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Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305793/corrigendum-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-with-plating-is-beneficial-in-the-early-recovery-stage-for-displaced-midshaft-clavicular-fractures-in-patients-aged-30-65-years-old
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 242 in vol. 30.].
October 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305792/multiple-preretinal-yellowish-dots-in-a-patient-with-syphilis
#2
Chi-Ting Horng, Ping-Feng Tsai, Ming-Ling Tsai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305791/early-renal-arterial-rupture-and-arterial-pseudoaneurysm-in-graft-kidneys-from-the-same-deceased-donor
#3
Yu-Hua Lin, Chun-Hou Liao, Bing-Jun Jiang, Tzu-Hung Chen
Vascular complications are serious problems after kidney transplantation. An aneurysm or rupture in a graft artery is a rare but potentially devastating complication, which may lead to renal function impairment, graft loss, or even death. In this paper, we present two rare vascular complications in the early postoperative course after renal transplantation from the same deceased donor. In the first case, a 49-year-old woman who had spontaneous graft arterial rupture 13 days after kidney transplantation presented with sudden distension in the right lower abdomen...
October 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305790/spontaneous-colonic-rupture-related-to-the-segmental-absence-of-muscularis-propria-in-an-adult
#4
Chih-En Tseng, Shih-Pin Lin, Hou-Chi Huang, Mei-Chung Chin
Colonic perforation is a medical emergency that may be fatal if surgery cannot be performed in a timely manner. Colonic rupture in adults is caused by primary (idiopathic) and secondary factors. Although the segmental absence of muscularis propria (SAMP) is a recognized cause of secondary colonic rupture in neonates and infants, few cases have been reported in adults. Here, we present the case of a large colonic rupture caused by SAMP in a 60-year-old woman and a review of the literature. We suggest that SAMP should be included in the differential diagnosis of large perforation and/or periperforation membranous thinning of the colonic wall in adults...
October 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305789/open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-with-plating-is-beneficial-in-the-early-recovery-stage-for-displaced-midshaft-clavicular-fractures-in-patients-aged-30-65-years-old
#5
Jian-Yuan Chu, Kuang-Ting Yeh, Ru-Ping Lee, Tzai-Chiu Yu, Ing-Ho Chen, Cheng-Huan Peng, Kuan-Lin Liu, Jen-Hung Wang, Wen-Tien Wu
Objectives: Midshaft clavicular fractures are increasingly treated operatively rather than nonoperatively. Studies have shown mixed results for both types of treatment. The aim of this study was to compare the early-stage functional status associated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with plating and that associated with conservative treatment for displaced midshaft clavicular fractures. Materials and Methods: A single-center retrospective review of the results of 120 cases of displaced midshaft clavicular fractures in patients aged 30-65 years old was conducted...
October 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305788/passive-limb-movement-test-facilitates-subthalamic-deep-brain-stimulation-under-general-anesthesia-without-influencing-awareness
#6
Sheng-Tzung Tsai, Shee-Ping Chen, Sheng-Huang Lin, Shinn-Zong Lin, Shin-Yuan Chen
Objectives: We have shown that neuronal activity in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) in patients with Parkinson's disease can be accurately recorded during deep brain stimulation (DBS) with general anesthesia (GA). However, a vigorous passive range of motion (PROM) test might exert awakening effects on patients who are lightly anesthetized. We will explore the effects of PROM on the heart rate (HR) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) during microelectrode recording (MER) and confirm whether it facilitates identifying the sensory motor portion of the STN under GA...
October 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305787/increased-prevalence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-patients-with-pectus-excavatum-a-pilot-study
#7
Yeung-Leung Cheng, I-Shiang Tzeng, Mei-Chen Yang
Objective: Laryngomalacia is the most common congenital laryngeal anomaly and is associated with pectus excavatum (PE). Patients with laryngomalacia and patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) both experience upper airway obstruction, and patients with laryngomalacia had been found to have a higher prevalence of PE. However, no studies have established the prevalence of OSA in patients with PE. We conducted this pilot study to evaluate the prevalence of OSA in patients with PE. Materials and Methods: A total of 42 patients ≥20 years old with PE who were admitted for Nuss surgery to correct PE in Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital between October 2015 and September 2016 were invited to participate in the study; 31 of the 42 patients agreed...
October 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305786/high-serum-leptin-levels-are-associated-with-central-arterial-stiffness-in-geriatric-patients-on-hemodialysis
#8
Chiu-Huang Kuo, Yu-Li Lin, Chih-Hsien Wang, Yu-Hsien Lai, Ru-Jiang Syu, Bang-Gee Hsu
Objective: Central arterial stiffness predicts cardiovascular (CV) mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The aging process transforms lipid distribution and thus alters adipokine secretion. The harmful effects of leptin on CV events may change in the elderly. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between leptin and central arterial stiffness markers through carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) in geriatric HD patients. Materials and Methods: Patients over 65 years old on chronic HD were recruited...
October 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305785/assessment-of-perceived-stress-and-association-with-sleep-quality-and-attributed-stressors-among-1-st-year-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study-from-karwar-karnataka-india
#9
Clevin Rashmi Rebello, Prasad Budri Kallingappa, Preethi G Hegde
Objectives: The objective is to study the extent of perceived stress among 1st -year medical students using the Perceived Stress Scale-14 (PSS-14) and its association with sleep quality as assessed by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and attributed stressors. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted of 121 1st -year medical students at Karwar Institute of Medical Sciences, Karwar, Karnataka, India. The extent of their stress was assessed using the PSS-14 and their sleep quality was assessed using the PSQI...
October 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305784/sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-patients-with-chronic-renal-failure-on-hemodialysis-in-basrah-iraq
#10
Haider K Saeed, Ahmed M Al-Abbasi, Shukryia K Al-Maliki, Jasim N Al-Asadi
Objectives: The objective of this study is to determine the effect of hemodialysis on the hearing threshold in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). Materials and Methods: Fifty-nine patients with CRF on regular hemodialysis were followed up for 1 year with a pure-tone audiometric examination every 6 months. Results: The mean age of the patients was 41.8 ± 9.2 years (range: 17-50 years). At the beginning of the study, 39 patients (66...
October 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305783/clinical-manifestations-and-basic-mechanisms-of-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#11
REVIEW
Chiu-Fen Yang
Acute myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a significant, unsolved clinical puzzle. In the disease context of acute myocardial infarction, reperfusion remains the only effective strategy to salvage ischemic myocardium, but it also causes additional damage. Myocardial I/R injury is composed of four types of damage, and these events attenuate the benefits of reperfusion therapy. Thus, inventing new strategies to conquer I/R injury is an unmet clinical need. A variety of pathological processes and mediators, including changes in the pH, generation of reactive oxygen radicals, and intracellular calcium overload, are proposed to be crucial in I/R-related cell injury...
October 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305782/treatment-strategies-for-neuromyelitis-optica
#12
REVIEW
Tzu-Lun Huang, Kung-Hung Lin, Jia-Kang Wang, Rong-Kung Tsai
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an autoimmune demyelinating disease with pathogenic autoantibodies that act against the astrocyte water channel protein, i.e. aquaporin-4: the disease is associated with recurrent episodes of optic neuritis (ON) and transverse myelitis, often resulting in severe disability. The main goals in treatment of NMO include acute symptomatic therapy and long-term stabilization of symptoms by preventing relapse. In recent years, ongoing randomized controlled trials in NMO patients have studied evidence for treatment...
October 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305781/impact-of-vegan-diets-on-gut-microbiota-an-update-on-the-clinical-implications
#13
REVIEW
Ming-Wun Wong, Chih-Hsun Yi, Tso-Tsai Liu, Wei-Yi Lei, Jui-Sheng Hung, Chin-Lon Lin, Shinn-Zong Lin, Chien-Lin Chen
Numerous studies indicate that microbiota plays an important role in human health. Diet is a factor related to microbiota which also influences human health. The relationships between diet, microbiota, and human health are complex. This review focuses on the current literature on vegan diets and their unique impact on gut microbiota. We also report on the health benefits of a vegan diet for metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and rheumatoid arthritis concerning relevant impacts from gut microbiota. Despite evidence supporting the clinical relevance of vegan gut microbiota to human health, the whole mechanism awaits further investigation...
October 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305780/individualizing-medical-treatment-of-overactive-bladder
#14
REVIEW
Hann-Chorng Kuo
Overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome is highly prevalent in both men and women and might have negative impact on quality of life. Clinical trials of OAB usually highly select participants that may not reflect the real-world practice of OAB patients. The spectrum of OAB includes patients with idiopathic, neuropathic, with bladder outlet obstruction, and patients in elderly and medical comorbidities. Patients might have poor response to OAB medication or have adverse events after treatment. Therefore, treatment of OAB should be individualized to obtain therapeutic efficacy and avoid unacceptable adverse events...
October 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30069133/corrigendum-vegetarian-diet-food-substitution-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver
#15
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 102 in vol. 30, PMID: 29875591.].
July 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30069132/unusual-cause-of-dysphagia
#16
Venkatraman Indiran, Suganchand Rikabchand Sunil Kumar, Prabakaran Maduraimuthu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30069131/lingual-amyloidosis-in-a-long-term-hemodialysis-patient
#17
Chien-Chin Chen, Kai-Sheng Liao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30069130/the-association-of-hyperthyroidism-and-immune-thrombocytopenia-are-we-still-missing-something
#18
Kalyan Mansukhbhai Shekhda
Though the American society of hematology Guidelines and British guidelines do not recommend screening of thyroid diseases in cases of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), more than 160 cases of hyperthyroidism associated with ITP have been reported. Numerous case reports would suggest that patients with ITP and concurrent hyperthyroidism would respond to control of thyroid disease rather than the standard ITP treatment. Although this issue is still debatable, we report a case of a young female with a previous diagnosis of hyperthyroidism which was not well controlled, had presented with severe thrombocytopenia...
July 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30069129/fibrous-dysplasia-of-the-anterior-mandible-a-rare-case-report
#19
Hsien-Yi Yang, Bor-Cherng Su, Ming-Jay Hwang, Yi-Pang Lee
Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a rare bony disorder in which normal bone is replaced by abnormal fibro-osseous tissue. It often involves the long bones, craniofacial bones, ribs, and pelvis. Approximately 30% of monostotic FD (MFD) lesions are found in the cranial or facial bones. In general, FD is found in teenagers, and it usually becomes static after adulthood. FD involves the maxilla almost two times more often than the mandible. It frequently appears in the posterior region of the jaw bone and is usually unilateral...
July 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30069128/study-of-adenotonsillectomy-specimens-an-institutional-experience
#20
Jyotsna Naresh Bharti, Jitendra Singh Nigam, Vivek Nair, Archana Hemant Deshpande, Amrit Debbarma
Objective: Waldeyer's lymphatic ring consists of group of tonsils located over the posterior oropharyngeal wall. The palatine tonsils are largest tonsil. The present study was aimed to evaluate the significance of lymphoid hyperplasia, lymphocyte infiltration with and without defect in the surface epithelium in chronic tonsillitis (CT) and chronic adenotonsillar hypertrophy (CAH) in resected tonsillectomy and adenotonsillectomy specimens. Materials and Methods: A total of 85 patients were included in the study...
July 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
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