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Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology

Johanna Sjöblom, Rasmus Borgquist, Fredrik Gadler, Torbjörn Kalm, Lina Ljung, Mårten Rosenqvist, Viveka Frykman, Pyotr G Platonov
BACKGROUND: Primary prophylactic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy is indicated for patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). We aimed to determine if preoperative clinical risk profiling can predict long-term benefit, and if clinical risk scores can be applied and improved in a patient cohort outside the clinical trial setting. METHODS: Using registry data, 789 patients with reduced LVEF who received ICDs for primary prevention during 2006-2011 were identified (age 64 ± 11 years, 82% men, 63% ischemic etiology, 52% cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator)...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Saeed Shakibfar, Claus Graff, Jørgen K Kanters, Jimmi Nielsen, Samuel Schmidt, Johannes J Struijk
BACKGROUND: Recently, numerous models and techniques have been developed for analyzing and extracting features from the T wave which could be used as biomarkers for drug-induced abnormalities. The majority of these techniques and algorithms use features that determine readily apparent characteristics of the T wave, such as duration, area, amplitude, and slopes. METHODS: In the present work the T wave was down-sampled to a minimal rate, such that a good reconstruction was still possible...
October 27, 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Daniel Cortez, Nandita Sharma, Pei-Ni Jone
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children. Signal average electrocardiogram changes in patients during the acute phase of KD with coronary artery anomalies (CAA) include depolarization changes. We set out to determine if 12-lead-derived atrioventricular depolarization differences can identify CAA in patients with KD. METHODS: A blinded, retrospective case-control study of patients with KD was performed. Deep Q waves, corrected QT-intervals (QTc), spatial QRS-T angles, T-wave vector magnitudes (RMS-T), and a novel parameter for assessment of atrioventricular depolarization difference (the spatial PR angle) and a two dimensional PR angle were assessed...
September 28, 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Usama A Daimee, Yitschak Biton, Arthur J Moss, Wojciech Zareba, David Cannom, Helmut Klein, Scott Solomon, Martin H Ruwald, Scott McNitt, Bronislava Polonsky, Paul J Wang, Ilan Goldenberg, Valentina Kutyifa
BACKGROUND: The effect of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on benefit from cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D) in reducing ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VTA) risk among mild heart failure (HF) patients is not well understood. METHODS: We evaluated the impact of baseline renal function on VTAs in 1274 left bundle branch block (LBBB) patients enrolled in MADIT-CRT. Two prespecified subgroups were created based on estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR): GFR <60 (n = 413) and GFR ≥60 ml/min/1...
September 15, 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Samantha Britton, Raimundo Barbosa-Barros, Bryce Alexander, Adrian Baranchuk
Progressive interatrial block is a clinically significant condition that has previously been reported in various patient populations. It is a manifestation of progressive fibrosis affecting the Bachmann region. This report presents a case of progressive interatrial block associated with atrial fibrillation in the context of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
September 11, 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Sten Östenson, Valentina D A Corino, Jonas Carlsson, Pyotr G Platonov
BACKGROUND: Changes in the autonomic nervous system (ANS) tone are present before, during, and after episodes of atrial fibrillation (AF). Atrial fibrillatory rate (AFR, the inverse of the atrial cycle length) has been used as a surrogate marker for local refractoriness and is a key characteristic of the fibrillatory process in patients with AF. Aim of this study is to assess changes in AFR, as an effect of autonomic balance change. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing cardiac cardioversion for symptomatic persistent AF were included in the study...
September 9, 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Sonia Ferretto, Elvin Tafciu, Immacolata Giuliani, Giuseppe Feltrin, Tomaso Bottio, Antonio Gambino, Angela Fraiese, Sabino Iliceto, Gino Gerosa, Loira Leoni
BACKGROUND: Causes and significance of interventricular conduction disorders (IVCDs) after orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) are still unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively researched the presence of IVCDs in 240 patients who underwent bicaval OHT in three time periods: at day 1, after 1 year, and after 3 years from OHT. To evaluate the impact of the surgical technique, a control population treated with biatrial anastomosis was used. RESULTS: The most common IVCD was right bundle branch block (RBBB)...
September 9, 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Piotr Kukla, Monika Kulik, Marek Jastrzębski, Leszek Bryniarski, Danuta Czarnecka, Adrian Baranchuk
Hypocalcemia is mainly the consequence of hypoalbuminemia, advanced renal impairment, cirrhosis, malnutrition, or sepsis. The most common ECG manifestation of hypocalcemia is QT prolongation as a result of ST segment lengthening. Very occasionally, hypocalcemia can manifest with ST segment elevation forcing the differential diagnosis with ST elevation MI. We described a case of severe hypocalcemia manifesting in electrocardiogram with a J point elevation, absent of ST segment and with associated short QT interval mimicking acute myocardial infarction...
September 7, 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Rachel M Kaplan, Charles A Herzog, Brett Larive, Haris Subacius, Bruce D Nearing, Richard Verrier, Rod S Passman
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis (HD) patients are at high risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). HD 6-times/week (6x/wk) may reduce SCD risk compared to usual 3-times/week HD (3x/wk) by mechanisms unknown. T-wave alternans (TWA), heart rate turbulence (HRT), and ventricular ectopy (VE) are elevated in HD patients, but their response to 6x/wk HD has not been assessed. METHODS: Baseline and 1-year Holter recordings were analyzed from enrollees in the Frequent Hemodialysis Network Daily Trial, a randomized trial comparing 3x/wk to 6x/wk in 245 chronic HD patients...
November 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Duolao Wang, Ameet Bakhai, Radivoj Arezina, Jörg Täubel
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiogram (ECG) variability is greatly affected by the ECG recording method. This study aims to compare Holter and standard ECG recording methods in terms of central locations and variations of ECG data. METHODS: We used the ECG data from a double-blinded, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial and used a mixed model approach to assess the agreement between two methods in central locations and variations of eight ECG parameters (Heart Rate, PR, QRS, QT, RR, QTcB, QTcF, and QTcI intervals)...
November 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Andrés Ricardo Pérez-Riera, Raimundo Barbosa-Barros, Augusto Armando de Lucca, Mujimbi Jose Viana, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
Mid-ventricular hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy with secondary formation of apical aneurysm is a rare variant of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. They have a unique behavior because unlike other variants it causes sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia, which makes it particularly severe.
November 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Vincenzo Carbone, Vincenzo Marafioti, Lilia Oreto, Giuseppe Oreto
The reported electrocardiogram shows several atrial extrasystoles (AEs) sometimes occurring in couplets. The former beat of each couplet is nonconducted, whereas the latter triggers a supraventricular tachycardia with negative P waves in inferior leads and RP > PR. This suggests an atypical atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia involving the fast pathway anterogradely and the slow pathway retrogradely. The tachycardia is never precipitated by single AEs. The blocked AE of each pair is pivotal in tachycardia initiation, allowing the subsequent impulse to conduct down the fast pathway...
November 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
José M Montero Cabezas, Ioannis Karalis, Martin J Schalij
The electrocardiographic pattern consisting of ST-segment depression and hyperacute T waves in patients with acute chest pain, known as "De Winter pattern," has been related with the occlusion of the proximal left anterior descending artery (LAD). The association of these findings with the involvement of a different coronary artery has not been described. We present a 53-year-old patient with an occlusion of the first diagonal branch and an electrocardiogram showing a "De Winter pattern." The reported case demonstrates that "De Winter pattern" is not exclusively associated with the occlusion of the proximal segment of the LAD...
September 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Barış Güngör, Kazım S Özcan, Mehmet B Karataş, İrfan Şahin, Recep Öztürk, Osman Bolca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Zulkif Tanriverdi, Huseyin Dursun, Tugce Colluoglu, Dayimi Kaya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Marco Marano, Anna D'Amato, Alessandra Cantone
A chronic hemodialysis patient-known to have advanced interatrial block (IAB)-had reported symptoms suggesting arrhythmias, hence she underwent hemodialysis treatment while on the cardiac monitor. This allowed us to recognize the occurrence of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and, in turn, disclose the first case of Bayés syndrome. Even though atrial fibrillation and IAB are very frequent in hemodialysis patients, Bayés syndrome, that comprehends both, has never been described, likely because the IAB is often overlooked and undiagnosed...
September 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Petros Arsenos, George Manis, Konstantinos A Gatzoulis, Polychronis Dilaveris, Theodoros Gialernios, Athanasios Angelis, Achileas Papadopoulos, Erifili Venieri, Athanasios Trikas, Dimitris Tousoulis
BACKGROUND: Deceleration capacity (DC) of heart rate proved an independent mortality predictor in postmyocardial infarction patients. The original method (DCorig) may produce negative values (9% in our analyzed sample). We aimed to improve the method and to investigate if DC also predicts the arrhythmic mortality. METHODS: Time series from 221 heart failure patients was analyzed with DCorig and a new variant, the DCsgn, in which decelerations are characterized based on windows of four consecutive beats and not on anchors...
September 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Travis J Moss, Matthew M Zipse, Mori J Krantz, William H Sauer, Ernesto E Salcedo, Joseph L Schuller
BACKGROUND: Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are at a fourfold to sixfold higher risk of developing atrial fibrillation (AF) compared to the general population, though incidence rates among patients undergoing alcohol septal ablation (ASA) are not well characterized. The purpose of this study was to evaluate atrial fibrillation incidence following ASA. METHODS: We studied 132 consecutive HCM patients without comorbid AF that underwent 154 ASA procedures...
September 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Oguz Karaca, Mehmet O Omaygenc, Beytullah Cakal, Sinem D Cakal, Haci M Gunes, Erkam Olgun, Ersin Ibisoglu, Umeyir Savur, Tayyar Gokdeniz, Bilal Boztosun, Fethi Kilicaslan
BACKGROUND: QRS duration (QRSd) is known to be affected by body weight and length. We tested the hypothesis that adjusting the QRSd by body mass index (BMI) may provide individualization for patient selection and improve prediction of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) response. METHODS: A total of 125 CRT recipients was analyzed to assess functional (≥1 grade reduction in NYHA class) and echocardiographic (≥15% reduction in LVESV) response to CRT at 6 months of implantation...
September 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Aviv A Shaul, Ran Kornowski, Tamir Bental, Hana Vaknin-Assa, Abid Assali, Gregory Golovchiner, Ehud Kadmon, Pablo Codner, Katia Orvin, Boris Strasberg, Alon Barsheshet
BACKGROUND: There are limited data available regarding the relationship between atrial fibrillation (AF) clinical type, oral anticoagulation (OAC) treatment, and clinical outcome after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). The study was designed to evaluate this relationship. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Rabin Medical Center TAVR registry, including 319 consecutive patients who underwent TAVR from 2008 to 2014. Patients were divided into three groups based on their history of AF: sinus rhythm (SR), paroxysmal AF (PAF), or nonparoxysmal AF (NPAF)...
September 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
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