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Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal

Shayden Bryce, Narelle Warren, Jennie Ponsford, Susan Rossell, Stuart Lee
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive remediation (CR) is a promising method of improving cognitive functioning in people with schizophrenia. Nevertheless, the lived experience of participation, and whether this differs from computer game (CG) playing control conditions, remains poorly understood. This study aimed to qualitatively compare the experience of participating in these 2 interventions. METHOD: Forty-two outpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder completed a qualitative survey with 7 open-ended questions after completing 10 weeks of CR ( n = 22) or CG ( n = 20)...
July 16, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Karen L Fortuna, John A Naslund, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Matthew C Lohman, Marianne Storm, John A Batsis, Stephen J Bartels
OBJECTIVE: To identify the strategies peer specialists use to provide illness self-management support for older adults with serious mental illness (SMI) through text messaging. METHOD: Transcripts of text message exchanges between 8 older adult participants with SMI who completed the PeerTECH intervention and 3 older adult certified peer specialists who delivered the 12-week program were analyzed. Text message analyses explored themes relevant to peer support and health behavior change...
July 16, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Garrett E Huck, Cruz Finnicum, Blaise Morrison, Ashley Kaseroff, Emre Umucu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify strategies for encouraging greater levels of physical activity among community-dwelling individuals living with serious mental illness participating in assertive community treatment (ACT). METHOD: Eighteen individuals living with serious mental illness participated in focus group interviews. Participants were recruited from an ACT provider located in the Midwestern United States. A semistructured interview protocol was developed specifically for this study...
July 12, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Doron Amsalem, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Doron Gothelf, David Roe
OBJECTIVE: Subtle expressions of stigmata or microaggressions consist of insensitive and demeaning remarks or statements which negate an individual's perception of their reality. They are differentiated from more traditional and overt forms of discrimination in that they are often voiced by well-intentioned individuals who are unaware of the negative underpinnings and potentially harmful effects of their comments. This study aimed to explore the subjective experience of stigma and macroaggression among consumers and their family members during their encounters with mental health care providers...
July 9, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Zlatka Russinova, Vasudha Gidugu, Philippe Bloch, Maria Restrepo-Toro, E Sally Rogers
OBJECTIVE: Supported employment has experienced immense growth as an evidence-based intervention targeting the disproportionately high rates of unemployment among individuals with psychiatric disabilities who actively want to work. However, employment services are often not available to individuals who are ambivalent about work or lack work self-efficacy. The purpose of this study was to pilot-test the efficacy of a new peer-run photography-based group intervention (Vocational Empowerment Photovoice [VEP]) designed to empower individuals with psychiatric disabilities to consider employment services and pursue work...
July 9, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Kate M Filia, Henry J Jackson, Susan M Cotton, Andrew Gardner, Eoin J Killackey
OBJECTIVE: Social inclusion is increasingly recognized as an important contributor to positive mental health outcomes, particularly for people with mental illness. There is a lack of consensus regarding what it means to be socially included and what the key contributors to social inclusion may be. The aim of this investigation was to determine such key contributors, as identified by those with professional experience. METHOD: A thematic analysis of literature regarding social inclusion was conducted to obtain the opinions of professionals regarding key contributors of social inclusion...
July 5, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Ashley A O'Connor, Ellen Herbst, Bridget Leach, Keith Armstrong, Benjamin Graham, Brandina Jersky, Shannon E McCaslin
OBJECTIVE: This investigation aimed to better understand perceived barriers to academic success and preferences for a veteran-specific psychosocial course among veterans with symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTS). METHOD: Ninety-three veterans participated in this investigation as part of a larger study examining psychosocial functioning among veterans with PTS symptoms. Participants completed a self-report survey focused on perceived barriers to academic success and psychoeducational preferences related to health and well-being...
July 5, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Katherine Eisen, Catherine Lawlor, Cheri Dijamco Wu, Daniel Mason
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the feasibility and acceptability of developing a recovery-oriented book club in an acute inpatient psychiatric setting, and the impact of participation on measures of hope and recovery orientation. METHOD: Participants were recruited from an inpatient psychiatric hospital and assigned to control ( N = 13) or experimental ( N = 13) conditions. Participants completed the Herth Hope Index (HHI) and the Mental Health Confidence Scale (MHCS) at baseline and follow-up...
July 5, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Kit-Aun Tan, Aaron Fernandez
OBJECTIVE: Without a reliable and valid tool, it is neither possible to gauge recovery orientation of persons with serious mental illness nor to evaluate whether existing mental health system encourages recovery in both its policies and current practice in Malaysia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the reliability and factor structure of the Malay version of the Recovery Self-Assessment (RSA-PIRV-M) in a psychiatric sample. METHOD: Psychiatric patients were eligible for recruitment to the study, when they fulfilled the following criteria: a diagnosis of schizophrenia, were aged between 18- and 65-years-old, and were able to give consent themselves...
June 25, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Donna Pettey, Tim Aubry
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of tobacco use and overall smoking behaviors within a sample of individuals with a serious mental illness who were homeless or vulnerably housed and receiving community mental health services. METHODS: In 2010, individuals (N = 639) were interviewed, and identified smokers completed the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) and additional questions related to their smoking behaviors...
May 21, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Christina Blomdahl, Suzanne Guregård, Marie Rusner, Helle Wijk
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of manual-based Phenomenological Art Therapy for individuals living with depression in addition to treatment as usual (PATd/TAU) compared with only treatment as usual (TAU) for individuals diagnosed with moderate to severe depression. METHOD: 79 adults (men = 29.1%) were included in this randomized-controlled-trial (RCT), multicenter study in Sweden with an intention-to-treat design. Participants were randomized into either the PATd/TAU-group (n = 43) or TAU-group (n = 36)...
May 14, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Tania Lecomte, Crystal Samson, Farooq Naeem, Leslie Schachte, John Farhall
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to better understand the implementation of cognitive behavioral therapy for psychosis (CBTp) by exploring the impact of clinicians' attitudes toward CBTp within the Theory of Planned Behavior framework (i.e., by considering attitudes, behaviors, intention, and social norms) as well as perceived obstacles and response to proposed solutions. METHOD: One hundred forty-two clinicians from 2 sites in Canada and 1 site in Australia answered an online survey involving both Likert scales and open-ended questions...
June 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Marina Kukla, Alan B McGuire, Amy M Strasburger, Elizabeth Belanger, Shana K Bakken
OBJECTIVE: Veterans Health Administration vocational services assist veterans with mental illness to acquire jobs; one major component of these services is job development. The purpose of this study was to characterize the nature of effective job development practices and to examine perceptions and intensity of job development services. METHOD: A national mixed-methods online survey of 233 Veterans Health Administration vocational providers collected data regarding frequency of employer contacts, perceptions of job development ease/difficulty, and effective job development practices when dealing with employers...
June 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Joanne Nicholson, Anne Valentine
TOPIC: This article addresses critical considerations in the development of peer supports for parents with mental illnesses, focusing on the question of what makes a peer a peer in the parent peer specialist domain. PURPOSE: The implementation and testing of parent peer supports requires specification of the critical components of the model, including the qualities, characteristics, and unique contributions of the parent peer specialist. SOURCES USED: Themes emerged in Parent Peer Specialist Project Advisory Group discussions, with members drawing from lived experience, practice expertise, and conversations with experts...
June 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Jason E Peer, Mary Gardner, Sophia Autrey, Christine Calmes, Richard W Goldberg
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of implementing a recovery education program in a Veterans Affairs medical center. METHOD: This case study describes development and implementation of a mental health and wellness curriculum offered through a centralized location. Referral and utilization data (n = 781) from the first 18 months of implementation were used to evaluate feasibility. FINDINGS: Access to programming with zero exclusion was prioritized and average time from referral to enrollment was 9...
June 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Patrizia Villotti, Sara Zaniboni, Marc Corbière, Stéphane Guay, Franco Fraccaroli
OBJECTIVE: People with mental illnesses face stigma that hinders their full integration into society. Work is a major determinant of social inclusion, however, people with mental disorders have fewer opportunities to work. Emerging evidence suggests that social enterprises help disadvantaged people with their work integration process. The purpose of this study is to enhance our understanding about how perceptions of stigma can be decreased for people with mental disorders throughout their work experience in a social enterprise...
June 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Paul Gorczynski, Davy Vancampfort, Hiren Patel
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the relationship among physical activity, psychological mediators of physical activity, and negative symptoms in people living with psychosis and prediabetes or Type II diabetes mellitus to identify which variables should be targeted in future physical activity interventions. METHOD: A total of 63 individuals were recruited and filled out questionnaires with the assistance of trained research staff. RESULTS: Spearman's correlations showed a positive significant association between physical activity and self-efficacy...
June 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Patricia B Nemec
TOPIC: Funding for behavioral health service provider agencies is always limited, making it difficult to decide how and when to spend scarce resources on staff training. If evidence existed for a clear return on investment for certain training topics or techniques, agency administrators may find it easier to make the decisions about how much and what type of training to provide to staff. PURPOSE: In spite of expert opinion and some evidence that the most common training approaches are ineffective, yielding no return on investment, or a negative return (money wasted), agencies continue to provide primarily single-session lecture-based training-either face-to-face or via a tedious and uninspiring online format...
June 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Amy C Lodge, Wendy Kuhn, Juli Earley, Stacey Stevens Manser
OBJECTIVE: The Recovery Self-Assessment (RSA) is a reliable and valid tool used to measure recovery-oriented services. Recent studies, however, suggest that the length and reading level of the RSA makes its routine use in service settings difficult. Recognizing the importance of including people with lived experience of a mental health challenge in research processes and the need to enhance the utility of tools that measure recovery-oriented services, this paper describes an innovative researcher-peer provider consultant multistep process used to revise the provider version of the RSA to create a new instrument-the Recovery-Oriented Services Assessment (ROSA)...
June 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Bobbi Jo H Yarborough, Scott P Stumbo, Micah T Yarborough, Ashli Owen-Smith, Carla A Green
OBJECTIVE: Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are increasingly seeking service dogs to help them manage trauma-related symptoms, yet literature describing service dog use in this population is scant. The goal of this study was to document the benefits and challenges experienced by veterans with service dogs trained to assist with PTSD-related needs. METHOD: Participants were veterans (N = 41) with service dogs, and their caregivers (n = 8), recruited through community-based service dog training agencies...
June 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
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