journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108224/effectiveness-of-monotherapy-and-combined-therapy-with-calcitonin-and-minodronic-acid-hydrate-a-bisphosphonate-for-early-treatment-in-patients-with-new-vertebral-fractures-an-open-label-randomized-parallel-group-study
#1
Shinya Tanaka, Akira Yoshida, Shinjiro Kono, Manabu Ito
BACKGROUND: Evidence related to the effectiveness of combination drug therapy for the treatment of osteoporosis is currently considered insufficient. Therefore, this study was performed to clarify the effects of monotherapy, and combination therapy, with a bisphosphonate (minodronic acid hydrate), a bone resorption inhibitor, and calcitonin (elcatonin), which is effective for the alleviation of pain due to vertebral fractures in osteoporotic patients. METHODS: Study participants comprised of 51 female subjects with post-menopausal osteoporosis, whose main complaint was acute lower back pain caused by vertebral fractures...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100411/comparison-of-mid-term-results-between-conversion-total-knee-arthroplasties-following-closed-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-and-primary-total-knee-arthroplasties-a-matched-pair-study-including-patellar-symptom-and-position
#2
Dae Kyung Bae, Sang Jun Song, Cheol Hee Park, Hu Liang, Jung Kwon Bae
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare mid-term clinical and radiographic results of conversion total knee arthroplasties (TKA) following a closed-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) and primary TKAs. METHODS: A total of 32 conversion TKAs (29 patients) were compared with a matched control group of patients who had undergone primary TKA. The clinical results were evaluated using the Knee Society Knee and Function score, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities score, patella score, and range of motion (ROM)...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087218/relationship-among-motor-function-adl-disability-and-psychological-concerns-in-elderly-people-with-locomotive-disorders
#3
Toshiyuki Miyawaki, Keigo Kumamoto, Kaori Shimoda, Fusae Tozato, Tsutomu Iwaya
BACKGROUND: Locomotive disorders are one of the main causative pathologies for the condition requiring assistance on activities of daily living (ADL). Although psychological concerns such as feeling of depression and anxiety are prevalent in elderly people, the causal relation among motor function, ADL disability, and psychological concerns is controversial. PURPOSE: Purpose of this study was to investigate causal relationship among motor function, ADL disability, and psychological concerns in elderly people with locomotive disorders...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087217/psychometric-properties-of-the-japanese-version-of-short-forms-of-the-pain-catastrophizing-scale-in-participants-with-musculoskeletal-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Tomohiko Nishigami, Akira Mibu, Katsuyoshi Tanaka, Yuh Yamashita, Akihisa Watanabe, Akihito Tanabe
BACKGROUND: The Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) is a commonly used as measure of pain catastrophizing. The scale comprises 13 items related to magnification, rumination, and helplessness. To facilitate quick screening and to reduce participant's burden, the four-item and six-item short forms of the English version of the PCS were developed. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a Japanese version of the short forms of PCS using a contemporary approach called Rasch analysis...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087216/denosumab-and-alendronate-treatment-in-patients-with-back-pain-due-to-fresh-osteoporotic-vertebral-fractures
#5
Tomoko Tetsunaga, Tomonori Tetsunaga, Keiichiro Nishida, Masato Tanaka, Yoshihisa Sugimoto, Tomoyuki Takigawa, Yoshitaka Takei, Toshifumi Ozaki
INTRODUCTION: Denosumab specifically inhibits the receptor activator for nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL), and prevents osteoporotic fractures. Several reports have analyzed the effects of denosumab and alendronate alone on bone mineral density (BMD) or reduction of fracture risk. The objective of this study was to analyze the effects of antiresorptive osteoporosis pharmacotherapy on pain relief in patients with fresh vertebral fracture. METHODS: This retrospective, single-center study included 80 patients (10 males, 70 females) with fresh osteoporotic vertebral fractures treated using denosumab at a dose of 60 mg subcutaneously every 6 months (40 patients) or alendronate at a dose of 35 mg orally every week (40 patients) for 6 months in our hospital...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087215/surgical-outcome-of-posterior-ankle-impingement-syndrome-with-concomitant-ankle-disorders-treated-simultaneously-in-patient-engaged-in-athletic-activity
#6
Wataru Miyamoto, Shinya Miki, Hirotaka Kawano, Masato Takao
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether simultaneous surgery for posterior ankle impingement syndrome (PAIS) and concomitant ankle disorders, such as anterior ankle impingement syndrome (AAIS), lateral ankle instability (LAI), and osteochondral lesion of the talus (OLT), allows for early return to athletic activity. METHODS: Ninety-seven patients who engaged in athletic activity (mean age 27 [range 18-43] years) and were treated by a hindfoot endoscopic approach for PAIS alone or simultaneously for PAIS and concomitant ankle disorders were included in this study...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081930/management-of-foot-deformity-in-children
#7
Jiro Machida, Yutaka Inaba, Naoyuki Nakamura
This study describes the management of foot deformity in children. Severe congenital clubfeet treated using posteromedial release without talocalcaneal joint release were flexible and functional. Talectomy may be necessary for congenital clubfeet with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. The diagnosis and severity of vertical talus were defined based on stress radiographs. For the deformity with spina bifida, a combination of talocalcaneal joint fusion and precise correction by soft tissue release and tendon transfer was performed...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081929/human-knee-joint-sound-during-the-lachman-test-comparison-between-healthy-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-deficient-knees
#8
Kazunori Tanaka, Munehiro Ogawa, Yusuke Inagaki, Yasuhito Tanaka, Hitoshi Nishikawa, Koji Hattori
BACKGROUND: The Lachman test is clinically considered to be a reliable physical examination for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency. However, the test involves subjective judgement of differences in tibial translation and endpoint quality. An auscultation system has been developed to allow assessment of the Lachman test. The knee joint sound during the Lachman test was analyzed using fast Fourier transformation. The purpose of the present study was to quantitatively evaluate knee joint sounds in healthy and ACL-deficient human knees...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081928/relationship-between-clinical-symptoms-of-osteoporotic-vertebral-fracture-with-intravertebral-cleft-and-radiographic-findings
#9
Toshio Nakamae, Yoshinori Fujimoto, Kiyotaka Yamada, Takeshi Hiramatsu, Takashi Hashimoto, Kjell Olmarker, Nobuo Adachi
BACKGROUND: With aging of the population, the numbers of osteoporotic vertebral fractures with intravertebral cleft have been increasing. However, the details of clinical symptoms of osteoporotic vertebral fractures with intravertebral cleft are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between clinical symptoms of osteoporotic vertebral fractures with intravertebral cleft and radiographic findings. METHODS: Two hundred seventeen patients with single-level osteoporotic vertebral fractures with intravertebral cleft were examined...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081927/florid-reactive-periostitis-of-the-long-bone-a-case-series-of-seven-patients
#10
Khodamorad Jamshidi, Behrooz Givehchian, Alireza Mirzaei
BACKGROUND: Florid reactive periostitis (FRP) is a rare benign periosteal lesion, which mostly involves the tubular bones of the extremities. FRP of the long bone is especially rare. We here report a case series of long bone FRP and also discuss the differential diagnosis and clinical outcome of our series. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, four female and three male patients with long bone FRP and a mean age of 25.1 years were evaluated for this study, from which four upper extremity and three lower extremity FRP lesions were identified...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081926/asymmetrical-vertebral-collapse-from-spinal-metastasis-in-lower-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine
#11
Takayoshi Suzuki, Hirohisa Katagiri, Tatsuya Noda, Shusuke Ota, Hideki Murata, Junji Wasa, Seiichi Hosaka, Tetsuo Shimoyama, Mitsuru Takahashi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences between spinal metastasis and osteoporotic compression fractures on plain X-ray images, focusing on asymmetrical vertebral collapse and fracture level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 180 patients with pathological collapse from spinal metastasis (188 vertebrae) who were treated at our institution and 70 patients (92 vertebrae) with osteoporotic compression fractures. Anteroposterior X-ray images of the lower thoracic and lumbar spine were evaluated for asymmetrical collapse deformity...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089085/the-timing-of-bone-spect-to-predict-osteonecrosis-after-internal-fixation-of-femur-neck-fractures
#12
Ji Wan Kim, Jin-Sook Ryu, Sora Baek, Seong-Eun Byun, Jae Suk Chang
BACKGROUND: Bone SPECT can be used after a femur neck fracture to assess the circulation of the femoral head in the immediate postoperative period because the blood supply is one of the major factors affecting bone uptake of radiotracer on bone scintigraphy. The purpose of our present study was to investigate whether osteonecrosis of the femoral head (OFH) after internal fixation of femoral neck fracture could be predicted by early and late bone SPECT. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study enrolled 44 patients (33 women; mean age, 66...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038880/efficacy-and-safety-of-teriparatide-in-bisphosphonate-pretreated-and-treatment-naive-patients-with-osteoporosis-at-high-risk-of-fracture-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-prospective-observational-study
#13
Fumito Yoshiki, Atsushi Nishikawa, Masanori Taketsuna, Kenta Kajimoto, Hiroyuki Enomoto
BACKGROUND: Teriparatide is the first anabolic agent shown to reduce the risk of fractures in patients with osteoporosis. In Japan, teriparatide is prescribed to treat patients at high risk of fracture. Given that bisphosphonates are commonly used prior to teriparatide as treatment for osteoporosis, information on the effectiveness and safety of teriparatide with or without previous bisphosphonate treatment is helpful for physicians in clinical practice. This study aims to report the effectiveness and safety of teriparatide in treatment-naive and bisphosphonate-pretreated patients in Japan as real-world evidence...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034603/useful-ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-the-medial-meniscus-as-a-feature-predicting-the-onset-of-radiographic-knee-osteoarthritis
#14
Taiki Murakami, Makoto Enokida, Kei Kawaguchi, Ryoji Otsuki, Hideki Nagashima
OBJECTIVE: Medial radial displacement (MRD) of the medial meniscus is a feature proving a dysfunction in the medial meniscus in osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. MRD was measured in radiographic pre-OA knee and early osteoarthritis of the knee (early-OA) longitudinally using ultrasound (US) to investigate the characteristics involved in the onset and progression of OA. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with pain on the medial side of the knee participated in the present study...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027829/complications-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-following-solid-organ-transplantation
#15
Mitchell R Klement, Colin T Penrose, Abiram Bala, Cynthia L Green, Richard C Mather, Samuel S Wellman, Michael P Bolognesi, Thorsten M Seyler
PURPOSE: Solid organ transplants (SOT) continue to increase with recipients living longer than ever before. The lifelong immunosuppression in these patients also may place them at increased risk for postoperative complications. The efficacy of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in this patient population is undisputed but previous studies investigating the complication profiles in these patients often are underpowered to identify rare complications as well as make comparisons between individual organs...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027828/prognosis-and-adjacent-segment-disease-after-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery-for-destructive-spondyloarthropathy-in-long-term-hemodialysis-patients
#16
Keishi Maruo, Tokuhide Moriyama, Toshiya Tachibana, Shinichi Inoue, Fumihiro Arizumi, Kazuki Kusuyama, Shinichi Yoshiya
BACKGROUND: Lumbar destructive spondyloarthropathy (DSA) is a serious complication in long-term hemodialysis patients. There have not been many reports regarding the surgical management for lumbar DSA. In addition, the adjacent segment pathology after lumbar fusion surgery for DSA is unclear. The objective of this study was to assess the clinical outcome and occurrence of adjacent segmental disease (ASD) after lumbar instrumented fusion surgery for DSA in long-term hemodialysis patients...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025024/cervical-sagittal-alignment-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-lenke-type-1-6
#17
Lianlei Wang, Xinyu Liu
OBJECTIVE: We collected the radiographic and clinical data of 129 AIS patients (Lenke type 1-6) to analyze the characteristics of cervical sagittal alignment in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients and the correlations between cervical sagittal alignment and global sagittal alignment, and clinical symptoms. METHODS: 129 patients with AIS and 48 adolescent volunteers were included in this study. The angles of the main thoracic curve, proximal thoracic curve, thoracolumbar curve, lumbar curve, C2-7 Cobb angle, T5-12 Cobb angle, L1-5 Cobb angle, pelvic incidence, pelvic tilt, sacrum slop, C2-7 sagittal vertical axis, C7-S1 sagittal vertical axis, and T1 pelvic angle were included in radiographic measurements...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025023/correlation-between-preoperative-physical-signs-and-functional-outcomes-after-laminoplasty-for-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament
#18
Takashi Tsuji, Nobuyuki Fujita, Kota Watanabe, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Ken Ishii
BACKGROUND: Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) can cause myelopathy that is often managed surgically. Knowledge of predictors of surgical outcomes can provide decision support to surgeons. The aims of this study were to investigate the relationships between preoperative physical signs and postoperative functional outcomes in patients with OPLL and to clarify whether physical signs could predict functional outcomes. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with OPLL who had undergone cervical laminoplasty were included in this study...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025022/the-japanese-version-of-the-start-back-tool-predicts-6-month-clinical-outcomes-of-low-back-pain
#19
Ko Matsudaira, Hiroyuki Oka, Norimasa Kikuchi, Yuri Haga, Takayuki Sawada, Sakae Tanaka
BACKGROUND: The STarT Back Tool classifies patients into low-, medium-, or high-risk groups according to risk for chronic low back pain. The Japanese version of the STarT Back Tool (STarT-J) has been translated and psychometrically validated. The present analysis investigated the predictive ability of the STarT-J. METHODS: Baseline data were collected through an online survey conducted with Japanese patients with low back pain. Long-term outcomes were assessed in a 6-month follow-up survey...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025021/inflammatory-pain-related-traits-of-sensory-drg-neurons-innervating-the-hip-joints
#20
Takayuki Nakajima, Seiji Ohtori, Junichi Nakamura, Takane Suzuki, Yasuchika Aoki, Atsuya Watanabe, Makoto Takazawa, Kazuhisa Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Hip pain is transmitted to the dorsal horn of the spinal cord via the dorsal root ganglion (DRG), which contains two types of neurons with differential sensitivity to neurotrophic factors. If either type predominantly innervates the hip joint, it may represent a good target for hip joint pain treatment. METHODS: Inflammation was induced in the left hip joint of rats (n = 10) by using complete Freund's adjuvant. Fluoro-Gold (FG) was applied to the hip joint after 7 days, and T12-L6 DRGs were double-stained for calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and isolection-IB4 1 week later...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
journal
journal
32481
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"