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European Journal of Medical Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788990/impact-of-anticoagulation-and-vasoactive-medication-on-regained-radial-artery-patency-after-catheterization-a-case-control-study
#1
C Rammos, A Burghardt, J Lortz, O Azizy, R A Jánosi, M Steinmetz, T Rassaf
BACKGROUND: Radial artery access is the primary approach for coronary interventions due to higher safety profile in comparison to femoral access. Radial artery occlusion (RAO) is the main complication of transradial catheterization that can lead to severe symptoms and a permanent artery occlusion. The incidence of RAO after transradial access ranges from 5 to 38% and data regarding treatment is scarce. Whether anticoagulation and vasoactive medication provides an additional benefit in recovery of radial artery patency (RAP) after catheterization has not been investigated in detail...
May 22, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788989/loop-ostomy-following-laparoscopic-low-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy
#2
Xin Wu, Guole Lin, Huizhong Qiu, Yi Xiao, Bin Wu, Miner Zhong
BACKGROUND: Both loop ileostomy (LI) and loop transverse colostomy (LTC) could achieve absolute fecal diversion and have several advantages. This study compared LI and LTC following laparoscopic low anterior resection for rectal cancer after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. METHODS: Between January 2009 and December 2016, 186 patients who underwent laparoscopic low anterior resection for rectal cancer and loop ostomy were included. All patients received preoperative neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy...
May 22, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776437/coenzyme-q10-combined-with-trimetazidine-in-the-prevention-of-contrast-induced-nephropathy-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-complicated-with-renal-dysfunction-undergoing-elective-cardiac-catheterization-a-randomized-control-study-and-in-vivo-study
#3
Fei Chen, Fan Liu, Jingchao Lu, Xiuchun Yang, Bing Xiao, Yaqiong Jin, Jie Zhang
BACKGROUND: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is one of the common hospital-acquired acute renal failures. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and trimetazidine (TMZ) can prevent the occurrence of CIN after elective cardiac catheterization in patients with coronary artery disease complicated with renal dysfunction. METHODS: Consecutive coronary artery disease patients with renal insufficiency scheduled for coronary angiography were enrolled in randomized, paralleled, double-blind, controlled trial...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728137/predictive-potential-of-macrophage-migration-inhibitory-factor-mif-in-patients-with-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-hfpef
#4
Peter Luedike, Georgios Alatzides, Maria Papathanasiou, Martin Heisler, Julia Pohl, Nils Lehmann, Tienush Rassaf
BACKGROUND: Prognostication in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is challenging and novel biomarkers are urgently needed. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that plays a crucial role in cardiovascular and various inflammatory diseases. Whether MIF is involved in HFpEF is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-two patients with HFpEF were enrolled and followed up for 180 days. MIF plasma levels as well as natriuretic peptide (NP) levels were assessed...
May 4, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724230/correlation-analysis-on-serum-inflammatory-cytokine-level-and-neurogenic-pulmonary-edema-for-children-with-severe-hand-foot-mouth-disease
#5
Jin-Fang Sun, Hao-Lan Li, Bao-Xia Sun
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to discuss the correlation between serum inflammatory cytokines and neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) in children with severe hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD). METHODS: A total of 89 patients with severe HFMD were enrolled into this study. These patients were divided into two groups, according to the presence of NPE: central nervous system disease (CNSD) group and NPE group. Serum IL-4, IL-10, IL-6, IL-17, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) levels were measured in patients by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at 1, 3, and 5 days after admission...
May 3, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703267/saliva-samples-as-a-source-of-dna-for-high-throughput-genotyping-an-acceptable-and-sufficient-means-in-improvement-of-risk-estimation-throughout-mammographic-diagnostics
#6
U G Poehls, C C Hack, A B Ekici, M W Beckmann, P A Fasching, M Ruebner, H Huebner
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer screening programs seem to be an insufficient tool for women at high genetic risk for breast cancer. These women are not adequately monitored yet. Genetic testing may improve clearly the quality of breast cancer prevention programs. At present, blood samples are favored for obtaining high-quality DNA; however, DNA can also be obtained by collecting saliva. The aim of this study was, on the one hand, to determine whether saliva sampling is a practicable means to obtain sufficient quantity and quality of DNA and, on the other hand, whether it is accepted by patients throughout mammographic diagnostics...
April 27, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669594/mirnas-regulate-immune-response-and-signaling-during-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#7
REVIEW
Huange Zhu, Yan Geng, Qian He, Miaoxian Li
Hepatitis C is one of the most common types of viral hepatitis that impair human health. At present, there is still no effective specific therapy for hepatitis C virus infection. As host immunity is an important mechanism to defend against or clear infections, the interactions between the virus and the host immune response are crucial to the progress of the disease. Of note, hepatitis C virus infection has been reported to regulate cellular miRNAs, which play significant roles in many processes, including infection and immunity...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665846/correlation-of-serum-levels-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-and-klotho-protein-levels-with-bone-mineral-density-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients
#8
Shubei Zheng, Yan Chen, Yu Zheng, Zhihong Zhou, Zhanyuan Li
OBJECTIVE: The correlation of serum fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) and Klotho protein levels with bone mineral density (BMD) in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients was analyzed. METHODS: Between January 2015 and November 2015, 125 MHD patients in our hospital were enrolled. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to examine the BMD in the femoral neck and lumbar spine of MHD patients. The patients were divided into three groups: a normal bone mass group, an osteopenia group, and an osteoporosis group...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661236/clinical-analysis-of-50-patients-with-heterotopic-pregnancy-after-ovulation-induction-or-embryo-transfer
#9
Zaigui Wu, Xinmei Zhang, Ping Xu, Xiufeng Huang
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics, prenatal diagnosis, and management of patients with heterotopic pregnancy after ovulation induction or embryo transfer. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of fifty cases with heterotopic pregnancy, in which the fertilization way, type and number of embryo transferred, gestational age, clinical presentation and outcome of intrauterine, ultrasound presentation and site of ectopic pregnancy, bilateral fallopian tube and treatment were evaluated...
April 16, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580297/clinical-impact-of-pure-empirical-catheter-ablation-of-slow-pathway-in-patients-with-non-ecg-documented-clinical-on-off-tachycardia
#10
Shqipe Gerguri, Nikesh Jathanna, Tina Lin, Patrick Müller, Lukas Clasen, Jan Schmidt, Muhammed Kurt, Dong-In Shin, Christian Blockhaus, Malte Kelm, Alexander Fürnkranz, Hisaki Makimoto
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation of slow-pathway (CaSP) has been reported to be effective in patients with dual atrioventricular nodal conduction properties (dcp-AVN) and clinical ECG documentation but without the induction of tachycardia during electrophysiological studies (EPS). However, it is unknown whether CaSP is beneficial in the absence of pre-procedural ECG documentation and without the induction of tachycardia during EPS. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term results after a "pure" empirical CaSP (peCaSP)...
March 27, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523183/association-of-serum-adamts-7-levels-with-left-ventricular-reverse-remodeling-after-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#11
Wenjing Wu, Jiahui Li, Changan Yu, Yanxiang Gao, Shuying Fan, Xiaojun Ye, Yong Wang, Jingang Zheng
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular reverse remodeling (LVRR) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with a good prognosis. Serum levels of ADAMTS-7 might be used for the prognosis of STEMI. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between serum ADAMTS-7 levels and LVRR. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 104 patients with STEMI who underwent revascularization and 63 controls. ADAMTS-7 serum levels were measured on days 1, 3, and 7 and in months 1 and 6 after STEMI...
March 10, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506581/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-with-a-mechanically-expandable-prosthesis-a-learning-experience-for-permanent-pacemaker-implantation-rate-reduction
#12
Jasmin Ortak, Giuseppe D'Ancona, Hüseyin Ince, Hüseyin U Agma, Erdal Safak, Alper Öner, Stephan Kische
BACKGROUND: Permanent pacemaker implantation (PPMI) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) remains an issue open for criticism. Aim of this study is to investigate a strategy to reduce PPMI rate after TAVI in general and more specifically after implantation of the LOTUS® prosthesis. METHODS: Through our learning curve, we have developed a structured protocol to reduce PPMI rate. The protocol includes: shallow implantation depth within the native annulus, strict adherence to the international guidelines for PPMI, PPMI not earlier than 5 days after TAVI, and intravenous chronotropic and steroidal treatment (orciprenaline 0...
March 5, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499739/isolated-choanal-and-gut-atresias-pathogenetic-role-of-serine-protease-inhibitor-type-2-spint2-gene-mutations-unlikely
#13
Christian Niederwanger, Silvia Lechner, Lisa König, Andreas R Janecke, Claus Pototschnig, Beatrice Häussler, Sabine Scholl-Bürgi, Thomas Müller, Peter Heinz-Erian
BACKGROUND: Choanal (CA) and gastrointestinal atresias (GA) are an important feature of syndromic congenital sodium diarrhea (sCSD), a disorder recently associated with mutations in the gene for serine protease inhibitor type 2 (SPINT2). It is, however, not known whether isolated non-syndromic CA and GA themselves might result from SPINT2 mutations. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study to investigate 19 CA and/or GA patients without diarrhea ("non-sCSD") for potential sCSD characteristic clinical features and SPINT2 mutations...
March 2, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490698/clinical-evaluation-of-haploidentical-hematopoietic-combined-with-human-umbilical-cord-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-severe-aplastic-anemia
#14
Lixin Xu, Zhouyang Liu, Yamei Wu, Xueliang Yang, Yongbin Cao, Xiaohong Li, Bei Yan, Songwei Li, Wanming Da, Xiaoxiong Wu
BACKGROUND: This study not only evaluated the clinical effects of treatment using haploidentical hematopoietic stem cells (haplo-HSCs) combined with human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) in patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA), but also investigated the factors related to graft versus host disease (GVHD). METHODS: Cotransplantation of haplo-HSCs and UC-MSCs was performed in 24 SAA patients. The conditioning regimens consisted of rabbit anti-human T-lymphocyte immunoglobulin (ATG), cyclophosphamide, and fludarabine with or without busulfan...
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467039/influence-of-lifestyle-characteristics-and-vdr-polymorphisms-as-risk-factors-for-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-a-case-control-study
#15
Luiz Angelo Vieira, Aline Amaro Dos Santos, Carla Peluso, Caio Parente Barbosa, Bianca Bianco, Luciano Miller Reis Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Intervertebral disc degeneration (DD) is an important cause of low back pain and its precise aetiology is not fully understood, being attributed to cumulative environmental, biomechanical and genetic effects. The vitamin D plays a key role in regulation of calcium homeostasis and bone mineralization, exerting its biological activities by binding to a high-affinity receptor (VDR). Polymorphisms in VDR gene were previously associated with DD process, however with conflicting results...
February 21, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458412/comparison-of-volatile-anesthetic-induced-preconditioning-in-cardiac-and-cerebral-system-molecular-mechanisms-and-clinical-aspects
#16
REVIEW
Shasha Chen, Christopher Lotz, Norbert Roewer, Jens-Albert Broscheit
Volatile anesthetic-induced preconditioning (APC) has shown to have cardiac and cerebral protective properties in both pre-clinical models and clinical trials. Interestingly, accumulating evidences demonstrate that, except from some specific characters, the underlying molecular mechanisms of APC-induced protective effects in myocytes and neurons are very similar; they share several major intracellular signaling pathways, including mediating mitochondrial function, release of inflammatory cytokines and cell apoptosis...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458441/correction-to-high-sensitivity-troponin-t-and-i-reflect-mitral-annular-plane-systolic-excursion-being-assessed-by-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#17
Michèle Natale, Michael Behnes, Seung-Hyun Kim, Julia Hofmann, Nadine Reckord, Ursula Hofmann, Johannes Budjan, Siegfried Lang, Martin Borggrefe, Theano Papavassiliu, Thomas Bertsch, Ibrahim Akin
Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that there was a mistake in the Methods section → Measurements of biomarkers (page 6, line 3): 2000g should read 2500g. So, the correct sentence should be "All samples were obtained by venipuncture into serum monovettes® and centrifuged at 2500g for 10 min at 20 °C."
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444703/whole-bone-testing-in-small-animals-systematic-characterization-of-the-mechanical-properties-of-different-rodent-bones-available-for-rat-fracture-models
#18
Peter M Prodinger, Peter Foehr, Dominik Bürklein, Oliver Bissinger, Hakan Pilge, Kilian Kreutzer, Rüdiger von Eisenhart-Rothe, Thomas Tischer
OBJECTIVES: Rat fracture models are extensively used to characterize normal and pathological bone healing. Despite, systematic research on inter- and intra-individual differences of common rat bones examined is surprisingly not available. Thus, we studied the biomechanical behaviour and radiological characteristics of the humerus, the tibia and the femur of the male Wistar rat-all of which are potentially available in the experimental situation-to identify useful or detrimental biomechanical properties of each bone and to facilitate sample size calculations...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433562/the-impact-of-insulin-pump-therapy-to-oxidative-stress-in-patients-with-diabetic-nephropathy
#19
Xing-Guang Zhang, Yan-Qi Zhang, Qian-Peng Cheng, Yi Cao, Jian-Min Sun, Xiao-Feng Lv
BACKGROUND: The oxidative stress resulting from increased production of ROS plays a crucial role in the development of diabetic complications. We aim to explore the relationships between oxidative stress, diabetic nephropathy (DN) and short-term insulin pump intensive therapy (insulin therapy). METHODS: Levels of 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT), glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and Interleukin-6 (IL-6) were estimated before and after 2 weeks of insulin therapy in normal group (NC) and type 2 diabetic (DM) with normal albuminuria (NA), microalbuminuria (MA) and clinical albuminuria (CA)...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361983/cardiac-computed-tomography-in-patients-with-symptomatic-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-rule-out-acute-coronary-syndrome-but-with-intermediate-pretest-probability-for-coronary-artery-disease-admitted-to-a-chest-pain-unit
#20
Matthias Koopmann, Liane Hinrichs, Jan Olligs, Michael Lichtenberg, Lars Eckardt, Dirk Böse, Stefan Möhlenkamp, Johannes Waltenberger, Frank Breuckmann
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) and coronary artery disease (CAD) may be encountered coincidently in a large portion of patients. However, data on coronary artery calcium burden in such patients are lacking. Thus, we sought to determine the value of cardiac computed tomography (CCT) in patients presenting with new-onset AF associated with an intermediate pretest probability for CAD admitted to a chest pain unit (CPU). METHODS: Calcium scores (CS) of 73 new-onset, symptomatic AF subjects without typical clinical, electrocardiographic, or laboratory signs of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) admitted to our CPU were analyzed...
January 24, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
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