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European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932971/the-correlation-of-supraspinatus-outlet-view-with-computed-tomography-for-visualization-of-the-anterior-acromial-undersurface
#1
Viktor Feldman, Niv Marom, Meir Nyska, Eugene Kotz, Jonathan E J Koh, Vidal Barchilon
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the real shape of the undersurface of the acromion prior to acromioplasty is indispensable. Today, Supraspinatus outlet view (SSOV) is a standard view used to determine the shape of the anterior acromion. Three types of acromial undersurface were described by Bigliani and Morrison. The purpose of this study was to find out whether the real acromial type can be visualized on X-ray SSOV and compare the shape of the anterior undersurface of the acromion visualized on SSOV, with the shape revealed on 2D CT reconstructions...
September 20, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924690/lateral-fixation-an-alternative-surgical-approach-in-the-prevention-of-complete-atypical-femoral-fractures
#2
Mohammad Kharazmi, Karl Michaëlsson, Pär Hallberg, Jörg Schilcher
Little evidence is available on how to treat incomplete atypical fractures of the femur. When surgery is chosen, intramedullary nailing is the most common invasive technique. However, this approach is adopted from the treatment of other types of ordinary femoral fracture and does not aim to prevent the impending complete fracture by interrupting the mechanism underlying the pathology. We suggest a different surgical approach that intends to counteract the underlying biomechanical conditions leading to a complete atypical fracture and thus could be better suited in selected cases...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918493/study-of-lesions-of-the-lumbar-endplate-based-on-the-stage-of-maturation-of-the-lumbar-vertebral-body-the-relationship-between-skeletal-maturity-and-chronological-age
#3
Hideyuki Uraoka, Kosaku Higashino, Masatoshi Morimoto, Kazuta Yamashita, Fumitake Tezuka, Yoichiro Takata, Toshinori Sakai, Akihiro Nagamachi, Masaaki Murase, Koichi Sairyo
The lesion of the lumbar endplate is sometimes identified in the vertebrae of children and adolescents. The purpose of this study is to compare between skeletal maturity and chronological age. The second purpose of this study is to clarify the lesions of the lumbar endplate based on the maturation of the lumbar vertebral body. Six hundred and thirty-two (485 men and 147 women) consecutive patients were included. The mean age at the first medical examination was 13.8 years. Their skeletal maturity was evaluated based on the appearances of the secondary ossification center of L3...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913640/case-report-of-kummell-s-disease-with-delayed-onset-myelopathy-and-the-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Salvatore D'Oria, Carlo Delvecchio, Mariagrazia Dibenedetto, Francesco Zizza, Carlo Somma
INTRODUCTION: Kummell's disease is an avascular necrosis of the vertebral body, secondary to a vertebral compression fracture. This entity is characterised by the gradual development in time of a vertebral body collapse following a trivial spinal trauma, involving a worsening back pain associated with a progressive kyphosis. PURPOSES: The aim of this article is to carry out an international literature review regarding Kummell's disease, addressing its physiopathology, histopathology, clinical presentation, radiological characteristics and treatment modalities; at the same time, the literature is updated through the description of a new and interesting case, symbol of the pathology long-term potential complications, if not diagnosed and therefore not suitably treated...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905260/reply-to-walley-kc-appleton-pt-rodriguez-ek-2017-comparison-of-outcomes-of-operative-versus-non-operative-treatment-of-acetabular-fractures-in-the-elderly-and-severely-comorbid-patient-eur-j-orthop-surg-traumatol-27-5-689-694
#5
LETTER
Rohit Jain, Roop Bhushan Kalia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900757/low-incidence-of-postoperative-urinary-retention-with-the-use-of-a-nurse-led-bladder-scan-protocol-after-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
N P Kort, Y Bemelmans, R Vos, M G M Schotanus
PURPOSE: Postoperative urinary retention (POUR), defined as the inability to empty the bladder voluntary after surgery, is a commonly reported complication. This study reports the incidence and possible risk factors for POUR after elective fast-track hip or knee arthroplasty when using a nurse-led bladder scan protocol. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included data from 803 patients who underwent unilateral hip or knee arthroplasty. Patients' digital clinical records were reviewed for eligibility...
September 12, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900737/the-benefit-of-the-systematic-revision-of-the-acetabular-implant-in-favor-of-a-dual-mobility-articulation-during-the-treatment-of-periprosthetic-fractures-of-the-femur-a-49-cases-prospective-comparative-study
#7
A Perrin, M Saab, S Putman, K Benad, E Drumez, C Chantelot
INTRODUCTION: The SOFCOT symposium (2005) on periprosthetic fractures of the femur (PFFs) highlighted a high rate of dislocation (15.6% at 6 months) after change of prosthesis. So far, no study has ever proved the benefit of dual-mobility articulation during PFFs revisions. We conducted a comparative study on two prospective cohorts in order to (1) assess the influence of systematic acetabular revision in favor of a double mobility on dislocation rate (2) and in order to evaluate the rate of morbidity associated with this extra surgical procedure...
September 12, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887640/clinical-and-instrumental-evaluation-of-two-different-regimens-of-tranexamic-acid-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-single-centre-prospective-randomized-study-with-80-patients
#8
Nicola Piolanti, Andrea Del Chiaro, Fabrizio Matassi, Angelo Graceffa, Lorenzo Nistri, Massimiliani Marcucci
PURPOSE: The use of tranexamic acid (TXA) in total hip arthroplasty (THA) can significantly reduce blood losses with many clinical and economical advantages. However, no consensus has been reached regarding the optimal regimen for TXA administration. The aim of this study is to analyse and compare the haemostatic effect of two different intravenous (IV) regimens of TXA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We planned a single-centre, prospective, randomized study including 80 patients who underwent primary unilateral minimally invasive THA because of a hip osteoarthritic degeneration...
September 8, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879381/erratum-to-cementless-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-the-treatment-after-acetabular-fractures
#9
Wael Salama, Paolo Ditto, Shazly Mousa, Abdelrahman Khalefa, Ahmed Sleem, Laura Ravera, Alessandro Masse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856452/prevalence-of-low-back-pain-among-health-sciences-students
#10
Fahad Abdullah AlShayhan, Munir Saadeddin
AIM: To determine the prevalence of low back pain (LBP) among health sciences students and to identify the associated factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional study was conducted among 1163 students from five health sciences colleges during the academic year 2016-2017. Self-administered questionnaire was conducted and included 4 sections: demographic characteristics, risk factors, Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire and Oswestry disability questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS...
August 30, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852880/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-direct-anterior-approach-for-hemiarthroplasty-for-femoral-neck-fracture
#11
Samuel T Kunkel, Matthew J Sabatino, Ravinder Kang, David S Jevsevar, Wayne E Moschetti
BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess whether the direct anterior approach (DAA) is associated with improved functional and clinical outcomes compared to other surgical approaches for hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized trials and cohort studies of hemiarthroplasty performed via DAA versus another surgical approach (anterolateral, lateral, posterolateral, posterior) were included...
August 29, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840398/delayed-sciatic-nerve-compression-following-hamstring-injury
#12
J Macdonald, S E McMahon, D O'Longain, J D Acton
A 47-year-old man presented three months post-hamstring injury with posterior thigh and buttock pain, paraesthesia over the lateral part of the leg and dorsum of the foot and a foot drop. MRI identified a hamstring muscle injury with a lesion surrounding 20 cm of the proximal sciatic nerve consistent with an extensive haematoma. Surgical debridement and release was planned; however, his signs spontaneously resolved with rest, physiotherapy and splintage prior to surgery. There have been no other reports of a sciatic nerve lesion with neurological signs resolving without surgical exploration...
August 24, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836092/four-symptoms-define-the-piriformis-syndrome-an-updated-systematic-review-of-its-clinical-features
#13
REVIEW
Kevork Hopayian, Armine Danielyan
PURPOSE: To update the evidence on the clinical features of the piriformis syndrome since the first systematic review published in 2010. METHOD: A systematic review of all case, cross-sectional and prevalence studies. RESULTS: The commonest features reported were: buttock pain, pain aggravated on sitting, external tenderness near the greater sciatic notch and pain on any maneuver that increases piriformis muscle tension, and limitation of straight leg raising...
August 23, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836021/hip-abductor-tendinitis-after-acl-reconstruction-with-patellar-tendon-graft-in-soccer-players-a-new-clinical-complication
#14
George Mouzopoulos, Christos Vlachos, Anastasia Tsembeli, Leonidas Karantzalis, Konstantinos Vlachos
 Although ACL reconstruction remains a complex procedure with possible complications, affecting mainly the knee function, but no complications affecting the hip function have been already mentioned in the literature. Here in, we discuss the demographics, clinical course and outcomes of a rare complication such as hip abductors tendinitis, developed in soccer amateur athletes after ACL reconstruction with patellar tendon graft.
August 23, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821987/morphological-anatomy-of-thoracolumbar-nerve-roots-and-dorsal-root-ganglia
#15
Lina Leng, Li Liu, Daowen Si
The aim of this study is to ascertain the anatomic parameters of the spinal roots and dorsal root ganglia and to demonstrate their clinical significance. Samples from 24 adult autopsy subjects were obtained from roots and dorsal root ganglia at levels L1 through L5. The anatomic parameters of epidural nerve roots: the distance between the epidural nerve roots and the proximal edge of the dorsal root ganglia and the average diameter of the nerve root gradually, increased from L1 to L5. The midline nerve root angle gradually decreased from L1 to L5...
August 18, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819829/surgical-treatment-for-symptomatic-non-ossifying-fibromas-of-the-lower-extremity-with-calcium-sulfate-grafts-in-skeletally-immature-patients
#16
Antonio Andreacchio, Flavia Alberghina, Gianluca Testa, Federico Canavese
BACKGROUND: Non-ossifying fibromas (NOFs) are common benign bone lesions found in children and adolescents. They usually involve metaphysis of long bones, tend to gradually disappear with age and usually do not require surgery, while they are not associated with pathological fractures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome and efficacy of a single-stage procedure, comprising curettage of the lesion and calcium sulfate pellet (CaSP) grafting, in skeletally immature patients with large, symptomatic NOF of the lower extremity, and the possible limitations of the procedure...
August 17, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798994/intra-operative-fluoroscopic-radiation-exposure-in-orthopaedic-trauma-theatre
#17
Mustafa S Rashid, Sheweidin Aziz, Syed Haydar, Simon S Fleming, Amit Datta
INTRODUCTION: Radiation exposure from intra-operative fluoroscopy in orthopaedic trauma surgery is a common occupational hazard. References for fluoroscopy use in the operating room for commonly performed operations have not been reported adequately. This study aimed to report appropriate intra-operative fluoroscopy use in orthopaedic trauma and compare the effect of surgery type and surgeon grade on radiation exposure. METHODS: Data on 849 cases over an 18-month period were analysed retrospectively...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798984/midlife-changes-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-who-underwent-spinal-fusion-during-adolescence
#18
Tsutomu Akazawa, Toshiaki Kotani, Tsuyoshi Sakuma, Shohei Minami, Yoshiaki Torii, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuhide Inage, Kazuki Fujimoto, Yasuhiro Shiga, Gen Inoue, Masayuki Miyagi, Wataru Saito, Seiji Ohtori, Hisateru Niki
PURPOSE: Our previous study reported a good health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients 21 years or more after surgery. The purpose of this study is to investigate midlife changes in HRQOL among AIS patients who passed further 5 years from the previous survey. METHODS: Subjects were 252 individuals who underwent spinal fusion for AIS between 1968 and 1988. The survey was administered twice-in 2009 and in 2014 using Scoliosis Research Society Patient Questionnaire (SRS-22)...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785833/the-impact-of-acute-compartment-syndrome-on-the-outcome-of-tibia-plateau-fracture
#19
Ahmed M Thabet, Joshua E Simson, Chris Gerzina, Sherif Dabash, Adam Adler, Amr A Abdelgawad
BACKGROUND: Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is often associated with tibial plateau fractures and is a limb-threatening injury. Staged management through fasciotomy with delayed definitive fixation can prevent muscle necrosis and increase limb salvage rates. This procedure opens a large area for potential contamination and infection in the lower extremity. Recent studies have shown an increased risk of infection following fasciotomy and staged management for tibial plateau fractures...
August 7, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780594/two-stage-revision-surgery-for-infected-total-knee-replacements-reasonable-function-and-high-success-rate-with-the-use-of-primary-knee-replacement-implants-as-temporary-spacers
#20
Ben Arthur Marson, Samuel T Walters, Benjamin V Bloch, Khosrow Sehat
Two-stage revision surgery for infected total knee replacements remains the gold standard treatment. Articulating spacers are preferred to static spacers for improved functional outcome. Articulating spacers made of cement can be prone to fracture, may not be suitable for full weight bearing, create abrasion debris and necessitate second-stage revision surgery. An alternative is the use of primary knee replacement implants as temporary spacers. With this technique, implants are loosely cemented into place at time of revision, allow the patient reasonable mobility and an ability to fully weight bear and can obviate the need for second-stage surgery...
August 5, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
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