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Spinal Cord

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789707/the-natural-course-of-passive-tenodesis-grip-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-with-preserved-wrist-extension-power-but-paralyzed-fingers-and-thumbs
#1
Hae Yoon Jung, Jieun Lee, Hyung Ik Shin
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the natural course of passive tenodesis grip in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) with no experience of tenodesis splint application and the related factors for success of the grip. SETTING: Community-dwelling persons with chronic SCI in South Korea. METHODS: Individuals with cervical SCI with preserved wrist extensor power, but completely paralyzed fingers and thumbs, were recruited...
May 22, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789706/short-segment-transverse-myelitis-lesions-in-a-cohort-of-latin-american-patients-with-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorders
#2
Edgar Carnero Contentti, Vanessa Daccach Marques, Ibis Soto de Castillo, Verónica Tkachuk, Amilton Antunes Barreira, Elizabeth Armas, Edson Chiganer, Camila de Aquino Cruz, José Luis Di Pace, Javier Pablo Hryb, Carolina Lavigne Moreira, Carmen Lessa, Omaira Molina, Mónica Perassolo, Arnoldo Soto, Alejandro Caride
STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to determine the frequency and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of short-segment transverse myelitis (STM) in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) during a myelitis attack. SETTING: Latin American diagnostic centres (Neuroimmunology Unit). A multicenter study from Argentina, Brazil and Venezuela was performed. METHODS: Seventy-six patients with NMOSD were included...
May 22, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789705/the-short-term-effect-of-ultrasound-and-peripheral-nerve-stimulator-guided-femoral-nerve-block-with-phenol-on-the-outcomes-of-patients-with-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#3
Yasin Demir, Ayça Uran Şan, Serdar Kesikburun, Evren Yaşar, Bilge Yılmaz
STUDY DESIGN: A pre-post descriptive study. OBJECTIVES: To examine the immediate effects of ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block with phenol (UGFNBwP) in managing the lower limb spasticity of individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Ankara, Turkey. METHODS: Nineteen patients with traumatic SCI presenting with lower extremity spasticity were treated with UGFNBwP. Modified Ashworth Scale of hip flexion and knee extension, functional independence measure motor subscale, difficulty of catheterization, hygiene score, spasm frequency, sleep quality, and patient satisfaction (PS) were measured in all patients prior to treatment, in the first week and second month...
May 22, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700477/lower-extremity-outcome-measures-considerations-for-clinical-trials-in-spinal-cord-injury
#4
REVIEW
Marc Bolliger, Andrew R Blight, Edelle C Field-Fote, Kristin Musselman, Serge Rossignol, Dorothy Barthélemy, Laurent Bouyer, Milos R Popovic, Jan M Schwab, Michael L Boninger, Keith E Tansey, Giorgio Scivoletto, Naomi Kleitman, Linda A T Jones, Dany H Gagnon, Sylvie Nadeau, Dirk Haupt, Lea Awai, Chris S Easthope, Björn Zörner, Ruediger Rupp, Dan Lammertse, Armin Curt, John Steeves
STUDY DESIGN: This is a focused review article. OBJECTIVES: To identify important concepts in lower extremity (LE) assessment with a focus on locomotor outcomes and provide guidance on how existing outcome measurement tools may be best used to assess experimental therapies in spinal cord injury (SCI). The emphasis lies on LE outcomes in individuals with complete and incomplete SCI in Phase II-III trials. METHODS: This review includes a summary of topics discussed during a workshop focusing on LE function in SCI, conceptual discussion of corresponding outcome measures and additional focused literature review...
April 27, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700476/quality-of-life-burden-and-satisfaction-with-care-in-caregivers-of-patients-with-a-spinal-cord-injury-during-and-after-rehabilitation
#5
Annemiek Petronella Maria Backx, Annemie Irene Frans Spooren, Helena Maria Henrika Bongers-Janssen, Hanneke Bouwsema
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal, prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To examine the course that burden, quality of life (QoL) and satisfaction with care taken in Dutch caregivers of patients with a SCI. SETTING: Adelante Rehabilitation Centre and Dutch community, the Netherlands METHODS: Caregiver Strain index (CSI), Short Form36 (SF-36) and Caregivers' Satisfaction with (Stroke) Care Questionnaire (C-SASC) were administered to caregivers (n = 37) of patients with a recently acquired SCI at the start of rehabilitation (T1), discharge from rehabilitation (T2) and at 8 weeks (T3), 6 months (T4) and 18 months after discharge (T5)...
April 27, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686256/passive-limb-movement-intervals-results-in-repeated-hyperemic-responses-in-those-with-paraplegia
#6
Keith J Burns, Brandon S Pollock, Jon Stavres, Martin Kilbane, Amber Brochetti, John McDaniel
STUDY DESIGN: Repeated measures. OBJECTIVES: Reports suggest passive limb movement (PLM) could be used as a therapy to increase blood flow and tissue perfusion in the paralyzed lower limbs of those with spinal cord injuries. However, the hyperemic response to PLM appears to be transient, lasting only 30-45 s despite continued limb movement. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether the hyperemic response is repeatable across multiple short bouts of passive limb movement...
April 23, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618768/correspondence-determinants-of-resilience-among-people-who-sustained-spinal-cord-injury-from-the-2015-earthquake-in-nepal
#7
LETTER
Tayyebeh Ali-Abadi, Mohsen Soleimani, Ali Fakhr-Movahedi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618767/response-to-correspondence-by-fakhr-movahedi-et-al
#8
LETTER
Muna Bhattarai, Khomapak Maneewat, Wipa Sae-Sia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593319/author-correction-the-experience-of-spasticity-after-spinal-cord-injury-perceived-characteristics-and-impact-on-daily-life
#9
William Barry McKay, William Mark Sweatman, Edelle C Field-Fote
There is an author correction associated with this article.
March 28, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588484/neurosurgical-untethering-with-or-without-syrinx-drainage-results-in-high-patient-satisfaction-and-favorable-clinical-outcome-in-post-traumatic-myelopathy-patients
#10
Ulrika Holmström, Parmenion P Tsitsopoulos, Hjalmar Flygt, Anders Holtz, Niklas Marklund
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective data collection and patient-reported outcome measures. OBJECTIVES: To investigate surgical outcome, complications, and patient satisfaction in patients with chronic SCI and symptomatic post-traumatic progressive myelopathy (PPM) who underwent neurosurgical untethering and/or spinal cord cyst drainage with the aim of preventing further neurological deterioration. SETTING: Single-center study at an academic neurosurgery department...
March 27, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626193/evaluation-of-the-graded-redefined-assessment-of-strength-sensibility-and-prehension-grassp-in-children-with-tetraplegia
#11
M J Mulcahey, Christina Calhoun Thielen, Kathryn Dent, Rebecca Sinko, Cristina Sadowsky, Rebecca Martin, Lawrence C Vogel, Loren Davidson, Heather Taylor, Jackie Bultman, John Gaughan
STUDY DESIGN: Psychometric study. OBJECTIVE: To validate the GRASSP in pediatric SCI populations and establish the lower age of test administration. SETTING: United States: Pennsylvania, Maryland, Illinois, Michigan, California, Texas. METHODS: Mean, SD and range of scores were calculated and examined for known-group differences. Test-retest reliability was measured by the intra-class correlation, concurrent validity of the GRASSP against the SCIM, SCIM-SS, and the CUE-Q was measured by the Spearman correlation...
March 26, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581519/internet-delivered-mindfulness-for-people-with-depression-and-chronic-pain-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#12
Jasmine Heath Hearn, Katherine Anne Finlay
STUDY DESIGN: Between-subjects, randomized controlled feasibility study. OBJECTIVES: Populations with reduced sensory and motor function are at increased risk of depression, anxiety and pain, and may be less geographically mobile. This study explored the efficacy and feasibility of web-based mindfulness training for people with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: UK community sample. METHODS: Participants were randomly allocated to an 8-week online mindfulness intervention (N = 36), or to internet-delivered psychoeducation (N = 31)...
March 26, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581518/depressive-mood-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-sci-living-in-greece
#13
Ioannis-Alexandros Tzanos, Andreas Mavrogenis, Konstantina Gioti, Panagiotis Papaggeloppoulos, Elias Panagiotopoulos
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To provide data on depressive symptoms rates in the Greek SCI population and to investigate their association with demographic and clinical variables. SETTING: Greek territory. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-four individuals with SCI living in the community for at least 1 year after the completion of the primary inpatient rehabilitation program were included in the study...
March 26, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563575/relatives-of-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-qualitative-study-of-caregivers-metamorphosis
#14
Laura Juguera Rodriguez, Manuel Pardo Rios, César Leal Costa, Matilde Castillo Hermoso, Nuria Perez Alonso, Jose Luis Diaz Agea
STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative study. OBJECTIVE: To detect the major challenges and needs reported by family member caregivers of people with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Family member caregivers of people with SCI and expert professionals were evaluated. This study was conducted in Spain, and most of the participants attended the National Paraplegics Hospital of Toledo. METHODS: We performed 25 semi-structured interviews...
March 21, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559683/plasma-adiponectin-levels-are-correlated-with-body-composition-metabolic-profiles-and-mitochondrial-markers-in-individuals-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Laura C O'Brien, Zachary A Graham, Qun Chen, Edward J Lesnefsky, Christopher Cardozo, Ashraf S Gorgey
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relationships between circulating adiponectin levels, body composition, metabolic profile, and measures of skeletal muscle mitochondrial enzyme activity and biogenesis. SETTINGS: Clinical Research in a Medical Center. METHODS: Plasma adiponectin was quantified in 19 individuals with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). Body composition was evaluated by dual x-ray absorptiometry and magnetic resonance imaging...
March 20, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559682/re-a-study-of-predictors-for-hyponatraemia-in-patients-with-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#16
LETTER
J R Silver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559681/comment-on-correspondence-to-a-study-of-predictors-for-hyponatraemia-in-patients-with-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#17
Peiwen Song, Cailiang Shen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531267/traumatic-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-recovery-of-penetration-aspiration-and-functional-feeding-outcome
#18
Tiina Ihalainen, Teemu M Luoto, Irina Rinta-Kiikka, Antti Ronkainen, Anna-Maija Korpijaakko-Huuhka
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: This prospective cohort study aims to evaluate the recovery of penetration/aspiration and functional feeding outcome in patients with acute TCSCI. SETTING: Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland METHODS: Forty-six patients with TCSCI were enrolled. All the patients received speech therapeutic interventions based on their clinical needs and were examined with a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) at enrollment...
March 12, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515214/complications-of-non-continent-cutaneous-urinary-diversion-in-adults-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-retrospective-study
#19
Cyrille Guillot-Tantay, Emmanuel Chartier-Kastler, Marie-Aimée Perrouin-Verbe, Pierre Denys, Priscilla Léon, Véronique Phé
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To report the long-term complications of non-continent cutaneous urinary diversion (NCCUD) in adult patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Hospital in Paris, France. METHODS: A retrospective single center study included all adult patients with SCI who underwent an ileal conduit between 1997 and 2014. Early complications were reported according to Clavien-Dindo classification...
March 7, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515213/impact-of-orthotic-therapy-for-improving-activities-of-daily-living-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Takuya Hada, Ryo Momosaki, Masahiro Abo
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of leg orthotic therapy for improving activities of daily living after spinal cord injury. SETTING: Participating acute care and rehabilitation hospitals across Japan. METHODS: We retrospectively identified individuals with spinal cord injury admitted to eight participating hospitals in 2015-2016 from the Japan Rehabilitation Database. Data for 293 individuals were analyzed...
March 7, 2018: Spinal Cord
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