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Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698080/superficial-chronic-ulcerative-dermatitis-scud-in-psittacine-birds-review-of-11-cases-2008-2016
#1
Tariq Abou-Zahr, Daniel Calvo Carrasco, Naomi Shimizu Dvm, Neil A Forbes, Thomas A G Dutton, Fiona Froehlich, Filippo De Bellis
We reviewed 11 cases of superficial chronic ulcerative dermatitis (SCUD) in psittacine birds that presented to an exotic animal practice over an 8-year period. African grey parrots ( Psittacus erithacus) were overrepresented, accounting for 55% of SCUD-affected birds. All affected birds were hand-reared pets and bonded strongly to their owners. In all cases, fungal culture results were negative. The most commonly cultured bacteria were Enterobacter cloacae (27%), followed by Escherichia coli, and Staphylococcus aureus (both 18%)...
March 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698079/the-use-of-lead-isotope-analysis-to-identify-potential-sources-of-lead-toxicosis-in-a-juvenile-bald-eagle-haliaeetus-leucocephalus-with-ventricular-foreign-bodies
#2
Dana Franzen-Klein, David McRuer, Vincent A Slabe, Todd Katzner
A male juvenile bald eagle ( Haliaeetus leucocephalus) was admitted to the Wildlife Center of Virginia with a left humeral fracture a large quantity of anthropogenic debris in the ventriculus, a blood lead level of 0.616 ppm, and clinical signs consistent with chronic lead toxicosis. Because of the poor prognosis for recovery and release, the eagle was euthanatized. Lead isotope analysis was performed to identify potential anthropogenic sources of lead in this bird. The lead isotope ratios in the eagle's femur (0...
March 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698078/outcomes-of-conservatively-managed-coracoid-fractures-in-wild-birds-in-the-united-kingdom
#3
Jonathan M Cracknell, Alistair M Lawrie, Lisa Yon, Jane S Hopper, Yolanda Martinez Pereira, Eve Smaller, Romain Pizzi
Coracoid fractures are a frequent presentation in wild birds, commonly caused by collisions with motor vehicles, windows, or other obstacles such as pylons. Despite this, there are few reports of outcomes, and those published consist of small numbers of birds with conflicting results when comparing conservative management with surgical intervention. To determine outcome success of conservative management in a larger population of wild birds, records of 232 adult wild birds in the United Kingdom (UK) with closed unilateral coracoid fractures confirmed on radiography and surviving more than 48 hours after admission were retrospectively analyzed...
March 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698076/central-nervous-system-b-cell-lymphoma-in-a-bald-eagle-haliaeetus-leucocephalus
#4
Marike Visser, Heather Walz, Stephanie Shrader, Jey Koehler, Jamie Bellah
An adult bald eagle ( Haliaeetus leucocephalus) presented for nystagmus and an inability to fly. On physical examination, the eagle was open-mouth breathing and tachycardic at 200 beats per minute, had a wrinkled cere and sunken eyes, and was an estimated 10% dehydrated. Additionally, the eagle was extremely weak, with neurologic abnormalities including bilateral proprioceptive deficits, nystagmus, and no pupillary light reflex in the left eye. Despite aggressive treatment, the eagle continued to decline rapidly and subsequently died...
March 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698075/repair-of-a-tibiotarsal-fracture-in-a-pomeranian-goose-anser-anser-with-a-locking-plate
#5
Pavel Slunsky, Janine Weiß, Alexander Haake, Muhammad Shahid, Leo Brunnberg, Kerstin Müller
A 2-year-old Pomeranian goose ( Anser anser) weighing 8.1 kg was examined because of non-weight-bearing lameness of the right limb. A closed, transverse, diaphyseal fracture of the distal third of the right tibiotarsus with a craniolateral displacement of the distal fragment was diagnosed radiographically. Surgery under general anesthesia was performed to repair the fracture with a 14-hole, 2.7-mm locking plate fixed with 6 screws in a bicortical manner. Two days later, the bird was fully weight-bearing on the leg...
March 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698074/use-of-a-compounded-poloxamer-407-antibiotic-topical-therapy-as-part-of-the-successful-management-of-chronic-ulcerative-dermatitis-in-a-congo-african-grey-parrot-psittacus-erithacus
#6
Anthony A Pilny
A 23-year-old, 425-g male African grey parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) was evaluated for chronic ulcerative dermatitis of the axillary regions under both wings. Initial swab cultures of the sites had revealed a coagulase-positive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureas (MRSA) with marked antibiotic resistance. A second swab culture obtained 8 weeks after the initial culture showed heavy growth of a coagulase-positive Staphylococcus species, which could not be speciated, but showed the same sensitivity as the previous culture...
March 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698073/surgical-extraction-of-viable-hen-gallus-gallus-domesticus-follicles-for-in-vitro-fertilization
#7
Juan J Perez-Rivero, Angel R Lozada-Gallegos, Jose A Herrera-Barragán
Assisted reproduction techniques in birds have been developed for zootechnical purposes and have been adapted for use in conservation of wild bird species. To develop a technique for obtaining follicles in live hens, 5 Rhode Island red hens ( Gallus gallus domesticus) were anesthetized, and abdominal ultrasound was performed to confirm the presence of ovarian follicles. A left celiotomy then was performed to obtain follicles in different stages of maturation for in vitro fertilization. The follicles were located by digital exploration, then extracted by isolating each follicle with the index finger of each hand, holding it by the stigma, and then applying slight traction towards the exterior of the coelomic cavity until the follicle separated from the ovary...
March 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698072/advanced-diagnostic-procedures-and-surgery-what-s-really-happening-in-practice
#8
Amanda Marino, Laurie Hess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698070/what-is-your-diagnosis
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698069/coming-meetings
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698068/pharmacokinetics-and-egg-residues-of-meloxicam-after-multiple-day-oral-dosing-in-domestic-chickens
#11
Marcy J Souza, Joan Bailey, Molly White, Kristen Gordon, Lillian Gerhardt, Sherry K Cox
With increased ownership of backyard poultry, veterinarians must treat these birds appropriately and take into consideration drug withdrawal times for eggs meant for consumption. Few studies have examined the pharmacokinetics or egg residues for medications commonly used in avian medicine. This study determined the pharmacokinetics of meloxicam in domestic chickens (n = 8) after oral dosing at 1 mg/kg q12h for a total of 9 doses (5 days). Additionally, the presence of meloxicam residues in eggs was determined...
March 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698067/evaluation-of-the-thermal-antinociceptive-effects-of-a-sustained-release-buprenorphine-formulation-after-intramuscular-administration-to-american-kestrels-falco-sparverius
#12
David Sanchez-Migallon Guzman, Susanne M Ceulemans, Hugues Beaufrère, Glenn H Olsen, Joanne R Paul-Murphy
Previous studies have validated the clinical use of opioids with μ-receptor affinities for pain management in raptors. Buprenorphine has a longer duration of action and minimal adverse effects when compared with other opioids in American kestrels ( Falco sparverius). To evaluate the thermal antinociceptive effects, sedative effects, and duration of action of sustained-release buprenorphine given intramusculary in American kestrels, 12 adult kestrels (8 females and 4 males) were used in a randomized masked complete-crossover experimental design...
March 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698066/a-novel-technique-for-extracapsular-repair-of-the-intertarsal-joint-in-a-duck
#13
Hamish R Baron, David N Phalen, Mikel Sabater Gonzalez
The intertarsal joint is a synovial roll-and-glide joint. Ligament damage and luxations of this joint are often the result of traumatic injury or growth deformities and result in significant functional impairment. A 9-month-old female Pekin duck ( Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) was examined because of progressive, nonweight-bearing lameness of the left leg. Moderate effusive swelling was present at the level of the left intertarsal joint, without radiographic evidence of bone involvement. The duck failed to respond to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications and analgesia and was diagnosed with rupture of the medial collateral ligament...
March 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327967/cumulative-subject-index
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327966/ocular-histomorphometry-of-free-living-common-kestrels-falco-tinnunculus
#15
Karin Werther, Cinthia Graziela Candioto, Rüdiger Korbel
We evaluated the histomorphometry of the eye structures (cornea, retina, choroid, and sclera) of 13 adult free-living common kestrels ( Falco tinnunculus). Birds included in the study were euthanatized because of severe trauma from a motor vehicle injury. The eyes were enucleated immediately after euthanasia, fixed in 10% buffered formalin, and decalcified. The right eyes were cut vertically (dorsoventrally) and the left eyes cut horizontally (temporonasally). Tissues were processed, stained with hematoxylin and eosin, and evaluated by an image analysis software...
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327964/endoscopic-removal-of-gastrointestinal-foreign-bodies-in-two-african-grey-parrots-psittacus-erithacus-and-a-hyacinth-macaw-anodorhynchus-hyacinthinus
#16
Robert J Cotton, Stephen J Divers
Two African grey parrots ( Psittacus erithacus) and one hyacinth macaw ( Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus) were examined because of varying clinical signs ranging from general lethargy to seizure-like episodes and regurgitation. Radiography and fluoroscopy in the 3 birds demonstrated variable degrees of gastric abnormalities, suggesting the presence of foreign material or stricture-like defects. Upper gastrointestinal rigid endoscopy by ingluviotomy revealed foreign bodies that were removed endoscopically. Minor postoperative complications were pulmonary congestion or mild aspiration and cardiac arrhythmia, both of which resolved, and no serious deleterious effects were associated with endoscopy in the short or long term...
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327963/antemortem-diagnosis-of-coxiellosis-in-a-blue-and-gold-macaw-ara-ararauna
#17
Alison J Flanders, Justin F Rosenberg, Marjorie Bercier, Mary K Leissinger, Laura J Black, Robson F Giglio, Serena L M Craft, Whitney M Zoll, April L Childress, James F X Wellehan
A 15-year-old female blue and gold macaw ( Ara ararauna) was presented for evaluation after being found laterally recumbent, reluctant to move, and lethargic. Results of a complete blood count showed an increased number of immature heterophils with increased cytoplasmic basophilia and degranulation and the presence of a left shift. Radiographs and a computed tomography scan were performed and revealed a markedly enlarged spleen. An ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspirate of the spleen was submitted for cytologic examination and aerobic bacterial culture...
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327962/acute-fatal-presumptive-xylitol-toxicosis-in-cape-sugarbirds-promerops-cafer
#18
Brett Richard Gardner, Emily P Mitchell
Twenty-nine wild Cape sugarbirds ( Promerops cafer) died acutely after ingestion of a homemade xylitol nectar solution from a bird feeder. The most aggressive feeders were first affected. Most birds showed clinical signs within 15 minutes of nectar ingestion, including incoordination, weakness, falling from perches, collapse, and death. A few birds showing clinical signs seemed to spontaneously recover and fly away. Full necropsy examinations done on 27 birds were hampered by freezing artifact and autolysis, but results indicated death was caused by the consequences of acute hypoglycemia...
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327961/tracheal-resection-in-a-secretary-bird-sagittarius-serpentarius-with-granulomatous-foreign-body-induced-tracheitis
#19
Carsten Ludwig, Imke Lueders, Volker Schmidt, Hermann Kempf
A 24-year-old female secretary bird ( Sagittarius serpentarius) was presented with acute, mild dyspnea occurring only during feeding times. Despite initial conservative therapy consisting of antibiotics and antifungal, antiparasitic, and anti-inflammatory drugs, the dyspnea worsened progressively, resulting in severe respiratory distress. Radiographs of the trachea suggested stenosis in the caudal one-third of the trachea. Tracheal endoscopy revealed an obstruction of approximately 90% of the tracheal lumen, in addition to mild suspected aspergillosis of the air sacs...
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327960/pharmacokinetics-of-a-single-intramuscular-injection-of-long-acting-ceftiofur-crystalline-free-acid-in-cattle-egrets-bubulcus-ibis
#20
Jennifer A Waldoch, Sherry K Cox, Douglas L Armstrong
We determined the pharmacokinetic properties of ceftiofur crystalline-free acid (CCFA), a long-acting antibiotic, after a single intramuscular injection in cattle egrets ( Bubulcus ibis). A dose of 20 mg/kg was administered intramuscularly to 18 birds and blood samples were collected via jugular venipuncture at 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, 144, 168, 192, 216, and 240 hours after CCFA administration. Plasma concentrations of ceftiofur free acid equivalents (CFAEs) were measured via high-performance liquid chromatography...
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
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