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Blood Pressure Monitoring

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079534/practical-efficacy-of-olmesartan-versus-azilsartan-in-patients-with-hypertension-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-muscat-4-study
#1
Yuki Kakio, Haruhito A Uchida, Ryoko Umebayashi, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yuka Okuyama, Yoshihisa Hanayama, Jun Wada
BACKGROUND: Olmesartan and azilsartan, angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), are expected to decrease blood pressure more than the other ARBs. We conducted randomized-controlled trials to compare the practical efficacy of olmesartan with azilsartan. METHODS: Eighty-four patients treated with the conventional ARBs for more than 3 months were assigned randomly to receive either 20 mg of olmesartan (olmesartan medoxomil, OL group) or 20 mg of azilsartan (azilsartan, not azilsartan medoxomil, AZ group) once daily for 16 weeks...
January 10, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072599/validation-of-the-bpump-bf1112-upper-arm-blood-pressure-monitor-for-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-according-to-the-european-society-of-hypertension-international-protocol-revision-2010
#2
Qi Chen, Yuan-Yuan Kang, Yan Li, Ji-Guang Wang
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of the automated oscillometric upper-arm blood pressure (BP) monitor BPUMP BF1112 for home BP monitoring according to the International Protocol of the European Society of Hypertension revision 2010 (ESH-IP2010). PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Systolic and diastolic BPs were sequentially measured in 33 adult Chinese (13 women, mean age 46.7 years) using a mercury sphygmomanometer (two observers) and the BF1112 device (one supervisor)...
January 7, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072598/should-patients-with-higher-blood-pressure-variability-be-excluded-from-validation-studies-an-assessment-of-the-12-8-rule
#3
Raj S Padwal, Donna McLean, Jennifer Ringrose
To limit the inclusion of participants with increased blood pressure (BP) variability and presumably to avoid potential bias, the International Standards Organization BP device validation standard recommends exclusion of patients with a BP variability of more than 12/8 mmHg across reference readings. This '12/8 rule' is based on expert consensus and lacks empirical justification. In a post-hoc analysis of a study comparing two types of cuff designs carried out according to the International Standards Organization standard, we divided the study sample into patients who did not have (n=79) and patients who had (n=55) more than 12/8 mmHg variability...
January 7, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002068/an-acute-bout-of-aerobic-exercise-alters-interarm-systolic-blood-pressure-difference
#4
Michael E Holmstrup, Melanie M Clarke, Cailin R Conner, Brock T Jensen
BACKGROUND: Clinically, when a difference of at least 10 mmHg in systolic blood pressure (SBP) between arms exists, it is identified as an interarm systolic blood pressure difference (ISBPD). At rest, ISBPD is linked with hypertension, peripheral vascular disease, and increased premature mortality. Exercise may reveal underlying cardiovascular pathologies otherwise absent at rest. However, there have been no investigations to examine the effect of exercise on ISBPD. AIM: The aim of this investigation was to determine whether exercise may alter ISBPD when detected at rest or reveal ISBPD when it was not observed in the resting condition...
December 21, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926580/ambulatory-blood-pressure-variability-a-conceptual-review
#5
Matthew J Zawadzki, Amanda K Small, William Gerin
Ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) has long been recognized by researchers as the gold standard of blood pressure (BP) measurement. Researchers and clinicians typically rely on the mean measure of ABP; however, there is considerable variability in the beat-to-beat BP. Although often ignored, this variability has been found to be an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease and mortality. The aim of this paper is to provide a conceptual review of ABP variability (ABPV) focusing on the following: associations between ABPV and health, whether ABPV is reliable, how to calculate ABPV, predictors of ABPV, and treatments for ABPV...
December 6, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902495/methodological-evaluation-of-the-noninvasive-estimation-of-central-systolic-blood-pressure-in-nontreated-patients-the-bogalusa-heart-study
#6
Camilo Fernandez, Robert Hsu, Gary Sander, Azad Hussain, Rupert Barshop, Shengxu Li, Tian Shu, Tao Zhang, Patrycja Galazka, Wei Chen, Lydia Bazzano, Thomas D Giles
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the estimation of central systolic blood pressure (cSBP) obtained by two different noninvasive devices, in addition to its comparisons with measured peripheral systolic blood pressure (pSBP), in a biracial (Black/White) community-based cohort. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Estimations of cSBP by applanation tonometry were obtained in 586 participants of the Bogalusa Heart Study (mean age: 43.5 years; 69% White, 54% women) using two different commonly used instruments: Omron HEM-9000AI and SphygmoCor CPV...
November 29, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902494/an-ultrasound-look-at-korotkoff-sounds-the-role-of-pulse-wave-velocity-and-flow-turbulence
#7
Amir Benmira, Antonia Perez-Martin, Iris Schuster, Florent Veye, Jean Triboulet, Nicolas Berron, Isabelle Aichoun, Sarah Coudray, Jérémy Laurent, Fethi Bereksi-Reguig, Michel Dauzat
AIMS: The aim of this study was to analyze the temporal relationships between pressure, flow, and Korotkoff sounds, providing clues for their comprehensive interpretation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: When measuring blood pressure in a group of 23 volunteers, we used duplex Doppler ultrasonography to assess, under the arm-cuff, the brachial artery flow, diameter changes, and local pulse wave velocity (PWV), while recording Korotkoff sounds 10 cm downstream together with cuff pressure and ECG...
November 29, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845957/two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-based-left-atrial-strain-parameters-predict-masked-hypertension-in-patients-with-hypertensive-response-to-exercise
#8
Soe M Aung, Ahmet Güler, Yeliz Güler, Can Y Karabay, Ilyas Akdemir
OBJECTIVE: We aim to study left atrial (LA) strains in patients with hypertensive response to exercise (HRE) and determine their usefulness in predicting masked hypertension (HT). METHODS: Ninety-eight normotensive patients who had HRE were included and were divided into two groups after masked HT had been diagnosed by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Conventional echocardiographic parameters and two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography-based LA strain parameters were compared...
November 11, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845956/the-association-of-night-time-systolic-blood-pressure-with-ultrasound-markers-of-subclinical-cardiac-and-vascular-disease
#9
Anne Marie O'Flynn, Emily Ho, Eamon Dolan, Ronan J Curtin, Patricia M Kearney
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine the association of night-time systolic blood pressure (BP) with subclinical cardiac dysfunction measured by global longitudinal strain (GLS) and subclinical vascular damage measured by carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and carotid plaques. METHODS: GLS was measured by speckle-tracking analysis of echocardiogram images. CIMT was measured at the distal 1 cm of the common carotid artery. The presence of carotid plaques was recorded...
November 11, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824680/angiotensin-ii-receptor-blockers-following-intravenous-nicardipine-administration-to-lower-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-hypertensive-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-prospective-randomized-study
#10
Joji Inamasu, Shunsuke Nakae, Kazuhide Adachi, Yuichi Hirose
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH), intravenous nicardipine is primarily used to lower blood pressure (BP). However, there are few studies investigating the role of oral antihypertensives administered after intravenous nicardipine to prevent BP from rising. Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) may be beneficial in HICH patients not only as antihypertensives but also by lowering plasma catecholamine levels. A prospective randomized study was conducted between January 2015 and March 2016 to comparatively evaluate the efficacy of two ARBs (azilsartan vs...
November 7, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824679/blood-pressure-and-left-ventricular-mass-index-in-healthy-adolescents
#11
Usama A Daimee, Marc B Lande, Wan Tang, Xin M Tu, Peter Veazie, John D Bisognano, Robert Block, John C Teeters
Primary hypertension among children and adolescents is increasing in prevalence and has been associated with the sequela of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), defined by increased left ventricular mass index (LVMI). The association between high blood pressure (BP) and LVMI in an otherwise healthy pediatric population is not well understood. We evaluated the relationship between measures of BP and LVMI in a group of healthy adolescents. We conducted a retrospective review of 55 high school athletes who participated in a community health screen, which included collecting BP readings and limited echocardiograms...
November 7, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824678/reductions-in-ambulatory-blood-pressure-in-young-normotensive-men-and-women-after-isometric-resistance-training-and-its-relationship-with-cardiovascular-reactivity
#12
Yasina Somani, Anthony Baross, Phillip Levy, Kate Zinszer, Kevin Milne, Ian Swaine, Cheri McGowan
BACKGROUND: There has been very little published work exploring the comparative effects of isometric resistance training (IRT) on blood pressure (BP) in men and women. Most of the previously published work has involved men and used resting BP as the primary outcome variable. Early evidence suggests that IRT is particularly effective in older women and has a positive influence on ambulatory BP, a better predictor of disease risk. OBJECTIVES: With the WHO now placing global emphasis on the primary prevention of hypertension, the goals of this proof-of-concept study were to (i) examine whether sex differences exist in the ambulatory BP-lowering effects of IRT in young, normotensive men and women and (ii) determine whether these reductions can be predicted by simple laboratory stress tasks (a 2-min sustained isometric contraction and a math task involving subtracting a two-digit number from a series of numbers)...
November 7, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776078/masked-hypertension-in-obesity-potential-predictors-and-arterial-damage
#13
Isabel E Kenny, Sahrai Saeed, Eva Gerdts, Helga Midtbø, Hilde Halland, Mai T Lønnebakken
BACKGROUND: Masked hypertension (MHT), defined as normal office blood pressure (BP) but high ambulatory BP, has been associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Although MHT has been associated with obesity, there is limited knowledge on the prevalence and covariates of MHT in obese cohorts. METHODS: Office and ambulatory BP recordings and other cardiovascular risk factors were assessed in 323 obese participants included in the fat-associated cardiovascular dysfunction study (mean age 48...
October 21, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059900/response-validation-of-blood-pressure-measuring-devices-needs-clear-and-consistent-guidance-and-transparent-reporting
#14
Peter Bramlage, Stephan Lüders, Ulrich Tholl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059899/a-letter-to-the-editor-on-the-german-hypertension-league-deutsche-hochdruckliga-quality-seal-protocol-for-blood-pressure-measuring-devices-15-year-experience-and-results-from-105-devices-for-home-blood-pressure-control-by-tholl-et-al-blood-press-monit-2016
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798434/blunted-muscle-vasodilatory-response-during-mental-stress-in-predialysis-nondiabetic-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Pedro A C Mira, Isabelle M G Freitas, Daniel G Martinez, Jorge R P Lima, Rogério B Paula, Mateus C Laterza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798433/the-independent-relationship-of-blood-pressure-load-with-target-organ-damage-in-untreated-hypertensive-patients-the-role-of-dipping-status
#17
Helen Triantafyllidi, Iosif Xenogiannis, Ignatios Ikonomidis, George Pavlidis, Antonis Schoinas, Leonidas Palaiodimos, Stefanos Vlachos, John Lekakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608183/effect-of-restoring-sinus-rhythm-in-hypertensive-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-undergoing-electrical-cardioversion
#18
Monica Maselli, Valter Giantin, Alessandro Franchin, Francesca Attanasio, Alessandra Tramontano, Pietro De Toni, Valentina Pengo, Domenico Corrado, Enzo Manzato
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the effects of atrial fibrillation (AF) on blood pressure (BP) levels in hypertensive patients. Some studies suggest a role for rhythm control in managing such patients' BP, but the improvement observed in cardiac performance after restoring sinus rhythm (SR) may coincide with an increase in BP. The aim of this study was to apply ambulatory BP monitoring to analyze BP changes in hypertensive patients after electrical cardioversion for persistent AF...
December 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759569/aortic-knob-calcification-and-cardioankle-vascular-index-in-asymptomatic-hypertensive-patients
#19
Ayça Ata Korkmaz, Ali R Akyüz
BACKGROUND: Patients with hypertension are predisposed to atherosclerosis of large vessels and are at increased risk of target organ damage and related clinical sequelae. Cardioankle vascular index (CAVI) is a novel parameter of arterial stiffness and a surrogate marker of subclinical atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relation between aortic knob calcification (AKC) and CAVI in asymptomatic hypertensive patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty patients with AKC and age-matched sex-matched 60 control individuals without AKC were enrolled...
October 18, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749334/simultaneous-validation-of-the-grandway-md2301-digital-automatic-blood-pressure-monitor-by-the-british-hypertension-society-and-the-association-for-the-advancement-of-medical-instrumentation-the-international-organization-for-standardization-protocols
#20
Jinhua Huang, Yun Wang, Zhaoying Liu, Yuling Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of the Grandway MD2301 digital automatic blood pressure monitor by the British Hypertension Society (BHS) and the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI)/the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) protocols. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A total of 85 participants were included for evaluation based on the requirements of the BHS and the AAMI/ISO protocols. The validation procedure and data analysis followed the protocols precisely...
October 4, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
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