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Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105050/knowledge-and-awareness-of-radiation-hazards-among-palestinian-radio-technologists
#1
Ahmed Hamarsheh, Ahmad Amro
This study investigated 94.4% of Palestinian radio technologists and the mean percentage of correct answers for knowledge and awareness questions was 26.4%. The percentage of correct answers for questions testing knowledge of the ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) principle and hormesis hypothesis was 66.5% and 17.2%, respectively. Radio technologists with education level higher than bachelor degree and < 5 years' work experience showed a significantly higher level of knowledge. The most radiosensitive organs were correctly identified as the lungs and stomach by 6...
October 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105049/perceptions-of-use-of-a-case-based-integrated-national-electronic-public-health-surveillance-system-in-jordan
#2
Rania Khorma, Fatima A Hammad, Samar Samouh, Refqi I Mahmoud, Meyassar Zindah, Sami A Sheikhali, Ayoub Assayideh, Bashir Al Qaseer, Gunnar Rø, John Haskew
Collection of real-time, standardized data remains a challenge for public health surveillance systems. The use of mobile information technology may facilitate this. A national case-based public health surveillance system was introduced in Jordan in 2015 using mobile tablets and an online framework. After training on the system, users were surveyed about their perceptions of it. Of 596 participants attending the training, 580 (97.3%) completed the survey. The majority of users were nurses (58.5%). Overall perceptions of the system were highly positive across 5 areas of functionality (standardized case definitions, clinical guidance on signs and symptoms, risk factors and laboratory guidance, SMS and Email alerts for notifiable diseases, one-hour reporting of information via an online framework)...
October 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105048/long-term-care-hospitals-in-turkey-a-review
#3
Metin Dincer, Kadriye Kahveci, Cihan Doger, Ayse Karhan Yarici
A long-term care hospital (LTCH) is a specialized facility for patients with serious health problems who require continuous and intensive care but not comprehensive diagnostic methods. LTCHs provide prolonged complex care and wound care in the period following the acute stage of disease. When intensive care unit (ICU) stay is prolonged in the United States of America, the patients may be transferred to an LTCH. Medicare suggests hospitalization > 25 days in LTCHs. The LTC system in Europe differs from that in other non-European countries and differences are also seen among European countries...
October 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105047/hepatitis-e-virus-seroprevalence-in-pregnant-women-in-pakistan-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes
#4
Najma Javed, Sultana H Ullah, Nazli Hussain, Munir A Sheikh, Ambreen Khan, Farkhanda Ghafoor, Rukhsana Firdous, Waqar Uddin, Arif N Saqib, Ghazal Muhyudin
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is endemic in Pakistan. Although otherwise asymptomatic, HEV infection becomes fatal in pregnancy, with considerable maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. We conducted a descriptive study from April to October 2015 in 10 tertiary care hospitals throughout Pakistan to determine maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality in HEV-positive pregnant women with acute jaundice or raised liver function tests. Twenty-one of 135 women were HEV positive and in 3rd trimester except for 1 in 1st trimester...
October 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105046/nutritional-knowledge-and-habits-of-adolescents-aged-9-to-13-years-in-sharjah-united-arab-emirates-a-crosssectional-study
#5
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Rossiter
Good nutritional knowledge and behaviour among adolescents is important to avoid health problems that can continue into adulthood. This cross-sectional study aimed to provide baseline data on nutritional knowledge and eating habits of adolescents in Sharjah. Data were collected from 300 adolescents aged 9-13 years attending 4 private schools using a validated self-administered questionnaire. Most students (86%) had poor nutritional knowledge, especially in key areas: nutritional terms, what constitutes healthy snacks and foods, daily nutritional requirements and components of food (e...
October 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105045/modifying-attitude-and-intention-toward-regular-physical-activity-using-protection-motivation-theory-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Kamal Mirkarimi, Maryam Eri, Mohammad R Ghanbari, Mohammad J Kabir, Mojtaba Raeisi, Rahman B Ozouni-Davaji, Mohammad Aryaie, Abdurrahman Charkazi
We were guided by the Protection Motivation Theory to test the motivational interviewing effects on attitude and intention of obese and overweight women to do regular physical activity. In a randomized controlled trial, we selected using convenience sampling 60 overweight and obese women attending health centres. The women were allocated to 2 groups of 30 receiving a standard weight-control programme or motivational interviewing. All constructs of the theory (perceived susceptibility, severity, self-efficacy and response efficacy) and all anthropometric characteristics (except body mass index) were significantly different between the groups at 3 study times...
October 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105044/raising-awareness-of-health-care-providers-about-merscov-infection-in-public-hospitals-in-mecca-saudi-arabia
#7
Mohamed O Nour, Ahmed O Babalghith, Hatim A Natto, Sallahaldeen M Alawneh, Fowzi O Elamin
It is important that health care workers have good knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) towards MERS-CoV, especially in Mecca because of the MERS-CoV threat during hajj and umrah. This study aimed to assess KAP of health care providers in public hospitals in Mecca about MERS-CoV infection and evaluate the effectiveness of a health education intervention to improve KAP. KAP was assessed among 281 participants using a self-administered questionnaire who then underwent the health education intervention using a combination of methods...
October 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105043/quality-of-life-among-postmenopausal-women-in-rural-minia-egypt
#8
Nashwa N Kamal, Amany E Seedhom
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and severity of menopausal symptoms and their effect on the quality of life of postmenopausal women in rural Minia. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1 100 postmenopausal women aged 45-60 years selected by multistage random sampling. The menopause rating scale (MRS) was used to assess the menopausal symptoms. The mean age at menopause was 48.9 (SD 4) years. The most frequent symptoms were joint and muscle pain (82.1%), physical and mental exhaustion (69...
October 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105042/towards-a-renewed-public-health-regulatory-and-surveillance-role-in-water-sanitation-and-hygiene
#9
EDITORIAL
Hamed Bakir, Mahdi Hadi, Mey Jurdi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853136/reprocessing-practices-for-gastrointestinal-endoscopes-a-multicentre-study-in-egyptian-university-hospitals
#10
Rehab H El-Sokkary, Ahmed A Wegdan, Ahmed A Mosaad, Rasha H Bassyouni, Wael M Awad
The aim of this study was to assess the practices of health care workers during gasterointestinal endoscope reprocessing, evaluate their knowledge about reprocessing, and verify their compliance with laboratory and microbiological tests in endoscopy units at Zagazig University and Fayoum University hospitals. All nursing staff on duty from 10 endoscopy units, with 16 flexible endoscopes, were included. Knowledge and practice were assessed by a questionnaire and a checklist. The mean knowledge score was 7.5 (SD 1...
August 27, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853135/epidemiological-characteristics-and-trends-in-the-incidence-of-animal-bites-in-maku-county-islamic-republic-of-iran-2003-2012
#11
Seyed Morteza Shamshirgaran, Hamid Barzkar, Saber Ghaffari-Fam, Ahmad Kosha, Parvin Sarbakhsh, Pari Ghasemzadeh
This study examined the epidemiological characteristics and incidence over time of animal bites in Maku County. Data were obtained from health centre records of animal bites from 2003 to 2012. Information on demographic characteristics and bite-related factors were recorded. A total of 2232 people were bitten; the frequency of bites was highest among males (75.4%), rural residents (72.3%) and those < 20 years (47.3%). Most bites were to the legs and feet (65%) and dogs were responsible for 92% of bites. Over 25% of those bitten delayed seeking care for more than a day, particularly rural residents...
August 27, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853134/health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-asthma-a-cross-sectional-study-in-semnan-islamic-republic-of-iran
#12
Naim S Kia, Farhad Malek, Elaheh Ghods, Mona Fathi
Asthma can profoundly affect the quality of life of individuals with the disease. There are limited data on the quality of life of people with asthma in the Islamic Republic of Iran. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate quality of life in adults with asthma in Semnan using the 36-item short form health survey (SF-36). The effect of sociodemographic characteristics on quality of life scores was examined. The study included a convenience sample of 385 outpatients with asthma attending a pulmonary clinic from June to December 2013...
August 27, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853133/prevalence-and-preventability-of-sentinel-events-in-saudi-arabia-analysis-of-reports-from-2012-to-2015
#13
Salem Al Wahabi, Fayssal Farahat, Ahmed Y Bahloul
This study aimed to assess the pattern of sentinel events reported to Ministry of Health of Saudi Arabia from January 2012 to June 2015. Sentinel event reports were examined for patient characteristics, type of event, outcome, cause and preventability. There were 433 sentinel events: 58.2% were deaths, 14.8% were unexpected loss of a limb or a function, 7.4% major medication errors and 7.4% retained instruments or sponges. Among the reported events, 44% were associated with surgical interventions and most were classified as preventable (91...
August 27, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853132/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-among-school-aged-children-in-jordan
#14
Manar Al Azzam, Mohammed Al Bashtawy, Ahmad Tubaishat, Abdul-Monim Batiha, Loai Tawalbeh
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms among school children in Jordan and the probable associated risk factors. This was a crosssectional descriptive study and simple random sampling was used to select 480 students, aged 6-12 years, from government primary schools in Mafraq City, Jordan. Data were collected using the modified Arabic version of the Attention Deficit Disorder Evaluation Scale (ADDES) school version and parental questionnaire...
August 27, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853131/implementation-of-a-peer-mediated-health-education-model-in-the-united-arab-emirates-addressing-risky-behaviours-among-expatriate-adolescents
#15
Zachary D Stanley, Leena W Asfour, Michael Weitzman, Scott E Sherman
Tobacco use among young people is increasing in the United Arab Emirates, and the country is ranked 15th in the world for prevalence of type II diabetes. Expatriates comprise a majority of the population, making them an important subset to study. We aimed to test whether an educational intervention would be effective in this cultural setting. We designed 2 peer-to-peer health workshops: tobacco use and nutrition/physical activity. One workshop was randomly assigned to 18 classrooms in private schools in Abu Dhabi...
August 27, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853130/urbanization-and-noncommunicable-disease-ncd-risk-factors-who-stepwise-iranian-ncd-risk-factors-surveillance-in-2011
#16
Zahra Khorrami, Koorosh Etemad, Shahin Yarahmadi, Soheila Khodakarim, Mohammadesmail Kameli, Alireza Mahdavi Hezaveh, Ebrahim Rahimi
This study was conducted to examine the relationship between urbanization and risk factors of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) according to the World Health Organization stepwise approach to surveillance of NCDs. This study is part of a NCD risk factor surveillance of 10 069 individuals in all provinces of the Islamic Republic of Iran, aged over 20 years, during 2011. By utilizing 2011 census data, urbanization levels were determined in all provinces and logistics regression was used to examine the relationship between urbanization and risk factors...
August 27, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853129/patients-attitudes-and-perceptions-regarding-research-and-their-rights-a-pilot-survey-study-from-the-middle-east
#17
Tamer Hifnawy, Samer Kobrosly, Hillary Edwards, Manal Anwar, Dalia Zahran, Henry Silverman
Ethical and regulatory oversight of research may be suboptimal in low- and middle-income countries. To determine patients' attitudes and perceptions toward research participation and perceptions of their rights, we recruited 202 participants from hospitals in Egypt, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia and Sudan and asked them to complete a questionnaire assessing attitudes and perceptions. Around 20% believed that doctors sometimes perform research on patients without their knowledge and 35% believed that if participants withdrew from the research they would not receive good medical care...
August 27, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853128/eliminating-hepatitis-from-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#18
EDITORIAL
Mahmoud Fikri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 27, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836658/governing-the-lebanese-health-system-strengthening-the-national-response-to-the-burden-of-syrian-refugees
#19
Alessio Santoro, Martin McKee
Lebanon is providing sanctuary to an estimated 1.5 million Syrian refugees, with potential consequences for its health system. Here, we analyse how it has responded to this challenge, identify sensitive areas where a strong national governance system is needed and explore how it might be implemented. An effective response to the Syrian refugee crisis requires concerted international action. Nonetheless, geography dictates that the Lebanese health system must play a central role. We identify some areas where a strengthened stewardship role of the Ministry of Public Health is urgently required...
August 20, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836657/determinants-of-caesarean-birth-on-maternal-demand-in-the-islamic-republic-of-iran-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Fatemeh Darsareh, Teamur Aghamolaei, Minoo Rajaei, Abdoulhossain Madani
The phenomenon of caesarean birth on demand has gained attention, particularly as a first caesarean birth appears to be strongly predictive of subsequent caesareans. Identification of reasons behind caesarean birth on demand is important for planning effective interventions. Therefore, this review reports the factors involved in the tendency of women to undergo caesarean birth, based on studies in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Several keywords including caesarean delivery, childbirth, causes, maternal request/demand, and patient choice were used to search Medline, PubMed, Ovid, Scientific Information Database, Magiran, Google and Google Scholar...
August 20, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
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