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Y X Tay, C Wright
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to take a longitudinal approach to assess the value of an in-house program developed in a Singapore hospital over a two year period. METHODS: Radiographers (n = 48) consented to take part in the study. The control group (CG: n = 40) continued with normal working practice whilst the remaining 'additional training group' (ATG: n = 8) participated in the hospital's in-house image interpretation program. Upon completion, all participants were assessed using a RadBench® test bank...
August 2018: Radiography
C Sá Dos Reis, J A Pires-Jorge, H York, L Flaction, S Johansen, S Maehle
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare radiography curricula, teaching/learning strategies, skill development, clinical practice outcomes and research development delivered by four European educational institutions. METHODS: This study was carried out in two phases: the first focused on curricula analysis; the second involved online questionnaires to ascertain data from two key-informants: students who had recently completed their bachelor thesis and teaching-staff...
August 2018: Radiography
D Nyirenda, W Ten Ham-Baloyi, R Williams, D Venter
INTRODUCTION: Adherence to standard infection control precautions (SICP) by radiographers is critical in combating healthcare associated infections (HAIs). Therefore, radiographers need to have adequate knowledge and practices of infection control if they are to contain the magnitude of HAIs. METHODS: Purposive, all-inclusive sampling was used to recruit 62 radiographers from four government referral hospital in Malawi. Radiographers' knowledge and practices of infection control were determined using a self-administered questionnaire...
August 2018: Radiography
A D Piersson, P N Gorleku
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the survey was to identify current practice of the use of gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) in the wake of recent reports on gadolinium deposition in the brain following repeated administration of GBCAs. METHOD: A total of 13 facilities in Ghana with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) departments were contacted via email with a two-page questionnaire. RESULTS: A response rate of 69.2% (n = 9) was achieved. Gadodiamide (Omniscan) was the most commonly used GBCA...
August 2018: Radiography
R M K M Ali, A England, M F McEntee, C E Mercer, A Tootell, P Hogg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Radiography
R W Harbron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Radiography
N Shiner
INTRODUCTION: Simulation based education is advancing, but is there a role for it in Diagnostic Radiography? The aim of this literature review was to understand the use of simulation within conventional diagnostic radiography education to raise awareness of this pedagogical approach. Objectives were to identify the prevalence and stage of delivery in education; understand the variation of simulation and learning objectives informing its use; and review the perceptions of those using simulation in education and practice...
August 2018: Radiography
B Snaith, S Williams, K Taylor, Y Tsang, J Kelly, N Woznitza
INTRODUCTION: Consultant posts were developed to strengthen strategic leadership whilst maintaining front line service responsibilities and clinical expertise. The nursing profession has attempted to develop tools to enable individuals to evaluate their own practice and consider relevant measurable outcomes. This study evaluated the feasibility of transferring such a nursing 'toolkit' to another health profession. METHOD: This evaluation was structured around a one-day workshop where a nurse consultant impact toolkit was appraised and tested within the context of consultant radiographic practice...
August 2018: Radiography
S Davies, A George, A Macallister, H Barton, A Youssef, L Boyle, I Sequeiros
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this service evaluation project was to assess the quality of clinical details provided in radiological requests. METHODS: A retrospective review of adult inpatient and emergency department radiological requests over a seven-day period was performed, using the local Clinical Radiological Information System (CRIS). Requests for plain film, CT, MRI and Ultrasound were assessed for the inclusion of a clinical question, lateralisation/localisation of signs or symptoms if required, and relevant past medical/surgical history if available...
August 2018: Radiography
D Palmer, B Snaith, M A Harris
INTRODUCTION: Over the last 2 decades the assistant radiographer practitioner (ARP) role has been introduced into NHS diagnostic imaging departments as a strategy to expand the workforce and create capacity. This skill mix initiative has not been implemented in a standardised way and there is limited knowledge of the current role scope within general radiography (X-Ray). METHOD: An electronic survey of ARPs working within UK diagnostic imaging departments was conducted...
August 2018: Radiography
R M K M Ali, A England, M F McEntee, C E Mercer, A Tootell, P Hogg
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The performance of mammography screening programmes is focussed mainly on breast cancer detection rates. However, when the benefits and risks of mammography are considered, the risk of radiation-induced cancer is calculated for only the examined breast using Mean Glandular Dose (MGD). The risk from radiation during mammography is often described as low or minimal. This study aims to evaluate the effective lifetime risk from full field digital mammography (FFDM) for a number of national screening programmes...
August 2018: Radiography
N Woznitza, K Piper, S Burke, S Ellis, G Bothamley
INTRODUCTION: To compare the clinical chest radiograph (CXR) reports provided by consultant radiologists and reporting radiographers with expert thoracic radiologists. METHODS: Adult CXRs (n = 193) from a single site were included; 83% randomly selected from CXRs performed over one year, and 17% selected from the discrepancy meeting. Chest radiographs were independently interpreted by two expert thoracic radiologists (CTR1/2).Clinical history, previous and follow-up imaging was available, but not the original clinical report...
August 2018: Radiography
N Barlow, M Owens
INTRODUCTION: Neighbouring Trusts have implemented open access (walk-in) services to shorten waiting times in x-ray. Despite this, staff perceptions of their effectiveness have not yet been studied. This study forms the initial baseline evaluation phase of wider participatory action research investigating the implementation of an open access service for general practitioner musculoskeletal x-ray referrals. Staff perceptions regarding effectiveness of the current service were gathered, including their opinions regarding the effectiveness of open access services...
August 2018: Radiography
B J Stevens, N White
INTRODUCTION: Abnormality detection system use across National Health Service (NHS) hospitals is widespread with radiographer participation considered as fundamental to the role. The "red dot" system is evolving towards the preliminary clinical evaluation (PCE) system. Newly qualified radiographers will be expected to be able to provide accurate descriptive comments. Confidence and training issues may hinder implementation of the PCE system. METHOD: An online quantitative survey approach was used...
August 2018: Radiography
G Hopkinson, P Lockwood, G Dolbear
INTRODUCTION: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a commonly used for diagnosing metastatic liver disease. When patients are unable to achieve the necessary arrested respiration required during image acquisition, image artefacts occur that affect image quality and diagnostic value. The main contribution of this study is the evaluation of a novel prototype technique that allows a specific sub-group of patients to breathe freely throughout the acquisition of dynamic contrast enhanced equilibrium phase MRI of the liver...
August 2018: Radiography
C W E Younger, C Douglas, H Warren-Forward
INTRODUCTION: For radiographers, gaining informed consent with our patients represents a challenging undertaking. Reconciling the need to gain meaningful consent with time pressures represents one challenge, as does differing expectations of how risk communication should be undertaken. Different methods and thresholds of risk disclosure are considered, with the aim of finding a realistic best practice. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of radiographers and members of the public was undertaken...
August 2018: Radiography
S Attard, J Castillo, F Zarb
INTRODUCTION: The Commission of the European Communities published image quality criteria for imaging modalities. However, none were established for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Such criteria are warranted due to the complexity and health and safety risks associated with MRI. The purpose of this study was to establish image quality criteria for MRI examinations of the knee, providing harmonisation of image quality, improving practice and reducing risks. METHODS: Image quality criteria were established following a literature review and validation by experts...
August 2018: Radiography
R Goldfinch, N White
INTRODUCTION: External Beam Radiotherapy (EBRT) is a recognised intervention for symptomatic pain relief from bone metastases. Pain flare is a reported EBRT toxicity, described in 16-41% of steroid-naïve patients. This study aimed to determine incidence and duration of pain flare amongst patients within one Oncology Centre. METHODS: Patients receiving EBRT for bone metastases were recruited to a prospective cohort study. Baseline pain scores and a daily pain/analgesia diary were recorded during EBRT and for 14 days thereafter...
August 2018: Radiography
T Flood, I M Wilson, J Cathcart
INTRODUCTION: The Health & Care Professions Council (HCPC) recently mandated the integration of the service-user voice into all aspects of allied healthcare education in the UK. However, the potential benefits and harms of this integration to service users are largely unknown. This study aimed to determine service user perspectives on relaying their personal experience of the cancer treatment pathway to students in an undergraduate Radiotherapy and Oncology programme. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted where seven patients led educational sessions with students and were interviewed (1:1) 1 week later using an iterative semi-structured format...
August 2018: Radiography
M M Almuqbel, G J Leeper, J F Petelo, T J Page, T R Melzer
Magnetic susceptibility artefacts, caused by metallic objects, present a challenge in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In this case, MRI showed metal-induced artefact in the rectum of a 14-year-old girl who presented with pain in the coccyx after a snowboarding accident. Previous radiographs showed no evidence of metal in the area. After the identification of the artefact and upon discussion with the patient, she disclosed that two orthodontic brackets had been swallowed two days prior to the MRI examination, likely the source of artefact...
May 2018: Radiography
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