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Journal of Health Communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448208/explanations-for-not-receiving-the-seasonal-influenza-vaccine-an-ontario-canada-based-survey
#1
Samantha B Meyer, Rebecca Lum
Despite evidence of the importance of the seasonal influenza vaccine for both individual and population health, only a third of the Ontario population received the vaccine in 2013/2014. The objective of this study was to identify why Ontarians are not getting the seasonal influenza vaccine. Written responses to the question "Why didn't you get the seasonal flu vaccine in the last flu season?" were deductively analyzed using the Conceptual Model of Vaccine Hesitancy. Inductive coding was also conducted to identify explanations that fall outside of the present model and may be unique to the seasonal influenza vaccine...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441102/the-importance-of-intergenerational-communication-in-advance-care-planning-generational-relationships-among-perceptions-and-beliefs
#2
Jennifer Freytag, Emily A Rauscher
This study explores triadic intergenerational perceptions of family members' beliefs and behaviors that often impact an individual's willingness to engage in advance care planning. Using data from 189 triads of young adults, their parents, and their grandparents, we examined generational relationships among individuals' openness about death, death anxiety, knowledge of surrogate decision-making, and advance care planning self-efficacy. Results of this study found significant relationships between grandparents and parents, as well as between parents and children for all variables except self-efficacy...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441097/antismoking-ads-at-the-point-of-sale-the-influence-of-ad-type-and-context-on-ad-reactions
#3
Annice Kim, James Nonnemaker, Jamie Guillory, Paul Shafer, Sarah Parvanta, John Holloway, Matthew Farrelly
Efforts are underway to educate consumers about the dangers of smoking at the point of sale (POS). Research is limited about the efficacy of POS antismoking ads to guide campaign development. This study experimentally tests whether the type of antismoking ad and the context in which ads are viewed influence people's reactions to the ads. A national convenience sample of 7,812 adult current smokers and recent quitters was randomized to 1 of 39 conditions. Participants viewed one of the four types of antismoking ads (negative health consequences-graphic, negative social consequences-intended emotive, benefits of quitting-informational, benefits of quitting-graphic) in one of the three contexts (alone, next to a cigarette ad, POS tobacco display)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441095/perceived-harms-and-social-norms-in-the-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-and-smokeless-tobacco
#4
Erika A Waters, Georgia Mueller-Luckey, Kelsey LeVault, Wiley D Jenkins
Perceptions of harms and social norms influence the use of conventional tobacco cigarettes, but little research is available about their combined relationship with e-cigarette and smokeless tobacco use. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 309 individuals from central Illinois. We explored (1) demographic predictors of perceived harms and social norms related to e-cigarette and smokeless tobacco use, and (2) whether perceived harms, social norms, or both were important predictors of e-cigarette and smokeless tobacco use...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426322/formative-research-to-design-a-promotional-campaign-to-increase-drinking-water-among-central-american-latino-youth-in-an-urban-area
#5
Nicole Barrett, Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, Allison Elkins, Ivonne Rivera, W Douglas Evans, Mark Edberg
Latinos consume more sugary drinks and less water than other demographic groups. Our objective was to understand beverage choice motivations and test promotional concepts that can encourage Central American Latino urban youth to drink more water. Two rounds of focus group discussions were conducted (n = 10 focus groups, 61 participants, 6-18 years old). Data were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using inductive and deductive coding approaches. Youth motivations for drinking water were shaped by level of thirst, weather, energy, and perceptions of health benefits...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414570/perceived-stress-in-online-prostate-cancer-community-participants-examining-relationships-with-stigmatization-social-support-network-preference-and-social-support-seeking
#6
Camella J Rising, Nadine Bol, Amelia Burke-Garcia, Stephen Rains, Kevin B Wright
Men with prostate cancer often need social support to help them cope with illness-related physiological and psychosocial challenges. Whether those needs are met depends on receiving support optimally matched to their needs. This study examined relationships between perceived stress, prostate cancer-related stigma, weak-tie support preference, and online community use for social support in a survey of online prostate cancer community participants (n = 149). Findings revealed a positive relationship between stigma and perceived stress...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339340/patient-perspectives-on-language-discordance-during-healthcare-visits-findings-from-the-extremely-high-density-multicultural-state-of-qatar
#7
Huda Abdelrahim, Maha Elnashar, Amal Khidir, Amal Killawi, Maya Hammoud, Abdul Latif Al-Khal, Michael D Fetters
Reducing language and cultural barriers in healthcare are significant factors in resolving health disparities. Qatar's rapidly growing multicultural population presents new challenges to the healthcare system. The purpose of this research was to explore patients' perspectives about language discordance, and the strategies used to overcome language barriers during patients' visits. Participants were recruited and interviewed from four language groups (Arabic = 24, English = 20, Hindi = 20, and Urdu = 20), all of whom were living in Qatar and utilizing Hamad General Hospital-Outpatient Clinics as a source of their healthcare services...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323546/understanding-the-relationships-between-mhealth-apps-characteristics-trialability-and-mhealth-literacy
#8
Trisha T C Lin, John Robert Bautista
The widespread adoption of mobile phones has increased the potential of mHealth to improve health communication and health outcomes because these devices could serve as a ubiquitous and affordable means to disseminate health information to large populations. Given that mHealth apps offer free or limited trials as part of promotional strategies, potential users' trialability is a critical step of the preadoption process. Drawing from Rogers' diffusion of innovation theory, this study examines the relationships of adopters' perceived characteristics of mHealth apps (i...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306481/counteracting-the-influence-of-peer-smoking-on-youtube
#9
Daniel Romer, Patrick E Jamieson, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Christopher Jones, Susan Sherr
YouTube, a popular online site for user-generated content, is emerging as a powerful source of peer modeling of smoking. Previous research suggests that in counteracting such influence, health messages may inadvertently increase the perceived prevalence of drug use (a descriptive norm) without reducing its acceptability (injunctive norm). This research tested the ability of health messages to reduce the social acceptability of peer smoking on YouTube despite enhancing its perceived prevalence. In an online experiment with 999 adolescents, participants were randomly assigned to view one of two videos: (a) a mosaic displaying a variety of YouTube videos of adolescents smoking followed by a message about the mortality risk to those smokers, or (b) a control video on a health topic unrelated to smoking...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287949/community-theater-participation-and-nutrition-related-practices-evidence-from-nepal
#10
Carol R Underwood, Elena T Broaddus, Shreejana Kc, Ravindra K Thapa
Suaahara, a nutrition-enhancement program in Nepal, conducted participatory community theater (CT) dramas with the goal of improving nutrition-related practices. To evaluate CT, a pre/posttest with randomized intervention and matched control sites was used. Dramas were conducted in Nawalparasi, Bajhang, and Sindhupalchowk Districts to represent the mountain, hill, and terai/plains regions. Within each study district, two intervention sites were randomly selected and two matched comparison sites were identified for inclusion in the study...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273001/which-type-of-risk-information-to-use-for-whom-moderating-role-of-outcome-relevant-involvement-in-the-effects-of-statistical-and-exemplified-risk-information-on-risk-perceptions
#11
Jiyeon So, Se-Hoon Jeong, Yoori Hwang
The extant empirical research examining the effectiveness of statistical and exemplar-based health information is largely inconsistent. Under the premise that the inconsistency may be due to an unacknowledged moderator (O'Keefe, 2002), this study examined a moderating role of outcome-relevant involvement (Johnson & Eagly, 1989) in the effects of statistical and exemplified risk information on risk perception. Consistent with predictions based on elaboration likelihood model (Petty & Cacioppo, 1984), findings from an experiment (N = 237) concerning alcohol consumption risks showed that statistical risk information predicted risk perceptions of individuals with high, rather than low, involvement, while exemplified risk information predicted risk perceptions of those with low, rather than high, involvement...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266905/assessing-the-potential-effectiveness-of-pictorial-messages-to-deter-young-women-from-indoor-tanning-an-experimental-study
#12
Jennah M Sontag, Seth M Noar
The recent Surgeon General's call-to-action to prevent skin cancer indicates an urgent need for research on messages to deter young women from tanning indoors. Answering this call, the current study assessed differences in the potential effectiveness of pictorial indoor tanning messages. We randomly assigned undergraduate female participants (N = 568) to one of three message conditions visually depicting health effects, appearance damage, or immediate risks, or to a text-only control. All participants viewed three messages within their condition and answered questions after message exposure...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276945/using-community-engagement-to-develop-a-web-based-intervention-for-latinos-about-the-hpv-vaccine
#13
Julie A Maertens, Andrea M Jimenez-Zambrano, Karen Albright, Amanda F Dempsey
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is pervasive among sexually active women and men, and Hispanic women are at particularly high risk as they have higher rates of invasive cervical cancer compared to other racial or ethnic groups in the United States. There is a need for interventions to increase HPV vaccination among this high-risk population. This study investigated how to modify a previously developed web-based intervention that provided individually tailored information about HPV to improve its use among the Latino population...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276946/role-of-humor-in-the-persuasiveness-of-entertainment-narratives-on-unprotected-sexual-behavior
#14
Michelle L Futerfas, Xiaoli Nan
Past research involving the persuasive impact of entertainment narratives on health attitudes and behavior has largely been limited to dramatic narratives. The current research focuses on humorous narratives related to unprotected sex. We conducted an experiment (N = 161) in which female viewers were exposed to a humorous story line about unprotected sex, an identical story line with humor edited out, or a story line unrelated to unprotected sex. Our findings suggested that humor increased perceived severity of unintended pregnancy, while having no effect on counterarguing...
February 19, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414618/understanding-spanish-language-response-in-a-national-health-communication-survey-implications-for-health-communication-research
#15
A Susana Ramírez, Gordon Willis, Lila Finney Rutten
Spanish-speaking Latinos account for 13% of the U.S. population yet are chronically under-represented in national surveys; additionally, the response quality suffers from low literacy rates and translation challenges. These are the same issues that health communicators face when understanding how best to communicate important health information to Latinos. The Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) offers a unique opportunity to understand the health communication landscape and information needs of the U...
May 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414617/theorizing-the-impact-of-targeted-narratives-model-admiration-and-narrative-memorability
#16
Katheryn R Christy, Jakob D Jensen, Susan H Sarapin, Robert N Yale, Jeremy Weaver, Manusheela Pokharel
Communication campaigns often include components that have been designed for a specific population, a strategy referred to as targeting. Targeted narratives are story-based components of a campaign that feature a character or situation relevant to the intended audience. Though commonplace, few studies have explicated the underlying mechanisms by which targeted narratives exert influence. In a message evaluation study, 316 women aged 40-75 (Mage = 51.19, SD = 8.11) were exposed to one of two targeted narratives and asked to complete measures of model admiration, narrative memorability, and intentions to receive a mammography...
May 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394729/a-systematic-review-of-the-mhealth-interventions-to-prevent-alcohol-and-substance-abuse
#17
Donna M Kazemi, Brian Borsari, Maureen J Levine, Shaoyu Li, Katie A Lamberson, Laura A Matta
Substance abuse in young adults is a public health issue with costs to the individual and society. There is mounting evidence that the increased uses of mHealth approaches have promise as a way to facilitate reductions in substance use. This systematic review evaluated the recent body of research on mHealth-based interventions for substance use, with aims of (a) examining the functionality and effectiveness of these interventions, (b) evaluating the available research on the effectiveness of these interventions for substance use, and (c) evaluating the design, methodology, results, theoretical grounding, limitations, and implications of each study...
May 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375808/skepticism-toward-emerging-infectious-diseases-and-influenza-vaccination-intentions-in-nurses
#18
Mathieu Maridor, Simon Ruch, Adrian Bangerter, Véronique Emery
Nurses generally show low compliance with vaccination recommendations. We assessed whether low vaccine acceptance is due to skeptical attitudes toward emerging infectious diseases (EIDs). Skepticism toward EIDs manifests as doubts about the real threat of emerging diseases and as distrust in the motives and the competence of institutions that fight these diseases. We performed a cross-sectional questionnaire study in 293 Swiss nurses using a newly developed scale to assess skepticism toward EIDs. Skepticism affected nurses' intentions to vaccinate themselves against seasonal influenza and against possible future pandemic influenza...
May 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362215/a-parental-health-education-model-of-children-s-food-consumption-influence-on-children-s-attitudes-intention-and-consumption-of-healthy-and-unhealthy-foods
#19
May O Lwin, Wonsun Shin, Andrew Z H Yee, Reidinar Juliane Wardoyo
This study proposes that parental mediation of television advertising and parental guidance of food consumption differentially influence children's attitude, intention, and behavior toward the consumption of healthy and unhealthy foods. Structural equation modeling based on a survey of 1,119 children aged 9-12 supported our model, revealing that parental education strategies influence children's food consumption in a complex manner that is highly context-dependent. Parental guidance of food consumption enhanced children's healthy food attitude and intention to consume, while reducing the intention to consume unhealthy food...
May 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339327/raising-public-awareness-of-clinical-trials-development-of-messages-for-a-national-health-communication-campaign
#20
Holly A Massett, David M Dilts, Robert Bailey, Jennifer Berktold, Rebecca Ledsky, Nancy L Atkinson, Grace Mishkin, Andrea Denicoff, Rose Mary Padberg, Marin P Allen, Karen Silver, Kelli Carrington, Lenora E Johnson
Clinical trials are essential for developing new and effective treatments and improving patient quality of life; however, many trials cannot answer their primary research questions because they fall short of their recruitment goals. This article reports the results of formative research conducted in two populations, the public and primary care physicians, to identify messages that may raise awareness and increase interest in clinical trials and be used in a national communication campaign. Results suggested that participants were primarily motivated to participate in clinical trials out of a self-interest to help themselves first...
May 2017: Journal of Health Communication
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