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Spinal Cord

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534498/estimating-the-basal-metabolic-rate-from-fat-free-mass-in-individuals-with-motor-complete-spinal-cord-injury
#1
S M Chun, H-R Kim, H I Shin
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to validate the existing basal metabolic rate (BMR) predictive equations that include fat free mass (FFM) as an independent variable and, based on the FFM assessment, to develop a new SCI population-specific equation. SETTING: Outpatient clinic in a general hospital. METHODS: Our study group was formed of 50 individuals with chronic motor complete SCI: 27 patients with tetraplegia and 23 with paraplegia...
May 23, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534497/a-comparative-study-of-two-protocols-for-treadmill-walking-exercise-testing-in-ambulating-subjects-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#2
E Lundgaard, M F Wouda, V Strøm
STUDY DESIGN: This is a comparative study of two exercise testing protocols. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) and achieved criteria for maximal exercise testing between the Sunnaas Protocol-a newly designed treadmill exercise test protocol-and the Modified Bruce Protocol in persons with incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: This study was conducted in Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital, Norway...
May 23, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534496/definitions-of-traumatic-conus-medullaris-and-cauda-equina-syndrome-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
E Brouwers, H van de Meent, A Curt, B Starremans, A Hosman, R Bartels
STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review. OBJECTIVES: Conus medullaris syndrome (CMS) and cauda equina syndrome (CES) are well-known neurological entities. It is assumed that these syndromes are different regarding neurological and functional prognosis. However, literature concerning spinal trauma is ambiguous about the exact definition of the syndromes. METHODS: A MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane literature search was performed. We included original articles in which clinical descriptions of CMS and/or CES were mentioned in patients following trauma to the thoracolumbar spine...
May 23, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508890/attentional-requirements-of-postural-control-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-the-effect-of-dual-task
#4
C M Tse, M G Carpenter, T Liu-Ambrose, A E Chisholm, T Lam
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the attentional requirements for maintaining standing balance in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) using a dual-task paradigm and to compare standing balance performance between SCI and able-bodied (AB) controls. SETTING: LaboratoryMethods:Nine adults with incomplete SCI, who were able to stand unassisted were recruited, along with eight AB controls. Subjects performed a dual task involving counting backwards by 3 s out loud while standing with eyes open or closed...
May 16, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508889/influence-of-bladder-lithiasis-on-lower-urinary-tract-dynamics-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#5
M Vírseda-Chamorro, J Salinas-Casado, Á Barroso-Manso, P Gutiérrez-Martín, M E Fuertes
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective and a case-matched control study. OBJECTIVES: To study the lower urinary tract dysfunction associated with bladder lithiasis in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Toledo (Spain). METHODS: We have carried out a urodynamic study in 30 patients with SCI with lithiasis in their bladder before and 3 months after bladder endoscopic lithotripsy. This second study was compared with the urodynamic findings of a different group of 30 patients with SCI, without a history of bladder lithiasis, paired with cases by gender and date of urodynamic study...
May 16, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508888/association-among-practice-frequency-on-depression-and-stress-among-competitive-us-male-wheelchair-rugby-athletes-with-tetraplegia
#6
S L Silveira, T Ledoux, M Cottingham, D C Hernandez
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether frequency of training is related to self-reported lower psychological distress, defined as depressive symptomology and perceived stress, among the US male wheelchair rugby athletes with tetraplegia. SETTING: United States. METHODS: Survey data were collected on a convenience sample at wheelchair rugby tournaments from January-April 2016. Participants self-reported depressive symptomology (CES-D-10), perceived stress scale (PSS), and frequency of rugby practice...
May 16, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485386/monitoring-rate-and-predictability-of-intraoperative-monitoring-in-patients-with-intradural-extramedullary-and-epidural-metastatic-spinal-tumors
#7
H Kang, H S Gwak, S H Shin, M K Woo, I H Jeong, H Yoo, J W Kwon, S H Lee
STUDY DESIGN: Single-center retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the monitoring rate, sensitivity and specificity of intraoperative monitoring (IOM) during removal of intradural extramedullary (IDEM) or epidural metastatic spinal tumors. Also, to assess the efficacy of monitoring somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEP) when motor-evoked potentials (MEP) are not measurable. SETTING: The Neuro-Oncology Clinic, National Cancer Center, Korea...
May 9, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485385/posttraumatic-stress-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review-of-risk-and-vulnerability-factors
#8
REVIEW
K Pollock, D Dorstyn, L Butt, S Prentice
OBJECTIVES: To summarise quantitatively the available evidence relating to pretraumatic, peritraumatic and posttraumatic characteristics that may increase or decrease the risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following spinal cord injury (SCI). STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: Seventeen studies were identified from the PubMed, PsycInfo, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL, Web of Science and PILOTS databases. Effect size estimates (r) with associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs), P-values and fail-safe Ns were calculated...
May 9, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485384/reliability-of-the-modified-ashworth-scale-and-modified-tardieu-scale-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injuries
#9
P Akpinar, A Atici, F U Ozkan, I Aktas, D G Kulcu, A Sarı, B Durmus
STUDY DESIGN: Psychometrics study. OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability of the Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS) and Modified Tardieu Scale (MTS) in patients with spinal cord injuries (SCIs). SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation clinics at two state hospitals. METHODS: The study included 65 participants aged between 18 and 88 years with SCI with spasticity. All participants were at least 6 months after injury and had an American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale grade of A-D...
May 9, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485383/validity-of-one-repetition-maximum-predictive-equations-in-men-with-spinal-cord-injury
#10
F Ribeiro Neto, P Guanais, E Dornelas, A C B Coutinho, R R G Costa
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed (a) to test the cross-validation of current one-repetition maximum (1RM) predictive equations in men with spinal cord injury (SCI); (b) to compare the current 1RM predictive equations to a newly developed equation based on the 4- to 12-repetition maximum test (4-12RM). SETTING: SARAH Rehabilitation Hospital Network, Brasilia, Brazil. METHODS: Forty-five men aged 28...
May 9, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462934/health-care-utilization-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-part-2-determinants-geographic-variation-and-comparison-with-the-general-population
#11
E Ronca, A Scheel-Sailer, H G Koch, A Gemperli
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. OBJECTIVES: To investigate annual rates and geographic variation of health care utilization in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI), and to identify factors associated with health care utilization. SETTING: Community setting, entire country of Switzerland. METHODS: Annual rates of planned and emergency visits to the general practitioner (GP), planned and emergency outpatient clinic visits and in-patient hospitalizations were compared between individuals with chronic SCI, over 16 years of age residing in Switzerland between late 2011 and early 2013 and a population sample (2012) of the Swiss general population...
May 2, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462933/depressive-mood-in-adults-with-spinal-cord-injury-as-they-transition-from-an-inpatient-to-a-community-setting-secondary-analyses-from-a-clinical-trial
#12
A Craig, R Guest, Y Tran, J Middleton
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort controlled trial design. OBJECTIVES: (i) To investigate mood benefits of adding group cognitive behaviour therapy (group-CBT) to standard spinal cord injury (SCI) inpatient rehabilitation (SR) that included access to antidepressant medication and individually delivered CBT on demand. (ii) To determine whether those with elevated depressive mood during inpatient rehabilitation significantly improve. SETTING: SCI rehabilitation and community settings in New South Wales, Australia...
May 2, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462932/health-care-utilization-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-part-1-outpatient-services
#13
A Gemperli, E Ronca, A Scheel-Sailer, H G Koch, M Brach, B Trezzini
STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to identify the care-seeking behavior of persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) with respect to the various health care providers and ascertain circumstances that lead to situations where required care was not received. SETTING: This study was conducted in the entire country of Switzerland. METHODS: Statistical analysis of frequency of annual visits to health care providers by 17 specialties, and description of situations where health care was required but not received, in persons with chronic SCI living in the community...
May 2, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418396/essential-gains-and-health-after-upper-limb-tetraplegia-surgery-identified-by-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf
#14
L Bunketorp-Käll, C Reinholdt, J Fridén, J Wangdell
STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire-based survey. OBJECTIVES: To describe functional gains and health following upper-limb tetraplegia surgery using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a reference and to explore interconnections across different dimensions of functioning and health. SETTING: A specialized center for advanced reconstruction of extremities at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden...
April 18, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418395/an-analysis-of-ideal-and-actual-time-to-surgery-after-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-canada
#15
R A Glennie, C S Bailey, E C Tsai, V K Noonan, C S Rivers, D R Fourney, H Ahn, B K Kwon, J Paquet, B Drew, M G Fehlings, N Attabib, S D Christie, J Finkelstein, R J Hurlbert, S Parent, M F Dvorak
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a prospective registry and surgeon survey. OBJECTIVES: To identify surgeon opinion on ideal practice regarding the timing of decompression/stabilization for spinal cord injury and actual practice. Discrepancies in surgical timing and barriers to ideal timing of surgery were explored. SETTING: Canada. METHODS: Patients from the Rick Hansen Spinal Cord Registry (RHSCIR, 2004-2014) were reviewed to determine actual timing of surgical management...
April 18, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398301/expression-of-autophagy-in-different-stages-of-neurogenic-bladder-after-spinal-cord-injury-in-rats
#16
F-S Zeng, L Zhang, B-J Cui, L-G Huang, Q Zhang, M Sun, B-L Liu, F Meng, Q Li, D-Q Wang, Q-S Sun
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the expression of autophagy in different stages of the neurogenic bladder after spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. SETTING: Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, China. METHODS: A total of 36 Wistar rats were divided into the SCI and control groups. In total, six animals were killed and sampled from each group at 1, 4 and 14 days after surgery of T10-T11 level...
April 11, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398300/is-body-weight-supported-treadmill-training-or-robotic-assisted-gait-training-superior-to-overground-gait-training-and-other-forms-of-physiotherapy-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
J Mehrholz, L A Harvey, S Thomas, B Elsner
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review about randomised trials comparing different training strategies to improve gait in people with spinal cord injuries (SCI). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to compare the effectiveness of body-weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT) and robotic-assisted gait training with overground gait training and other forms of physiotherapy in people with traumatic SCI. SETTING: Systematic review conducted by researchers from Germany and Australia...
April 11, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374812/the-effect-of-blood-volume-and-volume-loading-on-left-ventricular-diastolic-function-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#18
H Sharif, L Wainman, D O'Leary, D Ditor
STUDY DESIGN: Cohort Study (Prospective Observational Study). OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were (i) to examine left ventricular (LV) diastolic function at rest and during rapid saline infusion in those with spinal cord injury (SCI) and (ii) to determine the contribution of blood volume on the purported diastolic impairments in individuals with SCI. SETTINGS: St Catharines, ON, Canada. METHODS: Thirteen SCI (AIS:A-D; C4-T6; age: 41±8...
April 4, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374811/active-rehabilitation-a-community-peer-based-approach-for-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-international-utilisation-of-key-elements
#19
A Divanoglou, T Tasiemski, M Augutis, K Trok
INTRODUCTION: Active Rehabilitation (AR) is a community peer-based approach that started in Sweden in 1976. As a key component of the approach, AR training camps provide intensive, goal-oriented, intentional, group-based, customised training and peer-support opportunities in a community environment for individuals with spinal cord injury. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the profile of the organisations that use components of the AR approach, and to explore the characteristics and the international variations of the approach...
April 4, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374810/risk-factors-in-iatrogenic-spinal-cord-injury
#20
A Montalva-Iborra, M Alcanyis-Alberola, C Grao-Castellote, F Torralba-Collados, M Giner-Pascual
STUDY DESIGN: In the last years, there has been a change in the aetiology of spinal cord injury. There has been an increase in the number of elderly patients with spinal cord injuries caused by diseases or medical procedures. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the frequency of the occurrence of iatrogenic spinal cord injury in our unit. The secondary aim is to study what variables can be associated with a higher risk of iatrogenesis. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive, observational study of patients with acute spinal cord injury admitted from June 2009 to May 2014 was conducted...
April 4, 2017: Spinal Cord
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