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Journal of Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27431649/body-mass-index-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-and-all-cause-mortality-among-patients-with-hypertension-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-study-among-adults-in-beijing-china
#1
Kuibao Li, Chonghua Yao, Xinchun Yang, Xuan Di, Na Li, Lei Dong, Li Xu, Meili Zheng
BACKGROUND: Studies on the association between body mass index (BMI) and death risk among patients with hypertension are limited, and the results are inconsistent. We investigated the association between BMI and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality among hypertensive patients in a population of Beijing, China. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 2535 patients with hypertension aged 40 to 91 years from Beijing, China. Participants with a history of CVD at baseline were excluded from analysis...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374138/the-tohoku-medical-megabank-project-design-and-mission
#2
Shinichi Kuriyama, Nobuo Yaegashi, Fuji Nagami, Tomohiko Arai, Yoshio Kawaguchi, Noriko Osumi, Masaki Sakaida, Yoichi Suzuki, Keiko Nakayama, Hiroaki Hashizume, Gen Tamiya, Hiroshi Kawame, Kichiya Suzuki, Atsushi Hozawa, Naoki Nakaya, Masahiro Kikuya, Hirohito Metoki, Ichiro Tsuji, Nobuo Fuse, Hideyasu Kiyomoto, Junichi Sugawara, Akito Tsuboi, Shinichi Egawa, Kiyoshi Ito, Koichi Chida, Tadashi Ishii, Hiroaki Tomita, Yasuyuki Taki, Naoko Minegishi, Naoto Ishii, Jun Yasuda, Kazuhiko Igarashi, Ritsuko Shimizu, Masao Nagasaki, Seizo Koshiba, Kengo Kinoshita, Soichi Ogishima, Takako Takai-Igarashi, Teiji Tominaga, Osamu Tanabe, Noriaki Ohuchi, Toru Shimosegawa, Shigeo Kure, Hiroshi Tanaka, Sadayoshi Ito, Jiro Hitomi, Kozo Tanno, Motoyuki Nakamura, Kuniaki Ogasawara, Seiichiro Kobayashi, Kiyomi Sakata, Mamoru Satoh, Atsushi Shimizu, Makoto Sasaki, Ryujin Endo, Kenji Sobue, The Tohoku Medical Megabank Project Study Group, Masayuki Yamamoto
The Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) and resulting tsunami of March 11, 2011 gave rise to devastating damage on the Pacific coast of the Tohoku region. The Tohoku Medical Megabank Project (TMM), which is being conducted by Tohoku University Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization (ToMMo) and Iwate Medical University Iwate Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization (IMM), has been launched to realize creative reconstruction and to solve medical problems in the aftermath of this disaster. We started two prospective cohort studies in Miyagi and Iwate Prefectures: a population-based adult cohort study, the TMM Community-Based Cohort Study (TMM CommCohort Study), which will recruit 80 000 participants, and a birth and three-generation cohort study, the TMM Birth and Three-Generation Cohort Study (TMM BirThree Cohort Study), which will recruit 70 000 participants, including fetuses and their parents, siblings, grandparents, and extended family members...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087607/splenectomy-correlates-with-increased-risk-of-acute-pancreatitis-a-case-control-study-in-taiwan
#3
Shih-Wei Lai, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate the association between splenectomy and acute pancreatitis. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study using the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program. We included 7666 subjects aged 20-84 years with first-time acute pancreatitis during the period of 1998-2011 as cases and 30 664 randomly selected subjects without acute pancreatitis as controls. Both cases and controls were matched for sex, age, and index year of acute pancreatitis diagnosis...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27001115/the-risk-of-developing-diabetes-in-association-with-long-working-hours-differs-by-shift-work-schedules
#4
Akira Bannai, Eiji Yoshioka, Yasuaki Saijo, Sachiko Sasaki, Reiko Kishi, Akiko Tamakoshi
BACKGROUND: The impact of long working hours on diabetes is controversial; however, shift work is known to increase the risk of diabetes. This study aimed to investigate the association between long working hours and diabetes among civil servants in Japan separately by shift work schedules. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted from April 2003 to March 2009. A total of 3195 men aged ≥35 years who underwent an annual health checkup at baseline were analyzed by shift work schedules (2371 non-shift workers and 824 shift workers)...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26947956/risk-of-lung-cancer-in-workers-exposed-to-benzidine-and-or-beta-naphthylamine-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Kimiko Tomioka, Keigo Saeki, Kenji Obayashi, Norio Kurumatani
Benzidine (BZ) and beta-naphthylamine (BNA) have been classified as definite human carcinogens for bladder cancer by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. However, the epidemiological evidence for an association between exposure to BZ and/or BNA and lung cancer has been inconclusive. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the risk for lung cancer among workers exposed to BZ/BNA. A systematic literature search was conducted to identify studies that had reported occupational BZ/BNA exposure and the outcome of interest (lung cancer death and/or incidence)...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26947955/non-fatal-injury-in-thailand-from-2005-to-2013-incidence-trends-and-links-to-alcohol-consumption-patterns-in-the-thai-cohort-study
#6
Mami Wakabayashi, Janneke Berecki-Gisolf, Cathy Banwell, Matthew Kelly, Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Rebecca McKetin, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Hiroyasu Iso, Adrian Sleigh, The Thai Cohort Study Team
BACKGROUND: We analyzed population-based injury trends and the association between injury and alcohol consumption patterns in Thailand, a middle-income country undergoing rapid social change. METHODS: A nationwide cohort of 42 785 Thai adult Open University students, who were aged 15 to 87 years at enrolment, participated in cross-sectional assessments at baseline (2005) and 8 years later (2013). Incident non-fatal traffic and non-traffic injuries were recorded...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26902169/relationship-between-alcohol-drinking-pattern-and-risk-of-proteinuria-the-kansai-healthcare-study
#7
Shinichiro Uehara, Tomoshige Hayashi, Kyoko Kogawa Sato, Shigeki Kinuhata, Mikiko Shibata, Keiko Oue, Hiroshi Kambe, Kunihiko Hashimoto
BACKGROUND: Moderate alcohol consumption has been reported to be associated with a decreased risk of cardiometabolic diseases. Whether drinking pattern is associated with the risk of proteinuria is unknown. METHODS: Study subjects were 9154 non-diabetic Japanese men aged 40-55 years, with an estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m(2), no proteinuria, and no use of antihypertensive medications at entry. Data on alcohol consumption were obtained by questionnaire...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26902168/investigation-of-spatial-clustering-of-biliary-tract-cancer-incidence-in-osaka-japan-neighborhood-effect-of-a-printing-factory
#8
Yuri Ito, Tomoki Nakaya, Akiko Ioka, Tomio Nakayama, Hideaki Tsukuma, Shinichiro Uehara, Kyoko Kogawa Sato, Ginji Endo, Tomoshige Hayashi
BACKGROUND: In 2013, an unusually high incidence of biliary tract cancer among current or former workers of the offset color proof printing department of a printing company in Osaka, Japan, was reported. The purpose of this study was to examine whether distance from the printing factory was associated with incidence of biliary tract cancer and whether incident biliary tract cancer cases clustered around the printing factory in Osaka using population-based cancer registry data. METHODS: We estimated the age-standardized incidence ratio of biliary tract cancer according to distance from this printing factory...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546709/the-abc-method-and-gastric-cancer-evidence-from-prospective-studies
#9
Shizuka Sasazuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 20, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374140/reducing-research-waste-through-good-reporting-practices
#10
Yasuyuki Okumura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349199/evaluation-of-the-endorsement-of-the-strengthening-the-reporting-of-genetic-association-studies-strega-statement-on-the-reporting-quality-of-published-genetic-association-studies
#11
Darko Nedovic, Nikola Panic, Roberta Pastorino, Walter Ricciardi, Stefania Boccia
The STrengthening the REporting of Genetic Association studies (STREGA) statement was based on the STrengthening the REporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement, and it was published in 2009 in order to improve the reporting of genetic association (GA) studies. Our aim was to evaluate the impact of STREGA endorsement on the quality of reporting of GA studies published in journals in the field of genetics and heredity (GH). Quality of reporting was evaluated by assessing the adherence of papers to the STREGA checklist...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087606/sex-differences-in-associations-among-obesity-metabolic-abnormalities-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-japanese-men-and-women
#12
Masaru Sakurai, Junji Kobayashi, Yasuo Takeda, Shin-Ya Nagasawa, Junichi Yamakawa, Junji Moriya, Hiroshi Mabuchi, Hideaki Nakagawa
AIMS: The present study aimed to investigate relationships among abdominal obesity, metabolic abnormalities, and the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in relatively lean Japanese men and women. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The participants included 8133 men and 15 934 women between 40 and 75 years of age recruited from the government health check-up center in Kanazawa City, Japan. The prevalence of abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, and high fasting plasma glucose levels were assessed according to the Japanese criteria for metabolic syndrome...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064130/validity-of-short-and-long-self-administered-food-frequency-questionnaires-in-ranking-dietary-intake-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-japanese-in-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study-for-the-next-generation-jphc-next-protocol-area
#13
Yuta Yokoyama, Ribeka Takachi, Junko Ishihara, Yuri Ishii, Shizuka Sasazuki, Norie Sawada, Yurie Shinozawa, Junta Tanaka, Erika Kato, Kaori Kitamura, Kazutoshi Nakamura, Shoichiro Tsugane
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal epidemiological studies require both the periodic update of intake information via repeated dietary survey and the minimization of subject burden in responding to questionnaires. We developed a 66-item Food Frequency Questionnaire (short-FFQ) for the Japan Public Health Center-based prospective Study for the Next Generation (JPHC-NEXT) follow-up survey using major foods from the FFQ developed for the original JPHC Study. For the JPHC-NEXT baseline survey, we used a larger 172-item FFQ (long-FFQ), which was also derived from the JPHC-FFQ...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26947952/evaluating-the-impact-of-criminalizing-drunk-driving-on-road-traffic-injuries-in-guangzhou-china-a-time-series-study
#14
Ang Zhao, Renjie Chen, Yongqing Qi, Ailan Chen, Xinyu Chen, Zijing Liang, Jianjun Ye, Qing Liang, Duanqiang Guo, Wanglin Li, Shuangming Li, Haidong Kan
BACKGROUND: Road-traffic injury (RTI) is a major public-health concern worldwide. However, the effectiveness of laws criminalizing drunk driving on the improvement of road safety in China is not known. METHODS: We collected daily aggregate data on RTIs from the Guangzhou First-Aid Service Command Center from 2009 to 2012. We performed an interrupted time-series analysis to evaluate the change in daily RTIs before (January 1, 2009, to April 30, 2011) and after (May 1, 2011, to December 31, 2012) the criminalization of drunk driving...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26902167/the-effect-of-continuity-of-care-on-emergency-room-use-for-diabetic-patients-varies-by-disease-severity
#15
Chia-Hsiang Hsu, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Christy Pu
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have reported that high-quality continuity of care (COC) is associated with improved patient outcomes for patients with diabetes, few studies have investigated whether this positive effect of COC depends on the level of diabetes severity. METHODS: A total of 3781 newly diagnosed diabetic patients selected from the 2005 National Health Insurance database were evaluated for the period 2005-2011. Generalized estimating equations combined with negative binomial estimation were used to determine the influence of COC on the overall emergency room (ER) use and diabetes mellitus (DM)-specific ER use...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26853102/percentage-method-improves-properties-of-workers-sitting-and-walking-time-questionnaire
#16
Tomoaki Matsuo, Hiroyuki Sasai, Rina So, Kazunori Ohkawara
BACKGROUND: Does asking for the percentage of time spent sitting during work (P-method) instead of asking for the absolute length of time spent sitting (T-method) improve properties of the workers' sitting- and walking-time questionnaire (WSWQ)? The purpose of this study was to investigate whether questioning technique influences test-retest reliability and criterion validity of the WSWQ. METHODS: Sixty-five Japanese workers completed each version of the WSWQ in random order...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27397598/10-year-trends-in-serum-lipid-levels-and-dyslipidemia-among-children-and-adolescents-from-several-schools-in-beijing-china
#17
Wenqing Ding, Hong Cheng, Yinkun Yan, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Fangfang Chen, Guimin Huang, Dongqing Hou, Jie Mi
BACKGROUND: Serum lipid trends in children and adolescents are predictors of the future prevalence of cardiovascular disease in adults. METHODS: Data were obtained from cross-sectional studies conducted in 2004 and 2014. A total of 3249 children aged 6-18 years were included in the present study; serum total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides (TG) were measured. RESULTS: Overall, upward trends in mean TC, non-HDL-C, and LDL-C levels, and in geometric mean TG levels, were observed (all P < 0...
July 9, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349200/progress-in-aging-epidemiology-in-japan-the-jages-project
#18
Katsunori Kondo
Aging is a prominent topic in global health. The purpose of this report is to document progress in two of our research projects in Japan, which currently is the most aged society in the world. The Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES) is one of the largest nation-wide research projects on aging, with more than 100 000 participants in 2010 and 2013. One of the notable findings is that community participation is a significant determinant of older people's health. We have also made progress in the development of the JAGES Health Equity Assessment and Response Tools (HEART), which is a management tool for developing age-friendly cities...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27320112/strengthening-the-engagement-of-provinces-in-health-workforce-planning-and-management-a-case-study-from-lao-pdr
#19
Khampasong Theppanya, Outavong Phathammavong, Arie Rotem
The purpose of this health workforce plan is to provide guidance for the staffing of the Bolikhamxay. Province health services and the training of health service personnel to the year 2020. It must be stressed, however, that this plan is in its first iteration and does not provide all the solutions. Rather, it identifies issues that need to be further investigated and resolved at the local level. For example, the provincial health department (PHD) will need to further investigate the reasons for the significant variability in the utilization of services in different facilities and in the different ratios of staff in relation to the activities performed...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26947954/relationship-of-having-hobbies-and-a-purpose-in-life-with-mortality-activities-of-daily-living-and-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-among-community-dwelling-elderly-adults
#20
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
BACKGROUND: This study's aim was to clarify the relationship of having hobbies and a purpose in life (PIL; in Japanese, ikigai) with mortality and a decline in the activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental ADL (IADL) among the community-dwelling elderly. METHODS: Prospective observational data from residents aged ≥65 years who were at increased risk for death (n = 1853) and developing a decline in ADL (n = 1254) and IADL (n = 1162) were analyzed. Cox proportional hazard models were used for mortality analysis of data from February 2011 to November 2014...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
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