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American Journal of Health Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320348/frequency-of-breakfast-and-physical-fitness-among-chinese-college-students
#1
Yufei Cui, Wenbo Zhang, Qiang Gong, Yanbo Chen, Shulei Chen, Ziqiang Wu
OBJECTIVE: Although several studies report a relationship between breakfast consumption and physical fitness, results are inconsistent and lack evidence in young adults. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between frequency of breakfast consumption and physical fitness among college students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated 10,125 Chinese college students (6251 male, 3874 female participants) who underwent physical examinations in 2015...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320347/heroin-use-and-drug-injection-among-youth-also-misusing-prescription-drugs
#2
Sonali Rajan, Kelly V Ruggles, Honoria Guarino, Pedro Mateu-Gelabert
OBJECTIVES: We identified the prevalence of nonmedical prescription drug use and its relationship to heroin and injection drug use in 4 nationally representative samples of adolescents. METHODS: We used the most recent data (2009-2015) from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (Ntotal= 61,132). Prevalence rates and 95% confidence intervals for prescription drug misuse, heroin use, and injection drug use were calculated across time points, sex, and race/ethnicity subgroups...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320346/media-devices-in-parents-and-children-s-bedrooms-and-children-s-media-use
#3
Jiwoo Lee, Martha Y Kubik, Jayne A Fulkerson
OBJECTIVES: The American Academy of Pediatrics advises having no media devices in children's bedrooms. We examined the link between media devices in parents' and children's bedrooms and children's media use. METHODS: Ninety parent-child dyads participated in a community- based healthy weight management study targeting 8-to-12-year-olds with body mass index (BMI)-for-age ≥75th percentile. Parents and children reported the number of media devices in their bedrooms and hours spent using media devices on weekdays and weekend days...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320345/an-examination-of-changes-in-social-disparities-in-health-behaviors-in-the-us-2003-2015
#4
Sasha A Fleary, Claudio R Nigg, Karen M Freund
OBJECTIVES: Due to growing health disparities, federal and philanthropic agencies have empha-sized reducing health disparities in their preventive health efforts. This study determined the status of disparities in health behaviors in the last 13 years in the United States. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Systems in odd years (2003-2015). Health behaviors were dichotomized to reflect met fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption and physical activity (PA) recommendations, non-cigarette smoking, non-heavy drinking, and non-binge drinking...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320344/a-profile-of-individuals-with-anti-tobacco-message-fatigue
#5
Jiyeon So, Lucy Popova
OBJECTIVES: Message fatigue, a phenomenon of being tired of repeated exposure to messages promoting the same health behavior, may reduce the effectiveness of anti-tobacco messages, such as warning labels. As an initial step towards understanding the phenomenon, we examined predictors of anti-tobacco message fatigue. METHODS: An online study (N = 1838) involving a non-probability sample of nonsmokers and smokers in the United States assessed anti-tobacco message fatigue and individual-level factors including demographic variables and smoking status...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320343/healthcare-satisfaction-among-older-adults
#6
Hui P Liew
OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to examine how older adults rate and identify the importance of attributes associated with healthcare seeking and utilization (eg, affordability, type of facility, and accessibility) in the United States. METHODS: The empirical work of this cross-sectional study is based on the 2014 Health and Retirement Study. Conjoint analysis and cluster analysis are used to assess the objective. RESULTS: There is a pressing need for sound policies that seek to reduce the cost of treatment and consultation and to improve the accessibility of care facility for older adults even though satisfaction pertaining to these attributes (ie, affordability, type of facility, and accessibility) differs across clusters...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320342/factors-associated-with-sunbed-use-in-women-the-e3n-sunexp-study
#7
Isabelle Savoye, Iris Cervenka, Yahya Mahamat Saleh, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Marina Kvaskoff
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we attempt to describe the profile of sunbed users among cancer-free French women. METHODS: E3N is a prospective cohort including 98,995 French women aged 40- 65 years in 1990. In 2008, a specific UV questionnaire was sent to all reported skin cancer cases and 3 controls per case, matched on age, county of birth, and education. We used logistic regression models adjusted for pigmentary traits. RESULTS: Compared with non-users, ever-users of sunbeds were younger (ptrend < ...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320341/long-term-weight-maintenance-after-successful-weight-loss-motivational-factors-support-difficulties-and-success-factors
#8
Sirpa Soini, Pertti Mustajoki, Johan G Eriksson
OBJECTIVES: The main aims of this study were to assess motivational factors for weight loss, and support and difficulties during the weight loss and weight maintenance phase. METHODS: This study was based upon findings from the Finnish Weight Control Registry (FWCR), including 158 formerly obese persons, who lost at least 10% of their initial weight and maintained it for at least 2 years. Data have been collected through electronic forms. RESULTS: The 2 most commonly reported motivational factors for weight loss were health- and appearance-related factors...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320340/lung-cancer-screening-uncertainty-among-patients-undergoing-ldct
#9
Daniel L Hall, Inga T Lennes, Alaina Carr, Justin R Eusebio, Gloria Y Yeh, Elyse R Park
OBJECTIVES: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death, yet lung screening remains underutilized. Lung cancer screening uncertainty (LCSU), including referral clarity and the perceived accuracy of screening, may hinder utilization and represent an unmet psychosocial need. This study sought to identify correlates of LCSU among lung screening patients. METHODS: Current and former smokers (N = 169) completed questionnaires assessing LCSU, sociodemographic variables, objective and subjective numeracy, stress, and anxiety, as part of a cross-sectional study of lung screening patients at an academic hospital...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320339/dental-visits-mediate-the-impact-of-smoking-on-oral-health
#10
Amber S Emanuel, Alice Parish, Henrietta L Logan, Virginia J Dodd, Dong Zheng, Yi Guo
OBJECTIVES: We explored the mediational relationships among smoking, dental visits, and oral health in a longitudinal study. METHODS: We selected a sample of adult residents of rural communities of North Central Florida and followed them for 3 years (final N = 1170). We examined the impact of smoking on oral health across time and conducted mediation analysis to quantify the effect of dental visits on the relationship between smoking and poor oral health. RESULTS: Our results showed that oral health declined across time for smokers but not for nonsmokers...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320338/healthy-behaviors-and-incidence-of-disability-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#11
Ryo Hotta, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Sho Nakakubo, Keitaro Makino, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVES: In this paper and prospective study, we examine the number of healthy behaviors and the incidence of disability in community-dwelling older adults aged 65 years and older. METHODS: Participants (N = 4483) were residents of Obu, Japan who were asked about regular exercise, smoking status, and sleep duration. Demographic variables, history of disease, physi- cal function, and cognitive function were measured as confounders. Information about disabil- ity was obtained from the Obu City Office...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320337/improving-resiliency-in-healthcare-employees
#12
Brooke L Werneburg, Sarah M Jenkins, Jamie L Friend, Bridget E Berkland, Matthew M Clark, Jordan K Rosedahl, Heather R Preston, Denise C Daniels, Beth A Riley, Kerry D Olsen, Amit Sood
OBJECTIVES: The high prevalence of stress at the workplace has been well documented; however, few studies have investigated the efficacy of worksite resiliency programs. Therefore, the objec- tive of this project was to examine the impact of a worksite resilience training program on improving resiliency and health behaviors in healthcare employees. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2016, 137 adult wellness center members of a healthcare institution participating in a single-arm cohort study of a 12-week resiliency training program were assessed at baseline, end of intervention, and at 3-month follow-up...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320336/knowledge-gaps-of-the-health-benefits-of-beans-among-low-income-women
#13
Shelly Palmer, Donna M Winham, Christine Hradek
OBJECTIVES: We determined knowledge of the health benefits of consuming beans, and assessed if awareness varied by acculturation status among Hispanic and non-Hispanic low-income women. METHODS: We used a self-administered survey with Iowa women aged 18-65 years who were eligible to receive income-based services through 2 healthcare clinics, a WIC clinic, and Extension Outreach. Chi-square and ANOVA were used to compare bean health benefit knowledge, demographics, health-risk factors, nutrition information seeking, and self-efficacy by acculturation categories...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320335/physician-intervention-and-chinese-americans-colorectal-cancer-screening
#14
Judy Huei-Yu Wang, Grace X Ma, Wenchi Liang, Yin Tan, Kepher H Makambi, Roucheng Dong, Sally W Vernon, Shin-Ping Tu, Jeanne S Mandelblatt
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a cluster-randomized trial evaluating an intervention that trained Chinese-American primary care physicians to increase their Chinese patients' colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. METHODS: Twenty-five physicians (13 randomized to the intervention arm and 12 to the control arm) and 479 of their patients (aged 50-75 and nonadherent to CRC screening guidelines) were enrolled. The intervention, guided by Social Cognitive Theory, included a communication guide and 2 in-office training sessions to enhance physicians' efficacy in com- municating CRC screening with patients...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320334/body-weight-and-bullying-victimization-among-us-adolescents
#15
Claudia Wang, Yin Li, Kaigang Li, Dong-Chul Seo
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between body weight status at all levels (including underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obesity) and bullying victimization among US ado- lescents using a nationally representative data. METHODS: We used logistic regression to exam- ine the association between bullying victimization and body weight status by sex with the data from the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) (N = 11,825), controlling for demographics, selected behavioral confounders, and complex survey design...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025509/clinic-appointment-attendance-in-adults-with-serious-mental-illness-and-diabetes
#16
Douglas D Gunzler, Nathan Morris, Jarrod E Dalton, Richard McCormick, Neal V Dawson, Charles Thomas, Stephanie Kanuch, Kristin A Cassidy, Melanie Athey, Edna Fuentes-Casiano, Mary Ellen Lawless, Siobhan Martin, Douglas Einstadter, Martha Sajatovic
OBJECTIVES: We assessed characteristics that may predict outpatient appointment attendance in outpatient medical clinics among patients comorbid for serious mental illness (SMI) and type 2 diabetes (DM). METHODS: Baseline covariate data from 200 individuals with SMI-DM enrolled in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) were used to examine characteristics associated with electronic health record-identified clinic appointment attendance using a generalized estimating equations approach...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025508/discrepancy-in-motivation-for-weight-loss-and-exercise-in-rural-patients
#17
Jacob C Warren, K Bryant Smalley, K Nikki Barefoot
OBJECTIVES: We explored the extent to which discrepancy between motivation for weight loss and exercise is related to obesity among rural patients with chronic disease, and identified the psychosocial correlates of this discrepancy. METHODS: 497 patients with diabetes and/or hypertension were recruited from a network of Federally Qualified Health Centers in the rural South and completed a battery of assessments. RESULTS: Most persons in the sample (83...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025507/development-and-validation-of-the-outcome-expectations-for-yoga-scale
#18
Herpreet Thind, Marie A Sillice, Joseph L Fava, Ryan Lantini, Santina Horowitz, Ernestine Jennings, Rochelle K Rosen, James Carmody, Bruce M Becker, Bess H Marcus, Beth C Bock
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to develop an instrument that can measure outcome expectations of yoga and to evaluate the instrument for internal consistency and initial construct validity. METHODS: A 20-item scale was developed to assess physical, mental, and spiritual health benefits related to yoga practice among adults. The scale was tested in a baseline survey with adults participating in a clinical trial. Principal component analysis was used to investigate the internal structure of the measure...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025506/maintenance-of-lifestyle-changes-at-12-month-follow-up-in-a-nutrition-and-physical-activity-trial-for-cancer-survivors
#19
Fiona G Stacey, David R Lubans, Kathy Chapman, Alessandra Bisquera, Erica L James
OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we report maintenance of behavior change in a nutrition and physical activity intervention for cancer survivors at 12-months follow-up. METHODS: The ENRICH (Exercise and Nutrition Routine Improving Cancer Health) program was an 8-week face-to-face program for cancer survivors and caregivers, focused on healthy eating, healthy weight, resistance training, and a walking program. Randomized controlled trial participants completed a survey and 7-days of pedometry at baseline, 8-weeks, and 20-weeks...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025505/household-food-security-discordance-among-latino-adolescents-and-parents
#20
Fiorella L Carlos Chavez, Daphne C Hernandez, Gregory J Harris, Joseph G Grzywacz
OBJECTIVES: We determined the degree of parent-adolescent concordance in reported household food security, and delineated variation in concordance as a function of selected household and parent-adolescent relationship characteristics. METHODS: Cross-tabulations and Cohen's Kappa determined concordance. Multinomial logistic regressions delineated variation in concordance as a function of selected household and parent-adolescent relationship characteristics for Latino parent and adolescent dyads (N = 70)...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
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