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British Journal of Health Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722217/personal-and-situational-predictors-of-everyday-snacking-an-application-of-temporal-self-regulation-theory
#1
Katherine G Elliston, Stuart G Ferguson, Benjamin Schüz
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at testing predictions derived from temporal self-regulation theory (TST) in relation to discretionary food choices (snacks). TST combines a motivational sphere of influence (cognitions and temporal valuations resulting in intentions) with a momentary sphere (encompassing social and physical environmental cues). This dual approach differs from current health behaviour theories, but can potentially improve our understanding of the interplay of personal and environmental factors in health behaviour self-regulation...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699702/adult-attachment-hostile-conflict-and-relationship-adjustment-among-couples-facing-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Cassandra J Crangle, Tae L Hart
OBJECTIVE: Couples facing multiple sclerosis (MS) report significantly elevated rates of relationship distress, yet the effects of attachment have never been examined in this population. We examined whether hostile conflict mediated the dyadic effects of attachment on relationship adjustment in couples facing MS and whether these associations were moderated by gender or role. We also explored whether dyadic adjustment mediated the relationship between attachment and hostile conflict. DESIGN: The study was cross-sectional and included 103 couples in which one partner had been diagnosed with MS...
July 12, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670818/the-effects-of-psychological-interventions-on-wound-healing-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-trials
#3
Hayley Robinson, Sam Norton, Paul Jarrett, Elizabeth Broadbent
PURPOSE: Psychological stress has been shown to delay wound healing. Several trials have investigated whether psychological interventions can improve wound healing, but to date, this evidence base has not been systematically synthesized. The objective was to conduct a systematic review of randomized controlled trials in humans investigating whether psychological interventions can enhance wound healing. METHODS: A systematic review was performed using PsychINFO, CINAHL, Web of Science, and MEDLINE...
July 3, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646537/explaining-infant-feeding-the-role-of-previous-personal-and-vicarious-experience-on-attitudes-subjective-norms-self-efficacy-and-breastfeeding-outcomes
#4
Naomi C Bartle, Kate Harvey
OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding confers important health benefits to both infants and their mothers, but rates are low in the United Kingdom and other developed countries despite widespread promotion. This study examined the relationships between personal and vicarious experience of infant feeding, self-efficacy, the theory of planned behaviour variables of attitudes and subjective norm, and the likelihood of breastfeeding at 6-8 weeks post-natally. DESIGN: A prospective questionnaire study of both first-time mothers (n = 77) and experienced breastfeeders (n = 72) recruited at an antenatal clinic in South East England...
June 23, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635083/clinically-distinct-trajectories-of-fatigue-and-their-longitudinal-relationship-with-the-disturbance-of-personal-goals-following-a-cancer-diagnosis
#5
Fabiola Müller, Marrit A Tuinman, Moniek Janse, Josué Almansa, Mirjam A G Sprangers, Ans Smink, Adelita V Ranchor, Joke Fleer, Mariët Hagedoorn
OBJECTIVES: Most studies on fatigue in patients with cancer aggregate its prevalence and severity on a group level, ignoring the possibility that subgroups of patients may differ widely in their development of fatigue. This study aimed to identify subgroups of patients with clinically distinct trajectories of fatigue from diagnosis to 18 months post-diagnosis. As fatigue might trigger goal disturbance, the study also identified trajectories of concrete and abstract goal disturbance and longitudinally examined their co-occurrence with fatigue...
June 21, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628740/stuck-in-the-spin-cycle-avoidance-and-intrusions-following-breast-cancer-diagnosis
#6
Margaret R Bauer, Joshua F Wiley, Karen L Weihs, Annette L Stanton
OBJECTIVES: Theories and research regarding cognitive and emotional processing during the experience of profound stressors suggest that the presence of intrusive thoughts and feelings predicts greater use of avoidance and that the use of avoidance paradoxically predicts more intrusions. However, empirical investigations of their purported bidirectional relationship are limited. DESIGN: This study presents a longitudinal investigation of the reciprocal relationship between intrusions and avoidance coping over a 6-month period in the year following breast cancer diagnosis...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628736/-it-s-definitely-not-alzheimer-s-perceived-benefits-and-drawbacks-of-a-mild-cognitive-impairment-diagnosis
#7
Tim Gomersall, Sarah Kate Smith, Charlotte Blewett, Arlene Astell
OBJECTIVES: To understand the perceived benefits and drawbacks of a mild cognitive impairment (MCI) diagnosis from the perspective of those living with the label. METHODS: Participants were included if they had recently (within 6 months) received a MCI diagnosis. We also recruited close family members to gain their perspectives. Each was interviewed separately with a semi-structured topic guide covering three areas: (1) experience of cognitive impairments and changes in the individual; (2) impact of cognitive impairment(s) on daily activities and social relationships; and (3) experience of the diagnosis process and living with the label...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573818/the-journey-between-brain-and-gut-a-systematic-review-of-psychological-mechanisms-of-treatment-effect-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#8
Sula Windgassen, Rona Moss-Morris, Joseph Chilcot, Alice Sibelli, Kimberley Goldsmith, Trudie Chalder
PURPOSE: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder characterized by abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. It is estimated to affect 10-22% of the UK population. The use of psychological interventions in IBS is increasingly empirically supported, but little is known about the mechanism of psychological treatment approaches. The present systematic review aimed to investigate the mechanisms of psychological treatment approaches applied to IBS. METHODS: The systematic review included studies conducting mediation analysis in the context of psychological interventions for IBS, focusing on the outcomes of symptom severity and/or quality of life (QoL)...
June 1, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556481/if-you-needed-an-organ-transplant-would-you-have-one-the-effect-of-reciprocity-priming-and-mode-of-delivery-on-organ-donor-registration-intentions-and-behaviour
#9
Ronan E O'Carroll, Lorna Haddow, Laura Foley, Jody Quigley
OBJECTIVE: There are approximately 6,500 people on the UK national transplant waiting list, around 400 of whom die every year. Only 35% of the UK population are currently on the organ donation register. We report two studies examining whether a reciprocity prime, in which participants were asked whether they would accept a donated organ, increased organ donation intentions and behaviour. DESIGN: Between-participants, randomized controlled design. METHODS: In two studies, participants who were not currently registered organ donors took part either face-to-face or online and were randomly allocated to a reciprocity prime or control condition...
May 26, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547837/does-body-image-influence-the-relationship-between-body-weight-and-breastfeeding-maintenance-in-new-mothers
#10
Vivien Swanson, Alice Keely, Fiona C Denison
OBJECTIVES: Obese women have lower breastfeeding initiation and maintenance rates than healthy weight women. Research generally focuses on biomedical explanations for this. Psychosocial factors including body image and well-being after childbirth are less well understood as predictors of breastfeeding. In obese and healthy weight women, we investigated changes in body image between 72 hrs post-delivery and 6-8 weeks post-natal, studying how women's body image related to breastfeeding initiation and maintenance...
May 26, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544174/a-qualitative-study-of-younger-men-s-experience-of-heart-attack-myocardial-infarction
#11
Christopher J Merritt, Nicole de Zoysa, Jane M Hutton
OBJECTIVES: The effects of heart attack, or myocardial infarction (MI), across psychosocial domains may be particularly acute in younger adults, for whom serious health events are non-normative. MI morbidity is declining in Western countries, but in England MI numbers have plateaued for the under-45 cohort, where approximately 90% of patients are male. Qualitative research on younger adults' experience of MI is limited, and no study has sampled exclusively under-45s. This study aimed to understand how a sample of men under 45 adjusted to and made sense of MI...
May 24, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544504/the-impact-of-telephone-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-and-befriending-on-mood-disorders-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Colleen Doyle, Sunil Bhar, Marcia Fearn, David Ames, Debra Osborne, Emily You, Alex Gorelik, David Dunt
OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of this pragmatic randomized controlled trial were to investigate the impact of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) and an active social control (befriending) on depression and anxiety symptoms in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Eligible participants were randomly allocated to receive eight weekly telephone interventions of CBT (n = 54) or befriending (n = 56). Repeated-measures ANOVA was used to assess changes in scores and Cohen's d was used to assess effect sizes...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544010/goal-disturbance-changes-pre-post-renal-transplantation-are-related-to-changes-in-distress
#13
Alicia M de Vries, Torben Schulz, Ralf Westerhuis, Gerjan J Navis, Jan Niesing, Adelita V Ranchor, Maya J Schroevers
OBJECTIVE: Renal transplantation (RTx) is considered the treatment of choice for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) given its association with lower mortality, and improved overall quality of life and psychological functioning compared to dialysis. However, much less is known about which factors underlie these psychological improvements across RTx. Goal theory suggests that experienced disturbances in important goals are related to lower psychological functioning. This study aimed to (1) identify the most disturbed and most important goals for patients before RTx, (2) to examine changes in goal disturbance and goal importance pre/post-RTx, and (3) to examine whether changes in goal disturbance are associated with changes in psychological distress over time, and whether this relationship is mediated by changes in perceived control...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485483/preliminary-support-for-a-brief-psychological-intervention-to-improve-first-time-hearing-aid-use-among-adults
#14
Christopher J Armitage, Deborah Lees, Kathryn Lewis, Kevin J Munro
OBJECTIVES: Suboptimal hearing aid use extorts significant social, health, and economic costs. The aims of this study were to (1) test the novel hypothesis that the threat associated with being diagnosed with hearing loss could be ameliorated with a self-affirmation manipulation and (2) gauge the feasibility of deploying the manipulation in routine clinical practice. DESIGN: Parallel groups randomized controlled trial with 10-week follow-up. METHOD: Fifty people, newly prescribed with a hearing aid, completed either a questionnaire that included a brief self-affirming exercise or an identical questionnaire with no self-affirming exercise...
May 9, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474774/trajectories-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-liver-transplant-candidates-during-the-waiting-list-period
#15
Coby Annema, Petrie F Roodbol, Edwin R Van den Heuvel, Herold J Metselaar, Bart Van Hoek, Robert J Porte, Adelita V Ranchor
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether distinct trajectories of anxiety and depression exist among liver transplant candidates, and to gain insight into demographic, clinical, and individual characteristics related with these trajectories. DESIGN: A multicentre, prospective cohort study among 216 liver transplant candidates. Respondents filled out a questionnaire at study entrance and subsequently every 6 months until transplantation or removal from the waiting list. METHODS: Anxiety (STAI6), depression (CES-D), demographic, and individual variables were assessed by questionnaire...
May 5, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370907/significant-effects-a-personal-perspective-on-how-health-psychologists-can-influence-policy-and-practice
#16
EDITORIAL
Robert West
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271592/what-do-demand-control-and-effort-reward-work-stress-questionnaires-really-measure-a-discriminant-content-validity-study-of-relevance-and-representativeness-of-measures
#17
Cheryl Bell, Derek Johnston, Julia Allan, Beth Pollard, Marie Johnston
OBJECTIVES: The Demand-Control (DC) and Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models predict health in a work context. Self-report measures of the four key constructs (demand, control, effort, and reward) have been developed and it is important that these measures have good content validity uncontaminated by content from other constructs. We assessed relevance (whether items reflect the constructs) and representativeness (whether all aspects of the construct are assessed, and all items contribute to that assessment) across the instruments and items...
May 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244173/reducing-fat-intake-using-implementation-intentions-a-meta-analytic-review
#18
Irene Vilà, Isabel Carrero, Raquel Redondo
PURPOSE: To study the efficacy of forming implementation intentions for fat intake reduction as well as possible moderating variables. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of 12 empirical studies (N = 3,323) published in English and Spanish in the Web of Science (Core Collection) and MEDLINE (1990-January 2016) databases. RESULTS: This study found that the efficacy of planning interventions on fat consumption reduction was higher than expected, as a moderate overall effect of implementation intentions was observed (d = 0...
May 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191723/perceptions-of-hpv-and-attitudes-towards-hpv-vaccination-amongst-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-qualitative-analysis
#19
Tom Nadarzynski, Helen Smith, Daniel Richardson, Alex Pollard, Carrie Llewellyn
OBJECTIVES: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at risk of genital warts and anal cancer due to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. This study explores MSMs' perceptions of HPV and HPV vaccination prior to the introduction of this programme. DESIGN: Focus groups and one-to-one interviews with self-identified MSM were conducted between November 2014 and March 2015 in Brighton, UK. METHODS: Participants were recruited from community-based lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender (LGBT) venues and organizations...
May 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191712/ways-of-encoding-somatic-information-and-their-effects-on-retrospective-symptom-reporting
#20
Marta Walentynowicz, Ilse Van Diest, Filip Raes, Omer Van den Bergh
OBJECTIVES: Retrospective symptom reports tend to overestimate actual symptom intensity. This study explored how focusing on sensory-perceptual or on affective-motivational aspects of a somatic experience influenced retrospective symptom reports in high and low habitual symptom reporters (HSR). We hypothesized that a focus on affective-motivational aspects of somatic episodes contributes to retrospective overestimation compared to a focus on sensory-perceptual aspects. DESIGN: Dyspnoea (rebreathing) and pain (cold pain) were induced during two experimental sessions in healthy women: 21 high and 24 low HSR, selected using cut-off scores on a symptom checklist...
May 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
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