Read by QxMD icon Read

Molecular Diversity

Maja Cindrić, Mihaela Perić, Marijeta Kralj, Irena Martin-Kleiner, Marie-Hélène David-Cordonnier, Hana Čipčić Paljetak, Mario Matijašić, Donatella Verbanac, Grace Karminski-Zamola, Marijana Hranjec
Novel nitro (3a-3f)- and amino (4a-4f and 5a-5f)-substituted 2-benzimidazolyl and 2-benzothiazolyl benzo[b]thieno-2-carboxamides were designed and synthesized as potential antibacterial agents. The antibacterial activity of these compounds has been evaluated against Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis) and Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Moraxella catarrhalis). The most promising antibacterial activity was observed for the nitro- and amino-substituted benzimidazole derivatives 3a, 4a, 5a and 5b with MICs 2-8 [Formula: see text]...
March 20, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Anatoly N Vereshchagin, Michail N Elinson, Yuliya E Anisina, Kirill A Karpenko, Alexander S Goloveshkin, Sergey G Zlotin, Mikhail P Egorov
A highly diastereoselective three-component cascade reaction among aromatic aldehydes, 3-arylisoxazol-5(4H)-ones and 3-aminocyclohex-2-en-1-ones takes place under the catalysis of triethylamine, providing (3SR,4SR)-4-aryl-3-[(E)-(hydroxyimino)(aryl)methyl]-4,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinoline-2,5(1H,3H)-diones in 45-85% yields. The transformation presumably proceeds through a sequential cascade of Knoevenagel/Michael-addition/cyclization/ring-opening reactions. This process was carried out in green media (EtOH/water, 1:1-1:3) at reflux...
March 20, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Gong Jin, Jing Sun, Yuan Yuan, Dan-Dan He, Chao-Guo Yan
Triethylamine-promoted cycloaddition reactions of N-phenacyl and N-alkoxycarbonylmethylbenzothiazolium bromides with aromatic aldehydes and malononitrile (ethyl cyanoacetate, pivaloylacetonitrile) in ethanol afforded functionalized tetrahydrobenzo[d]pyrrolo[2,1-b]thiazoles in good yields and various diastereoselectivity. The oxidation reaction of the functionalized tetrahydrobenzo[d]pyrrolo[2,1-b]thiazoles with DDQ in different solvents resulted in diverse benzothiazole derivatives and benzo[d]pyrrolo[2,1-b]thiazoles...
March 19, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Farough Nasiri, Parisa Nazari
One-pot solvent-free three-component reaction between primary amines, carbon disulfide, and 5-alkylidene rhodanines in the presence of a catalytic amount of tetra n-butylammonium bromide proceed at room temperature and produced asymmetric birhodanines in good to high yields within 5 min.
March 15, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Galina A Gazieva, Alexei N Izmest'ev, Lada V Anikina, Sergey A Pukhov, Marina E Meshchaneva, Dmitry V Khakimov, Natalya G Kolotyrkina, Angelina N Kravchenko
A series of tetrahydroimidazo[4,5-e]thiazolo[3,2-b]-1,2,4-triazine-2,7(1H, 6H)-diones were synthesized via the reaction of imidazotriazinethiones and bromoacetic acid followed by condensation with isatins. Amidine skeletal rearrangement of 3,3a,9,9a-tetrahydroimidazo[4,5-e]thiazolo[3,2-b]-1,2,4-triazine-2,7 (1H, 6H)-diones into 1,3a,4,9a-tetrahydroimidazo[4,5-e]thiazolo[2,3-c]-1,2,4-triazine-2,8 (3H, 7H)-diones under KOH treatment has been studied. The influence of substituents at positions 1,3,3a,6,9a of imidazothiazolotriazine on the ability to undergo rearrangement was analyzed based on experimental data and theoretical calculations...
March 14, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Elisa Leyva, Agobardo Cárdenas-Chaparro, Silvia E Loredo-Carrillo, Lluvia I López, Fernanda Méndez-Sánchez, Antonio Martínez-Richa
Naphthoquinone amino derivatives exhibit interesting physicochemical properties and a wide range of biological activities with potential medicinal applications. A clean, fast and simple method for the preparation of phenylamino-1,4-naphthoquinones is presented by the reaction of naphthoquinone (NQ) and anilines under ultrasound irradiation (US). Anilino derivatives were synthesized in good yields and shorter reaction times in comparison with the conventional method. This ultrasound procedure can be applied to the preparation of naphthoquinone derivatives with anilines containing electron-donor substituents (2-OMe, 4-OMe, 4-Me and 4-OEt) or halogen or electron-withdrawing substituents (4-F, 4-Cl, 4-Br, 3-F, 3-Cl, 3-Br, 4-Ac)...
March 13, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Rajesh B Patil, Euzebio G Barbosa, Jaiprakash N Sangshetti, Vishal P Zambre, Sanjay D Sawant
Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors are promising antidiabetic agents. Currently, several DPP-IV inhibitors have been approved for therapeutic use in diabetes mellitus. Receptor-dependent 4D-QSAR is comparatively a new approach which uses molecular dynamics simulations to generate conformational ensemble profiles of compounds representing a dynamic state of compounds at a target's binding site. This work describes a receptor-dependent 4D-QSAR study on triazolopiperazine derivatives. QSARINS multiple linear regression method was adopted to generate 4D-QSAR models...
March 13, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Rosa L Camacho-Mendoza, Eliazar Aquino-Torres, Viviana Cordero-Pensado, Julián Cruz-Borbolla, José G Alvarado-Rodríguez, Pandiyan Thangarasu, Carlos Z Gómez-Castro
Structural and electronic properties of a series of 25 phosphonate derivatives were analyzed applying density functional theory, with the exchange-correlation functional PBEPBE in combination with the 6-311++G** basis set for all atoms. The chemical reactivity of these derivatives has been interpreted using quantum descriptors such as frontier molecular orbitals (HOMO, LUMO), Hirshfeld charges, molecular electrostatic potential, and the dual descriptor [[Formula: see text]]. These descriptors are directly related to experimental median lethal dose ([Formula: see text], expressed as its decimal logarithm [[Formula: see text]([Formula: see text]] through a multiple linear regression equation...
March 12, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Bárbara I Díaz-Eufracio, Oscar Palomino-Hernández, Richard A Houghten, José L Medina-Franco
Peptide and peptide-like structures are regaining attention in drug discovery. Previous studies suggest that bioactive peptides have diverse structures and may have physicochemical properties attractive to become hit and lead compounds. However, chemoinformatic studies that characterize such diversity are limited. Herein, we report the physicochemical property profile and chemical space of four synthetic linear and cyclic combinatorial peptide libraries. As a case study, the analysis was focused on penta-peptides...
February 14, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Mohammad Ramezani, Jamal Shamsara
MMP-12 belongs to a large family of proteases called matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) that degrades elastin. The main pathologic role of MMP-12 overexpression was suggested to be associated with pathogenesis mechanism of inflammatory respiratory diseases and atherosclerosis. An integrated ligand- and structure-based virtual screening was employed in hope of finding inhibitors with new scaffolds and selectivity for MMP-12. Seven compounds among 18 experimentally tested compounds had a measurable effect on the inhibition of MMP-12 enzyme...
February 8, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Linhong He, Mingfeng Shao, Taijin Wang, Tingxuan Lan, Chufeng Zhang, Lijuan Chen
Here, we report the design and synthesis of pyrimidinyl heterocyclic compounds containing terminal electrophiles as irreversible covalent JAK3 inhibitors that exploit a unique cysteine (Cys909) residue in JAK3. Investigation of the structure-activity relationship utilizing kinase assays resulted in the identification of potent and selective JAK3 inhibitors such as T1, T8, T15, T22, and T29. Among them, T29 was verified as a promising JAK3 irreversible inhibitor that possessed the best bioactivity and selectivity against JAKs and kinases containing a cysteine in the residue analogous to Cys909 in JAK3, suggesting that covalent modification of this Cys residue allowed the identification of a highly selective JAK3 inhibitor...
February 6, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Bakr F Abdel-Wahab, Saad Shaaban, Gamal A El-Hiti
The current review deals with the use of ring expansion reactions for the synthesis of sulfur-containing heterocycles. Ring enlargement offers by far a convenient method for the synthesis of 'medium-sized ring systems', which are usually difficult to obtain or even produced in low yields. These reactions are often catalytically processed starting from a single cyclic precursor and, therefore, are superior to alternative classical iterative synthetic approaches in terms of atomic and conversion efficiency. The current review aims to shed light on the synthetic approaches that exist to afford medium-sized sulfur heterocycles from preexisting smaller rings (e...
January 31, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Behzad Mohammadi, Farahnaz K Behbahani
Dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones/thiones (DHPMs) are important heterocyclic compounds owing to their excellent biological activities and have been widely utilized in pharmaceutical applications. Recently, numerous DHPM derivatives have been prepared. This review covers the synthesis of DHPMs and improved procedures for the preparation of DHPMs from 1995 to 2016.
January 18, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Jie Lei, Jiang-Ping Meng, Dian-Yong Tang, Brendan Frett, Zhong-Zhu Chen, Zhi-Gang Xu
Isocyanide-based multicomponent reactions are among the most powerful synthetic tools available. Particularly, the isocyanide-based Ugi reaction can allow rapid preparation of [Formula: see text]-aminoacyl amide derivatives and polyazaheterocycles with extensive pharmaceutical applications. Moreover, bridged polyazaheterocycles, including one or more quaternary carbon centers, can be constructed via the Ugi cascade reaction in a few steps. This review will emphasize synthesis and bioactivities of bridged compounds with quaternary centers constructed through Ugi cascade reactions...
January 16, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Masoumeh Bavadi, Khodabakhsh Niknam
A mild, efficient synthetic approach for the synthesis of highly functionalized dihydro-2-oxopyrroles is developed by using graphene oxide, a readily available and inexpensive material, as an eco-benign solid acid catalyst in ethanol at room temperature. The present methodology displays several advantages such as practical simplicity, high atom economy, easy workup procedure, and high yields of the products.
January 9, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Vahid Khakyzadeh, Mohammad Ali Zolfigol, Fatemeh Derakhshan-Panah, Majid Jafarian, Mir Vahid Miri, Maryam Gilandoust
The aim of this work is to introduce, model, and optimize a new non-acid-catalyzed system for a direct N[Formula: see text]N-C bond formation. By reacting naphthols or phenol with anilines in the presence of the sodium nitrite as nitrosonium ([Formula: see text] source and triethylammonium acetate (TEAA), a N[Formula: see text]N-C group can be formed in non-acid media. Modeling and optimization of the reaction conditions were investigated by response surface method. Sodium nitrite, TEAA, and water were chosen as variables, and reaction yield was also monitored...
January 4, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Longjia Yan, Hui Wang, Yunpeng Chen, Zhiwei Li, Yazhong Pei
We herein report the synthesis, biological activity and preliminary structure-activity relationships of a series of diaryl[1,3]diazepines. These compounds were able to inhibit the proliferation of many cancer cell lines, such as HeLa, MCF-7, SGC7901 and A549. When HeLa cells were treated with lead compounds 7j and 7k at 3 [Formula: see text] concentration, cell arrest was observed in the G2/M phase.
January 3, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Ahmad Shaabani, Seyyed Emad Hooshmand
Malononitrile dimer as a precursor reactant has been extensively applied in the diversity-oriented synthesis of various heterocyclic motifs, bis-heterocyclic compounds, fused heterocycle derivatives, bicyclic bridged heterocyclic scaffolds, and highly substituted carbocyclic compounds. These remarkable products were synthesized via various types of reactions, such as cycloaddition, cyclocondensation, cascade/domino/tandem reactions along with multi-component reactions. In addition, the flexibility and high reactivity of malononitrile dimer as a multi-functional reagent and its potential to the preparation of novel beneficial scaffolds as well as biologically active molecules signify it as a suitable building block in total synthesis, medicinal chemistry, and dyes...
January 3, 2018: Molecular Diversity
J Jesús Naveja, C Iluhí Oviedo-Osornio, Nicole N Trujillo-Minero, José L Medina-Franco
This perspective discusses the current progress of a chemoinformatics group in a major university in Latin America. Three major aspects are discussed in a critical manner: research, education, and collaboration with industry and other public research networks. It is also presented an overview of the progress in applied research and development of research concepts. Efforts to teach chemoinformatics at the undergraduate and graduate levels are discussed. It is addressed how the partnership with industry and other not-for-profit research institutions not only brings additional sources of funding but, more importantly, increases the impact of the multidisciplinary work and offers the students to be exposed to other research environments...
February 2018: Molecular Diversity
Shabnam Mahernia, Malihe Hassanzadeh, Niusha Sharifi, Bita Mehravi, Fariba Paytam, Mehdi Adib, Massoud Amanlou
Cancer cells are described with features of uncontrolled growth, invasion and metastasis. The epidermal growth factor receptor subfamily of tyrosine kinases (EGFR-TK) plays a crucial regulatory role in the control of cellular proliferation and progression of various cancers. Therefore, its inhibition might lead to the discovery of a new generation of anticancer drugs. In the present study, structure-based pharmacophore modeling, molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations were applied to identify potential hits, which exhibited good inhibition on the proliferation of MCF-7 breast cancer cell line and favorable binding interactions on EGFR-TK...
February 2018: Molecular Diversity
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"