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Substance Use & Misuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869563/subjective-report-of-side-effects-of-prescribed-and-nonprescribed-psychostimulant-use-in-young-adults
#1
Tess E Smith, Michelle M Martel, Alan D DeSantis
BACKGROUND: Side effects of prescribed and nonprescribed psychostimulant use are understudied. OBJECTIVES: The study examined side effects of prescribed and nonprescribed psychostimulant use in a college sample with attention to possible gender differences. METHODS: 2716 undergraduates (1448 male) between the ages of 17 and 57 years (M = 19.43 years, SD = 1.7 years) completed an online survey that included questions about the subjective side effects of prescribed and nonprescribed psychostimulant use...
November 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849430/the-normalization-of-cannabis-use-among-bangladeshi-and-pakistani-youth-a-new-frontier-for-the-normalization-thesis
#2
Lisa Williams, Rob Ralphs, Paul Gray
BACKGROUND: The Asian population in Britain has grown, representing the second largest ethnic group; Bangladeshi, Pakistani, and Indian nationalities are prevalent (Jivraj, 2012 ; Office for National Statistics, 2013 ). Yet, we know relatively little about the nature and extent of their substance use. Jayakody et al. ( 2006 ) argue ethnic minority groups may be influenced by the norms and values of the dominant culture. Given recreational drug use has undergone a process of normalization in Britain (Aldridge et al...
November 16, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849429/area-level-deprivation-and-adverse-consequences-in-people-with-substance-use-disorders-findings-from-the-psychiatric-and-addictive-dual-disorder-in-italy-paddi-study
#3
Giuseppe Carrà, Cristina Crocamo, Paola Borrelli, Tommaso Tabacchi, Francesco Bartoli, Ioana Popa, Cristina Montomoli, Massimo Clerici
BACKGROUND: Environmental factors may operate with individual ones to influence the risk of substance use. Research has focused on severe adverse consequences influenced by contextual variables. However, the literature on community level factors influencing substance use behaviors is relatively limited across Europe so far. OBJECTIVE: We capitalized on data from a National survey, exploring individual and contextual characteristics, to study adverse consequences among people with substance use disorders...
November 16, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849418/association-between-using-smartphone-dating-applications-and-alcohol-and-recreational-drug-use-in-conjunction-with-sexual-activities-in-college-students
#4
Edmond P H Choi, Janet Y H Wong, Herman H M Lo, Wendy Wong, Jasmine H M Chio, Daniel Y T Fong
BACKGROUND: The association between using smartphone dating applications (apps) and substance use in conjunction with sexual activities was only examined in homosexual men. This association was poorly understood in heterosexual samples. OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between using dating apps and alcohol, and use of recreational drug in conjunction with sexual activities in college students. DESIGN: 666 students from four universities in Hong Kong were recruited in this cross-sectional study in the year 2015...
November 16, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849416/implications-of-eligibility-criteria-on-the-generalizability-of-alcohol-and-drug-treatment-outcome-research-a-study-of-real-world-treatment-seekers-in-sweden-and-in-australia
#5
Jessica Storbjörk, Joshua B B Garfield, Andrew Larner
BACKGROUND: Clinical studies of alcohol and drug treatment outcomes frequently apply participant eligibility criteria (EC), which may exclude real-world treatment seekers, impairing the representativeness of studied samples. Some research exists on the impact of EC on alcohol treatment seekers. Little is known about drug treatment and country differences. OBJECTIVES: We tested and compared the degree to which commonly used EC exclude real-world treatment seekers with problem alcohol and drug use in Sweden and Australia, and compared the impact of EC on outcomes...
November 16, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849409/gender-and-direction-of-effect-of-alcohol-problems-and-internalizing-symptoms-in-a-longitudinal-sample-of-college-students
#6
Lina E Homman, Alexis C Edwards, Seung Bin Cho, Danielle M Dick, Kenneth S Kendler
BACKGROUND: Alcohol problems and internalizing symptoms are consistently found to be associated but how they relate to each other is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to address limitations in the literature of comorbidity of alcohol problems and internalizing symptoms by investigating the direction of effect between the phenotypes and possible gender differences in college students. METHOD: We utilized data from a large longitudinal study of college students from the United States (N = 2607)...
November 16, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849405/psychiatric-symptoms-parental-attachment-and-reasons-for-use-as-correlates-of-heavy-substance-use-among-treatment-seeking-hispanic-adolescents
#7
Karina A Gattamorta, Alberto Varela, Brian E McCabe, Maite P Mena, Daniel A Santisteban
: In early adolescence, Hispanics self-report higher drug use rates compared to White and African American peers. Among adolescent users, heavy users have more negative behavioral and health consequences. The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to examine whether psychiatric symptoms, parental attachment, and reasons for use predict heavy alcohol and illicit drug use (more than 10 times in the past three months) among Hispanic adolescents. METHODS: This study examines baseline data from a study evaluating a family based substance abuse treatment program for Hispanic adolescents...
November 16, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779451/longitudinal-conjoint-patterns-of-alcohol-and-tobacco-use-throughout-emerging-adulthood
#8
Jessica Duncan Cance, Anna E Talley, Antonio Morgan-Lopez, Kim Fromme
BACKGROUND: The concurrent use of alcohol and tobacco has a multiplicative effect on both social and physical consequences. While it is known that alcohol and tobacco use are strongly correlated in emerging adulthood, there is significant individual variability in use. However, little research has examined how patterns of concurrent use are related over time. OBJECTIVES: The current study explores these longitudinal conjoint trajectories, as well as the associated sociodemographic factors...
October 25, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779445/determining-cannabis-use-status-from-a-photograph-an-assessment-of-the-jay-dar-in-neuropsychologists
#9
Rayna B Hirst, Anna M Teague, Louise M Sodos, Robert E Wickham, L Taighlor Whittington, Brent M Mills, Mitch Earleywine
BACKGROUND: Few studies examining the cognitive effects of chronic cannabis use utilize research designs where examiners are blind to user status. Even in those that do, researchers may be able to guess the user status of participants, leaving these studies vulnerable to the expectancy effect confound. OBJECTIVES: The present study examined the ability of neuropsychologists (those who would conduct research on the cognitive effects of cannabis) to differentiate cannabis users and nonusers based on physical appearance from photographs...
October 25, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779434/the-effects-of-discrimination-are-associated-with-cigarette-smoking-among-black-males
#10
Lauren J Parker, Haslyn Hunte, Anita Ohmit, Debra Furr-Holden, Roland J Thorpe
: Previous research has demonstrated that experiencing interpersonal discrimination is associated with cigarette smoking. Few studies have examined the relationship between the effects of physical and emotional discrimination and cigarette usage, and none have examined this relationship among Black men. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the effects of physical and emotional discrimination and cigarette smoking. METHODS: Data from the Indiana Black Men's Health Study, a community-based sample of adult Black men, was used to conduct multivariate logistic regression to examine the relationship between the physical and emotional effects of discrimination and smoking, net of healthcare and workplace discrimination, age, education, household income, and being married...
October 25, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768548/the-shift-in-emphasis-from-risk-based-to-age-based-hepatitis-c-virus-hcv-testing-in-the-us-tends-to-remove-injection-drug-use-from-discourse-on-hcv
#11
Ashly E Jordan, David C Perlman
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is hyperendemic among people who inject drugs; nonsterile drug injection is the principle risk for HCV acquisition. Due to gaps in the HCV care continuum, there have been recommendations in the United States emphasizing age-rather than risk-based testing strategies. The central research focus of this project is to explore the meanings and implications of the shift in emphasis from risk-based to age-based HCV testing with regard to people who use drugs...
October 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768528/focus-groups-of-parents-and-teens-help-develop-messages-to-prevent-early-marijuana-use-in-the-context-of-legal-retail-sales
#12
Martie L Skinner, Kevin P Haggerty, Mary Casey-Goldstein, Ronald W Thompson, Laura Buddenberg, W Alex Mason
OBJECTIVES: The changes in Washington State and Colorado marijuana laws call for the development of new brief family-focused adolescent marijuana use preventive interventions that are relevant for and tailored to the context of legalization for retail sale. To that end, focus groups with parents and teens were conducted to find out about their concerns and needs in the context of legalization. METHODS: Six semi-structured focus groups (3 with parents, 3 with teens) were conducted in Washington State in 2013 related to consequences of teen marijuana use and messages that would be effective in helping to prevent teens from using marijuana in the context of legal adult use...
October 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767370/electronic-cigarette-use-among-adolescents-in-the-russian-federation
#13
Grace Kong, Bulat Idrisov, Artur Galimov, Radik Masagutov, Steve Sussman
BACKGROUND: Information on e-cigarettes among youth in the Russian Federation is lacking. OBJECTIVE: We examined prevalence of and factors associated with youth e-cigarette use in the Russian Federation. METHODS: A cross-sectional, anonymous survey, conducted among 716 (females 51.5%) high school students in three cities (i.e., Ufa, Sterlitamak, Karagaevo) within the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation in 2015, assessed e-cigarette use and its correlates (i...
October 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767369/drinking-goals-and-their-association-with-treatment-retention-and-treatment-outcomes-among-clients-in-outpatient-alcohol-treatment
#14
Severin Haug, Peter Eggli, Michael P Schaub
BACKGROUND: Few studies have compared characteristics of clients entering alcohol treatment who differ in their drinking goal preferences or have investigated the relevance of drinking goals as a predictor of treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations between baseline drinking goal preferences and client characteristics as well as treatment retention and outcomes among clients in outpatient alcohol treatment. METHODS: Secondary data analyses on a longitudinal multicenter study investigating the effectiveness of outpatient alcohol treatment in Switzerland among 805 clients...
October 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767368/cigarette-smoking-status-among-latino-hispanic-middle-and-high-school-students-in-the-united-states
#15
Mansoo Yu, Paulette E Chavez, René Olate, Clark Peters
Although Latino/Hispanic adolescent substance use is a growing research area in the United States, there is little research examining the prevalence and factors associated with adolescent cigarette smoking status in this population. A nationally representative sample of 5,929 middle and high Latino/Hispanic students in the 2009 US National Youth Tobacco Survey was selected to assess the prevalence and various risk and protective factors associated with cigarette smoking status. Results revealed one in five (20%) were experimental smokers, nearly one in eleven (8...
October 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767367/the-spatial-temporal-pattern-of-policing-following-a-drug-policy-reform-triangulating-self-reported-arrests-with-official-crime-statistics
#16
Tommi L Gaines, Daniel Werb, Jaime Arredondo, Victor M Alaniz, Carlos Vilalta, Leo Beletsky
BACKGROUND: In 2009, Mexico enacted a drug policy reform (Narcomenudeo) designed to divert persons possessing small amounts of illicit drugs to treatment rather than incarceration. To assess reform impact, this study examines the spatial-temporal trends of drug-related policing in Tijuana, Mexico post-enactment. METHOD: Location of self-reported arrests (N = 1,160) among a prospective, community-recruited cohort of people who inject drugs (PWID) in Tijuana (N = 552) was mapped across city neighborhoods...
October 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767366/the-influence-of-engagement-and-satisfaction-on-smoking-cessation-interventions-a-qualitative-study
#17
Jasmine A Mena, Gifty G Ampadu, James O Prochaska
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use remains the leading cause of preventable disease and death. Most smokers are not motivated to quit; however, most smoking cessation interventions are designed for smokers who are ready to take action. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to describe participant engagement and satisfaction with telephonic smoking cessation coaching with a population of smokers at different stages of readiness to quit. METHODS: Qualitative description was used to capture the experiences of 62 individuals who participated in telephonic smoking cessation coaching using semistructured interviews...
October 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759504/sexual-pain-disorders-in-spanish-women-drug-users
#18
Francisco Javier Del Río, Francisco Cabello-Santamaría, Marina A Cabello-García, Jerónimo Aragón-Vela
BACKGROUND: The impact of pain in sexuality, couple relationships and the quality of life is very well known. OBJECTIVES: The relationship between substance abuse and the presence of sexual pain disorder is assessed, together with anxiety and sexual attitudes . METHOD: Two samples were selected. One sample for women with a history of substance abuse (n = 129), and another one of women nonconsumers (n = 129). The Golombok Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction (GRISS), the Sexual Opinion Survey (SOS) and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) questionnaires were used...
October 19, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759488/contextual-factors-related-to-alcohol-abuse-among-intimate-partner-violence-offenders
#19
Alba Catalá-Miñana, Marisol Lila, Amparo Oliver, Juana-María Vivo, Laura Galiana, Enrique Gracia
BACKGROUND: The association between alcohol consumption and intimate partner violence (IPV) has been reiterated in numerous studies. Some authors have found higher levels of risk factors in intimate partner violence offenders (IPVOs) with alcohol problems than in IPVOs without such problems. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship of contextual variables with harmful alcohol use in a sample of IPVOs. METHOD: This cross-sectional research analyzes data from 231 IPVOs...
October 19, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759484/religious-involvement-financial-strain-and-poly-drug-use-exploring-the-moderating-role-of-meaning-in-life
#20
Neal Krause, Kenneth I Pargament, Gail Ironson, Peter Hill
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that greater involvement in religion is associated with lower rates of substance use and misuse. However, religion is a complex construct that can be assessed in many ways. The purpose of this study is to explore a dimension of religion that has not been evaluated in previous research on poly-drug use: a religious sense of meaning in life. OBJECTIVES: It is hypothesized that a religious sense of meaning in life will offset (i.e., moderate) the effects of chronic financial strain on poly-drug use...
October 19, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
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