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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353303/chemsex-are-we-prepared
#1
David Redondo Domínguez, Luis Picazo, María Luisa Docavo Barrenechea-Moxo, Juan González Del Castillo
It was with great interest that we read the article published by Dolengevich-Segal (Dolengevich-Segal et al., 2017), which provides an interesting review of the emerging phenomenon known as chemsex and the different drugs used in this type of practice.We would like to highlight the importance and usefulness of this paper, given the progressive increase in the prevalence of drug use in the context of sexual activity among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Western Europe (Fernández-Dávila et al,. 2016). This situation raises the need to launch epidemiological studies to assess the phenomenon - not only, however, from the point of view of mental health, but also from the field of infectious diseases and toxicology...
April 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353302/-diazepam-loading-%C3%A2-can-a-strategy-for-preventing-alcohol-withdrawal-be-used-to-treat-benzodiazepine-use-disorder
#2
Clara Oliveras, Adriana Fortea, Laura Espinosa, Pablo Barrio, Anna Lligoña, Mercè Balcells-Olivero
Benzodiazepines (BZDs) are central nervous system (CNS) depressants which are widely used to treat insomnia and anxiety, despite having long-term adverse side effects. (Fortea González, Oriolo, Balcells Oliveró, Sánchez Del Valle & Castellvi, 2017). As with alcohol, continued use can lead to tolerance and dependence phenomena. Discontinuation in such cases can produce abstinence symptoms such as tremors, anxiety, seizures and, occasionally, death (Brett y Murnion, 2015).
April 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353291/editorial-impact-of-the-binge-drinking-bd-in-adolescence-are-we-doing-it-right-editorial-impacto-del-consumo-epis%C3%A3-dico-excesivo-de-alcohol-en-la-adolescencia-%C3%A2-lo-estamos-haciendo-bien
#3
Ana Magdalena Vargas-Martínez, Marta Trapero-Bertran, Eugenia Gil-García, Marta Lima-Serrano
Nowadays, one of the most prevalent patterns of alcohol consumption is called binge drinking (BD). In 2015, the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Drugs (ESPAD) Group estimated that about 35% of adolescents of 15-16 years old have had at least one BD occasion in the past 30 days while at national level, the series of surveys on the use of drugs in adolescents of secondary education (ESTUDES, 2014-2015) determined that 32.2% of adolescents stated having performed BD in the last month. The aim of this editorial was to update the context of adolescence drinking and analysing the impact of BD by ages, including health and social costs derived...
April 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749524/academic-outcomes-and-cognitive-performance-in-problematic-internet-users
#4
María Marín Vila, José Luis Carballo Crespo, Ainhoa Coloma Carmona
Only few studies have examined the relationship between problematic Internet use (PIU) and cognitive and academic performance in adolescents. The aim of this study was to analyze the differences in academic and cognitive performance (perception, attention, memory, verbal fluency and abstract reasoning) between adolescents with and without PIU. A total of 575 students from different high schools of the region of Alicante participated. Students were divided into two groups: adolescents with and without PIU (PIU and NPIU, respectively)...
April 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492958/psychometric-validation-of-the-posit-for-screening-alcohol-and-other-drugs-risk-consumption-among-adolescents
#5
Manuel Araujo, Sandra Golpe, Teresa Braña, Jesús Varela, Antonio Rial
Early detection of alcohol and drug abuse among adolescents is decisive not only for rapid referral and intervention in cases of risk, but also as an indicator for use in the evaluation of prevention programs and public policies to reduce consumption. One of the most widely-used screening instruments in the world is the Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers (POSIT) (Rahdert, 1991), whose substance use and abuse subscale (POSITUAS) is a brief tool of enormous applied potential. However, there is still no empirical validation study that would ensure its good psychometric performance in Spain...
April 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492956/relationship-between-the-rs1414334-c-g-polymorphism-in-the-htr2c-gene-and-smoking-in-patients-treated-with-atypical-antipsychotics
#6
José María Rico-Gomis, Antonio Palazón-Bru, Irene Triano-García, Luis Fabián Mahecha-García, Ana García-Monsalve, Andrés Navarro-Ruiz, Berta Villagordo-Peñalver, Alicia Martínez-Hortelano, Vicente Francisco Gil-Guillén
An association has been found between the C allele of the rs1414334 polymorphism in the HTR2C gene and the metabolic syndrome in psychiatric patients. However, no study has yet evaluated whether this allele is associated with smoking. To assess this issue, therefore, we performed a cross-sectional study with a sample of 166 adult patients treated with atypical antipsychotics in 2012-2013 in a region of Spain. The primary variable was the presence of the C allele of the rs1414334 polymorphism in the HTR2C gene...
April 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492950/psychoactive-constituents-of-cannabis-and-their-clinical-implications-a-systematic-review
#7
Cristina Casajuana Köguel, Hugo López-Pelayo, Mª Mercedes Balcells-Olivero, Joan Colom, Antoni Gual
Objective This systematic review aims to summarize current evidence on which naturally present cannabinoids contribute to cannabis psychoactivity, considering their reported concentrations and pharmacodynamics in humans. Design Following PRISMA guidelines, papers published before March 2016 in Medline, Scopus-Elsevier, Scopus, ISI-Web of Knowledge and COCHRANE, and fulfilling established a-priori selection criteria have been included. Results In 40 original papers, three naturally present cannabinoids (∆-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, ∆-8-Tetrahydrocannabinol and Cannabinol) and one human metabolite (11-OH-THC) had clinical relevance...
April 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749972/intangible-costs-of-alcohol-dependence-from-the-perspective-of-patients-and-their-relatives-a-contingent-valuation-study
#8
Jacinto Mosquera Nogueira, Eva Rodríguez-Míguez
Alcohol dependence causes multiple problems not only for the person suffering dependence but also for others. In this study, the contingent valuation method is proposed to measure the intangible effects of alcohol dependence from the perspective of the persons directly involved: the patients and their relatives. Interviews were conducted with 145 patients and 61 relatives. Intangible effects of alcohol dependence were determined based on willingness to pay for a hypothetical treatment for dependence, with different success scenarios (100% and 50%)...
April 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749971/remediation-therapy-in-patients-with-alcohol-use-disorders-and-neurocognitive-disorders-a-pilot-study
#9
Cindy Frías-Torres, José Moreno-España, Lluisa Ortega, Pablo Barrio, Antoni Gual, Lídia Teixidor López
Many alcohol-dependent patients suffer from cognitive impairment of variable severity, manifested by alterations in retrograde and anterograde memory, visuospatial processing, cognitive abilities and attention, some of which are reversible. In this context, cognitive remediation therapies could significantly improve patients' performance; therefore, these are considered a valuable alternative. The aim of this study was to implement cognitive remediation therapy in patients with alcohol dependence and cognitive impairment and evaluate its viability and effectiveness...
April 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672774/overdose-epidemic-linked-to-the-prescription-of-opioid-analgesics-in-the-united-states
#10
Josep Guardia Serecigni
Editorial.
April 5, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353301/the-efficacy-of-motivational-intervention-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-pathological-gambling
#11
Anna Garcia-Caballero, Marina Torrens-Lluch, Isabel Ramírez-Gendrau, Gemma Garrido, Vicenç Vallès, Núria Aragay
The aim of the current study is to determine the effectiveness of an individual psychological intervention based on the motivational interview and cognitive-behavioral therapy for the treatment of pathological gambling. A sample of 18 participants, diagnosed of pathological gambling and without any other associated comorbidity, were assessed, attended at the publicly-funded Gambling and Behavioral Addictions Unit (Consorci Sanitari de Terrassa). Median age was 46 years (SD = 12). All the patients achieved abstinence and completed follow-up...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353300/empirical-validation-of-the-crafft-abuse-screening-test-in-a-spanish-sample
#12
Antonio Rial, Sion Kim-Harris, John R Knight, Manuel Araujo, Patricia Gómez, Teresa Braña, Jesús Varela, Sandra Golpe
The CRAFFT Substance Abuse Screening Instrument, developed by the Center for Adolescents Substance Abuse Research (CeASAR) (Knight et al., 1999), is a screening tool for high-risk alcohol and drug risk consumption designed for use with adolescents. Since its publication it has been the subject of translations and validations in different countries, populations and contexts that have demonstrated its enormous potential. However, there is still no empirical validation study that would ensure its good psychometric performance in Spain...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353299/creation-of-the-txp-parenting-questionnaire-and-study-of-its-psychometric-properties
#13
Ana Benito, Gema Calvo, Matías Real-López, María José Gallego, Sonia Francés, Ángel Turbi, Gonzalo Haro
Parenting is linked to conduct disorders (CD) and substance related disorders (SRD) in adolescents, but with differences according to cultural context. A questionnaire with two versions (parenting questionnaire TXP-A for adolescents and TXP-C  for primary caregivers) was designed using the Delphi method to evaluate parenting practices related to CD and SRD in a Spanish population. It was validated in a community sample of 631 adolescents aged between 14 and 16 and their caregivers. Results suggest a 29-item TXP-A questionnaire with bifactorial structure: affection-communication and control-structure, with high internal (Cronbach’s alpha=0...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353298/development-and-validation-of-the-marijuana-motives-measure-short-form
#14
Laura Mezquita, Lucía Ruiz-Valero, Naiara Martínez-Gómez, Manuel I Ibáñez, Generós Ortet
Marijuana motives are a proximal variable to marijuana use. This research aimed to adapt and validate the short form of the Marijuana Motives Measure (MMM; Simons, Correia, Carey, y Borsari, 1998), the MMM SF, in Spanish.  The sample comprised 232 participants (mean age = 25.11 (7.58), 50.43% males) who had tried marijuana at least once in their lifetime. Item and Rasch analyses were performed to choose the final pool of 15 items. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) showed an adequate 5-factor structure (S-BX2(80) = 121...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353297/individual-and-contextual-factors-related-to-binge-drinking-among-adolescents-in-spain-a-multilevel-approach
#15
Ester Teixidó-Compañó, Luis Sordo, Marina Bosque-Prous, Susanna Puigcorbé, Gregorio Barrio, M Teresa Brugal, María José J Belza, Albert Espelt
The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of binge drinking by regions in Spain and assess the effect of individual and contextual factors related to this drinking pattern in adolescents. A cross-sectional study was performed with data from the 2014 Spanish School Survey on Drug Use (ESTUDES) in students aged 14-18 years (N = 34,259). The outcome was binge drinking in adolescents during the last 30 days. Individual independent variables were socioeconomic variables and variables related to access to alcohol and its availability...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353296/the-urban-environment-of-alcohol-a-study-on-the-availability-promotion-and-visibility-of-its-use-in-the-neighborhoods-of-barcelona
#16
Joan R Villalbí, Albert Espelt, Xisca Sureda, Marina Bosque-Prous, Ester Teixidó-Compañó, Susanna Puigcorbé, Manuel Franco, M Teresa Brugal
INTRODUCTION: This paper describes the presence of alcohol in the public space, assessing establishments that offer it, its advertising, and signs of consumption, as factors that may influence its consumption. METHOD: Descriptive observational study based on cluster sampling with two-step selection. Results are described, and the spatial association between variables is assessed. RESULTS: In the 20 census tracts studied, 306 premises were identified that offered alcoholic beverages: 204 were on-premises and 102 were off-premises, mainly supermarkets and food retail stores...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353295/spanish-version-validation-of-the-marihuana-motives-measure-in-a-drug-consuming-adolescent-sample
#17
Josep Matali Costa, J Simons, M Pardo, M Lleras, A Pérez, O Andión
INTRODUCTION: Cannabis is the illicit drug mostly widely consumed by adolescents in Spain. The understanding of consumption motives is an important factor for intervention. In Spain, there are no available instruments for their evaluation, hence, the goal of this paper is to study the psychometric properties of the Marihuana Motives Measure (MMM) in a sample of adolescent consumers. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Firstly, translation and back-translation was performed. A total of 228 adolescent consumers of cannabis were evaluated...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353294/development-and-validation-of-the-alcohol-expectancy-questionnaire-short-form-eq-sf
#18
Laura Mezquita, Laura Camacho, Carlos Suso-Ribera, Generós Ortet, Manuel I Ibáñez
Alcohol expectancies are proximal variables to alcohol use and misuse. In recent decades, different measures have been developed to assess this construct. One of the most frequently used and recommended instruments is the Expectancy Questionnaire (EQ; Leigh y Stacy, 1993). Our aim is to develop a short version of the EQ (EQ-SF) for suitable use in time-limited administrations. Two samples, adolescents (N = 514, 57.20% females) and adults (N = 548, 61.50% females), completed the EQ together with alcohol-use measures...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353293/alcohol-tobacco-and-cannabis-consumption-in-adolescents-from-a-multicultural-population-burela-lugo
#19
Ainara Díaz Geada, Alicia Busto Miramontes, Francisco Caamaño Isorna
Social inequalities have been associated with morbidity and mortality. Gender, ethnic group and inequalities were studied in an adolescent population to analyze alcohol, tobacco and cannabis consumption. We carried out a cross-sectional study of pupils from high schools in Burela (northern Spain) (n=238). We used the "Factors de Risc en Estudiants de Secundária" questionnaire designed by Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: nationality and weekly pocket money...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353292/harm-reduction-program-use-psychopathology-and-medical-severity-in-patients-with-methadone-maintenance-treatment
#20
Nieves Gudelia Martínez-Luna, Laia Rodríguez-Cintas, Abderraman Esojo, Raúl Felipe Palma-Álvarez, María Robles-Martínez, Lara Grau-López, Marta Perea, Carlos Roncero
Methadone maintenance programs (MMP) for opioid dependence treatment have been widely used due to their effective therapeutic outcomes. Harm reduction programs (HRP) are complementary programs for severe patients with high risk behaviors and when abstinence is not possible. This study aims to compare patients in MMP that use HRP (MMP-HRP) and patients in MMP who do not use HRP (MMP-NO HRP). The sample was composed of 143 patients (MMP-HRP = 42 vs. MMP-NO HRP = 101). An additional subanalysis was performed with patients under 45 years of age (n = 116; MMP-HRP = 38 vs...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
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