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British Journal of Health Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910189/a-qualitative-investigation-into-the-hiv-disclosure-process-within-an-intimate-partnership-the-moment-i-realized-that-our-relationship-was-developing-into-something-serious-i-just-had-to-tell-him
#1
Charlotte Smith, Rachel Cook, Poul Rohleder
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to elucidate the process through which people living with HIV (PLWH) in the United Kingdom disclose their status to an intimate partner (IP). DESIGN: A qualitative cross-sectional survey design was used. METHOD: A total of 95 PLWH took part. They were presented with a series of open-ended questions enquiring into their last experience of disclosing to an IP. The data were analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Disclosure became a salient issue when the discloser acknowledged their relationship as meaningful...
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885763/meditation-awareness-training-for-the-treatment-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin, Thomas J Dunn, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Mark D Griffiths
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to conduct the first randomized controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate the effectiveness of a second-generation mindfulness-based intervention (SG-MBI) for treating fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Compared to first-generation mindfulness-based interventions, SG-MBIs are more acknowledging of the spiritual aspect of mindfulness. DESIGN: A RCT employing intent-to-treat analysis. METHODS: Adults with FMS received an 8-week SG-MBI known as meditation awareness training (MAT; n = 74) or an active control intervention known as cognitive behaviour theory for groups (n = 74)...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882638/anxiety-symptoms-prior-to-a-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-associations-with-knowledge-and-openness-to-treatment
#3
Amanda J Dillard, Laura D Scherer, Peter A Ubel, Stewart Alexander, Angela Fagerlin
AIM: Research suggests that anxiety may be a common response to a cancer diagnosis, but research is needed to examine anxiety before diagnosis. Anxiety before diagnosis may relate to the comprehension of relevant health information or openness to potential treatments. This study examined anxiety and these outcomes in men who were waiting to learn of a prostate cancer diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: One goal of this study was to determine whether anxiety would increase as men came closer to learning the results of their prostate cancer biopsy...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882634/attachment-and-couple-satisfaction-as-predictors-of-expressed-emotion-in-women-facing-breast-cancer-and-their-partners-in-the-immediate-post-surgery-period
#4
Nicolas Favez, Sarah Cairo Notari, Tania Antonini, Linda Charvoz
OBJECTIVES: To investigate expressed emotion (EE) in couples facing breast cancer in the immediate post-surgery period. EE may be predictive of psychological disturbances that hinder both partners' capacities to cope with the stress of the disease. Severity of the disease, attachment tendencies, and couple satisfaction were tested as predictors of EE. DESIGN: The design was cross-sectional. Couples (N = 61) were interviewed 2 weeks after the women's breast surgery...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860058/patient-experiences-of-a-bariatric-group-programme-for-managing-obesity-a-qualitative-interview-study
#5
Mark Tarrant, Sammyh S Khan, Claire V Farrow, Pooja Shah, Mark Daly, Katarina Kos
OBJECTIVES: People with obesity experience a range of physical and psychological ill-health outcomes. This study examined patients' experiences of a group-based programme for the management of morbid obesity delivered within the UK National Health Service. The focus of the study was on the emerging dynamic of the group and patients' perceptions of its impact on health outcomes. DESIGN: A qualitative interview study was conducted and involved patients recruited from a Tier 3 bariatric service in South West England...
November 17, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860038/-i-m-worried-about-getting-water-in-the-holes-in-my-head-a-phenomenological-psychology-case-study-of-the-experience-of-undergoing-deep-brain-stimulation-surgery-for-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Virginia Eatough, Karen Shaw
OBJECTIVES: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a form of biotechnological surgery which has had considerable success for the motor improvement of Parkinson's disease and related disorders. Paradoxically, this observed motor improvement is not matched with improved psychosocial adjustment. This study contributes to a small but growing body of research aiming to understand this paradox. We conclude by discussing these aspects from a phenomenological and health psychology understanding of decision-making, human affectivity, and embodiment...
November 17, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862713/impact-of-alcohol-promoting-and-alcohol-warning-advertisements-on-alcohol-consumption-affect-and-implicit-cognition-in-heavy-drinking-young-adults-a-laboratory-based-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Kaidy Stautz, Daniel Frings, Ian P Albery, Antony C Moss, Theresa M Marteau
OBJECTIVES: There is sparse evidence regarding the effect of alcohol-advertising exposure on alcohol consumption among heavy drinkers. This study aimed to assess the immediate effects of alcohol-promoting and alcohol-warning video advertising on objective alcohol consumption in heavy-drinking young adults, and to examine underlying processes. DESIGN: Between-participants randomized controlled trial with three conditions. METHODS: Two hundred and four young adults (aged 18-25) who self-reported as heavy drinkers were randomized to view one of three sets of 10 video advertisements that included either (1) alcohol-promoting, (2) alcohol-warning, or (3) non-alcohol advertisements...
November 11, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813208/an-interactive-training-programme-to-treat-body-image-disturbance
#8
Lucinda J Gledhill, Katri K Cornelissen, Piers L Cornelissen, Ian S Penton-Voak, Marcus R Munafò, Martin J Tovée
OBJECTIVES: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a life-threatening mental health condition. A core feature is a disturbance of body image, such that sufferers see themselves as fatter than they actually are. DESIGN: We tested the effectiveness of a novel training programme to recalibrate our participants' perception of body size. METHODS: In a novel adaptation of a cognitive bias training programme, participants judged the body size of a series of female bodies and were given feedback to improve their accuracy over four daily training sessions...
November 3, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743412/predictors-of-dyadic-planning-perspectives-of-prostate-cancer-survivors-and-their-partners
#9
Jan Keller, Amelie U Wiedemann, Diana Hilda Hohl, Urte Scholz, Silke Burkert, Mark Schrader, Nina Knoll
OBJECTIVES: Extending individual planning of health behaviour change to the level of the dyad, dyadic planning refers to a target person and a planning partner jointly planning the target person's health behaviour change. To date, predictors of dyadic planning have not been systematically investigated. Integrating cognitive predictors of individual planning with four established predictor domains of social support provision, we propose a framework of predictors of dyadic planning. Including target persons' and partners' perspectives, we examine these predictor domains in the context of prostate cancer patients' rehabilitative pelvic floor exercise (PFE) following radical prostatectomy...
October 15, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680898/educational-differences-in-responses-to-breast-cancer-symptoms-a-qualitative-comparative-study
#10
Afrodita Marcu, Georgia Black, Peter Vedsted, Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Katriina L Whitaker
OBJECTIVE: Advanced stage at diagnosis for breast cancer is associated with lower socio-economic status (SES). We explored what factors in the patient interval (time from noticing a bodily change to first consultation with a health care professional) may contribute to this inequality. DESIGN: Qualitative comparative study. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with a sample of women (≥47 years) from higher (n = 15) and lower (n = 15) educational backgrounds, who had experienced at least one potential breast cancer symptom...
September 29, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611117/-post-thrombotic-panic-syndrome-a-thematic-analysis-of-the-experience-of-venous-thromboembolism
#11
Rachael Hunter, Sarah Lewis, Simon Noble, Jaynie Rance, Paul D Bennett
OBJECTIVES: Venous thromboembolism (VTE, including deep vein thrombosis [DVT] and pulmonary embolism [PE]) is a serious, potentially traumatic, life-threatening condition and a major cause of mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study was to explore the patients' experiences of VTE and its psychosocial impact. METHODS: Audio-recorded semistructured interviews with a purposive sample of 12 participants who had experienced a first-time DVT or PE within the previous 6 months...
September 9, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709824/form-of-delivery-as-a-key-active-ingredient-in-behaviour-change-interventions
#12
Stephan U Dombrowski, Ronan E O'Carroll, Brian Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659260/maximizing-potential-impact-of-experimental-research-into-cognitive-processes-in-health-psychology-a-systematic-approach-to-material-development
#13
Alicia M Hughes, Rola Gordon, Trudie Chalder, Colette R Hirsch, Rona Moss-Morris
BACKGROUND: There is an abundance of research into cognitive processing biases in clinical psychology including the potential for applying cognitive bias modification techniques to assess the causal role of biases in maintaining anxiety and depression. Within the health psychology field, there is burgeoning interest in applying these experimental methods to assess potential cognitive biases in relation to physical health conditions and health-related behaviours. Experimental research in these areas could inform theoretical development by enabling measurement of implicit cognitive processes that may underlie unhelpful illness beliefs and help drive health-related behaviours...
November 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454908/do-more-specific-plans-help-you-lose-weight-examining-the-relationship-between-plan-specificity-weight-loss-goals-and-plan-content-in-the-context-of-a-weight-management-programme
#14
Stephan U Dombrowski, Ronit Endevelt, David M Steinberg, Yael Benyamini
OBJECTIVES: The conditions under which planning for behaviour change is most effective are not fully understood. In the context of a weight management programme, we examined the interrelationship between plan specificity, type of behaviour planned (diet vs. exercise), and weight loss goals. DESIGN: Prospective design and content analysis of plans formed by participants of a 10-week weight management programme. METHODS: Participants (n = 239) formulated two plans, for dietary and exercise behaviours, respectively...
November 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452426/the-devil-in-the-corner-a-mixed-methods-study-of-metaphor-use-by-those-with-spinal-cord-injury-specific-neuropathic-pain
#15
Jasmine Heath Hearn, Katherine Anne Finlay, Philip A Fine
OBJECTIVES: Metaphorical expressions of persistent pain play an influential role in the modulation of pain. This may be particularly distressing for those with physical disabilities such as spinal cord injury (SCI). Neuropathic pain (NP) after SCI is often described using metaphorical expressions such as burning and electricity. This study explored the use of metaphors by those with NP after SCI. DESIGN: A qualitative, semi-structured interview design was employed...
November 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374753/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-messaging-intervention-to-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-in-adolescents-affective-versus-instrumental-messages
#16
Valentina Carfora, Daniela Caso, Mark Conner
OBJECTIVE: The present research aimed to test the efficacy of affective and instrumental text messages compared with a no-message control as a strategy to increase fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) in adolescents. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial was used test impact of different text messages compared with no message on FVI over a 2-week period. METHOD: A total of 1,065 adolescents (14-19 years) from a high school of the South of Italy completed the baseline questionnaire and were randomly allocated to one of three conditions: instrumental messages (N = 238), affective messages (N = 300), and no messages (N = 521)...
November 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26689437/children-s-implicit-understanding-of-the-stress-illness-link-testing-development-of-health-cognitions
#17
Tara J Cheetham, Julie M Turner-Cobb, Tim Gamble
OBJECTIVE: Innate knowledge and developmental stage theory have been used to explain children's understanding of concepts relating to health, illness, and stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the degree to which children demonstrate unconscious cognitive associations between the concepts of stress and illness. DESIGN: The study employed an experimental design using an age appropriate implicit association task. METHODS: Thirty-two children (5-11 years of age) completed the Preschool Implicit Association Test (PSIAT), a computer-based measure of reaction time to consistent (stress and illness) and inconsistent (stress and health) concept pairings...
November 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477302/choosing-to-engage-and-choosing-to-persist-the-role-of-non-specific-factors-in-health-promoting-activities
#18
Carolina Gaitan-Sierra, Martin Dempster
OBJECTIVE: Non-specific factors play an important role in determining benefits from health-promoting activities. Previous studies have focussed on beneficial outcomes of motivation during engagement. There are two aims of this project. First, we investigated whether expectancy and intrinsic motivation influence people's decisions to engage with health-promoting activities in the first instance and then subsequently adhere to them. Second, we examined the effects of providing information on health-promoting activities as a method of influencing expectancy and intrinsic motivation...
September 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230704/reflecting-the-transition-from-pain-management-services-to-chronic-pain-support-group-attendance-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#19
Katherine A Finlay, James Elander
OBJECTIVES: Transitioning from clinical care to community-based self-management represents a significant challenge, throughout which social support can facilitate health adjustment and quality of life. However, community-centred, peer-led support structures are often underused. This study aimed to investigate the decision-making processes involved in the choice to attend a chronic pain support group (CPSG) following discharge from a Pain Management Programme. DESIGN: An in-depth, qualitative analysis was undertaken using interpretative phenomenological analysis, exploring participants' subjective experiences, decision-making, and rationale for initial CPSG attendance...
September 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222488/type-d-personality-is-related-to-severity-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-patients-with-recurrent-cardiovascular-disease
#20
Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Dafina Petrova, Antonio Arrebola-Moreno, Andrés Catena, José A Ramírez-Hernández
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between Type D (distressed) personality and cardiac biomarkers of disease severity in patients with acute coronary syndrome. To identify potential mechanisms behind the effect of Type D personality on cardiovascular disease (CVD). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Patients (N = 215) with acute coronary syndrome completed a survey including a measure of Type D personality. Blood samples including a lipid profile and cardiac enzymes were taken within 3 days after the cardiovascular event...
September 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
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