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Ethnicity & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271720/negotiating-health-and-chronic-illness-in-filipino-australians-a-qualitative-study-with-implications-for-health-promotion
#1
Della Maneze, Lucie Ramjan, Michelle DiGiacomo, Bronwyn Everett, Patricia Mary Davidson, Yenna Salamonson
OBJECTIVE: In spite of the healthy immigrant effect, the prevalence of lifestyle-related chronic diseases among migrants is reported to approximate that of the host country with longer duration of stay. For example, higher rates of chronic diseases such as Type 2 diabetes and hypertension have been observed among Filipino migrants and these have been linked to acculturation. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of Filipino-Australian migrants in managing their chronic health conditions in a Western host country...
March 8, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277014/-you-are-labelled-by-your-children-s-disability-a-community-based-participatory-study-of-stigma-among-somali-parents-of-children-with-autism-living-in-the-united-kingdom
#2
Lucy Ellen Selman, Fiona Fox, Nura Aabe, Katrina Turner, Dheeraj Rai, Sabi Redwood
OBJECTIVES: Social stigma is commonly experienced by parents of children with autism. Our aim was to understand the nature of stigma experienced by Somali parents of children with autism in the United Kingdom (UK), and to consider how they coped with or resisted such stigma. DESIGN: We used a community-based participatory research approach, collaborating with a community organisation of Somali parents. In-depth interviews with simultaneous translation were conducted with 15 Somali parents of children with autism living in Bristol, UK, in 2015...
March 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277015/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-cardiometabolic-risk-in-overweight-and-obese-african-american-women-a-pilot-study
#3
Lyndsey M Hornbuckle, Michael J McKenzie, Melicia C Whitt-Glover
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about high-intensity interval training (HIIT) in African-American (AA) women. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effects of HIIT and steady-state (SS) exercise on cardiometabolic risk factors in young AA women. DESIGN: A 16-week exercise intervention was conducted 3x/week. Twenty-seven AA women were randomized to SS (n = 11; 32 continuous minutes of treadmill walking at 60-70% of maximum heart rate (HRmax)), or HIIT (n = 16; 32 min of treadmill HIIT alternating 3 min at 60-70% of HRmax with 1 min at 80-90% of HRmax)...
March 1, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277018/gender-and-national-origin-differences-in-healthcare-utilization-among-u-s-immigrants-from-mexico-china-and-india
#4
Jen'nan Ghazal Read, Paige Borelli Smith
OBJECTIVES: To examine gender and national origin differences in the healthcare utilization of immigrants from the three largest populations in the U.S. today (Mexico, China, and India) and to determine if barriers to utilization operate similarly across groups. METHODS: The analysis uses nationally-representative data from the 2003 New Immigrant Survey (NIS) to compare utilization behaviors among legal permanent residents from Mexico, China, and India (n = 2244)...
February 28, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277017/the-relationship-of-education-and-acculturation-with-vigorous-intensity-leisure-time-physical-activity-by-gender-in-latinos
#5
Erick B López, Takashi Yamashita
OBJECTIVES: Latinos have poorer health outcomes among certain conditions (e.g. diabetes, obesity, mental health) compared to non-Latino Whites in the U.S., in part due to difference in the amount of physical activity, which are heavily influenced by sociocultural factors such as educational attainment and acculturation. Vigorous-intensity leisure time physical activity (VLTPA) may provide health benefits with a shorter amount of time than moderate-to-light physical activity. However, VLTPA has been significantly understudied compared to LTPA in general...
February 28, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277016/the-correlates-of-physical-activity-among-adult-m%C3%A3-tis
#6
Christopher J Ryan, Martin Cooke, Sharon I Kirkpatrick, Scott T Leatherdale, Piotr Wilk
OBJECTIVES: Métis, with a population of close to 390,000 people, are a culturally distinct and constitutionally recognized Aboriginal group in Canada that suffers from poorer overall health than non-Aboriginal Canadians. One important predictor of good health is physical activity. Guided by frameworks based on social and Aboriginal-specific determinants, we investigated the correlates of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and active transportation (walking) among adult Métis, with a particular focus on how culturally specific variables were associated with these two types of activity...
February 28, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277021/the-chinese-and-korean-american-immigrant-experience-a-mixed-methods-examination-of-facilitators-and-barriers-of-colorectal-cancer-screening
#7
Mary Y Jung, Cheryl L Holt, Diane Ng, Hwa J Sim, Xiaoxiao Lu, Daisy Le, Hee-Soon Juon, Jun Li, Sunmin Lee
OBJECTIVE: Among Asian Americans, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer deaths. Despite strong evidence that screening can reduce CRC-related mortality, fewer Chinese and Koreans receive screening as compared to non-Hispanic whites and blacks. The objective of this study was to examine facilitators and barriers as well as strategies to promote CRC screening in this population. DESIGN: This study employed a mixed-methods design. We conducted 17 key informant interviews and 12 focus groups in the Washington, D...
February 25, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277020/healthcare-professional-and-interpreter-perspectives-on-working-with-and-caring-for-non-english-speaking-families-in-a-tertiary-paediatric-healthcare-setting
#8
Anna Williams, Kate Oulton, Debbie Sell, Jo Wray
OBJECTIVE: To understand the perspectives of healthcare professionals and interpreters in relation to working with and caring for non-English speaking families accessing National Health Service paediatric tertiary health care services. DESIGN: Focus group and interview methods were used to elicit the views of healthcare professionals and interpreters at one tertiary paediatric hospital in the United Kingdom. Data were subjected to framework analysis. RESULTS: Participants identified a number of factors affecting communication and their interaction with non-English speaking families in this setting, including time, role uncertainty, and interlinked dimensions of culture and gender...
February 25, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277019/nepalese-patients-anti-diabetic-medication-taking-behaviour-an-exploratory-study
#9
Sujata Sapkota, Jo-Anne E Brien, Parisa Aslani
OBJECTIVE: To explore anti-diabetic medication taking behaviour in Nepalese patients with type 2 diabetes and investigate the factors impacting medication taking in this population. DESIGN: Face-to-face interviews (n = 48) were conducted with Nepalese patients with type 2 diabetes in Sydney (Australia) and Kathmandu (Nepal). All interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and thematically analysed. Participants' medication adherence was also assessed quantitatively using the summary of diabetes self-care activity (SDSCA) questionnaire...
February 25, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277025/situated-influences-on-perceived-barriers-to-health-behavior-change-cultural-identity-and-context-in-kazakhstan
#10
Brett J Craig, Aizhan Kapysheva
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify the perceived barriers to lifestyle changes citizens of Kazakhstan suffering from cardiovascular disease and type II diabetes were experiencing. DESIGN: 14 focus groups were conducted with patients across two regions of Kazakhstan. Topics of discussion included accessing medical care, communicating with health care providers, and following doctor's recommendations. The text of the discussions were analysed for trends and themes across the different groups...
February 23, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277024/structural-social-support-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-hispanic-latino-adults-with-diabetes-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#11
Rosalba Hernandez, Mercedes Carnethon, Aida L Giachello, Frank J Penedo, Donghong Wu, Orit Birnbaum-Weitzman, Rebeca Espinoza Giacinto, Linda C Gallo, Carmen R Isasi, Neil Schneiderman, Yanping Teng, Donglin Zeng, Martha L Daviglus
OBJECTIVE(S): Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have yielded inconsistent findings on the associations of social support networks with cardiovascular health in Hispanic/Latino adults with diabetes. We examined the cross-sectional associations of structural social support and traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in a diverse sample of Hispanic/Latino adults with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This analysis included 2994 adult participants ages 18-74 with diabetes from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL - 2008-2011)...
February 23, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277023/oral-health-and-access-to-dental-care-a-comparison-of-elderly-migrants-and-non-migrants-in-germany
#12
Ghazal Aarabi, Daniel R Reissmann, Udo Seedorf, Heiko Becher, Guido Heydecke, Christopher Kofahl
OBJECTIVES: To compare oral health, access barriers to dental care, oral health behavior and oral hygiene behavior of elderly German residents with and without immigration background. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional explorative study, a convenience sample (N = 112, age ≥ 60 years, 54% immigrants) was recruited in four dental practices in Hamburg, Germany. Oral health was assessed with Decayed/Missing/Filled Teeth (DMFT), Papillary Bleeding Index (PBI), and Approximal Plaque Index (API)...
February 23, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277022/skin-cancer-risk-assessment-in-dark-skinned-immigrants-the-role-of-social-determinants-and-ethnicity
#13
Valeska Padovese, Gennaro Franco, Mariacarla Valenzano, Laura Pecoraro, Marina Cammilli, Alessio Petrelli
OBJECTIVES: Dark-skinned people have a lower incidence rate of skin cancer, in particular melanoma, which is detected at more advanced stages leading to poorer prognoses and long-term outcomes compared to whites. The gap in survival is due to some difficulty in melanoma detection, lack of attention from doctors and awareness by patients. This study aims to assess skin cancer risk awareness in dark-skinned immigrants and to determine the influence of socioeconomic factors and ethnic origin on behaviors...
February 23, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277026/-it-means-everyone-should-know-their-status-exploring-lay-conceptions-of-sickle-cell-trait-and-sickle-cell-trait-screening-among-african-americans-within-middle-reproductive-age
#14
Tilicia L Mayo-Gamble, Priscilla A Barnes, Jennifer Cunningham Erves, Susan E Middlestadt, Hsien-Chang Lin
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the meaning of sickle cell trait and sickle cell trait screening from the lay perspective of African Americans. DESIGN AND METHODS: African Americans (N = 300), ages 18-35 and unaware of their sickle cell trait status, completed two open-ended questions from a larger survey. One question asked for their understanding of sickle cell trait; the other asked for their understanding of sickle cell trait screening. Content analysis occurred in two phases: (1) In vivo and holistic coding; and (2) focused coding...
February 21, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277028/targeting-hispanic-adolescents-with-outdoor-food-beverage-advertising-around-schools
#15
A L Herrera, K E Pasch
OBJECTIVES: Although some research has focused on the food environment and food marketing, little has examined outdoor food and beverage (FB) advertising, particularly its relationship to the Hispanic composition in schools. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if the prevalence of outdoor FB advertising was greater around middle and high schools with a majority Hispanic population as compared to schools with a lower Hispanic population. DESIGN: All FB advertisements located within a half-mile of 47 schools in Central Texas were documented...
February 9, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277027/social-network-perspective-on-alcohol-consumption-among-african-american-women-a-longitudinal-analysis
#16
Cui Yang, Jingyan Yang, Melissa Davey-Rothwell, Carl Latkin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine alcohol use in African American women's social networks. DESIGN: This was a longitudinal study of African American women and their social networks in Baltimore, MD. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews at a community-based research clinic. Alcohol consumption frequency was assessed by a single question 'How often do you drink alcohol?' with a four-point ordinal rating scale 'never,' 'monthly or less,' '2-4 times a month' and '>2 times a week...
February 9, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277029/physical-psychiatric-comorbidity-patterns-and-explanations-for-ethnic-group-differences
#17
Christy L Erving
OBJECTIVE: This paper examines ethnic differences in the co-occurrence of physical and psychiatric health problems (physical-psychiatric comorbidity) for women and men. The following ethnic groups are included: Non-Latino Whites, African Americans, Caribbean Blacks, Spanish Caribbean Blacks, Mexicans, Cubans, Puerto Ricans, Other Latinos, Chinese, Filipinos, Vietnamese, and Other Asian Americans. In addition, the study assesses the extent to which social factors (socioeconomic status, stress exposure, social support) account for ethnic differences in physical-psychiatric comorbidity (PPC)...
February 7, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158953/immigrant-women-s-food-choices-in-pregnancy-perspectives-from-women-of-chinese-origin-in-canada
#18
Gina Marie Awoko Higginbottom, Helen Valianatos, Janki Shankar, Jalal Safipour, Christina Davey
OBJECTIVE: Following migration, pregnant immigrant women may encounter social, cultural, and economic challenges that negatively affect their food choices and subsequent health outcomes. Culturally appropriate health care is crucial during the perinatal period to ensure the health of immigrant mothers and their children. This project aims to explore and understand how the health beliefs and practices of Chinese immigrant women affect their food choices during the perinatal period. DESIGN: This qualitative study used the methodology of focused ethnography...
February 3, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158950/health-related-quality-of-life-among-mexican-origin-latinos-the-role-of-immigration-legal-status
#19
Luz M Garcini, Andre M N Renzaho, Marisa Molina, Guadalupe X Ayala
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between immigration legal status and related vulnerabilities and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among Mexican-origin Latinos living in a U.S.-Mexico border region. METHODS: Data were obtained using multistage sampling from 393 Latino adults who took part in the 2009 San Diego Prevention Research Center community survey. RESULTS: Significant differences in HRQoL were found across immigration legal status subgroups...
February 3, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158947/ambiguous-bodies-uncertain-diseases-knowledge-of-cervical-cancer-in-papua-new-guinea
#20
A Kelly-Hanku, S Ase, V Fiya, P Toliman, H Aeno, G M Mola, J M Kaldor, L M Vallely, A J Vallely
OBJECTIVES: Within their local realities, people experience and interpret disease in diverse ways that do not necessarily correlate or converge with Western biomedical interventions. In the high cervical cancer burden setting of Papua New Guinea, understanding how people experience and interpret cervical cancer is necessary for effective intervention. Drawing on work by Street on the production of unstable biomedical knowledge, we explored how ambiguity and uncertainty, coupled with cultural taboos and linguistic limitations, affect what and how people 'know' about women's reproductive organs and their associated disease...
February 3, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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