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British Journal of Health Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770553/pilot-randomized-trial-of-a-volitional-help-sheet-based-tool-to-increase-leisure-time-physical-activity-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#1
Janine Chapman, Chloe Fletcher, Ingrid Flight, Carlene Wilson
OBJECTIVES: To develop and test a volitional help sheet-based tool to improve physical activity in breast cancer survivors compared to a standard self-generated implementation intention intervention. DESIGN: Pilot randomized trial conducted online over 3 months. METHODS: Participants were randomized to an online volitional help sheet (n = 50) or implementation intention (n = 51) intervention. Measures were taken at baseline, 1 and 3 months...
May 16, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766615/barriers-and-facilitators-to-smoking-cessation-in-pregnancy-and-in-the-post-partum-period-the-health-care-professionals-perspective
#2
Felix Naughton, Sarah Hopewell, Lesley Sinclair, Dorothy McCaughan, Jennifer McKell, Linda Bauld
OBJECTIVES: Health care professionals and the health care environment play a central role in protecting pregnant and post-partum women and their infants from smoking-related harms. This study aimed to better understand the health professional's perspective on how interactions between women, health care professionals, and the environment influence how smoking is managed. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews and focus groups. METHODS: Data were from 48 health care staff involved in antenatal or post-partum care at two UK sites, including midwives, obstetricians, health visitors, GPs, pharmacists, service commissioners, and Stop Smoking Service (SSS) advisors and managers...
May 15, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761636/physical-activity-and-parents-of-very-young-children-the-role-of-beliefs-and-social-cognitive-factors
#3
Eloise Cowie, Katherine White, Kyra Hamilton
OBJECTIVES: Despite the unequivocal benefits of regular physical activity, many parents engage in lower levels of physical activity (PA) following the birth of a child. Drawing on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) and health action process approach (HAPA), an integrative model was developed to examine variables predicting PA in parents of very young children. In addition, key beliefs related to PA intentions and behaviour among parents of very young children were investigated. DESIGN: A prospective-correlational design with two waves of data collection, spaced one week apart, was adopted...
May 14, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756255/comparative-optimism-in-older-adults-future-health-expectations
#4
Karen Vanderzanden, Joelle C Ruthig
OBJECTIVES: Despite a common belief that health declines with age, many older adults remain optimistic about their future health. However, the longitudinal impact of personal and comparatively optimistic future health estimates (FHEs) is unclear. METHOD: Among 408 older adults (Mage  = 70.32 years), this study identified the prevalence, source, and two-year stability of comparatively optimistic FHEs; examined demographic, psychosocial, and health correlates of comparative FHEs; and assessed the role of comparative FHEs in predicting eight-year survival odds...
May 13, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700900/barriers-and-facilitators-to-health-care-professionals-discussing-child-weight-with-parents-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#5
Daisy Bradbury, Anna Chisholm, Paula M Watson, Christine Bundy, Nicola Bradbury, Sarah Birtwistle
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is one of the most serious global public health challenges. However, obesity and its consequences are largely preventable. As parents play an important role in their children's weight-related behaviours, good communication between parents and health care professionals (HCPs) is essential. This systematic review provides a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies exploring the barriers and facilitators experienced by HCPs when discussing child weight with parents...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635864/using-efficacy-cues-in-persuasive-health-communication-is-more-effective-than-employing-threats-an-experimental-study-of-a-vaccination-intervention-against-ebola
#6
Alexander Ort, Andreas Fahr
OBJECTIVES: Although much effort has been made to study fear appeals in persuasive health communication, there is still mixed support for the effectiveness of this approach. Therefore, this research investigated the effect of invoked fear via health communication messages on crucial components of the Extended Parallel Process Model (EPPM) by focusing on the rarely examined interaction between perceptions of threat and efficacy and their effects on fear control and danger control processes as well as health-relevant outcomes...
April 10, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602197/couples-coping-with-sensory-loss-a-dyadic-study-of-the-roles-of-self-and-perceived-partner-acceptance
#7
Christine M Lehane, Tine Nielsen, Walter Wittich, Shelby Langer, Jesper Dammeyer
OBJECTIVES: Hearing-, vision-, and dual-sensory loss have been linked to relational and psychological distress among adults with sensory loss (AWSLs) and their spouses. Regardless, research on factors associated with couples' adjustment is lacking. This study examined the stability and strength of associations between self-acceptance of sensory loss, perceived partner acceptance of sensory loss, and relationship satisfaction and psychological distress among AWSLs and their spouses over time...
March 30, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575484/shared-decision-making-in-tinnitus-care-an-exploration-of-clinical-encounters
#8
Helen Pryce, Amanda Hall, Elizabeth Marks, Beth-Anne Culhane, Sarah Swift, Jean Straus, Rachel L Shaw
OBJECTIVES: This study examined clinical encounters between clinicians and patients to determine current practice for the diagnosis and treatment of tinnitus. The objective was to develop an understanding of the ideal clinical encounter that would facilitate genuine shared decision-making. DESIGN: Video ethnography was used to examine clinical encounters for the diagnosis and treatment of tinnitus. METHODS: Clinical encounters were video-recorded...
March 25, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573051/altered-attentional-control-linked-to-catastrophizing-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#9
Julia F Henrich, Maryanne Martin
OBJECTIVES: Our study aimed to investigate differences in attentional control between patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and healthy participants and to examine the link between attentional control and IBS catastrophizing. Previous research has shown that patients with chronic functional illnesses have lower levels of attentional control. However, no previous study has found altered attentional control in patients with IBS or directly investigated the link between attentional control and catastrophizing...
March 23, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520947/inter-relations-among-negative-social-control-self-efficacy-and-physical-activity-in-healthy-couples
#10
Diana Hilda Hohl, Janina Lüscher, Jan Keller, Silke Heuse, Urte Scholz, Aleksandra Luszczynska, Nina Knoll
OBJECTIVES: In romantic relationships, partners can influence each other's health-relevant behaviour by exerting negative social control (e.g., pressuring), however, with mixed success. To elucidate this phenomenon, we examined couples motivated to increase their physical activity and investigated the degree to which both partners exerted negative control on each other, their self-efficacy, reciprocal associations among the two behaviour-specific constructs, and their relationship with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...
March 8, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520897/what-do-self-efficacy-items-measure-examining-the-discriminant-content-validity-of-self-efficacy-items
#11
Alison M G Burrell, Julia L Allan, David M Williams, Marie Johnston
OBJECTIVES: Self-efficacy - an individual's judgement of their ability to successfully perform a behaviour - is commonly used to explain and predict behaviour. It is measured through self-report questionnaires. These scales require good content validity, that is must measure the full scope and content of the construct without contamination from similar constructs. This study uses a systematic, transparent quantitative method (discriminant content validation, DCV) to assess the content validity of a variety of self-efficacy items and qualitatively explores participant interpretations of these items...
March 8, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508505/how-an-ordeal-becomes-the-norm-a-qualitative-exploration-of-experiences-of-self-cannulation-in-male-home-haemodialysis-patients
#12
Currie Moore, Rabiya Majeed-Ariss, Anuradha Jayanti, Sandip Mitra, Suzanne Skevington, Alison Wearden
OBJECTIVES: Despite home haemodialysis (HHD) being associated with significant health and psychosocial benefits, it remains an under-utilized dialysis modality for people with chronic kidney disease. Self-cannulation, where patients insert their own needles for dialysis, is a key component of HHD. Recent research suggests that the prospect of self-cannulation is a barrier for patients, but there is little research which examines why this is the case. The aim of this study was to explore male HHD patients' experiences and attitudes towards self-cannulation...
March 6, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508539/desperately-seeking-a-cure-treatment-seeking-and-appraisal-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#13
J Matthew Harvey, Alice Sibelli, Trudie Chalder, Hazel Everitt, Rona Moss-Morris, Felicity L Bishop
OBJECTIVES: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is common and adversely affects patients' quality of life. Multiple potential treatment options exist for patients (and clinicians) to choose from, with limited evidence to inform treatment selection. The aim was to explore how patients with IBS go about seeking and appraising different treatment modalities, with a view to elucidating the psychological processes involved and identifying opportunities to improve clinical practice. DESIGN: Qualitative study nested within a randomized controlled trial of therapist-delivered and web-based cognitive behavioural therapy versus treatment-as-usual for IBS...
March 5, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498475/-it-s-a-silver-lining-a-template-analysis-of-satisfaction-and-quality-of-life-following-post-mastectomy-breast-reconstruction
#14
Hannah Matthews, Andrew Turner, Iain Williamson, Wendy Clyne
OBJECTIVE: In the United Kingdom, the number of women undergoing post-mastectomy breast reconstruction is increasing. Consequently, exploring patient-reported outcomes in breast surgery has become increasingly important. This study investigated satisfaction and quality of life following post-mastectomy breast reconstruction. DESIGN: Qualitative research design. METHODS: In-depth, semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 25 women (age, M = 53...
May 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484796/maternal-perceptions-of-advice-on-sleep-in-young-children-how-what-and-when
#15
Rosalind E M Hatton, Maria Gardani
OBJECTIVES: Parental knowledge on sleep hygiene in children may be a contributing factor for sleep difficulties in preschoolers. As sleep is crucial for healthy development, it is important to understand how parental knowledge can be improved. The aim of this qualitative study was to develop an understanding of advice available in the United Kingdom (UK) on sleep in young children. DESIGN: This study employed constructivist grounded theory methodology. METHODS: Participants were recruited via social media and a previously constructed participant database...
May 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457326/associations-between-adolescent-risk-for-restrictive-disordered-eating-and-long-term-outcomes-related-to-somatic-symptoms-body-mass-index-and-poor-well-being
#16
Evelina Landstedt, Anne Hammarström, A Kate Fairweather-Schmidt, Tracey Wade
OBJECTIVE: To date, no longitudinal, community-based studies have examined the association between disordered eating emerging in adolescence and long-term physical well-being. This study sought to explore the longitudinal associations between risk for restrictive disordered eating (DE-R; those not presenting with binge-purge symptoms) in adolescence and trajectories of functional somatic symptoms (FSS) and body mass index (BMI), and several indicators of poor physical well-being across early- to mid-adulthood, including medication, number of doctor visits, and sick leave...
May 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405507/medicine-related-beliefs-predict-attribution-of-symptoms-to-a-sham-medicine-a-prospective-study
#17
Rebecca K Webster, John Weinman, G James Rubin
OBJECTIVES: To investigate a range of possible predictors of nocebo responses to medicines. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: In total, 203 healthy adult volunteers completed measures concerning demographics, psychological factors, medicine-related beliefs, baseline symptoms, and symptom expectations before taking a sham pill, described as 'a well-known tablet available without prescription' that was known to be associated with several side effects...
May 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393593/don-t-know-responses-to-cognitive-and-affective-risk-perception-measures-exploring-prevalence-and-socio-demographic-moderators
#18
Eva Janssen, Philippe Verduyn, Erika A Waters
OBJECTIVES: Many people report uncertainty when appraising their risk of cancer and other diseases, but prior research about the topic has focused solely on cognitive risk perceptions. We investigated uncertainty related to cognitive and affective risk questions. We also explored whether any differences in uncertainty between cognitive and affective questions varied in magnitude by item-specific or socio-demographic characteristics. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data collected for a 2 × 2 × 3 full-factorial risk communication experiment (N = 835) that was embedded within an online survey...
May 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388364/education-based-disparities-in-knowledge-of-novel-health-risks-the-case-of-knowledge-gaps-in-hiv-risk-perceptions
#19
Marc T Kiviniemi, Heather Orom, Erika A Waters, Megan McKillip, Jennifer L Hay
OBJECTIVE: Risk perception is a key determinant of preventive health behaviour, but when asked, some individuals indicate they do not know their health risk. Low education is associated with both lack of knowledge about health risk and with the persistence and exacerbation of gaps in knowledge about health issues. This study uses the context of an emerging infectious disease threat to explore the hypothesis that the education-don't know risk relation results from differences in knowledge about the health issue of interest...
May 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356226/-i-know-i-m-not-invincible-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-thyroid-cancer-in-young-people
#20
Stephanie Smith, Virginia Eatough, James Smith, Radu Mihai, Andrew Weaver, Gregory P Sadler
OBJECTIVE: Thyroid cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting young people and carries an excellent prognosis. Little is known about the psychosocial issues that face young people diagnosed with a treatable cancer. This study explored how young people experienced diagnosis, treatment, and how they made sense of an experience which challenged their views on what it means to have cancer. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight young people diagnosed with either papillary or follicular thyroid cancer, and analysed with interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA)...
May 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
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