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British Journal of Health Psychology

Jan Keller, Amelie U Wiedemann, Diana Hilda Hohl, Urte Scholz, Silke Burkert, Mark Schrader, Nina Knoll
OBJECTIVES: Extending individual planning of health behaviour change to the level of the dyad, dyadic planning refers to a target person and a planning partner jointly planning the target person's health behaviour change. To date, predictors of dyadic planning have not been systematically investigated. Integrating cognitive predictors of individual planning with four established predictor domains of social support provision, we propose a framework of predictors of dyadic planning. Including target persons' and partners' perspectives, we examine these predictor domains in the context of prostate cancer patients' rehabilitative pelvic floor exercise (PFE) following radical prostatectomy...
October 15, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Afrodita Marcu, Georgia Black, Peter Vedsted, Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Katriina L Whitaker
OBJECTIVE: Advanced stage at diagnosis for breast cancer is associated with lower socio-economic status (SES). We explored what factors in the patient interval (time from noticing a bodily change to first consultation with a health care professional) may contribute to this inequality. DESIGN: Qualitative comparative study. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with a sample of women (≥47 years) from higher (n = 15) and lower (n = 15) educational backgrounds, who had experienced at least one potential breast cancer symptom...
September 29, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Rachael Hunter, Sarah Lewis, Simon Noble, Jaynie Rance, Paul D Bennett
OBJECTIVES: Venous thromboembolism (VTE, including deep vein thrombosis [DVT] and pulmonary embolism [PE]) is a serious, potentially traumatic, life-threatening condition and a major cause of mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study was to explore the patients' experiences of VTE and its psychosocial impact. METHODS: Audio-recorded semistructured interviews with a purposive sample of 12 participants who had experienced a first-time DVT or PE within the previous 6 months...
September 9, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Stephan U Dombrowski, Ronan E O'Carroll, Brian Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Alicia M Hughes, Rola Gordon, Trudie Chalder, Colette R Hirsch, Rona Moss-Morris
BACKGROUND: There is an abundance of research into cognitive processing biases in clinical psychology including the potential for applying cognitive bias modification techniques to assess the causal role of biases in maintaining anxiety and depression. Within the health psychology field, there is burgeoning interest in applying these experimental methods to assess potential cognitive biases in relation to physical health conditions and health-related behaviours. Experimental research in these areas could inform theoretical development by enabling measurement of implicit cognitive processes that may underlie unhelpful illness beliefs and help drive health-related behaviours...
November 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Stephan U Dombrowski, Ronit Endevelt, David M Steinberg, Yael Benyamini
OBJECTIVES: The conditions under which planning for behaviour change is most effective are not fully understood. In the context of a weight management programme, we examined the interrelationship between plan specificity, type of behaviour planned (diet vs. exercise), and weight loss goals. DESIGN: Prospective design and content analysis of plans formed by participants of a 10-week weight management programme. METHODS: Participants (n = 239) formulated two plans, for dietary and exercise behaviours, respectively...
November 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Jasmine Heath Hearn, Katherine Anne Finlay, Philip A Fine
OBJECTIVES: Metaphorical expressions of persistent pain play an influential role in the modulation of pain. This may be particularly distressing for those with physical disabilities such as spinal cord injury (SCI). Neuropathic pain (NP) after SCI is often described using metaphorical expressions such as burning and electricity. This study explored the use of metaphors by those with NP after SCI. DESIGN: A qualitative, semi-structured interview design was employed...
November 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Valentina Carfora, Daniela Caso, Mark Conner
OBJECTIVE: The present research aimed to test the efficacy of affective and instrumental text messages compared with a no-message control as a strategy to increase fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) in adolescents. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial was used test impact of different text messages compared with no message on FVI over a 2-week period. METHOD: A total of 1,065 adolescents (14-19 years) from a high school of the South of Italy completed the baseline questionnaire and were randomly allocated to one of three conditions: instrumental messages (N = 238), affective messages (N = 300), and no messages (N = 521)...
November 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Carolina Gaitan-Sierra, Martin Dempster
OBJECTIVE: Non-specific factors play an important role in determining benefits from health-promoting activities. Previous studies have focussed on beneficial outcomes of motivation during engagement. There are two aims of this project. First, we investigated whether expectancy and intrinsic motivation influence people's decisions to engage with health-promoting activities in the first instance and then subsequently adhere to them. Second, we examined the effects of providing information on health-promoting activities as a method of influencing expectancy and intrinsic motivation...
September 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Katherine A Finlay, James Elander
OBJECTIVES: Transitioning from clinical care to community-based self-management represents a significant challenge, throughout which social support can facilitate health adjustment and quality of life. However, community-centred, peer-led support structures are often underused. This study aimed to investigate the decision-making processes involved in the choice to attend a chronic pain support group (CPSG) following discharge from a Pain Management Programme. DESIGN: An in-depth, qualitative analysis was undertaken using interpretative phenomenological analysis, exploring participants' subjective experiences, decision-making, and rationale for initial CPSG attendance...
September 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Dafina Petrova, Antonio Arrebola-Moreno, Andrés Catena, José A Ramírez-Hernández
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between Type D (distressed) personality and cardiac biomarkers of disease severity in patients with acute coronary syndrome. To identify potential mechanisms behind the effect of Type D personality on cardiovascular disease (CVD). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Patients (N = 215) with acute coronary syndrome completed a survey including a measure of Type D personality. Blood samples including a lipid profile and cardiac enzymes were taken within 3 days after the cardiovascular event...
September 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Antje Horsch, Ji Seon Kang, Yvan Vial, Ulrike Ehlert, Ayala Borghini, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Ingo Jacobs, Jardena J Puder
OBJECTIVES: The role of stress in the development of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has so far been neglected. We investigated the impact of stress exposure (pregnancy-related and pregnancy-unrelated major life events), psychological stress responses (perceived stress, subjective experience of stress, anxiety, depression, sleep), and physiological stress responses (salivary cortisol, plasma copeptin levels) on glucose concentrations during pregnancy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, including 203 pregnant women at the maternity department of a Swiss university hospital...
September 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Krista W Ranby, Leona S Aiken
BACKGROUND: Health behaviour models focus primarily on intrapersonal constructs (e.g., self-efficacy) which are good predictors of intention but less so of actual behaviour. Influences from the social environment, namely from close others, may improve prediction of engagement in ongoing behaviour. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to broadly assess husband influence on physical activity and to determine whether a multidimensional assessment of husband influence would improve prediction of wives' physical activity...
September 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Brooke N Jenkins, Karen S Rook, Raquel Borges-Garcia, Melissa M Franks, Mary Ann Parris Stephens
OBJECTIVES: The resource model of self-control posits that self-control is a finite resource that can be depleted. Individuals with diabetes must continually restrict their diet, requiring self-control. As a result, dietary adherence is difficult, and lapses are common. People with diabetes who overexert self-control following a lapse may be especially likely to experience a subsequent relapse, as suggested by the resource model. This investigation used the resource model of self-control to test whether overexertion of dietary self-control following a lapse would be predictive of a subsequent relapse in dietary control...
September 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Heather L Gainforth, Fabiana Lorencatto, Karl Erickson, Robert West, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Reliable methods have been developed for characterizing behavioural interventions in terms of component practitioner-delivered behaviour change techniques (BCTs). As yet, no corresponding methods have been developed for characterizing client responses. PURPOSE: To develop a method for characterizing clients' verbal statements in audio-recordings of smoking cessation behavioural support consultations. METHODS: An established framework for specifying practitioner-delivered BCTs was adapted to account for corresponding BCTs in clients' verbal statements...
September 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Angeliki Bogosian, Liesbeth M Van Vliet, Gillian Craig, Lorna K Fraser, Julie M Turner-Cobb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Sharon L Manne, Elliot J Coups, Deborah A Kashy
OBJECTIVE: Individuals may be more motivated to adopt health-promoting practices if they consider the benefits of these behaviours for their close relationships. The goal of this study was to use the interdependence theory to evaluate the role of relationship factors in skin self-examination (SSE). DESIGN: The study adopted a cross-sectional survey design. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-four married couples aged 50 years and older completed measures of skin cancer worry, SSE benefits, SSE barriers, relationship-centred motivations for SSE, discussions about SSE, and SSE practices in the past year...
September 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Benjamin Gardner, L Alison Phillips, Gaby Judah
OBJECTIVES: 'Habit' is a process whereby situational cues generate behaviour automatically, via activation of learned cue-behaviour associations. This article presents a conceptual and empirical rationale for distinguishing between two manifestations of habit in health behaviour, triggering selection and initiation of an action ('habitual instigation'), or automating progression through subactions required to complete action ('habitual execution'). We propose that habitual instigation accounts for habit-action relationships, and is the manifestation captured by the Self-Report Habit Index (SRHI), the dominant measure in health psychology...
September 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Claudia Chiavarino, Erika Cavallero, Daniela Rabellino, Luigi Palumbo, Claudia Bianchino, Fiorenzo Gaita, Serena Bergerone, Bruno G Bara
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to verify the efficacy of a manualized, cognitively oriented psychological intervention, called Mental Fitness, in improving the mental and physical health of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Mental Fitness is a small-group four-session treatment aimed at increasing awareness of one's own bodily perceptions, emotions, and thoughts and is overall tailored on participants' perception of control over their health. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled single-blind trial...
September 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Katri K Cornelissen, Lucinda J Gledhill, Piers L Cornelissen, Martin J Tovée
OBJECTIVES: There has been a steady rise in obesity levels in Western countries, and a contributory factor is people's failure to recognize weight gain. Two important visual perceptual biases, contraction bias and Weber's law, that have hitherto been ignored in the obesity literature could contribute to this problem. Contraction bias predicts that the weight of obese bodies will be underestimated and the degree of underestimation will increase as body mass index (BMI) increases. Weber's law predicts that change in the body size will become progressively harder to detect as their BMI increases...
September 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
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