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Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225630/bio-and-chemocatalysis-cascades-as-a-bridge-between-biology-and-chemistry-for-green-polymer-synthesis
#1
REVIEW
Aleksandra Marszałek-Harych, Dawid Jędrzkiewicz, Jolanta Ejfler
The development and integration of bio- and chemocatalytic processes to convert renewable or biomass feedstocks into polymers is a vibrant field of research with enormous potential for environmental protection and the mitigation of global warming. Here, we review the biotechnological and chemical synthetic strategies for producing platform monomers from bio-based sources and transforming them into eco-polymers. We also discuss their advanced bio-application using the example of polylactide (PLA), the most valuable green polymer on the market...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213293/collagen-derived-dipeptide-prolyl-hydroxyproline-promotes-osteogenic-differentiation-through-foxg1
#2
Yoshifumi Kimira, Haruka Odaira, Kaho Nomura, Yuri Taniuchi, Naoki Inoue, Sachie Nakatani, Jun Shimizu, Masahiro Wada, Hiroshi Mano
Prolyl-hydroxyproline (Pro-Hyp) is one of the major constituents of collagen-derived dipeptides. We previously reported that Pro-Hyp promotes the differentiation of osteoblasts by increasing Runx2, osterix and Col1α1 mRNA expression levels. Here, to elucidate the mechanism of Pro-Hyp promotion of osteoblast differentiation, we focus on the involvement of Foxo1 in osteoblast differentiation via Runx2 regulation and the role of Foxg1 in Foxo1 regulation. The addition of Pro-Hyp had no effect on MC3T3-E1 cell proliferation in Foxo1- or Foxg1-knockdown cells...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213292/ifn-%C3%AE-1-in-cho-cells-its-expression-and-biological-activity
#3
Wu-Mei Yuan, Wan-Ju Zhang, Fen-Lian Ma, Jin-Song Li, Qian Zhang, Li-Shu Zheng
Background: Many studies have investigated the characteristics and biological activities of type III interferon (IFN), finding that it has similar features to type I IFN but also unique actions because it is recognized by a different receptor. Results: A full-length recombinant human IFN-λ1 (rhIFN-λ1) cDNA was cloned into the pDF expression vector and stably expressed in Flp-In-CHO cells. After four purification steps (ammonium sulfate precipitation, SP Sepharose chromatography, Blue Sepharose 6 fast flow affinity chromatography and molecular sieve chromatography), the rhIFN-λ1 had a purity of about 90% and was found to have the predicted biological activities...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213291/apolipoprotein-e-polymorphism-and-the-risk-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-in-a-south-indian-population
#4
Arati Suvatha, Sibin Madathan Kandi, Dhananjaya Ishwara Bhat, Narasinga Rao, Vikas Vazhayil, Chetan Ghati Kasturirangan
Background: The rupture of a brain aneurysm causes bleeding in the subarachnoid space. This is known as aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). We evaluated the association of apolipoprotein E (APOE) polymorphism and the risk of aSAH in a South Indian population. Methods: The study was performed on 200 subjects with aSAH and 253 healthy control subjects. Blood samples (5 ml) were used to isolate DNA and genotyping was performed for rs7412 and rs429358 using a Taqman allelic discrimination assay...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209372/heat-shock-protein-27-plays-a-protective-role-in-thoracic-aortic-dissection-by-promoting-cell-proliferation-and-inhibiting-apoptosis
#5
Sili Zou, Mingfang Liao, Junlin Yang, Tong Huang, Mark Green, Jianjin Wu, Lefeng Qu
Background: Thoracic aortic dissection (TAD) is one of the most severe aortic diseases. The study aimed to explore the potential role of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) in the pathogenesis of TAD using an in vitro model of oxidative stress in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Methods: HSP27 was analyzed in aortic surgical specimens from 12 patients with TAD and 8 healthy controls. A lentiviral vector was used to overexpress HSP27 in rat aortic VSMCs. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured under oxidative stress induced by H2O2...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167681/mir-200b-downregulates-cftr-during-hypoxia-in-human-lung-epithelial-cells
#6
Sylwia Bartoszewska, Wojciech Kamysz, Bogdan Jakiela, Marek Sanak, Jarosław Króliczewski, Zsuzsa Bebok, Rafal Bartoszewski, James F Collawn
Background: Hypoxic conditions induce the expression of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) that allow cells to adapt to the changing conditions and alter the expression of a number of genes including the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). CFTR is a low abundance mRNA in airway epithelial cells even during normoxic conditions, but during hypoxia its mRNA expression decreases even further. Methods: In the current studies, we examined the kinetics of hypoxia-induced changes in CFTR mRNA and protein levels in two human airway epithelial cell lines, Calu-3 and 16HBE14o-, and in normal primary bronchial epithelial cells...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118814/tgf-%C3%AE-1-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-lung-cancer-cells-involves-upregulation-of-mir-9-and-downregulation-of-its-target-e-cadherin
#7
Hui Wang, Qian Wu, Ying Zhang, Hua-Nan Zhang, Yong-Bin Wang, Wei Wang
Background: TGF-β1 plays an important role in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of epithelial cancers, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). While the full underlying mechanism remains unclear, miR-9 is known to play a critical role in the regulation of NSCLC cell invasion. We tested whether miR-9 targets E-cadherin and thus affects TGF-β1-induced EMT in NSCLC cells by assessing the expression levels of miR-9 and E-cadherin for NSCLC patients and then verifying the targeting of E-cadherin by miR-9 using the dual luciferase reporter system...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932249/the-novel-protein-c3orf43-accelerates-hepatocyte-proliferation
#8
Chunyan Zhang, Cuifang Chang, Deming Li, Fuchun Zhang, Cunshuan Xu
BACKGROUND: Our previous study found that single-pass membrane protein with coiled-coil domains 1 (C3orf43; XM_006248472.3) was significantly upregulated in the proliferative phase during liver regeneration. This indicates that C3orf43 plays a vital role in liver cell proliferation. However, its physiological functions remains unclear. METHODS: The expressions of C3orf43 in BRL-3A cells transfected with C3orf43-siRNA (C3-siRNA) or overexpressing the vector plasmid pCDH-C3orf43 (pCDH-C3) were measured via RT-qPCR and western blot...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878809/are-online-prediction-tools-a-valid-alternative-to-genomic-profiling-in-the-context-of-systemic-treatment-of-er-positive-breast-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Umar Wazir, Kinan Mokbel, Amtul Carmichael, Kefah Mokbel
BACKGROUND: Clinicians use clinical and pathological parameters, such as tumour size, grade and nodal status, to make decisions on adjuvant treatments for breast cancer. However, therapeutic decisions based on these features tend to vary due to their subjectivity. Computational and mathematical algorithms were developed using clinical outcome data from breast cancer registries, such as Adjuvant! Online and NHS PREDICT. More recently, assessments of molecular profiles have been applied in the development of better prognostic tools...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878808/luteolin-quercetin-genistein-and-quercetagetin-inhibit-the-effects-of-lipopolysaccharide-obtained-from-porphyromonas-gingivalis-in-h9c2-cardiomyoblasts
#10
Gloria Gutiérrez-Venegas, Alfredo Torras-Ceballos, Juan Arturo Gómez-Mora, Berenice Fernández-Rojas
BACKGROUND: One of the microorganisms from dental plaque associated with severe inflammatory responses in infectious endocarditis is Porphyromonas gingivalis. It is a Gram-negative bacteria harvested from chronic periodontitis patients. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) obtained from P. gingivalis promotes the expressions of interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Flavonoids are thought to participate in processes that control inflammation, such as the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861108/gene-functioning-and-storage-within-a-folded-genome
#11
REVIEW
Sergey V Razin, Sergey V Ulianov
In mammals, genomic DNA that is roughly 2 m long is folded to fit the size of the cell nucleus that has a diameter of about 10 μm. The folding of genomic DNA is mediated via assembly of DNA-protein complex, chromatin. In addition to the reduction of genomic DNA linear dimensions, the assembly of chromatin allows to discriminate and to mark active (transcribed) and repressed (non-transcribed) genes. Consequently, epigenetic regulation of gene expression occurs at the level of DNA packaging in chromatin. Taking into account the increasing attention of scientific community toward epigenetic systems of gene regulation, it is very important to understand how DNA folding in chromatin is related to gene activity...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861107/piwi-like-protein-hiwi2-is-aberrantly-expressed-in-retinoblastoma-cells-and-affects-cell-cycle-potentially-through-otx2
#12
Suganya Sivagurunathan, Jayamuruga Pandian Arunachalam, Subbulakshmi Chidambaram
Retinoblastoma (RB), a childhood cancer, is caused by biallelic mutation of the RB1 gene, but its development is not clearly understood. Furthermore, the presence of a cancer stem cell subpopulation in RB might impact its treatment. PIWI protein, known for its role in stem cell self-renewal, is aberrantly expressed in cancers. We examined the role of the PIWI-like protein HIWI2 in RB and its effect on the stem cell markers in cells of the RB line, Y79. The expression of HIWI2 is significantly increased in Y79 compared with its level in HeLa and ARPE19 cells...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828010/adam23-promotes-neuronal-differentiation-of-human-neural-progenitor-cells
#13
Annett Markus-Koch, Oliver Schmitt, Susanne Seemann, Jan Lukas, Dirk Koczan, Mathias Ernst, Georg Fuellen, Andreas Wree, Arndt Rolfs, Jiankai Luo
BACKGROUND: ADAM23 is widely expressed in the embryonic central nervous system and plays an important role in tissue formation. RESULTS: In this study, we showed that ADAM23 contributes to cell survival and is involved in neuronal differentiation during the differentiation of human neural progenitor cells (hNPCs). Upregulation of ADAM23 in hNPCs was found to increase the number of neurons and the length of neurite, while its downregulation decreases them and triggers cell apoptosis...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808448/relevance-of-the-nr4a-sub-family-of-nuclear-orphan-receptors-in-trophoblastic-bewo-cell-differentiation
#14
Sudha Saryu Malhotra, Satish Kumar Gupta
Nur-77, a member of the NR4A sub-family of nuclear orphan receptors, is downregulated in the placentae of pre-eclamptic women. Here, we investigate the relevance of Nor-1, Nurr-1 and Nur-77 in trophoblastic cell differentiation. Their transcript levels were found to be significantly upregulated in BeWo cells treated with forskolin. The maximum increase was observed after 2 h, with a second peak in the expression levels after 48 h. The expression of NR4A sub-family members was also found to be upregulated in BeWo cells after treatment with hCG and GnRH...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794794/sfrp2-enhances-the-osteogenic-differentiation-of-apical-papilla-stem-cells-by-antagonizing-the-canonical-wnt-pathway
#15
Luyuan Jin, Yu Cao, Guoxia Yu, Jinsong Wang, Xiao Lin, Lihua Ge, Juan Du, Liping Wang, Shu Diao, Xiaomeng Lian, Songlin Wang, Rui Dong, Zhaochen Shan
BACKGROUND: Exploring the molecular mechanisms underlying directed differentiation is helpful in the development of clinical applications of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Our previous study on dental tissue-derived MSCs demonstrated that secreted frizzled-related protein 2 (SFRP2), a Wnt inhibitor, could enhance osteogenic differentiation in stem cells from the apical papilla (SCAPs). However, how SFRP2 promotes osteogenic differentiation of dental tissue-derived MSCs remains unclear...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747926/agonist-induced-activation-of-human-ffa1-receptor-signals-to-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinase-1-and-2-through-gq-and-gi-coupled-signaling-cascades
#16
Jing Qian, Yuyang Gu, Chun Wu, Feng Yu, Yuqi Chen, Jingmei Zhu, Xingyi Yao, Chen Bei, Qingqing Zhu
BACKGROUND: FFA1 is abundantly expressed in the liver, skeletal muscle, monocytes and nervous system, but is particularly abundant in pancreatic β cells. It is widely believed that FFA1 exerts its regulatory roles in a variety of physiological and pathological functions. In response to oleic acid, FFA1 has been shown to induce the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) through a mechanism involving EGFR transactivation in a breast cancer cell line. However, the underlying molecular mechanism for ERK1/2 activation mediated by n-6 free fatty acid (LA) in HEK293 cells remains to be further elucidated...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725241/mir-378-suppresses-the-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-of-colon-cancer-cells-by-inhibiting-sdad1
#17
Mingxi Zeng, Linlin Zhu, Liangping Li, Changming Kang
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the growth and metastasis of colon cancer. It is known that one set of miRNAs are dysregulated in colon cancer cells, but the mechanism of their role in cancer development is still largely unknown. Our study focuses on the role of miR-378 in colon cancer cells. METHODS: Human colon cancer tissues and adjacent non-tumor tissues were collected from patients diagnosed in pathological examinations. In addition, human colon cancer cell lines LoVo, CaCo2, SW1116, SW480 and HCT-116, and a normal colonic mucosa cell line NCM460 were included...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717367/cells-of-human-breast-milk
#18
REVIEW
Malgorzata Witkowska-Zimny, Ewa Kaminska-El-Hassan
Human milk is a complex fluid that has developed to satisfy the nutritional requirements of infants. In addition to proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and other biologically active components, breast milk contains a diverse microbiome that is presumed to colonize the infant gastrointestinal tract and a heterogeneous population of cells with unclear physiological roles and health implications. Noteworthy cellular components of breast milk include progenitor/stem cells. This review summarizes the current state of knowledge of breast milk cells, including leukocytes, epithelial cells, stem cells and potentially probiotic bacteria...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652859/lncrna-h19-promotes-the-differentiation-of-bovine-skeletal-muscle-satellite-cells-by-suppressing-sirt1-foxo1
#19
Xiaochun Xu, Shengyue Ji, Weili Li, Bao Yi, Hengxin Li, Hongfu Zhang, Wenping Ma
BACKGROUND: H19 is a well-characterized Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) that has been proven to promote myoblast differentiation in humans and mice. However, its mechanism of action is still not fully interpreted. METHODS: Using RT-qPCR, we examined H19 RNA levels in various tissues from 1-week, 1-month, 6-month and 36-month old male cattle (i.e., newborn, infant, young and adult). The protein and mRNA levels of MyoG, MyHC, Sirt1 and FoxO1 in the satellite and C2C12 cells with an H19 silencing or overexpression vector were respectively detected using western blot and real-time qPCR...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536640/survival-rates-of-homozygotic-tp53-knockout-rats-as-a-tool-for-preclinical-assessment-of-cancer-prevention-and-treatment
#20
Damian Strzemecki, Magdalena Guzowska, Paweł Grieb
BACKGROUND: The gene that encodes tumor protein p53, Tp53, is mutated or silenced in most human cancers and is recognized as one of the most important cancer drivers. Homozygotic Tp53 knockout mice, which develop lethal cancers early in their lives, are already used in cancer prevention studies, and now Tp53 knockout rats have also been generated. This study assessed feasibility of using homozygous Tp53 knockout rats to evaluate the possible outcome of cancer chemoprevention. METHODS: A small colony of Tp53 knockout rats with a Wistar strain genetic background was initiated and maintained in the animal house at our institution...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
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