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Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry

Percy Aggett, Philip Messent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Trilby Langton, Bernadette Wren, Polly Carmichael
This Special Issue of Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry includes a group of papers that originated in the work of the Gender Identity Development Service (GIDS), which is the nationally designated National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom to work with children and adolescents experiencing significant concern and distress about their gender. This short introduction to those papers aims to set the context and explain why certain areas have been given a focus.
September 15, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Lisa C Fellin, Jane E M Callaghan, Joanne H Alexander, Claire Harrison-Breed, Stavroula Mavrou, Maria Papathanasiou
This article describes the development of a group-based therapeutic intervention for young people (YP) who have lived with domestic violence and abuse. The intervention was informed by interviews with 107 YP, focused on their experiences of coping, resilience and agency. The intervention draws on resources from systemic, creative and narrative approaches to group work, and aims to facilitate YP's expression of distress in a way that recognizes that it is embodied, contextual and relational. The intervention also explores YP's existing strategies for coping and maintaining a sense of agency, and works to harness, enhance and further develop those skills...
August 29, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Jill Mant, Angela Kirby, Kathy J Cox, Amos Burke
Being given a diagnosis of cancer is a significant and highly distressing event for both children and their families, but little research has been done to explore and understand children's feelings. This study aims to understand from the child's perspective what it feels like to be told you have cancer, with the hope that increased understanding can lead to improved communication and support for children and families. The study uses qualitative methodology. Six children aged 8-12 years with a new diagnosis of cancer took part in two semi-structured interviews at least one week apart...
August 26, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Tormod Rimehaug
AIMS: To examine changes in child mental health symptoms following inpatient family unit treatment after long-term unsuccessful treatment in community and child psychiatry outpatient services. Follow-up from referral and admission to 3 and 12 months. METHODS: Standardized questionnaires measuring the child mental health symptoms and parental anxiety and depression converted to standardized scores and compared to each child's clinical diagnosis. RESULTS: Significant group mean improvement on almost all problem scales at the 3-month follow-up (T2) remaining through 12-month follow-up (T3) relative to admission (T1)...
August 22, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Ellysia-Grace Thompson, Susan Frances Knowles, Pete Greasley
BACKGROUND: Resilience is a term used to describe an individual's adaptive coping following an adverse experience; it is important for gaining insight into the development of mental health difficulties in young people and their ability to manage adversity, informing both preventive and reactive clinical practice. METHODS: The Delphi method was used whereby a panel of 15 clinical psychologists rated 67 statements, generated from focus groups with young people and interviews with multi-disciplinary staff, in terms of their importance relating to resilience for young people with complex mental health needs...
August 18, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Mary Burgess, Kate Lievesley, Sheila Ali, Trudie Chalder
AIMS: The purpose of this article is to describe and evaluate a home based, family focused rehabilitative approach for severely affected housebound adolescents with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). The main aims were to facilitate a return to school, improve physical functioning, reduce fatigue and assess any adverse effects of the intervention. METHODS: Six housebound adolescents aged 11-18, diagnosed with CFS by a paediatrician, were assessed and treated at home by an experienced cognitive behaviour therapist...
August 16, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Aylin Ozbek, Ozlem Gencer, Aybüke Tugçe Mustan
Evidence-based parenting programmes are beneficial for children's behavioural and emotional problems as well as parenting practices. Along with effectiveness, attendance affects the programme outcome and identification of risks associated with dropout may aid in development of special policy to increase engagement. In this study, we aimed to compare sociodemographics, parental attitudes, child behavioural and emotional problems of programme-completing and dropout parents from Level-4 Triple-P parenting programme applied at Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS)...
August 13, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Tom Matthews, Victoria Holt, Senem Sahin, Amelia Taylor, David Griksaitis
This research investigated the prevalence of looked-after and adopted young people within a case file review of 185 young people referred to a UK gender identity development service over a 2-year period (1 April 2009 to 1 April 2011). Data were extracted from referral letters, clinical notes and clinician letters. Looked-after young people were found to represent 4.9% of referrals in this cohort, which is significantly higher than within the English general population (0.58%). Adopted young people represented 3...
August 11, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Meredith Medway, Paul Rhodes, Lisa Dawson, Jane Miskovic-Wheatley, Andrew Wallis, Sloane Madden
Maudsley Family-Based Treatment (FBT) is currently the best supported treatment for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN); however, little is known about whether it achieves its stated aim in the final phases of promoting the patient's return to an expected developmental trajectory. This study aimed to explore the perspectives of young people and their parents regarding the developmental impact of AN, and the role of FBT in addressing developmental challenges. Young people ( N = 12) who ceased FBT a minimum 1 year prior, and their parents ( N = 12), completed face-to-face semi-structured interviews, and data were analysed using a narrative inquiry method...
August 6, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Laura Tozer, Jacqui Stedmon, Rudi Dallos
Recent years have shown a welcome trend in the number of people surviving cancer. The impact of cancer survival has focused primarily on the patient perspective, and limited research has explored the effect of parental cancer on children. No research to date can be found which explores children's experiences of parental cancer from a narrative perspective yet the way in which people tell their story is associated with emotional wellbeing. Measures of attachment, resilience and trauma were completed by 10 children (six girls, four boys aged 10-18 years) all of whom have a mother with non-terminal cancer...
July 30, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Hanna Huhdanpää, Liisa Klenberg, Hannu Westerinen, Paula Hannele Bergman, Eeva Tuulikki Aronen
Few studies have reported on the quantity and quality of executive function (EF) deficits in young children referred to child psychiatric outpatient clinic with multiple psychiatric symptoms. We evaluated the EF deficits with the Attention and Executive Function Rating Inventory-Preschool (ATTEX-P) filled out by day care teachers for 4- to 7-year-old clinical group ( n = 171) and reference group ( n = 709). Family background information was collected from all families by parent questionnaire. Diagnoses of the referred children were collected from medical records...
July 27, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Sorcha Ní Chobhthaigh, Fiona Duffy
Adopted children and adolescents are at an increased risk of experiencing emotional, behavioural and relational difficulties compared to their non-adopted peers. This systematic review aimed to establish the effectiveness of interventions with adoptive parents on adopted children and adolescents' psychological well-being, behavioural functioning and parent-child relationship. A systematic search was performed adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA), including studies that assessed the effects of interventions with adoptive parents on adopted child and adolescent outcomes...
July 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Eilis Kennedy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Kelly My Chan, Andrew Jb Fugard
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood neuropsychiatric disorders and is highly comorbid with speech, language and communication difficulties (SLCDs). However, it is unclear how often SLCDs are identified in ADHD referrals in routine practice and whether there are unidentified SLCDs within this population. METHOD: A thematic analysis was conducted on a random sample of case notes from 18 referrals for ADHD made to a child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) in London, United Kingdom...
July 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Michelle P Desir, Canan Karatekin
Parent- and sibling-directed aggression by minor children are two forms of family violence that often co-occur and have strong relations to prior exposure to domestic violence, yet are often overlooked in intervention efforts. In addition, current research does not examine these forms of family violence in tandem, and there is very limited research with samples exposed to domestic violence. To better understand how these forms of aggression operate within a domestic violence context, we interviewed 44 women residing in a domestic violence shelter with at least one child over 3...
July 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Olivia Hewitt, Ben Gurney-Smith, Kim Golding
Children who are adopted have frequently experienced a range of aversive experience which impact on their ability to form secure attachments. Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy (DDP) is an intervention designed to develop and promote secure attachments with children who have experienced developmental trauma. Eight adoptive parents participated in semi-structured interviews regarding their experiences of attending the 'Nurturing Attachment' group informed by DDP. The transcripts of their interviews were explored using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis...
July 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Dominic T Plant, Susan Pawlby, Carmine M Pariante, Fergal W Jones
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment can have a long-term impact on mental health. Less is known about the consequences of child maltreatment on the next generation's psychological wellbeing. AIM: This systematic review aimed to synthesise the existing empirical literature on the association between a mother's history of maltreatment in her own childhood and her children's experiences of psychopathology, and to characterise potential mediating pathways. METHOD: Electronic database and hand searches yielded 12 studies, with a combined sample size of 45,723 mother-child dyads, which met criteria for inclusion in the review...
July 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Tracey A Brickell, Louis M French, Sara M Lippa, Rael T Lange
This study examined the impact of service member/veteran (SMV) combat deployment and traumatic brain injury (TBI) on the health and behavior of his or her children. Participants were 104 female spouse caregivers of US SMVs who had sustained a mild, severe, or penetrating TBI. Participants completed the Children's Health and Behavior Questionnaire (CHBQ; r = .758 to .881) that evaluates school grades, behavior, medical health, emotional health, and social participation: (a) prior to the first combat deployment, (b) in the month prior to the TBI, (c) within 2 years after the TBI, and (d) 2 or more years after the TBI...
July 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
YingMin Lee, Peter Martin, Pippa Hembry, Simon Lewis
Adolescent inpatient psychiatric treatment was evaluated from the multiple perspectives of clinicians, young people and parents using standardised measures and goal-based outcomes (GBOs). The sample included cases ( N = 128) discharged from a London adolescent unit between April 2009 and December 2015. Measures were completed at admission and discharge, and change in ratings was analysed to assess treatment outcomes. Ratings of clinicians and young people on the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA) were compared...
July 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
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