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Journal of Health Services Research & Policy

Kate Laver, Emmanuel Gnanamanickam, Craig Whitehead, Susan Kurrle, Megan Corlis, Julie Ratcliffe, Wendy Shulver, Maria Crotty
Objectives Health services worldwide are increasingly adopting consumer directed care approaches. Traditionally, consumer directed care models have been implemented in home care services and there is little guidance as to how to implement them in residential care. This study used a citizens' jury to elicit views of members of the public regarding consumer directed care in residential care. Methods A citizens' jury involving 12 members of the public was held over two days in July 2016, exploring the question: For people with dementia living in residential care facilities, how do we enable increased personal decision making to ensure that care is based on their needs and preferences? Jury members were recruited through a market research company and selected to be broadly representative of the general public...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Agnes Black, Kimberly Strain, Christine Wallsworth, Sara-Grey Charlton, Wilma Chang, Kate McNamee, Clayon Hamilton
Objective There is growing emphasis on health care organizations to ensure that lay people are meaningfully engaged as partners on research teams. Our aim was to explore the perspectives of patients, family members and informal caregivers who have been involved on health care research teams in Canada and elicit their recommendations for meaningful engagement. Methods We conducted a qualitative study guided by thematic analysis of transcripts of focus groups and interviews of 19 experienced patient research partners in Canada...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Gregory Maniatopoulos, Ann Le Couteur, Luke Vale, Allan Colver
Objectives To explore the role of integrated commissioning in improving the transition of young people with long-term conditions from child to adult services. We aimed to identify organizational and policy gaps around transition services and provide recommendations for integrated commissioning practice. Methods Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with two groups of participants: (1) twenty-four stakeholders involved in the commissioning and provision of transition services for young people with long-term conditions in two regions in England; (2) five professionals with national roles in relation to planning for transition...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Joanna Davies, Irene Higginson, Katherine Sleeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Julia Abelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Vari Drennan, Kate Walters, Christina Avgerinou, Benjamin Gardner, Claire Goodman, Rachael Frost, Kalpa Kharicha, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe
Objectives Globally, populations are rapidly ageing and countries have developed health promotion and wellbeing strategies to address increasing demand for health care and old-age support. The older population is not homogeneous however, and includes a large group in transition between being active and healthy to being frail, i.e. with early frailty. This review explores the extent to which policy in England has addressed this group with a view to supporting independence and preventing further progression towards frailty...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Brandi White, Charles Ellis, Walter Jones, William Moran, Kit Simpson
Objective Periods of economic instability may increase preventable hospitalizations because of increased barriers to accessing primary care. For underserved populations such as the homeless, these barriers may be more pronounced due to limited resources in the health care safety net. This study examined the impact of the global financial crisis of 2007-2008 on access to care for the homeless in New York State. Methods Hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs) were used as a proxy measure for primary care access...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Jonathan Karnon, Laura Edney, Hossein Afzali
Health technology assessment provides a common framework for evaluating the costs and benefits of new health technologies to inform decisions on the public funding of new pharmaceuticals and other health technologies. In Australia and England, empirical analyses of the opportunity costs of government spending on new health technologies suggest more quality adjusted life years are being forgone than are being gained by a non-trivial proportion of funded health technologies. This essay considers the relevance of available empirical estimates of opportunity costs and explores the relationship between the public funding of health technologies and broader political and economic factors...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Aman Verma, Christian Rochefort, Guido Powell, David Buckeridge
Objectives Patients discharged from hospitals on a Friday (Friday discharges) are readmitted sooner (a shorter time-to-emergency-readmission) than those discharged on any other day of the week. To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of increasing weekend capacity, the effect estimate of Friday discharge on time-to-emergency-readmission needs to be precise. However, precise effect estimation is complicated by the confounding effect of differing healthcare-seeking behaviour and admission practices, and therefore different admission probability, by day of the week...
January 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Darron Smith, Cardell Jacobson
Objectives Data from the Academy of American Physician Assistants have suggested there are no differences in salaries by race and ethnic group. Our objective was to compare salaries of physician assistants for different racial and ethnic groups and sexes using another data source. Methods Data from the American Community Surveys (2010-2012) to examine pay differentials of physician assistants. Ordinary least squares regression analysis to compare the salaries of males and females, and those of racial and ethnic groups...
January 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Ellen Kuhlmann, Viola Burau
There is now widespread agreement on the benefits of an integrated, people-centred health workforce, but the implementation of new models is difficult. We argue that we need to think about stakeholders and power, if we want to ensure change in the health workforce. We discuss these issues from a governance perspective and suggest a critical approach to stakeholder involvement as an indicator of good governance. Three models of involving stakeholders in health workforce governance can be identified: corporatist professional involvement either in a continental European model of conservative corporatism or in a Nordic model of public corporatism; managerialist and market-centred involvement of professions as organizational agents; and a more inclusive, network-based involvement of plural professional experts at different levels of governance...
January 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Ta-Ping Lu, Pei-Luen Patrick Rau, Zhi Guo, Cui-Ling Chen
Objectives To investigate the effects of four factors on perceptions of fairness in access to outpatient services: proportions of walk-in versus scheduled registration, consultation queues, regulations for late patients and particular categories of patients getting better access. Methods A total of 124 young adults were asked to consider nine different scenarios and report their views of the fairness of each one. Results As regards the balance of types of patients, 60% walk-in registration was seen as fair to both walk-in and scheduled patients...
January 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Gerry Armitage, Sally Moore, Caroline Reynolds, Pierre-Antoine Laloë, Claire Coulson, Rosie McEachan, Rebecca Lawton, Ian Watt, John Wright, Jane O'Hara
Objectives To compare a new co-designed, patient incident reporting tool with three established methods of detecting patient safety incidents and identify if the same incidents are recorded across methods. Method Trained research staff collected data from inpatients in nine wards in one university teaching hospital during their stay. Those classified as patient safety incidents were retained. We then searched for patient safety incidents in the corresponding patient case notes, staff incident reports and reports to the Patient Advice and Liaison Service specific to the study wards...
January 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
John Boswell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Graham P Martin, Pam Carter, Mike Dent
Objectives Calls for major reconfigurations of health services have been accompanied by recommendations that wide ranging stakeholders be involved. In particular, patients and the wider public are seen as critical contributors as both funders and beneficiaries of public health care. But public involvement is fraught with challenges, and little research has focused on involvement in the health service transformation initiatives. This paper examines the design and function of public involvement in reconfiguration of health services within the English NHS...
January 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Nicholas Goodwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Nick Black
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Rikke Søgaard, Ulrika Enemark
Objective To determine the relationship between cost and quality in European hospitals. Methods Juran's cost-quality curve served as a theoretical framework, linked to basic efficiency concepts. Based on systematic database searches, citation searches and cross-referencing, we identify 1093 empirical studies. After exclusion of studies from outside Europe (699), non-hospital settings (10 studies), lack of a cost parameter (194) or a quality parameter (27 studies), 22 studies (28 analyses) were assessed for direction of association and methodological heterogeneity...
April 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Jessica Sheringham, Miqdad Asaria, Helen Barratt, Rosalind Raine, Richard Cookson
Objectives Reducing health inequalities is an explicit goal of England's health system. Our aim was to compare the performance of English local administrative areas in reducing socioeconomic inequality in emergency hospital admissions for ambulatory care sensitive chronic conditions. Methods We used local authority area as a stable proxy for health and long-term care administrative geography between 2004/5 and 2011/12. We linked inpatient hospital activity, deprivation, primary care, and population data to small area neighbourhoods (typical population 1500) within administrative areas (typical population 250,000)...
April 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
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