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Molecular Diversity

Juan Carlos Sánchez-Salgado, Pablo Bilbao-Ramos, María Auxiliadora Dea-Ayuela, Francisco Hernández-Luis, Francisco Bolás-Fernández, José L Medina-Franco, Yareli Rojas-Aguirre
Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease that currently affects 12 million people, and over 1 billion people are at risk of infection. Current chemotherapeutic approaches used to treat this disease are unsatisfactory, and the limitations of these drugs highlight the necessity to develop treatments with improved efficacy and safety. To inform the rational design and development of more efficient therapies, the present study reports a chemoinformatic approach using the ChEMBL database to retrieve benzimidazole as a target scaffold...
May 10, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Rabia Akhtar, Syed Ali Raza Naqvi, Ameer Fawad Zahoor, Sameera Saleem
Aziridine ring opening reactions have gained tremendous importance in the synthesis of nitrogen containing biologically active molecules. During recent years, a great effort has been put forward by scientists toward unique bond construction methodologies via ring opening of aziridines. In this regard, a wide range of chiral metal- and organo-catalyzed desymmetrization reactions of aziridines have been reported with carbon, sulfur, oxygen, nitrogen, halogen, and other nucleophiles. In this review, an outline of methodologies adopted by a number of scientists during 2013-2017 for aziridine ring opening reactions as well as their synthetic applications is described...
May 4, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Dongamanti Ashok, Srinivas Gundu, Vikas Kumar Aamate, Mohan Gandhi Devulapally
A new series of triheterocycles containing indole-benzimidazole-based 1,2,3-triazole hybrids have been synthesized in good yields via a microwave-assisted click reaction. All the compounds were characterized by IR, [Formula: see text] NMR, [Formula: see text] NMR and mass spectroscopy and were evaluated for their in vitro antitubercular activity against the Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv strain. Compounds 4b, 4h and 4i displayed highly potent antitubercular activity with MIC 3.125-6.25 [Formula: see text]...
April 18, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Livio Racané, Lucija Ptiček, Mirela Sedić, Petra Grbčić, Sandra Kraljević Pavelić, Branimir Bertoša, Irena Sović, Grace Karminski-Zamola
Herein, we describe the synthesis of twenty-one novel water-soluble monocationic 2-aryl/heteroaryl-substituted 6-(2-imidazolinyl)benzothiazole mesylates 3a-3u and present the results of their anti-proliferative assays. Efficient syntheses were achieved by three complementary simple two-step synthetic protocols based on the condensation reaction of aryl/heteroaryl carbaldehydes or carboxylic acid. We developed an eco-friendly synthetic protocol using glycerol as green solvent, particularly appropriate for the condensation of thermally and acid-sensitive heterocycles such as furan, benzofuran, pyrrole, and indole...
April 17, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Bushra Nisar, Syeda Laila Rubab, Abdul Rauf Raza, Sobia Tariq, Ayesha Sultan, Muhammad Nawaz Tahir
Novel and highly sensitive indole-based imines have been synthesized. Their synthesis has been compared employing a variety of protocols. Ultimately, a convenient, economical and high yielding set of conditions employing green chemistry have been designed for their synthesis.
April 11, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Christelle N'Ta Ambeu, Rémy Le Guével, Anne Corlu, Janat Akhanovna Mamyrbekova, Jean-Pierre Bazureau
A series of 16 new ethyl [Formula: see text]-amino benzimidazole acrylate derivatives 12(a-p) with a (2E)-s-cis/trans conformation and bearing two points of diversity was designed and synthesized by using a multi-step strategy (reductive amination, deprotection in acidic media and transamination) in moderate to good yields from ethyl 3-dimethylamino-2-(1H-benzimidazol-2-yl)acrylate (5) and monosubstituted N-Boc diamines (7a,7b) as starting building blocks. Products 12 were evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxic potential against six selected human cell lines (Huh7-D12, Caco2, MDA-MB231, HCT116, PC3 and NCI-H727)...
April 5, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Prabodh Ranjan, Mohd Athar, Prakash Chandra Jha, Kari Vijaya Krishna
A quantitative structure-activity (QSAR) model has been developed for enriched tubulin inhibitors, which were retrieved from sequence similarity searches and applicability domain analysis. Using partial least square (PLS) method and leave-one-out (LOO) validation approach, the model was generated with the correlation statistics of [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] of 0.68 and 0.69, respectively. The present study indicates that topological descriptors, viz. BIC, CH_3_C, IC, JX and Kappa_2 correlate well with biological activity...
April 2, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Hamid Reza Farmani, Mohammad Hossein Mosslemin, Bahareh Sadeghi
Rapid, efficient, simple and green procedure for the synthesis of 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-1-carbothioamides via the multicomponent reaction of aryl aldehydes, acetophenones and thiosemicarbazide in water in the presence of tetrabutylammonium hydroxide under microwave irradiation is reported.
March 31, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Zhijiang Fan, Jun Shi, Xiaoping Bao
A series of structurally novel 3-thioether-1-(quinazolin-4-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-amine derivatives (7a-7r) were designed and synthesized based on a pharmacophore hybrid approach, and screened for their antibacterial and antifungal activities in vitro. All the target compounds were fully characterized through [Formula: see text]H NMR, [Formula: see text]C NMR and HRMS spectra. Among them, the structure of compound 7b was further confirmed via single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The obtained results indicated that several target compounds demonstrated notable inhibition activities against tested phytopathogenic bacteria, using a turbidimetric method...
March 24, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Suresh D Bagul, Jamatsing D Rajput, Chitra Srivastava, Ratnamala S Bendre
In designing of novel insect growth regulators (IGRs), biologically occurring carvacrol has been structurally modified to thiadiazole and oxadiazole moieties. Two series of carvacrol analogs containing 1,3,4-thiadiazole (VIIIa-e) and 1,3,4-oxadiazole (IXa-e) derivatives are designed and synthesized. Their structures are confirmed by FT-IR, [Formula: see text] NMR, [Formula: see text]C NMR and LC-MS. IGR activity is tested against Spodoptera litura. Several analogs displayed IGR activity against this insect pest...
March 23, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Maja Cindrić, Mihaela Perić, Marijeta Kralj, Irena Martin-Kleiner, Marie-Hélène David-Cordonnier, Hana Čipčić Paljetak, Mario Matijašić, Donatella Verbanac, Grace Karminski-Zamola, Marijana Hranjec
Novel nitro (3a-3f)- and amino (4a-4f and 5a-5f)-substituted 2-benzimidazolyl and 2-benzothiazolyl benzo[b]thieno-2-carboxamides were designed and synthesized as potential antibacterial agents. The antibacterial activity of these compounds has been evaluated against Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis) and Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Moraxella catarrhalis). The most promising antibacterial activity was observed for the nitro- and amino-substituted benzimidazole derivatives 3a, 4a, 5a and 5b with MICs 2-8 [Formula: see text]...
March 20, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Anatoly N Vereshchagin, Michail N Elinson, Yuliya E Anisina, Kirill A Karpenko, Alexander S Goloveshkin, Sergey G Zlotin, Mikhail P Egorov
A highly diastereoselective three-component cascade reaction among aromatic aldehydes, 3-arylisoxazol-5(4H)-ones and 3-aminocyclohex-2-en-1-ones takes place under the catalysis of triethylamine, providing (3SR,4SR)-4-aryl-3-[(E)-(hydroxyimino)(aryl)methyl]-4,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinoline-2,5(1H,3H)-diones in 45-85% yields. The transformation presumably proceeds through a sequential cascade of Knoevenagel/Michael-addition/cyclization/ring-opening reactions. This process was carried out in green media (EtOH/water, 1:1-1:3) at reflux...
March 20, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Gong Jin, Jing Sun, Yuan Yuan, Dan-Dan He, Chao-Guo Yan
Triethylamine-promoted cycloaddition reactions of N-phenacyl and N-alkoxycarbonylmethylbenzothiazolium bromides with aromatic aldehydes and malononitrile (ethyl cyanoacetate, pivaloylacetonitrile) in ethanol afforded functionalized tetrahydrobenzo[d]pyrrolo[2,1-b]thiazoles in good yields and various diastereoselectivity. The oxidation reaction of the functionalized tetrahydrobenzo[d]pyrrolo[2,1-b]thiazoles with DDQ in different solvents resulted in diverse benzothiazole derivatives and benzo[d]pyrrolo[2,1-b]thiazoles...
March 19, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Farough Nasiri, Parisa Nazari
One-pot solvent-free three-component reaction between primary amines, carbon disulfide, and 5-alkylidene rhodanines in the presence of a catalytic amount of tetra n-butylammonium bromide proceed at room temperature and produced asymmetric birhodanines in good to high yields within 5 min.
March 15, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Galina A Gazieva, Alexei N Izmest'ev, Lada V Anikina, Sergey A Pukhov, Marina E Meshchaneva, Dmitry V Khakimov, Natalya G Kolotyrkina, Angelina N Kravchenko
A series of tetrahydroimidazo[4,5-e]thiazolo[3,2-b]-1,2,4-triazine-2,7(1H, 6H)-diones were synthesized via the reaction of imidazotriazinethiones and bromoacetic acid followed by condensation with isatins. Amidine skeletal rearrangement of 3,3a,9,9a-tetrahydroimidazo[4,5-e]thiazolo[3,2-b]-1,2,4-triazine-2,7 (1H, 6H)-diones into 1,3a,4,9a-tetrahydroimidazo[4,5-e]thiazolo[2,3-c]-1,2,4-triazine-2,8 (3H, 7H)-diones under KOH treatment has been studied. The influence of substituents at positions 1,3,3a,6,9a of imidazothiazolotriazine on the ability to undergo rearrangement was analyzed based on experimental data and theoretical calculations...
March 14, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Elisa Leyva, Agobardo Cárdenas-Chaparro, Silvia E Loredo-Carrillo, Lluvia I López, Fernanda Méndez-Sánchez, Antonio Martínez-Richa
Naphthoquinone amino derivatives exhibit interesting physicochemical properties and a wide range of biological activities with potential medicinal applications. A clean, fast and simple method for the preparation of phenylamino-1,4-naphthoquinones is presented by the reaction of naphthoquinone (NQ) and anilines under ultrasound irradiation (US). Anilino derivatives were synthesized in good yields and shorter reaction times in comparison with the conventional method. This ultrasound procedure can be applied to the preparation of naphthoquinone derivatives with anilines containing electron-donor substituents (2-OMe, 4-OMe, 4-Me and 4-OEt) or halogen or electron-withdrawing substituents (4-F, 4-Cl, 4-Br, 3-F, 3-Cl, 3-Br, 4-Ac)...
March 13, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Rajesh B Patil, Euzebio G Barbosa, Jaiprakash N Sangshetti, Vishal P Zambre, Sanjay D Sawant
Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors are promising antidiabetic agents. Currently, several DPP-IV inhibitors have been approved for therapeutic use in diabetes mellitus. Receptor-dependent 4D-QSAR is comparatively a new approach which uses molecular dynamics simulations to generate conformational ensemble profiles of compounds representing a dynamic state of compounds at a target's binding site. This work describes a receptor-dependent 4D-QSAR study on triazolopiperazine derivatives. QSARINS multiple linear regression method was adopted to generate 4D-QSAR models...
March 13, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Rosa L Camacho-Mendoza, Eliazar Aquino-Torres, Viviana Cordero-Pensado, Julián Cruz-Borbolla, José G Alvarado-Rodríguez, Pandiyan Thangarasu, Carlos Z Gómez-Castro
Structural and electronic properties of a series of 25 phosphonate derivatives were analyzed applying density functional theory, with the exchange-correlation functional PBEPBE in combination with the 6-311++G** basis set for all atoms. The chemical reactivity of these derivatives has been interpreted using quantum descriptors such as frontier molecular orbitals (HOMO, LUMO), Hirshfeld charges, molecular electrostatic potential, and the dual descriptor [[Formula: see text]]. These descriptors are directly related to experimental median lethal dose ([Formula: see text], expressed as its decimal logarithm [[Formula: see text]([Formula: see text]] through a multiple linear regression equation...
March 12, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Bárbara I Díaz-Eufracio, Oscar Palomino-Hernández, Richard A Houghten, José L Medina-Franco
Peptide and peptide-like structures are regaining attention in drug discovery. Previous studies suggest that bioactive peptides have diverse structures and may have physicochemical properties attractive to become hit and lead compounds. However, chemoinformatic studies that characterize such diversity are limited. Herein, we report the physicochemical property profile and chemical space of four synthetic linear and cyclic combinatorial peptide libraries. As a case study, the analysis was focused on penta-peptides...
February 14, 2018: Molecular Diversity
Mohammad Ramezani, Jamal Shamsara
MMP-12 belongs to a large family of proteases called matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) that degrades elastin. The main pathologic role of MMP-12 overexpression was suggested to be associated with pathogenesis mechanism of inflammatory respiratory diseases and atherosclerosis. An integrated ligand- and structure-based virtual screening was employed in hope of finding inhibitors with new scaffolds and selectivity for MMP-12. Seven compounds among 18 experimentally tested compounds had a measurable effect on the inhibition of MMP-12 enzyme...
February 8, 2018: Molecular Diversity
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