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Spinal Cord

Gary J Farkas, Marika A Pitot, Arthur S Berg, David R Gater
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to investigate nutritional status in chronic spinal cord injury (SCI), and compare macronutrient and micronutrient intake to the recommended values by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. SETTING: United States of America. METHODS: A MEDLINE/PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science search was performed, identifying 268 papers...
November 12, 2018: Spinal Cord
A Buzzell, J D Chamberlain, H P Gmünder, K Hug, X Jordan, M Schubert, M W G Brinkhof
STUDY DESIGN: Observational cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate survival and life expectancy after NTSCI in Switzerland according to etiology. SETTING: Specialized rehabilitation centers in Switzerland. METHODS: Longitudinal data from the Swiss Spinal Cord Injury (SwiSCI) medical records study were used. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and life expectancies were estimated using flexible parametric survival modeling...
November 9, 2018: Spinal Cord
Sebastian Weiterer, Sarah Frick, Christoph Lichtenstern, Andreas Hug, Florian Uhle, Markus Alexander Weigand, Guido Hundt, Benedikt Hermann Siegler
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. OBJECTIVES: Sepsis, one of the most frequent and life-threatening complications on intensive care units (ICUs), is associated with a need for mechanical ventilation (MV) as well as adverse respiratory outcomes in hospitalized individuals. However, it has poorly been investigated in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI); a population at high risk for pulmonary and infectious complications. SETTING: Spinal Cord Injury Center, Heidelberg University Hospital...
November 9, 2018: Spinal Cord
Ryan Solinsky, Jayne M Donovan, Steven C Kirshblum
STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of published cases OBJECTIVES: To identify and describe symptoms, radiologic findings, treatment strategies, and reoccurrence of Charcot spine in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: This analysis included all English articles published prior to October 2017, describing Charcot spine after SCI as identified by multiple reviewers. Articles were excluded if Charcot spine was attributed to alternative conditions. Individual level data were available for 94% of reported cases...
November 9, 2018: Spinal Cord
Mohammad Sohrab Hossain, Lisa A Harvey, Md Shofiqul Islam, Md Akhlasur Rahman, Joanne V Glinsky, Robert D Herbert
STUDY DESIGN: Mixed retrospective and prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To determine 5-year survival after hospitalisation with spinal cord injury (SCI) in Bangladesh and to develop a prediction model to identify people at high risk of dying within 5 years. SETTING: Bangladesh. METHODS: Medical records were used to identify people with SCI admitted to a hospital in Bangladesh in 2011. Participants or their family members were contacted >5 years after discharge to determine vital status or date of death...
October 31, 2018: Spinal Cord
Stanisława Byra
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: Investigating the correlations between basic hope, acceptance of disability, and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in people with traumatic paraplegia, exploring the mediating effect of acceptance of disability. SETTING: Community-dwelling people with traumatic paraplegia in Poland. METHODS: Data were obtained from 281 individuals with paraplegia. The set of questionnaires included: The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI); Basic Hope Inventory (BHI); and The Multidimensional Acceptance of Loss Scale...
October 29, 2018: Spinal Cord
Katsuhisa Yamada, Kota Suda, Satoko Matsumoto Harmon, Miki Komatsu, Chikara Ushiku, Masahiko Takahata, Akio Minami, Norimasa Iwasaki
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective observational study. OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and to evaluate the risk factors for DVT development associated with degenerative cervical spine disease. SETTING: Hokkaido Spinal Cord Injury Center, Japan. METHODS: Between April 2008 and March 2015, patients with degenerative cervical spine disease, such as compressive myelopathy or radiculopathy, who underwent surgical treatment were prospectively assessed...
October 29, 2018: Spinal Cord
Marnie Graco, Sally E Green, Julie Tolson, Bronwyn Stevens, Maree Barnes, Alyssa Rigoni, Sandra Henderson, Carmel Nicholls, David J Berlowitz
STUDY DESIGN: Mixed methods OBJECTIVES: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is the recommended treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). The aim of this study was to estimate CPAP adherence in people with tetraplegia and OSA, and to explore the barriers and facilitators to CPAP use. SETTING: Hospital outpatient department in Melbourne, Australia METHODS: People with chronic tetraplegia and OSA were commenced with auto-titrating CPAP and supported for 1 month...
October 24, 2018: Spinal Cord
Sally M Abilmona, Ryan M Sumrell, Ranjodh S Gill, Robert A Adler, Ashraf S Gorgey
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: To establish the association between serum testosterone (T) levels, biomarkers of cardiometabolic health and regional body composition variables after spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Medical research center. METHODS: Metabolic and body composition measurements were collected from thirty-six men with chronic motor complete SCI. Serum T, carbohydrate, and lipid profiles were measured after an overnight fast...
October 22, 2018: Spinal Cord
Hiroyuki Ohbe, Tomoaki Koakutsu, Shigeki Kushimoto
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective single-institution observational study. OBJECTIVE: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is associated with a high prevalence of hyponatremia, which can cause various clinical symptoms and increase mortality. We aimed to analyze the risk factors for hyponatremia in patients with acute SCI. SETTING: Trauma Center, Tohoku University Hospital, Japan METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients with SCI admitted between January 2008 and November 2016...
October 16, 2018: Spinal Cord
Rachel E Cowan, Kim D Anderson
STUDY DESIGN: Replication of previously developed prognostic model. OBJECTIVES: In motor complete injuries at admission to rehabilitation, perform; (1) replication analyses of the relationships between ISNCSCI motor level and motor scores and SCIM and (2) novel analyses to determine if age and/or sex moderate relationship between neurological impairment and function. SETTING: Admission to initial inpatient rehabilitation in the United States...
October 5, 2018: Spinal Cord
Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Jan W van der Scheer, Amy E Latimer-Cheung, Andy Barrow, Chris Bourne, Peter Carruthers, Marco Bernardi, David S Ditor, Sonja Gaudet, Sonja de Groot, Keith C Hayes, Audrey L Hicks, Christof A Leicht, Jan Lexell, Steven Macaluso, Patricia J Manns, Christopher B McBride, Vanessa K Noonan, Pierre Pomerleau, James H Rimmer, Robert B Shaw, Brett Smith, Karen M Smith, John D Steeves, Dot Tussler, Christopher R West, Dalton L Wolfe, Victoria L Goosey-Tolfrey
Authors Victoria L. Goosey-Tolfrey and Karen M. Smith were listed under the incorrect affiliations at the time of publication.
October 4, 2018: Spinal Cord
(no author information available yet)
We would like to thank all those listed below for taking the time to review for Spinal Cord in 2017-your generosity is much appreciated and we hope your association with the journal continues in the future.
October 1, 2018: Spinal Cord
Diana Dorstyn, Rachel Roberts, Gregory Murphy, Ashley Craig, Ian Kneebone, Peter Stewart, Anna Chur-Hansen, Ruth Marshall, Jillian Clark, Christine Migliorini
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, parallel randomized controlled trial (RCT). OBJECTIVES: To test the preliminary effects of an online resource targeted to job-seekers with spinal cord injury or disorder (SCI/D), and to determine the feasibility of proceeding to a full-scale RCT. SETTING: A community cohort in Australia. METHODS: Forty-eight adults (M = 42 years, SD = 10.95, 27 males) were randomized to receive 4-weeks access to the Work and SCI resource (n = 25) or to a wait-list control group (n = 23)...
September 27, 2018: Spinal Cord
Jacqui Agostinello, Camila R Battistuzzo, Peter E Batchelor
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. OBJECTIVES: Pneumonia is the dominant complication following traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) and profoundly impacts morbidity by prolonging length of stay and worsening neurological outcome. The aims of this study were to determine the key predictors of clinically important pneumonia (CIP); and to examine the impact of CIP on resource utilisation in critically ill acute traumatic SCI individuals between 2010 and 2015. SETTING: Alfred and Austin Hospitals (Melbourne, Australia)...
September 27, 2018: Spinal Cord
Sunil Goenka, Satyaranjan Sethi, Nitin Pandey, Mrinal Joshi, Rajeswari Jindal
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of zoledronic acid on bone loss in people with acute spinal cord injury (SCI) SETTINGS: Sawai Man Singh Medical College, India. METHODS: Sixty patients with acute SCI were randomized to receive either standard treatment alone or standard treatment with zoledronic acid within 3 months after injury. Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) was measured at the hip using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at baseline 3, 6, and 12 months...
September 26, 2018: Spinal Cord
Elissa C Zakrasek, Shara M Yurkiewicz, Ben Dirlikov, B Tim Pence, James D Crew
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) prophylaxis for heterotopic ossification (HO) in the acute phase after spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Acute rehabilitation hospital in California, USA. METHODS: This retrospective chart review (October 2013-March 2017) included individuals with motor complete SCI followed by the SCI service within 60 days of injury...
September 25, 2018: Spinal Cord
Permsak Paholpak, Aidin Abedi, Rattanaporn Chamnan, Kunlavit Chantarasirirat, Koji Tamai, Zorica Buser, Jeffrey C Wang
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective kinematic MRI (kMRI) study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the dynamic changes of thoracic anterior and posterior space available for cord (SAC), and thoracic spinal cord in the dural sac in three positions. SETTING: Expert MRI, Bellflower California; and University of Southern California, in Los Angeles, USA. METHODS: A total of 118 patients (66 males and 52 females, mean age ( ± SD) of 45...
September 24, 2018: Spinal Cord
Junsik Kim, Bum Suk Lee, Hye-Jin Lee, Hye-Ri Kim, Duk-Youn Cho, Jung-Eun Lim, Jin-Ju Kim, Ha Yeon Kim, Zee-A Han
STUDY DESIGN: A pilot randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of upper limb robotic therapy in people with tetraplegia. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation hospital in Seoul, Korea. METHODS: Participants were randomly allocated to a robotic therapy (RT) or occupational therapy (OT) group. Both groups received usual care plus 30 min of additional therapy per day for 4 weeks. The additional therapy provided to the OT group was OT, and the additional therapy provided to RT group was RT using the Armeo Power...
September 11, 2018: Spinal Cord
Mahsa Ghajarzadeh, Hooshang Saberi
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To describe the transportation mode to hospital and timing of spinal cord decompression and stabilization (D&S), length of hospital stay, frequency of pressure injuries, and sepsis during hospitalization. SETTING: Brain and Spinal Injury Research Center, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: Eight hundred and thirty patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) were enrolled...
September 10, 2018: Spinal Cord
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