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Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie

A Achtnich, S Rosslenbroich, K Beitzel, A B Imhoff, W Petersen
OBJECTIVE: Arthroscopic assisted suture anchor refixation combined with microfracturing of the femoral ACL insertion zone in cases of acute proximal anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture to restore anatomical and biomechanical properties of the native ACL. INDICATIONS: Acute proximal ACL rupture/avulsion, multiligament injury of the knee CONTRAINDICATIONS: Chronic (>6 weeks) proximal ACL rupture, intraligamentary rupture, as well as previous ACL surgery. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Arthroscopic examination of the knee joint, debridement of the femoral insertion zone, examination of the ligament quality by a probe, insertion of a curved lasso through the ACL to place the sutures and use of a drill guide to place the anchor in the middle of the femoral ACL insertion...
October 21, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
F C Heider, H M Mayer
OBJECTIVE: Herniated disc tissue removal to decompress the spinal nerve/cauda equina. Minimization of iatrogenic trauma and associated injuries. INDICATIONS: Conservative treatment did not sufficiently improve clinical symptoms. This is true for progressive or persisting neurological deficits, as well as for persisting pain which alters the quality of the patient`s life. Results of surgery are strongly dependent on the preoperative duration of symptoms. Paramount is the "timing" of surgery: poorer surgical results associated with increasing preoperative duration of symptoms...
September 29, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
C Druschel, K Heck, C Kraft, R Placzek
OBJECTIVE: PemberSal osteotomy to improve femoral head coverage by rotating the acetabular roof ventrally and laterally. INDICATIONS: Insufficient coverage of the femoral head, and can be combined with other surgical procedures such as femoral intertrochanteric varus-derotation osteotomy and open reduction for developmental dysplasia and dislocation of the hip or to improve sphericity and containment in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. This specific acetabuloplasty can only be performed in patients with an open epiphyseal growth-plate...
September 14, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
K Heck, A Heck, R Placzek
OBJECTIVE: Pain-free, plantigrade, functional foot through gentle manipulation without extended surgery and with decreased probability of relapse. INDICATIONS: Idiopathic clubfoot; neurogenic and secondary clubfeet. CONTRAINDICATIONS: None. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Simultaneous correction of all components of the clubfoot. Mainly conservative, with serial casts. Slight supination to address the cavus and increasing abduction to align the midfoot bones while putting counter-pressure on the head of the talus...
August 3, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
J Pogorzelski, K Beitzel, A B Imhoff, P Millett, S Braun
OBJECTIVE: Therapy of intraarticular lesions and elimination of structural risk factors for those suffering from clinical manifest anterosuperiorer impingement (ASI) of the shoulder. This includes as a maximum version the arthroscopic repair of supraspinatus (SST) and subscapularis tendon (SCT) tears with subsequent subpectoral tenodesis of the long head of the biceps tendon (LBT) and arthroscopic coracoplasty. INDICATIONS: Clinical manifest anterosuperiorer impingement of the shoulder with anterior shoulder pain, failed conservative treatment and clear intraarticular damage in radiological imaging...
August 2, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
N Diwersi, R Babst, B-C Link
THE PROBLEM: Dislocated intra-articular fractures of the distal radius are operatively treated to achieve anatomical reconstruction of the joint. In complex distal radial fractures with multiple joint fragments, fixation with angular stable plates alone may be technically challenging. Smaller fragments, such as the lip of ulnopalmar joint, are often difficult to control. THE SOLUTION: The supplementary application of mini plates, as employed in maxillofacial surgery, is a helpful tool for reduction and fixation...
October 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
D Popp, V Schöffl, W Strecker
OBJECTIVE: Internal fixation of displaced fractures of the greater tuberosity allowing functional aftercare. INDICATIONS: Displaced fractures of the greater tuberosity >5 mm. Displaced fractures of the greater tuberosity >3 mm in athletes or overhead workers. Multiply fragmented fractures of the greater tuberosity. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Displaced 3‑ or 4‑part fractures of the proximal humerus. Nondisplaced fractures of the greater tuberosity...
October 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
S Ochman, M J Raschke, C Stukenborg-Colsman, K Daniilidis
OBJECTIVE: Debridement of infected tissue with the main aim being the re-establishment of mobilization with preservation of standing and walking ability. Prevention of secondary pressure points or amputations due to inadequate resection or deficient soft tissue cover. INDICATIONS: In the case of increasing necrosis of the big toe, surgical abrasion and/or amputation is considered unavoidable. Other indications where surgery could be considered include diabetes and its associated angiopathies together with peripheral arterial angiopathy...
October 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
G Engels, H Stinus, D Hochlenert, A Klein
OBJECTIVE: Elimination of plantarization of the tip of the toe and torsion of digit 1 (D1) or D5 using percutaneous tenotomy of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) - or the flexor digitorum longus (FDL) muscle. INDICATIONS: Flexible, in some cases also fixated hyperflexion misalignment and torsion misalignment of the distal phalanx of the toe with plantarization of physiologically non-loaded bearing parts of the toes in patients with diabetic foot syndrome (neuropathy)...
October 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
B Kinner, C Roll
OBJECTIVE: The goal of Pirogoff's amputation of the hindfoot is a weight-bearing stump with minimal loss of limb length and stable soft tissue coverage with preservation of the sensation of the sole of the heel. INDICATIONS: Non-reconstructable forefoot and midfoot after complex trauma, deep bony and soft tissue infection, infected Charcot foot, necrosis or gangrene due to vasculopathy, malignant tumors and deformities. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Possibility for reconstruction of the forefoot and midfoot, minor amputation, loss or irreversible destruction of the sole of the heel...
October 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
K Dresing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
C Roll, M Forray, B Kinner
OBJECTIVE: Amputations and exarticulations of the toes may be necessary due to several reasons. The goal is to remove necrosis or infection prior to its spread to the midfoot region. From a functional or cosmetic point of view, amputation/exarticulation of a single toe plays no major role. However, this can be different with exarticulation of several toes. INDICATIONS: Necrosis, trauma, infection, tumor, deformity. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Conditions where amputation/exarticulation of a toe is insufficient, e...
October 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
S Lerch, S Elki, M Jaeger, T Berndt
OBJECTIVE: Coracoacromial ligament release to widen the subacromial space, resection of the anterior undersurface of the acromion and, if needed, caudal exophytes at the acromioclavicular joint. INDICATIONS: All types of outlet impingement after 3 months of conservative treatment. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Impingement syndrome with instability/muscular imbalance, massive rotator cuff tear, unstable os acromionale, posterior-superior impingement, joint infection, freezing phase of a secondary frozen shoulder...
October 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
C Biehl, M Eckhard, G Szalay, C Heiss
OBJECTIVE: The treatment strategy for diabetic foot syndrome must take into account protective sensibility of the foot, open wounds, infection status, and the rules of septic bone surgery. Interventions are classified as elective, prophylactic, curative, or emergency. Amputations in the forefoot and midfoot region are performed as ray amputations (including metatarsal), which can often be carried out as "inner" amputations. Gentle tissue treatment mandatory because of greater risk of revision with re-amputation compared to classical amputation...
October 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
T Pillukat, R A Fuhrmann, J Windolf, J van Schoonhoven
OBJECTIVE: Refixation of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) to the ulnar capsule of the wrist. INDICATIONS: Distal TFCC tears without instability, proximal TFCC intact. Loose ulnar TFCC attachment without tear or instability. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Peripheral TFCC tears with instability of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). Complex or proximal tears of the TFCC. Isolated, central degenerative tears without healing potential. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Arthroscopically guided, minimally invasive suture of the TFCC to the base of the sixth extensor compartment...
August 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
J van Schoonhoven
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
M Walther, S Kriegelstein, S Altenberger, A Röser
OBJECTIVES: Correction of calcaneal malalignment as part of a hindfoot correction procedure. INDICATIONS: Varus and valgus malalignment of the calcaneus, increased calcaneal pitch. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Osteoarthritis of the subtalar joint. Fixed and symptomatic deformities of the subtalar joint. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: After having identified and marked the desired planes of the osteotomy under image intensifier, a percutaneous v‑shaped calcaneal osteotomy is performed...
August 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
T Del Gaudio, M Haerle
OBJECTIVE: Arthroscopic decompression (wafer procedure) of the ulnocarpal compartment in patients with ulnar impaction syndrome. INDICATIONS: The arthroscopic wafer procedure is recommended in ulnar-plus situations with up to 3 mm length-excess. To perform this procedure the ulnar head needs to be accessible for the burr through a pre-existing, impaction-related, centroradial lesion of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC). The additional presence of a distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) type C confirms the indication...
August 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
N Schmelzer-Schmied
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this operation technique is a stable refixation of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) to the fovea ulnaris. The stability of the distal radio-ulnar joint (DRUJ) should be re-established. The patients pain and the feeling of instability should be reduced. INDICATIONS: Lesions of the foveal component of the TFCC resulting in DRUJ instability. Combined lesions of both components of the TFCC. Complete detachment of the TFCC from the ulna either without fracture of the styloid process of the ulna or with fracture (floating styloid)...
August 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
M Lutz, S Erhart, C Deml, T Klestil
OBJECTIVE: Anatomical reconstruction of the distal radius after intra-articular fractures with special consideration of the articular surface and treatment of concomitant ligament injuries. INDICATIONS: Intra-articular distal radius fractures in adults under 65 years of age. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Osteoporotic deterioration of metaphyseal bone, radiocarpal fracture dislocation and open fractures. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Conventional palmar approach for plate fixation of the fracture with a fixed angle locking plate...
August 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
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