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K Alkhalifah, A Brindabhan, R Alsaeed
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this research was to study the effect of exposure factors on image quality for digital screening mammography units in Kuwait which use Tungsten (W) targets with Rhodium (Rh) and Silver (Ag) as filters. METHODS: Mammography Accreditation Phantom Model 015 was imaged using a Hologic Selenia Digital mammography unit with W targets and Rh and Ag filters. Four images, each at 26, 28, 30, and 32 kVp, were obtained using each target-filter combination (W/Rh and W/Ag)...
November 2017: Radiography
R Pape, K Spuur, P Umo
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this research is to evidence for the first time the breast density of Papua New Guinean (PNG) women as described by mammographic parenchymal patterns (MPPs) and profile breast cancer risk; to examine the relationship of age and MPPs. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 1161 screening mammograms of women who had undergone imaging at the Pacific International Hospital (PIH) was undertaken. Mammograms were classified into one of five Tabár MPPs; age was recorded in years...
November 2017: Radiography
N Cleary, J P McNulty, S J Foley, E Kelly
BACKGROUND: Iodinated contrast extravasation is a serious complication associated with intravenous administration in radiology. Departmental protocols and the radiographer's approach on both prevention techniques and treatment will affect the prevalence of extravasation, and the eventual outcome for the patient when it does occur. AIMS: To examine contrast extravasation protocols in place in Irish CT departments for alignment with European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) Guidelines (2014); to establish radiographer's opinions on contrast extravasation; and to examine radiographer adherence to protocols...
November 2017: Radiography
O Muharemovic, A Troelsen, M G Thomsen, T Kallemose, K K Gosvig
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to design and evaluate a radiostereometric analysis (RSA) program aimed at radiographers in order to increase their cognitive and practical skills, thereby increasing image quality and minimizing exposure repetition. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty radiographers were randomized into two identically sized study groups. Training consisted of a theoretical and practical workshop using a phantom. Tests were performed to compare the effect of training to nontraining, and the effect of time duration on the maintenance of RSA skills...
November 2017: Radiography
A D Piersson, P N Gorleku
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the availability, accessibility, and affordability of MRI services to patients in Ghana. METHODS: A descriptive quantitative research method which involve the use of a structured email 3-page survey questionnaire was employed, and addressed to the MRI radiographer-in-charge for completion. RESULTS: A response rate of 92% was achieved. Sixty-seven percent (8) of the facilities were located in the Greater Accra region of Ghana with most (6[75%]) being private health facilities...
November 2017: Radiography
B Lake, L Cielecki, S Williams, C Worrall, M Metelko
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is increasingly a disease of the elderly, and combined with the NHS Breast Screening Extension means that more elderly patients are having mammography. Increasing age can make mammography more technically difficult. This is a technical note detailing the results of a local audit which may be of interest due to potential service implications. METHOD: A retrospective audit of the first year of screening extension of The Shropshire Breast Screening Programme...
November 2017: Radiography
L Ukkola, H Oikarinen, A Henner, M Haapea, O Tervonen
INTRODUCTION: It is suspected that little or no information is provided to patients regarding radiological examinations. The purpose was to evaluate the coverage, content and source of this information in a university hospital. METHODS: Altogether 147 patients (18-85 years) were interviewed after different examinations using a questionnaire. The patients had undergone 35 low (<1 mSv), 66 medium (1-10), and 46 high (>10) dose examinations. They were asked if they were informed about radiation use, the course or indication of the examination, the consequences of not having the examination, other options, the dose and risks of radiation, the source for the information and if any consent was enquired...
November 2017: Radiography
A D Piersson, P N Gorleku
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to identify current practice of administration of gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) in Ghana. METHOD: A total of 13 MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) facilities were sent a survey questionnaire to request information on their current practice with the use of GBCAs. RESULTS: Gadodiamide, a high risk GBCA accounted for 67% of first line agents. 5 (42%) had a departmental protocol on the administration of GBCAs with regards to its association with nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF)...
November 2017: Radiography
V Díaz-Flores-García, E Labajo-González, A Santiago-Sáez, B Perea-Pérez
INTRODUCTION: Radiography provides many advantages in the diagnosis and management of dental conditions. However, dental X-ray images may be subject to manipulation with malicious intent using easily accessible computer software. METHODS: In this study, we sought to evaluate a dentist's ability to identify a manipulated dental X-ray images, when compared with the original, using a variant of the methodology described by Visser and Kruger. Sixty-six dentists were invited to participate and evaluate 20 intraoral dental X-ray images, 10 originals and 10 modified, manipulated using Adobe Photoshop to simulate fillings, root canal treatments, etc...
November 2017: Radiography
G Roe, J Barrett, L Hargreaves, P Hutchinson, R Macklam, N Nash, A Richards, K Sakthivel, K Somers, M Whiteside, S Wolstenhulme
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Radiography
R Gould, S L McFadden, C M Hughes
OBJECTIVES: It is believed that children are more sensitive to ionising radiation than adults. This work reviewed the reported radiation dose estimates for paediatric cardiac catheterisation. A systematic literature review was performed by searching healthcare databases for studies reporting radiation dose using predetermined key words relating to children having cardiac catheterisation. The quality of publications was assessed using relevant Critical Appraisal Skills Programme questions and their reported radiation exposures were evaluated...
November 2017: Radiography
L McLaughlin, J McConnell, S McFadden, R Bond, C Hughes
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to determine the strength of evidence available in the literature on the effect of training to develop the skills required by radiographers to interpret plain radiography chest images. KEY FINDINGS: Thirteen articles feature within the review. Sample size varied from one reporting radiographer to 148 radiography students/experienced radiographers. The quality of the articles achieved a mean score of 7.5/10, indicating the evidence is strong and the quality of studies in this field is high...
November 2017: Radiography
K Taylor, D Parashar, G Bouverat, A Poulos, R Gullien, E Stewart, R Aarre, P Crystal, M Wallis
INTRODUCTION: Optimum mammography positioning technique is necessary to maximise cancer detection. Current criteria for mammography appraisal lack reliability and validity with a need to develop a more objective system. We aimed to establish current international practice in assessing image quality (IQ), of screening mammograms then develop and validate a reproducible assessment tool. METHODS: A questionnaire sent to centres in countries undertaking population screening identified practice, participants for an expert panel (EP) of radiologists/radiographers and a testing panel (TP) of radiographers...
November 2017: Radiography
E U Ekpo, P Hogg, E Wasike, M F McEntee
PURPOSE: Subjective methods of mammographic breast density (MBD) assessment are prone to inter-reader variability. This work aims to assess the impact of a short self-directed, experiential learning intervention on radiographers' reproducibility of MBD assessment. METHOD: The study used two sets of images (test and learning intervention) containing left craniocaudal and left mediolateral oblique views. The test set had MBD ratings from Volpara™ and radiologists using the fourth edition Breast Imaging and Data Systems (BI-RADS(®))...
November 2017: Radiography
M Lundén, S M Lundgren, M Morrison-Helme, M Lepp
INTRODUCTION: The rapid development within Interventional Radiology presents new challenges. Hybrid operating rooms consist of interventional radiology, open surgery, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and other techniques. This means that several disciplines and professionals need to work in new constellations creating a multidisciplinary team around the patient. In accordance with this development, higher professional education must provide new pedagogic strategies to successfully address the knowledge expected in today's complex working life...
November 2017: Radiography
J R McConnell, M A Baird
INTRODUCTION: Public expectations regarding access to the emergency department (ED) challenges providers and policy makers with finite resources being stretched beyond capacity. To enable education of a greater numbers of doctors the format of the medical internship in Australia has changed and assumes that sufficient supervision is provided to interns to enable image interpretation skills development. Furthermore this assumes that appropriate foundational skills are established during undergraduate education...
November 2017: Radiography
B Björkman, K Fridell, P Tavakol Olofsson
INTRODUCTION: Radiography is a healthcare speciality with many technical challenges. Advances in engineering and information technology applications may continue to drive and be driven by radiographers. The world of diagnostic imaging is changing rapidly and radiographers must be proactive in order to survive. To ensure sustainable development, organisations have to identify future opportunities and threats in a timely manner and incorporate them into their strategic planning. Hence, the aim of this study was to analyse and describe plausible scenarios for the radiography profession in 2025...
November 2017: Radiography
A K Richardson, P Jacobs
INTRODUCTION: Implementation of the Clarity(®) Autoscan (Elekta) Transperineal Ultrasound (TPUS) system in Bristol is the first of its kind in the UK and we have already shown its utility in interfractional Image Guided Radiotherapy (IGRT).(14) This study establishes the extent of intrafraction prostate motion as measured by Clarity and explores the potential benefits of TPUS for intrafraction monitoring. METHODS: Monitoring data was analysed for 526 fractions from 20 localised prostate cancer patients...
November 2017: Radiography
A Loughlin, N Drage, C Greenall, D J J Farnell
INTRODUCTION: Panoramic radiography is a common radiographic examination carried out in the UK. This study was carried out to determine if acquisition site has an impact on image quality. METHODS: An image quality audit was carried out in South Wales across a number of dental and general radiology settings. The image quality was assessed retrospectively against national standards. A total of 174 radiographs were assessed from general radiology departments and 141 from dental radiology units...
November 2017: Radiography
M A Abdelrahman, M Alhasan, H Alewaidat, M A Rawashdeh, D S Al Mousa, K A Almhdawi
INTRODUCTION: Nosocomial infections add health-related and financial burdens on health systems. This study aims to evaluate the radiographers' knowledge of nosocomial infection control practices in Jordan. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based assessment was conducted. The main domains of the knowledge based test were the nature of nosocomial infections, standard precautions, and infection control practices specific to the radiology department. Comparison of knowledge among radiographers was assessed using the Student t-test and ANOVA...
November 2017: Radiography
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