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Child Maltreatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166770/maltreatment-coping-and-substance-use-in-youth-in-foster-care-examination-of-moderation-models
#1
Joy Gabrielli, Yo Jackson, Lindsay Huffhines, Katie Stone
Child maltreatment is associated with negative outcomes such as substance use (SU). This study tested relations among maltreatment history, coping behavior, and SU behavior in youth residing in foster care. Participants were 210 youth ( Mage = 12.71 years; SD = 2.95) in foster care who completed self-report measures through an audio computer-assisted self-interview program. Using a structural equation modeling framework and latent measurement constructs, positive associations were identified between maltreatment at baseline and coping behavior outcomes as well as SU behavior outcome approximately 4...
May 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017333/predicting-sexual-revictimization-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-longitudinal-examination-using-ecological-systems-theory
#2
Samantha L Pittenger, Jessica K Pogue, David J Hansen
A substantial proportion of sexual abuse victims report repeat sexual victimization within childhood or adolescence; however, there is limited understanding of factors contributing to revictimization for youth. Thus, the present study examined predictors of sexual revictimization prior to adulthood using ecological systems theory. Records of 1,915 youth presenting to a Child Advocacy Center (CAC) were reviewed to identify individual, familial, and community factors as well as initial abuse characteristics associated with risk for revictimization...
May 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338405/graduate-student-postdoctoral-fellow-section-of-child-maltreatment-editorial-board
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338404/understanding-neurobiological-implications-of-maltreatment-a-focus-on-children-and-youth
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931306/feeling-heard-and-not-judged-perspectives-on-substance-use-services-among-youth-formerly-in-foster-care
#5
Jordan M Braciszewski, Tanya B Tran, Roland S Moore, Beth C Bock, Golfo K Tzilos Wernette, Patricia Chamberlain, Robert L Stout, Adam Vose-O'Neal
Youth in foster care have limited access to substance use services for a variety of reasons. Attempts to unpack this health disparity have focused on foster care systems, administrators, providers, and foster parents. This study seeks to understand the perspectives of youth themselves, with the hope of understanding their experiences with and preferences for such services. Analyses of focus groups with youth who had recently left foster care suggested concrete and perceptual facilitators/barriers to treatment...
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920456/child-sexual-abuse-prevention-opportunities-parenting-programs-and-the-reduction-of-risk
#6
Julia Rudolph, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Dianne C Shanley, Russell Hawkins
To date, child sexual abuse (CSA) prevention has relied largely on child-focused education, teaching children how to identify, avoid, and disclose sexual abuse. The purpose of this article is to explore how prevention opportunities can include parents in new and innovative ways. We propose that parents can play a significant role as protectors of their children via two pathways: (i) directly, through the strong external barriers afforded by parent supervision, monitoring, and involvement; and (ii) indirectly, by promoting their children's self-efficacy, competence, well-being, and self-esteem, which the balance of evidence suggests will help them become less likely targets for abuse and more able to respond appropriately and disclose abuse if it occurs...
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875728/latent-classes-of-maltreatment-a-systematic-review-and-critique
#7
Peter M Rivera, Frank D Fincham, Bethany C Bray
This article reviews and critically evaluates available research on latent classes of maltreatment. Three major databases (PsycINFO, Web of Knowledge, and Academic Search Complete) were used to identify studies on latent classes of maltreatment published before June 1, 2016. Of 365 potentially relevant studies, 14 met inclusion criteria for review. Our analysis was guided by the following questions: (a) What observed indicators are being used to model classes of maltreatment? (b) What are the most commonly identified classes of maltreatment? and (c) What are the predictors and outcomes of classes of maltreatment? Across the studies, findings demonstrated how person-centered methods (i...
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816058/tscc-and-tscyc-screening-forms-in-a-clinical-sample-reliability-validity-and-creating-local-clinical-norms
#8
Jeffrey N Wherry, Catherine E Dunlop
Clinical norms were developed for two screening tools recently developed by Briere and published by Psychological Assessment Resources. The screening measures were derived from the most predictive items of the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC) and the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Young Children (TSCYC). Both screening measures (TSCC-Screening Form and TSCYC-Screening Form) have a total of 20 items measuring general trauma (12 items) and sexual concerns (8 items). Briere and Wherry report on the reliability and validity of the instrument when used with a normative group of children who are not identified as abused...
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797183/caregiver-report-of-child-symptoms-predicts-attrition-in-abuse-specific-cognitive-behavioral-therapies
#9
Alison A Tebbett, Elissa J Brown, William F Chaplin
A common critique of empirically supported treatments for abuse-related psychopathology is attrition during critical phases of therapy (i.e., exposure). The goal of this study was to examine whether child and caregiver symptoms were predictive of attrition among families in abuse-specific cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBTs). Children ( N = 104) and their caregivers completed baseline assessments of internalizing symptoms, externalizing problems, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and were enrolled in abuse-specific CBTs...
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731386/impact-of-childhood-adversity-and-out-of-home-placement-for-male-adolescents-who-have-engaged-in-sexually-abusive-behavior
#10
Kelcey L Hall, Jill D Stinson, Michele R Moser
Child maltreatment and household dysfunction have long been linked to delinquency, adult criminality, and sexual offending. However, the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), factors related to out-of-home placement, and the onset of maladaptive behaviors has not thoroughly been explored in adolescents who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior. In the present study, we examined archival records of 120 male youths who have received treatment for sexually abusive behavior. As expected, the male adolescents in this sample have experienced higher rates of ACEs than samples of adult males in the community, adult males who committed sexual offenses, and juvenile justice-involved males as reported in the literature...
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707475/exit-outcomes-for-probation-supervised-youth-in-foster-care-an-examination-of-past-child-protection-involvement
#11
Andrea Lane Eastman, Emily Putnam-Hornstein
Research on youth in foster care has focused on those placed for reasons of maltreatment rather than delinquency, yet most states provide foster care services to youth under probation supervision. This analysis generated knowledge about youth in probation-supervised foster care (PSFC) in California by examining the relationship between past child protective services (CPS) involvement and exit type. CPS records were extracted to identify 17-year-old youths in PSFC between 2008 and 2012 ( N = 11,188). The relationship between allegations of maltreatment and exit type was assessed using regression models...
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705086/longitudinal-relations-between-childhood-maltreatment-maltreatment-specific-shame-and-postpartum-psychopathology
#12
Rena A Menke, Diana Morelen, Valerie A Simon, Katherine L Rosenblum, Maria Muzik
The persistence of shame-based reactions to child maltreatment (CM) has been associated with poor posttraumatic adjustment. Despite evidence that the postpartum period is a vulnerable time for women with CM histories, little is known about the consequences of maltreatment-specific (MS) shame for postpartum functioning. The current study examined individual differences in MS shame among a sample of women during the postpartum period ( n = 100) as well as prospective relations from MS shame to postpartum psychopathology at 6-, 12-, 15-, and 18-month postpartum...
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697632/deployment-status-and-child-neglect-types-in-the-u-s-army
#13
Stephen J Cozza, Gloria L Whaley, Joscelyn E Fisher, Jing Zhou, Claudio D Ortiz, James E McCarroll, Carol S Fullerton, Robert J Ursano
Increases in combat deployments have been associated with rises in rates of child neglect in U.S. military families. Although various types of child neglect have been described in military families, it is unknown whether deployment status is associated with specific types of child neglect and whether other factors, such as substance misuse, play a role. To determine the contribution of service member deployment status to the risk of specific child neglect types, data were collected from 390 substantiated U...
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759003/mothers-history-of-child-sexual-abuse-and-child-behavior-problems-the-mediating-role-of-mothers-helpless-state-of-mind
#14
Linnea Linde-Krieger, Tuppett M Yates
This investigation evaluated a theoretically specified model of associations among mothers' history of child sexual abuse (CSA), a helpless state of mind (SOM) with regard to the mother-child relationship, and increased behavior problems in the next generation. Moreover, we evaluated the moderating influence of child gender on predicted relations between mothers' CSA severity and helpless SOM (i.e., moderated mediation). Participants were 225 biological mother-preschooler dyads (48% female; 46.4% Latinx) drawn from an ongoing, longitudinal study of representation and regulation in child development...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682976/disentangling-the-cycle-potential-mediators-and-moderators-in-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-parent-child-aggression
#15
Christina M Rodriguez, Paul J Silvia, Samantha Gonzalez, Maria-Ernestina Christl
Although a cycle of harsh and abusive parenting has been recognized for decades, this cycle is not inevitable. Indeed, the mechanisms underlying such patterns, and the resources parents may access to disrupt this cycle, require further study. Research investigating those processes has either relied on cross-sectional designs or largely assessed mediators or moderators at one time point. The current investigation of parent-child aggression (PCA) risk utilized a longitudinal design to consider possible mediators and moderators across three time points...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665698/caregiver-adolescent-disagreement-on-the-mental-health-of-youth-in-foster-care-the-moderating-role-of-the-caregiver-relationship
#16
Lenore M McWey, Ming Cui, Ashley N Cooper, Thomas Ledermann
It is not uncommon for caregivers and adolescents to provide different perspectives of adolescents' mental health symptoms; however, few studies have examined these discrepancies, especially between foster parents and adolescents in the child welfare system. The goal of this study was to investigate the levels of disagreement on adolescent mental health symptoms among caregivers and adolescents in foster care, to examine factors associated with caregiver-adolescent discrepancies, and the potential moderating role of caregiver-child closeness on the link between the length of time the youth lived with caregivers and discrepancies regarding adolescent mental health symptoms...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642706/what-is-neglect-state-legal-definitions-in-the-united-states
#17
Rebecca Rebbe
Neglect is the most common form of reported child maltreatment in the United States with 75.3% of confirmed child maltreatment victims in 2015 neglected. Despite constituting the majority of reported child maltreatment cases and victims, neglect still lacks a standard definition. In the United States, congruent with the pervasiveness of law in child welfare systems, every state and the District of Columbia has its own statutory definition of neglect. This study used content analysis to compare state legal statutory definitions with the Fourth National Incidence Survey (NIS-4) operationalization of neglect...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466881/a-comparison-of-responses-to-substantive-transition-prompts-in-interviews-with-children
#18
Becky Earhart, Meaghan C Danby, Sonja P Brubacher, Martine B Powell, Stefanie Sharman
This study examined children's responses to two alternate prompts used to transition to the substantive phase of an interview. Children ( N = 401) experienced four scripted events and were later interviewed. After rapport building, half of the children were asked, "Tell me what you're here to talk to me about today," whereas the other half were asked, "Tell me why you're here to talk to me today." Children's responses were coded as informative (e.g., nouns) or uninformative (e.g., "don't know")...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347837/child-maltreatment-and-physical-victimization-does-heavy-drinking-mediate-the-relationship
#19
Kathryn Z Smith, Philip H Smith, Lindsay M Oberleitner, Emily R Grekin, Sherry A McKee
Past studies examining the child maltreatment (CM)/victimization pathway have been limited by their focus on sexual victimization, narrow windows of assessment, and failure to examine gender differences. In the current study, we sought to examine (1) the impact of CM on physical victimization (PV) trajectories from adolescence to young adulthood and (2) the extent to which heavy drinking mediated the relationship between CM and later PV. Using three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we found that CM was associated with a 69% greater odds of later PV for both genders, after the inclusion of control variables, and that the risk continued into adulthood...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325428/mother-child-coregulation-of-parasympathetic-processes-differs-by-child-maltreatment-severity-and-subtype
#20
Erika Lunkenheimer, Alex Busuito, Kayla M Brown, Elizabeth A Skowron
Parasympathetic processes appear to underlie maladaptive parent-child interactions in maltreating families, but it is unknown whether parent-child coregulation of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) differs by child maltreatment severity and subtype. RSA coregulation in maltreating and nonmaltreating mother-child dyads ( N = 146; age 3-5 years) during two dyadic tasks was analyzed using dynamic time series modeling. Nonmaltreating dyads showed positive RSA concordance but maltreating dyads (when examined as one group) did not...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
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