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British Journal of Health Psychology

Monika Boberska, Karolina Horodyska, Magdalena Kruk, Nina Knoll, Diana Hilda Hohl, Jan Keller, Aleksandra Luszczynska
OBJECTIVES: This study provides an insight into associations between: (1) parental and child perceptions of parental strategies restricting screen use among children, (2) child perceptions of the presence and availability of screen-based equipment at home, (3) child sedentary screen use behaviours, and (4) child body fat. DESIGN: A prospective study with two assessment periods (Time 1, T1; Time 2, T2), spanning 7-8 months. METHODS: At T1, 879 parent-child dyads (83...
January 11, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Elizabeth Marks, Paula Smith, Laurence McKenna
OBJECTIVES: Tinnitus is a very common experience, and although usually mild, in a significant proportion of people, it is intrusive, persistent, and disabling. This paper explores the lived experience of chronic disabling tinnitus, with the aim of understanding how distress and chronicity occur, and what might help to reduce this. DESIGN: Nine individuals were interviewed 6 months after completing mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) as part of a randomized controlled trial...
January 4, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Kimberly Dienes, Nicola Gartland, Eamonn Ferguson
OBJECTIVES: The cortisol awakening response (CAR) and cortisol reactivity to an acute laboratory stressor both involve steep increases in cortisol secretion and are associated with preparing the body to deal with stressors ahead. Alterations in both have been linked to negative clinical and health outcomes. However, these two aspects of our biological stress response have rarely been directly compared, and the extant research focuses on state, rather than trait CAR. Given the similar roles of the CAR and cortisol reactivity, and their relationships to psychopathology, it is important to understand whether trait CAR and cortisol reactivity to acute stressors are related and whether a blunted CAR may be predictive of blunted cortisol reactivity across an acute laboratory stress task...
January 2, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Gabriel Nudelman, Yuval Kalish, Shoshana Shiloh
OBJECTIVES: Since behavioural risk factors are the foremost causes of disability and premature mortality, developing new perspectives for understanding them is of utmost importance. This paper describes an innovative approach that conceptualizes health-related behaviours as nodes in a weighted network. DESIGN & METHODS: Using self-reported data from a representative sample (n = 374), a network of 37 health behaviours was analysed, with the aim of identifying 'central' nodes, that is, behaviours that are likely to co-occur with others and potentially influence them...
December 13, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Heather Louise Gainforth, Fabiana Lorencatto, Karl Erickson, Kristy Baxter, Kailey Owens, Susan Michie, Robert West
BACKGROUND: Understanding how behaviour change techniques (BCTs) operate in practice requires a method for characterizing the reciprocal, dynamic, and real-time nature of behavioural support interactions between practitioners and clients. State space grids (SSGs) are an observational, dynamic systems methodology used to map the trajectory of dyadic interactions in real time. By mapping the flow of events in terms of practitioner and client actions, SSGs are potentially well suited to characterize behavioural support sessions...
November 29, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Kiralee Schache, Nathan Consedine, Paul Hofman, Anna Serlachius
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Alicia M de Vries, Vicki S Helgeson, Torben Schulz, Josué Almansa, Ralf Westerhuis, Jan Niesing, Gerjan J Navis, Maya J Schroevers, Adelita V Ranchor
OBJECTIVES: The identification of positive psychological changes, including benefit finding (BF), in chronic illness has gained substantial interest. However, less is known about BF in the context of a positive medical intervention. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) can be regarded as a burdensome condition, but transplantation is expected to restore physical and psychological functioning to a large extent after a period of illness. The aim of this study was to examine (1) changes in BF from pre- to 12 months post-transplantation, (2) the concurrent association of disease-related characteristics and optimism to BF, and (3) the potential causal relations between BF and distress...
November 28, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Jordan Miller, Sinéad Currie, Ronan E O'Carroll
OBJECTIVES: In the United Kingdom, three people die every day awaiting an organ transplant. To address this, Scotland and England plan to follow Wales and introduce opt-out donor consent. However, emotional barriers, myths, and misconceptions may deter potential registrants. Our objectives were to estimate the number of people who plan to opt-out of the donor register and to test whether emotional barriers (e.g., medical mistrust) differentiated participants within this group. Finally, in an experimental manipulation, we tested whether intention to donate decreased by making emotional barriers more salient and increased following a widely used myth-busting intervention...
October 21, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Joanne E Parsons, Katie V Newby, David P French
PURPOSE: There is good evidence that for many behaviours, increasing risk appraisal can lead to a change in behaviour, heightened when efficacy appraisals are also increased. The present systematic review addressed whether interventions presenting a risk message increase risk appraisal and an increase in vaccination intentions and uptake. METHOD: A systematic search identified randomized controlled trials of interventions presenting a risk message and measuring risk appraisal and intentions and uptake post-intervention...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
James J Annesi
OBJECTIVES: Self-regulation is thought to play a role in overcoming barriers to weight management behaviour changes. This research assessed the extent that relationship is manifested through associated changes in self-efficacy, and effects based on degree of obesity. DESIGN: Data sets from three previous studies of the present research group were utilized. After assessment of change scores using repeated-measures ANOVA, mediation and moderation analyses assessed effects of changes in self-regulatory skill usage on changes in physical activity and fruit/vegetable intake through self-efficacy changes...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Amanda J Dillard, Rebecca A Ferrer, Katherine R K Bulthuis, William M P Klein
OBJECTIVES: According to the prototype willingness model, risky behaviours such as heavy drinking may be influenced by images of others who engage in this behaviour. In this study, we examined whether college students' prototypes of an individual who frequently drinks "over the limit" were associated with their own alcohol consumption and experience of alcohol-related problems during their first 2 years in college. METHODS: We assessed students' (N = 340) prototypes of excessive drinkers and their own alcohol consumption and problems at four time points, across their first 2 years in college...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Ai Ni Teoh, Clayton Hilmert
PURPOSE: The stress-buffering hypothesis (Cohen & McKay, 1984, Handbook of psychology and health IV: Social psychological aspects of health (pp. 253-256). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum) suggests that one way social support enhances health is by attenuating cardiovascular reactivity (CVR) to stress. Research that has tested this hypothesis has reported inconsistent findings. In this review, we systematically reviewed those findings and proposed a dual-effect model of social support and CVR as a potential explanation for the inconsistency in the literature...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Katrina Roen, Peter Hegarty
INTRODUCTION: Psychological research provides insights into how parents approach medical decisions on behalf of children. The medical decision of concern here is the surgical alteration of a hypospadic penis, whose urethral opening does not appear at the tip. Hypospadias surgery is routinely carried out in infancy, despite criticism by international organizations concerned about children's rights. The focus of this study is on the framing of hypospadias surgery. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to examine how health professionals frame hypospadias and hypospadias surgery in medical and non-medical ways...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Elizabeth Rieger, Martin Sellbom, Kristen Murray, Ian Caterson
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the psychometric properties of two commonly used measures of social support in obesity, namely, the Social Support for Eating Habits (SSEH) and Social Support for Physical Activity (SSPA) scales. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and longitudinal study design. METHODS: Participants were 200 adults with obesity taking part in a 12-month cognitive behavioural weight loss programme. At pre-treatment, participants completed the SSEH and SSPA as well as measures of social support, motivation, self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life to assess concurrent validity...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Stephanie Dias, Isabel Krug, Ben Richardson, Daniel Fassnacht
OBJECTIVE: Although exercise is typically found to improve body satisfaction, this effect may be reduced or even reversed for trait body-dissatisfied individuals. The reasons for this remain unclear. This study tested the possibility that these effects are due to appearance-related motives and/or increased appearance awareness post-exercise. METHOD: Participants included 178 women who completed baseline measures of trait body dissatisfaction, and then completed an experience sampling phase in which they self-reported state body satisfaction and appearance awareness levels, and recent exercise experiences at six time-points daily for 10 days...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Hannah Durand, Peter Hayes, Brendan Harhen, Ann Conneely, David P Finn, Monica Casey, Andrew W Murphy, Gerard J Molloy
OBJECTIVES: This study examined theoretical predictors of long-term medication adherence (i.e., treatment-related beliefs, coherence of beliefs from experience with medication, habit strength, and pill burden) for patients with apparent treatment-resistant hypertension in primary care, using a composite adherence score derived from direct and indirect measures (i.e., prescription refill, self-report, and bioanalytical assays of urine). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Rebecca K Webster, John Weinman, G James Rubin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Adrian P Banks, Bernadette Egan, Charo E Hodgkins, Matthew Peacock, Monique M Raats
OBJECTIVE: Health claims on food packaging are regulated to inform and protect consumers; however, many consumers do not accurately interpret the meaning of the claims. Whilst research has shown different types of misinterpretation, it is not clear how those interpretations are formed. The aim of this study was to elicit the causal beliefs and causal models about food and health held by consumers, that is their understanding of the causal relationships between nutrients, health outcomes, and the causal pathways connecting them, and investigate how well this knowledge explains the variation in inferences they draw about health benefits from health claims...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Susan A Speer, Rebecca McPhillips
OBJECTIVES: Effective clinical communication is fundamental to tackling overweight and obesity. However, little is known about how weight is discussed in non-weight-specific settings where the primary purpose of the interaction concerns clinical matters apparently unrelated to weight. This study explores how mental health clinicians initiate discussions about a patient's possible weight problem in the non-weight-specific setting of a UK NHS Gender Identity Clinic (GIC), where weight is topicalized during discussions about the risks of treatment...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Julie Hepworth, Toni Schofield, Rose Leontini, John Germov
BACKGROUND: The culture of 'risk-related alcohol use' has been identified as an intrinsic part of university life for many students, especially those in residential colleges in English-speaking countries. While the prevailing approach to managing drinking in these countries is harm minimization, little is known about students' uptake of these practices or the relationship of them to students' type of residence. OBJECTIVE: To examine the ways in which type of residence may impact alcohol-related harm minimization practices among university students...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
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