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Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology

Leili Pourafkari, Aidin Baghbani-Oskouei, Naser Aslanabadi, Arezou Tajlil, Samad Ghaffari, Ali Mosavi Sadigh, Safa Savadi-Oskouei, Elgar Enamzadeh, Raziyeh Parizad, Nader D Nader
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) as the most rhythm disturbance in patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS), is classified in to coarse and fine subtypes according to the height of fibrillatory wave amplitude. The aim of this study is to identify the factors associated with the presence of fine versus coarse morphology in patients with rheumatic MS. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, patients with confirmed diagnosis of severe rheumatic MS admitted between March 2013 and March 2017 were screened...
March 5, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Valentina Kutyifa, Usama Daimee, Scott McNitt, Bronislava Polonsky, Charles Lowenstein, Kris Cutter, Coeli Lopes, Wojciech Zareba, Arthur J Moss
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive report on the clinical course of the three major genotypes of the long QT syndrome (LQTS) in a large U.S. patient cohort is lacking. METHODS: Our study consisted of 1,923 U.S. subjects from the Rochester-based LQTS Registry with genotype-positive LQT1 (n = 879), LQT2 (n = 807), and LQT3 (n = 237). We evaluated the risk of a first cardiac event (syncope, aborted cardiac arrest, or sudden cardiac death, whichever occurred first) from birth through age 50 years...
March 5, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Natascia Cerrato, Gilberto Calzolari, Pietro Tizzani, Emma Actis Perinetto, Antonio Dellavalle, Enzo Aluffi
Yew leaves poisoning is a rare life-threatening intoxication, whose diagnosis can be difficult. Initial symptoms are nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dizziness, tachycardia, muscle weakness, confusion, beginning within 1 hr from ingestion and followed by bradycardia, ventricular arrhythmias, ventricular fibrillation, severe hypotension, and death. Taxine-derived alkaloids are responsible for the toxicity of the yew leaves, blocking sodium and calcium channels, and causing conduction abnormalities. Because of lack of a specific antidote and limited efficacy of common antiarrhythmic drugs, prompt diagnosis, detoxification measures, and immediate hemodynamic support (also with transvenous cardiac stimulation) are essential...
February 28, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Joni M Pirkola, Maija Konttinen, Tuomas V Kenttä, Lauri T A Holmström, M Juhani Junttila, Olavi H Ukkola, Heikki V Huikuri, Juha S Perkiömäki
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of T-wave morphology parameters in coronary artery disease in the current treatment era is not well established. METHODS: The Innovation to reduce Cardiovascular Complications of Diabetes at the Intersection (ARTEMIS) study included 1,946 patients with angiographically verified coronary artery disease (CAD). The study patients underwent thorough examinations including 12-lead digital electrocardiogram (ECG) at baseline. RESULTS: During a follow-up period of 73 ± 22 months, a total of 201 (10...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Andrés Ricardo Pérez-Riera, Raimundo Barbosa-Barros, Wallam Lima Aragão, Rodrigo Daminello-Raimundo, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Joseane Elza Tonussi Mendes Rossette do Valle, Isabel Cristina Esposito Sorpreso, Kjell Nikus
We report a case of acute coronary syndrome with transient prominent anterior QRS forces (PAF) caused by proximal subocclusion of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery before the first septal perforator branch. The ECG change indicates left septal fascicular block (LSFB) with associated slurring-type giant J-wave. Currently, this J-wave variant is considered as a lambda-like wave or QRS-ST-T "triangulation". Its presence is indicative of poor prognosis because of the risk for cardiac arrest as a consequence of ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF)...
February 24, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Ivo Strebel, Raphael Twerenbold, Jasper Boeddinghaus, Roger Abächerli, Maria Rubini Giménez, Karin Wildi, Karin Grimm, Christian Puelacher, Patrick Badertscher, Zaid Sabti, Dominik Breitenbücher, Janina Jann, Farah Selman, Jeanne du Fay de Lavallaz, Nicolas Schaerli, Thomas Nestelberger, Claudia Stelzig, Michael Freese, Lukas Schumacher, Stefan Osswald, Christian Mueller, Tobias Reichlin
BACKGROUND: The cardiac electrical biomarker (CEB) is a novel electrocardiographic (ECG) marker quantifying the dipolar activity of the heart with higher levels indicating myocardial injury. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 1097 patients presenting with suspected non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) to the emergency department (ED). Digital 12-lead ECGs were recorded at presentation and the CEB values were calculated in a blinded fashion. The final diagnosis was adjudicated by two independent cardiologists...
February 24, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Małgorzata Peregud-Pogorzelska, Małgorzata Zielska, Jarosław Kaźmierczak
Polymyositis (PM) is an autoimmune disease characterized by the involvement of multiple internal organs, including the cardiovascular system. The involvement of heart is observed in up to 75% of patients with PM. Conduction and rhythm disorders are one of the most common cardiological abnormalities in these patients. The presented clinical case is the patient where ventricular arrhythmia (in the form of multiple premature ventricular extrasystoles) was the first symptom of polymyositis.
January 30, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Jonathan S Steinberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Pattara Rattanawong, Tanawan Riangwiwat, Chanavuth Kanitsoraphan, Pakawat Chongsathidkiet, Napatt Kanjanahattakij, Wasawat Vutthikraivit, Eugene H Chung
BACKGROUND: Fragmented QRS reflects disturbances in the myocardium predisposing the heart to ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Recent studies suggest that fragmented QRS (fQRS) is associated with worse major arrhythmic events in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). However, a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature has not been done. We assessed the association between fQRS and major arrhythmic events in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy by a systematic review of the literature and a meta-analysis...
January 24, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Małgorzata Poręba, Paweł Gać, Lidia Usnarska-Zubkiewicz, Witold Pilecki, Kazimierz Kuliczkowski, Grzegorz Mazur, Małgorzata Sobieszczańska, Rafał Poręba
BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a widely used procedure in the treatment of malignant diseases, including blood neoplasms and has increased survival in hematological diseases. The aim of the study was to analyze parameters of 24-hr ECG monitoring in patients with selected blood neoplasms in whom the procedure of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was performed. METHODS: The study group consisted of 64 adults diagnosed with hematologic cancer qualified for HSCT with the previous high dose chemotherapy (HDC)...
January 24, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Raimundo Barbosa-Barros, Andrés R Pérez-Riera, Kimmo Koivula, Jairo de Carvalho Santos, Luiz C de Abreu, Kjell Nikus
Aortitis is one of many possible manifestations of tertiary syphilis. Aortic disease is the most common of all cardiovascular syphilitic lesions. Aortic diseases caused by tertiary syphilis include aortitis, aortic root dilation, aneurysm formation, aortic regurgitation and coronary ostial stenosis. A less common manifestation of syphilitic aortitis is coronary artery ostial narrowing related to aortic wall thickening. We report a case of a 40-year-old male patient admitted with a clinical picture of acute coronary syndrome (unstable angina)...
January 21, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Vivek Reddy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Hugo Gravel, Vincent Jacquemet, Nagib Dahdah, Daniel Curnier
BACKGROUND: QT/RR hysteresis (QT-hys) is an index of the time accommodation of ventricular repolarization to heart rate changes. This report comprehensively reviews studies addressing QT-hys as a biomarker of medical conditions. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from a recent systematic review pertaining to methods of assessment of QT-hys. Articles included in the former review were filtered in order to select original articles investigating the association of QT-hys with medical conditions in humans...
January 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Tian X Zhao, Claire A Martin, John P Cooper, Parag R Gajendragadkar
BACKGROUND: To determine whether the presence of "coarse" fibrillatory waves (Fw) seen on surface ECGs of patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) predict maintenance of sinus rhythm (SR) at 6 weeks after electrical cardioversion (ECV). METHODS: Preprocedure ECGs from 94 consecutive patients with persistent AF scheduled to undergo ECV at a single centre were classified as having coarse Fw (≥0.1 mV) or fine Fw (<0.1 mV) in leads II or V1 . The primary outcome was ECG rhythm at 6-week clinical follow-up...
December 22, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Mehmet Timur Selcuk, Kevser Gülcihan Balci, Orhan Maden, Hatice Selcuk, Murat Vicdan, Erol Kalender, Mustafa Mücahit Balci
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the accuracy of four algorithms in prediction of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) tachycardias in patients who successfully underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation. METHODS: Four algorithms; two with easy-applicability and having a memorable design (Dixit and Joshi), and two with more complex and detailed design (Ito and Zhang) were compared according to the predictive accuracy. RESULTS: Among 99 patients (mean age 36...
December 22, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Andreas Metzner, Erik Wissner, Alexey Tsyganov, Vitaly Kalinin, Michael Schlüter, Christine Lemes, Shibu Mathew, Tilmann Maurer, Christian-Hendrik Heeger, Bruno Reissmann, Feifan Ouyang, Amiran Revishvili, Karl-Heinz Kuck
BACKGROUND: A novel noninvasive epicardial and endocardial electrophysiology system (NEEES) to identify electrical rotors and focal activity in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) was recently introduced. Comparison of NEEES data with results from invasive mapping is lacking. METHODS: Six male patients (59 ± 11 years) with persistent AF underwent cardiac mapping with the NEEES, which included the creation of isopotential and phase maps. Then patients underwent catheter mapping using a PentaRay NAV catheter and the CARTO 3 system...
December 22, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Anna Rita Sorbo, Gianmarco Lombardi, Lara La Brocca, Gianluigi Guida, Riccardo Fenici, Donatella Brisinda
BACKGROUND: Magnetocardiographic mapping (MCG) provides quantitative assessment of the magnetic field (MF) induced by cardiac ionic currents, is more sensitive to tangential currents, and measures vortex currents undetectable by ECG, with higher reported sensitivity of MCG ventricular repolarization (VR) parameters for earlier detection of acute myocardial ischemia. Aims of this study were to validate the feasibility of in-hospital unshielded MCG and to assess repeatability and reproducibility of quantitative VR parameters, considering also possible gender- and age-related variability...
December 20, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Jan De Pooter, Milad El Haddad, Victor Kamoen, Thomas Tibin Kallupurackal, Roland Stroobandt, Marc De Buyzere, Frank Timmermans
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines select patients for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) mainly on electrocardiographic parameters like QRS duration and left bundle branch block (LBBB). However, among those LBBB patients, heterogeneity in mechanical dyssynchrony occurs and might be a reason for nonresponse to CRT. This study assesses the relation between electrocardiographic characteristics and presence of mechanical dyssynchrony among LBBB patients. METHODS: The study included patients with true LBBB (including mid-QRS notching) on standard 12-lead electrocardiograms...
December 18, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Onur Kaypakli, Hasan Koca, Durmus Yıldıray Sahin, Fadime Karataş, Suleyman Ozbicer, Mevlüt Koç
AIM: The correct estimation of the VA origin as RVOT or LVOT results in reduced ablation duration reduced radiation exposure and decreased number of vascular access. In our study, we aimed to detect the predictive value of S-R difference in V1-V2 for differentiating the left from right ventricular outflow tract arrhythmias. METHODS: We included 123 patients with symptomatic frequent premature ventricular outflow tract contractions who underwent successful catheter ablation (70 male, 53 female; mean age 46...
December 10, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Rhenan Bartels, Eliza Prodel, Mateus C Laterza, Jorge Roberto P de Lima, Tiago Peçanha
BACKGROUND: Postexercise heart rate (HR) recovery presents an exponential decay, with two distinct phases: a fast phase, characterized by abrupt decay of HR, and determined by parasympathetic reactivation; and a slow phase, characterized by gradual decay of HR, and predominantly determined by sympathetic withdrawal. Although several methods have been proposed to assess postexercise HR recovery, none of those methods selectively assesses the time of transition from the fast to the slow phase of the HR recovery curve (HRRPT ), and the magnitude of decay prior to (HRRFP ) and after this point (HRRSP )...
December 8, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
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