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Journal of Health Communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757123/the-role-of-humor-in-messaging-about-the-mmr-vaccine
#1
Emily Moyer-Gusé, Melissa J Robinson, Jessica Mcknight
Outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases have increased due, in part, to misconceptions about vaccine safety (Kennedy et al., 2011). Extant literature has examined various messages designed to correct false beliefs about vaccination risks and to urge parents to vaccinate their children. The present study is designed to contribute to this literature by drawing on the broader research and theory on resistance to persuasion and correcting false beliefs. We examine the effects of a humorous (vs. non-humorous) message about the importance of the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine on parents' vaccine hesitancy...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757101/identifying-and-predicting-profiles-of-medical-noncompliance-pediatric-caregivers-antibiotic-stewardship
#2
Rachel A Smith, Youllee Kim, Nkuchia M M'Ikanatha
Sometimes compliance with medical recommendations is problematic. We investigated pediatric caregivers' (N = 606) patterns of noncompliance with antibiotic stewardship based on the obstacle hypothesis. We tested predictors of noncompliance framed by the obstacle hypothesis, dissonance theory, and psychological reactance. The results revealed four profiles of caregivers' stewardship: one marked by compliance (Stewards) and three marked by types of noncompliance (Stockers, Persuaders, and Dissenters). The covariate analysis showed that, although psychological reactance predicted being noncompliant, it was types of obstacles and discrepant experiences that predicted caregivers' patterns of noncompliance with antibiotic stewardship...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746204/sex-education-public-opinion-and-pornography-a-conditional-process-analysis
#3
Paul J Wright
This study assesses the relationship between pornography consumption and support for sex education in public schools among adults in the United States. Goals were theoretical and applied. At the theoretical level, conditional process analyses are needed to further evaluate the predictions of the primary theory applied to pornography and social influence, the sexual script acquisition, activation, application model (3 AM) of sexual media socialization. At the applied level, themes in pornography are most often associated with socialization outcomes that are a threat to the public health...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733769/examining-the-relationship-between-message-variables-affective-reactions-and-parents-instrumental-attitudes-toward-their-child-s-physical-activity-the-mr-lonely-public-service-announcement
#4
Alyson J Crozier, Tanya R Berry, Guy Faulkner
This study examined the relationship between message variables and affective reactions with parents' attitudes after seeing a physical activity mass media public service announcement (PSA). It was hypothesized that there would be a positive relationship between message variables (i.e., personal relevance, novelty of information, and feelings toward sponsoring organization) and parents' attitudes toward their child/children's physical activity after viewing the PSA. Furthermore, we explored whether discrete affective reactions were related to attitudes, beyond the effect of message variables...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718799/i-sought-it-i-reddit-examining-health-information-engagement-behaviors-among-reddit-users
#5
Rachael A Record, Will R Silberman, Joshua E Santiago, Taewook Ham
Given the wide use of social media, these platforms have become important channels for understanding health-related information engagement processes. Reddit is a social media platform dedicated to user-generated content and discourse around the world. However, little research exists regarding use of the platform. Guided by the diffusion of innovation theory, the purpose of this study was to analyze Reddit users' behaviors on the platform related to perceptions of information credibility, health information seeking, and behavioral enactment of information found...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702038/fear-sadness-and-hope-which-emotions-maximize-impact-of-anti-tobacco-mass-media-advertisements-among-lower-and-higher-ses-groups
#6
Sarah Durkin, Megan Bayly, Emily Brennan, Lois Biener, Melanie Wakefield
Emotive anti-tobacco advertisements can increase quitting. Discrete emotion theories suggest evoking fear may be more effective than sadness; less research has focused on hope. A weekly cross-sectional survey of smokers and recent quitters (N = 7683) measured past-month quit attempts. The main predictor was level of exposure to four different types of anti-tobacco advertisements broadcast in the two months prior to quit attempts: advertisements predominantly evoking fear, sadness, hope, or evoking multiple negative emotions (i...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702033/adding-multimedia-cues-to-medical-providers-online-biographies-do-pictures-video-and-b-roll-matter
#7
Evan K Perrault
Developing engaging online healthcare provider biographies for prospective patients to consult is becoming a big business. Health-care systems are beginning to add more multichannel components-like videos-to these provider search tools at increasingly higher costs. Prior research finds that prospective patients desire videos offering additional footage (i.e., b-roll) displaying how a provider might interact with a patient during a consultation. Shooting and editing b-roll footage to add to providers' videos takes additional time and resources...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693509/is-it-more-feeling-or-thinking-the-influence-of-affective-and-cognitive-attitude-on-adolescents-intention-to-engage-in-binge-drinking
#8
Elroy Boers, Simon Zebregs, Hanneke Hendriks, Bas Van Den Putte
Previous work has revealed that interventions aiming to reduce adolescent binge drinking commonly focus on cognitive attitudes, but are insufficiently effective in changing binge-drinking intentions. The focus on these cognitive attitudes might be the reason for this insufficient success. That is, other work has revealed that affective attitudes have a stronger influence on binge-drinking intention than cognitive attitudes. However, this relation has so far only been found among traditional college students and pre-vocational school students, therewith neglecting another important population at risk, namely vocational community college students...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648962/communication-of-scientific-uncertainty-about-a-novel-pandemic-health-threat-ambiguity-aversion-and-its-mechanisms
#9
Paul K J Han, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher, Christine W Duarte, Megan Knaus, Adam Black, Aaron M Scherer, Angela Fagerlin
Communicating scientific uncertainty about public health threats is ethically desirable but challenging due to its tendency to promote avoidance of choice options with unknown probabilities-a phenomenon known as "ambiguity aversion." This study examined this phenomenon's potential magnitude, its responses to different communication strategies, and its mechanisms. In a factorial experiment, 2701 adult laypersons in Spain read one of three versions of a hypothetical newspaper article describing a pandemic vaccine-preventable disease (VPD), but varying in scientific uncertainty about VPD risk and vaccine effectiveness: No-Uncertainty, Uncertainty, and Normalized-Uncertainty (emphasizing its expected nature)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630471/physician-communication-to-enhance-patient-acupuncture-engagement-in-family-medicine
#10
Carla L Fisher, Christy J W Ledford, David A Moss, Paul Crawford
Integrating complementary therapies (acupuncture) into conventional medicine has garnered recent support. Given the health benefits, low cost, and minimal risks, the military has advocated for acupuncture and begun training family medicine physicians. Little is known about the role of physician communication in patients' acupuncture engagement (uptake and adherence) in conventional medicine settings. We interviewed physicians (N = 15) and patients (N = 17) to capture physician communication they perceived affected treatment engagement...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617196/promoting-healthy-menu-choices-in-fast-food-restaurant-advertising-influence-of-perceived-brand-healthiness-brand-commitment-and-health-consciousness
#11
Hojoon Choi, Leonard N Reid
Fast food restaurants have increasingly turned to healthier choices to counter criticisms of nutritionally poor menu offerings and to differentiate themselves from the competition. However, research has yet to specifically investigate how consumers respond to advertisements for these healthier foods. To address this knowledge gap, two experiments were conducted to examine how perceived brand healthiness, brand commitment, and health consciousness influence responses to nutrient-content claimed print advertisements for healthy foods...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601271/the-importance-of-likes-the-interplay-of-message-framing-source-and-social-endorsement-on-credibility-perceptions-of-health-information-on-facebook
#12
Porismita Borah, Xizhu Xiao
Online sources not only permeate the information-seeking environment of the younger generation, but also have profound influence in shaping their beliefs and behaviors. In this landscape, examining the factors responsible for credibility perceptions of online information is fundamental, particularly for health-related information. Using a 2 (frames: gain vs. loss) × 2 (source: expert vs. non-expert) × 2 (social endorsement: high vs. low) randomized between-subjects experimental design, this study examines the effect of health message framing and the moderating effects of social endorsement and source type on credibility perceptions of Facebook posts...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601270/do-fitness-apps-need-text-reminders-an-experiment-testing-goal-setting-text-message-reminders-to-promote-self-monitoring
#13
Shuang Liu, Jessica F Willoughby
Fitness tracking apps have the potential to change unhealthy lifestyles, but users' lack of compliance is an issue. The current intervention examined the effectiveness of using goal-setting theory-based text message reminders to promote tracking activities on fitness apps. We conducted a 2-week experiment with pre- and post-tests with young adults (n = 50). Participants were randomly assigned to two groups-a goal-setting text message reminder group and a generic text message reminder group. Participants were asked to use a fitness tracking app to log physical activity and diet for the duration of the study...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589807/the-effect-of-vaccine-literacy-on-parental-trust-and-intention-to-vaccinate-after-a-major-vaccine-scandal
#14
Xiaomin Wang, Xudong Zhou, Lin Leesa, Sarah Mantwill
Health literacy, and more specifically vaccine literacy, might be an important factor in reducing the negative effects of exposure to misleading reports on vaccination. This study explores the association between vaccine literacy and vaccination-related outcomes after misleading reports on a scandal concerning locally produced childhood vaccines had emerged in 2016 in China. Data for this study came from a cross-sectional survey, which was conducted in April 2016 in Hangzhou, China. Data were collected in kindergartens and community health centers among parents of children up to 6 years of age...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578832/pilot-randomized-trial-of-an-automated-smoking-cessation-intervention-via-mobile-phone-text-messages-as-an-adjunct-to-varenicline-in-primary-care
#15
Jessica M Yingst, Susan Veldheer, Shari Hrabovsky, Erin Hammett, James Nicholson, Arthur Berg, Jonathan Foulds
OBJECTIVE: Varenicline is a safe and effective aid to smoking cessation but most trials have involved frequent visits or intensive behavioral support unlike that typically provided in primary care. The current study examined if motivational text messages, sent via cellphone, would increase quit rates in smokers being treated with varenicline and 3 brief sessions in a family practice setting. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled, parallel-group smoking cessation trial...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543568/impact-of-a-problem-based-learning-pbl-health-literacy-program-on-immigrant-women-s-health-literacy-health-empowerment-navigation-efficacy-and-health-care-utilization
#16
Tzu-I Tsai, Shoou-Yih D Lee, Wen-Ry Yu
We evaluated the effectiveness of a problem-based learning (PBL) health literacy program aimed to improve health literacy, health empowerment, navigation efficacy, and health care utilization among immigrant women in Taiwan. We employed a quasi-experimental design that included surveys at the baseline, immediately after the intervention, and 6 months after the intervention. The intervention group participated in a 10-session PBL health literacy program and the comparison group did not. Results showed that 6 months after the intervention, the intervention group had significantly fewer ER visits and hospitalizations than the comparison group...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533167/systematic-transcreation-of-self-help-smoking-cessation-materials-for-hispanic-latino-smokers-improving-cultural-relevance-and-acceptability
#17
Bárbara Piñeiro, Diana R Díaz, Luis M Monsalve, Úrsula Martínez, Cathy D Meade, Lauren R Meltzer, Karen O Brandon, Marina Unrod, Thomas H Brandon, Vani N Simmons
Smoking-related illnesses are the leading causes of death among Hispanics/Latinos. Yet, there are few smoking cessation interventions targeted for this population. The goal of this study was to "transcreate" an existing, previously validated, English language self-help smoking cessation intervention, titled Forever Free® : Stop Smoking for Good, for Spanish-speaking smokers. Rather than simply translating the materials, our transcreation process involved culturally adapting the intervention to enhance acceptability and receptivity of the information...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533139/how-is-marijuana-vaping-portrayed-on-youtube-content-features-popularity-and-retransmission-of-vaping-marijuana-youtube-videos
#18
Qinghua Yang, Angeline Sangalang, Molly Rooney, Erin Maloney, Sherry Emery, Joseph N Cappella
The purpose of the study is to investigate how vaping marijuana, a novel but emerging risky health behavior, is portrayed on YouTube, and how the content and features of these YouTube videos influence their popularity and retransmission. A content analysis of vaping marijuana YouTube videos published between July 2014 to June 2015 (n = 214) was conducted. Video genre, valence, promotional and warning arguments, emotional appeals, message sensation value, presence of misinformation and misleading information, and user-generated statistics, including number of views, comments, shares, likes and dislikes, were coded...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345531/how-tailoring-the-mode-of-information-presentation-influences-younger-and-older-adults-satisfaction-with-health-websites
#19
Minh Hao Nguyen, Ellen M A Smets, Nadine Bol, Eugène F Loos, Julia C M Van Weert
Although older adults are increasingly using online health information, many websites are not senior-friendly, which might lead to user-problems and dissatisfaction among older people. It has been suggested that websites targeted at older adults should take into account age-related abilities and limitations, for example by providing the opportunity to adjust the modality (i.e., "mode") of information presentation based on visual and auditory capabilities. This study investigates the effects of a mode-tailored website, allowing users to self-tailor the mode of information presentation, on younger and older adults' satisfaction with health websites...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521575/knowledge-beliefs-and-communication-behavior-of-oncology-health-care-providers-hcps-regarding-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-patient-health-care
#20
Smita C Banerjee, Chasity B Walters, Jessica M Staley, Koshy Alexander, Patricia A Parker
Delivery of culturally competent care toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients depends on how health-care providers (HCPs) communicate with them; however, research about knowledge, attitude, and behavior of HCPs toward LGBT patients is scant. The objectives of our study were to describe oncology HCPs' knowledge and examine if beliefs about LGB and transgender patients mediate the effects of LGBT health-care knowledge on open communication behaviors with LGB and transgender patients, respectively...
2018: Journal of Health Communication
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