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Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal

Aubrey M Moe, Nicholas J K Breitborde, Kyle J Bourassa, Colin J Gallagher, Mohammed K Shakeel, Nancy M Docherty
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia researchers have focused on phenomenological aspects of the disorder to better understand its underlying nature. In particular, development of personal narratives-that is, the complexity with which people form, organize, and articulate their "life stories"-has recently been investigated in individuals with schizophrenia. However, less is known about how aspects of narrative relate to indicators of neurocognitive and social functioning. The objective of the present study was to investigate the association of linguistic complexity of life-story narratives to measures of cognitive and social problem-solving abilities among people with schizophrenia...
January 22, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Patricia B Nemec
TOPIC: Training evaluations may encompass different dimensions, from engagement of learners to the achievement of specific and meaningful learning objectives to the ultimate goal of changing what the learners do after completing the training. Yet, most behavioral health agencies fail to evaluate training at all, or limit their evaluations to simple satisfaction measures. PURPOSE: Well-designed evaluations can inform decisions on how to use an agency's limited training budget or whether to renew a contract for an external trainer...
March 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Louise Byrne, Anthony Stratford, Larry Davidson
TOPIC: Common challenges and experiences of the lived experience/peer workforce globally are considered, with an emphasis on ensuring that future developments both protect and promote the unique lived experience perspective. PURPOSE: In the Western world, rapid growth in lived experience roles has led to an urgent need for training and workforce development. However, research indicates the roles risk being coopted without clear lived experience leadership, which is often not occurring...
March 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Patrick W Corrigan, Maya A Al-Khouja
OBJECTIVE: Antistigma programs may be guided by 3 differing agendas: services (promote treatment engagement), rights (help people achieve rightful goals), and self-worth (facilitate self-worth and efficacy). This study examined the construct validity of this perspective by examining the factor structure of importance ratings of the 3 agendas. The study examined how importance might be viewed differently by the population as a whole versus a subsample of people who reported previous experience with mental health services and hence could be directly harmed by stigma...
March 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Dror Ben-Zeev, Rachel M Brian, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Geneva Jonathan, Sandra Steingard
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether video-based mobile health (mHealth) interventions are feasible, acceptable, understandable, and engaging to people with schizophrenia. METHOD: This study used a mixed-methods design. Ten individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders were recruited for a month-long trial in which they used FOCUS-Audio/Video (FOCUS-AV), a smartphone system that offers video and written intervention options. Participants completed posttrial measures and engaged in semistructured interviews...
March 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Patricia B Nemec, Amy Cottone Spagnolo, Anne Sullivan Soydan
TOPIC: This column provides an overview of methods for training to improve service provider active listening and reflective responding skills. PURPOSE: Basic skills in active listening and reflective responding allow service providers to gather information about and explore the needs, desires, concerns, and preference of people using their services-activities that are of critical importance if services are to be truly person-centered and person-driven. SOURCES USED: Sources include the personal experience of the authors as well as published literature on the value of basic counseling skills and best practices in training on listening and other related soft skills...
December 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Kim T Mueser, Judith A Cook
As the authors complete the 2017 publication cycle of Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal and their term as editors draws to a close, they take the opportunity to welcome the new leadership of PRJ, to thank the many people who have contributed to its success, and to reflect on the importance of the journal's focus and scope to the field. They are pleased to welcome Dr. Sandra ("Sandy") Resnick as the new editor of PRJ, who will begin her incoming term by accepting new manuscripts starting January 1, 2018. In her role as Editor, Dr...
December 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Kathleen Biebel, Raphael Mizrahi, Heather Ringeisen
OBJECTIVE: Accessing and successfully completing postsecondary educational opportunities may be challenging for those living with psychiatric disabilities. This exploratory study highlights the experiences of individuals with psychiatric disabilities participating in postsecondary educational support initiatives. METHOD: Investigators conducted case studies with 3 education support initiatives across the United States. Focus groups revealed what concrete supported education services were helpful and key ingredients in delivering education supports...
October 26, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Dominique A White, Alan B McGuire, Lauren Luther, Adrienne I Anderson, Peter Phalen, John H McGrew
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify consumer-level predictors of level of treatment response to illness management and recovery (IMR) to target the appropriate consumers and aid psychiatric rehabilitation settings in developing intervention adaptations. METHOD: Secondary analyses from a multisite study of IMR were conducted. Self-report data from consumer participants of the parent study (n = 236) were analyzed for the current study. Consumers completed prepost surveys assessing illness management, coping, goal-related hope, social support, medication adherence, and working alliance...
September 14, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Patricia B Nemec, Steven Chan
TOPIC: This column describes challenges for hiring, training, and supervising psychiatric rehabilitation service providers for positions that involve the use of digital health technology. PURPOSE: Adoption and implementation of any new technology or technique requires workforce development. This article outlines considerations for policymakers, funders, and service agency administrators as digital health technologies become more widespread. SOURCES USED: The article discusses issues based on professional experience of the authors and available literature...
September 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Geneva Kay Jonathan, Lupita Pivaral, Dror Ben-Zeev
TOPIC: This article describes the activities of 2 mHealth specialists who supported the deployment of FOCUS-a smartphone self-management application for individuals with serious mental illnesses. PURPOSE: Several support activities have been identified as potentially advantageous for individuals using mHealth interventions: facilitation of user engagement, data utilization to enhance care, and promotion of meaningful use. We present 3 examples to demonstrate the implementation of these activities during a 12-week smartphone intervention...
September 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Flora Or, John Torous, Jukka-Pekka Onnela
OBJECTIVE: This article evaluates the potential of smartphone audio data to monitor individuals recovering from mood disorders. METHOD: A comprehensive literature review was conducted based on searches in 9 bibliographic databases. RESULTS: Seven articles were identified that used smartphone audio data to monitor participants with bipolar disorder from 4 to 14 weeks. The studies captured audio data in various contexts (e.g., in-person daily conversations, phone calls) and used common audio features (e...
September 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Amir Tal, John Torous
This editorial introduces the special issue on digital mental health. The promise of digital, mobile, and connected technologies to advance mental health, and especially psychiatric rehabilitation, continues to rapidly evolve. New sensors and data, such as those derived from increasingly ubiquitous smartphones, offer a new window into the functional, social, and emotional experiences of illness and recovery at a personalized and quantified level previously unimaginable (Ben-Zeev & Badiyani, 2016; Free et al...
September 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Dror Ben-Zeev, Rachel Brian, Rui Wang, Weichen Wang, Andrew T Campbell, Min S H Aung, Michael Merrill, Vincent W S Tseng, Tanzeem Choudhury, Marta Hauser, John M Kane, Emily A Scherer
OBJECTIVE: This purpose of this study was to describe and demonstrate CrossCheck, a multimodal data collection system designed to aid in continuous remote monitoring and identification of subjective and objective indicators of psychotic relapse. METHOD: Individuals with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders received a smartphone with the monitoring system installed along with unlimited data plan for 12 months. Participants were instructed to carry the device with them and to complete brief self-reports multiple times a week...
September 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
John A Naslund, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Sunny Jung Kim, Gregory J McHugo, Jürgen Unützer, Stephen J Bartels, Lisa A Marsch
OBJECTIVE: Theoretical models offer valuable insights for designing effective and sustainable behavioral health interventions, yet the application of theory for informing digital technology interventions for people with mental illness has received limited attention. We offer a perspective on the importance of applying behavior theories and models to developing digital technology interventions for addressing mental and physical health concerns among people with mental illness. METHOD: In this commentary, we summarize prominent theories of human behavior, highlight key theoretical constructs, and identify opportunities to inform digital health interventions for people with mental illness...
September 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Meagan C Cusack, Sonya Gabrielian
OBJECTIVES: Little research has assessed the nature of veterans' departures from permanent supportive housing (PSH), which may be of positive valence (e.g., moving into more independent housing). This study aimed to identify participants appropriate for "graduation" from PSH and how to support their transitions. METHOD: This mixed methods study used qualitative data from PSH program staff, 445 PSH participants' responses to a survey assessing their experiences and administrative records, and qualitative data from a subsample of 10 participants who graduated from the program...
August 31, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Emily B H Treichler, Alicia A Lucksted
OBJECTIVE: Self-stigma significantly impacts people with serious mental illnesses. Evidence from other marginalized groups has indicated that sense of belonging may buffer these impacts. The purpose of this study was to assess the buffering of self-stigma by sense of belonging among this population, including the relationship between these effects and self-identification in other marginalized groups. METHOD: In the study, 267 adults with serious mental illnesses completed demographic, self-stigma, exposure to stigma, and sense of belonging measures...
August 28, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Sarita A Sanches, Wilma E Swildens, Jooske T van Busschbach, Marianne D Farkas, Jaap van Weeghel, Tom van Wel
OBJECTIVE: This article describes a measure developed to assess fidelity of working with the Boston University approach to Psychiatric Rehabilitation (BPR) in Dutch mental health care. The instrument is intended to measure and improve BPR adherence and clinician competence on an individual level and within individual rehabilitation processes. METHOD: Rotating pairs of 4 BPR specialists used Fidelity of Rehabilitation (FiRe) to evaluate the fidelity of BPR as applied in 114 rehabilitation processes...
August 3, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Katarina Grim, David Rosenberg, Petra Svedberg, Ulla-Karin Schön
OBJECTIVE: Shared decision making (SMD) related to treatment and rehabilitation is considered a central component in recovery-oriented practice. Although decision aids are regarded as an essential component for successfully implementing SDM, these aids are often lacking within psychiatric services. The aim of this study was to use a participatory design to facilitate the development of a user-generated, web-based decision aid for individuals receiving psychiatric services. The results of this effort as well as the lessons learned during the development and usability processes are reported...
July 24, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Sarah I Pratt, Kim T Mueser, Rosemarie Wolfe, Meghan M Santos, Stephen J Bartels
OBJECTIVES: This article describes a pilot test of an individually tailored program to improve community living and health self-management skills in older adults with serious mental illness. METHOD: This study provided the Helping Older People Experience Success-Individually Tailored (HOPES-I) intervention, an adaptation of an empirically supported, manualized, group-based skills training program shown to improve community functioning, psychiatric symptoms, self-efficacy, and receipt of preventive health...
June 12, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
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