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Ethnicity & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745749/hpv-vaccination-prevalence-parental-barriers-and-motivators-to-vaccinating-children-in-hawai-i
#1
May Rose Isnec Dela Cruz, Kathryn L Braun, Jo Ann Umilani Tsark, Cheryl Lynn Albright, John J Chen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and barriers to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine uptake among 11-18 year olds in the Hawai'i's four major ethnic groups-Native Hawaiians, Filipinos, Japanese, and Caucasians. STUDY DESIGN: A telephone survey assessed parents' knowledge of HPV and the HPV vaccine, status of their child's HPV vaccine uptake, variables operationalizing the Health Belief Model, and barriers and motivators to uptake. RESULTS: Across the groups, 799 parents completed the survey...
May 10, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737188/the-color-of-death-race-observed-skin-tone-and-all-cause-mortality-in-the-united-states
#2
Quincy Thomas Stewart, Ryon J Cobb, Verna M Keith
OBJECTIVE: This paper examines how mortality covaries with observed skin tone among blacks and in relation to whites. Additionally, the study analyzes the extent to which social factors such as socioeconomic status affect this relationship. DESIGN: This study uses data from the 1982 General Social Survey (N = 1,689) data linked to the National Death Index until 2008. We use this data to examine the links between race, observed skin tone among blacks, and all-cause mortality...
May 8, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732918/cervical-cancer-sociodemographic-and-diagnostic-disparities-in-florida-a-population-based-study-1981-2013-by-stage-at-presentation
#3
Aliyah Gauri, Sarah E Messiah, Layla A Bouzoubaa, Kevin J Moore, Tulay Koru-Sengul
OBJECTIVE: Florida has one of the highest cervical cancer mortality rates and socioeconomically diverse populations in the United States. We used statewide population-based cancer registry data to assess disparities in cervical cancer stage at diagnosis. DESIGN: Primary invasive adult female cervical cancer patients in the Florida Cancer Data Registry (1981-2013) were linked with 2000 United States Census data. Early (localized) and advanced (regional and distant) stage at diagnosis was assessed by age, race, ethnicity, neighborhood socioeconomic-, marital-, and smoking- status...
May 5, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726695/-just-doing-the-best-we-can-health-care-providers-perceptions-of-barriers-to-providing-care-to-marshallese-patients-in-arkansas
#4
Pearl A McElfish, Almas Chughtai, Lisa K Low, Robert Garner, Rachel S Purvis
INTRODUCTION: Marshallese migrating to the United States encounter challenges in accessing health care. Previous literature has investigated Marshallese participants' perceptions of the barriers they face in accessing health care. For this study, health care providers managing the care of Marshallese patients were interviewed to understand the providers' perception of barriers that their Marshallese patients encounter. METHODS: A qualitative research design was utilized to explore health care providers' perceptions of and experiences with the barriers faced by their Marshallese patients when accessing the US health care system...
May 4, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726279/age-and-gender-differences-in-the-association-between-body-mass-index-and-all-cause-mortality-among-older-japanese
#5
Hiroshi Murayama, Jersey Liang, Benjamin A Shaw, Anda Botoseneanu, Erika Kobayashi, Taro Fukaya, Shoji Shinkai
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence suggests a reverse J-shaped association between body mass index (BMI) and all-cause mortality among the older population. However, findings from non-Western societies including Japan are still sparse. Furthermore, little evidence regarding variation by age and gender in the BMI-mortality relationship in old age exists. This study aimed to examine age and gender variations in the relationship between BMI and all-cause mortality among older Japanese. DESIGN: Data came from a national representative sample of community-dwelling Japanese aged 60 years and older at baseline (n = 4,869)...
May 4, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724114/does-race-matter-in-universal-healthcare-stroke-cost-and-outcomes-in-us-military-health-care
#6
Matthew D Holtkamp
INTRODUCTION: It is well documented in the US civilian healthcare system that race is correlated with different outcomes for ischemic stroke patients. That healthcare system has wide variations in access to and quality of care. In contrast, the US military healthcare system (MHS) a universal healthcare system where every member has access to the same healthcare benefits. Do racial disparities evident in the civilian healthcare system transfer to the MHS? METHODS: Data was collected from the MHS Military Mart (M2) database from calendar years 2010 through 2015...
May 3, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722555/exploring-health-services-accessibility-by-indigenous-women-in-asia-and-identifying-actions-to-improve-it-a-scoping-review
#7
Onouma Thummapol, Tanya Park, Sylvia Barton
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this scoping review was to uncover and summarize what is known in the literature about the experiences of Indigenous women in Asia regarding access to health services. DESIGN: The study was informed by the scoping review methodology proposed by Arksey and O'Malley [2005. "Scoping Studies: Towards a Methodological Framework." International Journal of Social Research Methodology 8 (1): 19-32. doi: 10.1080/1364557032000119616 ]. A comprehensive search of the databases for peer-reviewed studies and grey literature was conducted between January 2000 and December 2016...
May 3, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716391/elevated-cholesterol-among-african-american-adults-the-role-of-fatalistic-attitudes-about-health
#8
Marcel A de Dios, Sarah D Childress, Miguel Ángel Cano, Lorna H McNeill, Lorraine R Reitzel, Ellen Vaughan
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) affects 47% of African-American adults (AAs) in the United States. Elevated cholesterol, the greatest risk factor for CVD, is highly prevalent among AAs, potentially as the result of engagement in behavioral risk factors. Religiosity has been associated with a beneficial effect in health promoting behaviors, yet findings have been mixed depending on methods employed. Religious health fatalism, defined as 'the belief that health outcomes are inevitable and/or determined by God', is a more specific domain of a religiosity that needs further exploration through scientific research...
May 1, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699405/generational-health-improvement-or-decline-exploring-generational-differences-of-british-ethnic-minorities-in-six-physical-health-outcomes
#9
Senhu Wang, Hei-Wan Mak
OBJECTIVES: To explore ethnic and generational differences in six physical health outcomes and whether these differences can be explained by health-related behaviors and socio-economic status. DESIGN: Multivariate analyses using nationally representative data in 2010-2011 on self-assessed general health, activity-limiting illness, doctor-diagnosed diabetes, doctor-diagnosed high blood pressure, doctor-diagnosed asthma and body mass index from 21,651 White British, 997 Pakistanis, 695 Bangladeshis, 1,126 Indians, 573 Black Caribbeans and 873 Black Africans, adjusted for age, gender, health-related behaviors and socio-economic status...
April 26, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611712/recruitment-and-enrollment-of-african-americans-into-health-promoting-programs-the-effects-of-health-promoting-programs-on-cardiovascular-disease-risk-study
#10
Victoria I Okhomina, Samantha R Seals, Gailen D Marshall
OBJECTIVES: Randomized controlled trials (RCT) often employ multiple recruitment methods to attract participants, however, special care must be taken to be inclusive of under-represented populations. We examine how recruiting from an existing observational study affected the recruitment of African Americans into a RCT that included yoga-based interventions. In particular, we report the recruitment success of The Effects of Health Promoting Programs (HPP) on Cardiovascular Disease Risk (NCT02019953), the first yoga-based clinical trial to focus only on African Americans...
April 3, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609480/adherence-and-retention-of-african-americans-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-a-yoga-based-intervention-the-effects-of-health-promoting-programs-on-cardiovascular-disease-risk-study
#11
Victoria I Okhomina, Samantha R Seals, Pramod Anugu, Godwin Adu-Boateng, Mario Sims, Gailen D Marshall
OBJECTIVES: Sedentary lifestyle is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Few alternative lifestyle interventions, such as yoga practice, focus on African Americans (AA), the population most vulnerable to CVD. Our objective is to compare the retention and adherence rates between yoga, walking, and health education interventions while providing information about the acceptance of various yoga regimens. DESIGN: Three hundred seventy-five AA participants were recruited exclusively from an active cohort study and randomized into a 48-week study (24 weeks intervention, 24 weeks follow-up) with 5 health promotion interventions: high frequency yoga, moderate frequency yoga, low frequency yoga, guided walking, and health education...
April 2, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609476/understanding-the-social-and-community-support-networks-of-american-indian-women-cancer-survivors
#12
Catherine E Burnette, Jessica Liddell, Soonhee Roh, Yeon-Shim Lee, Hee Yun Lee
OBJECTIVE: Cancer is the leading cause of death among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) women, and although cancer disparities among AI women are alarming, there is little research focused on the topic of social support and cancer treatment and outcomes. DESIGN: A community advisory board was used to develop and administer the project, and a qualitative descriptive study methodology was used. This research was conducted in partnership with two community-based hospitals in the Northern Plains...
April 2, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607675/-sharing-things-with-people-that-i-don-t-even-know-help-seeking-for-psychological-symptoms-in-injured-black-men-in-philadelphia
#13
Sara F Jacoby, John A Rich, Jessica L Webster, Therese S Richmond
OBJECTIVES: Psychological distress is common in survivors of traumatic injury, yet across United States' trauma systems, it is rare that standard injury care integrates psychological evaluation and professional mental healthcare. The purpose of this study was to explore help-seeking for psychological symptoms in injured Black men living in Philadelphia. DESIGN: A subset of a cohort of 551 injured Black men admitted to a Trauma Center in Philadelphia participated in qualitative interviews that explored their perceptions of psychological symptoms after injury and the factors that guided their decision to seek professional mental health help...
April 1, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583034/becoming-active-more-to-exercise-than-weight-loss-for-indigenous-men
#14
Isaac Warbrick, Denise Wilson, Derek Griffith
OBJECTIVE: To understand what motivates sedentary indigenous and ethnic minority men to become more physically active. DESIGN: We use thematic analysis to present data from a qualitative study exploring 23 sedentary indigenous Māori (New Zealand) men's experiences of completing a 12-week exercise intervention to improve their metabolic health. RESULTS: Four themes emerged: The Bros - having fellowship and mutual motivation; Being better informed about exercise; Impacting overall wellbeing; and Disseminating the findings beyond the study Exercise interventions informed by indigenous Māori cultural values and knowledge increased its relevance to their daily lives...
March 27, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578353/barriers-to-diabetes-awareness-and-self-help-are-influenced-by-people-s-demographics-perspectives-of-south-asians-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Shahina Pardhan, Georgina Nakafero, Rajiv Raman, Raju Sapkota
AIM: To determine whether barriers to diabetes awareness and self-help differ in South Asian participants of different demographic characteristics (age, gender, and literacy) with type 2 diabetes living in the United Kingdom. METHODS: Six focus group discussions (FGDs) were carried out in patients who were categorized according to age (30-60 years, ≥60 years), gender (male, female) and literacy status (literate, illiterate). Data were analysed following the iterative process of thematic analysis techniques...
March 26, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540075/assessing-racial-differences-in-lifetime-and-current-smoking-status-menthol-consumption-among-latinos-in-a-nationally-representative-sample
#16
Adolfo G Cuevas, Kasim Ortiz, Nancy Lopez, David R Williams
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between race and smoking behaviors among Latinos/Hispanics. DESIGN: Using data from the National Adult Tobacco Survey (NATS), we implemented Log-Poisson regression models for each dependent variable (smoking pattern and menthol cigarette use). Each analysis adjusted for age, gender, marital status, employment status, and socioeconomic status (SES). Final pooled cross-sectional sample included 505 Black-Latinos and 9078 White-Latinos...
March 14, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514516/differences-in-bmi-between-mexican-and-colombian-patients-receiving-antipsychotics-results-from-the-international-study-of-latinos-on-antipsychotics-isla
#17
Bernardo Ng, Alvaro Camacho, Katherine Parra, Ricardo de la Espriella, Victor Rico, Severiano Lozano, Mirna Troncoso, Ruby C Castilla-Puentes, Benjamin L Cook, Daniel E Jimenez
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine the association of country of residence with body mass index (BMI) between Mexican and Colombian patients exposed to antipsychotics. We hypothesize that there will be a significant association between country of residence and BMI and that Mexican patients will have higher BMI than their Colombian counterparts. DESIGN: The International Study of Latinos on Antipsychotics (ISLA) is a multisite, international, cross sectional study of adult Latino patients exposed to antipsychotics in two Latin American Countries (i...
March 7, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514473/a-qualitative-systematic-review-of-published-work-on-disclosure-and-help-seeking-for-domestic-violence-and-abuse-among-women-from-ethnic-minority-populations-in-the-uk
#18
Omolade Femi-Ajao, Sarah Kendal, Karina Lovell
INTRODUCTION: Domestic violence and abuse has been recognised as an international public health problem. However, the pervasiveness of the problem is unknown due in part to underreporting, especially among women from ethnic minority populations. In relation to this group, this review seeks to explore: (1) the barriers to disclosure; (2) the facilitators of help-seeking; and (3) self-perceived impacts of domestic violence. DESIGN: We systematically identified published qualitative studies conducted among women from ethnic minority populations in the UK...
March 7, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506393/psychosocial-predictors-of-mammography-history-among-chinese-american-women-without-a-recent-mammogram
#19
Brittany C Miller, Elizabeth A Sarma, Yiyuan Sun, Catherine R Messina, Anne Moyer
Chinese American women have lower rates of mammography screening compared with non-Hispanic White women. Although the extent of perceived barriers, as conceptualized by the Health Belief Model, have been shown to distinguish between currently non-adherent Chinese American women who have ever and never had a mammogram, it is less clear which types of perceived barriers differentiate them. One hundred twenty-eight Chinese American women in the New York metropolitan area who had not had a mammogram in the past year completed baseline assessments for a mammography framing intervention study...
March 5, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504413/data-spanning-three-decades-illustrate-racial-disparities-in-likelihood-of-obesity
#20
Celia C Lo, William Ash-Houchen, Heather M Gerling, Tyrone C Cheng
Obesity rates have risen significantly in recent decades, with underprivileged Americans associated with higher rates of the condition. Risks associated with obesity, furthermore, appear unequally distributed across different racial/ethnic groups, according to the literature. The present study examined racial disparities in obesity as a function of socioeconomic factors, using a sample of American adults from a 32-year longitudinal study. We accounted for the time factor as we evaluated obesity's associations with selected socioeconomic factors; we also examined race/ethnicity's moderating role in obesity-socioeconomic status associations over time...
March 4, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
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