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Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898232/unfolded-protein-response-promotes-doxorubicin-induced-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer-cells-apoptosis-via-the-mtor-pathway-inhibition
#1
Xiaofang Zhao, Yan Yang, Fuli Yao, Bin Xiao, Ying Cheng, Chunhong Feng, Chunyan Duan, Chunyan Zhang, Youping Liu, Hong Li, Bo Xiao, Rongyang Dai
Drug resistance is extremely common in nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and is one of the major problems in NSCLC chemotherapy. However, the detailed mechanisms remain largely unknown. Unfolded protein response (UPR) is involved in the tumorigenesis of NSCLC. Here, the authors demonstrated that the UPR promotes poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase activation (PARP) cleavage in NSCLC cells on doxorubicin treatment, which is a hallmark of apoptosis and caspase activation. In NSCLC cells, doxorubicin treatment triggers the UPR activation, which subsequently promotes doxorubicin-mediated apoptosis...
November 29, 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715146/-64-cu-psma-617-pet-ct-imaging-of-prostate-adenocarcinoma-first-in-human-studies
#2
Bernhard Grubmüller, Richard P Baum, Enza Capasso, Aviral Singh, Yasaman Ahmadi, Peter Knoll, Andreas Floth, Sergio Righi, Shahin Zandieh, Carlo Meleddu, Shahrokh F Shariat, Hans Christoph Klingler, Siroos Mirzaei
AIM: The prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is a cell surface protein, which is overexpressed in nearly all cases of prostate cancer (PCa). PET imaging with (68)Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC has recently found widespread application in the diagnosis of recurrent PCa. In this study, the diagnostic potential of (64)Cu-labeled PSMA ligand (PSMA-617) PET in patients with PCa has been investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted simultaneously at two nuclear medicine centers, Austria (Vienna, Center 1) and Germany (Bad Berka, Center 2)...
October 7, 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689933/improved-in-vivo-stability-of-radioiodinated-rituximab-using-an-iodination-linker-for-radioimmunotherapy
#3
Eun Jung Kim, Byoung Soo Kim, Dan Bee Choi, Sung-Gil Chi, Tae Hyun Choi
PURPOSE: Directly radioiodinated [(131)I]-rituximab has been developed as a radioimmunotherapeutic agent in patients with CD20-positive B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. However, there are concerns over its in vivo catabolism and deiodination. A novel radioiodination linker, N-(4-isothiocyanatobenzyl)-2-(3-(tributylstannyl)phenyl) acetamide (IBPA), was synthesized for the preparation of stable radioiodinated proteins. METHODS: The authors evaluated the potential of IBPA as a stable radioiodinated linker for rituximab...
September 30, 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831763/thyroid-patient-salivary-radioiodine-transit-and-dysfunction-assessment-using-chewing-gums
#4
Demetrios Okkalides
Radiation-induced salivary gland dysfunction is the most frequent side-effect of I-131 thyroid therapy. Here, a novel saliva sampling method with ordinary chewing gums administered to the patients at appropriate time intervals post-treatment (TIPT) was used to relate this effect to chewing gum saliva activity (CGSA) content. Saliva samples were acquired after the oral administration of prescribed I-131 activity (radioactivity administered [RA]) to 19 differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and 16 hyperthyroidism patients of the radioisotope unit (RIU) during 2014 and 2015...
November 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831762/in-vivo-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-cd8-t-lymphocytes-recruiting-to-glioblastoma-in-mice
#5
Anning Li, Yue Wu, Feng Tang, Wei Li, Xiaoyuan Feng, Zhenwei Yao
Noninvasive in vivo tracking of adopted immune cells would help improve immunotherapy on glioblastoma. In this study, the authors tried to track adoptive CD8+ T lymphocytes in an in situ GL261 glioblastoma mouse model with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). CD8+ T lymphocytes from spleen of preimmunized GL261 glioblastoma mice were labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide, with polylysine as transfection agent. From Prussian blue staining, the labeling efficiency was 0.77% ± 0.06%, without altering cell viability and function...
November 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831761/prognostic-importance-of-the-presence-of-early-metabolic-response-and-absence-of-extrahepatic-metastasis-after-selective-internal-radiation-therapy-in-colorectal-cancer-liver-metastasis
#6
Cigdem Soydal, Nuriye Ozlem Kucuk, Deniz Balci, Ethem Gecim, Sadik Bilgic, Atilla Halil Elhan
AIMS: In this study, the authors aimed to identify prognostic factors after selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) for colorectal cancer (CRC) liver metastasis. METHODS: Forty-nine (28 male, 21 female; mean age: 64.6 ± 10.8) patients who received SIRT for CRC liver metastasis were studied. Effects of number (<5 vs. ≥5), maximum dimension, and standardized uptake value (SUV) of liver metastases, liver tumor load (<25% vs. 26%-50% vs. 51%-75%), presence of extrahepatic disease, and metabolic early response on overall survival were analyzed...
November 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831760/suppression-of-hbxip-reduces-cell-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-in-vitro-and-tumorigenesis-in-vivo-in-human-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-bladder
#7
Xiaogang Li, Shuangping Liu
Hepatitis B X-interacting protein (HBXIP) has been found overexpressed in several types of human cancer, however, the status of HBXIP expression in urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) has not been explored. In this study, the authors used real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot to test the expression of HBXIP in UCB and adjacent tissues. The expression of HBXIP was significantly increased in UCB tissues. In addition, they showed that suppression of HBXIP induced cell cycle arrest and increased cell apoptosis in T24 cells...
November 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831759/triple-therapy-of-her2-cancer-using-radiolabeled-multifunctional-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-and-alternating-magnetic-field
#8
Hamidreza Zolata, Hossein Afarideh, Fereydoun Abbasi Davani
By using radio-labeled multifunctional superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) and an alternating magnetic field (AMF), we carried out targeted hyperthermia, drug delivery, radio-immunotherapy (RIT), and controlled chemotherapy of cancer tumors. We synthesized and characterized Indium-111-labeled, Trastuzumab and Doxorubicin (DOX)-conjugated APTES-PEG-coated SPIONs in our previous work. Then, we evaluated their capability in SPECT/MRI (single photon emission computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging) dual modal molecular imaging, targeting, and controlled release...
November 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754750/targeting-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-with-68-ga-labeled-peptides-an-in-vitro-study-on-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-cell-lines
#9
Achim Paulmichl, Dominik Summer, Claudia Manzl, Christine Rangger, Francesca Orlandi, Sabrina Niedermoser, Takahiro Taguchi, Björn Wängler, Clemens Decristoforo
The gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is a rare disease with limited therapeutic options when resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment occurs. The authors investigated binding of various (68)Ga-labeled peptides, targeting receptors reported to be overexpressed in GIST, in different cell lines. For this purpose, three GIST cell lines were tested: GIST-T1, GIST882 (Imatinib sensitive), and GIST430 (Imatinib resistant). DOTA-NT 8-13 (targeting NTR1), DOTA-TATE (targeting SSTR2), CP04 (a minigastrin derivative targeting CCK2-R), VIP-DOTA (targeting VPAC2-R), and 2 DOTA-bombesin derivatives [targeting gastrin releasing peptide receptors (GRPR)] were radiolabeled with (68)Ga and incubated with the respective tumor cell and control cell lines...
October 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754749/the-roles-of-mitochondria-in-autophagic-cell-death
#10
Zongyan Chen, Xiaodong Liu, Shumei Ma
Autophagy is a devouring process during which cytoplasmic proteins, organelles, or other contents are phagocytized and delivered into an autophagosome, which then fuses with a lysosome to become an autolysosome. Autophagy is involved in various human diseases, including cancers, and is triggered and regulated by different signaling pathways under various stimuli such as oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is caused by excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS). It is well known that mitochondria are the primary cellular sources of ROS, which play important roles in the induction of cell death after radiation treatment...
October 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754748/improved-pharmacokinetics-following-pegylation-and-dimerization-of-a-c-rgd-ach-k-conjugate-used-for-tumor-positron-emission-tomography-imaging
#11
Ji Woong Lee, Yong Jin Lee, Un Chol Shin, Suhng Wook Kim, Byung Il Kim, Kyo Chul Lee, Jung Young Kim, Ji-Ae Park
Improving the in vivo pharmacokinetics (PK) of positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracers is of critical importance to tumor diagnosis and therapy. In the case of peptide-based radiotracers, the modification and addition of a linker or spacer functional group often offer faster in vivo pharmacokinetic behavior. In this study, the authors introduced two new PEGlyated dimeric c(RGD-ACH-K) conjugates, in which an aminocyclohexane carboxylic acid (ACH) is inserted into the ring chain of the cyclic RGD peptides, with a common bifunctional chelator (DOTA or NOTA) used for labeling with radiometals (including (68)Ga and (64)Cu)...
October 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610469/abrogation-of-muc5ac-expression-contributes-to-the-apoptosis-and-cell-cycle-arrest-of-colon-cancer-cells
#12
Xijia Zhu, Xiangkai Long, Xishun Luo, Zhike Song, Shengguo Li, Haipeng Wang
Deregulated expressions of mucins have been found in various malignancies and play a pivotal role in carcinogenesis. MUC5AC, as a secreted mucin, is reported to be aberrantly expressed during epithelial cancer progression, including colon cancer. However, the mechanisms of the oncoprotein MUC5AC in the initiation of colon cancer requires further investigation. Here, we collected colon cancer tissues (n = 20) and corresponding paracancerous tissues (n = 20) and found that the expression of MUC5AC was significantly elevated in colon cancer tissues when compared with the corresponding paracancerous tissues...
September 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610468/an-integrative-model-of-mirna-and-mrna-expression-signature-for-patients-of-breast-invasive-carcinoma-with-radiotherapy-prognosis
#13
Zhitong Bing, Jinhui Tian, Jingyun Zhang, Xiuxia Li, Xiaohu Wang, Kehu Yang
Radiotherapy is widely used in breast cancer treatment. The radiotherapy for breast invasive carcinoma (BRCA) presents challenges with the complex clinical factors, and too many genes have been found to be associated with BRCA radiotherapy prognosis. The aim of this study was to construct an integrative model to combine the clinical data and RNA expression data (including microRNA and mRNA) to predict the survival durations of BRCA patients with radiotherapy. Also, the authors try to find the key regulation pairs between mRNA and miRNA from prediction...
September 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610467/interfering-ezh2-expression-reverses-the-cisplatin-resistance-in-human-ovarian-cancer-by-inhibiting-autophagy
#14
Yang Sun, Long Jin, Jia-Hua Liu, Yu-Xia Sui, Li-Li Han, Xiao-Li Shen
We aimed to determine the effects of the inhibition of enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) gene expression on the cisplatin resistance of the human ovarian cancer cell line, SKOV3/DDP, and to identify the underlying mechanisms. SKOV3/DDP cells were stably transfected with pSUPER-EZH2 (EZH2 RNA interference plasmid) or pcDNA3.1-EZH2 (EZH2 gene overexpression plasmid) using the lipofection method. Real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blotting confirmed that EZH2 expression was downregulated in pSUPER-EZH2-transfected cells...
September 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610466/expression-of-inhibitor-of-differentiation-1-and-its-effects-on-angiogenesis-in-gastric-cancer
#15
Di-Nuo Li, Liang Wang, Lei Wang, Shen Li, Yu-Bing Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of recombinant human endostatin (endostar, ES) and cisplatin on the growth of gastric cancer-transplanted tumor in nude mice and the expression of microvessel density (MVD). METHODS: Human gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells were subcutaneously injected into the armpit of nude mice to prepare cancer-bearing nude mice. A total of 32 cancer-bearing nude mice were divided into four groups (each group with 8 mice). The four groups included control group and other three groups in which mice were treated with 5 mg/kg of ES (group E), 5 mg/kg of cisplatin (group Ci), and 5 mg/kg of ES combined with 5 mg/kg of cisplatin (group C), respectively...
September 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563805/-99m-tc-3prgd2-spect-ct-imaging-for-monitoring-early-response-of-egfr-tkis-therapy-in-patients-with-advanced-stage-lung-adenocarcinoma
#16
Zhaoqi Zhang, Xinming Zhao, Cuimin Ding, Jianfang Wang, Jingmian Zhang, Fan Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to assess the efficacy of (99m)Tc-3PRGD2 imaging for evaluating both early treatment response to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) and prognosis in advanced-stage lung adenocarcinoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen patients with lung adenocarcinoma were enrolled for EGFR-TKIs therapy. (99m)Tc-3PRGD2 SPECT/CT and planar imaging were performed pre- and post-therapy. The tumor to nontumor (T/NT) ratio and percentage change in T/NT ratio were assessed for the treatment response...
September 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447302/mir-10b-inhibits-apoptosis-and-promotes-proliferation-and-invasion-of-endometrial-cancer-cells-via-targeting-hoxb3
#17
Hong Chen, Yujuan Fan, Wensheng Xu, Junying Chen, Chaohuan Xu, Xiaoning Wei, Di Fang, Yi Feng
MicroRNAs are small RNA that are tightly interrelated with the initiation, development, and metastasis of cancers. Studies have shown that miR-10b is increased in various cancers. However, the underlying mechanisms of miR-10b in the occurrence and metastasis of endometrial cancer are poorly understood. To investigate its roles and correlations with Homeobox box 3 (HOXB3) in endometrial cancer, cancer tissues and adjacent normal endometrium tissues from 20 patients with endometrial cancer were studied. miR-10b expression was significantly up-regulated (p < 0...
August 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419665/myelotoxicity-of-peptide-receptor-radionuclide-therapy-of-neuroendocrine-tumors-a-decade-of-experience
#18
Murali Kesavan, J Harvey Turner
AIM: This review of the literature, and the authors' own decade of experience with lutetium-177-octreotate-capecitabine±temozolomide peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT)-chemotherapy of GEPNETs, analyses the risk of both short- and long-term hematotoxicity. BACKGROUND: Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute leukemia (AL) have been associated with PRRT in heavily pretreated patients with a history of exposure to alkylating agents. Commenced 15 years ago, PRRT is now becoming established as first- and second-line therapy for gastroentero pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEPNETs), and early treatment minimizes myelotoxicity, which is the most significant potential adverse event following PRRT...
August 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403777/sensitivity-analysis-of-a-physiologically-based-pharmacokinetic-model-used-for-treatment-planning-in-peptide-receptor-radionuclide-therapy
#19
Deni Hardiansyah, Nusrat Jihan Begum, Peter Kletting, Felix M Mottaghy, Gerhard Glatting
The aim of this work was to evaluate the sensitivity of time-integrated activity coefficients (TIACs) on the erroneously chosen prior knowledge in a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model used for treatment planning in peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT). Parameters of the PBPK model were fitted to the biokinetic data of 15 patients after the injection of (111)In-DTPAOC. The fittings were performed using fixed parameter values taken from literature as prior knowledge (reference case, Ref)...
August 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403677/new-glucocyclic-rgd-dimers-for-positron-emission-tomography-imaging-of-tumor-integrin-receptors
#20
Ji Woong Lee, Ji-Ae Park, Yong Jin Lee, Un Chol Shin, Suhng Wook Kim, Byung Il Kim, Sang Moo Lim, Gwang Il An, Jung Young Kim, Kyo Chul Lee
Most studies of radiolabeled arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) peptides have shown in vitro affinity for integrin ανβ3, allowing for the targeting of receptor-positive tumors in vivo. However, major differences have been found in the pharmacokinetic profiles of different radiolabeled RGD peptide analogs. The purposes of this study were to prepare (64)Cu-DOTA-gluco-E[c(RGDfK)]2 (R8), (64)Cu-NOTA-gluco-E[c(RGDfK)]2 (R9), and (64)Cu-NODAGA-gluco-E[c(RGDfK)]2 (R10) and compare their pharmacokinetics and tumor imaging properties using small-animal positron emission tomography (PET)...
August 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
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