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Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277109/collective-narrative-practice-with-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-the-tree-of-life-as-a-response-to-hardship
#1
Suzan Fm Jacobs
During the summer of 2016, in the midst of one of the biggest refugee crises in centuries, the author of this article joined the team from a shelter for unaccompanied refugee minors on Samos, Greece, in an effort to provide young boys seeking asylum in Europe with an opportunity to engage in speaking about the difficulties they have encountered in life. The team used a collective narrative methodology called the "Tree of Life", originally developed by Ncube-Mlilo and Denborough. In addition to traditional psychological treatments, collective narrative practice creates a secure foundation for addressing trauma, suffering, and hardship...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262691/the-home-observation-measure-of-the-environment-is-associated-with-symptoms-of-adhd-and-oppositionality-in-a-camhs-sample
#2
Wai Wai Lai, Michelle O'Mahony, Aisling Mulligan
BACKGROUND: Severe early deprivation has a causal role in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Adversity in the home is associated with increased ADHD and oppositional symptoms in children with ADHD. We aimed to replicate this in an independent clinic sample. METHODS: A total of 247 sequential families with a child referred to child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) were invited to participate; 100 families completed the study. The Home Observation Measure of the Environment (HOME) assessment was completed in the family home; parents completed the Conners' Rating Scale...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260597/a-review-of-adolescent-autobiographical-memory-and-the-implications-for-assessment-of-unaccompanied-minors-refugee-determinations
#3
Zoe Given-Wilson, Matthew Hodes, Jane Herlihy
The number of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASC) is increasing, and unlike those who arrive with their parents, UASC are subject to interview to determine refugee status. The limited amount of objective evidence available in most asylum claims means that the UASC's account of their experiences often becomes key in deciding whether or not the young person is granted protection. Research indicates that assumptions about human memory influence decision-makers' views on asylum seekers' accounts; however, these do not necessarily appear to fit with the published research on autobiographical memory and may lead to an unfair decision...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260574/ghosts-tigers-and-landmines-in-the-nursery-attachment-narratives-of-loss-in-tamil-refugee-children-with-dead-or-missing-fathers
#4
Lux Ratnamohan, Sarah Mares, Derrick Silove
OBJECTIVE: To build an account of how bereaved Tamil refugee and asylum seeker children, resettled in Australia, had processed the loss of their dead or missing fathers. METHOD: Phenomenological and discourse analysis was applied to attachment narratives of nine children (aged 11-17 years) and their surviving mothers in families that lost fathers in war-related circumstances. The narratives were analysed through the lens of Crittenden's Dynamic-Maturational Model of Attachment and Adaptation (DMM) and Klass' cross-cultural model of grief...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228788/understanding-the-experiences-of-middle-school-girls-who-have-received-help-for-non-suicidal-self-injury
#5
Kathleen S Tillman, Michael Prazak, Megan L Obert
This study aimed to understand the experiences of middle school girls who have engaged in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and have received professional help for these behaviors. Participants described engaging in NSSI in response to uncomfortable feelings and invasive negative thoughts. They reported that engaging in NSSI decreased their uncomfortable feelings. While each participant had at least one person in her life who knew about her NSSI, participants did not feel supported or validated by these people...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207880/the-psychosocial-needs-of-refugee-children-and-youth-and-best-practices-for-filling-these-needs-a-systematic-review
#6
Cisse Nakeyar, Victoria Esses, Graham J Reid
Conflict across the globe has displaced over 16.1 million refugees, with approximately half under the age of 18. Despite the number of young refugees, there is a dearth of research reporting on the needs of refugee children and youth. The purpose of this systematic review is to begin to fill this gap by summarizing what we know about the needs of refugee children and youth (5-18 years old). Eighteen manuscripts met the study inclusion criteria. In these studies, the identified needs of refugee children and youth were primarily in the domains of social support, security, culture, and education...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171287/when-one-childhood-meets-another-maternal-childhood-trauma-and-offspring-child-psychopathology-a-systematic-review
#7
Dominic T Plant, Susan Pawlby, Carmine M Pariante, Fergal W Jones
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment can have a long-term impact on mental health. Less is known about the consequences of child maltreatment on the next generation's psychological wellbeing. AIM: This systematic review aimed to synthesise the existing empirical literature on the association between a mother's history of maltreatment in her own childhood and her children's experiences of psychopathology, and to characterise potential mediating pathways. METHOD: Electronic database and hand searches yielded 12 studies, with a combined sample size of 45,723 mother-child dyads, which met criteria for inclusion in the review...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139308/the-impact-of-deployment-and-traumatic-brain-injury-on-the-health-and-behavior-of-children-of-us-military-service-members-and-veterans
#8
Tracey A Brickell, Louis M French, Sara M Lippa, Rael T Lange
This study examined the impact of service member/veteran (SMV) combat deployment and traumatic brain injury (TBI) on the health and behavior of his or her children. Participants were 104 female spouse caregivers of US SMVs who had sustained a mild, severe, or penetrating TBI. Participants completed the Children's Health and Behavior Questionnaire (CHBQ; r = .758 to .881) that evaluates school grades, behavior, medical health, emotional health, and social participation: (a) prior to the first combat deployment, (b) in the month prior to the TBI, (c) within 2 years after the TBI, and (d) 2 or more years after the TBI...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098870/outcomes-of-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-for-adolescents-a-multiple-perspectives-evaluation
#9
YingMin Lee, Peter Martin, Pippa Hembry, Simon Lewis
Adolescent inpatient psychiatric treatment was evaluated from the multiple perspectives of clinicians, young people and parents using standardised measures and goal-based outcomes (GBOs). The sample included cases ( N = 128) discharged from a London adolescent unit between April 2009 and December 2015. Measures were completed at admission and discharge, and change in ratings was analysed to assess treatment outcomes. Ratings of clinicians and young people on the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA) were compared...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298503/looking-into-the-future-the-potential-impact-of-emerging-trends-on-child-and-family-mental-health-services
#10
Nicholas Long
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096528/the-presence-of-co-morbid-mental-health-problems-in-a-cohort-of-adolescents-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#11
Maria Elizabeth Loades, Katharine A Rimes, Sheila Ali, Kate Lievesley, Trudie Chalder
OBJECTIVE: To report on the prevalence of mental health disorders in adolescents with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and to compare the diagnoses identified by a brief clinician-administered psychiatric interview with self-report screening questionnaires. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Consecutive attenders to specialist CFS clinics in the United Kingdom. PATIENTS: N = 52 adolescents, age 12-18 years with CFS...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994327/mental-health-services-for-our-most-vulnerable-children
#12
Michael Tarren-Sweeney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994326/when-things-get-complicated-at-risk-attachment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-pain
#13
Lux Ratnamohan, Kasia Kozlowska
Pain is a signal of danger, and danger activates the attachment system. When a parent responds to a child's pain with appropriate protection and comfort, more often than not, the pain resolves. But what happens in families when a child's pain becomes chronic and continues to signal a danger that has long passed? This study explored patterns of attachment in 48 children and adolescents with chronic functional pain and 48 healthy controls using structured attachment interviews. Patterns of attachment were identified using the Dynamic Maturational Model of Attachment...
October 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990411/differences-in-illness-perception-between-children-with-cancer-and-other-chronic-diseases-and-their-parents
#14
Annamária Szentes, Gyöngyi Kökönyei, Andrea Békési, Ildikó Bokrétás, Szabolcs Török
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore the differences in illness perception between children with cancer and other chronic diseases. A secondary aim was to examine the similarities and differences between the illness perception of these children and their parents. METHODS: The Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R) was used to measure the children's and parents' illness perceptions. In this study, 184 children (ages 8-18 years) and their caregivers completed the questionnaires...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791871/toward-an-architecture-of-attachment-disorganization-john-bowlby-s-published-and-unpublished-reflections
#15
Judith Solomon, Robbie Duschinsky, Lianne Bakkum, Carlo Schuengel
This article examines the construct of disorganized attachment originally proposed by Main and Solomon, developing some new conjectures based on inspiration from a largely unknown source: John Bowlby's unpublished texts, housed at the Wellcome Trust Library Archive in London (with permission from the Bowlby family). We explore Bowlby's discussions of disorganized attachment, which he understood from the perspective of ethological theories of conflict behavior. Bowlby's reflections regarding differences among the behaviors used to code disorganized attachment will be used to explore distinctions that may underlie the structure of the current coding system...
October 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537091/convergence-between-observations-and-interviews-in-clinical-diagnosis-of-reactive-attachment-disorder-and-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorder
#16
Hans Peter Giltaij, Paula Sophia Sterkenburg, Carlo Schuengel
OBJECTIVE: A comprehensive approach is needed for diagnosing disordered attachment behavior due to the multifaceted nature of attachment. Differences between various indicators can pose a challenge for deciding on the proper diagnosis. This study assessed the convergence between clinical interview assessment and observation-based clinical diagnosis, and their linkages with inadequate care. METHOD: Participating children ( N = 55) had intelligence quotients (IQs) between 50 and 85 and were referred for psychiatric consultation...
October 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357887/infant-disorganized-attachment-clarifying-levels-of-analysis
#17
Robbie Duschinsky, Judith Solomon
Lack of clarity regarding the infant disorganized attachment classification has caused confusion in the clinical, forensic, and research contexts in which it is used. This article offers distinctions to clarify the concept with the goal of increasing understanding and identifying potential misapplications. In particular, attention is drawn to the fact that there are many indices used to code "disorganized attachment," and that so far they have been validated as a set rather than individually; and it is noted that the construct validation of disorganization in naturalistic settings is partially finished...
October 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975800/fathers-experiences-of-their-child-s-life-limiting-condition-an-attachment-narrative-perspective
#18
Oliver Bailey-Pearce, Jacqui Stedmon, Rudi Dallos, George Davis
When a child has a life-limiting illness, parental involvement is amplified, having to respond to the increased needs of the child. Both parents are affected by the illness, yet research has largely under-represented fathers' experiences of their child's illness. Seven fathers were interviewed about their experiences with their child's life-limiting illness. In addition, fathers' attachment strategies were assessed using the Adult Attachment Interview. Narrative analysis was implemented to explore the interviews, and indicators of attachment markers employed in the Adult Attachment Interview were also identified...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956479/psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-in-children-and-adolescents-part-ii-explanations-to-families-treatment-and-group-outcomes
#19
Kasia Kozlowska, Catherine Chudleigh, Catherine Cruz, Melissa Lim, Georgia McClure, Blanche Savage, Ubaid Shah, Averil Cook, Stephen Scher, Pascal Carrive, Deepak Gill
Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) - time-limited disturbances of consciousness and motor-sensory control, not accompanied by ictal activity on electroencephalogram (EEG) - are best conceptualized as atypical neurophysiological responses to emotional distress, physiological stressors and danger. Patients and families find the diagnosis of PNES difficult to understand; the transition from neurology (where the diagnosis is made) to mental health services (to which patients are referred for treatment) can be a bumpy one...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956448/psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-in-children-and-adolescents-part-i-diagnostic-formulations
#20
Kasia Kozlowska, Catherine Chudleigh, Catherine Cruz, Melissa Lim, Georgia McClure, Blanche Savage, Ubaid Shah, Averil Cook, Stephen Scher, Pascal Carrive, Deepak Gill
Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) are a nonspecific, umbrella category that is used to collect together a range of atypical neurophysiological responses to emotional distress, physiological stressors and danger. Because PNES mimic epileptic seizures, children and adolescents with PNES usually present to neurologists or to epilepsy monitoring units. After a comprehensive neurological evaluation and a diagnosis of PNES, the patient is referred to mental health services for treatment. This study documents the diagnostic formulations - the clinical formulations about the probable neurophysiological mechanisms - that were constructed for 60 consecutive children and adolescents with PNES who were referred to our Mind-Body Rehabilitation Programme for treatment...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
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