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Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903805/recombinant-human-c1-esterase-inhibitor-for-acute-hereditary-angioedema-attacks-with-upper-airway-involvement
#1
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Recombinant human C1 esterase inhibitor (rhC1-INH) is approved for treatment of hereditary angioedema (HAE)in adolescents and adults. HAE attacks that involve the upper airway can be life threatening, and data on the administration of rhC1-INH for these types of attacks are currently limited. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of rhC1-INH for treatment of acute HAE attacks with upper airway involvement. METHODS: A pooled analysis of data from three clinical trials with open-label extensions examined rhC1-INH for treatmentof acute HAE attacks with upper airway involvement...
September 13, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886758/evaluation-of-beclomethasone-dipropionate-80-and-160-micrograms-day-delivered-via-a-breath-actuated-inhaler-for-persistent-asthma
#2
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Breath-actuated inhalers (BAI) may simplify the delivery of inhaled medications compared with other devices. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of beclomethasone dipropionate BAI versus matching placebo in adolescent and adult patients with persistent asthma. METHODS: This phase III, 12-week, double-blind study enrolled patients with asthma aged greater than or equal to 12 years who were previously treated with a stable dose of inhaled corticosteroid or noncorticosteroid therapy...
September 8, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874235/efficacy-of-recombinant-human-c1-esterase-inhibitor-for-the-treatment-of-severe-hereditary-angioedema-attacks
#3
undefinedH H Li, undefinedA Reshef, undefinedJ W Baker, undefinedJ R Harper, undefinedA Relan
BACKGROUND: Severe attacks of hereditary angioedema (HAE) are debilitating and potentially life threatening, and can increase anxiety and the use of medical resources. OBJECTIVE: This post hoc assessment evaluated recombinant human C1 esterase inhibitor (rhC1-INH) used to treat acute severe HAE attacks. METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized-controlled trial (RCT), patients with an HAE attack (baseline visual analog scalescore of greater than or equal to 50 mm, with severe attacks defined as greater than or equal to 75 mm) were randomly assigned to receive rhC1-INH (50 IU/kg for patients who weighed <84 kg; 4200 IU for patients who weighed more than or equal to 84 kg) or placebo...
September 5, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855002/health-related-quality-of-life-in-relation-to-disease-activity-in-adults-with-hereditary-angioedema-in-sweden
#4
undefinedP Nordenfelt, undefinedM Nilsson, undefinedA Lindfors, undefinedC-F Wahlgren, undefinedJ Bjorkander
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) is impaired in patients with hereditary angioedema (HAE) but has notyet been satisfactorily described. OBJECTIVE: To study HR-QoL in patients with HAE by combining different HR-QoL instruments with disease activity assessment. METHODS: All adults in the Swedish HAE registry were invited to take part in this questionnaire study, which used the generic HR-QoL instruments, EuroQol 5 Dimensions 5 Level (EQ-5D-5L) and the RAND Corporation Short Form 36 (RAND-36), the disease-specific Angioedema Quality of Life instrument (AE-QoL), the recently introduced Angioedema Activity Score (AAS) form, and questionnaires on sick leave and prophylactic medication...
August 30, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800789/indicators-of-poorly-controlled-asthma-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-school-age-children-in-the-united-states
#5
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Poorly controlled asthma has far-reaching effects on school-age children and their parents, but little is knownabout the national impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). OBJECTIVE: To examine HRQoL associated with asthma and indicators of poorly controlled asthma in the United States. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of HRQoL among school-age children (age range, 6-17 years) with asthma in the nationally representative 2007-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)...
August 11, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639542/fluticasone-propionate-and-fluticasone-propionate-salmeterol-multidose-dry-powder-inhalers-compared-with-placebo-for-persistent-asthma
#6
Lawrence D Sher, Gloria Yiu, Anat Sakov, Siyu Liu, Cynthia F Caracta
BACKGROUND: A novel, inhalation-driven, multidose dry powder inhaler (MDPI) has been developed, which allows for lower doses of fluticasone propionate (Fp) and Fp/salmeterol (FS) for the treatment of patients with asthma. OBJECTIVE: This phase III, multicenter, double-blind, parallel-group study (NCT02141854) evaluated the efficacy and safety of Fp MDPI and FS MDPI versus placebo MDPI. METHODS: Patients aged ≥12 years with persistent asthma who previously took an inhaled corticosteroid with or without a long-acting beta-agonist entered a 14- to 21-day run-in period, during which they received single-blind, low-dose Fp MDPI 50 μg (1 inhalation twice daily [b...
September 21, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710850/efficacy-and-safety-of-beclomethasone-dipropionate-breath-actuated-or-metered-dose-inhaler-in-pediatric-patients-with-asthma
#7
Mark Vandewalker, Lisa Hickey, Calvin J Small
BACKGROUND: Breath-actuated inhalers (BAI) eliminate the need for hand-breath coordination and, therefore, simplify the delivery of inhaled medication. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of beclomethasone dipropionate BAI and metered-dose inhaler (MDI) versus placebo in pediatric patients ages 4-11 years with persistent asthma. METHODS: In this double-blind, double-dummy, phase III study, 628 children with persistent asthma were randomly assigned (1:1:1:1:1) to twice-daily beclomethasone dipropionate (BAI 80 μg/day, BAI 160 μg/day, MDI 80 μg/day, or MDI 160 μg/day) or to placebo...
September 14, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814361/for-the-patient
#8
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814360/skin-rash-in-a-2-week-old-infant
#9
Marjan Nassiri, Sami L Bahna
We presented a case of a male infant with annular patchy rash on his torso since 2 weeks of age. This was initially diagnosed as tinea corporis but did not respond to oral antifungal treatment. Because of the appearance of the rash and a history of a certain disease in a maternal aunt, we suspected the most probable cause of the rash and the diagnosis was confirmed by laboratory testing. Furthermore, laboratory screening of the mother, who was asymptomatic, revealed that she was seropositive for the disease and was counseled on the importance of follow-up...
September 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814359/the-risk-of-autoimmune-connective-tissue-diseases-in-patients-with-atopy-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#10
Yi-Chun Hou, Hsiao-Yun Hu, I-Lin Liu, Yun-Ting Chang, Chen-Yi Wu
BACKGROUND: The relationship between autoimmune connective tissue disease (ACTD) and atopy is controversial. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the risks of ACTDs in patients with atopic triad diseases, including atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, and asthma, by using a nationwide data base. METHODS: A cohort of 155,311 patients newly diagnosed with atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, or asthma in 2002-2011 was obtained from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database...
September 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814358/frequency-of-selective-immediate-responders-to-aminopenicillins-and-cephalosporins-in-turkish-children
#11
Emine Dibek Misirlioglu, Hakan Guvenir, Muge Toyran, Emine Vezir, Murat Capanoglu, Ersoy Civelek, Betul Buyuktiryaki, Tayfur Ginis, Can Naci Kocabas
BACKGROUND: Beta-lactam antibiotics (BLA) are the most commonly prescribed antibiotics and are responsible for the majority of immediate hypersensitivity reactions to drugs in children. Cross-reactivity is important in hypersensitivity to BLAs because these drugs all share a common beta-lactam structure and some share similar side chains. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients who are diagnosed with immediate-type BLA hypersensitivity and frequency of patients with side chain hypersensitivity, "selective responders...
September 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814357/association-of-aeroallergen-sensitization-and-atopic-disease-in-the-sonoran-desert
#12
Ryan D Buckley, Tara F Carr
BACKGROUND: Numerous aeroallergens have been associated with the development of asthma, including Alternaria, house-dust mite, and pet dander. Tucson, Arizona, is located in the Sonoran Desert, which has the highest diversity of vegetation of any desert in the world. Given the unique pollen profile in this region, we sought to identify the most common aeroallergens associated with rhinitis and asthma diagnosis in the local adult population. OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of aeroallergen sensitivity in the Tucson adult population and to identify which aeroallergens are associated with a diagnosis of asthma...
September 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814356/pneumococcal-13-valent-conjugate-vaccine-administration-after-inferior-response-to-pneumococcal-vaccine
#13
Ratika Gupta, Chak Shui Wong, Luz Fonacier
BACKGROUND: The pneumococcal vaccine, a nonconjugated vaccine, may be used to evaluate the integrity of the humoral immune system. Those patients with an inferior response to a nonconjugated vaccine may be vaccinated with a conjugated vaccine, which elicits both a B- and T-cell response. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the immunogenicity of a conjugated vaccine in patients with inferior responses to a nonconjugated vaccine. METHODS: This was an institutional review board approved retrospective study that involved 22 patients with suspected specific antibody deficiency who received a nonconjugated vaccine, followed by a conjugated vaccine...
September 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814355/der-p-1-and-der-p-2-specific-immunoglobulin-e-measurement-for-diagnosis-of-dermatophagoides-pteronyssinus-allergy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Man Tian, Ying Zhou, Wenxin Zhang, Yubao Cui
BACKGROUND: A clinical history of allergic symptoms and a skin-prick test with house-dust mite crude extracts are standard diagnostic procedures for Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus allergy. Specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) responses to Der p 1 and Der p 2 allergens have been used for the diagnosis of D. pteronyssinus allergy; however, evaluation of the diagnostic performance of Der p 1 and Der p 2 specific IgE (sIgE) produced inconsistent findings. We sought to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of Der p 1 sIgE and Der p 2 sIgE measurement in the diagnosis of D...
September 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814354/primum-adiuvare-%C3%A2-primum-non-nocere-%C3%A2-and-the-practice-of-allergy
#15
COMMENT
Joseph A Bellanti, Russell A Settipane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814353/pre-and-postoperative-blood-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-and-eosinophil-to-lymphocyte-ratios-in-patients-with-sinonasal-polyps-a-preliminary-investigation
#16
Giuseppe Brescia, Umberto Barion, Claudia Zanotti, Daniela Parrino, Gino Marioni
BACKGROUND: Identifying specific endotypes within the broad picture of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), by using biomarkers for instance, remains a challenge. The prognostic role of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the eosinophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (ELR) as potential markers of inflammation has already been discussed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare NLR and ELR before and after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and nasal mometasone furoate for CRSwNP by stratifying patients by their clinical and histologic features...
September 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814352/characteristics-of-drug-induced-anaphylaxis-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
Ozlem Cavkaytar, Betül Karaatmaca, Pınar Gur Cetinkaya, Saliha Esenboga, Ebru Arik Yilmaz, Umit M Sahiner, Bulent E Sekerel, Ozge Soyer
BACKGROUND: Although data on anaphylaxis in the general population exist for different allergens, there is still lack of detailed etiologic data on drug-induced anaphylaxis (DIA), particularly in children. OBJECTIVE: To define the etiology of DIA, to determine the accuracy of drug-related anaphylaxis histories, along with the severity and culprit drug associations among individuals <18 years old. METHODS: Patients with a history of drug hypersensitivity reaction (DHR) referred to our center between January 2012 and February 2016 were included...
September 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540844/a-6-month-safety-and-efficacy-study-of-fluticasone-propionate-and-fluticasone-propionate-salmeterol-multidose-dry-powder-inhalers-in-persistent-asthma
#18
Lyndon Mansfield, Gloria Yiu, Anat Sakov, Siyu Liu, Cynthia Caracta
BACKGROUND: A novel multidose dry powder inhaler (MDPI) that is breath actuated, easy, and intuitive to use has been developed for administering fluticasone propionate (Fp) and Fp/salmeterol (FS). OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of Fp MDPI versus Fp hydrofluoroalkane (HFA) and FS MDPI versus FS dry-powder inhaler (DPI). METHODS: This phase III, 26-week, open-label, active drug-controlled study enrolled subjects ≥12 years old with persistent asthma...
July 24, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668114/for-the-patient-prevalence-and-triggers-of-anaphylactic-events-in-schools
#19
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668113/a-28-year-old-woman-with-fever-rash-and-pancytopenia
#20
Sebastian Ochoa, Kyle Cheng, Christine M Fleury, Stefano Luccioli, Joseph A Bellanti
A 28-year-old Hispanic woman was admitted to the hospital with fever, sore throat, arthralgia, and a generalized rash of 2 weeks' duration. Her medical history was significant for various food and medication allergies. Multiple antibiotics were given for suspected infection, and she subsequently developed a new skin rash, acute liver injury, eosinophilia, and pancytopenia. Additional studies showed hypertriglyceridemia; elevated interleukin-2 receptor levels; absent natural killer cell activity; and hemophagocytosis in skin, liver, and bone marrow biopsy specimens...
July 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
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