journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Science and Engineering Ethics

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337712/mandatory-publications-an-approach-to-kill-lack-of-will-or-lack-of-skill
#1
Neelam Dehal, Kewal Krishan, Tanuj Kanchan, Amarjeet Singh
The issue of 'mandatory publications' has generated serious flak about its usefulness among the various stakeholders. A lot of debate centers around the question of 'lack of will' or 'lack of skill' as a reason for the diminishing research interests among the medical faculty in India. In our view, it is the lack of will to publish good quality research which is to be blamed rather than the lack of skill to do good quality research.
March 23, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321689/doing-the-right-thing-a-qualitative-investigation-of-retractions-due-to-unintentional-error
#2
Mohammad Hosseini, Medard Hilhorst, Inez de Beaufort, Daniele Fanelli
Retractions solicited by authors following the discovery of an unintentional error-what we henceforth call a "self-retraction"-are a new phenomenon of growing importance, about which very little is known. Here we present results of a small qualitative study aimed at gaining preliminary insights about circumstances, motivations and beliefs that accompanied the experience of a self-retraction. We identified retraction notes that unambiguously reported an honest error and that had been published between the years 2010 and 2015...
March 20, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321688/an-ethical-descriptive-framework-for-judgment-of-actions-and-decisions-in-the-construction-industry-and-engineering-part-i
#3
Omar J Alkhatib, Alaa Abdou
The construction industry is usually characterized as a fragmented system of multiple-organizational entities in which members from different technical backgrounds and moral values join together to develop a particular business or project. The greatest challenge in the construction process for the achievement of a successful practice is the development of an outstanding reputation, which is built on identifying and applying an ethical framework. This framework should reflect a common ethical ground for myriad people involved in this process to survive and compete ethically in today's turbulent construction market...
March 20, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321687/an-online-lab-examination-management-system-olems-to-avoid-malpractice
#4
LETTER
Manjur Kolhar, Abdalla Alameen, Zakaria Mokhtar Gharsseldien
Examination and evaluation are two important phases of education at any level of a student's curriculum. However, these assessment processes are problematic in the sense that they encourage learners to devise ways to be dishonest. The traditional way of conducting exams is particularly conducive to dishonesty. In view of this, this letter proposes an online lab examination management system to prevent misconduct and to secure the process of lab examination.
March 20, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321686/indexing-by-bibliographic-databases-of-journals-published-in-the-developing-world
#5
LETTER
Aamir Raoof Memon, Ahmed Waqas
The removal of Beall's blog may result in increased numbers of predatory journals and their subsequent victims. Recognizing this, the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) suggested criteria for identifying predatory journals in a statement issued on February 18, 2017. These criteria may be helpful in the current scenario of scientific publishing. However, a few lapses and limitations need to be taken into account when translating these policies to the situation in developing countries. This letter presents several cases of legitimate journals and platforms from the developing world that may be erroneously categorized as predatory according to the WAME criteria...
March 20, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321685/the-role-of-culture-and-acculturation-in-researchers-perceptions-of-rules-in-science
#6
Alison L Antes, Tammy English, Kari A Baldwin, James M DuBois
Successfully navigating the norms of a society is a complex task that involves recognizing diverse kinds of rules as well as the relative weight attached to them. In the United States (U.S.), different kinds of rules-federal statutes and regulations, scientific norms, and professional ideals-guide the work of researchers. Penalties for violating these different kinds of rules and norms can range from the displeasure of peers to criminal sanctions. We proposed that it would be more difficult for researchers working in the U...
March 20, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299561/america-competes-at-5%C3%A2-years-an-analysis-of-research-intensive-universities-rcr-training-plans
#7
Trisha Phillips, Franchesca Nestor, Gillian Beach, Elizabeth Heitman
This project evaluates the impact of the National Science Foundation's (NSF) policy to promote education in the responsible conduct of research (RCR). To determine whether this policy resulted in meaningful RCR educational experiences, our study examined the instructional plans developed by individual universities in response to the mandate. Using a sample of 108 U.S. institutions classified as Carnegie "very high research activity", we analyzed all publicly available NSF RCR training plans in light of the consensus best practices in RCR education that were known at the time the policy was implemented...
March 15, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281158/mentoring-for-responsible-research-the-creation-of-a-curriculum-for-faculty-to-teach-rcr-in-the-research-environment
#8
Dena K Plemmons, Michael W Kalichman
Despite more than 25 years of a requirement for training in the responsible conduct of research (RCR), there is still little consensus about what such training should include, how it should be delivered, nor what constitutes "effectiveness" of such training. This lack of consensus on content, approaches and outcomes is evident in recent data showing high variability in the development and implementation of RCR instruction across universities and programs. If we accept that one of the primary aims of instruction in RCR/research ethics is "to foster a community of social responsibility" (Antes et al...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281157/climate-change-and-professional-responsibility-a-declaration-of-helsinki-for-engineers
#9
Rob Lawlor, Helen Morley
In this paper, we argue that the professional engineering institutions ought to develop a Declaration of Climate Action. Climate change is a serious global problem, and the majority of greenhouse gas emissions come from industries that are enabled by engineers and represented by the engineering professional institutions. If the professional institutions take seriously the claim that a profession should be self-regulating, with codes of ethics that go beyond mere obedience to the law, and if they take their own ethical codes seriously, recognising their responsibility to the public and to future generations (and also recognising a duty of "responsible leadership"), the professional institutions ought to develop a declaration for engineers, addressing climate change...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281156/questionable-objectionable-or-criminal-public-opinion-on-data-fraud-and-selective-reporting-in-science
#10
Justin T Pickett, Sean Patrick Roche
Data fraud and selective reporting both present serious threats to the credibility of science. However, there remains considerable disagreement among scientists about how best to sanction data fraud, and about the ethicality of selective reporting. The public is arguably the largest stakeholder in the reproducibility of science; research is primarily paid for with public funds, and flawed science threatens the public's welfare. Members of the public are able to make meaningful judgments about the morality of different behaviors using moral intuitions...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281155/the-strength-of-ethical-matrixes-as-a-tool-for-normative-analysis-related-to-technological-choices-the-case-of-geological-disposal-for-radioactive-waste
#11
Céline Kermisch, Christophe Depaus
The ethical matrix is a participatory tool designed to structure ethical reflection about the design, the introduction, the development or the use of technologies. Its collective implementation, in the context of participatory decision-making, has shown its potential usefulness. On the contrary, its implementation by a single researcher has not been thoroughly analyzed. The aim of this paper is precisely to assess the strength of ethical matrixes implemented by a single researcher as a tool for conceptual normative analysis related to technological choices...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281154/using-surplus-embryos-and-research-embryos-in-stem-cell-research-ethical-viewpoints-of-buddhist-hindu-and-catholic-leaders-in-malaysia-on-the-permissibility-of-research
#12
Mathana Amaris Fiona Sivaraman
The sources of embryos for Embryonic Stem Cell Research (ESCR) include surplus embryos from infertility treatments, and research embryos which are created solely for an ESCR purpose. The latter raises more ethical concerns. In a multi-religious country like Malaysia, ethical discussions on the permissibility of ESCR with regard to the use surplus and research embryos are diversified. Malaysia has formulated guidelines influenced by the national fatwa ruling which allows the use of surplus embryos in ESCR. Input from other main religions is yet to be documented...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281153/a-unique-historical-case-to-understand-the-present-sustainable-development
#13
Astrid Barona, Begoña Etxebarria, Aida Aleksanyan, Gorka Gallastegui, Naiara Rojo, Estibaliz Diaz-Tena
Every innovation seeks to become a profitable business, with this considered to be the engine for economic prosperity. When an innovation is revolutionary, its long-term consequences can be revolutionary too. The Haber-Bosh process for ammonia synthesis is arguably the twentieth century's most significant innovation, and its importance to global food production and its impact on the environment are not expected to diminish over the coming decades. The historical case of the ammonia synthesis process invented by Fritz Haber and the ensuing innovation provides an incomparable opportunity to illustrate the interactions across contemporary needs, prominent scientists, political concerns, moral dilemmas, ethics, governance and environmental implications at a time when the concept of sustainability was still in its infancy...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281152/who-discovered-the-binary-system-and-arithmetic-did-leibniz-plagiarize-caramuel
#14
J Ares, J Lara, D Lizcano, M A Martínez
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716) is the self-proclaimed inventor of the binary system and is considered as such by most historians of mathematics and/or mathematicians. Really though, we owe the groundwork of today's computing not to Leibniz but to the Englishman Thomas Harriot and the Spaniard Juan Caramuel de Lobkowitz (1606-1682), whom Leibniz plagiarized. This plagiarism has been identified on the basis of several facts: Caramuel's work on the binary system is earlier than Leibniz's, Leibniz was acquainted-both directly and indirectly-with Caramuel's work and Leibniz had a natural tendency to plagiarize scientific works...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281151/research-ethics-promotion-in-higher-education-institutes
#15
LETTER
Zohrehsadat Naji, Mohammad Saeid Rezaee-Zavareh, Payman Salamati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281150/the-role-of-engineering-ethics-on-concrete-fire-safety
#16
LETTER
Javad Yahaghi, Shahryar Sorooshian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281149/ethical-concerns-about-human-genetic-enhancement-in-the-malay-science-fiction-novels
#17
Noor Munirah Isa, Muhammad Fakhruddin Hj Safian Shuri
Advancements in science and technology have not only brought hope to humankind to produce disease-free offspring, but also offer possibilities to genetically enhance the next generation's traits and capacities. Human genetic enhancement, however, raises complex ethical questions, such as to what extent should it be allowed? It has been a great challenge for humankind to develop robust ethical guidelines for human genetic enhancement that address both public concerns and needs. We believe that research about public concerns is necessary prior to developing such guidelines, yet the issues have not been thoroughly investigated in many countries, including Malaysia...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281148/patient-autonomy-and-quality-of-care-in-telehealthcare
#18
Giovanni Rubeis, Maximilian Schochow, Florian Steger
Telemedicine is a complex field including various applications and target groups. Especially telehealthcare is seen by many as a means to revolutionize medicine. It gives patients the opportunity to take charge of their own health by using self-tracking devices and allows health professionals to treat patients from a distance. To some, this means an empowerment of patient autonomy as well as an improvement in the quality of care. Others state the dangers of depersonalization of medicine and the pathologization of daily life...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281147/molecular-tumor-boards-ethical-issues-in-the-new-era-of-data-medicine
#19
Henri-Corto Stoeklé, Marie-France Mamzer-Bruneel, Charles-Henry Frouart, Christophe Le Tourneau, Pierre Laurent-Puig, Guillaume Vogt, Christian Hervé
The practice and development of modern medicine requires large amounts of data, particularly in the domain of cancer. The future of personalized medicine lies neither with "genomic medicine" nor with "precision medicine", but with "data medicine" (DM) (big data, data mining). The establishment of this DM has required far-reaching changes, to establish four essential elements connecting patients and doctors: biobanks, databases, bioinformatic platforms and genomic platforms. The "transformation" of scientific research areas, such as genetics, bioinformatics and biostatistics, into clinical specialties has generated a new vision of care...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275935/economic-environmental-and-moral-acceptance-of-renewable-energy-a-case-study-the-agricultural-biogas-plant-at-p%C3%A4-%C3%A4-%C3%A3-n
#20
Marek Vochozka, Anna Maroušková, Petr Šuleř
The production of renewable energy in agricultural biogas plants is being widely criticized because-among other things-most of the feedstock comes from purpose-grown crops like maize. These activities (generously subsidized in the Czech Republic) generate competitive pressure to other crops that are used for feeding or food production, worsening their affordability. Unique pretreatment technology that allows substitution of the purpose-grown crops by farming residues (such as husk or straw) was built 6 years ago on a commercial basis in Pěčín (Czech Republic) under modest funding and without publicity...
March 8, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
journal
journal
32383
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"