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Spinal Cord

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195230/epidemiology-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-galicia-spain-trends-over-a-20-year-period
#1
A Montoto-Marqués, M E Ferreiro-Velasco, S Salvador-de la Barrera, V Balboa-Barreiro, A Rodriguez-Sotillo, R Meijide-Failde
STUDY DESIGN: Observational study with prospective and retrospective monitoring. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological and demographic characteristics of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI), and to analyze its epidemiological changes. SETTING: Unidad de Lesionados Medulares, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña, in Galicia (Spain). METHODS: The study included patients with TSCI who had been hospitalized between January 1995 and December 2014...
February 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195229/international-spinal-cord-injury-bowel-function-basic-data-set-version-2-0
#2
K Krogh, A Emmanuel, B Perrouin-Verbe, M A Korsten, M J Mulcahey, F Biering-Sørensen
STUDY DESIGN: International expert working group. OBJECTIVES: To revise the International Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Bowel Function Basic Data Set as a standardized format for the collecting and reporting of a minimal amount of information on bowel function in clinical practice and research. SETTING: Working group appointed by the American Spinal injury association (ASIA) and the International Spinal Cord Society (ISCoS). METHODS: The draft prepared by the working group was reviewed by the International SCI Data Set Committee and later by members of the ISCoS Executive and Scientific Committees and the ASIA board...
February 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195228/ejaculation-and-sperm-characteristics-in-men-with-cauda-equina-and-conus-medullaris-syndromes
#3
N Hadiji, R Mieusset, J G Previnaire, E Castel-Lacanal, J M Soler
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to describe the type of ejaculation in patients with cauda equina (CE) and conus medullaris (CM) lesions, and to analyse sperm quality. SETTING: France. METHODS: One hundred sixty-six patients with CE and CM lesions were included. Diagnosis was based on clinical (no motor responses, sensation or sacral reflexes) and urodynamic assessments (no detrusor activity)...
February 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169295/feelings-of-burden-among-family-caregivers-of-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-turkey
#4
E Secinti, H M Yavuz, B Selcuk
STUDY DESIGN: The study was designed as a cross-sectional survey. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to examine the level of feelings of burden in family caregivers of people with spinal cord injury (SCI) in Turkey, and to explore its predictors. SETTING: Turkey. METHODS: One hundred family caregivers of people with SCI completed measures of burden of caregiving, depression, social support and physical health. The SCI participants completed a measure of functional independence...
February 7, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169294/factors-predictive-of-survival-and-estimated-years-of-life-lost-in-the-decade-following-nontraumatic-and-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#5
B B Hatch, C M Wood-Wentz, T M Therneau, M G Walker, J M Payne, R K Reeves
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors predictive of survival after spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Tertiary care institution. METHODS: Multiple-variable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis for 759 patients with SCI (535 nontraumatic and 221 traumatic) included age, sex, completeness of injury, level of injury, functional independence measure (FIM) scores, rehabilitation length of stay and SCI cause...
February 7, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169293/a-latent-structural-equation-model-of-risk-behaviors-and-pressure-ulcer-outcomes-among-people-with-spinal-cord-injury
#6
C Li, N D DiPiro, J Krause
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to develop a latent structural model to demonstrate the relationship between factor structures of risk health behaviors and pressure ulcer (PrU) outcomes among participants with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Data were collected at a large specialty hospital and analyzed at a medical university in the Southeastern USA. METHODS: In total, 1871 participants with traumatic SCI of at least 1-year duration were recruited...
February 7, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169292/risk-factors-for-community-associated-multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-veterans-with-spinal-cord-injury-and-disorder-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
I O Kale, M A Fitzpatrick, K J Suda, S P Burns, L Poggensee, S Ramanathan, R Sabzwari, C T Evans
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort studyObjectives:To identify independent risk factors associated with community-associated multidrug-resistant Psedomonas aeruginosa (MDRPA) in a population of veterans with spinal cord injury and disorders (SCI/D). SETTING: A total of 127 Veterans Affairs healthcare facilities. METHODS: Laboratory results from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2013 were collected, and MDRPA cultures were compared with non-MDRPA cultures...
February 7, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139662/use-of-antibiotic-and-prevalence-of-antibiotic-associated-diarrhoea-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injuries-a-uk-national-spinal-injury-centre-experience
#8
S Wong, P Santullo, J O'Driscoll, A Jamous, S P Hirani, M Saif
BACKGROUND: This was a retrospective audit, with the aims being to (1) record the use of antibiotics; (2) establish the prevalence of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea (AAD) and Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea (CDAD); and (3) assess if there was any seasonal variation in antibiotic use and incidence of AAD. METHODS: The study was performed at a single spinal cord injury (SCI) centre in the UK. Data were collected using a standardised questionnaire during October 2014 to June 2015...
January 31, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139661/spinal-cord-injury-rehabilitation-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia-time-to-rehabilitation-admission-length-of-stay-and-functional-independence
#9
H Mahmoud, H Qannam, D Zbogar, B Mortenson
OBJECTIVES: (1) To describe functional status, length of stay (LOS) and time to rehabilitation admission trends. (2) To identify independent predictors of motor function following rehabilitation. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Spinal injury rehabilitation unit at King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: From chart review of 312 traumatic and 106 nontraumatic adult patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) we extracted information on time from injury to rehabilitation admission, rehabilitation LOS, Functional Independence Measure (FIM) motor score (admission and discharge), American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) grade and demographics...
January 31, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139660/are-adults-with-spinal-cord-injury-meeting-the-spinal-cord-injury-specific-physical-activity-guidelines-a-look-at-a-sample-from-a-canadian-province
#10
M Rocchi, F Routhier, A E Latimer-Cheung, K A M Ginis, L Noreau, S N Sweet
STUDY DESIGN: One cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To examine the extent to which a sample of adults with spinal cord injury (SCI) meet the SCI-specific physical activity guidelines and to identify potential demographic, injury and motivational characteristics related to participation. SETTING: Quebec, Canada. METHODS: A sample of 73 adults from the province of Quebec, Canada living with SCI completed the Leisure Time Physical Activity Questionnaire for People with Spinal Cord Injury to report their current frequency (sessions per week) and duration (minutes per session) in aerobic and resistance physical activity...
January 31, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139659/burden-of-care-in-primary-caregivers-of-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-iran-its-association-with-sociodemographic-factors
#11
Z Khazaeipour, F Rezaei-Motlagh, E Ahmadipour, M Azarnia-Ghavam, A Mirzababaei, N Salimi, A Salehi-Nejad
STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: The burden of care among primary caregivers of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) is affected by different factors. We aimed to evaluate the level of burden among caregivers and the association between the caregiver burden and sociodemographic factors of SCI individuals and their caregivers. SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran...
January 31, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117333/usefulness-of-laser-evoked-potentials-and-quantitative-sensory-testing-in-the-diagnosis-of-neuropathic-spinal-cord-injury-pain-a-multiple-case-study
#12
G Landmann, M F Berger, L Stockinger, E Opsommer
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of laser-evoked potentials (LEPs) and quantitative sensory testing (QST) to the diagnosis of neuropathic pain in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) and inconclusive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. SETTING: A multidisciplinary pain center. METHODS: QST (DFNS protocol) and Tm-YAG-laser stimulation of the skin were applied within the pain site corresponding with dermatomes of altered sensation...
January 24, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117332/animal-models-of-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
M Sharif-Alhoseini, M Khormali, M Rezaei, M Safdarian, A Hajighadery, M M Khalatbari, M Safdarian, S Meknatkhah, M Rezvan, M Chalangari, P Derakhshan, V Rahimi-Movaghar
STUDY DESIGN: PRISMA-guided systematic review. OBJECTIVES: To provide a comprehensive framework of the current animal models for investigating spinal cord injury (SCI) and categorize them based on the aims, patterns and levels of injury, and outcome measurements as well as animal species. SETTING: Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: An electronic search of the Medline database for literature describing animal models of SCI was performed on 1 January 2016 using the following keywords: 'spinal cord injuries' and 'animal models'...
January 24, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117331/early-spermatogenesis-changes-in-traumatic-complete-spinal-cord-injured-adult-patients
#14
A Sánchez-Ramos, E Vargas-Baquero, F J Martin-de Francisco, J A Godino-Durán, I Rodriguez-Carrión, M Ortega-Ortega, L Mordillo-Mateos, F Coperchini, M Rotondi, A Oliviero, M Mas
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study. OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of spinal cord injury (SCI) on the spermatogenesis of patients studied in the early subacute stage and ensuing months. SETTING: National hospital for SCI patients. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was conducted on 28 male patients with complete SCI who were evaluated in the early subacute phase (~1 month), and 3 and 6 months after the injury...
January 24, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117330/successful-tracheostomy-decannulation-after-complete-or-sensory-incomplete-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#15
D H Kim, S W Kang, W A Choi, H J Oh
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: To report the successful tracheostomy decannulation/extubation in cervical spinal cord injury (C-SCI) patients. SETTING: Tertiary university hospital, pulmonary rehabilitation center. METHODS: Complete or sensory incomplete C-SCI patients who had received invasive acute phase respiratory management, and succeeded in decannulation/extubation became candidates of this study...
January 24, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117329/outcome-comparison-of-different-approaches-to-self-intermittent-catheterization-in-neurogenic-patients-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
S Shamout, X Biardeau, J Corcos, L Campeau
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA); http://www.prisma-statement.org). OBJECTIVES: Different types of catheters and techniques have been described in the past three decades to identify the best self-intermittent catheterization method. Our aim is to review systematically the literature on the most appropriate material and technique to perform self-intermittent catheterization in the adult neurogenic population...
January 24, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094294/version-1-1-of-the-international-spinal-cord-injury-skin-and-thermoregulation-function-basic-data-set
#17
F Biering-Sørensen, M S Alexander, F W A van Asbeck, W Donovan, A Krassioukov, M W M Post
OBJECTIVE: To describe the changes made to the international spinal cord injury (SCI) skin and thermoregulation function basic data set in version 1.1. SETTING: International. METHODS: An international working group reviewed suggested changes to the international SCI skin and thermoregulation function basic data set version 1.0. These changes were discussed and the agreed changes were made. Subsequently, the recommended adjustments were circulated for review to the International Spinal Cord Society (ISCoS) Executive and Scientific Committees, the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Board, around 40 national and international societies, and to interested individuals who had signed up wishing to have the opportunity to review...
January 17, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071687/bacterial-load-of-conditioned-pressure-ulcers-is-not-a-predictor-for-early-flap-failure-in-spinal-cord-injury
#18
T Kamradt, S Klein, S Zimmermann, J Schröder-Braunstein, C H Fürstenberg, C Hensel, N Weidner, A Hug
OBJECTIVES: Pressure ulcers impose a major lifetime medical problem to patients with high-grade spinal cord injury (SCI). For patients with stages 3-4 pressure ulcers, plastic surgery is often the only remaining treatment option. Despite considerable flap failure rates of around 30%, only sparse knowledge exists on predictors for flap failure. Hence, identification of predictors for flap failures is needed. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 38 SCI patients with stages 3-4 pressure ulcers scheduled for plastic surgery...
January 10, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071686/identification-of-temporal-genes-involved-in-the-mechanisms-of-spinal-cord-injury
#19
S Ma, J Wang, L Liu, L Xia, R Tao
OBJECTIVES: As a high-cost neurological disability, spinal cord injury (SCI) can result in permanent paralysis and loss of sensation. To identify the temporal genes involved in the pathogenesis of SCI, we analysed the expression profile of GSE45006. METHODS: GSE45006 was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus, including 20 SCI samples (samples at 1 day, 3 days, 1 week, 2 weeks and 8 weeks after injury, four repetitions for each time point) and 4 normal samples...
January 10, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995944/subacute-posttraumatic-ascending-myelopathy-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
J Zhang, G Wang
STUDY DESIGN: A literature review. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to summarise the history, epidemiology, aetiological mechanism, pathological study, clinical and radiological evaluation, treatment and prognosis of subacute posttraumatic ascending myelopathy (SPAM). METHODS: Medical literature on SPAM were searched in the PubMed, Medline, Ovid and Embase databases. The cases of SPAM reported in literature were analysed, and the history, epidemiology, aetiological mechanism, pathological study, clinical and radiological evaluation, treatment and prognosis of SPAM were summarised...
December 20, 2016: Spinal Cord
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