parenthood after SCI; and (2) quantify fertility aids used by men with SCI. SETTING: Eight specialized SCI rehabilitation centers in the Netherlands...
January 19, 2018: Spinal Cord
Sean M Tweedy, Emma M Beckman, Mark J Connick, Timothy J Geraghty, Daniel Theisen, Claudio Perret, Walter R Thompson, Yves C Vanlandewijck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: Spinal Cord
Siamak Sabour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: Spinal Cord
Didem Erdem, Selmin Gülbahar, Pembe Keskinoğlu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: Spinal Cord
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