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Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149845/the-impact-of-review-articles
#1
EDITORIAL
Ian Winson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409248/the-lateral-malleolar-bony-fleck-classified-by-size-and-pathoanatomy-the-iofas-classification
#2
John Wong-Chung, Adam Tucker, Matthew Lynch-Wong, Desmond Gibson, Diarmaid S O'Longain
BACKGROUND: This study analyzes position of the peroneal tendons and status of the superior peroneal retinaculum (SPR) whenever a lateral malleolar bony flake fracture occurs. METHODS: Twenty-four patients had a lateral malleolar bony fleck on anteroposterior ankle radiographs, either in isolation or associated with other hindfoot injuries. We studied size of the bony flecks, presence or absence of peroneal tendon dislocation and pathoanatomy on CT scans. RESULTS: In 11 patients, a small bony fleck lies within the superior peroneal retinaculum and contiguous periosteum, which are stripped off the lateral fibula (Class II lesions)...
August 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409247/clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-of-concomitant-endoscopic-gastrocnemius-release-with-scarf-osteotomy
#3
Mun Chun Lai, Jerry Yongqiang Chen, Yeong Huei Ng, Hwei Chi Chong, Kevin Oon Thien Koo, Inderjeet Singh Rikhraj
BACKGROUND: Studies showed patients with hallux valgus also have tight gastrocnemius concomitantly. This study aims to investigate (1) prevalence of tight gastrocnemius in symptomatic hallux valgus (2) clinical and radiological outcomes of concomitant endoscopic gastrocnemius release with scarf osteotomy. METHODS: Between January 2011 to December 2013, 224 patients underwent hallux valgus surgery were evaluated. They were categorized into 2 groups: scarf osteotomy (n=195), scarf and endoscopic gastrocnemius release (combine, n=29)...
August 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409246/prospective-study-of-the-inside-out-arthroscopic-ankle-ligament-technique-preliminary-result
#4
Caio Nery, Lucas Fonseca, Fernando Raduan, Marcus Moreno, Daniel Baumfeld
BACKGROUND: Lateral ankle ligament injury is among the most common orthopedic injuries. The objective of this study is to present the preliminary prospective results of treatment using the "Inside-Out" variant of the fully arthroscopic Broström-Gould technique. METHODS: Twenty six patients were included: 20 male and 6 female, aged 19-60 years, mean 41 years. All patients had positive "anterior drawer" and "talar tilt" tests. When necessary, cartilage injuries were treated with microfracture and arthroscopic resection for anterior impingement; three patients had hindfoot varus, on whom Dwyer osteotomy was performed; one patient had peroneal tendinopathy and was treated with tendoscopic debridement and another one had partial injury of the deltoid ligament, which was treated by direct repair...
August 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409245/evaluation-of-the-1st-metatarso-sesamoid-joint-using-standing-ct-the-stanmore-classification
#5
M J Welck, D Singh, N Cullen, A Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Little is understood about the role that relative sesamoid displacement and chondral wear have on outcome after hallux valgus (HV) surgery. All existing methods to evaluate relative sesamoid displacement have limitations and furthermore, there have been no radiographic studies evaluating metatarso-sesamoid joint wear. Standing CT scan circumvents many of the existing problems in evaluation of relative sesamoid displacement, and also enables the first radiographic study assessing metatarso-sesamoid joint wear...
August 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409244/is-achillon-repair-safe-and-reliable-in-delayed-presentation-achilles-tendon-rupture-a-five-year-follow-up
#6
M Yasser Anathallee, Ben Liu, Adam Budgen, James Stanley
BACKGROUND: To assess the outcome of delayed repair of ruptured Achilles tendon using the Achillon mini-open technique. METHODS: A review of all patients who underwent delayed repair (>10 days post injury) of ruptured Achilles tendon with mini invasive technique was compared to acute repairs carried out at the same unit. Leppilahti Score and Achilles Tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS) were utilised. Complication rates including re-rupture were also reviewed. RESULTS: 14 patients were identified as having delayed repair (11-31 days)...
August 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409243/high-resolution-real-time-ultrasonography-of-the-sural-nerve-after-percutaneous-repair-of-the-achilles-tendon
#7
Marcello Zappia, Daniela Berritto, Francesco Oliva, Nicola Maffulli
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous Achilles tendon repair has been developed to minimise soft tissue complications following treatment of tendon ruptures. However, there are concerns because of the risk of sural nerve injury. Few studies have investigated the relationship between the Achilles tendon, the sural nerve and its several anatomical course variants. METHODS: We studied 7 cadaveric limbs (7 Achilles tendons) in which a percutaneous repair of the Achilles tendon was performed...
August 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409242/predictors-of-functional-outcome-in-non-operatively-managed-achilles-tendon-ruptures
#8
Randeep Aujla, Shakil Patel, Annette Jones, Maneesh Bhatia
BACKGROUND: Acute Achilles tendon (AT) rupture management remains debatable but non-operative functional regimes are beginning to gain popularity. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of functional outcome in patients with AT ruptures treated non-operatively with an immediate weight bearing functional regime in an orthosis. METHODS: Analysis of prospectively gathered data from a local database of all patients treated non-operatively at our institution with an AT rupture was performed...
August 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409241/biomechanical-analysis-of-polyaxial-locking-vs-non-locking-plate-fixation-of-unstable-fractures-of-the-distal-fibula-a-cadaver-study-with-a-bone-only-model
#9
J Hallbauer, A Gräfenstein, S Rausch, M Knobe, P Simons, T Mückley, G O Hofmann, K Klos
BACKGROUND: Open reduction and internal fixation is the current standard of treatment of displaced distal fibula fractures, whereupon using a lag screw often is impossible because of a multifragmantary fracturezone. This study investigates in what extend polyaxial-locking plating is superior to non-locking constructs in unstable distal fibula fractures. METHODS: Seven pairs of human cadaver fibulae were double osteotomized in standardized fashion with a 5mm gap...
August 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409240/treatment-of-morton-s-neuroma-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Silvia Valisena, Gianfranco John Petri, Andrea Ferrero
BACKGROUND: The treatment of Morton's neuroma (MN) can be operative, conservative and infiltrative. Our aim was the evaluation of evidence on outcomes with different types of conservative, infiltrative and surgical treatment in patients affected by primary MN. METHODS: The bibliographic search was conducted in MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, DARE. Only studies in English were collected. The last search was in August 2015. Case series and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing patients' satisfaction or pain improvement at an average follow-up of at least 6 months after treatment of primary MN were included...
August 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409239/effects-of-wearing-shoes-on-the-feet-radiographic-comparison-of-middle-aged-partially-shod-maasai-women-s-feet-and-regularly-shod-maasai-and-korean-women-s-feet
#11
Jun Young Choi, Heri Babu, Francis Ngimwhichi Joseph, Stephanie Stephanie, Jin Soo Suh
BACKGROUND: Maasai tribe members walk long distances daily either barefoot or wearing traditional shoes made from recycled car tires, without any foot ailments. To figure out the characteristic of their feet, we designed a radiographic comparative study of middle-aged partially shod Maasai women's feet and regularly shod Maasai and Korean women's feet. METHODS: Weight bearing radiographs of bilateral foot and ankle joints from 20 healthy middle-aged bush-living partially shod (PS) Maasai women were obtained...
August 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409238/gastrocnemius-recession-leads-to-medial-shift-of-gait-line-impairment-of-muscle-strength-and-improved-dorsal-extension-in-forefoot-overload-syndrome
#12
Hagen Schmal, Markus Walther, Anja Hirschmüller, Nina Bunert, Norbert P Südkamp, Alexander T Mehlhorn
BACKGROUND: Gastrocnemius recession (GR) has been introduced for treatment of forefoot overload syndrome (FOS). We questioned if GR leads to an altered forefoot load and weakness of plantarflexors in those patients. METHODS: 26 patients suffering from FOS and gastrocnemius tightness underwent GR. A strength power analysis of plantar flexors and a pedobarography was performed. Clinical outcome was measured by Foot Function Index (FFI). RESULTS: Plantarflexors are impaired about 40% six weeks and around 10% 24 weeks following GR compared to the contralateral side...
August 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409237/does-timing-of-surgery-influence-the-long-term-results-of-foot-polydactyly-treatment
#13
Ozren Kubat, Darko Antičević
BACKGROUND: There is an evident lack of research on timing of polydactyly surgery and its effects on treatment results. METHODS: Retrospective comparative study on foot polydactyly patients treated at our department from 1995 to 2009. Patients were divided into 2 groups, group A - under the age of 5 at surgery, and group B - 5 years and older. RESULTS: There were 24 patients (8 male, 16 female), 30 feet. Median age at surgery was 1 year (range, 9 months-4...
August 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409236/tibiotalocalcaneal-nail-fixation-and-soft-tissue-coverage-of-gustilo-anderson-grade-3b-open-unstable-ankle-fractures-in-a-frail-population-a-case-series-in-a-major-trauma-centre
#14
Lesley Armstrong, John Jackson, Andrew Riddick
BACKGROUND: Gustilo-Anderson grade 3B open ankle fracture-dislocations requiring stable fixation and soft tissue coverage are increasingly common in frail populations. METHODS: We identified all patients with open ankle fracture-dislocations treated with a tibiotalocalcaneal nail and soft tissue coverage over a five-year period. We retrospectively recorded pre-morbid status, fracture and soft tissue injury pattern, surgical details, post-operative mobility, length of hospital stay, complication and re-operation rate and survival...
August 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409235/the-arthroereisis-procedure-in-adult-flexible-flatfoot-grade-iia-due-to-insufficiency-of-posterior-tibial-tendon
#15
P Ceccarini, G Rinonapoli, G Gambaracci, M Bisaccia, A Ceccarini, A Caraffa
BACKGROUND: To report on the functional, biomechanical, and radiographic results of patients who had undergone arthroereisis plus tensioning of the posterior tibial tendon for flexible flatfoot. The hypothesis is that arthroereisis associated to a tensioning of the posterior tibial tendon give a good correction with great satisfaction in patients with flexible flatfoot in grade IIA. METHODS: We evaluated 29 patients (31 feet), mean age of 46.4 years, who had been surgically treated for adult flatfoot grade IIA according to Myerson...
August 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409210/fractures-of-the-talus-current-concepts-and-new-developments
#16
REVIEW
John A Buza, Philipp Leucht
Fractures of the talus are challenging to manage, with historically poor outcomes and a high rate of complications. The rare nature of this injury limits the number of studies available to guide treatment. Fortunately, a number of advancements have been made in the last decade. There is increased recognition regarding the importance of anatomic reconstruction of the osseous injury. Advanced imaging is used to assess the subtalar joint, where even slight displacement may predispose to arthritis. Increasing use of dual anteromedial and anterolateral approaches, along with plate fixation, has improved our ability to accurately restore the anatomy of the talus...
August 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409207/relationship-between-symptomatic-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus-and-quality-of-life-body-mass-index-age-size-and-anatomic-location
#17
Riccardo D'Ambrosi, Camilla Maccario, Nicola Serra, Chiara Ursino, Federico Giuseppe Usuelli
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between symptomatic osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs) and age, body mass index (BMI), quality of life (QOL), size and anatomic location. METHODS: Fifty-two patients with chronic OLTs were analyzed including BMI, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS), Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12 divided into Mental (MCS) and Physical (PCS) score) and the 12-Item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12)...
August 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933965/beware-the-hallucal-interphalangeal-joint-sesamoid-in-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-arthrodesis
#18
John Wong-Chung, Matthew Arneill, Richard Lloyd
BACKGROUND: We describe a previously unreported presentation of the hallucal interphalangeal joint sesamoid (HIPJS) following arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP1). METHODS: Of 438 MTP1 arthrodeses performed over a 13-year period, 12 feet returned with a painful keratoma beneath a gradually hyperextending interphalangeal joint of the great toe (IPJ1) from unexcised, unrecognized or recognized HIPJS. We identified another 7 feet with HIPJS, which did not develop symptoms after MTP1 arthrodesis...
June 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933964/percutaneous-fixation-of-avulsion-fracture-at-the-plantar-lateral-base-of-the-first-metatarsal-using-ziptight-fixation-system-a-case-report
#19
Katsunori Fukutake, Hiroyuki Hattori, Masayuki Sekiguchi, Yasuhiro Inoue, Daisuke Kamakura, Kentaro Tsuji, Yousuke Kojimahara, Hiroshi Takahashi, Kazuaki Tsuchiya
Isolated avulsion fracture of the peroneus longus tendon insertion at the base of the first metatarsal without injury of the tarsometatarsal joint is very rare. Similar to most avulsion fractures, this type of injury is caused by strong tension exerted by the peroneus longus tendon. The mechanism leading to this lesion and treatment options are not clearly defined. Several surgical techniques have been advocated for this fracture, including excision of an avulsion fragment and open reduction for internal fixation through the medial aspect of the foot or minimal plantar incision...
June 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933963/corrigendum-to-a-critical-evaluation-of-venous-thromboembolism-risk-assessment-models-used-in-patients-with-lower-limb-cast-immobilization-foot-ankle-surg-22-3-september-2016-191-195
#20
Ultan Watson, Ben A Hickey, Huw M Jones, Anthony Perera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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