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European Journal of General Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202616/series-practical-guidance-to-qualitative-research-part-4-trustworthiness-and-publishing
#1
Irene Korstjens, Albine Moser
In the course of our supervisory work over the years we have noticed that qualitative research tends to evoke a lot of questions and worries, so-called frequently asked questions (FAQs). This series of four articles intends to provide novice researchers with practical guidance for conducting high-quality qualitative research in primary care. By 'novice' we mean Master's students and junior researchers, as well as experienced quantitative researchers who are engaging in qualitative research for the first time...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199486/series-practical-guidance-to-qualitative-research-part-3-sampling-data-collection-and-analysis
#2
Albine Moser, Irene Korstjens
In the course of our supervisory work over the years, we have noticed that qualitative research tends to evoke a lot of questions and worries, so-called frequently asked questions (FAQs). This series of four articles intends to provide novice researchers with practical guidance for conducting high-quality qualitative research in primary care. By 'novice' we mean Master's students and junior researchers, as well as experienced quantitative researchers who are engaging in qualitative research for the first time...
December 4, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172801/the-new-european-guideline-on-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-how-to-make-progress-in-general-practice
#3
Suzanne Marchal, Arnoud W J Van't Hof, Monika Hollander
The new guideline on cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention, issued by the European Society of Cardiology was endorsed by 10 other societies, including Wonca Europe. It advices on how to reduce the cardiovascular (CV) risk in the population and attributes an important role to the general practitioner (GP). The GP is involved in treatment of the high-risk population as well as in public health measures to encourage a healthy lifestyle and CV risk factor reduction in the whole population. The new guideline gives room for a personalized approach and emphasizes that CV risk estimation and counselling need regular follow-up...
November 27, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172800/the-acceptability-and-effectiveness-of-a-questionnaire-for-the-identification-of-risk-factors-for-hiv-and-hepatitis-b-and-c-an-observational-study-in-general-practice
#4
Amélie Aïm-Eusébi, Emmanuel Prothon, Catherine Majerholc, Diana Barger, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, Jean-Pierre Aubert
BACKGROUND: Many people in Europe remain undiagnosed for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate acceptability and effectiveness of a questionnaire designed to facilitate identification of risk factors for these viruses. METHODS: We performed an observational study, in a prospectively enrolled cohort of patients in Paris (France) seen in 2014. Eighteen GPs administered a questionnaire to the first 50 patients, collecting information about risk factors...
November 27, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168414/knowledge-competencies-and-attitudes-regarding-external-post-mortem-physical-examination-a-survey-among-german-post-graduate-trainees-in-general-practice
#5
Jan Valentini, Katja Goetz, Kathrin Yen, Joachim Szecsenyi, Andrea Dettling, Stefanie Joos, Jost Steinhaeuser, Elisabeth Flum
BACKGROUND: The external post-mortem examination (EPME) is an important medical, legal and socio-economic task with far-reaching relevance; however, due to discrepancies between findings from EPMEs and actual cause of death, improvements in accuracy and quality are needed. OBJECTIVES: To investigate knowledge, competencies and attitudes regarding EPME in general practitioner (GP) post-graduate trainees. METHODS: Before four post-graduate training courses on the EPME for general practitioner trainees, organized in 2014 in the German federal state of Baden-Wuerttemberg, a questionnaire on the EPME was distributed by the lecturer, completed by the GP post-graduate trainees and returned to the lecturer...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168411/primary-healthcare-policy-implementation-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-experiences-of-six-countries
#6
Chris van Weel, Faisal Alnasir, Taghreed Farahat, Jinan Usta, Mona Osman, Mariam Abdulmalik, Nagwa Nashat, Wadeia Mohamed Alsharief, Salwa Sanousi, Hassan Saleh, Mohammed Tarawneh, Felicity Goodyear-Smith, Amanda Howe, Ryuki Kassai
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare (PHC) is essential for equitable access and cost-effective healthcare. This makes PHC a key factor in the global strategy for universal health coverage (UHC). Implementing PHC requires an understanding of the health system under prevailing circumstances, but for most countries, no data are available. OBJECTIVES: This paper describes and analyses the health systems of Bahrain, Egypt, Lebanon, Qatar, Sudan and the United Arab Emirates, in relation to PHC...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168409/how-do-swiss-general-practitioners-agree-with-and-report-adhering-to-a-top-five-list-of-unnecessary-tests-and-treatments-results-of-a-cross-sectional-survey
#7
Kevin Selby, Jacques Cornuz, Christine Cohidon, Jean-Michel Gaspoz, Nicolas Senn
BACKGROUND: In 2014, the 'Smarter Medicine' campaign released a top five list of unnecessary tests and treatments in Swiss primary care, such as imaging for acute low-back pain and long-term prescribing of proton pump inhibitors. OBJECTIVES: Measure general practitioners' (GPs) agreement with the recommendations and self-reported adherence. METHODS: Cross-sectional, online survey of GPs in the 'Swiss primary care active monitoring' (SPAM) network, which assessed awareness of 'Smarter Medicine' and views on each recommendation...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168408/main-messages-for-primary-care-from-the-2016-european-guidelines-on-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-clinical-practice
#8
Massimo F Piepoli, Arno W Hoes, Carlos Brotons, Richard F D Hobbs, Ugo Corra
In 2016, a new version of the European Guidelines on Cardiovascular Prevention was released, representing a partnership between the European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and nine European societies, including Wonca-Europe. The ESC guidelines underscore the importance of a lifetime approach to cardiovascular (CV) risk since both CV risk and prevention are dynamic and continuous as patients' age and/or accumulate co-morbidities. Healthy people of all ages should be encouraged to adopt a healthy lifestyle, as well as improved lifestyle and reduced risk factor levels are paramount in patients at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and in those with established CVD...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168400/cardiovascular-disease-patients-have-increased-risk-for-comorbidity-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-netherlands
#9
Candan Kendir, Marjan van den Akker, Rein Vos, Job Metsemakers
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity is a cause of increased mortality, decreased quality of life and increased use of healthcare services. It is important particularly for physicians and other healthcare providers in primary care settings to evaluate these patients properly. Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the most common cause of death from non-communicable diseases worldwide and are characterized by a high level of comorbidities. OBJECTIVES: To address the distribution of CVDs and comorbidities across sociodemographic groups and associations between CVDs and comorbidities...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164957/expectations-concerns-and-needs-of-patients-who-start-drugs-for-chronic-conditions-a-prospective-observational-study-among-community-pharmacies-in-serbia
#10
Katarina M Vučićević, Branislava R Miljković, Bojana C Golubović, Marija N Jovanović, Sandra D Vezmar Kovačević, Milica D Ćulafić, Milena M Kovačević, Johan J de Gier
BACKGROUND: During the initiation of treatment of a chronic disease, patients may have varying interests, expectations, concerns, and reasons to stop treatment, influencing compliance with prescribed treatment. Thus, healthcare professionals are expected to integrate these needs into medicines management. OBJECTIVES: To determine what information is important to patients; assess predictors of patients' interests, expectations, concerns, reasons to stop therapy; evaluate drug-related problems following initiation of therapy and summarize how pharmacists resolve them during patient-pharmacist counselling...
November 22, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164946/chronic-heart-failure-management-in-primary-healthcare-in-poland-results-of-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#11
Barbara Wizner, Małgorzata Fedyk-Łukasik, Grzegorz Opolski, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Adam Windak, Marcin Czech, Jacek S Dubiel, Michał Marchel, Krzysztof Rewiuk, Tomasz Rywik, Jerzy Korewicki, Tomasz Grodzicki
BACKGROUND: Organizational and educational activities in primary care in Poland have been introduced to improve the chronic heart failure (CHF) management. OBJECTIVES: To assess the use of diagnostic procedures, pharmacotherapy and referrals of CHF in primary care in Poland. METHODS: The cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2013, involving 390 primary care centres randomly selected from a national database. Trained nurses contacted primary care physicians who retrospectively filled out the study questionnaires on the previous year's CHF management in the last five patients who had recently visited their office...
November 22, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185831/series-practical-guidance-to-qualitative-research-part-1-introduction
#12
Albine Moser, Irene Korstjens
In the course of our supervisory work over the years, we have noticed that qualitative research tends to evoke a lot of questions and worries, so-called Frequently Asked Questions. This journal series of four articles intends to provide novice researchers with practical guidance for conducting high-quality qualitative research in primary care. By 'novice' we mean Master's students and junior researchers, as well as experienced quantitative researchers who are engaging in qualitative research for the first time...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185826/series-practical-guidance-to-qualitative-research-part-2-context-research-questions-and-designs
#13
Irene Korstjens, Albine Moser
In the course of our supervisory work over the years, we have noticed that qualitative research tends to evoke a lot of questions and worries, so-called frequently asked questions (FAQs). This series of four articles intends to provide novice researchers with practical guidance for conducting high-quality qualitative research in primary care. By 'novice' we mean Master's students and junior researchers, as well as experienced quantitative researchers who are engaging in qualitative research for the first time...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157045/from-religious-to-existential-issues-the-implications-for-gps
#14
Erik Olsman, Dick L Willems
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148849/towards-an-overarching-model-for-electronic-medical-record-systems-including-problem-oriented-goal-oriented-and-other-approaches
#15
Huibert Tange, Zsolt Nagykaldi, Jan De Maeseneer
There is no consensus among health professionals on how to structure medical records to serve clinical decision-making. Three approaches co-exist (source-oriented, problem-oriented, goal-oriented), each suiting a different subset of patients. In primary care, the problem-oriented approach is dominant, but for patients with multiple conditions (multimorbidity) the goal-oriented approach seems more appropriate. There is a need to combine different approaches in one medical-record system. In this article, we explain some misconceptions about 'problems' and 'goals' that hinder the way to consensus...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043877/the-seven-deadly-sins-writers-of-academic-papers-should-avoid
#16
Igor Švab
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034749/screening-of-older-patients-for-atrial-fibrillation-in-general-practice-current-evidence-and-its-implications-for-future-practice
#17
Matthew R Fay, David A Fitzmaurice, Ben Freedman
BACKGROUND: Individuals with atrial fibrillation (AF) face a fivefold increased risk of ischaemic stroke compared with those without the condition. Recent studies suggest that individuals with asymptomatic AF also face an increased risk of ischaemic stroke, but their condition is often not recognized and diagnosed until an ischaemic stroke event has occurred. Identification of individuals with undiagnosed AF at increased risk for stroke is critical in promoting optimal intervention with anticoagulants...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022763/impact-of-practice-provider-and-patient-characteristics-on-delivering-screening-and-brief-advice-for-heavy-drinking-in-primary-healthcare-secondary-analyses-of-data-from-the-odhin-five-country-cluster-randomized-factorial-trial
#18
Peter Anderson, Karolina Kłoda, Eileen Kaner, Jillian Reynolds, Preben Bendtsen, Myrna N Pelgrum-Keurhorst, Lidia Segura, Marcin Wojnar, Artur Mierzecki, Paolo Deluca, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Kathryn Parkinson, Katarzyna Okulicz-Kozaryn, Colin Drummond, Miranda G H Laurant, Antoni Gual
BACKGROUND: The implementation of primary healthcare-based screening and advice that is effective in reducing heavy drinking can be enhanced with training. OBJECTIVES: Undertaking secondary analysis of the five-country ODHIN study, we test: the extent to which practice, provider and patient characteristics affect the likelihood of patients being screened and advised; the extent to which such characteristics moderate the impact of training in increasing screening and advice; and the extent to which training mitigates any differences due to such characteristics found at baseline...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022405/european-general-practice-research-network-egprn-abstracts-from-the-egprn-conference-in-riga-latvia-11-14-may-2017-theme-reducing-the-risk-of-chronic-diseases-in-general-practice-family-medicine
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914565/reducing-overdiagnosis-in-primary-care-is-needed
#20
Carl Llor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
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