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Journal of Health Communication

Xuewei Chen, Jennifer L Hay, Erika A Waters, Marc T Kiviniemi, Caitlin Biddle, Elizabeth Schofield, Yuelin Li, Kimberly Kaphingst, Heather Orom
There is a need to investigate which health information sources are used and trusted by people with limited health literacy to help identify strategies for addressing knowledge gaps that can contribute to preventable illness. We examined whether health literacy was associated with people's use of and trust in a range of potential health information sources. Six hundred participants from a GfK Internet survey panel completed an online survey. We assessed health literacy using the Newest Vital Sign, the sources participants used to get health information, and the extent to which participants trusted health information from these sources...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Hyojung Park, Taejun David Lee
Building upon a framework of the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology, this study explores the determinants of citizens' intentions to use the government's mobile application for public health risk communication. An online survey was conducted with a quota sample of 700 Korean citizens. The results from structural equation modeling suggest that social media competence and trust in government information are primary determinants of willingness to accept the new application and intention to use it...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Alicia L Best, Rachel G Logan, Coralia Vázquez-Otero, Whitney Fung, Vanessa Chee, Erika L Thompson, Seiichi Villalona, Lora M A Thompson, Clement K Gwede, Ellen M Daley
The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted infection and causes most oropharyngeal (e.g., throat) and anogenital (e.g., anal, cervical) cancers. Research indicates low knowledge about the link between HPV and cancer among the general population, and similar low knowledge of HPV among individuals diagnosed with HPV-associated cancers. This is important because HPV status can have implications for treatment, prognosis, and future sexual decisions. Using a health literacy framework, this study explored how patients diagnosed with HPV-associated cancers accessed, understood, appraised, and applied HPV information...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
James Price Dillard, Jinyoung Kim, Shu Scott Li
Messages that convey the dangers associated with consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) may be the most effective means of changing attitudes toward consumption and policy preferences. However, there is a risk that this message type also stimulates reactance, a form of resistance to persuasion. A study (N = 618) using messages from the 2012 New York City anti-SSB campaign and a sample of New York City residents showed just such effects. Reactance was heightened by prior message exposure, conservative political orientation and prior consumption of SSBs...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Suzanne C O'Neill, Kathryn L Taylor, Jonathan Clapp, Jinani Jayasekera, Claudine Isaacs, Deena Mary Atieh Graham, Stuart L Goldberg, Jeanne Mandelblatt
Thousands of women with early-stage breast cancer receive gene-expression profile (GEP) tests to guide chemotherapy decisions. However, many patients report a poor understanding of how their test results inform treatment decision-making. We applied models of patient-centered communication and informed decision-making to assess which variables oncologists' perceive as most influential to effective communication with their patients about GEP results and intervention modalities and approaches that could support more effective conversations about treatment decisions in routine clinical care...
August 21, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Sarah P Elbert, Patricia Ots
Gain-framed health messages are found to be more effective when targeting prevention behaviors. However, framing research has only minimally investigated the role of communication mode, another important factor in health communication. This study explored the role of communication mode in interaction with message framing, and the influence of two individual differences related to involvement as conditions under which gain framing can lead to health behavior change. Participants (N = 258) were exposed to either an auditory or written health message concerning fruit and vegetable intake, with either gain- or loss-framed arguments...
July 9, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Iccha Basnyat, Elmie Nekmat, Shaohai Jiang, Julian Lin
This study extends the Comprehensive Model of Information Seeking (CMIS) to online health information seeking in the context of India. This study considers the Internet (i.e., media) use an antecedent factor and the personal relevance factor salience is separated into two dimensions - susceptibility and severity. Structural equation modeling analysis (N = 990) tested the associations between health-related antecedents, information-carrier factors, and their direct effects on online information seeking. The results among online health information seekers in India showed significant relationships between length and frequency of media use and self-efficacy to engage in preventive behavior to the information carrier utility...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Lourdes S Martinez, Sharon Hughes, Eric R Walsh-Buhi, Ming-Hsiang Tsou
The current study examined conversations on Twitter related to use and perceptions of e-cigarettes in the United States. We employed the Social Media Analytic and Research Testbed (SMART) dashboard, which was used to identify and download (via a public API) e-cigarette-related geocoded tweets. E-cigarette-related tweets were collected continuously using customized geo-targeted Twitter APIs. A total of 193,051 tweets were collected between October 2015 and February 2016. Of these tweets, a random sample of 973 geocoded tweets were selected and manually coded for information regarding source, context, and message characteristics...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Wenbo Li, Glen Nowak, Yan Jin, Michael Cacciatore
Glaxo Smith Kline's Cervarix was the first human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine licensed for use in China and officially launched there on 31 July 2017. Since news media content can influence people's vaccine-related knowledge, understanding, and intentions, a content analysis was used to examine Chinese newspapers' coverage of the HPV vaccine. A total of 253 articles published from 2000 to 2016 met the inclusion criteria and were coded. The results show that HPV and the HPV vaccine received very little newspaper coverage in China both before and after vaccine licensure...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Hana Hayashi, Andy Tan, Ichiro Kawachi, Sara Minsky, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
We examined the differential impact of exposure to smoking-related graphic health warnings (GHWs) on risk perceptions and intentions to quit among different audience segments characterized by gender, race/ethnic group, and presence of chronic disease condition. Specifically, we sought to test whether GHWs that portray specific groups (in terms of gender, race, and chronic disease conditions) are associated with differences in risk perception and intention to quit among smokers who match the portrayed group...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Avishek Hazra, M E Khan, Subrato Kumar Mondal
Over 90% of households in rural Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India, have at least one mobile phone. However, ownership of mobile phone among women is quite low. Implementation research was conducted in Uttar Pradesh to examine (a) whether providing information on selected maternal and child health (MCH) behaviors to a husband's mobile phone would enhance the man's knowledge and lead to discussions in their family, and (b) whether such discussions would help in the adoption of healthy practices...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Heather E Canary, Yvonne K Clark, Avery Holton
Expanded carrier screening (ECS) is a genetic test that is designed to assess the risk of a healthy person passing down a genetic disorder, such as spinal muscular atrophy, to future children. ECS screens for up to several hundred disorders in one test, expanding on traditional carrier screening tests that target one or a few genetic disorders. However, little is known about how this health technology is being presented to the public in media coverage. Accordingly, this study is a qualitative content analysis of online news and information of ECS over a 6-year period, beginning in 2010 when the technology was publicly available...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Emily Moyer-Gusé, Melissa J Robinson, Jessica Mcknight
Outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases have increased due, in part, to misconceptions about vaccine safety (Kennedy et al., 2011). Extant literature has examined various messages designed to correct false beliefs about vaccination risks and to urge parents to vaccinate their children. The present study is designed to contribute to this literature by drawing on the broader research and theory on resistance to persuasion and correcting false beliefs. We examine the effects of a humorous (vs. non-humorous) message about the importance of the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine on parents' vaccine hesitancy...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Minh Hao Nguyen, Ellen M A Smets, Nadine Bol, Eugène F Loos, Julia C M Van Weert
Although older adults are increasingly using online health information, many websites are not senior-friendly, which might lead to user-problems and dissatisfaction among older people. It has been suggested that websites targeted at older adults should take into account age-related abilities and limitations, for example by providing the opportunity to adjust the modality (i.e., "mode") of information presentation based on visual and auditory capabilities. This study investigates the effects of a mode-tailored website, allowing users to self-tailor the mode of information presentation, on younger and older adults' satisfaction with health websites...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
W Douglas Evans, Elizabeth L Andrade, Nicole D Barrett, Sean D Cleary, Jeremy Snider, Mark Edberg
This paper reports on mediation analysis of effects of the Adelante brand, an innovative program for Latino immigrant adolescents and their families, and positive youth development (PYD) outcomes. Specific objectives were to increase adolescent engagement and participation in a community-based program called Adelante, based on PYD theory, which sought to reduce substance use, sexual risk taking, and interpersonal violence among Latino immigrant youth. A total of 238 parent-child dyads were recruited from a predominantly low-income Latino immigrant community and followed for an average of 22 months...
2018: Journal of Health Communication
Kyungeun Jang, Namkee Park
Although people nowadays engage in information communication repetitively through multiple channels during a public health crisis, the impacts of this communication on behavioral outcomes have not been fully examined. The present study empirically tests the effects of repetitive information communication through multiple channels (RICMC) on risk-prevention behavior. Additionally, the mediating roles of knowledge, perceived susceptibility, severity, response efficacy, and self-efficacy in the association between RICMC and risk-prevention behavior are examined...
2018: Journal of Health Communication
Diane B Francis
Celebrity health disclosures motivate people to seek information about various health topics. However, limited systematic evaluations exist on effects of celebrity disclosures of mental illness, despite observations that this is a growing phenomenon and have important implications for public health education. Further, research has rarely examined the impact of such disclosures on minority populations. This study sought to understand factors associated with young Black men's information seeking following exposure to a depression disclosure by Scott Mescudi...
2018: Journal of Health Communication
Yuri Jang, Jungwon Yoon, Nan Sook Park
BACKGROUND: Responding to the disparities in accessing and obtaining health information and healthcare among immigrant populations, the present study focused on Asian Americans. Using a sample that reflects Asian Americans' cultural and linguistic diversities, the goal was to explore the typologies of health information source and their predictability to unmet healthcare needs (i.e., the experience of not being able to get needed medical care). METHODS: Data were drawn from the 2015 Asian American Quality of Life Survey (N = 2,592), conducted using culturally and linguistically sensitive approaches...
2018: Journal of Health Communication
Erika A Waters, Emily Hawkins
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about people's awareness of the link between insufficient physical activity and increased risk for multiple health outcomes. METHODS: Of 1161 respondents to an online cross-sectional survey of the US population, we randomly selected 361 and used content analysis to code up to three responses to an open-ended question asking what illnesses are caused by insufficient physical activity. Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests examined relations between disease codes and socio-demographics; t-tests and Mann-Whitney U tests examined relations between codes and physical activity intentions and behavior...
2018: Journal of Health Communication
Jagadish Thaker, Mohan Dutta, Vijay Nair, Vishnu Prasad Rao
Stigma and discrimination are primary drivers of health disparities among marginalized communities. Drawing on stigma management, minority stress model, and social cognitive theories, this article tests the interplay between dimensions of stigma, collective efficacy, and advocacy communication among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender females. Using data from a cross-sectional survey conducted in south India (N = 225), five distinct dimensions of stigma were identified using factor analysis: experienced stigma, self-stigma, felt normative stigma, and two new dimensions-HIV-related vicarious stigma and media stigma...
2018: Journal of Health Communication
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