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Psychology, Health & Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425318/exploring-families-experiences-of-health-contributions-to-a-model-of-family-health
#1
Sarah L Smith, Beth DeGrace, Carrie Ciro, Ami Bax, Andrea Hambrick, Jennifer James, Alexandra Evans
Child health and developmental outcomes are influenced by the health of the family and the context created. Research suggests symptoms of poor family health (e.g. suboptimal family interactions, parenting stress) yet there is limited understanding of the factors which contribute to robust family health which may unveil opportunities for targeted intervention and family health promotion. The present study examined families' experiences of family health and factors contributing to family health. We performed a qualitative study using constructivist grounded theory methods to guide our understanding of family health for families with typically developing children aged 5-18...
April 20, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415852/internal-health-locus-of-control-predicts-willingness-to-track-health-behaviors-online-and-with-smartphone-applications-%C3%A2
#2
Brooke L Bennett, Carly M Goldstein, Emily C Gathright, Joel W Hughes, Janet D Latner
Given rising technology use across all demographic groups, digital interventions offer a potential strategy for increasing access to health information and care. Research is lacking on identifying individual differences that impact willingness to use digital interventions, which may affect patient engagement. Health locus of control, the amount of control an individual believes they have over their own health, may predict willingness to use mobile health (mHealth) applications ('apps') and online trackers. A cross-sectional study (n = 276) was conducted to assess college students' health locus of control beliefs and willingness to use health apps and online trackers...
April 17, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393554/-a-necessary-evil-associations-with-taking-medication-and-their-relationship-with-medication-adherence
#3
Mieke Kleppe, Joyca Lacroix, Jaap Ham, Cees Midden
Cognitive factors, like beliefs, have been studied extensively as determinants of medication adherence, while affect associated with taking medicines has been studied much less. In the present study (N = 525), we investigated affect by assessing patients' first associations with taking their medicines. Results showed that these associations were related to self-reported medication adherence: Patients who associated taking medicines with negative affect were the least adherent, while those associating taking medicines with the need to take medicines were the most adherent...
April 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393542/examining-maternal-age-breastfeeding-self-efficacy-and-health-locus-of-control-in-psychological-wellbeing-of-mothers
#4
Abiodun Musbau Lawal, Erhabor Sunday Idemudia
We investigated the direct and interaction influence of maternal age, breastfeeding self-efficacy (BSE), health locus of control (HLOC) on six dimensions of psychological wellbeing of breastfeeding mothers in Lagos, Nigeria. Data were collected from a convenience sample of 291 mothers attending health facilities in two suburb local government areas. The survey included socio-demographics (maternal age, marital status, ethnicity, education level and position of the baby currently breastfeeding), breastfeeding self-efficacy, health locus of control and psychological wellbeing scales...
April 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349732/body-perception-and-meal-type-across-age-and-gender-on-a-mediterranean-island-sardinia
#5
Arcangelo Uccula, Gianfranco Nuvoli
Our aim was to describe the differences in consumption of types of meal (complete/incomplete) eaten at lunch and dinner by gender in people of different age groups (children, young adults and seniors). In particular, we wanted to investigate the differences in choice of meal based on perceived weight. The study involved 516 participants, of which 156 were children (8-12y), 187 were young adults (19-30y) and 173 were elderly (65-90y). A cross-sectional analysis was carried out into the choice of meal type based on the different age groups and genders, on the three Body Mass Index categories (under, normal, overweight), on the three levels of self-perception (slim, normal and heavy) and on the degrees of perception of one's body weight (underestimation, accurate estimation, overestimation)...
March 28, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326802/the-relationship-between-beliefs-about-emotions-and-quality-of-life-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#6
Hannah Bowers, Abigail Wroe, Tamar Pincus
Suppression of undesirable emotions, as well as beliefs about the unacceptability of experiencing and expressing emotions, have both been shown to be related to poorer health-related outcomes in several clinical groups. Potential models through which these variables relate have yet to be tested in those with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and are therefore examined in the current article. Online questionnaires were administered to people with IBS (n = 84) to test a mediation model in which beliefs about the unacceptability of emotions are associated with greater emotional suppression, which in turn relates to increased affective distress and consequently poorer quality of life...
March 22, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290218/the-association-between-adolescent-risk-behaviours-and-feelings-of-sadness-or-hopelessness-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-south-african-secondary-school-learners
#7
Shamagonam James, Sasiragha Priscilla Reddy, Afzal Ellahebokus, Ronel Sewpaul, Pamela Naidoo
Poor mental health in adolescents has shown associations with engagement in other risk behaviours. However, evidence of this association in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly South Africa, is lacking. This study examines the associations between pertinent risk behaviours and feelings of sadness or hopelessness amongst a nationally representative sample of South African school going adolescents. Data was analysed from the South African Youth Risk Behaviour Survey 2011 (n=10,997), a cross-sectional national survey among grades 8-11 school learners...
March 14, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269993/anxiety-sensitivity-in-smokers-with-indicators-of-cardiovascular-disease
#8
Samantha G Farris, Ana M Abrantes
There is growing recognition of the importance of understanding the nature of the associations between anxiety and cardiovascular disease (CVD), although limited research has examined mechanisms that may explain the anxiety-CVD link. Anxiety sensitivity (fear of anxiety-relevant somatic sensations) is a cognitive-affective risk factor implicated in the development of anxiety psychopathology and various behavioral risk factors for CVD, although has not been examined among individuals with CVD. Adult daily smokers (n = 619; 50...
March 7, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266228/coping-social-support-stigma-and-gender-difference-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-guangxi-china
#9
Zhiwen Xiao, Xiaoming Li, Shan Qiao, Yuejiao Zhou, Zhiyong Shen
The current study examined whether gender, HIV-related stigma, social support, and the interaction between gender and social support are associated with coping responses among people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA) in Guangxi, China. A total of 2987 PLWHA in Guangxi participated from October 2012 to August 2013. Multivariate analysis of covariance was conducted with gender and social support as main factors in the model, and stigma and other variables as covariates. After controlling for demographic variables and stigma, there were significant main effects of emotional social support (F = 1...
March 7, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276948/the-association-of-environmental-individual-factors-and-dopamine-pathway-gene-variation-with-smoking-cessation
#10
Suyun Li, Qiang Wang, Lulu Pan, Xiaorong Yang, Huijie Li, Fan Jiang, Nan Zhang, Mingkui Han, Chongqi Jia
This study aimed to examine whether dopamine (DA) pathway gene variation were associated with smoking cessation, and compare the relative importance of infulence factors on smoking cessation. Participants were recruited from 17 villages of Shandong Province, China. Twenty-five single nucleotide polymorphisms in 8 DA pathway genes were genotyped. Weighted gene score of each gene was used to analyze the whole gene effect. Logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios (OR) of the total gene score for smoking cessation...
March 6, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276949/mental-health-measurement-among-women-veterans-receiving-co-located-collaborative-care-services
#11
Kaitlin R Lilienthal, Laura J Buchholz, Paul R King, Christina L Vair, Jennifer S Funderburk, Gregory P Beehler
Routine use of measurement to identify patient concerns and track treatment progress is critical to high quality patient care. This is particularly relevant to the Primary Care Behavioral Health model, where rapid symptom assessment and effective referral management are critical to sustaining population-based care. However, research suggests that women who receive treatment in co-located collaborative care settings utilizing the PCBH model are less likely to be assessed with standard measures than men in these settings...
February 22, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276950/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-spiritual-care-on-patients-with-generalized-anxiety-and-depression-a-randomized-controlled-study
#12
A Sankhe, K Dalal, D Save, P Sarve
The present study was conducted to assess the effect of spiritual care in patients with depression, anxiety or both in a randomized controlled design. The participants were randomized either to receive spiritual care or not and Hamilton anxiety rating scale-A (HAM-A), Hamilton depression rating scale-D (HAM-D), WHO-quality of life-Brief (WHOQOL-BREF) and Functional assessment of chronic illness therapy - Spiritual well-being (FACIT-Sp) were assessed before therapy and two follow-ups at 3 and 6 week. However, with regard to the spiritual care therapy group, statistically significant differences were observed in both HAM-A and HAM-D scales between the baseline and visit 2 (p < 0...
February 8, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161983/prospective-correlates-of-early-30%C3%A2-day-readmissions-on-a-cardiothoracic-surgery-service
#13
Mark W Ketterer, Mansi Chawa, Gaetano Paone
Known to vary widely among hospitals for unclear reasons, early readmissions are associated with higher mortality and are suspected to frequently be due to inadequate discharge preparation/planning. It has been previously documented that the strongest and most consistent predictor of early readmissions in CHF patients is chronic cognitive impairment, and compensatory assistance with adherence on discharge improves early readmission rates. Prospective observational study. The present investigation examined multiple putative perioperative predictors of early readmission in a hospitalized Cardiothoracic Surgery Service...
February 6, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161969/perceived-sources-and-levels-of-stress-general-self-efficacy-and-coping-strategies-in-clinical-dental-students
#14
Nilüfer Ersan, Erdoğan Fişekçioğlu, Semanur Dölekoğlu, İnci Oktay, Dilhan İlgüy
The aims of this study were to identify sources of stress among clinical students and to evaluate the students' perceived levels of stress, general self-efficacy and effective coping strategies in a private dental school environment. The study group consisted of 130 undergraduate clinical dental students in a Turkish private dental school, during the academic year 2014-2015. The students were surveyed using modified version of the dental environment stress (DES) survey, the perceived stress scale, the general self-efficacy scale (G-SES) and the brief coping scale...
February 6, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164723/what-explains-childhood-violence-micro-correlates-from-vacs-surveys
#15
Shamika Ravi, Rahul Ahluwalia
Violence in childhood is a serious health, social and human rights concern globally, there is, however, little understanding about the factors that explain the various forms of violence in childhood. This paper uses data on childhood violence for 10,042 individuals from four countries. We report Odds Ratios from pooled logit regression analysis with country fixed effects model. There is no gender difference in the overall incidence of childhood violence. The data shows that 78% of girls and 79% of boys have suffered some form of violence before the age of 18 years...
February 5, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150500/exploring-opportunities-for-coordinated-responses-to-intimate-partner-violence-and-child-maltreatment-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-scoping-review
#16
Loraine J Bacchus, Manuela Colombini, Manuel Contreras Urbina, Emma Howarth, Frances Gardner, Jeannie Annan, Kim Ashburn, Bernadette Madrid, Ruti Levtov, Charlotte Watts
Intimate partner violence (IPV) and child maltreatment (CM) by a parent or caregiver are prevalent and overlapping issues with damaging consequences for those affected. This scoping review aimed to identify opportunities for greater coordination between IPV and CM programmes in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Nine bibliographic databases were searched and grey literature was identified through the scoping review team. Eligible studies were published in English; described primary prevention programmes in LMIC that addressed IPV and CM, or addressed one form of violence, but reported outcomes for the other; reported IPV and CM outcomes; and evaluated with any study design...
February 2, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142246/everyday-worry-in-adolescents-with-and-without-chronic-pain-a-diary-study
#17
Emma Fisher, Edmund Keogh, Christopher Eccleston
Young people report frequent worry, but we know little about the extent, character, or consequence of worry in adolescence, or individual differences associated with worry. Adolescents with chronic pain are one population that are known to have high levels of anxiety, which is associated with higher levels of disability and depression, impairing function. In this study we report a diary study: adolescents (N = 60; aged 16-18) recorded their worry over seven days. Our first aim was to describe the characteristics of adolescent worry and its consequences in a community sample...
February 1, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140653/effects-of-psychological-interventions-for-patients-with-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Lijuan Zhang, Ting Fu, Qiuxiang Zhang, Rulan Yin, Li Zhu, Yan He, Wenting Fu, Biyu Shen
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of psychological interventions (e.g. cognitive restructuring, relaxation) on physiological and psychological health in osteoarthritis patients. A systematic literature search was done using PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Database through November 2016. Studies were included if they used a randomized controlled trial designed to explore the effects of psychological interventions in osteoarthritis patients...
January 31, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133972/phenotypes-of-sleeplessness-stressing-the-need-for-psychodiagnostics-in-the-assessment-of-insomnia
#19
Merijn van de Laar, Tim Leufkens, Bart Bakker, Dirk Pevernagie, Sebastiaan Overeem
Insomnia is a too general term for various subtypes that might have different etiologies and therefore require different types of treatment. In this explorative study we used cluster analysis to distinguish different phenotypes in 218 patients with insomnia, taking into account several factors including sleep variables and characteristics related to personality and psychiatric comorbidity. Three clusters emerged from the analysis. The 'moderate insomnia with low psychopathology'-cluster was characterized by relatively normal personality traits, as well as normal levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms in the presence of moderate insomnia severity...
January 30, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132514/what-do-we-know-about-preventing-school-violence-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#20
Soraya Lester, Cayleigh Lawrence, Catherine L Ward
Many children across the world are exposed to school violence, which undermines their right to education and adversely affects their development. Studies of interventions for school violence suggest that it can be prevented. However, this evidence base is challenging to navigate. We completed a systematic review of interventions to reduce four types of school violence: (a) peer violence; (b) corporal punishment; (c) student-on-teacher violence and (d) teacher-on-student violence. Reviewers independently searched databases and journals...
January 30, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
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