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American Journal of Health Behavior

James R Vallerand, Ryan E Rhodes, Gordon J Walker, Kerry S Courneya
OBJECTIVES: We sought to quantify the aerobic exercise intention-behavior gap in hematologic cancer survivors (HCS), and examine the correlates of intention formation and translation using the multi-process action control framework. METHODS: HCS (N = 606) completed a survey reporting their aerobic exercise motivation and behavior. The correlates of intention formation and translation were analyzed using separate logistic regressions. RESULTS: Overall, 71% (N = 428/606) of HCS intended to do aerobic exercise, 44% (N = 267/606) met aerobic exercise guidelines, and 60% of intenders (N = 256/428) translated their intention into aerobic exercise...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Eunhee Park, Seung Hee Choi, Sonia A Duffy
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this sub-study was to determine whether operating engineers (heavy equipment operators) who failed to quit smoking in a randomized controlled trial would benefit from re-exposure to the interventions one year later. METHODS: Operating Engineers attending workplace safety training groups during the winters of 2010 to 2012 were randomized by training group to either to the Tobacco Tactics Web-based intervention or the 1-800-QUIT-NOW telephone line...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Halima Ahmadi-Montecalvo, Sherry Owens, Saylem DePasquale, Christiaan G Abildso
OBJECTIVES: This study presents tobacco and other drug use prevalence data from a statewide health screening program of foster care (FC) children in West Virginia, and explores associations with demographic and placement variables. METHODS: Logistic regression analyses adjusted for age, sex, and body mass index were conducted to determine if placement type and geographic region were associated with tobacco and other drug use among FC adolescents screened in 2012-2013 by the Early Periodic Screening Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT), or HealthCheck WV...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Sarah E Adkison, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Vaughan W Rees, Dorothy K Hatsukami, K Michael Cummings, Richard J O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: Measures of consumer perceptions of emerging tobacco products are needed for understanding the potential for product adoption and use. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the applicability of the Smokeless Tobacco Expectancies Questionnaire to snus, and examine its association with interest in using snus. METHODS: We recruited 116 adolescents (14-17 years of age), 463 young adults (18-34 years of age), and 596 older adults (35-65 years of age) from a Web-based opt-in panel...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Anthony D Heymann, Giora Kaplan, Nurit Freidman, Orna Baron-Epel
OBJECTIVES: Social support is associated with improved adherence to treatment recommendations among patients with diabetes. This research examines negative dimensions of social support such as interference and insensitivity which may interfere with appropriate lifestyle choices. METHODS: A telephone survey in Israel of 764 patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes was conducted to assess social support and unsupportive social interactions, and correlate them with self-reported current health status...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Kathy K Isoldi, Veronika Dolar
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the impact on body weight status and food-related behaviors following participation in the Cooking Up Energy® (CUE) Program. METHODS: Children 7-11 years old attended 10 cooking/nutrition education sessions. Baseline and post-program weight, height and waist circumference measurements, frequency of participation in meal preparation and food frequency questionnaires were obtained. Data were analyzed for the entire group as well as a subgroup of overweight and obese participants...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Minghui Shen, Yunwei Gai, Li Feng
OBJECTIVE: Using large national databases, we investigated how living in the US-Mexico border region further limited access to healthcare among the non-elderly Hispanic adult population after controlling individual and county-level characteristics. METHODS: The 2008-2012 individual-level data of non-elderly Hispanic adults from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) were merged with county-level data from Area Health Resources File (AHRF). Multivariate logistic analyses were performed to predict insurance status and access to doctors using residency in the US-Mexico border region as the key predictor, adjusting individual and county-level factors...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Karen A Patte, Rachel Laxer, Wei Qian, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVES: Youth weight perceptions and the association with weight-control intentions were explored by sex and body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses (frequency, chi-square, multiple logistic regression) were conducted among 44,861 grade 9-12 students in Year 2(Y2:2013-2014) of the COMPASS study, adjusting for sex and race/ethnicity. RESULTS: Overall, weight underestimations were more common than overestimations, although there were differences by sex and race/ethnicity...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Vibeke T Christensen
OBJECTIVES: This study examines how the sex and body mass index (BMI) of both the observer (the interviewer) and the observed (the respondent) influence the way we perceive the weight level of others. METHODS: The study uses mixed-process IV regression and representative data from the Danish Longitudinal Survey of Youth - Children (DLSY-C) with 3015 respondents and 88 interviewers. Face-to-face interviews constitute the social setting, with interviewers estimating the weight level of the respondents, thereby avoiding bias from endogenous sorting of individuals into social contexts...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Luigi Gallimberti, Alessandra Buja, Sonia Chindamo, Andrea Rabensteiner, Alberto Terraneo, Elena Marini, Luis Javier Gómez Pérez, Vincenzo Baldo
OBJECTIVES: Problematic use of video games (PUVG) is associated with substance use in middle school students. The aim of our study was to examine the association between PUVG and substance abuse in children and young adolescents. METHODS: A survey was conducted during the 2014-2015 school year in Padua (northeastern Italy). The sample consisted of 1156 students in grades 6 to 8. A multivariate logistic regression model was applied to seek associations between PUVG (dependent variable) and independent variables...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Samara R Sterling, Brenda Bertrand, Suzanne Judd, Monica L Baskin
OBJECTIVE: Nut consumption decreases risk for obesity and chronic diseases, which are prevalent among African-American women in the rural southeastern United States. The quantity and quality of nut intake in this population is unclear. We examined the amount, source, and quality of nut consumption among overweight and obese African-American women in rural Alabama and Mississippi. METHODS: Two 24-hour dietary recalls were administered to 426 women. Mann-Whitney tests, t-tests, and linear regression models identified differences in added sugar and sodium intake between nut consumers and non-consumers, differences in mean nut, added sugar, and sodium intake between stand-alone and incorporated nut sources, and a relationship between nut intake and added sugar and sodium intake...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Joseph Azuri, Sahar Nashef
OBJECTIVES: Primary care physicians are uniquely positioned to initiate and promote smoking cessation. However, their attitude towards smoking cessation is influenced by many factors, including their own smoking habits and knowledge. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of smoking habits, knowledge, and personal characteristics of primary care physicians on their attitude towards smoking cessation in comparison to a previous study conducted a decade ago. METHODS: Overall, 302 primary care physicians filled out a questionnaire designed specifically to evaluate knowledge, smoking habits, and smoking cessation interventions they use...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Rosa de Visser, Rachel Sylvester, Robert Rogers, Eva Kline-Rogers, Jean DuRussel-Weston, Kim A Eagle, Elizabeth A Jackson
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of environmental activities in a school-based health program among 6th grade students (N = 2315). METHODS: Students enrolled in Project Healthy Schools, a school-based health program designed to reduce childhood obesity and improve cardiovascular health, completed a health questionnaire on recent lifestyle choices including diet, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors. Baseline and follow-up data were compared between students who received educational lessons and students who received educational lessons and additional activities in the schools' environment...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Michael A Maglio, Cliff Scott, Andrea L Davis, Joseph Allen, Jennifer A Taylor
OBJECTIVES: Firefighters are exposed to hazardous conditions as a result of their occupation and often understand the dangers of these toxic exposures; yet, it remains unclear why some refrain from wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) in dangerous situations. We were intrigued by the gap between demonstrated safety knowledge and lack of connection to observed or self-reported safety behaviors, an issue about which there is limited consensus among scholars. METHODS: In a national study of fire service safety climate, 123 firefighters across 12 fire departments participated in 62 interviews and 10 focus groups...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Chih-Chien Huang
OBJECTIVES: This study was an exploration of whether raising the level of knowledge regarding healthy eating and physical activity at all socioeconomic status (SES) levels is vital to reducing the SES gradient in body size disparities. METHODS: This study uses longitudinal data with a total of 20,757 person-years drawn from 11,469 households of individuals aged 18-55 who participated in the 2004, 2006, 2009, and 2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey. Linear mixed-effects regression models capture the link among SES, knowledge of healthy eating and physical activity, and body mass index (BMI)...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Courtney Coughenour, Mackenzie S Burns
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this exploratory study were to: (1) characterize selected community design features; and (2) determine the relationship between select features and physical activity (PA) levels and nutrition habits for a small sample of low-income southern Nevadans. METHODS: Secondary analysis was conducted on data from selected participants of the Nevada Healthy Homes Partnership program; self-report data on PA and diet habits were compared to national guidelines...
July 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Melanie A Meyer, Ronald P Hudak
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the relationship between financial literacy and patient engagement while considering the possible interaction effects due to patient financial responsibility and patient-physician shared decision making, and the impact of personal attributes. METHODS: Participants consisted of an Internet-based sample of American adults (N = 160). Hierarchical multiple linear regression analysis was conducted to examine the relationship of the study variables on patient engagement...
July 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Alexandra Loukas, Sherman Chow, Keryn E Pasch, Xiaoyin Li, Josephine T Hinds Iii, C Nathan Marti, Melissa B Harrell, MeLisa R Creamer, Cheryl L Perry
OBJECTIVES: We examined patterns of tobacco and electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use among college students. Differences in sociodemographic characteristics between non-users of these products and 4 mutually exclusive groups of tobacco/e-cigarette users were assessed. Differences in cigarette cessation attempts and dependence between exclusive cigarette smokers and users of cigarettes and at least one alternative tobacco product also were examined. METHODS: Participants were 5468 18-29 year-old students from 24 colleges in Texas who completed an online survey...
July 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Heather F de Vries McClintock, Kathleen B Boyle, Kathryn Rooney, Hillary R Bogner
OBJECTIVE: We examined the comparative effectiveness of an integrated intervention for Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and depression by employing patient prioritized planning (PPP) to incorporate patients' financial, social, and emotional needs versus an integrated intervention alone. METHODS: A randomized controlled pilot trial randomly assigned 78 patients prescribed pharmacotherapy for T2DM in primary care to an integrated intervention for T2DM and depression employing PPP to incorporate patients' financial, social, and emotional needs (enhanced intervention) versus an integrated intervention alone (basic intervention)...
July 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
You Fu, Ryan D Burns, Timothy A Brusseau, James C Hannon
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a comprehensive school physical activity program (CSPAP) on physical activity enjoyment in children from low-income schools. METHODS: Participants were 758 children recruited from the 3rd-6th grade (mean age = 10.1 ± 0.5 years; 376 girls and 382 boys) from 3 schools receiving governmental financial assistance in the US. CSPAP was implemented over one semester during the 2014-2015 school year. We assessed physical activity enjoyment at baseline and at a 12-week follow-up using the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale...
July 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
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