Read by QxMD icon Read

Substance Use & Misuse

Ashley L Merianos, Christopher M Swoboda, Oladunni A Oluwoye, Tamika D Gilreath, Jennifer B Unger
BACKGROUND: Underage alcohol use and depression remain public health concerns for Hispanic adolescents nationwide. OBJECTIVES: The study purpose was to identify the profiles of depression among Hispanic adolescents who reported experiencing depressive symptoms in their lifetime and classify them into groups based on their symptoms. Based on classifications, we examined the relationship between past year alcohol use and severity of depressive symptoms while controlling for sex and age...
October 20, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Michelle I Jongenelis, Simone Pettigrew, Nicole Biagioni
BACKGROUND: Mass-attended youth events represent a substantial public health challenge due to high levels of alcohol consumption and corresponding high rates of alcohol-related harm. Although previous research has documented the protective effect of high drinking refusal self-efficacy (DRSE) on alcohol consumption in general, there is a lack of research examining the role of DRSE in reducing consumption during mass-attended youth events and the factors associated with DRSE in these contexts...
October 20, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Jan van Amsterdam, Bauke van der Velde, Mieke Schulte, Wim van den Brink
BACKGROUND: ADHD is a highly prevalent disorder and poses a risk for a variety of mental disorders and functional impairments into adulthood. One of the most striking comorbidities of ADHD is nicotine dependence. Youth diagnosed with ADHD are 2-3 times more likely to smoke than their peers without ADHD, initiate smoking earlier in life and progress more quickly and more frequently to regular use and dependence. Possible explanations for these increased risks are: (a) self-medication of ADHD symptoms with the stimulant nicotine; (b) ADHD symptoms like inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity predispose for smoking initiation and impede smoking cessation; (c) peer pressure; and/or (d) common genetic or environmental determinants for ADHD and smoking...
October 17, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Dhanya Nambiar, Tim Spelman, Mark Stoové, Paul Dietze
BACKGROUND: Although people who inject drugs (PWID) have been described as frequent users of emergency services, the majority of research is cross-sectional and involves records from a single emergency department (ED). OBJECTIVES: We describe characteristics of state-wide ED presentations in a cohort of PWID, and compare presentation rates to the general population. We also examine characteristics associated with frequent ED use. METHODS: We used data from a retrospective linkage of public ED presentations from a cohort of 678 PWID between January 2008 and June 2013...
October 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Daniel J Paulus, Joseph W Ditre, Andres G Viana, Jafar Bakhshaie, Monica Garza, Jeanette Valdivieso, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Chad Lemaire, Michael J Zvolensky
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is a widely abused substance among Latinos. Yet, little is known regarding factors underlying hazardous drinking in this population. Growing work has linked pain to hazardous drinking, although highly limited work has focused on Latinos. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to test rumination as an underlying mechanism explaining relations between pain severity and alcohol use among Latinos. METHODS: Data from 252 low-income Latino adults (Mage = 38...
October 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Carol J Weiss, Joyce Lowinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Kathryn E Lancaster, Sarah A MacLean, Thandie Lungu, Pearson Mmodzi, Mina C Hosseinipour, Rebecca B Hershow, Kimberly A Powers, Brian W Pence, Irving F Hoffman, William C Miller, Vivian F Go
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use is pervasive among female sex workers (FSW) placing them at increased risk of violence and sexual risk behaviors. FSW often live and work where alcohol is highly normative. OBJECTIVE: To understand the socioecological influences on hazardous alcohol use among FSW in Malawi. METHODS: In 2014, 200 FSW identified through venue-based sampling in Lilongwe, Malawi, completed a quantitative behavioral survey, with a sub-sample participating in qualitative interviews...
October 11, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Peter W Nyhuis, Eva Niederhofer, Norbert Scherbaum, Fabrizio Schifano, Udo Bonnet, Nikolai Dembski, Anna Niederhofer, Michael Specka, Meike Tenbergen
BACKGROUND: The cognitive behavioral therapy has been extensively investigated to assess relapse prevention rates in patients with alcohol dependence. In contrast, only little is known regarding the effectiveness of psychoanalytical psychotherapy in relapse prevention, although this treatment is widely used and especially so in Germany. The aim of this quasi-randomized study was to compare the effectiveness of these two group treatments' approaches under the condition of routine outpatient treatment in a non-university hospital...
October 10, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Sarah E Wakeman, Josiah D Rich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Daniel O'Keefe, Anna Bowring, Campbell Aitken, Paul Dietze
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) are at disproportionately high risk of suicidal behaviors, as are individuals who report same-sex attraction or experience. However, there is little evidence of compounded risk of suicide for individuals who report same-sex sexual intercourse (SSI) and are PWID. OBJECTIVES: To explore the associations of lifetime intentional overdose amongst a cohort of PWID, with particular attention to those reporting SSI. METHODS: The sample included 529 participants, from an ongoing cohort of 757 PWID...
September 29, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Jennifer C Veilleux, David E Lovett, Kayla D Skinner, Lindsay S Ham
BACKGROUND: Visual alcohol cues are often used to elicit craving (e.g., cue-reactivity), and selection of appropriate comparison cues is important to isolate the specific effect of craving for alcohol. OBJECTIVES: In the current study, via the development of a new set of non-alcoholic beverage cues, we examine measurement and methodological choices in testing alcohol images for cue-reactivity studies. METHODS: The current project combined two independent studies of hazardous (Study 1; n = 80) and recent drinkers (Study 2; n = 244) recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk...
September 29, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Jinni Su, Andrew J Supple, Sally I-Chun Kuo
BACKGROUND: Adolescent substance use is a significant public health concern due to its prevalence and associated negative consequences. Although many adolescents use substances, there is substantial heterogeneity in their use patterns. Identifying risk and protective factors that differentiate adolescents with different substance use profiles is important for preventing negative consequences for those at risk. OBJECTIVE: This study identified distinct latent profiles of substance use by considering adolescents' involvement in multiple common and illicit substances as well as related problems and examined the extent to which individual and contextual factors in the family, peer, school, and neighborhood environments were related to adolescents' membership of substance use profiles...
September 29, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Nam T Tran, Alexandra Clavarino, Gail M Williams, Jake M Najman
AIMS: There is little known about the extent to which maternal alcohol consumption influences offspring's alcohol use disorder. This study aims to examine whether different maternal alcohol consumption trajectories predict gender difference in adolescent alcohol use disorder at child age 21 years. METHODS: Data are from a prospective cohort, the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy (MUSP) and its outcomes. The study involves 2531 mother-child pairs for whom data are available at the 21-year follow-up survey...
September 29, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Cerise Kleb, Kevin Welding, Joanna E Cohen, Katherine C Smith
BACKGROUND: Tobacco companies have historically associated their products with sports through event sponsorship and sports-themed advertising campaigns. Such linkages serve to enhance brand image by connecting cigarette brands to ideals associated with sports such as strength, individual accomplishment, and a healthy body. Public health policy progress has created restrictions for tobacco sponsorship and restricted traditional advertising avenues for tobacco products. Nonetheless, the pack itself remains as a mechanism by which to link cigarettes to sports and sporting prowess...
September 29, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Kimberly A Tyler, Rachel M Schmitz, Colleen M Ray, Scott A Adams, Leslie Gordon Simons
BACKGROUND: Though research has examined heavy drinking by housing type, the link between type of college student housing and protective behavioral strategies (PBS) has rarely been examined comparing different college campuses. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to examine the role of housing type, perceptions of peer drinking, and PBS with respondent heavy drinking among undergraduate college students from one Southeastern and one Midwestern university in the United States...
September 27, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Maia Szalavitz, Khary K Rigg
Drug epidemics often bring with them an accompanying rise in crime. The heroin wave of the 1970's and crack crisis of the 1980's were each accompanied by major gun violence, including large numbers of murders and violent property crimes. The current United States opioid epidemic, however, has not been associated with either a rise in homicide or in property crime. In fact, crime rates have been declining for decades, and are now less than half their 1991 peak, despite an unprecedented spike of opioid overdose deaths that began in the late 1990's...
September 27, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Douglas Keith Branham
BACKGROUND: Prescription drug abuse has become a major issue in the United States in recent years. Prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) are designed to help health care providers to prevent such abuses. There may be unintended effects of these programs. Specifically, PDMPs may move prescription opioid users to begin use of heroin. OBJECTIVES: This article aims to evaluate the impact of PDMPs on heroin abuse across several different states through use of treatment admissions records obtained from the Treatment Episode Data Set...
September 27, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Johanna Grundmann, Tania M Lincoln, Daniel Lüdecke, Sönke Bong, Bernd Schulte, Uwe Verthein, Ingo Schäfer
BACKGROUND: Traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are prevalent in patients with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and affect its course and outcome. Prior prevalence reports are limited by the inclusion of individuals with additional substance use disorders (SUDs), a focus on childhood events only and the use of self-ratings only. OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of traumatic experiences, revictimization and PTSD in inpatients treated for alcohol dependence without other SUD, emphasizing interpersonal violence across the whole lifespan...
September 27, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Michael Adewole Adedigba, Joshua -Aransiola, Regina I Arobieke, Olufemi Adewole, Temitope Oyelami
OBJECTIVES: Snuffing or licking of smokeless tobacco (SLT) is one of the oldest traditional practices among the African population. This study aims to investigate the beliefs and practices related to SLT use among users in Nigeria. We also assess the awareness of the health consequences of SLT among users. METHODS: A qualitative technique involving an in-depth interview was employed to collect data from SLT users from selected indigenous Nigerian populations in their traditional settings (Saki, Ile-Ife, Ibadan, and Abuja)...
September 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Stephanie E Wemm, Stephanie M Ernestus, Cathryn Glanton Holzhauer, Renata Vaysman, Edelgard Wulfert, Allen C Israel
BACKGROUND: Most studies that investigate internalizing problems (i.e., depression and anxiety symptoms) and alcohol use disorders use variable-centered approaches, losing important information about differences among individuals. OBJECTIVES: To group college students by different profiles of alcohol-use risk factors using a person-centered cluster analysis in two separate samples. METHODS: Questionnaires were used in both studies to assess positive expectancies regarding alcohol use, coping motives for alcohol use, and symptoms of depression and anxiety...
September 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"