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Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139504/building-a-hepatitis-c-virus-treatment-strategy-to-achieve-the-2030-vision-for-saudi-arabia
#1
LETTER
Bandar Al-Judaibi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139503/endoscopic-resection-of-asymptomatic-colonic-polypoid-arteriovenous-malformations-two-case-reports-and-a-literature-review
#2
Han-Hee Lee, Hyuk-Min Kwon, Sanghyun Gil, Young-Shin Kim, Minjung Cho, Kyung-Jin Seo, Hiun-Suk Chae, Young-Seok Cho
A colonic arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a significant vascular lesion of the gastrointestinal tract and a common cause of lower gastrointestinal bleeding. AVMs are usually identified endoscopically as bright red, flat lesions. AVMs with a polypoid appearance are extremely rare in the large intestine. We present two cases of colonic polypoid AVM, which were detected incidentally during screening colonoscopy. Both the patients had no history of gastrointestinal bleeding such as melena or hematochezia. Colonoscopy revealed pedunculated polyps overlaid by hyperemic mucosa in the ascending colon and proximal sigmoid colon...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139502/diagnostic-roles-of-calretinin-in-hirschsprung-disease-a-comparison-to-neuron-specific-enolase
#3
Zaidoon A Musa, Ban J Qasim, Haider F Ghazi, A Wahab A K Al Shaikhly
BACKGROUND/AIM: Diagnosis of Hirschsprung's disease (HD) can be hard and requires good experience, principally for pathologists who infrequently encounter the disease. However, diagnosis is not always possible with hematoxylin and eosin (H and E) because staining has limitations in the identification of immature ganglion cells in neonates and the submucosal area. AIM: To assess the diagnostic role of calretinin immunostaining in HD in comparison to neuron-specific enolase...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139501/endoscopic-resection-of-gastric-submucosal-tumors-a-comparison-of-endoscopic-nontunneling-with-tunneling-resection-and-a-systematic-review
#4
Qiang Zhang, Fei Wang, Gong Wei, Jian-Qun Cai, Fa-Chao Zhi, Yang Bai
BACKGROUND/AIM: Endoscopic tunneling resection is a relatively novel endoscopic technology for removing gastric submucosal tumors. Our study aimed to compare the differences between tunneling and nontunneling resection for gastric submucosal tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Resections of gastric submucosal tumors (n = 97) performed from 2010 to 2015 at our endoscopy center were reviewed, and PubMed was searched for clinical studies on gastric submucosal tumor resection by endoscopic nontunneling and tunneling techniques...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139500/variation-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-care-among-saudi-pediatric-gastroenterologists
#5
Ahmed A Al-Sarkhy
BACKGROUND/AIM: Although international guidelines in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) management are currently available, variations in IBD care still exist. The aim of this study was to determine the extent of the variation in IBD care among Saudi pediatric gastroenterologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among all pediatric gastroenterologists who were members of the Saudi Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (SASPGHAN) from August 2015 to December 2015...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139499/desmoplasia-influenced-recurrence-of-disease-and-mortality-in-stage-iii-colorectal-cancer-within-five-years-after-surgery-and-adjuvant-therapy
#6
Maddalena Zippi, Giorgio De Toma, Giovanni Minervini, Claudio Cassieri, Roberta Pica, Diodoro Colarusso, Simon Stock, Pietro Crispino
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In patients with colon cancer who undergo resection for potential cure, 40-60% have advanced locoregional disease (stage III). Those who are suitable for adjuvant treatment had a definite disease-free-survival benefit. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate whether the presence of desmoplasia influenced the mortality rate of stage III colorectal cancer (CRC) within 5 years from the surgery and adjuvant therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-five patients with stage III CRC underwent resection and adjuvant therapy...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139498/enhanced-efficacy-of-5-fluorouracil-in-combination-with-a-dual-histone-deacetylase-and-phosphatidylinositide-3-kinase-inhibitor-cudc-907-in-colorectal-cancer-cells
#7
Rimi Hamam, Dalia Ali, Radhakrishnan Vishnubalaji, Zaid F Alsaaran, Elna Paul Chalisserry, Musaad Alfayez, Abdullah Aldahmash, Nehad M Alajez
BACKGROUND/AIMS: 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is widely used in the treatment of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the efficacy of 5-FU as a single agent is limited, with multiple undesired side effects. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to assess the efficacy of CUDC-907 (a dual inhibitor of histone deacetylase and phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase) in combination with 5-FU against CRC cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell viability was determined using AlamarBlue and colony formation assays...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139497/the-expression-and-significance-of-feces-cyclooxygensae-2-mrna-in-colorectal-cancer-and-colorectal-adenomas
#8
Xiaofeng Li, Lixia Kong, Suhuan Liao, Jing Lu, Lin Ma, Xiaohua Long
BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aims to explore the expression and significance of feces cyclooxygensae-2 (COX-2) mRNA in colorectal cancer and colorectal adenomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of feces COX-2 mRNA in colorectal cancer (n = 28), colorectal adenomas (n = 54), and normal control group (n = 11) were examined by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The positive rate of fecal occult blood test (FOBT) were detected in colorectal cancer (n = 30), colorectal adenomas (n = 56), and normal control group (n = 11); the sensitivity of the two methods was also compared...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139496/therapeutic-efficacy-of-an-elemental-diet-for-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-and-its-association-with-amino-acid-metabolism
#9
Masakazu Nakano, Keiichi Tominaga, Atsushi Hoshino, Takeshi Sugaya, Kazunari Kanke, Hideyuki Hiraishi
BACKGROUND/AIM: We investigated the association between blood amino acid concentration changes caused by elemental diet (ED) and their relationship to its therapeutic effect. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with active Crohn's disease (CD) followed ED for 12 weeks. Patients not previously treated with ED were defined as new ED, and those with previous ED therapy (≥900 kcal/day) were defined as previous ED. Disease activity markers [Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI) and C-reactive protein (CRP) level], blood biochemistry test results, and plasma amino acid concentrations were measured before and after the treatment...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139495/efficacy-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-for-patients-with-duodenal-ulcers-a-pairwise-and-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Zhan-Hong Hu, Ai-Ming Shi, Duan-Min Hu, Jun-Jie Bao
BACKGROUND/AIM: To compare the efficacy and tolerance of different proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in different doses for patients with duodenal ulcers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic database was searched to collect all randomized clinical trials (RCTs), and a pairwise and network meta-analysis were performed. RESULTS: A total of 24 RCTs involving 6188 patients were included. The network meta-analysis showed that there were no significant differences for the 4-week healing rate of duodenal ulcer treated with different PPI regimens except pantoprazle 40 mg/d versus lansoprazole 15 mg/d [Relative risk (RR) = 3...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139494/the-diagnostic-value-of-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-to-distinguish-intestinal-tuberculosis-from-crohn-s-disease-a-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Ting Jin, Baoying Fei, Yu Zhang, Xujun He
BACKGROUND/AIM: Intestinal tuberculosis (ITB) and Crohn's disease (CD) are important differential diagnoses that can be difficult to distinguish. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is an efficient and promising tool. This meta-analysis was performed to systematically and objectively assess the potential diagnostic accuracy and clinical value of PCR for MTB in distinguishing ITB from CD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Science Direct, and the Cochrane Library for eligible studies, and nine articles with 12 groups of data were identified...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139493/efficacy-of-image-enhanced-endoscopy-for-colorectal-polyps-are-we-ready-for-prime-time
#12
EDITORIAL
Helmut Neumann, Peter R Galle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976643/gluten-free-hepatomiracle-in-celiac-hepatitis-a-case-highlighting-the-rare-occurrence-of-nutrition-induced-near-total-reversal-of-advanced-steatohepatitis-and-cirrhosis
#13
Kavita Gaur, Puja Sakhuja, Amarender S Puri, Kaushik Majumdar
Regression of hepatic fibrosis is increasingly becoming a reality, both in clinical as well as experimental models. Reversal or near-total regression of marked liver steatohepatitis and fibrosis, however, remains a rare event. We report the case of a 20-year-old female presenting with diarrhea due to celiac disease and biopsy proven cirrhosis with portal hypertension who had a remarkable clinical improvement in response to a gluten free diet (GFD). A follow-up liver biopsy 9 months after the initiation of GFD revealed a remarkable regression of both fibrosis as well as steatosis...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976642/solitary-rectal-ulcer-syndrome-a-single-center-case-series
#14
Abdulaziz I AlGhulayqah, Ehab H Abu-Farhaneh, Fahad I AlSohaibani, Majid A Almadi, Hadeel M AlMana
BACKGROUND/AIM: Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) is a benign, chronic defecation disorder with varied presentations. The aim of this study is to summarize the clinical features, endoscopic findings, histological appearance, and treatment strategies associated with SRUS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of all patients diagnosed with SRUS at the King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre in Riyadh from January 2003 to December 2013...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976641/deoxyschizandrin-suppresses-dss-induced-ulcerative-colitis-in-mice
#15
Wen-Feng Zhang, Yan Yang, Xin Su, Da-Yan Xu, Yu-Li Yan, Qiao Gao, Ming-Hua Duan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Deoxyschizandrin as one of the most important component of Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill plays an immunomodulatory role in a variety of diseases, yet its role in ulcerative colitis remains to be elucidated. We aimed to investigate the role of deoxyschizandrin in DSS-induced ulcerative colitis in mice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the present study, an inflammation model of cells was constructed to confirm the anti-inflammatory effect of deoxyschizandrin...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976640/cardiac-functions-assessment-in-children-with-celiac-disease-and-its-correlation-with-the-degree-of-mucosal-injury-doppler-tissue-imaging-study
#16
Abeer Fathy, Hany M Abo-Haded, Najat Al-Ahmadi, Marwa M El-Sonbaty
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Celiac disease (CD)-associated cardiologic disorders is a growing concern. However, data regarding cardiac affection in children with CD are few. This study aimed at assessing the subclinical impact of CD on the global myocardial performance in Saudi children with CD using Doppler tissue imaging (DTI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Conventional two-dimensional echocardiography was performed among 20 Saudi children with CDas well as 20 age and sex-matched healthy controls...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976639/p16-protein-is-upregulated-in-a-stepwise-fashion-in-colorectal-adenoma-and-colorectal-carcinoma
#17
Mahmoud Al-Ahwal, Wafaey Gomaa, Eman Emam, Yousif Qari, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Salman Radwi, Basim Al-Maghrabi, Mohammad Al-Qahtani, Jaudah Al-Maghrabi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: p16 is tumor suppressor gene acting as a cell cycle regulator. The present study was conducted to compare p16 expression in normal, dysplastic, and malignant colonic mucosae, and to explore its relation to clinicopathological variables and follow-up data in colorectal carcinoma (CRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Tissue microarrays were performed from 25 normal colonic mucosae, 41 colonic adenomas, and 191 CRC, with corresponding 50 nodal metastases. Immunohistochemistry was performed using anti-p16 antibody, sections were scored, and statistical analysis was performed...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976638/effect-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitor-lisinopril-on-morphological-and-biochemical-aspects-of-fibrotic-liver-regeneration
#18
Aysha Ambreen, Sarwat Jahan, Satwat Malik
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatic fibrosis results in defective liver regeneration following partial hepatectomy. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors can enhance liver regeneration and are also involved in the reduction of hepatic fibrosis. The present study has been conducted to evaluate the potential effect of an ACE inhibitor, lisinopril, on the morphological and biochemical aspects of fibrotic liver regeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight-week old female Sprague Dawley rats were made fibrotic by intragastric carbon tetrachloride treatment...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976637/thromboembolic-events-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#19
Farjah H Algahtani, Youssef M K Farag, Abdulrahman M Aljebreen, Nahla A Alazzam, Aamer S Aleem, Fouad F Jabri, Mohammad H Rajab, Mohamed M Shoukri
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease) is characterized by a chronic inflammatory condition, and is accompanied by abnormalities in coagulation and a hyper-coagulable state. This study was conducted to examine the risk factors for developing Thromboembolic Events in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) in a population with prevalent consanguinity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with a definitive diagnosis of IBD who were seen in the gastroenterology clinic of King Khalid University Hospital (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia) from 2010- to 2012, were asked to participate in this prospective cohort study, and were followed for one 1 year...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976636/intraperitoneal-administration-of-apigenin-in-liver-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-protective-effects
#20
Alexandra K Tsaroucha, Anastasia Tsiaousidou, Nikolaos Ouzounidis, Evanthia Tsalkidou, Maria Lambropoulou, Dimitrios Giakoustidis, Ekaterini Chatzaki, Constantinos Simopoulos
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatic injury caused by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) is a clinical problem associated with major liver surgery. Among other flavonoids, apigenin has shown a promising effect on I/R cases. In this study, we have investigated the effects of apigenin after liver I/R injury in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty eight rats were randomized into the following eight groups: (1) Control-sham group: rats subjected to the surgical procedure, except for liver I/R; (2) DMSO group: rats subjected to surgery, except for liver I/R given the apigenin solvent dimethyl-sulfoxide intraperitoneally; (3) C60 group; (4) C120 group; (5) C240 group: rats underwent liver ischemia for 45 min followed by reperfusion for 60 min, 120 min, and 240 min; (6) AP60 group; (7) AP120 group; (8) AP240 group: rats underwent liver ischemia for 45 min, and then given apigenin (5 mg) intraperitoneally followed by reperfusion for 60 min, 120 min, and 240 min...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
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