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Journal of Health Communication

Cristina A Godinho, John A Updegraff, Maria-João Alvarez, Maria Luísa Lima
Health messages framed to be congruent with people's motivational orientation have been shown to be generally effective in promoting health behavior change, but some inconsistencies have been found. This study tested whether the perceived quality of a health message moderated the congruency effect in the domain of fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption. Undergraduate participants (N = 109) read a health message promoting FV intake in which the frame (gain vs. loss) was either congruent or incongruent with their approach/avoidance motivational orientation...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Donna Kenerson, Saudat Fadeyi, Jianguo Liu, Mirabel Kleriwoh, Katina Beard, Margaret K Hargreaves
The enrollment of African American women into cancer prevention trials (CPTs) continues to be low despite their higher cancer mortality rates. Clinical trials are vital to the discovery of new prevention, diagnostic, and treatment methods that improve cancer outcomes. This study addressed attitudes and beliefs associated with the sub optimal participation of African American women in CPTs through the development and pretesting of an educational tool. The use of community-engaged research (CER) in the formative phase of this study was the basis for developing an audio-card...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Stella Babalola, Maria-Elena Figueroa, Susan Krenn
Literature abounds with evidence on the effectiveness of individual mass media interventions on contraceptive use and other health behaviors. There have been, however, very few studies summarizing effect sizes of mass media health communication campaigns in sub-Saharan Africa. In this study, we used meta-analytic techniques to pool data from 47 demographic and health surveys conducted between 2005 and 2015 in 31 sub-Saharan African countries and estimate the prevalence of exposure to family planning-related mass media communication...
November 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Shannon M Christy, Clement K Gwede, Steven K Sutton, Enmanuel Chavarria, Stacy N Davis, Rania Abdulla, Chitra Ravindra, Ida Schultz, Richard Roetzheim, Cathy D Meade
The current study examined the sociodemographic and psychosocial variables that predicted being at risk for low health literacy among a population of racially and ethnically diverse patients accessing primary care services at community-based clinics. Participants (N = 416) were aged 50-75 years, currently not up-to-date with colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, at average CRC risk, and enrolled in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed at promoting CRC screening. Participants completed a baseline interview that assessed health literacy as measured by Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine-Revised, sociodemographic factors, and psychosocial variables (e...
November 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Amira A Roess, Rosemarie Di Peppi, Eric A Kinzoni, Michaelle Molouania, Emily Kennedy, Saturnin R Ibata, Nkenda Badinga, Fredy S Mabola, Cynthia Moses
There are few effective communication interventions to respond to Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreaks, and their development is a continuing challenge. The largest outbreak of EVD was first recognized in 2014 and once again highlighted the need for health education communication campaigns. EVD emergence and transmission are associated with behaviors that increase exposure to infected individuals and infected wildlife. In 2008-2009, an educational video-centered intervention consisting of a film followed by a structured discussion was developed to improve EVD knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors (KABs) for prevention of EVD and care of infected people...
November 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Heewon Kim, Colter D Ray, Alaina M Veluscek
This study investigates the effects of mHealth interventions on sustainable behavior change and weight loss, drawing on in-app user activity data and online survey data. Specifically, we focus on the interactions within mobile support groups in Noom, an mHealth application for obesity intervention, to delve into how social support from facilitators and peers may play differential roles in promoting health outcomes. The results of structural equation modeling (N = 301) demonstrated that (a) perceived facilitator support was positively associated with group members' health information acquisition such as fitness-themed article reading whereas perceived peer support was positively linked to group participation such as posting and responding; (b) perceived peer support was positively related to normative influence among group members, which subsequently increased group members' responses to others' posts; and (c) health information reading and in-group posting promoted weight loss; however, merely responding to others' posts did not lead to weight-loss success...
November 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Emily A Rauscher
The Theory of Motivated Information Management (TMIM) was used to investigate how individuals at increased risk of developing hereditary cancer seek information from genetic counselors. Results show the TMIM model fit the data well in predicting participants' intentions to seek information from genetic counselors. Participants felt an uncertainty discrepancy that elicited feelings of anxiety, which in turn negatively predicted both outcome expectancies and efficacy assessments. Efficacy assessments, but not anxiety, significantly predicted participants' intentions to seek information from a genetic counselor in the future...
November 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Erina L MacGeorge, Rachel A Smith, Emily P Caldes, Nicole M Hackman
"Watchful waiting" (WW) can reduce unnecessary antibiotic use in the treatment of pediatric otitis media (ear infection), but the utility of the strategy is impaired by underutilization and noncompliance. Guided by advice response theory (ART), the current study examines how parental compliance with WW and trust in the prescribing physician is predicted by evaluative and affective responses to the advice. Parents (N = 134) of at least one child aged 5 years or younger completed questionnaires that assessed responses to WW advice they received for their youngest child...
November 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Jessica Gall Myrick, Rachelle L Pavelko
Researchers have documented the ways in which media stigmatize mental illness. However, media also portray mental illness trivially when diseases are mocked, oversimplified, shown to be less severe than in actuality, or represented as beneficial to an individual. Trivialization of mental illnesses could potentially lead audiences to be less likely to seek help or less likely to support related policy efforts. Therefore, it is important to understand how audiences recall and react to stigmatizing and trivializing mental illness portrayals...
November 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Wenjing Pan, Jorge Peña
This study examined how exposure to pictures of women with different body sizes (thin, obese), physical attractiveness levels (attractive, unattractive), along with exposure to weight-related messages (pro-anorexia, anti-anorexia) embedded in a fashion website affected female participants' planned behavior toward weight loss. Participants exposed to attractive model pictures showed higher intentions, attitudes, and subjective norms to lose weight compared with unattractive models. Additionally, participants exposed to thin and attractive model pictures indicated the highest attitudes and self-efficacy to lose weight, whereas those exposed to thin and unattractive model pictures indicated the lowest...
October 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Courtney L Scherr, Marleah Dean, Margaret F Clayton, Bradford W Hesse, Kami Silk, Richard L Street, Janice Krieger
The 2015 announcement of the Precision Medicine Initiative (PMI) galvanized and energized efforts to reconsider medical practice through tailoring of prevention and treatment recommendations based on genetics, environment, and lifestyle. Numerous disciplines contributed white papers identifying challenges associated with PMI and calling for discipline-specific research that might provide solutions to such challenges. Throughout these white papers, the prominence of communication in achieving the PMI's goals is obviously apparent...
October 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Yulia A Strekalova, Janice L Krieger
Social media provide a unique channel for disseminating evidence-based information to diverse audiences and organizational and private stakeholders, thus facilitating a dialog about health and health risks. Guided by the social amplification of risk framework, the goal of this study was to assess the level of audience engagement with messages posted on the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Facebook page and evaluate the differences in the audience information behavior toward risk-related and non-risk posts. Data included 1,975 posts published on the NCI Facebook page as well as the corresponding 4,537 comments, 77,298 shares, and 145,462 likes...
October 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Philip W Wirtz, Cynthia A Rohrbeck
In order to formulate effective communication and intervention strategies to respond to the widespread lack of preparedness for public health crises resulting from natural and human-made disasters, researchers have developed models describing the interrelationships between factors associated with emergency preparedness decisions. Empirical research has generally assumed that two key elements of most health behavior theories-self-efficacy and response efficacy-additively influence the decision to prepare, despite compelling theoretical rationale for an interactive relationship...
October 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Elissa C Kranzler, Laura A Gibson, Robert C Hornik
Though previous research suggests the FDA's "The Real Cost" anti-smoking campaign has reduced smoking initiation, the theorized pathway of effects (through targeted beliefs) has not been evaluated. This study assesses the relationship between recall of campaign television advertisements and ad-specific anti-smoking beliefs. Respondents in a nationally representative survey of nonsmoking youths age 13-17 (n = 4,831) reported exposure to four The Real Cost advertisements and a fake ad, smoking-relevant beliefs, and nonsmoking intentions...
October 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Hang Fu, Dong Dong, Da Feng, Zhifei He, Shangfeng Tang, Qian Fu, Zhanchun Feng
To examine the determinants of the health information sharing among rural Chinese chronic patients. Two large population-based surveys in rural China were carried out from July 2011 to April 2012. Data used in this study were second hand and sorted out from the two previous databases. A binary logistic regression analysis was employed to discover the impact of demographic characteristics, level of health literacy, and other factors on respondents' health information sharing behavior. Among the total 1,324 participants, 63...
October 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Jeong Yeob Han, Robert Hawkins, Timothy Baker, Dhavan V Shah, Suzanne Pingree, David H Gustafson
Despite the mounting evidence of efficacy of eHealth interventions, their mechanisms of action remain unknown. The current study analyzed patient log data as each patient engaged in an eHealth system called the Comprehensive Health Enhancement Support System (CHESS) and reports on how patients engage with different combinations of eHealth services over time. Newly diagnosed breast cancer patients (N = 443) were given access for 6 months to one of four different configurations of CHESS: (1) Information, (2) Information and Support, (3) Information, Support, and Coaching (Full CHESS), and (4) Full CHESS and Mentor...
October 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Jude K A des Bordes, Maria E Suarez-Almazor, Robert J Volk, Huifang Lu, Beatrice Edwards, Maria A Lopez-Olivo
Osteoporosis burden is significant in cancer survivors. Websites providing health information abound, but their development, quality, and source of information remain unclear. Our aim was to use a systematic and transparent approach to create an educational website on bone health, and to evaluate its potential to improve knowledge, self-management, and awareness in prostate cancer (PCa) and breast cancer (BCa) survivors. Guided by the Health Belief Model, we created a website using international standards and evaluated it in 10 PCa and 10 BCa survivors with self-administered questionnaire before, after, and 1 month after navigating the website...
October 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Jagannath M Muzumdar, Nicholas L Pantaleo
This study compared the following effects of two vaccine information flyers-one developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) versus one adapted from this information to a comic medium (comic)-on adults: (a) attitude toward the flyer; (b) perceived informativeness of the flyer; (c) intention to seek more information about adult immunizations after viewing the flyer; and (d) intention to get immunized after viewing the flyer. A between-group, randomized trial was used to randomly assign adults (age 18 years or older) at an ambulatory care center to review the CDC or comic flyer...
October 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Jo-Yun Li, Sei-Hill Kim, Jane O'Boyle
The topic of campus sexual assault has received much media attention recently, prompting scholars to examine media effects on students' attitudes and behaviors. A survey of 567 American college students examined how their media exposure is related to issue engagement, perceived responsibility, and acceptance of rape myths. Results indicated that reading newspaper stories about campus sexual assault might contribute to college students' victim blaming. Among other media channels examined, social media were found to be highly correlated with students' engagement with the issue...
September 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Sean M Horan, Lauren A Cafferty
The incidence of sexually transmitted infections is high, with recent estimates suggesting 110 million cases (CDC, 2013b). A key method to reducing the risk for sexually transmitted infections is the use of a condom. Consequently, this inquiry aimed to describe the content of and reactions to condom communication. Results revealed the following condom conversation strategies: condom possession, condom exploration, condom demand, and health concerns. Results both support and challenge previous condom studies, therefore extending and informing this line of research...
September 2017: Journal of Health Communication
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