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Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669441/intentional-music-use-to-reduce-psychological-distress-in-adolescents-accessing-primary-mental-health-care
#1
Katrina Skewes McFerran, Cherry Hense, Asami Koike, Debra Rickwood
RATIONALE: Many young people turn to music as a way of exploring and managing their moods and emotions. The literature is replete with studies that correlate music preferences and mental health, as well as a small but increasing interest in uses of music to promote well-being. Recent studies have shown that music use is often unconscious, thus difficult to influence without therapeutic conversations. No study has yet tested whether it is feasible to increase awareness of music use in young people who tend to ruminate with music, and test whether increased awareness can reduce distress...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589469/assessing-speech-language-and-communication-difficulties-in-children-referred-for-adhd-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-uk-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-service
#2
Kelly M Y Chan, Andrew J B Fugard
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood neuropsychiatric disorders and is highly comorbid with speech, language and communication difficulties (SLCDs). However, it is unclear how often SLCDs are identified in ADHD referrals in routine practice and whether there are unidentified SLCDs within this population. METHOD: A thematic analysis was conducted on a random sample of case notes from 18 referrals for ADHD made to a child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) in London, United Kingdom...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566557/mental-health-of-unaccompanied-asylum-seeking-adolescents-previously-held-in-british-detention-centres
#3
Kimberly A Ehntholt, David Trickey, Jean Harris Hendriks, Hannah Chambers, Mark Scott, William Yule
AIM: To investigate whether the mental health of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASC) was negatively affected by having their ages disputed and being detained. METHOD: Participants within this cross-sectional study were 35 UASC, aged between 13 and 17 when they were detained. Some years later, a team of child mental health professionals interviewed them to assess their current mental health and to determine, as far as possible, the impact that having their age disputed and being detained may have had on their mental health...
April 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566556/stories-of-trauma-in-family-therapy-with-refugees-supporting-safe-relational-spaces-of-narration-and-silence
#4
Lucia De Haene, Cécile Rousseau, Ruth Kevers, Nele Deruddere, Peter Rober
With the sharp increase of refugees' arrival and resettlement in western communities, adequate mental health care forms a pivotal dimension in host societies' responses to those individuals and communities seeking protection within their borders. Here, clinical literature shows a growing interest in the development of family therapy approaches with refugees, in which therapeutic practice engages with the pivotal role of refugee family dynamics in posttrauma reconstruction and adaptation in resettlement and aims at supporting posttrauma reconstruction through strengthening capacities to restore safety, meaning and connectedness within family relationships...
April 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566555/positive-thinking-elevates-tolerance-experimental-effects-of-happiness-on-adolescents-attitudes-toward-asylum-seekers
#5
Harriet R Tenenbaum, Tereza Capelos, Jessica Lorimer, Thomas Stocks
Inducing emotional reactions toward social groups can influence individuals' political tolerance. This study examines the influence of incidental fear and happiness on adolescents' tolerant attitudes and feelings toward young Muslim asylum seekers. In our experiment, 219 16- to 21-year-olds completed measures of prejudicial attitudes. After being induced to feel happiness, fear, or no emotion (control), participants reported their tolerant attitudes and feelings toward asylum-seeking young people. Participants assigned to the happiness condition demonstrated more tolerant attitudes toward asylum-seeking young people than did those assigned to the fear or control conditions...
April 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566554/challenges-and-impossibilities-of-standing-alongside-in-an-intolerable-context-learning-from-refugees-and-volunteers-in-the-calais-camp
#6
Charlotte Burck, Gillian Hughes
This article describes the experience of setting up a psychosocial and therapeutic support project in the French Calais refugee camp, by a group of family therapists and clinical psychologists from the United Kingdom. This came about in response to reports of a humanitarian crisis unfolding on our doorstep, with the British government's lack of support for the growing numbers of refugees gathering along the UK border with France. The project involved working alongside other agencies in the camp to provide psychosocial and resilience-based therapeutic support to unaccompanied young people, women, children and their families and also to many volunteers in the camp...
April 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566553/editorial-by-paul-tibbles-in-dialogue-with-ncazelo-ncube
#7
Paul Tibbles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451002/healing-stories-an-expressive-narrative-intervention-for-strengthening-resilience-and-survival-skills-in-school-aged-child-victims-of-war-and-political-violence-in-the-gaza-strip
#8
Guido Veronese, Gianpiero Barola
Within a preventive framework, we outline a school-based intervention aimed at strengthening skills of survival and psychological functioning in children who have experienced war and political violence in the Gaza Strip. In accordance with a socio-ecological perspective on wellbeing and resilience, the pilot study aimed at evaluating the outcomes of a psychosocial narrative school-based intervention with a group of school-aged children in the aftermath of war. The intervention was oriented at empowering positive emotions, life satisfaction, and optimism in children as protective factors in preventing posttraumatic reactions after war...
April 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409338/ambiguous-loss-and-incomplete-abduction-narratives-in-kosovo
#9
Laura Kajtazi-Testa, Christopher J Hewer
Ten mothers of men and boys who were abducted and listed as missing during the war in Kosovo in 1998/1999 were interviewed in Kosovo in the spring of 2012. Although the missing are presumed dead by the authorities, the mothers continue to live in a state of emotional ambiguity where a presumption of death is balanced with the hope of being reunited. In the absence of absolute proof, finding the remains of their loved ones becomes a major preoccupation. Using a social phenomenological approach, this study explored the social and political complexities existing within the life-world of these women...
April 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277109/collective-narrative-practice-with-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-the-tree-of-life-as-a-response-to-hardship
#10
Suzan Fm Jacobs
During the summer of 2016, in the midst of one of the biggest refugee crises in centuries, the author of this article joined the team from a shelter for unaccompanied refugee minors on Samos, Greece, in an effort to provide young boys seeking asylum in Europe with an opportunity to engage in speaking about the difficulties they have encountered in life. The team used a collective narrative methodology called the "Tree of Life", originally developed by Ncube-Mlilo and Denborough. In addition to traditional psychological treatments, collective narrative practice creates a secure foundation for addressing trauma, suffering, and hardship...
April 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260597/a-review-of-adolescent-autobiographical-memory-and-the-implications-for-assessment-of-unaccompanied-minors-refugee-determinations
#11
Zoe Given-Wilson, Matthew Hodes, Jane Herlihy
The number of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASC) is increasing, and unlike those who arrive with their parents, UASC are subject to interview to determine refugee status. The limited amount of objective evidence available in most asylum claims means that the UASC's account of their experiences often becomes key in deciding whether or not the young person is granted protection. Research indicates that assumptions about human memory influence decision-makers' views on asylum seekers' accounts; however, these do not necessarily appear to fit with the published research on autobiographical memory and may lead to an unfair decision...
April 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260574/ghosts-tigers-and-landmines-in-the-nursery-attachment-narratives-of-loss-in-tamil-refugee-children-with-dead-or-missing-fathers
#12
Lux Ratnamohan, Sarah Mares, Derrick Silove
OBJECTIVE: To build an account of how bereaved Tamil refugee and asylum seeker children, resettled in Australia, had processed the loss of their dead or missing fathers. METHOD: Phenomenological and discourse analysis was applied to attachment narratives of nine children (aged 11-17 years) and their surviving mothers in families that lost fathers in war-related circumstances. The narratives were analysed through the lens of Crittenden's Dynamic-Maturational Model of Attachment and Adaptation (DMM) and Klass' cross-cultural model of grief...
April 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482333/understanding-experiences-of-the-self-harm-of-others-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-views-of-young-people-with-complex-mental-health-needs
#13
Claire Smith-Gowling, Susan F Knowles, Suzanne Hodge
As adolescent self-harm is a growing public health concern, more research is needed to identify potential risk factors. Studies have highlighted that exposure to the self-harm of others may be a risk factor associated with engagement in self-harm. However, research investigating young people's experiences of the self-harm of others has been limited. This qualitative study aimed to explore young people's experiences of the self-harm of others and interviewed a total of eight young people (five females and three males; aged between 13 and 18 years) resident at one of two adolescent mental health inpatient units in the North of England...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451009/risk-factors-influencing-severity-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-a-sample-of-preparatory-school-students-in-cairo
#14
Hisham Ramy, Mona El Sheikh, Marwa Sultan, Rasha Bassim, Maissa Eid, Ramy Ali, Marwa El Missiry
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood psychiatric disorders. Severity of symptoms is associated with more behavioral problems, poor academic performance, and persistence of symptoms into adulthood. METHODS: To examine the clinical and social correlates that may be identified as risk factors associated with ADHD severity in a sample of adolescent ADHD school students. A total of 925 students were recruited from two public and two private schools from eastern Cairo...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446323/conners-3-self-report-scale-an-empirical-support-to-the-dimensionality-of-the-content-scales
#15
Viola Angela Izzo, Maria Anna Donati, Caterina Primi
The Conners' Rating Scales are one of the most used instruments for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Nonetheless, in the latest edition, the Inattention scale was not statistically supported. This study examined the dimensionality of the Italian version of the Conners 3-Self-Report scale testing both a five-factor structure including Inattention and a four-factor model combining Inattention and Learning Problems. Moreover, the generalizability of the detected structure through measurement invariance was verified...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409328/parental-reactions-to-parent-and-sibling-directed-aggression-within-a-domestic-violence-context
#16
Michelle P Desir, Canan Karatekin
Parent- and sibling-directed aggression by minor children are two forms of family violence that often co-occur and have strong relations to prior exposure to domestic violence, yet are often overlooked in intervention efforts. In addition, current research does not examine these forms of family violence in tandem, and there is very limited research with samples exposed to domestic violence. To better understand how these forms of aggression operate within a domestic violence context, we interviewed 44 women residing in a domestic violence shelter with at least one child over 3...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357689/a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-experiences-of-adoptive-parents-attending-nurturing-attachments-a-dyadic-developmental-psychotherapy-informed-group
#17
Olivia Hewitt, Ben Gurney-Smith, Kim Golding
Children who are adopted have frequently experienced a range of aversive experience which impact on their ability to form secure attachments. Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy (DDP) is an intervention designed to develop and promote secure attachments with children who have experienced developmental trauma. Eight adoptive parents participated in semi-structured interviews regarding their experiences of attending the 'Nurturing Attachment' group informed by DDP. The transcripts of their interviews were explored using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298503/looking-into-the-future-the-potential-impact-of-emerging-trends-on-child-and-family-mental-health-services
#18
EDITORIAL
Nicholas Long
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956479/psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-in-children-and-adolescents-part-ii-explanations-to-families-treatment-and-group-outcomes
#19
Kasia Kozlowska, Catherine Chudleigh, Catherine Cruz, Melissa Lim, Georgia McClure, Blanche Savage, Ubaid Shah, Averil Cook, Stephen Scher, Pascal Carrive, Deepak Gill
Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) - time-limited disturbances of consciousness and motor-sensory control, not accompanied by ictal activity on electroencephalogram (EEG) - are best conceptualized as atypical neurophysiological responses to emotional distress, physiological stressors and danger. Patients and families find the diagnosis of PNES difficult to understand; the transition from neurology (where the diagnosis is made) to mental health services (to which patients are referred for treatment) can be a bumpy one...
January 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956448/psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-in-children-and-adolescents-part-i-diagnostic-formulations
#20
Kasia Kozlowska, Catherine Chudleigh, Catherine Cruz, Melissa Lim, Georgia McClure, Blanche Savage, Ubaid Shah, Averil Cook, Stephen Scher, Pascal Carrive, Deepak Gill
Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) are a nonspecific, umbrella category that is used to collect together a range of atypical neurophysiological responses to emotional distress, physiological stressors and danger. Because PNES mimic epileptic seizures, children and adolescents with PNES usually present to neurologists or to epilepsy monitoring units. After a comprehensive neurological evaluation and a diagnosis of PNES, the patient is referred to mental health services for treatment. This study documents the diagnostic formulations - the clinical formulations about the probable neurophysiological mechanisms - that were constructed for 60 consecutive children and adolescents with PNES who were referred to our Mind-Body Rehabilitation Programme for treatment...
January 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
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