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Spinal Cord

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418396/essential-gains-and-health-after-upper-limb-tetraplegia-surgery-identified-by-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf
#1
L Bunketorp-Käll, C Reinholdt, J Fridén, J Wangdell
STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire-based survey. OBJECTIVES: To describe functional gains and health following upper-limb tetraplegia surgery using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a reference and to explore interconnections across different dimensions of functioning and health. SETTING: A specialized center for advanced reconstruction of extremities at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden...
April 18, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418395/an-analysis-of-ideal-and-actual-time-to-surgery-after-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-canada
#2
R A Glennie, C S Bailey, E C Tsai, V K Noonan, C S Rivers, D R Fourney, H Ahn, B K Kwon, J Paquet, B Drew, M G Fehlings, N Attabib, S D Christie, J Finkelstein, R J Hurlbert, S Parent, M F Dvorak
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a prospective registry and surgeon survey. OBJECTIVES: To identify surgeon opinion on ideal practice regarding the timing of decompression/stabilization for spinal cord injury and actual practice. Discrepancies in surgical timing and barriers to ideal timing of surgery were explored. SETTING: Canada. METHODS: Patients from the Rick Hansen Spinal Cord Registry (RHSCIR, 2004-2014) were reviewed to determine actual timing of surgical management...
April 18, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398301/expression-of-autophagy-in-different-stages-of-neurogenic-bladder-after-spinal-cord-injury-in-rats
#3
F-S Zeng, L Zhang, B-J Cui, L-G Huang, Q Zhang, M Sun, B-L Liu, F Meng, Q Li, D-Q Wang, Q-S Sun
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the expression of autophagy in different stages of the neurogenic bladder after spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. SETTING: Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, China. METHODS: A total of 36 Wistar rats were divided into the SCI and control groups. In total, six animals were killed and sampled from each group at 1, 4 and 14 days after surgery of T10-T11 level...
April 11, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398300/is-body-weight-supported-treadmill-training-or-robotic-assisted-gait-training-superior-to-overground-gait-training-and-other-forms-of-physiotherapy-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
J Mehrholz, L A Harvey, S Thomas, B Elsner
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review about randomised trials comparing different training strategies to improve gait in people with spinal cord injuries (SCI). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to compare the effectiveness of body-weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT) and robotic-assisted gait training with overground gait training and other forms of physiotherapy in people with traumatic SCI. SETTING: Systematic review conducted by researchers from Germany and Australia...
April 11, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374812/the-effect-of-blood-volume-and-volume-loading-on-left-ventricular-diastolic-function-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#5
H Sharif, L Wainman, D O'Leary, D Ditor
STUDY DESIGN: Cohort Study (Prospective Observational Study). OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were (i) to examine left ventricular (LV) diastolic function at rest and during rapid saline infusion in those with spinal cord injury (SCI) and (ii) to determine the contribution of blood volume on the purported diastolic impairments in individuals with SCI. SETTINGS: St Catharines, ON, Canada. METHODS: Thirteen SCI (AIS:A-D; C4-T6; age: 41±8...
April 4, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374811/active-rehabilitation-a-community-peer-based-approach-for-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-international-utilisation-of-key-elements
#6
A Divanoglou, T Tasiemski, M Augutis, K Trok
INTRODUCTION: Active Rehabilitation (AR) is a community peer-based approach that started in Sweden in 1976. As a key component of the approach, AR training camps provide intensive, goal-oriented, intentional, group-based, customised training and peer-support opportunities in a community environment for individuals with spinal cord injury. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the profile of the organisations that use components of the AR approach, and to explore the characteristics and the international variations of the approach...
April 4, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374810/risk-factors-in-iatrogenic-spinal-cord-injury
#7
A Montalva-Iborra, M Alcanyis-Alberola, C Grao-Castellote, F Torralba-Collados, M Giner-Pascual
STUDY DESIGN: In the last years, there has been a change in the aetiology of spinal cord injury. There has been an increase in the number of elderly patients with spinal cord injuries caused by diseases or medical procedures. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the frequency of the occurrence of iatrogenic spinal cord injury in our unit. The secondary aim is to study what variables can be associated with a higher risk of iatrogenesis. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive, observational study of patients with acute spinal cord injury admitted from June 2009 to May 2014 was conducted...
April 4, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374809/energy-expenditure-in-people-with-motor-complete-paraplegia
#8
T Holmlund, E Ekblom-Bak, E Franzén, C Hultling, L Nilsson Wikmar, K Wahman
STUDY DESIGN: The present descriptive clinical and laboratory study is cross-sectional in design. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim is to describe and compare resting energy expenditure (REE) and energy expenditure (EE) during different standardized sedentary, non-exercise and exercise activities in people with motor-complete paraplegia (Th7 to Th12.). A secondary aim was to compare men and women. METHODS: Thirty-eight adults (10 women) with SCI, T7-T12 AIS A-B, were recruited...
April 4, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322242/psychological-distress-and-user-experiences-with-health-care-provision-in-persons-living-with-spinal-cord-injury-for-more-than-20-years
#9
V M Jakimovska, E Kostovski, F Biering-Sørensen, I B Lidal
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional and retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: To gain more insight into the long-term health status in persons with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI), especially perceived psychological distress as well as self-reports of utilization of healthcare services. SETTING: Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital, Norway. METHODS: In total, 147 persons with SCI were examined for more than 20 years and interviewed (in 2004/2005) using a self-administrated questionnaire and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-20)...
March 21, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322241/leisure-time-physical-activity-among-older-adults-with-long-term-spinal-cord-injury
#10
S Jörgensen, K A Martin Ginis, J Lexell
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: To describe participation in leisure time physical activity (LTPA) (amount, intensity and type) among older adults with long-term spinal cord injury (SCI), and to investigate the associations with sociodemographics, injury characteristics and secondary health conditions (SHCs). SETTING: Home settings in southern Sweden. METHODS: Data from the Swedish Aging with Spinal Cord Injury Study (SASCIS)...
March 21, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322240/international-spinal-cord-injury-endocrine-and-metabolic-extended-data-set
#11
W A Bauman, J M Wecht, F Biering-Sørensen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop the International Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Endocrine and Metabolic Extended Data Set (ISCIEMEDS) within the framework of the International SCI Data Sets that would facilitate consistent collection and reporting of endocrine and metabolic findings in the SCI population. SETTING: This study was conducted in an international setting. METHODS: The ISCIEMEDS was developed by a working group...
March 21, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322239/spinal-cord-ability-ruler-an-interval-scale-to-measure-volitional-performance-after-spinal-cord-injury
#12
R Reed, M Mehra, S Kirshblum, D Maier, D Lammertse, A Blight, R Rupp, L Jones, R Abel, N Weidner, A Curt, J Steeves
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective statistical analysis of database. OBJECTIVE: Spinal cord injury (SCI) clinical trials are challenged to enroll participants, and early trial outcomes have often been equivocal. We hypothesized that a specifically designed novel true linear interval-scaled outcome measure targeted to simultaneously track a broad range of SCI will enable more inclusive enrollment of participants and valid comparisons of functional changes after SCI. METHODS: To define a single SCI measurement framework, we used items from existing measures...
March 21, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290470/descriptive-study-of-earthquake-related-spinal-cord-injury-in-nepal
#13
C C Groves, M K Poudel, M Baniya, C Rana, D R House
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiological features of spinal cord injury (SCI) following the 2015 earthquakes in Nepal. SETTING: Spinal Injury Rehabilitation Centre, Kavre, Nepal. METHODS: Data were collected from the medical records of all earthquake-related patients seen from 25 April 2015 through to 16 June 2016. Data collected included patient demographics, mechanism of injury, initial medical treatment, neurological assessment, complications, neurological/functional outcomes and length of stay...
March 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290469/longitudinal-employment-outcomes-of-an-early-intervention-vocational-rehabilitation-service-for-people-admitted-to-rehabilitation-with-a-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#14
G Hilton, C A Unsworth, G C Murphy, M Browne, J Olver
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort design. OBJECTIVES: First, to explore the longitudinal outcomes for people who received early intervention vocational rehabilitation (EIVR); second, to examine the nature and extent of relationships between contextual factors and employment outcomes over time. SETTING: Both inpatient and community-based clients of a Spinal Community Integration Service (SCIS). METHODS: People of workforce age undergoing inpatient rehabilitation for traumatic spinal cord injury were invited to participate in EIVR as part of SCIS...
March 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290468/ageing-with-neurogenic-bowel-dysfunction
#15
S D Nielsen, P M Faaborg, N B Finnerup, P Christensen, K Krogh
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal study with postal survey. OBJECTIVES: To describe changes in the patterns of neurogenic bowel dysfunction and bowel management in a population of people with spinal cord injury (SCI) followed for two decades. SETTING: Members of the Danish SCI Association. METHODS: In 1996, a validated questionnaire on bowel function was sent to the members of the Danish SCI Association (n=589). The same questionnaire was sent to all the surviving members in 2006 (n=284) and in 2015 (n=178)...
March 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290467/long-term-survival-after-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-a-70-year-british-study
#16
G Savic, M J DeVivo, H L Frankel, M A Jamous, B M Soni, S Charlifue
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective and prospective observational. OBJECTIVES: Analyse long-term survival after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) in Great Britain over the 70-year study period, identify mortality risk factors and estimate current life expectancy. SETTING: Two spinal centres in Great Britain. METHODS: The sample consisted of patients with traumatic SCI injured 1943-2010 who survived the first year post-injury, had residual neurological deficit on discharge and were British residents...
March 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290466/incidence-of-acute-spinal-cord-injury-in-the-czech-republic-a-prospective-epidemiological-study-2006-2015
#17
J Kriz, M Kulakovska, H Davidova, M Silova, A Kobesova
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. OBJECTIVES: Analysis of epidemiological data about acute spinal cord injury (SCI) in the Czech Republic over a period of 10 years (2006-2015). METHODS: A data collection system was implemented in the rehabilitation centres which provides care to patients with acute SCI in the Czech Republic. The recorded variables are as follows: age at time of SCI; gender; cause of injury; neurological level of injury (NLI); and its severity (ASIA Impairment Scale (AIS))...
March 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244504/ambulatory-function-in-motor-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study-of-spinal-cord-edema-and-lower-extremity-muscle-morphometry
#18
A C Smith, K A Weber, T B Parrish, T G Hornby, V M Tysseling, J G McPherson, M Wasielewski, J M Elliott
STUDY DESIGN: This research utilized a cross-sectional design. OBJECTIVES: Spinal cord edema length has been measured with T2-weighted sagittal MRI to predict motor recovery following spinal cord injury. The purpose of our study was to establish the correlational value of axial spinal cord edema using T2-weighted MRI. We hypothesized a direct relationship between the size of damage on axial MRI and walking ability, motor function and distal muscle changes seen in motor incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI)...
February 28, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244503/validation-of-the-instrumented-evaluation-of-spatio-temporal-gait-parameters-in-patients-with-motor-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#19
A I Pérez-Sanpablo, J Quinzaños-Fresnedo, R Loera-Cruz, I Quiñones-Uriostegui, G R Reyes, R Pérez-Zavala
STUDY DESIGN: Observational, descriptive, transversal. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the validity and reliability of spatio-temporal gait parameters measured by GaitRite in motor incomplete spinal cord-injured (SCI) patients. SETTING: National Institute of Rehabilitation, Mexico city. METHODS: 23 motor subacute and chronic incomplete SCI American Spinal Cord Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) D subjects were measured...
February 28, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244502/rasch-analysis-of-alcohol-abuse-and-dependence-diagnostic-criteria-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury
#20
S Reslan, C Z Kalpakjian, R A Hanks, S R Millis, C H Bombardier
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to examine whether alcohol use disorders should be conceptualized categorically as abuse and dependence as in the 'Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders' 4th edition or on a single continuum with mild to severe category ratings as in the 'Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders' 5th edition in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: United States of America...
February 28, 2017: Spinal Cord
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