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Substance Use & Misuse

Yatan Pal Singh Balhara, Shalini Singh, Siddharth Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic adherence is one of the most important determinants of the outcome with OST. There are no published studies that have explored the impact of change in tablet formulation of buprenorphine-naloxone from one brand to another among patients receiving OST. OBJECTIVES: The current study is aimed at evaluation of the impact of change in buprenorphine-naloxone formulation on prescription pattern, treatment adherence, and patient satisfaction with OST...
December 4, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
James Carter, Robert L Peralta, Juan Xi
BACKGROUND: National data demonstrate significant differences in non-medical prescription drug (NMPD) use, with Whites seeming to be more likely to use compared to non-Whites. College students also appear to be at an increased risk for NMPD use. OBJECTIVES: This study examines NMPD use using a component of social identity theory. We propose that a stronger sense of ethnic identity may reduce the likelihood of NMPD use among college students due to ethnic identity's ties to self-esteem and self-efficacy...
November 29, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Mohammad Rafi Bazrafshan, Mehdi Noroozi, Hesam Ghisvand, Alireza Noroozi, Neda Alibeigi, Mohammad Abbasi, Peter Higgs, Bahram Armoon
BACKGROUND: Global estimates suggest there are 15.6 million people who inject drugs (PWID) of whom 17.8% are living with HIV.Few studies have characterized newly-onset injectors with long-term injectors and its association with injecting risk behaviors. OBJECTIVES: We examined the relationship between length of injection and risk behaviors among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among PWID, from March to August 2016 in Tehran, Iran...
November 26, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Kevin S Montes, Matthew R Pearson, Adrian J Bravo
BACKGROUND: The use of protective behavioral strategies (PBS) has been found to attenuate the relationship between alcohol use and related consequences. OBJECTIVES: The current study examined PBS use as a moderator of the association between alcohol use and consequences in multiple samples (N =  9) of college students with different sample sizes (e.g., ns 125-736). We also examined sex as a moderator of the PBS moderation analyses. Across all samples, we predicted that the use of more PBS would attenuate the use-consequences relation...
November 23, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
N R Harrison, F F Youssef, M Lyons
Previous studies have suggested a trait-like association between neighborhood deprivation and alcohol consumption. However, it is not known whether temporarily manipulating poverty and affluence states by exposure to stimuli signifying resource-scarcity or resource-wealth would influence alcohol-seeking behavior. Here, we aimed to investigate whether implicit exposure to affluence and poverty-related pictures would influence beer consumption. Participants in a "poverty" group viewed pictures depicting impoverished environments, and participants in an "affluence" group viewed images of wealthy environments...
November 22, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Alden Yuanhong Lai, Katherine C Smith, Jon S Vernick, Corey S Davis, G Caleb Alexander, Lainie Rutkow
BACKGROUND: Opioid-related injuries and deaths continue to present challenges for public health practitioners. Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs) are a prevalent policy option intended to address problematic opioid pain reliever (OPR) prescribing, but previous research has not thoroughly characterized their unintended consequences. OBJECTIVES: To examine state actors' perceptions of the unintended consequences of PDMPs. METHODS: We conducted 37 interviews with PDMP staff, law enforcement officials, and administrative agency employees in Florida, Kentucky, New Jersey, and Ohio from May 2015 to June 2016...
November 21, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Seo Ah Hong, Karl Peltzer
BACKGROUND: Though alcohol and tobacco are the most commonly used substances among adolescents, little is known about the patterning of early adolescent substance use in Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) member states. OBJECTIVES: This study examined past month patterns of substances use and its gender difference among adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional samples among adolescents aged 13-16 years who completed the Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS) from eight ASEAN countries were included in the analysis (n = 40,212)...
November 21, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Hei Wan Mak, Maria Iacovou
BACKGROUND: Several studies have uncovered a relationship between parenting styles and the likelihood that adolescents use tobacco, alcohol or illegal drugs. OBJECTIVES: This paper extends existing research in two ways. First, we consider a longer time-frame, investigating the relationship between parenting in adolescence and substance use in adulthood. Second, we explore the pathways by which this relationship is expressed, in particular the extent to which the relationships in question are mediated by age at first use and depression...
November 20, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Taghrid Asfar, Ziyad Ben Taleb, Olatokunbo Osibogun, Estefania C Ruano-Herreria, Danielle Sierra, Kenneth D Ward, Ramzi G Salloum, Wasim Maziak
BACKGROUND: Given the unique social nature of waterpipe smoking, an important factor contributing to its popularity is the spread of waterpipe establishments. OBJECTIVES: With a focus on implications for regulations, we conducted a qualitative assessment of customers' online reviews on to gain insight into their positive and negative perceptions about waterpipe establishments and products, and identify features that are most important to them. METHODS: In June 2016, an online search of Yelp was conducted to identify waterpipe establishments in Miami, Florida...
November 15, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Sycarah Fisher, Tamika Zapolski, Shareefah Al-Uqdah, Danelle Stevens-Watkins, Chelsea Arsenault, Jessica Barnes-Najor
BACKGROUND: Adolescent substance use is a national health concern. While the literature is clear on the prevalence of substance use during the adolescent developmental period, a dearth of literature is available on the developmental contexts, particularly the influence of school factors, in which substance use occurs. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the intermediary role of substance use attitudes on the relationship between school racial composition and alcohol and marijuana use in a sample of sixth to eighth graders...
November 13, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Diana L Janson, Craig A Harms, Ross C Hollett, Robert D Segal
BACKGROUND: Recent research indicates that there are widespread differences between men and women's Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMSs) in alcohol dependent populations. This study examined this claim. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine differences between men and women's EMSs in an Australian clinical sample who had sought treatment specifically for alcohol dependence. METHODS: A total of 111 men and 114 women completed the Young Schema Questionnaire-Long Form (YSQ-L3) between 2012 and 2015 in order to assess them on 18 EMSs...
November 13, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Thomas Lyons, Veronica Y Womack, Wm Dustin Cantrell, Thomas Kenemore
BACKGROUND: More than half of prisoners in the United States are estimated to suffer from a substance use disorder. Mindfulness involves attention to the present moment, and nonjudgmental acceptance of sensations, thoughts, and emotional states. Mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP) following substance use disorder treatment has been shown to reduce substance use. OBJECTIVE: We sought to adapt and test MBRP for a jail substance use disorder treatment setting...
November 8, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Kirsten Elin Smith
BACKGROUND: E-cigarette use has increased in the US, yet, in some regions rates of cigarette use remain high. PURPOSE: To describe the prevalence and features of lifetime and past-year e-cigarette use among a clinical sample of polysubstance users in Kentucky, and to determine significant associations of past-year e-cigarette use. RESULTS: Of the final sample (N  =  497), 83.5% reported having ever used e-cigarettes and 97.2% reported having ever used cigarettes...
November 8, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Sarah E Woolf-King, Amy A Conroy, Katherine Fritz, Mallory O Johnson, Victoria Hosegood, Heidi van Rooyen, Lynae Darbes, Nuala McGrath
OBJECTIVE: The HIV literature has largely ignored the importance of alcohol use in the quality of intimate relationships in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), despite evidence of alcohol's role in relational behaviors that increase risk for HIV infection and other harms. The present study explored the association of alcohol use with relationship functioning among heterosexual couples from rural South Africa. METHOD: Dyadic analyses were conducted with 443 sexually active, heterosexual, South African couples (886 individuals) to examine the association between male partners' alcohol use (abstinent, nonhazardous, and hazardous), and male and female partners' reports of relationship intimacy, trust, mutually constructive communication, demand/withdraw communication, and satisfaction...
November 8, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Stephanie M Plenty, Tracy J Evans-Whipp, Gary C K Chan, Adrian B Kelly, John W Toumbourou, George C Patton, Sheryl A Hemphill, Rachel Smith
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use in adolescence predicts future alcohol misuse. However, the extent to which different patterns of adolescent use present risk remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated how adolescent trajectories of alcohol consumption during the school years predict alcohol misuse at age 19 years. METHODS: Data were drawn from 707 students from Victoria, Australia, longitudinally followed for 7 years. Five alcohol use trajectories were identified based on the frequency of alcohol use from Grade 6 (age 12 years) to Grade 11 (age 17 years)...
November 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Samuel W Hawes, Elisa M Trucco, Jacqueline C Duperrouzel, Stefany Coxe, Raul Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Characterizing patterns of adolescent cannabis use (CU), as well as risk factors and outcomes uniquely associated with these pathways is essential for informing treatment and prevention efforts. Yet, few studies have examined these issues among youth at-risk of engaging in problematic cannabis use. Further, research accounting for use of other substances or sex differences in patterns of CU remains exceedingly sparse. METHODS: Trajectory-based modeling was used to identify underlying CU pathways among a predominantly Hispanic (90%) sample of at-risk youth (n = 401; 46% female) across adolescence (ages∼14-18), controlling for baseline substance use and participant demographics...
November 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Katherine Quinn, Jennifer L Walsh, Julia Dickson-Gomez
BACKGROUND: Gang membership is a significant contributor to delinquency and violent victimization among adolescents. Yet, there is considerable variability in the extent to which gang members engage in delinquency and substance use, and previous research suggests factors beyond the individual level are important to consider. OBJECTIVES: Using the multiple marginality framework, this study examines the factors related to the family, school, and neighborhood contexts that may contribute to delinquency and substance use among current gang members...
November 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Kathleen L Egan, Cynthia Suerken, Beata Debinski, Beth A Reboussin, Kimberly G Wagoner, Erin L Sutfin, Mark Wolfson
BACKGROUND: Parties are a common setting for marijuana and illicit drug use among adolescents. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the context of parties with alcohol, marijuana and illicit drug use attended by adolescents and young adults. METHODS: In 2016, an address-based sample of 1,764 15-20-year-olds in 24 U.S. communities participated in an online survey. Parties were categorized as alcohol-only (Alc-only), marijuana + alcohol (Mj + Alc), and illicit + marijuana + alcohol (ID + Mj + Alc) based on survey participants' observations and self-reported drug use at the last party attended...
November 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Julie A Patock-Peckham, Kyle J Walters, Lauren E Mehok, Robert F Leeman, Ariana K Ruof, Jennifer Filson Moses
BACKGROUND: Social Learning Theory suggests how one conceptualizes time will be passed from parent to child (Bandura & Walters, 1963). Through the lens of Behavioral Economics Theory (Vuchinich & Simpson, 1998), impaired control may be characterized as consuming alcohol as a form of immediate gratification as a choice over more distal rewards. Because impaired control reflects a self-regulation failure specific to the drinking situation, it may be directly related to time-perspectives...
November 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Tamika C B Zapolski, Alia T Rowe, Devin E Banks, Micah Faidley
BACKGROUND: Perceived discrimination has been found to increase substance use vulnerability among adolescent populations. However, less is known about individual level factors which may moderate this risk. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study is to examine whether two emotion-based personality traits (i.e., distress tolerance and negative urgency) moderates the effect of perceived discrimination on substance use. We hypothesized that high distress tolerance would decrease risk, while high negative urgency would increase risk for substance use as a consequence of discrimination...
November 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
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