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Child Maltreatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670969/child-maltreatment-2016-best-article-award
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670968/graduate-student-postdoctoral-fellow-section-of-child-maltreatment-editorial-board
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539093/the-impact-of-family-engagement-and-child-welfare-services-on-maltreatment-re-reports-and-substantiated-re-reports
#3
Tamara Fuller, Saijun Zhang
Despite decades of debate about the most effective ways to intervene with families reported to child protective services (CPS), little evidence exists regarding the types of services or approach that reduce children's risk of additional maltreatment. The current study used data collected during a statewide experimental evaluation of CPS to examine the impact of numerous service variables, family engagement, and family characteristics on the risk of maltreatment re-reports and substantiated re-reports among families initially reported for neglect and risk of harm...
August 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378598/children-placed-in-out-of-home-care-as-midlife-adults-are-they-still-disadvantaged-or-have-they-caught-up-with-their-peers
#4
Lars Brännström, Bo Vinnerljung, Hilma Forsman, Ylva B Almquist
International research has consistently reported that children placed in out-of-home care (OHC) have poor outcomes in young adulthood. Yet, little is known about their outcomes in midlife. Using prospective data from a cohort of more than 14,000 Swedes born in 1953, of which nearly 9% have been placed in OHC, this study examines whether there is developmental continuity or discontinuity of disadvantage reaching into middle age in OHC children, compared to same-aged peers. Outcome profiles, here conceptualized as combinations of adverse outcomes related to education, economic hardship, unemployment, and mental health problems, were assessed in 1992-2008 (ages 39-55)...
August 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413922/child-maltreatment-welcomes-new-board-members
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413921/preventing-the-onset-of-child-sexual-abuse-by-targeting-young-adolescents-with-universal-prevention-programming
#6
Elizabeth J Letourneau, Cindy M Schaeffer, Catherine P Bradshaw, Kenneth A Feder
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a serious public health problem that increases risk for physical and mental health problems across the life course. Young adolescents are responsible for a substantial portion of CSA offending, yet to our knowledge, no validated prevention programs that target CSA perpetration by youth exist. Most existing efforts to address CSA rely on reactive criminal justice policies or programs that teach children to protect themselves; neither approach is well validated. Given the high rates of desistance from sexual offending following a youth's first CSA-related adjudication, it seems plausible that many youth could be prevented from engaging in their first offense...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413920/first-births-to-maltreated-adolescent-girls-differences-associated-with-spending-time-in-foster-care
#7
Bryn King
Few studies have examined early parenting among girls receiving child welfare services (CWS) or disentangled the relationship between maltreatment, spending time in foster care, and adolescent childbirth. Using population-based, linked administrative data, this study calculated birth rates among maltreated adolescent girls and assessed differences in birth rates associated with spending time in foster care. Of the 85,766 girls with substantiated allegations of maltreatment during adolescence, nearly 18% subsequently gave birth...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413919/examining-child-welfare-decisions-and-services-for-asian-canadian-versus-white-canadian-children-and-families-in-the-child-welfare-system
#8
Barbara Lee, Esme Fuller-Thomson, Barbara Fallon, Tara Black, Nico Trocmé
Using administrative child welfare data from the Ontario Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (OCANDS), this study compared the profiles of Asian-Canadian and White-Canadian children and families that experienced a case closure after an investigation instead of being transferred to ongoing child protection services (CPS). Child protection investigations involving Asian-Canadian and White-Canadian children and families that were transferred to ongoing CPS presented a different profile of case characteristics and caregiver and child clinical needs...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413918/mothers-who-were-neglected-in-childhood-show-differences-in-neural-response-to-their-infant-s-cry
#9
Dorianne B Wright, Heidemarie K Laurent, Jennifer C Ablow
The present study used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate how a mother's experience of neglect in her own childhood is associated with her neural response to her infant's distress cues. During scanning, 22 high-risk primiparous mothers were exposed to both their own 18-month-old infant's cry sound and a control sound. Mothers' continuous Neglect subscale scores from the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire were examined as a predictor of their neural response to own infant cry > control sound...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413917/is-the-families-first-home-visiting-program-effective-in-reducing-child-maltreatment-and-improving-child-development
#10
Mariette J Chartier, Marni D Brownell, Michael R Isaac, Dan Chateau, Nathan C Nickel, Alan Katz, Joykrishna Sarkar, Milton Hu, Carole Taylor
While home visiting programs are among the most widespread interventions to support at-risk families, there is a paucity of research investigating these programs under real-world conditions. The effectiveness of Families First home visiting (FFHV) was examined for decreasing rates of being in care of child welfare, decreasing hospitalizations for maltreatment-related injuries, and improving child development at school entry. Data for 4,562 children from home visiting and 5,184 comparison children were linked to deidentified administrative health, social services, and education data...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152611/effects-of-the-abc-intervention-on-foster-children-s-receptive-vocabulary-follow-up-results-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Kristin Bernard, Amy Hyoeun Lee, Mary Dozier
Children with histories of maltreatment and disruptions in care are at elevated risk for impairments in early language development, which contribute to difficulties in other developmental domains across childhood. Given research demonstrating associations between parent responsiveness and children's early language development, we examined whether a parenting intervention administered in infancy improved preschool receptive language skills in children involved with the child welfare system. Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC) is a 10-session intervention that aims to enhance parent-child interactions...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909237/the-impact-of-foster-parent-training-on-parenting-skills-and-child-disruptive-behavior
#12
David T Solomon, Larissa N Niec, Ciera E Schoonover
Children in foster care are at risk for behavioral and emotional problems that require higher levels of care than other children. To meet these needs and reduce placement disruptions, foster parents require effective parenting skills. Although a number of training models have been evaluated, the findings on the efficacy of foster parent training (FPT) are mixed. We conducted a meta-analysis of the FPT outcome research from 1984 to 2014 to develop a clearer understanding of the impact of such trainings. Fifteen samples (16 studies) were identified that investigated the impact of FPT on self-reported parenting skills and knowledge and child problem behaviors...
February 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777329/concordance-between-self-reported-childhood-maltreatment-versus-case-record-reviews-for-child-welfare-affiliated-adolescents
#13
Sonya Negriff, Janet U Schneiderman, Penelope K Trickett
The present study used data from an ongoing longitudinal study of the effects of maltreatment on adolescent development to (1) describe rates of maltreatment experiences obtained from retrospective self-report versus case record review for adolescents with child welfare-documented maltreatment histories, (2) examine self-reported versus child welfare-identified maltreatment in relation to mental health and risk behavior outcomes by maltreatment type, and (3) examine the association between the number of different types of maltreatment and mental health and risk behavior outcomes...
February 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875728/latent-classes-of-maltreatment-a-systematic-review-and-critique
#14
Peter M Rivera, Frank D Fincham, Bethany C Bray
This article reviews and critically evaluates available research on latent classes of maltreatment. Three major databases (PsycINFO, Web of Knowledge, and Academic Search Complete) were used to identify studies on latent classes of maltreatment published before June 1, 2016. Of 365 potentially relevant studies, 14 met inclusion criteria for review. Our analysis was guided by the following questions: (a) What observed indicators are being used to model classes of maltreatment? (b) What are the most commonly identified classes of maltreatment? and (c) What are the predictors and outcomes of classes of maltreatment? Across the studies, findings demonstrated how person-centered methods (i...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870112/engagement-and-adherence-with-ezparent-an-mhealth-parent-training-program-promoting-child-well-being
#15
Susan M Breitenstein, Jenna Brager, Edith V Ocampo, Louis Fogg
Mobile health (mHealth) interventions use mobile technology (tablets and smartphones) delivery platforms for interventions to improve health outcomes. Despite growing acceptance, there is little understanding of how consumers engage with and adhere to mHealth interventions. This study analyzes usage data from the intervention arm ( n = 42) of a randomized clinical trial testing the efficacy of the ezPARENT program and provides recommendations for using engagement and adherence metrics. Engagement was measured by parent usage (duration, frequency, and activity) of ezPARENT and adherence using an adherence index (the sum of individual modules completed, number of visits to ezPARENT, and maximum time between visits)...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868894/a-pilot-study-of-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-delivered-via-telehealth-technology
#16
Regan W Stewart, Rosaura E Orengo-Aguayo, Judith A Cohen, Anthony P Mannarino, Michael A de Arellano
Significant barriers exist in access to evidence-based, trauma-focused treatment among youth from economically disadvantaged backgrounds, those living in rural areas, and belonging to a racial and ethnic minority group, despite the high prevalence rates of trauma exposure among these underserved groups. The present study is proof-of-concept pilot of trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) delivered to underserved trauma-exposed youth ( N = 15) via telehealth technology (i.e., via one-on-one videoconferencing), aimed at addressing barriers in access to TF treatment...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845676/long-term-impact-of-a-cell-phone-enhanced-parenting-intervention
#17
Jennifer E Burke Lefever, Kathryn M Bigelow, Judith J Carta, John G Borkowski, Elizabeth Grandfield, Luke McCune, Dwight W Irvin, Steven F Warren
Home visiting programs support positive parenting in populations at-risk of child maltreatment, but their impact is often limited by poor retention and engagement. The current study assessed whether a cellular phone-supported version (PCI-C) of the Parent-Child Interactions (PCI) intervention improved long-term parenting practices, maternal depression, and children's aggression. Low-income mothers ( n = 371) of preschool-aged children were assigned to one of the three groups: PCI-C, PCI, and a wait-list control (WLC) group...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819984/adherence-to-diurnal-cortisol-sampling-among-mother-child-dyads-from-maltreating-and-nonmaltreating-families
#18
Kristin Valentino, Ashley De Alba, Leah C Hibel, Kaitlin Fondren, Christina G McDonnell
There has been increasing interest in evaluating whether interventions for child maltreatment can improve and/or prevent child physiological dysregulation via measurement of diurnal cortisol. The assessment of diurnal cortisol typically involves the home-based collection of saliva multiple times per day, bringing forth important methodological considerations regarding adherence to collection instructions. To date, there has been no data regarding adherence to home collection of diurnal cortisol among maltreating families...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816058/tscc-and-tscyc-screening-forms-in-a-clinical-sample-reliability-validity-and-creating-local-clinical-norms
#19
Jeffrey N Wherry, Catherine E Dunlop
Clinical norms were developed for two screening tools recently developed by Briere and published by Psychological Assessment Resources. The screening measures were derived from the most predictive items of the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC) and the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Young Children (TSCYC). Both screening measures (TSCC-Screening Form and TSCYC-Screening Form) have a total of 20 items measuring general trauma (12 items) and sexual concerns (8 items). Briere and Wherry report on the reliability and validity of the instrument when used with a normative group of children who are not identified as abused...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797183/caregiver-report-of-child-symptoms-predicts-attrition-in-abuse-specific-cognitive-behavioral-therapies
#20
Alison A Tebbett, Elissa J Brown, William F Chaplin
A common critique of empirically supported treatments for abuse-related psychopathology is attrition during critical phases of therapy (i.e., exposure). The goal of this study was to examine whether child and caregiver symptoms were predictive of attrition among families in abuse-specific cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBTs). Children ( N = 104) and their caregivers completed baseline assessments of internalizing symptoms, externalizing problems, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and were enrolled in abuse-specific CBTs...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
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