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Interventional Neuroradiology

Naim N Khoury, Pierre-Olivier Champagne, Marc Kotowski, Jean Raymond, Daniel Roy, Alain Weill
Endovascular particle embolization is a common procedure with a relatively safe profile. We report here four cases in which cranial nerves, skin and mucosal ischemic complications occurred with the use of hydrogel microspheres (250-500 µm in size). Given the compressibility and higher penetration potential of microsphere particles compared with polyvinyl alcohol particles of similar size, we suggest oversizing hydrogel microsphere particles for head and neck embolizations.
October 20, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Jacques Sedat, Yves Chau, Jean Gaudart, Marina Sachet, Stephanie Beuil, Michel Lonjon
BACKGROUND: Thromboembolic complications are the main problem in stent-assisted coil embolization of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. The combination of aspirin and clopidogrel is generally used to decrease these complications, but some patients do not respond to clopidogrel and have a higher risk of stent thrombosis. In cardiology, clinical trials have shown that prasugrel reduced the incidence of ischaemic events in patients with acute coronary syndrome compared with clopidogrel but, according to several authors, prasugrel would produce an increased risk of cerebral haemorrhagic complications...
October 19, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Francis Cloutier, Naim Khoury, Jimmy Ghostine, Behzad Farzin, Marc Kotowski, Alain Weill, Daniel Roy, Jean Raymond
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Endovascular coil embolization of cerebral aneurysms is associated with suboptimal angiographic results in up to 20-30% of patients. Coil packing density has been used as an index of the success of the initial procedure. The trial sought to study the effects of using 15-caliber coils, as compared with 10-caliber coils, on packing density. METHODS: Does Embolization with Larger coils lead to better Treatment of Aneurysms (DELTA) is an investigator-initiated multicenter prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial...
October 19, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Eduardo Murias Quintana, Pedro Vega Valdés, Edison Morales Deza, Alberto Gil Garcia, Hugo Cuellar Saenz, Alba L Salgado Bernal, María Cadenas Rodríguez, Lorena Benavente Fernández, Montserrat González Delgado, Nuria Riesco Pérez, Davinia Larrosa Campo, Sergio Calleja Puerta
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to demonstrate our experience in endovascular reconstruction of carotid dissections using the Wingspan Stent System™ (Boston Scientific, Natick, MA, USA), a device we use because of its high radial force and its navigation in extreme curves. METHODS: We treated 11 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke due to carotid dissection with the Wingspan stent, in the cervical carotid artery. RESULTS: Functional evaluation revealed that 10 of the 11 patients were independent at 3 months post surgery and that the 11 stents used were found to be patent at the 6-month follow-up digital subtraction angiography (DSA)...
October 13, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Sophia F Shakur, Victor A Aletich, Sepideh Amin-Hanjani, Ahmed E Hussein, Fady T Charbel, Ali Alaraj
BACKGROUND: Pipeline embolization devices (PEDs) are commonly used for endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms but can be associated with delayed ipsilateral intraparenchymal hemorrhage. Although intra-aneurysmal hemodynamic changes have been studied, parent vessel and intracranial hemodynamics after PED use are unknown. We examine the impact of flow diversion on parent artery and distal intracranial hemodynamics. METHOD: Patients with internal carotid cerebral aneurysms treated with PED who had flow volume rate, flow velocities, pulsatility index, resistance index, Lindegaard ratio, and wall shear stress (WSS) obtained after treatment using quantitative magnetic resonance angiography were reviewed...
October 4, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Tobias Zander, Javier Maynar, Fernando López-Zárraga, Rogelio Herrera, Juan José Timiraos-Fernández, Andrea Saraceni, Manuel Maynar
Ischaemic stroke is a common cause of death and incapacity and is related in most cases to vascular disease. Intracranial vessel occlusion due to tumour emboli is a rare entity and adequate treatment for this condition is not defined. The use of mechanical thrombectomy devices is considered the treatment of choice for major intracranial vessel occlusion; however, no recommendation can be made in the case of tumour thrombembolia. This report describes two cases who presented with a middle cerebral artery occlusion due to tumour emboli and that were treated using the Solitaire thrombectomy device...
September 27, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Christopher J Stapleton, Collin M Torok, Aman B Patel
BACKGROUND: Penumbra SMART coils differ from traditional microcoils used for endovascular coil embolization of intracranial aneurysms (IAs) in that they (1) become progressively softer from their distal to proximal end, rather than being of uniform stiffness, (2) have a tight conformational structure, and (3) have a more robust stretch-resistance platform. These properties aid in preventing microcatheter prolapse and coil herniation during coil deployment and in filling small pockets of the aneurysm sac...
September 8, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Wenjun Ji, Aihua Liu, Xinjian Yang, Youxiang Li, Chuhan Jiang, Zhongxue Wu
OBJECTIVE: Patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms often present with headaches. We retrospectively determined the incidence of headache relief in patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms after endovascular treatment, with the main goals of preventing aneurysmal haemorrhage and identifying factors associated with headache relief in a cohort study. METHODS: From a cohort of patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms who were treated with endovascular coiling and admitted between January 2012 and December 2014, we included 123 patients who had headaches and underwent regular follow-up...
September 8, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Tariq Aljared, Jean-Pierre Farmer, Donatella Tampieri
We present a case of a preterm boy (born at 35 weeks of pregnancy) who was delivered urgently by a caesarean section due to placental abruption. The baby was found to have a tense fontanelle leading to imaging that showed a 5.5 cm right intraventricular mass centred in the atrium, hydrocephalus and extensive surrounding vasogenic oedema. The mass was avidly enhancing with a few large associated vessels suggesting high vascularity. The condition of the baby was acutely deteriorating. He had multiple seizures followed by persistent low level of consciousness in the third day of life...
September 7, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Huijian Ge, Xianli Lv, Hengwei Jin, Zhihua Tian, Youxiang Li, Hongwei He
OBJECTIVE: This study was to evaluate the safety and efficiency of endovascular treatment of unruptured basilar tip aneurysms. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive 79 cases of unruptured basilar tip aneurysms in our center between 2009 and 2014. The patients' clinical and imaging information were recorded. Complications, initial occlusion rate, clinical outcomes and the predictors were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Thirty-five cases received conservative treatment and 44 cases were treated by endovascular embolization...
September 7, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Naoki Matsumoto, Yoji Kuramoto, Narihide Shinoda, Yasushi Ueno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Collin M Torok, Raul G Nogueira, Albert J Yoo, Thabele M Leslie-Mazwi, Joshua A Hirsch, Christopher J Stapleton, Aman B Patel, James D Rabinov
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to present a case series of transarterial venous sinus occlusion for dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) of the transverse and sigmoid sinuses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2006 to 2012, 11 patients with DAVF of the transverse and sigmoid sinuses were treated with transarterial closure of the affected venous sinus using ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (ONYX). The consecutive retrospective cohort included six female and five male patients with an age range of 30-79...
August 16, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Nimer Adeeb, Christoph J Griessenauer, Apar S Patel, Justin Moore, Parviz Dolati-Ardejani, Raghav Gupta, Rouzbeh Motiei-Langroudi, Christopher S Ogilvy, Ajith J Thomas
INTRODUCTION: Single-volume reconstruction of three-dimensional (3D) digital subtraction angiography (DSA) can be effectively used for aneurysm assessment and planning of endovascular embolization. Unfortunately, post-embolization follow-up angiographic images can be obscured by artifact. The dual-volume reconstruction technique was developed in order to reduce artifact and enhance the visualization of the aneurysm, the parent vessel and side branches, and endovascular devices. The purpose of this study was to compare the reliability of dual- vs single-volume reconstruction of 3D DSA in evaluation of follow-up images after endovascular embolization of intracranial aneurysms...
August 16, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Eduardo Murias Quintana, Pedro Vega Valdés, Edison Morales Deza, Alberto Gil Garcia, Hugo Cuellar, Serafín Costilla García, María Cadenas Rodríguez, Montserrat Gonzalez Delgado, Jorge Peña Suárez, Elena Santamarta Liébana, Antonio López-García
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to compare the results of endovascular treatment of ruptured middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms with ruptured aneurysms of other anatomic locations. METHODS: Fifty consecutive ruptured aneurysms of the MCA and 209 aneurysms at other anatomical locations were selected retrospectively. We compared epidemiological, clinical and radiological variables, prognosis and complications. RESULTS: The MCA aneurysms had a greater size and a poor dome/neck ratio...
August 16, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Jimmy Ghostine, Naim Khoury, Francis Cloutier, Marc Kotowski, Jean-Christophe Gentric, André L Batista, Alain Weill, Daniel Roy, Tim E Darsaut, Jean Raymond
BACKGROUND: Endovascular coil embolization of cerebral aneurysms is an effective treatment for the prevention of aneurysm rebleeding after subarachnoid hemorrhage. It is also often used in unruptured aneurysms, but it is associated with aneurysm remnants and recurrences in up to 20%-33% of patients. We hypothesized that better aneurysm occlusion rates can be achieved with coils of larger caliber. METHODS: The Does Embolization with Larger coils lead to better Treatment of Aneurysms (DELTA) trial is an investigator-initiated, multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial...
August 16, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Paul-Emile Labeyrie, Benjamin Gory, Udi Sadeh-Gonike, Nazyed Huguet, Rotem Sivan-Hoffmann, Roberto Riva, Patrick Courthéoux, Francis Turjman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Flow-diverter stents (FDS) are new devices for the endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms (IAs) promoting progressive aneurysmal thrombosis. To date, the delay of aneurysmal exclusion remains unclear. We evaluated the correlation between angiographic changes in the first 24 hours and 12-month occlusion in aneurysms treated with FDS. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the intra-aneurysmal flow by evaluating the in-flow and out-flow delays on preoperative, immediate postoperative, 24-hour and 12-month follow-up angiography...
August 10, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Sarasa T Kim, Waleed Brinjikji, Giuseppe Lanzino, David F Kallmes
Patients with connective tissue diseases are thought to be at a higher risk for a number of cerebrovascular diseases such as intracranial aneurysms, dissections, and acute ischemic strokes. In this report, we aim to understand the prevalence and occurrences of such neurovascular manifestations in four heritable connective tissue disorders: Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Neurofibromatosis Type 1, and Loeys-Dietz syndrome. We discuss the fact that although there are various case studies reporting neurovascular findings in these connective tissue diseases, there is a general lack of case-control and prospective studies investigating the true prevalence of these findings in these patient populations...
August 10, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Valeria Onofrj, Maria Cortes, Donatella Tampieri
Intracranial dissecting aneurysms have been frequently reported to present with fairly challenging and time-variable imaging findings that can be mostly explained by the pathological mechanisms that underline the dissection. We present two cases of spontaneous dissecting aneurysm of the supraclinoid ICA, both clinically presenting with SAH, but characterized by different progression of clinical symptoms and imaging. However, in both cases an outpouch and a mild fusiform dilation of the supraclinoid ICA was present in the initial CTA performed after the occurrence of symptoms...
August 10, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Vistasp J Daruwalla, Furqan H Syed, Ali H Elmokadem, Michael C Hurley, Ali Shaibani, Sameer A Ansari
Basilar perforator aneurysms are rare and a communication between a basilar perforator and a separate pseudoaneurysm cavity is extremely rare. We describe a case presenting with high grade subarachnoid hemorrhage which on further investigation delineated a 2-3 mm dissecting basilar perforator aneurysm communicating superiorly into a contained 6 mm pseudoaneurysm cavity. This case illustrates an unusual neurovascular pathology with low potential for successful endovascular treatment such as coil embolization or intracranial flow diverter stenting...
August 2, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Mario Muto, Francesco Giurazza, Ricardo Pimentel Silva, Gianluigi Guarnieri
Radicular lumbar back pain is an important public health problem not yet benefiting from a unequivocal treatment approach. Medical and physical therapies represent the first solution; however, when these fail, the second therapeutic step is still controversial and mini-invasive treatments may play an important role. In these cases oxygen-ozone therapy has been proved to be a very safe and effective option that is widely used with different modalities. This paper, by reviewing oxygen-ozone therapy literature data, aims to describe the rationale of oxygen-ozone therapy for the treatment of lumbar disk herniations, propose an effective procedural technique and clarify patient selection criteria; furthermore, complications and follow-up management are also considered...
August 2, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
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