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Journal of Health Communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682192/a-systematic-review-of-literature-on-effectiveness-of-training-in-emergency-risk-communication
#1
Ann Neville Miller, Timothy Sellnow, Lindsay Neuberger, Andrew Todd, Rebecca Freihaut, Jane Noyes, Tomas Allen, Nyka Alexander, Marsha Vanderford, Gaya Gamhewage
Although disaster preparedness training is regularly conducted for a range of health-related professions, little evidence-based guidance is available about how best to actually develop capacity in staff for conducting emergency risk communication. This article presents results of a systematic review undertaken to inform the development of World Health Organization guidelines for risk communication during public health and humanitarian emergencies. A total of 6,720 articles were screened, with 24 articles identified for final analysis...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682187/making-vaccine-messaging-stick-perceived-causal-instability-as-a-barrier-to-effective-vaccine-messaging
#2
Graham N Dixon
Health officials often face challenges in communicating the risks associated with not vaccinating, where persuasive messages can fail to elicit desired responses. However, the mechanisms behind these failures have not been fully ascertained. To address this gap, an experiment (N = 163) tested the differences between loss-framed messages-one emphasizing the consequence of not receiving a flu vaccine; the other emphasizing the consequence of receiving the flu vaccine. Despite an identical consequence (i.e., Guillain-Barre syndrome), the message highlighting the consequence of not receiving the flu vaccine produced lower negative affect scores as compared to the message highlighting the consequence of receiving the flu vaccine...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682179/the-effect-of-electronic-health-record-use-and-patient-centered-communication-on-cancer-screening-behavior-an-analysis-of-the-health-information-national-trends-survey
#3
Daniel Totzkay, Kami J Silk, Sarah E Sheff
The present study used the 2013 Health Information National Trends Survey (N = 3185) to examine the effects of patient-centered communication (PCC) and the use of electronic health records (EHRs) on the likelihood of patients receiving a recommended screening for cancer (i.e., mammogram, PSA test). Self-determination theory, a framework of self-initiated extrinsic behaviors, was applied to test mediation models of PCC and EHR use, respectively, through patient activation. The results demonstrated that PCC and EHR use predicted cancer screening (mediated through patient activation), but only for women recommended for biannual mammograms...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598730/the-effects-of-gain-loss-and-balanced-framed-messages-for-preventing-indoor-tanning-among-young-adult-women
#4
Darren Mays, W Douglas Evans
Indoor tanning (IT) increases the risks of skin cancer, but evidence on how to design health education messaging targeting IT among young adult women remains limited. This study investigated the effects of theory-guided gain-, loss-, and balanced-framed IT prevention messages. Young adult women ages 18-30 who indoor tan (n = 552, mean age = 24.9 years [standard deviation = 3.1]) were recruited online, completed pre-exposure measures, and were randomized to view a gain-, loss-, or balanced-framed message...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586258/reactance-and-coping-responses-to-tobacco-counter-advertisements
#5
Michelle S Wehbe, Michael Basil, Debra Basil
Tobacco prevention messages generally take one of three tactics: They can be educational, attack the tobacco industry, or attack particular brands. Being a smoker and smoking a particular brand may form an essential part of a person's self-identity. As such, reactance theory suggests that attack messages can unintentionally attack smokers' self-image. A 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 experiment using six different messages and 260 respondents tested whether smokers have different reactions to tobacco counter-advertisements than nonsmokers...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581896/the-relationship-of-patient-provider-communication-on-quality-of-life-among-african-american-and-white-cancer-survivors
#6
Chien-Ching Li, Alicia K Matthews, Mazahir Dossaji, Francis Fullam
Prior research has demonstrated poorer patient-provider communication ratings among African American compared to White patients. The quality of patient-provider communication has been shown to impact treatment outcomes among cancer patients. A secondary data analysis design was used to determine the relationship of six patient-provider communication variables on the physical health quality of life (PHQOL) and mental health quality of life (MHQOL) of African American and White cancer patients (N = 479). We also examined whether the relationship between communication patterns and QOL differed based on race/ethnicity...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569647/matching-message-design-and-depressed-cognition-an-exploration-of-attention-patterns-for-gain-and-loss-framed-depression-help-seeking-messages
#7
Jennifer A Lueck
Although disproportionally affected by depression, most depressed college students do not seek the help they need. Research has recently uncovered the potential negative effects of depression help-seeking messages if depressed cognition is not considered in the health message design process. It is unclear if depression determines whether and how individuals pay attention to gain- and loss-framed depression help-seeking messages-a mechanism that has significant implications for the strategic planning of health communication interventions...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557627/a-nonresponse-bias-analysis-of-the-health-information-national-trends-survey-hints
#8
Aaron Maitland, Amy Lin, David Cantor, Mike Jones, Richard P Moser, Bradford W Hesse, Terisa Davis, Kelly D Blake
We conducted a nonresponse bias analysis of the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) 4, Cycles 1 and 3, collected in 2011 and 2013, respectively, using three analysis methods: comparison of response rates for subgroups, comparison of estimates with weighting adjustments and external benchmarks, and level-of-effort analysis. Areas with higher concentrations of low socioeconomic status, higher concentrations of young households, and higher concentrations of minority and Hispanic populations had lower response rates...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548610/harnessing-youth-and-young-adult-culture-improving-the-reach-and-engagement-of-the-truth%C3%A2-campaign
#9
Elizabeth Hair, Lindsay Pitzer, Morgane Bennett, Michael Halenar, Jessica Rath, Jennifer Cantrell, Nicole Dorrler, Eric Asche, Donna Vallone
The national youth and young adult tobacco prevention mass media campaign, truth®, relaunched in 2014 with the goal of creating "the generation that ends smoking." The objective of this study was to assess whether the strategy of airing truth ads during popular, culturally relevant televised events was associated with higher ad and brand awareness and increases in social media engagement. Awareness of six truth advertisements that aired during popular television events and self-reported social media engagement were assessed via cross-sectional online surveys of youth and young adults aged 15-21 years...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494210/tobacco-free-policy-compliance-behaviors-among-college-students-a-theory-of-planned-behavior-perspective
#10
Rachael A Record
The purpose of this study was to examine the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a framework for understanding tobacco-free policy compliance behaviors. Undergraduate student smokers (n = 479) on a college campus with a tobacco-free policy were randomly selected to report their tobacco-free compliance behaviors and respond to TPB items. A path analysis found all constructs of the TPB model to be significantly related to tobacco-free policy compliance behaviors. The results obtained from this study fill gaps in the mostly atheoretical literature regarding our understanding of tobacco-free policy compliance behaviors as well as extend our knowledge of the TPB...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486054/beyond-the-page-a-process-review-of-using-ethnodrama-to-disseminate-research-findings
#11
Jamilah Taylor, Emily Namey, Annette Carrington Johnson, Greg Guest
Public health researchers are charged with communicating study findings to appropriate audiences. Dissemination activities typically target the academic research community. However, as participatory research grows, researchers are increasingly exploring innovative dissemination techniques to reach broader audiences, particularly research participants and their communities. One technique is ethnodrama/ethnotheatre, a written or live performance based on study findings. Though used effectively in social change programs, dramas are seldom used to distribute research findings exclusively...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481157/the-effects-of-gain-versus-loss-framed-messages-following-health-risk-information-on-physical-activity-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Alexander Lithopoulos, Rebecca L Bassett-Gunter, Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Amy E Latimer-Cheung
Few people with multiple sclerosis engage in physical activity. Messaging interventions may motivate more physical activity among these individuals. The purpose of this online study was to evaluate an intervention presenting participants with multiple sclerosis (N = 237) with risk information (i.e., information demonstrating people with multiple sclerosis are more likely to experience certain health issues) or no risk information followed by gain- or loss-framed physical activity messages. Participants completed questionnaires on Days 1, 6, and 28 and received information material on Days 2-5...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481154/identification-and-emotions-experienced-after-a-celebrity-cancer-death-shape-information-sharing-and-prosocial-behavior
#13
Jessica Gall Myrick
Based on the previous work investigating public reactions to celebrity cancer deaths as well as on the appraisal theory of emotions, an online survey (N = 641) was conducted after the cancer death of popular sportscaster Stuart Scott. The aim was to better understand how the public shared news and reactions with others and if this social sharing impacted prosocial cancer-related behaviors (e.g., donating, volunteering, talking to others about cancer research). Two hierarchical logistic regression models were run...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448208/explanations-for-not-receiving-the-seasonal-influenza-vaccine-an-ontario-canada-based-survey
#14
Samantha B Meyer, Rebecca Lum
Despite evidence of the importance of the seasonal influenza vaccine for both individual and population health, only a third of the Ontario population received the vaccine in 2013/2014. The objective of this study was to identify why Ontarians are not getting the seasonal influenza vaccine. Written responses to the question "Why didn't you get the seasonal flu vaccine in the last flu season?" were deductively analyzed using the Conceptual Model of Vaccine Hesitancy. Inductive coding was also conducted to identify explanations that fall outside of the present model and may be unique to the seasonal influenza vaccine...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441102/the-importance-of-intergenerational-communication-in-advance-care-planning-generational-relationships-among-perceptions-and-beliefs
#15
Jennifer Freytag, Emily A Rauscher
This study explores triadic intergenerational perceptions of family members' beliefs and behaviors that often impact an individual's willingness to engage in advance care planning. Using data from 189 triads of young adults, their parents, and their grandparents, we examined generational relationships among individuals' openness about death, death anxiety, knowledge of surrogate decision-making, and advance care planning self-efficacy. Results of this study found significant relationships between grandparents and parents, as well as between parents and children for all variables except self-efficacy...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441097/antismoking-ads-at-the-point-of-sale-the-influence-of-ad-type-and-context-on-ad-reactions
#16
Annice Kim, James Nonnemaker, Jamie Guillory, Paul Shafer, Sarah Parvanta, John Holloway, Matthew Farrelly
Efforts are underway to educate consumers about the dangers of smoking at the point of sale (POS). Research is limited about the efficacy of POS antismoking ads to guide campaign development. This study experimentally tests whether the type of antismoking ad and the context in which ads are viewed influence people's reactions to the ads. A national convenience sample of 7,812 adult current smokers and recent quitters was randomized to 1 of 39 conditions. Participants viewed one of the four types of antismoking ads (negative health consequences-graphic, negative social consequences-intended emotive, benefits of quitting-informational, benefits of quitting-graphic) in one of the three contexts (alone, next to a cigarette ad, POS tobacco display)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441095/perceived-harms-and-social-norms-in-the-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-and-smokeless-tobacco
#17
Erika A Waters, Georgia Mueller-Luckey, Kelsey LeVault, Wiley D Jenkins
Perceptions of harms and social norms influence the use of conventional tobacco cigarettes, but little research is available about their combined relationship with e-cigarette and smokeless tobacco use. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 309 individuals from central Illinois. We explored (1) demographic predictors of perceived harms and social norms related to e-cigarette and smokeless tobacco use, and (2) whether perceived harms, social norms, or both were important predictors of e-cigarette and smokeless tobacco use...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481166/differences-in-the-portrayal-of-health-risk-behaviors-by-black-and-white-characters-in-popular-films
#18
Morgan E Ellithorpe, Amy Bleakley, Michael Hennessy, Ilana Weitz, Patrick Jamieson, Atika Khurana
Adolescent exposure to risk in film has been associated with behavior. We coded Black and White character involvement in sex, violence, alcohol use, and tobacco use, and combinations of those behaviors in popular mainstream and Black-oriented films (film n = 63, character n = 426). Health risk portrayals were common, with the majority of characters portraying at least one. Black characters were more likely than Whites to portray sex and alcohol use, while White characters were more likely to portray violence...
June 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414618/understanding-spanish-language-response-in-a-national-health-communication-survey-implications-for-health-communication-research
#19
A Susana Ramírez, Gordon Willis, Lila Finney Rutten
Spanish-speaking Latinos account for 13% of the U.S. population yet are chronically under-represented in national surveys; additionally, the response quality suffers from low literacy rates and translation challenges. These are the same issues that health communicators face when understanding how best to communicate important health information to Latinos. The Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) offers a unique opportunity to understand the health communication landscape and information needs of the U...
May 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414617/theorizing-the-impact-of-targeted-narratives-model-admiration-and-narrative-memorability
#20
Katheryn R Christy, Jakob D Jensen, Susan H Sarapin, Robert N Yale, Jeremy Weaver, Manusheela Pokharel
Communication campaigns often include components that have been designed for a specific population, a strategy referred to as targeting. Targeted narratives are story-based components of a campaign that feature a character or situation relevant to the intended audience. Though commonplace, few studies have explicated the underlying mechanisms by which targeted narratives exert influence. In a message evaluation study, 316 women aged 40-75 (Mage = 51.19, SD = 8.11) were exposed to one of two targeted narratives and asked to complete measures of model admiration, narrative memorability, and intentions to receive a mammography...
May 2017: Journal of Health Communication
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