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Journal of Health Communication

Sarah P Elbert, Patricia Ots
Gain-framed health messages are found to be more effective when targeting prevention behaviors. However, framing research has only minimally investigated the role of communication mode, another important factor in health communication. This study explored the role of communication mode in interaction with message framing, and the influence of two individual differences related to involvement as conditions under which gain framing can lead to health behavior change. Participants (N = 258) were exposed to either an auditory or written health message concerning fruit and vegetable intake, with either gain- or loss-framed arguments...
July 9, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Juddy Wachira, Becky Genberg, Catherine Kafu, Beatrice Koech, Jacqueline Akinyi, Regina K Owino, Michael Barton Laws, Ira B Wilson, Paula Braitstein
Enhancing effective adherence dialogue with HIV patients in an environment that promotes good provider-patient relationships, is key to optimizing the benefits of antiretroviral therapy (ART). The study examines the perspectives of HIV providers in western Kenya on provider-patient relationships. Sixty healthcare providers were sampled using convenience sampling methods from three Academic Model for Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH) sites (one urban and two rural). In-depth interviews conducted in either Swahili or English were audio recorded, transcribed, and translated into English...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Iccha Basnyat, Elmie Nekmat, Shaohai Jiang, Julian Lin
This study extends the Comprehensive Model of Information Seeking (CMIS) to online health information seeking in the context of India. This study considers the Internet (i.e., media) use an antecedent factor and the personal relevance factor salience is separated into two dimensions - susceptibility and severity. Structural equation modeling analysis (N = 990) tested the associations between health-related antecedents, information-carrier factors, and their direct effects on online information seeking. The results among online health information seekers in India showed significant relationships between length and frequency of media use and self-efficacy to engage in preventive behavior to the information carrier utility...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Lourdes S Martinez, Sharon Hughes, Eric R Walsh-Buhi, Ming-Hsiang Tsou
The current study examined conversations on Twitter related to use and perceptions of e-cigarettes in the United States. We employed the Social Media Analytic and Research Testbed (SMART) dashboard, which was used to identify and download (via a public API) e-cigarette-related geocoded tweets. E-cigarette-related tweets were collected continuously using customized geo-targeted Twitter APIs. A total of 193,051 tweets were collected between October 2015 and February 2016. Of these tweets, a random sample of 973 geocoded tweets were selected and manually coded for information regarding source, context, and message characteristics...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Wenbo Li, Glen Nowak, Yan Jin, Michael Cacciatore
Glaxo Smith Kline's Cervarix was the first human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine licensed for use in China and officially launched there on 31 July 2017. Since news media content can influence people's vaccine-related knowledge, understanding, and intentions, a content analysis was used to examine Chinese newspapers' coverage of the HPV vaccine. A total of 253 articles published from 2000 to 2016 met the inclusion criteria and were coded. The results show that HPV and the HPV vaccine received very little newspaper coverage in China both before and after vaccine licensure...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Stella Juhyun Lee
Research on health campaigns and interpersonal communication has seldom examined how campaign message exposure can influence the transmission of campaign-relevant information into interpersonal communication. Specifically, an individual exposed to a campaign message may send the message's core argument (replication) or other campaign-consistent information (extension) to additional campaign targets. Replication and extension may enhance campaign effects because they are expected to extend a campaign's reach and produce more campaign-consistent communication...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Hana Hayashi, Andy Tan, Ichiro Kawachi, Sara Minsky, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
We examined the differential impact of exposure to smoking-related graphic health warnings (GHWs) on risk perceptions and intentions to quit among different audience segments characterized by gender, race/ethnic group, and presence of chronic disease condition. Specifically, we sought to test whether GHWs that portray specific groups (in terms of gender, race, and chronic disease conditions) are associated with differences in risk perception and intention to quit among smokers who match the portrayed group...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Avishek Hazra, M E Khan, Subrato Kumar Mondal
Over 90% of households in rural Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India, have at least one mobile phone. However, ownership of mobile phone among women is quite low. Implementation research was conducted in Uttar Pradesh to examine (a) whether providing information on selected maternal and child health (MCH) behaviors to a husband's mobile phone would enhance the man's knowledge and lead to discussions in their family, and (b) whether such discussions would help in the adoption of healthy practices...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Nathan Silver, Shelly R Hovick
This study aims to examine the influence of rape myth acceptance (RMA) and the perceived salience of sexual violence on the cognitive processing of an affirmative consent campaign active on the campus where research was conducted. As part of a midcourse evaluation of the Consent is Sexy (CIS) campaign (N = 285), a subsample of participants who reported prior exposure to campaign posters (N = 182) was asked to review four campaign posters and indicate the extent to which they processed the message in the posters systematically...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Heather E Canary, Yvonne K Clark, Avery Holton
Expanded carrier screening (ECS) is a genetic test that is designed to assess the risk of a healthy person passing down a genetic disorder, such as spinal muscular atrophy, to future children. ECS screens for up to several hundred disorders in one test, expanding on traditional carrier screening tests that target one or a few genetic disorders. However, little is known about how this health technology is being presented to the public in media coverage. Accordingly, this study is a qualitative content analysis of online news and information of ECS over a 6-year period, beginning in 2010 when the technology was publicly available...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Emily Moyer-Gusé, Melissa J Robinson, Jessica Mcknight
Outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases have increased due, in part, to misconceptions about vaccine safety (Kennedy et al., 2011). Extant literature has examined various messages designed to correct false beliefs about vaccination risks and to urge parents to vaccinate their children. The present study is designed to contribute to this literature by drawing on the broader research and theory on resistance to persuasion and correcting false beliefs. We examine the effects of a humorous (vs. non-humorous) message about the importance of the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine on parents' vaccine hesitancy...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Minh Hao Nguyen, Ellen M A Smets, Nadine Bol, Eugène F Loos, Julia C M Van Weert
Although older adults are increasingly using online health information, many websites are not senior-friendly, which might lead to user-problems and dissatisfaction among older people. It has been suggested that websites targeted at older adults should take into account age-related abilities and limitations, for example by providing the opportunity to adjust the modality (i.e., "mode") of information presentation based on visual and auditory capabilities. This study investigates the effects of a mode-tailored website, allowing users to self-tailor the mode of information presentation, on younger and older adults' satisfaction with health websites...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
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2018: Journal of Health Communication
Rachel A Smith, Youllee Kim, Nkuchia M M'Ikanatha
Sometimes compliance with medical recommendations is problematic. We investigated pediatric caregivers' (N = 606) patterns of noncompliance with antibiotic stewardship based on the obstacle hypothesis. We tested predictors of noncompliance framed by the obstacle hypothesis, dissonance theory, and psychological reactance. The results revealed four profiles of caregivers' stewardship: one marked by compliance (Stewards) and three marked by types of noncompliance (Stockers, Persuaders, and Dissenters). The covariate analysis showed that, although psychological reactance predicted being noncompliant, it was types of obstacles and discrepant experiences that predicted caregivers' patterns of noncompliance with antibiotic stewardship...
2018: Journal of Health Communication
Paul J Wright
This study assesses the relationship between pornography consumption and support for sex education in public schools among adults in the United States. Goals were theoretical and applied. At the theoretical level, conditional process analyses are needed to further evaluate the predictions of the primary theory applied to pornography and social influence, the sexual script acquisition, activation, application model (3 AM) of sexual media socialization. At the applied level, themes in pornography are most often associated with socialization outcomes that are a threat to the public health...
2018: Journal of Health Communication
Alyson J Crozier, Tanya R Berry, Guy Faulkner
This study examined the relationship between message variables and affective reactions with parents' attitudes after seeing a physical activity mass media public service announcement (PSA). It was hypothesized that there would be a positive relationship between message variables (i.e., personal relevance, novelty of information, and feelings toward sponsoring organization) and parents' attitudes toward their child/children's physical activity after viewing the PSA. Furthermore, we explored whether discrete affective reactions were related to attitudes, beyond the effect of message variables...
2018: Journal of Health Communication
Rachael A Record, Will R Silberman, Joshua E Santiago, Taewook Ham
Given the wide use of social media, these platforms have become important channels for understanding health-related information engagement processes. Reddit is a social media platform dedicated to user-generated content and discourse around the world. However, little research exists regarding use of the platform. Guided by the diffusion of innovation theory, the purpose of this study was to analyze Reddit users' behaviors on the platform related to perceptions of information credibility, health information seeking, and behavioral enactment of information found...
2018: Journal of Health Communication
Sarah Durkin, Megan Bayly, Emily Brennan, Lois Biener, Melanie Wakefield
Emotive anti-tobacco advertisements can increase quitting. Discrete emotion theories suggest evoking fear may be more effective than sadness; less research has focused on hope. A weekly cross-sectional survey of smokers and recent quitters (N = 7683) measured past-month quit attempts. The main predictor was level of exposure to four different types of anti-tobacco advertisements broadcast in the two months prior to quit attempts: advertisements predominantly evoking fear, sadness, hope, or evoking multiple negative emotions (i...
2018: Journal of Health Communication
Evan K Perrault
Developing engaging online healthcare provider biographies for prospective patients to consult is becoming a big business. Health-care systems are beginning to add more multichannel components-like videos-to these provider search tools at increasingly higher costs. Prior research finds that prospective patients desire videos offering additional footage (i.e., b-roll) displaying how a provider might interact with a patient during a consultation. Shooting and editing b-roll footage to add to providers' videos takes additional time and resources...
2018: Journal of Health Communication
Elroy Boers, Simon Zebregs, Hanneke Hendriks, Bas Van Den Putte
Previous work has revealed that interventions aiming to reduce adolescent binge drinking commonly focus on cognitive attitudes, but are insufficiently effective in changing binge-drinking intentions. The focus on these cognitive attitudes might be the reason for this insufficient success. That is, other work has revealed that affective attitudes have a stronger influence on binge-drinking intention than cognitive attitudes. However, this relation has so far only been found among traditional college students and pre-vocational school students, therewith neglecting another important population at risk, namely vocational community college students...
2018: Journal of Health Communication
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