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Substance Use & Misuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704164/maternal-problem-drinking-and-child-mental-health
#1
Mathilde M Husky, Katherine Keyes, Ava Hamilton, Anastasia Stragalinou, Ondine Pez, Rowella Kuijpers, Sigita Lesinskiene, Zlatka Mihova, Roy Otten, Viviane Kovess-Masfety
BACKGROUND: Offspring of individuals with alcohol use disorders have been shown to have elevated risk for mental health problems. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between maternal problem drinking and child mental health as assessed by three informants in three European countries. METHODS: Data were drawn from the School Child Mental Health in Europe study. Maternal alcohol use was assessed using the alcohol use disorders identification test...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704148/-i-was-not-sick-and-i-didn-t-need-to-recover-methadone-maintenance-treatment-mmt-as-a-refuge-from-criminalization
#2
David Frank
BACKGROUND: Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) in the United States (U.S.) has been undergoing a shift towards conceptualizing the program as recovery-based treatment. Although recovery is seen by some as a means to restore MMT to its rightful position as a medically-based treatment for addiction, it may not represent the experiences, or meet the needs of people who use drugs (PWUD), many of whom who use the program as a pragmatic means of reducing harms associated with criminalization...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704146/legacy-interventions-with-patients-with-co-occurring-disorders-legacy-definitions-life-satisfaction-and-self-efficacy
#3
Felina C Franklin, Monit Cheung
BACKGROUND: Individuals with co-occurring disorders tend to avoid interaction with others. To instill hope, legacy intervention aims to highlight past experiences while managing life stressors for a positive outlook. Participants take part in legacy activities-crafting tangible projects and recording one's life events-in order to actualize a personal sense of legacy. OBJECTIVES: This pre-posttest research tested whether legacy intervention in a partial hospital program (PHP) on reframing past experiences through creative activities could increase life satisfaction and self-efficacy among adults with co-occurring substance misuse and mental health symptoms...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704128/commune-health-workers-methadone-maintenance-treatment-mmt-knowledge-and-perceived-difficulties-providing-decentralized-mmt-services-in-vietnam
#4
Chunqing Lin, Nguyen Anh Tuan, Li Li
BACKGROUND: With the initial establishment of countrywide methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) system, Vietnam is in the process of expanding and decentralizing the MMT program to community-based healthcare settings. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to measure the MMT-related knowledge and perceived difficulties in treating patient who use drugs (PWUD) among community-based healthcare providers, e.g., commune health workers (CHW), and examine its correlated factors. METHODS: A total of 300 CHW from 60 communes in two provinces of Vietnam completed a survey using Audio Computer-Assisted Self-Interview (ACASI) method...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704120/association-of-physical-activity-with-alcohol-abuse-and-dependence-in-a-nationally-representative-u-s-sample
#5
April Joy Damian, Tamar Mendelson
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use is a pervasive and costly public health problem in the United States. Relapse rates from alcohol use disorders are high. Although exercise has been proposed as a strategy to prevent relapse, lifestyle modification is the least studied aspect of relapse prevention programs, especially among racial/ethnic minority populations. OBJECTIVE: The current study assessed whether being physically active was associated with remission from alcohol abuse or dependence among Black (African American and Afro Caribbean) adults in the U...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704119/can-legal-highs-trigger-myocardial-infarction-patients-characteristics-based-on-published-cases
#6
Agnieszka Lisowska, Magdalena Makarewicz-Wujec, Małgorzata Wojciechowska-Wojciechowska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704118/gratitude-and-drug-misuse-role-of-coping-as-mediator
#7
Chi-Ching Leung, Eddie M W Tong
BACKGROUND: Positive emotions, such as gratitude has been found to be beneficial to both physical and mental well-being but so far, drug misuse research has yet to identify important emotive predictors related to drug use. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the relationship between gratitude and drug use among a group of drug misusers. It was hypothesized that greater dispositional gratitude was associated with lesser drug use through greater use of adaptive coping methods and lesser use of maladaptive coping methods...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704116/popular-views-on-addictions-and-on-prospects-for-recovery-in-poland
#8
Justyna I Klingemann, Harald Klingemann, Jacek Moskalewicz
BACKGROUND: Popular views of addictive substances and behaviors constitute an important research topic because these views have an impact upon the functioning of treatment systems and societal responses to substance use disorders. METHODS: The analysis is based on a random sample of N = 1000 telephone interviews collected in Poland in 2013. Questionnaire measures targeted such issues as the perceived risks of addictions and beliefs about potential recovery from various types of addictions...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704115/trends-of-youth-marijuana-treatment-admissions-increasing-admissions-contrasted-with-decreasing-drug-involvement
#9
Miesha Marzell, Ethan Sahker, Stephan Arndt
BACKGROUND: Recent changes in marijuana policies and their potential negative effects on youth development are a public health concern. Identifying the most appropriate treatment approaches for problematic marijuana use is important. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to track marijuana use among young people by examining national changes from 1995 to 2012 in the demographics, referral sources, and the substance use patterns related to youth admissions to substance abuse treatment programs...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704112/the-migration-mental-stress-and-tobacco-use-of-internal-migrants-in-china-the-moderating-effect-of-the-social-context-of-the-host-society
#10
Shenghua Xie
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on the relationship between mental stress and the tobacco use of internal migrants have not fully considered the social context of the host society. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine how mental stress influences cigarette smoking in internal migrants in China by considering the social context of the host society. METHODS: We used the RUMiC data that were collected in 15 cities distributed throughout 9 provinces of China...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704109/heterogeneity-in-drinking-practices-in-england-and-wales-and-its-association-with-violent-behavior-a-latent-class-analysis
#11
Carly Lightowlers
BACKGROUND: Crude single-item consumption metrics, such as "binge drinking" measures, mask the complexity and heterogeneity in young people's drinking; thus limiting our understanding of young people's drinking patterns as well as how alcohol drinking is associated with violent outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The current study employed a range of consumption and contextual indicators to explore heterogeneity in young people's (16-29 years) drinking practices, giving due consideration to their social nature...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704106/prescription-drug-misuse-and-arrest-history
#12
Jason Ford, Lauren Wright
BACKGROUND: Prescription drug misuse is widely acknowledged as a major public health issue in the United States. Surprisingly little research examines the association between prescription drug misuse and history of arrest among adults. METHODS: We use data from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health to examine this association. Arrest was self-reported and separated into three categories: any, property crime, or violent crime. Prescription drug misuse was defined as use without a prescription or solely for the feeling or experience caused by the drug...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622067/opioid-involved-overdose-among-male-afghanistan-iraq-era-u-s-military-veterans-a-multidimensional-perspective
#13
Alex S Bennett, Luther Elliott, Andrew Golub, Brett Wolfson-Stofko, Honoria Guarino
BACKGROUND: Mirroring nationwide trends in a broad range of U.S. populations, an alarming number of Afghanistan/Iraq-era U.S. Military veterans have experienced opioid-related overdoses. A growing body of research has examined the proximal behaviors that can precipitate an overdose; considerably less is known about more distal physiological, psychosocial and structural influences on these risk behaviors. OBJECTIVES: This study adopts a multidimensional approach to better understand opioid-related overdose among U...
June 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605315/tracking-young-adults-attitudes-toward-tobacco-marketing-using-ecological-momentary-assessment-ema
#14
Megan E Roberts, Bo Lu, Christopher R Browning, Amy K Ferketich
BACKGROUND: Decades of research demonstrate the pernicious effects of targeted cigarette marketing on young people. Now, with tobacco marketing shifting toward greater incorporation of alternative products, it is critical to identify current attitudes toward the new landscape of tobacco advertisements. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to understand the present landscape of tobacco marketing to which young adults are exposed, and to assess how they respond to it...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605308/prevalence-of-heavy-alcohol-use-among-people-receiving-methadone-following-change-to-methadose
#15
Jan Klimas, Evan Wood, Ekaterina Nosova, M-J Milloy, Thomas Kerr, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: A recent switch in methadone formulation from methadone (1 mg/mL) to Methadose (10 mg/mL) in British Columbia (BC), Canada, was associated with increased reports of opioid withdrawal and increases in illicit opioid use. Impacts on other forms of drug use have not been assessed. Since alcohol use is common among people receiving Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT), we assessed if switch was associated with increased prevalence of heavy alcohol use. METHODS: Drawing on data from two open prospective cohort studies of people who inject drugs in Vancouver, BC, generalized estimating equations (GEE) model examined relationship between methadone formulation change and heavy alcohol use, defined by National Institute for Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605305/attitudes-toward-medical-cannabis-legalization-among-serbian-medical-students
#16
Isidora Vujcic, Aleksandar Pavlovic, Eleonora Dubljanin, Jadranka Maksimovic, Aleksandra Nikolic, Sandra Sipetic-Grujicic
BACKGROUND: Currently, medical cannabis polices are experiencing rapid changes, and an increasing number of nations around the world legalize medical cannabis for certain groups of patients, including those in Serbia. OBJECTIVES: To determine medical students' attitudes toward medical cannabis legalization and to examine the factors influencing their attitudes. METHODS: Fourth-year medical students at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, had participated in a cross-sectional study...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605304/report-on-the-international-workshop-on-drug-prevention-and-treatment-in-rural-settings-organized-by-united-nation-office-on-drugs-and-crime-unodc-and-world-health-organization-who
#17
Giulia Milano, Elizabeth Saenz, Nicolas Clark, Anja Busse, John Gale, Giovanna Campello, Elizabeth Mattfeld, Wadih Maalouf, Hanna Heikkila, Antonietta Martelli, Brian Morales, Gilberto Gerra
Very little evidence has been reported in literature regarding the misuse of substances in rural areas. Despite the common perception of rural communities as a protective and risk-mitigating environment, the scientific literature demonstrated the existence of many risk factors in rural communities. The Drug Prevention and Health Branch (DHB) of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), and the World Health Organization (WHO), in June 2016, organized a meeting of experts in treatment and prevention of SUDs in rural settings...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605301/cold-preparation-of-heroin-in-a-black-tar-market
#18
Alexis M Roth, Richard F Armenta, Karla D Wagner, Steffanie A Strathdee, Jesse L Goldshear, Jazmine Cuevas-Mota, Richard S Garfein
BACKGROUND: Black tar heroin is typically prepared for injection with heat which decreases the risk of HIV transmission by inactivating the virus. We received reports that persons who inject drugs (PWID) in Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico, a black tar heroin market, were using only water to dissolve heroin. OBJECTIVES: Because Tijuana abuts San Diego County, CA, United States, we undertook the present analyses to determine the prevalence of this practice among PWID in San Diego, California...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605282/is-binge-drinking-onset-timing-related-to-academic-performance-engagement-and-aspirations-among-youth-in-the-compass-study
#19
Karen A Patte, Wei Qian, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Some evidence suggests early initiation of alcohol use is associated with academic underachievement; however, substance use onset is an ambiguous concept, resulting in mixed findings across studies. Moreover, the quantity of early use is likely an important determinant. Binge drinking is a common pattern among younger cohorts, and is shown to magnify the risk of related problems. OBJECTIVES: The current study explored how students who initiated binge drinking early (grade 10 or earlier) or later in high school (grade 11 or 12) differed in relation to a variety of academic indices...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605278/prescription-opioid-misuse-and-public-health-approach-in-australia
#20
Tom Kovitwanichkanont, Carolyn Day
The number of opioid prescriptions has increased significantly over the last few years due to multiple factors, such as physicians' heightened attention to pain management, greater prevalence of chronic pain due to the aging population, and the availability of sustained-release opioid preparations. Correspondingly, this has been associated with a rise in considerable harm due to opioid misuse, which is recognized as a national health priority in Australia. This article outlines the major public health approaches that have been introduced in Australia to address this issue...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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