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British Journal of Health Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422369/what-impact-do-questionnaire-length-and-monetary-incentives-have-on-mailed-health-psychology-survey-response
#1
Kathryn A Robb, Lauren Gatting, Jane Wardle
OBJECTIVES: Response rates to health-related surveys are declining. This study tested two strategies to improve the response rate to a health psychology survey mailed through English general practices: (1) sending a shortened questionnaire and (2) offering a monetary incentive to return a completed questionnaire. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Adults (n = 4,241) aged 45-59 years, from four General Practices in South-East England, were mailed a survey on attitudes towards bowel cancer screening...
April 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419714/young-people-s-beliefs-about-the-risk-of-bowel-cancer-and-its-link-with-physical-activity
#2
Katie V Newby, Chloe Cook, Susanne F Meisel, Thomas L Webb, Bernadette Fisher, Abi Fisher
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to explore young people's risk appraisals of bowel cancer, including whether they had a coherent understanding of the protective effects of physical activity (PA). A secondary objective was to examine whether the illness risk representations (IRRs) framework could be used to understand beliefs underlying bowel cancer risk appraisals. DESIGN: Qualitative. METHODS: Framework analysis of semi-structured interviews with 19 people aged 14-17 years...
April 17, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374463/the-role-of-habit-in-different-phases-of-exercise
#3
Navin Kaushal, Ryan E Rhodes, John T Meldrum, John C Spence
OBJECTIVES: The primary purpose of this study was to investigate how habit strength in a preparatory and performance phase predicts exercise while accounting for intention. The secondary purpose was to determine the strength of potential habit antecedents (affective judgement, perceived behavioural control, consistency, and cues) in both exercise phases. DESIGN: This was a prospective study with measures collected at baseline and week 6. METHODS: Participants (n = 181) were a sample of adults (18-65) recruited across nine gyms and recreation centres who completed baseline and follow-up questionnaires after 6 weeks...
April 3, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374448/-i-call-it-stinkin-thinkin-a-qualitative-analysis-of-metacognition-in-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-and-elevated-catastrophizing
#4
Robert Schütze, Clare Rees, Helen Slater, Anne Smith, Peter O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: Pain catastrophizing is widely studied in quantitative pain research because of its strong link with poor pain outcomes, although the exact nature of this construct remains unclear. Focusing on its ruminative dimension, the present qualitative study aimed to explore a nascent aspect of pain catastrophizing - metacognition - by documenting people's attitudes towards rumination and examining how these metacognitions might influence the course it takes. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study...
April 3, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349621/-it-feels-sometimes-like-my-house-has-burnt-down-but-i-can-see-the-sky-a-qualitative-study-exploring-patients-views-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#5
Federica Picariello, Sheila Ali, Caroline Foubister, Trudie Chalder
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is currently a first-line treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Even though the results from trials are promising, there is variability in patient outcomes. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of patients with CFS who undertook CBT at a specialist service for CFS. DESIGN: This was a qualitative study. METHODS: Thirteen patients with CFS, approaching the end of CBT, participated in semi-structured interviews...
March 28, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345258/locus-of-control-and-frequency-of-physician-visits-results-of-a-population-based-longitudinal-study-in-germany
#6
André Hajek, Hans-Helmut König
OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of internal and external locus of control (LOC) in the frequency of physician visits longitudinally. DESIGN: A nationally representative, longitudinal cohort study of German households. Data were used from the years 2005 and 2010. METHODS: Data were gathered from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP). The ten internal and external LOC items in the SOEP are based on a scale by Krampen. The number of physician visits in the last 3 months was used as outcome variable...
March 27, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370907/significant-effects-a-personal-perspective-on-how-health-psychologists-can-influence-policy-and-practice
#7
EDITORIAL
Robert West
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271592/what-do-demand-control-and-effort-reward-work-stress-questionnaires-really-measure-a-discriminant-content-validity-study-of-relevance-and-representativeness-of-measures
#8
Cheryl Bell, Derek Johnston, Julia Allan, Beth Pollard, Marie Johnston
OBJECTIVES: The Demand-Control (DC) and Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models predict health in a work context. Self-report measures of the four key constructs (demand, control, effort, and reward) have been developed and it is important that these measures have good content validity uncontaminated by content from other constructs. We assessed relevance (whether items reflect the constructs) and representativeness (whether all aspects of the construct are assessed, and all items contribute to that assessment) across the instruments and items...
May 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244173/reducing-fat-intake-using-implementation-intentions-a-meta-analytic-review
#9
Irene Vilà, Isabel Carrero, Raquel Redondo
PURPOSE: To study the efficacy of forming implementation intentions for fat intake reduction as well as possible moderating variables. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of 12 empirical studies (N = 3,323) published in English and Spanish in the Web of Science (Core Collection) and MEDLINE (1990-January 2016) databases. RESULTS: This study found that the efficacy of planning interventions on fat consumption reduction was higher than expected, as a moderate overall effect of implementation intentions was observed (d = 0...
May 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191723/perceptions-of-hpv-and-attitudes-towards-hpv-vaccination-amongst-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-qualitative-analysis
#10
Tom Nadarzynski, Helen Smith, Daniel Richardson, Alex Pollard, Carrie Llewellyn
OBJECTIVES: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at risk of genital warts and anal cancer due to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. This study explores MSMs' perceptions of HPV and HPV vaccination prior to the introduction of this programme. DESIGN: Focus groups and one-to-one interviews with self-identified MSM were conducted between November 2014 and March 2015 in Brighton, UK. METHODS: Participants were recruited from community-based lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender (LGBT) venues and organizations...
May 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191712/ways-of-encoding-somatic-information-and-their-effects-on-retrospective-symptom-reporting
#11
Marta Walentynowicz, Ilse Van Diest, Filip Raes, Omer Van den Bergh
OBJECTIVES: Retrospective symptom reports tend to overestimate actual symptom intensity. This study explored how focusing on sensory-perceptual or on affective-motivational aspects of a somatic experience influenced retrospective symptom reports in high and low habitual symptom reporters (HSR). We hypothesized that a focus on affective-motivational aspects of somatic episodes contributes to retrospective overestimation compared to a focus on sensory-perceptual aspects. DESIGN: Dyspnoea (rebreathing) and pain (cold pain) were induced during two experimental sessions in healthy women: 21 high and 24 low HSR, selected using cut-off scores on a symptom checklist...
May 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160354/putting-knowledge-into-practice-does-information-on-adverse-drug-interactions-influence-people-s-dosing-behaviour
#12
Simone Dohle, Ian G J Dawson
OBJECTIVE: Adverse drug events relating to drug-drug interactions are a common cause of patient harm. Central to avoiding this harm is the patients' understanding that certain drug combinations present a synergistic risk. Two studies tested whether providing individuals with information about a drug combination that presents a synergistic (cf. additive) risk would elicit higher perceived risk and, therefore, would result in greater precaution in terms of dosing behaviour. DESIGN: Both studies employed an experimental design...
May 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150410/health-behaviour-change-interventions-for-couples-a-systematic-review
#13
Emily Arden-Close, Nuala McGrath
OBJECTIVES: Partners are a significant influence on individuals' health, and concordance in health behaviours increases over time in couples. Several theories suggest that couple-focused interventions for health behaviour change may therefore be more effective than individual interventions. DESIGN: A systematic review of health behaviour change interventions for couples was conducted. METHODS: Systematic search methods identified randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomized interventions of health behaviour change for couples with at least one member at risk of a chronic physical illness, published from 1990-2014...
May 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127844/the-decision-making-process-for-breast-reconstruction-after-cancer-surgery-representations-of-heterosexual-couples-in-long-standing-relationships
#14
Léonor Fasse, Cécile Flahault, Christel Vioulac, Kristopher Lamore, Anna Van Wersch, Bruno Quintard, Aurélie Untas
OBJECTIVES: Most people deal with intrusive life events such as cancer and the care trajectory together with their intimate partners. To our knowledge, no research has studied the involvement of the partner in the decision-making process regarding breast reconstruction (BR) after cancer. This study aimed to gain a better understanding of the couples' decision-making process for BR in the cancer context and particularly to investigate the partners' involvement in this process. METHOD: Eighteen participants (nine women who underwent a mastectomy following a first breast cancer and their intimate partners) took part in this study...
May 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083924/differential-association-between-affect-and-somatic-symptoms-at-the-between-and-within-individual-level
#15
Hendrika M Schenk, Elisabeth H Bos, Joris P J Slaets, Peter de Jonge, Judith G M Rosmalen
OBJECTIVES: The established between-subjects associations between affect and somatic symptoms have often been interpreted as indicating a causal effect of affect on somatic symptoms, but it is doubtful whether this is valid. In this study, we evaluate the association between positive affect (PA), negative affect (NA), and somatic symptoms at both the between- and within-subject level. DESIGN AND METHODS: Diary data were collected in the context of an online study called 'HowNutsAreTheDutch'...
May 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925361/implicit-alcohol-attitudes-predict-drinking-behaviour-over-and-above-intentions-and-willingness-in-young-adults-but-willingness-is-more-important-in-adolescents-implications-for-the-prototype-willingness-model
#16
Emma L Davies, Aspasia E Paltoglou, David R Foxcroft
OBJECTIVES: Dual process models, such as the Prototype Willingness Model (PWM), propose to account for both intentional and reactive drinking behaviour. Current methods of measuring constructs in the PWM rely on self-report, thus require a level of conscious deliberation. Implicit measures of attitudes may overcome this limitation and contribute to our understanding of how prototypes and willingness influence alcohol consumption in young people. This study aimed to explore whether implicit alcohol attitudes were related to PWM constructs and whether they would add to the prediction of risky drinking...
May 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059490/socio-economic-status-and-theories-of-health-behaviour-time-to-upgrade-a-control-variable
#17
EDITORIAL
Benjamin Schüz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910189/a-qualitative-investigation-into-the-hiv-disclosure-process-within-an-intimate-partnership-the-moment-i-realized-that-our-relationship-was-developing-into-something-serious-i-just-had-to-tell-him
#18
Charlotte Smith, Rachel Cook, Poul Rohleder
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to elucidate the process through which people living with HIV (PLWH) in the United Kingdom disclose their status to an intimate partner (IP). DESIGN: A qualitative cross-sectional survey design was used. METHOD: A total of 95 PLWH took part. They were presented with a series of open-ended questions enquiring into their last experience of disclosing to an IP. The data were analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Disclosure became a salient issue when the discloser acknowledged their relationship as meaningful...
February 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885763/meditation-awareness-training-for-the-treatment-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin, Thomas J Dunn, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Mark D Griffiths
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to conduct the first randomized controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate the effectiveness of a second-generation mindfulness-based intervention (SG-MBI) for treating fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Compared to first-generation mindfulness-based interventions, SG-MBIs are more acknowledging of the spiritual aspect of mindfulness. DESIGN: A RCT employing intent-to-treat analysis. METHODS: Adults with FMS received an 8-week SG-MBI known as meditation awareness training (MAT; n = 74) or an active control intervention known as cognitive behaviour theory for groups (n = 74)...
February 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882638/anxiety-symptoms-prior-to-a-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-associations-with-knowledge-and-openness-to-treatment
#20
Amanda J Dillard, Laura D Scherer, Peter A Ubel, Stewart Alexander, Angela Fagerlin
AIM: Research suggests that anxiety may be a common response to a cancer diagnosis, but research is needed to examine anxiety before diagnosis. Anxiety before diagnosis may relate to the comprehension of relevant health information or openness to potential treatments. This study examined anxiety and these outcomes in men who were waiting to learn of a prostate cancer diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: One goal of this study was to determine whether anxiety would increase as men came closer to learning the results of their prostate cancer biopsy...
February 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
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