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Child Maltreatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29986631/child-maltreatment-2017-best-article-award
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166770/maltreatment-coping-and-substance-use-in-youth-in-foster-care-examination-of-moderation-models
#2
Joy Gabrielli, Yo Jackson, Lindsay Huffhines, Katie Stone
Child maltreatment is associated with negative outcomes such as substance use (SU). This study tested relations among maltreatment history, coping behavior, and SU behavior in youth residing in foster care. Participants were 210 youth ( Mage = 12.71 years; SD = 2.95) in foster care who completed self-report measures through an audio computer-assisted self-interview program. Using a structural equation modeling framework and latent measurement constructs, positive associations were identified between maltreatment at baseline and coping behavior outcomes as well as SU behavior outcome approximately 4...
May 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113506/latent-classes-and-cumulative-impacts-of-adverse-childhood-experiences
#3
Gia Elise Barboza
Studies of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have gauged severity using a cumulative risk (CR) index. Few studies have focused on the nature of the context of adversity and their association with psychosocial outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine the patterning of ACEs and to explore the resultant patterns' association with HIV risk-taking, problem drinking, and depressive symptoms in adulthood. Latent class analysis (LCA) was used to identify homogeneous, mutually exclusive "classes" of 11 of the most commonly used ACEs...
May 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092624/intergenerational-transmission-of-trauma-maternal-trauma-related-cognitions-and-toddler-symptoms
#4
Rebecca L Babcock Fenerci, Anne P DePrince
The purpose of this study was to elucidate possible cognitive mechanisms involved in the intergenerational transmission of trauma from maltreatment-survivor mothers to their toddler/preschool-aged children. This study investigated whether maternal trauma-related cognitions-posttrauma appraisals and disorganized memory for maltreatment-were associated with higher levels of toddler internalizing and externalizing symptoms and more dysfunction in the mother-child relationship. A community sample of mothers with histories of maltreatment and a child between the ages of 2 and 5 years was recruited for a study on maternal attachment, coping, and health ( N = 113)...
May 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034734/when-is-a-child-s-forensic-statement-deemed-credible-a-comparison-of-physical-and-sexual-abuse-cases
#5
Irit Hershkowitz, Eran P Melkman, Ronit Zur
A large national sample of 4,775 reports of child physical and sexual abuse made in Israel in 2014 was analyzed in order to examine whether assessments of credibility would vary according to abuse type, physical or sexual, and whether child and event characteristics contributing to the probability that reports of abuse would be determined as credible would be similar or different in child physical abuse (CPA) and child sexual abuse (CSA) cases. Results revealed that CPA reports were less likely to be viewed as credible (41...
May 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034733/mothers-personal-and-interpersonal-function-as-potential-mediators-between-maternal-maltreatment-history-and-child-behavior-problems
#6
Jessica Pereira, Jaclyn A Ludmer, Andrea Gonzalez, Leslie Atkinson
This study examined maternal depressive symptoms, social support, parenting, and adult attachment as mediators explaining the relation between maternal childhood maltreatment and child behavior in offspring. We assessed a community sample of 96 mother-child dyads. At child age 16 months, mothers self-reported maltreatment history, adult attachment, depressive symptoms, and social support, and maternal sensitivity was assessed via 2 hr of direct behavioral observation. Maternal reports of child behavior were collected at 5 years...
May 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034732/pregnancy-and-childbearing-among-young-adults-who-experienced-foster-care
#7
Katie Massey Combs, Stephanie Begun, Deborah J Rinehart, Heather Taussig
This study explores rates of early pregnancy and parenthood among a sample of young adults ( N = 215), ages 18-22, with a history of foster care. The study also compares the educational attainment, financial resources, and homelessness experiences of young adults who became parents to those who did not. By age 21, 49% of the young women became pregnant, and 33% of young men reported getting someone pregnant. Over a quarter of participants experienced parenthood, which was associated with lower educational attainment, less employment, not having a checking or savings account, and a history of homelessness...
May 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020793/sexual-abuse-of-children-with-learning-disabilities
#8
Jesse J Helton, Tatiana Gochez-Kerr, Ellen Gruber
Although children with a learning disability (LD) are at an increased risk of sexual abuse, it is unclear whether conditions specific to their impairment are associated with sexual assault or if risk derives from other comorbid conditions such as behavioral problems, social skill deficits, or loneliness. Using a national probability study of child maltreatment investigations in the United States ( n = 2,033), we hypothesized that children over the age of 4 with a LD are target congruent to a sexual perpetrator...
May 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020792/the-good-old-days-of-courtroom-questioning-changes-in-the-format-of-child-cross-examination-questions-over-60-years
#9
Rachel Zajac, Nina Westera, Andy Kaladelfos
Recent decades have seen an explosion of research into children's eyewitness capabilities and resulted in legal reform to render the adversarial trial process more child friendly. Many, however, have been left with the feeling that the most intimidating legal process for child complainants-cross-examination-has not changed meaningfully despite its potential to distort children's evidence. To test this possibility, we compared the cross-examination questioning of Australian child sexual abuse complainants in the 1950s to that used in contemporary cases...
May 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017333/predicting-sexual-revictimization-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-longitudinal-examination-using-ecological-systems-theory
#10
Samantha L Pittenger, Jessica K Pogue, David J Hansen
A substantial proportion of sexual abuse victims report repeat sexual victimization within childhood or adolescence; however, there is limited understanding of factors contributing to revictimization for youth. Thus, the present study examined predictors of sexual revictimization prior to adulthood using ecological systems theory. Records of 1,915 youth presenting to a Child Advocacy Center (CAC) were reviewed to identify individual, familial, and community factors as well as initial abuse characteristics associated with risk for revictimization...
May 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338405/graduate-student-postdoctoral-fellow-section-of-child-maltreatment-editorial-board
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338404/understanding-neurobiological-implications-of-maltreatment-a-focus-on-children-and-youth
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931306/feeling-heard-and-not-judged-perspectives-on-substance-use-services-among-youth-formerly-in-foster-care
#13
Jordan M Braciszewski, Tanya B Tran, Roland S Moore, Beth C Bock, Golfo K Tzilos Wernette, Patricia Chamberlain, Robert L Stout, Adam Vose-O'Neal
Youth in foster care have limited access to substance use services for a variety of reasons. Attempts to unpack this health disparity have focused on foster care systems, administrators, providers, and foster parents. This study seeks to understand the perspectives of youth themselves, with the hope of understanding their experiences with and preferences for such services. Analyses of focus groups with youth who had recently left foster care suggested concrete and perceptual facilitators/barriers to treatment...
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920456/child-sexual-abuse-prevention-opportunities-parenting-programs-and-the-reduction-of-risk
#14
Julia Rudolph, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Dianne C Shanley, Russell Hawkins
To date, child sexual abuse (CSA) prevention has relied largely on child-focused education, teaching children how to identify, avoid, and disclose sexual abuse. The purpose of this article is to explore how prevention opportunities can include parents in new and innovative ways. We propose that parents can play a significant role as protectors of their children via two pathways: (i) directly, through the strong external barriers afforded by parent supervision, monitoring, and involvement; and (ii) indirectly, by promoting their children's self-efficacy, competence, well-being, and self-esteem, which the balance of evidence suggests will help them become less likely targets for abuse and more able to respond appropriately and disclose abuse if it occurs...
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875728/latent-classes-of-maltreatment-a-systematic-review-and-critique
#15
Peter M Rivera, Frank D Fincham, Bethany C Bray
This article reviews and critically evaluates available research on latent classes of maltreatment. Three major databases (PsycINFO, Web of Knowledge, and Academic Search Complete) were used to identify studies on latent classes of maltreatment published before June 1, 2016. Of 365 potentially relevant studies, 14 met inclusion criteria for review. Our analysis was guided by the following questions: (a) What observed indicators are being used to model classes of maltreatment? (b) What are the most commonly identified classes of maltreatment? and (c) What are the predictors and outcomes of classes of maltreatment? Across the studies, findings demonstrated how person-centered methods (i...
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816058/tscc-and-tscyc-screening-forms-in-a-clinical-sample-reliability-validity-and-creating-local-clinical-norms
#16
Jeffrey N Wherry, Catherine E Dunlop
Clinical norms were developed for two screening tools recently developed by Briere and published by Psychological Assessment Resources. The screening measures were derived from the most predictive items of the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC) and the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Young Children (TSCYC). Both screening measures (TSCC-Screening Form and TSCYC-Screening Form) have a total of 20 items measuring general trauma (12 items) and sexual concerns (8 items). Briere and Wherry report on the reliability and validity of the instrument when used with a normative group of children who are not identified as abused...
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797183/caregiver-report-of-child-symptoms-predicts-attrition-in-abuse-specific-cognitive-behavioral-therapies
#17
Alison A Tebbett, Elissa J Brown, William F Chaplin
A common critique of empirically supported treatments for abuse-related psychopathology is attrition during critical phases of therapy (i.e., exposure). The goal of this study was to examine whether child and caregiver symptoms were predictive of attrition among families in abuse-specific cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBTs). Children ( N = 104) and their caregivers completed baseline assessments of internalizing symptoms, externalizing problems, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and were enrolled in abuse-specific CBTs...
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731386/impact-of-childhood-adversity-and-out-of-home-placement-for-male-adolescents-who-have-engaged-in-sexually-abusive-behavior
#18
Kelcey L Hall, Jill D Stinson, Michele R Moser
Child maltreatment and household dysfunction have long been linked to delinquency, adult criminality, and sexual offending. However, the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), factors related to out-of-home placement, and the onset of maladaptive behaviors has not thoroughly been explored in adolescents who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior. In the present study, we examined archival records of 120 male youths who have received treatment for sexually abusive behavior. As expected, the male adolescents in this sample have experienced higher rates of ACEs than samples of adult males in the community, adult males who committed sexual offenses, and juvenile justice-involved males as reported in the literature...
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707475/exit-outcomes-for-probation-supervised-youth-in-foster-care-an-examination-of-past-child-protection-involvement
#19
Andrea Lane Eastman, Emily Putnam-Hornstein
Research on youth in foster care has focused on those placed for reasons of maltreatment rather than delinquency, yet most states provide foster care services to youth under probation supervision. This analysis generated knowledge about youth in probation-supervised foster care (PSFC) in California by examining the relationship between past child protective services (CPS) involvement and exit type. CPS records were extracted to identify 17-year-old youths in PSFC between 2008 and 2012 ( N = 11,188). The relationship between allegations of maltreatment and exit type was assessed using regression models...
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705086/longitudinal-relations-between-childhood-maltreatment-maltreatment-specific-shame-and-postpartum-psychopathology
#20
Rena A Menke, Diana Morelen, Valerie A Simon, Katherine L Rosenblum, Maria Muzik
The persistence of shame-based reactions to child maltreatment (CM) has been associated with poor posttraumatic adjustment. Despite evidence that the postpartum period is a vulnerable time for women with CM histories, little is known about the consequences of maltreatment-specific (MS) shame for postpartum functioning. The current study examined individual differences in MS shame among a sample of women during the postpartum period ( n = 100) as well as prospective relations from MS shame to postpartum psychopathology at 6-, 12-, 15-, and 18-month postpartum...
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
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