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British Journal of Health Psychology

Darren Langdridge, Mark Davis, Lucyna Gozdzielewska, Joanna McParland, Lynn Williams, Mairi Young, Fraser Smith, Jennifer MacDonald, Lesley Price, Paul Flowers
OBJECTIVES: In an innovative approach to improve the contribution of health psychology to public health we have analysed the presence and nature of affect within the visual materials deployed in antimicrobial stewardship interventions targeting the public identified through systematic review. DESIGN: A qualitative analysis focused on the affective content of visual materials garnered from a systematic review of antibiotic stewardship (k = 20). METHODS: A novel method was devised drawing on concepts from semiotics to analyse the affective elements within intervention materials...
September 16, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
James J Annesi
OBJECTIVES: Self-regulation is thought to play a role in overcoming barriers to weight management behaviour changes. This research assessed the extent that relationship is manifested through associated changes in self-efficacy, and effects based on degree of obesity. DESIGN: Data sets from three previous studies of the present research group were utilized. After assessment of change scores using repeated-measures ANOVA, mediation and moderation analyses assessed effects of changes in self-regulatory skill usage on changes in physical activity and fruit/vegetable intake through self-efficacy changes...
August 11, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Amanda J Dillard, Rebecca A Ferrer, Katherine R K Bulthuis, William M P Klein
OBJECTIVES: According to the prototype willingness model, risky behaviours such as heavy drinking may be influenced by images of others who engage in this behaviour. In this study, we examined whether college students' prototypes of an individual who frequently drinks "over the limit" were associated with their own alcohol consumption and experience of alcohol-related problems during their first 2 years in college. METHODS: We assessed students' (N = 340) prototypes of excessive drinkers and their own alcohol consumption and problems at four time points, across their first 2 years in college...
August 6, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Ai Ni Teoh, Clayton Hilmert
PURPOSE: The stress-buffering hypothesis (Cohen & McKay, 1984, Handbook of psychology and health IV: Social psychological aspects of health (pp. 253-256). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum) suggests that one way social support enhances health is by attenuating cardiovascular reactivity (CVR) to stress. Research that has tested this hypothesis has reported inconsistent findings. In this review, we systematically reviewed those findings and proposed a dual-effect model of social support and CVR as a potential explanation for the inconsistency in the literature...
August 6, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Katrina Roen, Peter Hegarty
INTRODUCTION: Psychological research provides insights into how parents approach medical decisions on behalf of children. The medical decision of concern here is the surgical alteration of a hypospadic penis, whose urethral opening does not appear at the tip. Hypospadias surgery is routinely carried out in infancy, despite criticism by international organizations concerned about children's rights. The focus of this study is on the framing of hypospadias surgery. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to examine how health professionals frame hypospadias and hypospadias surgery in medical and non-medical ways...
July 27, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Elizabeth Rieger, Martin Sellbom, Kristen Murray, Ian Caterson
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the psychometric properties of two commonly used measures of social support in obesity, namely, the Social Support for Eating Habits (SSEH) and Social Support for Physical Activity (SSPA) scales. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and longitudinal study design. METHODS: Participants were 200 adults with obesity taking part in a 12-month cognitive behavioural weight loss programme. At pre-treatment, participants completed the SSEH and SSPA as well as measures of social support, motivation, self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life to assess concurrent validity...
July 27, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Stephanie Dias, Isabel Krug, Ben Richardson, Daniel Fassnacht
OBJECTIVE: Although exercise is typically found to improve body satisfaction, this effect may be reduced or even reversed for trait body-dissatisfied individuals. The reasons for this remain unclear. This study tested the possibility that these effects are due to appearance-related motives and/or increased appearance awareness post-exercise. METHOD: Participants included 178 women who completed baseline measures of trait body dissatisfaction, and then completed an experience sampling phase in which they self-reported state body satisfaction and appearance awareness levels, and recent exercise experiences at six time-points daily for 10 days...
July 24, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Hannah Durand, Peter Hayes, Brendan Harhen, Ann Conneely, David P Finn, Monica Casey, Andrew W Murphy, Gerard J Molloy
OBJECTIVES: This study examined theoretical predictors of long-term medication adherence (i.e., treatment-related beliefs, coherence of beliefs from experience with medication, habit strength, and pill burden) for patients with apparent treatment-resistant hypertension in primary care, using a composite adherence score derived from direct and indirect measures (i.e., prescription refill, self-report, and bioanalytical assays of urine). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
July 16, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Rebecca K Webster, John Weinman, G James Rubin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Julia Mueller, Alan Davies, Caroline Jay, Simon Harper, Fiona Blackhall, Yvonne Summers, Amelie Harle, Chris Todd
OBJECTIVES: To detail the development method used to produce an online, tailored, theory-based, user-centred intervention to encourage help-seeking for potential lung cancer symptoms. DESIGN: Intervention development was structured around the person-based approach. The feasibility study involved a randomized controlled trial design. METHODS: Intervention development drew on qualitative inquiries, the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), and identifying concrete mechanisms of change to implement in the intervention (Behaviour Change Techniques)...
July 12, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Adrian P Banks, Bernadette Egan, Charo E Hodgkins, Matthew Peacock, Monique M Raats
OBJECTIVE: Health claims on food packaging are regulated to inform and protect consumers; however, many consumers do not accurately interpret the meaning of the claims. Whilst research has shown different types of misinterpretation, it is not clear how those interpretations are formed. The aim of this study was to elicit the causal beliefs and causal models about food and health held by consumers, that is their understanding of the causal relationships between nutrients, health outcomes, and the causal pathways connecting them, and investigate how well this knowledge explains the variation in inferences they draw about health benefits from health claims...
July 10, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Susan A Speer, Rebecca McPhillips
OBJECTIVES: Effective clinical communication is fundamental to tackling overweight and obesity. However, little is known about how weight is discussed in non-weight-specific settings where the primary purpose of the interaction concerns clinical matters apparently unrelated to weight. This study explores how mental health clinicians initiate discussions about a patient's possible weight problem in the non-weight-specific setting of a UK NHS Gender Identity Clinic (GIC), where weight is topicalized during discussions about the risks of treatment...
June 26, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Laura B Meade, Lindsay M Bearne, Louise H Sweeney, Samah H Alageel, Emma L Godfrey
PURPOSE: Exercise (planned, structured, repetitive movement) improves pain and function in people with persistent musculoskeletal pain (PMSK), but adherence is often poor. This systematic review evaluates the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of interventions to improve exercise adherence in people with PMSK and describes the content, context, and theoretical underpinning of behaviour change interventions designed to increase adherence. METHODS: Nine electronic databases were searched from inception dates to August 2017...
June 17, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Julie Hepworth, Toni Schofield, Rose Leontini, John Germov
BACKGROUND: The culture of 'risk-related alcohol use' has been identified as an intrinsic part of university life for many students, especially those in residential colleges in English-speaking countries. While the prevailing approach to managing drinking in these countries is harm minimization, little is known about students' uptake of these practices or the relationship of them to students' type of residence. OBJECTIVE: To examine the ways in which type of residence may impact alcohol-related harm minimization practices among university students...
June 12, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Alison Keogh, James Matthews, Deirdre A Hurley
OBJECTIVES: To investigate physiotherapist's (PTs) fidelity to 31 protocol-listed behaviour change techniques (BCTs) during a group-based self-management intervention. This study also explored the PTs delivery of these BCTs beyond the present or absent dichotomy, using a third variable, partial delivery (i.e., attempted). DESIGN: Assessment of the intervention arm of the Self-management of Osteoarthritis and Low back pain through Activity and Skills (SOLAS) cluster, randomized controlled feasibility trial, using quantitative methods...
June 10, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Joanne Middleton, Rachel Calam, Fiona Ulph
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore how parents communicate with children affected by sickle cell disease, a condition associated with social and cultural complexities that pose risks to open parent-child communication. DESIGN: A contextualist approach informed the qualitative exploration of parent experience using an individual interview design. METHODS: Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted with parents whose child had a diagnosis of sickle cell disease...
June 9, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Tiffany L Berzins, Jessica E LaBuda, Judith Gere
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed accuracy and bias in people's perceptions of their romantic partner's adoption of short-term (avoid conflict) and long-term (later health) motives for interpersonally regulating their health behaviours. DESIGN: A cross-sectional Web-based survey of 114 cohabiting romantic couples (N = 228 individuals) living in the United States. METHODS: Romantic partners separately completed measures of their short-term and long-term motives for self-regulation and partner regulation of health behaviours, as well as their perceptions of partner regulation of their own health behaviours...
June 7, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Michael A Smith, Alexandra Thompson, Lynsey J Hall, Sarah F Allen, Mark A Wetherell
OBJECTIVES: Type D personality is associated with psychological and physical ill-health. However, there has been limited investigation of the role of Type D personality in interventions designed to enhance well-being. This study investigated associations between Type D personality and the efficacy of positive emotional writing for reducing stress, anxiety, and physical symptoms. DESIGN: A between-subjects longitudinal design was employed. METHOD: Participants (N = 71, Mage  = 28...
June 3, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Joanna L McParland, Lynn Williams, Lucyna Gozdzielewska, Mairi Young, Fraser Smith, Jennifer MacDonald, Darren Langdridge, Mark Davis, Lesley Price, Paul Flowers
OBJECTIVES: Changing public awareness of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents a global public health priority. A systematic review of interventions that targeted public AMR awareness and associated behaviour was previously conducted. Here, we focus on identifying the active content of these interventions and explore potential mechanisms of action. METHODS: The project took a novel approach to intervention mapping utilizing the following steps: (1) an exploration of explicit and tacit theory and theoretical constructs within the interventions using the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDFv2), (2) retrospective coding of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) using the BCT Taxonomy v1, and (3) an investigation of coherent links between the TDF domains and BCTs across the interventions...
May 27, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Stacey Oliver, Eva Kemps
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity can prevent health risks and even a slight increase in physical activity benefits health. This study investigated potential contributing factors to incidental physical activity. DESIGN: A two-part correlational study examined whether motivational properties (autonomous and controlled motivation) in interaction with implicit processes (implicit attitudes, attentional, and approach-avoid biases) contribute to incidental physical activity...
May 27, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
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