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American Journal of Health Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601110/health-behaviors-related-to-the-use-of-drugs-among-patients-with-epilepsy
#1
Anna Staniszewska, Elwira Smoleńska, Urszula Religioni
OBJECTIVES: We assessed self-medication behaviors and identified factors associated with self-treatment among adults with epilepsy. METHODS: We carried out this study on 380 patients with epilepsy using an author-designed questionnaire. RESULTS: Patients who took medication more than once a day were more likely to comply with times of taking medication (p = .009); people using polytherapy were more likely to forget to take their medication (p < ...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601109/support-buffers-financial-strain-s-effect-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#2
Lorra Garey, Lorraine R Reitzel, Amber M Anthenien, Michael S Businelle, Clayton Neighbors, Michael J Zvolensky, David W Wetter, Darla E Kendzor
OBJECTIVES: Financial strain represents a perceived inability to meet financial needs and obligations and is associated with poorer health outcomes. Distinct facets of perceived social support may mitigate the deleterious effects of financial strain on health. In the present study, we examined the extent to which appraisal, belonging, and tangible social support ameliorate the effects of financial strain on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: A community sample (N = 238; 67...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601108/african-american-women-s-long-term-maintenance-of-physical-activity-following-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
JoEllen Wilbur, Arlene M Miller, Susan W Buchholz, Louis F Fogg, Lynne T Braun, Shannon Halloway, Michael E Schoeny
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to determine long-term maintenance of physical activity (PA) following the 48-week Women's Lifestyle PA program, targeted/tailored for African-American women. METHODS: The parent study consisted of a 3-arm randomized clinical trial with 3 assessment points: baseline (pre-intervention); 24 weeks post-baseline (end active intervention); and 48 weeks post-baseline (end maintenance intervention). Present analyses supplement the original results by adding a long-term maintenance assessment that occurred 2 to 4 years post-baseline...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601107/the-effect-of-smoking-on-mental-health
#4
Nantaporn Plurphanswat, Robert Kaestner, Brad Rodu
OBJECTIVES: The disproportionately high smoking prevalence among persons with mental health problems has raised a concern that this population is at increased risk for smoking-related illness. We investigated the effect of smoking on mental health among US adults aged 18 and older using the 2000-2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). METHODS: Whereas previous literature has reported a significant association between smoking and mental health, identifying the causal pathway is difficult...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601106/factors-associated-with-korean-immigrants-medical-tourism-to-the-homeland
#5
Sou Hyun Jang
OBJECTIVES: This study examined factors associated with first-generation Korean immigrants' medical tours to the homeland, which has emerged as a field of study in immigrant medical transnationalism and immigrant healthcare behaviors. METHODS: This paper reports survey data from 507 Korean immigrants and indepth interviews with 120 Korean immigrants in the New York-New Jersey area. RESULTS: About one-fourth of survey respondents have visited their home country for medical care since their migration to the US...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601105/adolescent-energy-drink-use-related-to-intake-of-fried-and-high-sugar-foods
#6
Ronald D Williams, Mary Odum, Jeff M Housman
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the relationship between energy drinks, fried food, and high-sugar food consumption. METHODS: Secondary analyses including Mann-Whitney U, Cohen's d and effect sizes were used to examine 7-day intakes of energy drinks, fried foods, and high-sugar foods among teenagers (N = 1570) who participated in the 2014 FLASHE Study. RESULTS: Energy drink consumption during the past 7 days was reported by 14.4% (N = 226) of participants...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601104/health-promoting-lifestyles-and-psychological-distress-associated-with-well-being-in-community-adults
#7
Shu Ping Chuang, Jo Yung Wei Wu, Chien Shu Wang, Li Hsiang Pan
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the associations among health-promoting behaviors, psychological distress, and well-being among community residents. Well-being measurement was examined through health-promoting behaviors and psychological distress. METHODS: From March 1 to October 31, 2016, a total of 383 community residents were assessed in their health-promoting lifestyles (HPLP-II), psychological distress (K10) and wellbeing (SWLS and PWB). RESULTS: Stepwise regression analysis revealed that interpersonal relations, physical activity, and psychological distress accounted for 21% of the variance in life satisfaction (SWLS)...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601103/demographic-trends-in-utah-college-students-vigorous-physical-activity-2003-2007
#8
Emery R Eaves, Timothy K Behrens, Mary K Dinger, Lisa Hines, Danielle R Brittain, Vanessa J Harbour
OBJECTIVES: This analysis of a large-scale survey of college students from 2003 to 2007 explores relationships between meeting vigorous physical activity (VPA) recommendations and key demographic, lifestyle, and personal characteristics. METHODS: Multivariate logistic regression modeling was used to analyze VPA data from the Utah Higher Education Health Behavior Survey, a descriptive cross-sectional survey conducted in 2003 (N = 4574), 2005 (N = 9673) and 2007 (N = 7938)...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601102/food-insecurity-and-pre-diabetes-in-adults-race-ethnic-and-sex-differences
#9
Rosenda Murillo, Layton M Reesor, Claudia W Scott, Daphne C Hernandez
OBJECTIVE: We examined sex and race/ethnicity differences in the association between food insecurity status and prediabetes among adults. METHOD: We used cross-sectional 2011 and 2012 National Health Interview Survey data on non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic adults aged 18-59 years whose household income was ≤ 299% Federal Poverty Line (N = 19,048). Food insecurity status was determined by 3 or more affirmative responses on the 10-item USDA Food Security Scale...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601101/physical-activity-and-quit-motivation-moderators-of-adolescent-smoking-reduction
#10
Melissa D Blank, Kaitlyn A Ferris, Aaron Metzger, Amy Gentzler, Christina Duncan, Traci Jarrett, Geri Dino
OBJECTIVES: We examined participant characteristics as moderators of adolescents' smoking cessation outcomes as a function of intervention: Not-on-Tobacco (N-O-T), N-O-T with a physical activity (PA) module (N-O-T+FIT), or Brief Intervention (BI). METHODS: We randomly assigned youth (N = 232) recruited from public high schools to an intervention, and measured their baseline levels of PA and motivation to quit. The number of cigarettes/day for weekdays and weekends was obtained at baseline and 3-month follow-up...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601100/patterns-of-sedentary-behavior-in-older-adults
#11
Rebecca A Schlaff, Meghan Baruth, Ashley Boggs, Brent Hutto
OBJECTIVES: We measured the volume and patterns of sedentary behavior (including breaks from sedentary behavior) in a sample of older adults via accelerometry. METHODS: Inactive, older adults (≥50 years of age) were eligible to participate. A cut point of <100 counts/minute was used to estimate: (1) total volume; (2) > 10-, > 30-, and > 60-minute bouts; and (3) patterns of sedentary behavior according to time of day and day of the week were computed...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601099/ambient-fine-particulate-matter-air-pollution-and-physical-activity-a-longitudinal-study-of-university-retirees-in-beijing-china
#12
Hongjun Yu, Ruopeng An, Flavia Andrade
OBJECTIVES: We examined the longitudinal relationship between ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution and physical activity-related health behaviors among university retirees in Beijing, China. METHODS: Annual health surveys of retirees were conducted at Tsinghua University during 2011-2016. We conducted linear individual fixed-effect regression analyses to estimate the impact of ambient PM2.5 concentration on physical activity-related health behaviors among survey participants, adjusting for various time-variant individual characteristics and environmental measures...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601098/emotional-appeals-in-hiv-prevention-campaigns-unintended-stigma-effects
#13
Prawit Thainiyom, Katherine Elder
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether HIV/AIDS public service announcements (PSAs) that use emotional appeals have unintended effects of creating stigmatizing attitudes in their viewers. METHODS: We analyzed data for 240 respondents located in the United States who were recruited online. Respondents were randomly assigned to one of 3 conditions, where they viewed a PSA with hope appeals, fear appeals, or non-emotional appeals. Respondents then answered a series of questions about their attitudes about HIV/AIDS; testing behavior; engagement with HIV/AIDS-related people, organizations, and issues; and HIV/AIDS knowledge...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601097/college-students-health-behavior-clusters-differences-by-sex
#14
Sarah Colby, Wenjun Zhou, Morgan F Sowers, Karla Shelnutt, Melissa D Olfert, Jesse Morrell, Mallory Koenings, Tandalayo Kidd, Tanya M Horacek, Geoffrey W Greene, Onikia Brown, Adrienne A White, Sharon L Hoerr, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Kendra K Kattelmann
OBJECTIVE: The study purpose was to identify clusters of weight-related behaviors by sex in a college student populations. METHODS: We conducted secondary data analysis from online surveys and physical assessments collected in Project Young Adults Eating and Active for Health (YEAH) with a convenience sample of students on 13 college campuses in the United States. We performed 2-step cluster analysis by sex to identify subgroups with homogeneous characteristics and behaviors...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601096/coping-strategies-and-benefit-finding-in-the-relationship-between-non-disclosure-and-depressive-symptoms-among-breast-cancer-survivors-in-china
#15
Minsun Lee, Yuan Song, Lin Zhu, Grace X Ma
OBJECTIVE: Open communication about cancer diagnosis and relevant stress is frequently avoided among breast cancer survivors in China. Non-disclosure behavior may lead to negative psychological consequences. We aimed to examine the relationship between non-disclosure and depressive symptoms, and the role of coping strategies and benefit-finding in that relationship among Chinese breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Using convenience sampling, we recruited 148 women in an early survivorship phase (up to 6 years post-treatment) in Nanjing, China...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376980/an-experimental-study-of-implicit-racial-bias-in-recognition-of-child-abuse
#16
Mary Rojas, Ingrid Walker-Descartes, Danielle Laraque-Arena
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated whether implicit racial bias influences pediatricians' suspicion of child abuse. METHODS: Child abuse experts developed 9 injury vignettes. Pediatricians (N = 342) were randomly assigned one of 2 versions to rate for suspicion of abuse, with the child's race in each vignette varying between white and black. Data were collected online and anonymously. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in suspicion for an abuse-related injury based on the race of the child...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376979/role-of-depressive-symptoms-in-mediating-socioeconomic-disparities-in-diabetes-risk-misperception
#17
Sarah K Wilkie, William K Bleser, Patricia Y Miranda, Rhonda BeLue
OBJECTIVES: In the U.S., type 2 diabetes awareness remains low among individuals at risk. Unawareness poses risk of developing comorbidities, commonly depression, which would harm physical and mental health and well-being. This study builds off previous findings identifying significant differences in accurate diabetes perception by race/ethnicity, sex, age, and self-rated health. This study explores depressive symptoms as a mediator and potential explanation for significant associations between determinants of risk and incorrect perception of risk when at risk...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376978/obesity-and-cigarette-smoking-extending-the-link-to-e-cigarette-vaping-use
#18
H Isabella Lanza, Patricia Pittman, Jennifer Batshoun
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, electronic tobacco (e-cigarette/vaping) use among young adults has grown exponentially. Given past research linking obesity and cigarette smoking, assessing whether this relationship extends to electronic tobacco use is warranted. The current study examined weight status as a correlate of substance use patterns reflecting electronic tobacco use. METHODS: Survey data were collected from a convenience sample of 452 (59% female) undergraduates attending a large, public university during the 2015-2016 academic year...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376977/predictors-of-smoking-among-saudi-dental-students-in-jeddah
#19
Ameerah Y Mansour
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess tobacco use, secondhand smoke exposure, knowledge of health risks, and smoking predictors among dental students attending King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted and 420 dental students were invited to participate. Binary logistic regression analyses assessed the predictors of smoking. RESULTS: A total of 336 dental students completed the questionnaires with 25% reporting current or previous tobacco use and 96% reporting secondhand smoke exposure...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376976/environmental-tobacco-smoke-relationship-to-early-pregnancy-discomforts
#20
Hui-Jung Hung, Chiu-Ying Chen, Shu-Li Wang, Trong-Neng Wu, Chiu-Hsiang Lee, Shi-Yann Cheng
OBJECTIVES: We assessed environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and examined its association with pregnancy discomforts. METHODS: We used structured questionnaires to interview a convenience sample of 139 pregnant women (8-20 weeks of gestation) recruited from 2 hospitals in central Taiwan. RESULTS: We found that 84% of the participants experienced ETS exposure in their households, workplaces, and/or public areas. Bivariate analyses showed the severity of pregnancy discomforts in the participants exposed to a high level of ETS was higher than that in those exposed to a low level of ETS...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
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