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Interventional Neuroradiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604190/the-use-of-a-stent-retriever-to-cause-mechanical-dilatation-of-a-vasospasm-secondary-to-iatrogenic-subarachnoid-haemorrhage
#1
Pervinder Bhogal, Dimitris Paraskevopoulos, Hegoda Ld Makalanda
Objective To report the use of a stent-retriever in the management of vasospasm secondary to craniopharyngioma resection. Postoperative improvement was seen both clinically and on perfusion imaging. Methods A patient was admitted for resection of a large craniopharygioma. On day 6 postoperatively the patient had an acute hemiparesis. A computed tomography angiogram and perfusion scan demonstrated acute right-sided cerebral vasospasm and a perfusion defect in the territory of the middle cerebral artery (MCA)...
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604189/utility-of-single-energy-and-dual-energy-computed-tomography-in-clot-characterization-an-in-vitro-study
#2
Waleed Brinjikji, Gregory Michalak, Ramanathan Kadirvel, Daying Dai, Michael Gilvarry, Sharon Duffy, David F Kallmes, Cynthia McCollough, Shuai Leng
Background and purpose Because computed tomography (CT) is the most commonly used imaging modality for the evaluation of acute ischemic stroke patients, developing CT-based techniques for improving clot characterization could prove useful. The purpose of this in-vitro study was to determine which single-energy or dual-energy CT techniques provided optimum discrimination between red blood cell (RBC) and fibrin-rich clots. Materials and methods Seven clot types with varying fibrin and RBC densities were made (90% RBC, 99% RBC, 63% RBC, 36% RBC, 18% RBC and 0% RBC with high and low fibrin density) and their composition was verified histologically...
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604188/correlation-between-clot-density-and-recanalization-success-or-stroke-etiology-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients
#3
Manoj Jagani, David F Kallmes, Waleed Brinjikji
Background Predicting recanalization success for patients undergoing endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke is of significant interest. Studies have previously correlated the success of recanalization with the density of the clot. We evaluated clot density and its relationship to revascularization success and stroke etiology. Methods We conducted a retrospective review of 118 patients undergoing intra-arterial therapy for acute ischemic stroke. Mean and maximum thrombus density was measured by drawing a circular region of interest on an axial slice of a non-contrast computed tomography scan...
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604187/in%C3%A2-vitro-digital-subtraction-angiographic-evaluation-of-flow-diverters-in-a-patient-specific-aneurysm
#4
Liang-Der Jou
Background The importance of both porosity and pore density of a flow diverter is well recognized in treatment of intracranial aneurysms; however, understanding of the effect of individual wire (wire number and size) is critical in improving device design and use. Methods A total of 10 multi-layered flow diverters with different wire numbers (32, 48, 56, and 72) and sizes (30, 35, and 40 µm) were implanted into identical patient-specific middle cerebral artery aneurysm models. Digital subtraction angiography was acquired at 30 f/s and X-ray signals at three selected regions of interest were compared to determine the amount of intra-aneurysmal flow...
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604186/mechanical-removal-of-a-refluxed-onyx-piece-from-the-middle-cerebral-artery-using-the-solitaire-stent-technical-report
#5
Dilara Gungor, Şükrü Oğuz, Hasan Dinc
Onyx reflux into the parent artery is a rare and sometimes significant complication in the treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). We report a patient who presented with Onyx reflux into the M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) during embolization of a right temporal AVM. The refluxed Onyx cast was successfully removed by a mechanical thrombectomy device using a self-expandable and fully retrievable Solitaire AB stent.
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604185/cavernous-sinus-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-treated-by-facial-vein-direct-puncture-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Atsushi Matsumoto, Masanobu Okauchi, Atsushi Shindo, Masahiko Kawanishi, Takashi Tamiya
Introduction In case of cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (CSDAVF), transvenous embolization (TVE) of the cavernous sinus (CS) via the inferior petrosal sinus (IPS) is generally performed. However, various approach routes have been reported when the accessibility of the IPS is challenging. We herein report a case of CSDAVF treated by TVE with direct puncture of the facial vein. Case report A 70-year-old woman who suffered from tinnitus, chemosis, diplopia and bruit was referred to our hospital. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) demonstrated CSDAVF...
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604184/obituary
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604183/treatment-of-an-internal-carotid-artery-aneurysm-with-a-flow-diverter-through-a-double-lumen-balloon-catheter
#8
José M Amorim, Santiago Rosati, Ronit Agid, Vítor Mendes Pereira, Timo Krings
Background Double lumen balloon catheters (DLBCs) are currently used in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms, especially when involving balloon or stent-assisted coiling. The existing DLBCs allow the delivery of self-expandable stents but do not offer the possibility to deploy flow-diverters. Despite the increasing use and success of flow-diverters, there have been numerous reports of procedural complications such as early in-stent thrombosis or delayed distal embolization. It seems that these complications can be avoided by correct stent positioning and adequate wall apposition, achieved either by manoeuvres with the microguidewire and/or microcatheter or by performing balloon angioplasty following an exchange guidewire manoeuvre...
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592207/corrigendum
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454511/percutaneous-laser-disc-decompression-versus-conventional-microdiscectomy-for-patients-with-sciatica-two-year-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Patrick A Brouwer, Ronald Brand, M Elske van den Akker-van Marle, Wilco Ch Jacobs, Barry Schenk, Annette A van den Berg-Huijsmans, Bart W Koes, Mark A Arts, M A van Buchem, Wilco C Peul
Background Percutaneous laser disc decompression is a minimally invasive treatment, for lumbar disc herniation and might serve as an alternative to surgical management of sciatica. In a randomised trial with two-year follow-up we assessed the clinical effectiveness of percutaneous laser disc decompression compared to conventional surgery. Materials and methods This multicentre randomised prospective trial with a non-inferiority design, was carried out according to an intent-to-treat protocol with full institutional review board approval...
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436714/a-hemorrhagic-complication-after-onyx-embolization-of-a-tentorial-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-a-caution-about-subdural-extension-with-pial-arterial-supply
#11
Kenichi Sato, Yasushi Matsumoto, Hidenori Endo, Teiji Tominaga
We report a case of tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) with a severe intracranial hemorrhage occurring after Onyx embolization. A 40-year-old man presented with an asymptomatic tentorial DAVF on angiography. Transarterial embolization with Onyx was performed via the middle meningeal artery, and the cast filled the fistula itself and its proximal draining vein. Postoperative angiography confirmed complete occlusion of the DAVF. A computed tomography scan performed immediately after the procedure demonstrated an acute subdural hematoma with the temporal hemorrhage...
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391744/malignant-stroke-in-a-ticagrelor-non-responder-as-a-complication-following-aneurysm-treatment-with-the-pipeline-embolization-device%C3%A2
#12
Pegah Ghamasaee, Kevin Carr, Jeremiah Johnson, Ramesh Grandhi
The Pipeline Embolization Device™ (PED; Covidien Neurovascular Inc, Irvine, CA, USA) is a flow-diverting stent often used for the endovascular treatment of large or giant, wide-necked intracranial aneurysms of the internal carotid artery. Because of the inherent thrombogenicity of intracranial stents, dual-antiplatelet therapy is initiated after placement, which has been shown to decrease morbidity and mortality related to perioperative ischemic events in neurointerventional procedures. However, in some series, as much as 50% of patients demonstrate clopidogrel non-responsiveness...
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347168/live-demonstrations-addendum-to-the-wfitn-ethics-charter-of-2016
#13
Allan Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335662/performance-of-computed-tomography-angiography-to-determine-anterograde-and-collateral-blood-flow-status-in-patients-with-symptomatic-middle-cerebral-artery-stenosis
#14
Baixue Jia, David S Liebeskind, Ligang Song, Xiaotong Xu, Xuan Sun, Lian Liu, Bo Wang, Zhongrong Miao
Background The purpose of this study was to determine the performance of computed tomography angiography (CTA) by using a scoring system to predict anterograde and collateral blood flow status in patients with symptomatic middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis with use of conventional angiography as standard reference. Methods We retrospectively identified all consecutive patients with unilateral symptomatic MCA stenosis in our center who underwent conventional angiography and CTA within 1 month. The anterograde and collateral blood flow (AnCo) scoring system consisted of anterograde score (AnS) and collateral score (CoS)...
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335660/recommendation-of-the-wfitn-regarding-simulation-in-neurointerventional-training
#15
Luc Picard, George Rodesch, Serge Bracard, Allan Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270000/retrograde-semi-retrieval-technique-for-combined-stentriever-plus-aspiration-thrombectomy-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#16
Ming Wei, Zhiqiang Wei, Xin Li, Hong Li
The endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke has become a standard procedure. The combination of multiple neuroendovascular devices provides more possibilities for the improvement of the thrombectomy technique. We describe a modified retrieval technique using a distal intracranial catheter (DIC) for the semi-retrieval of stentriever during the thrombectomy procedure. The retrograde semi-retrieval technique involves completely unfolding the stent retriever by pulling a Navien catheter and the partial re-sheath of a retrievable stent forming a tapered configuration by pushing the Navien catheter, which results in the thrombi being embedded into the strut, securing the clot within the stent and there being a shorter distance for the clot to travel...
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166669/microcatheter-shaping-using-intravascular-placement-during-intracranial-aneurysm-coiling
#17
Shinya Yamaguchi, Osamu Ito, Yuya Koyanagi, Katsuma Iwaki, Koichiro Matsukado
Background The selection of a pre-shaped microcatheter or a shaping method must be carefully considered for successful aneurysm coiling. The objective of this report is to verify the use of intravascular placement to establish an appropriate microcatheter shape. Methods Fifteen patients (15 aneurysms) were included in this study because of the predicted difficulty of microcatheter insertion and stabilisation. The SL-10 straight microcatheter was inserted into the parent artery until the tip of the catheter passed through the neck of the aneurysm...
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162027/retriever-wire-supported-carotid-artery-revascularization-rewised-care-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-with-underlying-tandem-occlusion-caused-by-an-internal-carotid-artery-dissection-technical-note
#18
Daniel Behme, Michael Knauth, Marios-Nikos Psychogios
We hereby report a novel technical approach for the treatment of acute stroke with underlying tandem occlusion. The so-called retriever wire supported carotid artery revascularization (ReWiSed CARe) technique, utilizing the wire of a stent-retriever as a guiding wire for carotid artery stenting, is technically feasible in tandem occlusions caused by an internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection or high grade ICA stenosis. This technique eliminates the need to use a long microwire in order to maintain the position inside the true lumen of a dissection...
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152631/construction-of-an-in%C3%A2-vivo-carotid-siphon-model-for-testing-endovascular-devices-for-neuro-interventions
#19
Bu-Lang Gao, Yong-Li Wang, Xue-Jing Zhang, Qiong-Ying Fan, Wei-Li Hao, Dong-Hai Zhang
Objective The aim of this study was to construct an in vivo carotid siphon model for testing neurovascular devices for endovascular interventions. Methods A model of a human carotid siphon was pre-shaped using a glass tube from a human cadaver and used to confine a segment of one side of the common carotid artery (CCA) in canines. This segment of CCA with the glass carotid siphon on was interposed end-to-end onto the contralateral CCA so as to simulate a human carotid artery siphon in vivo. Two weeks later, the siphon model was evaluated using computed tomography angiography and digital subtraction angiography, and the covered stent specially designed for intracranial vasculature was navigated through the siphon model for a longitudinal flexibility test...
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133987/ruptured-intracranial-vertebral-artery-dissecting-aneurysms-an-evaluation-of-prognostic-factors-of-treatment-outcome
#20
K Urasyanandana, P Withayasuk, D Songsaeng, T Aurboonyawat, E Chankaew, A Churojana
Objective Intracranial spontaneous vertebral artery dissecting aneurysms commonly occur in the third to fifth decades of life, and are mostly associated with hypertension. Patients present with intracranial haemorrhage or thromboembolic events. Patients who present with intracranial haemorrhage carry about a 70% risk of recurrent bleeding. Patients with a posterior-inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) or ipsilateral dominant vertebral artery involve selecting which parent vessel could not be sacrificed. Recent reconstructive techniques such as stent-assisted coiling embolisation and flow-diverting stents are effective treatments of choice...
June 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
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