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Ethnicity & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463112/prevalence-of-obesity-and-diabetes-in-the-socioeconomic-transition-of-rural-mayas-of-yucatan-from-1962-to-2000
#1
Alvar Loria, Pedro Arroyo, Victoria Fernandez, Jeanette Pardio, Hugo Laviada
BACKGROUND: The Mayas of the State of Yucatan in Mexico are the only aboriginal group with obesity and diabetes data before 1997. OBJECTIVE: To analyze socioeconomic trends associated with the increase in obesity and diabetes seen in rural Yucatan from 1962 to 2000. METHODS: Body weight, height and venous Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG) were measured in 263 rural Maya adults participating in a 2000 nutrition survey. RESULTS: Diabetes (FBG > 125 mg/dL) and obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 ) were 10...
February 20, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455566/-he-supported-me-100-mexican-immigrant-fathers-daughters-and-adolescent-sexual-health
#2
Kate Coleman-Minahan, Goleen Samari
OBJECTIVE: First and second generation Mexican-origin adolescents in the U.S. face social and economic disadvantage and sexual health disparities. Although fathers can support child and adolescent development, the literature has portrayed Mexican-origin immigrant fathers as emotionally distant and sexist. This study aims to treat migration as a social determinant of health to examine father-daughter relationships and adolescent sexual health in Mexican-origin immigrant families. METHODS: Integrating qualitative data from life history interviews with 21 Mexican-origin young women in immigrant families with quantitative data on first and second generation Mexican-origin young women in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, this study describes father-daughter relationships, examines the association between father-daughter relationships and daughters' early sexual initiation, and considers the impact of migration on the father-daughter relationship and sexual health among Mexican-origin young women...
February 19, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457468/experiences-of-racism-sexual-objectification-and-alcohol-use-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-of-colour
#3
Rusty Souleymanov, David J Brennan, Clemon George, Richard Utama, Andre Ceranto
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has shown that experiences of racial discrimination and sexual objectification are associated with health risk behaviours among gay and bisexual men of colour. However, little is known about whether racial discrimination and sexual objectification are associated with alcohol use among this population. This community-based study examined the association between racial discrimination, sexual objectification and alcohol use in a sample of 369 gay and bisexual men of colour (Black/African/Caribbean, Latino/Latin American, South Asian, and East and Southeast Asian) in Toronto...
February 18, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457466/feasibility-of-an-alzheimer-s-disease-knowledge-intervention-in-the-latino-community
#4
Jaime Perales, W Todd Moore, Cielo Fernandez, Daniel Chavez, Mariana Ramirez, David Johnson, Jason Resendez, Carolina Bueno, Eric D Vidoni
BACKGROUND: Latinos experience disparities in Alzheimer's disease (AD) knowledge. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of a 45-minute culturally-tailored AD knowledge presentation for professionals serving the Latino community and Latinos served by Latino community organizations. METHODS: One-session AD knowledge lunch-and-learn events were conducted with 40 professionals and 37 served Latinos. Participants received a pre-post survey including questions on satisfaction, a subjective AD knowledge question and a 14 item objective AD knowledge questionnaire...
February 18, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448808/hypertension-awareness-treatment-and-control-in-ghana-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Olutobi Adekunle Sanuade, Raphael Baffour Awuah, Mawuli Kushitor
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the rates of hypertension awareness, treatment and control as well as the socio-economic and demographic correlates in Ghana. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. We used wave 1 of the World Health Organization (WHO) Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) conducted between 2007and 2008. The sample was 5526 respondents aged 18 years and above. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the characteristics of the respondents and binary logistic regression was used to determine the correlates of hypertension awareness, treatment and control...
February 15, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447462/exploring-talk-about-sexuality-and-living-gay-social-lives-among-chinese-and-south-asian-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-auckland-new-zealand
#6
Jeffery Adams, Stephen Neville
OBJECTIVE: To identify ways Chinese and South Asian gay and bisexual men living in Auckland talk about issues related to sexuality and experiences of living 'gay social lives.' Results will be available to inform health policy and practice. DESIGN: A qualitative design with individual interviews and thematic analysis was used. Semi-structured digitally recorded interviews were undertaken with 27 Chinese and 17 South Asian gay and bisexual men living in Auckland...
February 15, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447448/gendered-racism-and-the-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-black-and-latina-women
#7
Lisa Rosenthal, Marci Lobel
OBJECTIVE: To understand health disparities, it is important to use an intersectional framework that examines unique experiences of oppression faced by particular groups due to their intersecting identities and social positions linked to societal structures. We focus on Black and Latina women and their experiences with 'gendered racism' - unique forms of oppression due to the intersection of race/ethnicity and gender - to foster understanding of disparities between Black and Latina versus White women in sexual and reproductive health outcomes in the U...
February 15, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385815/culturally-tailored-interventions-for-chronic-disease-self-management-among-chinese-americans-a-systematic-review
#8
Ya-Ching Huang, Alexandra A Garcia
OBJECTIVES: Literature review evaluating the effectiveness and cultural surface and deep structures of interventions designed to improve Chinese Americans' chronic disease self-management. METHOD: PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Health Source databases were searched for research conducted from 1990 to 2016 on self-management interventions for Chinese Americans with chronic disease. RESULTS: Ten articles comprised eight interventions, which each addressed a dimension of cultural surface structure, all providing linguistically appropriate messages delivered via bilingual staff...
January 31, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366345/perceptions-and-experiences-regarding-the-impact-of-race-on-the-quality-of-healthcare-in-southeast-brazil-a-qualitative-study
#9
Aneela Chauhan, Gilles de Wildt, Marcos da Cunha Lopes Virmond, Derek Kyte, Noemi Garcia de Almeida Galan, Renata Bilion Ruiz Prado, Vidya Shyam-Sundar
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of race on the quality of healthcare received by patients attending a primary care centre in Brazil. DESIGN: This was a qualitative study consisting of 19 semi-structured interviews conducted on patients from six racial groups (as defined in Brazil as white, yellow, brown, black and indigenous and one self-identified 'other' group). The interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Four main themes were identified during analysis; factors affecting the access to healthcare, experiences regarding quality of healthcare, discrimination in healthcare and deep-rooted societal discrimination, which were categorised into a number of sub-themes...
January 24, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357690/corrigendum
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355028/impact-of-change-over-time-in-self-reported-discrimination-on-blood-pressure-implications-for-inequities-in-cardiovascular-risk-for-a-multi-racial-urban-community
#11
Alana M W LeBrón, Amy J Schulz, Graciela Mentz, Angela G Reyes, Cindy Gamboa, Barbara A Israel, Edna A Viruell-Fuentes, James S House
OBJECTIVES: The 21st century has seen a rise in racism and xenophobia in the United States. Few studies have examined the health implications of heightened institutional and interpersonal racism. This study examines changes in reported discrimination and associations with blood pressure over time among non-Latino Blacks (NLBs), Latinos, and non-Latino Whites (NLWs) in an urban area, and variations by nativity among Latinos. DESIGN: Data from a probability sample of NLB, Latino, and NLW Detroit, Michigan residents were collected in 2002-2003, with follow-up at the same addresses in 2007-2008...
January 21, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347831/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-initiation-and-completion-among-u-s-women-in-the-post-affordable-care-act-era
#12
Madina Agénor, Ashley Pérez, Sarah M Peitzmeier, Sonya Borrero
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the magnitude and potential mechanisms of racial/ethnic disparities in initiating and completing the 3-dose human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among U.S. women in the post-Affordable Care Act era. DESIGN: Using 2015 National Health Interview Survey data, we used logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between race/ethnicity and HPV vaccination initiation and completion among black, Latina, Asian, and white U...
January 18, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347825/increasing-condom-usage-for-african-american-and-hispanic-young-fathers-in-a-community-based-intervention
#13
Cristina Mogro-Wilson, Aubri Drake, Emil Coman, Toral Sanghavi, Melanie Martin-Peele, Judith Fifield
OBJECTIVES: This paper investigates a community-based intervention for young fathers, FatherWorks, compared to care-as-usual, 24/7 Dads. We hypothesized that utilizing the FatherWorks intervention (a 15 session parenting intervention, 13 session employment class, paid internship, case management, and access to behavioral health services) will assist in readiness to use condoms and increase condom usage, which may differ by race/ethnicity. METHODS: Eligible males (n = 328) were enrolled into a Randomized Control Trial...
January 18, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343079/cultural-factors-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-dentate-adults-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#14
Marushka L Silveira, Bruce A Dye, Timothy J Iafolla, Margo R Adesanya, Shahdokht Boroumand, Marston E Youngblood, Christian R Salazar, Tracy L Finlayson, Tasneem Khambaty, Shirley M Beaver, A Isabel Garcia
OBJECTIVE: Research on the relationships between acculturation, ethnic identity, and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL) among the U.S. Hispanic/Latino population is sparse. The aim of this study is to examine the association between acculturation, ethnic identity, and OHRQOL among 13,172 adults in the 2008-2011 Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). DESIGN: Participants self-reported their acculturation (immigrant generation, birthplace, residence in the U...
January 18, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319331/-simple-and-easy-providers-and-latinos-perceptions-of-the-fecal-immunochemical-test-fit-for-colorectal-cancer-screening
#15
Claudia X Aguado Loi, Dinorah Martinez Tyson, Enmanuel A Chavarria, Liliana Gutierrez, Lynne Klasko, Stacy Davis, Diana Lopez, Tracy Johns, Cathy D Meade, Clement K Gwede
OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening efforts have effectively reduced CRC morbidity and mortality, yet screening remains relatively low among Latinos. The study's purpose was to document the awareness/knowledge of Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT) among Latinos, gain better understanding of patient and health care provider perceptions about FIT, and explore the feasibility of adoption/uptake. DESIGN/METHODS: The study was guided by qualitative, ethnography design and methods...
January 10, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284285/barriers-to-contraceptive-careseeking-the-experience-of-eritrean-asylum-seeking-women-in-israel
#16
Tsega Gebreyesus, Nora Gottlieb, Zebib Sultan, Habtom Mehari Ghebrezghiabher, Wietse Tol, Peter J Winch, Nadav Davidovitch, Pamela J Surkan
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, there has been a mass migration of Eritreans (many seeking political asylum) into Israel after precarious irregular movement across international borders. This study qualitatively explores the structural barriers to family planning (i.e. contraceptive services) for Eritrean women in Israel that are rooted in their temporary legal status and the patchwork of family planning services. DESIGN/METHODS: From December 2012 to September 2013, we interviewed 25 key informants (NGO workers, researchers, Eritrean community activists, International NGO representatives and Ministry of Health officials) and 12 Eritrean asylum seekers...
December 28, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284279/sociodemographic-factors-influencing-island-foods-consumption-in-the-pacific-islander-health-study
#17
N Kau'i Baumhofer, Sela V Panapasa, E Francis Cook, Christina A Roberto, David R Williams
OBJECTIVES: Pacific Islander Americans are a small, but quickly growing population that experiences alarming disparities in obesity and obesity-related chronic illnesses influenced by dietary patterns. This population also has a unique culinary heritage including traditional foods and more contemporary imports such as tinned meats and refined carbohydrates. This analysis is a novel attempt to understand the sociodemographic factors influencing island foods consumption. DESIGN: A sample of 240 Samoan and Tongan adults in California from the Pacific Islander Health Study was used...
December 28, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278922/the-weathering-hypothesis-and-stillbirth-racial-disparities-across-the-life-span
#18
Anne E Brisendine, Whitney S Rice, Samantha S Goldfarb, Martha S Wingate
OBJECTIVE: Given that studies have consistently demonstrated increased risk of stillbirth with increasing maternal age as well as race-ethnic disparities in stillbirth, the primary research question is how stillbirth risks within and between race-ethnic groups change with age. DESIGN: Using fetal death (stillbirth) and live birth data from the National Center for Health Statistics 2007-2014. We calculated crude stillbirth rates (per 1,000 deliveries). Using multivariable logistic regression, we calculated adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for stillbirth across age groups to examine disparities in stillbirth among non-Hispanic blacks (blacks) and non-Hispanic whites (whites)...
December 27, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278920/muscle-weakness-and-functional-limitations-in-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-of-older-adults
#19
Ryan P McGrath, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Brenda M Vincent, William J Kraemer, Mark D Peterson
OBJECTIVES: Muscle weakness is often linked to functional limitations in older adults. However, certain demographic characteristics, such as ethnicity, may differentially impact the association between weakness and functional limitations. This investigation sought to (1) identify sex- and ethnically-specific muscle weakness thresholds associated with functional limitations among older adults, and (2) determine the odds of functional limitations for each ethnicity by sex after identifying older adults below the weakness thresholds...
December 26, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243503/women-s-beliefs-about-what-causes-obesity-variation-by-race-ethnicity-and-acculturation-in-a-washington-state-sample
#20
Sarah Knerr, Rachel M Ceballos, Kwun Chuen Gary Chan, Shirley A A Beresford, Deborah J Bowen
OBJECTIVE: Individuals' beliefs about the causes of multifactorial health conditions (causal attributions) shape how they conceptualize and respond to health threats and are therefore important for health promotion. Studies of racial/ethnic and cultural variation in obesity causal beliefs, however, are scarce. To address this gap, this study described beliefs about the underlying causes of obesity (genetic inheritance, diet, and physical activity) in Hispanic and non-Hispanic White women participating in a longitudinal cohort study in South King County, Washington State (n = 1,002)...
December 15, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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