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Ethnicity & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158953/immigrant-women-s-food-choices-in-pregnancy-perspectives-from-women-of-chinese-origin-in-canada
#1
Gina Marie Awoko Higginbottom, Helen Valianatos, Janki Shankar, Jalal Safipour, Christina Davey
OBJECTIVE: Following migration, pregnant immigrant women may encounter social, cultural, and economic challenges that negatively affect their food choices and subsequent health outcomes. Culturally appropriate health care is crucial during the perinatal period to ensure the health of immigrant mothers and their children. This project aims to explore and understand how the health beliefs and practices of Chinese immigrant women affect their food choices during the perinatal period. DESIGN: This qualitative study used the methodology of focused ethnography...
February 3, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158950/health-related-quality-of-life-among-mexican-origin-latinos-the-role-of-immigration-legal-status
#2
Luz M Garcini, Andre M N Renzaho, Marisa Molina, Guadalupe X Ayala
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between immigration legal status and related vulnerabilities and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among Mexican-origin Latinos living in a U.S.-Mexico border region. METHODS: Data were obtained using multistage sampling from 393 Latino adults who took part in the 2009 San Diego Prevention Research Center community survey. RESULTS: Significant differences in HRQoL were found across immigration legal status subgroups...
February 3, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158947/ambiguous-bodies-uncertain-diseases-knowledge-of-cervical-cancer-in-papua-new-guinea
#3
A Kelly-Hanku, S Ase, V Fiya, P Toliman, H Aeno, G M Mola, J M Kaldor, L M Vallely, A J Vallely
OBJECTIVES: Within their local realities, people experience and interpret disease in diverse ways that do not necessarily correlate or converge with Western biomedical interventions. In the high cervical cancer burden setting of Papua New Guinea, understanding how people experience and interpret cervical cancer is necessary for effective intervention. Drawing on work by Street on the production of unstable biomedical knowledge, we explored how ambiguity and uncertainty, coupled with cultural taboos and linguistic limitations, affect what and how people 'know' about women's reproductive organs and their associated disease...
February 3, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140616/associations-between-food-insecurity-and-the-severity-of-psychological-distress-among-african-americans
#4
Nickolas L Allen, Benjamin J Becerra, Monideepa B Becerra
BACKGROUND: Little research exists on the association between food insecurity and mild to moderate psychological distress (MPD) among Black/African-Americans. In this study, we assess the relationship between food insecurity with and without hunger to that of both MPD and serious psychological distress (SPD) among this population. METHODS: 2009 and 2011/2012 adult public-use data from African-American respondents of the California Health Interview Survey were utilized for this study (n = 4003)...
January 31, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116925/ethnic-newspapers-and-low-income-spanish-speaking-adults-influence-of-news-consumption-and-health-motivation-on-cancer-prevention-behaviors
#5
Andy J King, Jakob D Jensen, Lisa M Guntzviller, Debora Perez Torres, Melinda Krakow
OBJECTIVE: Ethnic newspapers have the potential to reach and influence various cultural and ethnic subpopulations traditionally underserved in the United States. The current study sought to explore how ethnic news consumption interacts with health motivation to predict cancer prevention behaviors in a sample of Spanish-speaking adults. DESIGN: Participants (N = 100) completed a survey in Spanish, with items measuring demographics, acculturation, health literacy, health motivation, ethnic newspaper consumption (for two papers: La Viva and La Raza), and cancer prevention behaviors...
January 24, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116917/knowledge-and-social-engagement-change-in-intention-to-be-screened-for-colorectal-cancer
#6
Yamile Molina, Katherine J Briant, Janeth I Sanchez, Mary A O'Connell, Beti Thompson
OBJECTIVE: Innovative technologies have been used to promote colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among the underserved. However, the impact of these innovative technologies on knowledge and social engagement likelihood as they relate to subsequent intention to be screened across different populations has not been fully explored. DESIGN: Using a pre-post-test design with an inflatable walk-through colon, we assessed changes in knowledge and social engagement likelihood across populations and their associations with intention to be screened in two community settings...
January 24, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116909/association-between-iq-mik-smokeless-tobacco-use-and-cardiometabolic-risk-profile-among-yup-ik-alaska-native-people
#7
Tove K Ryman, Bert B Boyer, Scarlett E Hopkins, Jacques Philip, Beti Thompson, Shirley A A Beresford, Kenneth E Thummel, Melissa A Austin
OBJECTIVE: The traditional lifestyle of Yup'ik Alaska Native people, including a diet abundant in marine-based foods and physical activity, may be cardio-protective. However, iq'mik, a traditional form of smokeless tobacco used by >50% of Yup'ik adults, could increase cardiometabolic (CM) risk. Our objective was to characterize the associations between iq'mik use and biomarkers of CM status (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C], high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C], triglycerides [TG], systolic blood pressure [SBP] and diastolic blood pressure [DBP], glycated hemoglobin [HbA1c], fasting blood glucose [FBG], waist circumference [WC], and body mass index [BMI])...
January 24, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110549/description-of-tobacco-use-and-cessation-among-bhutanese-refugees-participating-in-a-tobacco-cessation-program
#8
Brody Maack, Robert Willborn
OBJECTIVES: To compare the tobacco use, exposure, and cessation differences between Bhutanese refugee and non-Hispanic Caucasian tobacco users in a US federally qualified health center tobacco cessation program. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study reviewing data from 374 patients counseled on tobacco cessation was performed. Demographic information, tobacco use history, exposure to tobacco, and type of tobacco used characterized baseline assessments. The patient record was followed forward in time to evaluate tobacco cessation outcomes as the dependent variable...
January 21, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100070/exploring-relationships-among-social-integration-social-isolation-self-rated-health-and-demographics-among-latino-day-laborers
#9
Kenneth C Steel, Maria Eugenia Fernandez-Esquer, John S Atkinson, Wendell C Taylor
OBJECTIVES: Research indicates social integration and social isolation are related to health, and Latino day laborers (LDLs) tend to be socially isolated and, thus, at high risk for adverse health consequences. relationships among social isolation, social integration, self-rated health (SRH), and demographics were examined in a sample of LDLs to contribute to the literature on social networks and health in this and other migrant populations. DESIGN: We analyzed data from 324 LDLs who participated in Proyecto SHILOS (Salud del Hombre Inmigrante Latino), a Houston-based survey of Latino immigrant men's health...
January 19, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100067/race-based-experiences-of-ethnic-minority-health-professionals-arab-physicians-and-nurses-in-israeli-public-healthcare-organizations
#10
Yael Keshet, Ariela Popper-Giveon
: Increasing workforce diversity was found to contribute to the narrowing of disparities in health. However, racism toward ethnic minority health professionals has not been adequately researched. In Israel, public healthcare organizations that serve a mixed Jewish-Arab population employ Arab minority healthcare professionals. Instances of prejudice and manifestations of racism toward them, which frequently surface in public discussion and the media, have unfortunately gained little scholarly attention...
January 19, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095722/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-the-relationship-between-antenatal-stressful-life-events-and-postpartum-depression-among-women-in-the-united-states-does-provider-communication-on-perinatal-depression-minimize-the-risk
#11
Soumyadeep Mukherjee, Kristopher Fennie, Stefany Coxe, Purnima Madhivanan, Mary Jo Trepka
OBJECTIVE: Multi-state population-based studies exploring the racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence and correlates of postpartum depression (PPD), which affects 10-20% of women in the US, are rare. The aim of this study was to examine the racial/ethnic disparities in the relationship between antenatal stressful life events and PPD among US women and to explore whether antenatal health care provider communication on perinatal depression was associated with a lower risk. METHODS: Data from the 2009-2011 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) were used...
January 17, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095707/variations-in-mesothelioma-mortality-rates-among-migrants-to-australia-and-australian-born
#12
Si Si, Susan Peters, Alison Reid
BACKGROUND: Australia's use and consumption of asbestos occurred at the same time as its immigration boom. Our objective was to investigate mesothelioma death rates among migrants and Australian-born between 1981 and 2012. METHODS: Australian national mesothelioma deaths from 1981 to 2002 and 2006 to 2012 together with national censuses from 1981 to 2011 were extracted and combined. Directly standardised rates and negative binomial regression were applied examining differences in mesothelioma death rates with regard to country of birth...
January 17, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095706/translation-and-pilot-testing-of-a-measure-to-assess-hypertension-self-care-activities-among-hispanics
#13
Jan Warren-Findlow, Maren J Coffman, Celia A Karp
OBJECTIVE: Hispanics in the US have high rates of uncontrolled hypertension in comparison to non-Hispanic whites. This pilot study reports on the translation of a validated measure, the Hypertension Self-Care Activity Level Effects (H-SCALE), for use with Spanish speakers. The H-SCALE assesses Hispanics' adherence to lifestyle activities that contribute to primary and secondary risk reduction of high blood pressure. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were collected from Hispanic primary care patients attending a free health clinic in Charlotte, NC...
January 17, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030959/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-of-us-immigrant-versus-non-immigrant-adolescents-findings-from-the-next-generation-health-study-data
#14
Wynette Williams, Kaigang Li, Denise Haynie, Bruce Simons-Morton
OBJECTIVE: This study examined associations of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) with adolescents' immigration status and language spoken at home and with friends. METHODS: Participants (N = 2475) were included from Wave 1 of the NEXT Generation Health Study, a nationally representative 10th-grade cohort study starting in 2009. PA included recommended moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and vigorous PA (VPA); SB included screen viewing and social-media use...
December 29, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998181/perspectives-and-experiences-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-observing-the-ramadan-fast
#15
Hadi A Almansour, Betty Chaar, Bandana Saini
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is a common chronic disease among Australians. Culturally and linguistically diverse groups are observed to have higher prevalence rates of diabetes. Continuing management needs adherence to medication and diet regimens. Religious practices such as fasting can affect diabetes management and medication use. Pharmacists as medication specialists have a significant role in helping people observing religious practices such as the Ramadan fast, which involves month-long absolute abstinence from food during daylight hours, to maintain good control over their condition...
December 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905209/distinguishing-between-primary-and-secondary-racial-identification-in-analyses-of-health-disparities-of-a-multiracial-population-in-hawaii
#16
Andrew Wey, James Davis, Deborah Taira Juarez, Tetine Sentell
OBJECTIVE: To examine the importance of distinguishing between primary and secondary racial identification in analyzing health disparities in a multiracial population. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of 2012 Hawaii Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (H-BRFSS). As part of the survey, respondents were asked to identify all their races, and then which race they considered to be their primary race. We introduce two analytic approaches to investigate the association between multiracial status and general health: (1) including two separate dichotomous variables for each racial group (primary and secondary race; for example, 'primary Native Hawaiian' and, separately, 'secondary Native Hawaiian'), and (2) including one combined variable for anyone choosing a particular racial group, whether as primary or secondary race ('combined race'; e...
December 1, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905207/ethnic-differences-in-risk-factors-of-acute-pancreatitis
#17
Ue-Cheung Ho, Chia-Fen Mu, Chao-Yu Hsu
OBJECTIVE: The ethnic difference in the risk factors of acute pancreatitis remains unknown. The objective of this study is to investigate the differences in the risk factors of acute pancreatitis between Taiwanese aborigines and nonaborigines. DESIGN: A retrospective study of 622 patients with acute pancreatitis admitted to our hospital (Puli Christian Hospital) from 2006 to 2014. The risk factors and biochemical properties of acute pancreatitis were comapred between aborgines and nonaborgines...
December 1, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905205/severity-of-household-food-insecurity-and-lifetime-racial-discrimination-among-african-american-households-in-south-carolina
#18
Michael P Burke, Sonya J Jones, Edward A Frongillo, Maryah S Fram, Christine E Blake, Darcy A Freedman
OBJECTIVES: In 2014, 30% of African-American households with children had low or very low food security, a rate double that of white households with children. A household has low food security if its members experience food shortages and reductions in food quality attributable to a lack of household resources or access and very low food security if its members also experience reductions in food intake and disrupted eating patterns. Households that are either low or very low food secure are known collectively as food insecure...
December 1, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897049/using-text-messages-to-promote-health-in-african-americans-hearthealthyandcancerfree
#19
Allison R Jones, Debra K Moser, Jennifer Hatcher
OBJECTIVES: African-Americans are vulnerable to both cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) due to intricately connected risk factors. Use of text messages is an innovative method to provide health information to reduce these risks. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and acceptability of a text messaging intervention to reduce CVD and cancer risk factors in African-Americans. DESIGN: We developed an intervention using text messages culturally tailored for African-Americans over age 50 who were at risk (one or more modifiable risk factors) for CVD and/or cancer...
November 29, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892706/-if-i-went-to-my-mom-with-that-information-i-m-dead-sexual-health-knowledge-barriers-among-immigrant-and-refugee-somali-young-adults-in-ohio
#20
Caroline Kingori, Gillian Harper Ice, Qorsho Hassan, Abdul Elmi, Erin Perko
OBJECTIVES: Adequate knowledge of sexual health among young adults is a critical step in prevention of sexually transmitted diseases and maintenance of adult sexual health. Knowledge of specific barriers to accessing sexual health knowledge can help tailor approaches appropriately. The purpose of this paper was to identify sexual health knowledge barriers among Somali young adults in Ohio. DESIGN: In-depth interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of 27 Somali young adults aged 18-25 years...
November 28, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
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