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Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244061/the-capability-approach-a-guiding-framework-to-improve-population-health-and-the-attainment-of-the-sustainable-developmental-goals
#1
Shela Akbar Ali Hirani, Solina Richter
The world is progressing in terms of communication, innovative technology and cure of various diseases through advanced pharmacological preparations. Unfortunately, populations are still struggling with ill-health, disabilities, poverty, hunger, inequality, gender disparities and conflicts. Several questions come to mind in this regard: why are prosperity, health, peace and progress not evenly distributed and what is the best approach to address the issues associated with population health? The capability approach may offer a possible model...
February 21, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244060/burnout-and-sources-of-stress-among-medical-residents-at-hamad-medical-corporation-qatar
#2
Abdelhamid Afana, Jess Ghannam, Evelyn Y Ho, Abdullatif Al-Khal, Banan Al-Arab, Carma L Bylund
This study aimed to describe the experiences of stress and burnout and sociodemographic factors associated with dimensions of stress among medical residents at Hamad Medical Corporation, Qatar. Medical residents participating in a stress management course were asked to complete an anonymous survey. The survey included demographic questions, the Abbreviated Maslach Inventory, and 4 open-ended questions on experiences with stress. Of the 150 residents participating in the stress management course, 142 responded to the survey, listing an average of 2...
February 21, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244059/medical-errors-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-at-benha-university-hospital-egypt
#3
REVIEW
Ahmed N El-Shazly, Mahmoud A Al-Azzouny, Doaa R Soliman, Neveen T Abed, Sameh S Attia
This study was conducted in the neonatal intensive care unit of Benha University Hospital, Egypt from 1 August 2012 to the 31 January 2013 to identify medical errors and to determine the risk factors and consequences of these errors. Errors were detected by follow-up of neonates and review of reports including nursing followup sheets, resident progression notes and investigation reports. We detected 3819 errors that affected 97% of neonates. Types of errors included 403 medication errors (10.55% of total errors), 652 errors in daily routine procedures (17...
February 21, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244058/life-threatening-haemolysis-induced-by-henna-in-a-sudanese-child-with-glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-deficiency
#4
Abdelmoneim Kheir, Israa Gaber, Sara Gafer, Wisal Ahmed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244057/incidence-and-determinants-of-severity-of-unintentional-injuries-among-students-of-private-schools-in-dubai-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Ayesha Altheeb, Hamid Hussein, Waleed Al Faisal, Nusaiba AlBehandy, Nouf Alshareef, Ahmed Wasfy
A cross-sectional study was performed on a student population in grades 7-12 in 10 private schools in Dubai in the academic year 2012/13. The study was in two phases. The first was used to estimate incidence rate of injuries, where the total injuries that took place in the schools in 2012 was divided by the total student population in the studied schools in the same year multiplied by 1000. The second was to study the determinants of severity through randomly selecting 1000 cases of injuries. A self-administered questionnaire was given to the participants after obtaining verbal consent...
February 21, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244056/health-seeking-behaviour-of-people-living-with-hiv-aids-and-their-satisfaction-with-health-services-provided-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-karachi-pakistan
#6
Abdul-Qadir Bhutto, Nighat Nisar
Appropriate health-seeking behaviour is important as it allows prompt treatment for a condition and this can reduce complications and improve quality of life. This study aimed to assess the health-seeking behaviour and satisfaction with health care services of people living with HIV/AIDS attending the HIV/AIDS clinic of the Civil Hospital in Karachi. A total of 182 patients were interviewed using a pretested semi-structured questionnaire. Mean age of the participants was 32.31 (SD 7.91) years, 76.9% were male, 81...
February 21, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244055/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-towards-standard-precautions-sp-among-caregivers-at-hassan-ii-university-teaching-hospital-in-fes-morocco
#7
Moussa Benboubker, Boujemaa El Marnissi, Aziz Nhili, Karima El Rhazi
This survey aims at assessing knowledge, attitudes and practices towards standard precautions (SP) among caregivers at Hassan II University Teaching Hospital in Fes. This is a cross-sectional prospective and evaluative study that covers a two-month period. Data were collected using an anonymous and selfadministered questionnaire. Sampling population was divided into 307 nurses (53.8%), 210 hospital doctors (36.77%) and 57 support staff (9.45%), belonging to other various categories working in different departments...
February 21, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244054/policy-and-programme-evaluation-principles-and-objectives
#8
EDITORIAL
Arash Rashidian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181667/water-usage-in-the-gaza-strip-recommendations-from-a-literature-review-and-consultations-with-experts
#9
Emily MacDonald, Bernardo Guzman Herrador, Susanne Hyllestad, Vidar Lund, Karin Nygård, Line Vold, Mohamed Lafi, Walaa Ammar, Bjørn Iversen
Water quality in the Gaza Strip has been severely compromised due to increasing salinity, contamination with pollutants, and lack of adequate treatment options. To provide the population of the Gaza Strip with advice on how to mitigate health risks from water we developed recommendations on using water from different sources for different purposes (such as for consumption, hygiene, amenities, and irrigation) based on a literature review and consultation with experts. Specific advice was developed for several vulnerable groups, including infants, children, pregnant or lactating women, and elderly people...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181666/a-partnership-model-to-improve-population-health-screening-for-noncommunicable-conditions-and-their-common-risk-factors-qazvin-islamic-republic-of-iran
#10
S Alikhani, B Damari
Early findings and management of health conditions are among the key functions of health care systems. We developed a partnership framework to establish an extended primary health care-based selective screening service for the entire population of a small town as a key project of Qazvin Health Plan, Qazvin, Islamic Republic of Iran. Eight scientific associations and a diverse technical taskforce extensively reviewed evidence to adapt the grade A and B preventive recommendations of the American Preventive Service Taskforce...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181665/multidrug-resistant-bacteria-among-patients-with-ventilatorassociated-pneumonia-in-an-emergency-intensive-care-unit-egypt
#11
Magda M Azzab, Rehab H El-Sokkary, Mohamed M Tawfeek, Manar G Gebriel
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common hospital-acquired infection among mechanically ventilated patients. Our objectives were to determine the incidence of VAP, isolate multidrug-resistant bacteria, identify the most prevalent resistant strains and identify their antibiotic susceptibility pattern. The VAP rate was calculated. The isolated microbes were identified and tested for antibiotic susceptibilities. The minimum inhibitory concentrations were determined of imipenem, meropenem and ertapenem for Klebsiella isolates...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181664/association-of-overweight-and-obesity-with-decline-in-academic-performance-among-female-high-school-students-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#12
M A Adaili, A G Mohamed, H Alkhashan
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between overweight/obesity and future academic performance among high-school students in Saudi Arabia. This was a retrospective cohort study of 257 12th grade female students in Alabna (Ministry of Defence) high schools in Riyadh during 2013/14. Overweight/obesity was based on weight and height at 10th grade. Decline in academic performance was defined as a reduction by > 1 standard deviation in marks between 10th and 12th grades. One hundred and five students were overweight/obese and 30 had declined academic performance...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181663/distribution-of-ophthalmologists-and-optometrists-in-islamic-republic-of-iran-and-their-associated-factors
#13
S-F Mohammadi, M-R Lashay, E Ashrafi, A-A Haghdoust, C Alinia, A-R Lashay, M Asadi-Lari, S-M Mohammadi, E Hatef
We aimed to determine the distribution of ophthalmic care providers and its correlation with health and socioeconomic status and health system indicators. Data were gathered from the Iran Medical Council and the Iranian Societies of Ophthalmology and Optometry. Concurrent indicators were collected from the Statistical Center of Iran and national studies. A population-adjusted number of combined ophthalmologists and optometrists was used as the main dependent variable. Optometrist/ophthalmologist ratio was 0...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181662/smoking-prevalence-knowledge-and-attitudes-among-primary-healthcare-professionals-a-study-from-jordan
#14
M J Alkhatatbeh, Q Alefan, M Alzghool
This was a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study of 400 healthcare professionals recruited from primary healthcare centres in northern Jordan between April and October 2015. The questionnaire included questions about smoking behaviour, risks, opinions and providing anti-smoking counselling. More than 80% of participants reported that smoking-free policies were not enforced at primary healthcare centres. Compared to hospitals and the general population, smoking was less prevalent among primary healthcare professionals and more prevalent in men...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181661/effect-of-social-networking-on-academic-achievement-of-dental-students-jazan-university-saudi-arabia
#15
E Halboub, F Othathi, F Mutawwam, S Madkhali, D Somaili, N Alahmar
We investigated the effect of social networking (SN) on academic achievement of dental students at Jazan University, Saudi Arabia. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed during the 2015/16 academic year to all dental students and data were analysed by SPSS version 21. There were 348 participants (70% response rate) and 53% were male. Fifty-one percent of participants reported that they studied just before examinations, and 51% scored 3.5-4.5 Grade Point Average (GPA) in the last semester. Up to 98% of the participants reported using their smartphones/ computers for SN, with 93% doing so on a daily basis, and 66% reported SN during lectures, laboratories and clinics...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181660/childhood-recurrent-abdominal-pain-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection-islamic-republic-of-iran
#16
H Alimohammadi, N Fouladi, F Salehzadeh, S A Alipour, M S Javadi
We examined the role of Helicobacter pylori infection as a cause of recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) among Iranian children in a population-based case-control study to determine the association between H. pylori infection and RAP among schoolchildren. A total of 1558 children aged 6-13 years were examined. Children with RAP confirmed by the Apley and Naish criteria were selected; 145 cases were selected for inclusion and were compared with 145 healthy children recruited from the same area. Both groups underwent stool antigen testing...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181659/five-years-in-action-strengthening-public-health-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-and-beyond
#17
EDITORIAL
Ala Alwan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177115/strengthening-national-health-information-systems-challenges-and-response
#18
A Alwan, M Ali, E Aly, A Badr, H Doctor, A Mandil, A Rashidian, O Shideed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177114/implementation-of-a-mentored-professional-development-programme-in-laboratory-leadership-and-management-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa
#19
L A Perrone, D Confer, E Scott, L Livingston, C Bradburn, A McGee, T Furtwangler, A Downer, A H Mokdad, J F Flandin, S Shotorbani, H Asghar, H E Tolbah, H J Ahmed, A Alwan, R Martin
Laboratories need leaders who can effectively utilize the laboratories' resources, maximize the laboratories'capacity to detect disease, and advocate for laboratories in a fluctuating health care environment. To address this need, the University of Washington, USA, created the Certificate Program in Laboratory Leadership and Management in partnership with WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, and implemented it with 17 participants and 11 mentors from clinical and public health laboratories in 10 countries (Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen) in 2014...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177113/association-between-attitudes-towards-internet-usage-and-health-practices-in-high-school-students-in-2-schools-in-turkey-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
N Kaya, T Aşti, I Kaya, S Yaylaci, H Kaya, N Turan, G Özdemir Aydin
Excessive usage of the Internet can negatively affect health and health practices especially among youth. To examine the issue among Turkish students, this study determined the association between high-school students' attitudes towards Internet usage and their health behaviour. The sample (n = 2043) was randomly drawn from all students at two high schools in Turkey: one in Anatolia and one (a vocational school) in Istanbul. Data were collected using the Structured Questionnaire, Attitude Scale towards Internet Usage (ASTIU) and Adolescent Lifestyle Profile (ALP)...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
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