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Psychology, Health & Medicine

Jennifer E Marceron, Cynthia A Rohrbeck
Although individuals with physical disabilities have special needs regarding preparedness for a natural or human-made disaster, little is known about the factors involved in motivating members of this population to engage in behaviors which reduce the probability of negative health outcomes. This study proposes and empirically tests an integrated theory-based model for individuals with physical disabilities in which perceived self-efficacy for emergency preparedness moderates the relationship between perceived threat and emergency preparedness behaviors...
July 14, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Michiyo Hirai, Laura L Vernon, Serkan Dolma
Latinas/os have been underrepresented in research investigating the role of disgust propensity in phobias. The current study was the first to examine associations between disgust propensity and Blood-Injection-Injury (BII) phobia, when acculturation was controlled for, in Latina/o Americans (n = 376). A structural model was developed with a BII fear latent variable consisting of fears of injection, blood, and sharp objects (causing injuries). The disgust propensity latent variable was formed with three domains of core, animal reminder, and contamination disgust elicitors...
July 12, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Yueyan Fang, Xiaofei Kang, Xiujuan Feng, Di Zhao, Donghua Song, Ping Li
The present study aimed to examine the potential moderating role of personality traits in the psychological mechanisms by which mindfulness can lead to better sleep quality. A total of 172 oncology nurses participated in this study, and completed self-reported measures, including the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and 44-item Big Five Inventory (BFI-44). Results showed that mindfulness was correlated with the global PSQI score (r = -0.281, p < 0.01).Trait extraversion and neuroticism moderated the mindfulness-sleep relationship...
July 3, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Anna Maria Padovan, Goran Kuvačić, Francesca Gulotta, Maha Sellami, Claudia Bruno, Michela Isoardi, Andrea De Giorgio
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) improve the patients' quality of life, and one of the most important problems after surgery is to optimize postoperative pain management. It has been shown that pain is intimately linked to the fear of movement, the so-called kinesiophobia, which can affect the entire perioperative period and quality of life in people undergoing THA. In this study, we aimed to present a new integrative approach called IARA model specifically focused on educational interventions such as knowledge and awareness of illness, guided imagery, and drawings to help the patient achieve full autonomy and confidence about the perioperative period and surgery...
June 26, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Charlotte Boichat, Christopher Eccleston, Edmund Keogh
Numerous emotion-based constructs seem related to pain and pain-related disability. These include general affect constructs such as anxiety and depression, as well as specific anxiety-related constructs such as anxiety sensitivity and fear of pain. Few studies examine the relationships between these constructs. Those that have suggest they can be reduced to three or four underlying components. We used a confirmatory approach to test the models of pain-related anxiety found in previous exploratory studies. Adult participants (N = 294) completed commonly used measures of affect-related constructs relevant to pain...
June 26, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Bao Dong, Dandan Yu, Qiongqiong Ren, Dongdong Zhao, Jie Li, Ye-Huan Sun
The resilience has become the main trend of the left-behind children's (LBC) mental health research. To evaluate the resilience status of Chinese LBC in rural areas, a meta-analysis was performed. Relevant studies were identified using electronic databases from 1990 to 2017. Pooled weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were calculated with fixed and random effects models. A total of 14 cross-sectional studies with 9777 individuals were included in this meta-analysis. The results showed there was significant difference in the aspects of family support and RSCA (Resilience Scale for Chinese Adolescents) total score between LBC and non-left-behind children (NLBC)...
June 21, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Jinbo He, Xitao Fan, Jinjin Yan, Fang Huang, Wen Wu, Zhihui Cai
Night Eating Syndrome has been shown to be associated with various negative physical and psychological consequences. This study explored the relationship between neuroticism and night eating, which had not been studied before. We also examined the possible mediating roles of psychological distress and maladaptive coping for the relationship between neuroticism and night eating. A sample of 578 Chinese college students were assessed on several measures: The Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short Scale, the Night Eating Questionnaire, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales, and the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire...
June 18, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Patricia M Bamonti, Jennifer Moye, Aanand D Naik
Depression is common but under-diagnosed in cancer survivors. This study characterized depressive symptoms over one year in cancer survivors and examined disease-related and psychosocial predictors of depression severity. Participants (n = 122; Mage 65.33, SD = 9.17, 98.4% male) with head and neck, esophageal, gastric, or colorectal cancers were recruited through tumor registries at two regional Veterans Administration Medical Centers. Self-report measures assessing depressive symptoms (PHQ-9), combat-related PTSD symptoms (PC-PTSD), and health-related quality of life (PROMIS) were administered at six, twelve, and eighteen months after diagnosis...
June 14, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
G E Cassar, S Knowles, G J Youssef, R Moulding, D Uiterwijk, L Waters, D W Austin
The aim of the current study was to use Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) to examine whether psychological flexibility (i.e. mindfulness, acceptance, valued-living) mediates the relationship between distress, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptom frequency, and quality of life (QoL). Ninety-two individuals participated in the study (12 male, 80 female, Mage  = 36.24) by completing an online survey including measures of visceral sensitivity, distress, IBS-related QoL, mindfulness, bowel symptoms, pain catastrophizing, acceptance, and valued-living...
June 8, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Zhenyu Li, Ying Yang, Chen Dong, Lin Li, Yafei Cui, Qian Zhao, Zhifeng Gu
A number of studies have reported the suicidal ideation (SI) or suicide attempts (SA) of patients with rheumatic diseases. However, the estimated prevalence of those disorders varies substantially between studies. This systematic review aimed to describe the prevalence of SI and SA in rheumatic diseases. Literature search was done using Web of Science, Embase, the Cochrane database library, PubMed and CNKI database through June 2017. Studies were screened according to inclusion and exclusion criteria and the qualities of included studies were evaluated...
June 8, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Hajime Sueki
In Japan, implementation of suicide prevention policies is mainly supported by public funds. However, it is unclear what kinds of suicide prevention strategies people prefer. We conducted a survey to clarify people's preferences regarding suicide prevention strategies adopted in Japan. This was a cross-sectional self-administered questionnaire survey. Participants were recruited through a lecture held by the first author at their university. We distributed questionnaires to 324 people present at the lecture; 249 completed questionnaires were included in the final analysis...
June 6, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Achim Elfering, Maria U Kottwitz, Özgür Tamcan, Urs Müller, Anne F Mannion
In a three-wave questionnaire study of 405 working participants, who were initially free of low back pain (LBP) and emotional exhaustion, sleep problems were evaluated as a potential risk factor for the development of LBP and burnout up to three years later. Prospective risk paths were compared between the sexes and between two age-groups (18 to 45 years and older than 45 years). A longitudinal structural equation model showed a good fit with empirical data (RMSEA = .04, SRMR = .06, CFI = .97). Prospective risk paths between the latent constructs showed sleep problems to significantly predict self-reported LBP (β = ...
May 24, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Renzo Bianchi, Eric Mayor, Irvin Sam Schonfeld, Eric Laurent
In this 257-participant study (76% female; mean age: 44.84), we examined two ideas that are widespread among burnout researchers: (a) the idea that burnout is primarily related to occupational-level factors; and (b) the idea that burnout should be considered a sentinel indicator in research on negative occupational outcomes. We investigated the links between burnout and a series of generic and work-related variables, namely, depressive symptoms, neuroticism, extraversion, effort-reward imbalance in the job [ERI], social support at work (SSW), and turnover intention...
May 23, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Friday E Okwaraji, Kenechukwu I Obiechina, Godwin C Onyebueke, Ogechukwu N Udegbunam, Godfrey S Nnadum
Loneliness is the feeling of distress that arises when an individual perceives his or her social relationships as being less satisfying than what is desired. Life satisfaction is a global assessment of an individual's quality of life based on his chosen criteria. This descriptive cross sectional study assessed loneliness, life satisfaction and psychological distress among 480 out of school adolescents using the UCLA loneliness scale, the Satisfaction with life scale (SWLS) and the General Health questionnaire...
May 23, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Nir Uziel, Joseph Meyerson, Yonatan Birenzweig, Ilana Eli
Professional burnout and work-related stress are known problems that have been the subject of in-depth examination among dentists. Nevertheless, these issues have not been widely studied among dental assistants. The aims of this study were threefold: to confirm the structure of a Work Stress Inventory (WSI) for Dental Assistants which was originally developed for Jordanian dental assistants (factor analysis); to evaluate work stress and burnout among Israeli dental assistants and to discover the factors predicting Israeli assistants' burnout (regression analyses)...
May 16, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
An-Nuo Liu, Lu-Lu Wang, Ting-Ting Yan, Juan Gong, Hong-Yan Liu, Yan Jiang, Zheng-Wen Pan, Xiao-Hong Liu
Extensive evidence has been obtained that supports an association between an attentional bias (AB) toward negative stimuli and vulnerability to stress-related psychopathology, little is known regarding the characteristics of individual AB in different posttraumatic growth (PTG) levels. The current study used a modified dot-probe task to investigate if individual differences in AB towards either positive or negative emotional stimuli, are related to self-reported PTG. A sample of 202 patients completed the experiment...
May 15, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Jose García-Arroyo, Amparo Osca Segovia
Burnout is a highly prevalent globalized health issue that causes significant physical and psychological health problems. In Latin America research on this topic has increased in recent years, however there are no studies comparing results across countries, nor normative reference cut-offs. The present meta-analysis examines the intensity of burnout (emotional exhaustion, cynicism and personal accomplishment) in 58 adult nonclinical samples from 8 countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela)...
May 2, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Hady Naal, Tatiana El Jalkh, Ramzi Haddad
Childhood adversities (CAs) are well reviewed in mental health and addiction research internationally. However, these variables have not been studied within the framework of addiction in the Middle East region. The present study reports the prevalence of Childhood Adversities in a sample of outpatients seeking treatment for Substance Use Disorder. We used the Adverse Childhood Experiences - International Questionnaire (ACE-IQ) to map out the prevalence of childhood adversities. The studied population was composed of a clinical outpatient sample that met criteria for substance use disorder (N = 144)...
May 2, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
W Nalukenge, F Martin, J Seeley, E Kinyanda
Increasing availability of antiretroviral treatment (ART) has led HIV to be considered a chronic disease, shifting attention to focus on quality of life including mental wellbeing. We investigated knowledge and causal attributions for mental disorders in HIV-positive children and adolescents in rural and urban Uganda. This qualitative study was nested in an epidemiological mental health study among HIV-positive children and adolescents aged 5-17 years in rural and urban Uganda. In-depth interviews were conducted with caregivers of HIV-positive children (5-11 years) and adolescents (12-17 years) in HIV care...
May 2, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Hye Jin Chong, Hyun Kyung Kim, Myung Ha Lee, Sik Lee
Kidney transplantation (KT) patients are at a higher risk than the general population for influenza virus infection. Although vaccination is primarily recommended for KT patients, little is known about the influenza vaccination rate and related health beliefs in South Korea. The influence of health beliefs on influenza vaccination among KT patients has never been explored. This study aimed to identify influenza vaccine acceptance and association with health beliefs among KT patients. A total of 180 patients who underwent a KT were recruited from an organ transplant center in Korea...
April 30, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
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