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British Journal of Health Psychology

Diana Hilda Hohl, Janina Lüscher, Jan Keller, Silke Heuse, Urte Scholz, Aleksandra Luszczynska, Nina Knoll
OBJECTIVES: In romantic relationships, partners can influence each other's health-relevant behaviour by exerting negative social control (e.g., pressuring), however, with mixed success. To elucidate this phenomenon, we examined couples motivated to increase their physical activity and investigated the degree to which both partners exerted negative control on each other, their self-efficacy, reciprocal associations among the two behaviour-specific constructs, and their relationship with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...
March 8, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Alison M G Burrell, Julia L Allan, David M Williams, Marie Johnston
OBJECTIVES: Self-efficacy - an individual's judgement of their ability to successfully perform a behaviour - is commonly used to explain and predict behaviour. It is measured through self-report questionnaires. These scales require good content validity, that is must measure the full scope and content of the construct without contamination from similar constructs. This study uses a systematic, transparent quantitative method (discriminant content validation, DCV) to assess the content validity of a variety of self-efficacy items and qualitatively explores participant interpretations of these items...
March 8, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Currie Moore, Rabiya Majeed-Ariss, Anuradha Jayanti, Sandip Mitra, Suzanne Skevington, Alison Wearden
OBJECTIVES: Despite home haemodialysis (HHD) being associated with significant health and psychosocial benefits, it remains an under-utilized dialysis modality for people with chronic kidney disease. Self-cannulation, where patients insert their own needles for dialysis, is a key component of HHD. Recent research suggests that the prospect of self-cannulation is a barrier for patients, but there is little research which examines why this is the case. The aim of this study was to explore male HHD patients' experiences and attitudes towards self-cannulation...
March 6, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
J Matthew Harvey, Alice Sibelli, Trudie Chalder, Hazel Everitt, Rona Moss-Morris, Felicity L Bishop
OBJECTIVES: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is common and adversely affects patients' quality of life. Multiple potential treatment options exist for patients (and clinicians) to choose from, with limited evidence to inform treatment selection. The aim was to explore how patients with IBS go about seeking and appraising different treatment modalities, with a view to elucidating the psychological processes involved and identifying opportunities to improve clinical practice. DESIGN: Qualitative study nested within a randomized controlled trial of therapist-delivered and web-based cognitive behavioural therapy versus treatment-as-usual for IBS...
March 5, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Hannah Matthews, Andrew Turner, Iain Williamson, Wendy Clyne
OBJECTIVE: In the United Kingdom, the number of women undergoing post-mastectomy breast reconstruction is increasing. Consequently, exploring patient-reported outcomes in breast surgery has become increasingly important. This study investigated satisfaction and quality of life following post-mastectomy breast reconstruction. DESIGN: Qualitative research design. METHODS: In-depth, semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 25 women (age, M = 53...
March 2, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Rosalind E M Hatton, Maria Gardani
OBJECTIVES: Parental knowledge on sleep hygiene in children may be a contributing factor for sleep difficulties in preschoolers. As sleep is crucial for healthy development, it is important to understand how parental knowledge can be improved. The aim of this qualitative study was to develop an understanding of advice available in the United Kingdom (UK) on sleep in young children. DESIGN: This study employed constructivist grounded theory methodology. METHODS: Participants were recruited via social media and a previously constructed participant database...
February 27, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Michéle A Janse Van Vuuren, Esben Strodl, Katherine M White, Philip D Lockie
OBJECTIVES: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) incidence has increased worldwide. However, a proportion of patients achieve inadequate weight loss and some experience weight regain. Little is known of the influence of eating beliefs and behaviours in response to cravings on early weight loss trajectory. This study aimed to identify the post-surgery eating cravings that predicted patients not achieving excess weight loss outcome (EWL) at 6-8 months post-LSG. DESIGN: A total of 106 (80...
February 24, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Evelina Landstedt, Anne Hammarström, A Kate Fairweather-Schmidt, Tracey Wade
OBJECTIVE: To date, no longitudinal, community-based studies have examined the association between disordered eating emerging in adolescence and long-term physical well-being. This study sought to explore the longitudinal associations between risk for restrictive disordered eating (DE-R; those not presenting with binge-purge symptoms) in adolescence and trajectories of functional somatic symptoms (FSS) and body mass index (BMI), and several indicators of poor physical well-being across early- to mid-adulthood, including medication, number of doctor visits, and sick leave...
February 18, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Mandeep Sekhon, Martin Cartwright, Jill J Francis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Rebecca K Webster, John Weinman, G James Rubin
OBJECTIVES: To investigate a range of possible predictors of nocebo responses to medicines. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: In total, 203 healthy adult volunteers completed measures concerning demographics, psychological factors, medicine-related beliefs, baseline symptoms, and symptom expectations before taking a sham pill, described as 'a well-known tablet available without prescription' that was known to be associated with several side effects...
February 5, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Eva Janssen, Philippe Verduyn, Erika A Waters
OBJECTIVES: Many people report uncertainty when appraising their risk of cancer and other diseases, but prior research about the topic has focused solely on cognitive risk perceptions. We investigated uncertainty related to cognitive and affective risk questions. We also explored whether any differences in uncertainty between cognitive and affective questions varied in magnitude by item-specific or socio-demographic characteristics. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data collected for a 2 × 2 × 3 full-factorial risk communication experiment (N = 835) that was embedded within an online survey...
February 2, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Marc T Kiviniemi, Heather Orom, Erika A Waters, Megan McKillip, Jennifer L Hay
OBJECTIVE: Risk perception is a key determinant of preventive health behaviour, but when asked, some individuals indicate they do not know their health risk. Low education is associated with both lack of knowledge about health risk and with the persistence and exacerbation of gaps in knowledge about health issues. This study uses the context of an emerging infectious disease threat to explore the hypothesis that the education-don't know risk relation results from differences in knowledge about the health issue of interest...
January 31, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Stephanie Smith, Virginia Eatough, James Smith, Radu Mihai, Andrew Weaver, Gregory P Sadler
OBJECTIVE: Thyroid cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting young people and carries an excellent prognosis. Little is known about the psychosocial issues that face young people diagnosed with a treatable cancer. This study explored how young people experienced diagnosis, treatment, and how they made sense of an experience which challenged their views on what it means to have cancer. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight young people diagnosed with either papillary or follicular thyroid cancer, and analysed with interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA)...
January 22, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Sofia Persson, Yael Benn, Katie Dhingra, David Clark-Carter, Alison L Owen, Sarah Grogan
PURPOSE: As a majority of skin cancer cases are behaviourally preventable, it is crucial to develop effective strategies to reduce UV exposure. Health-focused interventions have not proved to be sufficiently effective, and it has been suggested that people might be more susceptible to information about the negative effects of the sun on their appearance. METHOD: This systematic review of 30 separate papers, reporting 33 individual studies published between 2005 and 2017, assesses the overall effectiveness of appearance interventions on participants' UV exposure and sun protection behaviour...
January 22, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Kyra Hamilton, Stephen Cornish, Aaron Kirkpatrick, Jeroen Kroon, Ralf Schwarzer
OBJECTIVES: With 60-90% of children worldwide reportedly experiencing dental caries, poor oral health in the younger years is a major public health issue. As parents are important to children's oral hygiene practices, we examined the key self-regulatory behaviours of parents for supervising their children's toothbrushing using the health action process approach. DESIGN AND METHOD: Participants (N = 281, 197 mothers) comprised Australian parents of 2- to 5-year-olds...
January 18, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Lisa M Warner, Gertraud Stadler, Janina Lüscher, Nina Knoll, Sibylle Ochsner, Rainer Hornung, Urte Scholz
OBJECTIVE: In social-cognitive theory, it is hypothesized that mastery experiences (successfully implementing behaviour change) are a source of self-efficacy, and self-efficacy increases the opportunity for experiencing mastery. Vicarious experiences (seeing others succeed) are suggested as another source of self-efficacy. However, the hypothesis of this reciprocal relationship has not been tested using a day-to-day design. DESIGN: This article reports findings from two intensive longitudinal studies, testing the reciprocal relationship of self-efficacy and its two main sources within the naturally occurring process of quitting smoking (without intervention)...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Federica Picariello, Rona Moss-Morris, Iain C Macdougall, Joseph Chilcot
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is commonly experienced in end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients. In order to develop patient-centred psychosocial interventions to help patients manage fatigue symptoms, a more in-depth understanding regarding the experience of fatigue is needed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore renal patients' experiences of fatigue, across renal replacement therapy (RRT) modalities. METHODS: Twenty-five in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted...
December 27, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
Madelynne Arden, Joseph Chilcot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Phillip Gray, Marie Murphy, Alison Gallagher, Ellen Elizabeth Anne Simpson
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the mechanisms of physical activity (PA) compensation among older adults who recently reduced their non-exercise physical activity (NEPA) in response to a structured PA intervention. DESIGN: A post-trial, retrospective qualitative process evaluation using interviews was employed. METHODS: Levels of PA compensation were determined by comparing NEPA prior to and during the final week of a 4-week structured PA intervention...
February 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Ralf Schwarzer, Lisa Warner, Lena Fleig, Maryam Gholami, Sergio Salvatore, Luisella Cianferotti, Evangelia Ntzani, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Antonia Trichopoulou, Maria L Brandi
OBJECTIVES: The randomized controlled trial examined factors that might be responsible for individual differences in physical activity change among men and women who participated in a lifestyle intervention. The main purpose of the analyses regarded the role of psychological mechanisms involving motivation, planning, self-monitoring, and habit strength. DESIGN: A two-arm digital intervention was conducted in Italy, Spain, and Greece to improve physical activity levels, with follow-ups at 3 and 6 months after baseline assessment...
December 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
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