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Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine

Miyuki Iwai-Shimada, Shoji F Nakayama, Tomohiko Isobe, Takehiro Michikawa, Shin Yamazaki, Hiroshi Nitta, Ayano Takeuchi, Yayoi Kobayashi, Kenji Tamura, Eiko Suda, Masaji Ono, Junzo Yonemoto, Toshihiro Kawamoto
BACKGROUND: The Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS) is a nation-wide birth cohort study investigating environmental effects on children's health and development. In this study, the exposure characteristics of the JECS participating mothers were summarized using two questionnaires administered during pregnancy. METHODS: Women were recruited during the early period of their pregnancy. We intended to administer the questionnaire during the first trimester (MT1) and the second/third trimester (MT2)...
September 15, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh, Marzieh Aslani, Fidan Shabani, Sahar Dalvand, Naser Parizad
BACKGROUND: Needlestick and sharps injuries (NSIs) are critical occupational risk among health care workers (HCWs), which is extremely worrying due to the potential risk of transmitting bloodborn pathogens (BBPs). This study was carried out to evaluate the prevalence of NSIs among Iranian HCWs. METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, the key terms percu* injur*, needle* stick injur*, needlestick* injur*, or sharp* injur* were searched in the Scientific Information Database (SID), MagIran, IranMedex, Google Scholar, Science Direct, PubMed, and Scopus...
September 7, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Machiko Minatoya, Sachiko Itoh, Keiko Yamazaki, Atsuko Araki, Chihiro Miyashita, Naomi Tamura, Jun Yamamoto, Yu Onoda, Kazuki Ogasawara, Toru Matsumura, Reiko Kishi
BACKGROUND: Studies reported adverse behavioral development including internalizing and externalizing problems in association with prenatal exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates; however, findings were not sufficient due to using different assessment tools and child ages among studies. This study aimed to examine associations between maternal serum levels of BPA and phthalate metabolites and behavioral problems at preschool age. METHODS: The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used to assess behavioral problems at 5 years of age...
September 7, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Peng Ouyang, Wenjun Sun
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are a worldwide health problem. However, the research about the effect of depressive symptoms on the fall among the Chinese mid-aged and elderly people is lacking. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the association between depressive symptoms and fall accidents among middle-aged and elderly people in China. METHODS: This study was conducted based on 12,527 sets of data from China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Survey (CHARLS)...
September 5, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Mohammad Shahriar Khan, Souleymane Coulibaly, Takahiro Matsumoto, Yoshitaka Yano, Makoto Miura, Yukio Nagasaka, Masayuki Shima, Nobuyuki Yamagishi, Keiji Wakabayashi, Tetsushi Watanabe
BACKGROUND: The health effects of biological aerosols on the respiratory system are unclear. The purpose of this study was to clarify the association of airborne particle, protein, and endotoxin with emergency department visits for asthma in Kyoto City, Japan. METHODS: We collected data on emergency department visits at a hospital in Kyoto from September 2014 to May 2016. Fine (aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 μm) and coarse (≥ 2.5 μm) particles were collected in Kyoto, and protein and endotoxin levels were analyzed...
August 28, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Ken Shirato, Jun Takanari, Tomoko Koda, Takuya Sakurai, Junetsu Ogasawara, Hideki Ohno, Takako Kizaki
BACKGROUND: Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) exhibits protective effects against ultraviolet (UV)-induced premature skin aging. A standardized extract of Asparagus officinalis stem (EAS) is produced as a novel and unique functional food that induces HSP70 cellular expression. To elucidate the anti-photoaging potencies of EAS, we examined its effects on HSP70 expression levels in UV-B-irradiated normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs). METHODS: NHDFs were treated with 1 mg/mL of EAS or dextrin (vehicle control) prior to UV-B irradiation (20 mJ/cm2 )...
August 21, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Ahmad Khosravi, Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Hassan Hashemi, Akbar Fotouhi
OBJECTIVES: Considering the increase in the non-communicable diseases associated with tobacco use in recent decades in Iran, it is necessary to have a general view of the current condition. This study aimed to identify factors associated with tobacco use and to estimate the probability of a 5-year transition in the stages of tobacco use in an adult population. METHODS: In this study, 5190 people in the 40-64-year-old population of Shahroud (North East of Iran) were interviewed in 2009 and 2014 on tobacco smoking...
August 18, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Gui-Ping Xu, Wei-Xian Chen, Wen-Yue Xie, Li-Fang Wu
BACKGROUND: The rs1520220 polymorphism in the insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) gene has been reported to affect cancer susceptibly in several studies. However, the results of the relevant studies are inconsistent. We conduct a current meta-analysis to investigate the association between rs1520220 and cancer susceptibly. METHODS: Three databases (PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science) were searched for studies regarding the relationship between rs1520220 and cancer susceptibly...
August 16, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Hidenori Onishi, Osamu Yamamura, Shinsaku Ueda, Muneichi Shibata, Soichi Enomoto, Fumie Maeda, Hiromasa Tsubouchi, Takeshi Hirobe, Sadao Shimizu, Kazuhiko Hanzawa, Tadanori Hamano, Yasunari Nakamoto, Hiroyuki Hayashi, Hidekazu Terasawa
BACKGROUND: An increase in cardiovascular diseases has been reported following major disasters. Previous work has shown that ultrasonographic findings from ultrasound cardiography examination (UCG) increased until the 44th month after the tsunami caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake. The present study conducted UCG among victims in the tsunami disaster area and investigated the frequency of disaster-related cardiovascular diseases and changes over time until the 55th month after the disaster...
August 14, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
A Kapinova, P Kubatka, O Golubnitschaja, M Kello, P Zubor, P Solar, M Pec
Cancerous tissue transformation developing usually over years or even decades of life is a highly complex process involving strong stressors damaging DNA, chronic inflammation, comprehensive interaction between relevant molecular pathways, and cellular cross-talk within the neighboring tissues. Only the minor part of all cancer cases are caused by inborn predisposition; the absolute majority carry a sporadic character based on modifiable risk factors which play a central role in cancer prevention. Amongst most promising candidates for dietary supplements are bioactive phytochemicals demonstrating strong anticancer effects...
August 9, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Eiji Yano
The present review summarizes the results of several follow-up studies assessing an asbestos product manufacturing plant in Chongqing, China, and discusses three controversial issues related to the carcinogenicity of asbestos. The first issue is the amphibole hypothesis, which asserts that the carcinogenicity of asbestos is limited to amphiboles, such as crocidolite, but not serpentines, such as chrysotile. However, considering the possible multiple component of asbestos carcinogenicity in the presence of tobacco smoke or other carcinogens, chrysotile cannot be regarded as non-carcinogenic...
August 8, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Hiromasa Tsujiguchi, Daisuke Hori, Yasuhiro Kambayashi, Toshio Hamagishi, Hiroki Asakura, Junko Mitoma, Masami Kitaoka, Enoch Olando Anyenda, Thao Thi Thu Nguyen, Yohei Yamada, Koichiro Hayashi, Tadashi Konoshita, Takiko Sagara, Aki Shibata, Satoshi Sasaki, Hiroyuki Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviors have recently become an important public health issue. We aimed to investigate the relationship between screen time and nutrient intake in children and adolescents. METHODS: The present study was conducted in 2013. Data were collected from children and adolescents aged between 6 and 15 years old in Shika town. Questionnaires were distributed to 1459 subjects, 1414 of whom participated in the study (96.9%). Sedentary behaviors were assessed based on participants' screen behaviors (television (TV) viewing, personal computer (PC) use, and mobile phone (MP) use)...
August 7, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Yuriko Kojima, Tomohiro Kumagai, Tomoo Hidaka, Takeyasu Kakamu, Shota Endo, Yayoi Mori, Tadashi Tsukamoto, Takashi Sakamoto, Miho Murata, Takehito Hayakawa, Tetsuhito Fukushima
BACKGROUND: The facial expression of medical staff has been known to greatly affect the psychological state of patients, making them feel uneasy or conversely, cheering them up. By clarifying the characteristics of facial expression recognition ability in patients with Lewy body disease, the aim of this study is to examine points to facilitate smooth communication between caregivers and patients with the disease whose cognitive function has deteriorated. METHODS: During the period from March 2016 to July 2017, we examined the characteristics of recognition of the six facial expressions of "happiness," "sadness," "fear," "anger," "surprise," and "disgust" for 107 people aged 60 years or more, both outpatient and inpatient, who hospital specialists had diagnosed with Lewy body diseases of Parkinson's disease, Parkinson's disease with dementia, and dementia with Lewy bodies...
July 18, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Yuji Shimizu, Shimpei Sato, Yuko Noguchi, Jun Koyamatsu, Hirotomo Yamanashi, Miho Higashi, Mako Nagayoshi, Shin-Ya Kawashiri, Yasuhiro Nagata, Noboru Takamura, Takahiro Maeda
BACKGROUND: Age-related low-grade inflammation causing endothelial disruption influences sarcopenia, hypertension, and atherosclerosis. We reported previously that maintenance of muscle strength in elderly hypertensive men with high platelet levels is positively associated with subclinical atherosclerosis but not in those with low platelet levels. Since reduced tongue pressure is related to sarcopenia, tongue pressure may be associated with subclinical carotid atherosclerosis in hypertensive elderly subjects, and platelet levels may function as an indicator of the association between tongue pressure and subclinical carotid atherosclerosis...
July 18, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Yiwen Chen, Qin Liu, Wenyan Li, Xu Deng, Bo Yang, Xin Huang
OBJECTIVES: Mothers who smoke during pregnancy or while their children are small were common in some populations. Epidemiological studies have tried to detect the effect of prenatal tobacco smoke (PTS), and childhood environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) on puberty timing have not shown a consensus results. We aimed to examine current evidence and estimate the associations between PTS or/and ETS and puberty timing. METHODS: Seven databases were searched from inception to May 2017...
July 18, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Masahide Koda, Motoki Iwasaki, Yuko Yamano, Xi Lu, Takahiko Katoh
Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported a correction in the units in the methods section under "Subjects".
July 4, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Liu Huang, Xiao Cai, Fuzhi Lian, Long Zhang, Yuling Kong, Chengjian Cao, Haiyan Ma, Yuxian Shao, Yinyin Wu, Baodan Zhang, Liangwen Xu, Lei Yang
BACKGROUND: Both aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) rs671 polymorphism and lifestyle behaviors are involved in coronary artery disease (CAD), while the interaction between them is currently unknown. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted in 161 patients with CAD and 495 controls in dyslipidemia population in Yinzhou District, Ningbo, Zhejiang Province, China, in August 2013. Anthropometric data and blood samples were collected, demographic characteristics and lifestyle behaviors information were obtained by a face-to-face interview, dietary intake was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire, and genomic DNA was genotyped...
June 30, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Kazutoshi Nakamura, Ribeka Takachi, Kaori Kitamura, Toshiko Saito, Ryosaku Kobayashi, Rieko Oshiki, Yumi Watanabe, Keiko Kabasawa, Akemi Takahashi, Shoichiro Tsugane, Masayuki Iki, Ayako Sasaki, Osamu Yamazaki
BACKGROUND: Age-related musculoskeletal diseases are becoming increasingly burdensome in terms of both individual quality of life and medical cost. We intended to establish a large population-based cohort study to determine environmental, lifestyle, and genetic risk factors of musculoskeletal and other age-related diseases, and to clarify the association between vitamin D status and such diseases. METHODS: We targeted 34,802 residents aged 40-74 years living in areas of northern Niigata Prefecture, including Sekikawa Village, Awashimaura Village, and Murakami City (Murakami region)...
June 26, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Devarajan Rathish, Suneth Agampodi, Channa Jayasumana
BACKGROUND: Acetylcholinesterase inhibitor insecticides (AChEIIs) were used extensively in the agrarian region of Anuradhapura for the past few decades. As a result, the region faced a heightened risk of toxicity. Carbaryl, carbofuran, chlorpyrifos, dimethoate, and fenthion were the five hazardous AChEIIs banned from Anuradhapura in 2014. Assessment of post-ban trends in acute poisoning will reveal the impact of the ban. Data on availability and sales of remaining AChEIIs will guide towards preventive measures against related toxicities...
June 26, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Zemichael Gizaw, Tsegaye Adane, Jember Azanaw, Ayenew Addisu, Daniel Haile
BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasites are a common problem in the world. The greater proportion of infections is associated with poor water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH). This study was conducted to assess intestinal parasites, WASH condition, and their association in rural Dembiya, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was employed. Two hundred twenty-five children aged 6-59 months were included. Mothers were interviewed using a structured questionnaire, and the living environment was observed using checklists...
June 22, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
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