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Ethnicity & Health

Brent A Burket
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to (1) describe and compare two obstetric Mayan populations in Guatemala, the Tz'utujil and the Kachiquel and (2) evaluate possible associations of demographics, wood fuel use, and obesity with pregnancy/newborn outcomes. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study interviewed participants at the time of routine obstetric ultrasounds at three institutions in Santiago Atitlán and one institution in San Lucas Tolimán. Data were collected from January 2010 to May 2013...
October 17, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Bruno Luciano Carneiro Alves de Oliveira, Ronir Raggio Luiz
OBJECTIVE: The skin color/race and urbanity are structural determinants of health. The relationship between these variables produces structure of social stratification that defines inequalities in the experiences of life and death. Thus, this study describes the characteristics of the mortality indicators by skin color/race according level of urbanity and aggregation to the metropolitan region (MR) of 5565 cities in Brazil, controlling for gender and age. DESIGN: Descriptive study which included the calculation of measures relating to 1,050,546 deaths in the year survey of 2010 by skin color/race White, Black, and Brown according to both sexes, for five age groups and three levels of urbanity of cities in Brazil that were aggregated or not to the MR in the year of study...
October 17, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Rebecca J Schwei, Timothy P Johnson, Alicia K Matthews, Elizabeth A Jacobs
OBJECTIVES: Our two study objectives were: (1) to understand the relationship between the perception of a previous negative health-care experience and race/ethnicity, and how socio-demographic, access-to-health-care, and self-reported health variables modified this relationship; and (2) to assess how many behaviors participants reported changing as a result of experiencing a perceived negative health-care experience, which behaviors they changed, and if there were differences in patterns of change across racial/ethnic groups...
October 17, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Qaisar Raza, Mary Nicolaou, Henriëtte Dijkshoorn, Jacob C Seidell
OBJECTIVE: South Asians living in Western countries have shown higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease and related non-communicable diseases as compared to the local populations. The aim of this study was to compare the general health status and prevalence of myocardial infarction (MI), diabetes, high blood pressure, overweight, obesity, and fruit and vegetable intake between Pakistani immigrants in the Netherlands and local Amsterdam population. DESIGN: A health survey was conducted in 2012-2013 among Pakistanis in the Netherlands...
October 17, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Abla Mehio Sibai, Anthony Rizk, Hiam Chemaitelly
OBJECTIVES: This paper examines differentials in self-rated health (SRH) among older adults (aged 60+ years) across three impoverished and ethnically diverse neighborhoods in post-conflict Lebanon and assesses whether variations are explained by social and economic factors. DESIGN: Data were drawn from the Older Adult Component (n = 740) of the Urban Health Survey, a population-based cross-sectional study conducted in 2003 in a formal community (Nabaa), an informal settlement (Hey El-Sellom), and a refugee camp for Palestinians (Burj El-Barajneh) in Beirut, Lebanon...
October 15, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Brian E McCabe, Natasha Schaefer Solle, Nilda Peragallo Montano, Victoria B Mitrani
OBJECTIVES: Alcohol misuse and depressive symptoms have been linked to HIV/STI risk, but studies have rarely included Hispanic women, who have over four times greater HIV incidence than white, non-Hispanic women. Understanding the connections among alcohol misuse, depressive symptoms, and HIV/STI risks may suggest ways to meet specific needs of Hispanic women. This study's objective is to examine the relationships among alcohol misuse, depressive symptoms, and seven HIV/STI risk factors...
October 15, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Savita Katbamna, Lisa Manning, Amit Mistri, Mark Johnson, Thompson Robinson
OBJECTIVES: This paper presents the findings of a qualitative study exploring White and British Indian informal stroke carers' experiences of caring, factors contributing to their stress, and strategies used to overcome stress. DESIGN: A qualitative approach involving in-depth interviews was used to explore informal carers' experiences of caring for stroke survivors and the stress of caring at one and three to six months from the onset of stroke. Interviewers bilingual in English and Gujarati or Punjabi conducted interviews with carers...
October 15, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Michael B Berg, Avi Anshika
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the health locus of control (HLOC) beliefs of patients and visitors at a free, state-run medical clinic in Faridabad, India, in order to establish a norm for this population and to explore potential associations between the different categories of causal health beliefs. DESIGN: Participants (110 men, 96 women) were interviewed in Hindi and asked a shortened version of the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale assessing both internal HLOC and three aspects of external HLOC (chance, powerful others, and God)...
October 14, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Amy Irby-Shasanmi, Tamara G J Leech
OBJECTIVE: Surveys often ask respondents to assess discrimination in health care. Yet, patients' responses to one type of widely used measure of discrimination (single-item, personally mediated) tend to reveal prevalence rates lower than observational studies would suggest. This study examines the meaning behind respondents' closed-ended self-reports on this specific type of measure, paying special attention to the frameworks and references used within the medical setting. DESIGN: Twenty-nine respondents participated in this study...
October 14, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Trisha C Parker, Anaam Mohammed, Traci Leong, Shelley Mays, Shabnam Jain, Victoria Churchill, Fatima Ali, Lilly C Immergluck
OBJECTIVE: Rotavirus (RV) is one of the most common diarrheal diseases affecting children less than 5 years of age. RV vaccines have greatly reduced this burden in the United States. The purpose of this study was to determine possible disparities and socio-economic differences in RV vaccination rates. DESIGN: Children with acute gastroenteritis were enrolled. Stool was tested for presence of rotavirus using an enzyme immunoassay kit. Vaccination records were abstracted from the state immunization registry and healthcare providers to examine complete and incomplete vaccination status...
October 14, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Eric G James, Phillip Conatser, Murat Karabulut, Suzanne G Leveille, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Sarah Cote, Katherine L Tucker, Bruce Barton, Jonathan F Bean, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos S Markides
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether older Mexican-Americans who cannot speak and/or understand spoken English have higher rates of mobility limitations or fear of falling than their English-speaking counterparts. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 1169 community-dwelling Mexican-Americans aged 72-96 years from the 2000-2001 wave of the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly. Mobility limitations were defined as having a Short Physical Performance Battery score ≤9, and fear of falling by participant report of being somewhat, fairly, or very afraid of falling...
October 14, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Ting He, C Daniel Mullins
OBJECTIVE: Prostate cancer mortality rates have decreased over recent decades, but racial disparities in prostate cancer survival still present as a serious challenge. These disparities may be impacted by age; in fact, African-American men younger than age 65 have prostate cancer mortality rates nearly three times greater than that of White men. Therefore, a systematic literature review was conducted in Medline and EMBASE databases focusing on articles comparing survival and mortality rates for prostate cancer patients across age and race...
October 5, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Bradford E Jackson, Gabriela R Oates, Karan P Singh, James M Shikany, Mona N Fouad, Edward E Partridge, Sejong Bae
OBJECTIVE: This study examined differences in socio-demographic characteristics and health behaviors relevant to chronic medical conditions (CMCs) in the Mid-South region (Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Arkansas), and identified subpopulations with increased burden of chronic disease. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. The top five most prevalent CMCs in the Mid-South were analyzed: asthma, high blood pressure (HBP), obesity, arthritis, and depression...
September 29, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Seth J Schwartz, Jennifer B Unger, Byron L Zamboanga, Sabrina E Des Rosiers, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Shi Huang, Juan A Villamar, Daniel Soto, Monica Pattarroyo
OBJECTIVE: Latino/a youth are at risk for alcohol use. This risk seems to rise with increasing US cultural orientation and decreasing Latino cultural orientation, especially among girls. To ascertain how acculturation may influence Latino/a youth alcohol use, we integrated an expanded multi-domain model of acculturation with the Theory of Reasoned Action. DESIGN: Participants were 302 recent Latino/a immigrant youth (141 girls, 160 boys; 152 from Miami, 150 from Los Angeles) who completed surveys at 4 time points...
December 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Timothy J Cunningham, Anne G Wheaton, Earl S Ford, Janet B Croft
OBJECTIVE: Racial/ethnic health disparities are infrequently considered by nativity status in the United States, although the immigrant population has practically doubled since 1990. We investigated the modifying role of nativity status (US- vs. foreign-born) on racial/ethnic disparities in short sleep duration (<7 h), which has serious health consequences. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from 23,505 US-born and 4,326 foreign-born adults aged ≥ 18 years from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey and multivariable log-linear regression were used to estimate prevalence ratios (PR) for reporting short sleep duration and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
December 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Gerry Veenstra, Andrew C Patterson
OBJECTIVES: We apply intersectionality theory to health inequalities in Canada by investigating whether South Asian-White health inequalities are conditioned by gender and immigrant status in a synergistic way. DESIGN: Our dataset comprised 10 cycles (2001-2013) of the Canadian Community Health Survey. Using binary logistic regression modeling, we examined South Asian-White inequalities in self-rated health, diabetes, hypertension and asthma before and after controlling for potentially explanatory factors...
December 2016: Ethnicity & Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Gina Uppal, Shannon L Sibbald, James Melling
OBJECTIVES: This study describes the ethnocultural influences associated with managing diabetes (Type 2) in a small sample of older Sikh immigrants in Toronto, Canada. The South Asian community, which includes Sikhs, is the fastest growing immigrant population, the second largest visible minority in Canada, and is five times more likely to have diabetes than their Canadian counterparts. The relationship between culture, immigration, and management of diabetes has been recognized, but research of how these areas intersect in the Sikh community is sparse...
December 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Della Maneze, Bronwyn Everett, Sue Kirby, Michelle DiGiacomo, Patricia M Davidson, Yenna Salamonson
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates communication challenges faced by Filipino patients with chronic diseases when engaging with healthcare professionals (HCPs). DESIGN: Nine focus groups were conducted between November 2010 and June 2011. RESULTS: Two main categories of themes were identified: patient-related and HCP-related factors. Patient-related factors included three subthemes: (1) lack of confidence in their English language abilities in clinical situations; (2) cultural attitudes; and (3) strategies used to improve communication...
December 2016: Ethnicity & Health
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