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Journal of Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546709/the-abc-method-and-gastric-cancer-evidence-from-prospective-studies
#1
Shizuka Sasazuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27431649/body-mass-index-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-and-all-cause-mortality-among-patients-with-hypertension-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-study-among-adults-in-beijing-china
#2
Kuibao Li, Chonghua Yao, Xinchun Yang, Xuan Di, Na Li, Lei Dong, Li Xu, Meili Zheng
BACKGROUND: Studies on the association between body mass index (BMI) and death risk among patients with hypertension are limited, and the results are inconsistent. We investigated the association between BMI and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality among hypertensive patients in a population of Beijing, China. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 2535 patients with hypertension aged 40 to 91 years from Beijing, China. Participants with a history of CVD at baseline were excluded from analysis...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27397598/10-year-trends-in-serum-lipid-levels-and-dyslipidemia-among-children-and-adolescents-from-several-schools-in-beijing-china
#3
Wenqing Ding, Hong Cheng, Yinkun Yan, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Fangfang Chen, Guimin Huang, Dongqing Hou, Jie Mi
BACKGROUND: Serum lipid trends in children and adolescents are predictors of the future prevalence of cardiovascular disease in adults. METHODS: Data were obtained from cross-sectional studies conducted in 2004 and 2014. A total of 3249 children aged 6-18 years were included in the present study; serum total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides (TG) were measured. RESULTS: Overall, upward trends in mean TC, non-HDL-C, and LDL-C levels, and in geometric mean TG levels, were observed (all P < 0...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374137/iodine-excretion-in-24-hour-urine-collection-and-its-dietary-determinants-in-healthy-japanese-adults
#4
Ryoko Katagiri, Keiko Asakura, Ken Uechi, Shizuko Masayasu, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Since seaweed is a common component of the Japanese diet, iodine intake in Japanese is expected to be high. However, urinary iodine excretion, measured using 24-hour urine samples, and its dietary determinants are not known. METHODS: Apparently healthy adults aged 20 to 69 years living in 20 areas throughout Japan were recruited in February and March, 2013. Urinary iodine excretion was evaluated using 24-hour urine collected from 713 subjects (362 men and 351 women), and the difference among age groups was assessed...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374136/the-effect-of-false-positive-results-on-subsequent-participation-in-chest-x-ray-screening-for-lung-cancer
#5
Akira Sato, Shota Hamada, Yuki Urashima, Shiro Tanaka, Hiroaki Okamoto, Koji Kawakami
BACKGROUND: High attendance rates and regular participation in disease screening programs are important contributors to program effectiveness. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of an initial false-positive result in chest X-ray screening for lung cancer on subsequent screening participation. METHODS: This historical cohort study analyzed individuals who first participated in a lung cancer screening program conducted by Yokohama City between April 2007 and March 2011, and these participants were retrospectively tracked until March 2013...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27265836/combination-of-helicobacter-pylori-antibody-and-serum-pepsinogen-as-a-good-predictive-tool-of-gastric-cancer-incidence-20-year-prospective-data-from-the-hisayama-study
#6
Fumie Ikeda, Kentaro Shikata, Jun Hata, Masayo Fukuhara, Yoichiro Hirakawa, Tomoyuki Ohara, Naoko Mukai, Masaharu Nagata, Daigo Yoshida, Koji Yonemoto, Motohiro Esaki, Takanari Kitazono, Yutaka Kiyohara, Toshiharu Ninomiya
BACKGROUND: There is little information regarding whether the combination of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) antibody and serum pepsinogen (sPG), which is a marker of the degree of atrophic gastritis, has a discriminatory ability for detecting incident gastric cancer. We examined this issue in a long-term prospective cohort study of a Japanese population. METHODS: A total of 2446 Japanese community-dwelling individuals aged ≥40 years were stratified into four groups according to baseline H...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27180934/informal-and-formal-social-support-and-caregiver-burden-the-ages-caregiver-survey
#7
Koichiro Shiba, Naoki Kondo, Katsunori Kondo
BACKGROUND: We examined the associations of informal (eg, family members and friends) and formal (eg, physician and visiting nurses) social support with caregiver's burden in long-term care and the relationship between the number of available sources of social support and caregiver burden. METHODS: We conducted a mail-in survey in 2003 and used data of 2998 main caregivers of frail older adults in Aichi, Japan. We used a validated scale to assess caregiver burden...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374138/the-tohoku-medical-megabank-project-design-and-mission
#8
Shinichi Kuriyama, Nobuo Yaegashi, Fuji Nagami, Tomohiko Arai, Yoshio Kawaguchi, Noriko Osumi, Masaki Sakaida, Yoichi Suzuki, Keiko Nakayama, Hiroaki Hashizume, Gen Tamiya, Hiroshi Kawame, Kichiya Suzuki, Atsushi Hozawa, Naoki Nakaya, Masahiro Kikuya, Hirohito Metoki, Ichiro Tsuji, Nobuo Fuse, Hideyasu Kiyomoto, Junichi Sugawara, Akito Tsuboi, Shinichi Egawa, Kiyoshi Ito, Koichi Chida, Tadashi Ishii, Hiroaki Tomita, Yasuyuki Taki, Naoko Minegishi, Naoto Ishii, Jun Yasuda, Kazuhiko Igarashi, Ritsuko Shimizu, Masao Nagasaki, Seizo Koshiba, Kengo Kinoshita, Soichi Ogishima, Takako Takai-Igarashi, Teiji Tominaga, Osamu Tanabe, Noriaki Ohuchi, Toru Shimosegawa, Shigeo Kure, Hiroshi Tanaka, Sadayoshi Ito, Jiro Hitomi, Kozo Tanno, Motoyuki Nakamura, Kuniaki Ogasawara, Seiichiro Kobayashi, Kiyomi Sakata, Mamoru Satoh, Atsushi Shimizu, Makoto Sasaki, Ryujin Endo, Kenji Sobue, The Tohoku Medical Megabank Project Study Group, Masayuki Yamamoto
The Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) and resulting tsunami of March 11, 2011 gave rise to devastating damage on the Pacific coast of the Tohoku region. The Tohoku Medical Megabank Project (TMM), which is being conducted by Tohoku University Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization (ToMMo) and Iwate Medical University Iwate Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization (IMM), has been launched to realize creative reconstruction and to solve medical problems in the aftermath of this disaster. We started two prospective cohort studies in Miyagi and Iwate Prefectures: a population-based adult cohort study, the TMM Community-Based Cohort Study (TMM CommCohort Study), which will recruit 80 000 participants, and a birth and three-generation cohort study, the TMM Birth and Three-Generation Cohort Study (TMM BirThree Cohort Study), which will recruit 70 000 participants, including fetuses and their parents, siblings, grandparents, and extended family members...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087607/splenectomy-correlates-with-increased-risk-of-acute-pancreatitis-a-case-control-study-in-taiwan
#9
Shih-Wei Lai, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate the association between splenectomy and acute pancreatitis. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study using the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program. We included 7666 subjects aged 20-84 years with first-time acute pancreatitis during the period of 1998-2011 as cases and 30 664 randomly selected subjects without acute pancreatitis as controls. Both cases and controls were matched for sex, age, and index year of acute pancreatitis diagnosis...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27001115/the-risk-of-developing-diabetes-in-association-with-long-working-hours-differs-by-shift-work-schedules
#10
Akira Bannai, Eiji Yoshioka, Yasuaki Saijo, Sachiko Sasaki, Reiko Kishi, Akiko Tamakoshi
BACKGROUND: The impact of long working hours on diabetes is controversial; however, shift work is known to increase the risk of diabetes. This study aimed to investigate the association between long working hours and diabetes among civil servants in Japan separately by shift work schedules. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted from April 2003 to March 2009. A total of 3195 men aged ≥35 years who underwent an annual health checkup at baseline were analyzed by shift work schedules (2371 non-shift workers and 824 shift workers)...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26947956/risk-of-lung-cancer-in-workers-exposed-to-benzidine-and-or-beta-naphthylamine-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Kimiko Tomioka, Keigo Saeki, Kenji Obayashi, Norio Kurumatani
Benzidine (BZ) and beta-naphthylamine (BNA) have been classified as definite human carcinogens for bladder cancer by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. However, the epidemiological evidence for an association between exposure to BZ and/or BNA and lung cancer has been inconclusive. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the risk for lung cancer among workers exposed to BZ/BNA. A systematic literature search was conducted to identify studies that had reported occupational BZ/BNA exposure and the outcome of interest (lung cancer death and/or incidence)...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26947955/non-fatal-injury-in-thailand-from-2005-to-2013-incidence-trends-and-links-to-alcohol-consumption-patterns-in-the-thai-cohort-study
#12
Mami Wakabayashi, Janneke Berecki-Gisolf, Cathy Banwell, Matthew Kelly, Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Rebecca McKetin, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Hiroyasu Iso, Adrian Sleigh, The Thai Cohort Study Team
BACKGROUND: We analyzed population-based injury trends and the association between injury and alcohol consumption patterns in Thailand, a middle-income country undergoing rapid social change. METHODS: A nationwide cohort of 42 785 Thai adult Open University students, who were aged 15 to 87 years at enrolment, participated in cross-sectional assessments at baseline (2005) and 8 years later (2013). Incident non-fatal traffic and non-traffic injuries were recorded...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26902169/relationship-between-alcohol-drinking-pattern-and-risk-of-proteinuria-the-kansai-healthcare-study
#13
Shinichiro Uehara, Tomoshige Hayashi, Kyoko Kogawa Sato, Shigeki Kinuhata, Mikiko Shibata, Keiko Oue, Hiroshi Kambe, Kunihiko Hashimoto
BACKGROUND: Moderate alcohol consumption has been reported to be associated with a decreased risk of cardiometabolic diseases. Whether drinking pattern is associated with the risk of proteinuria is unknown. METHODS: Study subjects were 9154 non-diabetic Japanese men aged 40-55 years, with an estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m(2), no proteinuria, and no use of antihypertensive medications at entry. Data on alcohol consumption were obtained by questionnaire...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26902168/investigation-of-spatial-clustering-of-biliary-tract-cancer-incidence-in-osaka-japan-neighborhood-effect-of-a-printing-factory
#14
Yuri Ito, Tomoki Nakaya, Akiko Ioka, Tomio Nakayama, Hideaki Tsukuma, Shinichiro Uehara, Kyoko Kogawa Sato, Ginji Endo, Tomoshige Hayashi
BACKGROUND: In 2013, an unusually high incidence of biliary tract cancer among current or former workers of the offset color proof printing department of a printing company in Osaka, Japan, was reported. The purpose of this study was to examine whether distance from the printing factory was associated with incidence of biliary tract cancer and whether incident biliary tract cancer cases clustered around the printing factory in Osaka using population-based cancer registry data. METHODS: We estimated the age-standardized incidence ratio of biliary tract cancer according to distance from this printing factory...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374140/reducing-research-waste-through-good-reporting-practices
#15
Yasuyuki Okumura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349199/evaluation-of-the-endorsement-of-the-strengthening-the-reporting-of-genetic-association-studies-strega-statement-on-the-reporting-quality-of-published-genetic-association-studies
#16
Darko Nedovic, Nikola Panic, Roberta Pastorino, Walter Ricciardi, Stefania Boccia
The STrengthening the REporting of Genetic Association studies (STREGA) statement was based on the STrengthening the REporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement, and it was published in 2009 in order to improve the reporting of genetic association (GA) studies. Our aim was to evaluate the impact of STREGA endorsement on the quality of reporting of GA studies published in journals in the field of genetics and heredity (GH). Quality of reporting was evaluated by assessing the adherence of papers to the STREGA checklist...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087606/sex-differences-in-associations-among-obesity-metabolic-abnormalities-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-japanese-men-and-women
#17
Masaru Sakurai, Junji Kobayashi, Yasuo Takeda, Shin-Ya Nagasawa, Junichi Yamakawa, Junji Moriya, Hiroshi Mabuchi, Hideaki Nakagawa
AIMS: The present study aimed to investigate relationships among abdominal obesity, metabolic abnormalities, and the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in relatively lean Japanese men and women. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The participants included 8133 men and 15 934 women between 40 and 75 years of age recruited from the government health check-up center in Kanazawa City, Japan. The prevalence of abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, and high fasting plasma glucose levels were assessed according to the Japanese criteria for metabolic syndrome...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064130/validity-of-short-and-long-self-administered-food-frequency-questionnaires-in-ranking-dietary-intake-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-japanese-in-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study-for-the-next-generation-jphc-next-protocol-area
#18
Yuta Yokoyama, Ribeka Takachi, Junko Ishihara, Yuri Ishii, Shizuka Sasazuki, Norie Sawada, Yurie Shinozawa, Junta Tanaka, Erika Kato, Kaori Kitamura, Kazutoshi Nakamura, Shoichiro Tsugane
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal epidemiological studies require both the periodic update of intake information via repeated dietary survey and the minimization of subject burden in responding to questionnaires. We developed a 66-item Food Frequency Questionnaire (short-FFQ) for the Japan Public Health Center-based prospective Study for the Next Generation (JPHC-NEXT) follow-up survey using major foods from the FFQ developed for the original JPHC Study. For the JPHC-NEXT baseline survey, we used a larger 172-item FFQ (long-FFQ), which was also derived from the JPHC-FFQ...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26947952/evaluating-the-impact-of-criminalizing-drunk-driving-on-road-traffic-injuries-in-guangzhou-china-a-time-series-study
#19
Ang Zhao, Renjie Chen, Yongqing Qi, Ailan Chen, Xinyu Chen, Zijing Liang, Jianjun Ye, Qing Liang, Duanqiang Guo, Wanglin Li, Shuangming Li, Haidong Kan
BACKGROUND: Road-traffic injury (RTI) is a major public-health concern worldwide. However, the effectiveness of laws criminalizing drunk driving on the improvement of road safety in China is not known. METHODS: We collected daily aggregate data on RTIs from the Guangzhou First-Aid Service Command Center from 2009 to 2012. We performed an interrupted time-series analysis to evaluate the change in daily RTIs before (January 1, 2009, to April 30, 2011) and after (May 1, 2011, to December 31, 2012) the criminalization of drunk driving...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26902167/the-effect-of-continuity-of-care-on-emergency-room-use-for-diabetic-patients-varies-by-disease-severity
#20
Chia-Hsiang Hsu, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Christy Pu
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have reported that high-quality continuity of care (COC) is associated with improved patient outcomes for patients with diabetes, few studies have investigated whether this positive effect of COC depends on the level of diabetes severity. METHODS: A total of 3781 newly diagnosed diabetic patients selected from the 2005 National Health Insurance database were evaluated for the period 2005-2011. Generalized estimating equations combined with negative binomial estimation were used to determine the influence of COC on the overall emergency room (ER) use and diabetes mellitus (DM)-specific ER use...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
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