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Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals

Bernhard Grubmüller, Richard P Baum, Enza Capasso, Aviral Singh, Yasaman Ahmadi, Peter Knoll, Andreas Floth, Sergio Righi, Shahin Zandieh, Carlo Meleddu, Shahrokh F Shariat, Hans Christoph Klingler, Siroos Mirzaei
AIM: The prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is a cell surface protein, which is overexpressed in nearly all cases of prostate cancer (PCa). PET imaging with (68)Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC has recently found widespread application in the diagnosis of recurrent PCa. In this study, the diagnostic potential of (64)Cu-labeled PSMA ligand (PSMA-617) PET in patients with PCa has been investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted simultaneously at two nuclear medicine centers, Austria (Vienna, Center 1) and Germany (Bad Berka, Center 2)...
October 7, 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Eun Jung Kim, Byoung Soo Kim, Dan Bee Choi, Sung-Gil Chi, Tae Hyun Choi
PURPOSE: Directly radioiodinated [(131)I]-rituximab has been developed as a radioimmunotherapeutic agent in patients with CD20-positive B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. However, there are concerns over its in vivo catabolism and deiodination. A novel radioiodination linker, N-(4-isothiocyanatobenzyl)-2-(3-(tributylstannyl)phenyl) acetamide (IBPA), was synthesized for the preparation of stable radioiodinated proteins. METHODS: The authors evaluated the potential of IBPA as a stable radioiodinated linker for rituximab...
September 30, 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Achim Paulmichl, Dominik Summer, Claudia Manzl, Christine Rangger, Francesca Orlandi, Sabrina Niedermoser, Takahiro Taguchi, Björn Wängler, Clemens Decristoforo
The gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is a rare disease with limited therapeutic options when resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment occurs. The authors investigated binding of various (68)Ga-labeled peptides, targeting receptors reported to be overexpressed in GIST, in different cell lines. For this purpose, three GIST cell lines were tested: GIST-T1, GIST882 (Imatinib sensitive), and GIST430 (Imatinib resistant). DOTA-NT 8-13 (targeting NTR1), DOTA-TATE (targeting SSTR2), CP04 (a minigastrin derivative targeting CCK2-R), VIP-DOTA (targeting VPAC2-R), and 2 DOTA-bombesin derivatives [targeting gastrin releasing peptide receptors (GRPR)] were radiolabeled with (68)Ga and incubated with the respective tumor cell and control cell lines...
October 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Zongyan Chen, Xiaodong Liu, Shumei Ma
Autophagy is a devouring process during which cytoplasmic proteins, organelles, or other contents are phagocytized and delivered into an autophagosome, which then fuses with a lysosome to become an autolysosome. Autophagy is involved in various human diseases, including cancers, and is triggered and regulated by different signaling pathways under various stimuli such as oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is caused by excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS). It is well known that mitochondria are the primary cellular sources of ROS, which play important roles in the induction of cell death after radiation treatment...
October 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Ji Woong Lee, Yong Jin Lee, Un Chol Shin, Suhng Wook Kim, Byung Il Kim, Kyo Chul Lee, Jung Young Kim, Ji-Ae Park
Improving the in vivo pharmacokinetics (PK) of positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracers is of critical importance to tumor diagnosis and therapy. In the case of peptide-based radiotracers, the modification and addition of a linker or spacer functional group often offer faster in vivo pharmacokinetic behavior. In this study, the authors introduced two new PEGlyated dimeric c(RGD-ACH-K) conjugates, in which an aminocyclohexane carboxylic acid (ACH) is inserted into the ring chain of the cyclic RGD peptides, with a common bifunctional chelator (DOTA or NOTA) used for labeling with radiometals (including (68)Ga and (64)Cu)...
October 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Xijia Zhu, Xiangkai Long, Xishun Luo, Zhike Song, Shengguo Li, Haipeng Wang
Deregulated expressions of mucins have been found in various malignancies and play a pivotal role in carcinogenesis. MUC5AC, as a secreted mucin, is reported to be aberrantly expressed during epithelial cancer progression, including colon cancer. However, the mechanisms of the oncoprotein MUC5AC in the initiation of colon cancer requires further investigation. Here, we collected colon cancer tissues (n = 20) and corresponding paracancerous tissues (n = 20) and found that the expression of MUC5AC was significantly elevated in colon cancer tissues when compared with the corresponding paracancerous tissues...
September 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Zhitong Bing, Jinhui Tian, Jingyun Zhang, Xiuxia Li, Xiaohu Wang, Kehu Yang
Radiotherapy is widely used in breast cancer treatment. The radiotherapy for breast invasive carcinoma (BRCA) presents challenges with the complex clinical factors, and too many genes have been found to be associated with BRCA radiotherapy prognosis. The aim of this study was to construct an integrative model to combine the clinical data and RNA expression data (including microRNA and mRNA) to predict the survival durations of BRCA patients with radiotherapy. Also, the authors try to find the key regulation pairs between mRNA and miRNA from prediction...
September 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Yang Sun, Long Jin, Jia-Hua Liu, Yu-Xia Sui, Li-Li Han, Xiao-Li Shen
We aimed to determine the effects of the inhibition of enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) gene expression on the cisplatin resistance of the human ovarian cancer cell line, SKOV3/DDP, and to identify the underlying mechanisms. SKOV3/DDP cells were stably transfected with pSUPER-EZH2 (EZH2 RNA interference plasmid) or pcDNA3.1-EZH2 (EZH2 gene overexpression plasmid) using the lipofection method. Real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blotting confirmed that EZH2 expression was downregulated in pSUPER-EZH2-transfected cells...
September 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Di-Nuo Li, Liang Wang, Lei Wang, Shen Li, Yu-Bing Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of recombinant human endostatin (endostar, ES) and cisplatin on the growth of gastric cancer-transplanted tumor in nude mice and the expression of microvessel density (MVD). METHODS: Human gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells were subcutaneously injected into the armpit of nude mice to prepare cancer-bearing nude mice. A total of 32 cancer-bearing nude mice were divided into four groups (each group with 8 mice). The four groups included control group and other three groups in which mice were treated with 5 mg/kg of ES (group E), 5 mg/kg of cisplatin (group Ci), and 5 mg/kg of ES combined with 5 mg/kg of cisplatin (group C), respectively...
September 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Zhaoqi Zhang, Xinming Zhao, Cuimin Ding, Jianfang Wang, Jingmian Zhang, Fan Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to assess the efficacy of (99m)Tc-3PRGD2 imaging for evaluating both early treatment response to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) and prognosis in advanced-stage lung adenocarcinoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen patients with lung adenocarcinoma were enrolled for EGFR-TKIs therapy. (99m)Tc-3PRGD2 SPECT/CT and planar imaging were performed pre- and post-therapy. The tumor to nontumor (T/NT) ratio and percentage change in T/NT ratio were assessed for the treatment response...
September 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Hong Chen, Yujuan Fan, Wensheng Xu, Junying Chen, Chaohuan Xu, Xiaoning Wei, Di Fang, Yi Feng
MicroRNAs are small RNA that are tightly interrelated with the initiation, development, and metastasis of cancers. Studies have shown that miR-10b is increased in various cancers. However, the underlying mechanisms of miR-10b in the occurrence and metastasis of endometrial cancer are poorly understood. To investigate its roles and correlations with Homeobox box 3 (HOXB3) in endometrial cancer, cancer tissues and adjacent normal endometrium tissues from 20 patients with endometrial cancer were studied. miR-10b expression was significantly up-regulated (p < 0...
August 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Murali Kesavan, J Harvey Turner
AIM: This review of the literature, and the authors' own decade of experience with lutetium-177-octreotate-capecitabine±temozolomide peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT)-chemotherapy of GEPNETs, analyses the risk of both short- and long-term hematotoxicity. BACKGROUND: Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute leukemia (AL) have been associated with PRRT in heavily pretreated patients with a history of exposure to alkylating agents. Commenced 15 years ago, PRRT is now becoming established as first- and second-line therapy for gastroentero pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEPNETs), and early treatment minimizes myelotoxicity, which is the most significant potential adverse event following PRRT...
August 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Deni Hardiansyah, Nusrat Jihan Begum, Peter Kletting, Felix M Mottaghy, Gerhard Glatting
The aim of this work was to evaluate the sensitivity of time-integrated activity coefficients (TIACs) on the erroneously chosen prior knowledge in a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model used for treatment planning in peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT). Parameters of the PBPK model were fitted to the biokinetic data of 15 patients after the injection of (111)In-DTPAOC. The fittings were performed using fixed parameter values taken from literature as prior knowledge (reference case, Ref)...
August 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Ji Woong Lee, Ji-Ae Park, Yong Jin Lee, Un Chol Shin, Suhng Wook Kim, Byung Il Kim, Sang Moo Lim, Gwang Il An, Jung Young Kim, Kyo Chul Lee
Most studies of radiolabeled arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) peptides have shown in vitro affinity for integrin ανβ3, allowing for the targeting of receptor-positive tumors in vivo. However, major differences have been found in the pharmacokinetic profiles of different radiolabeled RGD peptide analogs. The purposes of this study were to prepare (64)Cu-DOTA-gluco-E[c(RGDfK)]2 (R8), (64)Cu-NOTA-gluco-E[c(RGDfK)]2 (R9), and (64)Cu-NODAGA-gluco-E[c(RGDfK)]2 (R10) and compare their pharmacokinetics and tumor imaging properties using small-animal positron emission tomography (PET)...
August 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Fayyaz Ahmed, Nasir Mahmood, Saman Shahid, Zahid Hussain, Ishtiaq Ahmed, Amir Jalal, Bushra Ijaz, Abubaker Shahid, Ghulam Mujtaba, Tanveer Mustafa
The current study explored the potential links between breast cancer and human interferon α-2b (hIFNα-2b) gene mutations. The hIFNα-2b gene was amplified from breast cancer tumor tissue samples (N = 60) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the products were subjected to gene sequencing. A total of 38 (63.3%) samples showed positive PCR amplification results. Several of these also exhibited frequent alterations (mutations) after 400 bp and, in particular, adenine was replaced by other bases. A total of 19 selected mutated amino acids were analyzed for local/general fold pattern changes...
August 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Guo-Ping Shan, Peng Zhang, Pu Li, Feng-Lei Du, Yi-Wei Yang
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of Numb gene expression on radiation sensitivity of nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) stem cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The side population (SP) cells A549-SP were transfected with pcDNA3.1 (pcDNA3.1 group), pcDNA-Numb (pcDNA-Numb group) and shRNA-Numb (shRNA-Numb group). Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot were performed to determine Numb expression; MTT method was used to measure the proliferation activity change of the NSCLC stem cells both before and after irradiation with different doses of 60Coγ ray; Hoechst staining and Annexin V-FITC/PI were used to detect the apoptosis of the NSCLC stem cells; and colony-forming assay was used to determine the effect of Numb expression on radiation sensitivity of the NSCLC stem cells...
June 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Kyoungjune Pak, Seong-Jang Kim, Phillip J Koo, Samuel Chang
The authors aimed to assess the risk of recurrence in patients with nonsmall-cell lung cancer after surgery with no evidence of disease (NED) demonstrated on (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). A total of 140 subjects with adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the lung were included in this study. Patients had FDG PET/CT scans within a year after surgery between January 2007 and December 2014. Patients with PET/CT scans with NED were included. Following an NED PET/CT scan, recurrence or metastasis was found in 14 patients (10...
June 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Zoltán Varga, István Gyurkó, Krisztina Pálóczi, Edit I Buzás, Ildikó Horváth, Nikolett Hegedűs, Domokos Máthé, Krisztián Szigeti
The biodistribution of extracellular vesicles (EVs) is a fundamental question in the field of circulating biomarkers, which has recently gained attention. Despite the capabilities of nuclear imaging methods, such as single-photon emission computed tomography, radioisotope labeling of EVs and the use of the aforementioned methods for in vivo studies hardly can be found in the literature. In this article, the authors describe a novel method for the radioisotope labeling of erythrocyte-derived EVs using the (99m)Tc-tricarbonyl complex...
June 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Zhanpeng Luo, Dawei Li, Xiaobo Luo, Litao Li, Suxi Gu, Long Yu, Yuanzheng Ma
The members of the integrin αv (ITGAV) family are widely expressed on many types of tumors and have been reported to be involved into angiogenesis, tumor metastases, and multicellular radioresistance. Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant bone tumor and the role of ITGAV in OS needs to be further elucidated. MicroRNAs are aberrantly expressed in a variety of cancers. Thus, the authors collected OS tissues (n = 15) and corresponding paracancerous tissues (n = 15) and found that the expression of miR-548c-3p was significantly downregulated in OS tissues and cell lines 143B, SaoS2, and HOS when compared to the corresponding paracancerous tissues and human osteoblast cell line hFOB (OB3), respectively...
June 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Paola Panichelli, Carlo Villano, Angelina Cistaro, Andrea Bruno, Francesco Barbato, Arnoldo Piccardo, Adriano Duatti
OBJECTIVES: To conduct the first investigational study that is aimed at evaluating the ability of the simple salt (64)CuCl2 to diagnose cerebral tumors in patients affected by glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). METHODS: Nineteen patients with a documented history and radiologic evidence of brain tumors were enrolled in the study. Eighteen patients were diagnosed with GBM, and one patient was diagnosed with grade II astrocytoma. After initial cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), patients were administered with (64)CuCl2 (13 MBq/kg) and brain positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) imaging was performed at 1, 3, and 24 hours after administration...
June 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
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