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Journal of Health Communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30404564/to-retweet-or-not-to-retweet-understanding-what-features-of-cardiovascular-tweets-influence-their-retransmission
#1
Qinghua Yang, Christopher Tufts, Lyle Ungar, Sharath Guntuku, Raina Merchant
Twitter is one of the largest social networking sites (SNSs) in the world, yet little is known about what cardiovascular health related tweets go viral and what characteristics are associated with retransmission. The current study aims to identify a function of the observable characteristics of cardiovascular tweets, including characteristics of the source, content, and style that predict the retransmission of these tweets. We identified a random sample of 1,251 tweets associated with CVD originating from the United States between 2009 and 2015...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30395785/content-exposure-and-effects-of-public-discourses-about-marijuana-a-systematic-review
#2
Sung-Yeon Park, Kyle J Holody
This review presents a comprehensive picture of research studies about marijuana-related content in news, social media, and advertisements. Studies that examined the extent of people's exposure to the messages and its effects were also included. A total of 27 peer-reviewed journal articles and one thesis were located, of which 16 analyzed the content, four contained information about people's exposure to the messages, and ten examined the effects. Over time, news coverage shifted from negative to slightly positive toward marijuana use...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381014/cultural-adaptation-of-the-be-under-your-own-influence-media-campaign-for-middle-school-american-indian-youth
#3
Linda R Stanley, Kathleen J Kelly, Randall C Swaim, Danielle Jackman
American Indian (AI) adolescents living on reservations report much higher substance use rates compared to other youth yet there are few effective prevention interventions developed for them. This paper presents findings from formative research undertaken to guide adaptation for AI youth of a prevention intervention, Be Under Your Own Influence (BUYOI), previously found to be effective in reducing substance use among middle-school youth. We conducted focus groups with 7th graders, the primary target audience, and photovoice with 11th graders, the role models who would help deliver the campaign, to inform surface and deep structure adaptation...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30373481/an-experimental-examination-of-the-effectiveness-of-framing-strategies-to-reduce-mental-health-stigma
#4
Bart Vyncke, Baldwin van Gorp
The media are often blamed for perpetuating the stigma surrounding mental illnesses, but they can also be used to counter stigmatizing narratives. Drawing on framing theory, this study tested the potency of two framing strategies (deframing and reframing) to reduce mental health stigma, using an online between-subject posttest-only survey experiment (N = 400), conducted in Belgium in November 2017. For people without a personal history of mental illness, deframing (i.e. refuting the stigmatizing narrative) was able to significantly reduce public stigma, while reframing (i...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358500/assessing-the-impact-of-conflicting-health-warning-information-on-intentions-to-use-e-cigarettes-an-application-of-the-heuristic-systematic-model
#5
Sherri Jean Katz, Meghan Erkkinen, Bruce Lindgren, Dorothy Hatsukami
The purpose of this study is to determine how nonsmokers perceive conflicting information when a modified risk statement is included along with a warning label on e-cigarette packages. We propose an application of the heuristic-systematic model to test whether this conflicting information leads to more or less active processing. As part of a larger inquiry into e-cigarette labeling, we present an experiment (n = 303) in which we test this model with nonsmokers, measuring ambiguity perceptions, counter-arguing, reduced effectiveness of the message, and behavioral intentions...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358488/scientific-quality-of-health-related-articles-in-specialty-cannabis-and-general-newspapers-in-san-francisco
#6
Ryan T Halvorson, Christopher C Stewart, Aishwarya Thakur, Stanton A Glantz
Recreational cannabis is being legalized in states across the USA. The public relies on popular media for health information about cannabis. We assessed the accuracy of reporting on health effects of cannabis use in GreenState, a specialty publication on cannabis published by the San Francisco Chronicle and the main newspaper using the Index of Scientific Quality for Health Related News Reports. Results were compared using t-tests. Seventeen GreenState articles and four San Francisco Chronicle articles were identified for analysis...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30351205/a-mixed-method-study-investigating-the-impact-of-talking-about-patients-internet-use-on-patient-reported-outcomes
#7
Remco Sanders, Annemiek J Linn
This study aims to propose and test a model that provides a more comprehensive understanding of the impact of discussing online health information on patient outcomes. By combining survey data (N = 160) and qualitative analysis of video recordings of consultations (N = 165) with structural equation modeling, this study explores: (1) whether patients and health-care providers talk about online medical information and (2) the impact of talking about online medical information on patient outcomes (patient satisfaction, recall of medical information, and medication adherence)...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30346894/the-invisible-danger-of-transferring-toxins-with-bunker-gear-a-theory-based-intervention-to-increase-postfire-decontamination-to-reduce-cancer-risk-in-firefighters
#8
Tyler R Harrison, Fan Yang, Susan E Morgan, Jessica Wendorf Muhamad, Ed Talavera, Samuel A Eaton, Neal Niemczyk, Vicki Sheppard, Erin Kobetz
Studies show significant association between cancer risk and being a firefighter. After exposure to even routine firefighting, firefighters' bunker gear often contains carcinogens that may be absorbed through contact or inhaled through off-gassing, thereby increasing cancer risk. Awareness of increased cancer risk has given rise to policies and practices focused on gear cleaning and decontamination processes to decrease risk; yet, these efforts are in their infancy and tend to be somewhat piecemeal in nature...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30346889/different-culture-or-different-mind-perception-and-acceptance-of-hpv-vaccine-in-china-and-in-the-u-s
#9
Sixiao Liu, Janet Z Yang, Haoran Chu, Shaojing Sun, Haichun Li
Unlike the United States, where human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines have been available for decades, China recently approved its first HPV vaccines. Setting up a baseline comparison between these two countries, this study examines the influence of message framing, motivational orientation, cultural worldview, knowledge, and gender on young adults' intentions to get vaccinated. Compared to the U.S. participants, Chinese participants perceived HPV as a more severe risk and were more willing to get the vaccine...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30346886/sex-differences-in-the-association-of-perceived-ambiguity-cancer-fatalism-and-health-related-self-efficacy-with-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption
#10
Jessica D Welch, Erin M Ellis
Adequate fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption is promoted as a means of preventing chronic health conditions, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer. This study investigated whether perceived ambiguity about cancer prevention recommendations, fatalistic beliefs about cancer, and health-related self-efficacy were associated with FV consumption and whether sex moderated these associations. Data from the five most recent waves (spanning 2011 to 2017) of the nationally representative Health Information National Trends Survey (N = 16,965) were used...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30346878/randomized-trial-evaluating-targeted-photographic-health-communication-messages-in-three-stigmatized-populations-physically-disabled-senior-and-overweight-obese-individuals
#11
Mary K Buller, Peter A Andersen, Erwin P Bettinghaus, Xia Liu, Michael D Slater, Kimberly Henry, Lyndsay Fluharty, Steven Fullmer, David B Buller
The homophily principle that perceived similarities among people produce positive reactions is a cross-cultural, global phenomenon. The prediction that photographs depicting models similar to the target population improve health communication was tested. Three nationally-representative samples (n = 1,796) of adults who are disabled, seniors, or considered overweight/obese were selected from GfK's Knowledge Panel®. Participants read a message promoting physical activity and improved diets and responded to assessments of behavioral intentions, outcome and self-efficacy expectations, and identification...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325705/exploring-communication-strategies-for-promoting-hepatitis-b-prevention-among-young-asian-american-adults
#12
Julia M Alber, Chari Cohen, Giang T Nguyen, Sanam F Ghazvini, Brenda Trang Tolentino
In the United States, Asian Americans account for 50-60% of hepatitis B virus infections, leading to higher rates of liver cancer in this population. While some city-wide data have reported hepatitis B infection rates among young adults as high as 10-20%, little research has examined factors that impact hepatitis B beliefs, or the most effective strategies for reaching this particular population to promote hepatitis B awareness. An online survey was conducted with young Asian American adults (n = 418), aged 18-29 years old, to better understand their health information seeking, social media usage, and hepatitis B-related behaviors and beliefs...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325699/impacts-of-message-framing-and-social-distance-in-health-campaign-for-promoting-regular-physical-exercise
#13
Jieun Cho, Jung Won Chun, Moon J Lee
We investigated effects of message framing and social distance on individuals' attitude toward health campaign and behavioral intention. Individuals who read a gain-framed message had better attitude toward the campaign and higher level of behavioral intention than those who read a loss-framed message. Perceived benefits mediated the relationship between message framing and behavioral intention. Perceived severity mediated the relationship between social distance and behavioral intention only in the loss framing condition...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307784/an-interrupted-time-series-evaluation-of-the-testing-makes-us-stronger-hiv-campaign-for-black-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-the-united-states
#14
Vanessa Boudewyns, Ryan S Paquin, Jennifer D Uhrig, Hannah Badal, Euna August, Jo Ellen Stryker
Black gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (BMSM) are the subpopulation most disproportionately affected by HIV in the United States. Testing Makes Us Stronger (TMUS), a communication campaign designed to increase HIV testing rates among BMSM ages 18 to 44, was implemented in the United States from December 2011 through September 2015. We used interrupted time series analysis (ITSA) to compare pre- and post-campaign trends in monthly HIV testing events among the priority audience in six of the implementation cities from January 2011 through December 2014...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300091/cervixcheck-a-spiritually-based-text-messaging-intervention-to-promote-cervical-cancer-awareness-and-pap-test-screening-intention-among-african-american-women
#15
Daisy Le, Cheryl L Holt
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: On a national level, African-American women have a 34% higher incidence of cervical cancer and are twice as likely to die of the disease when compared to White women. In response to the need to improve cervical cancer prevention and Pap test screening knowledge and utilization, we developed and pilot tested a 16-day SMS text message-based intervention. The CervixCheck study was designed to develop, pilot test, and evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of a spiritually-based SMS text messaging intervention aimed at increasing cervical cancer awareness and Pap test screening intention in church-attending African-American women ages 21-65...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30281000/towards-health-equity-deaf-adults-engagement-in-social-e-health-activities-and-e-communication-with-health-care-providers
#16
Claire Ryan, Poorna Kushalnagar
Deaf people face significant barriers with accessing health information, health care services, and communication with their health care provider and as a result, show poorer health outcomes compared to the general population. Studies on the general population found that those who use social network sites (SNS) for health-related activities were more likely to communicate with their health care provider via the Internet or email. For deaf individuals who use American Sign Language (ASL), using eHealth platforms to communicate with health care providers has the potential to navigate around communication barriers and create greater opportunity to discuss screening and treatment plans...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30130477/multilevel-influences-on-patient-oncologist-communication-about-genomic-test-results-oncologist-perspectives
#17
Suzanne C O'Neill, Kathryn L Taylor, Jonathan Clapp, Jinani Jayasekera, Claudine Isaacs, Deena Mary Atieh Graham, Stuart L Goldberg, Jeanne Mandelblatt
Thousands of women with early-stage breast cancer receive gene-expression profile (GEP) tests to guide chemotherapy decisions. However, many patients report a poor understanding of how their test results inform treatment decision-making. We applied models of patient-centered communication and informed decision-making to assess which variables oncologists' perceive as most influential to effective communication with their patients about GEP results and intervention modalities and approaches that could support more effective conversations about treatment decisions in routine clinical care...
August 21, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29985782/reading-or-listening-to-a-gain-or-loss-framed-health-message-effects-of-message-framing-and-communication-mode-in-the-context-of-fruit-and-vegetable-intake
#18
Sarah P Elbert, Patricia Ots
Gain-framed health messages are found to be more effective when targeting prevention behaviors. However, framing research has only minimally investigated the role of communication mode, another important factor in health communication. This study explored the role of communication mode in interaction with message framing, and the influence of two individual differences related to involvement as conditions under which gain framing can lead to health behavior change. Participants (N = 258) were exposed to either an auditory or written health message concerning fruit and vegetable intake, with either gain- or loss-framed arguments...
July 9, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29979921/applying-the-modified-comprehensive-model-of-information-seeking-to-online-health-information-seeking-in-the-context-of-india
#19
Iccha Basnyat, Elmie Nekmat, Shaohai Jiang, Julian Lin
This study extends the Comprehensive Model of Information Seeking (CMIS) to online health information seeking in the context of India. This study considers the Internet (i.e., media) use an antecedent factor and the personal relevance factor salience is separated into two dimensions - susceptibility and severity. Structural equation modeling analysis (N = 990) tested the associations between health-related antecedents, information-carrier factors, and their direct effects on online information seeking. The results among online health information seekers in India showed significant relationships between length and frequency of media use and self-efficacy to engage in preventive behavior to the information carrier utility...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29979920/-okay-we-get-it-you-vape-an-analysis-of-geocoded-content-context-and-sentiment-regarding-e-cigarettes-on-twitter
#20
Lourdes S Martinez, Sharon Hughes, Eric R Walsh-Buhi, Ming-Hsiang Tsou
The current study examined conversations on Twitter related to use and perceptions of e-cigarettes in the United States. We employed the Social Media Analytic and Research Testbed (SMART) dashboard, which was used to identify and download (via a public API) e-cigarette-related geocoded tweets. E-cigarette-related tweets were collected continuously using customized geo-targeted Twitter APIs. A total of 193,051 tweets were collected between October 2015 and February 2016. Of these tweets, a random sample of 973 geocoded tweets were selected and manually coded for information regarding source, context, and message characteristics...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
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