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American Journal of Health Behavior

Brian Wansink, Rebecca Robbins
OBJECTIVES: Which design features of nutrition infographics make them memorable and compelling? METHODS: First, we conducted 3 focus groups with a total of 28 participants to understand preferred infographic characteristics of adults who were mostly in their early 20s. Second, using between subject design, a slide show of single-image infographics was displayed to an independent sample of college students and young career university employees (N = 50). We assigned participants randomly to either active or passive processing conditions...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Sarah B Maness, Lorraine R Reitzel, Kellie L Watkins, Lorna H McNeill
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this exploratory study was to improve understanding of the sociodemographic correlates of human papillomavirus (HPV) awareness, knowledge, and vaccination attitudes in a convenience sample of church-going, African-American women and how knowledge about HPV-related cancers relates to vaccination attitudes for girls and boys. METHODS: Participants (N = 308) answered survey questions about HPV awareness, knowledge, and vaccination attitudes...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Maria Cooper, MeLisa R Creamer, Christina Ly, Brittani Crook, Melissa B Harrell, Cheryl L Perry
OBJECTIVES: We assessed risk perceptions and social norms about tobacco use across adolescent non-users of tobacco, single- product users, and dual/poly-product users. METHODS: Use behaviors specific to e-cigarettes, cigarettes, hookah, cigars, and smokeless tobacco were assessed among 6th, 8th and 10th grade students (sample [n] = 3907 from a population of [N] = 461,069 students). Multivariate regression was used to examine differences in these factors across use categories, adjusted for demographic factors...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Courtney A Pinard, Hollyanne E Fricke, Teresa M Smith, Leah R Carpenter, Amy L Yaroch
OBJECTIVES: Rural communities face unique challenges to and opportunities for offering more healthful foods and are often understudied in comparison to their urban counterparts. The purpose of this study was to conduct a qualitative assessment of rural storeowners' perceptions of their communities, their business practices, and factors that influences their viability, sustainability, and ability to support healthy food choices. METHODS: We conducted interviews with storeowners (N = 15) in small stores in rural Nebraska and explored perceptions of business practices, role in the community, and consumer demand for more healthful foods...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Robyn R Keske, Kathryn M Barker, Alan C Geller, Laura Hamasaka, Michael Sparks, Sarah Moody-Thomas, Denise Jolicoeur, Vaughan W Rees
OBJECTIVES: As tobacco use becomes increasingly concentrated in communities of low socio-economic position (SEP), scalable cessation interventions are needed. Head Start programs offer one setting in which a family-focused intervention can be implemented in low SEP communities. We assessed the experiences of Head Start (HS) staff who received training in a pilot motivational interviewing (MI) tobacco intervention, to improve future feasibility. METHODS: Focus group interviews were conducted with HS staff to assess their reactions to MI training and their use of MI in their work with families...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Armen A Torchyan, Abdulaziz A BinSaeed, Yazeed S Aleid, Ahmed A Nagshbandi, Fahad Almousa, Satenik L Papikyan, Ibrahim M Gosadi
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the potential relationships among happiness, physical activity, and smoking initiation among undergraduate medical students in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of randomly selected first- to fifth-year undergraduate medical students. Smoking initiation was defined as "ever trying smoking a cigarette, waterpipe, cigar/cigarillo, or other type of tobacco, even one or 2 puffs." The short scale Oxford Happiness Questionnaire was used to assess each student's happiness...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Kelly B Filipkowski, Kristin E Heron, Joshua M Smyth
OBJECTIVE: This study cross-sectionally and prospectively examined the impact of adversity experienced prior to college on the health and well-being of students adjusting to their first college semester. METHODS: Two-hundred sixteen (216) first-year students completed measures of adverse life experiences, perceived stress, physical symptoms, and health-related behaviors during the first 2 weeks of college entry and again at the end of the first semester. RESULTS: Reported adversity prior to college predicted greater perceived stress and physical symptoms at college entry and an increase in physical symptoms over the semester; perceived stress mediated the prospective changes...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Hongsik Yu, Jaehee Cho
OBJECTIVE: We examined the prevalence rates of Internet gaming disorder among South Korean middle school students, the dominant symptoms of Internet gaming disorder, and the interrelationships between such disorder and non-psychotic psychological symptoms (ie, anxiety, depression, and impulsiveness) and with physical aggression. METHODS: Data were collected from a national sample of 2024 students (70.3% gamers; 50.6% boys). Gaming disorder and prevalent symptoms were measured by the 9 diagnostic criteria proposed in DSM-5...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Sierra E Carter, Rheeda L Walker, Carolyn E Cutrona, Ronald L Simons, Steven R H Beach
OBJECTIVE: We examined the mediational role of symptoms of anxiety in accounting for the association of discrimination and chronic health conditions among African-American women. METHODS: Participants were 646 African-American women who completed self-report measures of perceived racial discrimination, symptoms of anxiety, and diagnosed chronic health problems. RESULTS: We examined the mediation hypothesis using a path analytic procedure. Mediational analyses indicated that, above and beyond symptoms of depression, age, and education status, anxiety symptoms were associated with both racial discrimination (β = ...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Jessica L Thomson, Lisa M Tussing-Humphreys, Melissa H Goodman, Sarah E Olender
OBJECTIVES: Delta Healthy Sprouts was designed to test the comparative impact of 2 home visiting curricula on weight status, dietary intake, physical activity, and other health behaviors of rural, southern African-American women and their infants. Results pertaining to physical activity outcomes in the gestational period are reported. METHODS: Eighty-two women, early in their second trimester of pregnancy, were enrolled and randomly assigned to one of 2 treatment arms...
November 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
James R Vallerand, Ryan E Rhodes, Gordon J Walker, Kerry S Courneya
OBJECTIVES: We sought to quantify the aerobic exercise intention-behavior gap in hematologic cancer survivors (HCS), and examine the correlates of intention formation and translation using the multi-process action control framework. METHODS: HCS (N = 606) completed a survey reporting their aerobic exercise motivation and behavior. The correlates of intention formation and translation were analyzed using separate logistic regressions. RESULTS: Overall, 71% (N = 428/606) of HCS intended to do aerobic exercise, 44% (N = 267/606) met aerobic exercise guidelines, and 60% of intenders (N = 256/428) translated their intention into aerobic exercise...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Eunhee Park, Seung Hee Choi, Sonia A Duffy
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this sub-study was to determine whether operating engineers (heavy equipment operators) who failed to quit smoking in a randomized controlled trial would benefit from re-exposure to the interventions one year later. METHODS: Operating Engineers attending workplace safety training groups during the winters of 2010 to 2012 were randomized by training group to either to the Tobacco Tactics Web-based intervention or the 1-800-QUIT-NOW telephone line...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Halima Ahmadi-Montecalvo, Sherry Owens, Saylem DePasquale, Christiaan G Abildso
OBJECTIVES: This study presents tobacco and other drug use prevalence data from a statewide health screening program of foster care (FC) children in West Virginia, and explores associations with demographic and placement variables. METHODS: Logistic regression analyses adjusted for age, sex, and body mass index were conducted to determine if placement type and geographic region were associated with tobacco and other drug use among FC adolescents screened in 2012-2013 by the Early Periodic Screening Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT), or HealthCheck WV...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Sarah E Adkison, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Vaughan W Rees, Dorothy K Hatsukami, K Michael Cummings, Richard J O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: Measures of consumer perceptions of emerging tobacco products are needed for understanding the potential for product adoption and use. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the applicability of the Smokeless Tobacco Expectancies Questionnaire to snus, and examine its association with interest in using snus. METHODS: We recruited 116 adolescents (14-17 years of age), 463 young adults (18-34 years of age), and 596 older adults (35-65 years of age) from a Web-based opt-in panel...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Anthony D Heymann, Giora Kaplan, Nurit Freidman, Orna Baron-Epel
OBJECTIVES: Social support is associated with improved adherence to treatment recommendations among patients with diabetes. This research examines negative dimensions of social support such as interference and insensitivity which may interfere with appropriate lifestyle choices. METHODS: A telephone survey in Israel of 764 patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes was conducted to assess social support and unsupportive social interactions, and correlate them with self-reported current health status...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Kathy K Isoldi, Veronika Dolar
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the impact on body weight status and food-related behaviors following participation in the Cooking Up Energy® (CUE) Program. METHODS: Children 7-11 years old attended 10 cooking/nutrition education sessions. Baseline and post-program weight, height and waist circumference measurements, frequency of participation in meal preparation and food frequency questionnaires were obtained. Data were analyzed for the entire group as well as a subgroup of overweight and obese participants...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Minghui Shen, Yunwei Gai, Li Feng
OBJECTIVE: Using large national databases, we investigated how living in the US-Mexico border region further limited access to healthcare among the non-elderly Hispanic adult population after controlling individual and county-level characteristics. METHODS: The 2008-2012 individual-level data of non-elderly Hispanic adults from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) were merged with county-level data from Area Health Resources File (AHRF). Multivariate logistic analyses were performed to predict insurance status and access to doctors using residency in the US-Mexico border region as the key predictor, adjusting individual and county-level factors...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Karen A Patte, Rachel Laxer, Wei Qian, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVES: Youth weight perceptions and the association with weight-control intentions were explored by sex and body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses (frequency, chi-square, multiple logistic regression) were conducted among 44,861 grade 9-12 students in Year 2(Y2:2013-2014) of the COMPASS study, adjusting for sex and race/ethnicity. RESULTS: Overall, weight underestimations were more common than overestimations, although there were differences by sex and race/ethnicity...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Vibeke T Christensen
OBJECTIVES: This study examines how the sex and body mass index (BMI) of both the observer (the interviewer) and the observed (the respondent) influence the way we perceive the weight level of others. METHODS: The study uses mixed-process IV regression and representative data from the Danish Longitudinal Survey of Youth - Children (DLSY-C) with 3015 respondents and 88 interviewers. Face-to-face interviews constitute the social setting, with interviewers estimating the weight level of the respondents, thereby avoiding bias from endogenous sorting of individuals into social contexts...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
Luigi Gallimberti, Alessandra Buja, Sonia Chindamo, Andrea Rabensteiner, Alberto Terraneo, Elena Marini, Luis Javier Gómez Pérez, Vincenzo Baldo
OBJECTIVES: Problematic use of video games (PUVG) is associated with substance use in middle school students. The aim of our study was to examine the association between PUVG and substance abuse in children and young adolescents. METHODS: A survey was conducted during the 2014-2015 school year in Padua (northeastern Italy). The sample consisted of 1156 students in grades 6 to 8. A multivariate logistic regression model was applied to seek associations between PUVG (dependent variable) and independent variables...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
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