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Child Maltreatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325428/mother-child-coregulation-of-parasympathetic-processes-differs-by-child-maltreatment-severity-and-subtype
#1
Erika Lunkenheimer, Alex Busuito, Kayla M Brown, Elizabeth A Skowron
Parasympathetic processes appear to underlie maladaptive parent-child interactions in maltreating families, but it is unknown whether parent-child coregulation of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) differs by child maltreatment severity and subtype. RSA coregulation in maltreating and nonmaltreating mother-child dyads ( N = 146; age 3-5 years) during two dyadic tasks was analyzed using dynamic time series modeling. Nonmaltreating dyads showed positive RSA concordance but maltreating dyads (when examined as one group) did not...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325427/a-randomized-trial-of-home-visitation-for-cps-involved-families-the-moderating-impact-of-maternal-depression-and-cps-history
#2
Melissa Jonson-Reid, Brett Drake, John N Constantino, Mini Tandon, Laura Pons, Patricia Kohl, Scott Roesch, Ellie Wideman, Allison Dunnigan, Wendy Auslander
Home visitation (HV) interventions may hold promise to improve parenting and prevent child maltreatment recidivism in families reported to child protective services (CPS) with young children, but this has rarely been studied. Findings are presented from an 18-month randomized controlled trial in which intact families ( N = 122) with at least one CPS report were provided with a facilitated connection to a paraprofessional evidence-based HV program or usual care services from child protection. Results are reported for changes in maternal stress, depression, and social support outcomes and repeat reports to CPS...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310443/the-combination-of-sibling-victimization-and-parental-child-maltreatment-on-mental-health-problems-and-delinquency
#3
Sheila R van Berkel, Corinna Jenkins Tucker, David Finkelhor
This study examined how the combination of sibling victimization and parental child maltreatment is related to mental health problems and delinquency in childhood and adolescence. Co-occurrence, additive associations, and interactive associations of sibling victimization and parental child maltreatment were investigated using a sample of 2,053 children aged 5-17 years from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence. The results provide primarily evidence for additive associations and only suggest some co-occurrence and interactive associations of sibling victimization and child maltreatment...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338405/graduate-student-postdoctoral-fellow-section-of-child-maltreatment-editorial-board
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338404/understanding-neurobiological-implications-of-maltreatment-a-focus-on-children-and-youth
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113552/introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-technology-2-0-a-focus-on-the-newest-technological-advances-in-child-maltreatment-research
#6
Kathleen M Baggett, Shannon Self-Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113551/technology-2-0-a-commentary-on-progress-challenges-and-next-steps
#7
Deborah J Jones
This commentary highlights the importance and promise of the innovative strategies described in the Child Maltreatment special issue on "Technology 2.0: A Focus on the Newest Technological Advances in Child Maltreatment Research." The commentary first highlights the collective advancements reflected in the articles in the special issue, with a primary focus on how the authors' work addresses a general challenge in services research that is perhaps nowhere more problematic than in the field of maltreatment. Next, the commentary extends the discussion of these articles to raise remaining gaps in our knowledge, theory, and methodology, which must be the focus of ongoing research if the true potential of technology as a service delivery vehicle is to be realized...
November 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113550/2017-acknowledgement-of-child-maltreatment-s-external-reviewers
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587520/a-randomized-controlled-trial-examination-of-a-remote-parenting-intervention-engagement-and-effects-on-parenting-behavior-and-child-abuse-potential
#9
Kathleen Baggett, Betsy Davis, Edward Feil, Lisa Sheeber, Susan Landry, Craig Leve, Ursula Johnson
Technology advances increasingly allow for access to remotely delivered interventions designed to promote early parenting practices that protect against child maltreatment. Among low-income families, at somewhat elevated risk for child maltreatment, there is some evidence that parents do engage in and benefit from remote-coaching interventions. However, little is known about the effectiveness of such programs to engage and benefit families at high risk for child maltreatment due to multiple stressors associated with poverty...
November 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670969/child-maltreatment-2016-best-article-award
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670968/graduate-student-postdoctoral-fellow-section-of-child-maltreatment-editorial-board
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587521/can-medicaid-claims-validly-ascertain-foster-care-status
#12
Ramesh Raghavan, Derek S Brown, Benjamin T Allaire
Medicaid claims have been used to identify populations of children in foster care in the current literature; however, the ability of such an approach to validly ascertain a foster care population is unknown. This study linked children in the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being-I to their Medicaid claims from 36 states using their Social Security numbers. Using this match, we examined discordance between caregiver report of foster care placement and the foster care eligibility code contained in the child's Medicaid claims...
August 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539093/the-impact-of-family-engagement-and-child-welfare-services-on-maltreatment-re-reports-and-substantiated-re-reports
#13
Tamara Fuller, Saijun Zhang
Despite decades of debate about the most effective ways to intervene with families reported to child protective services (CPS), little evidence exists regarding the types of services or approach that reduce children's risk of additional maltreatment. The current study used data collected during a statewide experimental evaluation of CPS to examine the impact of numerous service variables, family engagement, and family characteristics on the risk of maltreatment re-reports and substantiated re-reports among families initially reported for neglect and risk of harm...
August 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378598/children-placed-in-out-of-home-care-as-midlife-adults-are-they-still-disadvantaged-or-have-they-caught-up-with-their-peers
#14
Lars Brännström, Bo Vinnerljung, Hilma Forsman, Ylva B Almquist
International research has consistently reported that children placed in out-of-home care (OHC) have poor outcomes in young adulthood. Yet, little is known about their outcomes in midlife. Using prospective data from a cohort of more than 14,000 Swedes born in 1953, of which nearly 9% have been placed in OHC, this study examines whether there is developmental continuity or discontinuity of disadvantage reaching into middle age in OHC children, compared to same-aged peers. Outcome profiles, here conceptualized as combinations of adverse outcomes related to education, economic hardship, unemployment, and mental health problems, were assessed in 1992-2008 (ages 39-55)...
August 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413922/child-maltreatment-welcomes-new-board-members
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413921/preventing-the-onset-of-child-sexual-abuse-by-targeting-young-adolescents-with-universal-prevention-programming
#16
Elizabeth J Letourneau, Cindy M Schaeffer, Catherine P Bradshaw, Kenneth A Feder
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a serious public health problem that increases risk for physical and mental health problems across the life course. Young adolescents are responsible for a substantial portion of CSA offending, yet to our knowledge, no validated prevention programs that target CSA perpetration by youth exist. Most existing efforts to address CSA rely on reactive criminal justice policies or programs that teach children to protect themselves; neither approach is well validated. Given the high rates of desistance from sexual offending following a youth's first CSA-related adjudication, it seems plausible that many youth could be prevented from engaging in their first offense...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413920/first-births-to-maltreated-adolescent-girls-differences-associated-with-spending-time-in-foster-care
#17
Bryn King
Few studies have examined early parenting among girls receiving child welfare services (CWS) or disentangled the relationship between maltreatment, spending time in foster care, and adolescent childbirth. Using population-based, linked administrative data, this study calculated birth rates among maltreated adolescent girls and assessed differences in birth rates associated with spending time in foster care. Of the 85,766 girls with substantiated allegations of maltreatment during adolescence, nearly 18% subsequently gave birth...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413919/examining-child-welfare-decisions-and-services-for-asian-canadian-versus-white-canadian-children-and-families-in-the-child-welfare-system
#18
Barbara Lee, Esme Fuller-Thomson, Barbara Fallon, Tara Black, Nico Trocmé
Using administrative child welfare data from the Ontario Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (OCANDS), this study compared the profiles of Asian-Canadian and White-Canadian children and families that experienced a case closure after an investigation instead of being transferred to ongoing child protection services (CPS). Child protection investigations involving Asian-Canadian and White-Canadian children and families that were transferred to ongoing CPS presented a different profile of case characteristics and caregiver and child clinical needs...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413918/mothers-who-were-neglected-in-childhood-show-differences-in-neural-response-to-their-infant-s-cry
#19
Dorianne B Wright, Heidemarie K Laurent, Jennifer C Ablow
The present study used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate how a mother's experience of neglect in her own childhood is associated with her neural response to her infant's distress cues. During scanning, 22 high-risk primiparous mothers were exposed to both their own 18-month-old infant's cry sound and a control sound. Mothers' continuous Neglect subscale scores from the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire were examined as a predictor of their neural response to own infant cry > control sound...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413917/is-the-families-first-home-visiting-program-effective-in-reducing-child-maltreatment-and-improving-child-development
#20
Mariette J Chartier, Marni D Brownell, Michael R Isaac, Dan Chateau, Nathan C Nickel, Alan Katz, Joykrishna Sarkar, Milton Hu, Carole Taylor
While home visiting programs are among the most widespread interventions to support at-risk families, there is a paucity of research investigating these programs under real-world conditions. The effectiveness of Families First home visiting (FFHV) was examined for decreasing rates of being in care of child welfare, decreasing hospitalizations for maltreatment-related injuries, and improving child development at school entry. Data for 4,562 children from home visiting and 5,184 comparison children were linked to deidentified administrative health, social services, and education data...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
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