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Spinal Cord

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994415/sci-peer-health-coach-influence-on-self-management-with-peers-a-qualitative-analysis
#1
S E Skeels, D Pernigotti, B V Houlihan, T Belliveau, M Brody, J Zazula, S Hasiotis, S Seetharama, D Rosenblum, A Jette
STUDY DESIGN: A process evaluation of a clinical trial. OBJECTIVES: To describe the roles fulfilled by peer health coaches (PHCs) with spinal cord injury (SCI) during a randomized controlled trial research study called 'My Care My Call', a novel telephone-based, peer-led self-management intervention for adults with chronic SCI 1+ years after injury. SETTING: Connecticut and Greater Boston Area, MA, USA. METHODS: Directed content analysis was used to qualitatively examine information from 504 tele-coaching calls, conducted with 42 participants with SCI, by two trained SCI PHCs...
October 10, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948966/suicide-and-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-a-cohort-study
#2
G Savic, M J DeVivo, H L Frankel, M A Jamous, B M Soni, S Charlifue
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective and prospective observational. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to analyse suicide attempt as a cause of traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI) and suicide as a cause of death after tSCI. SETTING: This study was conducted at two British spinal centres, Stoke Mandeville and Southport. METHODS: Long-term survival of patients who were newly admitted between 1991 and 2010, had survived the first post-injury year and had neurological deficit on discharge...
September 26, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895579/a-sexually-dimorphic-peptidergic-system-in-the-lower-spinal-cord-controlling-penile-function-in-non-human-primates
#3
T Ito, T Oti, K Takanami, K Satoh, Y Ueda, T Sakamoto, H Sakamoto
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental animal study. OBJECTIVES: Although a population of gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) neurons in the lumbar spinal cord has an important role in erection and ejaculation in rats, little information exists on this GRP system in primates. To identify the male-specific GRP system in the primate spinal cord, we studied the lumbosacral cord in macaque monkeys as a non-human primate model. SETTING: University laboratory in Japan...
September 12, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895578/challenges-in-comprehensive-management-of-spinal-cord-injury-in-india-and-in-the-asian-spinal-cord-network-region-findings-of-a-survey-of-experts-patients-and-consumers
#4
H S Chhabra, S Sharma, M Arora
STUDY DESIGN: Online survey. OBJECTIVES: To understand the prevailing scenario of the comprehensive management of spinal cord injuries (SCI) in India and in the Asian Spinal Cord Network (ASCoN) region, especially with a view to document the challenges faced and its impact. SETTING: Indian Spinal Injuries Centre. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed which covered various aspects of SCI management. Patients, consumers (spinal injured patients discharged since at least 1 year) and experts in SCI management from different parts of India and the ASCoN region were approached to complete the survey...
September 12, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895577/a-study-of-predictors-for-hyponatraemia-in-patients-with-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#5
P W Song, F L Dong, C C Feng, Y N Shen, Y Wang, R J Zhang, P Ge, C L Shen
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to investigate the predictors for hyponatraemia in patients with cervical spinal cord injuries (CSCIs) and to define the relationship between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and hyponatraemia. SETTING: The study was carried out at The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University. METHODS: A total of 292 patients with CSCIs were retrospectively reviewed to determine the predictors of hyponatraemia...
September 12, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895576/scim-iii-spinal-cord-independence-measure-version-iii-reliability-of-assessment-by-interview-and-comparison-with-assessment-by-observation
#6
M Itzkovich, H Shefler, L Front, R Gur-Pollack, K Elkayam, V Bluvshtein, I Gelernter, A Catz
STUDY DESIGN: Psychometric study. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the reliability of the Spinal Cord Independence Measure III (SCIM III) by interview and compare the findings with those of assessment by observation. SETTING: This study was conducted at Loewenstein Rehabilitation Hospital, Israel. METHODS: Thirty-five spinal cord lesion (SCL) patients who underwent rehabilitation at Loewenstein Rehabilitation Hospital in Israel were assessed during the last week before discharge with SCIM III by observation and by interview...
September 12, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895575/predictors-of-pressure-ulcer-incidence-following-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#7
D Brienza, S Krishnan, P Karg, G Sowa, A L Allegretti
STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from a prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to identify the medical and demographic factors associated with the development of pressure ulcers during acute-care hospitalization and inpatient rehabilitation following acute spinal cord injury. SETTING: The study was carried out at acute hospitalization, inpatient rehabilitation and outpatient rehabilitation sites at a university medical center in the United States...
September 12, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895574/generating-rasch-based-activity-of-daily-living-measures-from-the-spinal-cord-injury-longitudinal-aging-study
#8
C-Y Li, C A Velozo, I Hong, C Li, J C Newman, J S Krause
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective Longitudinal Study. OBJECTIVES: (1) To determine whether the Spinal Cord Injury Activities of Daily Living (SCI_ADL) measure shows adequate item-level and precision psychometrics; (2) to investigate whether the SCI_ADL measure effectively detects ADL changes across time; (3) to describe self-care task(s) participants can and cannot do across time. SETTING: Two Midwestern hospitals and 1 Southeastern specialty hospital in 1993...
September 12, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872149/correlation-between-diffusion-tensor-imaging-parameters-and-clinical-assessments-in-patients-with-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-with-and-without-high-signal-intensity
#9
Y Liu, C Kong, L Cui, X Yuan, P Zhao, Y Zhang, Y Guan, X Chen
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) between patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) with and without high T2-weighted signal intensity, and to correlate each parameter with clinical assessments. SETTING: CSM is a common cause of spinal cord dysfunction. The significance of T2 high signal intensity in the prognosis of CSM remains controversial...
September 5, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872148/incidence-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-italy-during-2013-2014-a-population-based-study
#10
S Ferro, L Cecconi, J Bonavita, M C Pagliacci, A Biggeri, M Franceschini
STUDY DESIGN: Observational prospective population-based incidence study. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to assess the incidence of traumatic spinal cord injuries (TSCIs) and incidence rates, in order to provide estimates by age, gender, characteristics and cause. SETTING: This study was conducted at acute-care spinal cord injury (SCI) hospitals and SCI centers from 11 Italian regions, between 1 October 2013 and 30 September 2014...
September 5, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853448/use-of-medicines-adherence-and-attitudes-to-medicines-among-persons-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#11
H Høgholen, A Storhaug, K Kvernrød, E Kostovski, K K Viktil, L Mathiesen
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of medicines and adherence among persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Further, to examine the influence of pain, spasms and beliefs about medicines on adherence. SETTING: Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital, Norway. METHODS: Persons (⩾18 years) with chronic SCI (more than 1-year post injury), using at least one drug regularly, and admitted for a follow-up stay at Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital were included...
August 29, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853447/work-and-family-conflicts-in-employees-with-spinal-cord-injury-and-their-caregiving-partners
#12
C Fekete, J Siegrist, H Tough, M W G Brinkhof
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of conflicts between work and family life with indicators of health and to examine the antecedents of those conflicts in employees with spinal cord injury (SCI) and their caregiving partners. SETTING: Community, Switzerland. METHODS: Data from employed persons with SCI (n=79) and caregiving partners (n=93) who participated in the pro-WELL study were used...
August 29, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809391/determinants-of-resilience-among-people-who-sustained-spinal-cord-injury-from-the-2015-earthquake-in-nepal
#13
M Bhattarai, K Maneewat, W Sae-Sia
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To assess the level of resilience, compare resilience by demographic and injury-related characteristics, and identify significant determinants of resilience in Nepalese people who sustained spinal cord injury (SCI) from the 2015 earthquake. SETTING: Spinal Injury Rehabilitation Center, Kavre and 14 communities in Nepal. METHODS: Eighty-two participants were included using a convenience sampling technique...
August 15, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809390/clinical-features-and-surgical-outcomes-of-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-in-patients-of-different-ages-a-retrospective-study
#14
R J Zhang, C L Shen, J X Zhang, X J Zhang, F L Dong, H Tao, P W Song, P Ge, P Xu, H Q Zhang
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart audit. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare the clinical features and surgical outcomes in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) among different age groups. SETTING: The first Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, China. METHODS: A total of 460 patients with CSM who were surgically treated over the period of 1995-2009 were investigated. Considering the peak age (40-60 years old) for the onset of symptoms, we divided the patients into three groups by age: young (<40), middle-aged (40-60), and old (>60)...
August 15, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809389/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-telephone-based-support-for-the-management-of-pressure-ulcers-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-india-and-bangladesh
#15
M Arora, L A Harvey, J V Glinsky, H S Chhabra, M S Hossain, N Arumugam, P K Bedi, I D Cameron, A J Hayes
OBJECTIVE: To determine from a societal perspective the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of telephone-based support for management of pressure ulcers. STUDY DESIGN: Cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analysis of a randomised clinical trial. SETTING: Tertiary centre in India and Bangladesh. METHODS: An economic evaluation was conducted alongside a randomised clinical trial comparing 12 weeks of telephone-based support (intervention group) with usual care (control group)...
August 15, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786413/the-lived-experience-of-cauda-equina-syndrome-a-qualitative-analysis
#16
R Hall, K Jones
STUDY DESIGN: An exploratory qualitative analysis, using semi-structured interviews to investigate the lived experience of Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES). OBJECTIVES: To address the paucity of psychological research into CES and explore patient experiences of living with the injury. SETTING: The study was conducted in the United Kingdom. Recruitment was via two National Health Service spinal services in the South East of England and an online CES charity...
August 8, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786412/key-demands-and-characteristics-of-occupations-performed-by-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-living-in-switzerland
#17
M Nützi, B Trezzini, E Ronca, U Schwegler
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive qualitative and quantitative study using cross-sectional data from the Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Cohort Study (SwiSCI). OBJECTIVE: To determine the key demands and characteristics of occupations performed by individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Swiss community. METHODS: Job titles indicated by SwiSCI participants were linked to occupational titles from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET) and then frequency-analyzed across sociodemographic and injury-related factors...
August 8, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786411/the-effects-of-antimuscarinic-treatment-on-the-cognition-of-spinal-cord-injured-individuals-with-neurogenic-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-a-prospective-controlled-before-and-after-study
#18
J Krebs, A Scheel-Sailer, R Oertli, J Pannek
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective controlled before-and-after study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of antimuscarinic treatment of neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction on the cognition of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) during the early post-acute phase. SETTING: Single SCI rehabilitation center. METHODS: Patients with acute traumatic SCI admitted for primary rehabilitation from 2011 to 2015 were screened for study enrollment...
August 8, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762383/clinical-factors-associated-with-c-reactive-protein-in-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#19
R L Goldstein, P Walia, M Teylan, A A Lazzari, C G Tun, J E Hart, E Garshick
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: Determine clinical factors associated with plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) in persons with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Boston, MA, USA. METHODS: Participants provided a blood sample, completed a respiratory health questionnaire and underwent dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to assess total and regional body fat. Linear regression models were used to assess cross-sectional associations with plasma CRP...
August 1, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762382/spontaneous-acute-and-chronic-spinal-cord-injuries-in-paraplegic-dogs-a-comparative-study-of-in-vivo-diffusion-tensor-imaging
#20
A Wang-Leandro, M K Hobert, N Alisauskaite, P Dziallas, K Rohn, V M Stein, A Tipold
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational-analytical study. OBJECTIVES: Description of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) metrics obtained from the spinal cord (SC) of dogs with severe acute or chronic spontaneous, non-experimentally induced spinal cord injury (SCI) and correlation of DTI values with lesion extent of SCI measured in T2-weighted (T2W) magnetic resonance imaging sequences. SETTING: Hannover, Germany. METHODS: Forty-seven paraplegic dogs, 32 with acute and 15 with chronic SCI, and 6 disease controls were included...
August 1, 2017: Spinal Cord
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