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Substance Use & Misuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820622/latent-growth-curve-modeling-of-non-injection-drug-use-and-condomless-sexual-behavior-from-ages-18-to-21-in-gay-bisexual-and-other-ymsm-the-p18-cohort-study
#1
Perry N Halkitis, Kristen Bub, Christopher B Stults, Francesca C Bates, Farzana Kapadia
BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS continues to be a health disparity faced by sexual minority men, and is exacerbated by non-injection drug use. OBJECTIVES: We sought to delineate growth in non-injection drug use and condomless sex in a sample of racially and economically diverse of gay, bisexual, and other young men who have sex with men (YMSM) as they emerged into adulthood between the ages of 18 and 21 and who came of age in the post-HAART era. METHODS: Behavioral data on drug use and condomless sex, collected via a calendar based technique over 7 waves of a cohort study of 600 YMSM, were analyzed using latent growth curve modeling to document patterns of growth in these behaviors, their associations, and the extent to which patterns and associations are moderated by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status...
August 18, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816599/adolescent-marijuana-use-and-perceived-ease-of-access-before-and-after-recreational-marijuana-implementation-in-colorado
#2
Scott B Harpin, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Ming Ma, Katherine A James, Arnold H Levinson
BACKGROUND: As of January 1, 2017, eight states have approved laws for recreational marijuana use. While the social impacts of these changes remain under debate, the influence on adolescent marijuana use is a key policy and health issue across the U.S. OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in adolescent marijuana-use behaviors in the first year after recreational marijuana implementation in Colorado, and to analyze the effect of retail marijuana store proximity on youth use and perceptions...
August 17, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816572/effects-on-alcohol-consumption-and-alcohol-related-harm-of-a-community-based-prevention-intervention-with-national-support-in-sweden
#3
Tony Nilsson, Peter Allebeck, Håkan Leifman, Sven Andréasson, Thor Norström, Karin Guldbrandsson
BACKGROUND: In order to strengthen local alcohol prevention work in Sweden the Swedish government has for the past almost 15 years commissioned the Public Health Agency of Sweden to initiate a series of community-based alcohol prevention projects. The latest of these, labeled local development with ambitions (LUMA), included 25 municipalities in Sweden. OBJECTIVES: Aim of this study is to examine if LUMA municipalities that received financial support, with requirements, increased local alcohol prevention and if alcohol consumption and harm declined...
August 17, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813188/cannabis-related-problems-and-social-anxiety-the-mediational-role-of-post-event-processing
#4
Anthony H Ecker, Julia D Buckner
BACKGROUND: Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug in the US, and is associated with a range of psychological, social, and physical health-related problems. Individuals who endorse elevated levels of social anxiety are especially at risk for experiencing cannabis-related problems, including cannabis use disorder, despite not using cannabis more often than those with more normative social anxiety. Identification of mechanisms that underlie the relationship between social anxiety and cannabis-related problems may inform treatment and prevention efforts...
August 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813187/twelve-steps-two-factors-coping-strategies-moderate-the-association-between-craving-and-daily-12-step-use-in-a-college-recovery-community
#5
Richard P Wiebe, Amanda M Griffin, Yao Zheng, Kitty S Harris, H Harrington Cleveland
BACKGROUND: Affiliating with 12-step groups appears to reduce relapse risk. By relying on between-person designs, extant research has been unable to examine daily mechanisms through which 12-step group affiliation contributes to recovery. OBJECTIVES: To examine the daily use and factor structure of the 12 steps and intrapersonal predictors and moderators of 12-step use. To determine whether the 12 steps were used in response to daily craving and, if so, which steps and in what contexts...
August 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813174/depressive-symptoms-and-drinking-outcomes-the-mediating-role-of-drinking-motives-and-protective-behavioral-strategies-among-college-students
#6
Margo C Villarosa, Mary Anne Messer, Michael B Madson, Virgil Zeigler-Hill
BACKGROUND: College students with depressive symptoms tend to engage in more hazardous drinking and experience more alcohol-related consequences to cope with their symptoms. Given the perceived tension reducing effects of alcohol among these students, it is important to explore how protective factors, such as protective behavioral strategies, account for the relationships among depressive symptoms, drinking motives, and alcohol-related outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the mediating role of drinking motives and protective behavioral strategies on the associations that depressive symptoms have with typical weekly alcohol consumption, hazardous drinking, and alcohol-related negative consequences in a sample of college student drinkers...
August 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813168/examining-women-s-alcohol-consumption-the-theory-of-planned-behavior-and-self-identity
#7
Helen M Haydon, Patricia L Obst, Ioni Lewis
BACKGROUND: Changing trends demonstrate that women, in several economically developed countries, are drinking at higher levels than ever before. OBJECTIVE: This study applied an extended Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), including self-identity, to examine women's intentions to consume alcohol. METHODS: Women (N = 1069) aged 18-87 years, completed a questionnaire measuring their intentions to engage in binge drinking and frequent drinking...
August 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812420/a-novel-approach-for-streamlining-delivery-of-brief-motivational-interventions-to-mandated-college-students-using-group-and-individual-sessions-matched-to-level-of-risk
#8
Michael H Bernstein, Grayson L Baird, Miryam Yusufov, Nadine R Mastroleo, Kate B Carey, Daniel D Graney, Mark D Wood
BACKGROUND: Mandated college students (those in violation of a campus alcohol policy) are heterogenous with respect to alcohol consumption. Thus, when universities consider required treatment for mandated students, one promising option is to match treatment intensity according to level of alcohol involvement. The present study evaluates such an approach with minimal resources. METHODS: Mandated students (N = 285) were required to complete a baseline assessment. Participants identified as high-risk (5+ past month alcohol problems AND 2+ past month heavy drinking episodes) received a one session individual Brief Motivational Intervention (I-BMI) whereas those identified as low-risk (all others) received a one session group Brief Motivational Intervention (G-BMI)...
August 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792283/reasons-for-marijuana-and-tobacco-co-use-among-young-adults-a-mixed-methods-scale-development-study
#9
Carla J Berg, Jackelyn Payne, Lisa Henriksen, Patricia Cavazos-Rehg, Betelihem Getachew, Gillian L Schauer, Regine Haardörfer
BACKGROUND: Marijuana-tobacco co-use has increased recently, particularly in young adults. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a mixed-methods study to: (1) examine reasons for co-use; and (2) develop a scale assessing reasons for co-use among participants in a longitudinal cohort study of 3,418 students aged 18-25 from 7 Georgia colleges and universities. METHODS: Phone-based semi-structured interviews were conducted in Summer 2015 among 46 current (past 30-day, n = 26) or lifetime (n = 20) marijuana users...
August 9, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792280/social-stressors-and-intoxicated-sex-among-an-online-sample-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-drawn-from-seven-countries
#10
Anna N Chard, Nicholas S Metheny, Patrick S Sullivan, Rob Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Rates of drug and alcohol use are higher among men who have sex with men (MSM) than the general adult male population, and are often associated with increased sexual risk-taking. OBJECTIVES: We aim to examine the prevalence of drunk or high sex and their associations with socio-demographic characteristics, gay social network size, and social stress among an online sample of MSM drawn from seven countries. METHODS: Sexually-active MSM aged over 18 residing in Australia, Brazil, Canada, South Africa, Thailand, the United Kingdom, or the United States were recruited through Facebook for a quantitative survey (n = 2,403) in 2012...
August 9, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777709/substance-use-disorder-and-suicide-attempt-among-people-who-report-compromised-health
#11
Jonathan Prince
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorder can increase the risk of suicide attempt. However, the relationship between substance use disorder and suicide attempt has yet to be explored among people who report compromised health, even though sick people are more likely to make an attempt. OBJECTIVES: Among people who report fair or poor health on the National Survey of Drug Use and Health (2006-2014; N = 502,467), I examined whether people with commonly occurring substance use disorders are more likely to attempt suicide than people without substance use disorders...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777692/marijuana-use-and-driving-under-the-influence-among-young-adults-a-socioecological-perspective-on-risk-factors
#12
Carla J Berg, Carmen N Daniel, Milkie Vu, Jingjing Li, Kathleen Martin, Lana Le
BACKGROUND: Given increases in marijuana use and driving under the influence (DUI), it is critical to identify those at risk in order to inform intervention efforts. OBJECTIVES: We used a socioecological framework to examine correlates of level of marijuana use and DUI in the past month among young adult marijuana users. METHODS: We recruited 1567 participants aged 18-34 years via Facebook ads targeting tobacco and marijuana users in August 2014 to complete an online survey assessing marijuana use and DUI, as well as related multilevel factors...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777688/attitudes-and-beliefs-about-new-psychoactive-substance-use-among-electronic-dance-music-party-attendees
#13
Joseph J Palamar, Patricia Acosta, Charles M Cleland
BACKGROUND: Attitudes and beliefs about drug use have been shown to be robust correlates of use of drugs such as alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine; however, little is known regarding attitudes or beliefs about new psychoactive substances (NPS). We sought to examine attitudes and beliefs about NPS and how they relate to self-reported use in a high-risk population-electronic dance music (EDM) party attendees. METHOD: 1,048 individuals (age 18-40) were surveyed entering EDM parties in New York City in 2016...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777687/gender-differences-in-deviance-and-health-risk-behaviors-among-young-adults-undergraduate-students
#14
Liat Korn, Hagit Bonny-Noach
BACKGROUND: Deviant and health risk behaviors among young-adults are associated with many adverse outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate a broad variety of behaviors by gender differences and their contribution to predicting cannabis use in undergraduate students. METHOD: This research is based on a structured, self-reported anonymous questionnaire distributed to 1,432 young adult undergraduate students at an Israeli University, 533 males and 899 females (mean age 27...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777686/a-non-parametric-item-response-theory-evaluation-of-the-cage-instrument-among-older-adults
#15
Edimansyah Abdin, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Louisa Picco, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: The validity of the CAGE using item response theory (IRT) has not yet been examined in older adult population. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the psychometric properties of the CAGE using both non-parametric and parametric IRT models, assess whether there is any differential item functioning (DIF) by age, gender and ethnicity and examine the measurement precision at the cut-off scores. METHODS: We used data from the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly study to conduct Mokken scaling analysis (MSA), dichotomous Rasch and 2-parameter logistic IRT models...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777685/sexual-minority-disparities-in-substance-use-willingness-among-youth
#16
Kristi E Gamarel, Ethan H Mereish, Suzanne M Colby, Nancy P Barnett, Kerri Hayes, Kristina M Jackson
BACKGROUND: Disparities in substance use have been observed in sexual minority youth, but less is known about willingness to use substances, an important precursor to actual use. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to examine willingness to use cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana among sexual minority youth compared to their non-sexual minority counterparts using both cross-sectional and longitudinal data. METHODS: The present study drew on two waves (Times 1 and 2; 6 months apart) of data collected during high school as part of a prospective study of substance use initiation and progression in Rhode Island...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777684/concussion-history-hazardous-drinking-and-brac-levels-among-a-sample-of-bar-patrons-2015
#17
Ryan J Martin, Beth H Chaney, Joseph G L Lee
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption and experiencing a concussion are positively correlated. Concussion history has not been examined previously in any alcohol field study (i.e., conducted in a natural setting). OBJECTIVE: To better understand the relationship between concussion history and alcohol consumption. METHODS: We conducted two anonymous field studies among a 2015 sample of bar patrons (N = 544; 62.5% males) in a college town to assess concussion history and two alcohol consumption measures: (1) breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) levels and (2) hazardous drinking scores (based on the AUDIT-C)...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777682/assessing-the-association-between-e-cigarette-use-and-exposure-to-social-media-in-college-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Michael D Sawdey, Linda Hancock, Marcus Messner, Elizabeth C Prom-Wormley
BACKGROUND: Social media platforms provide an indirect medium for encouraging e-cigarette use between individuals and also serve as a direct marketing tool from e-cigarette brands to potential users. E-cigarette users share information via social media that often contains product details or health-related claims. OBJECTIVE: Determine whether e-cigarette use is associated with exposure to e-cigarettes on social media in college students. METHODS: Data from a sample of 258 college students was obtained via a clicker-response questionnaire (90% response rate)...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777681/nonmedical-use-of-prescription-medications-among-medical-students-in-greece-prevalence-of-and-motivation-for-use
#19
Georgios Papazisis, Ioannis Tsakiridis, Chryssa Pourzitaki, Eirini Apostolidou, Dimitrios Spachos, Dimitrios Kouvelas
BACKGROUND: Non-medical use of prescription medications has risen to unprecedented levels over the past decade worldwide; however, studies assessing misuse across medical students are sparse. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to1) estimate the lifetime and the past-year prevalence of non-medical use of prescription medications among medical students in Greece 2) identify the motivation for use. METHODS: 591 medical students completed an anonymous, self-administered, web-based survey assessing lifetime and past-year prevalence of non-medical use of four classes of prescription drugs (opioid painkillers, tranquillizers, sleeping and stimulant medications)...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777678/early-initiation-of-substance-use-as-an-indicator-of-problematic-substance-use-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-ymsm
#20
Aleksandar Kecojevic, Corey H Basch, Stephen E Lankenau
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Much research has documented that young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are at higher risk for substance use-related problems. This study examined the age of substance use initiation and it's relationship to current substance use-related problems among substance-using YMSM. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 191 YMSM (aged 18 to 29) with recent histories of prescription drug misuse was conducted in Philadelphia in 2012-13...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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