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Spinal Cord

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897188/community-participation-for-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-living-in-queensland-australia
#1
J J Carr, M B Kendall, D I Amsters, K J Pershouse, P Kuipers, P Buettner, R N Barker
STUDY DESIGN: Sequential mixed method design. OBJECTIVES: Determine factors associated with community participation for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Queensland, Australia. METHODS: Phase I consisted of a quantitative telephone survey of 270 people who had sustained a SCI within the past 50 years. To verify and interpret survey findings, Phase II involved a qualitative investigation. One focus group, one dyadic and one in-depth interview were conducted with a separate sample of eight people who had sustained a SCI within the past 50 years...
November 29, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897187/a-latent-structural-equation-model-of-protective-behaviors-and-pressure-ulcer-outcomes-among-people-living-with-spinal-cord-injury
#2
C Li, N D DiPiro, J Krause
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVE: To develop a latent structural model to demonstrate the relationship between factor structures of protective health behaviors and pressure ulcer (PrU) outcomes among participants with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Data were collected at a large specialty hospital and analyzed at a medical university in the Southeastern USA. METHODS: A total of 1871 participants with traumatic SCI of at least 1 year duration were included...
November 29, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897186/managing-pain-and-fatigue-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial-feasibility-study-examining-the-efficacy-of-massage-therapy
#3
J Lovas, Y Tran, J Middleton, R Bartrop, N Moore, A Craig
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial (RCT). OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of massage therapy (MT) as a treatment that could be implemented to reduce pain and fatigue in people with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Laboratory setting in Sydney, Australia. METHODS: Participants included 40 people with SCI living in the community who were randomly assigned into one of two RCT arms: MT (Swedish massage to upper body) or an active concurrent control (guided imagery (GI) relaxation)...
November 29, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897185/effect-of-imidafenacin-on-the-urodynamic-parameters-of-patients-with-indwelling-bladder-catheters-due-to-spinal-cord-injury
#4
H Sugiyama, O Uemura, T Mori, N Okisio, K Unai, M Liu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of imidafenacin on the urodynamic parameters of patients with indwelling bladder catheters due to spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Spinal center (Tokyo, Japan). METHODS: Imidafenacin was prescribed to 34 patients with SCI who had a low cystometric volume and/or detrusor compliance according to a urodynamic study. A low cystometric volume and detrusor compliance were defined as <200 ml and <20 ml cm(-1) H2O, respectively...
November 29, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897184/an-evaluation-of-the-international-standards-to-document-remaining-autonomic-function-after-spinal-cord-injury-input-from-the-international-community
#5
A M Round, S E Park, K Walden, V K Noonan, A F Townson, A V Krassioukov
STUDY DESIGN: Interactive workshops with a presurvey-postsurvey. OBJECTIVES: To describe a series of workshops held at international meetings to inform the spinal cord injury (SCI) community about the International Standards to Document Remaining Autonomic Function after Spinal Cord Injury (ISAFSCI) and to obtain feedback on both the workshop and the ISAFSCI assessment. SETTING: Three international conferences of SCI practitioners in Toronto, Las Vegas and Vancouver held between 2012 and 2013...
November 29, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897183/sensory-thresholds-at-different-sites-of-the-foot-a-valuable-reference-for-neurologic-examinations
#6
J-W Zhang, Q Wang, X-F Wang, M-M Gao, X-P Yun, H-F Wu, Y Hong
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective healthy volunteer study for sensory thresholds. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test sensory thresholds at different sites of the foot to provide a reference for diagnosis and neurologic classification. SETTING: A university hospital for the research and clinical practice of rehabilitation. METHODS: Thirty healthy volunteers were recruited, and quantitative sensory testing was performed on three sites of the foot (medial malleolus (for the L4 dermatome), dorsum of the foot at the third metatarsal phalangeal joint (for the L5 dermatome) and lateral heel (for the S1 dermatome))...
November 29, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845358/recommendations-for-the-national-institute-for-neurologic-disorders-and-stroke-spinal-cord-injury-common-data-elements-for-children-and-youth-with-sci
#7
REVIEW
M J Mulcahey, L C Vogel, M Sheikh, J C Arango-Lasprilla, M Augutis, E Garner, E M Hagen, L B Jakeman, E Kelly, R Martin, J Odenkirchen, A Scheel-Sailer, J Schottler, H Taylor, C C Thielen, K Zebracki
STUDY DESIGN: In 2014, the adult spinal cord injury (SCI) common data element (CDE) recommendations were made available. This project was a review of the adult SCI CDE for relevance to children and youth with SCI. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to review the National Institute of Neurologic Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) adult SCI CDEs for relevance to children and youth with SCI. SETTING: International. METHODS: The pediatric working group consisted of international members with varied fields of expertise related to pediatric SCI...
November 15, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845357/participation-in-activities-and-secondary-health-complications-among-persons-aging-with-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#8
U Lundström, K Wahman, Å Seiger, D B Gray, G Isaksson, M Lilja
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe participation in activities and explore the relationship with secondary complications among persons aging with a traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: A regional SCI outpatient center in Sweden. METHODS: Data were collected through a phone survey, which included 10 activities from the instrument PARTS/M-v3 (PARTicipation Survey/Mobility version-3) together with data from the participants' medical records...
November 15, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845356/perceived-effectiveness-and-mechanisms-of-community-peer-based-programmes-for-spinal-cord-injuries-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-findings
#9
REVIEW
A Divanoglou, M Georgiou
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-synthesis of qualitative findings. OBJECTIVES: To establish the perceived effectiveness and mechanisms of community peer-based programmes based on narratives of consumers with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: Scopus, Academic Search Complete, CINAHL, Health Source, Medline, PsycARTICLES, PsychINFO, SPORTSDiscus and ProQuest were searched for articles published in English between January 1990 and December 2015...
November 15, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845355/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-pain-in-the-swiss-spinal-cord-injury-population
#10
R Müller, M W G Brinkhof, U Arnet, T Hinrichs, G Landmann, X Jordan, M Béchir
STUDY DESIGN: Population-based, cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: To determine pain prevalence and identify factors associated with chronic pain in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) living in Switzerland. SETTING: Swiss SCI Cohort Study (SwiSCI). METHODS: Pain characteristics were assessed using an adapted version of the International SCI Pain Basic Data Set, adding one item of the SCI Secondary Conditions Scale to address chronic pain...
November 15, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845354/concurrent-validity-of-single-and-groups-of-walking-assessments-following-acute-spinal-cord-injury
#11
A Aigner, A Curt, L G Tanadini, M H Maathuis
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected longitudinal data. Variables of interest are timed and untimed walking assessments (10MWT, 6MWT, TUG, WISCI, SCIM3a, SCIM3b) and lower extremities motor scores (LEMS) from both sides' lower limb motor segments, measured five times within the first year after acute spinal cord injury (SCI). OBJECTIVES: Assessing concurrent validity of single and groups of walking assessments in comparison with LEMS in SCI patients...
November 15, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824059/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-individuals-with-a-spinal-cord-injury-a-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
J L Flueck, C Perret
STUDY DESIGN: Literature review of studies investigating vitamin D status in individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI). OBJECTIVES: Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency seems to be high in the general population. Little is known regarding such a deficiency in individuals with a SCI. This review aimed to examine the literature that investigated vitamin D status in this population. SETTING: Switzerland. METHODS: A literature review was performed to investigate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in individuals with a SCI and to determine the factors leading to deficiency...
November 8, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824058/survival-after-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-denmark-a-hospital-based-study-among-patients-injured-in-1990-2012
#13
B B Noe, C M Stapelfeldt, E T Parner, E M Mikkelsen
STUDY DESIGN: Hospital-based cohort study at Spinal Cord Injury Centre of Western Denmark (VCR). OBJECTIVE: To examine the overall survival and mortality over time adjusted for age at the time of injury and gender. METHODS: Review of medical records of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) patients admitted at VCR between 1990 and 2012. The patients were followed up until death, emigration or end of study (December 2014). Survival and mortality rate ratios (MRRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated for sub-groups defined by year of injury (1990-1994, 1995-1999, 2000-2004, 2005-2009 and 2010-2012)...
November 8, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824057/bladder-cancer-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injuries-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
L Gui-Zhong, M Li-Bo
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a scoping review of all the literature related to bladder cancer in individuals with spinal cord injuries (SCIs). METHODS: We searched for trials in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and the Cochrane Register. Meta-analysis methods were used to evaluate these studies. RESULTS: A total of 18 articles were identified and included as the evidence base for analysis. The incidence of bladder cancer in individuals with SCI is 6‰ (95% confidence interval (CI), 5-6‰, I(2)=49...
November 8, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824056/do-ambulatory-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-walk-symmetrically
#15
M Kumprou, P Amatachaya, T Sooknuan, T Thaweewannakij, L Mato, S Amatachaya
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To explore the levels of walking symmetry in ambulatory participants with spinal cord injury (SCI), and compare levels of walking symmetry among those with different degrees of lesion severity and those who walked with various types of walking devices. SETTING: A tertiary rehabilitation center and many communities in Thailand. METHODS: Forty-six participants were assessed for their demographics, SCI characteristics and types of walking device used...
November 8, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801888/the-relationship-between-central-motor-conduction-time-and-spinal-cord-compression-in-patients-with-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy
#16
T Rikita, N Tanaka, K Nakanishi, N Kamei, N Sumiyoshi, S Kotaka, N Adachi, M Ochi
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: Few studies have reported a relationship between central motor conduction time (CMCT), which evaluates corticospinal function, and degree of spinal cord compression in patients with myelopathy. Thus, there is no consensus on predicting the degree of prolonged CMCT on the basis of the degree of spinal cord compression. If a correlation exists between CMCT and spinal cord compression, then spinal cord compression may be a useful noninvasive clinical indicator of corticospinal function...
November 1, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779250/the-preparation-of-rat-s-acellular-spinal-cord-scaffold-and-co-culture-with-rat-s-spinal-cord-neuron-in-vitro
#17
D-X Ban, Y Liu, T-W Cao, S-J Gao, S-Q Feng
STUDY DESIGN: The rat's acellular spinal cord scaffold (ASCS) and spinal cord neurons were prepared in vitro to explore their biocompatibility. OBJECTIVES: The preparation of ASCS and co-culture with neuron may lay a foundation for clinical treatment of spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, ChinaMethods:ASCS was prepared by chemical extraction method. Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), myelin staining and scanning electron microscope were used to observe the surface structure of ASCS...
October 25, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752060/preoperative-prediction-for-regaining-ambulatory-ability-in-paretic-non-ambulatory-patients-with-metastatic-spinal-cord-compression
#18
M Ohashi, T Hirano, K Watanabe, K Katsumi, H Shoji, A Sano, H Tashi, I Takahashi, M Wakasugi, Y Shibuya, N Endo
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective multicenter study. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the predictive factors for postoperative ambulatory recovery in paretic non-ambulatory patients with metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC). SETTING: Japan. METHODS: Eighty-two consecutive patients (74.4% men; mean age, 66.2 years) who could not walk before surgery due to cervical or thoracic MSCC and underwent posterior decompressive surgery between 2003 and 2014 were included...
October 18, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752059/klebsiella-pneumoniae-carbapenemase-producing-k-pneumoniae-kpc-kp-in-brain-and-spinal-cord-injury-patients-potential-for-prolonged-colonization
#19
N R Zembower, A Zhu, M Malczynski, C Qi
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of brain and spinal cord injury (BSCI) patients among all patients with Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae (KPC-KP) and to evaluate clinical characteristics and duration of colonization. SETTING: Tertiary care academic medical center. METHODS: Electronic medical records of BSCI patients with KPC-KP from February 2009 to December 2014 were reviewed to determine clinical characteristics...
October 18, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752058/ankylosing-spondylitis-does-not-increase-the-risk-of-neurogenic-heterotopic-ossification-in-patients-with-a-spinal-cord-injury-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
M Ohlmeier, P Karras, E M Suero, D Grasmücke, M Aach, R Meindl, T A Schildhauer, M Citak
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVES: The present study was performed to analyze the impact of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in developing heterotopic ossification (HO) in patients following spinal cord injury. SETTING: Department of Spinal Cord Injury and Department of General and Trauma Surgery, BG-University Hospital Bergmannsheil Bochum, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2003 and December 2015, 67 patients with AS and SCI were included in the study...
October 18, 2016: Spinal Cord
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