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Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966774/primary-oral-health-care-a-missing-link-in-public-health-in-pakistan
#1
S Basharat, B T Shaikh
In Pakistan, the limited availability of oral health care and the high level of unmet oral health care needs are well documented. The recorded prevalence of dental caries is 50-70% and that of oral cancer is among the highest in the world. Although oral health care has been declared to be part of the primary health care system, oral health disparities between rich and poor, and emerging problems of access to and use of appropriate care have never been addressed, reflecting a lack of awareness among both patients and health system decisionmakers...
December 12, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966773/the-growing-threat-of-antibiotic-resistance-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-what-does-it-take-to-control-it
#2
R Hajjeh, A Mafi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966772/essential-public-health-functions-the-experience-of-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#3
Ala Alwan, Olla Shideed, Sameen Siddiqi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966771/association-between-body-mass-index-diet-and-dental-caries-in-grade-6-boys-in-medina-saudi-arabia
#4
A Bhayat, M S Ahmad, H T Fadel
The prevalence of obesity is increasing in Saudi Arabia and although caries is associated with obesity, this association has not been investigated in Medina. This study aimed to determine the association between dental caries, body mass index (BMI) and dietary habits of 12-year-old boys from four geographically distinct schools in Medina. Mean BMI was 22.17 kg/m² (± 5.15); 41% had normal BMI, 25% were overweight and 30% were obese. The mean Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth (DMFT) score was 1.46 (± 2.04)...
December 12, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966770/the-status-of-serum-vitamin-d-in-the-population-of-the-united-arab-emirates
#5
K Yammine, H Al Adham
Research exploring the status of serum vitamin D levels in the populations of countries bordering the Arabian Gulf shows a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency. These reports were usually drawn from small samples unlikely to be representative of the population. We explored serum vitamin D level in a large sample (7924) of patients who were given a blood test to check their vitamin D status on their first consultation at a day surgery hospital in Dubai. The overall mean level of 25(OH) D was ~ 20 ng/mL Deficiency was found among all age groups, in both sexes and in both local and non-local populations: overall 85...
December 12, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966769/trends-in-outpatient-cataract-surgery-in-the-islamic-republic-of-iran-2006-2010
#6
H Hashemi, A Fotouhi, F Rezvan, H Gilasi, S Asgari, S Mohazzab-Torabi, K Etemad, A Yekta, M Khabazkhoob
This study aimed to determine the trends in outpatient cataract surgery and its determinants in the Islamic Republic of Iran between 2006 and 2010. In this cross-sectional study, 106 cataract surgery centres were selected in all provinces by multistage randomized cluster sampling. The number of centres in each province was determined from the number of cataract operations and the number of patient charts examined in each centre was proportionate to the number of cataract operations in that centre. The prevalence of outpatient surgery increased from 46...
December 12, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966768/prevalence-and-correlates-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-pre-crisis-syria-call-for-current-relief-efforts
#7
H Ramadan, F Naja, F M Fouad, E Antoun, M Jaffa, R Chaaban, M Haidar, A M Sibai
This study aimed to assess the prevalence, components and correlates of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in adults in pre-crisis Aleppo, Syrian Arab Republic. We used a population-based, 2-stage cluster sampling method in a population of 557 men and 611 women, randomly selected from 83 residential neighbourhoods including many rural settlers. Sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics, comorbidity, anthropometry and biochemical indices were measured. Prevalence of MetS was estimated at 39.6%, with comparable rates in men and women...
December 12, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966767/the-impact-of-media-and-advertising-of-food-on-the-eating-behaviour-of-adolescent-girls-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#8
Elham Al-Jaaly
This study aims to detect differences in eating behaviours demonstrated by adolescent girls in Jeddah Saudi Arabia, according to the influence of the media through TV advertisements. A cross-sectional survey was conducted of 1519 girls from 20 schools in Jeddah. Survey questions included information regarding media advertising and its effect on eating behaviour. Bivariate analyses were performed to define differences in eating behaviour according to media influence and Chi-square analyses to detect significant relationships...
December 12, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966766/effect-of-anti-smoking-advertisements-on-turkish-adolescents
#9
E Unal, M E Gokler, S Metintas, C Kalyoncu
The aim of the present study was to determine the perception of 10 anti-smoking advertisements in 1434 Turkish adolescents. We used the Effectiveness of the Anti-smoking Advertisements Scale, which included 6 items for each advertisement; each item was assessed on a 5-point Likert-type scale. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to determine the factors associated with the impact of the advertisements. All the advertisements were more effective for adolescents who had never smoked compared to ex-smokers and current smokers...
December 12, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966765/validation-of-persian-version-of-whoqol-hiv-bref-questionnaire-in-islamic-republic-of-iran
#10
M Salehi, S Niroumand, M R Erfanian, R B Sajjadi, M Dadgarmoghaddam
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to validate the first Persian version of the WHOQOL-HIV BREF questionnaire. The study sample comprised 61 patients regularly attending the outpatient infectious disease clinic consultation centre for patients with behavioural disorders in 2013-2014. The internal consistency, content related validity and reliability of WHOQOL-HIV BREF were evaluated. Content validity was quantified using the content validity ratio (CVR) according the to Lawshe formula. CVR > 0.51 and mean judgment > 2 were significant at P = 0...
December 12, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966764/closer-to-a-polio-free-eastern-mediterranean-region
#11
EDITORIAL
A Alwan, C Maher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834445/eastern-mediterranean-health-journal-emhj-a-20-year-overview-1995-2014
#12
A Mandil, F Curlet, H Nour El-Din, N Abu-Saleh, M Soliman
The EMHJ was established in 1995 to provide a peer-reviewed platform for health professionals to share their research with the scientific community. The objective of this review was to examine EMR public health research trends, as reflected by EMHJ publications in 20 years (1995-2014), through secondary data analysis. Published articles were categorized according to EMR strategic priority areas (93%), i.e. health systems strengthening (25%); reproductive and child health (22%); communicable diseases (26%); noncommunicable diseases (25%); emergency preparedness (1...
November 2, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834444/benchmarking-the-health-of-health-sciences-students-at-kuwait-university-towards-a-culture-of-health
#13
N Al-Sayegh, N Al-Shuwai, S Ramadan, T Al-Qurba, S M Al-Obaidi, E Dean
Health professional entry-to-practice programmes are intense, competitive and prolonged. The aims of this study were to benchmark the health of health sciences students at Kuwait University, thereby informing student health services, and to establish a base for individual student's health assessments throughout the programmes. We used a convenience sample of 176 students. Assessment included a health/wellness questionnaire (smoking, nutrition, physical activity, sleep and stress) and objective measures (resting heart rate, blood pressure, waist-to-hip ratio and random blood glucose)...
November 2, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834443/associations-between-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-of-adipoq-serum-adiponectin-and-increased-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-risk-in-bahraini-individuals
#14
F A Al Hannan, P A O'Farrell, M P Morgan, O Tighe, K G Culligan
This study aimed to estimate the frequency of the SNPs (+45T>G and +276G>T) genotypes and investigate the association between the two SNPs and adiponectin concentration, metabolic parameters and risk of T2DM in the Bahraini population. We genotyped the two ADIPOQ SNPs in 140 unrelated T2DM patients and 66 nondiabetic controls using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay. Lipid profile was measured by enzymatic methods. Total serum adiponectin levels were measured by immunoassay...
November 2, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834442/evaluation-of-serum-levels-and-significance-of-soluble-cd40-ligand-in-screening-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#15
S M Eltaher, R El-Gil, N Fouad, R Mitwali, H El-Kholy
The study's objective was to evaluate the clinical significance of sCD40L in HCV- associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCV-HCC) patients. Sera concentration of circulating sCD40L and IL-10 were assayed using ELISA in 30 HCVpositive patients with HCC, 30 HCV-positive patients with liver cirrhosis and 30 age-matched healthy volunteers with negative anti-HCV-Ab as a control group. Serum sCD40Lshowed statistically-significant high levels in HCV-HCC patients compared to HCV-cirrhotic patients and normal controls (P < 0...
November 2, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834441/validity-and-reliability-of-a-persian-version-of-a-questionnaire-on-knowledge-of-health-care-providers-about-sexually-transmitted-infections
#16
D Pourmarzi, S Taromian, M Razi, A Esmaeilie-Hesari
The aim of this study was to translate into Persian and validate a questionnaire on knowledge about sexually transmitted diseases published by Jaworski and Carey in 2007. The questionnaire was forward-translated by two bilingual translators, and both translations were discussed by an expert team. The questionnaire was then back-translated by two other bilingual translators and discussed with both of them. Two sex-segregated focus group discussions were held with 21 health care providers to evaluate the comprehensibility of the questions...
November 2, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834440/role-of-school-teachers-in-identifying-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-among-primary-school-children-in-mansoura-egypt
#17
N J Awadalla, O F Ali, S Elshaer, M Eissa
There is a knowledge gap in primary school teachers that affects their ability to detect attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study measured primary school teachers' knowledge about ADHD, and implemented a training programme to improve early detection of ADHD. The prevalence and risk factors of ADHD were also studied. The training programme was implemented through a 2-day workshop for 39 primary school teachers who completed a validated Arabic version of the ADHD Rating Scale for 873 primary school children...
November 2, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834439/general-health-and-oral-health-status-in-elderly-dental-patients-in-isparta-turkey
#18
E Bozdemir, H H Yilmaz, H Orhan
The aim of this study was to describe the oral health, general health status and medication use of elderly dental patients 709 voluntary patients, aged 60 years and over, who attended Suleyman Demirel University Faculty of Dentistry for routine dental treatment between March 2008 and April 2009 in Isparta, Turkey, were interviewed for demographic data, systemic diseases, and lists of medications. The majority of the patients (84.4%) had poor oral hygiene according to the Oral Hygiene Index (OHI). The mean level of the study population's decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index score was 19...
November 2, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834438/drinking-water-system-treatment-and-contamination-in-shatila-refugee-camp-in-beirut-lebanon
#19
S Khoury, T Graczyk, G Burnham, M Jurdi, L Goldman
Drinking water at Shatila Palestinian Refugee Camp in Beirut, Lebanon is of poor quality and unpredictably intermittent quantity. We aimed to characterize drinking water sources and contamination at Shatila and determine how drinking water can be managed to reduce community health burdens. We interviewed the Popular Committee, well owners, water vendors, water shopkeepers and preschool administrators about drinking water sources, treatment methods and the population served. Water samples from the sources and intermediaries were analysed for thermotolerant faecal coliforms (FCs), Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium parvum and microsporidia, using immunofluorescent antibody detection for G...
November 2, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834437/preparedness-for-ebola-can-it-transform-our-current-public-health-system
#20
EDITORIAL
Mamunur Rahman Malik, Jaouad Mahjour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
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