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Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776338/assessment-of-lower-extremity-muscle-mass-muscle-strength-and-exercise-therapy-in-elderly-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Takuo Nomura, Toshihiro Kawae, Hiroaki Kataoka, Yukio Ikeda
The increase in the proportion of elderly people in the population is one of the most remarkable sociodemographic phenomena of the twenty-first century. The number of patients with diabetes is also increasing worldwide with this demographic change. Given these facts, consideration of the problems the general elderly population is facing in the management of diabetes is essential. In this review article, we focus on sarcopenia, which is the decrease in lower extremity muscle mass and muscle strength accompanying aging, describe the relationship between sarcopenia and diabetes, and highlight the specific factors through which diabetes contributes to loss of muscle strength...
May 17, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769039/expert-clinician-s-perspectives-on-environmental-medicine-and-toxicant-assessment-in-clinical-practice
#2
Nicole Bijlsma, Marc Maurice Cohen
BACKGROUND: Most clinicians feel ill-equipped to assess or educate patients about toxicant exposures, and it is unclear how expert environmental medicine clinicians assess these exposures or treat exposure-related conditions. We aimed to explore expert clinicians' perspectives on their practice of environmental medicine to determine the populations and toxicants that receive the most attention, identify how they deal with toxicant exposures and identify the challenges they face and where they obtain their knowledge...
May 16, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769021/the-toxicological-mechanisms-and-detoxification-of-depleted-uranium-exposure
#3
Yong-Chao Yue, Ming-Hua Li, Hai-Bo Wang, Bang-Le Zhang, Wei He
Depleted uranium (DU) has been widely applied in industrial and military activities, and is often obtained from producing fuel for nuclear reactors. DU may be released into the environment, polluting air, soil, and water, and is considered to exert both radiological and chemical toxicity. In humans and animals, DU can induce multiple health effects, such as renal tubular necrosis and bone malignancies. This review summarizes the known information on DU's routes of entry, mechanisms of toxicity, and health effects...
May 16, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769014/effect-of-fluoride-on-major-organs-with-the-different-time-of-exposure-in-rats
#4
Thanusha Perera, Shirani Ranasinghe, Neil Alles, Roshitha Waduge
BACKGROUND: High fluoride levels in drinking water in relation to the prevalence of chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) in Sri Lanka were investigated using rats as an experimental model. METHOD: The effects of fluoride after oral administration of Sodium fluoride (NaF) at levels of 0, 0.5, 5 and 20 ppm F- were evaluated in adult male Wistar rats. Thirty-six rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (n = 9), namely, control, test I, II, and III...
May 16, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724162/hepatocyte-growth-factor-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-relation-to-circulating-cd34-positive-cell-levels
#5
Yuji Shimizu, Shimpei Sato, Jun Koyamatsu, Hirotomo Yamanashi, Mako Nagayoshi, Shin-Ya Kawashiri, Keita Inoue, Shoichi Fukui, Hideaki Kondo, Seiko Nakamichi, Yasuhiro Nagata, Takahiro Maeda
BACKGROUND: Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) may act as a possible biochemical index for vascular damage, although evidence for the association between HGF and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is limited. Since both HGF and circulating CD34-positive cells play an important role in endothelial repair, circulating CD34-positive cell levels may influence the association between HGF and CIMT. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 269 elderly Japanese men aged 60-69 years who had undertaken an annual medical checkup from 2014 to 2015...
May 3, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703135/spectrophotometric-determination-of-ammonia-levels-in-tobacco-fillers-of-and-sidestream-smoke-from-different-cigarette-brands-in-japan
#6
Yohei Inaba, Shigehisa Uchiyama, Naoki Kunugita
BACKGROUND: The ammonia contained in tobacco fillers and mainstream and sidestream cigarette smoke accelerates nicotine dependence in cigarette smokers. Ammonia has been included in the non-exhaustive priority list of 39 tobacco components and emissions of cigarette published by the World Health Organization (WHO) Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation. The development of a simple ammonia detection method will contribute to the establishment of tobacco product regulation under tobacco control policies and allow surveys to be conducted, even by laboratories with small research budgets...
April 27, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678130/cumulative-risk-effect-of-household-dysfunction-for-child-maltreatment-after-intensive-intervention-of-the-child-protection-system-in-japan-a-longitudinal-analysis
#7
Hirotsuna Ohashi, Ichiro Wada, Yui Yamaoka, Ryoko Nakajima-Yamaguchi, Yasukazu Ogai, Nobuaki Morita
BACKGROUND: Building an effective casework system for child maltreatment is a global issue. We estimated the effect of household dysfunction (i.e., interparental violence, caregiver mental health problems, and caregiver substance abuse) on child maltreatment to understand how to advance the current framework of child welfare. METHODS: The sample comprised 759 children (1- to 17-year-old; mean age was 10.6; 404 boys and 355 girls) placed in temporary custody units (one of the strongest intervention of the Japanese child protection system)...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665784/development-and-psychometric-testing-of-an-abridged-version-of-dundee-ready-educational-environment-measure-dreem
#8
Kathiresan Jeyashree, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Soundappan Kathirvel
BACKGROUND: Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM) is a 50-item tool to assess the educational environment of medical institutions as perceived by the students. This cross-sectional study developed and validated an abridged version of the DREEM-50 with an aim to have a less resource-intensive (time, manpower), yet valid and reliable, version of DREEM-50 while also avoiding respondent fatigue. METHODS: A methodology similar to that used in the development of WHO-BREF was adopted to develop the abridged version of DREEM...
April 17, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614951/synergistic-effects-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-and-exercise-intensity-on-memory-in-the-adolescent-brain-a-commentary
#9
Tharmegan Tharmaratnam, Tyler Tabobondung, Taylor Tabobondung, Sally Doherty
This commentary highlights the recently published study by Jeon and Ha (Environ Health Prev Med 22:27, 2017) examining the effects of exercise intensity and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on memory in adolescents. This 12-week training study elicited increases in BDNF and improvements in working memory during moderate- and high-intensity exercise, which may have been achieved through improved brain tissue oxygenation, nutrient delivery, and BDNF mRNA expression. These improvements highlight the positive neuroendocrinological effects of BDNF and its role as a potential candidate molecule, as a mediator of synaptic plasticity...
April 3, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544441/correction-to-increase-in-the-prevalence-of-hypertension-among-adults-exposed-to-the-great-chinese-famine-during-early-life
#10
Lingli Liu, Xianglong Xu, Huan Zeng, Yong Zhang, Zumin Shi, Fan Zhang, Xianqing Cao, Yao Jie Xie, Cesar Reis, Yong Zhao
The 'Conclusion' section in the Abstract was published incorrectly in the original publication of the article [1] and is corrected with this erratum as below: "Fetal exposure to the Chinese famine may be associated with an increased risk of hypertension in adulthood in women."
March 15, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529990/gender-differences-in-the-psychophysiological-effects-induced-by-vocs-emitted-from-japanese-cedar-cryptomeria-japonica
#11
Eri Matsubara, Shuichi Kawai
BACKGROUND: Wood is a valuable material for interiors, and the psychophysiological relaxation effects of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from wood chips and essential oils have been reported. However, few studies have identified the odors in full-scale wooden environment, and also, differences in gender have not been clarified. In this study, we aimed to confirm the effects of VOCs emitted from interior wood walls in both human male and female participants. METHODS: We used Japanese cedar timber and analyzed VOCs in the experimental rooms with and without Japanese cedar timber by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
March 12, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471789/melanin-embedded-materials-effectively-remove-hexavalent-chromium-cr-vi-from-aqueous-solution
#12
An Manh Cuong, Nguyen Thi Le Na, Pham Nhat Thang, Trinh Ngoc Diep, Ly Bich Thuy, Nguyen Lai Thanh, Nguyen Dinh Thang
BACKGROUND: Currently, it is recognized that water polluted with toxic heavy metal ions may cause serious effects on human health. Therefore, the development of new materials for effective removal of heavy metal ions from water is still a widely important area. Melanin is being considered as a potential material for removal of heavy metal from water. METHODS: In this study, we synthesized two melanin-embedded beads from two different melanin powder sources and named IMB (Isolated Melanin Bead originated from squid ink sac) and CMB (Commercial Melanin Bead originated from sesame seeds)...
February 23, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463216/long-non-coding-rna-hotair-polymorphism-and-susceptibility-to-cancer-an-updated-meta-analysis
#13
Juan Li, Zhigang Cui, Hang Li, Xiaoting Lv, Min Gao, Zitai Yang, Yanhong Bi, Baosen Zhou, Zhihua Yin
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of publications are drawing attention to the associations between six common polymorphisms in HOX transcript anti-sense RNA (HOTAIR) and the risk of cancers, while these results have been controversial and inconsistent. We conducted an up-to-date meta-analysis to pool eligible studies and to further explore the possible relationships between HOTAIR polymorphisms (rs920778, rs7958904, rs12826786, 4,759,314, rs874945, and rs1899663) and cancer risk. METHODS: A systematic retrieval was conducted up to 1 July 2017 in the PubMed, Web of Science, and CNKI databases...
February 20, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444637/estimated-assessment-of-cumulative-dietary-exposure-to-organophosphorus-residues-from-tea-infusion-in-china
#14
Pei Cao, Dajin Yang, Jianghui Zhu, Zhaoping Liu, Dingguo Jiang, Haibin Xu
BACKGROUND: China has the world's largest tea plantation area in the world. To sustain high yields of the tea, multiple pesticides are used on tea crops to control pests. Organophosphorus (OP) pesticides are among the most widely used types of agricultural pesticides in China. As tea is a significant potential source of exposure to pesticide residues, the public concern has increased in relation to pesticide residues found in tea in China. The aim of the study was to estimate cumulative dietary exposure to OP residues from tea infusion for Chinese tea consumers to determine whether exposure to OP residues from tea infusion is a cause of health concern for tea consumers in China...
February 14, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433422/the-effect-of-noise-exposure-on-insulin-sensitivity-in-mice-may-be-mediated-by-the-jnk-irs1-pathway
#15
Lijie Liu, Cong Fang, Jing Yang, Hongyu Zhang, Yi Huang, Chuanying Xuan, Yongfang Wang, Shengwei Li, Jun Sha, Mingming Zha, Min Guo
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have suggested that noise exposure may increase the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and experimental studies have demonstrated that noise exposure can induce insulin resistance in rodents. The aim of the present study was to explore noise-induced processes underlying impaired insulin sensitivity in mice. METHODS: Male ICR mice were randomly divided into four groups: a control group without noise exposure and three noise groups exposed to white noise at a 95-dB sound pressure level for 4 h/day for 1, 10, or 20 days (N1D, N10D, and N20D, respectively)...
February 12, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415649/gender-differences-in-the-prevalence-and-impact-factors-of-hysterical-tendencies-in-adolescents-from-three-eastern-chinese-provinces
#16
Qinglin Cheng, Li Xie, Yunkai Hu, Jinfeng Hu, Wei Gao, Yongxiang Lv, Yong Xu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have attempted to compare the differences in the prevalence and impact factors of hysterical tendencies (HTs) in adolescents. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine gender differences in the prevalence and impact factors of adolescents' HTs across three eastern Chinese provinces (Anhui, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang). METHODS: A multicenter, school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in three provinces (Anhui, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang) in China in 2014...
February 7, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385984/effects-of-low-intensity-bodyweight-training-with-slow-movement-on-motor-function-in-frail-elderly-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#17
Kanae Kanda, Takeshi Yoda, Hiromi Suzuki, Yugo Okabe, Yutaka Mori, Kunihisa Yamasaki, Hiroko Kitano, Aya Kanda, Tomohiro Hirao
BACKGROUND: Slow-motion training, an exercise marked by extremely slow movements, yields a training effect like that of a highly intense training, even when the applied load is small. This study evaluated the effects of low-intensity bodyweight training with slow movement on motor function in frail, elderly patients. METHODS: Ninety-seven elderly men and women aged 65 years or older, whose level of nursing care was classified as either support required (1 and 2) or long-term care required (care level 1 and 2), volunteered to participate...
January 31, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374457/association-between-diabetes-and-pesticides-a-case-control-study-among-thai-farmers
#18
Chudchawal Juntarawijit, Yuwayong Juntarawijit
BACKGROUND: Pesticides are an agricultural chemical suspected to be a significant contributor to a global diabetes pandemic. The purpose of this study was to confirm previous findings of the link between diabetes and some agricultural pesticides and to identify the particular pesticides that are most likely to pose a risk of diabetes in the community. METHODS: A population-based case-controlled study was conducted among residents in the Bang Rakam district of Phitsanulok Province in Thailand...
January 27, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316884/sharp-injuries-a-cross-sectional-study-among-health-care-workers-in-a-provincial-teaching-hospital-in-china
#19
Zhuo Cui, Jingrui Zhu, Xiangjun Zhang, Bairu Wang, Xiaojun Li
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to investigate the incidence and reporting behavior of sharp injuries among healthcare workers (HCWs) and identify the risk factors associated with these injuries. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in February 2017 in a provincial teaching hospital in China. Data were collected from 901 HCWs using a self-administered questionnaire which included demographic information, experience, and reporting behavior of sharp injuries...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291718/oxidized-human-serum-albumin-as-a-possible-correlation-factor-for-atherosclerosis-in-a-rural-japanese-population-the-results-of-the-yakumo-study
#20
Ryosuke Fujii, Jun Ueyama, Arisa Aoi, Naohiro Ichino, Keisuke Osakabe, Keiko Sugimoto, Koji Suzuki, Nobuyuki Hamajima, Kenji Wakai, Takaaki Kondo
BACKGROUND: The effect of the redox state of human serum albumin (HSA) on the antioxidant properties of the entire body has been a focus of recent research. The usefulness of HSA redox state as a biomarker for reducing oxidative stress has been investigated in clinical settings; however, evidence for its significance as a health index in non-clinical settings is yet to be established. This study aimed to examine the associations between HSA redox state and the atherosclerotic indices of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaque formation in a rural Japanese population...
January 2, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
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