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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059594/banned-substances-and-their-incidence-a-retrospective-view-of-the-national-laboratory-of-prevention-and-doping-control-of-mexico
#1
Karina Mercado Soberanes, Evangelina Camacho Frías, Leonardo Rodríguez Balandrán, Martha Elena Rodríguez Fermán, Nancy Mendoza Méndez, Benjamin Velasco-Bejarano
The use of banned substances to increase athletes' performance has been a scourge in international sport. In this sense, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA-AMA) has implemented a series of standards that harmonize the fight against doping. In particular, accredited WADA-AMA laboratories play an important role in the eradication of sports doping. This report shows the data obtained in the National Laboratory of Prevention and Control of Doping (LNPCD-CONADE) according to the incidence of Adverse Analytical Findings (AAF) in the 2009-2015 interval, which were obtained from the analysis of a total of 18,085 biological doping-control samples...
July 20, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059588/e-cigarettes-in-airports-and-on-flights-europe-and-the-us
#2
Mª José López Medina, Xavier Continente, Andrea Soong, Frances Stillman, Laura Zheng, Esther Garcia-Esquinas, Yuanjie Pang, Ana Navas-Acien
BACKGROUND: While progress has been made to create smoke-free airports, sales of e-cigarettes at airports and airplanes and the presence of advertisements might detract from these smoke-free policies. The objective of this study is to describe the presence of policies, advertising, sales and use of e-cigarettes in airports and on flights in Europe and the US. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between March-May, 2014. The study included 21 large and mid-sized airports of Europe and the US as well as 19 flights...
July 20, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059587/blunted-autonomic-responses-to-emotional-stimuli-in-alcoholism-relevance-of-impulsivity
#3
Martina Carmona-Perera, Xavier Sumarroca-Hernández, Angelina Santolaria-Rossell, Miguel Pérez-García, Gustavo A Reyes Del Paso
Alcohol dependence is associated with abnormalities in the processing of emotional signals and impulsive alcohol-seeking behaviours, and these alterations compromise the effectiveness of treatment approaches. However, there is a lack of studies linking the experience of emotions to everyday motivationally relevant stimuli in alcohol-dependent individuals using both autonomic and self-report measures. We analysed heart rate (HR), skin conductance (SC) and subjective emotional reactivity to everyday affective stimuli in alcohol-dependent individuals, and their associations with impulsivity and degree of alcohol consumption...
July 20, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059586/role-of-alcohol-and-drug-detection-by-regular-urine-sample-testing-in-pre-transplant-evaluation-for-alcohol-liver-disease
#4
Hugo López Pelayo, Jose Altamirano, Eva López, Pablo Barrio, Ana López, Antoni Gual, Anna Lligoña
Alcohol Liver Disease (ALD) is one of the most prevalent conditions leading to liver transplantation for end-stage liver disease. There is lacking evidence of regular urine screening testing (RUST) impact on survival or liver transplantation of ALD patients. The aims of this study were to compare the sensitivity of RUST, to assess its impact on survival and liver transplantation, and to evaluate factors associated with adherence to RUST. We performed a single-centered retrospective study (N = 84) with ALD candidates for liver transplantation...
July 20, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059585/impulsivity-and-problem-awareness-predict-therapy-compliance-and-dropout-from-treatment-for-gambling-disorder
#5
María F Jara-Rizzo, Juan F Navas, Trevor Steward, Marta López-Gómez, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, José C Perales
This study investigates the predictive value of impulsivity traits (as measured by the UPPS-P impulsive behaviour scale) and relevant covariates (sociodemographics, gambling severity, dysphoric mood, other potentially addictive behaviours, and non-verbal intelligence) with regard to treatment dropout and level of adherence to therapy guidelines and instructions in patients with gambling disorder. Sixty-six patients seeking treatment for gambling disorder, and recruited to participate in a larger protocol (G-Brain), were initially assessed in impulsivity traits and relevant covariates in the first six months after admission...
July 20, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059584/exploring-the-direct-or-inverse-association-of-physical-activity-with-behavioral-addictions-and-other-self-regulation-problems
#6
Cinderella K Cardol, Cristopher I Escamilla, Winifred A Gebhardt, José C Perales
This cross-sectional survey study had the aim of clarifying the relationships between leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and non-drug-re-lated self-regulation problems (non-drug-related SRPs), including behavioral addictions, and the role of impulsive personality traits therein. Spanish university students (N = 329; Mage = 21.20) completed questionnaires for each of these constructs. Fitness and Bodybuilding LTPA was negatively associated with video gaming-related SRPs, r = -.13, p = .019, 95% CI (bootstrapped) [-...
July 20, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059593/demotivating-outcome-of-asymmetrical-nucleus-accumbens-disconnection-for-cocaine-related-disorder-a-translational-point-of-view
#7
Gonzalo Haro Cortés, Julia Renau-Lagranja, Víctor Costumero, Abel Baquero, Emilio Meneu, John Salamone, Mercè Correa
Letter to the editor.
July 13, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059592/the-influence-of-cigarrette-smoking-when-choosing-a-partner-for-a-casual-intimate-relationship
#8
Isaac Amigo Vázquez, María Álvarez Fernández, Roberto Secades-Villa
Letter to the editor.
July 13, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059591/quality-of-life-role-in-risky-alcohol-use-research-should-it-be-a-more-relevant-outcome-in-any-study
#9
Hugo López-Pelayo, Clara Oliveras, Lidia Segura, Joan Colom, Estela Díaz, Paul Wallace, Antoni Gual
Letter to the editor.
July 13, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059590/is-this-the-end-for-cronbach-s-alpha
#10
José Luis Ventura-León
Letter to the editor.
July 13, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059589/mortality-rate-in-patients-on-methadone-treatment-and-infected-with-the-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-or-the-hepatitis-c-virus
#11
Roberto Lozano, Nieves Domeque, Concepción Perálvarez, Mª Dolores Torrellas, Cielos Gonzalo
Letter to the editor.
July 13, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059583/cannabis-use-among-adolescents-risk-pattern-implications-and-possible-explanatory-variables
#12
Antonio Rial, Gregor Burkhart, Manuel Isorna, Carmen Barreiro, Jesús Varela, Sandra Golpe
In contrast to the achievements with other substances, it has not yet been possible to reduce the levels of cannabis use, the most used illegal substance among Spanish adolescents. The objective of this paper consists of updating levels of use (incorporating ages 12 and 13), estimating high-risk use and analyzing possible associated variables. For this purpose, a correlational method was used consisting of the administration of a survey to compulsory secondary school and high school students from the autonomous community of Galicia (Spain) in 2016...
July 13, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059582/cognitive-profile-of-long-term-abstinent-alcoholics-in-comparison-with-non-alcoholics
#13
Ángel Romero-Martínez, Sara Vitoria-Estruch, Luis Moya-Albiol
Scarce studies have focused on the cognitive profile of chronic alcoholic men after long-term abstinence. Thus, we examined neuropsychological differences between long-term abstinent alcoholics for an average of 3.2 years (n = 40, LTAA; age = 45.55 ± 8.99) and matched for socio-demographic variables with non-alcoholic controls (n = 39; age = 42.05 ± 11.33). To this aim, we employed a neuropsychological assessment battery covered relevant cognitive domains: IQ, memory, attention, executive functions and empathy...
July 13, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059581/gambling-motives-questionnaire-validation-in-adolescents-differences-based-on-gambling-severity-and-activities
#14
Aris Grande Gosende, Víctor Martínez Loredo, José Ramón Fernández Hermida
Self-reported reasons for gambling have been highlighted as crucial to understanding why adults develop problems with gambling. However, research on motives among adolescents remains scarce. The aim of this study is to explore the factorial structure of the Gambling Motives Questionnaire (GMQ) and to analyze differences in motives among adolescents, depending on the gambling activity and level of gambling severity. A total of 698 adolescent gamblers (M = 15.24, SD = .76) were assessed. As well as the GMQ, the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS-RA) questionnaire was used...
July 13, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059580/setting-the-stage-to-quit-smoking-in-bipolar-disorder-patients-brief-advice-in-clinical-practice
#15
Fernando Sarramea, Maria José Jaen-Moreno, Vicent Balanzá-Martínez, Maria Isabel Osuna, José Ángel Alcalá, Francisco Javier Montiel, Cristina Gómez, María Dolores Sánchez, Ana Belén Rico, Justa Redondo-Écija, Susana Gil, Francisca Valdivia, Javier Caballero-Villarraso, Luis Gutiérrez-Rojas
Tobacco consumption is the main preventable factor of mortality in smokers with bipolar disorder (BD), and any possible solutions are often blocked by prejudices over desire, and the possibilities and risks for these patients in giving up tobacco consumption. Adults with BD were recruited at 8 Mental Health Centres. Smokers were evaluated before and after a brief intervention based on the 3 A's and classified into a 'Stage of Change' (SOC) and their 'Readiness to Change' (RTC). A multiple linear regression was used to analyze the progression in their RTC and the independent effect of different variables (pharmacological treatment, history of psychotic symptoms, current anxiety symptoms, willingness, self-perceived capacity to quit smoking and subjective perception of cognitive functioning)...
July 13, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059579/the-influence-of-gender-roles-in-alcohol-consumption-a-qualitative-study-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-asturias
#16
María Aránzazu Fernández Rodríguez, Sandra Dema Moreno, Yolanda Fontanil Gómez
Despite the implementation of prevention policies aimed at addressing alcohol consumption among both adolescents and young adults, there has been a considerable increase in those who abuse alcohol in Spain over the last decade. Official surveys on this phenomenon show that both the prevalence and risky consumption of men and women are reaching similar levels, with even higher figures for these behaviours in the case of girls at the end of adolescence. The aim of this article is to understand the influence of gender roles in the consumption of alcohol among adolescents and young adults...
July 13, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059578/violence-among-illicit-drug-users-recruited-in-drug-treatment-facilities
#17
Elisabet Arribas-Ibar, Josep Maria Suelves, Albert Sanchez-Niubò, Judit Tirado-Muñoz, Antonia Domingo-Salvany, M Teresa Brugal
Illicit drug use is known to be associated with injuries resulting from violence. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of violence, for the last 12 months, in illicit drug users and study the victim-offender overlap, separately by sex. Persons using illicit drugs (502) were recruited in drug treatment facilities. Violence was assessed using four questions for victim and one for perpetrator in the last 12 months. Associations between violence and socio-demographic, substance use, crime and illegal drug market aspects were examined with Poisson regression models...
July 13, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059575/exercise-addiction-measure-through-the-exercise-addiction-inventory-eai-and-health-in-habitual-exercisers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Javier Simón Simón Grima, Nerea Estrada-Marcén, Jesús Montero-Marín
Research on physical exercise addiction is becoming more frequent due to the importance of excessive physical activity on health in general. Different studies have investigated the prevalence of risk of exercise addiction (REA) and its consequences. Furthermore, there exist a series of contradictions regarding the relationship between REA and other variables associated with physical training. One goal of this systematic review and meta-analysis consists of analysing possible differences in prevalence, age, general health (mental and physical quality of life, eating disorders) and physical training (hours/week) between groups with REA and non-addicted groups...
July 13, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059574/a-comparison-between-phase-iii-trials-and-a-phase-iv-study-of-nalmefene-in-alcohol-use-disorder-patients-is-there-a-difference
#19
Pablo Barrio Giménez, Lluisa Ortega, Josep Guardia, Carlos Roncero, Lara Yuguero, Antoni Gual
Concerns regarding the external validity of phase-III trials are common to many medical disciplines, with relevant discrepancies found between experimental and clinical samples in some diseases such as hypertension. The aim of this study was to compare the samples included in the pivotal, phase-III clinical trials of nalmefene with that of a recently conducted phase-IV trial. Baseline characteristics of the studies were compared through univariate analysis. Significant differences were found in the percentage of low-risk drinkers included...
July 13, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059573/post-truth-cannabis-use-back-to-evidence-based-medicine
#20
Hugo López Pelayo, Laia Miquel De Montagut, Cristina Casajuana Kögel, Mercè Balcells Oliveró
Editorial.
July 13, 2018: Adicciones
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