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Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal

Laura Dunne, Tania Perich, Tanya Meade
OBJECTIVE: Mood symptoms may impact on personal recovery and psychosocial functioning in bipolar disorder (BD). This study aimed to explore whether recent mood symptoms were associated with recovery and social support from friends, family, and partners. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 312 participants who self-reported a confirmed diagnosis of BD and were recruited through social media. RESULTS: A series of one-way analyses of variance (ANOVA) were conducted...
September 17, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Reut Oren, Hod Orkibi, Cochavit Elefant, Maayan Salomon-Gimmon
OBJECTIVE: Despite the increase in arts-based programs in community rehabilitation services in many countries, little is known about how these programs are perceived by health professionals who can refer individuals with mental health conditions to community-based psychiatric rehabilitation services. This study examined how senior professionals with key positions in the public health system perceive the integration of the arts in community-based psychiatric rehabilitation services in Israel...
September 17, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
James P LePage, April M Crawford, Michel Philippe
OBJECTIVE: Incarceration and substance use disorders/mental illness can have a significant negative impact on finding employment. However, it is unclear in what phase of the search for employment, that is, applying for jobs, obtaining interviews, being offered employment, does time incarcerated have the most effect. This study will determine how time incarcerated in the past 10 years is associated with negative job search process outcomes. METHOD: This study evaluates 84 (81 men and 3 women) veterans with substance use disorders and histories of felony convictions...
September 17, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
George J Karambelas, Kelly A Allott, Eóin Killackey, John Farhall, Sue M Cotton
OBJECTIVE: Increased employment duration has been associated with change in performance on specific neurocognitive domains in populations with schizophrenia, but not in first-episode psychosis. The aim of this exploratory study was to examine whether employment duration over 18 months is associated with neurocognitive outcomes over 18 months among individuals with first-episode psychosis. METHOD: Eighty-eight young people with first-episode psychosis completed a neurocognitive battery at baseline and 18 months...
September 17, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Lauren Mizock
OBJECTIVE: A pilot study was conducted to develop and provide a formative evaluation of a group intervention for women with serious mental illness, Women's Empowerment and Recovery-Oriented Care (WE-ROC). METHOD: Ten women with serious mental illness were recruited from a mental health center to take part in the pilot study. Several measures were utilized to assess prepost changes in recovery and empowerment and to elicit participant feedback. RESULTS: Results reflected a significant increase in recovery scores as well as empowerment scores...
August 2, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Shayden Bryce, Narelle Warren, Jennie Ponsford, Susan Rossell, Stuart Lee
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive remediation (CR) is a promising method of improving cognitive functioning in people with schizophrenia. Nevertheless, the lived experience of participation, and whether this differs from computer game (CG) playing control conditions, remains poorly understood. This study aimed to qualitatively compare the experience of participating in these 2 interventions. METHOD: Forty-two outpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder completed a qualitative survey with 7 open-ended questions after completing 10 weeks of CR ( n = 22) or CG ( n = 20)...
July 16, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Karen L Fortuna, John A Naslund, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Matthew C Lohman, Marianne Storm, John A Batsis, Stephen J Bartels
OBJECTIVE: To identify the strategies peer specialists use to provide illness self-management support for older adults with serious mental illness (SMI) through text messaging. METHOD: Transcripts of text message exchanges between 8 older adult participants with SMI who completed the PeerTECH intervention and 3 older adult certified peer specialists who delivered the 12-week program were analyzed. Text message analyses explored themes relevant to peer support and health behavior change...
July 16, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Garrett E Huck, Cruz Finnicum, Blaise Morrison, Ashley Kaseroff, Emre Umucu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify strategies for encouraging greater levels of physical activity among community-dwelling individuals living with serious mental illness participating in assertive community treatment (ACT). METHOD: Eighteen individuals living with serious mental illness participated in focus group interviews. Participants were recruited from an ACT provider located in the Midwestern United States. A semistructured interview protocol was developed specifically for this study...
July 12, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Ashley A O'Connor, Ellen Herbst, Bridget Leach, Keith Armstrong, Benjamin Graham, Brandina Jersky, Shannon E McCaslin
OBJECTIVE: This investigation aimed to better understand perceived barriers to academic success and preferences for a veteran-specific psychosocial course among veterans with symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTS). METHOD: Ninety-three veterans participated in this investigation as part of a larger study examining psychosocial functioning among veterans with PTS symptoms. Participants completed a self-report survey focused on perceived barriers to academic success and psychoeducational preferences related to health and well-being...
July 5, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Martha Sajatovic, Molly Howland, Douglas Gunzler, Stephanie W Kanuch, Kristin A Cassidy, Richard McCormick, Mark S Bauer, Thomas Scheidemantel, Charles Thomas, Carol Blixen, Neal V Dawson
OBJECTIVES: Targeted Training in Illness Management (TTIM) focuses on enhancing care engagement for people living with serious mental illness and diabetes. This secondary analysis from a 60-week, randomized controlled trial of TTIM versus treatment as usual evaluated racial subgroup outcomes. METHOD: Demographics, clinical characteristics, and diabetes status were evaluated for those self-identifying as non-Hispanic White, African American, and Hispanic. Longitudinal response to TTIM was evaluated using a multiple domain risk index...
September 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Jennifer D Gottlieb, Natalia Poyato, Carmen Valiente, Antonio Perdigón, Carmelo Vázquez
OBJECTIVE: Compared with the general population, those with severe psychiatric conditions have a substantially higher likelihood of trauma exposure, increased probability of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and more severe consequences if trauma is left untreated. Nevertheless, identification of trauma/PTSD continues to be a neglected mental health system priority. In Spain, few investigations have examined the prevalence of trauma, particularly in persons with severe psychiatric conditions...
September 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Jessica M Brooks, Emre Umucu, Garrett E Huck, Karen Fortuna, Jennifer Sánchez, Chungyi Chiu, Stephen J Bartels
OBJECTIVE: To compare adults aged ≥50 years with serious mental illness reporting moderate-to-severe pain to older adults with serious mental illness without pain with respect to sociodemographic characteristics, health conditions, and functional impairment. METHOD: Secondary data analyses were conducted using baseline assessments of 183 participants recruited for the Helping Older People Experience Success (HOPES) study from three community mental health centers...
September 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Doron Amsalem, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Doron Gothelf, David Roe
OBJECTIVE: Subtle expressions of stigmata or microaggressions consist of insensitive and demeaning remarks or statements which negate an individual's perception of their reality. They are differentiated from more traditional and overt forms of discrimination in that they are often voiced by well-intentioned individuals who are unaware of the negative underpinnings and potentially harmful effects of their comments. This study aimed to explore the subjective experience of stigma and macroaggression among consumers and their family members during their encounters with mental health care providers...
September 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Zlatka Russinova, Vasudha Gidugu, Philippe Bloch, Maria Restrepo-Toro, E Sally Rogers
OBJECTIVE: Supported employment has experienced immense growth as an evidence-based intervention targeting the disproportionately high rates of unemployment among individuals with psychiatric disabilities who actively want to work. However, employment services are often not available to individuals who are ambivalent about work or lack work self-efficacy. The purpose of this study was to pilot-test the efficacy of a new peer-run photography-based group intervention (Vocational Empowerment Photovoice [VEP]) designed to empower individuals with psychiatric disabilities to consider employment services and pursue work...
September 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Kate M Filia, Henry J Jackson, Susan M Cotton, Andrew Gardner, Eoin J Killackey
OBJECTIVE: Social inclusion is increasingly recognized as an important contributor to positive mental health outcomes, particularly for people with mental illness. There is a lack of consensus regarding what it means to be socially included and what the key contributors to social inclusion may be. The aim of this investigation was to determine such key contributors, as identified by those with professional experience. METHOD: A thematic analysis of literature regarding social inclusion was conducted to obtain the opinions of professionals regarding key contributors of social inclusion...
September 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Katherine Eisen, Catherine Lawlor, Cheri Dijamco Wu, Daniel Mason
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the feasibility and acceptability of developing a recovery-oriented book club in an acute inpatient psychiatric setting, and the impact of participation on measures of hope and recovery orientation. METHOD: Participants were recruited from an inpatient psychiatric hospital and assigned to control ( N = 13) or experimental ( N = 13) conditions. Participants completed the Herth Hope Index (HHI) and the Mental Health Confidence Scale (MHCS) at baseline and follow-up...
September 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Christina Blomdahl, Suzanne Guregård, Marie Rusner, Helle Wijk
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of manual-based Phenomenological Art Therapy for individuals living with depression in addition to treatment as usual (PATd/TAU) compared with only treatment as usual (TAU) for individuals diagnosed with moderate to severe depression. METHOD: 79 adults (men = 29.1%) were included in this randomized-controlled-trial (RCT), multicenter study in Sweden with an intention-to-treat design. Participants were randomized into either the PATd/TAU-group (n = 43) or TAU-group (n = 36)...
September 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Kelsey A Bonfils, Kimberly C Dreison, Lauren Luther, Sadaaki Fukui, Abigail E Dempsey, Charles A Rapp, Michelle P Salyers
OBJECTIVE: Although shared decision making (SDM) is a key element of client-centered care, it has not been widely adopted. Accordingly, interventions have been developed to promote SDM. The aim of this study was to explore the implementation process of one SDM intervention, CommonGround, which utilizes peer specialists and a computerized decision support center to promote SDM. METHOD: As part of a larger study, CommonGround was implemented in 4 treatment teams in a community mental health center...
September 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Sonya Gabrielian, Alexander S Young, Jared M Greenberg, Elizabeth Bromley
OBJECTIVE: Research suggests that social supports are associated with housing retention among adults who have experienced homelessness. Yet, we know very little about the social support context in consumers find and retain housing. We examined the ways and identified the junctures in which consumers' skills and deficits in accessing and mobilizing social supports influenced their longitudinal housing status. METHOD: We performed semi-structured qualitative interviews with VA Greater Los Angeles consumers (n = 19) with serious mental illness, substance use disorders, and a history of homelessness; interviews explored associations between longitudinal housing status (categorized as: stable, independent housing; sheltered housing, continually engaged in structured housing programs; and unstable housing) and social supports...
September 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Kit-Aun Tan, Aaron Fernandez
OBJECTIVE: Without a reliable and valid tool, it is neither possible to gauge recovery orientation of persons with serious mental illness nor to evaluate whether existing mental health system encourages recovery in both its policies and current practice in Malaysia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the reliability and factor structure of the Malay version of the Recovery Self-Assessment (RSA-PIRV-M) in a psychiatric sample. METHOD: Psychiatric patients were eligible for recruitment to the study, when they fulfilled the following criteria: a diagnosis of schizophrenia, were aged between 18- and 65-years-old, and were able to give consent themselves...
June 25, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
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