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American Journal of Health Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935795/alcohol-use-hooking-up-condom-use-is-there-a-sexual-double-standard
#1
Tina M Penhollow, Michael Young, Tonychris Nnaka
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of the study were to: (1) identify judgments college students make of peers based on descriptions of drinking, hooking-up, and condom use behaviors; and (2) determine whether participants' judgments differed based on the sex of the person described. METHODS: Participants (N = 574 college students) completed an online questionnaire that included one of 8 different vignettes (4 vignette types, female or male model). Participants evaluated statements, comprising 3 scales (likability, positive character, negative behavior) relative to the model depicted in the vignette...
January 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935794/exploring-exclusive-and-poly-tobacco-use-among-adult-cigarette-smokers-in-minnesota
#2
Erin O'Gara, Eva Sharma, Raymond G Boyle, Kristie A Taylor
OBJECTIVES: In recent decades, the United States has seen dramatic reductions in cigarette smoking. In contrast, other tobacco products (OTPs) have increased in popularity, particularly electronic cigarettes. The availability of new OTPs also has led to the use of multiple tobacco products that includes combustible cigarettes (poly-use). This study examines patterns of exclusive cigarette and polyuse among adult smokers in Minnesota. METHODS: Data from 5 rounds of the Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey (MATS) series 1999-2014 were analyzed...
January 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935793/co-occurring-risk-factors-in-multiple-sclerosis
#3
Julia M Balto, Ipek Ensari, Elizabeth A Hubbard, Naiman Khan, Jennifer L Barnes, Robert W Motl
OBJECTIVE: We examined individual and co-occurring risk factors as correlates of health outcomes in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Sixty-nine participants with MS completed measures of nutrition, physical activity levels, comorbidity and neuroperformance. The data were analyzed using t-test analyses in SPSS Statistics 22.0. RESULTS: Total number of comorbidities (z = 2.36, p = .02), cardiovascular disease symptoms (z = 2.63, p = ...
January 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935792/youth-and-caregiver-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-hchs-sol-youth
#4
Linda C Gallo, Scott P Roesch, Jessica L McCurley, Carmen R Isasi, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Alan M Delamater, Linda Van Horn, Elva M Arredondo, Krista M Perreira, Christina Buelna, Qibin Qi, Denise C Vidot, Mercedes R Carnethon
OBJECTIVES: We examined associations between youth and caregiver moderate/ vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary (SED) time, using accelerometery, in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latino Youth (HCHS/ SOL) Youth. METHODS: Participants were 623 caregivers and 877 youth 8-16 years old, enrolled in 2012-2014. Associations of youth and caregiver MVPA time, SED time, and meeting MVPA recommendations ( 150 min/week, adults; 420 min/week, youth) were examined in regression models that controlled for sample weights, design effects, and demographic and health covariates...
January 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935791/lessons-learned-from-an-online-study-with-dual-smoker-couples
#5
Seung Hee Choi, Jason Mitchell, Isaac Lipkus
OBJECTIVE: In this paper we present lessons learned from an online study assessing couples' health behaviors. METHODS: We conducted an online cross-sectional study to assess health behaviors of dual-smoker couples. Participants were recruited via passive and targeted methods. Data were collected from 77 (pre-safeguard) and 197 (post-safeguard) participants. Safeguards included: (1) changing the incentive from prepaid card to raffle; (2) allowing only one IP address per response; (3) masking eligibility; (4) adding multiple questions to ensure consistency in responses; and (5) emphasizing data surveillance...
January 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935790/spice-and-herb-use-with-vegetables-liking-frequency-and-self-efficacy-among-us-adults
#6
Cassandra J Nikolaus, Brenna Ellison, Pamela A Heinrichs, Sharon M Nickols-Richardson, Karen M Chapman-Novakofski
OBJECTIVES: To inform future initiatives to encourage vegetable intake, we explored how spice and herb (S/H) use with vegetables was related to consumer characteristics. METHODS: A questionnaire collected information on S/H liking and use frequency, whether S/Hs were used when cooking vegetables, and belief that consumers could use S/Hs when cooking vegetables. The questionnaire was distributed to members of an online panel of US consumers. RESULTS: Younger respondents (18-29 years) and respondents who identified as Asian/ Pacific Islander or other racial group used 19 of the 20 S/Hs more frequently than their older and white/Caucasian, African-American or Hispanic counterparts, respectively...
January 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935789/the-development-and-validation-of-the-mood-based-indoor-tanning-scale
#7
Nick Carcioppolo, Yixin Chen, Kevin K John, Andrea Martinez Gonzalez, Andy J King, Susan E Morgan, Shasa Hu
OBJECTIVES: Research indicates that mood-based motivations may be an important predictor of indoor tanning bed use and may be related to indoor tanning dependence. Problematically, little research has been conducted to develop a psychometric measure of mood-based tanning motivations. The current study seeks to develop and validate the moodbased indoor tanning scale (MITS). METHODS: Two studies were conducted to identify and verify the MITS factor structure as well as assess construct validity...
January 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935788/evidence-of-query-theory-as-a-tool-to-assist-restrained-eaters
#8
Sudy Majd, Mark A Conley, Elke U Weber
OBJECTIVES: Using theories from decision-making and behavioral economics, we conducted a study to improve understanding of the decisions of Restrained Eaters. We identified Restrained Eaters via the Revised Restraint Questionnaire. METHODS: One hundred two (N = 102) participants were each randomly assigned to an endowment condition and asked to list their thoughts about 2 products. RESULTS: We found a significant interaction of endowment and thoughts on decisions...
2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935787/e-cigarette-nicotine-delivery-data-and-learnings-from-pharmacokinetic-studies
#9
Ian M Fearon, Alison Eldridge, Nathan Gale, Christopher J Shepperd, Mike McEwan, Oscar M Camacho, Mitch Nides, Kevin McAdam, Christopher J Proctor
OBJECTIVES: E-cigarettes could potentially play a major role in tobacco harm reduction by delivering nicotine in a vapor containing significantly fewer toxicants than cigarette smoke and may aid smoking behavior changes such as reduction or cessation. METHODS: We examined blood nicotine levels in smokers who were non-accustomed to e-cigarette use (Study 1) and accustomed e-cigarette users (Study 2). We compared nicotine levels when participants used a closed modular system e-cigarette to those when participants smoked a cigarette...
January 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935786/beneficioso-y-una-prioridad-latina-women-s-perceptions-about-hiv-testing
#10
S Sudha, Sharon D Morrison, Kenneth J Gruber
OBJECTIVES: Studies indicate a higher rate of HIV infection among Latinos in the United States, and a pattern of later testing associated with poorer disease management, greater risk of spreading infection, and higher death rates. Thus, it is imperative to generate culturally holistic strategies to improve HIV testing among Latina women. METHODS: We surveyed 182 Latina women in the southeastern US. We cross-tabulated demographic, social, and experiential factors of women who have taken a previous HIV test with women who have not yet been tested...
January 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779946/which-design-components-of-nutrition-infographics-make-them-memorable-and-compelling
#11
Brian Wansink, Rebecca Robbins
OBJECTIVES: Which design features of nutrition infographics make them memorable and compelling? METHODS: First, we conducted 3 focus groups with a total of 28 participants to understand preferred infographic characteristics of adults who were mostly in their early 20s. Second, using between subject design, a slide show of single-image infographics was displayed to an independent sample of college students and young career university employees (N = 50). We assigned participants randomly to either active or passive processing conditions...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779945/hpv-awareness-knowledge-and-vaccination-attitudes-among-church-going-african-american-women
#12
Sarah B Maness, Lorraine R Reitzel, Kellie L Watkins, Lorna H McNeill
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this exploratory study was to improve understanding of the sociodemographic correlates of human papillomavirus (HPV) awareness, knowledge, and vaccination attitudes in a convenience sample of church-going, African-American women and how knowledge about HPV-related cancers relates to vaccination attitudes for girls and boys. METHODS: Participants (N = 308) answered survey questions about HPV awareness, knowledge, and vaccination attitudes...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779944/social-norms-perceptions-and-dual-poly-tobacco-use-among-texas-youth
#13
Maria Cooper, MeLisa R Creamer, Christina Ly, Brittani Crook, Melissa B Harrell, Cheryl L Perry
OBJECTIVES: We assessed risk perceptions and social norms about tobacco use across adolescent non-users of tobacco, single- product users, and dual/poly-product users. METHODS: Use behaviors specific to e-cigarettes, cigarettes, hookah, cigars, and smokeless tobacco were assessed among 6th, 8th and 10th grade students (sample [n] = 3907 from a population of [N] = 461,069 students). Multivariate regression was used to examine differences in these factors across use categories, adjusted for demographic factors...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779943/the-future-of-the-small-rural-grocery-store-a-qualitative-exploration
#14
Courtney A Pinard, Hollyanne E Fricke, Teresa M Smith, Leah R Carpenter, Amy L Yaroch
OBJECTIVES: Rural communities face unique challenges to and opportunities for offering more healthful foods and are often understudied in comparison to their urban counterparts. The purpose of this study was to conduct a qualitative assessment of rural storeowners' perceptions of their communities, their business practices, and factors that influences their viability, sustainability, and ability to support healthy food choices. METHODS: We conducted interviews with storeowners (N = 15) in small stores in rural Nebraska and explored perceptions of business practices, role in the community, and consumer demand for more healthful foods...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779942/head-start-staff-reactions-to-a-novel-tobacco-intervention-a-qualitative-analysis
#15
Robyn R Keske, Kathryn M Barker, Alan C Geller, Laura Hamasaka, Michael Sparks, Sarah Moody-Thomas, Denise Jolicoeur, Vaughan W Rees
OBJECTIVES: As tobacco use becomes increasingly concentrated in communities of low socio-economic position (SEP), scalable cessation interventions are needed. Head Start programs offer one setting in which a family-focused intervention can be implemented in low SEP communities. We assessed the experiences of Head Start (HS) staff who received training in a pilot motivational interviewing (MI) tobacco intervention, to improve future feasibility. METHODS: Focus group interviews were conducted with HS staff to assess their reactions to MI training and their use of MI in their work with families...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779941/interaction-effects-of-happiness-and-physical-activity-on-smoking-initiation
#16
Armen A Torchyan, Abdulaziz A BinSaeed, Yazeed S Aleid, Ahmed A Nagshbandi, Fahad Almousa, Satenik L Papikyan, Ibrahim M Gosadi
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the potential relationships among happiness, physical activity, and smoking initiation among undergraduate medical students in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of randomly selected first- to fifth-year undergraduate medical students. Smoking initiation was defined as "ever trying smoking a cigarette, waterpipe, cigar/cigarillo, or other type of tobacco, even one or 2 puffs." The short scale Oxford Happiness Questionnaire was used to assess each student's happiness...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779940/early-adverse-experiences-and-health-the-transition-to-college
#17
Kelly B Filipkowski, Kristin E Heron, Joshua M Smyth
OBJECTIVE: This study cross-sectionally and prospectively examined the impact of adversity experienced prior to college on the health and well-being of students adjusting to their first college semester. METHODS: Two-hundred sixteen (216) first-year students completed measures of adverse life experiences, perceived stress, physical symptoms, and health-related behaviors during the first 2 weeks of college entry and again at the end of the first semester. RESULTS: Reported adversity prior to college predicted greater perceived stress and physical symptoms at college entry and an increase in physical symptoms over the semester; perceived stress mediated the prospective changes...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779939/prevalence-of-internet-gaming-disorder-among-korean-adolescents-and-associations-with-non-psychotic-psychological-symptoms-and-physical-aggression
#18
Hongsik Yu, Jaehee Cho
OBJECTIVE: We examined the prevalence rates of Internet gaming disorder among South Korean middle school students, the dominant symptoms of Internet gaming disorder, and the interrelationships between such disorder and non-psychotic psychological symptoms (ie, anxiety, depression, and impulsiveness) and with physical aggression. METHODS: Data were collected from a national sample of 2024 students (70.3% gamers; 50.6% boys). Gaming disorder and prevalent symptoms were measured by the 9 diagnostic criteria proposed in DSM-5...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779938/anxiety-mediates-perceived-discrimination-and-health-in-african-american-women
#19
Sierra E Carter, Rheeda L Walker, Carolyn E Cutrona, Ronald L Simons, Steven R H Beach
OBJECTIVE: We examined the mediational role of symptoms of anxiety in accounting for the association of discrimination and chronic health conditions among African-American women. METHODS: Participants were 646 African-American women who completed self-report measures of perceived racial discrimination, symptoms of anxiety, and diagnosed chronic health problems. RESULTS: We examined the mediation hypothesis using a path analytic procedure. Mediational analyses indicated that, above and beyond symptoms of depression, age, and education status, anxiety symptoms were associated with both racial discrimination (β = ...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779937/physical-activity-changes-during-pregnancy-in-a-comparative-impact-trial
#20
Jessica L Thomson, Lisa M Tussing-Humphreys, Melissa H Goodman, Sarah E Olender
OBJECTIVES: Delta Healthy Sprouts was designed to test the comparative impact of 2 home visiting curricula on weight status, dietary intake, physical activity, and other health behaviors of rural, southern African-American women and their infants. Results pertaining to physical activity outcomes in the gestational period are reported. METHODS: Eighty-two women, early in their second trimester of pregnancy, were enrolled and randomly assigned to one of 2 treatment arms...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
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