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Substance Use & Misuse

Andrew M Kiselica, Amy Duhig, Ivan Montoya, Phil Skolnick, Jennifer Floyd, Cigi Byars
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use disorder (CUD) as described/defined in DSM 5, is characterized by impaired control of marijuana use and related personal, health, and legal consequences. CUD is a serious public health problem, affecting nearly 6 million individuals in the United States. There are no FDA approved medications to treat this disorder. The lack of available treatment options contributes to uncertainties by drug sponsors about formulary and reimbursement decision-making for CUD pharmacotherapies...
June 21, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Eleanor L S Leavens, Julie Croff, Rachel Feddor, Kathleen Olson
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption and related consequences is a problem on many college campuses. Tailgating parties before college sporting events may be contributing, however, little recent research has investigated alcohol consumption at these events. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the drinking behaviors of college game day tailgate attendees and subsequent alcohol-related consequences. METHODS: Participants (N = 89; 44...
June 21, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
John P Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Research on the association between cohabitation and substance use has been inconsistent, with some studies indicating an elevated risk among cohabiters and others finding either no difference in risk or a reduced risk of substance use. However, studies of this association have not utilized a causal modeling empirical framework. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to assess whether cohabitation has a causal effect on two forms of substance use among young adults: marijuana and heavy alcohol use...
June 20, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Emma Mc Donnell, David Hevey, Mathew McCauley, Kevin Noel Ducray
BACKGROUND: Early Maladaptive Schema (EMS) are self-beliefs regarding oneself, others and the world, developed in childhood as the result of cumulative negative experiences (Young, 1993). High levels of EMS are present in the opioid using population along with high levels of emotional dysregulation and maladaptive coping alongside traits of resilience. OBJECTIVES: The study explored the associations between EMS in relation to emotional dysregulation, maladaptive coping, adaptive coping and resilience between a clinical group composed of opioid dependent polydrug users attending a facility for opioid substitution treatment (n = 52) and a healthy comparison group (n = 70)...
June 11, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Adam E Barry, Alisa A Padon, Shawn D Whiteman, Kristen K Hicks, Amie K Carreon, Jarrett R Crowell, Kristen L Willingham, Ashley L Merianos
BACKGROUND: There is considerable evidence that exposure to alcohol marketing increases the likelihood of adolescents initiating and engaging in alcohol consumption. There is a paucity of research, however, specifically examining industry generated alcohol marketing occurring on social media/networking platforms. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to analyze the content of promotional advertisements by alcohol brands on Instagram. METHODS: For a 30-day period, Instagram profiles of 15 distinct alcohol brands were examined...
June 11, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Michelle I Jongenelis, Robyn Johnston, Julia Stafford
BACKGROUND: Parental provision of alcohol to their underage child has been associated with risky adolescent drinking. While parents' belief in the appropriateness of providing their child with alcohol may influence their provision behaviors, research into the factors associated with this belief is lacking. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify the factors associated with parents' belief in the appropriateness of providing alcohol to their underage child. METHODS: Western Australian parents of 12-17 year olds (n = 443) completed an online survey assessing their drinking habits, alcohol provision behaviors, alcohol-related beliefs and attitudes, their child's alcohol consumption, and demographics...
June 11, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
James G Phillips, C Erik Landhuis, Rowan P Ogeil
University students engage in risky patterns of alcohol consumption, which may affect their health and performance at university. This study provides a novel analysis which tracked students' interaction with online course materials over time, and examined associations between online activity and alcohol related harm (as indicated by the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test). Study 1 tracked 63 undergraduate psychology students in the second half of a semester and found risky drinking behaviors were marginally related to reductions in online study activity...
June 11, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Alison J Kaiser, Heather A Davis, Richard Milich, Gregory T Smith, Richard Charnigo
OBJECTIVE: To explore the bidirectional relations between alcohol use and three impulsive personality traits, to advance understanding of risk processes. PARTICIPANTS: 525 college students (mean age = 18.95 years) recruited in August 2008 and 2009 and followed up annually for three years. METHODS: Personality and past/current substance use were assessed. RESULTS: T2 sensation seeking mediated the predictive relationship between T1 and T3 alcohol use, and T2 alcohol use mediated the predictive relationship between T1 and T3 sensation seeking...
June 11, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Loren Brener, Joanne Bryant, Elena Cama, Lucy Pepolin, Mary Ellen Harrod
BACKGROUND: Extended distribution refers to the practice whereby people who inject drugs pass on sterile injecting equipment to their networks and can be a means to access people who inject drugs who do not attend state-sanctioned needle and syringe programs. While it is legal, to possess a sterile syringe for the purpose of injecting drugs in New South Wales, Australia, it is a criminal offence to pass this equipment on for others to use. In 2013 a pilot project was established to trial the authorization of "extended" peer distribution...
June 11, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Jian Yang, Jun Ye, Qiao Guo, Yining Sun, Yansong Zheng, Yongliang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Smoking and drinking are two predisposing factors for dyslipidemia. Exercise has been proposed as a strategy to improve the blood lipids. However, it remains unclear how smoking and drinking jointly affect blood lipids and whether exercise influences their effects. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of smoking and drinking, either alone or in combination, on lipid-related indices in both exercise and non-exercise groups among Chinese men. METHODS: This study was conducted in a health examination center between 2015 and 2016...
June 11, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Beom-Young Cho
BACKGROUND: Early initiation of alcohol use, cannabis use, and sexual intercourse among adolescents is an important public health concern in the United States. Parents' history of substance use disorder is an important contributing factor for children's problem behaviors. OBJECTIVES: The associations of fathers' lifetime cannabis use disorder with children's initiation of cannabis use, alcohol use, and sexual intercourse were examined. In addition, child's gender was considered as a moderator of each association...
May 30, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Elizabeth K Do, Elizabeth C Prom-Wormley, Bernard F Fuemmeler, Danielle M Dick, Kenneth S Kendler, Hermine H Maes
BACKGROUND: Youth tobacco use behaviors are predictive of patterns in adulthood and effect long-term health outcomes. Yet, few studies have examined the effect of initial subjective experiences (ISEs) during first tobacco use, which has been found to be an indicator of individuals. sensitivity to nicotine and vulnerability to dependence. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of ISEs across a variety of tobacco products, evaluate the factor structure of ISEs by first tobacco product used, and examine the relationship between ISEs and recent (30-day) use of tobacco products across time, using a university sample...
May 29, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Marcela Tiburcio, Ma Asunción Lara, Nora Martínez, Morise Fernández, Araceli Aguilar
BACKGROUND: Web-based cognitive-behavioral interventions to reduce substance use can be a useful low-cost treatment for a large number of people, and an attractive option in countries where a greater availability of treatment is needed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and initial effectiveness of a web-based cognitive-behavioral intervention for the reduction of substance use and depression compared with treatment as usual, with and without a printed self-help manual...
May 16, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Jessica L Chou, Katherine J Pierce, Lara B Pennington, Rosalie Seiler, Jerri Michael, Donna Mc Namara, Debra Zand
BACKGROUND: Parenting self-efficacy has been linked to positive parent and child outcomes however, little research exists on factors that influence parenting self-efficacy among pregnant women with substance use disorders. OBJECTIVES: This study explored substance use severity, social support, and family empowerment as predictors of parenting self-efficacy among pregnant women (N = 71) entering SUD treatment. METHODS: The study used a quantitative cross-sectional design...
May 14, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Charles B Fleming, Christine M Lee, Isaac C Rhew, Jason J Ramirez, Devon Alisa Abdallah, Anne M Fairlie
BACKGROUND: Prior research on romantic relationships and alcohol use among young adults has not distinguished between differences in patterns of relationship status over extended periods of time and within-person changes in status that only occur for some individuals. OBJECTIVES: This study captured between-person differences in relationship patterns, assessed associations between relationship patterns and alcohol use, and examined within-person associations between alcohol use and relationship status changes...
May 8, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Gabriel Lins de Holanda Coelho, Paul H P Hanel, Roosevelt Vilar, Renan P Monteiro, Valdiney V Gouveia, Gregory R Maio
Human values and affective traits were found to predict attitudes toward the use of different types of drugs (e.g., alcohol, marijuana, and other illegal drugs). In this study (N = 196, Mage = 23.09), we aimed to gain a more comprehensive understanding of those predictors of attitudes toward drug use in a mediated structural equation model, providing a better overview of a possible motivational path that drives to such a risky behavior. Specifically, we predicted and found that the relations between need for affect and attitudes toward drug use were mediated by excitement values...
May 4, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Adrian J Bravo, Matthew R Pearson, Leah E Stevens, James M Henson
BACKGROUND: Alcohol protective behavioral strategies (PBS) are behaviors engaged in immediately prior to, during, after, or instead of drinking with the explicit goal of reducing alcohol use, intoxication, and/or alcohol-related harms. Despite the quantitative support for alcohol PBS as a protective factor among college student drinkers, we know of no qualitative research aimed at determining college student drinkers' perceptions regarding the advantages and disadvantages of using PBS...
April 30, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
A J Khan, P Pedrelli, B G Shapero, L Fisher, M Nyer, A I Farabaugh, L MacPherson
Binge drinking (BD) and alcohol related problems (ARP) are highly prevalent among college students. However, current models examining ARP suggest drinking quantity only accounts for a portion of the variance, suggesting other variables contribute to ARP. Distress tolerance (DT), or the ability to withstand negative affect, is associated with alcohol misuse and may be an important mechanism related to ARP. However, studies have reported inconsistent findings on this association, which may be due to the use of only global scores to measure DT rather than specific DT components...
April 30, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Lisa R LaRowe, Lauren N Chilcott, Michael J Zvolensky, Peter A Vanable, Kelley Flood, Joseph W Ditre
BACKGROUND: People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) who smoke cigarettes are vulnerable to greater pain and aberrant use of prescription pain medications. Prescription opioid misuse is highly prevalent among PLWHA and can lead to a variety of adverse outcomes. Pain-related anxiety, which has been implicated in the maintenance of both pain and tobacco dependence, may also play a role in prescription pain medication misuse. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to test associations between pain-related anxiety and prescription opioid misuse...
April 30, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Emma L Davies, Mary Sissons Joshi
BACKGROUND: Studies exploring "anticipated regret" concerning alcohol rarely consider the broader consequences of excessive drinking that might be regretted. Even if specific regrettable experiences are identified, interventions targeting them may not succeed because individuals are often optimistic about their risk susceptibility. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the consequences young adult drinkers reported, and the extent to which these were regretted...
April 20, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
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