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Surgical Technology International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696496/commentary-on-a-cadaver-study-to-evaluate-the-accuracy-of-a-new-3d-mini-optical-navigation-tool-for-total-hip-arthroplasty
#1
Morad Chughtai, Anton Khlopas, Mhamad Faour, Kim L Stearns, Peter M Bonutti, Michael A Mont
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July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696495/robotic-arm-assisted-total-knee-arthroplasty-demonstrated-soft-tissue-protection
#2
Anton Khlopas, Morad Chughtai, Emily L Hampp, Laura Y Scholl, Michael Prieto, Ta-Cheng Chang, Abdullah Abbasi, Manoshi Bhowmik-Stoker, Jason Otto, David J Jacofsky, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: While total knee arthroplasty (TKA) procedures have demonstrated clinical success, occasionally intraoperative complications can occur. Collateral or posterior cruciate ligament injury, instability, extensor mechanism disruption, and tibiofemoral or patellofemoral dislocation are among a few of the intraoperatively driven adverse events prevalently ranked by The Knee Society. Robotic-arm assisted TKA (RATKA) provides a surgeon the ability to three-dimensionally plan a TKA and use intraoperative visual, auditory, and tactile feedback to ensure that only the desired bone cuts are made...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696492/trocar-site-hernia-after-gastric-bypass
#3
Sandra Ahlqvist, Dennis Björk, Lena Weisby, Leif A Israelsson, Yücel Cengiz
BACKGROUND: The 5.2% rate of trocar site incisional hernia (TSIH) reported appears low in view of the proportion of TSIH repairs being performed. Detecting TSIH by clinical examination may be difficult in the obese. The correlation between clinical examination and a novel radiological examination for the detection of TSIH in obese patients was studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six patients subjected to laparoscopic gastric bypass in 2010 underwent clinical and radiological examination by three independent assessors for each method, after a mean follow-up time of 33 months...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695973/what-is-the-impact-of-body-mass-index-on-cardiovascular-and-musculoskeletal-health
#4
Morad Chughtai, Anton Khlopas, Jared M Newman, Gannon L Curtis, Nipun Sodhi, Prem N Ramkumar, Rafay Khan, Shervin Shaffiy, Ali Nadhim, Anil Bhave, Michael A Mont
Obesity has become a major public health concern over the past several decades and has been shown to be associated with type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, dyslipidemia, hypertension, osteoarthritis (OA), and certain types of cancer. The impact of excess weight on cardiovascular and musculoskeletal health is not well-summarized in the literature, and there are some contradictory reports. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the impact of body mass index (BMI) on: 1) cardiovascular outcomes; 2) osteoarthritis risk and progression; and 3) total knee arthroplasty outcomes (TKA)...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695971/transfusion-requirements-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-preexisting-blood-dyscrasia
#5
Martin Roche, Tsun Yee Law, Samuel Rosas, Augustus J Rush, Anton Khlopas, Morad Chughtai, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of studies investigating the incidence of transfusions in various blood dyscrasias after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was: 1) to compare the incidence of transfusion post-TKA in patients with and without blood dyscrasia; 2) to compare the post-TKA transfusion incidence of patients with the various individual blood dyscrasias; and 3) to stratify the findings based on gender and age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of a Medicare database for patients with preexisting blood dyscrasia was conducted...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695970/web-based-video-assessments-of-operative-performance-for-remote-telementoring
#6
Alexandra M Moore, Nicholas H Carter, Justin P Wagner, Charles J Filipi, David C Chen
INTRODUCTION: Performance-based feedback is critical to surgical skills acquisition. Barriers of geography and time limit trainees' access to expert mentorship. In this study, we hypothesized that telementoring using an asynchronous, web-based video interface would allow trainees to receive systematic feedback from expert mentors despite these barriers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between October 2014 and October 2016, 18 surgeons in Brazil, Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Paraguay underwent in-person training in Lichtenstein for hernioplasty or laparoscopic total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695969/what-influences-how-patients-rate-their-hospital-stay-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#7
Nirav K Patel, Eric Kim, Anton Khlopas, Morad Chughtai, Chukwuweike Gwam, Randa K Elmallah, Prem Ramkumar, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Ronald E Delanois, George Muschler, Michael A Mont
PURPOSE: Measuring the effect of operative interventions has been a challenge in orthopaedics. The assessment of patient satisfaction, as measured by the Press Ganey (PG) satisfaction surveys, has gained increasing attention. Our purpose was to determine the factors and patient characteristics that influence patient satisfaction after THA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PG database was queried identifying 692 THA patients (November 2009 to January 2015). A multiple regression analysis was conducted...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695968/robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-with-the-use-of-barbed-sutures
#8
Angelo Porreca, Antonio Salvaggio, Matteo Dandrea, Emanuele Cappa, Alessio Zuccala, Alessandro Del Rosso, Daniele D'Agostino
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to analyze the principal advantages of posterior muscolo-fascial reconstruction using knotless barbed sutures (BS) during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the available evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of principal BS (Quill™ SRS Angiotech Pharmaceuticals Inc., Vancouver, Canada; V-Loc™ Medtronic, Dublin, Ireland; STRATAFIX™ Ethicon Inc., Somerville, New Jersey; Filbloc® Assut Europe S...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693047/thermal-effect-of-j-plasma%C3%A2-energy-in-a-porcine-tissue-model-implications-for-minimally-invasive-surgery
#9
Jasmine D Pedroso, Melissa M Gutierrez, K Warren Volker, David L Howard
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate tissue effect of J-Plasma® (Bovie Medical Corporation, Clearwater, Florida) in porcine liver, kidney, muscle, ovarian, and uterine tissue blocks. DESIGN: Prospective study utilizing porcine tissue blocks to evaluate the thermal spread of J-Plasma® device on liver, kidney, muscle, ovarian, and uterine tissue at various power settings, gas flow, and exposure times. MATERIALS AND METHODS: J-Plasma® helium was used in porcine liver, kidney, and muscle tissue at 20%, 50%, and 100% power, and 1 L/min, 3 L/min, and 5 L/min gas flow at one, five, and 10-second intervals...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693046/so-you-think-you-don-t-plunge-an-assessment-of-far-cortex-drill-tip-plunging-based-on-level-of-training
#10
Amber Leis, Frances Sharpe, J Ryan Hill, William C Pannell, Melissa L Wilson, Edward Ebramzadeh, Milan Stevanovic
INTRODUCTION: Drill bit tip plunging past the far cortex places critical anatomical structures at risk. This study measured plunging past the far cortex based on level of training. The time required for screw placement when a depth gauge was used to measure bone tunnel depth was compared to the time required for screw placement when bone tunnel depth was measured in real time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty orthopedic surgery staff with 1-37 years of experience applied 10-hole plates to cadaveric limbs...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693045/hiatal-hernia-repair-current-evidence-for-use-of-absorbable-mesh-to-reinforce-hiatal-closure
#11
Lucian Panait, Yuri W Novitsky
INTRODUCTION: There continues to be debate regarding the best surgical technique for the treatment of paraesophageal hernias. While laparoscopic and robotic approaches are widely employed around the world, the benefits of mesh use to reinforce hiatal closure are still not well established. The goal of this manuscript is to describe the currently available results with biologic and bioabsorbable meshes for treatment of paraesophageal hernias, particularly with reference to the rate of recurrence...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693044/venous-intervention-improves-patient-outcomes
#12
Wayne J Caputo, Michael D Kaplan, Robert E Kamieniecki, Melissa Hawkins, Patricia Monterosa, Kelly Eagen, Tracy Ike, Amy Iannitelli
INTRODUCTION: The healing of venous ulcers is difficult, and several sources indicate a multidisciplinary plan of care as the best approach to the healing of these wounds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-five patients with suspected venous disease being treated at Northern New Jersey Medical Center were assessed by dedicated interventional radiology physicians as part of Wound Center protocol. Of those patients, 27 required diagnostic testing, such as CT venogram or venography...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696494/cryotherapy-treatment-after-arthroscopic-knee-debridement-and-acl-reconstruction-a-review
#13
Michael Jawad, Nipun Sodhi, Morad Chughtai, Jared M Newman, Anton Khlopas, Anil Bhave, Timothy Wagner, Assem A Sultan, Martin Roche, Michael A Mont
Pain, swelling, and inflammation of the knee joint and its surrounding soft-tissue structures are common during the postoperative period after arthroscopic knee debridement and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. These challenges can make patient recovery difficult immediately after surgery. Several options exist, however, to help patients overcome these challenges. Cryotherapy has been noted to decrease pain, swelling, and inflammation. However, while a number of studies exist characterizing the use of cryotherapy after knee surgery, no definitive cryotherapy devices and modalities have been identified...
July 25, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696493/total-contact-cast-system-to-heal-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#14
Brock Liden
Off-loadinga diabetic foot ulcer is a cornerstone of quality wound care for diabetic patients to allow cellular growth in the wound bed. While total contact casts (TCC) have been described as the gold standard for off-loading the wound, the complexity of application and the time commitment for both application and drying have discouraged health professionals from using them. This retrospective case series, conducted in a podiatric practice, evaluated using a TCC system that helps address the three components in which guidelines should be addressed when caring for a diabetic foot: V - vascular management, I - infection management and prevention, and P - pressure relief...
July 25, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695972/the-incidence-of-postoperative-pneumonia-in-various-surgical-subspecialties-a-dual-database-analysis
#15
Morad Chughtai, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Anton Khlopas, Jared M Newman, Gannon L Curtis, Pedro A Torres, Rafay Khan, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia is the third most common postoperative complication. However, its epidemiology varies widely and is often difficult to assess. For a better understanding, we utilized two national databases to determine the incidence of postoperative pneumonia after various surgical procedures. Specifically, we used the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) and the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to determine the incidence and yearly trends of postoperative pneumonia following orthopaedic, urologic, otorhinolaryngologic, cardiothoracic, neurosurgery, and general surgeries...
July 25, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693050/long-term-results-of-fixation-free-incisional-hernia-repair-using-a-tentacle-shaped-implant
#16
Giuseppe Amato, Giorgio Romano, Thorsten Goetze, Luca Gordini, Enrico Erdas, Fabio Medas, Piergiorgio Calò
INTRODUCTION: The fixation and the overlap of the mesh represent an open issue in incisional hernia repair. An exclusively designed prosthesis has been developed to assure a suture-free repair and a broader coverage of the abdominal wall. This study describes the long-term results of incisional hernia procedures carried out positioning a tentacle-shaped implant through a specifically developed surgical technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A proprietary symmetrically-shaped flat mesh constituted by a large central body with integrated radiating arms was used to repair incisional hernias in 68 patients...
July 25, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693049/hybrid-repair-techniques-for-complex-aneurysms-and-dissections-involving-the-aortic-arch-and-thoracic-aorta
#17
Rami Tadros, Scott R Safir, Peter L Faries, Daniel K Han, Sharif Ellozy, Rajiv K Chander, James F McKinsey, Michael L Marin, Allan S Stewart
Aortic aneurysms involving the ascending aorta, aortic arch, and descending thoracic aorta have been a challenging entity to surgically treat for over 60 years. Despite the mortality of the disease, early open surgical procedures also had significant morbidity and mortality. The inherent risk in treating multiple anatomic segments simultaneously led to the innovation of the staged elephant trunk (ET) approach by Borst in 1983. To avoid the thoracotomy and associated complications related to the second stage of the procedure, an endovascular completion paradigm was begun by Volodos in 1991...
July 25, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693048/the-use-of-branched-endografts-for-the-aortic-arch-in-the-endovascular-era
#18
Rami O Tadros, Scott R Safir, Peter L Faries, Daniel K Han, Rajiv K Chander, Cherrie Z Abraham, Michael L Marin, Allan S Stewart
The endovascular realm has steadily increased its footing in the treatment of the aorta and all of its territories since the foundational case in 1990 by Parodi. The aortic arch, however, continues to be one of the last bastions for treatment via open surgery, which remains the gold standard. Significant comorbidity and prior cardiac surgery prevent open surgery from being the only preferred option, allowing novel endovascular procedures to be considered. Since 1999, more advanced endovascular systems have been created by companies such as Cook Medical, Bolton Medical, Medtronic, Endospan, Gore Medical, and, recently, Kawasumi...
July 25, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277592/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-the-metha%C3%A2-short-stem-on-periprosthetic-bone-remodelling-in-total-hip-arthroplasties-results-at-48-months
#19
Paolo D Parchi, Gianluca Ciapini, Iacopo Castellini, Claudia Mannucci, Anna Maria Nucci, Nicola Piolanti, Silvia Maffei, Michele Lisanti
INTRODUCTION: Total hip arthroplasty is one of the most performed procedures in orthopaedic surgery. Implantation of a prosthesis determines changes in the distribution of loads on the host bone, and this phenomenon, known as stress shielding, is related to the biomechanical characteristics of the implant. Usually stress shielding involves the proximal portion of the femur by reducing the mechanical strength and ability to withstand the transmitted loads. The aim of our study is to demonstrate how the use of a short hip stem reduces the stress shielding phenomenon to the proximal femur...
July 25, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277589/medical-missions-in-the-middle-east-an-orthopaedic-surgeon-s-experience-of-a-series-of-lower-extremity-cases
#20
Todd P Pierce, Kimona Issa, Yasmine Rifai, Bartlomiej Szczech
Orthopaedic trauma accounts for a great deal of disability worldwide. There are many impoverished nations affected by war wherein victims suffer blast injuries associated with mines, missiles, high-powered gunshots, and bombings. One way to address this is through international medical missions sponsored by industrialized nations. It is imperative that practitioners have a basic understanding of the type of injuries that may be encountered in these nations impacted by war and conflict. Therefore, we described a small number of various lower extremity injuries seen by one orthopaedic surgeon during his volunteer medical mission to Jordan...
July 25, 2017: Surgical Technology International
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