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Blood Pressure Monitoring

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902495/methodological-evaluation-of-the-noninvasive-estimation-of-central-systolic-blood-pressure-in-nontreated-patients-the-bogalusa-heart-study
#1
Camilo Fernandez, Robert Hsu, Gary Sander, Azad Hussain, Rupert Barshop, Shengxu Li, Tian Shu, Tao Zhang, Patrycja Galazka, Wei Chen, Lydia Bazzano, Thomas D Giles
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the estimation of central systolic blood pressure (cSBP) obtained by two different noninvasive devices, in addition to its comparisons with measured peripheral systolic blood pressure (pSBP), in a biracial (Black/White) community-based cohort. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Estimations of cSBP by applanation tonometry were obtained in 586 participants of the Bogalusa Heart Study (mean age: 43.5 years; 69% White, 54% women) using two different commonly used instruments: Omron HEM-9000AI and SphygmoCor CPV...
November 29, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902494/an-ultrasound-look-at-korotkoff-sounds-the-role-of-pulse-wave-velocity-and-flow-turbulence
#2
Amir Benmira, Antonia Perez-Martin, Iris Schuster, Florent Veye, Jean Triboulet, Nicolas Berron, Isabelle Aichoun, Sarah Coudray, Jérémy Laurent, Fethi Bereksi-Reguig, Michel Dauzat
AIMS: The aim of this study was to analyze the temporal relationships between pressure, flow, and Korotkoff sounds, providing clues for their comprehensive interpretation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: When measuring blood pressure in a group of 23 volunteers, we used duplex Doppler ultrasonography to assess, under the arm-cuff, the brachial artery flow, diameter changes, and local pulse wave velocity (PWV), while recording Korotkoff sounds 10 cm downstream together with cuff pressure and ECG...
November 29, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845957/two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-based-left-atrial-strain-parameters-predict-masked-hypertension-in-patients-with-hypertensive-response-to-exercise
#3
Soe M Aung, Ahmet Güler, Yeliz Güler, Can Y Karabay, Ilyas Akdemir
OBJECTIVE: We aim to study left atrial (LA) strains in patients with hypertensive response to exercise (HRE) and determine their usefulness in predicting masked hypertension (HT). METHODS: Ninety-eight normotensive patients who had HRE were included and were divided into two groups after masked HT had been diagnosed by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Conventional echocardiographic parameters and two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography-based LA strain parameters were compared...
November 11, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845956/the-association-of-night-time-systolic-blood-pressure-with-ultrasound-markers-of-subclinical-cardiac-and-vascular-disease
#4
Anne Marie O'Flynn, Emily Ho, Eamon Dolan, Ronan J Curtin, Patricia M Kearney
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine the association of night-time systolic blood pressure (BP) with subclinical cardiac dysfunction measured by global longitudinal strain (GLS) and subclinical vascular damage measured by carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and carotid plaques. METHODS: GLS was measured by speckle-tracking analysis of echocardiogram images. CIMT was measured at the distal 1 cm of the common carotid artery. The presence of carotid plaques was recorded...
November 11, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824680/angiotensin-ii-receptor-blockers-following-intravenous-nicardipine-administration-to-lower-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-hypertensive-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-prospective-randomized-study
#5
Joji Inamasu, Shunsuke Nakae, Kazuhide Adachi, Yuichi Hirose
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH), intravenous nicardipine is primarily used to lower blood pressure (BP). However, there are few studies investigating the role of oral antihypertensives administered after intravenous nicardipine to prevent BP from rising. Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) may be beneficial in HICH patients not only as antihypertensives but also by lowering plasma catecholamine levels. A prospective randomized study was conducted between January 2015 and March 2016 to comparatively evaluate the efficacy of two ARBs (azilsartan vs...
November 7, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824679/blood-pressure-and-left-ventricular-mass-index-in-healthy-adolescents
#6
Usama A Daimee, Marc B Lande, Wan Tang, Xin M Tu, Peter Veazie, John D Bisognano, Robert Block, John C Teeters
Primary hypertension among children and adolescents is increasing in prevalence and has been associated with the sequela of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), defined by increased left ventricular mass index (LVMI). The association between high blood pressure (BP) and LVMI in an otherwise healthy pediatric population is not well understood. We evaluated the relationship between measures of BP and LVMI in a group of healthy adolescents. We conducted a retrospective review of 55 high school athletes who participated in a community health screen, which included collecting BP readings and limited echocardiograms...
November 7, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824678/reductions-in-ambulatory-blood-pressure-in-young-normotensive-men-and-women-after-isometric-resistance-training-and-its-relationship-with-cardiovascular-reactivity
#7
Yasina Somani, Anthony Baross, Phillip Levy, Kate Zinszer, Kevin Milne, Ian Swaine, Cheri McGowan
BACKGROUND: There has been very little published work exploring the comparative effects of isometric resistance training (IRT) on blood pressure (BP) in men and women. Most of the previously published work has involved men and used resting BP as the primary outcome variable. Early evidence suggests that IRT is particularly effective in older women and has a positive influence on ambulatory BP, a better predictor of disease risk. OBJECTIVES: With the WHO now placing global emphasis on the primary prevention of hypertension, the goals of this proof-of-concept study were to (i) examine whether sex differences exist in the ambulatory BP-lowering effects of IRT in young, normotensive men and women and (ii) determine whether these reductions can be predicted by simple laboratory stress tasks (a 2-min sustained isometric contraction and a math task involving subtracting a two-digit number from a series of numbers)...
November 7, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776078/masked-hypertension-in-obesity-potential-predictors-and-arterial-damage
#8
Isabel E Kenny, Sahrai Saeed, Eva Gerdts, Helga Midtbø, Hilde Halland, Mai T Lønnebakken
BACKGROUND: Masked hypertension (MHT), defined as normal office blood pressure (BP) but high ambulatory BP, has been associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Although MHT has been associated with obesity, there is limited knowledge on the prevalence and covariates of MHT in obese cohorts. METHODS: Office and ambulatory BP recordings and other cardiovascular risk factors were assessed in 323 obese participants included in the fat-associated cardiovascular dysfunction study (mean age 48...
October 21, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759569/aortic-knob-calcification-and-cardioankle-vascular-index-in-asymptomatic-hypertensive-patients
#9
Ayça Ata Korkmaz, Ali R Akyüz
BACKGROUND: Patients with hypertension are predisposed to atherosclerosis of large vessels and are at increased risk of target organ damage and related clinical sequelae. Cardioankle vascular index (CAVI) is a novel parameter of arterial stiffness and a surrogate marker of subclinical atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relation between aortic knob calcification (AKC) and CAVI in asymptomatic hypertensive patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty patients with AKC and age-matched sex-matched 60 control individuals without AKC were enrolled...
October 18, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749334/simultaneous-validation-of-the-grandway-md2301-digital-automatic-blood-pressure-monitor-by-the-british-hypertension-society-and-the-association-for-the-advancement-of-medical-instrumentation-the-international-organization-for-standardization-protocols
#10
Jinhua Huang, Yun Wang, Zhaoying Liu, Yuling Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of the Grandway MD2301 digital automatic blood pressure monitor by the British Hypertension Society (BHS) and the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI)/the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) protocols. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A total of 85 participants were included for evaluation based on the requirements of the BHS and the AAMI/ISO protocols. The validation procedure and data analysis followed the protocols precisely...
October 4, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749333/validation-of-the-raycome-rbp-1200-upper-arm-pulse-wave-device-in-children-aged-3-12-years-according-to-the-association-for-the-advancement-of-medical-instrumentation-protocol
#11
Jie Dong, Hongbo Dong, Peiyu Ye, Yinkun Yan, Bo Xi, Jie Mi
OBJECTIVE: To validate the accuracy of Raycome RBP-1200 used for blood pressure (BP) measurements in Chinese children aged 3-12 years according to the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI)/International Organization for Standardization 81060-2:2013(E) protocol. METHODS: A prospective observational study was carried out using 'the same arm sequential method' as described in the AAMI protocol. Eighty-seven children participated in this examination and 255 paired-determinations were analyzed...
October 4, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748660/validation-of-the-blood-pressure-measurement-device-erkameter-125-pro-according-to-the-european-society-of-hypertension-international-protocol-revision-2010
#12
Beate Beime, Cornelia Deutsch, Ralf Krüger, Erik Zimmermann, Peter Bramlage
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to validate the blood pressure (BP) measurement device Erkameter 125 PRO according to the International Protocol revision 2010 of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH-IP2). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 33 patients aged 32-79 years, BP measurements were performed alternately using the Erkameter 125 PRO and the reference mercury sphygmomanometer according to ESH-IP revision 2010. For the analysis, a total of 99 comparisons were included...
September 29, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622889/very-poor-agreement-between-routine-outpatient-clinic-office-and-ambulatory-blood-pressure-time-to-improve-an-old-hospital-outpatient-clinic-routine
#13
Mark Reinhard, Per L Poulsen, Kent L Christensen
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the agreement between elevated outpatient clinic office blood pressure (OC-OBP) as measured in the daily routine in our University Hospital Cardiology Outpatient Clinic and subsequent awake ambulatory blood pressure (AABP). METHODS: In all patients referred for ambulatory blood pressure monitoring from our Cardiology Outpatient Clinic, we identified OC-OBP and changes in medication in the period from 1 January 2014 to 15 September 2015...
September 12, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622888/validation-of-transtek-ls808-b-for-self-home-measurement-according-to-the-european-society-of-hypertension-international-protocol-revision-2010
#14
Zhong Hua Liu, Xian Yue Liu, Wen Jun Wu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of Transtek LS808-B according to the European Society of Hypertension International Protocol revision 2010 (ESH-IP2010). METHODS: A total of 33 adult individuals (19 men and 14 women, mean age 46.8±15.8 years) were recruited; their systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured using the mercury sphygmomanometer and Transtek LS808-B. A total of 99 pairs of measurements were obtained from these 33 participants for comparison in two parts with three grading phases...
September 12, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608183/effect-of-restoring-sinus-rhythm-in-hypertensive-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-undergoing-electrical-cardioversion
#15
Monica Maselli, Valter Giantin, Alessandro Franchin, Francesca Attanasio, Alessandra Tramontano, Pietro De Toni, Valentina Pengo, Domenico Corrado, Enzo Manzato
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the effects of atrial fibrillation (AF) on blood pressure (BP) levels in hypertensive patients. Some studies suggest a role for rhythm control in managing such patients' BP, but the improvement observed in cardiac performance after restoring sinus rhythm (SR) may coincide with an increase in BP. The aim of this study was to apply ambulatory BP monitoring to analyze BP changes in hypertensive patients after electrical cardioversion for persistent AF...
September 7, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798434/blunted-muscle-vasodilatory-response-during-mental-stress-in-predialysis-nondiabetic-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Pedro A C Mira, Isabelle M G Freitas, Daniel G Martinez, Jorge R P Lima, Rogério B Paula, Mateus C Laterza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798433/the-independent-relationship-of-blood-pressure-load-with-target-organ-damage-in-untreated-hypertensive-patients-the-role-of-dipping-status
#17
Helen Triantafyllidi, Iosif Xenogiannis, Ignatios Ikonomidis, George Pavlidis, Antonis Schoinas, Leonidas Palaiodimos, Stefanos Vlachos, John Lekakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603925/in-response-the-challenges-of-blood-pressure-assessment-in-schoolchildren
#18
Gorica Maric, Marija Dusanovic, Andjelija Kostic, Tatjana Pekmezovic, Darija Kisic Tepavcevic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495189/high-salt-intake-is-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-a-7-2-year-evaluation-of-a-cohort-of-hypertensive-patients
#19
Jorge Polonia, José Monteiro, Joana Almeida, José A Silva, Susana Bertoquini
BACKGROUND: It is controversial whether high salt intake is directly associated with cardiovascular (CV) events and how far this relation is independent of blood pressure (BP). As Portugal has higher salt consumption and higher mortality by stroke than other European countries, we examined whether salt intake could predict the development of stroke and CV events in a hypertensive population. METHODS: In a longitudinal retrospective study of a cohort of 608 adult treated hypertensive patients 54...
October 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27463252/relationship-between-aortic-augmentation-index-and-blood-pressure-during-metaboreflex-activation-in-healthy-young-men
#20
Eliza Prodel, James P Fisher, Thales C Barbosa, Igor A Fernandes, Antonio C Nobrega, Lauro C Vianna
BACKGROUND: Heightened aortic augmentation index (AIx; surrogate of arterial stiffness) is associated with an elevated risk of cardiovascular events; however, it is currently unclear whether peripheral blood pressure (BP) modulates AIx. AIM: Given this, we studied the relationship between AIx and BP under resting conditions as well as during skeletal muscle metaboreflex activation, which is a maneuver that generates steady elevations in BP. METHODS: In nine healthy male participants (23±2 years), the graded activation of the muscle metaboreflex was achieved by postexercise ischemia (PEI) following moderate and high-intensity static handgrip performed at 30 and 40% maximum voluntary contraction...
October 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
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