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Journal of Health Communication

Tzu-I Tsai, Shoou-Yih D Lee, Wen-Ry Yu
We evaluated the effectiveness of a problem-based learning (PBL) health literacy program aimed to improve health literacy, health empowerment, navigation efficacy, and health care utilization among immigrant women in Taiwan. We employed a quasi-experimental design that included surveys at the baseline, immediately after the intervention, and 6 months after the intervention. The intervention group participated in a 10-session PBL health literacy program and the comparison group did not. Results showed that 6 months after the intervention, the intervention group had significantly fewer ER visits and hospitalizations than the comparison group...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Bárbara Piñeiro, Diana R Díaz, Luis M Monsalve, Úrsula Martínez, Cathy D Meade, Lauren R Meltzer, Karen O Brandon, Marina Unrod, Thomas H Brandon, Vani N Simmons
Smoking-related illnesses are the leading causes of death among Hispanics/Latinos. Yet, there are few smoking cessation interventions targeted for this population. The goal of this study was to "transcreate" an existing, previously validated, English language self-help smoking cessation intervention, titled Forever Free® : Stop Smoking for Good, for Spanish-speaking smokers. Rather than simply translating the materials, our transcreation process involved culturally adapting the intervention to enhance acceptability and receptivity of the information...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Qinghua Yang, Angeline Sangalang, Molly Rooney, Erin Maloney, Sherry Emery, Joseph N Cappella
The purpose of the study is to investigate how vaping marijuana, a novel but emerging risky health behavior, is portrayed on YouTube, and how the content and features of these YouTube videos influence their popularity and retransmission. A content analysis of vaping marijuana YouTube videos published between July 2014 to June 2015 (n = 214) was conducted. Video genre, valence, promotional and warning arguments, emotional appeals, message sensation value, presence of misinformation and misleading information, and user-generated statistics, including number of views, comments, shares, likes and dislikes, were coded...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Smita C Banerjee, Chasity B Walters, Jessica M Staley, Koshy Alexander, Patricia A Parker
Delivery of culturally competent care toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients depends on how health-care providers (HCPs) communicate with them; however, research about knowledge, attitude, and behavior of HCPs toward LGBT patients is scant. The objectives of our study were to describe oncology HCPs' knowledge and examine if beliefs about LGB and transgender patients mediate the effects of LGBT health-care knowledge on open communication behaviors with LGB and transgender patients, respectively...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Theodore M Singelis, Raul I Garcia, Judith C Barker, Rachel E Davis
Based on a theoretical framework describing culturally sensitive (CS) health communication, this experiment tested the relative contributions of surface structure and deep structure in the recall of oral health information from pamphlets varied in written message and images. Using a 2 × 2 factorial design, Spanish-speaking Mexican heritage mothers of children under six (n = 160) were randomly assigned to read one of four 12-page pamphlets containing the same oral health information in Spanish: (1) standard written message/standard images; (2) standard written message/CS images; (3) CS written message/standard images; and (4) CS written message/CS images...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Dalia M Corrales, Ali E Wells, Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Gabriela Pena, Alan L Kaplan, Lorrie S King, Sonia C Robazetti, Tri A Dinh
This study describes the use of the Internet for health information research by patients attending a gynecologic oncology practice and examines the association between its use and anxiety. A self-administered survey assessed patients' demographic information and Internet use. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) were administered concurrently. Of 212 patients who consented to the study, 98 (46%) had an appointment because of a cancer diagnosis. Of 199 respondents, 91 (46%) reported searching the Internet for information about their condition...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Jenna E Reno, Sean O'Leary, Kathleen Garrett, Jennifer Pyrzanowski, Steven Lockhart, Elizabeth Campagna, Juliana Barnard, Amanda F Dempsey
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine uptake is below that of other routine adolescent vaccines. This is due in part to the fact that the HPV vaccine is often not routinely recommended by providers to all eligible adolescents. While providers' recommendations are crucial, even a strongly stated recommendation can be insufficient among HPV vaccine-hesitant parents. Providers must be prepared to respond to parental concerns following giving the recommendation for the HPV vaccine. This paper presents the analysis of implementation of an intervention aimed at improving provider communication with HPV vaccine-hesitant parents...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Alison Farmer, Timothy Edgar, Jeffrey Gage, Ray Kirk
Type 2 diabetes is almost three times more prevalent in the indigenous people of New Zealand (Māori) than non-Māori. Despite the high rate of diabetes there is a low level of diabetes knowledge and awareness in the Māori community. Several studies of Māori health identify a need for new health communication approaches to diabetes prevention in order to reduce the gap between Māori and non-Māori disease rates. We applied a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) framework and behavioral theory to create a culturally appropriate documentary for Māori at risk for type 2 diabetes...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Philip Gendall, Janet Hoek, Katherine Gendall
On-pack tobacco warnings typically feature long-term health risks, which many young adults rationalize or reject. We examined the emotions generated by more proximal warnings to see if we could identify common features among the most effective warnings. Respondents in a sample of 474 smokers and 476 susceptible non-smokers used a modified Geneva Emotion Wheel (GEW) to assess cigarette packs displaying 12 test warnings and one current warning. The strongest emotions aroused in smokers were disgust, disappointment, and regret...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Rene Dailey, Lynsey Romo, Sarah Myer, Cathy Thomas, Surabhi Aggarwal, Kelly Nordby, Madison Johnson, Carolyn Dunn
It is well known that significant others (particularly romantic partners) can influence people's weight management efforts. However, what constitutes effective support-and from which type of individual (e.g., romantic partner, family member, friend)-is unclear. Thus, framed by confirmation theory, we assessed the effectiveness and types of communication of a weight-loss "buddy" through reports of 704 individuals enrolled in a 15-week synchronous online weight-loss program. Roughly 54% of participants chose buddies; and those who did lost more weight and waist inches than those who were involved in the program without buddy support...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Beth L Hoffman, Erica L Rosenthal, Jason B Colditz, Ryan Mcgarry, Brian A Primack
Fictional medical television programs are popular with viewers and have been shown to influence health-related outcomes. We sought to systematically analyze real-time viewer discourse on Twitter related to the new medical drama, Code Black. We retrieved all Twitter posts (tweets) and metadata around the time of the airing of Code Black for four consecutive weeks. We developed a codebook using both content assessment of Twitter messages (tweets) and theory-based variables used in entertainment education analyses...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Rachel A Smith, Youllee Kim, Xun Zhu, Dimi Théodore Doudou, Eleanore D Sternberg, Matthew B Thomas
This study documents an investigation into the adoption and diffusion of eave tubes, a novel mosquito vector control, during a large-scale scientific field trial in West Africa. The diffusion of innovations (DOI) and the integrated model of behavior (IMB) were integrated (i.e., innovation attributes with attitudes and social pressures with norms) to predict participants' (N = 329) diffusion intentions. The findings showed that positive attitudes about the innovation's attributes were a consistent positive predictor of diffusion intentions: adopting it, maintaining it, and talking with others about it...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Seow Ting Lee, Mohan J Dutta, Julian Lin, Pauline Luk, Satveer Kaur-Gill
Our paper extends channel complementarity theory, which has focused on evidence of complementarity and patterns of channel use, by elucidating the notion of trust complementarity. We examined trust, an information-carrier characteristic and a core construct in health-focused decision-making to understand cancer information seeking, based on data from two nationally representative surveys in Singapore. Trust is found to be differential, relational, and ecological, with implications for individuals' access to and reliance on doctors, family/friends, newspapers/magazines, radio, TV, and the Internet for cancer prevention information...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Rana Hijazi
Product placement can be presented through edutainment. A drug such as Viagra is introduced or impotence is branded in movies and TV series in different ways to raise awareness of impotence disorder and Viagra as a solution. This study aims to analyze strategies of framing and branding Viagra and impotence disorder, based on a qualitative method analysis of 40 movies and TV series. Findings show that Viagra is shown as not only for older men but also for young and healthy men. Out of 40 movies and TV series in the study sample, in 14 (32...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Nasser Almutairi, Saleem Alhabash, Lea Hellmueller, Erin Willis
In this study, male and female participants were exposed to identical news stories covering obesity topics paired with tweets from Twitter users. Our study aimed at understanding how obesity-related news combined with user-generated social media posts (i.e., tweets) affect consumers' evaluations of online content and viral behavioral intentions (the intentions to like, share, and comment). An experiment (N = 316) explored how gender and weight of a Twitter user (tweeter) affect participants' evaluations and viral behavioral intentions toward news stories...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Minh Hao Nguyen, Ellen M A Smets, Nadine Bol, Eugène F Loos, Julia C M Van Weert
Although older adults are increasingly using online health information, many websites are not senior-friendly, which might lead to user-problems and dissatisfaction among older people. It has been suggested that websites targeted at older adults should take into account age-related abilities and limitations, for example by providing the opportunity to adjust the modality (i.e., "mode") of information presentation based on visual and auditory capabilities. This study investigates the effects of a mode-tailored website, allowing users to self-tailor the mode of information presentation, on younger and older adults' satisfaction with health websites...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Aya Goto, Alden Yuanhong Lai, Atsushi Kumagai, Saori Koizumi, Kazuki Yoshida, Koji Yamawaki, Rima E Rudd
Following the Fukushima nuclear accident in 2011, the central government provided health and radiation-related information that was incomplete, difficult to understand and contradictory, leading to widespread distrust in the community. Thus, from 2013 to 2014, we developed and implemented a series of health literacy training workshops for local public health nurses, often the first health care professionals with whom members of the community interact. The results from our program evaluation revealed that the task of paraphrasing professional terms and skills related to relaying numeric information to the community were difficult for the nurses to acquire...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Erica Weintraub Austin, Bruce W Austin, Brian F French, Marilyn A Cohen
Interventions addressing links between media exposure and obesity risk for school-age youth have not explicitly addressed the role of family communication about media. Youths' influence attempts on parents to purchase advertised foods can create conflict and negatively affect parental food choices. This study tested whether a family-based media literacy curriculum improves parents' media management skills and decreases youths' susceptibility to appealing but unrealistic food marketing. A matched-group pretest/posttest field experiment of parent-youth dyads with control group (N = 100 dyads, youth M = 11 years of age) tested the six-session curriculum...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
James Kite, Anne Grunseit, Erika Bohn-Goldbaum, Bill Bellew, Tom Carroll, Adrian Bauman
Mass media campaigns are a commonly used strategy in public health. However, no review has assessed whether the design and evaluation of overweight and obesity campaigns meets best practice recommendations. This study aimed to fill this gap. We systematically searched five databases for peer-reviewed articles describing adult-targeted obesity mass media campaigns published between 2000 and 2017, complemented by reference list searches and contact with authors and agencies responsible for the campaigns. We extracted data on campaign design, implementation, and evaluation from eligible publications and conducted a qualitative review of 29 publications reporting on 14 campaigns...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Sarah Mantwill, Ahmed Allam, Anne-Linda Camerini, Peter J Schulz
Self-reported health literacy measures have seen increased application throughout the last years, among those are the brief health literacy screeners (BHLS) developed by Chew and colleagues (2004). There has been little systematic research on the performance of these measures across different contexts, including countries and languages, to draw conclusions about their predictive power outside of the United States. This study aimed at replicating the original validation of the BHLS. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was applied to data from Hungary, Italy, Lebanon, Switzerland, and Turkey...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
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