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British Journal of Health Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635083/clinically-distinct-trajectories-of-fatigue-and-their-longitudinal-relationship-with-the-disturbance-of-personal-goals-following-a-cancer-diagnosis
#1
Fabiola Müller, Marrit A Tuinman, Moniek Janse, Josué Almansa, Mirjam A G Sprangers, Ans Smink, Adelita V Ranchor, Joke Fleer, Mariët Hagedoorn
OBJECTIVES: Most studies on fatigue in patients with cancer aggregate its prevalence and severity on a group level, ignoring the possibility that subgroups of patients may differ widely in their development of fatigue. This study aimed to identify subgroups of patients with clinically distinct trajectories of fatigue from diagnosis to 18 months post-diagnosis. As fatigue might trigger goal disturbance, the study also identified trajectories of concrete and abstract goal disturbance and longitudinally examined their co-occurrence with fatigue...
June 21, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628740/stuck-in-the-spin-cycle-avoidance-and-intrusions-following-breast-cancer-diagnosis
#2
Margaret R Bauer, Joshua F Wiley, Karen L Weihs, Annette L Stanton
OBJECTIVES: Theories and research regarding cognitive and emotional processing during the experience of profound stressors suggest that the presence of intrusive thoughts and feelings predicts greater use of avoidance and that the use of avoidance paradoxically predicts more intrusions. However, empirical investigations of their purported bidirectional relationship are limited. DESIGN: This study presents a longitudinal investigation of the reciprocal relationship between intrusions and avoidance coping over a 6-month period in the year following breast cancer diagnosis...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628736/-it-s-definitely-not-alzheimer-s-perceived-benefits-and-drawbacks-of-a-mild-cognitive-impairment-diagnosis
#3
Tim Gomersall, Sarah Kate Smith, Charlotte Blewett, Arlene Astell
OBJECTIVES: To understand the perceived benefits and drawbacks of a mild cognitive impairment (MCI) diagnosis from the perspective of those living with the label. METHODS: Participants were included if they had recently (within 6 months) received a MCI diagnosis. We also recruited close family members to gain their perspectives. Each was interviewed separately with a semi-structured topic guide covering three areas: (1) experience of cognitive impairments and changes in the individual; (2) impact of cognitive impairment(s) on daily activities and social relationships; and (3) experience of the diagnosis process and living with the label...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573818/the-journey-between-brain-and-gut-a-systematic-review-of-psychological-mechanisms-of-treatment-effect-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#4
Sula Windgassen, Rona Moss-Morris, Joseph Chilcot, Alice Sibelli, Kimberley Goldsmith, Trudie Chalder
PURPOSE: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder characterized by abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. It is estimated to affect 10-22% of the UK population. The use of psychological interventions in IBS is increasingly empirically supported, but little is known about the mechanism of psychological treatment approaches. The present systematic review aimed to investigate the mechanisms of psychological treatment approaches applied to IBS. METHODS: The systematic review included studies conducting mediation analysis in the context of psychological interventions for IBS, focusing on the outcomes of symptom severity and/or quality of life (QoL)...
June 1, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556481/if-you-needed-an-organ-transplant-would-you-have-one-the-effect-of-reciprocity-priming-and-mode-of-delivery-on-organ-donor-registration-intentions-and-behaviour
#5
Ronan E O'Carroll, Lorna Haddow, Laura Foley, Jody Quigley
OBJECTIVE: There are approximately 6,500 people on the UK national transplant waiting list, around 400 of whom die every year. Only 35% of the UK population are currently on the organ donation register. We report two studies examining whether a reciprocity prime, in which participants were asked whether they would accept a donated organ, increased organ donation intentions and behaviour. DESIGN: Between-participants, randomized controlled design. METHODS: In two studies, participants who were not currently registered organ donors took part either face-to-face or online and were randomly allocated to a reciprocity prime or control condition...
May 26, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547837/does-body-image-influence-the-relationship-between-body-weight-and-breastfeeding-maintenance-in-new-mothers
#6
Vivien Swanson, Alice Keely, Fiona C Denison
OBJECTIVES: Obese women have lower breastfeeding initiation and maintenance rates than healthy weight women. Research generally focuses on biomedical explanations for this. Psychosocial factors including body image and well-being after childbirth are less well understood as predictors of breastfeeding. In obese and healthy weight women, we investigated changes in body image between 72 hrs post-delivery and 6-8 weeks post-natal, studying how women's body image related to breastfeeding initiation and maintenance...
May 26, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544174/a-qualitative-study-of-younger-men-s-experience-of-heart-attack-myocardial-infarction
#7
Christopher J Merritt, Nicole de Zoysa, Jane M Hutton
OBJECTIVES: The effects of heart attack, or myocardial infarction (MI), across psychosocial domains may be particularly acute in younger adults, for whom serious health events are non-normative. MI morbidity is declining in Western countries, but in England MI numbers have plateaued for the under-45 cohort, where approximately 90% of patients are male. Qualitative research on younger adults' experience of MI is limited, and no study has sampled exclusively under-45s. This study aimed to understand how a sample of men under 45 adjusted to and made sense of MI...
May 24, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544504/the-impact-of-telephone-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-and-befriending-on-mood-disorders-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Colleen Doyle, Sunil Bhar, Marcia Fearn, David Ames, Debra Osborne, Emily You, Alex Gorelik, David Dunt
OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of this pragmatic randomized controlled trial were to investigate the impact of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) and an active social control (befriending) on depression and anxiety symptoms in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Eligible participants were randomly allocated to receive eight weekly telephone interventions of CBT (n = 54) or befriending (n = 56). Repeated-measures ANOVA was used to assess changes in scores and Cohen's d was used to assess effect sizes...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544010/goal-disturbance-changes-pre-post-renal-transplantation-are-related-to-changes-in-distress
#9
Alicia M de Vries, Torben Schulz, Ralf Westerhuis, Gerjan J Navis, Jan Niesing, Adelita V Ranchor, Maya J Schroevers
OBJECTIVE: Renal transplantation (RTx) is considered the treatment of choice for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) given its association with lower mortality, and improved overall quality of life and psychological functioning compared to dialysis. However, much less is known about which factors underlie these psychological improvements across RTx. Goal theory suggests that experienced disturbances in important goals are related to lower psychological functioning. This study aimed to (1) identify the most disturbed and most important goals for patients before RTx, (2) to examine changes in goal disturbance and goal importance pre/post-RTx, and (3) to examine whether changes in goal disturbance are associated with changes in psychological distress over time, and whether this relationship is mediated by changes in perceived control...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485483/preliminary-support-for-a-brief-psychological-intervention-to-improve-first-time-hearing-aid-use-among-adults
#10
Christopher J Armitage, Deborah Lees, Kathryn Lewis, Kevin J Munro
OBJECTIVES: Suboptimal hearing aid use extorts significant social, health, and economic costs. The aims of this study were to (1) test the novel hypothesis that the threat associated with being diagnosed with hearing loss could be ameliorated with a self-affirmation manipulation and (2) gauge the feasibility of deploying the manipulation in routine clinical practice. DESIGN: Parallel groups randomized controlled trial with 10-week follow-up. METHOD: Fifty people, newly prescribed with a hearing aid, completed either a questionnaire that included a brief self-affirming exercise or an identical questionnaire with no self-affirming exercise...
May 9, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474774/trajectories-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-liver-transplant-candidates-during-the-waiting-list-period
#11
Coby Annema, Petrie F Roodbol, Edwin R Van den Heuvel, Herold J Metselaar, Bart Van Hoek, Robert J Porte, Adelita V Ranchor
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether distinct trajectories of anxiety and depression exist among liver transplant candidates, and to gain insight into demographic, clinical, and individual characteristics related with these trajectories. DESIGN: A multicentre, prospective cohort study among 216 liver transplant candidates. Respondents filled out a questionnaire at study entrance and subsequently every 6 months until transplantation or removal from the waiting list. METHODS: Anxiety (STAI6), depression (CES-D), demographic, and individual variables were assessed by questionnaire...
May 5, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452399/does-the-ability-to-express-different-emotions-predict-different-indices-of-physical-health-a-skill-based-study-of-physical-symptoms-and-heart-rate-variability
#12
Natalie L Tuck, Kathryn S Adams, Nathan S Consedine
OBJECTIVES: The outward expression of emotion has been frequently associated with better health outcomes, whereas suppressing emotion is thought to contribute to worse physical health. However, work has typically focused on trait expressive tendencies and the possibility that individual differences in the ability to express specific emotions may also be associated with health has not been widely tested. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of community dwelling adults...
April 28, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422369/what-impact-do-questionnaire-length-and-monetary-incentives-have-on-mailed-health-psychology-survey-response
#13
Kathryn A Robb, Lauren Gatting, Jane Wardle
OBJECTIVES: Response rates to health-related surveys are declining. This study tested two strategies to improve the response rate to a health psychology survey mailed through English general practices: (1) sending a shortened questionnaire and (2) offering a monetary incentive to return a completed questionnaire. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Adults (n = 4,241) aged 45-59 years, from four General Practices in South-East England, were mailed a survey on attitudes towards bowel cancer screening...
April 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419714/young-people-s-beliefs-about-the-risk-of-bowel-cancer-and-its-link-with-physical-activity
#14
Katie V Newby, Chloe Cook, Susanne F Meisel, Thomas L Webb, Bernadette Fisher, Abi Fisher
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to explore young people's risk appraisals of bowel cancer, including whether they had a coherent understanding of the protective effects of physical activity (PA). A secondary objective was to examine whether the illness risk representations (IRRs) framework could be used to understand beliefs underlying bowel cancer risk appraisals. DESIGN: Qualitative. METHODS: Framework analysis of semi-structured interviews with 19 people aged 14-17 years...
April 17, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374463/the-role-of-habit-in-different-phases-of-exercise
#15
Navin Kaushal, Ryan E Rhodes, John T Meldrum, John C Spence
OBJECTIVES: The primary purpose of this study was to investigate how habit strength in a preparatory and performance phase predicts exercise while accounting for intention. The secondary purpose was to determine the strength of potential habit antecedents (affective judgement, perceived behavioural control, consistency, and cues) in both exercise phases. DESIGN: This was a prospective study with measures collected at baseline and week 6. METHODS: Participants (n = 181) were a sample of adults (18-65) recruited across nine gyms and recreation centres who completed baseline and follow-up questionnaires after 6 weeks...
April 3, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374448/-i-call-it-stinkin-thinkin-a-qualitative-analysis-of-metacognition-in-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-and-elevated-catastrophizing
#16
Robert Schütze, Clare Rees, Helen Slater, Anne Smith, Peter O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: Pain catastrophizing is widely studied in quantitative pain research because of its strong link with poor pain outcomes, although the exact nature of this construct remains unclear. Focusing on its ruminative dimension, the present qualitative study aimed to explore a nascent aspect of pain catastrophizing - metacognition - by documenting people's attitudes towards rumination and examining how these metacognitions might influence the course it takes. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study...
April 3, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349621/-it-feels-sometimes-like-my-house-has-burnt-down-but-i-can-see-the-sky-a-qualitative-study-exploring-patients-views-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#17
Federica Picariello, Sheila Ali, Caroline Foubister, Trudie Chalder
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is currently a first-line treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Even though the results from trials are promising, there is variability in patient outcomes. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of patients with CFS who undertook CBT at a specialist service for CFS. DESIGN: This was a qualitative study. METHODS: Thirteen patients with CFS, approaching the end of CBT, participated in semi-structured interviews...
March 28, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345258/locus-of-control-and-frequency-of-physician-visits-results-of-a-population-based-longitudinal-study-in-germany
#18
André Hajek, Hans-Helmut König
OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of internal and external locus of control (LOC) in the frequency of physician visits longitudinally. DESIGN: A nationally representative, longitudinal cohort study of German households. Data were used from the years 2005 and 2010. METHODS: Data were gathered from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP). The ten internal and external LOC items in the SOEP are based on a scale by Krampen. The number of physician visits in the last 3 months was used as outcome variable...
March 27, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370907/significant-effects-a-personal-perspective-on-how-health-psychologists-can-influence-policy-and-practice
#19
EDITORIAL
Robert West
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271592/what-do-demand-control-and-effort-reward-work-stress-questionnaires-really-measure-a-discriminant-content-validity-study-of-relevance-and-representativeness-of-measures
#20
Cheryl Bell, Derek Johnston, Julia Allan, Beth Pollard, Marie Johnston
OBJECTIVES: The Demand-Control (DC) and Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models predict health in a work context. Self-report measures of the four key constructs (demand, control, effort, and reward) have been developed and it is important that these measures have good content validity uncontaminated by content from other constructs. We assessed relevance (whether items reflect the constructs) and representativeness (whether all aspects of the construct are assessed, and all items contribute to that assessment) across the instruments and items...
May 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
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