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Lifetime Data Analysis

Yuan Wu, Christina D Chambers, Ronghui Xu
This work was motivated by observational studies in pregnancy with spontaneous abortion (SAB) as outcome. Clearly some women experience the SAB event but the rest do not. In addition, the data are left truncated due to the way pregnant women are recruited into these studies. For those women who do experience SAB, their exact event times are sometimes unknown. Finally, a small percentage of the women are lost to follow-up during their pregnancy. All these give rise to data that are left truncated, partly interval and right-censored, and with a clearly defined cured portion...
July 16, 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
John D Kalbfleisch
This is a discussion of the paper by Dempsey and McCullagh.
July 14, 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
David Oakes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
Yanzhi Wang, Brent R Logan
In multi-center studies, the presence of a cluster effect leads to correlation among outcomes within a center and requires different techniques to handle such correlation. Testing for a cluster effect can serve as a pre-screening step to help guide the researcher towards the appropriate analysis. With time to event data, score tests have been proposed which test for the presence of a center effect on the hazard function. However, sometimes researchers are interested in directly modeling other quantities such as survival probabilities or cumulative incidence at a fixed time...
July 5, 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
Niels Keiding
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
Tingting Yu, Lang Wu, Peter Gilbert
In HIV vaccine studies, longitudinal immune response biomarker data are often left-censored due to lower limits of quantification of the employed immunological assays. The censoring information is important for predicting HIV infection, the failure event of interest. We propose two approaches to addressing left censoring in longitudinal data: one that makes no distributional assumptions for the censored data-treating left censored values as a "point mass" subgroup-and the other makes a distributional assumption for a subset of the censored data but not for the remaining subset...
June 8, 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
Tianyu Zhan, Douglas E Schaubel
The recurrent/terminal event data structure has undergone considerable methodological development in the last 10-15 years. An example of the data structure that has arisen with increasing frequency involves the recurrent event being hospitalization and the terminal event being death. We consider the response Survival-Out-of-Hospital, defined as a temporal process (indicator function) taking the value 1 when the subject is currently alive and not hospitalized, and 0 otherwise. Survival-Out-of-Hospital is a useful alternative strategy for the analysis of hospitalization/survival in the chronic disease setting, with the response variate representing a refinement to survival time through the incorporation of an objective quality-of-life component...
May 23, 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
Yujie Zhong, Richard J Cook
There have been many advances in statistical methodology for the analysis of recurrent event data in recent years. Multiplicative semiparametric rate-based models are widely used in clinical trials, as are more general partially conditional rate-based models involving event-based stratification. The partially conditional model provides protection against extra-Poisson variation as well as event-dependent censoring, but conditioning on outcomes post-randomization can induce confounding and compromise causal inference...
May 16, 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
Alessandra R Brazzale, Helmut Küchenhoff, Stefanie Krügel, Tobias S Schiergens, Heiko Trentzsch, Wolfgang Hartl
We present a new method for estimating a change point in the hazard function of a survival distribution assuming a constant hazard rate after the change point and a decreasing hazard rate before the change point. Our method is based on fitting a stump regression to p values for testing hazard rates in small time intervals. We present three real data examples describing survival patterns of severely ill patients, whose excess mortality rates are known to persist far beyond hospital discharge. For designing survival studies in these patients and for the definition of hospital performance metrics (e...
April 5, 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
Xiaolin Chen, Jianwen Cai
Survival data with missing censoring indicators are frequently encountered in biomedical studies. In this paper, we consider statistical inference for this type of data under the additive hazard model. Reweighting methods based on simple and augmented inverse probability are proposed. The asymptotic properties of the proposed estimators are established. Furthermore, we provide a numerical technique for checking adequacy of the fitted model with missing censoring indicators. Our simulation results show that the proposed estimators outperform the simple and augmented inverse probability weighted estimators without reweighting...
April 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
Jing Zhang, Guosheng Yin, Yanyan Liu, Yuanshan Wu
For complete ultrahigh-dimensional data, sure independent screening methods can effectively reduce the dimensionality while retaining all the active variables with high probability. However, limited screening methods have been developed for ultrahigh-dimensional survival data subject to censoring. We propose a censored cumulative residual independent screening method that is model-free and enjoys the sure independent screening property. Active variables tend to be ranked above the inactive ones in terms of their association with the survival times...
April 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
Jose S Romeo, Renate Meyer, Diego I Gallardo
Copula models have become increasingly popular for modelling the dependence structure in multivariate survival data. The two-parameter Archimedean family of Power Variance Function (PVF) copulas includes the Clayton, Positive Stable (Gumbel) and Inverse Gaussian copulas as special or limiting cases, thus offers a unified approach to fitting these important copulas. Two-stage frequentist procedures for estimating the marginal distributions and the PVF copula have been suggested by Andersen (Lifetime Data Anal 11:333-350, 2005), Massonnet et al...
April 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
Shahedul A Khan
The Weibull, log-logistic and log-normal distributions are extensively used to model time-to-event data. The Weibull family accommodates only monotone hazard rates, whereas the log-logistic and log-normal are widely used to model unimodal hazard functions. The increasing availability of lifetime data with a wide range of characteristics motivate us to develop more flexible models that accommodate both monotone and nonmonotone hazard functions. One such model is the exponentiated Weibull distribution which not only accommodates monotone hazard functions but also allows for unimodal and bathtub shape hazard rates...
April 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
Judith J Lok, Shu Yang, Brian Sharkey, Michael D Hughes
Competing risks occur in a time-to-event analysis in which a patient can experience one of several types of events. Traditional methods for handling competing risks data presuppose one censoring process, which is assumed to be independent. In a controlled clinical trial, censoring can occur for several reasons: some independent, others dependent. We propose an estimator of the cumulative incidence function in the presence of both independent and dependent censoring mechanisms. We rely on semi-parametric theory to derive an augmented inverse probability of censoring weighted (AIPCW) estimator...
April 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
Chyong-Mei Chen, Pao-Sheng Shen
Left-truncated data often arise in epidemiology and individual follow-up studies due to a biased sampling plan since subjects with shorter survival times tend to be excluded from the sample. Moreover, the survival time of recruited subjects are often subject to right censoring. In this article, a general class of semiparametric transformation models that include proportional hazards model and proportional odds model as special cases is studied for the analysis of left-truncated and right-censored data. We propose a conditional likelihood approach and develop the conditional maximum likelihood estimators (cMLE) for the regression parameters and cumulative hazard function of these models...
April 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
Kayoung Park, Peihua Qiu
Medical treatments often take a period of time to reveal their impact on subjects, which is the so-called time-lag effect in the literature. In the survival data analysis literature, most existing methods compare two treatments in the entire study period. In cases when there is a substantial time-lag effect, these methods would not be effective in detecting the difference between the two treatments, because the similarity between the treatments during the time-lag period would diminish their effectiveness. In this paper, we develop a novel modeling approach for estimating the time-lag period and for comparing the two treatments properly after the time-lag effect is accommodated...
April 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
Yanqin Feng, Yurong Chen
This paper discusses regression analysis of current status failure time data with information observations and continuous auxiliary covariates. Under the additive hazards model, we employ a frailty model to describe the relationship between the failure time of interest and censoring time through some latent variables and propose an estimated partial likelihood estimator of regression parameters that makes use of the available auxiliary information. Asymptotic properties of the resulting estimators are established...
April 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
Jiajia Zhang, Timothy Hanson, Haiming Zhou
A super model that includes proportional hazards, proportional odds, accelerated failure time, accelerated hazards, and extended hazards models, as well as the model proposed in Diao et al. (Biometrics 69(4):840-849, 2013) accounting for crossed survival as special cases is proposed for the purpose of testing and choosing among these popular semiparametric models. Efficient methods for fitting and computing fast, approximate Bayes factors are developed using a nonparametric baseline survival function based on a transformed Bernstein polynomial...
March 30, 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
Tobias Bluhmki, Dennis Dobler, Jan Beyersmann, Markus Pauly
We rigorously extend the widely used wild bootstrap resampling technique to the multivariate Nelson-Aalen estimator under Aalen's multiplicative intensity model. Aalen's model covers general Markovian multistate models including competing risks subject to independent left-truncation and right-censoring. This leads to various statistical applications such as asymptotically valid confidence bands or tests for equivalence and proportional hazards. This is exemplified in a data analysis examining the impact of ventilation on the duration of intensive care unit stay...
March 6, 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
Walter Dempsey, Peter McCullagh
Survival studies often generate not only a survival time for each patient but also a sequence of health measurements at annual or semi-annual check-ups while the patient remains alive. Such a sequence of random length accompanied by a survival time is called a survival process. Robust health is ordinarily associated with longer survival, so the two parts of a survival process cannot be assumed independent. This paper is concerned with a general technique-reverse alignment-for constructing statistical models for survival processes, here termed revival models...
March 3, 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
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