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Psychology, Health & Medicine

Cleoputri Yusainy, Derwin King Chung Chan, Ziadatul Hikmiah, Calvin Octavianus Anggono
Physical inactivity is now identified as one of the major risk factors for global mortality, including in Indonesia. Past research in Western settings have demonstrated the efficacy of self-determined or autonomous forms of motivation in predicting health-related behaviours, and that association between these variables could possibly be moderated by individual differences in mindfulness. In terms of mindfulness, individuals from different cultures may vary in their familiarity and acceptance of mindfulness in daily life...
November 15, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Maor Yeshua, Ada H Zohar, Lee Berkovich
The current study examined the role of personality traits on psychosomatic distress (PD) and tested the hypothesis that the association between perfectionism and PD would be moderated by self-compassion. One hundred and seventy-three community volunteers, of whom 24.9% were men, mean age 31.52 ± 13.29, reported online on the DS14, a measure of Type D personality, on the TCI-140, a measure of temperament and character, on the Frost multidimensional perfectionism scale, on the short form of the self-compassion scale and on the SOMS-7 for psychosomatic symptoms...
November 14, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Xiaoting Shi, Sijia Wang, Shixian Liu, Tiancheng Zhang, Shuyang Chen, Yong Cai
Procrastination has been closely linked to psychosocial health problems, such as depression and anxiety, among college students. However, few studies have focused on the magnifying effects of multiple psychosocial health problems on procrastination. We conducted a cross-sectional study by convenience sampling among 509 college students in Shanghai, China. Logistic regressions were performed to assess the relationship between psychosocial variables and procrastination and to verify the syndemic effect of psychosocial factors...
November 13, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Nancy Xiaonan Yu, Jessie S M Chan, Xiaowen Ji, Adrian H Y Wan, Siu-Man Ng, Lai-Ping Yuen, Cecilia L W Chan, Celia H Y Chan
Although stress has been widely acknowledged to link to psychosomatic dysfunctioning, the underlying mechanism that transmits the impact is not adequately investigated. This study examined self-compassion as a potential mediator that may explain the pathway from stress to depressive and somatic symptoms. Data in the present study were drawn from a baseline survey of 998 Chinese participants who enrolled in an intervention study on sleep disturbance in Hong Kong. Participants completed measures of perceived stress, self-compassion, depressive symptoms, and somatic symptoms...
November 13, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Bizu Gelaye, Amber Domingue, Fernanda Rebelo, Lauren E Friedman, Chunfang Qiu, Sixto E Sanchez, Gloria Larrabure-Torrealva, Michelle A Williams
Antepartum suicidal behaviors are a leading cause of maternal injury and death. Previous research has not investigated associations between antepartum suicidal ideation and perinatal complications. Our study objective was to evaluate the relationship of antepartum suicidal ideation with low infant birthweight, small for gestational age, and preterm birth. A cohort study was conducted among 1,108 women receiving prenatal care in Peru. Suicidal ideation was measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 during pregnancy...
October 31, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Lingling Wang, Wei Wu, Guangbo Qu, Xue Tang, Yehuan Sun
Left-behind children (LBC) account for more than one in five Chinese children and more frequently exhibit some personality deviations as a result of being separated from their parents. Therefore, this meta-analysis aimed to systematically review the personality traits of LBC using the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ). Relevant studies were identified by searching various electronic databases, and 39 articles that contained 12,494 LBC and 10,381 non-LBC were ultimately included in this meta-analysis. Subgroup analyses by grades and sex were conducted to study the personality deviation rate and personality factor scores in LBC...
October 30, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Alexander G Watson, Jonathan V McCoy, JoAnn Mathew, Daniel A Gundersen, Robert M Eisenstein
Emergency medicine is one of the medical fields with the highest rates of physician burnout. Research demonstrates hospitalists believe increasing workloads contribute to decreases in patient safety and satisfaction, and increases in morbidity and mortality. Our objective was to identify if emergency physicians who believe workload impacts patient care also experience worse rates of burnout symptoms. This two-phase study used an online survey with cross-sectional design distributed to emergency medicine physicians following the New Jersey American College of Emergency Physicians (NJ ACEP) Scientific Assembly in May 2016 and members of the ACEP Well-Being Committee and Wellness Section in December 2016...
October 29, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Jennifer M Bowers, Anne Moyer
This study of 312 female undergraduates investigated the association of recently, formerly, or never indoor tanning with self-perceptions and social influence, and examined reasons to tan and not to tan. Previous research on indoor tanning has focused on recent or current tanners, and few studies have examined former indoor tanners. By examining self-perceptions and social influence, this study aimed to understand how these common tanning correlates, measured in former indoor tanners, compared to those who have never tanned indoors (i...
October 24, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Erika Litvin Bloom, Samantha G Farris, Angelo M DiBello, Ana M Abrantes
Weight control is a common motive for cigarette smoking.  Some individuals also report using electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) for weight control.  This study tested the hypothesis that the tendency to use combustible cigarettes for weight/appetite control would be associated with higher odds of current e-cigarette use among adult daily combustible cigarette smokers. Participants (n = 577; Mage  = 44.42; 52.7% female) were recruited to participate in an online survey. Smoking for weight/appetite control was assessed via the Smoking-Related Weight and Eating Episodes Test (SWEET)...
October 22, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Jihyung Hong
This study examined the areas of life dissatisfaction and their relationships to depression at different life stages in men and women, independently of socio-demographic characteristics in South Korea. Data were taken from the 2016 Korea Welfare Panel Study. Depression was assessed using the 11-items of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and probable depression was defined as the CES-D-11 score of ≥9. Level of satisfaction was measured in seven different life domains (health, family income, residential environment, family relationship, occupation, social relationship and leisure activities) using a 5-point Likert scale...
October 20, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Yujing Sun, Mingliang Wang, Yuqiu Zhou, Lina Wang, Hui Zhang, Yumei Lv, Guohua Li
Schizophrenia is a debilitating, chronic, and high-refractory mental illness. Researchers should focus considerable attention to patients with mental disability. This study aims to explore the mediating effect of family function and medication adherence between symptoms and mental disability among Chinese patients with schizophrenia during the convalescent stage. Data from a cross-sectional sample of 499 Chinese patients with schizophrenia were used in this study. The participants were recruited and independently interviewed using the General Information Sheet, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule II (WHO-DAS II), Family APGAR Index (APGAR), and Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) as outcome measures...
October 17, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Monique Anne Rose, Meri Vukicevic, Konstandina Koklanis, Gwyneth Rees, Sukhpal Sandhu, Catherine Itsiopoulos
Diabetic macular edema (DME) is a common cause of visual impairment. Current treatments for DME include laser photocoagulation, corticosteroids and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) antagonists, which are administered via intravitreal injection. The purpose of this systematic review is to explore the experiences and perceptions of patients undergoing laser, corticosteroid implants and intravitreal injection treatment for DME and the impact on Quality of Life (QoL). A systematic search of the Embase, Medline, PsycINFO and Cinahl electronic databases was conducted to identify all studies with an unlimited date range, published in the English language, full text and incorporating human participants...
October 17, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
A Barton-Gooden, M Grindley, J Knight-Madden, M Asnani
The current study examines gender effects on disease knowledge and quality of life in adolescents with sickle cell disease (SCD) in Jamaica. We report the baseline results on 76 girls and 74 boys with mean age (16.9 ± 1.8 vs. 16.2 ±2.0 years), recruited in a larger intervention study. Girls had higher knowledge scores (15.3 ± 4.2 vs. 13.3 ± 4.2 p=.004), poorer overall QOL scores (70.1 ± 19.6 vs. 77.2 ± 17.8 p=0.02) but similar severity scores to boys. Girls also had significantly lower scores on many QOL domain scores: Pain occurrences over the course the past month (Pain and Hurt:77...
October 15, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Giorgio Falgares, Adriana Lo Gioco, Maria Cristina Verrocchio, Daniela Marchetti
A number of studies have investigated the role of coping and social support as protective factors for psychosocial adjustment after amputation. In contrast, few have focused on the role of attachment styles. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between attachment insecurity, social support, coping strategies and negative emotions, such as anxiety and depression, in adult amputees. Sixty-two amputated adults (71% males, 29% females), recruited from the Prosthetic Centre of the Italian Workers' Compensation Authority, completed the Attachment Style Questionnaire, the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, the Beck Depression Inventory II and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Y...
October 9, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Nicole Ennis, Vaughn Bryant, Zachary Mannes
The current study examined the association between perceived social support, depressive symptoms and alcohol use among people living with HIV (PLWH) 50 and older who identified as Black. Participants included 96 men and women ages 50 and older. Participants completed an interviewer-administered assessment examining mental and behavioral health functioning. Mediation analyses examined whether perceived support mediated the association between depressive symptoms and hazardous drinking. Depressive symptoms were significantly associated with hazardous drinking (B = ...
October 8, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Che Jiang
The object of this study was to reveal the occurrence, risk factors and prognosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN). Adult patients who were diagnosed with TN were prospectively collected from our neuroscience center. Among the 103 patients recruited, thirty (29.1%) participants were identified as probable PTSD cases measured with PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5). Compared with patients without PTSD, patients with probable PTSD were more likely to be female, have severe pain intensity, be with severely interfered general activities, be with more intense depression and anxiety, and be more habitually using maladaptive coping strategies...
October 7, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Brett Worly, Nicole Verbeck, Curt Walker, Daniel M Clinchot
The 'Millennial' generation faces medical education learning environment challenges differently. We explore gender differences in burnout, perceived stress, and empathic concern in third-year medical students. A sample size of 654 third-year medical students completed an annual survey over 6 years. Survey items included: the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Scale (MBI-SS), Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI), and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). We examined demographic differences using independent sample t-tests and performed a two-way ANOVA to test for potential interactions...
October 7, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Zhen Tian, Yike Huang, Tao Yue, Jiaqing Zhou, Lu Tao, Ling Han, Kexiang Yan, Qiong Huang, Zhenghua Zhang, Chunhong Shao
Previous studies have reported a higher incidence of depression and anxiety in psoriasis patients compared to the general population, which has important implications for assessment and treatment. In this study, we determined the frequency of depression and anxiety in Chinese patients with psoriasis and its relationship with disease severity and other demographic variables. The study included 208 Chinese patients with psoriasis vulgaris. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7) were used to screen for depression and anxiety...
October 7, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Brygida Kwiatkowska, Anna Kłak, Filip Raciborski, Maria Maślińska
The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of symptoms of depression and insomnia among patients with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis in comparison with individuals without chronic diseases. The study was carried out at National Institute of Geriatrics, Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, included 229 persons. The participants were divided into the following groups: group I - 120 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, group II - 58 patients with osteoarthritis, group III - 51 healthy individuals no confirmed depression (control group)...
October 4, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Kristen M Kraemer, Alison McLeish
The aim of the current study was to examine the unique role of mindfulness skills in terms of: (1) asthma-related outcomes (i.e., asthma control, asthma quality of life); (2) depression symptoms; and (3) anxiety symptomatology (i.e., anxiety sensitivity, panic symptoms, global anxiety) among non-smoking adults with current asthma. Participants were 61 (61.9% female; Mage  = 34.72 years, SD = 13.58, range = 18-65) non-smoking adults with current asthma who completed a battery of self-report measures. Results indicated that, after controlling for the effects of race and age, greater ability to describe present moment experiences was significantly associated with better asthma-related quality of life and lower levels of anxiety symptoms...
October 4, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
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