journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

American Journal of Health Behavior

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663985/adolescent-smoking-susceptibility-in-the-current-tobacco-context-2014-2016
#1
Olusegun Owotomo, Julie Maslowsky
OBJECTIVES: We examined perceptions and behaviors associated with smoking susceptibility among adolescents in the current tobacco landscape. METHODS: Participants were 8th and 10th grade never-smokers of conventional cigarettes (N = 19,853) from Monitoring the Future surveys (2014-2016). Using weighted multivariable logistic regression, we examined risk factors for smoking susceptibility: alternative tobacco product use (e-cigarettes, large cigars, little cigars/cigarillos, and flavored little cigars/cigarillos), ownership of tobacco promotional items (TPIs), access to cigarettes, perceived influence of antismoking advertisements, and perceived addictiveness of conventional cigarette smoking...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663984/pattern-analysis-of-sedentary-behavior-change-after-a-walking-intervention
#2
Ann M Swartz, Chi C Cho, Whitney A Welch, Michael E Widlansky, Hotaka Maeda, Scott J Strath
OBJECTIVES: We examined the pattern of change in sedentary behavior (SB) resulting from a physical activity (PA) intervention in older adults, and the influence of sex on changes in SB. METHODS: One hundred twenty (N = 120) inactive older adults from 2 12-week step/day-target interventions were included in this pooled reanalysis. Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention (STEP) or control group (CON). A Hip-worn accelerometer (Actigraph) was used to assess SB and PA...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663983/associations-of-parenthood-with-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-sleep
#3
Valerie Carson, Kristi Adamo, Ryan E Rhodes
OBJECTIVE: We examined the associations of the presence, number, and the age of children living in the household with adult physical activity, sedentary behavior (sitting and screen time), and sleep behaviors in a large representative sample. METHODS: Participants were 8312 adults aged 20-65 from the 2011-2014 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Presence (yes/no), the number of children (none, 1, ≥2), the age of the youngest child (none, ≤5 years, 6-17 years) as well as leisure time physical activity, sitting, screen time, and sleep benchmarks were derived from the home interview...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663982/nicotine-lozenges-in-the-relief-of-behaviorally-provoked-craving
#4
Mitchell Nides, Gilbert Marava Shanga, Amanda Bishop, William D Becker
OBJECTIVES: Environmental cues may precipitate nicotine cravings in smokers. We present 2 studies exploring the efficacy of nicotine mini lozenges to reduce nicotine craving in smokers following behavioral provocation. METHODS: Healthy smokers aged ≥18 years enrolled. In Study 1, participants were stratified by number of cigarettes smoked daily; Study 2 enrolled only heavy smokers. After an abstinence period, participants engaged in behavioral provocation to induce nicotine craving before receiving a nicotine mini lozenge (Study 1: 1...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663981/health-behaviors-among-low-income-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-women
#5
Donna M Winham, Shelly M Palmer, Traci L Armstrong Florian, Mack C Shelley
OBJECTIVES: We determined relationships between food behaviors and health-risk factors by acculturation among limited-income Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women. METHODS: Women aged 18-49 years were recruited from income-based programs in metro-Phoenix, Arizona. Self-administered surveys in English or Spanish included demographics, a 10-item food behavior checklist, health-risk factors, food security, and acculturation. Differences by 4 acculturation/ethnicity categories were assessed with chi-square and analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663980/evaluation-of-nighttime-media-use-and-sleep-patterns-in-first-semester-college-students
#6
Jonathon Whipps, Mark Byra, Kenneth G Gerow, Emily Hill Guseman
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated how nighttime media use is associated with sleep behaviors in firstsemester college students, and variation by weight status. METHODS: In September 2016, first-semester college students (N = 114) completed surveys evaluating nighttime media usage (NMU) and sleep behaviors. Height, weight, and waist circumference were measured, and weight status was determined by body mass index. RESULTS: Students reported a mean sleep duration of 7...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663979/preferences-and-perceptions-of-flavored-hookah-tobacco-among-us-women
#7
Lori A J Scott-Sheldon, Laura R Stroud
OBJECTIVE: We assessed preferences, perceptions, and intentions to use flavored waterpipe (hookah) tobacco (HT) among women of reproductive age in the United States. METHODS: A convenience sample of women 18-44 years of age (N = 238; mean age = 28; 74% white) were recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk to complete a survey assessing preferences, perceptions, and intentions to use flavored HT. RESULTS: Of the women who had ever used hookah (62%), most (82%) used hookah sweetened with fruit flavors...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663978/activities-and-situations-when-young-adults-drive-drunk-in-rural-montana
#8
Matthew E Rossheim, Kaylin M Greene, Caroline J Stephenson
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explored activities and situations that often result in young adults driving while under the influence of alcohol in rural Montana. METHODS: Eleven focus groups were conducted in 8 rural counties across Montana, and 72 persons (50.7% female, 63.4% college students) aged 18 to 25 years old participated. Focus groups were audio-recorded, transcribed, and narrative text segments were coded independently by 2 researchers. RESULTS: Participants noted a variety of situations specific to rural settings that promoted drunk driving by young adults...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663977/development-and-testing-of-the-church-environment-audit-tool
#9
Andrew T Kaczynski, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Nathan A Peters, Caroline G Dunn, Sara Wilcox, Melinda Forthofer
OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we describe development and reliability testing of a novel tool to evaluate the physical environment of faith-based settings pertaining to opportunities for physical activity (PA) and healthy eating (HE). METHODS: Tool development was a multistage process including a review of similar tools, stakeholder review, expert feedback, and pilot testing. Final tool sections included indoor opportunities for PA, outdoor opportunities for PA, food preparation equipment, kitchen type, food for purchase, beverages for purchase, and media...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663976/factors-related-to-weight-gain-loss-among-emerging-adults-with-obesity
#10
Ping H Johnson, James J Annesi
OBJECTIVES: We examined the reasons for weight gain and barriers to weight loss among emerging adults with obesity. METHODS: Eighty-one female undergraduate students with obesity completed 4-open ended questions in 2015-2016. Qualitative responses were analyzed using NVivo 11 Pro software. RESULTS: Most participants experienced weight gain prior to attending college. The most commonly reported reasons for weight gain include a lack of ability to control one's behaviors or overcome barriers (ie, poor eating habits, lack of physical activity, lack of time, easy access to food), emotional/mental health issues, physical health, and influence of significant others...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458520/social-media-use-and-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-a-cluster-analysis
#11
Ariel Shensa, Jaime E Sidani, Mary Amanda Dew, César G Escobar-Viera, Brian A Primack
OBJECTIVES: Individuals use social media with varying quantity, emotional, and behavioral at- tachment that may have differential associations with mental health outcomes. In this study, we sought to identify distinct patterns of social media use (SMU) and to assess associations between those patterns and depression and anxiety symptoms. METHODS: In October 2014, a nationally-representative sample of 1730 US adults ages 19 to 32 completed an online survey. Cluster analysis was used to identify patterns of SMU...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458519/intrapersonal-factors-of-male-and-female-adolescent-fruit-and-vegetable-intake
#12
Mary Odum, Jeff M Housman, Ronald D Williams
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we examined the role of socio-demographic (race/ethnicity, sex, grade, nativity, literacy, body mass index) and individual-level (normative beliefs, knowledge, perceived barriers, food preference, self-efficacy) factors on US adolescent fruit and vegetable consumption. METHODS: We conducted hierarchical multiple regression analysis to determine the influence of factors on adolescent fruit and vegetable consumption in a nationally represen- tative sample of 795 adolescents from the National Cancer Institute's 2014 Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) study...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458518/perceived-stress-predicts-lower-physical-activity-in-african-american-boys-but-not-girls
#13
Kellye C McGlumphy, Erika R Shaver, Tiwaloluwa A Ajibewa, Rebecca E Hasson
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine cross-sectional relationships of psychological stress, stress coping, and minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in Amer- ican-American (AA) boys and girls. METHODS: A community-based sample of 139 AA adolescents (mean age 14.7 years; SD = 1.8 years; 64.7% girls; 30% obese) from Washtenaw County, Michigan was included in this analysis. Psychological stress was assessed using the Daily Stress Inventory and the Perceived Stress Scale...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458517/effects-of-large-cigarette-warning-labels-on-smokers-expected-longevity
#14
Lucy Popova, Johannes Thrul, Stanton A Glantz
OBJECTIVES: Smokers underestimate the health risks of smoking and overestimate their expected longevity. Warning labels on cigarette packs might help correct these misperceptions. METHODS: We carried out an online study with 1200 smokers (18-62 years old), randomized to 3 conditions: text warning labels, pictorial warning labels, and a control group (water bottle labels). Warning labels were based on those proposed by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2010...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458516/chronic-disease-risk-typologies-among-young-adults-in-community-college
#15
Jayne K Jeffries, Leslie Lytle, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Shelley Golden, Allison E Aiello, Laura Linnan
OBJECTIVES: To address chronic disease risk holistically from a behavioral perspective, insights are needed to refine understanding of the covariance of key health behaviors. This study aims to identify distinct typologies of young adults based on 4 modifiable risk factors of chronic disease using a latent class analysis approach, and to describe patterns of class membership based on demographic characteristics, living arrangements, and weight. METHODS: Overall, 441 young adults aged 18-35 attending community colleges in the Minnesota Twin Cities area completed a baseline questionnaire for the Choosing Healthy Options in College Environments and Settings study, a RCT...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458515/a-pilot-feasibility-study-to-improve-food-parenting-practices
#16
Amy M Moore, Mary Clair-Michaud, Kathleen J Melanson, Alison Tovar
OBJECTIVES: We examined the feasibility and acceptability of a novel home-based intervention to improve the food parenting practices of low-income mothers with preschool-aged children. METHODS: Mother-child dyads (N = 15) were recruited from WIC in southern Rhode Island. A non-experimental, pretest-posttest design was used to assess changes in maternal food parenting practices. Dyads participated in 3 home-based sessions that included baseline measures and an evening meal video recording at session 1, a motivational interviewing (MI) intervention that included feedback on the evening meal video recording at session 2, and a satisfaction ques- tionnaire at session 3...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458514/caregiver-daily-experiences-associated-with-child-asthma-symptoms
#17
Robin S Everhart, Adrienne P Borschuk, Samantha A Miadich, Jeremy Barsell, Kristin E Heron
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) delivered via smart- phones to determine how the daily experiences (comfort in neighborhood, ability to manage child's asthma, positive/negative affect) of 59 caregivers (90% African-American/black) living in an urban setting are associated with asthma symptoms in children ages 7-12 years (M = 9.56 years). METHODS: Caregivers and their children with asthma completed a baseline research ses- sion, followed by 14 days of EMA surveys completed on smartphones...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458513/adapting-a-skin-cancer-prevention-intervention-for-multiethnic-adolescents
#18
Kevin D Cassel, Drph Anh Tran, Lynn Murakami-Akatsuka, Jodi Tanabe-Hanzawa, Terrilea Burnett, Christopher Lum
OBJECTIVE: We tested the effectiveness of a school-based skin cancer prevention intervention entitled "SunSafe in the Middle School Years" adapted for multiethnic high school students. METHODS: In Hawai'i, 208 10th graders (51.6% Asian, 30.4% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, 8.4% white, 3.5% Hispanic, 2.7% black) participated. Changes in sun protection knowledge, attitudes, and self-reported behaviors were measured using a standardized 18-item survey...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458512/patterns-and-trends-of-hookah-use-among-new-jersey-youth-new-jersey-youth-tobacco-survey-2008-2014
#19
Jessica A Kulak, Michelle Bover T Manderski, Mark J Travers, Cristine D Delnevo, Mary Hrywna, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Gregory G Homish, Gary A Giovino
OBJECTIVES: In this study, the aim was to document trends of ever, past 30-day, and frequent (use on > 10 days/month) hookah use among New Jersey (NJ) high school students. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 2008-2014 waves of the NJ Youth Tobacco Survey, a biennial survey of public high school students in grades 9-12 with a mean age of 15 years. Multivariable logistic regressions assessed trends and correlates of hookah use. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the use of cigarettes, electronic cigarettes, and other tobacco products (including cigars, smokeless tobacco, and bidis)...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458511/variability-in-intensity-related-to-increased-overall-bout-intensity
#20
Brittany S Overstreet, Kelley Strohacker
OBJECTIVE: We examined the relationship between variability in self-regulated exercise intensity and overall intensity during acute exercise. METHODS: Overall, 32 participants (age; 20±4y, body mass index (BMI) 24.1±3.6 kg/m2) completed a 30-minute self-regulated treadmill exercise bout. Participants were blinded to treadmill settings and adjusted speed and incline every 5-minutes as desired. RESULTS: Variability in exercise intensity (metabolic equivalent standard deviation (METSD)) was positively correlated with (r = ...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
journal
journal
32441
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"