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M M Almuqbel, G J Leeper, J F Petelo, T J Page, T R Melzer
Magnetic susceptibility artefacts, caused by metallic objects, present a challenge in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In this case, MRI showed metal-induced artefact in the rectum of a 14-year-old girl who presented with pain in the coccyx after a snowboarding accident. Previous radiographs showed no evidence of metal in the area. After the identification of the artefact and upon discussion with the patient, she disclosed that two orthodontic brackets had been swallowed two days prior to the MRI examination, likely the source of artefact...
May 2018: Radiography
M Oliveira, G Lopez, P Geambastiani, C Ubeda
INTRODUCTION: A quality assurance (QA) program is a valuable tool for the continuous production of optimal quality images. The aim of this paper is to assess a newly developed automatic computer software for image quality (IR) evaluation in fluoroscopy X-ray systems. METHODS: Test object images were acquired using one fluoroscopy system, Siemens Axiom Artis model (Siemens AG, Medical Solutions Erlangen, Germany). The software was developed as an ImageJ plugin. Two image quality parameters were assessed: high-contrast spatial resolution (HCSR) and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR)...
May 2018: Radiography
O Muharemovic, A Troelsen, M G Thomsen, T Kallemose, K K Gosvig
INTRODUCTION: Producing x-ray images for radiostereometric analysis (RSA) is a demanding technique. Suboptimal examinations result in a high percentage of exposure repetition. The aim of this pilot study was to use an experiential training approach to sharpen the skills of radiographers in acquiring images of an optimal quality. METHODS: A controlled trial using action research strategy was used. The study entailed a two phased approach. Radiographers were purposefully recruited and trained to perform the required investigations...
May 2018: Radiography
O Muharemovic, A Troelsen, M G Thomsen, T Kallemose, K K Gosvig
INTRODUCTION: Increasing pressure in the clinic requires a more standardized approach to radiostereometric analysis (RSA) imaging. The aim of this study was to investigate whether implementation of personalized RSA patient protocols could increase image quality and decrease examination time and the number of exposure repetitions. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty were equally randomized to either a case or a control group. Radiographers in the case group were assisted by personalized patient protocols containing information about each patient's post-operative RSA imaging...
May 2018: Radiography
A D Piersson, G Nunoo, P N Gorleku
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate current brain MRI practice, pattern of brain MRI requests, and their appropriateness using the American College of Radiology (ACR) Appropriateness Criteria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used direct observation and questionnaires to obtain data concerning routine brain MRI practice. We then retrospectively analyzed (i) demographic characteristics, (ii) clinical history, and (iii) appropriateness of brain MRI requests against published criteria...
May 2018: Radiography
D Ledsom, A J Reilly, H Probst
INTRODUCTION: The primary aim of this study was to examine the impact of deep inspiration breath-hold (DIBH) amplitude on subsequent mean heart dose and V30 during radiotherapy. The secondary aim was to investigate if patient age influenced DIBH amplitude. METHOD: A retrospective study of 30 patients with left-sided breast cancer was completed. Patients were randomly selected from the total number of patients dual scanned in free breathing (FB) and DIBH over a 2-year period...
May 2018: Radiography
J St John-Matthews, J Woodley, L Robinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Radiography
J Nightingale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Radiography
C M Hayre, H Bungay, C Jeffery, C Cobb, J Atutornu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Radiography
Y Ismail, J Hendry
INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to investigate the support needs for adolescents' post-cancer treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted, articles were obtained from the following databases, Science Direct, PubMed and SCOPUS. Additional studies were identified from the reference lists of articles included in the review. RESULTS: 119 articles were identified as potentially relevant, of these, a total of 16 articles were nominated to be included in the review for analysis...
May 2018: Radiography
M Gundry, K Knapp, R Meertens, J R Meakin
OBJECTIVES: To investigated the accuracy of computer-aided detection (CAD) software in musculoskeletal projection radiography via a systematic review. KEY FINDINGS: Following selection screening, eligible studies were assessed for bias, and had their study characteristics extracted resulting in 22 studies being included. Of these 22 three studies had tested their CAD software in a clinical setting; the first study investigated vertebral fractures, reporting a sensitivity score of 69...
May 2018: Radiography
L McLaughlin, N Woznitza, A Cairns, S L McFadden, R Bond, C M Hughes, A Elsayed, D Finlay, J McConnell
INTRODUCTION: Time delays and errors exist which lead to delays in patient care and misdiagnosis. Reporting clinicians follow guidance to form their own search strategy. However, little research has tested these training guides. With the use of eye tracking technology and expert input we developed a digital training platform to be used in chest image interpretation learning. METHODS: Two sections of a digital training platform were planned and developed; A) a search strategy training tool to assist reporters during their interpretation of images, and B) an educational tool to communicate the search strategies of expert viewers to trainees by using eye tracking technology...
May 2018: Radiography
S J Hopkins, A D Toms, M Brown, A Appleboam, K M Knapp
INTRODUCTION: Disuse osteopenia is a known consequence of reduced weight-bearing and has been demonstrated at the hip following leg injury but has not been specifically studied in postmenopausal women. METHOD: Bilateral DXA (GE Lunar Prodigy) bone mineral density (BMD) measurements were taken at the neck of femur (NOF), total hip region (TH) and lumbar spine in postmenopausal female groups comprising controls (N = 43), new leg fractures (#<3wks) (N = 9), and participants who had sustained a leg fracture more than one year previously (#>1yr) (N = 24)...
May 2018: Radiography
C W E Younger, C Douglas, H Warren-Forward
INTRODUCTION: Autonomy is a fundamental patient right for ethical practice, and informed consent is the mechanism by which health care professionals ensure this right has been respected. The ethical notion of informed consent has evolved alongside legal developments. Under Australian law, a provider who fails to disclose risk may be found to be in breach of a duty of disclosure, potentially facing legal consequences if the patient experiences harm that is attributable to an undisclosed risk...
May 2018: Radiography
C Taylor, J Parker, J Stratford, M Warren
INTRODUCTION: Although all systematic and random positional setup errors can be corrected for in entirety during on-line image-guided radiotherapy, the use of a specified action level, below which no correction occurs, is also an option. The following service evaluation aimed to investigate the use of this 3 mm action level for on-line image assessment and correction (online, systematic set-up error and weekly evaluation) for lower extremity sarcoma, and understand the impact on imaging frequency and patient positioning error within one cancer centre...
May 2018: Radiography
S Mc Fadden, T Roding, G de Vries, M Benwell, H Bijwaard, J Scheurleer
INTRODUCTION: Recent research has identified the issue of 'dose creep' in diagnostic radiography and claims it is due to the introduction of CR and DR technology. More recently radiographers have reported that they do not regularly manipulate exposure factors for different sized patients and rely on pre-set exposures. The aim of the study was to identify any variation in knowledge and radiographic practice across Europe when imaging the chest, abdomen and pelvis using digital imaging...
May 2018: Radiography
J Tugwell-Allsup, A W Pritchard
INTRODUCTION: This paper reports qualitative findings from within a larger randomised control trial where a video clip or telephone conversation with a radiographer was compared to routine appointment letter and information sheet to help alleviate anxiety prior to their MRI scan. METHODS: Questionnaires consisting of three free-text response questions were administered to all of the 74 patients recruited to the MRI anxiety clinical trial. The questionnaire was designed to establish patients' experiences of the intervention they had received...
May 2018: Radiography
J R Tugwell, N Goulden, P Mullins
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing MRI often experience anxiety prior and during scanning. The aim of this study was to explore two simple, cost-effective and easily implemented interventions to reduce anxiety pre MRI scanning. METHODS: Seventy four patients attending first time for a MRI head, spine or cardiac scan were randomised into one of three interventions: video demonstration; telephone conversation with a radiographer; or routine MRI preparation (appointment letter)...
May 2018: Radiography
J Grehan, M-L Butler, J Last, L Rainford
INTRODUCTION: Irish diagnostic radiography has undergone significant change with the dual introduction of state registration and mandatory Continuing Professional Development (CPD) in October 2015. We aimed to investigate motivators and barriers around CPD participation, mechanisms of CPD delivery and confidence of radiographers in using e-learning. METHODS: A questionnaire distributed nationally during this period captured Radiographer opinion through the use of closed and open questions...
May 2018: Radiography
N Nortjé, W A Hoffmann
INTRODUCTION: This study explores the perspectives of radiography students concerning the concept of professionalism and influence on its development. METHODS: This was a descriptive case study using interpretative phenomenological analysis methodology. Data were gathered from 31 students who participated in a questionnaire consisting of three sections. RESULTS: The results indicate that the students had an innate understanding of what professionalism is and they also described the main attributes, as highlighted by literature...
May 2018: Radiography
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