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Ethnicity & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905209/distinguishing-between-primary-and-secondary-racial-identification-in-analyses-of-health-disparities-of-a-multiracial-population-in-hawaii
#1
Andrew Wey, James Davis, Deborah Taira Juarez, Tetine Sentell
OBJECTIVE: To examine the importance of distinguishing between primary and secondary racial identification in analyzing health disparities in a multiracial population. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of 2012 Hawaii Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (H-BRFSS). As part of the survey, respondents were asked to identify all their races, and then which race they considered to be their primary race. We introduce two analytic approaches to investigate the association between multiracial status and general health: (1) including two separate dichotomous variables for each racial group (primary and secondary race; for example, 'primary Native Hawaiian' and, separately, 'secondary Native Hawaiian'), and (2) including one combined variable for anyone choosing a particular racial group, whether as primary or secondary race ('combined race'; e...
December 1, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905207/ethnic-differences-in-risk-factors-of-acute-pancreatitis
#2
Ue-Cheung Ho, Chia-Fen Mu, Chao-Yu Hsu
OBJECTIVE: The ethnic difference in the risk factors of acute pancreatitis remains unknown. The objective of this study is to investigate the differences in the risk factors of acute pancreatitis between Taiwanese aborigines and nonaborigines. DESIGN: A retrospective study of 622 patients with acute pancreatitis admitted to our hospital (Puli Christian Hospital) from 2006 to 2014. The risk factors and biochemical properties of acute pancreatitis were comapred between aborgines and nonaborgines...
December 1, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905205/severity-of-household-food-insecurity-and-lifetime-racial-discrimination-among-african-american-households-in-south-carolina
#3
Michael P Burke, Sonya J Jones, Edward A Frongillo, Maryah S Fram, Christine E Blake, Darcy A Freedman
OBJECTIVES: In 2014, 30% of African-American households with children had low or very low food security, a rate double that of white households with children. A household has low food security if its members experience food shortages and reductions in food quality attributable to a lack of household resources or access and very low food security if its members also experience reductions in food intake and disrupted eating patterns. Households that are either low or very low food secure are known collectively as food insecure...
December 1, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897049/using-text-messages-to-promote-health-in-african-americans-hearthealthyandcancerfree
#4
Allison R Jones, Debra K Moser, Jennifer Hatcher
OBJECTIVES: African-Americans are vulnerable to both cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) due to intricately connected risk factors. Use of text messages is an innovative method to provide health information to reduce these risks. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and acceptability of a text messaging intervention to reduce CVD and cancer risk factors in African-Americans. DESIGN: We developed an intervention using text messages culturally tailored for African-Americans over age 50 who were at risk (one or more modifiable risk factors) for CVD and/or cancer...
November 29, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892706/-if-i-went-to-my-mom-with-that-information-i-m-dead-sexual-health-knowledge-barriers-among-immigrant-and-refugee-somali-young-adults-in-ohio
#5
Caroline Kingori, Gillian Harper Ice, Qorsho Hassan, Abdul Elmi, Erin Perko
OBJECTIVES: Adequate knowledge of sexual health among young adults is a critical step in prevention of sexually transmitted diseases and maintenance of adult sexual health. Knowledge of specific barriers to accessing sexual health knowledge can help tailor approaches appropriately. The purpose of this paper was to identify sexual health knowledge barriers among Somali young adults in Ohio. DESIGN: In-depth interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of 27 Somali young adults aged 18-25 years...
November 28, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892696/looking-like-a-smoker-a-smokescreen-to-racism-m%C3%A4-ori-perceived-appearance-linked-to-smoking-status
#6
E Muriwai, C A Houkamau, C G Sibley
OBJECTIVES: Māori, the indigenous peoples of Aotearoa (New Zealand), continue to exhibit the highest rate of smoking of any ethnic group in the nation. Clarifying the present day factors which perpetuate Māori smoking has become matter of some urgency. DESIGN: We investigate links between subjective elements of Māori identity, demographic factors and perceived discrimination with smoking status in a national probability sample of self-identified Māori (N = 667)...
November 28, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892690/ethnic-differences-in-women-s-use-of-mental-health-services-do-social-networks-play-a-role-findings-from-a-national-survey
#7
Dharmi Kapadia, James Nazroo, Mark Tranmer
OBJECTIVES: The reasons for ethnic differences in women's mental health service use in England remain unclear. The aims of this study were to ascertain: ethnic differences in women's usage of mental health services, if social networks are independently associated with service use, and if the association between women's social networks and service use varies between ethnic groups. DESIGN: Logistic regression modelling of nationally representative data from the Ethnic Minority Psychiatric Illness Rates in the Community (EMPIRIC) survey conducted in England...
November 28, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892686/tobacco-and-the-malays-ethnicity-health-and-the-political-economy-of-tobacco-in-malaysia
#8
Simon Barraclough, Martha Morrow
OBJECTIVES: To identify the historical nexus between Malaysia's largest and politically dominant ethnic group and the political economy of tobacco, and to consider the implications of this connection for tobacco control. DESIGN: Primary and secondary documentary sources in both English and Malay were analysed to illuminate key events and decisions, and the discourse of industry and government. Sources included: speeches by Malaysian political and industry actors; tobacco industry reports, press releases and websites; government documents; World Health Organization (WHO) tobacco control literature; and press reports...
November 28, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882783/communication-about-sex-and-hpv-among-puerto-rican-mothers-and-daughters
#9
Vivian Colón-López, Natalie Fernández-Espada, Camille Vélez, Velda J Gonzalez, Elba C Diaz-Toro, William A Calo, Lara S Savas, Angela Pattatucci, María E Fernández
OBJECTIVE: Although opportunities to vaccinate against human papillomavirus (HPV) are available, vaccination rates in Puerto Rico remain low. Communication between parents and adolescents about sexual topics may influence decisions about HPV vaccination uptake, particularly among young women; yet, few studies have addressed this issue. This qualitative study explored Puerto Rican mothers' and daughters' communication on sex-related topics, and HPV, including the HPV vaccine. DESIGN: Thirty participants, including 9 mothers and 21 daughters, participated in seven focus groups...
November 24, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852110/similar-mediterranean-diet-adherence-but-greater-central-adiposity-is-observed-among-greek-diaspora-adolescents-living-in-istanbul-compared-to-athens
#10
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Maria I Maraki, Despoina Giannopoulou, Dimitrios Poulimeneas, Labros S Sidossis, Maria Tsigga
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this case-control study was to compare Mediterranean diet (MD) adherence and anthropometry between Greek diaspora adolescents living in Istanbul and Greek adolescents, inhabitants of Athens. DESIGN: A total of 206 adolescents (103 from each site), aged 10.0-19.0 years old, all of Greek origin, were recruited from schools in Athens and minority schools in Istanbul, for the present case-control study. Participants at each site were age and sex-matched...
November 16, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852109/a-review-of-recent-literature-on-materialist-and-psychosocial-models-for-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-birth-outcomes-in-the-us-2000-2014
#11
Miriam Mutambudzi, John D Meyer, Susan Reisine, Nicholas Warren
OBJECTIVE: Material and psychosocial factors exacerbate racial disparities in health outcomes. This review sought to ascertain recent knowledge of the effects of materialist and psychosocial factors on differences in low birthweight (LBW) and preterm delivery (PTD) outcomes between Black and White mothers. DESIGN: Search and review was conducted for studies that examined: (a) neighborhood-level deprivation as an indicator of material conditions, and (b) racial discrimination or occupational stressors as indicators of psychosocial stress...
November 16, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852107/a-multi-group-path-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-perceived-racial-discrimination-and-self-rated-stress-how-does-it-vary-across-racial-ethnic-groups
#12
Tse-Chuan Yang, Danhong Chen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to answer three questions: (1) Is perceived discrimination adversely related to self-rated stress via the social capital and health care system distrust pathways? (2) Does the relationship between perceived discrimination and self-rated stress vary across race/ethnicity groups? and (3) Do the two pathways differ by one's race/ethnicity background? DESIGN: Using the Philadelphia Health Management Corporation's Southeastern Pennsylvania Household Survey, we classified 9831 respondents into 4 race/ethnicity groups: non-Hispanic White (n = 6621), non-Hispanic Black (n = 2359), Hispanic (n = 505), and non-Hispanic other races (n = 346)...
November 16, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846733/ethnicity-work-related-stress-and-subjective-reports-of-health-by-migrant-workers-a-multi-dimensional-model
#13
Roberto Capasso, Maria Clelia Zurlo, Andrew P Smith
OBJECTIVES: This study integrates different aspects of ethnicity and work-related stress dimensions (based on the Demands-Resources-Individual-Effects model, DRIVE [Mark, G. M., and A. P. Smith. 2008. "Stress Models: A Review and Suggested New Direction." In Occupational Health Psychology, edited by J. Houdmont and S. Leka, 111-144. Nottingham: Nottingham University Press]) and aims to test a multi-dimensional model that combines individual differences, ethnicity dimensions, work characteristics, and perceived job satisfaction/stress as independent variables in the prediction of subjectives reports of health by workers differing in ethnicity...
November 16, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846729/the-effects-of-age-and-gender-on-the-prevalence-of-insomnia-in-a-sample-of-the-saudi-population
#14
Anwar E Ahmed, Hamdan Al-Jahdali, Abdulhamid Fatani, Khalid Al-Rouqi, Fares Al-Jahdali, Abdullah Al-Harbi, Salim Baharoon, Yosra Z Ali, Mohammad Khan, Ahmad Rumayyan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of insomnia among the Saudi adult population. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional insomnia survey was conducted at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The presence of insomnia was defined by difficulty initiating sleep, early morning awakening, or frequent awakening, in addition to the second-day effect in the form of fatigue, tiredness, or changes in the mode because of lack of sleep...
November 16, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842438/perceived-risks-and-reasons-to-smoke-cigarettes-during-pregnancy-among-alaska-native-women
#15
Carrie Bronars, Christi Patten, Kathryn Koller, Dorothy Hatsukami, Christie A Flanagan, Paul A Decker, Andrew Hanson, Abbie Wolfe, Christine Hughes, Neal Benowitz, Neil J Murphy, Timothy Thomas
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions of the risks of smoking and reasons Alaska Native women give for smoking during pregnancy. DESIGN: A total of 118 women (54 smokers, 64 non-smokers) enrolled in a biomarker study and completed a baseline interview asking about their concerns regarding tobacco use while pregnant and reasons why pregnant women might smoke during pregnancy. Responses were collapsed into six categories of perceived risks of smoking and eight categories of reasons to smoke during pregnancy...
November 14, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838922/determinants-of-adherence-to-physical-activity-guidelines-among-overweight-and-obese-african-american-breast-cancer-survivors-implications-for-an-intervention-approach
#16
Selina A Smith, Benjamin E Ansa, Wonsuk Yoo, Mary S Whitehead, Steven S Coughlin
OBJECTIVE: Public health agencies encourage breast cancer survivors (BCSs) to follow their physical activity guidelines (PAGs). However, adherence to these guidelines is low. African American (AA) BCSs are more often overweight or obese and less likely than women of other races to report adherence to physical activity recommendations. This study examined socioeconomic, clinical, and psychosocial correlates with meeting PAGs. DESIGN: AA women diagnosed and treated for breast cancer and participating in a breast cancer support group (N = 193) completed a lifestyle assessment tool capturing demographic characteristics; breast cancer diagnosis and treatment history; health-related quality of life; weight history, including body mass index and post-diagnosis weight gain; and physical activity...
November 14, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829294/social-patterning-of-cardiovascular-and-metabolic-risk-in-colombian-adults
#17
Diego I Lucumi, Alana M W LeBrón, Amy J Schulz, Graciela Mentz
OBJECTIVES: To test for differences in cardiovascular and metabolic risk (CMR) by educational attainment and physical capital. To compare CMR among black, indigenous, and mixed populations, accounting for socioeconomic status (SES). DESIGN: We conducted multivariate analyses using cross-sectional data from a national survey of Colombian adults (n = 10,814) to examine the social patterning of CMR. In sex/gender-stratified models, a CMR index was regressed on educational attainment, physical capital, ethnicity/race, and age...
November 10, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825247/ethnic-differences-in-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-by-physical-activity-levels-among-older-adults-in-the-us
#18
Elizabeth Vásquez, Karine Sahakyan, John A Batsis, Cassandra Germain, Virend K Somers, Benjamin A Shaw
AIMS: This study sought to determine whether the association between varying levels of physical activity (PA) and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality differ by race/ethnicity in older adults. METHODS: The sample comprised 2520 women and 2398 men drawn from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (1988-1994) aged ≥ 60 years. We used the metabolic equivalent (MET) of self-reported PA levels to define activity groups (inactive: those who did not report any PA; active: those who reported 3-6 METs for ≥5 times/week or >6 METs, ≥3 times/week; insufficiently active: those meeting neither criteria)...
November 9, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809593/levels-and-patterns-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-among-superdiverse-adolescents-in-east-london-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Whitney B Curry, Symeon Dagkas, Marcia Wilson
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) habits of adolescents from superdiverse communities in the UK. The objectives of this study are to examine and report the patterns of PA/ST among adolescents in East London living in superdiverse communities, to identify opportunities/barriers to PA and inform policy/practice. DESIGN: A total of 1260 young people (aged 11-13 years) from seven secondary schools in East London completed a questionnaire on PA/ST over the past seven days as part of the Newham's Every Child a Sports Person (NECaSP) intervention...
November 3, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809589/are-immigrants-healthier-than-native-born-canadians-a-systematic-review-of-the-healthy-immigrant-effect-in-canada
#20
Zoua M Vang, Jennifer Sigouin, Astrid Flenon, Alain Gagnon
OBJECTIVES: Immigrants are typically healthier than the native-born population in the receiving country and also tend to be healthier than non-migrants in the countries of origin. This foreign-born health advantage has been referred to as the healthy immigrant effect (HIE). We examined evidence for the HIE in Canada. DESIGN: We employed a systematic search of the literature on immigration and health and identified 78 eligible studies. We used a narrative method to synthesize the HIE across different stages of the life-course and different health outcomes within each stage...
November 3, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
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