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British Journal of Health Psychology

Jordan Miller, Sinéad Currie, Ronan E O'Carroll
OBJECTIVES: In the United Kingdom, three people die every day awaiting an organ transplant. To address this, Scotland and England plan to follow Wales and introduce opt-out donor consent. However, emotional barriers, myths, and misconceptions may deter potential registrants. Our objectives were to estimate the number of people who plan to opt-out of the donor register and to test whether emotional barriers (e.g., medical mistrust) differentiated participants within this group. Finally, in an experimental manipulation, we tested whether intention to donate decreased by making emotional barriers more salient and increased following a widely used myth-busting intervention...
October 21, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Tina L Rochelle
OBJECTIVE: Examine differences in the relationship between conformity to masculine norms and engagement in health behaviour among a cross-cultural sample of Hong Kong Chinese, mainland Chinese, Caucasian, and South Asian men living in Hong Kong. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: A community sample of 495 Hong Kong Chinese (n = 161), mainland Chinese (n = 107), Caucasian (n = 122), and South Asian (n = 105) men enrolled in the study...
October 14, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Georgie Rayment, Katherine Swainston, Gemma Wilson
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the subjective lived experience of informal caregivers supporting an individual with dementia. DESIGN: This study uses the interpretive phenomenological approach utilizing the method of photo-elicitation and in-depth semi-structured interviews. METHODS: Six individuals were given a disposable camera to capture photographs which they felt illustrated their own lived experiences of being a caregiver of an individual living with dementia...
October 7, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Anne-Marie Selzler, Wendy M Rodgers, Tanya R Berry, Kimberley McFadden, Cassandra Husband, Craig Hall
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to (i) investigate directional influences of self-efficacy, outcome satisfaction, and attendance during an exercise programme and (ii) examine the predictive capabilities of self-efficacy and outcome satisfaction on participant dropout. METHODS: Adults aged 35-65 years were recruited to a 12-month exercise programme. Self-efficacy was collected at baseline, three, six, nine, and 12 months, and outcome satisfaction at the same time-points except baseline...
October 7, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Janel Hanmer, Lan Yu, Jie Li, Dio Kavalieratos, Laurel Peterson, Rachel Hess
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of the diagnosis of asymptomatic disease on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a national data set. METHOD: We analysed adult participants in the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) of the civilian non-institutionalized US general population. Across three asymptomatic diseases (glucose intolerance, hyperlipidaemia, and hypertension), we examined four groups (without disease; with disease but no diagnosis; with disease and diagnosis but no treatment; and with disease, diagnosis, and treatment)...
September 28, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Darren Langdridge, Mark Davis, Lucyna Gozdzielewska, Joanna McParland, Lynn Williams, Mairi Young, Fraser Smith, Jennifer MacDonald, Lesley Price, Paul Flowers
OBJECTIVES: In an innovative approach to improve the contribution of health psychology to public health we have analysed the presence and nature of affect within the visual materials deployed in antimicrobial stewardship interventions targeting the public identified through systematic review. DESIGN: A qualitative analysis focused on the affective content of visual materials garnered from a systematic review of antibiotic stewardship (k = 20). METHODS: A novel method was devised drawing on concepts from semiotics to analyse the affective elements within intervention materials...
September 16, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Joanne E Parsons, Katie V Newby, David P French
PURPOSE: There is good evidence that for many behaviours, increasing risk appraisal can lead to a change in behaviour, heightened when efficacy appraisals are also increased. The present systematic review addressed whether interventions presenting a risk message increase risk appraisal and an increase in vaccination intentions and uptake. METHOD: A systematic search identified randomized controlled trials of interventions presenting a risk message and measuring risk appraisal and intentions and uptake post-intervention...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
James J Annesi
OBJECTIVES: Self-regulation is thought to play a role in overcoming barriers to weight management behaviour changes. This research assessed the extent that relationship is manifested through associated changes in self-efficacy, and effects based on degree of obesity. DESIGN: Data sets from three previous studies of the present research group were utilized. After assessment of change scores using repeated-measures ANOVA, mediation and moderation analyses assessed effects of changes in self-regulatory skill usage on changes in physical activity and fruit/vegetable intake through self-efficacy changes...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Amanda J Dillard, Rebecca A Ferrer, Katherine R K Bulthuis, William M P Klein
OBJECTIVES: According to the prototype willingness model, risky behaviours such as heavy drinking may be influenced by images of others who engage in this behaviour. In this study, we examined whether college students' prototypes of an individual who frequently drinks "over the limit" were associated with their own alcohol consumption and experience of alcohol-related problems during their first 2 years in college. METHODS: We assessed students' (N = 340) prototypes of excessive drinkers and their own alcohol consumption and problems at four time points, across their first 2 years in college...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Ai Ni Teoh, Clayton Hilmert
PURPOSE: The stress-buffering hypothesis (Cohen & McKay, 1984, Handbook of psychology and health IV: Social psychological aspects of health (pp. 253-256). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum) suggests that one way social support enhances health is by attenuating cardiovascular reactivity (CVR) to stress. Research that has tested this hypothesis has reported inconsistent findings. In this review, we systematically reviewed those findings and proposed a dual-effect model of social support and CVR as a potential explanation for the inconsistency in the literature...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Katrina Roen, Peter Hegarty
INTRODUCTION: Psychological research provides insights into how parents approach medical decisions on behalf of children. The medical decision of concern here is the surgical alteration of a hypospadic penis, whose urethral opening does not appear at the tip. Hypospadias surgery is routinely carried out in infancy, despite criticism by international organizations concerned about children's rights. The focus of this study is on the framing of hypospadias surgery. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to examine how health professionals frame hypospadias and hypospadias surgery in medical and non-medical ways...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Elizabeth Rieger, Martin Sellbom, Kristen Murray, Ian Caterson
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the psychometric properties of two commonly used measures of social support in obesity, namely, the Social Support for Eating Habits (SSEH) and Social Support for Physical Activity (SSPA) scales. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and longitudinal study design. METHODS: Participants were 200 adults with obesity taking part in a 12-month cognitive behavioural weight loss programme. At pre-treatment, participants completed the SSEH and SSPA as well as measures of social support, motivation, self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life to assess concurrent validity...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Stephanie Dias, Isabel Krug, Ben Richardson, Daniel Fassnacht
OBJECTIVE: Although exercise is typically found to improve body satisfaction, this effect may be reduced or even reversed for trait body-dissatisfied individuals. The reasons for this remain unclear. This study tested the possibility that these effects are due to appearance-related motives and/or increased appearance awareness post-exercise. METHOD: Participants included 178 women who completed baseline measures of trait body dissatisfaction, and then completed an experience sampling phase in which they self-reported state body satisfaction and appearance awareness levels, and recent exercise experiences at six time-points daily for 10 days...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Hannah Durand, Peter Hayes, Brendan Harhen, Ann Conneely, David P Finn, Monica Casey, Andrew W Murphy, Gerard J Molloy
OBJECTIVES: This study examined theoretical predictors of long-term medication adherence (i.e., treatment-related beliefs, coherence of beliefs from experience with medication, habit strength, and pill burden) for patients with apparent treatment-resistant hypertension in primary care, using a composite adherence score derived from direct and indirect measures (i.e., prescription refill, self-report, and bioanalytical assays of urine). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Rebecca K Webster, John Weinman, G James Rubin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Adrian P Banks, Bernadette Egan, Charo E Hodgkins, Matthew Peacock, Monique M Raats
OBJECTIVE: Health claims on food packaging are regulated to inform and protect consumers; however, many consumers do not accurately interpret the meaning of the claims. Whilst research has shown different types of misinterpretation, it is not clear how those interpretations are formed. The aim of this study was to elicit the causal beliefs and causal models about food and health held by consumers, that is their understanding of the causal relationships between nutrients, health outcomes, and the causal pathways connecting them, and investigate how well this knowledge explains the variation in inferences they draw about health benefits from health claims...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Susan A Speer, Rebecca McPhillips
OBJECTIVES: Effective clinical communication is fundamental to tackling overweight and obesity. However, little is known about how weight is discussed in non-weight-specific settings where the primary purpose of the interaction concerns clinical matters apparently unrelated to weight. This study explores how mental health clinicians initiate discussions about a patient's possible weight problem in the non-weight-specific setting of a UK NHS Gender Identity Clinic (GIC), where weight is topicalized during discussions about the risks of treatment...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Julie Hepworth, Toni Schofield, Rose Leontini, John Germov
BACKGROUND: The culture of 'risk-related alcohol use' has been identified as an intrinsic part of university life for many students, especially those in residential colleges in English-speaking countries. While the prevailing approach to managing drinking in these countries is harm minimization, little is known about students' uptake of these practices or the relationship of them to students' type of residence. OBJECTIVE: To examine the ways in which type of residence may impact alcohol-related harm minimization practices among university students...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Alison Keogh, James Matthews, Deirdre A Hurley
OBJECTIVES: To investigate physiotherapist's (PTs) fidelity to 31 protocol-listed behaviour change techniques (BCTs) during a group-based self-management intervention. This study also explored the PTs delivery of these BCTs beyond the present or absent dichotomy, using a third variable, partial delivery (i.e., attempted). DESIGN: Assessment of the intervention arm of the Self-management of Osteoarthritis and Low back pain through Activity and Skills (SOLAS) cluster, randomized controlled feasibility trial, using quantitative methods...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Tiffany L Berzins, Jessica E LaBuda, Judith Gere
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed accuracy and bias in people's perceptions of their romantic partner's adoption of short-term (avoid conflict) and long-term (later health) motives for interpersonally regulating their health behaviours. DESIGN: A cross-sectional Web-based survey of 114 cohabiting romantic couples (N = 228 individuals) living in the United States. METHODS: Romantic partners separately completed measures of their short-term and long-term motives for self-regulation and partner regulation of health behaviours, as well as their perceptions of partner regulation of their own health behaviours...
November 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
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