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Journal of Health Communication

Sarah Mantwill, Ahmed Allam, Anne-Linda Camerini, Peter J Schulz
Self-reported health literacy measures have seen increased application throughout the last years, among those are the brief health literacy screeners (BHLS) developed by Chew and colleagues (2004). There has been little systematic research on the performance of these measures across different contexts, including countries and languages, to draw conclusions about their predictive power outside of the United States. This study aimed at replicating the original validation of the BHLS. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was applied to data from Hungary, Italy, Lebanon, Switzerland, and Turkey...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Emily K Vraga, Anthony Stefanidis, Georgios Lamprianidis, Arie Croitoru, Andrew T Crooks, Paul L Delamater, Dieter Pfoser, Jacek R Radzikowski, Kathryn H Jacobsen
Social media are often heralded as offering cancer campaigns new opportunities to reach the public. However, these campaigns may not be equally successful, depending on the nature of the campaign itself, the type of cancer being addressed, and the social media platform being examined. This study is the first to compare social media activity on Twitter and Instagram across three time periods: #WorldCancerDay in February, the annual month-long campaigns of National Breast Cancer Awareness Month (NBCAM) in October and Movember in November, and during the full year outside of these campaigns...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Beth Sundstrom, Caitlin Szabo, Angela Dempsey
Postpartum contraception helps reduce unintended pregnancy and space births to improve maternal and child health. This study explored women's perceptions of contraceptive choice during the postpartum period in the context of locus of control and trust in healthcare providers. Researchers conducted six focus groups with 47 women, ages 18-39, receiving postpartum care at an outpatient clinic. Techniques from grounded theory methodology provided an inductive approach to analysis. HyperRESEARCH 3.5.2 qualitative data analysis software facilitated a constant-comparative coding process to identify emergent themes...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Jacob A Rohde, Yue Wang, Chelsea M Cutino, Bonnie K Dickson, Marisa C Bernal, Serena Bronda, Aizhou Liu, Sai Indira Priyadarshini, Ling Guo, Jason S Reich, Francis A Farraye
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a serious chronic illness that affects 1 in 200 people in the United States with the majority of new cases of IBD diagnosed in young people under the age of 35. Despite the growing number of people who are diagnosed each year, the consequences of health-related stigma faced by young people grappling with the effects of IBD are understudied. This experimental investigation explored the existence of enacted stigma among college students, a population that faces many social and psychological challenges due to the added emotional stresses brought about by the transition from high school and adolescence to college and adulthood...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Emily A Hurley, Steven A Harvey, Peter J Winch, Mariam Keita, Debra L Roter, Seydou Doumbia, Nièlè H Diarra, Caitlin E Kennedy
Mounting evidence in sub-Saharan Africa suggests poor patient-provider communication (PPC) negatively impacts patient engagement (retention in care and adherence to medication) in antiretroviral therapy (ART) programs. In Bamako, Mali, where 36% of ART patients are lost to follow-up within 12 months of initiating treatment, we aimed to define features of positive PPC according to patient values and explore the mechanisms by which these features may sustain engagement and re-engagement according to patient and provider experiences...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Marie Louise Radanielina Hita, Ioannis Kareklas, Bruce Pinkleton
We demonstrate in our research that discussion-based parental mediation may successfully decrease the negative effects that youth's engagement with alcohol brands on social media may have on attitudes toward alcohol through its effects on critical thinking. A clear pattern was found with positive mediation leading to unhealthy outcomes and negative mediation predicting healthier behaviors. Youth whose parents critiqued media messages reported more critical thinking skills, which predicted less interaction with alcohol brands on social media and fewer expectancies toward alcohol...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Chelsea L Ratcliff, Kimberly A Kaphingst, Jakob D Jensen
Precision medicine (PM) draws upon individual biological and psychosocial factors to create a personalized approach to healthcare. To date, little is known about how healthcare consumers will respond to such highly personalized guidance and treatment. The assumption is that responses will generally be favorable; yet in the media and in online public discussions about PM, concerns have been raised about invasions of privacy and autonomy. Findings from the tailoring literature-relevant because PM is, in a sense, "hypertailoring"-similarly suggest a potential for provoking unintended consequences such as personalization reactance, wherein perceived threat to one's privacy or freedom can lead to rejection of the personalized message or its source...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Soela Kim, Jiyeon So
Message fatigue refers to a state of being exhausted and tired of prolonged exposure to similarly-themed messages (e.g., anti-obesity messages; So, Kim, & Cohen, 2017). This study tests a mediational model that accounts for how one's preexisting fatigue toward anti-obesity messages may contribute to two different types of resistance-reactance and disengagement-toward an incoming anti-obesity message, which, in turn, reduce intention to adopt weight-management behaviors advocated in the message. The proposed model was tested in an experimental study (N = 312) involving a sample of overweight or obese adults in the United States...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Margaret S Zimmerman
This paper explores the reproductive health-related information seeking of low-income women that has been found to be affected by digital divide disparities. A survey conducted with 70 low-income women explores what information sources women use for reproductive health-related information seeking, what process they go through to find information, and if they are using sources that they trust. The findings of this study detail a two-step information-seeking process that typically includes a preference for personal, informal sources...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Bo Yang, Xinyan Zhao
Many studies to date have examined how media influence health-related behavior through social norms. However, most studies focused on traditional media. In the era of traditional and social media integration, our study advances health and mass communication scholarship by examining the influence of both traditional and social media mediated through social norms. Also, we examined a boundary condition for the norms-mediated media influence process. Namely, in the context of college binge drinking, we predict that exposure to TV and social media prodrinking messages can influence college students' binge drinking intentions through perceived peer descriptive and injunctive norms...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Brianna A Lienemann, Jason T Siegel
The current experimental study assessed the utility, and potential harm, of depression public service announcements (D-PSAs) that were matched, moderately matched, or mismatched based on attitude function (i.e., social-adjustive or object-appraisal) and either one-sided or refutational two-sided. US adults (N = 567) with mild to severe depressive symptomatology were randomly assigned to view control messages or one set of D-PSAs. Results indicate that functionally matched D-PSAs, regardless of message sidedness, caused more favorable help-seeking outcome expectations, attitudes, and intentions compared to the control messages...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Leanne Dougherty, Emily Stammer, Emmanuel Derbile, Martin Dery, Wahid Yahaya, Dela Bright Gle, Jahera Otieno, Jean Christophe Fotso
BACKGROUND: The Community Benefits Health (CBH) program introduced a community-based behavior change intervention to address social norms and cultural practices influencing maternal health and breastfeeding behaviors in rural Ghana. The purpose of this study was to determine if CBH influenced maternal health outcomes by stimulating community-level support in woman's social networks. METHODS: A mixed-methods study was conducted to evaluate changes in six antenatal/postpartum care, birth attendance, and breastfeeding behaviors in response to the CBH intervention and to assess how the program was implemented and to what extent conditions during implementation influenced the results...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Ramona Ludolph, Peter J Schulz, Ling Chen
In 2015, South Korea experienced the largest outbreak to date of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) outside the Middle East. Fears related to a potential spread of the disease led to an increased alert level as well as heightened media coverage in the neighboring Hong Kong. A cross-sectional survey (N = 533) among residents of Hong Kong was conducted to assess the relationships between the effects of outbreak-related mass media coverage, interpersonal communication, the perceived level of concern in one's close environment, and the uptake of preventive measures...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Jessica Fitts Willoughby, Zhaomeng Niu, Shuang Liu
As the use of mobile phones for health promotion continues to grow, more work needs to be done to determine which health communication strategies are influential on mobile devices. In two studies conducted with college women in the United States, we assessed the potential for the use of narratives, a strategy found successful in a number of communication channels, in a text-message intervention. The first study consisted of seven focus groups with young women (n = 31) about their perceptions of narrative storylines in a text-message intervention about alcohol and casual sexual encounters...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Lesa Hatley Major
Depression accounts for nearly 400 million disability days per year, and has been identified as the definitive public health priority in the decades to come (Greenberg et al., 2015). Despite the passage of the 2008 Paul Wellstone and Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act, which requires coverage of mental health services, behavioral health and substance-use disorders to be equal to physical health coverage, individuals face numerous barriers when seeking help for depression. This research tests whether changing the way stories frame depression affects how audience members attribute responsibility for depression and their intentions to participate in civic engagement activities supporting policy solutions...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Sarah Bauerle Bass, Amy Jessop, Laurie Maurer, Muhamed Gashat, Mohammed Al Hajji, Mercedes Gutierrez
An estimated 70-90% of current methadone users have Hepatitis C (HCV). Current treatments have few side effects and can cure infection in 8-12 weeks, but less than 10% of methadone patients initiate treatment. Engaging this group in treatment is an important strategy to lower both morbidity and mortality from liver disease and eliminate a significant reservoir of HCV in communities. To understand how to address this treatment gap we used commercial marketing techniques called perceptual mapping and vector message modeling to analyze survey data from 100 HCV+ methadone patients from four centers in Philadelphia...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
J L Martinez-Brockman, N Harari, R Pérez-Escamilla
Rates of breastfeeding initiation and duration among women who attend the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) are dramatically lower than nonparticipants. Innovative solutions are needed to improve breastfeeding rates in this population. The Lactation Advice through Texting Can Help (LATCH) study was one such approach, designed to augment and reinforce the WIC breastfeeding peer counseling process. The purpose of the present study was to examine engagement via two-way text messaging in a sample of women attending the WIC breastfeeding peer counseling program and enrolled in LATCH...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Nadine Bol, Ellen M A Smets, Jacobus A Burgers, Suzy M Samii, Hanneke C J M De Haes, Julia C M Van Weert
This study proposes and tests a model to provide a more comprehensive understanding of the contribution of chronological age versus age-related ability and motivation factors in explaining recall of online cancer information among older patients (n = 197). Results revealed that recall is not a matter of chronological age per se, but rather a matter of ability and motivation. Age-related ability and motivation factors explained 37.9% of the variance in recall. Health literacy, involvement with the webpage, and satisfaction with the emotional support were positively associated with recall...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Youn-Jung Son, Sun-Hee Kim, Gi Yon Kim, Heesook Son
This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the association between health literacy, cancer-related knowledge, and preventive health behaviors among community-dwelling adults in Korea. Data were collected from 542 adults aged ≥ 18 years living in five big provinces in Korea (Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, Gyeongsang-do, Chungcheong-do, and Gangwon-do). Socio-demographic and health-related characteristics were determined using structured questionnaires. Health literacy, cancer-related knowledge, and engagement in preventive health behaviors were measured using validated instruments...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Hye Kyung Kim, Tae Kyoung Lee
This study examines how current smokers respond differently to gain-loss-framed antismoking narratives depending on their stages of change to quit smoking. An experiment (N = 461) was conducted with a 2 (narrative perspective: first person vs. third person) × 2 (framing: gain vs. loss) factorial design having smoker's stage of change (precontemplation vs. contemplation/preparation) as a moderator. We observed differential framing effects depending on smoker's current stages of change only when they were exposed to first-person narratives...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
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