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Journal of Health Communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339340/patient-perspectives-on-language-discordance-during-healthcare-visits-findings-from-the-extremely-high-density-multicultural-state-of-qatar
#1
Huda Abdelrahim, Maha Elnashar, Amal Khidir, Amal Killawi, Maya Hammoud, Abdul Latif Al-Khal, Michael D Fetters
Reducing language and cultural barriers in healthcare are significant factors in resolving health disparities. Qatar's rapidly growing multicultural population presents new challenges to the healthcare system. The purpose of this research was to explore patients' perspectives about language discordance, and the strategies used to overcome language barriers during patients' visits. Participants were recruited and interviewed from four language groups (Arabic = 24, English = 20, Hindi = 20, and Urdu = 20), all of whom were living in Qatar and utilizing Hamad General Hospital-Outpatient Clinics as a source of their healthcare services...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339327/raising-public-awareness-of-clinical-trials-development-of-messages-for-a-national-health-communication-campaign
#2
Holly A Massett, David M Dilts, Robert Bailey, Jennifer Berktold, Rebecca Ledsky, Nancy L Atkinson, Grace Mishkin, Andrea Denicoff, Rose Mary Padberg, Marin P Allen, Karen Silver, Kelli Carrington, Lenora E Johnson
Clinical trials are essential for developing new and effective treatments and improving patient quality of life; however, many trials cannot answer their primary research questions because they fall short of their recruitment goals. This article reports the results of formative research conducted in two populations, the public and primary care physicians, to identify messages that may raise awareness and increase interest in clinical trials and be used in a national communication campaign. Results suggested that participants were primarily motivated to participate in clinical trials out of a self-interest to help themselves first...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339324/mobile-but-connected-harnessing-the-power-of-self-efficacy-and-group-support-for-weight-loss-success-through-mhealth-intervention
#3
Heewon Kim, Meara Faw, Andreas Michaelides
Despite the growing popularity of mHealth applications, their usage outcomes have received limited empirical attention. Drawing on server-level user activity data and an online survey (N = 384), this study examines the use of an mHealth application for weight loss to elucidate the ways in which it can help individuals harness the power of self-efficacy and group support to enact behavior change and accomplish their health goals. The results of structural equation modeling based on 6-month user activity data demonstrated that (a) self-efficacy had a positive impact on persistent food logging in an mHealth application; (b) social support received from a mobile group was positively associated with food logging and group participation; and (c) both food logging and group participation predicted weight loss success...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339323/media-coverage-of-fda-drug-safety-communications-about-zolpidem-a-quantitative-and-qualitative-analysis
#4
Steve Woloshin, Lisa M Schwartz, Sara Dejene, Paula Rausch, Gerald J Dal Pan, Esther H Zhou, Aaron S Kesselheim
FDA issues Drug Safety Communications (DSCs) to alert health care professionals and the public about emerging safety information affecting prescription and over-the-counter drugs. News media may amplify DSCs, but it is unclear how DSC messaging is transmitted through the media. We conducted a content analysis of the lay media coverage reaching the broadest audience to characterize the amount and content of media coverage of two zolpidem DSCs from 2013. After the first DSC, zolpidem news stories increased from 19 stories/week in the preceding 3 months to 153 following its release...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323546/understanding-the-relationships-between-mhealth-apps-characteristics-trialability-and-mhealth-literacy
#5
Trisha T C Lin, John Robert Bautista
The widespread adoption of mobile phones has increased the potential of mHealth to improve health communication and health outcomes because these devices could serve as a ubiquitous and affordable means to disseminate health information to large populations. Given that mHealth apps offer free or limited trials as part of promotional strategies, potential users' trialability is a critical step of the preadoption process. Drawing from Rogers' diffusion of innovation theory, this study examines the relationships of adopters' perceived characteristics of mHealth apps (i...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306481/counteracting-the-influence-of-peer-smoking-on-youtube
#6
Daniel Romer, Patrick E Jamieson, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Christopher Jones, Susan Sherr
YouTube, a popular online site for user-generated content, is emerging as a powerful source of peer modeling of smoking. Previous research suggests that in counteracting such influence, health messages may inadvertently increase the perceived prevalence of drug use (a descriptive norm) without reducing its acceptability (injunctive norm). This research tested the ability of health messages to reduce the social acceptability of peer smoking on YouTube despite enhancing its perceived prevalence. In an online experiment with 999 adolescents, participants were randomly assigned to view one of two videos: (a) a mosaic displaying a variety of YouTube videos of adolescents smoking followed by a message about the mortality risk to those smokers, or (b) a control video on a health topic unrelated to smoking...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287949/community-theater-participation-and-nutrition-related-practices-evidence-from-nepal
#7
Carol R Underwood, Elena T Broaddus, Shreejana Kc, Ravindra K Thapa
Suaahara, a nutrition-enhancement program in Nepal, conducted participatory community theater (CT) dramas with the goal of improving nutrition-related practices. To evaluate CT, a pre/posttest with randomized intervention and matched control sites was used. Dramas were conducted in Nawalparasi, Bajhang, and Sindhupalchowk Districts to represent the mountain, hill, and terai/plains regions. Within each study district, two intervention sites were randomly selected and two matched comparison sites were identified for inclusion in the study...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273001/which-type-of-risk-information-to-use-for-whom-moderating-role-of-outcome-relevant-involvement-in-the-effects-of-statistical-and-exemplified-risk-information-on-risk-perceptions
#8
Jiyeon So, Se-Hoon Jeong, Yoori Hwang
The extant empirical research examining the effectiveness of statistical and exemplar-based health information is largely inconsistent. Under the premise that the inconsistency may be due to an unacknowledged moderator (O'Keefe, 2002), this study examined a moderating role of outcome-relevant involvement (Johnson & Eagly, 1989) in the effects of statistical and exemplified risk information on risk perception. Consistent with predictions based on elaboration likelihood model (Petty & Cacioppo, 1984), findings from an experiment (N = 237) concerning alcohol consumption risks showed that statistical risk information predicted risk perceptions of individuals with high, rather than low, involvement, while exemplified risk information predicted risk perceptions of those with low, rather than high, involvement...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272994/using-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-to-implement-a-health-fair-for-children
#9
Kara C Hamilton, Randi J Henderson Mitchell, Rasheda Workman, Erika A Peoples, John C Higginbotham
When devising strategies to combat obesity, strategies focusing on children should be utilized since health-related behaviors track into adulthood. One strategy that begins to address, and brings awareness to, the rising obesity rates and other health disparities in adults is the utilization of community health fairs. Previous literature has described how to conduct an adult health fair using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, but no study has shown how to conduct a health fair for children...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266905/assessing-the-potential-effectiveness-of-pictorial-messages-to-deter-young-women-from-indoor-tanning-an-experimental-study
#10
Jennah M Sontag, Seth M Noar
The recent Surgeon General's call-to-action to prevent skin cancer indicates an urgent need for research on messages to deter young women from tanning indoors. Answering this call, the current study assessed differences in the potential effectiveness of pictorial indoor tanning messages. We randomly assigned undergraduate female participants (N = 568) to one of three message conditions visually depicting health effects, appearance damage, or immediate risks, or to a text-only control. All participants viewed three messages within their condition and answered questions after message exposure...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276945/using-community-engagement-to-develop-a-web-based-intervention-for-latinos-about-the-hpv-vaccine
#11
Julie A Maertens, Andrea M Jimenez-Zambrano, Karen Albright, Amanda F Dempsey
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is pervasive among sexually active women and men, and Hispanic women are at particularly high risk as they have higher rates of invasive cervical cancer compared to other racial or ethnic groups in the United States. There is a need for interventions to increase HPV vaccination among this high-risk population. This study investigated how to modify a previously developed web-based intervention that provided individually tailored information about HPV to improve its use among the Latino population...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276946/role-of-humor-in-the-persuasiveness-of-entertainment-narratives-on-unprotected-sexual-behavior
#12
Michelle L Futerfas, Xiaoli Nan
Past research involving the persuasive impact of entertainment narratives on health attitudes and behavior has largely been limited to dramatic narratives. The current research focuses on humorous narratives related to unprotected sex. We conducted an experiment (N = 161) in which female viewers were exposed to a humorous story line about unprotected sex, an identical story line with humor edited out, or a story line unrelated to unprotected sex. Our findings suggested that humor increased perceived severity of unintended pregnancy, while having no effect on counterarguing...
February 19, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129069/placement-and-format-of-risk-information-on-direct-to-consumer-prescription-drug-websites
#13
Helen W Sullivan, Amie C O'Donoghue, Douglas J Rupert, Jessica Fitts Willoughby, Kathryn J Aikin
We investigated whether the location and format of risk information on branded prescription drug websites influence consumers' knowledge and perceptions of the drug's risks. Participants (Internet panelists with high cholesterol [n = 2,609] or seasonal allergies [n = 2,637]) were randomly assigned to view a website promoting a fictitious prescription drug for their condition. The website presented risk information at the bottom of the homepage, or at the bottom of the homepage with a signal above indicating that the risk information was located below, or on a linked secondary page...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121240/development-of-a-multi-behavioral-mhealth-app-for-women-smokers
#14
Julie Armin, Thienne Johnson, Melanie Hingle, Peter Giacobbi, Judith S Gordon
This article describes the development of the See Me Smoke-Free™ (SMSF) mobile health application, which uses guided imagery to support women in smoking cessation, eating a healthy diet, and increasing physical activity. Focus group discussions, with member checks, were conducted to refine the intervention content and app user interface. Data related to the context of app deployment were collected via user testing sessions and internal quality control testing, which identified and addressed functionality issues, content problems, and bugs...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121226/health-literacy-demand-of-printed-lifestyle-patient-information-materials-aimed-at-people-with-chronic-kidney-disease-are-materials-easy-to-understand-and-act-on-and-do-they-use-meaningful-visual-aids
#15
Suzanne Morony, Kirsten J McCaffery, Suzanne Kirkendall, Jesse Jansen, Angela C Webster
People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) need usable information on how to live well and slow disease progression. This information is complex, difficult to communicate, and changes during the course of the disease. We examined lifestyle-related printed CKD patient education materials focusing on actionability and visual aids. From a previous systematic review assessing readability of CKD patient information, we identified materials targeting nutrition, exercise, and self-management. We applied the Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM) and Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool (PEMAT) to evaluate how easy materials were to understand (understandability) and act on (actionability)...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112991/cancer-risk-information-sharing-the-experience-of-individuals-receiving-genetic-counseling-for-brca1-2-mutations
#16
Ishveen Chopra, Kimberly M Kelly
Genetic counseling and testing for familial cancer is a unique context for the communication of risk information in the family. This study utilized a theoretical framework based on the family systems perspective to understand intrafamilial cancer risk communication patterns in the Ashkenazi Jewish population. Individuals (n = 120) at an elevated risk for BRCA1/2 mutations were included. Change in communication patterns over time was assessed using McNemar tests. Associations with communication patterns were assessed with multivariable logistic regression...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103179/theory-based-formative-research-on-an-anti-cyberbullying-victimization-intervention-message
#17
Matthew W Savage, Douglas M Deiss, Anthony J Roberto, Elias Aboujaoude
Cyberbullying is a common byproduct of the digital revolution with serious consequences to victims. Unfortunately, there is a dearth of empirically based methods to confront it. This study used social cognitive theory to design and test an intervention message aimed at persuading college students to abstain from retaliation, seek social support, save evidence, and notify authorities-important victim responses identified and recommended in previous research. Using a posttest-only control group design, this study tested the effectiveness of an intervention message in changing college students' perceived susceptibility to and perceived severity of cyberbullying as well as their self-efficacy, response efficacy, attitudes, and behavioral intentions toward each recommended response in future episodes of cyberbullying...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103152/using-facebook-for-sexual-health-social-marketing-in-conservative-asian-countries-a-systematic-examination
#18
Zain-Ul-Abdin Khawaja, Khudejah Iqbal Ali, Shanze Khan
Social marketing related to sexual health is a problematic task, especially in religiously and/or culturally conservative countries. Social media presents a possible alternative channel for sexual health efforts to disseminate information and engage new users. In an effort to understand how well sexual health campaigns and organizations have leveraged this opportunity, this study presents a systematic examination of ongoing Facebook-based sexual health efforts in conservative Asian countries. It was discovered that out of hundreds of sexual health organizations identified in the region, less than half had created a Facebook page...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098508/evaluation-of-a-social-norms-approach-to-a-suicide-prevention-campaign
#19
Kami J Silk, Evan K Perrault, Samantha A Nazione, Kristin Pace, Jan Collins-Eaglin
Suicide is a leading cause of death for college-aged youth, and university counseling centers (UCC) strive to educate students about mental health issues and available campus services. The current research evaluates a college campus social norms campaign that used both peer and celebrity sources to promote help seeking among college students as a suicide prevention strategy. Postcampaign surveys of this quasi-experiment (n = 391) revealed that compared to students in the control neighborhood condition, students exposed to the campaign messages in the experimental neighborhood conditions were more likely to perceive students would refer a friend to the UCC and more likely to visit the UCC for a mental health concern...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098500/exploring-black-college-females-perceptions-regarding-hiv-prevention-message-content
#20
Rasheeta Chandler-Coley, Henry Ross, Oluwatobi Ozoya, Celia Lescano, Timothy Flannigan
Media messages can facilitate the delivery of accurate information related to HIV and sexually transmitted infection. This study's purpose was to examine preexisting media campaigns from the iMPPACS study to assess age-, gender-, and culturally appropriate components identified by African American females who attend historically Black colleges/universities. In 3 separate focus group sessions, 31 Black female college students (M age = 20) viewed 4 vignettes and heard 3 audio-only clips, then ranked and commented on them based on perceived satisfaction with HIV prevention content and appropriateness of delivery...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
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