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Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748328/impact-of-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-on-linear-growth-data-from-a-national-cohort-study-in-saudi-arabia
#1
Mohammad I El Mouzan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748327/pediatric-gastrointestinal-sarcoidosis-successful-treatment-with-infliximab
#2
Laila Alawdah, Ahmad Nahari, Dayel Alshahrani, Musa Fagih, Shahid Ghazi, Abdulrahman Al-Hussaini
Gastrointestinal sarcoidosis is a rare disease with very limited data in children. Here we report the first pediatric case of successful treatment with infliximab. The first case was an 8-year-old Saudi girl who presented with fever, weight loss, and abdominal pain that was followed in a few months with hematemesis and development of hepatosplenomegaly. The second case was a 9-year-old Sudanese boy who manifested with vomiting, epigastric pain, and weight loss. On upper endoscopy, both cases demonstrated severe erosive nodular gastric mucosa...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748326/efficacy-of-repeat-review-with-flexible-spectral-imaging-color-enhancement-in-patients-with-no-findings-by-capsule-endoscopy
#3
Yuka Minami-Kobayashi, Atsuo Yamada, Hirotsugu Watabe, Hirobumi Suzuki, Yoshihiro Hirata, Yutaka Yamaji, Haruhiko Yoshida, Kazuhiko Koike
BACKGROUND/AIM: The efficacy of flexible spectral imaging color enhancement (FICE) ch. 1 (F1) for the detection of ulcerative lesions and angioectasias in the small intestine with capsule endoscopy (CE) has been reported. In the present study, we evaluated whether F1 could detect incremental findings in patients with no findings in a standard review mode. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 52 patients (age: 60.1 ± 15.3 years; 30 males) with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) who underwent CE and in whom no lesion was detected in the small intestine in the standard mode (first review) were enrolled...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748325/endoscopic-color-doppler-ultrasonography-in-predicting-the-safety-of-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-antral-heterotopic-pancreas
#4
Ling Xin, Li Qian Jun, Xu Li Hua, Zhu Hong, Chen Tian Bao, Tang Jin Hai
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Complications are important determining factors for safety of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for gastric heterotopic pancreas (HP). This study investigated whether endoscopic color Doppler ultrasonography (ECDUS) could be used to predict the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of ESD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 52 patients with heterotopic pancreas of the gastric antrum who underwent ECDUS before ESD. ECDUS was used to evaluate the submucosal vascular structure and the location of HP in gastric wall...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748324/pigment-epithelium-derived-factor-and-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-in-liver-cirrhosis
#5
Joanna Kozlowska, Tomasz Mikula, Magdalena Suchacz, Joanna Jabnonska, Wojciech Stanczak, Janusz Cianciara, Alicja Wiercinska-Drapalo
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the role of serum pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in progression of liver cirrhosis and development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum levels of PEDF and MMP-9 were tested in 212 patients with liver cirrhosis and in a control group of 30 healthy volunteers. HCC was diagnosed in 45 of the 212 patients studied (21%). RESULTS: Serum PEDF and MMP-9 were higher in the study group than that in the control group (P < 0...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748323/colorectal-cancer-liver-metastasis-trends-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#6
Mazen Hassanain, Faisal Al-Alem, Eve Simoneau, Thamer A Traiki, Faisal Alsaif, Abdulsalam Alsharabi, Heba Al-Faris, Khalid Al-Saleh
BACKGROUND/AIM: To elucidate colorectal cancer (CRC) disease patterns, demographics, characteristics, stage at presentation, metastases, and survival rates of patients, particularly those with liver metastases, at our center as the first report from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective, single-center database study based on the histological diagnosis of CRC in patients seen at the King Khalid University Hospital between 2007 and 2011...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748322/inefficacy-of-triple-therapy-and-comparison-of-two-different-bismuth-containing-quadruple-regimens-as-a-firstline-treatment-option-for-helicobacter-pylori
#7
Murat Kekilli, Ibrahim K Onal, Serkan Ocal, Zeynal Dogan, Alpaslan Tanoglu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Increasing resistance of Helicobacter pylori to antimicrobials necessitated the development of new regimens and the modification of existing regimens. The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of two bismuth-containing quadruple regimens-one including clarithromycin (C) instead of metronidazole (M) and triple therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with H. pylori infection given the following regimens were sequentially enrolled in this retrospective study: (1) Triple therapy: Lansoprazole 30 mg b...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748321/paired-comparison-of-procedural-sequence-in-same-day-bidirectional-endoscopy-with-moderate-sedation-and-carbon-dioxide-insufflation-a-prospective-observational-study
#8
Jui-Hsiang Tang, Chi-Liang Cheng, Yen-Lin Kuo, Yi-Ning Tsui
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Same-day bidirectional endoscopy (BDE) is a commonly performed procedure, but the optimal sequence of the procedure with carbon dioxide insufflation is not well established. In this study, we investigated the optimal sequence for same-day BDE without polypectomy under moderate sedation and carbon dioxide insufflation in terms of sedation doses and colonoscopy performance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective observational study of 63 asymptomatic patients who were admitted for physical check-ups...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748320/a-systematic-review-on-the-safety-and-effectiveness-of-yttrium-90-radioembolization-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-portal-vein-tumor-thrombosis
#9
Zhongzhi Jia, Guomin Jiang, Feng Tian, Chunfu Zhu, Xihu Qin
BACKGROUND/AIM: Over the past two decades, several advances have been made in the management of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT). Yttrium-90 ( 90 Y) radioembolization has recently been made a treatment option for patients with HCC and PVTT. However, there is still a need to systematicly evaluate the outcomes of 90 Y radioembolization for HCC and PVTT. We aimed to assess the safety and effectiveness of 90 Y radioembolization for HCC and PVTT...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748319/a-beginning-or-the-end-a-meta-analysis-to-assess-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-transient-elastography-for-the-prediction-of-esophageal-varices
#10
Yundong Qu, Tao Li, Qian Ye, Lixin Zhang, Lei Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To assess the accuracy of transient elastography (TE) in the prediction of esophageal varices (EV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The literature search was conducted by using PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and CENTRAL on The Cochrane Library without time or language restrictions. Terms used were "FibroScan," "transient elastography," "stiffness," and "esophageal varices." The pooled sensitivity, specificity, and other parameters were obtained using a bivariate mixed-effects regression model...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748318/is-transient-elastography-a-valid-screening-method-for-esophageal-varices
#11
Malcolm M Wells
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538727/saslt-guidelines-update-in-treatment-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#12
Abdullah S Alghamdi, Mohammed Alghamdi, Faisal M Sanai, Hamdan Alghamdi, Faisal Aba-Alkhail, Khalid Alswat, Mohammed Babatin, Adel Alqutub, Ibrahim Altraif, Faleh Alfaleh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488331/impact-of-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-on-linear-growth-data-from-a-national-cohort-study-in-saudi-arabia
#13
LETTER
Mahmood D Al-Mendalawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488330/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-antegrade-stenting-in-an-occluded-biliary-self-expandable-metal-stent
#14
Majid A Almadi, Mohanned Eltayeb, Salem Thaniah
Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) is an attractive option for patients who cannot undergo conventional endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and do not want surgery or percutaneous drainage procedures. We present the use of EUS-antegrade (EUS-AG) insertion of a self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) in a patient with a common hepatic duct cholangiocarcinoma, as well as a huge gastric lipoma, after recurrent biliary obstruction of a prior SEMS inserted via ERCP in the same session as a duodenal stent insertion for gastric outlet obstruction...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488329/the-lms-and-z-scale-growth-reference-for-saudi-school-age-children-and-adolescents
#15
Mohammad I El Mouzan, Abdullah A Al Salloum, Mansour M Alqurashi, Abdullah S Al Herbish, Ahmad Al Omar
BACKGROUND/AIM: To establish L, M, and S parameters and z score reference for the assessment of nutrition and growth of Saudi school-age children and adolescents. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data from the original cross-sectional study were reanalyzed. The L, M, and S parameters and z scores were calculated for weight, height and body mass index for school-age children and adolescents. RESULTS: A total of 19,299 subjects from 5 to 18 years of age were included...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488328/new-combined-parameter-of-liver-and-splenic-stiffness-as-determined-by-elastography-in-healthy-volunteers
#16
Laura Kassym, Mohammed A Nounou, Zauresh Zhumadilova, Asad I Dajani, Nurgul Barkibayeva, Ayan Myssayev, Tolebay Rakhypbekov, Adnan M Abuhammour
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of chronic liver disease (CLD) leading to fibrosis, cirrhosis, and portal hypertension had witnessed dramatic changes after the introduction of noninvasive figure accessible tools over the past few years. Imaging techniques that are based on evaluation of the liver stiffness was particularly useful in this respect. Acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) emerged as an interesting figure tool with reliable repute and high precision. AIMS: To evaluate liver stiffness measurement (LSM) and splenic stiffness measurement (SSM) in healthy volunteers as concluded by the ARFI technique and to out a numeric calculated ratio that may reflect their correlation in the otherwise healthy liver...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488327/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effect-of-vitamin-d3-on-inflammation-and-cathelicidin-gene-expression-in-ulcerative-colitis-patients
#17
Amrollah Sharifi, Mohammad Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar, Homayoon Vahedi, Saharnaz Nedjat
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an intestinal chronic inflammatory condition and includes Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). It has been proposed that Vitamin D supplementation may have a beneficial role in IBD. AIM: To characterize the effects of Vitamin D on cathelicidin (hCAP/LL37) gene expression, ESR, and serum hs-CRP levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety UC patients on remission were randomized to receive 300,000 IU intramuscular Vitamin D or 1 mL normal saline as placebo, respectively...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488326/sequential-versus-concomitant-therapy-for-eradication-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-patients-with-perforated-duodenal-ulcer-a-randomized-trial
#18
Roby Das, Sathasivam Sureshkumar, Gubbi S Sreenath, Vikram Kate
OBJECTIVES: Comparison of Helicobacter pylori eradication rates, side effects, compliance, cost, and ulcer recurrence of sequential therapy (ST) with that of concomitant therapy (CT) in patients with perforated duodenal ulcer following simple omental patch closure. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients with perforated duodenal ulcer treated with simple closure and found to be H. pylori positive on three months follow-up were randomized to receive either ST or CT for H. pylori eradication...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488325/catheter-related-blood-stream-infection-in-patients-receiving-long-term-home-parenteral-nutrition-tertiary-care-hospital-experience-in-saudi-arabia
#19
Esraa S Al-Tawil, Alanoud M Almuhareb, Hamdy M Amin
BACKGROUND/AIM: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a lifesaving therapy for patients with many severe conditions, including intestinal failure. Some patients require long-term PN therapy, which makes home parenteral nutrition (HPN) an attractive option to improve the quality of life. Among the most common and serious complications observed in these patients are catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSIs). The aim of our study is to determine the frequency of CRBSI among patients receiving long-term HPN...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488324/transient-elastography-in-clinical-detection-of-liver-cirrhosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Xiao-Xia Geng, Ren-Gang Huang, Jian-Mei Lin, Nan Jiang, Xing-Xiang Yang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transient elastography is a noninvasive method for measuring liver fibrosis. This meta-analysis assesses the diagnostic performance of transient elastography of detecting liver cirrhosis in patients with liver disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane, EMBASE databases until Jan 31, 2015, using the following search terms: elastography and liver cirrhosis. Included studies assessed patients with a diagnosis of liver cirrhosis, with an index test of transient elastography, and with the reference standard being a histopathological exam by liver biopsy...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
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