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Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463216/long-non-coding-rna-hotair-polymorphism-and-susceptibility-to-cancer-an-updated-meta-analysis
#1
Juan Li, Zhigang Cui, Hang Li, Xiaoting Lv, Min Gao, Zitai Yang, Yanhong Bi, Baosen Zhou, Zhihua Yin
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of publications are drawing attention to the associations between six common polymorphisms in HOX transcript anti-sense RNA (HOTAIR) and the risk of cancers, while these results have been controversial and inconsistent. We conducted an up-to-date meta-analysis to pool eligible studies and to further explore the possible relationships between HOTAIR polymorphisms (rs920778, rs7958904, rs12826786, 4,759,314, rs874945, and rs1899663) and cancer risk. METHODS: A systematic retrieval was conducted up to 1 July 2017 in the PubMed, Web of Science, and CNKI databases...
February 20, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444637/estimated-assessment-of-cumulative-dietary-exposure-to-organophosphorus-residues-from-tea-infusion-in-china
#2
Pei Cao, Dajin Yang, Jianghui Zhu, Zhaoping Liu, Dingguo Jiang, Haibin Xu
BACKGROUND: China has the world's largest tea plantation area in the world. To sustain high yields of the tea, multiple pesticides are used on tea crops to control pests. Organophosphorus (OP) pesticides are among the most widely used types of agricultural pesticides in China. As tea is a significant potential source of exposure to pesticide residues, the public concern has increased in relation to pesticide residues found in tea in China. The aim of the study was to estimate cumulative dietary exposure to OP residues from tea infusion for Chinese tea consumers to determine whether exposure to OP residues from tea infusion is a cause of health concern for tea consumers in China...
February 14, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433422/the-effect-of-noise-exposure-on-insulin-sensitivity-in-mice-may-be-mediated-by-the-jnk-irs1-pathway
#3
Lijie Liu, Cong Fang, Jing Yang, Hongyu Zhang, Yi Huang, Chuanying Xuan, Yongfang Wang, Shengwei Li, Jun Sha, Mingming Zha, Min Guo
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have suggested that noise exposure may increase the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and experimental studies have demonstrated that noise exposure can induce insulin resistance in rodents. The aim of the present study was to explore noise-induced processes underlying impaired insulin sensitivity in mice. METHODS: Male ICR mice were randomly divided into four groups: a control group without noise exposure and three noise groups exposed to white noise at a 95-dB sound pressure level for 4 h/day for 1, 10, or 20 days (N1D, N10D, and N20D, respectively)...
February 12, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415649/gender-differences-in-the-prevalence-and-impact-factors-of-hysterical-tendencies-in-adolescents-from-three-eastern-chinese-provinces
#4
Qinglin Cheng, Li Xie, Yunkai Hu, Jinfeng Hu, Wei Gao, Yongxiang Lv, Yong Xu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have attempted to compare the differences in the prevalence and impact factors of hysterical tendencies (HTs) in adolescents. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine gender differences in the prevalence and impact factors of adolescents' HTs across three eastern Chinese provinces (Anhui, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang). METHODS: A multicenter, school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in three provinces (Anhui, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang) in China in 2014...
February 7, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385984/effects-of-low-intensity-bodyweight-training-with-slow-movement-on-motor-function-in-frail-elderly-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#5
Kanae Kanda, Takeshi Yoda, Hiromi Suzuki, Yugo Okabe, Yutaka Mori, Kunihisa Yamasaki, Hiroko Kitano, Aya Kanda, Tomohiro Hirao
BACKGROUND: Slow-motion training, an exercise marked by extremely slow movements, yields a training effect like that of a highly intense training, even when the applied load is small. This study evaluated the effects of low-intensity bodyweight training with slow movement on motor function in frail, elderly patients. METHODS: Ninety-seven elderly men and women aged 65 years or older, whose level of nursing care was classified as either support required (1 and 2) or long-term care required (care level 1 and 2), volunteered to participate...
January 31, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374457/association-between-diabetes-and-pesticides-a-case-control-study-among-thai-farmers
#6
Chudchawal Juntarawijit, Yuwayong Juntarawijit
BACKGROUND: Pesticides are an agricultural chemical suspected to be a significant contributor to a global diabetes pandemic. The purpose of this study was to confirm previous findings of the link between diabetes and some agricultural pesticides and to identify the particular pesticides that are most likely to pose a risk of diabetes in the community. METHODS: A population-based case-controlled study was conducted among residents in the Bang Rakam district of Phitsanulok Province in Thailand...
January 27, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316884/sharp-injuries-a-cross-sectional-study-among-health-care-workers-in-a-provincial-teaching-hospital-in-china
#7
Zhuo Cui, Jingrui Zhu, Xiangjun Zhang, Bairu Wang, Xiaojun Li
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to investigate the incidence and reporting behavior of sharp injuries among healthcare workers (HCWs) and identify the risk factors associated with these injuries. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in February 2017 in a provincial teaching hospital in China. Data were collected from 901 HCWs using a self-administered questionnaire which included demographic information, experience, and reporting behavior of sharp injuries...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291718/oxidized-human-serum-albumin-as-a-possible-correlation-factor-for-atherosclerosis-in-a-rural-japanese-population-the-results-of-the-yakumo-study
#8
Ryosuke Fujii, Jun Ueyama, Arisa Aoi, Naohiro Ichino, Keisuke Osakabe, Keiko Sugimoto, Koji Suzuki, Nobuyuki Hamajima, Kenji Wakai, Takaaki Kondo
BACKGROUND: The effect of the redox state of human serum albumin (HSA) on the antioxidant properties of the entire body has been a focus of recent research. The usefulness of HSA redox state as a biomarker for reducing oxidative stress has been investigated in clinical settings; however, evidence for its significance as a health index in non-clinical settings is yet to be established. This study aimed to examine the associations between HSA redox state and the atherosclerotic indices of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaque formation in a rural Japanese population...
January 2, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262778/acute-coronary-syndromes-occurring-while-driving-frequency-and-patient-characteristics
#9
Joji Inamasu, Satoru Miyatake, Takashi Yagi, Shigetaka Noma
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) may occur during any human activity, including driving. The objectives of this study were to report the frequency of ACS occurring while driving, clarify patient characteristics, and analyze the behavioral patterns of drivers who sustained ACS. METHODS: A single-center, retrospective observational study was conducted using prospectively acquired data. Among 1605 ACS patients admitted between January 2011 and December 2016, 65 (60 men/5 women) patients who sustained ACS while driving were identified...
December 20, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246106/effects-of-methanol-and-formic-acid-on-human-platelet-aggregation
#10
Mikio Marumo, Ichiro Wakabayashi
BACKGROUND: Although ethanol is known to inhibit platelet aggregation, the effects of another variant of alcohol, methanol, have not been reported. The purpose of this study was to determine whether methanol and its metabolite, formic acid, affect Ca2+ entry into and subsequent aggregation of platelets in vitro. METHODS: Ca2+ entry into and aggregation of human platelets were measured by spectrofluorometry using Fura-2/AM as an indicator and the light transmission method, respectively...
December 16, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237397/parental-occupations-educational-levels-and-income-and-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-3-year-old-japanese-children
#11
Hiromasa Kato, Keiko Tanaka, Ken Shimizu, Chisato Nagata, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa, Yoshihiro Miyake
BACKGROUND: Most studies have investigated the association between parental socioeconomic factors and dental caries in children based on educational and income levels; studies focusing on parental occupation, however, have been relatively limited. This cross-sectional study examined the associations between parental occupations and levels of education and household income and the prevalence of dental caries in Japanese children aged 3 years. METHODS: Study subjects were 6315 children...
December 13, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228902/a-methodological-consideration-for-blood-lead-concentrations-obtained-from-the-earlobe-in-japanese-adults-occupationally-unexposed-to-lead
#12
Nozomi Tatsuta, Kunihiko Nakai, Miyuki Iwai-Shimada, Futoshi Mizutani, Katsuyuki Murata, Yoichi Chisaki, Hiroshi Satoh
BACKGROUND: Neuropsychological effects of considerably low levels of lead exposure are observed in children, and a reliable and possibly painless technique that can detect such levels is required for the assessment of such exposure. We examined whether the blood lead (BPb) concentrations obtained from the earlobe were as valid and useful as those from the median cubital vein. METHODS: Paired blood samples were collected from the earlobe and cubital vein of 112 Japanese participants occupationally unexposed to lead, and the BPb levels were determined using ICP-MS...
December 11, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228900/effects-of-chronic-noise-on-the-corticotropin-releasing-factor-system-in-the-rat-hippocampus-relevance-to-alzheimer-s-disease-like-tau-hyperphosphorylation
#13
Zhihui Gai, Donghong Su, Yawen Wang, Wenlong Li, Bo Cui, Kang Li, Xiaojun She, Rui Wang
BACKGROUND: Chronic noise exposure has been associated with tau hyperphosphorylation and Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like pathological changes, but the underlying mechanism is unknown. In this study, we explored the effects of long-term noise exposure on the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) system in the hippocampus and its role in noise-induced tau phosphorylation. METHODS: Sixty-four rats were randomly divided into the noise-exposed group and the control group, and rats in the exposure group were exposed to 95 dB SPL white noise for 30 consecutive days...
December 11, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165175/triglycerides-and-blood-pressure-in-relation-to-circulating-cd34-positive-cell-levels-among-community-dwelling-elderly-japanese-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Yuji Shimizu, Shimpei Sato, Yuko Noguchi, Jun Koyamatsu, Hirotomo Yamanashi, Mako Nagayoshi, Koichiro Kadota, Shin-Ya Kawashiri, Yasuhiro Nagata, Takahiro Maeda
BACKGROUND: Triglycerides are reported to be positively associated with blood pressure (both systolic and diastolic). However, in a previous study, we reported a significant positive association between triglycerides and circulating CD34-positive cells (endothelial repair) among non-hypertensive, but not hypertensive, participants. Since hypertension and endothelial dysfunction have a bi-directional association (vicious cycle), the status of circulating CD34-positive cells may influence the association between triglycerides and hypertension...
November 21, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165174/the-joint-impact-of-habitual-exercise-and-glycemic-control-on-the-incidence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd-in-middle-aged-and-older-males
#15
Ryoma Michishita, Takuro Matsuda, Shotaro Kawakami, Satoshi Tanaka, Akira Kiyonaga, Hiroaki Tanaka, Natsumi Morito, Yasuki Higaki
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study evaluated the influence of the joint impact of habitual exercise and glycemic control on the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) during a 6-year follow-up period in middle-aged and older males. METHODS: The study population included 303 males without a history of cardiovascular disease, stroke, renal dysfunction, or dialysis treatment. Their lifestyle behaviors regarding exercise and physical activity were evaluated using a standardized self-administered questionnaire...
November 6, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165161/rare-variants-of-rnf213-and-moyamoya-non-moyamoya-intracranial-artery-stenosis-occlusion-disease-risk-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#16
Xin Liao, Jing Deng, Wenjie Dai, Tong Zhang, Junxia Yan
BACKGROUND: The p.R4810K and other rare variants of ring finger protein 213 gene (RNF213) were illustrated as susceptibility variants for moyamoya (MMD) and non-moyamoya intracranial artery stenosis/occlusion disease (ICASO) recently. However, the effect sizes of p.R4810K were in great discrepancy even in studies of the same ethnic population and firm conclusions of other rare variants have been elusive given the small sample sizes and lack of replication. Thus, we performed this study to quantitatively evaluate whether or to what extent the rare variants of RNF213 contribute to MMD and ICASO in different populations...
November 2, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165160/a-review-of-vietnam-s-healthcare-reform-through-the-direction-of-healthcare-activities-doha
#17
REVIEW
Kyoko Takashima, Koji Wada, Ton Thanh Tra, Derek R Smith
OBJECTIVE: This article provides a comprehensive review of the healthcare reform process driven by the Vietnamese Ministry of Health's Direction of Healthcare Activities (DOHA) scheme. METHODS: We reviewed policy documents relating to DOHA, along with historical literature and background information describing its formation. RESULTS: DOHA (Chỉ đạo tuyến in Vietnamese) literally means guidance line or level in English. It requires healthcare facilities at higher government administration levels to support those at lower levels (the four levels being central, provincial, district, and commune), to help lower level hospitals to provide medical services for local communities in primary care settings and reduce the number of patients in higher level (central and provincial) hospitals...
October 30, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165177/level-of-perception-of-technical-terms-regarding-the-effect-of-radiation-on-the-human-body-by-residents-of-japan
#18
Yoshitoku Yoshida, Yasuko Yoshida, Emiko Isogai, Takashi Hayase, Kozue Nakamura, Mitsuo Saito, Koji Arizono
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the level of perception of the technical terms related to the effect of radiation on the human body among residents of the six prefectures of Miyagi, Fukushima, Tokyo, Aichi, Hiroshima, and Nagasaki in Japan. Miyagi and Fukushima were selected as devastated area by Great East Japan Earthquake. Tokyo and Aichi were selected as control. Hiroshima and Nagasaki were selected as the A-bombed area. METHODS: A total of 1030 respondents, 172, 173, 171, 173, 171, and 170, respectively, were surveyed...
October 27, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165164/association-between-nat2-cyp1a1-and-cyp1a2-genotypes-heterocyclic-aromatic-amines-and-prostate-cancer-risk-a-case-control-study-in-japan
#19
Masahide Koda, Motoki Iwasaki, Yuko Yamano, Xi Lu, Takahiko Katoh
BACKGROUND: Heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAAs) may confer prostate cancer risk; however, the evidence is inconclusive and the activity of HAA-metabolizing enzymes is modulated by gene variants. The purpose of our study was to determine whether there was evidence of an association between HAA intake, polymorphisms in NAT2, CYP1A1, and CYP1A2 and prostate cancer risk in Japanese men. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of an observational case control study was performed...
October 24, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165173/health-and-well-being-benefits-of-spending-time-in-forests-systematic-review
#20
Byeongsang Oh, Kyung Ju Lee, Chris Zaslawski, Albert Yeung, David Rosenthal, Linda Larkey, Michael Back
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have reported that spending time in nature is associated with the improvement of various health outcomes and well-being. This review evaluated the physical and psychological benefits of a specific type of exposure to nature, forest therapy. METHOD: A literature search was carried out using MEDLINE, PubMed, ScienceDirect, EMBASE, and ProQuest databases and manual searches from inception up to December 2016. Key words: "Forest" or "Shinrin -Yoku" or "Forest bath" AND "Health" or "Wellbeing"...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
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