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Psychology, Health & Medicine

Nir Uziel, Joseph Meyerson, Yonatan Birenzweig, Ilana Eli
Professional burnout and work-related stress are known problems that have been the subject of in-depth examination among dentists. Nevertheless, these issues have not been widely studied among dental assistants. The aims of this study were threefold: to confirm the structure of a Work Stress Inventory (WSI) for Dental Assistants which was originally developed for Jordanian dental assistants (factor analysis); to evaluate work stress and burnout among Israeli dental assistants and to discover the factors predicting Israeli assistants' burnout (regression analyses)...
May 16, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
An-Nuo Liu, Lu-Lu Wang, Ting-Ting Yan, Juan Gong, Hong-Yan Liu, Yan Jiang, Zheng-Wen Pan, Xiao-Hong Liu
Extensive evidence has been obtained that supports an association between an attentional bias (AB) toward negative stimuli and vulnerability to stress-related psychopathology, little is known regarding the characteristics of individual AB in different posttraumatic growth (PTG) levels. The current study used a modified dot-probe task to investigate if individual differences in AB towards either positive or negative emotional stimuli, are related to self-reported PTG. A sample of 202 patients completed the experiment...
May 15, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Jose García-Arroyo, Amparo Osca Segovia
Burnout is a highly prevalent globalized health issue that causes significant physical and psychological health problems. In Latin America research on this topic has increased in recent years, however there are no studies comparing results across countries, nor normative reference cut-offs. The present meta-analysis examines the intensity of burnout (emotional exhaustion, cynicism and personal accomplishment) in 58 adult nonclinical samples from 8 countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela)...
May 2, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Hady Naal, Tatiana El Jalkh, Ramzi Haddad
Childhood adversities (CAs) are well reviewed in mental health and addiction research internationally. However, these variables have not been studied within the framework of addiction in the Middle East region. The present study reports the prevalence of Childhood Adversities in a sample of outpatients seeking treatment for Substance Use Disorder. We used the Adverse Childhood Experiences - International Questionnaire (ACE-IQ) to map out the prevalence of childhood adversities. The studied population was composed of a clinical outpatient sample that met criteria for substance use disorder (N = 144)...
May 2, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
W Nalukenge, F Martin, J Seeley, E Kinyanda
Increasing availability of antiretroviral treatment (ART) has led HIV to be considered a chronic disease, shifting attention to focus on quality of life including mental wellbeing. We investigated knowledge and causal attributions for mental disorders in HIV-positive children and adolescents in rural and urban Uganda. This qualitative study was nested in an epidemiological mental health study among HIV-positive children and adolescents aged 5-17 years in rural and urban Uganda. In-depth interviews were conducted with caregivers of HIV-positive children (5-11 years) and adolescents (12-17 years) in HIV care...
May 2, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Hye Jin Chong, Hyun Kyung Kim, Myung Ha Lee, Sik Lee
Kidney transplantation (KT) patients are at a higher risk than the general population for influenza virus infection. Although vaccination is primarily recommended for KT patients, little is known about the influenza vaccination rate and related health beliefs in South Korea. The influence of health beliefs on influenza vaccination among KT patients has never been explored. This study aimed to identify influenza vaccine acceptance and association with health beliefs among KT patients. A total of 180 patients who underwent a KT were recruited from an organ transplant center in Korea...
April 30, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Brenda H O'Connell, Mary Killeen-Byrt
There is now a growing body of research demonstrating the physical health benefits of being grateful. However, research has only just began to explore the mechanisms accounting for this gratitude-health relationship. This study examines the relationship between dispositional gratitude and self-reported physical health symptoms, and explores whether this relationship is explained through reduced levels of perceived loneliness and stress. This study employed a cross-sectional design with a sample of 607 healthy adults...
April 29, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Flávio Teles, Ana Letícia Amorim de Albuquerque, Ingrid Karoline Freitas Guedes Lins, Patrícia Carvalho Medrado, André Falcão Pedrosa Costa
Chronic kidney disease is associated with a high prevalence of depression, which increases inversely with the glomerular filtration rate. This paper aims to evaluate the factors associated with a low quality of life and depression in patients on haemodialysis. Two hundred patients undergoing haemodialysis answered the Medical Outcomes Study 36 - Item Short - Form Health Survey (SF-36) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Clinical and laboratory variables were analysed and correlated with these two tools. The prevalence of depression was 29%...
April 29, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Xiao Yan Dong, Jin Jin
To investigate the association of personality traits with breast cancer risk, a case-control study was conducted from May 2014 to February 2017, in which the case group consisted of 262 women with breast cancer and 262 without (control group). The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) (88-question Adult Edition) and another self-assessment questionnaire that contained open questions to obtain more specific character traits were used to complete this survey. The results of the E scale showed that 121 women (46...
April 26, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Jia-Yuan Zhang, Yu-Xia Cui, Yu-Qiu Zhou, Ying-Li Li
Low well-being is common among Chinese pregnant women but few effective interventions currently exist to improve prenatal stress and negative emotions. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) has been proved to be effective in reducing stress and rarely studies were focused on Chinese pregnant women. The aim of the current paper is to investigate the effects of 8-week MBSR on prenatal stress, anxiety and depression among Chinese pregnant women. A sample of 66 pregnant women randomly allocated into either the MBSR group (n=34) or the control group (n=32)...
April 26, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Chanchan Liu, Xiyan Yi, Ting Li, Lei Xu, Mei Hu, Suming Zhang, Rifeng Jiang
Depression, anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common complications of cerebrovascular diseases. However, they were seldom explored in Moyamoya Disease (MMD) survivors. In this study, we measured the prevalence of depression, anxiety and PTSD in MMD survivors. We evaluated the association of mental disorders with neurological disability and cognitive impairment, and further find out the independent protective and risk factors of neurological disability and cognitive impairment. In MMD survivors, the prevalence of these three mental disorders is high, 46...
April 20, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Maayan Lawental, Anna Kipnis, Khary Rigg
Binge drinking is common among young people, and is an area of concern in many countries worldwide. Israel has seen a steady increase in binge drinking behaviors in recent years among youth and young adults. Using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) as a guiding theoretical framework, this study examines whether attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and intention to engage in binge drinking are correlated with individual participation in binge drinking among young adults aged 18-35 in Israel...
April 20, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Min-Seok Seo, In Cheol Hwang, Jae-Yong Shim, Hong Yup Ahn, Sewan Kim
Controversy surrounds the association between lung function and mental health in the general population, and previous reported results were confounded by the effect of other chronic illnesses. This study aimed to investigate whether reduced lung function was related to mental health issues, taking into consideration the relevant potential confounders. We used data from the 2008-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to examine the relationship between lung function and three mental issues (recognized stress, depressive mood, and suicidal ideation) among 22,068 Korean adults...
April 20, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Joanna E Dudek, Wojciech Białaszek, Paweł Ostaszewski, Tilly Smidt
Lipedema is a chronic, progressive adipose tissue disorder that may impact the quality of life of women who suffer from it. The main aim of this study was to asses the role of perceived symptom severity, physical and psychological functioning with the disease in predicting quality of life in patients with lipedema. We conducted an online study with 329 participants who responded to five questionnaires measuring quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of Life BREF), lipedema symptom severity, mobility (Lower Extremity Functional Scale), depression (Patients Health Questionnaire-9), and appearance-related distress (Derriford Appearance Scale 24)...
April 3, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Michael Zvolensky, Charles Jardin, Samantha G Farris, Brooke Kauffman, Jafar Bakhshaie, Lorra Garey, Kara Manning, Andrew H Rogers, Nubia A Mayorga
It is widely recognized that abdominal pain and discomfort are common problems in the United States and are often associated with negative quality of life. The prevalence of anxiety/depression elevations and disorders among persons with gastrointestinal disturbances (GI) is estimated to be at least two to three times the rate in the general population. Visceral sensitivity reflects anxiety about GI sensations and its accompanying contexts and often leads to worsening of sensations (e.g. bloating, upset stomach, diarrhea)...
March 26, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Andrew H Rogers, Jafar Bakhshaie, Nubia A Mayorga, Joseph W Ditre, Michael J Zvolensky
Pain and pain related problems affect a significant proportion of the United States population. Past research suggests that emotional distress is associated with more severe and disabling pain experience. Yet, it is less clear how individual reactions to distress are related to pain experience. Distress tolerance, defined as the perceived ability to withstand cognitive, affective, or physical distress, is an individual difference factor that may be particularly important to understanding the experience of pain...
March 20, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
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March 15, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Neidin Eustace, Kiran M Sarma, Jane Murphy, Gerard J Molloy
We examine the association between a six-facet model of conscientiousness and adherence to the Oral Contraceptive Pill (OCP), to investigate if these 6 facets can account for variation in adherence to the OCP. Cross-sectional data were collected from an opportunity sample of 243 female participants who were current users of the OCP, via online survey. Data were analysed using correlation and standard regression. The 60-item Chernyshenko Conscientiousness Scale (CCS), the 10-item IPIP Conscientiousness (IPIP C) subscale and the 5-item OCP Medication Adherence Report Scale (MARS) were employed...
March 13, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Laura Deckx, Marjan van den Akker, Frank Buntinx, Mieke van Driel
Loneliness is an emerging and important public health concern associated with increased risk for health disorders and even mortality. Interventions targeting coping strategies might be effective in alleviating feelings of loneliness. However, the relationship between loneliness and coping strategies is not well understood. We systematically reviewed quantitative studies addressing the association between loneliness and coping. Studies were included if loneliness and coping styles were measured with a validated scale and the association between both was assessed quantitatively...
March 13, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Koen van der Swaluw, Mattijs S Lambooij, Jolanda J P Mathijssen, Marcel Zeelenberg, Johan J Polder, Henriëtte M Prast
Many people aim to change their lifestyle, but have trouble acting on their intentions. Behavioral economic incentives and related emotions can support commitment to personal health goals, but the related emotions remain unexplored. In a regret lottery, winners who do not attain their health goals do not get their prize but receive feedback on what their forgone earnings would have been. This counterfactual feedback should provoke anticipated regret and increase commitment to health goals. We explored which emotions were actually expected upon missing out on a prize due to unsuccessful weight loss and which incentive-characteristics influence their likelihood and intensity...
March 5, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
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