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Journal of Health Communication

Jerry Bounsanga, Maren Wright Voss, Anthony Bryan Crum, Man Hung
Varying types of health information sources may influence health outcomes, but not much is known about their impact. The purpose of our study was to explore the association between health information sources and individuals' health status. A total of 14,966 participants who responded to the Annenberg National Health Communication Survey between 2005 and 2012 were included. Controlling for demographics, comorbidities, communication patterns, and socioeconomic status, we utilized regression analysis to examine the relationship between sources of health information and perceived health status...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Stefanie Z Demetriades, Nathan Walter
This study explores whether self-affirmation has the capacity not merely to reduce the perceived threat associated with health-related information but also to facilitate interpersonal discussion and affect health information-seeking behavior. The context for the study is the ongoing California drought, which serves as suitable context to examine the intersection of self-affirmation and information-seeking behavior because it involves a threatening message (the destructive consequences of the drought) and highlights discrepancies between actual (water waste) and prosocial (water conservation) behavior...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Xiaoquan Zhao, Tesfa N Alexander, Leah Hoffman, Chaunetta Jones, Janine Delahanty, Matthew Walker, Amanda T Berger, Emily Talbert
In February 2014, the Food and Drug Administration launched The Real Cost, a national youth tobacco prevention campaign. This article examines youth receptivity to potential campaign ads using data from 3 message pretesting studies featuring the same design and consistent instrumentation. A total of 3,258 adolescents ages 13-17 were randomized to either an ad-viewing condition or a no-exposure control condition. Perceived ad effectiveness, smoking-related beliefs, and attitudes were measured as outcome variables...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Linda Aldoory, Mark D Macek, Kathryn A Atchison, Hayan Chen
There has been growing national concern over the low health literacy of Americans and, coinciding with this, a growing importance placed on measuring health literacy. Health literacy is the ability to access, understand, and use information to make health decisions. Health literacy in an oral health context means access to accurate information about oral health, understanding the risks of neglecting oral care, and calculating the chances of getting periodontal disease. This exploratory study compared the 3 most popular and well-tested health literacy measures in an oral health setting...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Elad Yom-Tov, Barbara Marino, Jennifer Pai, Dawn Harris, Michael Wolf
The Internet continues to be an important supplemental health information resource for an increasing number of U.S. adults, especially for those with a new or existing chronic condition. Here we examine how people use the Internet to learn about Type 2 diabetes and how health literacy (HL) influences this information-seeking behavior. We analyzed the searches of approximately 2 million people who queried for diabetes-related information on Microsoft's Bing search engine. The HL of searchers was imputed through a community-based HL score...
October 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Kathryn Greene, Danielle Catona, Elvira Elek, Kate Magsamen-Conrad, Smita C Banerjee, Michael L Hecht
This article describes formative research (a pilot study, interviews, and focus groups) conducted as part of a feasibility test of 2 versions (Analysis vs. Planning) of a brief media literacy intervention titled Youth Message Development (YMD). The intervention targets high school student alcohol use with activities to understand persuasion strategies, increase counter-arguing, and then apply these new skills to ad analysis or a more engaging ad poster planning activity. Based on the theory of active involvement (Greene, 2013), the Planning curriculum is proposed to be more effective than the Analysis curriculum...
October 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Kyle J Holody, Christina Anderson, Clay Craig, Mark Flynn
The current study investigated the prevalence of multiple risk behaviors in popular music lyrics as well as the contexts within which they occur. We conducted a content analysis of the top 20 Billboard songs from 2009 to 2013 in the genres of rap, country, adult contemporary, rock, R&B/hip-hop, and pop, coding for the presence of alcohol, marijuana, nonmarijuana drugs, and sex as well as the contexts intoxication, binging/addiction, partying/socializing, disregard for consequences, and emotional states. The contexts relationship status and degradation were also coded for when sex was present...
October 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Yoonhee P Ha, Martha A Tesfalul, Ryan Littman-Quinn, Cynthia Antwi, Rebecca S Green, Tumelo O Mapila, Scarlett L Bellamy, Ronald T Ncube, Kenneth Mugisha, Ari R Ho-Foster, Anthony A Luberti, John H Holmes, Andrew P Steenhoff, Carrie L Kovarik
Tuberculosis (TB) contact tracing is typically conducted in resource-limited settings with paper forms, but this approach may be limited by inefficiencies in data collection, storage, and retrieval and poor data quality. In Botswana, we developed, piloted, and evaluated a mobile health (mHealth) approach to TB contact tracing that replaced the paper form-based approach for a period of six months. For both approaches, we compared the time required to complete TB contact tracing and the quality of data collected...
October 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Alisa A Padon, Rajiv N Rimal, David Jernigan, Michael Siegel, William DeJong
Social norms affect human behavior, and underage drinking is no exception. Using the theory of normative social behavior, this study tested the proposition that the association between perceptions about the prevalence of drinking (descriptive norms) and underage drinking is strengthened when perceived pressures to conform (injunctive norms) and beliefs about the benefits of drinking (outcome expectations) are high. This proposition was tested on a nationally representative sample of underage drinkers ages 13-20 (N = 1,031) in relation to their alcohol consumption, expanding on research with college-age youth...
October 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Lorie Love Geryk, Susan Blalock, Robert F DeVellis, Kristen Morella, Delesha Miller Carpenter
Little is known about factors associated with the receipt of medication information among arthritis patients. This study explores information source receipt and associations between demographic and clinical/patient characteristics and the amount of arthritis medication information patients receive. Adult patients with osteoarthritis (OA) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA; n = 328) completed an online cross-sectional survey. Patients reported demographic and clinical/patient characteristics and the amount of arthritis medication information received from 15 information sources...
October 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Samantha B Meyer, Stephanie K Lu, Laurie Hoffman-Goetz, Bryan Smale, Heather MacDougall, Alex R Pearce
Seasonal flu vaccine uptake has fallen dramatically over the past decade in Ontario, Canada, despite promotional efforts by public health officials. Media can be particularly influential in shaping the public response to seasonal flu vaccine campaigns. We therefore sought to identify the nature of the relationship between risk messages about getting the seasonal flu vaccine in newspaper coverage and the uptake of the vaccine by Ontarians between 2001 and 2010. A content analysis was conducted to quantify risk messages in newspaper content for each year of analysis...
October 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Tracey L Thomas, Daniela B Friedman, Heather M Brandt, S Melinda Spencer, Andrea Tanner
This study is among the first to examine how health risks are communicated through traditional and social media during a public health crisis. Using an innovative research approach, the study combined a content analysis with in-depth interviews to examine and understand how stakeholders involved in crisis response perceived media coverage after a chemical spill contaminated the drinking water of 300,000 West Virginia residents. A content analysis of print, television, and online media stories and tweets revealed that health risk information was largely absent from crisis coverage...
September 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Mengfei Guan, Valerie B Coles, Jennifer A Samp, Jessica McDermott Sales, Ralph J DiClemente, Jennifer L Monahan
The present research extends the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to investigate how communication-related variables influence condom use intention and behavior among African American women. According to the TPB, attitudes, subjective norms, and self-efficacy are associated with behavioral intent, which predicts behavior. For women, it was argued that condom negotiation self-efficacy was more important than condom use self-efficacy in predicting consistent condom use. Moreover, an important environmental factor that affects condom use for African American women is fear or worry when negotiating condom use because the sex partners might leave, threaten, or abuse them...
September 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Ian David Aronson, Charles M Cleland, David C Perlman, Sonali Rajan, Wendy Sun, Theodore C Bania
Young people face greatly increased human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk and high rates of undiagnosed HIV, yet are unlikely to test. Many also have limited or inconsistent access to health care, including HIV testing and prevention education, and prior research has documented that youth lack knowledge necessary to understand the HIV test process and to interpret test results. Computer-based interventions have been used to increase HIV test rates and knowledge among emergency department (ED) patients, including those who decline tests offered at triage...
September 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Timothy R Huerta, Daniel M Walker, Tyler Johnson, Eric W Ford
Recent technological changes, such as the growth of the Internet, have made cancer information widely available. However, it remains unknown whether changes in access have resulted in concomitant changes in information seeking behavior. Previous work explored the cancer information seeking behaviors of the general population using the 2003 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). This article aims to reproduce, replicate, and extend that existing analysis using the original dataset and five additional iterations of HINTS (2007, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014)...
September 2016: Journal of Health Communication
James Price Dillard, Yerheen Ha
Research has shown that perceived message effectiveness (PE) correlates reasonably well with indices of actual effectiveness, but little attention has been given to how to interpret mean PE. This article describes the problem of mean validity and presents a research design that can be used to address it. Participants (N = 195) viewed messages that advocated being screened for colorectal cancer. The results showed downward bias in PE among members of the non-target audience (persons younger than 50) and upward bias as the referent for the judgment became more abstract/distant (self vs...
September 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Lourdes S Martinez, Nehama Lewis
This study reports results from a large population-based survey of U.S. adults showing perceived behavioral control (PBC) moderations of associations between (a) attitude and intention and (b) perceived norms and intention to engage in 6 health behaviors. Results are based on data collected from a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults ages 40-70 (N = 2,489) and extend understanding of how behavioral theory can be used to guide the design and evaluation of health communication campaigns. Ordinary least squares regression analyses show evidence of a significant positive PBC moderation of (a) attitude and intention and (b) perceived norms and intention such that attitude or perceived norms toward the behavior is more strongly associated with behavioral intention among participants reporting higher levels of PBC...
September 2016: Journal of Health Communication
May O Lwin, Shirley S Ho, Jung Younbo, Theng Yin Leng, Reidinar J Wardoyo, Kim Hyo Jung
Although interventions targeting the health of students in schools are becoming common, few studies have examined how health messages operate at the group level in school environments. This study examines the effects of message-based health interventions (extrinsic vs. intrinsic goal framing) in group environments (exergame competitive vs. exergame noncompetitive) on eliciting attitudes and intentions toward physical activity among children and adolescents. We conducted a 7-week school-based intervention program involving 336 children and 259 adolescents in Singapore in which pre- and post-intervention responses were recorded...
September 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Lu Tang, Ruijuan Zhu, Xueying Zhang
This study explored how Chinese culture affects the relationship between social support and postpartum depression. In-depth interviews with 38 mothers in mainland China showed that discrepancies between expected and perceived available social support and conflicts among social support providers are two major contributors to the stress associated with postpartum depression. These dynamics are deeply rooted in the context of Chinese culture with its distinctive gender roles and family dynamics. These cultural norms further prevent women from seeking social support...
September 2016: Journal of Health Communication
Lisa T Wigfall, Daniela B Friedman
Cancer is a leading cause of death among adults in the United States. Only 54% of U.S. adults reported seeking cancer information in 2014. Cancer information seeking has been positively associated with cancer-related health outcomes such as screening adherence. We conducted a scoping review of studies that used data from the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) in order to examine cancer information seeking in depth and the relationship between cancer information seeking and cancer-related health outcomes...
September 2016: Journal of Health Communication
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