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Ethnicity & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415851/over-education-and-well-being-how-does-education-occupation-mismatch-affect-the-life-satisfaction-of-university-educated-immigrant-and-non-immigrant-workers
#1
Kristyn Frank, Feng Hou
OBJECTIVE: The increased migration of skilled workers has resulted in a focus on the economic costs of their unsuccessful labor market integration. Few studies investigate the consequences of employment difficulties on immigrants' well-being. Researchers studying over-education and life satisfaction tend to only examine the general population despite high levels of over-education among skilled immigrants. This study examines the relationship between over-education and life satisfaction among both immigrant and native-born workers in Canada...
April 17, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412838/self-reported-sleep-complaints-are-associated-with-adverse-health-outcomes-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-2002-03-new-zealand-health-survey
#2
Sarah-Jane Paine, Ricci Harris, Donna Cormack, James Stanley
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the prevalence of self-reported sleep complaints in New Zealand adults and determine the independent association of sleep complaints with adverse health outcomes. DESIGN: We used 2002/03 New Zealand Health Survey data (n = 12,500 adults, ≥15 years). The prevalence of self-reported sleep complaints was estimated by ethnicity. The relationship between sleep complaints and mental health, physical health and health risk behaviors were investigated using multivariable logistic regression models...
April 15, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406041/the-nexus-between-health-and-time-use-among-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-women
#3
Cathleen D Zick, Iris Buder, Norman J Waitzman, Sara Simonsen, Kathleen Digre
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic and racial health disparities have been well-documented in the scholarly literature. In recent years, evidence about time spent in physical (in)activity and its relationship to physical and mental health has also emerged. This study assesses if observed ethnic/racial health differences were associated with differences in time use. DESIGN: Our analyses utilized baseline data from 510 Utah women who enrolled in one of two community-based, participatory research intervention studies between 2012 and 2015...
April 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406037/does-acculturation-affect-the-dietary-intakes-and-body-weight-status-of-children-of-immigrants-in-the-u-s-and-other-developed-countries-a-systematic-review
#4
Qi Zhang, Ruicui Liu, Leigh A Diggs, Youfa Wang, Li Ling
OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews available studies on the relationship between acculturation and obesity among children of immigrants who have at least one foreign-born parent. METHODS: A systematic review of relevant studies was undertaken using PubMed, Web of Science, and PsychInfo. RESULTS: The initial search identified 1317 potentially relevant publications, of which 21 were retained after three rounds of screening. Most studies were conducted in the U...
April 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399649/perceived-discrimination-and-depressive-symptoms-among-us-latinos-the-modifying-role-of-educational-attainment
#5
Julia B Ward, Lydia Feinstein, Anissa I Vines, Whitney R Robinson, Mary N Haan, Allison E Aiello
OBJECTIVE: Despite growing evidence that discrimination may contribute to poor mental health, few studies have assessed this association among US Latinos. Furthermore, the interaction between discrimination and educational attainment in shaping Latino mental health is virtually unexplored. This study aims to examine the association between perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms and the modifying role of education among a population of Mexican-origin adults. DESIGN: We utilized population-based data from 629 Mexican-origin adults (mean age = 52...
April 12, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398087/nurses-on-the-move-robert-wood-johnson-foundation-nurse-faculty-scholars-and-their-action-on-the-social-determinants-of-health
#6
Yolanda Ogbolu, Jodi Ford, Elizabeth Cohn, Gordon Lee Gillespie
OBJECTIVE: Medical care alone cannot adequately improve population health or eliminate inequities; social determinants of health (SDH) must be addressed. This study's purpose was to describe the research, teaching, service, and clinical practice activities implemented by RWJF Nurse Faculty Scholars to act on the SDH. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey design was used with a sample of RWJF Nurse Faculty Scholars, chosen because they were provided specialized mentoring, grants, and other support that allowed them to explore SDH...
April 11, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398077/dark-and-sick-light-and-healthy-black-women-s-complexion-based-health-disparities
#7
Ekeoma E Uzogara
OBJECTIVE: Although research on skin tone inequalities suggest that darker-skinned Black women should experience worse health outcomes than lighter-skinned women, findings have been mixed. The present study investigates the possibility that the manner that stress and health are measured (i.e. global versus count measures) may explain the conflicting findings. DESIGN: Black American women of different skin tones were investigated in two cross-sectional samples: the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (N = 571) and the Detroit Area Study (N = 290)...
April 11, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398074/what-do-we-know-about-the-health-of-spanish-roma-people-and-what-has-been-done-to-improve-it-a-scoping-review
#8
Ana Fernández-Feito, Raúl Pesquera-Cabezas, Carmen González-Cobo, M Dolores Prieto-Salceda
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to review the published literature on the health of the Roma population in Spain, particularly that which describes health interventions and outcomes. DESIGN: A scoping review of published articles/reports on Roma population health was carried out in Spain for publications between 2002 and 2014. Articles in Spanish or English were identified from Pubmed, Scopus, Science Direct, Web of Science, Scielo, IBECS, MEDES, Dialnet, Index Foundation, a database of theses and Google Scholar...
April 11, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398070/psychosocial-factors-and-oral-health-practices-of-preschool-aged-children-a-qualitative-study-with-hispanic-mothers
#9
T L Finlayson, N Y Beltran, K Becerra
OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study sought to gain an in-depth understanding of Hispanic mother's parenting experiences and perceptions about select psychosocial factors. How psychosocial factors influence mothers' engagement in recommended oral health-related behaviors for their preschool-aged children (3-5 years) was explored. Psychosocial resources and barriers explored included maternal knowledge about children's oral health, beliefs such as perceived self-efficacy and health locus of control, and parenting experience and stress...
April 11, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393613/original-title-hiv-infection-and-unawareness-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-puerto-rico-data-from-the-national-hiv-behavioral-surveillance-system-2011-2014
#10
Sandra Miranda de León, Carola T Sánchez-Díaz, Mark Machin-Rivera, Ileska M Valencia-Torres, Yadira Rolón, Vivian Colón-López
BACKGROUND: Unawareness of HIV infection is a public health challenge that needs to be addressed, particularly in the case of men who have sex with men (MSM), since recent data are reporting increasing rates of HIV in this population in Puerto Rico. OBJECTIVES: We examined differences in the prevalence of HIV infection and unawareness among MSM in 2011 and 2014 using data from the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System, 2011 and 2014. METHODS: Bivariate analyses was used to compare demographical and behavioral characteristics in both cycles (2011 and 2014)...
April 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393559/work-worksites-and-wellbeing-among-north-american-indian-women-a-qualitative-study
#11
Karina Christiansen, Preety Gadhoke, Marla Pardilla, Joel Gittelsohn
The purpose of this study was to understand what factors influenced work-family balance and related health behaviors among a sample of rural North American Indian women. We interviewed 89 women through both in-depth interviews and focus groups across four tribal communities in the American Southwest and Upper Midwest between July 2010 and August 2011. Interviews were transcribed, coded, and analyzed for emerging themes related to work- family demands placed on women and resources available to cope with those demands...
April 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393550/black-white-black-and-white-mixed-race-and-health-in-canada
#12
Gerry Veenstra
OBJECTIVES: To document inequalities in hypertension, self-rated health, and self-rated mental health between Canadian adults who identify as Black, White, or Black and White and determine whether differences in educational attainment and household income explain them. DESIGN: The dataset was comprised of ten cycles (2001-2013) of the Canadian Community Health Survey. The health inequalities were examined by way of binary logistic regression modeling of hypertension and multinomial logistic regression modeling of self-rated health and self-rated mental health...
April 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393546/nutrition-behaviors-and-sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-overweight-in-the-multi-ethnic-adolescents-of-new-caledonia
#13
Stéphane Frayon, Sophie Cherrier, Yolande Cavaloc, Amandine Touitou, Paul Zongo, Guillaume Wattelez, Kalina Yacef, Corinne Caillaud, Yannick Lerrant, Olivier Galy
OBJECTIVES: New Caledonia is a multi-ethnic French territory in the Pacific, characterized by communities with widely varying nutritional habits. Little is currently known about adolescent food behaviors and habits and their association with overweight. This study therefore determined the sociodemographic factors and food behaviors associated with overweight and underweight in this population, as well as the factors associated with skipping breakfast. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among New Caledonian adolescents using a self-administered questionnaire; anthropometric measurements were also taken...
April 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393541/racial-differences-in-hemoglobin-and-plasma-volume-variation-implications-for-muscle-performance-and-recovery
#14
Maha Sellami, Karim Chamari, Alessandro Moura Zagatto, Wiem Kebsi, Anis Chaouachi, Hassane Zouhal
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of race differences on sprint performance, Hemoglobin (Hb), Hematocrit (Ht) and plasma volume (PV) variation in response to repeated sprint exercise. DESIGN: Thirty-six healthy, moderately trained men and women (20.8 ± 0.2 year-old) volunteered to participate in this study. They were allocated to one of the four groups according to their gender and race: Black men's group (BM, n = 9), White men's group (WM, n = 9), Black women's group (BW, n = 9) and White women's group (WW, n = 9)...
April 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393538/racial-ethnic-differences-in-healthcare-use-among-patients-with-uncontrolled-and-controlled-diabetes
#15
Yhenneko J Taylor, Melanie D Spencer, Rohan Mahabaleshwarkar, Thomas Ludden
OBJECTIVES: To examine racial/ethnic differences in healthcare use among patients classified as having controlled and uncontrolled diabetes. DESIGN: Data from the Carolinas HealthCare System electronic data warehouse were used. Glycemic control was defined as glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) < 8% (64 mmol/mol) in 2012 (n = 9996). Patients with HbA1c ≥ 8% (64 mmol/mol) in 2012 were classified as uncontrolled (n = 2576). Race and ethnicity were jointly classified as non-Hispanic Black, non-Hispanic White or Other...
April 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387130/corrigendum
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385076/higher-prepregnancy-body-mass-index-is-a-risk-factor-for-developing-preeclampsia-in-maya-mestizo-women-a-cohort-study
#17
Thelma Canto-Cetina, Ramón Mauricio Coral-Vázquez, David Rojano-Mejía, Sergio Pérez Godoy, Agustín Coronel, Patricia Canto
AIM: Preeclampsia and obesity are two closely related syndromes. The high maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) is a risk factor for present preeclampsia, independently of the ethnic background of the studied population. The aim of this study was to analyse in a prospective cohort study the relation between prepregnancy BMI and development of preeclampsia in Maya-Mestizo women. DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study of 642 pregnant women that were included in the first trimester of the pregnancy (gestational age ≤12 weeks at the first antenatal visit) and all of them were of Maya-Mestizo ethnic origin from the state of Yucatán, México...
April 6, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385069/is-there-a-link-between-wealth-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-among-hispanic-latinos-results-from-the-hchs-sol-sociocultural-ancillary-study
#18
Daniel F López-Cevallos, Patricia Gonzalez, Jeffrey W Bethel, Sheila F Castañeda, Carmen R Isasi, Frank J Penedo, Lizette Ojeda, Sonia M Davis, Diana A Chirinos, Kristine M Molina, Yanping Teng, Venera Bekthesi, Linda C Gallo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between wealth and cardiovascular disease risk factors among Hispanic/Latinos of diverse backgrounds. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study used data from 4971 Hispanic/Latinos, 18-74 years, who participated in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) baseline exam and the HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study. Three objectively measured cardiovascular disease risk factors (hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and obesity) were included...
April 6, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385036/ethnic-inequalities-in-doctor-patient-communication-regarding-personal-care-plans-the-mediating-effects-of-positive-mental-wellbeing
#19
Kanayo F Umeh
OBJECTIVE: There is limited understanding of ethnic inequalities in doctor-patient communication regarding personal care plans (PCPs). This study investigated the mediating effects of positive mental wellbeing on differences in PCP-related doctor-patient communication amongst South Asian and Caucasian UK residents. DESIGN: Data from 10,980 respondents to the 2013 Health Survey for England was analysed using bootstrapping methods. Constructs from the WEMWBS (Warwick and Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale) (Stewart-Brown, S...
April 6, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359207/asthma-prevalence-disparities-and-differences-in-sociodemographic-associations-with-asthma-between-native-hawaiian-other-pacific-islander-asian-and-white-adults-in-hawaii-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-brfss-2001-2010
#20
H Jessop, D Li, A R Katz, E L Hurwitz
OBJECTIVES: Despite high asthma prevalence, relatively little is known about the epidemiology of asthma in Hawaii or among Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islanders (NHOPI). We sought to better characterize racial/ethnic differences in asthma prevalence and in sociodemographic factors associated with asthma among Hawaii adults. DESIGN: We conducted multivariable logistic regression using 2001-2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from Hawaii, and computed adjusted prevalence and ratios...
March 30, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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