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British Journal of Health Psychology

Hannah Durand, Peter Hayes, Brendan Harhen, Ann Conneely, David P Finn, Monica Casey, Andrew W Murphy, Gerard J Molloy
OBJECTIVES: This study examined theoretical predictors of long-term medication adherence (i.e., treatment-related beliefs, coherence of beliefs from experience with medication, habit strength, and pill burden) for patients with apparent treatment-resistant hypertension in primary care, using a composite adherence score derived from direct and indirect measures (i.e., prescription refill, self-report, and bioanalytical assays of urine). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
July 16, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Rebecca K Webster, John Weinman, G James Rubin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Julia Mueller, Alan Davies, Caroline Jay, Simon Harper, Fiona Blackhall, Yvonne Summers, Amelie Harle, Chris Todd
OBJECTIVES: To detail the development method used to produce an online, tailored, theory-based, user-centred intervention to encourage help-seeking for potential lung cancer symptoms. DESIGN: Intervention development was structured around the person-based approach. The feasibility study involved a randomized controlled trial design. METHODS: Intervention development drew on qualitative inquiries, the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), and identifying concrete mechanisms of change to implement in the intervention (Behaviour Change Techniques)...
July 12, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Adrian P Banks, Bernadette Egan, Charo E Hodgkins, Matthew Peacock, Monique M Raats
OBJECTIVE: Health claims on food packaging are regulated to inform and protect consumers; however, many consumers do not accurately interpret the meaning of the claims. Whilst research has shown different types of misinterpretation, it is not clear how those interpretations are formed. The aim of this study was to elicit the causal beliefs and causal models about food and health held by consumers, that is their understanding of the causal relationships between nutrients, health outcomes, and the causal pathways connecting them, and investigate how well this knowledge explains the variation in inferences they draw about health benefits from health claims...
July 10, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Susan A Speer, Rebecca McPhillips
OBJECTIVES: Effective clinical communication is fundamental to tackling overweight and obesity. However, little is known about how weight is discussed in non-weight-specific settings where the primary purpose of the interaction concerns clinical matters apparently unrelated to weight. This study explores how mental health clinicians initiate discussions about a patient's possible weight problem in the non-weight-specific setting of a UK NHS Gender Identity Clinic (GIC), where weight is topicalized during discussions about the risks of treatment...
June 26, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Laura B Meade, Lindsay M Bearne, Louise H Sweeney, Samah H Alageel, Emma L Godfrey
PURPOSE: Exercise (planned, structured, repetitive movement) improves pain and function in people with persistent musculoskeletal pain (PMSK), but adherence is often poor. This systematic review evaluates the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of interventions to improve exercise adherence in people with PMSK and describes the content, context, and theoretical underpinning of behaviour change interventions designed to increase adherence. METHODS: Nine electronic databases were searched from inception dates to August 2017...
June 17, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Julie Hepworth, Toni Schofield, Rose Leontini, John Germov
BACKGROUND: The culture of 'risk-related alcohol use' has been identified as an intrinsic part of university life for many students, especially those in residential colleges in English-speaking countries. While the prevailing approach to managing drinking in these countries is harm minimization, little is known about students' uptake of these practices or the relationship of them to students' type of residence. OBJECTIVE: To examine the ways in which type of residence may impact alcohol-related harm minimization practices among university students...
June 12, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Alison Keogh, James Matthews, Deirdre A Hurley
OBJECTIVES: To investigate physiotherapist's (PTs) fidelity to 31 protocol-listed behaviour change techniques (BCTs) during a group-based self-management intervention. This study also explored the PTs delivery of these BCTs beyond the present or absent dichotomy, using a third variable, partial delivery (i.e., attempted). DESIGN: Assessment of the intervention arm of the Self-management of Osteoarthritis and Low back pain through Activity and Skills (SOLAS) cluster, randomized controlled feasibility trial, using quantitative methods...
June 10, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Joanne Middleton, Rachel Calam, Fiona Ulph
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore how parents communicate with children affected by sickle cell disease, a condition associated with social and cultural complexities that pose risks to open parent-child communication. DESIGN: A contextualist approach informed the qualitative exploration of parent experience using an individual interview design. METHODS: Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted with parents whose child had a diagnosis of sickle cell disease...
June 9, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Tiffany L Berzins, Jessica E LaBuda, Judith Gere
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed accuracy and bias in people's perceptions of their romantic partner's adoption of short-term (avoid conflict) and long-term (later health) motives for interpersonally regulating their health behaviours. DESIGN: A cross-sectional Web-based survey of 114 cohabiting romantic couples (N = 228 individuals) living in the United States. METHODS: Romantic partners separately completed measures of their short-term and long-term motives for self-regulation and partner regulation of health behaviours, as well as their perceptions of partner regulation of their own health behaviours...
June 7, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Michael A Smith, Alexandra Thompson, Lynsey J Hall, Sarah F Allen, Mark A Wetherell
OBJECTIVES: Type D personality is associated with psychological and physical ill-health. However, there has been limited investigation of the role of Type D personality in interventions designed to enhance well-being. This study investigated associations between Type D personality and the efficacy of positive emotional writing for reducing stress, anxiety, and physical symptoms. DESIGN: A between-subjects longitudinal design was employed. METHOD: Participants (N = 71, Mage  = 28...
June 3, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Joanna L McParland, Lynn Williams, Lucyna Gozdzielewska, Mairi Young, Fraser Smith, Jennifer MacDonald, Darren Langdridge, Mark Davis, Lesley Price, Paul Flowers
OBJECTIVES: Changing public awareness of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents a global public health priority. A systematic review of interventions that targeted public AMR awareness and associated behaviour was previously conducted. Here, we focus on identifying the active content of these interventions and explore potential mechanisms of action. METHODS: The project took a novel approach to intervention mapping utilizing the following steps: (1) an exploration of explicit and tacit theory and theoretical constructs within the interventions using the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDFv2), (2) retrospective coding of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) using the BCT Taxonomy v1, and (3) an investigation of coherent links between the TDF domains and BCTs across the interventions...
May 27, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Stacey Oliver, Eva Kemps
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity can prevent health risks and even a slight increase in physical activity benefits health. This study investigated potential contributing factors to incidental physical activity. DESIGN: A two-part correlational study examined whether motivational properties (autonomous and controlled motivation) in interaction with implicit processes (implicit attitudes, attentional, and approach-avoid biases) contribute to incidental physical activity...
May 27, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Janine Chapman, Chloe Fletcher, Ingrid Flight, Carlene Wilson
OBJECTIVES: To develop and test a volitional help sheet-based tool to improve physical activity in breast cancer survivors compared to a standard self-generated implementation intention intervention. DESIGN: Pilot randomized trial conducted online over 3 months. METHODS: Participants were randomized to an online volitional help sheet (n = 50) or implementation intention (n = 51) intervention. Measures were taken at baseline, 1 and 3 months...
May 16, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Felix Naughton, Sarah Hopewell, Lesley Sinclair, Dorothy McCaughan, Jennifer McKell, Linda Bauld
OBJECTIVES: Health care professionals and the health care environment play a central role in protecting pregnant and post-partum women and their infants from smoking-related harms. This study aimed to better understand the health professional's perspective on how interactions between women, health care professionals, and the environment influence how smoking is managed. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews and focus groups. METHODS: Data were from 48 health care staff involved in antenatal or post-partum care at two UK sites, including midwives, obstetricians, health visitors, GPs, pharmacists, service commissioners, and Stop Smoking Service (SSS) advisors and managers...
May 15, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Eloise Cowie, Katherine White, Kyra Hamilton
OBJECTIVES: Despite the unequivocal benefits of regular physical activity, many parents engage in lower levels of physical activity (PA) following the birth of a child. Drawing on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) and health action process approach (HAPA), an integrative model was developed to examine variables predicting PA in parents of very young children. In addition, key beliefs related to PA intentions and behaviour among parents of very young children were investigated. DESIGN: A prospective-correlational design with two waves of data collection, spaced one week apart, was adopted...
May 14, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Karen Vanderzanden, Joelle C Ruthig
OBJECTIVES: Despite a common belief that health declines with age, many older adults remain optimistic about their future health. However, the longitudinal impact of personal and comparatively optimistic future health estimates (FHEs) is unclear. METHOD: Among 408 older adults (Mage  = 70.32 years), this study identified the prevalence, source, and two-year stability of comparatively optimistic FHEs; examined demographic, psychosocial, and health correlates of comparative FHEs; and assessed the role of comparative FHEs in predicting eight-year survival odds...
May 13, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Daisy Bradbury, Anna Chisholm, Paula M Watson, Christine Bundy, Nicola Bradbury, Sarah Birtwistle
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is one of the most serious global public health challenges. However, obesity and its consequences are largely preventable. As parents play an important role in their children's weight-related behaviours, good communication between parents and health care professionals (HCPs) is essential. This systematic review provides a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies exploring the barriers and facilitators experienced by HCPs when discussing child weight with parents...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Hannah Matthews, Andrew Turner, Iain Williamson, Wendy Clyne
OBJECTIVE: In the United Kingdom, the number of women undergoing post-mastectomy breast reconstruction is increasing. Consequently, exploring patient-reported outcomes in breast surgery has become increasingly important. This study investigated satisfaction and quality of life following post-mastectomy breast reconstruction. DESIGN: Qualitative research design. METHODS: In-depth, semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 25 women (age, M = 53...
May 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Rosalind E M Hatton, Maria Gardani
OBJECTIVES: Parental knowledge on sleep hygiene in children may be a contributing factor for sleep difficulties in preschoolers. As sleep is crucial for healthy development, it is important to understand how parental knowledge can be improved. The aim of this qualitative study was to develop an understanding of advice available in the United Kingdom (UK) on sleep in young children. DESIGN: This study employed constructivist grounded theory methodology. METHODS: Participants were recruited via social media and a previously constructed participant database...
May 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
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