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Ethnicity & Health

Zelma Tuthill, Justin T Denney, Bridget Gorman
OBJECTIVES: Research on sexual minority health lack examinations of how sexual orientation intersects with other identities, including racial/ethnic identity, to shape health outcomes among U.S. adults. This study examines how health status and health behavior varies for gay, lesbian, and bisexual men and women who identify as non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Latino, Asian/Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaskan Native. By examining health and health behaviors within and across sexual minority subgroups, our study reports on race/ethnic, gender, and sexual orientation specific health risks...
December 11, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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December 6, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Amal R Khanolkar, Gillian E Hanley, Ilona Koupil, Patricia A Janssen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Institute Of Medicine's (IOM) 2009 guidelines for weight-gain during pregnancy are predictive of maternal and infant outcomes in ethnic minority populations. METHODS: We designed a population-based study using administrative data on 181,948 women who delivered live singleton births in Washington State between 2006-2008. We examined risks of gestational hypertension, preeclampsia/eclampsia, cesarean delivery, and extended hospital stay in White, Black, Native-American, East-Asian, Hispanic, South-Asian and Hawaiian/Pacific islander women according to whether they gained more or less weight during pregnancy than recommended by IOM guidelines...
November 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Juping Yu, Roiyah Saltus, Paul Jarvis
OBJECTIVE: As part of a large mixed-method study aimed at capturing understandings of dignity, and care expectations of community dwelling older women from Black and minority ethnic (BME) backgrounds living in Wales, the aim of this paper is to compare service providers' perceptions of their care and support provided to older people in general, and to older women from BME backgrounds in particular, with a focus on two dignity indicators: care and support needs, and effective communication...
November 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Daniel E Jimenez, Lauren Thomas, Stephen J Bartels
OBJECTIVE: Serious mental illness (SMI; e.g. schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, delusional disorder, bipolar disorder, severe major depressive disorder, and psychotic disorders) and Latino ethnicity can produce a compounded health disparity, placing individuals at particularly high risk for excess morbidity and premature mortality. In this study we sought to identify the role of SMI in motivation, participation, and adoption of health behavior change among overweight Latino adults...
November 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Shailja C Shah, Helen Nunez, Sophia Chiu, Ariel Hazan, Sida Chen, Shutao Wang, Steven Itzkowitz, Lina Jandorf
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There are limited efforts to address modifiable risk factors for gastric cancer (GC) among racial/ethnic groups at higher GC risk, which may reflect decreased public awareness of risk factors. Our primary aim was to assess baseline awareness of GC risk factors and attitudes/potential barriers for uptake of a GC screening program among high-risk individuals. METHODS: Participants attended a linguistically and culturally targeted GC educational program in East Harlem (EH)/Bronx and Chinatown communities in New York City...
November 8, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Randl B Dent, Nao Hagiwara, Elena V Stepanova, Tiffany L Green
OBJECTIVE: A growing body of research finds that darker skin tone is often associated with poorer physical and mental health in Blacks. However, the psychosocial mechanisms underlying the skin tone-health link remain elusive. The present study seeks to address this knowledge gap by investigating the direct and indirect (through perceived discrimination, socioeconomic status, and self-esteem) effects of skin tone on self-reported physical and mental health. DESIGN: An urban sample of 130 Blacks aged 35 and above completed a self-administered computerized survey as a part of larger cross-sectional study...
November 6, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Jenifer Bratter, Mary E Campbell, Jarron M Saint Onge
OBJECTIVE: Crossing racial lines provides a unique context for understanding racial patterns in smoking. This research explores whether adults whose unions cross racial lines behave more similarly to their own group or their partner's Design: Using a sample of respondents from the National Health Interview Survey (2001-2011), we compare the likelihood of current smoking and quitting smoking among adults in mixed-race unions to adults in same-race unions. RESULTS: Adults with different-race partners generally mirror their partner's group; people of color with White partners have a higher likelihood of being current smokers, similar to Whites, while Whites partnered with Asians and Latina/os are, like other Asians and Latino/as, less likely to smoke...
November 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Stéphane Frayon, Yolande Cavaloc, Guillaume Wattelez, Sophie Cherrier, Amandine Touitou, Paul Zongo, Kalina Yacef, Corinne Caillaud, Yannick Lerrant, Olivier Galy
OBJECTIVE(S): The prevalence of adolescent obesity is high among the various ethnic groups native to the Pacific region (European, Melanesian and Polynesian). An important factor of weight gain or loss is body size satisfaction; however, little is known about adolescent body self-perception in the Pacific region. DESIGN: Body dissatisfaction was evaluated using the Stunkard Figure Rating Scale in a sample of 699 adolescents from rural and urban areas of New Caledonia...
November 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Asaduzzaman Khan, Rushdia Ahmed, Nicola W Burton
OBJECTIVES: Depression is a leading contributor to the global burden of disease, and often starts at a young age. Depression in young people can increase the risk of unhealthy lifestyle behaviour and can lead to substantial disability, social problems, poor health, and suicide. Other research has examined depressive symptoms among adult populations in Bangladesh, but little is known about other age groups. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of depressive symptoms among secondary school children of Dhaka city, Bangladesh...
November 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Krupa Gandhi, Eunjung Lim, James Davis, John J Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate racial-ethnic disparities in self-reported health status adjusting for sociodemographic factors and multimorbidities. DESIGN: A total of 9499 adult participants aged 20 years and older from the United States (US); reported by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), a cross-sectional survey - for years 2011-2014. The main outcome measure was self-reported health status categorized as excellent/very good, good (moderate), and fair/poor...
November 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Emily Bacon
OBJECTIVE: High cholesterol is a common condition in the United States, affecting nearly one third of adults, and is a leading precursor to coronary heart disease. This study investigates race/ethnic differences in treatment recommendations for patients with high cholesterol, including prescription medication and lifestyle changes such as eating less fat, losing weight, or exercising more. DESIGN: Data were obtained from the 2005 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (N = 4846), a representative sample of adults in the United States, and the 2005-2010 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (N = 12,113), a representative sample of patient visits in the United States...
November 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Kamila A Alexander, Noelle M St Vil, Marilyn A Braithwaite-Hall, Michael Sanchez, Aletha Baumann, Gloria B Callwood, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Doris W Campbell
OBJECTIVES: Global evidence suggests that individuals who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) can have accelerated risk for HIV transmission. The U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) has high per capita rates of HIV and IPV that can have devastating effects on women's health. Catalysts for these health disparities may be shaped by cultural and social definitions of conventional masculinity. Thus, understanding USVI men's perceptions about HIV risks and IPV are a necessary component of developing strategies to improve women's health...
October 31, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Rebecca E Ritte, Paul Lawton, Jaquelyne T Hughes, Federica Barzi, Alex Brown, Phillip Mills, Wendy Hoy, Kerin O'Dea, Alan Cass, Louise Maple-Brown
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study investigated the relationship between individual-level markers of disadvantage, renal function and cardio-metabolic risk within an Indigenous population characterised by a heavy burden of chronic kidney disease and disadvantage. DESIGN: Using data from 20 Indigenous communities across Australia, an aggregate socio-economic status (SES) score was created from individual-level socio-economic variables reported by participants...
October 31, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Jessica K Perrotte, Michael R Baumann, Raymond T Garza, Willie J Hale
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the relationships of enculturation and depressive symptoms with health risk behavior engagement in Mexican-American college students and examined how these relationships differed by gender. Previous research has noted consistent gender differences in health risk behavior (e.g. alcohol use, substance use, and risky sexual behavior) among Latina/os, and emphasized the role of U.S. acculturation in this difference. Research examining the role of heritage cultural retention (i...
October 31, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Eileen P Anderson-Fye, Stephanie M McClure, Rebecca E Dreyer, Ahrundhati Bharati, Caryl James
INTRODUCTION: Jamaican culture is considered 'fat-loving,' and thus less likely to foster obesity stigma. However, the importance of tourism to Jamaica's economy, global trends toward a thinness aesthetic and extant ethos' of both bodily self-acceptance and status-based bodily critique suggest that obesity stigma may exist in Jamaica - particularly in the context of class status aspiration. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study examined the relationship between upward mobility and fat stigma in Kingston, Jamaica in two samples...
October 31, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Winston Husbands, Wesley Oakes, Tola Mbulaheni, Fanta Ongoïba, Valérie Pierre-Pierre, Henry Luyombya
OBJECTIVES: Heterosexually active Black men are alleged to endorse masculine norms that increase their and their female partners' vulnerability to HIV. These norms include Black men's inability or reluctance to productively engage their own health-related personal and interpersonal vulnerabilities. We draw on data from the iSpeak research study in Ontario, Canada, to assess whether and how heterosexual Black men cope with personal and inter-personal vulnerability, namely that heterosexual Black men: avoid emotionally supportive relationships with other men (and women), which diminishes their capacity to productively acknowledge and resolve their health-related challenges; are reticent to productively acknowledge and address HIV and health on a personal level; and are pathologically secretive about their health, which compounds their vulnerability and precipitates poor health outcomes...
October 29, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Markus Stingl, Michael Knipper, Björge Hetzger, Jessica Richards, Bülent Yazgan, Bernd Gallhofer, Bernd Hanewald
OBJECTIVES: Although EU member states are obligated to take special account of the situation of particularly vulnerable refugees, appropriate and specific measures to detect affected asylum seekers are not yet available. This study tries to pave the way for the implementation of an adequate instrument which at the same time assesses these needs of suffering people whilst responding to the need for mental health assessments specifically designed for refugees. This was done by testing the implementation of a screening method (Refugee Health Screener RHS-15) for trauma related mental health problems in refugees...
October 29, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Jessica L Krok-Schoen, Ingrid K Adams, Ryan D Baltic, James L Fisher
OBJECTIVE: To examine potential ethnic disparities in cancer incidence and survival rates among the oldest old using data from the SEER Program. DESIGN: Cases diagnosed with one of the leading four cancer sites (lung and bronchus, colon and rectum, female breast, prostate) and four cancer sites (stomach, liver and intrahepatic bile duct, gallbladder, and cervical) that disproportionally affect Hispanics were reported to one of 18 SEER registries. Differences in cancer incidence were examined for cases aged ≥85 years diagnosed during the most recent 5-year time period (2009-2013) and, to examine changes over time, from 1992 to 2013...
October 27, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Maria-Elena De Trinidad Young, Gabriela Leon-Perez, Christine R Wells, Steven P Wallace
OBJECTIVES: Policy-making related to immigrant populations is increasingly conducted at the state-level. State policy contexts may influence health insurance coverage by determining noncitizens' access to social and economic resources and shaping social environments. Using nationally representative data, we investigate the relationship between level of inclusion of state immigrant policies and health insurance coverage and its variation by citizenship and race/ethnicity. METHODS: Data included a measure of level of inclusion of the state policy context from a scan of 10 policies enacted prior to 2014 and data for adults ages 18-64 from the 2014 American Community Survey...
October 20, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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